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May 24, 1954
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aro' . . � Declassified in Part- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr2014/11/04 : CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 rv/ yy CLASSIFICATION CONFIDENTIAL CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY REPORT INFORMATION REPORT COUNTRY USSR SUBJECT PLACE ACQUIRED Transportation of Coal in the Donets Basin, USSR DATE ACQUIRED BY SOUR DATE OF INFORMATION THIS DOCUMONT CONTAINS INFORMATION APPOOTINO TN! NATIONAL WINOS OF TN! UNITE! TTTTTT WITNIN Ogg MOWN. OF PITLI IS, SIOTIORS 793 ARO 7114, OF TM! U.S, CODO, Al AMONOSO, ITS TRANSMISOION OR WO. LAYION OF ITS CONTORT/ TO OR !Mill', OY AN UNAUTNORISOD PINION II FRONISITOD NY LAW. TN! OOOOOO UCTION OF SMIII FORM I/ PROMISITIO, 50X1 CD NO. DATE DISTR. May 1954 NO. OF PAGES 9 NO. OF ENCLS. (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. 50X1 50X1 THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION SOURCE 50X1 1. By 1940, after several changes in the administrative organization charged with the mining, distribution and transportation of coal, the planning of annual production quotas and the control of the fulfillment of these quotas was concentrated in an agency known as "Gosplan" (State Planning Commission) Based on quotas of various coal consumers (heavy industry, light industry and central government agencies, local administrations, hospitals and other public organizations plus urban and rural population needs) "Goeplan" compiled statistics for past years and set up control figures for the future. These statistics always included plans for the transportation of the coal as produced under the quotas. The control figures for quotas to be fulfilled by the coal industry are not wholly determined on the basis of true statistics. They are more often set forth arbitrarily and with a complete disregard for realities. Usually, before the quotas are published, they ars submitted and confirmed by the Politburo and, as a rule, the Politburo will arbitrarily increase the quotas in order to create an atmosphere of tension and fear for those responsible for the execution of the quotas. 2. The need of a central planning agency was sharply demonstrated during a period in 33_31 when highly inflated figures for coal production were set. It wdr4Cpmllod of agonizing efforts to fulfill the orders of the military. The DoMts Basin was supposed to produce 6o million metric tons of coal for the period and 75 to 80 million metric tons thereafter. A daily output of 210 to 220 thousand metric tons was called for while actually 180 to 185 thousand was reached. The problem was further aggravated for the mines by the fact that the railroads kept sending daily all coal cars as called for in the plan of the period. There was not enough coal to load these cars but to return them empty or to retain them idle was the equivalent of a criminal offense. The central administration in Moscow was the only agency that could change the number of cars being dispatched daily. This is only one example of the complete disorganization and Arbitrary rules that controlled the production of coal. CLASSIFICATION CONFIDENTIAL DISTRIBUTION CRR EV Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr 2014/11/04: CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 50-Yr 2014/11/04: CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 CONFIDENTIAL -2- 3. The following general diagram shows the structure of the administrative set- up of coal transportations on the eve of World War II: o1iN161-RY F RAkLiko A AT)frilN. qAeL S err Ab a ON ROMI:t Ti DfL 5. ukr. 110 "LiliA6E AtN' ao A� 1.4 L AV L14 OC) PO L- v-r BURcv PLAro w 1.114TR F. -rRANISPortr, or seA) ADMI,s1 4 5 t alp --"-AVTI/Trar Mit45%,5 T5, 1...o4 sT ram oefewsE" t,AiwirrL-4 � 46 41. 50X1 on' 15Tgv of 'FA et' *RI EQui 1-Oits1 v.31), t.,31 ot oF itINCo 3646 re"- wr, fotrrt firC.T1 o N.) .- pfc.liolU 0 of 4-1At4i. Mel 65 A w'rri4- RIC Fi -Cote 14 Pr1.1..hec it 5 .------- ��- qpuAWITIVE WSIVIITvoN Celcar ConRo� ii(okStgroL) I Ir kor A u-rt4 RCPROS, Font QuelLiT 1,,,iikliPiff4` LALIII o R ,oF 14AULAtiga INV Crole rAA or )01�..11-Pidoc0A PO. FoR 600te- iNdr ANt, Loo.. Palle Cie lovim fivro, RIP, F C.Geetir After the the control figures for output and transportation of coal have been confirmed by "Gomplan" they are sent on to the Ministry of Fuel Transporta- tion4nd to theHorganization known as "Ugledbyt" (The Min Commission for Fuel ;rtgepprtttiort4, This organization is a combined agency and representa- tives, inalnde-these.from4heMinistry of Railroads, the Ministry of Fuel Industry, the Ministry of Metallurgy, the Ministry of Machine Building and other interested industriesgleibyt!! is responsible for the distribution of coal, according to'typisikamoputhe'verfout consumers as set forth in the over-all'plak.-, r`:0"117r : Each shipment of coal to -a consumer requires eight copiet of an isaustslip known as: "Naryad". The copies are distrihutWto the following organizations: A. original to Uglesbyt copy to the .Ministry of Raiiroads.(Transportation). for action e. one copy to the :Ministry of Fuel industmn,later forwarded .to ,a . , specific trust or mint for action (1.. one copy to the authorized representative of the railroad stations � involved. � . . a, /one copy to the. Office of General Inspection �. .f. one copy to the Office of Qualitative Inspection for Coke Coal g. one copy to Goeplan CONFIDENTIAL Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr 2014/11/04: CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr 2014/11/04: CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 CONFIDENTIAL -3- 50X1 6. The "Uglesbyt" agency executes all loading operations while the Departments of Exploitation and Traction of the Ministry of Railroads execute all haul- age orders required for the shipment of coal. Neither of these agencies can cancel or change an order or shipment in any way. Changes in the amounts of coal to be loaded and shipped can be made only by an authorized representative for "Haulages", provided that such changes can be justified. When a Mine receives its copy of the issue slip (Naryad) it becomes fully responsible for loading a specified amount of coal at a specified time. The railroad station, after it receives its copy of the issue slip)dispatches the required number of freight cars to the mine at a set time. These cars can be sent to the mine loading points in three parts or all at one time. Loading operations are scheduled to start at six PM. Six hours are allowed to load an ordinary train and two hours to load a direct-destination (marshrutnyy) train. The loading time is calculated from the moment the empty cars arrive at the loading point at the mine siding to the time when the train is turned over to the railroad station. To take care of all of these operations, coal trusts have transportation sections with switch engines assigned to them and individual mines have loading sections (a crew of loaders). If the cars are loaded by hand, two men are required to load a 20 ton (metric) in three to four hours. Sometimes mining operations are cut in half in order to secure enough man power to load a train within the two hour or four hour period. 7. In order to be able to promptly fulfill the order (or orders) called for on the issue slips, a coal mine must have enough coal on hand already mined. However, this is not always true. Sometimes the cars have to be loaded directly with coal coming directly from the mine. However, this presents a problem, for it cannot always be done, particularly when the issue slips call for more coal than the mine can produce in time to meet requirements called for, when the current production consists of a different type of coal than called for on the issue slip and when the current coal production has a greater ash content than stipulated on the issue slip. (In the latter cases, it is sometimes necessary to unload the coal after it has been loaded and then enrich it and reanalyze it, after which it is reloaded. Since most of the unloading and loading is done by hand, this causes considerable delay and waste of time). 8. The loading departments of the mines are required to take specimens from each ear load of coal to be shipped and to send them at once to the chemical laboratory for qualitative analysis, Each mine has representae tives-from the various factories and other organizations which ultimately receivethe coal being .shipped. They inspect and check each shipment ordered by-their respective organizations. In addition, all shipments are inspected by representativearfrom "Uglesbyt". All coke-coal shipments are inspected by representatives ,frOx,a"inekoksugol" (Inspection of Coke-Coal), -There are:occasiOns, when,a.mine is loading coal for several � consumers simaltaneously, that there are as many as 10 different inspectors present. 9. Specimens of coal for analysis are taken from the car loads according to the instructions of the representatives supervising loading operations. The specimens are placed in four separate containers, one going to the trust laboratory, one to the consumer (who makes his own analysis) one to the central laboratory for the type of coal (such as the central.laboratorY for coke-coal), and one to the mine for record purposes. All four containers are sealed by both mine authorities and consumer representatives. As mentioned, these specimens are taken at once to the chemical laboratory of the mining trust where the percentage of volative agents, ash and sulphur are determined. Each type of coal shipped to consumers must meet certain requirements as provided for in the over-all plan. The ash content requirement must be strictly observed. The results of the laboratory analysis are always known by the time loading operational are completed. CONFIDENTIAL Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr 2014/11/04: CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 0 50-Yr 2014/11/04: CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 Loading operations take up all of the time allowed for in the time schedule, hence, if negative results are received from the analysis it is necessary to unload and. reload the cars. This means delay and detention of cars beyond the time allowed. When this occurs, the railroad stations impOse heavy fines. Therefore, this means that those responsible for the loading operations can be charged with criminal responsibility. However, instances of' unloading and re- loading re relatively rare and do not constitute a major problem. 10. Transportation of coal in the Donets Basin was provided for by the following railroads: ) The Southern Railroad (main. administration in Kharkov) connecting: 1)Kharkov,Zozovay-Slavyansk,,Nikitovka,Gorlovka,Krinichnaya- _ . _ Khartsysk;, 2) Kharkov-Lozcvaya-Sinelnikovo-Dzhankoy (Crimea); 3) Eharkov-Kupyansk; 4) Lozovaya-Slavvansk-KorStantipovka-KraMatorskaya,Bakhmut (Arte- movsk),Iasinovataya;Ropasnaya b Ekatariniskaya Railroad; main administration in Ekaterinoslav (old name), ' connecting:. - 1). Ekaterinoslav-Sinelnikovo-YaShovataya-Khapsynovo-Rostov; 2) Yasnovataya-Debaltsyvo-Pdpasnaya-Eupyanak; 3)))ebaltsyvo-Alchevskot-Lugansk (Vorothilovograd)-Millerovo; ' LilYasnovatayaVoltovakhaMariupol4Constantinovka. Ekaterininskaya Railroad; main administration in Ekaterinoslav (old name), connecting: 1) Chaplino-Rerdyansk-Pologi-Volnovikha-Karayannaya-Ilovayskaya- Debaltsevo, d) The Nortliern Donets Railroad; main"Kharkov; connecting: 1) L'gov4snova-KharkOv.azyum-Liman-Bakhtut;Nikitovka; 2) Liman-Yama-Sentyanovka-ROdakovo-Likhaya; d) The East-South Railroad; main administration in Voronezh; connecting: 1) Gryszi-Valuyki-Chertkovo-Millerovo-Likbaya4verevo; t) The Mereto.Kherson Railroad, mntn administrntion in Ekaterinoslav; connecting! 1) Rutphenkovo�KurykhovW0rieliWes,Nonstantinograd. � g) Shortlrbefore the outbreak of World War the Moscow.Donets Begin 4W/4nd wasbollt. Its administration is in Moscow and Valuyki. It oorincOPPI ;,1! 14 m4lierovc.berevoretarobelsk.Valupi.Elets4Osoow. (Note: several of't4e ngmes the:oities and railroads have since been ohuScd) - , Shortly before the beginning of World War II reorganisation of some of the rail. roads in the Donets Begin took place. The northern sections of the Northern Donets Railroad, Southern Railroad and Ekaterinineya Railroad were organised into! 0 The Northern Donets'Railroad with its main'administration located in Artemovsk; b) The Southern Donets Railroad with its main administration in ' Yasnovataya (Donets Basin). This latter railroad incorporated nations Of the Eiaterininskaya� 2.nd Bkaterininskaya, MOrefo.ltherson and boutheistern'Reilroads. As avolult, the 2.nd Nkaterininekaya,Railioadrceased to 'milk as an administrative unit. CON,IDENTIAL, 50X1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr 2014/11/04: CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 Declassified in Part- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr 2014/11/04: CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 N 'There was ,alWayS a,.84.(44,t4oe, of both pars and locomOtives, primarily due , 'he. f;e4t that da of the'..;groWing industrie�. were steadily in- , , , � . oreaaing..".; :Then* toc/i, .doting' the' 'ha...ryes:0' tea:SQr4 a very large percentage , , t of.4111..t.011ing. stOckmUst!-Oe.,rOerYea'to provide -transportation of grairt.S. '.Variout, types of'oars Wete used for transporting coa10. At first :20.-tOn, ;WO 'axle'lliooiien:Oari With and. without tops were used as well as lb to '12 'ton bo,;;Oiirat.'end 'flat cars,. Later,'ko ton, four- axle carS,,With and� without., tops .:�t0e, PIA, in ,contaissiOn. ,Around 1929 there ',,Fere .seVertiVarmanUfect3iring, plants built' in the 'USSR and 6o four-44e"iron, Odea: Care!: begun to appear.' An insignificant number of 40 it011 di$,qn iptU carS7Of the topper type were also manufactured., As a rtile; thouh up uixi. 1941 anY.,atid'[.e41. tTfigs of Oare. were Put to use, mainly, hOwey'er, ,'c open csxp ii order to facilitate loading .� :(the Paior4Y,,af,',Aineet, have ,bUnkera with a two to three day output CaPacity, By chivt0,:":froTa .-WItt'bun4er. a 60, 'ton ear can be loaded in I a � about ,10 mtntes) All new�ie.�, and:, '60.!tOn iron cars had a removable door or. floor portion to facilitS:te Unloading.. These C94' (13 are mainly used for transportation Of coal to such p/ants .and factories which have scaffolds of thg, bridge typo for ading � 12. Constant royeMonts,,, ve.�.beanmade. on:the'railroads leading to and from � the 'pC110:tiii,,'Apzipi4,; '::'0),.,cv,r440 itioi!,�,p,oixi, replaced by neNi,and. heavier rails.. The 'nUmber..o,; WOO* t*' Per '141-44.eter; he. 604., increased, New supports and :�!ii0343',..*40s; are ,;ihSte3,114 ':749;x4e:' often..�. Bridges have been reinforced. Nev SyitchingdelriceS , *ire bee* i4ta1,ia...: The 'antoitatic 'blocking system . vaa remodeled :04; itp_ripfiiellj,,,,�,' ,114*ze. 44�ied hnzapi; were Provided for . railroati:,*0.17:4'4, orixs44,,'. itot,o;,iii43404t' was used. more frequently. Both new, and o14 cars Were pi:Oirided'wiih, .'autOmatic-,odupling .devicee and axle bear1440:,(4. !`10k4qr'; 21.6.4.!,:444t:iLix404;,#-:iii$4.7i4t4.04:;,,, ..4,1,3,.pt fOux-tacle Cars i have,04904t#,'Pneintat4,0,;bi4i�a, .0,g,'t4:West.41pg,bkou.S.:e444rogiov type. ' . Railroad,. si4ings.,.;leii4i4.,i;O tie'acit'ini4e1,,,Jawi, been improved. .( The . . indiyidua/ Wales. ate; roSpOnsible.,�fOr the .main,tenance Of these sidings ' .and 0.;7'00i,,, ;:ail,.:to..r'keek,':.4b,e* in: goOd. condition , tbie 'railroad Often refuses to t4�4,,'air S',,, trci!'7444)-0 .::',.''H`d*r.0,','4041:t,, some, ':*.roverae'rit p 'these side tracks . are,..40119iti*,441',14c4010r0lie c,c41,44Mt01.,,;,.Bal?lelOt� ie of ptior quality, the leiitat.01,44 '401T,40� � ittx:1 '''00:140Pe ;,- '.41,01. ,S4,iin3i3;13,Yatem,:i 1.?a; of :,bhe. ,1917,, vintage . ' Most iave li pt 'r00.14 '14id 4owngtadS0 eieeeding� standards a 13. As, the ma linit, and.. ''roiltritt , StoCk,'.were . i4rdved the. norms for train : 10e4N ' #.7. ,Aerate74:',A4Pz'. Ei!P if 9 O, , F _ X.9.t;Ve he P.D.5, r with a tittat ii PO; . Pr .4 004 A' k ' ett ; Of 50-'40-60. ions per hour 4,�.t, . , w,a0...400. OledlOrtha , I, , r, 9, .in :p..1744 ft,.9,1;, the' Donets: Basin, (ah, 1.93944.6 twb, d OimP7. ra er: week :were, being, turned out by the 1oc*otiPe paut, Vqoyograd4the'iodoMotive'inodels ' �Shch,'.!''.,ind '":,i3r(rbiazi4ftvitr 0-Br i I:Kant �014' the 4hatkov Plant) . , . , , . , , .. were'reY4.0�04,424: '!**4.46 04440'oas zil,,a,tiditiort to the locomotive . , � . , i, 3A*fit'8� , *0,o,04,, 10 ' 'ailt - exid Ntigal Tagiltkie Plant in Se 0 P' Wia W 140:11 borne were imported. .froz, ao&1 es ,;:,6 et Fe,p,.,ne'ver.,enough at the. ' ,d.isposa4.'a, . . a1qa 4 ar& seed,t0,:ptc �Oft. poor qualityc; . 1 404, $0,4**t- ,ns$s trugit'l4 '740,00m0:fr!i' tliON4 e 0P4,4. Pf..�:141* doal Minn and 14,11y two or three) :et . theit,,,'44', ;44,;'014 '.,444� 44 '*ii'. im.M444ie *icirtitY. Thete.4000t04-i ' an% , - at 4.yearyieeabl,e'4 ...4'9ertain cases where '' r4ti,*,' e04' 4:40 it ar' attitiv40�40.01110, t4e rai#0.114 lines; 'between , th� re tO, 14 '04re.14d400.Pati'lres under the authority'Of �the. mines , :-:'40.'.W1th '' the'. tre1400.0, 4:12tiads, has., nothing to '' uch aes wiQh greatly ' 'simplifies the.... sytteti.: ':'' .0atW4410li: ed entiz'ely by the . 1iniatry,'00,'Ba43,rOadliG, 4ht t peat,2.majority of coal cars . are retUinedttptift*the4nrt t Dpit Batin;- Theta Cars are 50X1 Declassified in Part- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr 2014/11/04: CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr 2014/11/04: CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 CONFIDENTIAL 50X1 processed by claesifination yards in accordance with special schedules and the transportation, sections of the mines are responsible for seeing that the railroad stations deliver the cars on time. 14. Since 1933-1934 the railroads have been using schedules for passenger and freight trains. Freight trains are of two type-se composed (miscellaneous) and direct destination (marehrutnyy). The technical speed of a freight train is supposed. tube 50 kms per hour. Actually,however, because of frequent stops pot proVided for in the schedule, traveling speed is reduced to 25 sta 30 kma per hour. Thus, to make the -300 kms trip from. the Donets Basin to Kharkev requires 10 to 12 hours. Two to four hours (depending upon the type and number of cars) is given over for unloading. Two to three more hours are required for technical inspections. Unserviceable ears are separated and sent to repair shops. Then, too, trains of "empties" sometimes have a few (=re' leaded with cargo going in the same direction. These tars are often placed behind the locomotive and followed by the empty cars, causing additional delays in -making the locomotive available. Thus cars spend six to eight hours' at the point of their destination -and. between 24 and 30 hours are used up for a round trip from the Donets Basin to Kharkov. (The return trip from Kharkov takes about leven or eight hours, Which includes watering steps.) fforte are made to cut down this round � trip tiMe. As an incentive, locomotive engineers are given rewards for strict' adherence to scheduleal such a'reward being called a "poverstnyy" a "per kilometer bonus" It is to the engineer's beet intereet, then, to work, at maximum epeeds and it to 'a minimum the time spent at station stops. Needless to aay, accident are frequent as a result, The average traveling speed of a "composed" freight train is 25 to 30 kme par hour. A record figure of 40 kme par hour wau sash/owed under exceptionally favorable conditions, that is no unseheduled stops, no breakdowne� etc. Direct destination, trains have at ti meR reached an average of 60 kmu par hour (during the period 1940-1945) Such trains have three or four water tanke. Some other examples 'ef traveling time (one way) from. the Donets are: sa) Donets Bvoin to Lital (300-320 km) five boas b) " " INemorino (500-52C kme). 6-10 hours c) ?mese (500-520 kme) 20 hours d) 01 Moscow (900 to 1100 kms) 28-32 hears e(cow bound trains leave the Donets Basin by the South, Donets an North aeletserailroads. The length of the trip varies eecoeueea eo the Various ,points of origin). 40-42 hours is reqUired-for feeempeettraire, 15. The "direct destination" .,(Marshruttyy) train is always loaded at one specific loading 'point,. for instaate,' a mining trust point. The cargo may consist of different types of coal, however, it is destined to one specific consumer. The railroadsbear a heavy responsiaility for the speedy and, safe handling of such trains. Guards from the consumer organization are sometimes placed on the train as an extreepreeautien. Made up of the new type 60-ton cars, the net load. is between, three and. feur thousand tons. Moving, according to a set Schedale, the only ,stops made are for water and to remove damaged cars. If all phases or the moveMent of the shipment are met according to schedule, 'the following receive incentive rewards a) Chief inspector in charge of loading and taking of specimens CONFIDENTIAL Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr 2014/11/04: CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 Declassified in Part- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @50-Yr2014/11/04:CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 CONFIDENTIAL -7- b.) Railroad station of departure (origin) c) transport section of the trust unloading team of the receiving agency. (before: 1940 a loader received a bonus of 20 to 30% on his 10 ;ruble a day pay)y Donets Basin ,coal is divided into the following types and was shipped mainly tb such:conSUMers as noted. 50X1 a) Naval coal �Consumed,largely by the:Navy and the Merchant Marine, :Some was usedforcoking and. export (Greece, Italy and France)4: Coal used for domestic consumption is transported to: Black Sea.(Novorossisk, Sevastopol) Feodosiya,. KeravNikOlayev, Odessa) Azov Bea(Rostov� Mariupol,rdyansk) , Baltic Sea (Leningrad) L. Caspian Sea (Astrakhan, Baku, Derbent) 5, Dnieper and Volga river ports Coke coal; mainly as. follows: .1. To the followingoae plants attached to coal mines. .a. Varvaropol't - Pervomayka b. Irmino pldievka Krivorozh�e d. Bryanka e. Olkhovaya f. Shchirbinovka g., GOrlovka h.: Prokhorovka : JOadrishenkovo j. .yakeevka k..,!:XIA071_44-SMolYanka :.1, 134tqben4Ovo... In.:the Test ofrtheUSSR:' .a,:4,,Jipetsk141ant. :1;0� liharkoV coke and tractor p1a08 o...'kharkov Locomotive-building and. rgielmath" .44,1carkov eledtrotachnical and, "Pet Shalchtere e,,� Tractor an4 Metallurgical,plants-in Btalingrad. f !Ai zeoha,x4.04- plants in': Moscow � Allplants:inJAningrad h. Plants in'Bryansk and:BezhitAla, Plants i' arbsl, and'ClorXir j. Agriciatural machin-building plants in Novocherkassk 'And 44129POzh!. *,:A.XANcandroVka.. :. � (ThalTramachaniCal:plants:and the :Chelyabinsk Tractor Woz'lcs ax'. Pfir441150'441431Pidlittalthonets Basin coke) , Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr 2014/11/04: CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr 2014/11/04: CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 50X1 ONFIDENTIAL ancllong,flate coaL:,' :This co]. was used by the railroads of theurOpean,.portion of viq USSR, Since their coal consumption is *7-.8.Aatthey alSo received coal from the following, additional 0 ,oes; , 2�:1425cow4pal Rasin-. 3. Brown oal basins . chorg,yprkAt.61, Bsin � and -shale mines: Spltzbergen.Xpl'anNorway(Soviet concession managed by the "rt.:$5:01 ! Trust") (The'railroade:iconsume,.nearly 4/4. gas and long-flame,coal and .a part of . . Jsn Coal ancVanthraditche'Donets,Basin accounts for up to 40% of total output'of,;g4s,411.4 long74ame.coal. A Amall part of this :ocitclgt;:iep..0 power stations ad cities). � L� %.d) :loan (poor) Coal.. This coal is consumed by the Power stations with 0,91.r.gurnace4. sugar factories; forirenspOrtation and city use. e) Anthracite, The, Donts Basin has two 'ooal,combines: The Voroshilovo- 'g;r0 icombine.and the Stalin() Combine The following trusts of these cOthinearelroducing'anthracite: :Chis*kov,Anthracite lrust)in'Chirityakovo i91114:11PT.5-t .0� � Snezhn70 Coal. Trust in Snezhnoe' ',."Do00ant?cotairli0.111,:lcr4.11.10! 140.: '.130k0,4nthraCiACTru0 ix,. BdikoVo4d0ovo �:$*44r.;0014.Tle4# An'polzhanoXiya, '7,�,Yrutisetoal Trwst.1n Aoven'Iti. ' 6 :Ylher!.A6stoy,Coal.ComOine'anages/coaliinevin the forcer on Cossack areas T#0 fo,4101,44vtruStei.h01-44igingtothie comhinwo..mine'anthracite: )'Q.kov6al Tivet4n quit#0 I)) VlaBov Coal Trust in Einikhtneya c) Veevetsy Anthracite Trust in Neevetsy etsko.Gruehevskiy Truitt ' aldo'4W00441Owiniitrusts 0.Oducing'brown coal: ulgoraevoOviprOritki.Trustjn Xamenskoe and Boguraevo ).00dorovSlity, Trust'iniGonOraevska7a 18., AlI.anthracitscproduCed:"tkirtlip IrriOshilovograd, Stalino and postov Coal .Combines ft 01,4thq t*0441.610,ngltrjrs: ' 0417' 4,*Alitke 4344;404,e,Aq,1404.7*.:01,10401;Ondary-impgrtant industries 4041.4001(490,0�VMS*1.441904.,14th4P41511,blaw;14r4oces. Culp, serves as luelL'f0t4Ower'iat410.0* A;400 0An*to.,do,t ara,13.0,t,Uti4zed and Are alld*ea,',t01)0490tro, Lnlont44gRao-C'01:40ion:i*dumps. around the coal Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr 2014/11/04: CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 Declassified in Part- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @50-Yr2014/11/04:CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3 AVIDENTIAL -9- 50X1 19. Following' are.:the daily output figures of ,thel4befoe' the beginning of World War 'a) Voroshilovograd Coal Combine 1. Lisichansk Coal Trust ?'. Kirov Coal Trust ,3. Fervomaysk Coal Trust 4. c''ergo Coal Trust 5, Bryansk Coal Trust Voroshilov Coal Trust 7. Krasnodon Coal Trust 8... Donbas Anthracite Trust 9. Bokov Anthracite Trust 10. ,Sverdlov Coal Trust 11. ' Prunze Coal Trust oal in the: Donets Basin, as 1 recall 8,000 tons ft 5,000 6,000 It 11,000 It 7,000 11,000 VI 7,000 Vt 13,000 ft 8,000 Vt 7,000 Vt 5,000 Total daily output Stalino Coal Combine fl Dzerzhinsk Coal Trust 2. ArtewCoal Trust: 3. Ordzhenikidze Coal Trust .4. Petrovsk Coal Trust 5, Rutcbenkovo Coal Trust !6. Kuibyshev Cosi :Trust -- Budenov Coal Trust Sovetsk Coal Trust ,,p. Makeev Coal Trust 10. l'crasnogvardeysk Coal Trust ' 11. Chityakov Antbrai!lte Trust �_14. Snezhnyan Anthracite Trust 90,000 metric tons 9,000 tons 14,000 u 9,000 " 8,000 7 8,000 " 6,000 " 7,000 " 5,000 " 10,000 7 7,000 " 7,000 " _ 51,000 " Total daily output o :Rostov Coal Combine 95,000 metric tons 1. Gukov Coal.Trust 3,500 tons 2. ;Vlasov Coal Trust 6,000 " 3. Nesvetay Anthracite Trust 10,000 44 Donetsko-Grushevsk.Trust It 3,500 Buchuraevo-Svinarevo Anthracite Trust 4,000 Gundorov Coal Trust It 1,000 total daily output' -end- 19/7j5.I' lo3.664 455.72 755.11 755,741 ,826" MIA / - /14333, 101685 1554734 11-5/n5; CONFIDENTIAL 524N 524N 524N 524N 524N 524N , 524N 524N 524N 524N '-�524N 524N 524N N 500 0 6,000 Metric tons Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release @ 50-Yr 2014/11/04: CIA-RDP82-00047R000400450004-3