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x N~QRMR:T I ~0~ roved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 PB 131891 T-22 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY SCYEI~TTI]E'IC I~1'F'OF2MA'TION 1~E~'OF~!T 22 May 1959 Distributed Only By U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OFFICE OF TECHNICAL. SERVICES WASHINGTON 25, D,C. Issued semi-monthly. Annual subscription $28.00 (34 additioi~ctl.fArf., _/;., ;,,,., ,.' r ~ ~~~,~/, Cj.,xu foreign mailing). Single copy 32.75. -9~.uru~~tl~jj -Ni'(cr L4.~a Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-00141 R'0~010031000~~'E.;~~ ~ y ~~~ ~. - Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Use of funds for printing this publication approved by the Director of the Bureau of the Budget July 31, 1958, Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 PLEASE NOTE ':+`~.:t,~ report presents unevaluated information extracted frcan ~.~~:~c.~:~t~:t?,"l.y received publications of the USSR, Eastern Europe, and Gt:~J.~ :~:L~ 7,'he information selected is intended to indicate current c:y~.~n,t,i:1'ic developments and activities in the USSR, in the Sino- Savlct C1t~bi?t, countries, and. in Yugoslavia, and is dissem:Lnated r~.a ~:,.Y~,, to i;kie United States Government research. SCIENTIFIC INFOiRMATION REP~tT Tab1.e ~:~r' ;::;~~it~ents Page r ~ i-t:Iu:l,ogy 1 i:T. (.:~~emistry ,4 L'1e~~trochemistry ~+ F'u~~ls and Propellants 5 Lrc3.udtrial Chemistry 8 Nizrlea,r Fuels and Reactor Construction Materials 18 1"~i ,. E,l,ee tropics .Ac,;ics C~-Ln~~ntnications "amponents G:~rni,uters and Automation .La,,~.~t~: uments and EquiFanent 'v~3,t:e:~ials ~~~ s~,~~ X77... Alztibiotics :~pidrmiology 7anm~cademy of Sciences Uzbek SSR, in opening the session, pointed out that as a result of the execution of the plan high-lighted by the control figures pertaining to the develop- ment; of the nations.l ec~~,., ~.,:y of the USSR during 1958-1965, Uzbekistan will. become an important cent: of the manufactux'e of chemical products obtained by the many-sidek conve:~ Sion of indigenous chemical raw materials . "A report entitled ' Tk~velopmezit of Chemical Science and Industry in the Uzbelt SSR' was presented. by M. M. Nabiyev. Nabiyev emphasized that the capital invested. in the chemical industry will increase during 1919- 1965 by a factor of 10, as compare? with the preceding 7-year period. On the basis of the conv~;rsic~r.. of natural gas from Bukhax?a and of agricul- tural wastes, as well a,s ci' u~.stes of the The solution of the problems involved requires from chemists an expansion of theoretical reseax?ch by every possible means and reinforcement of coopera- tion between rhemioal s~;ience and production. "Kho Yu, Usmanov repox?tsd on method.:s of treating cotton cellulose with acrylonitrile. As a. result of this treatment, fabrics will be ob- tained which have the properties of wool and a1s.o of Capron, nylon, a,rd other synthetic fibers, Fibers o:E this type do not rot, can be dyed with facility, and are stable at high temperatures. CPYRGHT Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 "It ha,s been established by V. :L. Ivanov and V. L. Zalcharov that the strength of cellulose materials is closely related to the molecular weight dispersion oP the cellulose in fibers. 't'hese investigators subjected to cons~iderat:ion the sign:Lfica~n~e of homogeneity with respect to molecular weight for the strength of cellulose products. Removal of low-molecular products rnaltes it possible ?l.o produce cellulose which has a high degree of homogeneity and exhibits a definite amount of orientation. "I;. S. Sadylcov poJ.nted out that it is advisable 'to change-over the hydrolysis plants in Uzbeltl.stan to the conversion of uprooted cotton stalks ("guza-pat"). "V. S. IClemer_tov notcr_ that a continuous method for. the polymeriza- tion of acrylonitrile in a~,ueous soiutians with the application of redox systems for initiating ?the polymerization makes it possible to control the process more efficiently and to produce a polymer witai the desired prop- erties. Polyacr,Vlonitrilc fibers have a number of valuable characteristics as textile fibers. "17. T. Tsve~tltov d.eseribed new methods for the synthesis of derivatives of phosphinous acids. ~?n the basis of this work it became possible to produce phosphorus-containing polymers with carbon chains. "T. ICotry'lev reported that at arh experimen?ta1 installation apoly- carbonate [polyester of car'ooric acid with a molecular weight of about 60,000 was obtained which exhibits superior mechanical properties, in- cluding atensile strength of almost 600 lsgs per cmS and a transverse strength below 1,000 legs per cm2 [sick. It has satisfactory heat resist- ance up to a temperature of 1650. This material is suitable 'for the manufacture of gear. s, hearings, and other ports of machines and instru- ments . F-- --0-CH2-Cii2--N ~ .HC1 C2$5 On the basis of their pharmacological action the preparations under investigation may be grouped in the following order ( to their diminishing activity): surface anesthetic -- Ye-22, Ye-96, spasmolytin, novocain, and Ye=jB; regional anesthetic -- Ye-22, spasmolytin, Ye-96, novocain, Ye-78; infiltration anesthetic -- Ye-g6, Ft-22, spasmolytin, novocain, Ye=jB; N-cholinolytic action -- spasmolytin, Ye-g6, Ye-22, novocain, Ye-78; M-cholinilytic action -- Ye-22, apasmolyt in, Ye-96, novocain, ,Ye-78; antihistamine action -- Ye-22, spasmolytin, Ye-78, novocain, Ye-g6; myotropic spasmolyt is act ion -- Ye-22, spasmolyt in, Xe-g6, novocain, Ye-78; toxicity -- Ye-22, Ye-96, novocain, spasmolytin, Ye-78. "It is thought that the anesthesizing action of the preparations has no connection with their N-cholinolytic e.nd antihistamine activities. Ye-g6 is a more active anesthetic than novocain. It is superior to novocain in the spectrum of its therapeutic action and causes no irrita- tion when locally applied. It withstands sterilization 'I~y boiling. It is recommenced for clinical use as a local anesthetic. ~1'he shortcoming oP the preparation is its vasodilating effect." -56- CPYRGHT Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Physiology 81. The Biochemistry of Adaptation Biochemical Principles of Adapta~ticn," by Prof M. Merszhin- skiy, Minsk; Moscow, Meditsinskiy Rabotnik, 20 Mar 59, P 3, "There is no doubt that the biochemical principles of adaptation are of great theoretical and practical interest. Some aspects of this sub- ject were discussed in the section on 'Biochemistry' of the eighth Mendeleyev congress. "Ability of the human or~z.anism to adapt itself to various environ- mental factors and to some physiological and pathological conditions is an important function. The human organism is provided with many biolog-Lca systems within which arise a number of specific biochemical processes which are adequate both in intensity and in direction. Investigation of the biochemistry of nervous activity, muscular contraction anll exercise, acclimatization, injuries, and regeneration and the study of ~che role that hormones, vitamins, various food products, etc. play offer the pos- sibility of visualizing the biochemical machinery of adaptation. "Resistance of the living organism to such an adverse factor as cold decreases when the food consumed does not contain sufficient calories. However, this resistance of the living organism is determined not only by the number of calories in the food consuumed, but also by the quality of its composition: its content of proteins, thiamin, vitamin A, pyridoxine, riboflavin, and pan~tothenic and ascorbic acids. Proper amount of pantothenic acid in the organism of swimmers enables them to stay in cold water for a long period of time and increases their ability to endure the ordeal of a long-distance swim. Pantothenic acid stimu- lates the suprarenal glands, the formation and secretion of corticosterones which influence energy metabolism, the decomposition and in;racellula.r utili~ " ~n of carbohydrates, and 'the formation of macroergic rhosphorus compou. All this effects the functional competence of the organism favorably. "Results of experjments on rats revealed that the biosynthesis of ascorbic acid becomes more intense during cold weather. Some animals became adjusted to low temperature; others appeared to be less adapt- able: swelling, edema, and reddening c~P paws, ears, axd tail was ob- served in tY.ose animals; their weight decl:tned and some of. them did not survive. It was noted that within 3 months after being exposed to tempera- ture of 2?C to - 2?C, the concentration of vitamin C in the liver, kidneys, suprarenal glands, small intestines, and skin was twice as great in animals that became adjusted to cold as in those animals which did not CPYRGHT _5r_ Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 bv;:o;ce s.d,~usted. '.Phe animals that were exposed to cold requix?ed high ~:~.loric food, particularly food that had high .fat content, Resistance 'to cold developed simultaneously with relative increase of protein sub- stances in the tissues. "In guinea pigs which, like humans, do not synthesize vitamin C, we observed that adaptation to cold developed after they received an additional supply of vita-nin C~ when the ascorbic acid content in food rations was 10-15 times greater than it was in ?the usual portion (100- 150 mg per 2~+ hours). Symptoms of maladjustment, increased susceptibility to disease, and an increase in mortality rate was noted in animals that did not receive any additional ration of vitamin C. "Adaptation to cold also depends on increased intensity of oxidizing- deoxidizing processes and on the intensity of tissue respiration. This is explained by the fact that an organism exposed to cold requires not only food that is high in vitamin C content and high in caloric value, but it also must be supplied faith vitamins that increase ?tissue respira-? t ion, intensify metabolism, and guarantee biosynthesis of protein which is necessary for the preservation of the morphological structure of the tissues and organs. "The process of adaptation is closely dependent on mobilization of 'the compensatory mechanisms. It manifests itsei.f in a specially vivid manner when the organism is under great stress or is suffering .from some morbid condition. During tkie first hours and days after an injury, metabolism is characterized by an increase in the processes of synthesis and decomposition. An active metabolic reactionz of the organism to an injury consists of intensification of decomposition of protein substances, carbohydrates, and fats. Subsequently, predominance of synthesis processes is observed and replacement of lost tissues and regeneration ultimately takes place. Sluggish metabolic reaction retards the development of re- genex?ation, prolongs the course of the disease, and causes various com- pi.ications. 7ntersification of metabolism in the organism and successful regeneration of tissues serves as evidence that mobilization of compen~ satory mechanisms has taken plar..e and the organism is making proper ad- ~justmer_t . "The question of energy supply for the process of biosynthesis, the end result of which is healing of the injury and recovery of the organism, is interesting. Not only carbohydrates,, but fats are also utilized for this purpose. Research of Zdenek, Gruz, IQiit ila, and others, conducted in the laboratory of physiology and pathology of metabolism of the Academy of Sciences of Czechoslovakia, showed that survival of white rats that had suffered an injury depended on the intensity of lipolysis. Animals possessing powerful lipolytic enzymes became ~~.djusted to an injury and survived. Others in which the lipolytic activity of blood and tissues was weak died. - 5 8 ~ - CPYRGHT Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 "Ltilization of ketone substances as energy sources that contribute to regeneration of tissues increases considerably in surgical patients. From viewpoint, symptoms of ketosis following an operation must be looked on as an adjustment of the arganiem to increasel expenditure of energy. Utilization of ketone substances in surgical practice, as a supplementary high caloric material, is based on this. "A study of the mechanism of adjustment of animals to a severe injury revealed that lipolytic enzymes possess a protective function. '.Phis found a practical reflection in the effective utilization of fate to speed up regeneration and to increase the endurance of animals that had survived a serious injury. The jmportance of vitamins, which are necessary for enzyme systems and. which provide for the oxidation of both ketone substances and the fatty acids ~.,~ the tissues, was demon- strated at the same time. Results of experimental research were used as the basis for therapeutic diet of surgical patients. "investigation of the role that the liver plays in the process of fat metabolism disclosed that the function of the cardiovascular system depends on formation of the necessary amount of heparin in the liver. Neutral fat and other lipids circulate in the bJ.ood serum in the form of very small emulsions. The diameter of such fat droplets is less than half a micron. They are called chylomicrons. Turbidity of the serum is observed when the concentration of fat droplets in the blood is high. This occurs after a meal with high fat content. A glass of cream causes hyperlipemia and turbidity of the serum which Lasts far a period of 7-8 hours. "A high concentration of lipids in the blood may be the reason for a spasm of the coronary vessels. And, vice versa, a decrease in concentration of chylomicrons reflects favorab:Ly on the function of the cardiovascular system and on the conditior_ of coronary vessels. A ?clearing' of tY,p serum is due to several factors. Eeparin is one of them. A ?clearing? occurs more rapidly when heparin formation in the liver is sufficient. `~ :Fluctua~?~ tions in the :ieparin level reverse ratio to the serotonin level; . .for as the serotonin level rose to its maximum, ;the heparin level fell . to its minimum, rand vice versao Changes in vascular permeability were in rever:,e ratio to the blood serotonin level . The author concludes thato "The c quantity of serotonin in the blood of irradiated animals, (dogs, monkeys, rat;i, and guinea pigs) undergoes phasic changes, prog- ;;sively decreasing down to its complete disappearance. CPYRGHT Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 "During the preterminal. period of the disease, sometimes despite thrombopenia, one can notice a significant rise in the serotu.~tn level which may attain its original, level, or even exceed it~~ "During the terminal period in a number of animals dogs, and monkeys), the acetone extract of the blood produces a paradoxical reaction, i.e., instead of muscle contraction it causes muscle dila- tation. "Flzrther, thorough research is necessary in regard to ;the role of serotonin in tha pathogenesis and therapy of radiation sickness." CPYRGHT 8g, Metabol,ic Disturbances of Iaabile Phosphorus Compounds in Muscle Z3.ssue Due to Racliation Tn.~uries "The Metabolism of I~abil.e Phosphorus Compounds in Muscle Tis- sue Due to Radiation Injuries," by V~ G. Remberger; Minsk, Doklady Akademii Nauk BSSR, Vol 2, No 9, 1958, pp 389-391 The aim of the present research. was to study the amount of adenosine triphosphate ATP), and creatine phosphate found in muscle tissue; and also to study the rata of P32 inc].usion~ Tests were conducted on 1.25 rats which were :~ubjected to a single general X-ray irradiation , 600m700 :r, I~-~?0~, ova, a period of 1.20 days. The author presents expe:~-:?~.mental, data in the form of a table. CPYRGHT Results indica e '- ' irradiation 1600-700 r) causes distur..bances in the metabolism of labile phosphorus compound. found in rat muscle tissue, which is expressed by both the amount of adenosine tri.prosphate, and creatine phosphate found, and by the rate of th.e inclusion of P3~ into these compounds at various periods the .,ickneas~" CPYRGHT - 71 - Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 9U,. Liver Ilz*zct:l.en Stu~3 o:t' th.e Contpn_t;~Abso?r~tion2 and Deposition of Vitrimin ~Bl~ Burin ltndiattc~n Sickne. s ^~ "A Study of t?he Content, Abso.r.?ption, anti Leposition of Vitamin Bl2 by the Liver Luring 1?adiai:?i.on Sickness, " by G. L' . Berdyshev, Chair of .Biology ;head, Prof V'. V. Rever?~~Datto, Honorable Worker of Science) and Pathophyr7iol.o~v ~{head, Prof D. I. Goldberg) Tomsk Medical, Institute; M~: scow, Problecgy Gematologii i Pereli- vaniya Itrovi, Vol. 4, No 3, Mar 59, pp 10~-13 -- The aim of this research was to clarify controversial findings con- cerning vitamin B12 deficiency ,~.uring radiation sickness, and to elabo- rate on the poorly studied subject of the absorption and deposition of vitamin B12 by the liver r?adiation sickness? Tests were cond?eted on mice, guinea pigs, and dogs irradiated by an X-ray appar. atu~: (~?50, 350 5~y a:~. 7.`~ r) grid by a betatron ~l, 200-25, 000 r) , and the vitamin B12 concentration in the liver and blood serum was clet?rmined by microbio.l,ogical. methods using E~coli. Tables and diagrams accompany the article and present the vitamin Bl,p content found in the :Liver, the effect of genera]. X,-ray ix~diat9oraa on the abs~:ptian and de~positicn of vitamin B12 in the liver; and tb,e changes in th.e concentration of vitamin B~2 in the blood serum of irradiated and unirrad.i.ated dogs after the ministration of vi~t;amin B12 into th..e duodQnum,. ThA author,udE.~s tb~~.t~? ' i.n a~~he ex?pe.nime.nt ethal and sublethal closes, no no ?i.ceab'.e changes were noted in the vitamin Bl2 Content foun3 in th.e live~? and blood serum el.ther in the immediatz or subsequent periods after irradiation. The permeability of intestinal. walls of dogs injured by irradiation seemed increased with regard to the vitamin B12 doses that were studied Liver function with regard to vitamin B~2 ciaposit,ion did not undergo es=antial. changes in irradiated animals., CPYRGHT CPYRGHT 91.~ Thera eutic Effect of Po1.~rinyipy:rrolidone in Acute Radiation Sickness "A S+,u~Y of the Ef:Fect of th..F `i'ran7fusion of Polyvinylpyrx?oli- donA on th.e Course o:f' Acute Radiation Siclsness.v " by G., V. Sukyasyan, '!V. S~ D2:b.avadyan. M? N? No~vikova, B~ .F~ Belyayeva, N. A~ Pr~obato?va, and M,? ir. Sh.iti.kova, Cent?!^al, Order of T~enin Institute o.f HFinatolo~ and Iti.ood. T_an;,.f`usion dii~ctor, Prof A. A. Ba.gciasarov, Member of tY~.? Acade~yof.Me.dzral Sc:innoes USSR),, Ministry of Health li~S~R.; Moscow, PxoblFm~_C~_matoiogii i Perelivarii;ya Kr~ovi, Si'ol. ~?, No 3, Ma?~ 5~, pp ~-55 Since one of thF moat effecti~~+'e metrnd:~? of treating acute radiation sickness is th.e transfu^ion of ':i.oo~. and of blood surs~itutes, the effect of the tz?ansfusion of Pi;I~ ~ pc?l.y~rinylpyrr.:alidone) w~.s t~~osted on t,hP tour. se of acute radiation sickns~_s on doggy and micF~ ,.. 72 .., Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Three to five transfu.s3,ons of PUP, in amounts ranging between 6 and 8 ml per ltilograzn of body weight, were administered during the first few days after the irradiation of the dogs by 6U0 r, and a favorable effect was noted.. The therapeutic and disintoxicating effect of PVP was also confirmed on mice. Tables and diagrams accompany the article. The author. presents the following conclusions: "The ?transi'usion of polyvin~clpyrrolidone during the first days after the genera_t irradiation of animals by lethal doses of X-rays allev-!ated the course of the sickness and prolonged the life span of the animals. "The ?therapeutic effect of polyvinylpyrrolidone is caL+sed by its high disintoxicating property Polyvinylpyrrolidone sharply accelerates the elimination of toxic substances from the organism through the kidneys. "The transfusion of polyvirtylpyrmlidone significantly reduces the development of the hemorrhagic syndrome, but it does not prevent the development of radiation anemia?" Serology CPYRGHT 92. PecL~.jt~rities Noted in Study of Hemorrhagic Nephroso-Nephritis "From a Practical Study of Hemorrhagic Nephroso-Nephritis," by S? I. Bibergal; Moscow,, Laboratornoye Del.o_, Vol 5, No 2, A1ar~Apr 59, pP 56-57 The following phenomena which were observed during examination of urine from h.emorr~hagic .nephro~,so~~~nephritis patients are reported in thin article: a. '.I;he formal,in test with urine was positive from the first day of the disease following the appearance and an increase in the concen- tration of albumin in the urine; thiv~ reaction was negutive when per- foxzned with blood serums Depending on the concentration of albumin in the urine, the formalin test pm~:eeded at different rates and differed as to color and trans.pax~ency o:Y' t:hP coagulant. b. Blood serum of hemorrhagic neph.roso-nepYaritis patients coagulated their o~,an urine. Furthermore, this serum coagulated not only serum from the patients themselves, but also serum from persons with other diseases and from healthy persons,. - 73 - CPYRGHT Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 The authc~x' ccnc,:yi~,cie:,s ~t~?ba.t 1'u~~'tl:ccz~ sr.,vly of thy: ccv.~;u.latint, properties ot` ui? and bl~~c~a :;e:r?uu .~'t~crir lzr:?nro~^:ri~?r,gic~. rc:i,b.,?~,~o-.nEp1,,:1ti:~ patients mu_t e~t, ~l~,i~ Z,cz'l,l?.~:?g~~ni~:: .igrl:IJ'a.crance. c?f tlzi;s coa,,rtaia,t:t.on and the ~;'ty of ~th~: 1~1i;.:n.oiuolla obs~x'vt:a.,. ~rl?,.r: c~xt~n't~ 't?,c: ~~lzich, and the manner in ~?rhi.clz, 'l;r.E,:; Uxr~l F,ro'L?e:i.n frac.t:tong o.t 't??h~ blood and urine a:Ffc:ct t?~c cor~.gtila,ti,on ph.~~noul~~na must ro deterzninod. 5~~s Medicine 93. O~nion:~ on 17?ulrlan uc~smic T?l:ttf zt C~ffe::td by Medical, r;.xpez'fi?r~ "For' A~t:r~onaut:3 0:~" i;h,~ Z'U.tu?~~:~,," M:rdifi,r~:inslr,~ fia~b%'tn.Llr., ~0 ;~ an 5~, No 6 E 1.751x? ? ;, ~ It _...._ ~_~..~ _~...~.~. "'I'1-.e entice 'wr_r:l.d 'caa,s :fi?.l,,d T,ri.t:: delight at the n~~w:~, o.f' a riew t.chievement of Soviet sci~:ncc: and +ecr~n ,:1.0~; the: 1.aunc.hing of a r_osmic. rockAt which bec:~rn?~ a. pe.:rma.Ixc:nt ar',aJ_ ~.ate??i.tP of the Sun. 'This even?~, whic?:?. ~t;r:c~ li^g.Lrning of i:he eY'ra of co,~rni.c flights, 'is now r~J_::. ~,ovi.=:t r~apl.e. ?i;.'11i~ ~di ~',vt'~ l"if NJ.~ ~.:L'tt.l. rt =~iC:1;}%' .~.~.ab0~:?n1)C a.~~.ti ?~. ~i~ J'C'7.'ci7.. Inc::?a.' Cwl. scie.ntiGt~~ tea gave tr.c~i.:c~ opi.ric-,rl~ o~~rLcF.zn~ing ?c}?.c pow 4i?,il, and pr.?ospect~s of s~~n~'ing ~ m~:.r.. i.n?t;:z ~~?ut~:z? ;:.pace. ~I:lz~ ~:,ti;a,t:rrnen+s of these ItlF.'.diC8.1, 5C1~:nt".;~;1.;>' Vii,":':. ~'i.~'~,.YA ~;F..1?r,~r.r, it ?ractor,~ cif .P1-:,Tsi.c1. into outer ~pacL: t~ clui:_~ . Up=:zi.cLt ,::t~v:~;j. rr ~,:.r it . t_ga?...or of heat excY~ango i.r_ humans=~ und~~~:' c.c,~rr~-tc: cor?d~.ti.olza i;:, a:>..:.=o c-:ri:r.r.^me.7.y i.Inporta:It.. CPYRGHT .. 71~. ,_ Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 "Work on supplying the human o~?ganism with oxygen and eliminating carbon dioxide is sufficiently advanced and will present no serious difficulties. "Data obtained from. the second artificial earth sate]lite threw light, for the first time, on the condition of the dog Layka and clarified some important physiological. questions previously not :clear to scientists. "We are probably standing on the threshold of the creation of a nejr science -- cosmophysiology -- the task of which will. be to investi- gate the effect of cosmic environment on a living organism." "The Cosmos and Microorganisms," by Oo P. Peterson, Deputy Director, Ins';titute of Virology imeni D. I. Iyanovskiy, Academy of Medical Sciences USSR "If pY~,ysiological functions of the human organism undergo specific changes while in flight through outer space, then the following question is in order: what changes take place in vital activities of the virus-saprophytes which are usually found in a living human organism, but which produce no harmful effect? "It is known that saprophytes may intensify their pathogenic properties and cause severe sleknesses, a$ in case of herpes, when unfavorable conditions e~cist.' It can be assumed, however, that tie com- pensatory mechanisms of the natural body defenses wi11 help to regulate disturbances and thereby prevent the development auto-infection. In other words, astronauts flying in outer spats are in no danger of being exposed to increased pathogenic activity of the saprophytic flora which normally. inha~bd.t the ,human organism. "It is of great interest for virologists to see h.ow conditions in outer space affegt the vita]. activity of var~iou.s viruses, bearing in mind their capacity to multiply and live on~ty in. the healthy living cells of various human? and anima], tissues In connection with this, new opportunities are unfs~lding for scientists to investigate the patho- genic action of viruses orgy humans and animals flying through outer space It is possible that a need mar arise to develop view methods of ide;utifying viruses and to develop special pr,~ventive epidemic contt?ol measures, etco" "Effect of Ionising Radiation, " by Prof Ao iT. Koal.ava, Chief of Davison o~ Radiology, Institute of Roentgenology and Radiology, Ministry of Health RSFSR "Cosmic radiation becomes more intense a.s one goes higher into cosmic space. The level of energy of such radiations and peculiarities of their biologic action are not yet known The biological action of - 75 - CPYRGHT Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 such types of radiation as gamma, beta, and Roentgen rays is, of course, well known. It is also lmown that in sma11 doses they are harmless; in large doses, they can cause serious consequences. "Before a man can be sent up into outer space, we must have exact information concerning the effects of cosmic radiation on a living organ- ism. Such information is necessary to provide protection for cosmic vehicles. "The ,job of medical people is to make recommendations to the designers about the protective measures needed to guarantee the safety of humans during their travel through outer space." "Biology of Cosmic Flights," by Prof V. S. Gostev, Deputy Director, Institute of Experimental Biology, .Academy of Medical Sciences USSR "Future space travels present a number of new problems for biology. One of the problems requiring solution is whether living creatures born on earth can live in an environment found in interplanetary space. Experiment with the dry Layk.a indicated that they can. This much is known, a highly developed animal organism is capable of surviving the conditions existing beyond earth's atmosphere and beyond earth's gravi- tational attraction for several days. "but there is no doubt that biological. phenomenon become modified undez?' interplanetary space conditions. Micaroorganisms, vegetation, Lower animals, warm-blooded animals, and humans wi:L:L all behave differently in outer space. "The beY~.avior of a human organism in outer space ought ~to be looked upon as a general biological problem. Only through general 'biology and its future new b:.~~anch, cosmobiology, will i?t be possible to determine properly and profoundly the laws and the peculiarity of the functioning C,f the human organism in interstellar flight: "Protection by Means of Drugs," by Prof G. A. Ponomarev, Deputy Director, Scientific Section, Institute of.?Pharmacology and Chemotherapyz Academy o?f Medical. Sciences USSR "PharmacoloE~3 sts confronted with the problem of studying the most vulnerable physiological functions of the organism in to dis- cover preparations which would serve to protect the space travelers. Such p?~eparations should include substances which have a 1en3.tive action that tone up the blood circulation system or effect internal and external respiration. CPYRGHT -7G- Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 "In the USSR preparations have been synthesized and are being tested. These preparations prevent the various unpleasant sensations which may arise as the reBiLlt of higher nervous activity. Some lenitive preparations are also being tested. "Medical preparations that accelerate or retard metabolic processes will play an important role in nonnali~:tng the phyEiological functions of space travelers." CPYRGHT Veterinary Medicine g4. Bacterial Dissociation in Cultures of Brueella Abortus Buck 19 V6.ccinF ''The Importance of Bacterial Dissociation for the Value of Liv- ing Brucella abortus Buck-19 Vaccine," by H. Jendrus~h, Research Institute for Vaccines, De~~~sau; Leipzig, Archiv fuer rx~peri- mente)_le Veterinaermedizin, Vol l3, No 1, Jan Feb 59, pp 121-131 Since no simple method is known for maintaining the S-phase of Brucella during cultivation, the original culture for these exper3.ments had to be obtained through repeated selection and reinoculation of S- colonies. Adextrose-glycerin medium ~a~as ;asea for typing the cultures. In a majcrity of cases, the tested d.Yy vacci_ie cultures, dissolved in distdlled water, physiological, salt solution., ur tryptone solution, showed after reinaculation into a dextxbse-glycerin-agar medium, 1000 pure S~-types, with. and without the addition of serum, and only 3-5~ fluctuating intermediate forms. Through a systematic selection a?: ct~ltures which had been derived from individual bacteria, a subculture of :b'u,cls-l~ was found which even in cattle-glycerin-bouillon passages, guaranteed a relatively high stability of the S??fozm. Reinocu].ations of passed individual colonies of this subculture of Buck-lg-S2 always revea:l.ed, in the fundamental medium, the tendency to return to the origj.nal S-xo;.gn. The noninherited variability (modificatic.;r_;, even in the case of the assumed hereditary cell material., seams to be subject to a change, within an approximately equal variation. ~:~ange, during the course of the generation cycle, provided that the expe~.?imental conditions are standard- ized. It is assumed that, in thz S2-culture, the behavior of the total bacterial population is conditioned almost exe).usively by hereditarily equal. isogenic bacteria. This fact alone explains why the inoculations _77- Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-00141 R000100310001~-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 of 52-descendants remain relatively constant over several passages. The descendants of individual clones, however, because of their peculiar biological. and genetic varJ.ability and mutability, can, under similar conditions, show new intermediate dissociation values with more or less large fluctuations. To guarantee an optimal, immunogenic and antigenic effect of the cultures to be used for production or research purposes, a~constant check on the purity of the growth phases of the particular subcu7.tuxes, sus- pension, and finished vaccines is necessary. Failure to heed the pos- sibility of bacteMal dissociation, particularly in the case of Brucella abortus Buck-19 vaccines, could lead to serious errors, with unforseeable consequences as far as the battle against pruceLlosis 3s concerned. 95? Brucella Allergen In ections and Agglutination Titers "On the Tnf'luence of Repeated Injections of Br~zcella Allergen On the Agglutination Titer in Pigs, " by Ch. Lehr~ert, Institute for Veterinary Microbiology and Veterinary Medicine, Karl Marx University, Leipzig; Leipzig, Monatshefte fuer Veterinaer- medizin, Vol l~, No 7, 1 Apr 59, Pp 215-216 In experiments on ten pigs, no nonspecific serological reactions could be detected, even with repeated injections with the Dessau Brucella allergen. Since the allergen test was simpler and less expensive tban serological methods, it was concluded that it would ?find general ur_.,e as a Preliminary test before serological examination. 96. Ada tation of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus to Central Nervous stem "on the Problem of the Adaptation of the Standard-A Foot-and- Mouth Disease Virus to the Central Nervous System of the Mouse Report No 2, Dependence On Degree of Adaptation and Blood Picture, " by W. Itoetsche and A. Veckenstedt, Fr3.edrich Loef- fler Institute, Riems; Leipzig, Archiv fuer Ex rimentelle Veter3.naF~medizin, Vol l3, No 1, Jan Feb 59, pp ~+0-5- 1 The importance of the degree of adaptation and blood picture are reported in the case of the foot-and-mouth disease Standard-A virus cul- tured in the mouse brain. The three series of passages investigated showed a characteristic, qualitatively s9.mi.lar pattern for the blood cell curves. No matter what type of administration was employed during the passage series, in each case the mouse organism responded to the infection with an unmistakeable incr~ar.~e in neutrophil values. In the first mouse passage, the neutrophil values were ~6-61~, and could _ 7g _ Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 which, in all eight canes, no longer shokmd any reaction of ter ~+-5 hyper- immunizations. Complement-fixing e~ntibodies could be detected in seven of 20 ?tested serwns of infected swine, and in six of these seven oni.y in low titers (1:10 to 1:20). No antibodies could be detected in 15 cattle which had been vaccinated only once, and in 80 cattle vaccinated several. times with trivalent vaccine, 28 cases of comg~lement-fixing antibodies, mostly of two types, were determined. 98. Effects of Weather On Foot-and-Mouth Disease Info^tion "On the Question of the Dependence of Foot-end-Mouth Disease on Weather Factors," by W. Koetsche, Friedrich Loeffler Insti- tute, Riems; T_reipzig, Archly fuer Experimentel.te Veteri_naer- medi zin, Vol 13, No 1, Jan Feb 59: pp~Tl t?1-1- 5~-~ '~ Comparative observations on the course of afoot-and-mouth disease infection in adult mice during natural weather conditions and dining experimentally induced atmospheric conditions rnvealed the following: Unequivocal results can be obtained only when the experiments are conducted wtth weakly viri~.ent material or low virus concentrations. .^hore are connections between the appearance of certain weather processes, particularly large-sca.;.e weather patterns, and the vulner- ability to and the intensity of the infection. High atmospheric pressure, low relative humidity and low tempera tunes have a restraining effect on the development of the infection. Low air pressure, particularly, however, decreasing air pressure, high humidity, and high temperatures all accelerate the development of the infection. Light has no apparent effect on the course of the infecti,pn. -80- Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Virology 99? Disinfection of Water Contair_in~ Polio Virus "The Disinfection of Water Contaminated by Poliomyelitis Virus," by Docent N. V. Ryzhov, Candidate of Medical Sciences, and Ye. V. Shtann:tlcov, Military Medical Order of Lenin Academy imeni S. M. Kirov; Moscow, Gigiyena i Sanitariya, No 3, 1959, Pp 19-23 The purpose of this woric was to study experimentally the derontami- n~~.tion of water containing the poliou~yelitis virus (Type TI .Lansing) . Tne following substances were used as decontaminants: gasiform chlorine, chlorine containing compounds (pantocide), including among these bisulfate and iodine-containing pantocides. In addition, the possibility of decon- taminating water through a pz~eparation of carboferrogel M was investi- gated. Asa result of the experiments, it was concluded that: "l. An effective method for the decontamination of water containing poliomyelitis virus is chlorination far at least 30 minutes with 0.5-2.1 mg~l of residual chlorine. Contact for less than 15-20 minutes is not effective. "2. Chlorine-containing ~~ompounds {pantocide, pantocide-bisulfate and iodine compounds) possess the ability to inactivate the poliomyelitis virus ill amounts where the residual chlorine (iodine) in the water is er~ual to 1.5-2.1 mg~:i, after 30 minutes. Contact for less than 15-20 minutes is not effective. CPYRGHT 100. Scientific Session on Problems of Virology Hel~3 in Moscow "Current Problems of Virology" (unsigned article); Moscow, Meditsinskiy Fiabotnik, 3 Apr 59 The 12th Scientific Session of the Institute of Virology imeni D. I. Ivanovskiy, Academy of Medical Sciences USSR, was recently held in Moscow. T,'~e program of the session included reports on the nature of, pathogeneses of virus diseases and antivirus immunity, and general epidemiology of virus infections. -Bl- Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Professors V. L. IZyzhkov, V. M. Zhdanov, A. T. Kravchenko, A. V. Pshenichnov, and others spoke on the nattix~e of viruses. The next aeries of reports were given by L. A. Zil'ber, A. D. Ado, R. M. Shen, A. K. Shubladze, and others. V. D. Solov'yev, P. N. Kosyakov, 0. G. . Andzhaparidze, and others spoke on the study of antivirus immunity. Prof 0. P. Peterson spolcc on the influence of ionizing radiation on natural and acquired antivirus immunity. Miscellaneous 101. First Scientific Conference of Microbiologists and Infectionists of the Urals ' "Microbiologists and Infectionists of the Urals," by T. Vavs- man, physician; Moscow, Meditsinskiy Rabotnilc, 17 Apr 59 The first scientific conference of microbiologists and infectionists of the Urals was held recently in Perk; in honor of the 60th anniversary of the Perm Scientific Research Institute of Vaccine and Sera. The con- ference was attended by 250 ptiiysicians and scientific workers of the Ural area. A. P. Kobyl'skiy, director of the institute, reported on the activities of the Perm Institute of Vaccine and Sera during the past 60 years. N. P. Yefimova, V. N. Mirskova, L. N. Shishkina, and others of the institute reported on the improvement of antitoxic sera, vaccines, and rickettsial preparations. Prof A. V. Pshenichnov read a paper dis- cussing the theory that the recurrence of typhoid fever in persons pre- viously infected is unfounded. Prof L. G. Perets read a paper on the problem of the mutation of microbes and i.ts role in epidemiology and in the infectious disease clinic. Tire participants of the conference appx'oved the proposal for the pub- lication of an epidemiological atlas of the Urals. 102. Congress of Ukrainian Urologists To Be Held at Odessa in May 1960 "Congress of Ukrainian Urologists" (unsigned article); Moscow, Urologiya, No 2, Mar~Apr 59, p 95 "The next Congress of Ukrainian Urol.ogis?ts will be held in May 1960 in Odessa. .['lie progrfun of the congress will include the following: "l. The Status of the Urological. Service i.n the Ukraine, and Methods for Its Improvement. CPYRGHT Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-00141 8000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 "2. New Therapeutic Methods in Urology. ~~3? Acutely Purulent Kidney Diseases. "~E. Complications in the Examination and Treatment of Urological Patients. ?5. Tumors of the External Genitalia. "Inquiries about reports should be directed to Prof P. I. Gel'fer (]Ciev, Krasnoyarskaya U1., 4 kv. 2) or to Dr L. Ye. Tsybul'skyy (I~ie~v, iJ1.'Polupanova, 16 Kv 8). Repurts should be submitted 1 October 1959?" CPYRGHT 103. Prof I. S. Koryakin, Soviet ygienist and Sanitation Ex rte Cale- . brates 0th Birthd Y "Prof Ivan Sergeyevich Koryakin, Honored Worker of Science of Kazakh SSR, (69th Birthday)," (unsigned article); Alma-Ata, Zdravookhraneni a Kazakh~tana, No 12, Dec 58, pp 56-58 Prof Ivan Sergeyevich Koryakin, Honored Worker of Science Kazakh SSR; director, .Kazal~i State Medical Institute; and head, Chair .aF General Hygiene, Kazakh State Medical Institute., recently celebrated his 60th birthday. Koryakin e?as born in Vyatskaya Guberniya and graduated from the Medical Faculty of the Kazan tTniversity in 1927. For the next 10 years he held the position of sanitation inspector in various areas of Kazakhstan. In 1938 he was appointed State Sanitation Inspector of the Kazakh SSR and in 191 he was appointed deputy Commissar of Health Kazakh SSR. In 1938 Koryakin also began his pedagogic work at the Kazan State Medical Institute; during 19+6-1951 he was head of the Chair of Municipal. Hygiene and since 1953 he has been the head of the Chair of General Hygiene of the institute, and from 1955 its director, Koryalcin obtained his doctoral degree in 19+9 with a dissertation on the "Sanitary-Epidemiological. Status and Bs~,sis for Improving Sanitary Con- ditions in the Cities of Kazakhstan," and rccFivecl the title of Professor in 1950. F,oryakin us also active in .local and ail-union hygiene societies and in the Hygiene Committee of the Scientific Medical Council, Ministrs? of Health USSR and Kazakh SSR. His awards include the Order of Labor Red Banner, the Order of the Red Star, the Badge of Honor, honor certifi- cates, and medals. -83- Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 101. Prof' 0. I~1. Pod.vysotsl:ctiyo,, soviet Dennatologist, Dies "Olga Nikol~ryyevna Podvysotslcaya" (unsigned ~tirL?icle); Moscow, V'ectnilc DermatoloLii l Verierolo rii, No 1, Jan-Feb 59, pp 91-92 Prof Olga Nilcolayevna Podvysotskaya, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences USSR, Active Member of the Academy cif Medical Sciences USSR, Honored 4lorlcer of Science RSFSR, and an outstanding Soviet derma- tologist and venereologist, died on 1 December 1958? Podvysotslcz~ya was born on 12 December 1BB4 and graduated in 1911 from the Women's Medical Institute in St. Petersburg. She was associated with the St. Petersburg Medical Institute from 1912 to 1927. From 1927 to 193#3 she t~ras head of the Chair of Skin and Venereal Diseases, Lenin- l;rad Institute for the Advanced Training of Physicians; and from 1938 until her death, whe was head of the Chair of Skin and Veneral Diseases, I`irst Leningracl Medical Institute imeni T. P. Pavlov. From 1940 until her death she was chaiMnan of the Leningrad Scientific Society of Dermatolo- gists and Venereologists imeni V. M. '.Tarnovskiy. She was also the scientific director of 'the Leningrad Skin-Venereological Institute from 1930 to 1950. Pocl-~rysotslcaya is the author of over 100 publications, among which are fire monographs. Her fields of speciality were derma~tomycosis, tuberculosis of the skin, and the role of 'the nervous system in diseases of the skin. Her awards included 'the Order of Lenin, the Order of Labor Red Banner, t~?ro orders of the Badge of Honor, and medals of the USSR. 105. Data on Number of Soviet Medical Scientists and Scientific ~~lorkers "Statistical Data" (unsigned article); Moscow, Sovetskoye Zdravoolchrrzneni e, Pto 1E, Apr 59, pp 63-64 Tlie fbllowingr tables give the nwnber of Soviet medical scient7.sts ^.r.~d s~~ientific workers in scientific-pedagogical medical institutic '.s wnd organs of public health of the USSR and union republics for :940, 1950, 1955, 1.95~~, 1957, and 1958: Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Coed For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Number of Scientific-Pedal,ogical and Scientific Workers in Vu2es, Scientific Research and Therapeutic-Prophylactic Institutions, and Organs of Public Health (1840-1958) 1` 0 ~ ~ 1 5 1958 Total No of workers 21,243 22,939 27,500 28,663 30,487 32,007 PTo 3n v~zz6s 11,556 12,396 15,394 16,411 17,505 18,093 1`lo in scientl.fic re sPazrh institut3,onn 8,687 g, 413 10,014 10,169 10,962 11,866 No iu therapea;tic- prophylactic institutions and organs of public health W- 1,130 2,092 2,083 2,020 2;048, and Scientific Workers According to Scientific Titles as of 1 October (1957, 1958 {Basic Positions) scientific Scientific and Vuzes Other Institutions Total Titles _ 1~L8 ~3 1g58 1 5 1.~ 1 5 Academicians (active at~d corre sponding members) gg 112 84 83 183 195 women 4 4 5 6 9 l0 Pro:('essors 1,521 1,515 628 605 2,149 2,120 women 195 180 121 11g 316 299 Docents 2, 957 2, 945 51G 491 3,1+69 3,-+36 Women 1,074 1,034 .136 136 1,210 1,170 - 85 - Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 CPYR~~ed For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Scientific and Vuzes Other Institutions Total Scientific Titles ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ Senior Scienti- fic associates llg 116 1,814 1,938 2,033 2,054 Women 47 47 1,088 1,117 1,135 1,164 Junior scienti- fic associates 2,619 2,389 1,365 1,183 3,984 3,572 Women 1,680 1,726 959 849 2,639 2,575 Persons with no scientific ?titles 10,778 10,428 9,411 8,682 20,189 19,110 Women 6,327 6,038 6,304 5,751 12,631 11,789 Total men :18,093 17505 13,914 12,982 32,007 30,487 ;~'otal women x,327 g,02g 8,613 7,978 17,940 17,007 Distribution of Scientific-Pedagogical and Scientific Workers by Union Republics as of 1 October 1958 (Basic Positions) Re bpu lic No in Vuzes No in Sci- entific Institutes Total RSFSR 10,180 8,266 19,446 Ukrainian SSR 3 569 2,326 5,895 Belorussian SSR 534 177 711 Uzbek SSR 848 297 1,145 Kazalth SSR 84g 229 1, 078 Georgian SSR 384 712 1,096 Aze.rbaydzh~~ SSp~ 388 `317 705 -86- Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 CPYRGHT d For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 ' Republic. No in Vuzea No in Sci- entific Inatitutea Lithuanian SSR 183 65 21+8 Moldavian SSR l62 31 193 Latvian SSR ~,.7 66 283 Kirgiz SSR 208 76 281+ Tadzhik SSR 168 42 210 Armenian SSR 206 181 387 Turlffnen SSR 197 7>+ 271 Estonian SSR -- 55 55 Total 18,093 13,91+ 32,007 ~ee II. Chemistry, I~adustrial Chem3stry_7 _87_ Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Atonic and Molecular Physics 106. Phase Shifts in S?t,atis*,ical. 7.'heory of the Atom "Phase Shifts in *?he S'".atistical Theory of the Atom," by `.~ Tie~tz 7nst?i~?:tz?+:,e of 't'heoretical Physics, University of Lodz ~Pola,nd~; Leipzigs Annalen der Physik, Vol 3, No 1~2, 1959, FP 'i.05 -112 ._._._.. Wi+~"r~ ;~~he aa,d of both tl:!e Born approximation and the asympto?I;ic Wenzel-:K:raaners-Br~I.louin approximmation, this article derives closed formulas for ?he phases of ?'~.he coherent scattering of electrons by the 'Thomas -Fermi a.!d ~.r??-~ree atom and gives the results in tabulated form. Approximate solu~;ions of Byai;~i tPl~ysic. Rev., 401 4, No 5, 1956, pp 1298- 1300~ and other a.u'~hors ~A E Roark, Physic--. Rev., Vol 57, 1940, p 62; .J Holtzmark, Z~T.rt~;ysik, V'o1, 55, 1929, P '+3'(; Ibid9 Vol 66, 1930, p 49) are used fo.r -~.;he redu.ced effective nuclear charge screening factor], Zp~Z. The 'Lrho.mas -Fern!;. func7?.ion of the free neutral atom is approximated here by means of tae approximr'.,e solutions of Moliere ~Z. Naturforschg., 2a, 1947, p 133) and ~Z.. Physilt, 401 98, 1935, P E2 The nurnericai resul~c,s obtained show i;hat, for small secondary quantum numbers, -f,;he corn approxima~ ;~.on differs somewhat from the Wenzel-Kramers- Briil.ouin method, As far as the accuracy of the larger secondary quantum numbers is concerned, ~~;he asymptotic Wenzel-Kramers-Brillouin method is on a par with tb.e Born approximation; moreover, for the larger secondary quant k~n numbers , ';,kle born approximation actually goes over into fhe asympt.ot?ic Wenzel-iirameTMs-Brillouin approximation. The article also slows how the relaf,ivistic correction for the ph~:ses ?.s computed in boj,h of a;he above approximations. In the opinion of the au?.hor, the numer~.ra7. m.e~;hods for computing the phases for small secondary quant~.;~m numbers are fire only reliable methods of obtaining information on the quality of sugges .ed potentials . For larger secon~iary quanttun numbers, ei-t:her ~:,he fo:.^mu:las of t;s.e Born approximation, which apply for small phases, or the astimpt.o^;ic Wenze:~-hramers-?Brillouin method can be used. Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Atomic Ener Development 107. Research Reactor To Be Built b Academy of Sciences Belorussian SSR "The Construction of a Nuclear Reactor," (unsigned article); Moscow, Vestnik Akademii P1auk SSSR~ No 3, Mar 59, p 81 A research reactor of one MW is being built by the Academy of Sciences Belorussian SSR. The reactor is scheduled for scientific research in nuclear physics, for the production of radioactive isotopes including short- lived isotopes, .for the study of the properties of certain materials, and for the study of heat exchange in the reactor core. The reactor will also be used to train specialists in nuclear technics and for biological research and the development of power engineering. 108. Energy Values and Eigenfunctions of Lower States of Atoms and Ions "Calculation of 4he Lowest 3P-, 1D- and 1S Terms of C, ?N'~', 0~- ~", F3#, Ne ~" ~" With the Aid of the Variation Method," by N Salie, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Karl Marx Uni- versity, Leipzig; Leipzig, Annalen der Physik, Vol 3, No 1~2, 1959, pp 1~8-54 For certain atoms and ions with 6 electrons, energy values and eigen- functions of the three lowest states are computed approximately by means of the variation method. Use is made of linear combinations of Slater determinants which consist only of ls, 2s, and 2p single elects iizncticns, the radial components of which contain variational parameters. Mechanics 109. Equations for Loaded, Reinforced, Ring-Shaped Plate Given "Axially Symmetrical Stress State of a Thin Ring-Shaped Plate," by R. A. Adadurov; Moscow, Dokl.ady Akademii Nauk SSSR, Vol 121+, No 5, ]..1 Feb 59, pp 1005-1008 The stress state of a circular ring-shaped plate is investigated. The plate is reinforced on the inner and outer concentric surfaces by absolutely rigid rings and subjected to momen~l,s applied to these rings in the plane of the rings. The plate is assumed ~o be thin and incapable of receiving compressing stresses. Folds are formed in the plate under the loads described above. The main stresses are the stretching stresses in - Sg - Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 :CIA-RDP82-001418000100310001-9 the direction of these folds . I~Torrrutl .,t.resses pez?penclicular to the fold are equal to zero. Tangent stresses perpendicular and parallel to the folds are also equal to zero. 'T'his uniaxial stress state is axially symmetrical. An exact solution of the problem in the linear representation is given. 110. Condensation of Steam Jet in Liquid Meditun a "Cxperimental Investigation of the Condensa.t;io.n of a Jet of Stearn in are Area Filled With a Liquid," by B I' Glilrn~an, Moscow; Moscow, Izvestiya Altademii Nattk SSSR, Utdelenive Tekhnicheslcikh P1auk, Energetilca i Avtoma-tilca, No 1, 1959, pp 39--IT-- The article points out tho,t the process of ?the condensation of a steam ,jet in a liquid medium, which occurrs in a number of technological oper- ations, has been studied thus far only on the basis of visual observations and photographic recordings. Boehm (Gesttndheits-Ingenieuer, No 28 1 1 who studied a et r p - -_. ~ 939,, ~ 3?-mnr in diameter re orted that an opaque cloud of fine bubbles, which forms around the exit aper!;ure as a resttlti of supercooling of the steam, varies in size according to 'the temperature of the liquid medium and ttre pressure of the steam. P. A. Vecherskiy (Ti??ttdy Kiyevsk. Tekhnolo~;ic:h. Tn-ta Pishchev. Prom shl., No 3, 1910) investigated the phenomenon with even smallerjets 0 Za-0.75 rrun :in diameter) and found that emulsions produced during the contact of sr,~am with the liquid as a result of the breakdown of the steam into fine bubbles; the condensation takes place quicltly because o:f the sudden enlargement of the surface of phase separation. On the other hared, the author of this article conr..I.uded earlier (Tzv. AN SSSR, dI'Td~ No 2, 1957), on the basis of a t.heor?etiea,l solution of the problem of the condensation of the ,jot of steam, that a rapid condensation of the steam het does not require a large surface of contact between steam and liquid because of the great; intensity of iieFit transfer resulting from the turbulent mixing during the foi~nn,tion of the .li.quid ,;et beyond. ?the surface of condensation. In the hope o:t' clarifying ~`he peculiar process of +,he condensation of the steam ,jet, further experim.~r~ts were carried outs i.n which measurements were made of the velocity pressure and?h.ernperature in various cross sections of a je?t with a tapered circttla.r nozz.l.e 20 mm in ciameter< For +,he sake of comparison, experiments were also conduct;ed with a flat nozzle, 8 rrnn high and 25 ;run wide. Plotted isotherms snow that, dust beyond the limits of steam nuclei, the -temperature begins to dx?op, i.e