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Document Creation Date: 
November 9, 2016
Document Release Date: 
December 10, 1998
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Publication Date: 
December 26, 1946
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PDF icon CIA-RDP82-00457R000200280010-2.pdf243.58 KB
Approved For Release 1999/00200280010-2 ? SE CENTRAL INTELEGFNC ROM' INTELLIGENCE REPORT 25X1A2g COUNTRY Germany (Ru,s an Zn 25X1A6a SUBJECT Activities at the Lewe Merseburg ORIGIN 25X1A9a 1 I AD , LDAMO I F4:XEC. rrYorcip-T? rice 25X1 25X1A6a DATE: INFO Dist 26 Deomber 1946 PAGES 2 SUPPLEMENT 25X1X6 Even superficial insp ction by t avellers on the adjacent :Nailroad line reveals that the Leuna-Work (D01) near Aerseburg has been dismantled to a great extent, Most of the production pints havo disappeared, with only a few of the numerous chimneys left standi Only about one-third of tha former factory grounds contain build- ings, most of them _old ones in the northern section. At the end of October 1946,, employee strength .was estimated at 25-300000. Of this number, some 7,000 experienced workers wore occupied with plant tasks; the others liqore engaged in disms:zsta activities or were maintained extras svbjsct ,to distribution az required in various sectiont f amber 0; women Workers were to that they would be relaaemd during the Zirst week in. Nov embe During the recent SED oartTaign? Keck aJA other party leaden appeared at Leuna and promised vot only th reconstruction of the. plant but the productlor,i for ti7icultural use, of 300,000 tom( of nitrogen. This is doubted by soma or.vloyees. Future Production at TA,una Involves Th e coke =MAY - b) The repair of vital part. C) , Maintenance of production (res at pr e) in the faoe_of the breakdown of vital The chief raw matorial'needed at Louna is coko former , obtainee frbm the Ruhr, alesia and the Zwickau arey, 'ihe huge coke stock- piles ilhich were visible a/Ong the railpoad lzmediately after the war have ,disappeared. Although 7,7, fisurol, azo available on fuel con it Is believed that it is tmnoSsibl#-'ror'the factory to prod asciine under present con- ditions,. COPEDDITIAL C,LASSIFICATION Syr SPEW P an s 10?-6-1sia9/MXTCIA1 1513A44) - . lial8EVERSE FOR DECLA2JIFICATION ACTI0A3 25X1A9a WeTfbf OCL 1371 j, 1 Approved For Release 1999/09/ A ? r A"1 OFNTRAL DITELLIG aRour 2002800102. zon--1A2g 5. The fuel lack was so marked la October 1946 that the synthetic gasoline plant was operated for some nine days because there was no reserve to supply plant vehicles. This section was then closed, but there are still five chambers (Kammern) capable ofgasoline production. Five chambers will remain for nitrogen production after the dismantling of the more modern installations in this section of the plant. Present raw material stocks would permit these five chambers to produce 300,000 tons of nitrogen, but it would be technically impossible to'keep all five chambers working at the same time. 64 The Iteuneerk tlfaa so constructed that Zull c,apacity of'. its installations was never used,- Some of theplants were always laid up for repairs, substitution of equipment, etc. This situation was further compliested by the scarcity of high grad metal in Germany, neceseitattne the use of poorer grafAes and the testing of possible substitutes in special laboratories at Leuna. One of the chief technicians employed waa a Doctor Wyszomirski, who has been sent to Euseia. Cna of his assistants Informed source that there is no longer any reserve metal stock for the necessary steel and iron pipes, and other machine parts. 7. There is also a shortage of expert per m,e1 Technical construction of I,O,Varben in Central Germany, using experience of the Leuna - Werke, was carried out by the URGE group of engineers. These specialists worked on the decentralization of Leuna and the con- etruction of several hydrogeaation plants (at Magdeburg, Zeitz, Piesteritz, etc). All these.UHDE people are said to have been de- ported by the Russians. 8, In 19281 Leuna employed 20,000 persons in its fertilizer production plants and some 2,000 in the sections handling coal liquifaction. At the peae of Soviet dismantling operations, 30,000 persons were used, It is believed, however, that in the near future the in- stallation will not be able to support mcre than 6-7,000 employees. 9. Since the Russians regard any qualified worker as a specialist, ? and such specialists will be needed as soon as the dismantled Leuna installations are set up in the USSR, it is believed that further deportations of personnel may occur. Rumors to this effect are now circulating at Leuna. SE nab Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R000200280010-2