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Document Creation Date: 
November 9, 2016
Document Release Date: 
December 18, 1998
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June 17, 1947
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?fli _ SEco ? Approvtd For Release 199eio9/t COUNTRY liagosiavut SUBJECT Dihurbrien 25X1A6a ORIGIN CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE GROUP INTELLIGENCE REPORT 1-REFERE _ \ICE CENTER LIBRARY 84322. DATE: 25X 1 A6a IR). DIST. tine i947 PAGES 6 SUPPLEMENT 25X1X6 1. Three principal foundries exist in the Vojvodina, VojvodiaekaLivriica located at Labor It 160 workers Management: Ing. Pcsnanovic Production: Tractor spare parts, machine and motor engine castings b. Novosadska Livnica (formerly owned by Messrs. Rittner& Co.) Labor : 116 workers Management: /Ugoslav Army with Ing. Sokrat as production manager Production: Castings for military eqaipment No GE in Class, ent No. Sad: c. Livnica Jovamovic Labor : 90 markers Production: 40 complete turning lathes monthly 0 DEC IFIED Class. CH ED TO: TS S DDA a, 4 Apr 77 Autb: DDA REG. 1763 Datet 2. Foundries of lesser importance located in the Vojvodina are: Ada exp-nStefan Torten,' foundry Beokerek Radiator foundry Velika Minds,- State foundry Bonn The metal industry in the Vojvodina is centered in Kula around the fcilowing factories: a. "Stolz" Metal Fac - formerly belonged to a Voiksdeutscbsr, now nati?I3Ied n/stran. EMploys about 300 workers. Tbo- factory was modernised by the Germans during the yaBr and equipped with high speed hydraulic (oil) presses. The factory is now engaged in producing various metal products, including armatures and other items of irdustrial equipment. b. "Union" Metal Fact_sm- employs 160 workers, produces metal barrels mid can s. tt.L_ CLASSIFICATION cgmrpol. conrI MC, Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R000600690004-0 Approved For Release 1999 09/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R000600690004-0 NMutj-iiAL SEC /CONTROL U. S. FFICIAU3 ONLY CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE GROUP - 2 - 25X1A2g o. nVulkarP Metal Facto - employs 40 workers, produces aluminum castings, ZMnum cutlery, etc. d. "Veselinovicn Metal Facto - produces brass and chromium plated metal go es, taps, e c. e. "Trion Metal Fact - employs 20 workers, produces exclusively steel drills (spiral sizes. h. With the exception of aluminum and copper, the above-mentioned metal factories depend on nOTPADn for their raw materia) s. By December 1946 nOTPADn supplies had reached such a low level that many of the factories may shortly be obliged to suspend a considerable portion of their work. Factory managers are hoping to receive raw materials from the USSR. The modern chemical factory at Salsa (Serbia) is in the process of being enlarged. Production includes copper sulphate, superphosphates and other artificial manures and sulphuric acid. The factory is under military control, and a number of Soviet Chemists are employed in the plant. 6. The Ministry of Industry in Ljubljana recently set up an Industrial Chemical Research Institute in Ljubljana; it is divided into the following departments: Chemistry (inorganic and organic) Department Textile Industry Department (with laboratory in Kranz) Metal Industry Department Electrical Industry Department Building Industry Department 7. The following hydro-electric stations are reported to be under construction: a. Zirovnica (Upper Carniola) - construction began in early 1946 and is due to be completed by the end of 1947. b. Mednode (Upper Carniola) - work on preparing the site for a new power station is in progress; actual construction was due to begin in April 1947. javornik (Upper Carniola) - this thermo-cum-hydro electric station was out of commission for a considerable period; the Polten turbine hak3 been repaired, and the station is now functioning normally again. d. Maribor - a station under construction on Maribor Island is due for completion in 1948. e. Bogatici, Bosnia (7) - work began in July 1945; in 1946 work on the construction of a concrete dam 2,300 feet long, as well as a water conduit pipe, was completed. In February 1947 two turbines and generators were installed. This station is scheduled to be completed by May 1947. Construction work was undertaken by Zemaljsko gradievinsko Preduzece as izgradnju Hydrocentralna Sarajevo. f. Omar Banja, near Cacak on the Morava River - this station, now under construction, is designed to provide the whole of West Serbia with electricity, through a well-developed grid system. Work on a water reservoir at Ovcar Banja is completed. The actual construction of this station is in the hands of nRydrogradnjan, Belgra4e (Director: Ing. Approved For Release 1999/09/18 : CIA-RDP82-00457R000600690004-0 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R000600690004-0 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE ORCUP - 3 - 25X1A2g Selinger Zoltan). The work is conducted under the technical supervision and control of "Elektroistok" (Director: Ing. Predrag Gjorgjevic). This station is scheduled for completion by the end of 1947. g. Vircje - the hydro-electric station near Vucje about 15 kns, south of Leskovac in Serbia is in the process of being modernized and improved. In this connection a high tension cable 40 kms. in length, linking Belo Polje with Leskovac will be built. The following information is dated February 1947. 8. There are six:principal textile factories in the Vojvodina: Novi Sad - em.mMicie and Kamler" Textile mill ex-"Raletic" Textile mill ex-"Ristic" Textile mill Kula - ex4 andecker" Textile mill am- to" Textile mill Apatin - exmotApatiner" Textile factory. All the above have now been nationalized. 9. These textile factories are principally engaged in producing two main qualities of cloth: Quality No. 1 - for Yugoslav Army and export to USSR, contains 100% pure wool (60% UNRRA =Ica, 40% Yugoslav) Quality No 2 - for civilian home market, contains a mixture of 60% UNRRA wool, 20% processed cotton rag and 20% processed wool rag. 10. The "Brandecker" factory also produces krmy blankets (40% Yugoslav wool and 60% processed cotton rag). U. Production is now seriously threatened by the rapid exhaustion of existing UNRRA woa stocks and decreasing returns of cotton and wool rag. The following information is dated March 1947. 12. The hepp industry of Yugoslavia is also centered in the Vojvodina where 152 factories are engaged in processing raw hemp. Two or three small factories also exist in the Leskovac area in Serbia. The present annual production for the wintry is 30-35,000 tons. The three raain qualities of hemp are Vitana Kudelja (pure hemp) at 34 Dinar 1 kg., Trescena Kudelja (median: quality) at 28 Dinars 1 kg. and Kucina Kudelja (industrial quality) at 9 Dinars 1 kg. 13. "KOTEX" (State distributive agency for leather and textile goods) is responsible for collection of raw hemp supplies, allocation of raw he to factories and the distribution and export of processed hemp. From 1945 to 31 December 1946 "KOTEX" exported 30,000 tons of hemp to the USSR via Backe Palanka on the Danube. A Soviet Mission is responsible for supervising all hemp exports to the USSR and is located at Backe Palanka. The hemp for export is packed in 50 kg. bales. 14. Hemp weaving takes place in the following factories: a. "Sonja Marinkovic" weaving vt11 at NOVi Sad (formerly known as the "Novi Sad Textile Factory Ltd.") which is engaged in weaving cottons, hemp and SEC /CONTROL U. S. EFICIALS ONLY Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R000600690004-0 -- Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R000600690004-0 SEC T/CONTROL U. S. ICIALS ONLY CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE GROUP - 4 - ????? 25X1A2g 8432Z woolen textiles. The factory employs 200 workers; the director is a very energetic female member of the CP, Drage Popov, and the technical director is Ranko Pavlovic. Cotton is imported from the USSR (and formerly ale? from UNRRA), hemp from Vojvodina and wool is imported by nOTEX" from Sweden through the agency of the Czechoslovak Government. The technical director claims to have made two very important discoveries: (1) Through a special cottonization process he has succeeded in spinning hemp into an artificial type of cotton thread, and (2) Four inorganic dyes formerly used for dyeing woolen fabrics, can now, through a special chemical process, be used also for dyeing cotton materials. Drying rate of these dyes is so fast that 1,400 meters of cotton fabric can be printed in 8 hours, as compared with the normal figure of 800 meters per 8 hours. b.wfuzlion Weaving Mill at Novi Vrbas, formerly the property of Ivan Tuzlic, now nationalized. The factory is working principally on behalf of the Army and is now engaged in weaving hemp linen and manufacturing bandages. The factory employs 100 workers on a 52-hour week. The hemp is brought from Vojvodina, and the cotton from UNRRA supplies are now reaching a very low level. 0. Odzaci - a large factory engaged solely in manufacturing hemp products which include: sacking, string, horse blankets, ropes of all types, tarpaulins, machine straps, horse harnesses and hemp linen. Four hundred workers, mostly Vblksdeutsche, are employed here. From 15 May 1945 to 31 January 1947 the factory produced over 4,000 tons of manufacture hemp products, 60% of which were exported to the USSR, 25% for the home market and 15% margin reserve retained until 1947 seasons' production. The following information is dated January 1947. 15. A factory located at Indija on the main Novi Sad-Belgrade railroad is producing manufactured leather goods, manufactured fleece linings and parachutes. Before the war this factory was owned and managed by a certain Knobs]., a Voiksdeutscher, who is now in exile. The factory is now managed bra former Partisan Major named Laza Aiskovic. About 200 workers are employed on a 52-hour week. Production is as follows: a. Leather goods - at present the factory is engaged in producing leather jerkins and coats for the Yugoslav Air Force and Railroads. b. Fleece linings - these are manufactured from Yugoslav wool clippings and are used to line leather coats and jerkins. c. Parachutes - these were already being manufactured by this factory for the Royal Yugoslav Air Force before the war. Material used now is principally silk imported from France through the agency of the Czechoslovak Government. Completed parachutes are sent directly to the Parachute School in Belgrade. 16. The following is reported on canned goods factories: a. nulpin" Canned Food Factory, Novi Sad - formerly owned by Georg Djundjerski, now nationalized. The factory employs 340 workers and produces 100-200 tons monthly of canned meat, 500 tons annually of canned vegetables and 350 tons yearly of canned and bottled fruits, jam, etc. All produce is allocated to the Army, with the exception of canned and bottled fruits and jam. sEc /coma COPIFIDDITIA'' U. S. 0 ICIALS ONLY Approved For Release 1999109J08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R000600690004-0 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R000600690004-0 SEC /CONTROL U. S. OFICIAL ONLY bENTTULL INTELLIGENCE GROUP - 5 - 25X1A2g be The "Drzavna Fabrika Konserva Backe", Subotica. - employs 260 workers on a 10-hour day. The production consists of canned meat and vegetables, seleeis and preserved sausages; production goes exclusively to the Army. c. Canned Foods Factory at Pancevo - built in 1943 by Messrs. Schmidgen of Belgrade. Now produces canned fruit and vegetables, fruit juices and fruit pulp (Pectin). A branch has been established at Beekerek. 17. An electric bulb factory named "Tesla". is located in Pancevo. Before the mar it belonged to the "Tungsram" group; it has now been nationalized. During the war the Germans modernized the factory and provided it with special electrode equipment. Among other things 60-watt lames are being produced. Monthly production is estimated at 15,00; lamps. The glass bulbs are manufactured by the Pancevo glass plate factory. 18. An electric bulb factory named "DISH (Drzavna Fabrika Zarulja) is located in Zagreb.. It formerly belonged to Ing. Schmidek but is now nationalized. The pre-war capacity was 100,000 bulbs a month. Before the war the factory imported its electrode and glass bulbs requirements from Vienna and Czechoslovakia; the electrodes are now supplied by "Tesla" and glass bulbs by the Pancevo glass factory. Note: There is a great Shortage of electric light bulbs in. Yugoslavia. During the winter of 1946 Soviet electric bulbs of very inferior quality appeared on the Yugoslav market. 19. The glass industry in Yugoslavia is centered around factories in Pancevo, Paracin, RogaSka Slatina, Hrasnik and Rogatec. All of theft, with the exception of the Pancevo factory, were formerly controlled by Czechoslovak banking interests. The Pancevo factory used to be owned by Franco- Czechoslovak capital interests. All 'are now nationalized. 20. The Pancevo glass factory, built in 1930, is one of the largest plate glass factories in Central Europe. It is now principally engaged in producing plate glass, window glass glass for medical use, glass for electrical requirements and polished glass. The factory has its own power station, railroad sidings, machine-equipped joinery, etc. At present only 300 workers are employed, because of a very serious shortage of raw materials. Since May 1945 the factory's raw material requirements have been derived mainly from "OTPAD" scrap glass supplies. Quartz deposits in Yugoslavia have not so far been exploited by the glass industry. 21. The Hrasnik glass factory employs a technician named Anton Podlusek who claims to have discovered a new method of grinding magnifying lenses. 22. Over 12,000,000 tons of surface quartz deposits exist in the Donje Sonje area (about 18 kms. southeast of Skoplje). These were examined by Vienna University mineralogists before the war and pronounced to be of superior quality to existing quartz deposits in Germany, Belgium and Czechoslovakia. These deposits were not exploited before the war for the following reasons: a. Foreign vested interests demanded the import of quartz from abroad and, more particularly, in the case of Pancevo, from Belgium. b. Transportation difficulties. Donje Sonje is located in an inaccessible mountain area. Full exploitation of the deposita would have required the construction of an overhead cable railroad 7i kms, in length linking SEC /CONTROL CON U. S. 0I0IALS ONLY Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R000600690004-0 Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R000600690004-0 Al SEC /CONTROL U. S. FFICIALS ONLY CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE GROUP - 6 - 6+322 25X1A2g 11111. Donje Sonja with the nearest railroad station, General Jankovic (about Il kms. south of Skoplje on the Skoplje4eles railroad). For all that, a Yugoslav firm of contractors was prepared in 1939 to use motor transport to exploit the surface deposits and deliver quartz to Pancevo at 2,000 Dinars per 10 tons, as compared with 2,800 Dinars for the same amount from Belgium. 23. Yugoslavia is experiencing considerable difficulty in importing quartz train Czechoslovakia. This is caused principally by the fact that the Danube is not navigable at Budapest, Baja and Apatin? as a result of sunken shipping and destroyed bridges. The bridge over the Danube at Bogojevo has been repaired, and this section of the Danube is now open to river traffic. 24. At Kula there is a leather factory, formerly the property of a Volksdeutscher and not nationalized. The present manager is a certain Zagorac. The factory employs 300 workers. Raw materials are obtained through "KOTEX" and include cow, calf, pig, horse and goat hides. Production consists of leather shoe soles, machine belts, army boots, etc. Salvage is disposed of as follows: a. All cattle horns and cattle hair are distributed by KOTEX to other industries. b. All leather scrap material is collected and distributed to chemical factories in Zeman (ex,-"Munk" Brothers) and Ljubljana for processing into artificial manures and glue. 25. Factories similar to the one at Kula are located at Becker& (Drzavna Fabrika Kowa), Zemun, St. Becej (?) and Pancevo. ocument =tad= information efacting na defsnse of the Unite St3tas within thoii. . r the Espioraga Azt, 5C11; U.S.C. 31 Mre -tastid,33. 7...ts trans- mission or ths rmOltiou . t i7crtanta in any manner .to an .:,-,,rittrIza ic 1,ralibitezt bijr law. meeNfiefiffghilph- SECI /CONTROL U. S. 0 ICIALS ONLY Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R000600690004-0