Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
October 20, 2011
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
July 30, 1948
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP82-00457R001700130006-7.pdf502.2 KB
Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/20: CIA-RDP82-00457R001700130006 7X1-HUM _NV COUNTRY USSR PLACE ACQUIRED &)A t"E OF fl FO Soviet Arctic Stations THIS COCU64?HT CONTAINS INFORUATION AFV5CTINO aH? N9TIONAL DEFENSE OF THO UNITED STATES IVITNIN THE MEANING OP TIM E P10NAGE ACt 50 U. 0 C.. 31 ANU 22. AS A94070E0. ITS TRANSMISSION OR THE REVELATION L?91OI.GD BY LAW. REPROOUCTIOP OP TIIlS FORM IS PCOIIUi1TED. HOIY- 05CR. I IFOCU .TION COIITAIUEO Ill 000Y OF THE PORN NAT OE UTILI2E0 AS OE?11E0 NFCE65ARt S TH5 REC?IVHNG AGENCY. DATE DISTR. 303,al; 1942 NO. OF PAGES NO. OF ENCLS. (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. . THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION FOR THE RESEARCH USE OF TRAINED INTELLIGENCE ANALYSTS 1. A line of so--called "Arctic sta'_,ioras" is bating r.^ai.ntained b V the Soviet Goverment along the Arctic r arit3 route fras?~.t I urr'1armk to the Pacific. Some of these strt' ions are situated on the Earopean-Asiatic land rasa itself, both on the coast and inland, chile others are on islands in the Arctic Ocean. The stations were set up to serve as ether stations,` to facilitate the conduotin; of scientific or r'ilitary exreriI!tents, and to serve as banes for the exploration of Arctic sea and air routes. In 1937 there tere csventyr-eight such stations; U? c?,ere officially registered in 1939; in 1941 theta were almost 200; trhile Lore than 350 had been set up by 1946. 2. Before 1939, all the Ilia. Sian Arctic stations acre acininistered by G1av- sevrorput (Chief Adninistration for the Ilorthen Ilaritit a Route) and the Arctic Institute of Leningrad. After 1939, two further sdx ainistrrt Ions joined Sm the control and direction of the stations s GUIIZ (Chief Adinis tration of the NNI1 Forced Labor Colonies) and the Amy General Staff. 3. The several types of Arctic stntions fall into the f'ollo4ng general to e,fories: F AR Document No. (P NO CHANCE in Class. ^ (] DECLASSIFIED DISTRIBUTION w T Class. CHANGED TO: TS S c'? m ELI DDA Memo. 4 Apr 77 ii Auth: DDA REG. 77 Dater ~~JI~`1g Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/20: CIA-RDP82-00457R001700130006-7 1) Scientific installations for geographic, geological, topographic=al, citic, and sociological studies. 2) Laboratories for industrial tests (rartic riy of netalc). 3) Installations for testing the functioning of arm, and rotors. 4) Banos for 1.onr-distance or local loration, Yrith Pro:: cting te.~rts. 5) Pe' sont roars for t~aeteoroloerlea1 observation. 6) Radio stations. 7) Antl-ai raft defense posts (usually three AA batteries). CLASSIFICATION S CTt;~'T 001.7TOL U. S. 0 ICIA1LS OPII ' CENTRAL INTELLIGENC REPORT 5nx1-Hl JM Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/20: CIA-RDP82-00457ROO1700130006-7 EGRET COIRROL N3 CEInmAL = LLIGESOE AGDNOY S) Coastal defense posts (17 ,enerolly two batteries tsith 107 ma cannon. and two batteries with 12 . howitzers) . 9) Ground defense units (sell elite garrisons a= ad with auto- ratio weapons and hoof tzers) . 10) Airfields. 11) Bases for sm 3-I icebreakers of less than 1,( tons. Almost all the stations are very well equipped technicalily. They are built by forced laborers who, as a rule., are oxtezinated once the t rk is finished. '.then the terrain is suitable, some of the structures are extended ur.3erground.' Food and other supplies arrive each summer, but a throe-year roserve is retained as a precautionary measure. The personnel of this type of isolated station varies as to both quantity and quality. The average conpiement is approo~tely 250 :man. Each station has a ereciel eoienti-ic staff, It a own ad- ministration, its r ilitRzry command and rarrison, and a pool of forced laborers supplied by the GMI. The latter w aald be liquidated in the event of a shortage of rations. M&Uyga- L or a=,; These rank above all roteorological and radio stations. Their task is to en-sure the safety of the sea and air services, and they act as advance or intermediate posts fOr expeditious leaving the isolated stations mentioned above. In erall, they do not possess much In the *,?ny of scientific equipment. They often adjoin airfields and are conetl es located near lighthouses. Their AA and gwotmd defense units are generally adaptable to meet sea attacks. Some of the sea and air traffic station- are poorly equipped technically. The of i- cial plan allows for reserves of food, clothing, and arms for three years,, but this standard is hardly ever reached., and the personnel often find themselves in a precarious position in the months precedd in- the arrival of the annual nunmer supplies. Only rarely are there more than fifty persons at such stations. These are either free Soviet citizens or deportees who are politically reliable but who have part of a renal sentence to serve in the Arctic, Ca '" tat' e nt of trafficz These stations sonatinas possess an independent scientific staff and sometimes serve as relay posts for the establishments nentioned in Tragmph 3a. These stations occasionally lie near airfields and are always equipped with radio trap aitter~s. They have simple ground defenses, including light field pieces. Technical equipant and food supplies suffice for the needs of the thirty persons who ;generally ran the stations. d. These stationd are for the most part in the nature of pieneerin Or exploration camp and it is not until after two or three year& desrelo nt that they are either transformed into permanent stations of one r' the types mentioned above or abandoned. They are provided with radio transmitters and scientific and meteorological. equi nt,> The size of the complex ent varies from 50 to 250 men. Those always include a GU4Z representative, who mi., when necessary, requisition forced laborers to assist in the ,cork of the station. ME B.S. c)FFICIAL9 ONLY Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/20: CIA-RDP82-00457ROO1700130006-7 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/20: CIA-RDP82-00457R001700130006-7 Cod CENTRAL n ILIC ICE AGETICY e. 8tat12na 3n VOrta gr_tow ,s: These differ from the previous types in that the various services are separate and independent, The stations are for pti e],y scientific purposes; the radio, meteorolog ealp and research eta- tione belong to. the towns. In certain ports there are also centers which are in change of a region. The principal series of sub .stations in the surrounding centers of this type are at I iotosersk, Anders., Novy Port, Port Dickson, Taimyrsk,, Khatanga, Port Tiksi, and Atibarchik. At Ark ' bangl, Yakutsk, and s `.ag dan there are centers of a still higher grade which supervise the above-mentioned regional centers, The following is a list of known Arctic stations: Five Imo. east of Gavrilova, Kola Peninsula: a sea traffic station with lighthouse, no airfield. A few 1=teat of Varsinak, Kola Peninoula. a sea and air traffic station with nearby lighthouse and airfield. Yakutsk, formerly Svyatoi Nos: a sea and air traffic station. Ponol: a sea traffic station on the t?Uhite Sea Straits. I=lezen: a station within a town. Kanin Nos: an isolated station of the type mentioned in paragraph 3a. Thirty-eight la,. east of Kani-n Nos, a lighthouse and radio station,, Paza: a scientific '1,ionp 100 lone inland. Nizh Pesha: a sea and air traffic station. Nord n ?k.ip of Kolguev Island: a scientific at