Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 15, 2016
Document Release Date: 
March 8, 2001
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Publication Date: 
October 20, 1948
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PDF icon CIA-RDP82-00457R001900540004-2.pdf176.33 KB
25X1A CLASSIFICATION Approved For Re"A 0PPC3L12G Nc JARef2-0045 PSI COUNTRY USSR (UralsY SUBJECT Industries in and near the Town of Chely.abind1 y PLACE ACQUIRED 25X1 C DATE OF INFO 25X1X boilers and five turbo-generators. The transportation of coal from the railroad cams to the coal crushing mill and then to the !boilers was completely automatic. The coal shed was able to handle three trainloads of coal sinul- . taneously on its three railroad tracks. Approximately 15 trainloads of coal. consisting of 50-60 cars per train with each car having a load of 60 tons, were received daily. The plant produced 250,000 kw for industrial use only. Ohelyabinsk draw its power supply for household use and street lights from a power plant called Chigres. The water used at the TET? plant came from Mass and was chemically treated with a reddish salt before it was used in the boilers. One railroad car of salt was sufficient for a period of one week.. Ohelyabinsk has three brick factories. One of tho' factories, under the administration of OSMCh No,.8 (Special Construction and Installation Ordan? ization),located near the Chelyabinsk Tractor Factory. had a monthly pro= pro=duction norm of one and one-half million bricks. 25X1A DATE DISTR. 20 October 1948 This document is hereby re .a ; CONFIDENTIAL in acco,d letter of c C 1Ce 'd to :+l the D ctcr cs, r,~.., %~ f e 25X1A 25X1A 1. We Che1yabi2ak. Comment d For further information 25X1A As of April 1946, the plant was equipped with eight 3, Source heard of the following establishments located in Chelyabinsk: 25X1A a. Factory No. 78 be Factory Ido. 701 (also known as Kolushchenko Zavod. OSMCh No. 22 station.) NO. OF PAGES 2 25X1A d. Factory No. 100 (Allegedly a small pilot plant and material testing 4. In 1943-44. there were two plants about seven or eight Ion from the town close to Factory No. 254. These plants, called Semstroi, were: wooden barracks sunk partly in the ground. Ther produced unknown types of arms. 5. In the center of the town there is an old iron smelting factory equipped with two coke-heated ovens, each with a capacity of one ton of Iron. The ovens were emptied twice daily. In February 1946 stove-plates# grates, axles for horse drawn carriages,-and iron balls were produced here. Comiaent:25X1A ' 25X1'A CLASSIFICATION T CONFIDENTIAL Document NO CH N D,#)a Class. DECLASSII'IED Clans. dj omED TO: DDS. Memo , 4 Apr 77 U -~Pa~5> tl #ir (!i4 UPARt' 1/03/22 : CIA-RDP82-00457 R001900540004-2 Approved For Release 1103PWT't IA-RDP82-00457 ROO1 G11TTIIisL Imo , i iziCY 6. The town has seven ba1reries. Bread deliveries were ::ode to the following faotoriest 25X1 A 40 25X1A 25X1X 25X1X The 25X1X KI-val T r or Works, also known as ChTZ This factory received 70 to 80 tons daily during the war. modern assembly line methods were used in tank armored ' car pro tion. By gar 1945, this factory received bnly`) 45 to 50 tons of,,' r e daily. 25X 1 X some sections of the factory was on its way, but some tank production still went on. conversion to peacetime production in Zc terse No. 100 (see paragraph 3.d above).' This plant received two tons of bread daily during the war. It produced ammtmition, o. 7actory No. 200: This factory received 1.6 tons of bread daily and produced automobile and airplane parts. 25X1 A d. Aglusbchan rl gtos This was an old plant near the main railroad station in IN some sections were modernized during the war. It prod ed mine 'throwers and received six tons of bread daily. e. Balmastroi IM This steel works, built in 1938-39, is located approximate from Chelyabinsk in the direction of lurgan. During the war it received four to five tons of bread a days and its quota was only 500 kg. less in May 1946. 7. 25X1X 25X1 A. All of the above listed factories depended on this plant for food supplies. During the war, its own workers used an average of 12 tons of bread daily. This quantity decreased gradually to 66 tons by May 1924 chiefly because the workers were transferred to liberated areas. against 25X1X the 12 tons of bread 40 000 ration caasds including dependent childrenga rations, during the war; received only about 12,000 ration cards. 25X1X 8. Most of the coal used in the factories of Chelyabinsk came from the Kopeisk (55? 068 N - 610 3'?1 E) coal mines. A chemical factory on Sverdlovsk Street produced chemicals for electric batteries and for gasoline refineries. In 1945 the factory employed about 3.000 workers, who worked in two 12-hour shifts. Director of the factory was Ivan Paviovich; Chief Engineer. Oilier. Both men lived in Chelyabinsk, No. 56 Kalinin Street. 10. Factory go. 254 is about 5 km from Chelyabinsk toward Sverdlovsk, employs 1,000 workers, and produce -flares. 11. Factory N4 is a glass factory producing mainly airplane glass? with about 2,000 employees. It is situated on Earl Marx Street. CONFIDENT11i , cccxx-ir Approved For Release 2001/03IA-RDP82-00457 R001900540004-2