Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Original Classification: 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 15, 2016
Document Release Date: 
April 27, 2001
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Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
October 1, 1948
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PDF icon CIA-RDP82-00457R001900640008-7.pdf162.32 KB
CLASSIFICATION .`)1 La,',, -'("'-;'- .OL-US UFO ICIas 01ILY Approved For-t2LA-&P00457R0CH ?9P80R& COUNTRY USSR (East Prussia/Belorussia) Lug "q SUBJECT Industrial Installations in East Prussia and in the Minsk Area PLACE ACQUIRED ACQUIRED DATE OF 25X1A DATE DISTR. ''a October 1948 NO. OF PAGES 2 NO. OF ENCLS. 1 (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. The Lut,Steinurth Freight Gar Factory in Kaliningrad (KoenjCgbj=) May~3 40 1. The Ludwig Steinfurth Freight Car Factory in Kaliningrad up to December 1947 was employing a staff of 2,600, of whom some 900 were women. A quarter of the employees were Germans and the management was composed of Lithuanians., 2. All the machinery which was at a1% modern was dicmantled by the Soviets in 1945 and transported to the US.t. The workshops were then re-equipped with older machines, and lroduction was recom fenced in 191+6. The con- struction of freight cars is now restricted to two shops, and production is a maximum of one car per day. It is questionable whether, in view of the shortage of raw materials, the Soviets can in any way increase production. 3. The only. section of the factory working normally is the foundry, which occupies one building-aAd is completely intact. No dismantling has taken placer and it is working with its full strength of 70 foundry man, who continue under the direction of the original German foreman, Giesser- meister Teppner. Production is of 88 mm shells, but no details of the daily figures are available, except that yxoduction is continuing at the same level as during the war. The foundry is working in two shifts and the only difficulty that has not yet been overcome is the shortage of coal. 25X1A Gom:aent: It is believed to be quite iapossible to produce 83 mm artillery shells in a foundry. but informant was positive that production was of shells and not of mortar bombs) - 4. The smitby also occupies one building. Here there is a severe shortage of raw waterials, and the smithy-is engaged in the forging of car-axles and other iron sections for railroad car construction. 5. The factory has always been the sole producer of horseshoes for the whole of East .Prussia. This production is being tn)aintained by the Soviets. The workshops are intact and production is mechanized. All three furnaces built during the war are in commission, but the production of horseshoes also suffers from a lack of raw materials. CLASSIFICATION S)b ET/CO,=TROLUS OFFI0Il1LS ONLY ISTRIBUTION ut.h z Appr4ue-d fo r RRe S Class. L.._ z < 77 (-] o .CLAS" S_.: Document ATo. No CHANGE in Cass. CIA LIBRARY 2001/1 SECREIDP82-00457R001900640008-7 25X1A Approved For Re id 2A=TR -Uel Qk6M00190 - OF, OENs J.L I J` RET AGENCY 2 g 6. The welding plant installed during the war years is undamaged. The employees in this department are exclusively women, and welding is undertaken for the construction of freight cars. Informant states that the sawmills at Goose have been destroyed. 8. These factories are working at full capacity. The Wehlau factory, which was extended during the war, now has its otnn railway connection. Pest el strinerke agar Fis sen 9. Built in 1938 as part of the Zrich Koch plan, further extended during the war, and finally completed by the Russians, this factory is now working at full capacity on the production of parts for artillery, tanks, and aircraft engines. It is heavily barricaded and the workers of the factory, which is an independent comparq, are Russians, together with a few German special- ists, who are strictly segregated from the rest of the population. The Reiliienbeil I dustrriegerke" 10. This plant carries out repairs to tanks, guns, and airplanes. Conditions of work are similar to those at the Peyse Works. 11. This plant is working to capacity on repairs of tanks and vehicles for the Soviet Army and Soviet Civil Administration. It employs about 250 workers. Tank I'actoa fie, 3 Minsk jAMM 1948 12. Seventeen kee, from Mink Central Station along the railway line to:varde Smolensk and situated between the railway line and the highway is a tank factory turning out Joseph Stalin-3 tanks. The foundations of this factory were built by the Germans during the ware who used it as a tank repair workshop. The present number of employees at the factory is not known, but no German civilians or PWs are employed there. Between mid-1947 and January 1948, 180 - 200 JS-31s left this factory by rail weeldy in the direction of Smolensk. 13. In the course of conversation several of the Russians employed in the factory remarked that it was planned to mount a 17 cm, gun in the JS tank, but up to January 1948 no JS-3 seenleaving the factory mounted such a caliber. Attachments 1 sketch map of Ludwig Steinftrth Freight Car Factory. Kaliningrad. SE0RET/OONTR0L-US 01 ICIALS ONLY Approved For Release 2001/11/23 :: IA-RDP82-00457 R001900640008-7