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November 16, 2016
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March 16, 2000
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December 20, 1948
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g;'FIC,AT!O COUNTRY Us Approved For Re ffe/ 00O SUBJECT Rows and. Railroads in the USSR 25X1 A6a PLACE ACQUIRE DATE OF Stal.inrrad Area 25X1X6 4 FOR A 44/ [ 25X1A2g h AL a. The railways have been repaired and are in good order, carrying heavy traffic. Stalingrad station has been rebuilt. h. Road maintenance is bad and. because of heavy traffic, is ,getting; worse. A new road bridge has been built over the Silva River. It is of reinforced concrete capable of carrying 200 tons. v orocd Area The railways are maintained irl good order in this area. The ballast Is being renewed on several stretches of line. 4. Riga Area a. Soviet Arms and prisoner-of vrar labor is being used In the construction of a temporary (sic) bridge over the Duna River to replace the destroyed bridge. The bridge will be of steelj250 to 300 meters long and about 20 meters wide,with a capacity of about 150 tone. It will be available for both road and rail traffic. A construction' firm in Riga is supplyi.g materials and equipment. It is hoped to complete the bridge In 1948. b. The railway line from Turkhum (sic: Tukums ?) to Hasenpott (sic) to being reconstructed and extended. A V71 7 / 1763 _ 7/1763- DATE DATE DISTR. 20 December 1948 NO. OF ENCLS. tusrea BE.m SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. eI a 22/05/11 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002100610001-4 25X1A2g Approved For Rele Ll -"W-b( R00210061 ~1L3 r A r -G>H A{= a. All rail lines in the Lithuanian and Latvian SSRs east of the Riga Shau],yai-Yaanas line are single-traobed and all are Russian ,wee. The existence of the third-rail system was nowhere observed in this area. 5. Bobruisk Area a. The standard of railway maintenance has been improved. A new two- track railway is being constructed from Bobruisk to Nosyr. b. The roads are being repaired, A new two-track railway has been built since the war from Iougansk to Yekaterinoslar. 7. Donets 'B?asin a. The railways are well maintained, aid. nearly all pro-war lines are again in use. Two new two-track lines have been built,as follows: (1) Xrepkeya-Sovooherkasek (2) Raveald-Pervvo iWa ov Both lines were brought fully into use in the spring of 1947. b. Road maintenance is not good., and heavy traffic has affected the foundations of the roads. 8. ','~ Area a. The road to Bender. which was badly damaged early in the 'war, was rebuilt to a width of five to seven meters. In July 1945, it was surfaced with asphalt. The Dnester Bridge, which had been destroyed, was temporarily repaired for military purposes by Soviet Ara en- gineers using timber on concrete piers. A new steel bridge with concrete piers is being built alongside. Component parts manu- faoturad in Kiev are being used in construction. It will be about 300 meters long and seven to eight meters wide, with a capacity of 150 tons. The underwater work is being carried out by German and Hungarian. specialists, but the whole construction is supervised by Soviet engineers. a. The roads are well maintained, and there appears to be a general road repair program throughout the area. Sestroret k a. the Leningrad-Piborg railway is double-tracked, b. The Leningrad-Viborg road is being rebuilt for military purposes, along with connections to points on the coast. The road itself is to be eight meters wide, of asphalt surface. Work should be completed 'W the end of 1948. o. The harbor at Sestroretsk is suitable for only small ships. 10. Cherenovets To the southeast of the railway station on the Tologda-Leningrad line, in a large backwater from the river, is a transfer point for river- rail traffic to Leningrad. This is necessary as the Sheksna Canal to Leningrad is frozen for seven months of the year and Tolg River traffic mast, during this period, be transferred to the railway of Oherepovets. On the eastern bank are large warehouses for foodstuffs and general goods,while on the vest bank there are large timber yards. .`L CIALS ONLT Approved or Release 2000/05/16 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002100610001-4 1` &FAf RR00210061 25X1A2g 206% r -W The railway lines to Stalin, Toroshilovgrad,and Serge are single- tracked. 12. ISO" sad Menel ( ) a. The Kaunas railwepr stationwith 160 lines and sidings, is in the center of the town, approached. from the -east through a tunnel 300 meters long. All lines from Kaunas are of broad gauge. A new sail bridge has been built over the Boman 300 km. from $annas. 'b,. The main roads to V11na and Tirbal are four to five meters wide, of loose stone surface which becomes muddy in bad w.oather. 13. 14. 2ke The main line to the north is double-tracked. " iliti .(.T f1j,) The main road to the Turkish frontier is six meters wide and has a loose stone surface. 16. kmagim Brosk-LU916k Am a. The railwq station at Brest-Litovsk is a gauge interchange point. It runs in a north-south direction and covers a 'large area. The area, inolvding the sidings, is stated to be 150 square kilometers. b. The main road to Minsk and Moscow has been newly reconstructed. It is 10 meters wide and has a loose stone surface. a. The main line to Bakta is double-tracked. The main line to iovoroossisk is single-tracked. b. The road to Baku is four to five motors wide and has a loose stone surface. a. The railway station is in the middle of the town, with $0 lines and sidings. The main lines to Moscow and Gorki are double- tracked. A new double-tra,ak line has been built~:since the war to Trer. b. The main roads to Gorki and Moscow are five to six meters wide, and of loose stone surface. 1S. Stlio Area a. The passenger railway station is in the southern outskirts of the town. There are a total of 120 lines and sidings. The following lines are double-tracked: (1) Stalin-Mariupol (2) Stalin-Xiev. b. The main road to Kiev is six to eight meters wide, and to five to six meters wide; both of loose stone surface. 19. Narva Area The road from Slantr to Lenin at ie five to six meters wide; of loose stone surface. a. The main line to Leningrad is double-tracked. The branch line to Slantor is single-tracked. Approved For Rele 67.i-MA)Vl3RSW0OS7R002100610001-4 Approved For Relea 20. krAmand a. The Baltic Railway station has 160 sidings and is in the nn*to*r- quarter of the city. The branch line to 8eitigorsk is single- tracked. be Repairs to the road to Aattaitigorsk have been completely neglected. The road is five to six meters wide and of loose stone surface. XAUAU a. The main line to Moscow is double-tracked from Kalinin. be The road Moscow-Raliniu-Leningrad is eight to ten natters wide and of asphalt surface. USUZ Imoh a. The railway station is in the middle of the town. It is a terminus with six tracks. The lines to Dnepropetrovsk and to Iarakash are both singld-tracked. b. The main road to Dnepropetrovsk is four to five meters wide, of stone surface, and mad44y' in wet weather. 23. -Qrfil Area 24. 25. a. The main railway line Tula:-Orel-Mosoov is double-tracked. b. The main road Orgl-Tale is eight to ten meters wide. The surface is partly cement and pertly asphalt. fsrbloy,k a. The railway station, with 61 lines and nidirags4is in the northern quarter of the town. The main line to Moscow is double-tracked, b. The main road to Moscow is five to six meters wide, of loose stone surface.- Ylintsr (150 km. joust of Srsransk) a. The railway station, with 50 lines and sidings, Is in, the eastern quarter of the town. The main line Drtansk Hinter-Gomel is double- tracked. be The main roam flints -'O meal is five to six meters wide with a loose stone surface. 26. am& The main railway station is right in the middle of the city,, with about 100 lines and sidings. Marshalling yards lie on the western outskirts. 27. Xai1Sz a. The Central Station is in the middle of the town, with the North station in the northern quarter, and the South Station in the southern quarter. Bach station has about 120 to 140 lines and sidings, which in one case extend for six kilometers. (The actual station is not identified.) The mein lines to Moscow, Leningrad, and Bobrots are double-tracked. be the main roads to Moscow and Leningrad we five to six meters wide, and have a paved surface, but nevertheless become mmddy in wet weather. Approved For Release 2000P5/16 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002100610001-4 .q,A &-Y%4 210061000'f MUM FAUL-rifthum 28. Zon a. The railer station is in the eastern quarter of the town. Together with the sidings, it Is three kilometers long and 300 meters wide. The main lines to Armavir and Krasnodar are double-tracked. b. The main roads to Armavir and Krasnodar are six to seven meters wide with a paved surface. 29. EM a. The railway station is seven kilometers to the south of the town. It has 120 lines and sidings. are double-tracked. The main lines to Moscow and Sverdlovsk b. The main road to Moscow is six to eight meters wide, partly of asphalt and partly loose stone surface. All other roads are very narrow and in very bad condition. a. In the summer of 1948, a new wooden bridge over the Yyatka River was built in Kirov. It is 800 meters long and 12 meters wide. 30. I !"! o L. JDone&p in- &NM '30 km 8411 Ie... Tanovka) All railway lines have been repaired. A new connecting link was completed in the autumn of 1947 to Rovenski. Ag Ads iLithu nta end last 31. The Saunas-Mariyampole-Kibartai road in southwest Lithuania was severely damaged during the war, and very little work was done on it between 1945 and 1947. In the summer of 1947 and later in the spring of 1948, however, work was resumed vigorously. The work is now nearing completion sad the road is up to peacetime standards. All wooden emergency bridges have been replaced by permanent stone structures. These are all drilled to receive demolition charges. Nearly the whole stretch from Yannas to the last Prussian frontier has been widened by one meter] the unmetalled edge of the road has been dug up and stone foundations laid, and metalled to produce an average road width of seven meters. 32. The diversion stretch via Pilvischkiai (Pilwis$ki), formerly about four meters wide. has also been widened to six meters and is now in good condition. 33. The road from Sian1iai (Sobaulen) to the last Prussian frontier and from Siauliai to-the Latvian frontier has been brought up to peace- time conditions. All former emergency bridges on this road have been replaced by stone ones - reinforced with metal. The two bridges at Dubial over the Dubiesa River and the Yenta Canal are very strongly built, being as wide as the road and capable of carrying 50 tons. 34. The Memel-Sauna road, which crosses the Sislial-Cast Prussia road by means of a viaduct about five meters high at Krisshkal.nas, has also been very well repaired and is between four and five meters wide. 33. The bridge across the Ssessuppe River near Mariyampole has a capacity of 45 tons. 36. Since the spring of 1948, a good deal of road repair work has been carried out in the Alitus area. Local inhabitants, including women, children, and peasants from the collective farms, have had to work a certain number of hours on road repairs in addition to their harvest work. Minor Soviet officials have also had to take part. Political prisoners in forced labor gangs have been used as well; but these are segregated from the others, rho are organised into work brigades, each under four or five Su et engineer troops. Repair material is brow it up on trucks and farm carts. Approved For Releas b P i 1 ' 0 7R002100610001-4 Approved For Releas 3?? -00040577 RR0021006100OX4~ A2g The road Merklno-Alitue-Saunas has received special attention. The 17th Independent Engineer Battalion, which arrived in April 1948 from Werro (sio3 Tyres ?),Estonia, is in charge of this work. Battalion headquarters is located near Alitus station, and the battalion itself is divided into small sub-units stationed along the whole length of the road. The battalion is commanded IV Lt. Col. LovalevIki. The enlisted men wear black shoulder boards. Seventy-fife percent of the unit are Russians and. Uksainiause the rest 'are of various Soviet nationalities. 38. The Alitus-Jezmas road is being re-metalled, and soft spots are being given fresh stone foundations. All bridges damaged during the war are being re- paired and broadened to a width of at least five meters. 39. The road to Primal, branching from this road, has been almost com,letelr repaired. In June 191+8, an underground cable was laid alongside it 40. The Prienai-Yawns road is also being repaired. The engineer unit working on this stretch of road is quartered in Garliava, with a subordinate unit at Prienai. 41. The Alitus-Xalvarija road has been under repair since June 1948. The engineer battalion working on this road arrived in Simnas between 29 and 31 May 1948 from Krastpils, Latvia. It is well supplied with motor trans- portation, including ZIS, GAZ. 'ord, and US "International" trucks, as well as five-ton,.STZ and twelve-ton "Yomintern" tractors. k 0a S bar Railaav 42. The construction of the South Siberian Railway has reached a critical stagier Work has been brought to a standstill in many sectors beaaasae of iuolement autumn weather. On the line Altaiakaa-Nsvosib1rsk, track laying has stopped at the already existing station of Zarinskaya. Beyond it lies the taiga, and it is necessary to build bridges over the Rivers Chuaysh, Alambai, and Borovlyanba. There are not enough trucks for bringing up materials, and there is an insufficient number of transport workers. Cross-country tracks become impassable in the autumn. Not least of the difficulties is the problem of fuel for vehicles, as supplies of gasoline are totally inadequate. 43. (Date of informations November 194?) A rail line joins Bain Tumen (48005a8, 114?3083) and the Trans Siberian Railway somewhere in the vicinity of Borsya. 44. No railway exists between Ulan Bator and the Siberian border. Approved For Release 2000/05/16 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002100610001-4