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November 9, 2016
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December 18, 1998
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November 24, 1948
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CLASSIFICATION 25X1 A2g `'~_ Approved For Ref 9/wf euJFetjR Ph ? IYL'Y 7R00220 _ KEPOfdT CD NO. COUNTRY Peru SUBJECT Biographic Information on Odria's Labor Advi Carlos Gonzales Loll and Luis Enrique Gal The following biographical reports concern Luis Enrique Galvan and Deputy Carlos Gonzalez Loli, who are General Odria's principal advisors in the field of labor affairs. PLACE NO. OF 1.5. ACQUIRED Ica DATE OF IN 14 !l9g4p r SUPPLEMENT TO 25X6A RE NO. SOURCE Carlos Gonzalez Loll 1. President Oscar R. Benavides deported Luciano Castillo, Secretary General of the Partido Socialists del Peru, in 1936, and attempted to create a new Socialist party. The President tried to group the most diversified and haterogenous political elements under the direction of Carlos Gonzalez Loll, a lawyer. Gonzalez Loll was a dissident of the Partido Socialists del Peru who had had deep personal differences with Luciano Castillo. Despite Benavideso support, Gonzales Loli was unsuccessful in displacing Castillo's Party and absorbing its forces. 2. Some years later, on May 1, 1941, Carlos Gonzalez Loll formally founded the Partido Socialista Peruano with the group he had managed to gather around him. In November 1944, Gonzalez Loll, started the publication of the organ of his Party, Accion Socialists of which only eight editions appeared Having been unsucces~in ' is ending the Castillo Party, Gonzalez Loll, stated in one of these eight editions that he had requested an alliance be- tween his group and the Partido Socialista del Peru. He explained that Luciano Castillo did not accept his proposition but instead had suggested that the-Partido Socialista Peruano be dissolved and its members join the Partido Socialists del Peru. Gonzalez Loll is said to have rejected - Castilloos proposal. 3a The discord between the two Socialist parties was not made evident until Luciano Castillo returned to Peru, from Mexico, in January 1945. He found out that Gonzalez Loll had registered his group in the Electoral Register under the name Partido Socialists Peruano. In order to counteract this, Castillo registered his Party under the name Partido Socialists del Peru. 4. Long before the holding of general elections on 10 June 1945, the Partido Socialists Peruano was an advocate of the Fronts Democratico National (FDN), but was not officially accepted until 15 May 1945. The Partido Socialists Peruano, in contrast to the independence of the Partido Socialists del Peru, CLASSIFICATION STATE WA W NSRB ARMY IX I AIR k FBI ' is document is hereby regraded to 40EN T IAL In accord,nCe w; C'Ctober the L 1tra Oct States, -_ -W 01 i I DATE DISTR. 5 -scan 1949 L? i-.JF PAGE;3 5X1A2g Doc='env r;o. C L class.N, 71 Ro cWd For Release J1999109108 : CIA-RDP82-00457R0012i M04 Approved For Release tP82-00457R002200040006-1 25X1A2g supported the presidential candidacy of Dr. Jose Luis Bustamante y Rivero and the congressional slate of the Ff11. 5. Dr. Carlos Gonzalez Loll was elected member of the Chamber of Deputies from the Province of Huazsz, Department of Aneash. His election was not due to any Socialist influence or as a result of the numerical strength of his ? Party, which is negligible, but rather to his popularity in the province and to his alliance with the FDN. Marcy cf the votes he obtained were cast by members of the Aprista Party. 6. As has been indicated, the importance of the Party in Peruvian political We is of sell. consequence. Its forea is ooncentrate4 only in one in- dividual= Dr. Carlos Gonzales Loli. The Party has no programs platform or statutes, and the name Socialist which it uses is nothing but a more title. Gonzales Loli has never been Fble to exert any influence on the workers of the oil regions, the princLpel Socialist stronghold, dominated by Luciano Castillo. The Party has Stever held any public functions which would indicate a movement of the masses. It is still a member of the FDN, although Gonzalez Loliss position in Parliament is relatively independents Not until the June elections of 19145 did Gonzalez LOU attain any prominence in national politics. 7. The Partido Socialista Peruano had no printed organ after the elections of June 1945. The publication of Accion Socialists was discontinued as soon as the electoral campaign ended, wind nz ez Loll has no time to super- vise it. His seat in Parliament, his law practice, and his job in the Electric Light Company, Empresas Eleciricas Asociadas, occupy almost all of his time. Because of his personal differences w:.th Luciano Castillo, Gonzalez Lali is said to be strongly inclined towarls Joining the Peruvian Ca?nuniet Partyk"?CP). There have been persistent rumors of a fusion in that direction although Gonzalez Loli is said to dir'Like the word Communist. This is al- legedly the only matter that keeps Win away from the Communists. 9. In December 1946, the Partido Social:ata Peruano became known as the Partido Socialista Popular, which name it still retains. The close ties between Gonzalez Loll ' and the Communist, Party of Peru (PCP) have been made amply evident meanwhile, and Gonzalez Loli is listed as a regular contributor to the funds of the PCP, contributing 1Ot- soles a month to the Communist organi- zation in Huaraz and 50 soles a month to Party headquarters in Lima. 10. Carlos Gonzalez Loli was invited to this stage as a guest of honor at the Mnaugural Session of the II National Ccngre*s of the Peruvian Communist Party held at the Gins Bolivar, Lima, 21 March 19146. On 11 August 19146 he was listed as a prominent guest at a farewell dinner in Lima to Nicolas Guillen, Cuban Comunist poet, at which Guiller announced that the purpose of his visit was to organize "resistance" againsit the United States and Great Britain. He referred to increases anti-British and anti-American propaganda as well as the stirring of s':-cial and labor unrest, especially in American and British firms and enterprises. 11. Subject was again the guest of honor at a large gathering of Communist Party militants on 6 October 1916 at Comrunist Par-.y Headquarters, Lima, to celebrate the 18th Anniversary of the founding of the PCP0 A few days later on 11 October 19146, he was an outstanding guest at the inauguration of the V Plenary Session of the Central Committee of the PCP. During the course of his speech of greeting to that meeting, Gonzalez Loli declared that he felt highly honored at being present "in the home of the workers' Party". He stated that the Communist Party had not 'our but five votes in Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002200040006-1 Approved For Release 1994- 82-00457R002200040006-1 25X1A2g ber or Deputies, for his own vote would always be found with theirs. cm~ent. There were then four Communist Party Deputies in the Chamber.) - 12, At a dinner tendered in Lima to the Yugoslav Delegation on 25 November 1946, subject was listed among the prominent Communist sympathizers present. -- The Delegation included such notorious Soviet agents as General Ljubomir Ilic and Dr. Dalibor Jakasa. Dr. Luis Enrique Galvan Candiotti , 13. Dr. Luis Enrique GalvanCandiotti, Senator for Ayacucho, is known to the Communist Party of Peru as an intellectual sympathizer of the Party. Never a full-fledged Party member, he has manifested his support through membership in front organizations, and by financial contributions. 14. 'Dr. Galvan was at one time President of the Asociacion Nacional de Escritores, Artistas a Intelectuales del Peru, a Communist-dominated or- ganization including in its membership the intelligentia of the Communist Party of Peru. This organization, which had its offices at Calle Belen, 1092, the former headquarters of the Communist Party, was active in the reception given for Vicente Lombardo Toledano and in arranging the welcome to Peru of Carlos Contreras Labarca, Secretary General of the Chilean Com- munist Party, in October 1942. in both cases, the reception committees and the following meetings were presided over by Dr. Galvan. 15. Galvan appeared as a Director of the magazine Garcilaso the publication of the Asociacion, and during that same month (Oc o~,er lgl2) subscribed to the Manifesto of the Peruvian Democratic Anti-Fascist Committee, a Communist- front Committee of intellectuals set up by the Communist Party of Peru at its I National Congress. 16. In February 1943, Dr. Galvan was one of a group of five that made up the deficits of the Communist Party newspaper Democracia y Trabajo, enabling its continued appearance. Financial contributions from him to the paper are recorded through August of that year. 1?. In 1945, Dr. Galvan's continued intellectual sympathies for the Party were manifested in his support of the proletarian magazine Hora Del Hombre edited by Jorge Falcon, at one time a leading figure amo viaan munists. 18. Dr. Galvan is at present a member of the Governing Board of the Communist- front Bloque Antifascista, and a signer of its anti-Imperialist, anti- United States Manifesto of 26 May 1947. 19. Senator Galvin has opposed the Sechura Contract in the Peruvian Senate, and is reported to be one of the three Senators who.voted against the United States debts settlement in February 1947, Approved For Release 1999/09/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002200040006-1