Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
November 9, 2016
Document Release Date: 
December 1, 1998
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Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
February 2, 1949
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PDF icon CIA-RDP82-00457R002300260005-7.pdf194.89 KB
SEPT. a48 25X1A2g Anoroved For Release 1-9991D9/09._.CIA-RDP82-00457ROO2300260005-7 .`I4. AIY REPQRT NO. IN FO .TJ Q. ,,R fPQRT rL) COUNTRY El Salvador SUBJECT Communist Influence in Salvador ,Rbgime ACQL1(RED DATE OF INF 25X1X6 DATE DISTR. 2 D Feb 1949 NQ., QF,PAGES 2 NO. OF ENCLS. (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO 25X1X6 25X1X6 25X1X6 stated his belief that the coup d'etat of 14 December in or ousted President Castaneda was purely an impromptu etfatr, and not an elaborately planned move. In his opinion, Lt. Col. Cordoba and ,jor Oscar Bolanos suddenly decided that Castaneda .d be removed., and they proceeded to do so without having any plans for a government to succeed him* ant on to say that Cordolba r, 024 S03enos were caught up in their own indecision, and leftist elements #IL 'f'ore they could prevent it# The only solution they saw was to e-e, rod Major Osorio in Mexico to come and take power in Zl Salvador to It the leftists from assuming full control* stated that in his opinion Col. Osmin Aguirre would emerge as the final victor in the struggle for control, since Col, Aguirre would or ize a counter-movement and set up a more conservative government* rt< Ieyes Guerra said that Cordoba, Bolanos, and Osorio are really loyal followers of Aguirre. C ommme t . A review of reports received at Guatemala prior to the Salvadoran eoup d+etat suggests that Salvadoran Communists may have had prior vi 1.41 owledge of the recent coup _d' etat and possibly aided it. Many r i had been exiled in Guatemala, including Daniel Castaneda, Virgilio terra., Jose H. Zamora, Juan Valiente Ali~erto Vides Ramos Miguel v:ry # , guel armol and Pedro !Ayala. These men, believed to be Communists, are ?m~j -known to have associated closely with high officials of the Guate- ' Ala government, including the President and cabinet. If the CSTN sj lei`s were aware of the impending coup d'etat, there was plenty of ~ E eporyunlTiy ror tine uuatemalan government to obtain such knowledge. L Goa ~ .-y President Arevalo of Guatemala promptly recognized the new regime in L~a .? 3I . Ivador;, instead of displaying his usual hostility toward a 211iiary junta. The Guatemalan government, moreover, displayed no ir3se,as did other groups, that Col. Osmin Aguirre was not behind the coup. Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-0O457R002300260005-7 25X1A2g C.L+ fTRAL ITNTELLIGENCE AGENCY A letter from Moises Castro y Morales, intellectual leader of Salvadoran Communists, advisedbDr. bagel Gochez Castro, president -Of, the CSS 1. that the "feudal c0pitali stir regime" in El Salvador must be liquidated. In another letter Castro y Morales wrote to Jose H. Zamora, known communist and officer of the COW that a completely organized group was needed"to take over the leader- skip of the revolt when called upon by. the, people to do so,?! 1a[or Oscar Osoio, at present the head of the governing Junta of l Salvador under the new regime, associated very closely with Me or Humberto Villalta (recently deposed as Chief of the Armed-. )'Qrces) who held tae position of Secretary of Propaganda of the Villalta, while not openly Communist, likewise associated .sly with many Communists of the C. A report from El Salvador dated 1 August 1947 stated that the Communist'movement in El Salvador depended greatly on outside help, and intimated that the Communists might have some working. agreement with Col. Jose Arturo Castellanos, a Salvadoran army officer living in Mexico City. Castellanos was also closely in touch with Villalta.,. #ti.lio Garcia Prieto, Secretary of Finance of the CStN, was` Offered the portfolio of Fomento and Public Works in the new cabinet. He`reportedly refused the offer because his brother had been imprisoned by the Junta. Many Salvadorans are coming back from Guatemala where they had been exiled. These include Daniel Castaneda, Virgilio Guerra, Miguel Marmol and Efrain Rios, all 'ummunists and all C SLN an@ fibers. This is another indication that the C&LN has bane fitted from the new government, and that returning fd'ommunists are, planning to take an active part in the government.and labor a ` Airs in, E1 Salvadore . 25X1A2g CQmment Reports received from El Salvador after the .;.....~.....,~-ter ~,~.; eou. d+etat'indicate that Communist support was not welcomed by the new governing Junta. Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002300260005-7