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Document Creation Date: 
November 9, 2016
Document Release Date: 
February 12, 1999
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Publication Date: 
March 22, 1949
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PDF icon CIA-RDP82-00457R002500330004-8.pdf617.99 KB
CLASSIFICATION 25X1A2 Approved For R L1 WMeF1jFQf 82-00413 COUNTRY INFORMATION REPORT $a" IAI CD NO. DATE DISTR. 28 Mar 1949 SUBJECT Organization of Communist Party of Cb1Ie NO. OF PAGES 8 25X1 A2g PLACE ACQUIRED 25X1A6a NO. OF ENCLS. LISTED BELOW) DATE OF INF SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. A. N O t 120 29 the C P C q la During norral times, the highest authority of the Party is the National 25X1X6 Congress, which meets every two years and determines the Party line. Dele- gates to this congress are chosen by delegates of the 1egional Congresses and in turn, their delegates are selected by the delegates of the local con- gresses designated by the cells voting under the direction of the local secretary., 2, The National Conference is a consulting body, which meets when called by the Secretary General of the Party to make some rapid decision. This Con- ference has no authority to modify decisions of the National Congress. 3. The members of the Central Committee are chosen` in the National Congress, which also fixes the number of members. 4. The Chilean Communist Party Central Committee comprises the following members: Salvador Ocampo Fastens, Secretary of the CTAL and senator Juan Vargas Puebla, Deputy and member-of the Syndical Committee Reinaldo Nunez Junto Zamora Rivera Maria Ramirez Fernando Ortiz Jose Agustin Valenzuela Luisa Vicentini Gamba Jose Gonzalez Hugo Vivanco, Electoral secretary of the Communist Party Guillermo raez Gonzalez Jose Roberto :endoza Fernando Vasquez Zenobio Salamanca Salazar Domingo Viveros isidoro Zambrano Raul Barra Pilva Luis Barra Wolff Americo Zorilla., of the Financial Commission ocument is hereby regraded to {7NN AL in accordance with the letter of 1 Ober 1978 from the Director of Centr iiigence to the Archivist of the Unite S.. Next Review4 ':O N For he 1999/09/09: CIA-RDP82A'O14 Date: Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500330004-8 25X1A2g CENTRAL INTELLIGENC1, AGENCY -2r `?ervando Vivanco Victor Contreras Tapia Jose Santos Medel Miguel Vargas Fp J Chacon Corona Arnulfo Rubillar Sequel Juan Ani-nir Chelequen Pablo Neruda (Ricardo Neftali Reyes (Basualto)) Oscar Baeza Herrera Jose Diaz Iturrieta Andres T'scobar Zamora Cipriano Fontigo Urrutia Damian Uribe Cardenas !1ngel Veas Alcayaga (deceased) Jose Cruz Delgado Victor Guerrero Rodriguez Guillermo Martinez ('uijon Juan Valencia Vidal. Manuel Gonzalez Vilches Carlos Lobos Juan Ahumada Jose Alberto Valenzuela Cabello Bjorn Ilagbard Ho]nbren Nilson Genaro Paredes Enrique Kirberg Boris Orjik Robinson Saavedra Gomez Luis Sandoval Saez Nibaldo Martinez Campos Juan Poblete Reyes Osvaldo Valencia Z. Iliginio Godoy Rene Frias Ojeda Moises Rios Valenzuela Pedro Hernandez Hernandez IIoracio epeda Mariano Palma Elias Lafertte Gavino Ricardo Fonseca Aguayo Ilumberto Abarca Cabrera Galo Gonzalez Diaz Luis Reinoso Alvarez Cesar Godoy Urrutia Carlos Contreras Labarca Bernardo Araya Zuleta Pascual Barraza Volodia Teitelboim Luis Valenzuela Valenzuela Julieta Campusano Daniel Palma Robledo Carlos Rosales Gutierrez Pablo Cuello Olivares Esteban Delgadillo Hidalgo :Alfredo Escobar Zamora Rodo].fo Guzman Barrera9 ex Director of the School of "Cuadros" Salvador'Ladron de Guevara Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500330004-8 Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500330004-8 Orlando I4illas Correa Dr. Jose Miranda,, Counsel of the Control Commission Maria Narchant Rlquelme de Gonzalez Francisco J. Neira Daniel Orm+eno Saez Luis Padilla Padilla Jose Pino 25X1A2 5. Those individuals are the titular members of the Central Committee. There also exist substitute members of the Central Committee who replace the titular members for the purpose of making a quorum in voting. Each tim the Central Committee meets, it is called by Victor Guerrero Rodriguez, who is a Secretary of the Central Committee and one of the confidants of Galo Gonzalez. U hen the Party is illegal, the Central Committee does not have regular reunions, but during normal times the Central Committee meets every six months to examine the work accomplished by the Secretariat and the Commissions. Also, the Central Committee can make "interpretative" resolutions concerning the party line agreed upon in the Congresses. bG The Central Committee in full session-elects the President, a Secretary General and a Political Commission. The President holds a purely honorary post, and has no authority. The office was created to complete the form of the Party in the inscription of the Electoral Register, which requires the name of a President. The President of the Party, Elias Laf'ertte Gavin?, is considered of li.tle im- portance, and is a decorative figure conserved as a relic of old times. The Secretary General is charged with executing the orders of the Political Commission and handling the public relations of the Party. 7. The General Secretariat is an executive group of the Communist Party and is com- posed of the following peoples Elias Lafete Gavino, President of the Party Ricardo Fonseca Aguayo, titular Secretary General* Galo Gonzalez Dias, in charge of Control and Cuadros Luis Reinoso, in charge of Organization Luis Valenzuela Valenzuela, in charge of administrative matters The ^ecretariat of the Central Committee recently underwent a fundamental change. Luis Valenzuela Valenzuela came in to become a part of the Secretariat as a replacement for Ilumberto Abarca Cabrera, who was removed in accordance with in- structions from the Political Commission. Humberto Abarca continues to be in charge of "parliamentary matters" and a member of the Political Commission in charge of liaison with other parties. 8. The Political Commission is composed of the President of the Party, the members of the secretariat, and other members selected in the respective National Con- grosses. The Political Commission has the task of executing the decisions of the Central Committee, and is the maximum authority between two sessions of the Central Commi'utee. The Central Committee, also, after each National Congress, designates a Rational. Commission of Control and Ouadros. At present, the Political Commission is composed of: Elias Lafertte G., President of the Party Ricardo Fonseca Aguayo, Secretary General Gal. Gonzalez Diaz, in charge of Control and Cuadroa Luis Reinoso, in charge of Organization Luis Valenzuela Valenzuela, in charge of Administrative and Finance POLIE1 r IWL Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500330004-8 Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500330004-8 CF1NTRAL ThTELLIGENCE AGENC!``--_~ -4r Iiumberto Abarca Cabrera, in charge of Parliaxentary Affairs Cesar Godoy Urrutia, in charge of Press and Propaganda Carlos Contreras Labarca, in charge of Technical and Legal Studies Bernardo Arayn Zuleta, in charge of Labor Unions Volodia Teitelboim, in charge of Education Julieta Campusano, in charge of Feminine Affairs Daniel Palma, in charge of the Youth Organizations Pascual Barraza was recently eliminated from the Political Commission and has been turned over to the Disciplinary Tribunal to determine what compromise arrange- ments he made with.the government to affect his liberation from Pisaguaa 9. The Commission of Control and Cuadros is charged with insuring the application and compliance of the Party line; formation, development, and promotion of the cuadroo; maintenance and reinforcement of the unity and discipline of the Party and supervision of the accounting of the Central Committee, the other groups of the Party and their undertakings. The Commission, aside from the above functions, isa also the supreme disciplinary tribunal in the Communist Party and is composed. o1 : Gasp Gonzalez Diaz, President Jose Santos Medal Alfredo Escobar Zamora In special cases, this Commission may include a member or members of the re- spective Regional Commission of Control to act as informants. This Commission not only has authority over the political life of Party members, but in addition has full authority over their private life, and endeavors to discourage promis- cuity, prohibit abortions, and even concerns' itself with the legitimization of children. The Commission carefully studies the abortion problem and gives the permission for an abortion when the reasons given fully justify it. In this case, the official doctor, Herman Sanhueza, w}-io is a Communist and a practicing Catholic,. Is consulted. 10. In the case of expulsions the revolutions of the Control Commission need the rati- fication of the Central Committee. This Commission is likewise in charge of the organization of Special Schools of Marxism. One of these schools formerly functioned in the office of the Central Communist Party Committee, and another was located at Calla Mexico Number 114$, directed by Luis Reinoso Alvarez. The latter school in- cluded dormitories for eight persons and was generally reserved for Communist Party visitors from other South American countries. This section also prepares special courses of Marxism which are later given in local Communist Party com- mittees by specialized teachers sent out by the Central Committee. 11. The Regional Committees which represent the Communist Party throughout the entire country are set up with their Secretariats in an identical organization as on the national level with the exception of the President. In Chile, the regions are geographically divided according to the Chilean Provinces which are listed below with their estimated Communist voting strength: Pryin cg Ng,, of Vitas Tarapaca 3932 Antofagasta 3399 htacama 1814 Coquimbo 3716 ;Aconcagua 1498 Valparaiso Santiago a O'Higgins 3196 Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500330004-8 Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500330004-8 15~ r CENTRAL INTELLIGE~iTC~? -5- No. of Votejj Colahagua Curico Talca MIaule Linares Nuble Concepcion Arauco Bio-Bio Malleco Cautin Valdivia Osorno Llanquihue Chiloe Aisen P4agallanea 1126 817 2012 790 1068 1138 8317 2377 1653 830 2542 2460 802 738 375 304 Total 78,336 The exact number of Communists in the entire republic is almost impossible to know. Prior to their elimination from the electoral registers under the Ley do Defensa de Democracia, the Communists had 78,336 votes which rep- resented 17.7% of the electoral force of 442,435 voters registered in 1948. It is estimated by the Director of the Electoral Register that 28,000 were eliminated by the government+e action under the provisions of the Defense of Democracy Law. Of this number 26,300 are men and 1,700 are women. The Director General of the Electoral Register continued to hear appeals from disfranchised persons through February 1949, and made favorable decisions in 1738 cases. It is estimated that the final number of persons disfranchised will be reduced to 26,000, 24,500 men and 1500 women. The Cornist members of Congress were removed as "Consejeros" (Committee jobs), and although under the Defense of Democracy Bill they could have been removed from their s?ats-in Congress, the government preferred not to make an issue of the matter in the courts. 12. Local Committees or Communal Directorates exist in each community with the same structure as the Regional Committees. The political secretary of the local committees is in charga of contact and liaison with the Regional Com- mittee. The same political secretary is also in charge of planning the Party work in the respective communities and of issuing the necessary instructions and orders to the cells. These secretaries are elected within the community by the Party militants. When the results of the election are known, the name of the individual elected is submitted to the Regional Committee for approval or rejection. 13. The cell is the smallest and most active organization within the Communist Party. The Party attaches great importance to the cells, since these small units per - trate all business enterprises, industries, shops, plants, offices, governmental institution, and private enterprises. In the vocabulary of the Party, the cells are the "life forces of the Party". Before taking any definite action, the Party solicits the approval and opinion of the cells, as well as their sug- gestions or observations. The officers of the cell are the Secretary General of the cell, who is the person charged with political ratters, a financial secretary and a secretary for organization and control, who is a type of watchman in charge Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500330004-8 Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500330004-8 er CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 25X1A2g of discipline and carrying out the various resolutions. This Secretary of Control and Discipline deals directly with the Secretary of Control and Discipline of the Local Committee, and thus through the Regional Committee until reaching Galo Gonzalez on the national level. The cells in normal times have ttty or thirty members, and In the factories are organized as "fracciones" for labor union work. The cells are divided into street cells and industrial cells. The latter have labor union work as their only objective, but everyone must belong to a street cell, which is the basis of the Party organization. 14. National Syndioal Commission: Presidents Bernardo Araya Zuleta Vocals Juan Vargas Puebla This Commission is augmented by delegates from the syndical "fraceiones" or national federations, according to the problems with which they must deal. In general, syndical problems are handled by the directors of the CTCh, con- trolled by the Communist Party, prior to a meeting of the Corinmist "fraccion". Salvador Ocanpo, who also is a part of this Commission, is assigned as Secretary General of the Confederacion de Trabajadores de America Latina (CTAL), whose central office is in Mexico. According to souroe, there will be some changes in the E'yndical Commission, owing to the fact that Bernardo Araya Zuleta gill be submitted to a "judgment" by the Control Commission, accused of having com- promised the security of the Party in a meeting which was raided by the police in Concepcion and which lost for him his Congressional immunity. Be " .s al" Oren nation 15. During the period of illegality, the large deliberative groups of the Party are discontinued, and only the executive groups remain in action. The Bureau of Control becomes the supreme authority. In the Political Commission, a slight modification is made. The substitute members become a part of the Commission, and together they perform the functions of the Central Committee, and are responsible to the Central Committee or the National Conference when they meet. The Bureau of Control is charged with approving the resolutions of the Political Commission, so that they may be adjusted to the Party line and to instructions received. Thereafter, the decisions are sent to the General Secretary so that he may have them enforced. In the lower groups, Regional Conferences or Congresses have boon discontinued, and only the Regional Secretary is active, with such assistants as are deemed necessary in light of the importance of the province. There is a Regional Secretary in each province, and a Local Secretary in each Commune. The procedure for the Regional Secretaries is also followed by the Local Secretaries. The number of cells of each Local Secretary is unlimited, but the number of members of the cells is restricted to a maximum of ten. In the event one of the members of the above directive bodies is taken into police custody, there are substitutes who immediately take over the duties left by the mission member. Each organization or directive body has its sub- stitutes already elected by the Congress'or the l Conference of the Party and as such they are authorized to assume such positions. Cc,g#. Ricardo Fonseca Aguayo is presently ill, and was operated on for cancer of the intestines, with kidney complications. He is not expected to resume 'Party activity should he recover. As a replacement for Fonseca, Gale Gonzalez Diaz is serving as Secretary General, while retaining his post as President of the Control Commission. 25X1A6a Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500330004-8 Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500330004-8 M8 "" CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE - AGENC Y 25X1A2g IN, ormal 2r anim,3oy of~e C National Congress (Convenes once every two years National Conference (Convenes when ordered by the Secretariat) Central Com?nittee (Convenes twice a Year) Bureau of Control Political Commission General Secretariat Regional Congress C-~llllC111C0\ITI A _9scm Local Congress Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500330004-8 Approved For Release 19 2-00457R002500330004-8 CENTRAL ITIMLLIGENCE AGENCY " g 2 aR ,cn a e Ca mi at Partof? Chile_ Bureau of Control 25X1A2 Regional Secretariat Local Secretariat Cell Cell G6PIFfBEPfT~AL Local.Secretariat Cell Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500330004-8