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April 11, 1949
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*Ar; p roved F o neRe6m1R14?149616 ka.F5F82-004HRIA-2?80 INFORM w CD NO. NTRY Cidle SUBJECT Labor Organizations in chile 25X1A6a PLACE ACQUIR7.0 DATF. OF INFO. Prior to 1 /lamb 1949 25X1 A2 g DATE DISTR. 11 APR 1949 NO. OF PAGES 24 NO. OF ENCLS. (LISTED BELOW) 25X1X6 SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. The following report furnishes background information on the present situation of organised labor in Chile as it is affected by the division within the Confederacion de Trabajadores de Chile (CTCh), the emergence of independent federations, the schisms within the rocialistparty, the repression of Comm. munist activities, and the increasing interest of other political parties in labor matters. ? A. crituataatatiazsgauALIASEU 1. Under the Chilean Labor Codes, the syndicate is the basic and only legally recognized unit of labor organization in Chile. A syndicate must be composed of a minimum of 25 people emplcOed in the same industrial or commercial firm or engaged in like activities. By law, any person over 18 years of age and not excluded by the restrictions legally applicable to membership in a syndi- cate is permitted to join such an organization. 2. The first truly national organization of labor syndicates was the CTCh, which was founded in 1936 through the efforts of the Socialist and Communist labor loaders. Though by law the syndicate is the only legally recognized labor or- ganization? the CTCh proceeded to organize the syndicates into unions and federations. This organization into unions and federations proceeded aleng- occupational or vocational lines. In order to achie e greater flexibility in the coordination of labor activities on a national shale, the CTCh created a coordinating organization based on territorial rathe than occupational lines. The baste of this organization was the local council, composed of syndicates in a specific locality, town or citY. The members of the local council were elected through the holding of a local congress at which all the syndicates of the locality were represented. 3. The local council and local syndicates were also subordinated to a departmental council elected by a departmental congress composed of delegates from ail the syndicates in the department or county. 4. The next highest echelon was the provincial council of the CTCh. elected through :the holding of a provincial congress at which all the syndicates within the province were represented. STATE # ARMY 4 CLASS! Fl CATION NAVY il_ALNSRBDISTRIBUTION ---1? I AIR # 14, FBI This document is hereby regraded to CONFIDENTIAL in accordance with the totter of 16 October 1978 from the Director of Central Intelligence to the Archivist of the Wnited States. Next mvIew DaG.Risiwed R4;4 Doc-titre-11r No.-- NO CHAi G DECL,??II D lass. 4 H COII Al lease 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457410 Date:/6 #47 1 * Approved ForRelease 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-s - A 001.11-1 rh I Is w 25X1A2g =THAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY -2- 5. The national council, however, was elected through the holding of a national congress every two years at which a varying nuMber of delegntes were present from each provincial council, and to which each national industrial federation was entitled to send five delegates. 6. Acting as a consultive organism on the departnental, provinclal and national levels exist groups known as assemblies of delegates. The deparemental assembly cf delegates is composed of one delegate from each fyndicate in he department. The provircial assenbly of delegates is compo ood ef two delecates from each local and departmental council., one delegate from each syndicate. vitin the provireel and one delegate from each provincial industrial union. This le the first level on which delegates from the occupationally grouped labor organ- izations and the territorielly grouped organizations work in close coordination. The national assembly of delegates, acting as a consultive organkne for the national council, is composed of two delegates from each nae5onal federation. 7. With the schism within the CTCh and its subsequent division into two orgaeiza- tions bearing the same name, but commonlyknoun as the CTCh Socialista and the OTCh Comunista? several of the more impotent federations previously affiliated with the CTCh, as well as some in the process of formation, decided to pursue an independent course and not to affillent themselves with either of the con- tending OTChs. Thus it is that organized Chilean labor is divided into tlree groups which at times cooperate and at other times contend with each othee. 8. Furthermore, the breakdown of the CTCh into the CTCh Socialirta end the Cr Ch Comunista in in itself inconclusive. In the OTCh rocialiete there are steong Communist factions, which are essentially closer to the CTCh Comunista. The same is true in the case of the CTCh Comunista with respect to the CTCh r!ocialista. 9. Of the two CTOhs, there is reason to con;ider the CTCh Comentsta as the more powerful because of the nature of the federations affiliated with it. Ho never, government repression of Coamunism? as well as the politically inclined aetivitios of the CTCh Comunista leaders have so undermined the strength of this ommization that it is now considered as being no longer effective. 10. The CTCh flocialista at present has the tacit support of the eresent soverenent but, just as in the cane of the CTCh Comunista, Bernardo ibalez Aguila and other socialist labor leadere have apparently neglected purely labor activities in favor of activities of a political nature. A great number or ,,he Chilean or- ganized labor leaders are :lease of the debility caused by the schism uithin and subsequent disintegration of the CTCh. Recently, a growing tendency of tle va?-7our contending factors to eeek some means of rapprochement has been noticed. The first group to make such a move has been the Confederacion Gmeral do Trahajadores The CGT in previous tines collaborated to a certain extent with the CTCh lociahiate. This collaboration, however, was on a limited scale and only involved meters pertaining strictly to laber rather than politics, since the 0G7 disapproles of collaboration with any political group. Despite the exceeangly anti-Comm:to', stand of the COT, it now seems apparent that this organization is willing to collaborate with the Communist or Socialist CTCh toward the formation of A new central labor organization not yet beyond the planning ntecee and emntatisely (tailed the Central Unica de Trabajadores de Chile. No information is set availaele con- cerning the possiblitios of success of this movement in the direction of labor unity. There seems to be considerable reason to believe, however, that this tendency towards rapprocheeent and regrouping will possibly eccur on the syndicate and union level rather that on the higher directive levelse giaeRafecirrn= AL -repi Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 4 Approved ForRelease 1999/09/09 ? CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 CUIF4AsofflAL, c5X1A2g CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY kgattebehta-L3521,2 (k....2t.14LCrCh 11. Organized labor activity in Chile can be raid to have stantee with the forme- tion of the Federacion Obrere de Chile (Ft)CH), whech vac comrosed of militart and mostly Cormunist-dominatod labor cyndicates. The syndiestee had no legal standing before the law, and they were exceedingly loosele oresanieed. After the Chilean Labor Code vont into effect, the organizetion of legally recegntzed labor syndioates progreseed rapidly. At first the Communist Party of Chile (PCCh) attempted te combat the formstion of such legally constituted eyndicutes, alleg- ing that they were government-daminated. The Comunists, heeover were unsuccess- ful in this attempt, and the Party itself became divAed on this issue, The result wan a Party schiws which for a while rendered the PCCI, practically im potent. Subseenently the Party decided on a policy of attenr, tire; to gain cen- tral of the growing labor movement. 12. On 20 November 1931 the Confsderacion de rindicatos Industrielos de Santiago uns formed. At that time this wne the largest single labor organization 5n Chile. In June 1932 the Conrederacion de Sindicatos Industrialcs de rantfalo was joined by the independent Union of Professional 'bears, composed of barbers, etc. The name was changed to Corfederacion de Sindicatos Industriales yProfesionales de Santiago. Thir new confederation immediately ttempted to collaborate with different local confederations and enions existing in various sections of Chile. 130 A labor congress was held on 21 Narch 1934. attended by reprosentativeu of the different local confederetions. Much deliberation and debate at this cougrss resulted in the formation of a new labor organization called Confederacion Nacional de Sindicatos de Chile. This new national confederation was grand tacit but not legal recognition by the Chilean government. The government per- mitted the newly formed confederation to choose &locates to participate in the Pan American Leber Conference held in f7antiago in 197.-6. The formation of this nestConfederacioa Nacional en indicates de Chile was the first succeesful step taken toward unifyilee all branches of Chilenn labor. How. ever, the new confederation eas opposed 'ay the povorfel Union on hesistencie de la Construccior? as well as by remnants of the Cormueist-domiaated Federaciea Obrera Chilera. 14- 15. A national labor congress, at which were present 460 delegatee representing practically all of the Chileen labor organizations? was held in Docenbee 19360 and after ranch deliberation the Confederacion de Tralajadores de Chile (OTC%) was officially founded on 27 December 1936. The CTCT became no first trule ' national labor confederaeion in Chile, and represented all the vnions and a majority of the industriel federations of this covntry. C. 'Je3r_QZCehefid-iti19.2,Tef-9S.2SD;C 16. The newly formed CTCh was an extremely powerful ltbor osganizatior, It oaely declaration of principles stated that ite aims mere to organize all city end fare laborers without distinction as to politic i3. creees, nationality, sees, oe aeep with a vim./ toward conbating enpitalistic exploitetion entil the tocialist etate should becone a reality. Although not in itself a legally recognized entity-, since only the syndicates enjoy legal recolnition, the OTCh VA1 able to enforce Its decisions and to play a vital role in the political as well as the economic and pocial life of Chile. The power of tha OTCh became so great that in February 1946 it Wes able to carry out an extremely successful national strike. Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 Approvdd For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP8 -00457R002500410011-1 Oki r '1-4?T C CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 25X1A2g 17. The national strike of February 1946 marked the peak of strength of the CTCh, but ,aa also the ?awe of its subsequent division and eventual loss of power. At that time the Secretary General of the OTCh was Socialist 2erne:m.10 Ibanez Aguila and the nute.Secretary General was Communiet Bernardo Aja &late. The Communists, however, considered that they were the most power:nal single ideological group within the CTCh, and decided to enforce the Party decisions on this labor organization and convert it into a potent revolutionary otrihing force. The resulting dissension between the Socialiste and the Communists provoked the division of the CTCh into tem factions, both bearing the same name and now commonly known as the CTCh Secialista and the CTCh Comunista. 18. With the division of the CTCh into two factions, many powerful labor organize- tions belonging to the CTCh refused to align themselves with oither faction and adopted an independent position. Among them are the following labor groupo: a. The Federacion Industrial Ferraviaria, composed of approximately 50% Socialists, 10% Radicals and 30% Communists. b. The Asooiacion Nacional de Dmpleados Fiscales (AHD), which has some 67,000 members of all political beliefs, and is presided over by Clotario Blest. This association maintains only a casual connection with either of the two CTChs and colleborates with them only when considered convenient. c. The Asoolacion Nacional de Empleadoe Semi-Fiscalos (ANESF), which has or- ganized all of the semi-fiscal workers and maintain an thdependent position. d. The Federacion Bancaria, which is composed of all the banning and credit organization workers, and pursues an independent course. e. The Confederacion de Empleados Particulares de Chile (CE2Ch), which, under the leadership of Edgard? Maas, and with approximately 113,000 members, has little contact with either of the CTCh factione. 19. The result of the schism within the OTCh has been that this once powerful labor organization in no longer an effective force in either ete labor, economic, or political field. gkilleaLLaW....Pzeznizatlailksholp2 20. Article 365 of the Chilean Labor Code. recognizes the right, ae stated abovr, for anyone over 18 yea= of age to join the industrial syndic to organized in the firm or company by vhich he is employed. The only excepteons are prisoners or those sentenced for crimes against the internal security of the State, es well an those who have been excluded from the electoral or emicipal registries. An attempt is now being made to apply this latter resteiction to Communistr. However, those so prevented from being voting membern of the eyndioate of the company in which they are employed may continue to receive their legal are on the company profits and, if they pay their syndicate membership fees, are also permitted the use of the cultural, educational, cooperative, and other facilities offered by the syndicate. 21. The activities of the eyndicates are controlled by representatives of the Ministry of Labor. Each syndicate is peraitted to elect a board of directors, but the electione must be witnessed and the minutes of the election meeting must besigned by an inspector of the Ministry of Labor. co24444i4v44 Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 E. Approved ForRelease 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP8G CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY -5- 25X1A2g 22. Syndicate !Undo are derived fron payment of membership fees and also from the previously mentioned Abere in the company profits. This Share hy law cannot be less than Ft% of the profits nor more than 6% of the total wages ? paid during the year by the firm to the members of the syndicate. These funds are managed by the president and the treasurer of the 'syndicate, but any disbursements exceeding 2000 Chilean pesos require prior authorisation from the Labor Inspector assigned to the syndicate. According to the Chilean Labor Code a legally recognised syndicate is composed of a minion= of 25 employees of a single firm or factory or of people engaged in like occupations. The Labor Code does not regulate nor expressly-authorise the formation of in- dustrial unions. The only mention made of unions is in Artiole 386 of the Labor Godes which states that joint meetings of industrial syndicates will be permitted only for educational sotivitiee, for mutual assistance, and for the establishment of cooperatives. Though no provisions exist for the formation of unions, and despite the fact that they have no legal standing, the CTCh grouped syndicates together to form unions and unions to form industrial fader.- time. The rules and regulations oonoerning the conduct and activities of unions and federations are not set forth by the Chilean labor Code but by the regulations of the CTGh itself. According to CTCh regulations, a Minim= of four syndicates engaged in the same activities is needed for the formation of a union. The general policy has been to group all syndicates engaged in the same type of industrial or commercial activities in any one province into a provincial union. Uhen the provincial industrial Union is composed of more than five syndicates, an assembly of delegates composed of one delegate from each of the syndicates in this =IOU in formed to act as a consultive organism for the board of directors of this provincial industrial union. 23. A federation is composed of the industrial unions of the different provinces, and as in the case of the unions themselves, the membership of any one federa- tion is limited to unions of a speoific occupation or commercial activity. In this manner the syndicates or syndicate factions and the provincial unions are represented together with the national industrial federations in national con- gresses of the different trades or professions. Each national industrial federa- tion has a board of directors sleeted by the respective national congress. This board of directors is composed of a secretary general, a sub-secretary general, a secretary of organisation, a treasurer, two strike secretaries, a recording secretary, one secretary for correspondence, one secretary for education and cul, ture, end one secretary in charge of sports. Besides these elected members, the board of directors also includes one direct representative from each of the provincial industrial unions oomprising the national federation. 24. Like the provincial industrial unions, the national industrial federations also have a consultive organism known as an assembly of delegates which meets when, ever called into session by the national board of directors to help consider any matter deemed of outstanding importance. This assembly of delegates is composed of representatives of all the different provincial unions. 25. National induetrial federations are also directly represented in the assembly of delegates acting as a consultive organism for the Board of Directors of the OTCh itself. F. Organisation or the CTCh 26. The CTCh organisation is of a dual type, since it has a duel chain of command. This first chain of command or organisation is composed of the previously mentioned COPPREter: CONEZNENTT Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 Approved For*Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 6frratiattlft 25X1A2g syndicates, unions, provincial unions and national federations organized along lines of professional, vocational or occupational activities of the union mem- bers themselves. For example, in this particular chain of command within the CTCh, steel workers have no connection whatsoever with miners. However, in order to extend the power and the influence of the CTCh it was also found necessary to establish a closely meshing parallel organization along territorial rather than occupational lines. The basis of the parallel organisation is the Local Council, which is elected by the syndicates of one locality, village or town, irrespective of the occupational, professional or vocational activities of the Members of these syndicates. The important difference between the Local Council and a local union is that the Council is of a territoriel nature whereas the union is occupational. 27. For the formation of a Local Council, the syndicates of that locality hold a congress at which are elected the boards of directors or Council members. 28. The next highest echelons in this chain of command are the Departmental Councils, or ciininty councils. These councils are composed of a minimum of five members elected at a departmental congress at which are represented all the different labor syndicates in the department. The Departmental Council includes one secretary general, one secretary of organization, one strike secretary, one secretary of correspondence, and a treasurer. 29. The Departmental Council also has a conoultive organism called an Assembly of Delegates, and is composed of two delegates from each syndioate existing within the department. 30. The next higher echelon is the Provincial Council, composed of nine members, and elected through the holding of a provincial congress at which are represented all the syndicates and unions in the province. The Provincial Council is composed of a secretary general, a sab-seoretary general, a secretary of organization and con.. troll, a treasurer, a recording secretary, a secretary for correspondence, a strike secretary, a secretary for press and propaganda, and a secretary for edu- cation and culture. 31. The Provincial Council in turn is aided by a consultive organism known as the Asseably of Delegates composed of two representatives from each local council and departmental council, a direct delegate from each affiliated syndicate within the province, and a delegate from each provincial industrial union. 32. It will be observed that the Assembly of Delegates of the Provincial Council in- cludes delegates from each provincial industrial union. This is the first case in the chain of command where a close link exists between the administrative or political CM organization and the purely labor chain of command previously shown to be formed along a basis of occupational, professional or vocational activities. 33. Directly above the Provincial Council is the top-ranking CTCh administrative or directive organism, the National Directive Council. It is composed of 17 membors elected by the delegates to the national CTCh congress. To this congress are sent five delegates from each of the national federations affiliated to the CM, as well as a variable number of delegates sent by' the Provincial Councils. Since the number of delegates representing the Provincial Councils varies from congress to congress, the different provincial organizations are advised ninety days prior to the holding of the congress as to the number of delegates that can be sent, and are given the rules and regulations governing the activities of the congress. GOA*EtANTTher. ettrttcrTh Approved For Release 199 9/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 Approved ForRelease 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY -7- 25X1A2g These congresses are held every two years, and the resolutions adopted can only be modified by a subsequent congress. The members of the National Directive Council elected at the national oongress Include a secretary general, a first se-secretarygeneral, a second sub-secretarygeneral, a treasurer, two secretaries of organization and control, two strike secretaries, two secretaries for correspondence, a secretary fox' press and propaganda, a seo- peter,- for education and culture, a secretary for sports, and a recording secretary. 34. The National Directive Council is aided by a consultive organization known as an Assembly of Delegates and composed of two direct representatives from each national industrial federation. The Assembly' of Delegates is expected to meet every six months, and its decisions are mandatory with respect to labor conflicts or other labor problems. 35. As has been previously mentioned, the only labor organization with legal status is the syndicate. However, the unions and the industrial federations have a certain aspect of legality. The same is not true of the parallel administrative organization within the OTCh or, basically, of the CTOh as a whole. However, the CTCh has become tacitly accepted as a result of its care in maintaining the appearance of engaging in activities along cultural and educational lines while refraining from stressing the class struggle or other political aspects. The administrative organization within the CTCh, formed along territorial rather than occupational lines, was found to be necessary in order to give greater elasticity in labor struggles. The aotual operation of the =Oh is as follows: Any syndicate deeming it necessary or convenient to present demands to the firm or company in which this syndicate functions prepares a "pliego de petioiones" or a list of demands. If these demands are not met by the company, and no attempt at compromise gives satisfactory results, the syndicate seeks the support of its union and of its national industrial federation. At the same time the syndicate, through the Local Council, seeks the support of the CTCh as a whole. Thus the request for aid on the part of the syndicate reaches the National Directive Council of the CTCh through the local, departmental, and provincial councils as well as through the national industrial federation which hap representatives in the Assembly of Delegates of the National Directive Council of the CTCh. The CTCh itself never originates a strike and, though the syndicates, unions, and national industrial federations are integral parts of the GTCh, they are the only ones Which can de- clare,a strike within their particular industry. The CTCh as such limits itself to a position of support or active aid to the syndicates, unions, or federations on strike. 36. All the political parties of Chile with the exception of the Liberal Party in- terest themselves to a greater or lesser extent in the Chilean labor movement and in the CTCh itself. The political parties having the greatest influence among organised labor and within the OT0h are the Communists and Socialists. The influence of the Partido Demooratico and of the Falange Nacional is less than that of either the Socialists or Communists. Recently the Radical Party also organized a Syndical Department under the leadership of Senator Isauro Torres Ceroceda. 37. As has been previously stated the Communists and Socialists exercise the greatest control over Chilean organized labor and only through the collaboration of these two parties was it possible to form the CTCh. Prior to 1935 the Communists had opposed the formation of any labor organization which the Party would not control. Approved For Release 199Y09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 Approved For'Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 CUITRAL turturGENcE AGENCY -8- 25X1A2g With the sudden shift of Communist polioy in 1935 and the acoeptance of the united or popular front idea, the Communists scuttled the FOCH and aided the Socialists and other parties to farm the CTCh. Subsequently the Communiete attempted to utilise the aft for purely Party interests, with the result that the CTCh definitelyeplit in 1946 into the CTChSocialieta and the CTCh Comunista. The CTQhpociagsta 38. With the schiam within the CTCh and with the formation of the Socialist and Communist labor organisations bearing the same name, many industrial fedora.. tion chose to ally themselves with one or the other of the CTChs wbereae, as has been previously stated, other federations adopted an independent course. The National Council of the Cith Socialista ie as follows: Secretary General rub-reereters General Recording Secretary Secretary of Organisation Strike Seoretary Other members of this Council ares . Bernardo Ibanez Aguas - Albino Barra Villalobos Arturo Velasquez Quiroga - Juan Briones Villavicencio Carlos Godoy Pizarro Isidoro Goday Bravo Nazario Salinas Lopes Emiliano Soto Jara Dionisio Gorda Trincado Raul Orellana Orellana Luis Varela Varela Blanca Garcia Hipolite Saavedra Luis Gonzalez Olivarez Graciela Sanchez Victor Alarcon Rene Avelos Maroon Ascui Carrasco Luis Hormazabal Carlos Vemegas Hernandez 39. Directly under the National Council and the most important of the provincial councils of the CTCh Socialists is that of the Province of Santiago, with head- quarters in the City of Santiago. Al]. of the following members of this Council were elected on 7 January 1949: provincial nzharetsmy General Provincial Sub-Secretary General Second Provincial Sub-Seoretary General Treasurer Secretary of Organization Recording secretary secretary for Correspondence Prim Secretaries Strike Secretaries . Roberto Perez Nunez Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 Secretary for necretary for Secretary for Secretary for Secretary for Activities CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY -9- labor Agitation Cultural Activities Control Farm Activities Housing and Feminine 44. Approved For-Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 CisNTRAL INTELLIGESCE AGENCY -10- 25X1A2g The National Board of Directors of the Federacion de Sindicatoe de la Benefioencia is compoeed of the followings Julio Ramirez Ortiz Hosendo Pisarro Salinas Daniel Herrera Herrera Jose Oyarzun Cepeda Carlos Concha Concha Heriberto Hernandez Hernandez Manuel Monsalvez Pedro Pablo Bravo Bravo gestissamikaSslakeLLamseglA - Secretary General, and member of the Ibanez Aguila faction of the Socialist Party ? Also a member of the Ibanez Avila fiction of the Socialist Party , a ? A meeber of no political party - The representative of this federation In Concepcion, Chile - The representative of this federation in Valparaiso, and a member aim political party 45. This federation is formed of syndicates composed of chemical and pbarnamutical woricare. It is calculated the total membership does not exceed 10,000 in all Chile. The influence of the Socialist Parte over this federation is relative, since the number of Socialists within this federation is estimated at appromately only 15%, whereas the strong Comeunist fractions within this federation are be- lieved to oontrol approximately 25% of the membere. The rest of the members are regarded as maintaining only nominal relationships with other political parties. A strike by this federation oould paralyse all the laboratories, but it is re. carded as being extremely improbable that a euccessful strike could be engineered through the influence of any political faction within this federation. 46. The National Board or Directors of the Federacion de Quimica 3r Furmacla is as follows% Miguel Pradenan Ferias Pedro Pinto Pinto Hector Munoz Rodriguez Mattes Palacioe Rernandee Raul Valdivieso Quezada Roberto Morales Gonzalez Raul Gamboa Secretary Genera/ and member of the r'ocialist Party Sub-sepretary and ember of the Socialist Party Net known .to belong to any political '1. ? ' ? ea... me_ party 11tl ge I? I, ft 47. This federation is composed of unions and syndicatee of laborers engaged in port and shipping activities. Included among the nembers of this federation are stevedores and ship captains. It is calculated that the membership of this federation in more than 20,000 people. 4. The principal syndicatee farming this federation aro as followst Pindicato de Lanoheros de Valparaiso Sindioato de Obreros Maritimos de Valparaiso ft ft " Talcahuano r ft Coronel Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 . ? Approved ForRelease 1999/09/09 : CIA-RD 82-00457R002500410011-1 25X1A2g CENTRAL INELL/GELM AGENCY Sindioato sindicato I; -11- de Obreroe Maritimos do Dote II if n Antofagasta " TquIve de Pescadores de Valparaiso II It " Caleta Mecca II II /1 San Pedro Sen Vicente Puerto Itnrtt Thin federation is composed of syndicates 'Allah have not joined together to form unions, as is the case in the majority of the industrial federations. 49. The Socialist Party exerciees predominant oontrel over this important federa- tion, but it is calculated that approximately 50% of the members are Communists and working in fraction. However, the Communists to date have made no attempt to wrest control of this federation fraa the socialists, because of the great respect which all seem to have for Luis Lopes Villanueva, well known Socialist leader and mother of the Board of Directors of this federation. It is considered extremely-unlikely, however, that the control of the Socialist Party is sus* that it could launch this union into a strike on purely political grounds. An interesting sidelight with respect to this union is that 3.500 of the 1800 Valparaiso port laborers ware stricken from the electoral reeords for being Communists and, although publics employees, have been permitted to continua their activities in order to avoid paralyzation of the port. 50. The Board of Directors of this national federation is composed of the followings Luis Franco Medina 'Approved ForRelease 1999/09/09 : CIA-RD 82-00457R002500410011-1 25X1A2g CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGM= Carlos Aguilera Atil!.o Guerrero Juan Vargas; "sail Jara Ro'selio Rodriguez Endolfo MRS Secretary General and member of the zlocialist Party Member of the Socialist Party a NU tl to, l4ember of no political party U ItIf fp 53. Of the member, of this federation it is calculated that 60 axe oentrolled by the Socialiets and aprnmcbmtlily 351 by the Communists. Thes most important of the Comemaist fractions is that in the Sindicato Profesioaal de Mueblistas de Santiario. F.'.t&.IXHakgl-.4R-,SIP.Ekg2ZWL..e...krdktgfitit-.Y..LttWd 54. This feileration Ls formed by syndicates *reposed of chauffeurs and ticket sellers of the bus lines operating in Santiago and Valparaiso. It 'm calculated that he membership of the syndicates composing this federation is o." appridsektel7 8500 people. The National Board of Directors of this syndicate is mvosed of the follbwing: Carlos Ibanez Ring Luis Sannbez Nunes Agustin Gutierrez GutierTez Julio Vasquez Cabanas Julio 74n11er Suarez Ramon Zapata Morales LIAO 7illagran Loma Juan Olate Olate Jus44 Munoz Munoz SeFuneto del Real - Claudio Almeyda Opaso Member of the Socialist PaFtty a a n n II V V to n it u le n n Member of the Communist Party U If 0 n a " " " " " II N ff ft If It ft ft ft Member of ma political party 55. It is calculated that approcimately 40% of the members of the syndicates cos. prising this federation are Socialist and an equal number Communist, with the remainder being of no fired political ideology. This federation bac always adopted a wsition of considerable independence towards all the different politi- oal parties. All strikes in which this federation has been engaged have been for purely/ economic or general labor rather than political motives. It is oon- sidered *.hat neither the Socialist nor the Communist Party could draw this fed- eration into a strike for political reasons. 12,103.stimintagag, 56. This federation in formed by *indicates composed of tramway or streetcar workers. The largeet of these operates the syndicate of the Empresa Nacional de Transporte (Ifr.tional Transport Company). Though nominally members of this federation, the s/ndioates of Concepcion and Valparaieo adopt a markedly independent attitude with ..iespect to the Santiago syndicate. The total number of members of the various syndicates composing this federation is estimated as not exceeding 3000 people. 57, The only known member of the Board of Directors of this national federation is the Secretary General, Carlos Briones Villavicencio, a member of the Socialist Party. . It is calculated that the Communists control approximately 60% and the socialists some 40% of the members of the syndicates comprising this federation. However, the syndicates composing this federation aannot go on strike becalm they are for. bidden to do so by law. At present this federation is in the process of reorganizatior lefFIEBBliffedir"" Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 ? Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 9,40,2:414 k. iL CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY -13- 25X1A2g gULD 42 grer919 Vir21=211Q11 59. The Union de Obreros ninicipales in realitar ie neither a union nor a federaga tion, but an association of all the municipal workers of the communes ?Im. prising the City of Santiago. At present this association is ?opposed of approximately MOO individuals, since approximately 850 former membere were eliminated because of their Communist affiliation. The directors of this association or union are as follow Arriagada Arriagede Meadmo Carrasco Valensuela - Carlos Concha Flores Genaro noto Casaree Pedro Abaroa Rojas Andres Mosooso Silva Julio Cerpa Salines Luis A. Montoya Genesis' Martial Marin Sambas President Vioe Preeldent necretary - Pro Secretary . Treasurer Pre Treaaurer . Director - Director . Director O. This assoolation or union ie closely controlled by and readily obeys only the above listed Board of Directors, though it has closely oollatorated in general labor movements. These municipal workers are exceedingly well disoiplined, and their strikes have been very suocessfUl in paralyzing such municipal activities as street cleaning and garbage collecting. 212-MASSIMEALta (1. The National Council of the CTCh Comunista is as follows* Bernardo Araya Zuleta Humberto Abarca Cabrera Luis Sandoval Saes Juan Santibenez Trinoado ) Guillermo Martinez Quijon) Ildefonso Aisman Lamm ) Luis Valenzue/a Valenzuela) Searetery General - nub-Secretary General - Recording remotely - Seoretaries e Organization Otherymembers of this National Council are: tone Diaz Iturrieta Fidel Melia& Ester Quilodran Ana Tapia Salvador Ocampo Fastens jose Provosts Zavala Strike secretaries Guillermo Rodriguez Salvador Sepulveda 00oar Astudillo Gonzalez Luis Aleman Abraham Zambrano, a member of Falange Naoional Guillermo Sanchez, a member of Partido Depooratim All of those listed with the exception of Zambranoand Sanchez are regarded as being militant Communiets. During the last ipprisonment of Bernardo Aram Zuleta, one Dominiciano Soto acted as Seoretary General 0 hoe of the CM Gomunieta. ? 11- le 62. The followinr are the industrial federationa controlled by or affiliated with the OTChOceunistas Federacion industrial Miners Federaoion Industrial Netalurgice OQUinerNTTlita... (Umiak' Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 ? Approved For'Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 2 5X 1 A2 g CENTRAL IMMLIGENCE AGE20Y Federaoion Industrial Textil Federacion Industrial de Gas, Telefono yElectricidad Federacion Industrial Mainers Federation Nacional de la Construccion 65. This national industrial federation is one of the most important industrial federations existing in Chi/e. It is calculated that approximately 50,000 laborers are affiliated with this federation through the various miners' eyndicates, out or a total of 54,900 laborers engaged in copper, iron, coal and nitrate mining, pas 1500 engaged in gold mining activities. Te only iron workers' syndicate is that of El Tao, which is very small. 64. The principal syndicates oomprioing the Federacion Industrial Vinare are the following: Coal syndicates at Lota, Schwager, Lirquen, Curani/ahue and Lebu. Copper syndicates at Chuquicameta and Sewell. The syndicate of Portrerillos does not belong to the federation. Nitrate syndicates at Humberton, Mapocho, Victoria, Bella Vista, Maria Elena, Pedro de Valdivia. The National Board of Direotors of the Federacion Industrial Minora is as Secretary General - Galvarino Melo Secretary of Organization - Juan Valenzuela Members of the Board . (Juan Garcia (Jose Diaz Iturrieta (Mario Barrios With the exception of Barrios, who is a member of the Falange Nacional, all others are militant Communists. Jose Diaz lturrieta, a Communist Deputy, is regarded as being the real power on this Board of Directors. 65. The Federaoion Industrial Miners theoretically could paralyze all basic mining operations in Chile. However, this could only be done through illegal strikes since, by application of the law of defense of democracy, some 55 to 60% of the laborers have lost their syndical rights and could not vote in favor of a strike. Because of this, the legal majority required for such a veto could not be obtained since this majority is regarded as being of the number of laborers -working and not of those with a right to vote. It is calculated that sueh an illegal strike could paralyze 60% of coal production, 70% of? copper production, nnd 70% of nitrate production. 66. Furthermore such a strike would seriouely affect the state railroads, since the majority of the locomotives are of the coal-burning type. It would also serious/iv affect gas and electricity production es well as the port activities at Iquique, Tocqpille, Antofagasta, Coquimbo, Los Vilos? Valparaiso, an Antonio, Talcahuana, Coronel, and Lebue 67. There is reason to believe that the fear of such a strike, as well as the necessity of constructing adequate storage facilities, has influenced the govern- ment in its decision to build coal deposits near Santiago having an estimated weNtirvenT7711"-% Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 . ? ? Approved ForRelease 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP -00457R002500410011-1 CrlITRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY -15- 25X1A2g capacity of 200,000 tons. At the present tine it is calculated that the railroado, the gas company and the electric company have coal stocks sufficient to last for four weeks. ragsraztojEbetsisLIAllsalsaulss 68. This confederation is composed of all ayndicates of laborers engaged in the manufacture of metal produots. The total membership of this federation is calculated as being of approximately 11,000 people. The principal oyndi- pates comprising the Federacion Industrial Ebtalurgica are the following: Fundicion Grajales Fundic ion Libertad "Madensa" "Madeco "Lourdes" as well as mall syndicates in Concepcion, Valparaico, and Rancagua. It is probable that the Huachipato Syndicate, the formation of which is now being planned, will also join this federation. The Huachipato Syndicate will probably become the largest and most powerful syndicate of all the metal werkers, syndi- cates of Chile. The National Board of Directors of the Federacion Industrial Metalurgica is as follows: Raul Gatica Gajardo Carlos Oreo Palacios Jorge Soto Casares Jose Olmos Villegas Jose Fuentes Fuentes Juan Salazar Villages Hector Saz Diaz Pedro Paredes Catalan ? Secretary General and member of the Communist Party Sdia.Secretary General and member of the Socialist Party - Recording Secretary, and member. of the Socialist Party - Treasurer and member of the Communist Party - Secretary of Press and Propaganda, and a Socialist Secretary of Organization, and member of the Communist Party A voting member of the Board, and a member of the Communist Par*. A voting member of the Board, and member of no political party The Federacion Industrial Ebtalurgica is one of the oldest and most disciplined federations existing in Chile. This federation exercises great control over its affiliates, and there is no known internal dissension despite a strong Socialist fraotion sufficiently powerful to elect four membere out of eight on the National Board of Directors. 69. In case of strike, it is calculated that the Socialist Party could control approxi- mately 30% of the laborers, whereas some 70% would follow the orders icsued by the Communist Party. The strike capacity of the Federacion Industrial Netalurgica Ls exceedingly great since it would have a general effect on industry as a whole. Such a strike mould paralyze a great percentage of the Chilean industrial plants as well as bring most construction work to a standstill. aeiVITENT /MN Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 ? ? Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP 2-00457R002500410011-1 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY -16- 25X1A2g 70. The Federacion Industrial Vatalurgica publishes a periodioal known as kjaaa2jAaidtabizgiga, which is printed at the Calle Esperanza 49 head- quarters of the Sindioato Industrial de la Fundicion "Libertad". To date only two issues of this periodical are known to have been published. The first appeared on 6 November 1948 and the nocond on 19 November 1948. aciamiza?staatzbaUsgal, 71. This federation is composed of syndicates of the textile industry in general, and includes independent weavers belonging to the Sindicato Profesional de Tejedores. 72. The exact number of affiliates or members of this industrial federation is not known. The principal syndicates comprising the Federacion Industrial Textil are as follows* "El Salto" Sederias de Vine del Mar Textil "Vine" Textil "Chiguayante" Profesional de.Tejedores Said of Ouillota Comandares Victoria of Puente Alto Yarur? which, although one of the most powerful, is listed as an independent syndicate* 73. It is calculated that a strike called by this industrial federation would affect approximately 60% of the textile induatry of Chile. Peculiarly enough, the Socialists control approximately 15% of the members of this industrial federation, and the Partido Democratic? controls the majority of the rest of the members. Nonetheless this syndicate is affiliated with the CTCh Coml.:nista instead of to the =Oh Socialista. The National Board of Directors of this industrial federation is as followe: Faust? Navarete Aguilar Teresa Carvajal Juan Gutierrez Belisario Saavedra Ugo Herrera Anibal Solis Mercedes Lopez Paulina Contreras Blanca Garcia .Secretary General, and member of the Partido Democratic? Sub-Secretary General and a Communist militant - Treasurer and member of the Socialist Party Voting member and member of the Socialista Party - Voting member and member of the Communist Party - Voting member and member of the Com- munist Party - Voting member and of unknown political Ideology Litittfirra2L-baMkkaa-gli-2M-2112=11..,'L.P.121:419.3-1111.4 74. This federation is composed of the syndicates of the gas companies of Santiago, Valparaiso and Concepcion, of the electric companies of Santiago and Valparaiso, Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 Approved ForRelease 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 ot,,Alar Lomas lAb s CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENT ?17- 2 5X 1 A2 g and of the telephone caepavy of Santiago. The rest of the electrical 'syndicates of Chile are not affiliated udth this federation, nor are they affiliated to the CTCh Socialista. At present this industrial federation is undergoing a crisis because the telephone company syndicate of Santiago has announced its intention of retiring from the fedoration. 75. The Federacion de Gas, Telefono yElectricidad peblishos a periodical waled Dirma. The Board of Directors of this syndicate is as follows: Adan Gutiereet Cabrera - Secretary General and "ember of the Conmunist Party. Ernesto Moreno Moreno ? Member of the Board, and member of the Communist Party Adrian del Rosario Carvajal Araya ? Member of the Board and of the Communist Party Carlos Sanchez Reyes ? Member of the Beard, and of the Euesnio Gonzalez faction of the Socialist Party Jose Carlos Reyes Member of the Board,eand of no known political party It is calculated that the Communist Party exercises control over approximately 60% of the members and the Socialists over the other 40%. This is true despite the fact that a great many of the members are of no political ideologrl but are attracted to and dominated by the two contending organized groupe. 77. A strike called by this industrial federation mould seriously affect the ?canonic and social life of Chile. This industrial federation could stop the trains running betueen Valparaiso and Santiago, as well .as the great majority of ine dustrial plants in the Santiago vicinity. Telephone and telegraphic communications mould also be interrupted. Federe40P Trichlekkel 78. This federation is comPosed of organized laborers engaged in working for the various flour malt and other mills of that type in Chile. It is calculated that this industrial federation has approximately 15,000 members in the entire country. The principal syndieates comprising this industrial federation are as fellows: "California" "La Estrella" "Imola" industrial del Molino "San Cristobal" Los Molinos "Catz" La Fabrica de "Fidels Luchetti" "Perisima" Manner? de San Bernardo industrial "Ferrer Hermanos" La eociedad Arrozera Tucapel This induntrial federation is somewhat different from aey of the others ea far considered because the Communist Party controls approximately 55% of the nenbers seele10111W4161Ale ? Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 ? ? Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 '4,114,40!6,1 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY -18- 25X1A2g and the great majority of the rest are controlled by the Social Chrietban faction or the Conservative Party. The Socialists exercise influence over only a few of the members of thie federation. EtdaMaliealAMPIgla_SUOJAL22MargSMIWA 79. This federation is composed of the syndicates of laborers engaged in con,. struction work. It is calculated that the total membership of this federate tion is of approximately 40,000 people. The syndicate membership pf this federation is unstable, Awe the syndicates are formed within construction firms which are active for a while, then frequently mergeor cease operations. For this reason approximately 5000 of the calculated 40,000 meMbers of this federation belong to no syndicates, but are direct members of the federation. The Board of Directors of thin induatrial federation is as follows: Luis Duran Duran - Secretare General, and member of the Communist Party Horacio Valdivia - Sub-Secretary General and member of the Communist Party Oscar Gonzales - Secretary of organization, and of unknown political ideology Jose Arriagado - Strike Secretary, and of unknown political ideology Jose Pena Contreras Recording Secretary, and of unknown political ideology Juan Pablo Fuentes - Treasurer, and of unknown political ideology Javier Castro - Voting member, and pf'unknown political ideology It is calculated that the Communist Parte presently controls 40% of the members of this federation, and that 30% are Anarchists. The rest of the members are either Socialists, or belong to the Social Christian faction of the Conservative Party. Though this industrial federation is affiliated with the CTCh Comunistap the Communists have continuously faced the necessity of struggling with the anarchistic Confederacion General de Trabajadores (CGT) for control of this federation. The CGT? using the predominantly anarchistic plasterers and stuccoers, Is currently engaged in an attempt to extend its domination over this industrial federation. O. The Federacion Nacional de la Construccion also publishes two periodicals, one known as."El Estucadoe, of which the last number (31) appeared on 17 December 1948, in homage to Communist militant Luis Emilio Recaburren. The other periodical published by this industrial federation is "La Voz de la Construccion". So far, only t'? iesues of the latter periodical are knowm to have been published. The last known issue appeared on 3 Deeember 1948. Both periodicals are published at the Calle Roses 1432 headquarters of the Federacion Nacional de la Construccion. 81. As can be seen from the breakdown of the national industrial federations controlled by tbe Communist and Socialist MCI's, the Communists have an evident superiority with respect to the strike capacity and impact of this on the industrial; social and economic life of Chile. Furthermore, the Conmenist Party is a unified party whereas the Socialist Party in turn is divided into factions. No attempt has been Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 ? Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP 2-00457R002500410011-1 25X1 A2g CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY -19. made to differentiate between the Socialist groups with respect to Socialist control of labor organizations. On the other hand, the repressive measures taken by the present Chilean government have seriously affected Coit control of the industrial confederations, unions, and syndicates comprising the OTCh Comunista. At present the Comm:dots are adopting a passive role -and member of the National Directive Council of the CTCh Comunista are hold- ing only occasional meetings, while they are apparently lying low. The result is that the industrial federations affiliated with the CTCh Comunista are tale- ing a progressively more independent role. The fact that the activities of these different national industrial federations are not being closely co- ordinated by the National Directive Council of the CTCh Comunista seriously impedes any decisive labor movement on their part. 82. Mention has previously been made concerning the existence of independent industrial federations. Among these are the following: Federacion Induetrial Ferroviaria Asociacion Nacional de Empleados Seni-Fiscales Aeociacion Nacional de Emp/eados Fiscales Federacion Nacional Bancaria Confederacion de Empleados Particulares FedeQpn jfarmAeds. S3. This federation is comp6sed of all laborere and employees of the state and privately owned railroads in Chile. This national federation, with approxi- mately 30,000 members, is not organized on a basis of syndicates but rather on the heels of zonal associations. The National Board of Directors is com- posed of the following: Abelino Aguilera, a Humberto Soto C. " Herminio Tamayo " Enrique Valenzuela member of the Socialist Party n to n lo to n n to . n n to to n n n rargio Gomez, a member of the Radical Party Nibaldo Solis " Humberto Pizarro n n Enrique Chateaux It is calculated that the Socialist Party controls approximately 50(4 of the members of this national federation and the Co.. at Party controls approxi- mately 30%, especially in the fourth and fifth zones of Taloa and Concepcion. The Radical Party controls an estimated 20%. No 'strike could be effective in the Taloa or Concepcion zones without Communiet support. A.29-91.4=-Nfad,9121.4eT.-aVal=42-sS-MiteilMan. 84. This association functions exactly like a national industrial federation, but is not organized on a basis of syndicates; it is organized on the basic of associations or groups composed of employees of the different institutes, cajas, and semi-fiscal organizations. It is calculated that the membership of this national association is approximately 40,000 People. The National Board of Directors is composed of the following: C.QiiialeETTIMItrea Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 a Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 UM1nERPEkb---.1 INTELLIGENCE AGENCY -20- Carloe Alvarez raldivar Jorge Lillo ?Amadei Juvenal Martinez Carlos Gil Mujica Jorge Fuentes Maria Delia de Bravo Jorge Fontaine Jorge Salazar Ernesto Jorquera Octavio Molinari Victor Reyes Rene Labarca Noraeio Wort Francisco Zarate 25X1A2g - President - Vice President - Secretary General Treasurer Pro Treasurer - Recording Secretary - Secretary for correspondence Pro Secretary for correspondence Press Secretary Secretary of Relations (liaison) Secretary of the North Zone 11 11 - Secretary of the South Zone This national association has had no experience at conducting a strike except in the case of the employees of the Caja de Empleados Particulares. At present this national association is attempting to reorganize in such a manner as to enable it to carry out an effective strike. Available information indicates that the Communist Party controls approximately 15% of the members of this association, the rocialists approximately 20%, the Radical Party approximately 60% and the remainder are either members of the Particle Democratic? or are members of no political party. B24212,919- 85. This national federation, generally known as Asociacion Nacional de Empleados Fiscales, is composed of all the government employees of Chile. It has no eyndicates, and is basically a social association. It is estimated that it has some 67,000 members. The National Board of Directors is as follows: Clotario Blest Riff? Bge Pinto Segundo Inostroza Juan Goldeack Raul Bolnitzki Gonzalo Penalillo Eduardo Pla Juan Lascorret Julio C. Stuardo Delfina Venegas - Eduardo Becerra Eduardo Cathalifau Armando Gamonal President, and a Social Christian Vice President Secretary - Secretary - Secretary This national federation or association baa had no experience in conducting strike?. Available information indicates that some 70% of the members are members of the Radical Party? some 2% are Communists, and the rest are split up among the different political parties. !'eadera01211-219.124M1.P.gaglaa 86. This national federation is composed of the syndicates existing in the different banks of Chile. The most important syndicate is that of the Banco deettriffETITIntr., Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 , Approved ForRelease 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY -21e. 25X1A2g do Chile and of the Caja Nacional de Ahorros. The remainder are small syndi- cates whose strength results from union within the national federation. It is calculated that this national federation has appreximately 13,500 medbers. The National Board of Directors for the Federaoion Naoional Bancaria is ac fellows: Edgardo as Jenhsen Arturo Barrientes President and member of the Radical Party Secretary General and member of the Radical Party Gustave-. Cionzalev Arturo Quirola Jose, Oeldeack rantineoArancibia Armando Williko livefeerto Saavedra Roberto Leon Alquinta - A member of the Falange Nacional Party This national federation is well disciplined, and has successfully engaged in etrikes uhich lasted for as long as a week at a time. Generally these strikes have been sufficient to achieve.the ends sought by the strike. There is little or no Conmunist influence within this national federation. The greateet in. fluence within th1s. federation is that exercised by the Radical Party and the Felanee Nacional, 220VAS232122A1.9.Z.V29.142227."..t....:gAMM 87, rels_oeganization groups toeether all the syndicates of private employees and ieldependent associations, existing in Chile, and was composed by unification of Communistecontrolled Federacion Indeeendiente de Empleados Particularise (FIEP), the Confederacion de Empleados Pteticulares de Chile controlled by the Radical Party, and the Confederacion Indeeendiente de Etpleados Particulares controlled by the Socialists. The total lumber of members is calculated as be- ing approximately 115,000. The National 3oard of Directors is as follow: Edgardo Mass Jenhsen Jorge Quilo4ran Roe Eduardo Pizerro Armando Arecena Santiago Arancibia Osvaldo Figueroa Mario Ravanal Francieco Corral Juan Atala Ramon rilva Ulloa Luis Contreras Banados Luis Humberto Caceres IAN .111? 'resident ',ice President ice President iecreta.ry General Treasurer Mass Jeehsen is also President of the Federacion Nacional Bancaria. E. The Confederacion de Empleados Particulares de Chile (CEPCh) has only exieted for nine months, and has had no experience at conducting a strike. Furthermore the central organization e of private employees haveehad little influence in previous strikes, and have generally limited themeelves to seeking laws favoring the private employees. It is of interest, houever? that'the different political parties are taking a great interest in the CEPCh. Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 'APproved For.Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDR82-00457R002500410011-1 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY -22. 25X1A2g S9. There is reason to believe that the division of the CTCh into a Socialist and a Comnunist organization by the same name, as well as the appearance of independent labor federations, has resulted in the practical impossibility of any of these factions to provoke a really important national labor move- ment capable of seriously affecting Chilean life. Theoretically the CTCh Comunista is the strongest labor organization in Chile because of the nature of the federations 'which it controls. In reality, however, there is evidence tending to indicate that the independent federations at preeent have greater possibilities than either the Racialist or Corananist CTCh with respect to the achieving of effective labor power. Furthermore, the CTCh Comunista is faced with a severe shortage of funds, whereas the CTCh Socialiata is reported to be receiving certain subsidies from the preeent government. This has not rot been fully confirmed. Both of the CTChe have continued the policy of collet,- tion of funds adopted at the time of organization of the triginal CTCh. In general terms, this policy is as follows: Each organization affiliated with the CTCh issues CTCh carnets or cards with an official stamp issued by the VationalDirective Council of the CTCh. This card is supposedly valid through- out Chile, though in reality it is valid only within those organizations con- trollial by the CTCh issuing this card. The card costs five Chilean pecan, and this sum for purposes of distribution is broken down as follows: For the manufacturer of the card 2 pesos ? For the National Directive Council of the CTCh 1.40 pesos For the reepective national industrial federation 60 centavos For the reopective Provincial Council of the CTCh 40 centavos For the Departmental Council of the CTCh 20 centavos For the Local Council of the CTCh 20 centavos For the respective Provincial Industrial Union 20 centavos 90. The aforementioned stamp issued le, the National Directive Council of the CTCh costs two pesos. The distribution of each two-peso fee le as follows: For the National Directive Council of the =eh For the respective Provincial Council For the respective national industrial federation For the respective Departmental Council of the CTCh For the respective Local Council of the CTCh For the respective provincial industrial union For aid to the farm organization 70 centavos 40 centavos 30 centavos 10 centavos 10 centavos 20 eentavos 20 centavos The national industrial federations and tha Provincial Councils of the CTCh sell these stamps to the members) at a price higher than that set by the re- spective provincial or national congresses. This differential is used to finance the national industrial federations and provincial councils. 91. Faced by the disintegration of the CTCh? the Communist Party of Chile follow- ing the 6 March 1949 elections, intends to attempt the reorganization of the 0141WailirhograTFAir.--- Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 4 s t L4 Approved For-Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 CENTRAL 111TELLIGENCE AGENCY .11 4.01t,?01.1, 25X1A2g ?OrCh Comunista. Indications axe that the Communists will be willine to uork -J1i41 the Confederacion General de Trabajadores with a view towards uniting all the national industrial federations under a centrel labor organization. It is interesting that members of the CGT are presently engaged in an attempt to convince different Chilean labor organizations that such is a necessity. Available information indicatee that the demand of the Communists uill be that of labor unity, and that the attempt will be made on the syndi- cate level rather than on the directive level. There axe indications that the tactics to be followed by the Communists maybe similar to those adopted in /935 when the Communist leaders permitted the Socielists to achieve apparent control of the recently formed CTCh but retained the strategic administrive positions within the organization ouch as that of rub-Secretary General. The flecretary General is little more than a figurehead, whereas the Sub-Secretary Generalship is an important directive post. 92.' Available information indicates that the !boialist labor leaders meld view any approach on the part of the Communists with favor, believing that the Communists, convinced of their failure to form an effective central labor ore eanization, would either submit themselves to Socialist control or at 'mot would consent to cooperate with the Socialists in a now national labor organization. 93, For the last six months a certain syndical rapprochement has been noted on the part of the independent sendicates, unions and federations. Furthermore the various political parties heretofore showing little interest in labor activities are beginning to give thie matter more serious attention. However, the reorgane ization of the CTCh or of Chilean labor as a whole into a new central labor organization has not as yet progressed beyond the first tentative stages. *Fieeeet. The expression "to work in fraction" means in this case that the Communists have their own organization within this federation, and therefore are in some instances much closer to the CTCh Gomunista than to the CTCh 7ocia1ista. However, they have never made an attempt to seize control or to desert the federation in order to line up with the CTCh Comunista. The general idea of the Communists seeme to be that of gaining strategic posts within the federation with a view towarA eventual damnation. Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002500410011-1 Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82- 11-1 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY Delegates -.24? from the Syndicates ?????=???????...... ??? ? Ca Vs Q? 0 t^i CB .AN ???? 1.1r4 ? CD t-, .??? Delegates from the Syndicates 10 air+ S 0 o s-.? st e t-+ Ian Ida da Ma/ 01, 40 Mb 1?11. eacimigAv Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP8AMM=0011-1 25X1A2g a, 0-3