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November 9, 2016
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December 4, 1998
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April 1, 1949
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,(,;;,ASSIFICATiON Approved For ReltwAt9pggMgpNk9_LAGEIA1382-0045MQN7k9S),E 25X1A2g COUNTRY China 2E4FORMATION REPO AMJECT The Mongolian Restoration Association PLACE A.CQUIRED 25X1A6a ;:lATE OFINFO. Jazual,7-41.prii 1949 25X1X6 CD NO. DATE DISTR. isa Telly 1949 NO. OF PAGES 5X1A2 NO. OF ENCLS. (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT T REPORT NO. 1. Daring December 1,48 and January 1949e Racialist Mongol leeders,in,the Honking-Shanghai area departed. in two directions: one group went to the n'orthwest after Prince TE left Nanking-in January for Lanchou to join the Racialist Mongols in the Alashan area,' and the other went to Taiwan and Canton. The Racialist Mongols on Taiwan settled mostly in the area of Pqingtunc (Bleito), near the port of Kaohsiung (Takao). Since February the Mongols in the Northwest have been under the leadership of Prince TB, Prince TA of Alashan lanner (105-36, 38-48) and others. 2. In addition to lending moral support to Prince TIVs move and sending lettere Qd encouragement to the Northwest, the Racialist Mongols on Taiwan decided to work out, along practical lines, a flexible plan for future efforts to- wards Mongol independence.2 Their first step was to organize the Mongolian Restoration Association (Mn.) f3 At present this small, underground or niza- ton has VD officers and is only a political framework for future activities. Aeide from the ideological considerations, it was established for the folio - ieg reasons: The Racialist Mongols hope to have an operating organizational framework and. a base on Taiwan to which Racialist Mongol leaders now in the North- west could go in the event that a concerted Chinese Communist attack: on the area made Prince TVs present position untenable. b. They hope that Taiwan will be placed under United Nations or U.S. control and that they will time be protected from Kuomintang and Chinese Communist elements which are still trying to infiltrate and hinder them. c, They wish to establish an overt organization composed of Racialist Mongol political and military leaders, and intelligentsia which can formulate long-range plans for a new Mongol nation and. establish liaison with the U.S. in order to. secure American aid. a, They feel that unless there is outright U.S. intervention in China, in- clnding the Northwest and TaiWan, the cost they can hope for is a small group under Prince TB which would attempt to survivepolitically in Tsinghai Province or Tibet. e. They hope, as a last resort, to have a group which eould serve as a CLASSIFICATION 4NNN - JFM 7 AIR Dacula9 NO C document i CONFIDENTIAL in a letter of 16 Octobe Director of Central rO Inte Archivist of Appbte ereby regraded to ordance with the 978 from the en&99to the r Re e' 4 Next Review Date: 2008 Class. C Auth: TD P 82-0011VM rr ? ? Approved ForRt .uik-kIND82-00457R002700600009-1 -stiBereETICONTROL - U.S. OVFICIALS ONLY 25X1A2g CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE ACENCr - 2 - "Mongolian Restoration Government in Exile" in the U.S. In order to refnte any argument on the part of some Mongols and foreign . obaervers that the establishment of the MRA was a last-minute attempt to find a comfortable niche and. to lean on the U.S., the Racialist Mongol leaders OR Taiwan made certain that they had the concurrence and support of the Northwest Mongol leaders before proceeding with the organization. They do not wish to give the impression that this move is a recurrence of the Japanese-sponsored Mongol movement which grew out of the Sino-Japanese War. Thus, the establishment of the MRA represents a step in the unification of Racialist Mongols rather than a split into two factions. 3. jirgalang, one of the leaders of the MRA, will Inform Racialist Moneols on the mainland of the MRA, and many of them will want to join the organization. The problem of keeping the group as select as possible without admitting too PPM of the undesirable, opportunistic type of Mongol politician is one of the delicate tasks facing the NRA. Such men as PAI Tfilk401, Chairman of the Mongolian-Tibeten Affairs Commission, LI Yung-hsin and LI Show-hsin, oppor- tanistie CC Clique Mongols, will not be invited to join. LI 7Vnghsin and LI Shouahsin are now with their followers in the Taichung vicinity of Taiwan. 4. The initiative in forming the MRA was taken by WU Ho-ling Ole - )0 3 slatine Ynn member Jirgalang, Mongol military leader Ukudui (WU Itp-tuingi an National Assembly delegates Jagohitsechin and Urgunbo, and others. On 12, March 1949 the MRA (Meng Ku Chen Hsing Hui/j1:t Was organ:Azad in Plingtung, Taiwan. Included among Racialist Mongols who 1ook part in forming the MBA were the following: eliegalang tikedul4 Jnechitsechin5 L, Uninsechin (Chinese name: PAO Ruo-iM tiravabo (Urgungge, UrrgunglA )6 Aminbuhe, 33 years of age, a native of Harchin Right Flank Banner, Josoto League. He is a graduate of the Japanese Army Officers Academy and was Chief-of-Staff of the Northeast Mongol Banners Joint Command. His older brother is Ukudui. Utiorts, 29 years of age, a native of?Tumet Central tanner, josoto League. Re was graduated from the Senior Middle School of the Antung (124-23, 40-01) Forestry College. At one time he was an Associate Councillor of the Mongol Peopleos Welfare Association and Acting Chief of Tumet Center Banner and Bead of the general Service Section of the banner government. He is one of the most active of all Racialist Mongols formerly in Nanking and now on Taiwan. 7!eessuse he had been absent from his official duties in Nanking for some time, Jirgalaing left Taipei for Nanking on 3 April 1749 to resume his work with the 14egislat1ve Yuan. In Nanking he was to have awaited word from Prince TE and his group regarding an official Mongol delegation to LI Tsung-jen. The MRA plo:as to have Jirgalang, WU Ho-ling and a. few others meet with LI in order to obtain some kind of official statement from the Central Government regarding: the status of Mongols in China. This delegation hopes to receive permission to establish at least a limited, but legal, Mongol autonomous government i the Northwest with the official approval of the Central Government. The de- legation will naturally ask for complete independence, but they know this will not be granted. However, they hope that by setting their price high, the resulting bargain may be some sort of autonomy, and Racialist Mongols, make no secret of the fact that if they are successful in obtaining such, they will make overt and official requests of United States officials for aid. . Prince TE has already requested WU Ho-ling to come to the Northwest to assist In the political organization of the Mongols there. The Mongols realize that ()Alm,ErrfAtorAlstoseOctingifl9102,sCbt,t1M012.6)0457R002700600009-1 ? Approved For Release ? ?i.P82-00457RON700600009-1 ellt?44+41/OONTROL U.S, MAI'S ONLY 2 1A2g ClinTRAL INTELLIGEEE AGENCT W/Pc political "know-how" is almost indispensable to any concerted Mongol political -effort, yet many Mongols resent him. They do not like his blunt straightforwardness, his tendency to &mineer, his quick temper and his Hchtn3enner birth, the last because Harchin Mongols have poor reputations awalg other Mongols. Flowever, he is confident of his abilities and is- sin- ce:.c in wanting to promote racial freedom for the Mongols. 25X1A2g 1. 2. 3. 4, 6. 3. 3 under -"Mongolian Representatives." 6. aragraph 41 under "Mongolian Representatives." Yih'41osures: 1 document written by an MIL member and translated from the Mongol language. Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002700600009-1 WNFIDENTIAL Approved For'Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R0MMQq009-1 jagilef.ICONTROL - U.S. OFFICIALS Mee CENTAAL INTELT,IGENCN AGENCY ATTACHMENT a e. We are willing to accept the lasting friendship and cooperation of thos nations and peoples in the world which sympathise with the independence movement of Mongolia and which help 11A materially. f. We are willing to aid in the struggle of all nations in the world which are in a position similar to that of Mongolia and are fighting for their freedom. The MRA represents all the Mongol race and is fighting for the interests of the whole race. The MRA does not represent, nor does it aim to pro- tect the interests of, any one particular class of people. The hope of the PRA is that all Mongols will support the principles of the MBA and unite to fight for our common cause. Se. pegulationeeef the KRA 5. The following revelations were passed at the First General Assembly held by - the Association ,members. These regulations may be revised in the future only by the Members 1 Representative General Assembly. a. Name the name of the Association shall be the Mongolian EAStOrati011 Association (Monggol I Mandogoloho Horal). b. Guiding principle: the adding principle of the MBA shall be to fight for racial freedom and to promote the peopleos welfare. c. Members all Mongols who support the above guiding principle and have been introduced by two or more members of the WM and approved by the Association Committee shall be accepted as members of the MRA. d. Organization: the highest organ of the MRA shall be the Membersq Re- presentative General Assembly. Under the General Assembly there shall be the Association Committee, members of which shall be elected at the General Assembly. The Committee shall be responsible for carrying out the resolutions of the General Assembly. lranch Associations shall be established in all suitable places. e. Fundel funds for the Mith shall be raised in various ways by the members of the MRA. _eat P?rked Woe,. Plan for the MRA 6. Since the MRA has been established, its work must be begun in earnest. However, the restoration of the Mongol nation cannot be accomplished overnight. We have therefoee divided the work into separate periods. The .following is the work plan for the first period. We must lead our fellow Mongols on the road to national reconstruction. In connection with this work, we must first accomplish the following: a. Draft an over-all plan for the national reconstruction in accordance with the basic principles set forth in the political program of the mu and taking into consideration world trends and the actual situation in Mongolia. We must also devise ways and means of putting the plan into effect. Train staff workers: we must select reliable and resolute workers from among the members and give them adequate training, so that they may fully understand the meaning of, and ways of attaining, the restoration of the Mongol nation. These men shall then be sent to work in various areas. We must also select outstanding young members of the MRA for studies in the United States. These men shall become the future staff workers of the MRA. In connection with this matter, we meet ask the United States Government for special facilities. c. Carry out certain basic operations: in order to strengthen the MRAs ?MOW/CONTROL - =CIA'S ONLY Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R002700600009-1 Approved For CIA-RDP82-00457R002700600009-1 4/901116/CONTROL - U.S. OFFICIALS O 25X1A2gITLY CENTRAL INTrutIGENCE AGENCY - 3 - ATTACHE:MET #1 relations with the various local areas, we must begin our basic operntions. In view of the current situation, we must establish DOA 'Branch Associations in at least the following five places: (1) The army in West Mongoli s we must establish an MAA Branch Associa- tion among the Mongol troops concentrated in West Mongolia in order to be able to direct the army and establish contact with the Mongol vats in other areas and lead them on the road to national recon? struction. (2) (3) Alashan: at present the majority of the Mongol patriots (mostly Racial Principle Advocates) are concentrated in the Alashan area. We must therefore speedily establish an MAA ;ranch Association in that area and also dispatch men to work or wait in areas controlled by the Chinese Communists. Waneesshmiao (new Mongol name given by TUN Tees government: Ulagan HotaL)s Wangyehmiao is the Chinese Communist center in Inner Mone golia, and the establishment of an MAA Aranch Association there should not be easy. However, we must select courageoue and re- liable members to infiltrate into Waneyehmiao to establish a secret base there. If the plan 'succeeds, it will facilitate onx-work im- measurably. (4) Japan: there is a considerable number of outstanding Mongol youths still studying in colleaes nto universities, in Japan--Tokyo, Morioka, etc. The majority of these students are extremely patriotic and an FAA Drandh Association established among them would doubtlessly grow into a helpful, and influential organization. Peiping: at present there are over 2.000 Mongols?youths, military and political leaders, etc.--still in Peiping. Almost all of them went to Peiping with the aim of opposing Communism, but unfortunately. when Peiping fell to the Chinese Communists,, these Mongols became the prisoners of the Communists. We hope that they were not all removed to other areas or killed by the Chinese Communists, and we must find a way to contact what was a large Mongol anti-Communist group in Peiping in order to prepare for the establishment of an MAA Aranch Association there. (5) L 2uild up the basic armed force: we Moneols must build an army around the nucleus of the units of Ukndoi and HSIUNG No. This army shall be respon- sible to the MRA and shall serve the cause of the Mongol people. HSIUNG No unit, numbering about 600 men, is now stationed in Chung Kung Danner, while Ukudesi(is unit has already reached Wuchuan (111-25, 41-07) in %limo Province. All effort is being made to have these two units retain their special nature and unit designations which characterize them as Mongol troops in order to prevent their being merged with any of the local troops and to facilitate command of them by Mongol leaders when the proper time comes. However, the officers and men of these two units have no access whatever to supplies. It is earnestly hoped therefore that the United States Government will assist these units if at all possible. The majority of the troops in Ukudui9s unit have foughtagainst the Chinese Communists since the occupation of Wangyehmiao by the latter. They fought in Chinchoue Mukden, etc., and, after the total collapse of the Nationalist Army, they fought on against the Chinese Communists, even penetrating the latterls rear defenses and.occupying Lintung (118-58, 0-51). .They finally arrived in Wuchuan via Chahar League. This factor alone is sufficient to prove the fighting ability of the Mongol troops and their refusal to surrender even under the most hopeless conditions. Co Strengthen the various Mongol league and banner governments and promote the establishment of a united organization of leagues and banners in order to accelerate the work of national reconstruction. Publish propaganda materials: before the MRA emerges into the open, we 'PROOPT/CONTAVL - U.S. OYIICIALS 0N1Y Approved For TONrilds9 CIA-RDP82-00457R002700600009-1 ? ? Approved For R A-RDP82-00457R0027131M0A020g9-1 szazzetiglx="1"-u"?ail"24144.6-4m4I---? CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY ATTACINENT #1 - 4 - ehall endeavor to establiih an ordinary bookstore to publish books on the history of Mongolia, the fight for independence and freedom of the various races in the world, biographies of the national Mongol patriots, etc., and otherwise engage in subtle propaganda activities to instill in the Mongol people the ideas of national reconstruction and to unifY them. This book- store would greatly assist in the need for informing the people of the United States and other democratic countries regarding Mongol affairs and would also serve the propaganda fight against Communism. 7. We must obtain the sympathy and aid of the United States Government and people. In connection with this, we Mongols must first accomplish the following: Assure close contact: we must der se a sure means of assuring close contact between the.NRA and United States officials. b. Supply the United States Government with information on Mongolia. The MRA should collect and systematically arrange materials on the past, nresent and future of Mongolia and On all matters concerned with the national reconstruction problem in order to present them to the United States Government for reference in connection with its giving aid to Mongolia. Moreover, those materials which can be made public should be published in book form in order to acquaint the American public and people all over the world with the true situation in Mongolia and win their sympathy. C. 2romote friendly relations between the United States and Mongolia: in order to obtain United States aid, the FAA should dispatch men to the United States to introduce Mongolia to the American people and to study the democratic culture of the United States in order to promote mutual understanding and friendship between the two countries. We mast therefore make arrangements for outstanding young members to study English, and we also hope that our American friends will study Mongolian In order to faci- litate future cooperation. We must ask the United States Government for aid on the following five items: a. Safety of the MRA: this Association is, in a sense, a Preparatory Com- mittee for the establishment of the Mongol nation and also an organizae tion representing the Mongols for carrying out pro-American and anti- Soviet activities. 'Therefore, the headquarters of the MRA should be in a safe place so that it may successfully carry out its work. The best location would be in one of those areas protected by the United States; should the -United States take over control of the island of Taiwan, this would be a good location. b. Postal and radio communication. c. Transportation. d. Advisers: in view of the difficulties confronting the MR& in its acti- vities, it is hoped that the United States Government will appoint two men as advisers to aid in the execution of our work. Funds: in all phases of our work, money is required. It is hoped that the United States Government will lend us a certain sum of money to ene able us: to begin our work.. This loan shall be repaid with interest after the establishment of the Mongol nation. As an added precaution, the American advisers would control the administration of the fund. 9. The above plan covers our work for the first period, which, for the time being, is fixed at one year. During this one year, when the need arises for revising or supplementing the plan, we shall, of course, make necessary changes. If, during the year, there is a major change in the world situation, we Shall draft a new plan to meet the new situation. All in all, we shall never rest until we have attained our final goal, the restoration of the Mongol nation. 1. Pronounced ,Ulan Rota., Re1olaW2149609-tteritiltIMM0411;14942-7' . 00600009-1