Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
November 16, 2016
Document Release Date: 
April 18, 2000
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
November 14, 1949
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP82-00457R003600080005-3.pdf257.13 KB
07 % 01 -Aft HNFOR ATION REPORT O~ WRY Chile DATE DISTR. 14 NOV 49 _J?JJECT National Salvation P'rogr-tm of the Conriunist Party of Chile NO, OF PAGES 3 5 6 CE 25X1 A NO. OF ENCLS. .1 )UIRED i E OF INFO, ? 25X1X 25X1A (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. l_. The Communist Party of Chile has recently distributed to many of the Farty aembers on outline of an economic and political program prepared by the Political Comriission of the Central Committee in July 1949 and known as the National Salvation Program. The Party members receiving this program 're expected to study and comment on it. 2. In analyzing the present situation of the country, the Communist Farty accuses the government of having been aware of the impending economic crisis but of having done nothing to stave it off. 25X1A Approved For Red@Nt9QO6f 82-0040QW As an immiediate means to correct Chilean economic difficulties, the following steps are recommended: a) The expropriation without indemnification of 14,' million hectares allegedly belonging to 626 landlords; this expropriated land to be divided among the farm laborers not owning property. b) Revision of Irrigation and water ri hts so that all farmers , obtain access to water. :) A national conservation and soil erosion plan. J) A plan for the construction of irrigation works and roads. :3) The formation of agrarian co-oprirativea and the granting of credits for the purchase of machinery and farming implements; these to be distributed through tho co-operatives. g) r Nationalization without indemnification of the oil fields, the railroad lines, the telephone company, the electrical companies, the copper mines, the coal mines, and the public tra.nsrrortation systems of Santiago, Valparaiso, and Vina del Mar. Nationalization of the insurance companies and banks and the establishment of a state bank to ant long-range credits and to encourage industry in general. TATS NAVY _4Rp1Y 1J AIR ^'c' Rc ;ew Da:c: 2008 G!E-r;^i`os of Cen!r'al Intelligence to the CONFIDENTIAL in accordance with the letter of 16 October 1978 from the This document is hereby regraded to 06/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R003600080005-3 Approved For Release 2000/06/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R003600080005-3 i'MAL' Ii.) Restriction of the present activities of the Corporaeion de Fomento (CORFU - Chilean Production Development Corporation), and confining it to encouraging industrial expansion in the chemical, electrical, petroleum, metallurgical, and similar fields; also encouraging the production of cotton, sugar, and cellulose materials, as well as the building of packing houses and canning plants. 25X1A i.) Reorganization of the transportation system and especially of the railroads by the addition of the expropriated privately owned railroads to those already owned by the State, and at the same time, increasing the service of Linea Aerea Nacional (LAN - National Airlines) and of the Chilean Merchant Marine by the addition of ships constructed locally. J) Abrogation of those commercial treaties entailing a lowering of import duties, the cessation of payments on the foreign debt, the granting of financial aid for the importing of machinery, accessories, and raw materials. Commercial and diplomatic rela- tions with other Latin American countries, the renewal of diplo- matic and commercial relations with the USSR and Soviet satellite nations would be encouraged, as well as university reform in accord with the desires of the Federacion de Estudiantes de Chile (FECH -- Federation of Students of Chile); educational reforms to eliminate illiteracy. Municipal schools would be uet up to assure educational opportunities for all ^hilean children and technical training encouraged. Matriculation fees would be eliminated. A cultural crusade in the field of arts and sciences would be encouraged, A national radio system and a national theater under the management of the workers employed by the radios and theaters would be established. k) The immediate construction of 100,000 low-cost houses by deliver- ing to the families of laborers and employees the necessary naterials and land; governmental technical assistance to be made available for the Retual construction. A national program would Include a catnpaiR;n against tuberculosis, alcoholism, and vener-!al diseases; government control of the importation of medicines and the delivery of these without additional cost to consumers; and a national welfare and social assistance pan granting special protection to mothers and children. The abrogation of the Internal Security and Permanent Defense of Democracy Laws, as well as declaring null and void all sentences levied by the courts in accordance with these laws. Adequate indemnity should be paid to those Imprisoned under the terms of these lave. Peoples' courts would be established to mate out justice to bankers and capitalists who enriched them- selves at the expense of the public during the dictatorship. These courts would also runish those responsible for the estab- lishment of the Pisagua "extermination" ca,,:p, for having imprisoned people in uninhabitable .ones, and for having stolen books said other property, for hiving ordered false arrests, flagallations, and similar crimes. m) Adequate indemnification and restoration of jobs to those suffering persecution during the dictatorship. Approved For Release 2000/06/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R003600080005-3 Approved For Release 2000/06/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R003600080005-3 25X1A r) Summoning of a constituent assembly to drew up a more democratic constitution in which imperialistic possx'ssion of national wealth would be forbidden, in which the system of extraordinary powers would be eliminated while at the same time assuring that public rights would be respected. The presidential system would also be eliminated and a more democratic and representative system would be adopted. ca) Dedication of the foreign policy to peace and to the defense of ,iational sovereignty against imperialism. Diplomatic relations would be severed with the fascist Franco Government, the greatest example of imperialist corr.cttion. Democratization and decentralization of the public administra- tion and of the courts, in which the judges would be chosen by !5orular election. The civil, penal, labor, and comercial codes would be revised. All judicial transactions would be free of eh.arge. Democratization of the armed forces, which while continuing the 1 3orious traditions of O'Higgins, would maintain close relation with the people. Entrance to the military, mull, and aviation ~,Lhools would be made available to the children of the poor, and the non-commissioned officers would be eligi?'le for promotion as officers in accord with their ability. All high-ranking officers of the armed forces who have shown themselves to be anti-democratic or guilty of misappropriation of funds would be removed from their posts and punished. The Rio de Janeiro Agreement would be abrogated and the armed forces would refuse to submit themselves to the tutelage of a General Staff of Continental Co-ordination. The final part of this National Salvation Program consists of a plea for the suprjort of the Left Wing Socialist:;, of the Falan?;e National, of the Agrarian Laborites, of the Democratieos, of the Social Christian Conservatives, of the Frente Nicional Denocratico, of the Right Wing Socialists, and of the members of the Radical Iarty who recall the prestige which their Party gained in previous periods of close co-operation with "progressive" elements. Approved For Release 2000/06/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R003600080005-3