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December 14, 2016
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January 31, 2001
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October 19, 1950
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PDF icon CIA-RDP82-00457R006000390003-4.pdf269.81 KB
CLASSIFICATIONN ,_,.,-Approved For ReI& RgQi PM En IA P82-00457 OOM INFORMATION R "SPORT CONFlDNT1"`LA COUNTRY Poland SUBJECT Polish Pr,^duction of Syntactic G o T Pctroleuzm Products PLACE 25X1 A ACQUIRED DATE OF INFO. 0 25X1X CD NO. DATE DISTR. 19 OCT 50 NO. OF PAGES 2 NO. OF ENCILS. (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. 25X1A 1. The Chief Institute for Natural Fuels (Glovzzy Instytut Palivr Naturalnych), ,7hich as in charge of research and development of natural fuels, including coal, :brotirn coal, gasoline, natural gas and peat, has been replaced by three specialized research institutes, Icnovrn as the ?:hicf fines Institute at I'atovrice (Cio,-my Instytut Gornictvra rr I'atovriciiach), the Thief A~aplitha Institute at Krakow (Glo-my Instytut z 'aftotiry rr I'xaho,ric) and the Chief feat Institute at .,arsavr (Glo,arW Tnstytut Torfov,?y Lr .Jarsza-rie). The ;'aplztha institute at Ixakova is located at lica Lerrahouskiego 1C, and is under the general direction of clozef +o jnar, vflo is aided by .-r. Stcfan `iuimarovrsk1 , .:nginecr 1,ronislarr 'leszar, `,nginecr ."Cam ..alid-uda, ."nginccr'Iarcin 3orec1ci, -2n?' neer Sta.niclau7 Ouliinirshi,, and others. This institute has the responsibility of determining t e e:-,tent of Poland's stock of bitu inous rock, setting up Polish refineries to, process this rock according:; to a now nethod originated by Ln; inccr Stani.Ular Tertil, continuing research on other methods of processing, this rock a nto liquid fuel, and locating nera sources of petroleum. 2. Polish research into new sources of petroleum is conducted mainly by the Gco- log;ical Commission of the Scientific. Institute in Krakow (Komisja Geolog iczna Glotimego Instytutu :Iaukouego w Krakow) and the Polish Geological, :Society at Krakow (Polskic To,aarzyst,vo Geolog;iczuc - Krakow' venich is directed ')y ,.r.. ?chan Gavol. Generally speaking the richest potential area for the development of petroleum sup"lies is found in the region bet:-reen Gorlice and 3 .ok, rest of Krah:(Y'r, Chile the area bctv:cen ;yn?riec and Cieszyn, iv#st of Krakow, is less rich; the re .ion north of the Kra'cotr-Tarnow railroad, :cno,m as Kielce-'3usko, and the are o north of Lodz, bct-.;tcn Kutno and Inorrroclau, arc. riuch less rich i n natural srzn--)lic s .. In the Poland i s best supply of pc petroleum was located .;_n the area ,Mich now lies ea:t of the Polish-Soviet border at - ~orys'? avr- ~rohobycz, vhcrc about 6r'0,000 tons of petroleum was produced each year under aa'it_ctaated nothodc Most Polish sources of petroleum are located more than 1000 meters below the surface, and present research is aimed at locating nu:: au-'lies at depths of 1~O0 meters in the area south of C orl:icc and = 1 in 'Erie region near the darpathian ..ounta ns, '.:hilt efforts are also being made to develop supplies at depths of about COO meters in the C-orlice--Sm,.ok and '-icicl --Puo';o regions. It is said that research which has been carrier.: out under the direction CONFIDENTIAL Ot{ r ICIU ONLY CLASSIFICATION DLO" T f COLT OL - U.S. Apprc This document is hereby regraded to CONFIDENTIAL in accordance with the letter of 16 October 1978 from the Director of Central Intelligence to the Archivist of the United States. vredt Fi ndRede+aseo2001 /03/05 : CONFIDENTIAL ;,?Approved For Re f -t /.05%;;IAr,RDI? QQA57R006000390003-4 CL ITP,AL INTL LLI( :12E 1GLUCY 25X1A of the Geological institute in Xrakm- has s .a n new, unc ploited sources t which consist of closed bas .n: pound in impervious granite rock, that new fields c bituminous rock have also been located, aid that there finds zrs1l make ;treater supplies of petroleum available in Poland when exploited with now methods and machinery imported from Great :")ritain and, in the future, from the. . ovict :Jnion? 3. in 1940'49 Poland had about 2,'.100 natural petroleum sources, employed about 7,500 workers to exploit there supplies, and produced- about 130,000 tons of potroleuuao At the enc0, of the Three Year Plan in 19499 Hilary inc., then "inistcr of the Interior, confirmed that production, had increased from seven to nine percent above the 1943 figures n During the saa.ic year Poland produced about 150,000 tons of natural pas for use in cooking and poor production, and about 100,000 tons of Eases which were given iu._thor processing in chemical plants. "roduction of natural gases increased about twelve percent during the Three Year Plan, according to .,J.nicter 4. ri)uring 194C-19149 Poland imported about 12,0300 tons of gasoline from "astern tcr,~an,', about 115,000 tons from the Soviet union, and about 11,000 tons from :Iungary, In the same period she imported about 17, 00 tons of raw petroleum f ror Ilun axy, 109000 tons from '~umanLa, and 179500 from Persia, malls ng a total of 45,O0o tons of raw petrole* and 33,000 tons of gasoline imported, It is estLmateci that Poland's import of raw petroleum has increased, and that she now imports a' bout 50,,000 tons annually. . At the present time Poland has available only six of her former twenty-seven refineries for proce"sinj petroleum These plants are located at Trzebina9 (f5l/Y95) , at Czechoarice (ro50/x'18) , at Jaslo (:3450/755), at Jedlicze (n50/ 65).? at Grl'inik ,arjarlpolslci (^ 0//.34), all ne-ar`Krakow, and at Ligota (fn51/Y2S) in Silesia, a former German plant. ')uring ].9L n ) these refineries processed about 167,000 tons of raw petroleum, .- iile about 3,000 tons were used in a raw state., It _,J believed that Polish refineries in their proront condition can produce about 200,000 tons of raw petroleum annually, and that the introduction of now machinery :.i.l.l increase capacity by about 1-0,000 tons. 6 i re "crlan-built synthetic garolrnc ~lan'ts at vTory (Q51/Y74), anti at P811t (054/`57) have been reorganised by the Poles since their dismantling by the pussians. 2ecollztr~uction of Di".-ory ~7a begun in 1947, when it was estimated that the plant could produce about 200,000 tons of synthetic gasoline annual.ly