Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
November 16, 2016
Document Release Date: 
March 27, 2000
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
November 3, 1950
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PDF icon CIA-RDP82-00457R006100610008-3.pdf135.67 KB
CLASSIFICATION W& CE iTRA/L INTELLIGENCE q N ~ ~ . Approved For Release 000 05/18 :CIA- D 82-S4 R0061006 0R 3 NO # FO TtON , REPORT CD NO, COUNTRY Chile (NF~~~N SUBJECT JIJNECh Opposition to LM of Defense of Democracy PLACE ACQUIRED DATE OF INFO. DATE DISTR.; :Y ;rG NO. OF PAGES 2 NO. OF ENCLS. (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. 1. Leaders of the Junta National do Empleados de Chile (JUUECh), the Chilean white-collar employees labor organization which has been considered to be in general free of Communist control, are reported to believe that the anti- Communist Law of Defenso of Democracy should be repealed. JUNECh leaders be- lieve that the Defense of Democracy Law has not been effective in eliminating Communists from political and syndical activities. They feel, on the contrary., that it has worked against the best interests of non-Communist s,~rndical organ- izations. Under the law, Communists, as alleged members of othe? political entities, are able to direct the activities of the various emplo~ree and labor organizations in which they have influence, in accordance with the Communist line. 2. JUi:ECh leaders reportedly believe that if the Communists were allowed to operate openly as Communists, non-Co._ unist labor and employee leaders would be able to recognize them and could defend themselves against their maneuvers. The disguised Communists are the most active and efficient members of the syndical organizations, and at present, non-Communist labor leaders are unable to denounce Communist activities for fear of provoking adverse reactions among the members of their syndicates. The JUNECh feels that if the Communists were allowed to act openly, they could be attacked openly and possibly eliminated from important positions within the labor organizations. 3. JUIMChas president, Eduardo Long Alessandri, who is not considered to be either a Communist or a Communist sympathizer, is opposed to the Law of Defense of Democracy, and believes it should be repealed. It is reported that JJECh will devote a considerable part of its efforts in the coning months to working for the repeal of the anti-Communist law. It will also oppose other government pro- jects., such as the Obligatory Savin;s bill and the proposal, known as the Ley del Delito Econonico, to consider illegal strikes as economic crimes. Comment. On 2I. September 1950 the JUItECh decided to consult with loaders of the Communist-front Defense of Public Liberties Committee to work for the release of Dernardo Araya Zuleta, head of the Confederacion de Traba iadores ' de Chile Comunista,, who had been arrested the week before under the law of Defense of Democracy. In mid-October, President Gonzalez Videla stated that he would favor repeal of the law if it could be certain that the Communists were not acting for floscow, This document is hereby regraded to CONFIDENT IAt. in accordance with the letter of 16 October 1973 from the Director of Central Intelligence to the Archivist of the United States. Next Review Date: 2008 :,? :fit ~~ Kts Mass. Approved For Release 2000/05/18 : CIA-RDP82-00457R006100610008-3 Approved For Release 2000/05/18 : CIA-RDP82-00457R006100610008-3 "AJ CEIJTRAL I ifi' tJ IGEIiCE AGE lCY Considerable opposition to the law is grotring and it is believed that the President may be forced to abandon his support of the lav. The coning election to replace recently-deceased Arturo 4lessandri in the Senate is considered of great importance to the Goverment, since an opposition leftist flenato-? could possibly turn the "balance against the 1n,WQ Approved For Release 2000/05/18 : X82-00457R006100610008-3