Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
November 16, 2016
Document Release Date: 
October 9, 1999
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
November 30, 1950
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP82-00457R006200610001-9.pdf189.4 KB
N :' 25X1A Approved For Relgig6VXMAi41-16EMPARD1882-0045711009211QA1 LO INFO EilATION REPORT CD NO, ay( UNTRY Chi3.e cosviDESTIN- SJEJECT Conmunist Activities at 17 October Mass Labor Meeting ILACE 25X1A T ACQ U I RED DATE OF INFO. 25X1C aitttioGIN 1.11ikal 25X1X DATE DISTR. 30 NOV 50 NO. OF PAGES 2 NO. OF ENCLS. (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO Chilean Communists were responsible for the fact that no public address systems were functioning at the mass meeting held on 17 October 1950 under the auspices of the Movimiento Unitario Nacional de Trabajadores (fltJIIT), the Comite Relacionador de Unidad Sindical (CRUS) and the junta Nacional de Empleados de Chile (JUMCh).* The speeches made at the demonstration could scarcely be heard by any of the people assembled at the Plaza Artesanes in Santiago. The Communist Party, in view of the fact that they did not control the meeting, decided to deprive the speakers of public address facilities. The Communists reportedly realized that the speakers, representing Anarchists, Tretskyites and Socialists, as well as Communists, might create considerable disagreements among those taking part in the demonstration and the resulting trouble would harm the Communist cause. The Communists therefore decided to make it impossible for any of the speakers to be heard eventhough the speech of the Communist representative would necessarily be inaudible, too. Allegedly the Communist Party and its front organizations, such as the ProePeace Committee and the Solidarity Committee are the only represented groups which have loud speaking facilities and technicians at their disposal, and it was therefore not difficult for the Communists to deprive the rally of public address equipment. Realizing that speakers at meetings of this nature generally speak spontaneously and rarely have their speeches prepared in written form, the Communists decided prior to the demonstration that this situation could also be used to serve the Party's interests. The only Communist speaker at the rally, Ildefonso Aleman, was instructed to write out his speech in advance. This speech, although delivered without benefit of loudspeaker facilities, was printed in its entirety in the 11 October edition of Democraeiso the Communist publication. As had been anticipated by the Communists, the Socialist, Anarchist and Trotskyite speakers did not have their speeches prepared in writing. The press representatives were unable to hear the speeches and gave them little press coverage. It is reported that the inside page ofRgrammala, which carried Aleman's address, is always prepared 24 hours ahead of publication, so it is believed that the text of his 17 October speech was handed to the paper prior to the tine it was delivered Although press coverage of the mass meeting indicated that the rally had occurred without disturbances of any kind, and notwithstanding the Communists' instructions to their militants to disregard acts of provocation, it was reported that the more aegressive Communists actively opposed Socialist d Trotzkyite efforts to This document is hereby regraded to CONFIDENTIAL lu acsoi-danco with the letter cf 13 Cctober 1970 from the Director c Ce'...tral Intelligence to the Archivist of the United States. 'Next Review Date: 2008 : TS S C 00d1f13-4\--- - Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP82-00457R006200610001-9 25X1A 25X1A r("), , FNITIAL Cl3NTRAL in ELLIGENCE AGENCY 25X1A distribute distrioute their propaganda. The Communists attempted to prevent the dis- tribution of election literature favoring the senatorial candidacy of Popular Socialist Tomas Chadwick who has been opposed by the Political Commission of the Communist Party, Party militants also attempted to destroy copies of Fronta_gimara, a newspaper issued by the Trotzkyite Partido Obrero Revolu- cionario cud which was offered for sale at the demonstration." mme t. Pre s9 reports on 11 October 1950 indicated that the lack of public address facir.ties at the rally the evening before had been due to the telephone company's refusal to provide the necessary equipment. Conriezi. This issue of Frente Obrua contained an article on a meeting of IT-T? CRUS and J-72,Ch leaders on 10 October who discussed the preparations for the 17 October -2111- and their common struzle against the government's so-called anti-inMtionist projects. This article attacked the Communists, Socialists and JUI:Dfh leaders vigorously, and the workers were advised to dis- card these leaders and to initiate a direct course of action which night even include calling a pneral strike. Approved For Release 2000/04t i CIA-RDP82-00457R006200610001-9 7(skrT