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November 9, 2016
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April 23, 1999
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November 7, 1951
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Approved For Release 1.999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R009200150001-7 INFORMATION AEPORT CENTRALI L CLASSIFICATION iCR&'T COUNTRY Uruguay SUBJECT 25X1A Uruguayan National Pro-Peace Conference REPORT NO. CD NO, DATE DISTR. 7 November 1951 NO. OF PAGES 2 0. OF ENCLS. DATE OF INFO. Prior to 23 October 1951 DO NOT CIRCULATE SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. 1. The Uruguayan National Pro -0eace Conference held in Montevideo on 12-13 October 1951, although considered by local Communists to be a success from a propaganda standpoint, failed to develop the interest which the Communists had counted on. Approximately thirty' delegates instead of seventy from the interior of Uruguay, and only four foreign representatives from other Latin American countries attended the conference. At a closed meeting held on the afternoon of 13 October., the assembled members proposed that the Conference of Latin American Intellectuals be held in Montevideo :rsome time during November 19511t,* 2. Local delegates, primarily Jose Luis Massera, Secretary General of the Pro'-eeace group, and Armando Gonzalez, were highly desirous of having the congress in Montevideo in November. However, due to arrangements now being undertaken in Santiago, Chile, for holding it in that city,, the leaders were somewhat in doubt about the final outcome of their offer to hold the meeting in Montevideo. Despite this indecision, Communist leaders have definitely announced that the congress will be held in Montevideo. Energetic fund-raising campaigns will be initiated within a short period of time to provide funds to cover the expenses of the congress, 3. The public inaugural session of the local confe,ence commenced in the Dine Stella with an estimated 500-600 peopld, many of Slavic extraction, in attendance. Ostensibly the meeting was in charge of Mario J rddaberre, a director of a liceo in Carmelo; however, Massera maintained a firm control over the congress atall times, 4. Those accorded s_.eeial seats of honor were Frederic Joliot Curie (in absentia); Venancio Lozaya; Jose Bergamin, Spanish Correnunist in Uruguay; Dr. Leonor Aguiar Vasquez, of Argentina; Pedro 1tbtta Lima, of Brazil; Juan Lamatta**, of Chile; and Fedrico Tater, of Paraguay. Massera delivered the principal address, which contained noth ng different from the usual I ARMY BUM Int t'91A20-1 --------- a Class. 0 TS S H (nLL~ ((rC~C''~ 1978 3 _----__---- By. -Oll_-- 6W I It Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R009200150001-7 4 Approved For Release '4999/09/09: CIA-RDP82-00457R009200150001-7 "Tfl.EN TIA attacks on the United States by the Conmunist press of Uruguay, 5s Upon the completion of Maaeera's speech, the Federacion Isrealita Juvenil Uruguaya (Jewish Cosmunist Youth Group) choir, under the direction of Sonia Goldstein, sang several songs which ware first sung at the Youth Congress in Berlin, ugeni Petit Munoz followed with a short speech requesting a change in Uruguayan laws which would make all persona who were in favor of war subject to arrest, The meeting was closed with a lengthy address by Jose Bergamin, the Communist writer, Bergamiin said that there was a slatderous campaign being conducted by the anti.-Commmmist Uruguayan press which was denouncing him for being a Communist (an honorable accusation according to Bergamin) even though he was a Catholics However, he stated that he did not care if this were necessary in order that he be identified on the "side of truth", He spoke of his great respect for the Soviet Government in heading such a campaign (of peace) and bitterly criticized the U,Sa Government for its persecutions of the "lovers of peace", 6. From the Cine Stella, the entire group went to the esplanaoa in front of the municipal building, where he Communists had planned a huge outdoor demonstration. Although the mmunist press mentioned that 15,000 persons attended the meeting, source's most generous estimates were 3,,000, 7o At the afternoon sessions on'13 October,, which only authorized members were permitted to attend, Armando Gonzalez told the assembly that the Latin American Congress of Intellectuals was to be held in Montevideo and that all plans were being made locally for that possibility. He said that the Chileans had great interest in the congress,, and'that when it was held, it would be headed by Gabriela Mistral, the Chilean poetess and Nobel prize winner. He did not inform the delegates of the fact that Santiago is a possible congress site, Massera also urged that the Uruguayan members continue their all-out efforts for financial cor ibutions to defray the expenses of holding the congress in Montevideo,, S. The meeting closed with the group's approval of the folio ing resolutions adopted earlier in the afternoon: a. Intensify the campaign against U.S. war mangers, bo Neutralize the effects of the imperialist-controlled press in Uruguay., co Create new"Pro-Paz"" groups which would be used to spread propaganda, d. Establish special auxiliary committees of women and university students to petition the government, which is now following U.S. war policies, 9. Delegates from the interior who took an active pert in the conference sessions were: Harold, Esquivel - Young (Rio Neg ) Fabian Silvera and Manuel Arias . De Melo (Cerro Largo) Washington Do Lars, - Salto Mario Bordaberre - Carmelo (Colonia) Leoncio Perez - San Jose Irma Do Lucas - Paysandu Oscar Rubbo and Juan Antonio Rubbo ,, Villa La Paz (Canelonea ) Luis Anchieri Perez, Maria Castellanos de Puchet, Carlos Scaffo - Durazno 25X1A Comment: Chilean deleget l..sma=,TK.. along with Massora and other Uruguayan Communist renor. tediy met with Salvador Ocampos Pastenese Chilean Communises c3~1~u~y~ during his one day stopover in Approved For Release 1999/09/09 : CIA-RDP82-00457R009200150001-7