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Document Creation Date: 
December 19, 2016
Document Release Date: 
August 5, 2002
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Publication Date: 
February 4, 1952
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PDF icon CIA-RDP82-00457R010100270004-0.pdf242.26 KB
Approved For Release 2006/05125.. CIA-RDP82-00457R01010027 C ASSIFICATIONCONFIDENTIA Y :..>, f'-TJ,~ -err ' CENTRAL '''1f TELLIGENCE' AGENCY REPORT NO. INFORMATION FI RT CD NO. COUNTRY Poland SUBJECT Miscellaneous Militmry and Railroad 25X1 Inform tion on Rzeazow Province PLACE ACQUIRED DATE OF INFO. YNIS Of CEMENT CONTAINS INFORHATIOH AFFECTIH6 THE NATIONAL DEFENSE OF THE UNITED STATES. HIYNIN THE HSARISG OF TITLE 18. SECTtO,(3S 783 ANSI 734. OF THE U. 3. CODE. AS AMENDED, ITS TRANSMISSION OS REVEL A JOP battalion GATE DM f"R. 4 e3a~ 1952 NO. OF PAGES .3 NO. OF ENCLS. (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION 1. Before the war Przemrsl was it very large garrison t.oz and it now has many barracks. Tet the civilian population at Prsemys.1 is being roved above` vi.thin the town in order to make available as much living space as possible for the Polish And Soviet, officers and soldiers and their fare .lies who constitute almost half of the oonula.tiorL of Przemysl. A nutaber of Poles who were der?ted from. Silesia and Krakow have been brought to Przersle while a number of Pr zemrsl residents who are suspected by the government hare been deported to the province of Olsztyn (Allenstein). Most of the Polish units are quartered in 7asanio, a suburb of Prze psl. The barracks in Przerirsl are occupied by Soviet sy. r force and armored troops. 2. The Polish garrison nt Przsmysl is ccrxposed of the following units a. Headquarters of a Polish infantry division b. An infantry regiment c. An anti-aircraft regiment d. An engineer battalion e. 1 medical battalion f. A liaison company h. - A KBW (Korpus Bezpieczeustwa Wewnetrznego) regiment, the companies of which. are located in various-towns` throughout the province. Document Na, --------------- P'~~ A/~. Fri r1A l1 TIn11.1 CONFIDENTIAL also two Soviet armored regiments, approximately tna ,-a t:er in 7urawi6a is a small locality s:ituatdd about 5 km north of Prsemysl. Before the war it was a center for Polish. armored troops,, equipped with work shops and assembly plants for tanks and at present the Polish garrison is composed of one tan(; regiment of two battalions equipped with the Soviet T-34 tanks.. Them are 25X1 STATE NAVY PJSRB DISTRIBUTION Af2MY AIR FB! e pj~ 25X1 Approved For Release 2006/05/25 : CIA-RDP82-00457RO10100270004-0 .Ii Approved For Fase 2006/05/25: CIA-RDP82-00457R0101002700 25X1 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY S. 6. strength than the Polish unit; the Soviet units are equipped with T-34 tanks, as well as with larger tanks. There are at present in Zurawiea a large number of Soviet soldiers and civilians who are employed i_n the construction of the followings a. Large iron liquid fuel tanks, which extend partly into the ground and partly above ground; each tank contains about, two million liters of fuel, princi- pally light gasoline for airplanes, coming from Rumania by land transportam tibn. The tanks are placed outside Zurawica, separated from each other by several hundred meters, painted in different colors, and connected together by underground pipe lines which all run to a large building equipped with underground pumping equipment.. seven such tanks which 25X1 were already completed and were very we 'concea a ei,.hth t nk which was in the process of construction. the 25X1 Soviets plan to build a great maxW more such tanks. b. A luxge,airf eld located between Zurawica and the Polish-Soviet border. !uravica, rather than 24edyka, is also the transshipping border station for all transports passing between Poland and the Soviet Union.*** A broad (Soviet) gauge. railroad line leads east out of Zurawioa. The station at ?urawica, which is equipped to handle three or four trains per hour going In both directions twenty-four hours a day, was enlarged after the war to the point that it now is larger than the station at Przerral. Nedyka, a railroad center, is located on the Polish-Soviet frontier; only Polish and Soviet frontier: guards are stationed there but all custors controls are handled at "urawica rather.-than l:edyka. The Poles are forbidden to cross over into the Soviet Union;'this applies-even to the W.G.P. guiras. Except for the movement of Soviet military transports, no one is permitted to cross here between Poland and the Soviet Union. Brest is the only point on the Soviet-Polish border where passenger traffic is allowed to pass. A short distance to the oast of Medyka and located south of the railroad is an airfield on which is based'a strong Soviet air force unit composed for the most part of fighters; they fly every day over Poland and are often forced. to land on the Polish side of the border. The large railroad bridge over the San River has been reconstructed and is in very good condition at present; several groups of anti-aircraft artillery are located around the bridge. The highway bridge over the San is a temporary bridge which has been greatly strengthened so that it can carry very heavy tanks and artillery pieces. At Rzeszcw, about 60 km M4 of Przemysl, there is located= a. A Polish infantry regiment b. An artillery regiment a. A XBW battalion All the materials for the construction of these tanks and the a'i'ry -W comae from Poland, East Germany and Czechoslovslcia, none of them coming from the Soviet Union. No Poles are employed in any of this construction work. 25X1 Commmentnt: All railroad cars built at present in Poland for the Soviet Union, particul.rly freight cars for transportation of coal, Saxe equipped in .such a manner that when they come to Zuravioa from other parts of Poland on the normal European gauge railroad, the interval between their wheels can be broadened thus r*ermitting them to continue on the broad gauge railroad to Russia without necessitating the traneloading of the cargo to other freight cars. The task of broaiening the intervals of the car wheels i$, performed by a large group of Soviet iror'kers who are under the direction of Soviet. engineers, All freight trains of coal, uranium ore, special secret goods and deported peorle from Poland, East Germany and Czechoslovakia go to the Soviet Union through 7urawica without being transloaded, while freight trains carrying rails, other railway equipment sugar, salt, phosphate salts, and other less important supplies are transloaded Approved For Release 200(0 P82-00457R010100270004-0 Approved For Release 2006/05/25 : CIA-RDP82-00457RO10100270004-0 IV C NTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY -3- in 7urawica by, Polish workers onto broad-gauge freight cars. Military supplies coning from the Soviet Union to "urawica are for the most Hart transloaded there onto normal-gr4uge cars for onward shipment. Informant observed in June 1951 the transloading of two freight care of T-34 tanks from two Soviet freight trains onto Polish freight trains, following which the trains left, headed west; ea,oh freight train had about 24 tanks, one trink being mounted on each freight oir. 25X1 *** Comments These bridges nre presumably located ntt Medyka, 25X1 0 Approved For Release 2006/05/25 : CIA-RDP82-00457RO10100270004-0