Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 21, 2016
Document Release Date: 
March 20, 2009
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Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
February 6, 1952
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PDF icon CIA-RDP82-00457R010300440005-8.pdf394.98 KB
Approved For Release 2009/03/20: CIA-RDP82-00457R010300440005-8 CLASSIFICATION CoNJ ID TI CENTRAL INTEL~L SECURTTI GNCfz aENCY INFORMATION REPORT COUNTRY USSR/Poland SUBJECT Transloading Facilities at Kovel Document No. PLACE No Change in Class ACQUIRED Q Declassified Class. Changed To: TS S DATE OF Auth.: HR 70.9 _ _ C~r9 f~ REPORT I 25X1 CD NO. DATE DISTR. 6 Feb 1952 NO. OF PAGES 3 NO. F ENCLS. 2 (LIST BELOW) 25X1 C SUP CEMENT TO TNISDOCCOENTCOATAI$8IE OItNATttlWA/PP'LCTIR8Yd6NATtOLA6DLFL{RS! OF TOL Op[R?>RT$T66 iiYEIU TN6 tiLANtA6 OF TNL t3OPFOAA!&$ ACT 6O O. S-. f.., it ANY ff. AS ANLNDLD. 11 TtfANSDl8810tf 08 TNL HEVULATtON OF ITS CONTLNig IN ANY OANWES TO AN UNADTNOACILD PERSON F4 PWO- NtBITLD OY LAO. DLPAODOCTION OP TNIf FORO 19 4@ON$ftLD. THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION 25X1 25X1 1. Novel is a railroad junction in the northern portion of 17estern Ukraine at the intersection of the Brest-.azatin, Lublin- Karosten-~Aev and Lvov Kamien-Koszyrski trunk lines. Due to its favorable location, the station was selected for a,transloading point, However, since the existing passenger and freight stations were not adequate for the additional traffic a net large trans- loading station was cnnstructedo * Since Dorohusk in P.ol.ish territory and Yagodin in the U. S . S . R. are believed to be border crossing points without tran.sloading facilities, it appears that the standard-gauge track runs as far as ;hovel The trans loading installations in Kovel are capable of _ h?anndllin(, the transloading of westbound trdins operating on.,the Yagodin- Dorohusk-.Chelm line. According to a -Polish-Soviet agreement a daily quota of three trains-in both directions are scheduled to pass through the Yanodin border cross:inp point, ** Trains dispatched to Yagodin ?roux Soviet Zone points are reported only occasionally. 2. The new trensloading point at novel was referred to by German P' ..7s and Soviet soldiers as the i.ashirka (or -r,ishirka) railroad station.Construction on the installation was started by PVJs in 1945 and completed in July 194. The installation, which is 1, 5 zmm long and 1 km wide, is d vided into four sect'Lofs containing about 400 wooden storage sheds with floors 50 x 30 meters each. _ loading ramp to 4 meters wide runs along the front of the storage sheds. Field railroad tracks run along the rear of the storage sheds. Between two rows of storage sheds are one standard-gauge and one Soviet-gauge track plus a Soviet-gauge track for railroad cranes. Lach of the four sections was equipped with 5 to 7 railroad cranes- the fourth sect-'on had an acF itional 75-ton gantry crane manufactured by the iardelt.Plant Fuerston- walde. Between every two storage sheds was an open air storage site. *x=* 3, From summer 1945 to late 1946 scrap and iron items, including Gerrzan guns such as field' howitzers howitzers %T guns and , tanks, were trannsloaded. In late 1945 equipmen and machinery of the Ualthor, Suhl and Gustloff ordnance factories and of the 5 YEAR 'E-REVIEW CLASSIFICATION CONFIDEN!I 25X1 NAVY NSRB DISTRIBUTION ARMY AIR s8a 25X1 Approved For Release 2009/03/20: CIA-RDP82-00457R010300440005-8 Approved For Release 2009/03/20: CIA-RDP82-00457R010300440005-8 Coi,:FID1 NT IAL-Ci ,M x R0 25X1 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 25X1 -2p Lauchharrier firmm were observed. The ':ransloa- ing of fertilizers was started in the fall of 1946. From January to +"arch 1947, about 40 trains ca eying opti:-al equipment such as lenses, scales field glasses and rTeasuring instruments manufactured by the Zeiss firm in Jena were observed in addition to various ties of machinery.. From Iarch to December 1947 four tr~~.i_ns with prefabricated houses, machinery., and grain arrived daily. German uniforms, footwear, une'erwlear, gas masks, gas-protection suits, :roas equipment :an. official documents from the i eichs- kanzlei ( eich Chancellory) stored in the shedd.s were loaded for shipping. etween December 1047 n:n' 1.ay ".;'4'a, 90 percent of .ill shipments wore scrap from the Soviet Zone of Germany. In December an? January at first four and then eight trains of 40 to 60 cars each arrived daily. Two German car loads kerb tr.ins- loaded into one Soviet car. Fifty percent of the arriving scrap canto from bombed Ger ran factories or wrecked aircraft., In early 1943 large quantities of ball bearings for tar!.tks wrapped in paper arrived. Some freight cars with rails were attached to each train. in early 1941 a tank ark consisting of hundreds of T-34 tanks located at the outskirts of hovel was cleared. The tanks wore loaded and allegedly shipped to Gorki. From Lay to November 1943 the number of scrap shipments decreased. Prefabricated houses manufactured in the Soviet Zone of Gerr any were transloa0ed during that period. In 1,49 30 pe:'cent of the arriving trains contained fertilizers 10 percent scrap, and the remaining 10 percent prefabricated houses, trucks, and wooden boxes of all sizes containing machinery. Since fray 1949 all the scrap piled up in the area of the Installation during the previous years has been shipped. In ray and June 1949 large, quanti t ies of Soviet shells were transloaded on Soviet- auple freight cars. The shipping of disr.,antled machinery of all sizes ~rori the Soviet Zone of Germany piled up in 120 to l~0 sheds since 1947 was started :in ""ay 194. Other s i ds stored rip es with diameters of 10 to 14 cm. Eighty to 110 sheds we -e illed with glazed tiles from Gerrany. 6ne third of the sheds was emp t?r. Only cotton and Soviet tobacco was shipped from the L~.S.SJ W to the Soviet Zone of Gerriany. A standard Soviet freight car was loaded with about 44 and a large Soviet freight car with about 30 bales of cotton, weighing 190 to 200 kg each. 4. then enough Soviet-gauge freight cars were available, trans- loading from standard to Soviet-gauge took place immediately. frequently, however, there were not enot ;,h Soviet-mange cars on hand to effect an immediate transfer of ;nods, one trans- loading liras clone either by hand or 1.:-Ath a' crane. Throe hundred to -150 P1's were employed for this work, a detail of 12 to 1, wror.>ing with one crane. The of one train tooa_ to 6 hours. On the aver~lge, four to eight trains j,?,ore tran- loadeidaily, but 12 to 16 trains could be handled in case of necessity by working day and night. A standard car loaded with cotton was transloaded by six men in 30 minutes, while a lame Soviet freight car required one hour for the same crew. If voviet-gauge freight cars were not available, the goods were stored in the sheds or piled on the open-air stora-Yo sites, ~Q Conversion of freight cars from standard to Soviet-gauge or vice versa was done to a small extent. The car to be converted was lifted by a crane and then the axles were exchanged. Four cars could bg converted that way by a detail of four to six Pt's daily. Sip to eight such details were employed. 25X1 Approved For Release 2009/03/20: CIA-RDP82-00457R010300440005-8 Approved For Release 2009/03/20: CIA-RDP82-00457R010300440005-8 C01 FIU;J:: T I! 25X1 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY ~3~ 6 14-o information about this transloadin?,, point has been received since .~ line 1949, because the German personnel of the locomotive columns have been relieved by Russian personnel at the Polish-Soviet border and are no longer permitted to enter Russian territory. 7. The Brest Litovsk-Chelm railroad line formerly crossed the Polish-Soviet border. The Pules- operated this line from Chelm to ',:lodat*!a and the Soviets from,Brest Litovsk to Le .lo a?La0 After an exchange of territory arranged betv!een the Sovio sir and the Poles, the Brest Litovsk-Chelm railroad line noel runs exclusively on Soviet territory. This line has no strategic importance whatsoever. ` Ae For sketch of `he novel transloading point, 25X1 Cge~, For schematic sketch of the installation9 see.4 next. 2 Annex s: Two sketches on ditto. CUP3t} IzL;:TI 25X1 Approved For Release 2009/03/20: CIA-RDP82-00457R010300440005-8 25X1 Approved For Release 2009/03/20: CIA-RDP82-00457R010300440005-8 COTd~'TD ,"IT Rnnex I CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 25X1 Y `\c " P i ;I r =a~ 0 f~a s ro d c -a- artillery equiprn ~'~ sf~u~rt,ng yard r ?' -- pert; J pdssen.ger station? 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