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December 14, 2016
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June 3, 2002
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January 14, 1952
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PDF icon CIA-RDP82-00457R010400350009-3.pdf513.65 KB
Appr illdl 8 : CIA-RDP82-00457RO104 03 0009-3 5BOTRITY ATION 'c:iisY.-occupied Ge.rr:anY COUNT Y __ c .~...~ _..._,- _...w . ..REPORT N0. !- Troops and rili Lary Installations in Sch-weidnitz EVALUATION- DATE OF CONTENT prior DATE OBTAINED... REFERENCES _-. PAGES _a_ .ENCLOSURES (NO. & TYPE) REMARKS 25X1 C 25X1 25X1A 25X1X 1. LTni,i.l :zis re atriation at d of October 1950., source carried a pass is ued in This pass, -which had to be renewed y a Sov1e 7ormen-la ura every two or three months,, was usually signed by ?ajor Grushill (phonetic spelling) (fnu) and, occasionall;r, by 0., 25X1A 1NT 25X1 25X1 C Approved For Release 2002/08/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457R010400350009-3 25X1A (3) This confirms previous reports, 25X1A (4) The information on the ovxet-occupied I aserne, Arras Kaserne, 'landern Kaserne and Barbera Kaserne genorally agrees with statements by . other German resettlers from the SchweidnItz ares 25X1A Provious reports stated tha black- bordered black epaule t the ilandern llaserne quart ts up to "urut st 1950 and the ered troops with Baebara Kaserne quartered a c otorized unit up to the end o ' October 195 0, NFIDENTIAL C O 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/08/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457RO10400350009-3 CLASSIFICATION Approved For n3 f~~'f-.-0457R0ORO COUNTRY Poland INFORMATION REPORT SUBJECT Railroad Lines in Eastern Poland ACQUIRED DATE OF INFO. q -425X1 X 25X1X 25X1A CD NO. DATE DISTR. 14 March 1952 NO. OF PAGES 3 NO. OF ENCLS (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. 25X1X 1. The `arsaw Luboml railroad line is a double-track, standard-gauge line. in 1943, a second track was built on the railroad bridge over the 7ieprz _-liver between Kanie and Trawniki. The bridge across the Bug River, Which has two tracks, was reconstructed in the late summer of 194h. '.'rater stations available on this line included those at Dorohusk (steam operated), Chelm (operated by steam and electricity with a maximum capacity of 130 cubic meters per hour), Rejowies (electrically operated) and Lublin (electrically operated). The wells at these stations have an average depth of 40 meters. (1) 2. A single track is in operation as far as Piodawa on the Chelm Brest Litovsk railroad line. The railroad bridge across the Bug River near Mlodawa is still destroyed. However, reconstruction was started in the spring of 1951. source believed that the railroad line will be opened to traffic as far as Brest Litovsk by November 1951. During the reported period, traffic on this line was light. (2) 3. Passenger traffic on the Rejowiechel3ec single-track railroad line is in operation only as far as Belzec. However, scheduled freight trains operate across the border as far as Lemberg. The line has a carrying capacity of 20 trains within a 2L-hour period. (3) 4. The Lublin Rozwadow-P rzeworsk single-track railroad line has steep grades and narrow curves. The steepest grade is near :":ilkolaz with a incline of 20 meters per km. The carrying capacity is only 16 trains per 24-hour period. ?'pater stations on this line are available at +ilkelaz, Krasnik, Zaklikow, Rozwadow, hudnik, Lezajsk and Przeworsk. The railroad bridge over the San giver, 5 km north of Rozwadow, which was destroyed during the war, has been replaced with a steel bridge. (L) 5. The single-track Lublin-Lukow railroad line is of only minor importance. 6. The double-track Krakow-Kielce-Radom-Deblin-^Lukow4'rest Litovsk railroad line is partly equipped with electric signal installations. All bridges on this line had been restored. The carrying capacity of this line is V trains within a 2)4 hour period. (5) Apprd a Sir dWe 20u ,,., LA-JW,,SR QQ457R010400350009-3 Approved;,j,9r;Release 2 8 : CIA-F DP82-00457R010400350009-3 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY ~'LEGI Document me. _10/10 -----_--- Li! L/14Y, as ..ui as a shorter route between Lodz and Deblin and in order to ease the strain on the Warsaw railroad line. The line ru i D 25X1X Fast trains cannot operate on this line because of thevlighhtzrails-used. The line is equipped with obsolete installations and its carrying capacity is limited. (6) 8, A railroad line was under construction between Skierniewice and Lukow. The plans for this project were submitted to the Railroad Ministry in 1949 and work on the construction of the line was started in the spring of 1951, The line will run via Mszezonow, Gora Kalwarja, where it crosses the Varsaw- Deblin railroad line. An unusual feature of this line is that it is designed to cross the Vistula river on two bridges about 1400 meters apart. The line separates 1 km before the river and meets again 1 km beyond the river. All the bridges on the line were still under construction in May 1951. Source believed that the double-track line would be opened to traffic in October 1952. As stated in the plans for this project, the line will serve to ease the traffic strain on the '4';arsaw railroad junction and to Arstablish a shorter route to rarest Litovsk. The line will probably have a carrying capacity of 50 trains per 24-hour period. (7) 9. The construction of a double-track railroad line between r'iechow and Szczebrzeszyn via Nowy Korczyn and Nisko was planned? The new line is to ease the traffic strain on the Katowice-Krakow-Przemysl railroad line. The project, which was submitted to the Railroad Ministry in October 1950, has been approved. Construction work has not yet been started. (8) ]10. Experience has shoym that it is easier to convert a Soviet-gauge line to standard-gauge than vice versa. For this reason, in the the spring of 1950 it w.,s ordered that on all new construction and repair work ties 15 cm longer than those previously used on standard-gauge lines, would be used. (9) 11. Idliroad lines and railroad stations are guarded by the Sluzba Ochrony Koleji (railroad police) SOK. The SOK is assigned to the Railroad 1i.nistry, which was established in January 1951 to replace the former Ministry of Traffic. Chief of the SOK headquarters was Colonel Kazimierz Dabrowski, From 3 to 5 SOK nn q are assigned to each of the ten regional railroad headquarters. in addition to the usual SOK units there r,re special motorized units which are used for emergencies. The individual SOK units are composed of 150 men armed with carbines, Soviet submachine guns and machine tuns. At night, patrols are accompanied by watchdogs. The personnel wear black uni_forms.similar to those worn by Polish railroad personnel, except that the SOK personnel wear epaulets and rank insignia. Chief of the SOK units assigned to the Lublin railroad headquarters was Captain Iwaszkiewicz (fnu), a Soviet. The chief of the SOK units for the T3reslau railroad district was Major Kazimierz Kzczuka. (10) 12. Soviet transportation staffs, responsible for handling Soviet military ship- rments, are assigned to the Railroad Ministry and the individual regional railroad headquarters. The official designation of these transportation staffs is CUPVOSO. (11) The Soviet transportation staff attached to the Lublin regional railroad headquarters consisted of four officers and six NCOs and was commanded by Colonel T3arpbasz (fnu), The various Soviet transport tion staffs are connected by direct telephone lines. According to source, behavior of the Soviet transportation staffs toward the Polish railroad administration was exceedingly correct and discreet. 25X1A I (Comments. (1) exact route of this line is not clear. However, it is believed that this statement refers to the :';arsaw-Deblin-Lublin-Chelm-Dorohusk-Jagodin-Luboml- Ko el railroad line. According to available information, the line between 25X1 He Change In Class. 25X1A Declassified Mass. Changed To& TS S Auth.8 AN 70 (Date. 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/08/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457RO10400350009-3 Approved For Release 2002/08/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457RO10400350009-3 0Uxvr j DNNTL I CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY Otwock and Deblin is still sin?>le-track. (2) This statement confirms available information that traffic on this si.ngle- track railroad line is interrupted near Bug rhladowski (in Poland) because the bridge across the Bug River has .ot yet been reconstructed. East of the Pug; River, which forms the Polish-Soviet frontier, the line is sin??le-track from d,`lodawa as far as Brest Litovsk. (3) The Rejowiec-Pelzec line is known to he a single-track line. It runs from lRejowiec to Lemberg via Zawada, Zwierzyniec, ?3elzec, iTrebenne and Rawa tus'ra. (4) According, to available information, the Rozwadow-Przeworsk section of this railroad line is definitely doul.le-track. (5) The double-trac, status of the Krakow-Frest Litovsk railroad line is confirmed, except for the section between I~rahow and Tuftel, a 50-km stretch, which probab- ly is still si Fle-track. (6) The Tomaszow-Padom railroad line ,,as ,reviously known to be single-track except for the Tomaszow Inowlodz line section. (7) The execution of this -project appears credible in view of plans to ease the traffic strain on the tt`arsati railroad junction. The line would mainly serve Ooviet interests. (8) This project would roquire the construction of two large bridges across the Vistula and San Rivers. (9) It is believed that this order was given by the Soviets in order to facilitate the conversion of standard-gauge to Soviet-gauge tracks at a given time. (10) The ten Polish regional railroad headquarters are located in Krakow,,, h.'arsaw, Lublin, Lodz, Poznan, Stettin, 'Breslau, Danzig, Allenstein and Katowice, (11) GUPVOSO stands for Glavnoye Upravleniye Voyennykh Sobshcheni (Soviet Lain Administration for Military Transportation). These Soviet transportation agencies were mentioned in the Soviet-Polish agreement on transit traffic through Poland, '25X1 A 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/08/08 : CIA-RDP82-00457RO10400350009-3