Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 27, 2016
Document Release Date: 
November 21, 2013
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Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
December 3, 1952
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PDF icon CIA-RDP82-00457R015100380009-1.pdf230.67 KB
? ,..ta ' Declassified in Part :Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/11/21 : CIA-RDP82-00457R015100380009-1 Ft5 1952 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY CLASSIFICATION CONFIDENTIAL/CONMOL - U. S. OFFICIALS ONLY SECURITY INFORMATION INFORMATION REPORT REPORT CD NO. COUNTRY China SUBJECT 1. Security and Travel Restrictions in.Wuchou Area, Kwangsi Names of Several Wuchou Officials ' 2. .1% DATE OF ? 4 PLACE ACQUIRED I. 50X1 DATE DISTR, 3 December 1952 NO, OF PAGES 3 - NO. OF ENCLS. ? 50X1-HUM (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. 701$ DOCUMENT CONTAINS IMPORmATION AAFECTJAG T0E NATIONAL DEFENSE OF Tilt uNITCo STATES, NOTION TPC mfAWINGOFTITLE IN, SECTIONS 191 AND 794, OF OE U.S. CODE, AA ARMED. ITS INANSNISSION OR,RCVE- LATION OF ITS CONTENTS TO OR RECEIPT ST AN ONAVIAORIZED PERRON IS PRONISITED OV LAI. TR( ItEPROOUCTION OF 1815 PORN 15 POOPIIITED. THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION 50X1-HUM 1. Communist authorities took one census of the population in Wuchou (111-19, 23-28) during/1950 and another during 1951. 2. 4. a person wishing to move to Wuchou first had to secure a house there and then apply at the public security organization in the place which he was leaving for a certificate to move. This certificate showed the address of his Wuchou house. Upon arrival in Wuchou he had to present this certificate to the public security street leader for the new address, who in turn had to present the certificate to the appropriate public security organization for approval. After this latter approval, the prospec- tive resident of Wuchou was permitted to move intq his new residence. 50X1.-HUM 0 a person wishing to travel to Wuchou from abroad 50X1-HUM first had to secure a guarantor in Wuchou. When he arrived, his guarantor had to report this fact to the authorities at once and submit the traveller's papers. If the person was an ordinary traveller his travel permit MA5 sufficient. If.he was a merchant, his business license, receipt for duty charges, goods invoices, and other papers had to be submitted. a Wuchou resident wishing to travel in Kwangei had to secure two 50X1-HUM firms of good reputation as guarantore and submit their names to the ward - resident office along with hiespplication and a photograph. The application' then wee sent to the appropriate pnblic iecurity organization and. from there to the chat; Public Oecurity Bureau for epprtival and issuance of the travel permit -Permits for travel outside KWangsi and abroad were issued by the 50X1-HUM . CLASSIFICATION CONFIDENTIAL/CONTROL U. S. OFF/CIALS ONLY STATEEV* NAVY NSREf DISTRIBUTION ?1 ARMY - AIR X f 81 ? Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/11/21 : CIA-RDP82-00457R015100380009-1 50X1 -777". . : Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/11/21: CIA-RDP82-00457R015100386006-1 - ir ; CONFIDENTIAL/CONTROL 7 U. S. OFFICIALS- ONLY 2 Kwangsi Public Seturity Department Such permits were difficult to obtain, except in the case of overseas Chinese; usually only return trip permittlitere issued. A permit to travel outside Kwangsi was called ft "residence leave" permit and a permit to travel abroad to Hong Kong or Macao was called a "travelling" permit, 5. An agent employed by a firm to convoy cargo to Hong Kong or Macao had to apply for a regular travel permit, with the requirement that the application be certi-, fied by the appropriate labor union The union certified to the correttnees:of- the name of the firm, destination, and dates; and the beaker of such a permit had to turn it in after use. An agent convoying goods also had to carry a list of the goods, for checking by the customs. 6. 50X1 only a person carrying a travel :permit could stay at 50X1-HUM ayuchou hotel. A person not a merchant was forbidden to stay at a hotel over three days.. All hotels were subject to a nightly inspection although occasion- ally the inspections were held every other night. Hotel waiters were required to Watch the movements of guests, and guests were not allowed-to taak,with *miters. When a guest arrived at a hotel, an inspector usually inspected his petspbrt and luggage. The guest was not usually inspected again during his stay at the hotel. 7. all persons registered at Wuchou hotels were required ti) be at 50X1-HUM the-hotels between 7 and 9 p.m. daily.3 Two inspectors from the public security office checked hotels; the inspection included interrogations, inspection of dOcumentt, and a careful search of luggage. From 10 p.m. to 1 a.m, the inspec- tors carried out a routine spot-check of hotels. Transient businessmen were permitted to stay at Wuchou hotels for one month and could arrange to stay longer by applying to the local public security office, which considered whether their reasons were valid. 8. 9. 10. boats passing through Wuchou were required to anchor at the Wuchou customs station at Hsiakuan (0007/7070) for an inspection of passengers and cargo by the customs and public security authorities. Inspection of travellers consisted of a check of travel permits, questions on the reasots for travel, and a body search. The inspection was strict for passengers, crew members, and 'convoy agents returning to Wuchou from Hong Kong or Marco; the inspectors paid particular attention to each passenler's tones of speech. 4 Cargo inspection was made lest. Vessels en route to long Kong or Macao carrying firewood were - subject to strict inspection. 50X1-HUM there. was an inspection station at each wharf in 50X1-HUM Wuchou. Two or three plain-clothes detectives at each station assisted in the inspections. Articles especially sought were gold and sWer items; coins, and foreign currencies; anyone found carrying any of these wai arrested. travellers en route from Wuchou to Canton, Hong 1Con650X1-HUM Nanning,. or Liuchou were inspected at the following please; a Wuchbu. to, Canton: Fengch'uan (111-300 23-25) and Chiengk'ou (111-28; 23-26)-, where inspection was by local garrison troops; D.Inh'eng (111-31: 23-13), where a joint inspection Was made by the public security bureau and the anti-opium bureau; Chaodh'ing (112.29, 23-04), where a very -strict inspection including a body search was made by the public security troops under the command of the Pearl River district commissioner's office; and Paiot'an (41c1/77o9/3389), outside canton, where a cursory.inspectiOnwas made by a joint inspection unit 'from CantOn. b. Wuchou to Hong Kong: Fengchtuan, Chiangleou Tuoh'eng, and,Ohao;ehling, where inspectioni were as described above; iorwpn etrsit (113-34, 22.34), where a joint inspection was made bythe customs haute: and the naval forces , .and Tach'an Island (113-50; 22-30), where an inspection 14e11.41firs'bqcly search Was Made by the custom* officials, bordeirdOante bureau) fora4ft Vq4e bureau, and naval /brews. CONFIDENTIMJCONTROL -U. S. OF7IOIAL6-04LY ? 4 ? 30' tik Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/11/21: CIA-RDP82-00457R015160380009-1 r Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/11/21 : CIA-RDP82-00457R015100380009-1 , CONFIDENTIAL/CONTROL - U. S. OFFICIALS ONLY 50X1 -3 - c. Wuchou to Nanning; Wulink'ou (110-33, 23-24), Tahuang (110-09, 23-35), Rucipling (110-05, 23-24), Kueihsien (109-40; 23-0a); Henghsien (109-20, 22-38), and Nanning. d. Wuchou to Liuchou: Wulink'oul Tahusng? Keuip'ing, Wuhsdan (109-38, 23-36), Chile (7179/0812), and Liuchou. 11. each vessel sailing in &angst gaters was escorted50X1-HUM by a squad of water police from the 'Consolidated Tax Bureau in KWangsi. Each vessel bound for Hong Kong or Macao from Kwangsi was under the surveillance of special service plain-clothes personnel, 7 12. 13. no regular troops were stationed in Wuchou; but 200 public secur150X1-HUM troops were stationed there to maintain order. There were about 25 to 30 militia-- men in each of the nearby villages. The public security forces, especially the militiamen, were poorly armed) And most of their arms consisted of old-type or locally manufactured rifles. ghere was no curfew in Wuchou, but after midnight 50X1-HUM additional security troops were dispatched to watch all important roads and barricades were set up to prevent, accidents (sic). The troops performed their :thirties conscientiously; when they found a civilian on the street after midnight, they stopped him and gave him 'a strict interrogation. 'If they considered it necessary, they also searched him. They permitted residents Such as butchers and peddlers, who carried lamps, to walk about as late as midnight. The general populace, however, seldom went out that late, Some of the important officials of Wuchou were as follows: 50X1-HUM CHIANG P'ing-ch'in (3068/1627/4428)15 former4leputy mayor apd public security director who has nbw replaced HSIEH Fu-gin ( 00/2105/3046)? as mayor. LI Yao-jen (7812/5673/0088), director of the revenue office HO Li-feng (0149/7787/1409), chairman of the trade unions .7 UAW Sao (2733/7510), chairman of the poultry union-. 50X1-HUM Comment, the Ministry of Public Security ordered public security organisations in various large cities to recheck census 50X1-HUM records. Comment. Thin may mean that all persons regintered at Wuohou hotel' ere rev tea to be at the hoteln between 7 and 9 p.m. on the day of ArriVal. _comment The emphasis on tones of speech presumably referd to dialect, and possibly indicates an effort to identify refugees. Comment, CH:ANG Pliug-ch'iu was reported as deputy mayor of Wuchou in the ?Uchon Pao of 14 May 1951. 50X1-HUM Comment, HSIEH Fu-min gas commander of the Wuchou Military Sub-District, Which had a strength of 12,000 men, Comment, Possibly this is :the gQ Li-feng (0149/0536/6912) reported as Secretary of the Wuchou Municipal Committee CONFIDENTIAL/CONTROL - U. S. OFFICIALS ONLY Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/11/21 : CIA-RDP82-00457R015100380009-1