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Document Creation Date: 
December 19, 2016
Document Release Date: 
February 3, 2006
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Publication Date: 
January 30, 1953
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Approved For Release 2006/02/27 : OIA-RDP8,2-00457R016000160002-9 rues eu. 51-4AA FEB 1952 CLASSIFICATION SECRET SECURITY INFORMATION INFORMATION REPORT REPORT CD NO. COUNTRY East Germany SUBJECT Soviet Security Procedures 25X1 DATE OF INFO. PLACE ACQUIRED THIS DOCUMENT CONTAINS INFORMATION AFFECTING THE NATIONAL DEFENSE OF THE UNITED STATES, WITHIN THE MEANING OF TITLE 18, SECTIONS 793 AND 794, OF THE U.S. CODE, AS AMENDED. ITS TRANSMISSION OR REVE- LATION OF ITS CONTENTS TO OR RECEIPT BY AN UNAUTHORIZED PERSON IS PROHIBITED 13Y LAW. THE REPRODUCTION OF THIS FORM IS PROHIBITED. Prong 1. (a) 25X1 25X1 25X1 (b) 25X1 25X1 25X1 DATE DISTR. 30 January 1953 NO. OF PAGES . 4 NO. OF ENCLS. 1 (2 pages) (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION the fate of deserters to the west-. Political.ozfficers told. at the beginning, deserters were well treated and thoroughly exploited by Western authorities,, After interrogation, they were either returned to Soviet authorities5, or executed, or, at best, disowned by Western authorities and left to their own devices, which meant starvation or leading a miserable existence,, These officers said that the USSR was ready to forgive all deserters, and that those who regretted their acts and returned to the USSR, were re- educated and permitted to live as free men in the USSR,, Line officers and associates told =that no deserters were returned by the Western Powers, but all were helped to establish a new life regardless of whether or not they supplied intelligence information. (c) Germans told=that deserters to the West received good clothing, good food, money, 25X1 and a possibility to emigrate to various countries, CLASSIFICATION X NAVY # XT STATE N FSRB 3-E- D ISTTI ARMY T O A 1 R X FBI tel. Approved For Release 2006/02/27 : CIA-RDP82-00457R016000160002-9 SECRET/SECURITY INFORMATION -2- Fraternization 2. Fraternization (including any type of social contact with Germans, regardless of set) was strictly prohibited. Any officer, civilian or EM was officially expected to,report any Soviet officer,' civilian, or EM who had had any social contact with Germans. Except for secret informers, however, no officer, civilian or EM would report others. German police w, supposed to detain German girls who were in the company of &oviet,personnel for questioning by' Soviet authorities. German police did not arrest or detain Soviet personnel but were supposed to inform the gommandatura, of Soviet 25X1 personnel seen fraternizing, 25X1 I _J MOs Party mem ers, unless they were secret informers., ignmred'fraternization carried on by others. Kommandatura patrols were expected to arrest all fraternizers, however, in many cases the officers in charge of a Eomsandatura patrol permitted officers of their acquaintance to "disappear" without reporting or arresting them. units in Leipzig had the same status as other-troops (ie, signal, tank or engineer - troops). It was no more the official respons.ibility','of the MVD to 25X1 report and prevent fraternization., than that of any other regular army unit. OI R-MGB hese terms meant the same had a special section (Oso yy Otdel - OO).charged with 77, reporting and preventing fraternization. eourit 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 3. EM assigned-to 18U #23 performed internal' security, guard duty at the.. entrances of ISU #23 and its sub-units. Officers assigned to ISU #23 needed no identification to enter the unit area. Other officers and civilians wishing,to enter the area of ISU #23,'had to state to the OD whom they wished to see and for what purpose, and were permitted to enter only after being vouched for by the person being visited. Soviet EM were not permitted to leave or enter the area of ISU #23 unless in formation and with an officer escort. 4. There were MVD units in Leipzig, which were quartered aloe side ISU #23 /Nee End (A)7. (A)7. They wore green shoulder boards. troops In Leipzig worke with the Voiks olizei' training thhem borderguard duty. the MVD barracks were next to the Volkspolizei barracks, and a the MVD barracks had many dogs. MVD units were assigned to guard rail 5. only MGB offieers'were in the Zone, and they utilized MVD soldiers in the execution of their 25X1 duties. MGB.officers were assigned to each military. unit in the Soviet Z o n e of Germany.. I 2 had new MGB officer, a major who 25X1 was assigned just-prior tol rch 19527. 6. MVD troops had no authority to arrest Soviet military personnel, as . da.d MGB troops. roads, concentration camps, perform convoy duty, etc. MVD troops in Leipzig were at the disposal of the MGS-for 25X1 guard duties. .,the Soviet Zone of Germany Ito write about their place of employment, type of work, or to give military information on OB, T/O &- E, etc. People in the USSR were prohibited from writing about food, economic conditions,'etc. There were no set penalties for Violating Censor- ship directives; the. whole censorship procedure was arbitrary, eg. one soldier might write home, "I met Vanya in Leipzig", and the censor would'pass it, yet another censor might.oross it out. An unknown censorship unit in Potsdam censored all incoming and outgoing mail of ISU #23. It was prohibited for Soviet personnel in Approved For Release 2006/02/27 :. CIA-RDP82-00457R016000160002-9 Approved For Release 2006/02/27 : CIA-RDP82-00457RO16000160002-9 25X1 SECRET/SECURITY INFORMATION ?)f' ae offender- In such a case the Counter 1TMntelligenc6 (MOB) appeared :. a letter, the censor would send the letter to toe r11i the cea uor crossed out violating lines, but if some restrioDed e-' would start a file on the offender and keep him under irvaz:ion for espionage activities, or else =r. ecornniond a court- .;",.a.1. Officialy no mail could be sent via German postal l :?rasnnels . Soviet troops did not use the German post office, but. they did send letter8 through the German employees of their unit. 8. ? _)v_? e? troops could own cameras. No pictures of rnilita...?y items' Were' ~: rnit ;wed, however, and films had to be developed in the PX. Most } .Lcer?_ and those soldiers who could get into town, had them v ~med In German stores. 9, Oaf officers of ISU #23 were a.ssi led accordin to a roster, 25X1 o .ornrnandatura patrols . Their duties were to op_cenend all EM they saw in town, check documents of persons believed y) be M ovie cs and to arrest; all Soviet personnel found in town ;or dnight. The patrols toured the town of Leipzig, checked :ae ra:troad stations, cafes, ?oars'and restaurants and enforced rv and order. 10. .,'.'. '?. wore uniforms of other branches, such as those of e 171? Infantry. The MOB major assigned to ISU #23 in Marsh 25X1 T;s, 4?e ar ailiery insiE nia, , ? F? r~~ r_Ii:ar ;s 11. 1 ^ n Astrakhan /4621N-4803E701 VOA, BBC, and 25X1 ,rtagc~,s~-, Spani. i and_ Italian Broadcasts in the Russian language. 25X1 ~~ ;.; ' Merced to the-'VOA while in Leipzig.. The reception was clear,. ire 1Li : r;i~an ian,uage was good, and the broadcast could be tuned 25X1 `i ',n oii ther 33. or 49 m bands. The 0A uame in poorly on middle band ~cfueras;iee due to ~ja.mrting. VOA 25X1 I i?ery dull and repetitious., eg it broadcast re same news of P( "Et t'oor two months. The. endless repetition caused listeners to 25X1 Interest in the VOA programs. VOA discussed only life ._ : the If A and di d not compare it with life in the USSR 25X1 i.~is.n;ect to hear. 12. The BBO carne in clearer than did the 11. was also in good Russian. BBC broadcast all news 25X1+f~rf %; I v was very. cautious and diplomatic, and was not offensive 25X1 to the USSR. 13. Italian broadcasts from ome 25X1 also were diplomatic and., in fact, friendly to the t-SSRR. They were clear and in good Russian. In contrast, the Yugoslav and Spanish broadcasts from Madrid were vitriolic, mocking v? 3d gv'd.t e outspoken. The Madrid radio was on the 40 m band and c '.roe in clear and in good Russian at midnight... It told of all the ,"":t.atue4 Stalin. had had built of himself. The Yugoslav broadcast a?.= on the 245-250 rn bands It was in very poor Russian but minced r?,c:- v or-4s in describing life in the USSR and in insulting Stalin. 14. (A!?,] -Y RIGP of'f'icers were permitted to have their families in. the C ?ven in cases where they had met and married in the Soviet 2 fne of Germany. No explanations were ever given for this policy. v'i_ef :one of Germany. Other dependents were all returned to the Approved For Release 2006/02/27 : CIA-RDP82-00457RO16000160002-9 Approved For Release 2006/02/27 : CIA-RDP82-00457R016000160002-9 SECRET/SECURITY ]NFORNATIC 25X1 15. Soviet EM were not permitted to leave the barrack area after duty hours. Officers and civilians could leave the barrack area after duty hours, but had to sign out. indicating where they were going, and had to be back and, signed in by mid- ndghte The political or MGB officer called the OD at'-q and inquired as to who had failed to return, On rare occasions the OIL would check all officers roomso 160 The 5CC (Soviet Control Commission) civilian personnel had more freedom than did officers or civilians working for the Argo While the SQC civilians were not permitted to fraternize, they were permitted to live among Germans and not in special billets, and had their own club (Boehme Club) in Leipzig, where no curfew existed. 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 F xag o S.Lryuk9 chief of ISU M. 17. An average of 10 officers and 20 EM were usually in the guardhouse in Leipzig for drunkenness, AWOL, refusal to carry out orders., and for falling asleep during political lectures, In the Summer of 19519 60 soldiers of a penal battalion were sent to my machine shops to saw wood, About 15 EM refused to do any work and received 10 days in the guardhouse, Drunkenness was cono Officers and EM bought alcoholic drinks through German employees of 1SU #23. All officers dram icl di e %l A 1$, in January 1952, a friend contacted VD and reported it to a Soviet doctor , Within 24. ho- re he ,,ras esco. ed by an MGB officer to Brest Litovsk, from there, according to hearsay from a M 3B agent, the MV]) took him for forced labor in C14 7,.n..., n~ e - - I - .._ 19, Officers of ISU #23 carried on black market activities in direct disobedience of orders, and. frequented German cafes, bars, and restaurants,, 20.. Order #017 issued in April 1951 by Chuikov, CG of the GOFG, was intended to enforce discipl.1neo The order pro . bited, drinking and fraternization and called for HO stores ,I.Iandels Organizatio9 to be established in all military units so as to preclude the necessity of personnel going into town to a central PX. The order also prohibited Soviet personnel .from visiting German movies, theaters, cabarets, cafes, bass, restaurants., and circuses; and prohibited all deals such as black marketing, with Germans. The penalties for violating orders were. A reprimand for the first violation, Demotion by one or two grades for successive. violations, Court-martial and return to the USSR for persistent violations, 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 Morale was low among Soviet officers in ISU due to restrictions on person freedom and constant sum. eillance, F Enclosure A Location of Soviet Kalmiandatura in Leipzig Approved For Release 2006/02/27 : CIA-RDP82-00457R016000160002-9 Approved For Release 2006/02/27 : CIA-RDP82-00457R016000160002-9 25X1 TCLQ$URE (A) SECRET/SECURITY INFORMATION +- 1 LB T . C of Soviet Kommandatura in Leipzig Approved For Release 2006/02/27 : CIA-RDP82-00457R016000160002-9 . Approved For Release 2006/02/27 : CIA-RDP82-00457R016000160002-9 SOS SI UITY IfORIlLTIOR Legae d to 3helosure in kocaan of 801 jammada"m The Root andate ra had 21 (twenty-one) officers and about 25 (twenty-fits) AN the EX vare telephone and radio men and guards. might Geran women were working in the $oamandatura as cleaning woaca and waitressesA Two German men were ee1oyaed as firemen. Chief of time Xamm datura was Colonel Nikolay Iikolayevish $COOSZKOT, and his depat y was Leonid PataroTIch IYANtV. Details of sketch: --6 A. Central Imm admtu me Reaortton room of mo ndastura cc I SMa .axes to Noma t+ a 0. 01r:b, cas&a ,o for officers of Koamahdatura 3. Xitohen for 3AII of mo ,ndatuxa 7. acs . ;erstac ssre G. l rraoks for I ndaturaa troops Rs 2arracks for Air 7oroe R*, ineer Troops 1. Bath S ts.div as ~a 'X'ard p?~, Iatraaace to bnsildiras SEOB3T S3IOUNTY IVO M TICS Approved For Release 2006/02/27 : CIA-RDP82-00457RO16000160002-9