JPRS ID: 9699 SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA REPORT

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CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9
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APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000304100062-9 FOR OFFIC[AL USE ON~.Y JPRS L/9699 _ 30 April 1981 = Sub-Saharan Africa Re ort p FOUO No. 718 FB~$ FOREIGN BROADCAST II~lFORMATION SERVICE FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 NOTE JPRS publications contain information primarily from foreign newspapers, periodicals an~-books, but also from news agency transmissions and broadcasts. Materials from foreign-language sources are translat;:d; those from English-language sources ~ are transcribed or reprinted, with the original phrasing and ~ other characteristics retained. - Headlines, editorial reports, and material enclosed in bra~ckets are supplied by JPRS. Processing indicators such as [Text] or [Exc2rptJ in the first 1'ne ,:,f. each item, or following the last line of a brief, indicate how the original information was processed. Where no processin~ indicator is given, the infor- mation was summarized or extracted. Unfamiliar names rendered phonetically or transliterated are enclosed in parentheses. Words or names preceded by a ques- tion mark and enclosed in parentheses were not clear in the original but have been supplied as appropriate in context. Other unattributed parenthetical notes with in the body of an item originate with the source. Times within 3.tems are as given by source. Z'he contents of this publication in no way represent the poli- = ciea, views or at.titudes of the U.S. Government. COPYRIGHT LAWS AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING OWNERSHIP OF MATERIALS REPRODUCED HEREIN REQUIRE THAT DISSEMINATION OF THIS PUBLICATION BE RESTRICTED FOR OFFICIAL USE OI~ILY. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 FOR OFFiCIAL USE ONLY J~RS L/9699 30 April 1981 SUB-SANARAN AFRICA REPORT FOUO No. 718 CONTENTS ~N TE R: AFRI CAN AFFAI RS Africa's Wealth, Importance Stressed (Patrick Bonazza, Jacques Esperandieu; L~EXPRESS, 14-ZO Mar 81) 1 French Presence in Indian Ocean Examined (Devi Tolwal; AFRIQUE-ASIE, 30 Mar 81) 6 Briefs South Africa Mozambique Trade 11 Algeria - .Angola Oil Cooperation lI ANGOLA Drought Zhreatens South; Huila Emergency Plan (MARQIES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS, 27 Mar 81) . 12 Review of Agricultural Cooperatives in Benguela ( Edi torial; MARQiES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS, 6 Mar 81) 14 B rie fs Export Forecas ts for 1981 16 Huila Rura1 Union Established 16 Austrian Mining Equipment 16 - Alleged Cuban Recolonization 16 Central Com~it tee Pos ts 1~ - BOTSWANA Interview 6~ith President Masire � (Quett Masire :Lnteiview; ~iE FINANCIAL TIMES, 6 Apr 81) 18 CAME ti00N B riefs Canadian Aid ~or Planes 20 - a- [III - NE & A- 120 FOUO] FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 ~ F03t OFFICIAL USE ONLY ~ CHAD President Gouko~mi's Southern Zbur (MA1tQ~ES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS, 27 Mar 81) 21 tinited Nations Econom~.c Aid (MARQiES TROPICAUX ET I~DITERRANEENS, 27 Mar 81) '22 - B rie fs Clash on ~~~:ontier 23 Egyptian Arns Shipments 23 . New Ghief of General Staff 23 FED Road Aid 23 - FAC Financing Agreements 23 President Tours Interior 24 Franc 7Ane Membership 24 = QONGO Briefs - EEC Loan 25 Fish, Forestry Development Financing 25 E~iIOPIA ~ Vignolo Reports Gradual Victoxy of Eritrean 'Realities' _ (Mino Vignolo; CORRIERE DELLA SERA, 11 Apr 81) 26 GAB ON - CCCE Grants Uranium, Pmcessing Dam Loans (MAR(HES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS, 13 Mar 81) . 28 (~iANA Briefs Texas pacific pil Exploration ~9 Tema Port Improvements 29 GUINEA Briefs Cooperation With Tndia Viewed 30 Uranium Exploitation 30 GUINEA-BISSAU Oil, Bauxite, Phosphate Figure in Development Plans (MAR(3iES TROPICAUB ET MEJIZ~RRANEENS, 27 Mar 81) . 31 ~ _ - b - FOR OFF[CIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL t1SE ONLY KEIJXA - Ind~,a,n Oommunity Mvre Secuxe (MAR3iE3 TRUPTCc;U% ET MEDITExRANEENS, 6 Mar 81) 32 - Brjefs Indian Caoperation 33 MAT.T Briefs Planning Council Established 34 Agricultural Bank Established 34 1~7.AMBIQUE - Reported bissident Threat, Divergence Trouble Nation (MARC~iES TROPICAtJX ET MEDITERRANEENS, 27 Mar 81) 35 ADF Citrus Pro ject F3nancing (MARCEIES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERItANEENS, 27 Mar 81).... e............ 37 Brazilian Agricultural Cooperation (Editorial; MAR(HES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANLENS, 6 Mar 81)....... 38 Briefs Fishing Sector's Goals Unmet 39 USSR Agricultural Cooperation 39 NIGER Resu~..ts of Galley's Viait - (MAR4IES TItpPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS, 27 Mar 81) 40 National Poultry Program Developed ` (MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEEI~S, 27 Mar 81) 42 Briefs Belgian Financial Aid !~g French Loan 4~ A~TANDA EEC Aid to Rwanda Described (MAR(1iE5 TRUPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS, 13 Mar 81) 44 _ SENEGAL - Diouf ~lotes Econom~c Prospects for 1981 (MARCEI~S TROPICAUX ET MEDZTERRANEENS, 27 Mar 81) . . . . 46 - c - FOR OFFCCIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 F~DR OFFiClAL USE ONLY European Aid in k':laianci.ng,of Chemtcal Industr3.es (~RQiES TItO~ZCAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS, 6 14ar 81) . 47 New Oil Mill Opened (MARQiES TROPICAUX ET 1~DITERRANEENS, 27 Mar 81) 49 _ Briefs Franco-Senegalese Research Cammissions S1 - SMIG Increase 51 BEI Petroleum Exploration Loan 51 TANZANIA B rie fs Fuel Rationing 52 = - UGANDA ~ Briefs ~ Oil Companies Stop Deliveries 53 ~ ZAMBIA Briefs Countinuing Unease in tR~TIP 54 ~ Reported New So~riet Military Agreement 54 Petroleum Tmports Loans 54 - d- _ FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY INTER-AFRICAN AFFAIRS _ AFRICA'S WEALTH, IMPORTANCE STRESSED _ Paris L'EXPRESS in French 14-20 Mar 81 pp 106-108 _ [Article by Patrick Bonazza and Jacques Esperandieu "Who Benefits from Africa?"] [Text] Sensitive nerve endings an the continent: the mining centers, indispensable to the West. And nore underground riches have yet to be discovered. - By sending his tanks up to the banks of the Chari, Colonel Moammar el-Qadhdhafi has done more than take up a strategic pos3tion in Africa. He has also made a very smart economic move. Tomorrow, he will be able to exploit the uranium deposits in northern Chad, in the Aouzou Strip. This means guaranteed sources of supply for Tripoli, which continues to chase its nuclear rainbow. Also, indications of oil in Chad have been disclosed by American companies that are combing the territory. More than ever, Africa is exciting greed. Its wealth is always disputed. Known yesterday for its minerals, black Africa is now waking up to oil. Prospecting activity for crude was negligable in the region 10 years ago--except in Nigeria-- and now it is a f~.vored locale. E~on, Texaco, Elft, and other companies compete for permits to explore in tt~e Gulf of Guinea. This 3s real fresh hupe for the African states. They needed it. Neither their mani�old mineral wealth, nor their cacao and coffee plantations have been able to assure Africa's economic take-off. T~wenty years after independence, it remains the poorest, least det~~l.nped, and most ill-nourished continent. Thus, too, the most fragile: Africa's f.abulous wealth lies in a wasteland. The swimming pool's translucent blue waters ripple behind the immense bay window of the technicians' dining hall, white tablecloths and air conditioners. "Since the Kolwezi operation, we feel more confident. We know that French troops will immed- iately, intervene if our families are endangered," a technician confides. Several dozen kilometers from the marxist but pres~_ntly peacefu'1 Congo, close to 250 French- men are among the 1,450 people working on tlle Haut-Ogooue plateau, at Mounana, a uranium mine in Gabon. They cannot help imagining the worst. 1 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Space, Aeronautics, Nuclear Energy Isolated, in the b ush or in the great equatorial forest, the mining centers are the seheitive nerve end ings of the continent, the greatest concentrations of wealth. Without Africa, the wheels of the European economy could not "turn" as they do. Close to 90 percent of the manganese France imports, more than 85 percent of the phosphates, and nearly 40 percent of the copper, comes from Africa. The Republic - of South Africa is France's largest supplier of coal. Today Paris buys uranium with no holds barred from Niger, Gabon, and Namibia, in order to profit from the - depressed price. ~ Africa provides not only signif icant quantities of ordinary metals and minerals (bauxite, lead, copper, iron ore...) but also strategic materials, those without which the most advanced industries (space, weaponry, aeronautics, nuclear energy) would be unable to produce their special alloys. Southern Africa, with its Soviet partner, is said to enjoy nearly a world monopoly on a number of rare metals. It has more than 80 percent of the gold, chrome, industrial diamonds, vanadium, plat-~. inum; more than 60 percent of the cobalt, manganese and even uranium. The Soviet Union in southern Africa? This is no longer a f3~~ion. East Germans and Cubans are planted in Mozambique, in Angola...in the immediate neighborhood of the country's three great mining countries: Zambia, Zaire, and above all South Africa, flanked by Namibia. South Af rica, with its mineral empires--Anglo-American, De Beers, General Min3ng, is extracting no fewer than 32 substances from the earth. The dollar value of its mineral production is ranked third in the world, after the USSR and the U.S., but before Canada and Australia. For geologists it is unquestionably the best- known countr; on the continent. "In terms of minera ls, Africa could still be holding plenty of surprises for us," ~ confides an offic3al of the Copper Trade Union Assembly in Paris. Meanwhile, the world's big mining groups havP been reluctant to move into Africa f.or several years. Price levels are certainly not very attractive, and mineral exploitation is being penalized by the increases in energy costs. But there is something else. "'t'he continent is not very secure. There are too many political risks." The oil groups are themsel.ves less reluctant. They are exhuming old exploration permits from their files, asking for new ones, planting their derricks almost every- where. Would they not also be sub3ect to political risks? Yes, but the reasons for minimizing them outweigh them: in th P medium term, the demand for oil is go3.ng to remain very strong; increases in the price of crude are opening up new areas for prospecting. And, above all, the oil groups want to get free of the states that - are oppressing them: in the North Sea, where the governments are excessively meddlesome, and in the Middle East, a powder-keg. - A New Texas? 'P!Zis rush for black gold is not always an orderly one. There are rivalries: the French and Spanish are engaged in a"fr3endly little war" to get permits in Equa- torial Guinea. Much depends on luck, too: Elf withdrew from the Ivory Coast just before the companies with which it had been affiliated made a discovery. However, the race has produ ~ed results. Excluding the Mediterranean, which, with Egypt, could very rapidly join the front ranks of the new producing countries (50 million tons in - 2 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAl. USF. ONLY 1.983), Africa !.n 1975 had only 4 oil countries: Nigeria, which today "weighs in" at more than 100 million tons per year, almost equal to Fraiice's consumption; then, very modestly, Gabon, Angola by virtue of its Cabinda Enclave, and the Congo. Gabon's production (t;-9 million tons), barring a miraculous discovery, should peak out. Angota and especially the Congo could climb rapidly in output t~ more than 10 mill.lon tons eacti. There are also the "newcomers." Ivory Coast: a new Texas? ~hat remains to be seen. But its production, just Iilce that of Cameroon, Ghana, or Benin, sh~uld grow sub- stantially. Lbery little drop.... And especially since there is natural gas. Lagos is thinking of building a giant liquefaction unit (I6 billion cubic meters per - year) which witti methane tankers, would make it possible to export t~ Europe or the United States. The gigantic investment is estimated at some 50 billion Fr. Gaz - de France and a European consortium, anxious to diversify its suppliers, have jumped at the cliance by concluding a supply contract that should take eff ect starting in - 1985-1986. Today, the Gulf oL Guinea. Tomorrow, who knows, deposits in Chad ar Zaire? Hitherto neglected--too far from any coast--they cotild well constitute another oi1 Eldorado, a prospect which on'ly whets thp appetites of both the big and little powers for Afr.icae `1'he oil money is good for tl~.e industr ialized countries, because it in- ' creases [equipment] orders from those largely unde rdeveloped countries. Already, businessmen are crowd3n~ into the big hotels in Doual.a and Brazzaville. ~ The ALrican marlcet is sti11 dominated by the former colonial powers. In 1980, the UniCed Kingdom, whicYi granted does not benefit much fro:n African crude, has garnered a trade surplus of Fr 1S billion in sub-Saharan Africa (whicli i.ncludes South Africa, ' where it is sti11 very much present). The French balance of trade with black Africa is negative (Fr 3.S billion). But, without the two OPEC-zone countries (Nigeria and , Gabon), the balance becomes a Fr 4 billion surplus. Rare, in these times: Overall, ~ France remai.ns Africa':; b:iggest supplier. Francophone Africa still accounts for ; one-fourth of. France's ovei~seas engineering contr.acts. "Africa is sort of our techni.cal test bench," confides a Parisian banker. While the big firms are in line - for exploitation of i-aw matcrials, i.n the carr.ying out of turnkcy projects or _ important addirions of infrastructure a multitude of French firms cover the terrain, whether it be shoes, constrtiction, or beer. "Today, in Aibidjan," says the same banker, "th ere are 10 times as many Frenchmeri than there were when ivory Coast became independent." The spheres of influence of the former metropolitan powers ar~ not completely closed to tr.espassers. Some are succeeding rather well there: ~he Italians in public works; thi: West Gernians, even if, overall, their p er�ormance is better in South Afriaa, and the Japanese in particular. Ititerywhere, on th e laterite runways, the 4 x 4 i Toyota, the Isuzu, or L-hE~ Suzuki is more than a match for the Land Rover. Number one ~ in Ai"ric~i for several years now in automobile sal.es, Japan has even ~one so far as ~ to surpass French builder.s in Francophone Afri.ca. Mozambique: The Cajuu Nut , The science of commerce: when necessary, the ~Tapanese have allied themselves with ~ local. businessmen. Serigne N'Diaye, 36, an upcoming Senegale:;e, has masterfully , i 3 ; ,I FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY succeeded in introducing litt:le Hondas onto the market. He is in some ways the protot}*~e of the African businessman. He is somewhat of an entrepreneur, a merchant _ and speculator most of all. "Africa's only hoom is in real. estate and import-export. For an alhadji in northern Nigeria or northern Cameroon, even 6 months is long-term,'' - says a diplomat posted to Africa. Precariousness is the distinctive characterisCic of the African economy. The multinationals do not have to be prodded to exploit the natural resources or get into banking or commerce in Africa. But they have more of a tendency to shun industry. Except in Nigeria, which, with its 80 million inhabi- taiits, offers a gigantic market in a continent swarming with micra-states. The result: Da'~car's industrial free zone, the only one in black Africa, remains vir- tually empty. Products "made in 'rogo" or "made in Kenya" are not inundating the European supermarkets. Agriculture is on the brink of catastrophe. ~verywhere, or nearly everywhere, the cultivation of food crops, too long neglected, is no longer suff icient to feed the populace. Africa is still the helpless prey of famine. The continent has had to import increa~ingly large amounts of costly grain from Europe, the United States, and even from South Africa. Wheat and powdered milk are competing dangerously with manioc and millet. In the Oyem region, in northern Gabon, a farmer makes in a year what a modest civil servant in Libreville earns in a month. The countryside is emptying. 'Che great tragedy of the African economy is that twenty years after independence it is still just a trading economy. For Senegal it is groundnuts; for Togo, phosphates; what then for Mozambique? The cajou nut! Therefor~ the producers, ~~~ho do not have control over their prices, cannot offset the regular cost increases for equipment goods and imported oil. _ Prussian Guarantee The public finances, even when they are not encumbered by corruption or prestige projects, are poorly equipped to withstand the shock [of this inflation]. Resources remain skimpy. Niger's uranium sales, its principal source of revenue, represent less than one-third of the turnover of the RATP [Independent Parisian Transport System]. Some states even have a hard time paying their employees each month. i'heir external debt is becoming distended. In Paris, last November, Rene Monory, the minister of the economy, pressed 10 big Freiich banks to provide an emergency loan of Fr 700 million to Ivory Coast. But this miraculous bail-out only buys time. For _ a number of countries, survival 3s going to depend on foreign aid, which is still in some ways the ultimate object of the game. "Western liberalism corresponds to authentically African values and constitutes, if it has faith in it. an antidote to totalitarianism": Minister Robert Galley, defending the cooperat-ion budget before the deputies last fall, was speaking frankly. The adversary, in Africa, is the USSR. Not that it has a wealth of exper3ence in matter~ of development assistance. For the USSR it is simply a tactic for advancing its pawns. There are bankers, however, who f ind this attract~Lve. "For example, since the East Germans took over adminis- tration in Mozambique," a Parisian finsncier confides ironically, "we do not require much persuading to make loans. We have a'Prussian guarantee'..." Clearly, what is at stake between the Western nations and the USSR is not aid, but power. Rivalries: this term best characterizes the struggle for ir,fluence--under cover of assistance--being conducted by the western powers among themselves. The United States. which up to now has not had much of a vresence in black Africa. could ~et a strong toothold in the continent by taking the lead trom its allies in health sector cooperation. United States aid personnel in the future will be able to take advant- age of direct contacts established in the field. The Canadians are using their Quebec nationals to create a good image in Francophone Elfrica. The Japanese, on 4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02148: CIA-RDP82-00850R040340100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ~ their si.de, have made a spectacular change oP course in the last 2 years, toward Englis:~-speaking or Francophone countries like Zaire or Zambia which do not necessarily send them appreciable quanti.ties af inetals, Cllent Reservations j All these maneuvers are aimed at loosening the ties between the African ~ountries and i their former colonial masters such as France, and Belgium in Zaire, which d~ not i alwa~s hesitate to elbow their way in. Assistance to African countries is never devoid of reservations on the par~t of the client. Only aid from the European Econo- _ mic Community is partially free of the suspicion of hidden motives. Africa gets ~ most of the same rr 34 billion granted by the EEC to the Third World under the I~omE ; Convention. A contract between North and South which is often cited as an example, ! it is the proof that Africa can be someth~'n more than a ~ S prize for others. I CHARTS A. Population in Millions of Inhabitants ' Morocco 19 Guinea 4.7 Somalia 3.5 Zambia 5.4 ~1lgeria 18.5 Ghana 11 Cameroon 8 Zimbabwe 7 Tunisia 6 5ierra Leone 3 Zaire 22.7 Malawi 5.6 Libya 2.7 Liberia 1.7 Uganda 12.7 Namibia 0.9 ~ Eg}rpt GO Ivory Coast 7.6 Renya 14.8 Botswana 0.$ Mauritania 1.5 Togo 2.4 Equatorial South Afr3ca 27.8 . Senegal 5.3 Benin 3.3 Guinea 0.3 Lesotho 1.3 :Upper Volta 6.5 Nigeria 80 Gahon 0.6 Swaziland 0.5 Mali 8 Central African Congo 1.4 Mo2ambique 10 _ �Niger 5 Republic 1.7 Rwanda 4.5 Madagascar 8.3 Chad 4.3 Sudan 17 Burundi 4.3 Gambia 0.6 Ethi~pia 30 Tanzania 16.6 Guinea-Bissau 0.6 Djibouti 0.3 Angola 6.7 B. Gross National Product in Billions of Francs--Relative size here is different. Nigeria, South Africa, Algeria and Libya grow considerably in importance. Morocco 63 Guinea 5,6 Somalia 2.4 Zambia 12 Al.geria 115 Ghana 22 Cameroon 18 Zimbabwe 16 _ Tunis:La 30 Sierra Leone 3.8 Zaire 25 Malarai 5.1 - Libya 100 Liberia 4.2 Uganda 19 lJamibia 5.3 Egypt 80 Ivory Coast 33 Kenya 24 Botswana 2.2 Mauritania 2.2 Togo 4 Equatorial South Africa 210 Senegal 11.5 Benin 4 Guinea 0.6 Lesotho 2 Upper Volta 4.4 Nigeria 250 Gabon 10 Swaziland 1.5 - Mali 4 Central African Congo 3.b Mozambique 6.5 Niger 5.7 Republic 2.3 Rwanda 4.4 Madagascar 10 ~Chad 3.1 Sudan 30 Burundi 3.2 ,Gambia 0.6 Ethiopia 11.5 Tanzania 19 ,Guinea-Bissau 0.7 Djibouti 0.6 Angola 10 � ~:~OPYRIGHT: 1.981 S.A. Group Express 9516 CSO: 4400/953 . FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 5 _ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FQR OFFICIAI, USE ONLY INTER--AFRTCAN Ak'~'AIRS FRENCH PRESENCE IN TNDTAN OCEAN E%AMINED - Paris AFRIQUE-ASIE in French 30 Mar 81 pp 42-44 - [Article by Devi Tolwal; "From 'Useful Presence~ to Omnipresence---The Peoples of the Region Are Fed Up With A Present Made Up Of Exploitation And A~'uture The Keys To Which Lie In Paris"] jText] "Here is the sad Frenc~~ colony of QFa.ock ~here an attempt is now beiitg made to establish a settlement, but T bel~.eve that noth~ng wi11 come of it," observed Arthur Rimbaud, referring to the D~ibouti of 1884. Of course the present Trench . chief of state's predecessors have already been proving the poet wrong, and Giscard h9.mself, more tfian any of the rest, wi11 have put the final touches on that. - Pompidon referred to the policy of a"useful" presence in the Tndian Ocean. As ! for Giscard, he is making France into the~world's number two policemen in an area ! which Reagan wants to transform into an American lake. Just when the spirit of , independence 3n the region was getting its second wind in 1974-1977, the present ; president of France was giving more assuran.ces than any other poli.tician in his ~ country about defending and egpounding on the primary dimension of Paris's policy in this area, the colonial and neo--colonial dimensian. And this colonial d~nension does not derive solely from Reunion's "bitter sugar." The French "Tndian Empire," _ is made up of about 20 islands, some of them inhab~ted, Tromelin, the Malagasy islands in the Mozambique Channel (Juan de Nova, Basses de Tndia, Europa, Iles Glorieuses) and Ma.yotte, wliich is separate fram the Comoros. They are 3ust so many colonial situations or territories acquired via pure and simple violatian of the integrity of countries in the region despite the ob~ections o� the United Nations, the OAU, the non-aligned couneries, and the coastal states. Aside from the above-mentioned islands France owns several islands also in the ~ ; southern region of the Indian Ocean, 3n the Antarctic, known as the Southern and ' Antarctic French Territories (TAAF); Adelie, a piece of land in the Antarctic ice f loe area, three archipelagoes below the Antarctic Circle, and Crozet, Kerguelen, ~ Saint-Paul and Amsterdam Islands. Circl3ng the reg3.on, grance maintains an ocean ~ empire during Che pxesidential term wfii.ch iscurrently drawing to a close. Is this French colonial presence in the Tndian Ocean anachronistic? At fi,rst glance it is indeed ISut not to the degree it seems. In fact, this presence off ers three - major advantages: economic, political and strategic. In the f irst area, it provides France an immense maritime domain and allows France the use of an exclusive economi.c: zone extending 200 miles out from the coastlines. This is the limit claimed by ~ Third World countries who because of their technological handicaps hope to protect their maritime resources tietter by having it. 6 . FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02148: CIA-RDP82-00850R040340100062-9 FOR OHFICIAL USE ONLY France fought this progosal on territorial water l.i,mits for a long time but came _ round to supporting it after real3zing th~ advantages it could derive from it. _ One-third of the way through Giscard's term France established a 200 nautical mile zone based on law dated 16 Julq 1976. The decrees of 11 and 25 February 1977 implementing that law provide for establishing such zones along the North Sea, Channel, and Atlantic coastlines as well as off occupied French Guiana and around Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon not to r~ention the occupied colonies and territories in _ the southwest Indian Ocean. Land and Sea Legs - When this was done, Giscard's France became 12 times larger than it had been before. - Implementing the law 3.n a11 the colonies and other occugied territories added to France's total arPa more than 10 million square km of water and marine resources. = This makes France number three in the world in terms of ocean area, an area with we11-known medtum and long-term economic stakes (see accompanying box). The political and strategic repercussions o� this kind of colonial presence are in- deed important. They are at one with and add to the neocolon~tlist and imperialist - aims and practices which are com3ng to light in a number of instances ou the African continent. The Elysee's African nol~.r.y these last few years is being directly ex- tended into the Indian Ocean because o:~ a fact of capital importance : one out of five OAU member states borders on that ocean. "Giscard the,q~'rican," with the remarkable gift of being everywhere at once which characterizes him, wants land and is getting his sea legs, in spite of the 12,000 km separating France from the Tndian Ocean. Franee is at home there, it is being asserted in Paris. So much so that the Elysee feels in a strong enough position to prapose, with the help of Dj ibouti, holding a conference on the Horn of Africa. When references are made on an international level to the Colombo and AntarAanariv~o "Indian Ocean--Zone of Peac~" conferences, there is an immediate reaction. Giscard - trades in the accordion for a triangle, dances the maloya, and speaks in Creole, in order to make himself out as the representa.tive of a regional power. Reunion re- _ mains in effect the French stronghold which serves as the maj or excuse for this kin.d of policy, which is underlain by many calculations. Reunion is the site of - a hi~h-ranking mili~.ary command which takes in ten islands or archipelagoes and their na.ritime approaches spread out over 2.8 million square km. It constitutes - the principal base for a policq of omnipresence which the French want to look ~ natural. 'I'he r~gion's most important r.'rogr~ssive forces feel this quite keenly, , since they are convinced that any pIIOCess of demilitarization which would allow - an atmosphere of peace to be established, an atmosphere which is both possible and desired, can only go hand in hand with the dism,antling of colonialism in the Indian _ Ocean. _ This colonial presence is coupled with a well-lmown and partlcularly sizable and disquieting military presence (read "The Vast Armada" i.n AF'RTQUE-A.SIE, Issue No. 233, 16 February-1 March 1981) , making France the number two Western military power in . the region. This military presence has been strongly increased during the term of the current -1 president which is ab.out to expire. This is because of the place Giscard's France has taken in global imperia'list strategy. 7 F4R OFFIC[AL USE ~NLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFF[CIAL USE ONLY ~ As the cards lie dealt among the major Western powers, Paris has a choice hand be- cause of the interests if has maintained in this region. And under American leader- ship it is assuming a policema.n's role i~i. the race for controY of the Gulf's re- sources and in the attempt to suppress national and social liberat ion activity in the Indian Ocean, activity which is marked particularly by the struggle against apartheid. In this regard, one should not fail to observe the strengChening of the Paris-Pre- toria connection over these last few years. Tfie dominaat aspects of this connection, - denials and evasions notwithstanding, are increased French investment~ a growth in arms sales, and a common interest in the search for strategic raw materials ror nuclear programs. This makes the attitude of France, one of the "contact group" cauntries, towar~as Pretoria more understandable. This attitude is at the very least an ambiguous one - on the Namibia question. / With the help of Mauritius, Kenya, Djibouti and Comoros, Giscard's policy has also been making advances with its "trialoque" plan so it can warm its way into Arab- African cooperation (read Pierre Clary's article on page 38). Economic and technical cooperation, and financial aid--which are often sources of disappointment for countries which have opted for independent economi~ development-- are two other cards of French foreign policy whi~h have been played extensively in _ this region duri.ng this presiden.tia.l term. This is probabl.y what explains what has been observed as Paris's tendency to "make approaches'' to the region's progres- sive countries and explains recent flirting with Maputo and Dar-es-Salaam in parti- cular, which are considered two major Indian Ocean components in the stakes which have evolved in southern Africa. But the apparent "generosity" of this aid has cor- responding limits, which are palitical. ~ Blackmail When a progressive country wants to or does shake loose, this cooperation marks out economic problems with which the country is ;onfronted and the coopers~ion gets in the way. It acts then as a political factor whic:~: at least makes the country keep quiet if that is possible, it is does not indeed set up a troublesame complicity. The most recent illustration of aid used as a political weapon in the Indian Ocean ls the case of the Seychelles, where blaclanail took place so quickly that it sur- prised and insulted even those groups on the islands favorably disposed towards Par is . The facts deserve to be mentioned. In October 1979 a French foreign aid volunteer was arrested for complicity in manipulating the youth movement into opposing the plan for national service for young people. Ultimatums demanding that he be set free - poured down on State House, the seat of the presidency ~.n Victoria. First of all, Paris recalled an initial group of foreign aid vol~:at:e~rs. Faced with the obsti- nate refusal of a small country to give way to France`s de~ands, it brought home - a ~econd group. I?uring a third stage, financial aid was suspended for certain pro- jects being worked on. The fourth step, which was not expected by Minister Galley's departmental offices, was that President Rene, faced with so mu~h arrogant behavior, _ handed over to Par:Cs a third and final group of volunteers. _ 8 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 - FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY In this game of economic blackmail, neo-colonialist France, used ta winning on other _ fronts, did things the wrong way in Seychelles; where the lesson was taken and it _ resulted in diversification of cooperation and exchange relationships. Whea the underwater part of the iceberg made its appearance, it served as a reminder of how artifica.:~1 the talk had been about the exemplary nature of sincere, dis- interested, irreproachable and mutually advantageous cooperation--mechanical and soothing talk suitable for a ceremony laying the first stone or for a diplomatic cocktail party. But in reflection about the Indian Ocean and its environs a purely regional approach _ does not allow one to ~rasp the details of the actual stakes involved which pit the forces of progress against the supporters of a declining order. "Whoever controls the Indian Oc~an controls the world's new vital center and can gain ascendancy in global policym~.king," observes an expert in international relations at the Naval Acade.my at Annapolis. But the peoples of the region no longer want either a present made up of exploita- t ion or a future the keqs to which lie in other capital cities. They want the fol- lowing Issa song, a song which bitterly drones on and on, no longer to be a reflec- ' tion of reality: "The land I come from is so dry that when you milk the camels one udder gives hard butter and other dry cheese." - [accompanying box] Fishing for NodulPs . � France is thinking of expanding its industrial fishi.ng in the Indian Ocean, which is one of the world's richest fishing grounds, in order to make catches on the order of 30,000-50,000 tons per year. Regarding mineral resources, Paris a1sA expects to find deposits of gold, silver, uranium and copper in "its" southern territories. But in the mining area, the French - are much more interested in manganese nodules. Manganese nodules of varying sizes s~tting in the great depths of the ocean are ina.de up of iron and manganese oxides asso ciated with nickel oxides, copper, cobalt, titan.ium and vanadium. These are - the sources of ocean minerals most likely to be mined in the medium term. The rich-. est deposits are found in a band about 200 km wide by 1600 km long which runs vir- tually east to west along the southern edge of the equatorial belt, in depths of about 1700-4000 meters in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans. '1`wo principal methods are used tu pick up the nodules. The first one, perfected by the Japaness, is one that uses rev~olving buckets. The other one is hydraulic and was perfected by the Americans and British. In 1970 the total value of mineral resources to be drawn from the oceans was esti- mated at $1 bill ion. Manganese nodules are so concentrated at great depths in cer- tain ocean zones that mining them can be considered the most significant aspect of _ underwater mining at stake. - 9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 FOR OfrFIC[AL USE ONLY Prospecting has made it possible for France to locate three deposits within the 200- mile zone southeast of Reunion, near the islands occupied by Madagascar. Regarding petroleum, France is systematically exploring tlie Kerguelen continental shelf in order to locate possible deposits. Estimates are that the oceans harbor a total of 6 million tons of gold, the mining of which is not considered very prof itable at present. On the other hand, oil extraction and the mining of uranium and manganese nodules are very much under consideration. The new colonizing race, this one for the seas, is on. In the Indian~. Ocean, with _ Giscard at the helm for another term France will not fa~l to keep its lead. COPYRIGHT: 1981 Afrique-Asie ~ 9631 CSO: 4400/972 10 FOR OFFIC[AL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000304100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY INTER-AF'RICAN AFFAIRS BRIEFS SOUTH AFRICA - MOZAMBIQUE TRADE Accorcii.ng to South African sources, exports from $A to Mozainbig,ue amounted to 80 ~3.llion rand in 1980~ while South African imports of products from Mozambique only amounted to 9.5 million rand. South Africa alone supplies 14~. ~ percerit of a11 im~iorts of ?~Iozambique, a share which is surpa~sed only by that of I~aq (17.7 percent, due to petroleum). [Text] [Paris MARCHES TRC~PICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 13 Niar 81 p 691] $1-~63 AT~GERIA - ANGOLA OIL COOPERATION At the conclusion of an official 3 day visit to Luanda. by the Algerian minister of energy, Mr Belkacem Nabi, which ended o~ 9 March, _ Algeria and Angola signed a draft treaty for bilateral cooperation in the field of . petroleum. The draft treaty, signed by Mr Na~i and the Angolan minister of petro- leum, Mr Jorge Morais, specifically provides for the training of Angolan cadres in Algeria and for close cooperation between the state etroleum companies in the two countries, SONATRACH and SONANGOL [expansion unknown~. Iluring his visit, the Algeriari minister gave the Angolan head of state, Mr Jose Eduaxdo dos Santos~ a personal message from President Chadli Bend'edid. [Text] [Pasis MARCHES TROPICAUX _ ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 13 Mar 81 p 693~ 84~63 CSO: 4400 11 FOR (1FFT~TAT. tTSF ~Nr.v APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02148: CIA-RDP82-00850R040340100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ANGOLA DROUGHT THREATENS SOUTH; HUILA EMERGENCY PLADI Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 855 - [Article: "Drought Takes on Alarming Proportions in the ~outhern Part of the - Country"J jText) The widespread drought in southem Angola affecCs thc provinces of Benguela, - G`unene, Mocamedes and most of a11 Buila. The minister of agriculture has indicated - that in this last-mentioned province the situation gives cause for concern in the - cantons of Quilengues, Lubango, Chibia, Gambos, Capelongo and Humpata where there has been practically no rain since April 1980. = Crops have been affected but cattle raising has been hit most of all: livestock is concentrated in the cantons of Quilengues, Quipungo, Chibia, Gambos and Capelongo. Even if conditions were to go back to normal starting in April, we must expect a sizable number o~ dead livestock starting next August because of the lack of water and of su�f icient grazing land. Though an emergency plan has been worked out for Huila Province, there is nothing of that kin.d for the Ben.gu~la, Cunene, and Mocamedes regions. This runs the risk of disastrous consequences when you consider the periods of time needed to imple- ment plans. The emergency plan for Huila is directed along two fronts. First, it provides for . carrying out a signif icant marketing drive from now until August while the live- stock is still in good condition for meat production. Secondly, provision is made to improve the network of water distribut3on for peopl~ anii animals in the cantons which,are most affected via the use of underground piping when the tima comes that surface water is no longer suff icient. . According to the state enterprise DINAPROPE jNational Cattle Products Distributing Cc~mpany], monthly meat consumption in Huila Province is 170 tons, which is equi- valent to 1,100 head of cattle. About 2,500 head are normally marketed per month. So it is possihle for that figure to reach 3,000 head in May and June. This is done in the form of barter for manufactured goods. One hea3 of cattle represents an average value o~ 6,000 kwanzas, which means that goods which have a certain monetary and social value are made available in return. Tf manufactured goods are lackin~, the barter can be done for foodstuffs (corn, sugar, salt). 12 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY As a result, Huila Province in a normal marketing month should have availahle ~xom bINAPROPE operations alone a sum of 15-18 million k~aaFezas, 70 percent in the foxm o~ industrial goods (light motorcycles, bicycles, ra~ ios, tape recorders, clothes) and go4ds of lesser value (plows, machetes, crockery, c igarette ligfiters, lanterns~ hats, buttons, needles) which have become well-knoam ~.mong and appreciated by the people. The plan set up for Huila figures that for the current year 26,000 head of cattle, 17,500 pigs, and 25,000 goats w311 be marketed. The problem is that the sale of cattle will liave to be accomplished lietween noor and August and that the inter- ~ medi.ary enterprise, DTNAPROPE, does not have industrial goods available in suffi- cient quantity. AI3GOP [Angolan Press Agency] has indicated that once Hu~.la Provin~ce's projected ~ consumption has heen met, the surplus should he moved live to Benguela, Huambo, Mocamedes and Luanda Provinces fo~ their consumpt ion, i.n the context of a plan wh3.ch _ has yet to be set up at DTNAPROPE's general manager level. - At the Ministry of Agriculture 3,t is felt that Angola will not be a61e to cope with the worrisome situation created by the drought witfi only its own resources and that FAO assistance w~.ll be needed. COPYRIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981 9631 - CSO: 4400/969 ~ 13 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFIClAL USE ONLY ANGOLA &EVIEW OF AGRTCULTURAL COOPERATIVES IN BENGTJELA Paris MAR(~iES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 6;lar 81 pp 631-632 - [Eddtorial: "Establishing Agricu~turr~l Cooperatives in Benguela Province"] - [~Text] Under the supervision of the National Administration of Farming Cooperatives and Aid to Fa~ers (DNACA, according to the Portuguese abbreviation), agricultural �cooperatives and rural associations in Benguela province practice two kinds of - farming; annual crops (corn, sorghum, beans, vegetables) and perennial crops (pineapples, citrus fruits). The ANGOLA JORNAL recently studied this sector. The training of farmers was done by t:~e "rural action" group which serves as the driving belt betw~en ~he authorities and the cooperatives and the producers' associations. The professional l~vel of these "groups" is not always high, but many do the very best they can, and this makes up for any shortcomings. Training seminars are organized from time to t3me in order to improve the skills of the - training pereonne].. _ The marketing of products for the agricultural cooperatives is done exclusively through the National Company for Purchase and Distribution of Agricultural Products (ENGODIPA), which buys from the farmers and sells to the retailers. This system has - its problems, particularly in transporting products, which are perishable and must be transported quickly. Another problem to be solved is fihe lack of industrial groducts (cloth, clothes, batteries, radios, etc.) for which these agricultural products are exchanged in a barter economy. On the other hand, these agricultural cooperat3ves must be given credit �or auccessf~tlly supplying on a regular basis the local pineapple canning factories. _ It was suggeated Chat the cooperatives supply directly the fru3ts and vegetables t~hey produce, without using intermediaries. This opening up to the marketing sector--which goes beyond those included so far, namely planting and harvesting-- _ ~can o~1y be considered if the cooperatives are given the means for transportation and an adequate organization for sales and accounting, so that they are assured of _ good management, properly monitored. There is also talk of giving the cooperatives bank financing for the purchase of tools, materials, fertilizers, etc. This will allow them to get away from the vicious ,cycle in which they are presently trapped: they do not produce because they do not ~have ~the right~materials, which they do not have because they do n~t produce. In . 14 - FOR OFFIC[AL USF, ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 FOR OFF[CIAL USE ONLY the opinion of the JORNAL DE ANGOLA oae must, in any case, be optimistic about the future of the c~operatives. The plans of their supporters are many: they range from increasing permanent crops to exploiting modernized citrus orcharde, as well as breeding small livestock such as poultry and pigs. COPYRZGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie Paris 1981 94 65 CSO: 4400/922 15 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 , FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ANGOLA ~ BRIEFS EtXPORT FORECASTS FOR 1981--It is anticipated that e~orts of goods and produce through tt~e Central Angolana de Exportacao (coffee, diamonds, and oil, which go through other channels, are not included) will amount to about 140,000 tons for the current year, as opposed to a little over 80,000 tons for the previous year. Cement _ i.s ab.out 85 percent of this tonnage, the balance being sisal and quartz. Angola's ~argest outlets are Nigeria, Portugal, Tlie Federal I'.epublic of Germany, and Sao - Tome. [Text] [Paris MARQiES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS i,n French 6 Mar 81 p 632] 9465 HUILA RU1tAL UNION ESTABLISHED--Antonio Franca Ndalu, member of the political depart- ment of the MPLA and secretary of the central committee for agriculture, livestock and fishing, recently presided over a ceremony in Lubango at which a rural union for Huila province was established. This rural union, created after those already set up in Malan3e, Uije and Cuanza-sud provinces, has 27 cooperatives (5,487 cooperators) and 479 associations (97,958 associates). [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX - $T MEDITERRAN~ENS in French 6 Mar 81 p 632] 9465 . AUSTRIAN MINIIJG EQUIPI~NT--The Austrian company Austromineral, a subsidiary of the Austrian steel consortium Voest-Alpine AG, wi11 supply Angola and Mozambique with mining equipment needed for exploring mineral deposits and processing ores, as well as with the necessary know-how. Orders for Angola amount to about 200 million gchillings (or about 64 million francs), and for Mozambique to about 55 million schillings (17.6 million French francs). [Text] [Paris MARQiES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 6 Mar 81 p 632] 9465 - ALLEGED CUBAN RECOLONIZATION--Is the Angolan central plateau in the process of being recolonized? Some tens of Cuban volunteers settled with their families at � the beginning of January in the rich province of Huambo where they took over the ~ lands, villas and agricultural workers of the former Portuguese colonizers. In addition to their salaries as cooperantas and a risk bonus, they will reportedly keep half of the income produced by the harvest. [Text] [Paris JEUNE AFRIQUE - in French 8 Apr 81 p 29] - - ~ 16 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY . CENTRAL COMMITTEE POSTS--The Secretariat of the MPLA-Labor Party Central Committee has just been set up as follows: Jose Eduardo dos Santos, secretary for cadres; Iucio Lara, secretary for organization; Ambrosio Lukoki, secxetary for ideology, ~.riformation and culture; Juliao Mateus Paulo (Dino Matrosse), secretary for party acCivity in the defense and security area; Henrique de Carvalho Santos Onambwe, secretary for governmental ~udicial agencies; Roberto de Almeida, secretary for _ economic and social policy; Manuel Pedro Pacavira, secretary for the production sector; Afonso Van-Dunem Mbinda, secretary for external relations; and Ilidio Tome - Alve~ Machado, secretary for civil service and finance. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 855] 9631 ~ CSO: 4400/969 17 FOR OFF[C[AL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY BOTSWANA INTERVIEW WITH PRESIDENT MASIRE LD0~61429 London THE FINANCIAL TTMES in English 6 Apr 81 p 23 [Interview with Ur Quett Masire, president of Botswana, by Quentin Feel and IrLichael Holman: date and place not given] [Excerpt] Nearly ten months after he came to office it is clear that Dr Ma~ire will pursue the pragmatic approach of his predecessor. In part it reflects his own judgment, but it also says something about Botswana's multi-party system and the nature of the ruling party itself: "Whatever policy prevailed under Sir Seretse," he told THE FINANCIAL TIMES, "was not just his own individual philosophy, but the philosophy of his party. And as of now I cannot foresee any major political ; or economic change in our strategy." There certainly can be no change, he argues, in the country's major foreign policy issue--relations with neighbouring South Africa. Botswana gets around 85 percent of its imports, including oil, from there, he points out. "So sanctions against South Africa virtually means sanctions against Botswana"--hence Botswana's absten- tions in the recent UN vote on the issue. "I'm dead certain that if there were sancti~ns, the South Africans would pass them = on to us firsC. If there is anything in short supply it is nei ghbouring black states that talk too loud at the Organisation of African Unity and the UN that suffer the consequences." There are currently about 1,000 refugees in Botswana, mainly from South Africa, but their activities are strictly circumscribed. "We have come out very clearly to both the OAU and the UN that we are not in a position to allow BoCswana to be used as a launching pad. Those who are ~ealous of our independence would use this as a pre-text for attacking us. "To start with not many countries understood, but now most, if not all, do appre- ciate our position. Gaborone has no formal diplomatic links with Pretoria but Botswana carries out what has come to be called 'telephone diplomacy.' When things happen we pick up a phone and ask Pretoria: 'What are you up to?"' If Botswana has to live with what the president describes as a"troublesome neigHbour" at leas;. there is relief on one border. Zimbabwe's independence last ~ year meant an end to border incursions and other problems: "The 20,000 refugees ~ that were here have now gone home. And while the war was on we never knew whether 18 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY H we would wake up one day to f ind the railway (run by Rhodesia Railways) was not operative becaus~ things had gone berserk in Rhodesia. Nevertheless, the Rhodesian war left a mark. The Botswana def ence force was created as a response to the incursions. Today the force totals some 2,500 men, on which P56M will be apent over tFi2 19?9-85 development plan period--a not insignificant _ burden i.n a country with a population of only 850,000. Dr Masire argues that nearly double this will be spent on education--"I think this s:tows our priorities are right"--and much of the military spending is on the _ basic items required by a defence force, such as barracks: " It's not like South Africans are not spending even more money on something that already exists." - The president does not underestimate the difficulties that lie ahead if the planned _ targets for rural development and job creation are to be reached. The land is _ generally arid and school-leavers are finding it increasingly difficult to find 3obs in the towns. "First o� all we thought the biggest obstacle was finance, but we have come to a point where an even bigger constraint is manpower. Rural development is skill- intensive and we need more people to implement projects scattered all over the _ country. "And we have a comparatively new phenomenon. In the past we only had underemploy-� ' ment. Somebody may not have o~rned cattle, but he would be looking afCer them. Now we have people coming to Gaborone looking for jobs because they have no cattle _ of their own, while the man who does own cattle ].ooks after them himself. Unemploy- ment is becoming very pronounced hence our concern about rural development and job I creation." It is also one reason behind Botswana's efforts to expand the industrial sector and encouraging foreign investment. Foreign exchange regulations are liberal and the government does not demand half the equity in joint ventures--"but we do insist _ on equal representation on the board of management." Unfortunately, says Dr Masire, "being a rather turbulent region, people are always visiting the inquities of our neighbours upon us. We need to explain just where we are and what our future plans are. We have a team of consultants to help us see how we can improve our investment climate, and they will report later this year." ~ Dr Masire admits that Botswana is a popular destination for aid donors but insists ' that it remains a poor country. "It is a very dece~tive situation, because a lot of money has poured in to develop the mines. But a lot of money is simply kept in the banks. It gives a falsz sense of abundance. "People think every Botswana is affluent. We really are still a poor country thinking in terms of the individual Botswana, despite all the effort the government makes to see that what comes out of the mines is ploughted back into development in the rural area. "Our problem is that there are so many priorities, and so f ew people to meet them." - COPYRIGHT: The Financial Times Ltd. CSO: 4420 19 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFlCIAL USE UNLY CAMEROON BRIEFS CANADIAN AID FOR PLANES--The Canadian Government has agreed to finance the Cameroonian Government's purchase of two DHC-5D Buffaloes at 23.I million dollars. The Cana.da Export Development Corporation has granted a credit of 18.5 million dollars to the Cameroonian Government for this contract. [Text] [Paris LE MONITEUR DE L'AERONAUTIQUE in French Apr 81 p 8J CSO: 4400 ~ ~ 20 FOR OFFIC[AL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 ~ FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY CHAD PRFSIDENT GOUKOUNI'S SOUTHERN TOUR Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 27 Mar 8 1 p 845 ,[TeictJ Goukouni Weddeye, the president of Chad's Transition Government of National - IInion (GUNT), made a week-long tour in the country's southern region. This was the president's first visit--he comes from Tibesti--in so-called "Sara" country *~here the desire to keep a separate identity in rela tion to Islamic Chad is ev'ident. According to the FRENCH PRE~S AGENCY, 70 million CFA francs were _ supposedly made available to organize this tour, which is of great political signif3cance. A sp~cial operation was set up to ma.intain security for the head of GUNT and the $0-odd people accompanying him. All of the ministers who come from the south had = returned to their l~ome territory to make preparatxons for recQiving them, while - most of the remaining ministers were part of the tour party. ~ ~ During his meetings in the 5 southern prefectures, President Goukouni made remarks = which were favorably received among the population, in particular about implementing ~ . the Zagos Agreements as a whole, organizing free elections, the secular character of the Chadian state, as well as how all civil servants will be paid their salaries as of the end of March. President Goukouni also lamented the fact that Chad is admin isCered by the diff erent arined factions which make up the GUNT, and he reaffirmed the need for the territorial - - division by these factions among themselves to come to an end so that government ~autliority can be established over the entire country. l~s a sign of his placatory desire, Goukouni Weddeye anraounced that prisoners from the ~south (elements of the "Chadian Armed Forces" captured by FROZINAT in 1978 in 'Borkou-Erinedi-Tibesti) would be released in the neax future and could return to the region they came from. In addition, the president stated that there would be no merger between Chad and I,ibya aizd that there were neither Soviets nor East Germans in Chad. "S'outhern_cadres expressed the desire to increase Chad's cooperation with other states, ~including France, and to consider the withdrawal of Libyan t roops from Chadian territory. COPYRIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981 9631 21 CSO: 4400/967 FOR OFFICIAL USF ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 FOR OFFiCIAL USE ONLY ~ CHAD UNITED NATIONS ECONOMTC AID � Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 846 [Text] A UN mission which stayed a week du:.ing mid-March in Chad has just been _ examining possible forms of UN assistance to that country. According to the FRENCH PRESS AGENCY's correspondent in N'Djamena the mission agreed _ in principle that assistance should be given quickly. After a period of 2 or 3 months, the UN could provide a contribution of 5 to 6 million dollars to set up mobile facilities which would allow N'Djamena to reestablish contacts with the out- - side. The UN could al.so decide to send a 3000 kw power unit to supply Chad's capital city with water and electricity. ~ In the "nealth area, 1 million dollars of aid was their figure of what should be given to help with current needs in N'Djamena hospitals. However, the mission specified as a preliminary condition for this aid that consulting physicians be sent and that WHO representatives be reinstated. There is also allowance made for supplying medicines worth about 5 million dollars. Similarly, the UN exp erts accepted in principle that 12,600 tons of grains should be given as food aid. The UN will also supply 500 tons of seeds for the next agricultural season in the country. An informed source in N'Djamena emphasizes that none of these provisions can for the moment be considered as final binding decisions. In actual fact it is the UN secretary general who will decide on whether to implement them after bei.ng informed about the mission's report. The same source says that everything hinges on how Chad's internal situation evolves. ~ Before leaving N'Djamena, the mission's memb~rs went north of the capital to - , Massaguet and 250 km south to Bongor so they could see for themselves if there were peaceful conditions in the country. In a statement made in N'Djamena Mr Akhund, head of the delegation, said that all UN member countries favor rapid implementation of the last General Assembly's resolutions to aid Chad. COPYRIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981. 9631 CSO: 440/967 22 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 FOR ~FFICiAL USE 'ONLY G'~IAD BRIEFS _ `CLA5g bN`FRONTIER--According to Sissein Habre's FAN (Northern Armed Forces), they w~re engaged in f ierce combat with government troops supported by Libyans in the - Ali~~he regit~n on the Sudan-Chad border on 12 March. [Text] [Paris ME~RCHES ~Z`ROPICAUR ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 790] 9631 ~~GYPTIAN ~lR1~S ~$IPMENTS--On 16 March Egypt acknowledged that it was supplying arms to Hissein Habre's Northern Armed Forces (FAN). Furthermore, while talking about tHe Libyan intervention in Cha:d, the Egpptian minister of foreign affairs, Ramal - Hasan 'Ali, pointed out that Egypt and France ha~i been having consultations on that sub~ect "for a long time." [Tezt] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAIIX ET I~fEDITERRANEENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 790] 9ti?1 NEW CHIEF OF GENERAL STAFF On 12 March President Sassou-Nguesso, Congo`s chief of state and minister of natibnal def ense, officially presented the new chief of general staff of the APN (National People's Army), Lt Col Emmanuel Elenga, to the APN s troops and off icers. EleRga succeeds Lt Col Raymond Damas Ngolo who is = currently a minister assigned to the Defense Ministry. [Text] [Paris MARCHES ~ `TROPICAUX ET 1~DITERRANEENS in F'rench 27 Mar 81 p 792] 9631 FED ROAD AID--The European Development Fund [FED] is going to take part in repair work~on the Sibite-Bihoua road in the Congo with a grant of 2.6 million ECU's. [Text] [Paris MARCAES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 792] 9631 ~FAC FINA2dCING AGREEMENTS--The F`rench ministar of cooperation and the Congo have ~ust signed two fi.nancing agreements in the Aid and Cooperation Fund (FAC) context toralirig T48'million CFA francs (2,960,000 French f.rancs) related to the agronomic _ ~ese~rch aid pro3ect and FAC's aid to Marien Ngouabi University for the 1980-1981 '~~c~ioo3 year. [Te~tt] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French Mar 81 ~'p 792] 963I 23 - FOR O~FICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY PRESIDENT TOURS INTF.RIOR--The presid~nt of Chad's Transitional National Union Government [GUNT], Mr ~oukouni Oueddei, will tour the Chadian interior starting on 10 March. The last tour of this type for a Chadian chief of state goes back to _ 1978, with General Mallotmm. This decision was made at a council of ministers _ meeting where concrete measures were also adopted to encourage the demilitarization of Ndjamena, and where it was decided to ratify the Lome Convention II, which links the EEC and the ACP [African Caribbean and Pacific] countries. Concerning the demilitarizaCion of Ndjamena, the GUNT decided to allocate a sum of 100 million CFA Fr to the Joint Mili*_ary Commission responsible for that question. This major financial effort for a country which is in default on payments shows the full - importance which the GUNT atitaches to the implementation of its decisions in this area. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 6 Mar 81 p 621] FRANC ZONE 1~EfEMMBERSHIP--0n 21 March in Dakar Michel Kosnaye, Chadian minister af economy, confirmed Chad's desire not to leave the franc zone after he stated that p osition at the conference of ministers from zone member states which was held 1 9 March in the capital of Senegal. Kosnaye stated that his country was anxious to participate in the Dakar meeting in order to clearly register this desire to , remain a zone member. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MIDITERRANEENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 846] 9631 CSO: 4400/967 24 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY CONGO BRIEFS EEC LOAN=-The EEC has awarded a loan of about 54 million CFA Fr to the Congolese _ ~Iational Development Bank (BNDC) for initial financing of a program of "Technical Assi'stance to the BNDC." [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANE~NS in French 6 Mar 81 p 623] [COPYRIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981] 9516 FIS73, FORESTRY DEVELOPMENT FINANCINC~-The Congo and two international organizations, - UNPD and the FAO, have signed draft agreements in Brazzaville for a total of 914 million CFA Fr, the Congolese information agency reports. The proposal signed with UNPD, which is for 238 million CFA Fr, concerns development of rural fishing, and the second, with the FAO, for a total of 676 million CFA Fr, concerns the field of forest development. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in - French 6 Mar 81 p 623] [COPYRIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981] 9516 _ CSO: 4400/912 25 � FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 FOR OFFICIAI. USE ONI~Y ETHIOPIA VIGNOI,O R~;PORTS GRADUAL VICTORY OF ERITREAN ' REALITIES' 1~Cilan CORRIERE DELLA SERA in Italian 11 Apr 81 p 3 [A`rticle by Mino Vignolo: "Eritrea Normalized With ' Realism"' ] - [Excerpts] Massawa--The scars of the war are still visible in the poorest and most populous district of Massawa, the city on the Red Sea that Italians, once upon a = 'tinie~, used to proudly call "the gateway of the empire." ~ao years have gone by since 'the violent battles opposing Ethiopian soldiers and Eritrean guerrillas, but t:~e signs are still there, raw and fresh as if the battles had taken place only yesterday. Together with Keren, Massa~a is the city that suffered the most; however, it is also the city where the burden of fear is least noticeable. There is no curfew - since entrance to the city is easily controlled and guard posts are fewer than el~sewhere. In Asmara, the capital of the province, the attention of the Ethiopian forces seems - more vigilanC and curfew is observed beginning at 1900 hours "as a precautionary _ measure." This is a city which, in contrast to Massawa, hears no visible acars of the ~adr, but it is a city i:i~at ~las experien~ed suiP~ring. Uccu~ied militarily tiy the Mengistu troops and besienged by the Eritrean guerrillas, Asmara lived through a nightmare for a long time and is only now beginning to breathe again. Tlie "pacification campaign," as it is called by the Addis Ababa government, has - at least achieved thiv initial result: in Eritrean cities, the people are learning - to live again. Maj Dawitt Wold~e Giorgis, who is in charge of the political sector in Eritrea, received me in Asmara. He makes himself very clear: "One cannot make 'exceptions for Eritrea: provinces are equal in rights and duties. The principl'e "e'~ciated in tHe program of the Ethiopian revolution, which establishes a certain ~ autonomy in internal affairs, is valid for all 14 provinces." This program ' specifies that "each ethnic group will have the right to determine the content of political. economic and social life, to use its own language and elect its own leaders and administrators for internal entities." Up to now, only the linguistic c]:ause has been applied, but it is too soon to bring judgment since there is '~still a de facto cease-fire in effect. There is no agreement bet;aeen the warring �factioris and no guarantee that the fight will not start again. Nevertheless, _ d~spite Clie fragility of the truce, a step has been taken in the direction of peace, 'at ~Ieast in the political and psychological field. A"pacification campaign" - `i~eans ttiat the ~Addis Ababa government ha~ chosen the way of persuasion and not that of veng~:;ance and repression. ' 26 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY - Dawitt, a man who "counts" today in Ethiopia, says: "It is important to win over the minds and the hearts, and ~e are slowly succeeding. All provincial adminis- trators are Eritreans, and many Eritreans occupy positions of responsibility in the capital." A general amnesty has been proclaimed for repentant guerrillas, - who are sent to special rehabilitation centers where they receive politic~l training for. 2 or 3 months. They are tfien allowed to return to their families and normal life. We visited one of these centers in the vicinity of Asmara. The inmates are all quite young. They all declared themselves victims of distorted propaganda. Perhaps the presence of some COPWE members near me was a bit of a concern. - Even if the Eritrean question remains open and it is not right to draw hasty conclusions, we have a feeling, confirmed by shreds of witness account~ gathered here and there: the great majority of the popul~tion is tired from 20 years of war, death and destruction. Realism is prevailing over friendly feelings toward the guerrillas, who could even be sons, brothers or sisters. COPYRIGHT: 1981 Editoriale del "Corriere della Sera" s.a.s. CSO: 4404 27 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY GABON CCCE GRANTS URANIUM, PROCESSING DAM LOANS Paris MARCFiES TROFICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 13 Max 81 p 683 [Article: "7.6 Billion CFA Francs in I,oans From the Central Fund"] Text The representatives of the French Central Fund for Economic Cooperation ~CCCE~ in Libreville were reminded that this body has recently granted two loans to Ga,bon, the total amount of which i~ 7.62 billion CFA [African Financial Commu- nity] francs. At its meeting of 18 December last, the supervisory council of the CCCE decided to allocate 7 billion CFA f~ancs for the paxtial financing of new treatment installa- tions for COMUF [Franceville Uranium Mining Company] uranium, as well as for the expansion of the Poubaxa da,m~ in the Haut Ogooue. The loan, which concerns sums in the ~~first'~ (soft conditions) and "second window," was granted at an average interest rate of 11.6 percent. On the other hand, on 15 Februasy the supervisory council allocated 620 million CFA francs for the paxtial financing of a supplementary program of cocoa traal s in the - Woleu Ntem. It concerns a"first wi.ndow" loan at 5.5 percent, repayable in 13 years with a 5 yeax deferment, comparable to the 600 million CFA franc loan which had al- ready been granted by the CCCE in 1976. On 31 December 1980, the sum of CCCE credits to Gabon amounted to 28.8 billion CFA francs, 12.9 billion of which to the state of Gabon. - COPYRIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie Pa.ris 1981. 8463 CSO: 4-400 28 F(1R (1F1~'T!'TAT TTCL' /1*7T V APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ~ GHANA BRIEFS TEXAS PACIFIC OIL EXPLORATION The Texas Pacific Corporation has committed itself to inaking a study of the lagoon ba.sin of Keta~ wi1;h a view to begin drilling opera- tions there this year. While making this announcement, the Ghanaian Government - specified that it intends to aid petroleum companies by rovidin them with a11 facilities necessa,ry for their prospectin~ activities. ~Text] ~Paris MARCHES TRO- PICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 13 Max 81 p 679] 84-b3 ~ TEMA PORT IMPROVEMENTS Speaking to the parliament on 18 February, the Ghanaian - m~nister of fuel and ene.rgy, Mr Frantz Wu1ff-Tagoe, announced the government's in- ~ention to develop the port of Tema in ordex to make it accessible to the largest - oil tankers and to add an asphalt manufacturing plant to the refinery. Negotiations to this effect ase appasently already in progress with foreign investors. At the - present time, the port can only accomodate tankers not exceeding 30~000 tons. The planned alterations would a11ow it to accomodate 100,000 ton tankers. When asked also about the domestic consumption of fuel, the minister responded that it was currently as follows: more than 20 million liters of diesel oil; approximately 2U million liters of high grade and more than a dozen mi~lion liters of kerosine. With regard to imports of crude from Libya, he assured that the difference of opinion which had arisen with that country last November (MARCHES TROPICATJX ET ME- DITERRANEENS of 21 November, p 3099) had had no effect at a11 on deliveries. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANE~NS in French 13 Max 81 p 679] 84-63 CSO: 4~00 I 29 - Ff1R n~rrr eT rreF nrrr v APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 FOR O~FTCIAL USE ONI,Y GUINEA BRIEFS _ COOPER~TION WITH INDIA VIEWED--From 16 to 20 March Ahmed Sekou Toure, the Guinean chief of state, made an official visit to India at the head of a delegation of 20. Ttie two parties discussed at ministerial level the possibility of Indian participa- `ti:on in the billion-dollar Konkoure hydroelectric pro~ect and in the areas of road conetruction, small-scale industry, rural development, and railroads. In addition, on 19 March Guinea proposed collaboration with India in the area of prospecting for, - production of and trade in diamonds, and in precious and semi-precious stones, in the course of talks in New Delhi between the Guinean minister of foreign trade and 1~is Indian counterpart. A delegation of Indian experts will go t o Guinea in the near future to discuss prospects for cooperation. Sanjiva Reddy, the president of tlie Republic of India, and Indira Gandhi, the prime minister, accepted the invitation to make an off3cial visit to G~.inea at an undetermined time. [Text] [Paris _ MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 8~7] 9 631 _ URANIUM EXPLOITATION--During a meeting in Conakry on 13 March two groups of potential partners for the Guinean Government in Guinea's uranium mining program were formed. - The f irst group, which will be involved in the area of uranium deposits in the south- eastern part of Guinea, includes the government of Nigeria and companies from West Germany, Yugoslavia, Belg3um and possibly Canada. The second group, which will be involved in the south central zone (Los Island and the Kindia, Mamou and Dabola regions), is made up of companies fram West Germany, Romania, Switzerland and the T~nited States. Negotiations are being carried out within these groups with a view to arriving at an agreement w3th the Guinean Government at the next meeting set for around the end of April or the beginning of May. This agreement is intended to Tay out specifics regarding the names of participating compan ies, the distribu- tion will be financed. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in Fre'nch 27 Mar 81 p 837] 9631 CSO: 4400/969 . 30 FOR OFFICIAL U~E ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY GUINEA-BISSAU OIL, BAUXITE, PHOSPHATE FIGURE IN DEVELOPMENT PLANS Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENg in French 27 Mar 81 p 837 [Article: "Oil Exploration Starting Up Again"] [Text] Since the coup which toppled President Luis Cabral, the International De- velopment Association (IDA, the World Bank affiliate) has made a$6.8 million credit available to Guinea-Bissau for oil prospecting. The exploration is slated to be carried out by the British company DIGICON on G~inea-Bissau's continental shelf excluding the two zones which are the subject of - litigation with Senegal and Guinea-Conakry. The Guinea-Bissau Government has a$180,OU0 share in this IDA-financed project which consists of determining the quality and volume of petroleum deposits which have been discovered in order to see if exploiting them is commercially profitable. The British involved 3n prospecting have available to them the mass of documents which French, Portuguese and American firms had collected during earlier prospecting e.fforts. These firms in, fact recently agreed to hand over the documents in their possession to the Bissau Government. But oil is not Guinea-Bissau's only mineral resource. In fact, prospect3ng efforts are underway for bauxite deposits, with assistance from the USSR, and for phosphate, wi.th France's collaboration. In addition, it is anticipated that mining the bauxite deposits irt the southeastern - part of the country will involve building a dam on the Corrubal River for energy product3on and building an ore tanker port at Bulia which could be used jointly with Senegal, Mali and Guinea-Conakry. The reorganization of Guinea-Bissau`s economy, currently being studies in one of the committees formed after the coup, is an indication that the country Is going to try to profit more from its natural resources, particularly wood (20,000 tons in 1979) and fish, in order to improve its trade bala.nce, which showed a def icit of $45 million in 1979. ` COPYRIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 19�31 9631 CSO: 44Q0/969 31 FOR QFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY KENYA INDIAN COMMUNITY MORE SECURE Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 6 Mar 81 p 625 [Article: "Indian Coumrunity in Kenya Reassured Following Presidential Trip to '~ew Delhi"J [Excerpts] Beyond its positive aspects in terms of plans for cooperation and reciprocal exchanges, President Moi's trip to New Delhi had a major impact on the Indian community i.n Kenyay (some 100,000 persons) who felt further reassured by it. The community had in fact nourished the most dire anxieties at the time when _ Uganda's Idi Amin llada bent his efforts to chasing out all nationals of Asiatic origin. It feared then that the contagion of xenophobia might spread into Kenya. .9sid in fact it was not far off the mark. While not suffering the prompt treatment that was practiced in Uganda, many Kenyan Indians in coimnerce and business did have to emigrate to Great Britain with their British passports, to yield place to the Africans, in the context of a degree of Africanization decreed by the late President Kenyatta. Shortly after assuming his duties and pursuant to the fall of the Ugandan , dictator, the new Kenyan president applied himself to beginning to reassure the Asiatics of his country, emphasizing the freedom he intended to allow for the establishment of businesses. Their departure, moreover, had harmful effects on the economy. So they returned, more confident, in a climate where tolerance once more reigned. One sees an example of this tolerance in the most recent legislative elections, _ where a deputy of Indian origin, M.K. Gautama, was elected in one of the districts ~ in the capital city (MTM of 7 December 1979, p 3407). The investments and technical aSSistance tha.t l~idia is going to bring to Kenya, as well as the cultural and - educational exchanges ta the two countries, will contribute still more to reassuring the local Indian community, for whom the President's trip to New Delhi will remain - a ma~or event. GOPYhIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981 9516 CSO: 4400/912 _ 32 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02108: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY KENYA BRIEFS INDIAN COOPERATION--During a 1-week visit he just made to India at the head of an important delegation of 75 people, the Kenyan chief of state signed a series of bilateral accords intended to promote cooperation and exchanges between the two countries. These accords cover the fields of education, culture, technical and - economic cooperation, and trade. India also agreed to train Kenyan technicians _ in the fields of defense, co~nunications, and electronic equipment. The two countries will also explore the possibilities of ~oint enterprises in the sectors - of steel-making and primary medications, while India will establish centers for development and electronic research in Kenya. A delegation of Indian experts should soon be coming to Nairobi to evaluate in the field the possibilities of going ahead with these projects and decide on any supplementary technical assistance. Kenya also proposed cooperation with private Indian firros fo~ the provision and assembly of cement-works. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 6 Mar 81 p 625] [COPYRIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981] 9516 CSO: 4400/912 33 - FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY MALI BRIEFS ~'LANIVING COt1NCIL ESTABLISHED--On 28 February, a Higher Council of the Plan was created in Mali, with the intent, according to the law, to "define the objectives cif the plan based on directives from the Democratic Union of the Malian People" - EUDPM, the only party), "to approve the projects of the plan developed bq the planning authorities, to follow up on the execution of the plan, and to approve necessaiy.ad~ustments." The head of state is chairman of the Higher Council of the - Plan. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUR LT MEDITERRANEENS in French 6 Mar 81 p 614] - 9465 AGRICULTURAL BANK ESTABLISHEI}--The National Agricultural Development Bank (BNDA) was established on 28 February with the Malian government as the major partner. This new bank "plans to give technical or financial assistance for the accomplishment . of any project that promotes the rural development of Ma1i. In this capacity it intervenes either in its own interest or in that of the state or public agencies." [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET ML~DITERRANEENS in French 6 Mar 81 p 614] 9465 CSO: 4400/922 34 - FOR OFFICI,~L USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY . MOZAMBIQUE REPORTED DISSIDENT THREAT, DIVERGEI~TCE TROUBLE NATION Paris :1ARCHES TROPICA.UX ET MEDITERR~AI~TEENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 856 [Article: "'>2aputo Regime Battling I~s Armed Opposition and Internal Divergence"] n [Text] Nearly o years after independence began, forces hostile to Presiclent Samora Machel's regime continue to emerge in the heart of Mozambique, while a serious 'divergence of opinion seems to be emerging within FRELIMO itself regarding possible strengthening of ties with Mo~cow. There are indications from a well-informed Western source that activities of under- ground raembers of the National Resistance Movement (MRN) have picked up a eextain amount in intensity over the last few months. The result is to refute officizl al- 'l~gation,, aiiout its having been wiped out during a vast milit.~ry operation carried out last July in the mountainaus Sitaton~a massif (Manica Province) near the border - with Zimba~wP. ~ The road linking Beira to Maputo "is not safe," and ~oods transport takes place unde.r the protertion of military convoys since ambushes are frequent. Similarly, the railway line between Beira and Chimoio has also lieen. subjected to recent at- tacks on the part of MRN members. Accordi.ng to news stories published in Johannesbur~;, the MRN claims thes~ days to = have about 10,000 "we11 trained and well equipped" guerrilla fighters. Since Ma~or Andre Matsangaisse's death (in July 1980 at the time of the raid by regular - Mozambican troops), these force~ are said to ~Se led by Messrs Afonso Jacamo, known - as Dhlakama, Raul Manuel Domingos, and Jose Domiiigos. In official circles in Mo2ambi:que it is asserted that the MRN is actively supported by South Africa which is said to have even set up traireing camps for this purpose in Transvaal Province. In addition, the good relations existing between Maputo and Moscow are apparent7.y not unanimously approved of within FRELIMO and ever~ within the cabinet. Persistent , rnmors are circulating in Maputo about divisions which are said to exist at the highest ]_evels of tha government regarding whether it is advisable to quarrel seri- ously with the United States by so vigorously denouncing the famous "CIA plot." The United States has poured aroured $85 mill.ion 9nto Mozambique during the last 5 years ancl several officials are said to fear at present that Washington may "cut off ~2~tozambique's means of subsistence'' to respond to the recent expulsion of American diplomats stationed in Ma.puto (C.F. MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS, Issue No. 1844, 13 March, t~ 694) . _ 35 FOR OFFICIAL USF. ONT,Y APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02148: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY F~rthermore, experts observe that at least in the econom~.c area PresidenC Samora Machel's margin for maneuvering is extremely limited when you consider Moza~bique's extreme dependence on neighboring South Africa. Recent figures show that the wages paid to some 35~,000 Mozambican nations outside their country in South Africa (where most of tfiem work in the mines) plus the a.mounts of money paid by Pretoria to use the Mapnto ore tanker port and electricity - from the Cabora Bassa Dam represent around 40 percent of ttie new country's foreign _ exchange resources. In add3tion, Sovie~ aid ~akes the form mostly of trucks, puhlic works equipmerit and engineering equip~~nent provided free or at competitive prices. Finally, in th~ ~ood area it is from South A,~rica tfiat Moz~bique buys hundreds o~ - thousands of tons of corn a year wflich ~t needs. COPYRIGHT : Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981 9631 CSQ: 4400/969 ~ _ 36 - FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY MOZAMB~QUE ADF CITRUS PROJECT FTNANCING Paris MARCHES TROPTCAUX ET MEDTTERRANEENS in FrencT~ 27 Mar 81 p 856 IArticle: "A Loan For Citrus Development"] [Text] The African Development k~nd (ADF) has granced an 8.9 milli.on UCF jUnited _ ~ Commun~ty Funds] loan (approximately 2,259 millioa CFA francs) to the People's - Republic of Mozainbique for financing tfie citrus development pro~ect. The loan is to be paid back over 50 years with payments deferred for 10 years. The pro~ ect's px unary oh~ective is to develop new citrus groves by replacing old groves where the trees are diseased so that citrus exports can continue to earn foreign exchange for Moza~tbique. The pro~ect also has the goal of creating jobs in the area where it w311 be carried out and to give proo~ of tfie development po ~ tent ial offer~d by citrus agriculture.~ The project consists of developing 1000 hectares of land into citrus groves irrigated ~iy sprinklers. The pro~ ect's costs are estunated at 13.5 ~million UCF; they include 8.9 million UCF for f oreign exchange coats and 4.6 million UC~' for local costs. The proj ect will be f inanced ~ ointly tiy the AD'F and tfie Mozambican Government . The ADF loan will be used to finance 100 percent of the foreign exchange costs needed - �or the pro3 ect, that is, 65 percent of the total costs. Pro~ect implementati,on will be stretched out over a period o~ 5 years and should start up in 1981. The implementing agency is the National Citrus Company (EEC) in _ Maputo. All goods and services except for buildings and locally ~manufactured goods will ~e purchase3 via international tenders in accordance witY? ADF standard procedures in this area. _ Including the additional production unit financed }~.y~ AD~ (t~is one will be located in Timanguene, in tfie Magulie District), the EEC w311 have 2,200 hectares under cult i- v8tion next year. Last year the company exported 11,500 tons of citrus. COPYRIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981 - 9fi31 CSO: 4400/969 ' 37 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY _ MOZAMBIQUE BRAZILIAN AGRICULTURAL COOPERATION Paris MARCKES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 6 Mar 81 p 632 [Editorial: "A Plan For the Irrigation of 80,000 Hectares by Geotecaica, a Brazilian Company,~ ] [Text] The second phase of plans for an. ix~dustrial complex, developed by the Brazilian company Geotecnica and which is to be built in the Bue Maria region, in the hydro- graphic basin of Pungue in the Mozambican province of Sofala, was begun this year. The project in question will be continued next year and will cost almost $4.8 million. - The plans call for the construction of a 60m high irrigation dam and the praduction of electrical power. A soil analysis was done and an area of 140,000 hectares was demarcated, of which 80,000 hectares will benef it from ~ planned irrigation system. Banana plantations--their fruits e~rmarked for export--will be established in this area. A pilot operation, on 1,000 hectares, wi11 be immediately set up, making it possib1e to produce bananas as early as 1972 [as published]. The bulbs are kept in nursery gardens and are 3n the care of one unit of the agricultural department. A detailed soil analysis of the rema.ining 79,000 hectares is r~nder way. The effect of f loods in the future c~am zone is also being studied, as well as the use of water resources for irrigation. COPYRIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie Paris 1981 9465 ~p; 4400/922 38 FOR OI~'F[CIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 F~R OFFICIAL USE ONLY MOGAMBI6~UE BRIEFS FISHING SECTOR'S GOALS UNMET For the past yeax, the overall objective of the - fishing sector, established by the central state plan in Moza.mbique~ was to achieve a production of 13,000 tons. The actual. level of production achieved was only - 7,200 tons, that is to sa,y that only 55 percent of the objective was reached. These _ figvres were made public by Mr Joaquim Tenreiro de Almeida, secretary of state for fishing, on the occasion of the meeting of the enlarged advisory council. The delay - with regaxd to the plan was the result of technical difficulties encountered by the EMOPESCA [expa.r_sion unknown], MOSOPESCA [expansion unknown] and PESCAMAR [expansion unknown] companies, due to the shortage of fishing boats. [Text] [Paris MARCHES T'.~OPICAUX ET MEDITFRRANEENS in French 13 Mar 81 p 69~] 84~63 USSR AGRICULTURAL COOPERATION--The Soviet company Selkhospromexport is preparing a plan for the development of the Limpopo Valley. This company must first study the viability and the organization of a plan for irrigation and water drainage, as well as the building of dams and canals. Selkhospromexport will then go on to implement the plan by building agricultural and industrial complexes, housing for the workers, and in establishing the infrastructure needed. The preparation of tlzis plan, which . should last 42 months, involves 150 specialists from different fields. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 6 Mar 81 p 632] 9465 CSO: 4400/922 39 ~`(1R l1~FT!'TAT TTCF f1ATT.Y APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 ~ ~ FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ~ _i i ~ I NIGER _ RES ULTS OF GALLEY' S~TIS IT Paris MARCIiES TROPIC,AUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 786 r.. [Article: "Robert Galley's Niamey Visit: Development of Cooperation with France"] [Text] Roberty Galley, French minieter of cooperation and of defense, made an official visit to Niger 7-11 March. The minister was received twice by President. Seyni Kountche. Galley made the statement that their meeting dealt with the whole range of coopera- tion between the two countries, in particular the Kandadji dam project, the price of uranium, tlie decline of which he said was '~rorrying" for France as well as for Niger, anci the development of Nigerien television. On the subject of ~he Ka.ndadji pr~ject, the usefulness of which was questioned ~ during the lenders meeting held in February in Niamey, Galley stressed that France continues to attach great importance to it. He said, "France was committed to the Kandad~i dam from the start. We consider the Kandadji dam to be an indispensable element in Niger's development, in electrical power development as well as its enormo~s irrigation potential which undoubtedly could make it possible for Niger to achieve self-sufficiency ~n food." W~.th a 1.~+ billion cubic meter. capacity creating a 230 square km lake, this dam structure is meant to provide a regulated water flow and allow 140,000 hectares in the Niger valley to be irrigated. Regarding television, Fresident Kountche and the French minister discussed ways . to make sure it will cover Niger's entire area in the years to come. Galley also said that President Rountche feels that French and international aid = efforts ought to be modified to take Niger's actual situation better into account since Niger's development efforts are in danger of slowing and even of stopping ~ because of the fall in the international price of uranium. Gal:ley added that President Kountche would also like to direct the attention of France and other countries to the fact that Niger still has a difficult food situ- ation and therefore needs food sid. 40 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFIC'IAL USE UNLY The French mi.nister also had a meeting with his Nigerien counterpart, Daouda Diallo, and the two signed a financing agreement involving the sum of 4 million French francs (200 million CFA francs). This amount will provide for the outf itting c~f four district maternity hospitals and five rural dispensaries as well as the building and outf itting of a Mother and Child Welfare Center and a maternity hoapital in Niamey. 0?~ 9 March F`rance and Niger signed a financial aid agreement for 28.7 million French francs (1,435 million CFA francs) slated for keeping up payments on.a loan made by - the Central Fuad for Economic Cooperation for 72.6 million (3,630 million CFA francs). This was one of France's special contributions to Niger's National Investment Fund for 1981. The French Government has already made an effort in this direction by buying 600 tons of additional uranium on terms which will allow payment into Niger's investment budget of a sum of 4,500 million CFA francs, which brings France's overall financial assistance to the fund in 1981 to 8,130 million CFA francs. We note further in the context o� Franco-Nigerien cooperation that a decree signed _ by President Seyni Kountche authorized the Nigerien Government to borrow a sum of 3,630 million CFA francs from the Central Fund for Economic Cooperation (CCCE) in the form of special assistance to f inance several development projects. In particular it is a question of telecommunications development (1 billion CFA francs) and a capital holding in SONICHAR, the Anou Araren Nigerien Coal Company (1,320 million CFA francs). COPYRIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981 9631 CSO: 4400/966 41 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL U~E ONLY - NIGER NATIONAL POULTRY PROGRAM DEVELOPED Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in FY~ench 27 Mar 81 p 840 = [Text] With a view to meeting Niger's poultry needs, the Animal Industry and - Livestock Service has worked out a National Poultry Development Program. - The program provides for changing the poultry division into the National Poultry Development Office. Also, in addition to setting up the up-to-date Goudel poultry center which will be provided with a large-capacity incub~tor for hatching onQ-day chicks, the program seeks to bring new techniques to the Maradi and Mirriah poultry _ centers and also to establish secondary centers at Dosso, Gaya, Konni, Tahoua, Agadez, Maine and Arlit. Poultry producer cooperatives are also to be established around major urban centers. The program for setting up the Goudel poultry center extends over 5 years. Expected production will be 448,000 chickens and 4.8 million eggs in the fi.rst year and will _ move up to 1.5 million chickens and nearly 20 million eggs per year. The program will probably cost more than 1 billion CFA francs. Nigerien Government participa- tion will amount to 205 million. CFA francs from 1976 to 1981. The Trust Fund share _ in 1979 was 45 million and the UNCDF [United Nations Capital Development Fund] put tn 631,000 dollars this year. Finally, we note that the new Niamey poultry products factory has been in operation since October 1980. The SONAL [expansion unknown] farm's plant has carried out its first trials and its current production capacity is 2.5 tons an hour. COPYRIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981 96:; ~ - CSO: 4400/967 42 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY r APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY NIGER BRIEFS BELGIAN FINANCIAL AII~--Belgium: Firnancial Aid of 700 Million CFA. Belgium on 20 February provided Niger financial assistance worth 100 million Belgian Fr (14 n?illion French Fr). The aid is to be paid back over 30 years without interest, with a grace period of 10 years. This loan is destined for two priority projects: improving the salt-marsh and constructing a high-tension line to bring electricity , from the capital city Niamey to the Say region where major hydroelectric works are in progress. [Text] [Paris MARQiES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 6 Mar 81 ~ p 617] [COPYRIGIiT: Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981] 9516 FRENCH LOAN---On 17 March the Central Fund for Economic Cooperation and the Nigerien minister of finance signed a loan agreement involving 72.6 million French francs, which is 3.630 billion. CFA francs. The loan is a special French contribution to - Niger's National Investment Fund for 1981 as a supplement to regular operations. Of the tot31, 1 bi.llion CFA francs will be used in telecommunications development, 1.32 billion will go to the Nigerien Coal Company's (SONICHAR's) capital stock, _ and 1.31 billion will be for rural development. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 840] 9631 CSO: 4400/967 , 43 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY RWANDA f EEC AID TO RWANDA DESCRIBED Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 13 Mar 81 p 688 [Text] The second Lome Agreement and the fifth European Development Fund (EDF) be- came effective on 1 January 1981. The first four EDFs covered the period from 1958 to 1980. From the outset, Rwanda has received aid from the EEC in the form of subsidies and - from the fourth EDF through special loans. ~ Altogetlter, and under EDF 1 to 4, as of 3S. December 1980 Rwanda had been granted cumulative aid of 103.9 million European units of accounc representing 6.2 billion Rwandan francs. This aid was earmarked for rural development (33.50 percent), energy (37 percent), highway projects (14.70 percent), education and training (11.30 percent) and other programs (3.50 percent). - Rural development includes the expansion of tea growing arid construction of a leaf processing plant, promotion of pyrethr~n growing with the installation of blossom drying centers, planting of coffee trees and the settlement of families on agri- cultural sites. The energy infrastructure has received fun.ds for construction of the Mukungwa hydro- electric power plant and electric power transmission lines in various areas. Highway projects have included 153 km of roads and one bridge. Under the fourth EDF, the European Investment Bank granted a loan of 3 million units - of account to finance the tin foundry built by the Mining Company of Rwanda, a mixed company; the plant shculd go into operation sometime this year. Since 1976, the EEC has also helped to finance nongovernmental orgznizations operating in Rwanda. This aid has included 28 projects'and totaled 205 million Rwandan francs (health care, education, rural development, water supply, electrification, aid to the handicapped, social works, etc.) From 1973 to 1980, the EEC participated in financing food a~sistance to Rwanda (wheat, flour, powdered ski.m milk and butterfat). Under the fifth EAF, a plan for:financiaZ and technical cooperation in Rwanda was _ signed in Kigali in January 1980. ~ 44 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFIC[AL USE ONLY - Under this plan, EEC ai3 wi11 be between 72 and 80 million units of account, which is equivalent to 9 to 10 billion Rwandan francs, for staggered programs to the end of February 1985. Tk?e sectoral distribution of EEC aid is as follows: rural development, 38 perCettts education and training, 14 percent; higl~ay projects, 22 percent; energy, 10 percent; _ technical cooperation, 5 percent; microindustry, 2.50 percent; promotion of small and medium-sized businesses, 1 percent; other programs and reserves, 7.50 percent. Some projects have been suspended for the time being: the Bugesera water supply, equipment for the Butare medical school and further improvements for the Ruhengeri school. COPYRIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie., Paris 1981 11915 CSO: 4400 45 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 , FOR OFF[CIA1, USE ONLY S ENEGAL DIOUF NOTES ECONOMIC PROSPECTS FOR 1981 Paris MARCfiES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRAN~ENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 835 [Text] In a statement made on 17 March before the Sene~;alese Economic and Social Conncil, Abdou Diouf, president of the republic of Senegal, pointed out that Senegal's economic prospects for 1981 "are not shaping up under the most favorable auspices." According to him, this situation is the result of the world economic crisis and the drought's disastrous effects on agricultural and industrial production in 1980. The consequences of lgst year's terrible climatic conditions on peanut production are even more serious. According to Dioud it is possible that production will not exceed 200,000 tans, while it reaches 1,000,000 tons in good years. Diouf pointed - out that value added in agricultural production declined 20 percent in 1980 and that the primary sector overall went down I4 percent. As for the industrial sector, which grew 12 percent in 1979, it decl3ned 17 percent. _ In 1980 oil mills alone registered a 48 percent decrease in activity because of the - bad season for peanufis. This bad season involved a substantial decline in peanut product exports (18 billion CFA francs compared to 42 billion in 1979). Thus it contributed to th~ balance of trade deficit, assessed afi 96 billion francs. Diouf - added that it was possible to limit the balance of payments deficit to 13 b illion francs (campared to 25 b illion in 1979) thanks to external aid and particularly to France's assistance amounting to more than 60 b illion francs. In addition, the chief of state announced an increase in tax on value added (TVA), - the establishment of compulsory withholding from wages and income, and impro~ved fiax collection in order to compensate for the expected decline in I981 tax receipts. _ Diouf stressed that Senegal's Sixth Development Plan, which begins next July, - - provides for 463 billion CFA francs of investment: 24 percent of th3s sum will be devoted to the primary sector, 34 percent to the secondary sector, 22 percent to - the tertiary sector, and 20 percent to the quarternary sector (a quarter of which is for education). Diouf pointed out that the rural sector was going ~o be re- organized with a view to freeing the rural environment from the yoke of the bureau- cracy and from inordinate supervision," and that a special water use plan would be started up, includi.ng the construction of dams, borehole drilling, and well digging as well as preparing land areas for irrigated agriculture. COPYRIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981 9631 46 CSO: 4~00/9b6 FOR OFFICIAL USE O1VLX APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY SENEGAL EUROPEAN AID IN FINANCING OF CHEMICAL iNDUSTRIES Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 6 Mar 81 p 613 [Article--passages enclosed in slantlines printed in italics] [Text] The /European Investment Bank (BEI),/ the European Community's Banking - institution for longterm financing, has provided the Republic of Senegal with assistance having an overall exchange value totaling 5.3 billion CFA Fr (17.7 million counting units) in contributions to the construction of an industrial complex which includes, on the one hand, units for the manufacture of sulphuric acid and phosphoric acid near the Taiba Phosphate mine quarry, 50 lan from Dakar, and on the other ha~nd installations for the manufacture of fertilizer in the free zone. _ This industrial complex, /Chemical Industries.of Senegal (ICS),/ which should go into servicz in mid-1985, contains equipment able to produce more than 560,000 tons of sulphuric acid, 220,000 tons of phosphoric acid as well as 240,000 tons of - fertilizer per year, a thermal power station with a 13-megawatt turbo generator, storage and handling installations and various a~iliary equipment. The total cost of the investment is estimated at 56 billion CFA Fr: this is Senegal's biggest industrial project. The producti~n, one-third o� which will be marketed in the form of phosphoric acid and the remainder in the form of solid fertilizers, will assure the profitable exploitation of a waste product (schlamms) previously unused in phosphate production. The Senegalese state is a principal shareholder in the ICS company, along with the Republic of the 7vory Coast, the /Islamic Development Bank/ and various companies providing technical assistance for the completion of these investments, which were already involved in prov~.ding for the exploitation of the phosphate mine /Senegalese Phosphate Company of Taiba)/. Created in 1976 following a feasibility study, the ICS company provided additional research before being entrusted with. making the 3nvestment a reality. To assist in the realization of this complex, which will provide significant foreign currency dividends, BEI first provided two financial packages based on the first _ Lome ConvenCion: --A loan of 9 million counting units (some 217 billion CFA) from its own resources _ (that is, essentially, the producC of its loans on the capital markets). This - loan was provided to the ICS company for 15 years at 8 percent interest, taking into account an interest discount from the resources of the /~uropean Development Fund./ 47 FOR OI'FICIAL~ USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY --A conditional laan of 614 million counting units (close to 1.9 billion CFA) to the state of Senegal, for a maximum duration of 20 years at 2 percent interest, in order to cover a part of its shares in the capital. - - The BEI also accorded a second conditional ioan of 2.3 million counting units (close to 690 million CFA) to the state of Senegal on the same conditions and with the same intent. /This loan is BEI's first operation in the framework of the second Lome Convention./ The two conditional loans were provided from the risk capital called for by the two conventions and managed by BEI in its capacity as mandatory of the European Community. Finally, a fourth loan for the same projects is anticipated in the next few months. The /World Bank/ and the /International Finance Cou~~~any (FSI),/ the /African Development Bank (ABD),/ the /Arab Bank for African Development (BADEA)/ and the /Central Fund for Economic Cooperation/ (French) are also participating in the - financing of these investments. The BEI was already involved in preparation of this project in 1978 when it accor~ed a conditional Zoan of 200,000 coim ting units, also on risk capital, for the comple-� tion of feasibility studies. COPYRIGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981 - 9516 CSO: 4400/9Z2 - ~ 48 FOR OFFI(:IAL USE ONLY (6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102/48: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300144462-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY SENEGAL NEW OIL MILL OPENED Paris MARC'dES TROPICAUR ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 836 ` " [Article: "SEIB: Inauguration of the New Oil Mi11--A 10.7 Billion CFA Franc ~ Ir?vestmentr'] [Text] On 20 March Abdou Diouf, president of Senegal, inaugurated the new Baol - Electrical and Industrial Compaay (SEIB) industrial un3t in Diourbel. The oi1 mill's First stone was 1r~id by President Seaghor in 1978 and it hae re- quired 8.5 billion CFA francs of investment, which has been provided thanks to an internal company fund and a local financial credit as we11 as another credit from the Central Fund for Ecanomic Cooperation. Since the D~ourbel power statiaa even together with the Kaolack plant is not able to supply enough power for rhe industrial complex, the developers have built a thermo-electric power plant, which burns pearsut shells, intended to supply the ~ mill with electYical power. A well sunk 300 meters will supply the mill and the ` various service operations as well as the workers' housing development. A plant _ will treat liquid waste which wii] be thrown into a fresh water lagoon the water from which will be used in the immediate future for maket gardening. While the old mill's grinding capacity was 50,000 tons a year of peanu;s in shells, the new one's is 200,000 tons. This inerease in capacity will compensat~ for the - shutdown of the Petersen oil mi11's operations which had a capacity of 150,000 tons. Yaya Kane, SEIB's president-director general , mentioned that this closing has not entailed any ~ob loes since aIl 300 former Petersen employees have been picked up by the new mill. More~.~�er, in order to g~iard against bad harvesi�s such as this year's, the developers have installed an additional assembly line for making oil out of sunflok~ers or soy- be~ns. This has required an additional investment of 60G million CFA francs. Apart from these installations, the plant includes sections for making and packaging vinegar, w~?eritifs, and margarine. SEIB also makes bleach, toothpaste and perfume. With xegard to cosmetics it ought to be pointed out that SEIB makes the entire range of "1'Oreal" products. _ 49 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OE'FICIAL USE UNLY In addition, a 300-unit worker housing development has been built at Dombe, 5 km from Diourbel. The whole thing cost 1.6 billion CFA francs anc3 is provided T~*' ~t all the necessary health care, cultural and social facilities. S~ the evera.tl investment made by SEIB is 1G.7 billion CFA francs. After theTnter-G engfneering firm, SEIB's engineering adviser for more than forty years, had done studLes regarding this new plant and had played an active part in the search �or financing, it was given the ~ob r~f building it on a"turnkey" basis. At the opening of the Diourbel oil mill, President Abdou Diouf stated his desire to maintain peanut growing in hia country in spite of the ma~or dr~ughts of the - last f ew years . According to Diouf, seed will be sown snd fertilizer and fungicides will be spread - an time, before the next growing season which beg3ns next July. The chief of state = expressed his desire to enhance the country's industrial development by on-site - raw material processing, and to make the oil mill investments profitable by increas- ing peanut production, and brin~ing their capacity up to 1 million tons. Peanuts provide 50 percent of the i:lcame earned by Senegalese farmers. The oil mills will only have 100,000 tons for grinding this year, mainly because of the drought. COPYF.IGHT: Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981 9631 - CSO: 4400/966 ~ 50 ~ FOR OFFIC[AL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFF[CIAL USE UNLY SENEGAL BR:LEFS FRANC~SENEGALESE RESEARCH COMMISSION--~Jn 19 March the seventh annual meeting of the Joint Franco-Senegalese Couimission on Scientific and Technical Research was held in Dakar. The delegatians were led by Michel de Bonnecorse, head of the French aid mission, and Jacques Diouf, Senega].ese secretary of state for scientific ~ and technical research. The two parties made an assessment of scientific and technical cooperation during 1980 and examined the ISRA [International Seabed Re- - source AuthoriCy], ITA [Food Technalogy Institute] and University of Dakar programs. Negotiations focused particularly on agricultural research and food technology, re- _ newable energy sources, and bio-medical and pharmaceutical research. Technical assistance and training of high Ievel scientific cadres was also looked into. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRA~EENS in Frencli 27 Mar 8] ~ 836] 9631 ~ SMIG INCREASE--A S percent increase in the guaranteed minimum interoccupational wage (SMIG) in Senegal's private sector, retroactive to l January, has been decreed ~ by the Senegalese Government. The SMIG thus rises from 133.81 CFA Fr per hour - (23,193 CFA Fr per month) to 140,5 CFA Fr (24,352.86 CFA Fr per month). This - decision is aimed at "sustaining the purchasing power of the workers." It comes ` 1 year after the gen~ral 13 percent increase in wages decreed by the government. The Senegalese civil service enjoyed a 7 percent wage increase last July. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TP.OPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 6 Mar 81 p 612] [COPYRIGHT: f ~ Rene Moreux et Cie. Paris 1981] 9516 BEI PETROLEUM EXPLORATION LOAN--The BEI [European Investme.nt Bank] has also provided, from the total amount of risk capital reserved by the first Lome _ Convention far the financing of feasibility studies, a conditional loan of 400,000 _ counting units (99 million CFA Fr) to the Republic of Senegal to enable it to put together the appropriate funding for a mixed company PETROSEN which will be ` responsible for the finaJ. stage of studies before the eventual exploitation of the "Dome F1ore" light oil deposit off Casamance, as well as for oil exploration work on land and in the maritime waters of the country. This work will also be - co-financed by the World Bank. The accords concerning the BEI's latest loan to - ICS [Chemical Industries of Senegal] and the oil loan were signed in Dakar ~n 27 February by Louis Alexandrenne, Senegalese minister for planning and coopera- tion, and Yve~ ?~e Portz, president of the Europear. Investment Bank. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 6 Mar 81 p 613] - [COPYRIGHT: Rene Mcreux et Cie. Paris 1981] 9516 CSO: 4400/912 51 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR UF~[CIAL USE ONLY TANZANIA BRIEFS - FUEL RATIONING--On 19 March Edward Maokola-Majogo, Tanzania's deputy energy minister, announced in Dar-es-Salaam that the sale of fuel for automobiles would now be authorized only the first 3 days of the weeic. He added that official ve- hicles, including those of ministers, would only receive 60 to 70 liters of gasoline a week and that special permits to buy gas on restricted days would be cancelled. The minister stated that as a result of these measures Tanzania will save 41 percent on its gasoline consumption and 15 percent on diesel fuel. He also announced that a special committee had been set up tasked with taking csre of the energy prob- lem a..nd which has been considering eGOnomy measures for taxis and tourist agencies t,o implement as of 20 March. At its first meeting this committee noted that during the f irst half of 1981 estimated petroleum imports amounted to a total value of 1.78 billion Tanzanian shillings (whereas the government only has 900 million shillings available to pay for these imports) and that in 1981 annual petroleum imports should amount to 3 billion shillings as compared with 240 million shillings - in 1973. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET I~ITERRANEENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 850] 9631 CSO: 4400/967 ~ 52 FOR OFFIC[AL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/48: CIA-RDP82-44850R000300104462-9 - FOR OFF1CIAi. USE ONLY UGANDA BRIEFS OIL COMPANIES STOP DELIVERIES--The oil companies supplying Uganda have decided to suspend their deliveries as long as the Kampala government has not paid at least part of its debts to them, which amount to $50 milliony a representative of one af these companies announced on 13 March in the Ugandan capital. Uganda's oil con- swnption amounts to $3 million every week. In accordance with an agreement with ' the companies, the Ugandan Government should pay them this sum of $3 million every week, which it has not done for 3 weeks, according to the same official. Gasoline rationing was instituted in Uganda nearly 2 months ago. Each motorist is entitled to 30 liters per week. But this restriction has not made it possible to supply everyone and there are many lines ~.n front of service stations. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 20 Mar 81 p 795] 11915 CSO: 4400 - 53 . FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ZAI~IA BRIEFS COUNTIPJU:ING UNEASE IN UNIP--On 13 March President Kaunda accepted the resignation of Wesley Nyirenda, Zambia's former minister of education who was a member of the Central Committee on Zambia's only political party, UNIP, and chairman of the Subcommittee on Nominations and Discipline. No reason was given for this resigna- , tion. However, it is observed that there is persistent unease within the party's leadership in spite of the reshufflings made by President Kaunda last February. On 16 March UNIP's secretary general attacked the press and some of his assistants tried to prevent an article from being printed in the TIMES OF ZAMBIA. This is a , recent episade of the political tension which has been manifest in Zambia for several months. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 850] 9631 i REPOItTED NEW SOVIET MZLITARX AGREEMENT--~It would seem tfiat on~y s~:x a~.rcraft out ' of the 12 MIG-21 delivered to Zamb~a by the USSR and based at tiie international , airport in Lusaka are operational at the present time. Tfiis ~report was given by ~ diplomatic sources in Lusaka, who also noted tfie conclusion tiy the ZJSSR and Zambia I of a new agreement dealing w~tfi considerable militarp supplies. [Text] [Paris ; LE MONITEUR DE L'AERONAUTTQUE in French Apr 81 p 9] PETROLEUM IMPORTS LOANS--On 9 Ma.rch t}.e Bank of Zambia signed a loan agreement in - London with seven international banks involving 145 million kwacha to assis~ Zambia in buying needed petroleum. The loan is for 1 year and the Lusaka Central Bank will have to make regular payments to its creditors about every 100 da~ys. The bank consortium granting the loan is headed by Bank of A~-nerica and includes Citibank, - Standard Chartered B,.nk, Barclays Bank International, Chase Manhattan, Grindlays, and the Bank of Credit and Commerce International Ltd. [Text] [Paris MARCHES _ TROPICAUX ET MIDITERRANEENS in French 27 Mar 81 p 850] 9631 CSO: 4400/967 E~ 54 _ FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000300100062-9