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APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY JPRS L/10009 24 September 1981 Japan Report (FOUO 57/81) FBIS FOREIGN BROADCAST INFORMATION SERVICE FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 - NOTE JPRS publications contain information primarily from foreign newspapers, periodicals and books, but also from news agency transmissions and broadcasts. Materials from foreign-language sources are translated; those from English-language sources are transcribed or reprinted, with the original phrasing and other characteristics retained. Headlines, editorial reports, and material enclosed in brackets are supplied by JPRS. Processing indicators such as [Text] or [ExcerptJ in the first line of each item, or following the last line of a brief, indicate huw the original information was processed. Where no processing indicator is given, the infor- mation was su��< rized or extracted. " Unfamiliar names rendered phonetically or transliterated are _ enclosed in parentheses. Words or names preceded by a ques- tion mark and enclosed in parentheses were not clear in the original but have been supplied as appropriate in context. Other unattributed parenthetical notes within the body of an item originate with the source. Times within items are as given by source. The contents of this publication in no way represent the po?.i- cies, views or attitudes of the U.S. Government. COPYRIGHT LAWS AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING OWDIERSHIP OF MATERIALS REPRODUCED HEREIN REQUIRE THAT DISSEMINATION OF THIS PJBLICATION BE RESTRICTED FOR OFFICIAL USE OiNLY. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400054059-8 FOR OFF[CIAL USE ONLY JPRS L/10009 24 September 1981 JAPAN REPORT (FOUO 57/81) CONTENTS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY List of Top 100 Business Firms in Machinery Sales for FY 1980 Compiled (NIKKEI SANGYO SHIMBUN, 29 Jul 81) 1 MITI Studies Way To Aid Basic Material Industries (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 1 Sep 81) 13 Uranium Enriching Plan Takes on Concrete Form (Kiyoo Suda; JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 25 Aug 81) 14 Technology Developed To Make Carbon Fiber From Pitch (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 1 Sep 81) 16 More Effective Use of Byproduct Waste Gas Is Seen by t1ITI (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 25 Aug 81) 17 Boeing Calls for Quick Decision on B7-7 Plane Project (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 25 Aug 81) 18 Nissan To Install Many Robots at Pickup Factory in Tennessee (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 25 Aug 81) 19 Search for New Coal Chemistry Products Intensifies (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 25 Aug 81) 20 Advisory Body Reports on Data Circuit Liberalization (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 1 Sep 81) 21 Green Cross To Produce B Variety Hepatitis Vaccine (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 1 Sep 81) 22 - a - [III - ASIA - 111 FOUO] FOR OFF[CIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400054059-8 FOR OFFICIAL USE OI3LY Interferon, Hormones Made Without Use of Blood Serum (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 25 Aug 81) 23 Brief's Energy-Saving Smelting Technology - b - FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 25 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 FOR OF'F[CIAL USE ONLY SCIENCE AN1? TECHNOLOGY 2 LIST OF TOP 100 BUSINESS FIRMS IN MACHINERY SALES FOR FY 1980 COMPILED Tokyo NIKKEI SANGYO SHIMBUN in Japanese 29 Jul 81 p 6 [Text] Machine Tools Group Makes Advance; Makes Inroads Into Top 100 Positions; Sales Volume Increases 25.5 Percent Business showing of Japan's powerful machinery firnLS in 1980 has shown remarkable growth thanks to the "machinery boom." Nihon Keizai Shimbunsha has carried out "the second top 100 machinery firms ranking" of Japan's powerful machinery firms (including the consolidated firms). According to the results of this investiga- tion, the total 1980 sales volume of the top 100 firms among those who responded reached 13,683,700,000,000 yen, exceeding the actual results of the top 100 firms of the previous year by 25.5 percent. The machinery firms are said to have sung the praise of this unprecedented machinery market activity. Moreover, the total sales volume of the top 100 firms as a percentage of the total sales of Japan's machinery and tool wholesalers (based on the cominercial statistics and the com- mercial movement statistics) jumped from 22.2 percent in 1979 to 26.3 percent in 1980; clearly indicating that concentration of top ranking firms was in progress. In order to grasp the actual state of the current machinery business circle, 386 powerful machinery firus (refer to the "method of investigation" for the method of selecCing the subject firms for study) were chosen and an investigation was carried out by means of a questionnaire including, among others, the questions concerning 1979 and 1980 sales volumes and the prospect of 1981 sales. - The machinery chosen as the subject for study included general industrial machinery, tools, parts, precision light machines, ships, and railroad rolling stocks. Automobiles, electronic computers, household appliances, and general electric machines were ncti included in the study this time. According to the results of investigation, the toCal sales volume of top 100 firms in 1980 amounted to 13,683,700,000,000 yen which was 25.5 percent over the 1979 sales volume of 10,902,600,000,000 yen. In spite of dullness in the con- ' struction machinery business due t.o holdback on public investment and a$10 billion setback in plant export drie to worsening circumstances in 1980, domestic demand and export of machine too13, precision machines, tools and parts experi- enced an unprecedentedly favorable activity, so thst a significant growth was shown as a whole. 1 FnR nFFIC1AI. USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102109: CIA-RDP82-00854R004400050059-8 FOR OFFlCIA1. USE ONLY Based on the "first top 100 machinery firms ranking" carried out in September last year, the 1980 sales volume was projected to grow 16.7 percent over 1979. The actual 1980 sales results far exceeded this prediction, indicating that the activity of Japan's machinery firms was better than expected. Nloreover, based on those firms which responded to the question about 1981 sales forecast, the 1981 planned sales volume will rise 12.4 percent over 1980. Reacting to the very high growth rate in 1980, the anticipated growth rate is somewhat lower, but it still represents two-digi.t high growth rate. Except for a cc:Lcern felt by a portion of the firms about the wane of the machinery boom toward the latter half of 1981, the sales forecast is strong overall. As expected, the top 10 positions of the 1980 top 100 firms ranking included 9 large consolidated firms. Moreover, the 9th through the 20th positions were led by K. Hattori & Co. Near the top were five sales firms affiliated with Yammar Agricultural Machinery, Shinko Sho,ji, Citizen Shoji, and Cannon. Moreover, compared with the 1979 top 100 firms ranking, the fact that firms deal- ing in favorable lines of machine tools rose in ranking was quite conspicuous. Yamazen rose from 14th to llth position, while Gomiya rose from 31st to '28th position,- and Kanematsu Gosho Machine Tool rose from 33rd to 29th position. Besides these, Mitsui Machine Tools, Katsuyama Machinery, and Yachiyoda Industry ' also made an outstanding advance. On the other hand, those firms dealing mainly in dull construction machinery, including Nakamichi Machinery Industry, Narazaki Industry, Kyushu Construction Machinery Sales, and Itoman each dropped approximately 10 positions in ranking. Black and white were clearly determined by the type of machinery dealt with. Those firms which were ranked below lOlst in 1979 and were included in the top 100 in 1980 included Reybold and Muranaka Medical Instrument. Conversely, those firms which were dropped included Nippoa Scientific Machinery and Tominaga Industry. . Method of Investigation This investigation was carried out on 386 powerful machinery firms chosen from among Japan's 69,497 machinery and tool wholesalers based on the following criteria: 1) Listed (stock) enterprise, 2) Member enterprise of Japan Machinery Import Association, 3) "Corporation income 50,000 ranking--Machinery and Tool wholesaler" compiled by Nikkei Business. The questionnaire included, among others, questions concerning sales volume of all departments dealing in machinery and the kinds of machinery handled as of 15 July. In this investigation, the range of "machinery" was limited to the general machinery (including plant, wind and hydropower machinery, chemical machinery, boiler and internal combustion engines, transportation and load-handling machinery, machine tools, metal work machinery, wood work machinery, fiber machinery, h.ydraulic machinery, food machinery, printing machinery, construction machinery, packaging machinery, agricultural machinery, air-conditioning machinery, and other general industrial machinery), tools and parts (including bearings, valves, gears, screws, springs, tools, and vther), precision light machinery (watches, optical instruments, cameras, sawing machine, medical instruments, business office machines, and measurement instrument), ships, and railroad rolling i:tocks. 2 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102/09: CIA-RDP82-04850R000400050059-8 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY w 14 N ~ 1"'+ P'~ ~ M F+ W ~ ~ a�, u u u 14 ~ 0 Cd Q ~ u a~.~ ~ ~ u ~ ur!'~ ~ ~ ~ M W {4 `I4 N TI ~ " ~ ~ Vc~ O f3 00 ~p ~ N ~ U P+ F. 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H 7 r v~ z + vM vM . -4 E0 V~I v~d] ~ C~'~ . xv f p+ C- ~ ~ C r- ~ a0 N cn %O t~ N ON rl O 00 1 O M u1 .O ( rn o0 00 00 I- 00 m 00 ON m 00 I O O1% 00 rn m I rn r-i ..r .s ~ v v v ~ v v v v v v v v ~ ,bd N CY) ~7 u'1 %O I, 00 Gs O ~-I N c'r1 .t L/1 %~G t- 00 ON O q 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 m O% C1% O1, ON m ON m O~ m O I R~ ~ r-i $ FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY I APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-44850R000400050059-8 N'u1t uhric:iAL ubL uNLY Growth Supported by the Popularity of NC, Yachiyoda and Reybold Made Rank; Semiconductors and OA Related Firms Give Good Fight 5ales Volump- Growth Rate Favorable conditions for machinery firms, dealing in ma.chine tools was outstanding from the results of this investigation. Yachiyoda Industry, Reybold, and Mitsui Machine tools which were near the top of the 1980 sales volume growth rate rank- ing, are specialty firms dealing in machine tools.. The reason why these machine tool specialty firms did so well in 1980 was because there was a great desire to invest in equigment held by the manufacturers here and abroad, and to save labor from introduction of NC (numerically controlled) machine tools into their produc- tion process. Moreover, Tokyo Electron, which experienced a favorable sales climate of semi- conductor manufacturing equipment which constituted the driving force of "micro- computer revolution," and J. Ozawa & Co, which dealt in business machines which led the "OA age," were among the top ranking, sensitively reflecting the market activity of the business world. Large firms such as C. Itoh & Co and Sumitomo Shoji Ka.isha have also expanded their sales through their powerful sales net- works here and abroad. However, Chori Company, which came in first on account of a surge in plant orders, and Nissho-Iwai Aerospace, which came in second because of favoxable sales L f aerospace, machinery, are considered to have experienced temporary growth. They are expecting a redu,^.tion in sales volume _ in 1981. Inactivity in the sales of construction machinery as a result of slowdown in the pub-lic works and dullness in sales of agricultural machinery due to reduced interest in buying by the farmers influenced by the cool summer last year resulted in the fact that sales volumes of the firms dealing in this machinery could not grow. This was another feature which was shown very.clearly by the results of this investigation. 1980 Sales Volume Growth Rate Top 20 Firms Growth rate Rank Firm name 111.5 1 Chori 107.3 2 Nissho-Iwai Aerospace 65.6 3 Yachiyoda Industry 63.7 4 Toyota Commerce 6 51 - 5 C. Itoh & Co., Ltd. . 46.2 6 Reybold . 45.8 7 Seika Indus try 0 43 g Chiyoda Induatry & Sales . 42.6 9 Tokyo Electron 2 40 10 Sugahara Industry . 37'7 11 Nichimen Industry 35.4 12 Sumitomo Sho3i 34.1 13 Toba Yoko . - 9 - FOR OFFYCIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09 CIA-RDP82-00854R004400050059-8 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY M Rank Firm name Growth rate M 14 Ohzawa Shokai 33.9 15 Yazaki Sogyo 33.8 . ' 16 Mitsui Bussan Machine Tool 32�8 - 17 Toyo Menka Kaisha 32�2 lg Kyokuto 7.Yading 31.7 19 Matsushita Electric Trade 31.6 20 Marubeni Fiber Machinery Sales 29�8 Increasing Foreign Dependen;cy; C. Itoh & Co, Chori, and Nichimen Co Have Concern Over Friction in the Field Machinery export occupies approximately 60 peresnt of Japan's total export (1980 Customs statistics). It constitutes the main breadwinner who is indispensable for paying the cost of�importing the raw material and fuel such as oil and iron ores. In this investigation, we also requested the export volume and comment in relation to machinery export from a total of 27 firms, the vanguard of machinery firms whose export rate was more than 20 percent, in order to have an understand- ing of the 1980 export picture. Among these 27 firms, there were 17 whose export rate was also more than 20 per- cent in the previous year. And, 12 of the 17 belonged to the "export dependent type" whose export growth rate exceeded its overall growth rate. The majority of the large consolidated firms increased the sales volume of their ma.chinery departments by increasing export. This group was led by C. Itoh & Co which registered a very high export rate of nearly 80 percent. On the other hand, those firms among the 27 which increased the sales volume by expanding their domestic sales numbered only seven including Kinsho-Mataictii Co, Toyota Commerce, and Mitsubishi Corporation. Machinery export could become "sparks" which ignite the trade friction in the Euroamerican countries, and the machinery firms heavily in export are conscientiously taking appropriate counter- measures such as "emphasizing technology export" (Kinsho-Mataichi) and "backing up - the advance of manufacturers in the field" (Mitsui Corporation). , Export Rate Ranking of machinery firws whose export rate exceeded 20 percent Export Total sales Export growth volume growth Rank Firm name rate rate rate 1 Brother International 100.0 16.3 16.3 1 C. Itoh & Co. Machinery 100.0 12.8 12.8 1 Matsushita Electric & Trade 100.0 31.6 31.6 4 Meisei Commerce 94.1 24.8 24�8 S Kinsho-Mataichi 90.8 12.7 13.5 6 C. Itoh & Co. Shoji 79.9 66.9 51.6 10 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R044400050059-8 FOR OFFICIAL USE UNLY Export Total sales Export growth volume growth Rank Firm name rate rate rate 72.0 185.8 111.5 7 Chori 68 7 46.9 37�7 8 Nichimen Industry . 4 63 2.2 -1.5 9 Asahi Optical Shoji . 60.7 57�7 28�6 - 10 Marubeni 54 9 57.2 28.7 11 Kodama Shoji _ 0 53 18.5 26.4 12 Mi.tsubishi Shoji . 5 52 79.7 33.9 13 Ohzawa Shokai . 0 52 38.1 35.4 - 14 Sumitomo Shoji . 4 51 34.1 16.1 15 Citizen Shoji . 50.0 -29.2 -11.0 16 Itoman 48 9 32.5 19.0 17 Mitsui Bussan . 2 48 36.1 25.9 18 Nissho-Iwai . 1 48 47.5 20�7 19 Hattori & Co. . 9 45 56.3 32�2 20 Toyo Menka Kaisha . 2 45 39.3 21.6 -21 Kanematsu-Gosho . 43.8 54.6 24.5. - 22 23 Yamazen Itoh & Co. Fiber Machinery Sales C 41.2 -0.8 23.6 24 . Kawatetsu Shoji 40.3 4 36 5.3 -8.5 7�3 7�4 . 25 Ohkura Sho3i , 2 28 25.1 11.9 26 Newlong . 2 25 43.9 63.7 27 Toyota Commerce . Ttxose firms which responded to the quesr.ionnaire but did not make the top 100: Firm name (head office location, main items handled) Kensetsu Fastener (Osaka, tools) Nikkaki (Tokyo, medical instruments) Muraki Watch (Tokyo, watch) Western Trading (Tokyo, industrial machinery) Nissei (Tokyo, drying machinery) Kokusai Kok:i (Tokyo, machine tools) Yamamori (Tokyo, tools) Nippon Meyer (Fukui, fiber machinery) Tominaga Bussan (Tokyo, marine internal combustion engines) Sankin (Tokyo, tools) Meiko (Tokyo, business machine) Hasegawa Industry (Osaka, industrial machinery) Koizumi (Tokyo, air-conditioning machinery) George Fischer Machine Tool (Osaka, machine tools) Kobundo (Osaka, printing machinery) Motoya (Osaka, press machinery) Ohshima Shozaburo Firm (Nagoya, tool) Etsuda Commerce (Tokyo, resin molding machinery) Teradyne (Tokyo, semiconductor testor) Tokibo (Tokyo, medical instruments) 11 FOA OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R400404050059-8 NLY Tosho (Tokyo, water treatment machinery) Taichi (Tokyo, watch) CSC (Tokyo, oil supply equipment) Parker Commerce (Tokyo, food machinery) Okumura Machine Manufacturing (Osaka, industrial machinery) Karl Zeiss (Tokyo, medical instrument) Marubeni Electronics (Tokyo, semiconductor manufacturing equipment) Yoshida Commerce (Osaka, fiber machinery) Nodeson [phonetic] (Tokyo, painting machinery) Maruichi Cutting Tool (East Osaka, tools) Nichibei Automotive (Tokyo, automobile maintenance equipment) Teisho Machinery Sales (Tokyo, measurement instrument) Japan A M(Tokyo, printing machinery) Shinko Trading (Tokyo, medical instruments) Asia lndustry (Tokyo, parts) Kanematsu Industrial Machinery (Tokyo, plastic processing machinery) Japau Focus (Tokyo, medical instrument) Kawamada Chemical Industry (Tokyo, leather processing machinery) Taiyo Bussan (Kobe, hydraulic machinery) Yufu Precision Machinery (Tokyo, medical instrument) Sanshin Electric (Tokyo, facsimile) Furthermore, Mitsubishi Shoji Machine Tool (Tokyo, 1980 sales: 26,392,000,000 yen, main item handled: machine tools) was excluded from the group of subjects for top 100 ranking, because its response was received after the data was totaled. And Ohzuka Commerce (Tokyo, business machine) and Uchida Yoko (Tokyo, business machine) which were considered to be in the top 100 but were not I.ncluded in the ranking because they declined to respond to the questionnaire. COPYRIGHT: Nihon,Keizai Shimbunsha 1981 9113 CSO: 8129/1739 12 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400054059-8 SGIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY rva% va'L ..v~.a.. MITI STUDIES WAY TO AID BASIC MATERIAL INDUSTRIES Tokyo JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL in English Vol 19 No 970 1 Sep 81 p 4 [Text] The Ministry of International Trade & Industry has begun studying ways and means for shoring up the basic material industries, ' such as petrochemical, aluminum and paper-pulp, as all of them have become bogged down in managerial difficulties. lfiis is particularly so be- cause moce people have begun to feel that if the basic materials field is allowed to re main as it is, this may lead to undermining Japan's industrial structure in general. Indications now are that the PdITI's review will embrace two phases. One will concern medium- and long�term measures for coping with the high cost of energy and materials which form the basie factors for the business slump, and the other, short-tesm mea- sures, such as abolishment of surplus facilities. As for short�term me2su:es, MITI is expected to consider such steps also as adding the petrochemical industries and others to the list of thase which benefit from the law on aiding structurally depressed indus- tries, and extending govertr ment funds for strengthening their competitiveness, such as by promoting research and development. In June, 1978, the Govero- ment instituted a special em- ergency measures law for help- ing stabilize some industries which sorely were hit by a re- cession stemming from their structural compasition. The Government thereafter designated 14 types of indus- ti ies to come under this law, such as open-electric furnace, aluminum smelting and syn- thetic fiber, and then systema- tically abolished their surplus equipmenL � However, the competitive- ness of the basic material io- dustries began falling sharply in the period from 1978 to 1979 owing to the effects of the sECOnd oil crunch, and the structural depression of this sector further intensified as compared to around 1978. For instance, the petro- chemical industry, not de- signated under the law for structurally depressed indus- tries, began newly to ex perience serious managerial difticulties. Such a situation led MTTI from this spring successively to convake the aluminum and chemical industry com- mittees of the Industrial Struc- ture Council, advisory body to i2s minister, to consider relief measures on an individual icr dustry basis. - With regard to medium- and long-term relief ineasures, MITI is expected particularly COPYRIGHT: 1981, the Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc. CSO: 4120/325 13 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY to study the high cost o[ energy and materials in Japan as com- pared to nations in the West after the second oil cr.unch. As to this, its top officials fear that JaQan's basic materials industries are destined to experience further na- trouble if the oil produc nB oil tions themselves be8 reE'uting and start selling their oii products since this wi11 furthec bring down _world prices of oil products anci further widen the gap between them and Japanese prices� It thus appears ttat MITI ex- perts will explore the pos- sibility of taking some kind of a governmental policy measure to lower prices of power and petroleum products, such as naphtha, used by the basic material industries. With regard to starting a study of ineasures for shoring up the basic material indus- tries, MITI says: "Japan's processing type ih dustries, such as general machinery and electric equiP-. ment, have strong international competitiveness, and are steadily stepping up their ex- ports. "However, in the back of such a favorable trend of the processing industries 'rs the high technological level: of the domestic suppliers of basic ma- terials as weQ as their smooth supply. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY URANIUM ENRICHING PLAN' TAKES ON CONCRETE FORM Tokyo JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL in English Vol 19 No 969, 25 Aug 81 pp.l, 19 [Article by Kiyoo Suda] [Text ] Building of Japan's prototype uranitun-enriching plant, to be followed by full-fledged com- mercial plants, has recently been agreed on by the Govern- ment's Science and Technology Agency, Ministry of Interna- tional Trade and Industry (MITI) and the l0-compaay re- gional electric power indiatry in Japan. The agreement signals pro- gress in Japan's national policy of buitding its own "nuclear fuel cycle," to ensure an inde- pendent, lasting and adequate supply of nuclear energy, all the way from development of uranium resources through U- enriching, power generation, spent U-fuel reprocessing, to ultimate disposal of the ra- dioactive naclear waste mate- rials. The prototype plant is specifically aimed at making Japan at least 30 per cent self- sufficient in necessary supplies of enriched uranium 235 fuel for the existing 22 and other pro- spective commercial nuclear electric . power stations, in- variably of light watercooled category, by the year 2000. The nation still totally depends on imports for such supplies. According to the agreement, . building of the prototype sched- uled to start next year (during fiscal 1982) and its operation aze to be undertaken by the governmental .Power Reactor and Kuclear Fuel Development Corporation because of its long experience with its successful 1977-81 pilot U-enriching plant building-operation project. This part of the agreement was significant as it came after a sharp split of views between the Agency, insisting on a totally private undertaking of the prototype project, and MITI and industry assuming the principal duty concerned be- cause .of the great expense of the project, although the latter compromised on the industry's partial bearing of the cost. 'Ihe prototype plaat"is to have an annual production capacity of 200 ton SWUs (separation work imits) and is to be put into operation by fiscal April, 1990. The plant will be located at the same place as the pilot plant - Ningyo Pass in the hills on the border of Okayama Prefecture with Tottori Prefecture. (One ton/SWU is equivalent to one year's supplies of U-fuel tor a little standard nuclear power plant ot about 10,000 kilowatts in capacity. ) An estimated total rnst of V 70 billion to build the proto- type plant will be "partly" borne by the electric power in- dustry. The industry and the Science and Technology, Agency are said to still dis- agree on the industrial share of the cast, with the Agency insist- ing on 50 per cent and the in- dustry on 20 per cent. Follow-up commercial plants aze to be natural;y built chiefly at the responsibility of the elec- tric utilities (with the Gov- ernmeat's financial assist- ance) and the companies are to create a joint company to work out a common plan to proceed with their own project. (The first cammercial plant now visualized is to start op- erating by around 2000 with an annual capacity of 3,000 SWUs. ) Zhe agreement has already been accepted as is by the Domestic Uranium Enrichment Subcommittee of the Govern- ment's Atomic Energy Com- mission into the commission's official recommendation to be filed with the Prime Minister's Office shortly. The Agency and the Ministry directly in charge of the project will accordingly seek the necessary appropria- tions under Japan's next fiscal 1982 national budget to be com- piled by the year-end. The uranium 235 fuel for Ja- pan's N-power stations is made from yellow cakes (semi-re- fined) uranium ores enriched in its U-235 content to about 3 per cent. Such enrichment requires highly-developed technology and expensive facilities, and Ja- pan has continued to seek the services of the U.S. and FYance to do the enriching since the start of the last decade. That has posed variotis problems to deter or endanger Japan's na- tional policy in favor of con- tinued development of its nu- clear electric power genera- tion. The U.S.-led international 14 F(1R nFFirr e T. T TCF (1Ni.Y APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400054059-8 j'VA UL'1'1V1t1U UJL V1.1LI policy against nuclear energy software and hardware pro- liferation to prevent military abuses has often prevented the pt'ogress of even Japan's peaceful nuclear energy utilization program through severe international checks, es- pecially as to reprocessing of spent uranium fuel and crea- tion of fast-breeder reactors to tuel themselves and supply fuel to other reactors. Besides, a possible shortage in interna- tional supplies of enriched ura- nium 235 could undermine-Ia- pan's whole long-cange nuclear energy development program. Consideration of such basic vulnerabilities of the program has prompted the Japanese Government and industry to build up Japan's seif-sufficiency in uranium enrichingservices as far and as early as possible. Japanese electric power companies have been obtaining American and French ura- nium-enriching services under long-range commercial con- tracts now extending as far as to 1995. As the companies now figure, their expanding N- power station networks will come to need annually about 8,000 ton/SWUs of enriched uranium supplies by 1990, 10,000 by 1995, and 12,000 tons by 2000. Without Japan's own efforts to build up its domestic enriching capacity, they fear a possible shortage in such sup- plies to occur after 1995. Japan now has only a token uranium-enriching plant in a little pilot plant with an annual capacity of only 50 SWUs built by the governmental corpora- tion and put into a trial rim in 1979, although the plant has proved a decided success in making the prototype plant projectfeasible. COPYRIGHT: 1981, the Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc. CSO: 4120/324 15 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440400050059-8 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY SCIENCE A1VD TECHNOLOGY TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPED TO MAKE CARBON FIBER FROM PTTCH Tokyo JAPX:? ECONOMIC JOURNAL in English Vol 19 No 970, 1 Sep 81 p 13 [Text] A new method of producing a high-quality carbon fiber from oil or coal pitch at a far greater speed than any known process has been developed by the Gov- ernment Industrial Research Institute, Kyushu. According to the regional laboratory at Fukuoka, the new method also promises far lower production cost, possibly 50 per cent lower, than the conven- tional commercial method of producing carbon fiber from polyacrylonitrile (PAN) through baking. Production of the item from pitch, a cheap material, had long been a subject of fierce technological competition among Japanese, American and other chemical makers, notably including Kureha Chemical Industry Co. of Japan, and Union Carbide Corp. of the U.S. But the strong tenacity of the raw material had limited the speed of production (drawing) to only scores of ineters a minute. The slow speed has resulted in a product with a bad motecuiaz arrangement and thus a low tensile strength, attaining only about a third of that produced from PAN. The Fukuoka institute said its method can draw carbon fiber of a filament type at a speed of anywhere between 300 and 1,000 meters a minute, with a marked yield of 90 per cent or higher. The PAN method had been incapable of producing filaments and attaining more than 50 per cent in yield. The carboa filaments produced by the new method are about as tensile as that producible by the conventional method, wittr standing a stress of about 300 kilograms per square milli- meter. The regional institute said its method accidentally resulted from its research job of developing Japan's own Sol- volysis method of liquefying coal. That method is to separate coal into oil by a chemical reaction caused in a mixture of dust coal and oil-re. "--fining residues, like pitch. But even such residual matter has recently gone up in price and also corrre to be used for differ- ent purposes to make the Sol- volysis method more imprac- ticable in cost ter,ms. - The institute thus reduced its consumption of such oils by recycling the heavy oil residue resulting from hydrogenation of pitch or other oil refining residues and distillation. I Such technological efforts to reduce the raw material cost led to application of tetra- hydroquinoline (THQ) as a good coal solvent that keeps the dissolved coal in a low mole- cular condition, instead of poly- merizing, into a high molecular carbonic solid. Such merit of THQ was utilized by making pitch react with THQ at a temperature of about 400 degrees C. to obtain a low molecular pitch solution, which was briefly heated at a temperature of about 500 de grees C. under a decompressed atmosphere, The resultant intermediate product was a premesophase matter that stays the same in chazacter regardless of moving directions in physics terms (as seen in crystals and other solids. ) The filaments were spun out of the intermediate product at a great speed and after being heated in the ordinary atmos- phere for their surface oxidiza- tion and insolubility, the filaments were heated while being. pulled taut into the final product in a good crystalized condition. COPYRIGHT: 1981, the Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc. CSO: 4120/325 16 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R400404050059-8 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY MORE EFFECTIVE USE OF BYPRODUCT WASTE GAS IS SEFN BY MITI Tokyo JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL in English Vol 19 No 969, 25 Aug 81 p 5 [TexL] Byproduct gas of steel mills and chemical plants, as ol;r tained in the process of coke production from coal, will be better utilized if and when the Ministry of International Trade & Industry fully develops measures to encourage it. MITI is considering financial assistance, including subsidies, and technological development to raise the coal gas's calorie so that the so-called coal gas can be more widely utilized. The MTTI measures will be in- tended to double the annual coal gas use to 10 million liters a year by fiscal 1990. The gas utilization examples include the joint construction of an experimental plant by Osaka Gas Co. and Nippon Steel Corporation's Sakai works. Kawasaki Steel Cocp. is considering making its gas at Mizushima works available to interested users in the area. According to. MITI, 5 million kiloliters of coal gas is currently utilized a year out- side coke plants - mostly as fuel for electric power genera- tion in and near steel mills. About 4 per cent (200,000 kilo- liters) is supplied to local gas utilities fos production ci city gas, as exemptified by Kama- ishi works of Nippon Steel and Fukuyama works of Nippon Kokan K.K. Steelmakers are _ promoting coke utilization in an attempt to decrease reliance on expensive fuel oil. That will tend to raise byproduct gas output, which MITI thinks can be better utilized. Its idea is that the gas should be used more for city gas production, which generally relies on liquefied natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas. The LNG and LPG supplies are not necessarily stable. Coal gas's disadvantages include lower calorific value - about one half of LNG - and an unstable supply as it depends on the steel mill's operating rates. Precisely for these reasons, most of the gas currently is consumed by steel mills' power plants. . In October, 1980, however, Osaka Gas and Nippon Steel set up a pilot plant for methanation of coke byproduct gas. The ga,s methanation is intended to raise the calories. The pair plans to raise the plant's capacity in or after 1984. MITI sees it passible for the gas to be supplied to steel companies' subsidiaries and affiliates operating near the steel and coke plants. It is also studying the possibilities of the chemical industry's using the gas as a feedstock, as exem- plified by the plan of Tokyo Gas Co. and-Showa Denko K.K. for ammonia production. Its tech- nical studies include methods to raise gas calorie supply by means of town gas pipes and reducing transportation costs by installing pipes exclusively for coal gas. COPYRIGHT: 1981, the Nihon Reizai Shimbun, Inc. CSO: 4120/324 17 1?OR OFFICIAL U5E ONtY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R400404050059-8 FOR OFF(CIAL USE ONLY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BOEING CAirLS FOR QUICK DECISION ON B7-7 PLANE PROJECT Tokyo JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL in English Vol 19 No 969, 25 Aug 81 p 6 [Text ] Boeing Co. of the U.S., through its Boeing Commercial Airplane Co. division, last week invited Japanese aircraft makers to cooperate in devel- oping a civilian transport series ' of 150-seater class. Bcein@ apparently acted in competi- tion with a similar approach made the week before by McDonnell Douglas Corp. of the U.S. and Fokker B.V. of the Netherlands. Boeing's approach to Japa- nese aircraft producers was made by Thomas J. Bacher, director for International Bugi- ness Planneng of BCAC, when he met company executives at Tokyo's Aviation Building. Ex- ecutives of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. and two other companies and also leaders of Civil Transport Development Corp, (G'fDC), a Tokyo as- sociation of aircraft and engine makers attended. Bacher later disclosed in his interview with the Nihon Keizai Shimbun in Tokyo that his com- pany is ready to accept any Japanese aircraft company in the proposed B7-7 series development project "on an equal partnership basis." He had made it clear in the meet- ing that BCAC wishes to con- clude by early September, if . possible, a "memorandum of understanding (MOU)" with Japanese companies. Details of his talks were not disclosed, but, according to in- formed sources, Bacher did not refer to what was believed to be stiffer conditions set by Boeing than the equality offered by the McDonnell Douglas-Fokker team. He said nothing about demanding a special charge for allowing the Japanese to use the Bceing Co.'s international commercial goodwill to sell the prospective planes. However, Boeing was still eeportedly in- sisting holding somewhat greater advantages than the Japanese in the project. COPYRIGHT: 1981, the Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc. CSO: 4120/324 18 FOR OFFIC[AL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400054059-8 F'OR OFFICIAL USE ONLY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY NISSAN TQ INSTALL MANY ROBOTS AT PICRUP FACTORY IN TENNESSEE Tokyo JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL in Eaglish Vol 19 No 969, 25 Aug 81 p 7 [Text ] Nissan Motor Co. will employ a large number of industrial robots at its pickup truck fac- tory now under constructioa in Tennessee. The uae of robots is seen as a vitally important step in maintaining product quality at the same high level as in domestic production. - Japan's No. 2 automaker en- visions installing 210 robots at the U.S. factory, with an even- tual aim of attaining a 95 per cent automation ratio in weld- ing processesthere. The Tennessee factory, de- signed to pcoduce 10,000-15,000 "trucks a month, will thus be- come the inost the . world automobile industry in terms of plant automation. Even in Japan, for example, an au4omaking plant with a monthly capacity of more than 30,000 vehicles now uses 100-150 robots at the most. Behind Nissan's decision in April, 1980 to launch U.S. pro- duction was the compaay's confidence ttat it could operate with high efficiency and pro- duce high quality trucks by building an extremely modern factory equipped with indus- trial robots. In the summer of 1980, the companq set up a subsidiary, Nissan Motor Mfg. Corp. U.S.A., while buying an 850- acre site in Smyrna in the suburbs of Nashville to build the pickup factory. The Tennessee plant, esti- mated to cost $500 million, is scheduled to begin fuil opera- tions in the fall of 1983 on an in- tegrated basis. It will employ 2,200 workers. Specific moves of Nissan to install robots at the U.S. plant have atready started. The com- pany has ordered 71 spot-weld- ing ' robots from Kawasaki Heavy Industries,. Ltd., 55 arc- welding robots from Osaka Transformer Co., and 36 robots from Switzerland's'lralfer. Besides, Nissan will purchase four to five robots from outside for educational training of in- digenous workers.'fhese robots will be high efficiency ones having an action freedom degiree of five to six axles. Moreover, the company will send to the U.S. factory 50 welding robots developed at its domestic plant in Yokohama. These robots, having less than 4 axles, can engage in relatively easy welding jobs. ' � A Nissan cpokesman said, "Our American truck factory will be able to remove the lack of uniformity in quality." COPYRIGHT: 1981, the Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc. CSO: 4120/324 19 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-44850R000400050059-8 W SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SEARCH FOR NEW COAL CHEMISTRY PRODUCTS INTENSIFIES FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Tokyo JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL in English Vol 19 No 969, 25 Aug 81 p 9 [Text J The race to develop new coal bon fiber or some other carbon products with metals, plastics, and other items. Nippon Steel Cocp., Nippon Steel Chemical Co., and IYit- tetsu Chemical Industrial Co. (the latter two are chemical- making subsidiaries of Nippon Steel) have started a research and developmecrt project by creating a joint chemical cesearch center early last July in Nippon Steel's basic research institute at Kawasald cccy. The trio's move represents a significant policy drive of the largest Japanese steelmaker to develop a big general chemical industry division. '1'he research center will study four themes: 1) Development of new carbon- based industrial materials; 2) Development of new C-1 chemistry products based on steelmaking by-product gases; 3) Development of carbon- based compound industrial intermediate products; 4) Development of new inorgaruc industrial materials, including ceramic types. As for Ube Industries, Ltd., it plans to build this year to next a coal gesifying plant in the factory, at Ube City, of its sub- sidiary, Ube Ammonia lo- dustry Co. Chiefly intended for supply- ing gasified coal to the factory to replace the latter's use of naphtha as the raw material, the plant is expected to cut down the factory's production cost by 20 to 30 per cent for a higher international competitive capacity. Ube Industries, as one of the Japan's most ver- satile general chemical developers, could go far into the new coal chemistry product development by utilizing the plants. chemistry products in Japan has intensified. It features attempts not only to develop various coal gas, tar, or tar-based new products but to develop the so-called C-1 products. The latter are various basic industrial chemicals including ethanol, acetic acid, ethylene glycol, and high alcohal out of materials containing only one molecule of carbon to be otr tained by removing carbon monoxide or miscellaneous gases from gasified coal, a heavy type of oil, tar sand, or from the steelmaking by- product gasses. Mitsubishi Chemical Indus- tries, Ltd. has developed an in- ' novational coal fiber, just as . strong, elastic and otherwise good as the conventional petro- chemical type.5 of synthetic fibers, and much less costly to produce. The company is tech- nologically sure it will be able to start full-scale com- mercialization of the new product by around 1985. The carbon fiber is the com- pany's second new product in the area of carbon engineering. The company plans to start shortly a follow-up research- cieveloupr2nt project to develop its third new products (a group of new pr:,ducts), specifically; new i.*,dttstrial intermediate matsrials of very high ef- ficiency by combining the car- COPYRIGHT: 1981, the Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc. CSO: 4120/324 20 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R044400050059-8 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ADVISORY BODY REPORTS ON DATA CIRCUIT LIBERALIZATION Tokyo JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL in English Vol 19 No 970, 1 Sep 81 p 3 [Text] Limited liberalization of data communications circuits was recommended last week by an advisory body to the Minister of Posts & Telecommunications. However, it called for retaining to a large extent the Ministry's control over data circuits and the private data communica- tions industry. Data communications, which links computers with input and output terminals, is the third communications means after telegraph and telephone. But data circuits in Japan have been monopolized by the governmental Nippon Tele- graph & Telephone -Public Corp. (NTT). 'llie Ministry of International Trade & Industry and the business cbmmunity long have been criticizing that the monopoly is hindering the progiress of data communica- tions in Sapan. The advisory organ recom- mended "liberalizing in prin- ciple" joint use ot leased lines by private businesses. Joint use is now "prohibited in prin- ciple." However, the recommenda- tion called for NTT's eontinued control on the private ' data communications industry's sub- leasing of leased lines to a third party. In the case of data com- munications on subleased lines involving' no "message ex- change," the data communica- tion company will be required to notify its business to the Minister ot Posts & Telecom- tnunications. In case it involves "message exchange" (as in the case of telephone), the data communications company must get a license from the Minister, who will check whether the company ensures secrecy of communications, protects users and maintains high tech- nical standards. MITI and the business com- munity already have expressed a strong dissatistaction with the NTT's continued interven- tion in the private data com- munications industry, saying that it is apparently intended to curb competition with NTT. However, the Ministry of Posts & Telecommunications plans to formulate a ' "data communications bill" on the basis of the rernmmendation and submit it to the next general Diet sesslon. Rough go- ing is expected before it 'will become a law. COPYRIGHT: 1981, the Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc. CSO: 4120/325 21 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY C IA-RD P82-00850 R400404050059-8 GREEN CROSS TO PRODUCE B VARIETY HEPATITIS VACCINE Tokyo JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL in English Vo1 19 No 970, 1 Sep 81 p 13 [T ext ] Biogen S.A. and Green Cross Corp. have reached an agree- ment on having the Swiss genetic engineering firm provide the Osaka drug firm with production technique for &type hepatitis vaccine. The genetic engineering technique is expected to help realize mass production of the vaccine frnm manipWated gene in E. coli. Green Cross is undertaking clinical tests of its vaccine ob- tained from the human blood But its conventional techaique has drawbacks, such as grow- ing difficulties to obtain blood and need of highly sophis- ticated centrifuge machines for vaccine purification. By comparison, the microor- ganism can multiply to 100 billion only in a half day, paving the way for vaccine mass production. Protein that acts as antigen will be mass produced by genetic engineer- ing technique so that it helps, form antibody in the human body. The vaccine can help prevent infection. The Green Cross-Biogen vac- cine pact was scheduled to be finalized by. early in Septem- ber. For the Japanese drug com- pany, the tie-up with the Swiss firm is the third genetic engineering agreement. .In February, this year, it finalized an interferon deal with Coll- aborative Research of the U.S. and an alubumin pact with Genex Inc., also of the U.S. The Ministry of Health & Welfare says that hepatitis patients total about 130,000 in Japan, including 4,000 suffering from liver cancer and 36,000 who contracted hepa- tocirrhosis. A hepatitis vaccine development is also planned by. the Science & Technology Agency. COPYRIGHT: 1981, the Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc. ~ CSO: 4120/325 22 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY TNTERFERON, HORMONES MADE WITHOUT USE OF BLOOD SERUM Tokyo JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL in English Vol 19 No 969, 'LS Aug 81 p 16 - [Text] A new method of artifically _ culturing human cells to have them produce interferon, hor- mones and other important medical substances without the normally required expensive cattle fetal blood serum has been develuped by a team of Japanese national university researchers. 'Ihe method, which will also simplfy the complex refining processes in producing inter- feron and other drugs from human cells, and also eliminate the danger of cattle blood albu- men straying into such drugs to causefatal rejection, has been completed by Prof. Isao Yamane and his team at the Reseatch Institute for Tuber- culosis and Cancer of Tohoku University. According to, Prof. Yamane, he and his team will announce - the new achievement at an international molecular biology symposium opening in the U.S. on September 1. 'Itie achievement reportedly is a breakthrough in that it promises an answer to one of = two big technological problems in modern tissue culture for production of valuable medical substances. 'Iissue culture to extract some of the cells of a living thing (including human beings), makes the extracted cells multiply massively through artificial nourishing. 'Ihey then produce the wanted cirugs and other substances throuQh natural biological synthesis, one oE three different processes of modern biotech- nology. The other two are gene recombination and cell fusion. But the culture of human cells, ideal for prodccing human drugs, has posed two tough technological challenges. One is the need for sufficient supply of the very expensive and troublesome cattle fetal blood serum, without which human cells can not be ar- tifically cultivated. However, the other challenge still remains - the growth of human ce1T-"uncier artificial culture not' horizontally but three-dimensionally as seen in the body, to display their full- scale drug-producing functions. Cancerous human cells grow both horizontally and vertical- !y, but when using cancerous cells, a great deal of trouble is needed to separate their nucleic acid and pcoteins to prevent the danger of every cancer-causing factor getting into the drugs to be produced. How to make normal human cells grow three-dimensionally is still adifficult problem. The new job done by the university team could�be higtily evaluated as providing a clue to solving the question of how human cells multiply under artificial cul- ture. But it would still require the development of many good culture nutrients and growth simulants, including hormones, and further development in ap-. plicability to different kinds of human cells before becoming widely usable. The new method is still limited to a few kinds of cell like the lymphoblast and fibroblast. According to Prof. Yamane, he and his team have dis- covered why the cattle fetal blood serum has been indispen- sable for artificial culture of human cells. The answer is that a certain kind of fatty acid sticking to the albumen of that seruin has a special function to help the multiplication of human cells. This kind of fatty acid has been identified as a combination of linoleic acid and oleic acid, the same kinds of acid as those easily obtainable at low cost from edible vege- table oils like sesame and soy- bean. Such acids taken from vegetables cannot immediately be applied to human cell cul- tures because of their toxicity to such cells in direct and massive contacts. However, when such acicls were wrapped up with a sort of poly- saccharoid of circular atomic 23 FOR OFFICIAL U5E ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLIi' structure, known as alpha-cyclo- dextrine and added to the cul- ture solution, human lympho- blast and fibroblast were found to grow just as well as when nourished with the cattle fetal blood serum. An interferon expert of Green Crass Corp., Osaka, has placed big hopes on the new achievement as a potential answer to dual problems of ex- pense and animal blood alubumen danger in the con- ventional method of culturing human cells. ' Prof. Yamane said the new method is applicable to the production of not just inter- feron, but that of sex hormones and other complex-structure hormones. He even visualized massive culture of human liver and skin cells to make ideal artificial livers and skins free from physiological rejection. The tissue culture, if success- fully developed through such innovations, could supersede the now glamorous gene re- combination technology for its versatility including production of a perfect form of interferon compared with the latter's production of only the pro- teinous phase of interferon. COPYRIGHT: 1981, the Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc. CSO: 4120/324 24 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8 SCIF.NCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY BRIEFS ENERGY-SAVING SMII.TING TECHNOLOGY--Showa Aluminium K.K., a major aluminum roller- processor, has deyeloped a high-purity alumintun smelting method that enables a 20 per cent reduction in energy cost compared to the conventional electrolytic cell smelting process. The new smelting method, labelled Corjunal, is based on the principle that h igher-purity aluminum f irst solid if ies during the melting process. It uses no electricity but fuel 031 for melting aluminum materials. Showa Aluminium already has built a 250-ton-monthly capacity pilot plant at its Sakai works and is scheduled to start building a mass production plant this fall for completion next spring. The plant will be capable of producing 2,500 tons yearly of high-purity aluminum ingots. Upon start-up of the new glant, Showa Aluminium will become the No. 2 producer of high-purity aluminum ingots in Japan after Sumitomo Aluminium Smelting Co. [Text] [Tokyo JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL in English Vol 19 No 970, 1 9ep 81 p 61 CSO: 4120/325 END 25 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050059-8