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APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050066-0 - FOR OFF[CIAL USE ONLY JPRS L/ 10016 28 September 1981 Near E / ' ast I~lorth Africa Re ort p f FOUO 33/81) FBIS FOREIGN BROADCAST INFORi1/IATION SERVICE FOR OFFIrIAL USE ONLY - APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050066-0 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02149: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050066-0 NOTE _ JPRS publications contain information primarily from foreign newspapers, periodicals and books, but also from news agency transmissions and broadcasts. Materials from foreign-language sources are translated; those from English-language sources _ are transcribed or reprinted, with the original phrasing and other characteristics retained. _ Headlines, editorial reports, and material enclosed in brackets are supplied by JPRS. Processing indicators such as [Text) or [Excerpt] in the first line of each item, or following the last line of a brief, indicate how the original information was processed. Where no processing indicator is given, the infor- mation was summarized or extracted. Unfamiliar names rendered phonetically or transliterated are enclosed in parentheses. Words or names preceded by a ques- tion mark and enclosed in parentheses were not clear in the original but have b~en supplied as appropriate in context. Other unattributed parenthetical notes within the body of an item originate with the source. Times within items are as given by source. - T'he contents of this publication in no way represent the poli- cies, views or attitudes of the U.S. Government. , - COPYRIGHT LAWS AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING OWNERSHIP OF MATERIALS REPRODUCED HEREIN REQUIRE THAT DISSEMINATION _ OF THIS PUBLICATION BE RESTRICTED FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050066-0 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050066-0 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY JPRS L/10016 : 28 September 1981 NEAR EAST/NORTH AFRICA REPORT ~ (FOUO 33/81) CONTENTS - B~xx~ut Moderating Role in Persian Gulf Region Outlined (AL-WATAN AL-'ARAI3I, 31 Jul-6 Aug 81) 1 I RAN Incipient 'Civil War' Seen Emerging ~Hasan Dabdub; 1IiE MIDDLE EAST, Sep 81) 6 Revolution Said To Be Confiscated by 'Obscurantist Clergy' (Hedi Dhoukar; AFRIQUE-ASIE, 17-30 Aug 81) 8 Security Cotmcil Holds Me.eting During Bomb Attack (Tony Allaway; THE TIMES, 2 Sep 81) 11 Interview With Bani-Sadr on Nation's Situation (ASAHI EVENING NEWS, 8 Sep 81) 13 I RAQ 'AL-THAWRAH' Editor In terviewed on Role of Iraqi Media (Hani Wahib Interview; AL WATAN A~'ARABI, 31 Jul- - 6 Aug 81) ]5 IS RAE L Eban: 'Interim Agreement' Needed on Middle East Issue (Abba Eban; THE TIMES, 4 Sep 81) 21 MOROCCO Role of Islam in lrbroccan Politics Analyzed (Remy Leveau; ~iE MAQiREB REVIEW, Jan-Apr 81) 24 - a- [III - NE & A- 121 FOUO] FlID ~1FFi~r i T iCF ~lNi V APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050066-0 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050066-0 FOR OFFI CIAL US E ONLY Casablanca To Be Divided Into Five Districts (MARQiES TROPIC~AUX ET MEDITERRANEENS, 31 Jul 81) 39 TUNIS IA _ Conflict Among Opposition Grows in Wake of PCT Legalization (Hedi I?houkar; AFRIQUE-ASIE, 3 Aug 81) 41 Foreign Trade for 1980 Shows Increasing Deficit (MARQ~FS TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS, 31 Jul 81) 44 - b - FOR OFFICIAL U5E ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050066-0 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/42/09: CIA-RDP82-40854R040400050066-0 FOR OFFIC[AL USE ONLY BAIiRAIN - MODERATING ROLE IN PERS iAN GULF REGIOid OUTLIN~D Paris AL-WATAN AL-'ARABI in Arabic No 233, 31 Jul-6 Au~ 81 pp 24, 25 [Article: "Sec[.ari~ii Teiisiuns Ease with Uecline c~f Iranian Threat; Bahrain Washes Its Wurries in che Troubled Waters u[ the Gulf"] [Text] The problems uf the small Arabiai~ isl~nd :ahich leans heavily u~i the Saudi coast are num~rous and diverse. But cc~niidence and a sense ot assurance abour. the present and the future are greater. The inclinatiun to cuopera~e with the Guli states and to cuurdinate eifurts with them is increasing an~ growing day by day in a cuun~ry that is distin~ui.shed by an a~mosphere ut rclativc li.beral ~penness. The island is a small semi-desert island, but it is full of vitatity and activity. If une were tc, luok the winduw ui a high-rise buil~ing in al-Manamah, one can see the f.eatures ul fast prooress aiid the rapid pace of daily life: Che modern huildings, the b~nks, Che ut-y dock and ~he ships and tankers co~nin~ ai~d gui~~g. One can use thc: mus~ mudern ~elephune and telex system not unly in the area, but alsu in ehe world. Bahr.ain Airp~r~ h,.is tur~~e~ in~u aii impoeLant crassruad beCween Eurupe, the Middle East, Asia anc thc Far East. 'Che island's unique ~eoKraphic locatiun in the upper course vf the Guli, ~ leaning strongly on ~he cu~ist of the Arabia~l Pe.ninsula is what qualitied ~he small island [o play iCS historical, discinccive role as a ti-ad~ ceiitcr for several centuries. Geugraphy tuu makes the island ~ sensitive indicatur whuse muvement ~~nd f luc~ua[.ioiis retlect ,~ny events ur developments in the arc~a. In ~he l~s~ qu,~rter cen~ury ,a new tactc~r has cume onto the scenc ~hat is nu less si~;nif ic~iii~ than thc heugr~phical factu~ in dete?:minin~; the social climate and detining 13ahrain's policy. That t~ctor is oil. Oil in']3ahrain is iiu~ new. It was ;1i.scuv~red and expluit~d fur the first time in ~hc Cuif 51 years ~~Ko. Fiut because ul fl~~ht.iin's me~~~;er uil rc~serrve5 ,~n~J hcrcausc~ vl its limitecl pruducLiun, uil dic~ nuL pruvidc~ the c~uuiitry an-1 iLs ciLizcns with thc tcld- [ive prusperity ~hat is bein~ enjuyed by ~he peorle ut u~her ~rab Gult cuu~iLries which are wc:althier and mure pro~luc~ive [~han Rah~~ain]. i FOR OFF[C[AL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400050066-0 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400054466-0 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY - I~~ihr