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APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R040400060020-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY JPRS L/ 100~3 9 October 1981 V1/orldwide Re ort ~ ~ . NARCOTiCS AND DANGEROUS DRUGS (FOUO 47/81) , Fg~~ FOREIGN BF~OADCAST INFORMATION SERVICE FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-40850R040400064020-9 NOTE JPRS publications contain information primarily from foreign _ newspapers, periodicals and books, but also from news agency transmissions and broadcasts. Materials from foreign-language sources are translated; those from English-la~zguage sources are transcribed or reprinted, with the original phrasing and other characteristics re~ained. - Headlines, editorial reports, and material enclosed ia brackets are supplied by JPRS. Processing indicators such as [Text] or [Excerpt] in the first line of each item, or following the last line of a brief, indicate how the original information was processed. Where no processing indicator is given, the infor- mation was summarized or extracted. Unfamiliar names rendered phonetically or firansliterated are - enclosed in parentheses. Words or names preceded by a ques- tion mark and enclosed in parentheses were not clear in the original but have been supplied as appropriate in context. Other unattributed parenthetical notes with in the body of an item originate with the source. Times within items are as given by source. The contents of this publication in no way represent the poli- cies, views or attitudes of the U.S. Governmen~. . COPYRIGHT LAWS AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING OWNERSHIP OF MATERIALS REPRODUCED HEREIN REQUIRE THAT DISSEMINATION . OF THIS PUBLICATION BE RESTRICTED FOR OFFICIAL USE O1~iLY. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R040400060020-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY JPRS L/10043 9 October 1981 a WORLDWIDE REPORT NARCOTICS AND DANGEROUS DRUGS (FOUO 47/81) CONTENTS ASIA - BURMA - Briefs Taunggyi Heroin Seizure 1 Wundwin Heroin Raids 1 INDIA India Becoming a Major Transit Country in Drug Trade _ (Dilip Gangulay; BUSINESS TIMES, 5 Aug 81) 2 Briefs - Opium From Pakistan 3 MALAYSIA Police Report July 1981 Drug Arrests, Seizures (NEW STRAITS TIME~, 19 Aug S1) 4 Ztaenty-Nine Pounds of Drugs Seized, 'Ifao Suspects Arrested (NEW STRAITS TIMES, 19 Aug 8ii 5 _ PAKISTAN Record Narcotics Haul Made by Customs (BALUCHISTAN, 22 Sep 81) 6 Heroin Worth 2 Million Rs Seized at Airport (DAWN,20 Sen 81) 8 Narcotic Dens Persist in Violation of Islamic Law (Maqsud Yousfi; JASr1RAT, 8 Aug 81) 9 _ a _ [III - WW - 138 FOUO] APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Briefs Heroin Haul on Border 10 Islamabad Heroin Seizure 10 ~ Opium, Hashish Seizure 10 PHILIPPINES Campaign To Check Drug Abuse Ord~red (BULLETIN TODAY, 3 Sep 81) 11 Briefs Marihuana Plamtation Destroyed 12 Increased Drug Traffic 12 ~ SRI LANKA Briefs Ganja, Hashish Record Haul 13 THAILAND Deputy Prime Minister Outl:nes Opium Suppression _ (Bangkok Domestic Service, 23 Sep 81) 14 Border Patrol Police Raid Heroin Refinery (Subin Khunkaeo; POST, 14 Aug 81) 15 Paper Blasts U.S. Envoy Remarks on Drugs (Editorial; NATION REVIEW, 3 Sep 81) 17 ONCB Poppy Destruction Drive _ (Voice of Free Asia, 15 Sep 81) 19 Khun SA Offers To Halt Opium Trade (POST, 17 Sep 81) 20 ONCB Head Comments on Reward for Khuti SA (POST, 20 Sep 81) 21 Briefs New Program To Start 22 CANADA Editorial Cites Plight of Cuatoms Service in Drug Fight (Editorial; THE WINDSOR STAR, 21 Sep 81) 23 Briefs Hashish Seized 25 , - b - FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-40850R040400064020-9 FOR OFF[C1A1. USE ONLY LATTN AMERICA BAHAMAS Briefs Quaalude Classification 26 Drug Ship Seizures 26 ~ 5-Vessel Incident 26 BERMUDA Briefs Jail for Cocaine 2~ BOLIVIA Antidrug Law To Be Amended (La Paz Radio Illimani, 18 Sep 81) 28 Briefs Antidrug-Trafficking Crusade 29 CHILE Briefs Haahish Traffickers Arrested 30 � COLOMBIA Complications in 'Cocaine Queen' Trial ~EI. TIEMPO, 21 Aug 81) 31 Trafficking in 'E1 Modelo' Prison Described - (Germs~n Navarrete; EL TIEMPi~, 7 Aug 81) 34 Cocaine Seized at Eldorado Airp~~rt (EL ESPECTADOR, i8 Aug 81) 38 Methaqualone Raids Described (EL ESPECTADOR, 25 Aug 81) 39 Cocaine 'War' in Caucd Described (Carlos Mauricio Vega; CROM05, 25 Aug 81) 40 JAMAICA Health Minister Discus~es Island's Drug Probler,. (THE DAILY GLEANER, 7 Sep 81) 52 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO Briefs Drug Abuse Centers 53 - c - - FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400404060020-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONI.Y VENEZUELA Drug Traffic Alleged To Figure in Caribbean Politics ~ (Francisco Chao Hermida; ZETA, 30 Aug 81) 5~+ NEAR EAST AND NORTH AFRICA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Drug Crimes Increase, Laws Said To Be Inaufficient (Ahmad Muhsin; AL-BAYAN, 11 Aug 81) 56 - WEST EUROPE AUSTRIA Drug Consumption Increasing, Deaths Decreasing ~ (DIE PRESSE, 26 Aug 81) 60 Briefs Hashish Plantation in Klagenfurt 61 DENMARK Physician Expert Discusses Widening Drugs Problem (Peter Ege Interview; BERLINGSKE TIDENDE, 16 Sep 81) b2 Conference Examines Situation of Older Addicts (Hanne Se3.naes; BERLIN~SKE TIUENDE, 19 Sep 81) 65 Police Claim South America Is New Cocaine Source - (Anders Wiig; BERLINGSKE TIDENDE, 15 Sep 81) 66 UN Official: Eighty Percent of Country's Drugs From Aaia (BERLINGSKE TIDENDE, 28 Sep 81) 69 ITALY Briefs Milan Police Seize Hashish , NETHERLANDS _ Psychiatrist on Dan~ers of Free Diatribution o� Heroin, Methadone (Jaap Calaco Belmonte; NRC HANDELSBLAD, 10 Sep 81) 71 NORWAY Government Increases Funds for Fighting Narcotics (Torleif Andreassen; AFTENPOSTEN, 4 Sep 81) 75 - d - FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R400404060020-9 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Book on Oelo Drug Scene Detsils Youth Addiction (ARBEIDERBLADET, 26 Aug 81) 77 Briefe Sorlandet Narcotice Enforcement Increaeed 78 Narcotics Police Stationed Abroad 78 TURKEY ' ~3riefs Heroin Seizure 79 Heroin Smugglers Caught 79 Antalya Heroin Seized 79 UNITED KINGDOM 'LPA' Reports on Largest UK Cannabia Seizure in History (LONDON PRESS ASSOCIATION, 28 Sep 81) 80 Druga Gang on Trial for Smuggling Cannabis (Ian Henry; THE DAILY TELEGRAPH, 16 Sep 81) 82 Briefs Cannabia Smuggler Jailed 84 - e - FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 ~ BURMA BRIEFS TAUNGGYI HERO IN SEIZURE--0n 15 September, a combined party of the Taunggyi township customs department and the city people's police force searched a Datsun minibus, registration No NYA/3345, leaving Taunggyi for Mandalay. Th e party recr~vered from two passengers 1.3 kilograms of No 4 heroin worth about 100,000 kyat. The herion carriers--Aik Kyauk of Namyin Ward, I~ogaung; and Ma Shut of Ywathit Ward, Mogaung--were arrested and the city people's police force has filed charges against them under sections 6.B and 7.B of the narcotics drugs law. [BK021037 Rangoon LOKTHA PYEITHiJ NEZIN in Burmese 24 Sep 81 p 7 BK] WUNDWIN HEROIN RAIDS--On 6 September, Wundwin police camp commander U Yin Kyi and a squad, together with No 1 ward councillors of Wundwin, raided the res idences of U Th an Aung and his wife Me San, and U Nyunt Kh in anci h is wife Ma San Kyi, and recovered from the former couple six packets of heroin each - worth 25 kyat, and from the latter couple a penicillin bottle containing heroin. The four have been charged under sections 6.B, 10.B and 11/14.D of the narcotics drugs law. [Rangoon MYANMA ALIN in Burmese 20 Sep 81 p 6 BK] CSO: 5300/4505 1 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 Ih'D IA I~~IDIA BECOMING A ir1AJ0R ~TRANSIT COU~Y IN DRUG TRADE Kuala Lumpur BUSINESS TIMES in Engl.ish 5 Aug 81 p 17 [:~rticle by Dilip Gangulay in New DelhiJ PLACED betwcen the ot cocaina was due to proposes to increase the new dlmension, the mag- [Text] "Golden Trianglc" of pasathrough. SO millton rupees azinesaid. Burma, Thailand and Agcnts in the western ~US;8.23 million) annual Only two kgs oi La~os and thc "Golden port city ot Bombay budget allocatton for the morphine were scized in Cresccnt" of Atghanis- s~tumbled on a conaign- Ant!�narcotics operatlon 1977, but ~etzures jump~d trin, . Pakistan and Iran, mcnt ot Bolivian handt- �rhich is considered ln- dramatically to almost ' India is (asl turgconing crnits shipped from La adequa.te. 13 kga in 1978 betore settl- inlo a major transit coun- Paz. 2.275 kilogrammes ~yhat lures the smug- Sng down to six in 1979 try for narcotics a~~d o( cocaine valued at six ~crs to o rate throu h and 1980. , cvcnapossiblasourceof miliion rupees (about Indiaiathelaxityotlaws The total seizures, opium-basednarcoticsto ~JSS750,000) was re- here. While Iran shoots however,representonly2 the drug�dazed Western covercd. The seizure was drug ottenders and South to 15 per cent ot the total world. _ lhc biggest in Asta - paian countries achteve~ traffic in narcotics, an From a modest tran- ~lmost threc tfines the ~hc same result by court cn[orcement ofticial said. . sit country in the carfy ;e~~nual cocaine haul in room death sentence, in ~~There are indeed 70's and a harmless tun nny singlc ycar. Ind1a thcy are let off with limc destination for soft In APril, an alert cus- ust aix months er three signs that the Indian con- dru addicts, India has toms oificial In Bombay j neclion can only grow in K ycars ot imprisonment ~~mc, though India has a now tound a place in In� scized 2.9s kgs ot heroin ~nd a paltry fine o[ 1,000 tcrpol`s confidential "In- (rom a Bangkok pasaen- ru ccs (alwut USS12~). ncar monopoly in the tclii encc Bulletin", a �~r. P world opium trade g 6- Over and above that the mar inall sharin with m:~jor source ot i~- In thc Hindu holy city Indfan judges let oft g y g lclligencc on wo~Yld drug� of Bcnaras (Vnranasi), smu lers on bail and Turkey, there is trouble running. anti�narcolics sleuths Pcrsonal bonds. In many ahead", he said. Thc bulletin says; scized two kilos of ca~ca they just jump the Fro?n a hlgh 872 "Even India is ssid to be morphinc and discovered baj~ lonnc~ fn 1978, India's ex- a major exporter of ;i morphinc lab. ~~yyhat worrfes en� ~rt ot 90 per cent praof bcl cvedA by mrany that G~indhins govcrnmentl Is lorcement agencies even ~o ~7 0 t nnes (n 1980 aa considcrablc amount o[ worr.ied ovcr thc increas� morc are several poten- roduction, which o[- Indian and Pakistant ~ng involvcment ot India tlally exploaive trends pciala claim is regulated heroin, through Nepal, ~n lhc intcrnat[onal drug notfced 1n recent years by export demand, was arc rcaching Australta r;ickcl. '~'o streamline there la an inereasing tlit brought down. nnd New Zcaland." ,?nto�narcollcs agencies, towarde more hafder and This Is thc tlrst time ~hc government recently retined druga the big Bul independent in- thal lntcrpol has said organised a two�weck catchea in 1977-T8 were vcatigation by Indian that India might be mak� ycminar�cum�training ha~hish this year's newspapers have estab- ing its mark, though in Its ~oursc hcrc. sclzures are ot dltferent I ished that over 300 own humble way, fn the Mrs Gandhi ls In� dimenaion: Record tonnesotopiumissmug- wnrld's estlmated USS3o0 troducing n new anti� brcaking hauis ot heroin gled out trom govern- billlon narcotics busi� nnrcotics bill in the com- And cocalne,which tigure. ment-superviaed planta- nesa. ing session of thc Par� At thc top of the klller lion fielde. Thc Indian entry into li;iment to incrcasc the lists ot narcotics", a re- "Totally unreallstic thc inlcrnational drug m~ximum prison term to ccnt study by the popular Procurement prices, in- world is vcry recent. In 19 ycars against the ex- lndlan newa magazlne, sufficient manpower to ~hc United Nations In- isting thrcc ycars. India Today, said. monitor production tcrnational Narcotics The bill aims at end� Otficial data con(irms sprcad over 12,000 hec� Control Board reports of ~~g thc con[usion that ex- lhe trend. In 1978 and lares and a highly or- ]979 and 19f~0, Indta was; ists in the present stat� 1979, the agen^ies seized ganlaed system of graft nol mcntioned at all. utes in which opium ia 25C and 220 grammes ot among police and excise The Indian cennection, denlt wilh separately heroin reapectively. But personnel are factors in- started unfolding at the from morphinc, heroin lhc catch suddenly strumental in the tlow o[ beginning ~f thts year, ;ind cocainc with nothing jumped to 1.5 kgs tn 1980 lhe black gold to the w h c n g o v e r n m e n t t o c o v c r s y n t h e t i c and the last April haul in smugglers." the national slcuths wcre tipped of[ narcotics. Bombay had toeaed the daily. Indian Express, ih;~~ a large cnnsignment Thc govcrnment also score tnto an altogether sald. - AFP 2 CSO: ~300/8301 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 INDIA BRIEFS OPIUM FROM PAKISTAN--New Delhi, 18 Sep (AFP)--An Indian Border Security Force (BSF) patrol seized 460 kg (1,012 pounds) of opium last night being.smuggled in from Pakistan through the international border along the Indian Punjab state. The . B.S.F. headquarters here today said the patrol party ran into the smugglers but the latter escaped under cover of darkness. The contraband was estimated to be worth 500,000 rupees or over U.S.$55,000. [Text] [Hong Kong AFP in English 1105 GMT 18 Sep 81 BK] CSO: 5300/2005-A 3 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-40850R040400064020-9 :1ALAY S IA POLiCE KEPORT JULY 1981 DRL'G A~E~T~, SEIZURES Kuala Lumpur NEW STR~ITS TL'~IES i~ c.nglish 19 Aug 81 p 6 [Text] I~ YJ,q, ~L A L U M P U R~, tre ln dalan Kem on ltitirs. -'Thlrteea for� duly 24 und sefzed elgners were among 784 a~~~ 4pp gm ot herofn. peaple arrested tor A couple waa detalned ~oeee.~sloo ot druss laat tor questloning.. . m~nth. CID Dlrector Another� suepected Dstuk Abdul Aahman ~atrlbutina centre was Ismall sald today. ~covered in Batu Pa- T6~ey included 9~x ~Q on duly 23 during a Tpa7a, a'l~nlslan and ~d on a house In dalan tv~� FYllp~��S' The res~ KunNng. w6ere poll;e - are 31n6aporeans. ~ Ot the 7E4 people ar� S~ Sm ot herofn, resRed. six are sus- $ we~B~~6 xale, a palr ~ ~ ~g.t~. ot xisaors. 188 empty - tfekere. atrsws, Sl candles and Policc also seized xveral pastic pacicets, ' 17S lba oi raw opium, and i8.631 believed to x67 Ibs ot ~anJz, 3.2 1bs be proceeds from the ot heroln,147 gm of pre� sale ot 6eroia. pared opium aad 2.9 gm Two men were de- ot morphlne, all worth talned for questioning. about 570,000. In Kota Klnabalu on In Sunaai Petani, po� duly 11, s man was ar- Ilce tound 2'~4 sacks o[ rested and 160 gm ot Ean ja welg6ing about 6eroin and 10 lbs o! raw ~ 26! Ibs dumped ln the opium sefsed. bus6es at Kampung On auly 21, police ar- Pulau Sayalc on duly 27. reated a suapec6ed drug In Klang police tratticker on Pulau ralded a~uspected Langlcawl and selzed dsu6 di~trlbutlna cen� SZC 6m ot heroin. CSO: ~300/8302 4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 MALAYSIA TWENTY-NINE POU~'DS OF DRUGS SEIZED, Tj~;O SUSPECTS ARRESTED , Kuala Lumpu~ NEw' STRAITS TL'~IES. in English 19 A~ig 81 p 6 [Text] . KUAI.A LUMPUR, ~~~'au, Pertis; while the , Tues. - Police ar- other was from Bukit rested two susvected Dinding tn Gurun. ~ d r u g t r a i f i c k e r s' "We believe the drugs before they could dis- R'ere meant for loca! con- tributs about ;83,600 ~ u m p t i o n," D a t u k worth of hard drugs to ~1II18II 9atd" _ local pushers here. Police betieve drug The suspects were traffickers are 'feeling picked up by . ASP Toh the heat' and are con- . Chin Seong in an ambush ~8�tly changing tactics at a petrol kiosk at the 4th to evade arrests. m[le Jalan Kl~g ~a geadwa here last F`riday. y CID director Datuk Abdullah Rahman Ismall "But we are making said today: "We tound headway in our battle five packets o! raw again~t the punhers and � opium weigt+:ng� 221be, tr~ckera. three pouads of herotn "We are getting more and a tour-pound slab o[ tip-oK~ and intelligence morphine in a bag ln the reporta on drug activities boot of the suspects' car." throughout the country." Pol[ce believe the Police leel that the drugs had been recently best way to detect drugs - smuggled acrosa the ia through the use ot spe- ' ~ Malaysia-Thai border. , cially tratned dogs. - The seizure followed a ' O.n cocaine, Datuk tip-oti trom the public. Ftahman said: "We have One ot the suapects ao evidence that this was trom Kampung Pau drug ta being used heie." CSO: 5300/8302 5 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 PAKISTAN RECORD NARCOTICS ~T.P_UL :lADE BY CUSTOMS _ Quetta B~LUCHISTAN TILIES in English 22 Sep 81 pp 1, 6 . [Text] P. . , . CUETTA Se t, 21. the basis of an irifo-' ugg~ers,under the co- Customs ruthless dr.~- rmation, a new'Mobile ver of their rapid fi ve against 'Urug Ped~-~ Squad' srecifically ~ L~ng,~isappeared iiito lers' in Baluchistan constituted by Colle- the near by hills wh- continues un-abated. ' ctor of Custom at Taf- ereas the jeep ~Nas ta- after many mon~hs of tan worked with great ken into custody..It - efforts,the first br- enthusiasm. The info-. was then thoroughly eak though was achie~' rmation was further searched and 42 Kg.of ed when 731~K ~.cpium proces.sed and sifted heroine valued at Rs. and 13.2 Kg.heroine carefully so as to ca- 63 crores approximat- worth Rs.~ 21 crore was~ tch the smugglers red e3y in terms of inter- seized~ on 26.6.81 n~ handed. As a result of -rrational market val~e ar M~slim Bagh~~rhis their laborous efforts was found cancealed ~aas followed by anoth- finally,on 21.9.81 C~r in a specially constr- er major~seizure of stoms riobile Squad ""ucted cavity in tfie-- 620 Kg. Charas worth apprehanded one Toyota ~'loor of this ver~ir_le P,s.2 erores near Rab- ~ Jeep_headinq towards ; Further~investigatia- at on 9.9.1981.And nc~; Rabat about 70 miles~ ns are in progress tt~ the biggest ever sei- from Taftan in the cl- results of which wou]d zure of heroine in Pa- ose proximity of Pak- be brought to light in kistari and Asia and Afghan B~der on one due course of time. one of the biggest s~ side and Pak-Iran bo- However judging from izure in the recorded� rder on the other s~- the past trends, it world hi'story of Nar- de. On seeing the Cus- appears that drug ped- cotics has been effe- toms staff after them. dlers of N.W.F..P. in cted near Rabat by se- the smugglers resorte collusion with their izing 42 Kg.heroine. to intense firing wi counterparts in Balu- The tiew! brk street the automatic weapons. chistan and Iran are price of this is ap- The Customs officials at work. Using.great proximately $ 63 mill undetered by this fi- ingenuity they trans- ions i.e.Rs.63 crores. ring,however,continued port narcotics from ~ Brief details of this� their chase and were tribal territory of seizure are as fo~lo- ultimately successful N,~~,F.P. to Baluchist WS;_ in bursting the tyres an for onward dispatd~ Skillfully acting on of the vehicle.The SrTM to Iran wherefrom it ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 is delivered to other - international drug tr- - affickers. For their extra ard- _ inary courage,will,d~ termination and devot ion to duty,all Custo- - ms officials who have � been instrumental in effecting this seizu ~ are being suitably re~ warded. CSO: 5300/4504 7 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 PAKISTAN 7 HEROIN ~r10RTH 2 MILLION RS SEIZED AT AIRpORT :.arachi DAF1N 20 Sep 81 p 10 [Text j Discreet surveillance on a rilled in with entnes. He is sa~~ Paklstani national serving Sn to be employed a~ith ~audis Saudi Arabla led to the recovery Met~l Company in Saudt Arabia of twe kilograms ot fine herotn end 1s in-charge of 'purchase sec- worth about Rs 3 milllon at she tton'. In pursuance of his job, _ city airport yesterday, minutes ttre Customs said, he had been befare h1s proposed departure to frequrntly visiting the USA and Germany. other European countries durix~g Saleem Sultan, aa electrical en- which he is understood to ~a~~e glneer, accused of attempting to establlshed contacts a3th sume scnuggle out herolII ~as later pro- "drug smugglers" for ahom ~e duced before a local court. He aes _ taking the contTaban3 for aas remanded in Customs cus- the flrst time, early inr�estigaticns today up to Sept. 25. ~ have revealed. After a br!eiing aG the alrport MAg,IJL'~LY~ SQZED counter, the Drug Enforcement Meanachile, Sarachi Police Cell officers lntercepted Sultan 8eized mariJuana ~seig~hing four aho had been abroad many times. He was searcfied but noth- lcllos t~o kilas irom Waris ing was found cn his person, irom Sbarae Faisal and two ki;as Fiowever, his baggage ylelded tc~o Srom one Mahmood of Quaidahad kilas of heroin concealed iq tiie a-'ea. From Kalakot area, police - false bottom of a suitcase. recovererl 250 grams irom ~e Mohammad Asghar and 200 9aleem S~altan was proceeding Bi'ams lrom one Mohammacl to Frankiurt on hL, way to tlie Shatnshad. All the accused t~ave USA by a Lufthansa flight. He been' bocked under Iiudood Urdi- had three pASSports - two were nance. , CSO: 5300/4503 8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440400060020-9 PAKISTAN NARCOTIC DENS PERSIST IN VIOLATION OF ISLAMIC LAW Karachi JASARAT in Urdu 8 Aug 81 p 2 [Report by Maqsud Yousfi: "Narcotic Dens Are Turning Younger Generation into a Blight on Society; Eighty Crime Dens Are Operating in Areas of Liaqat Abad, Nazim Abad and Liari; Owners of These Narcotic Dens Pay Regular Compensation to Police"] [Text] The local sub-divisional magistrate recently raided the dens of the city's two notorious narcotic dealers, Saif-ur-Rahman and Hashim Khan and seized hundreds - of thousands of rupees worth of liquor, mandrake, pathetdine, opium and other narcotics. A still was also seized from one of the dens. There were drums of alcohol mixed with coloring and called liquor. It has been noticed, however, that after only a few days' break, these dens start operating with much more activity - and momentum, We do not wish to mention the under-cover invalvement here. However, it is usual with every cri~r~e center which the the police or any other agency has raided, the ring-lead~er or owner of the den is never arrested. As a matter of fact, after the introduction of Islamic law in the country, by President Zia-ul-Haq's crder, all criminal cutiritus were banned. However, af ter an elapse of only a month, these restrictions gradually diminished for some influential people. As a result, many more dens are operating now. Besides gambling, prostitution, exhibi- tion of Indian and nude films, liquor, mandrake, pathetdine, narcotics, alcoholic drir~ks and opium are openly sold. The owners of these centers claim that they pay regular compensation for the operation of their dens. = According to a short survey, the areas of Liaqat Abad, Nazim Abad and Liari alone have eighty notorious dens. Their owners earn hundreds of thousands of rupees daily f~om these centers. The notorious drug dealers in Liaqat Abad are Saif-ur- Rahman, Nazir Tedi and Hanif K. In Nazim Abad, there are Haji Saifullah, Miro, Alanah, Muhammad Hussein, Haider and Adam Khan. In Liari, there are Nawaz, Ramzan, Malik Niazi Nizam, Wassi Dad, Yaqub, Ismail, Agha Ahmad Bakhsh and Badshah Khan. In Banaras, there are notorious dens of Babu Langhra, Baitullah alias Baitak, .~ailer, Dil Murad, Dawoud, Rashid alias Shida, Zulaikha, Captain Sadho, Shah Nawaz, Sabrak, Vaila, Ibrahim Langhra, Kadu Makrani, Ali alias Geeem and Maula Bakhsh alias Maulu. - All these areas operate this condemned business. Due to close contacts or under-cover influences of the den owners, the police takes no action against them. Whenever, due to numerous protests by the inhabitants of the affected area, a customary raid is conducted, the owners of the dens are never arrested. The dens too, commence their activities after a day or two or else start operating in a different place. Regrettably, a large number of youths are seen at - these narcotic centers. Thus, becoming drug addicts at such a young age, they end up as the future blight on society. 9779 9 . CSO: 5300/4653 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 PAKI STAN BRIEFS HEROIN HAUL ON BORDER--Mr Ghulam Ashraf Jehangir, member customs central board of revenue, has said that Karachi customs house i~ being given additional logistic support to intensify its antismuggling efforts with the acquisition of five fast motorboats, a helicopter, latest arms and aum~unition and modern means of communi- cations. He said the conventional thinking that narcot3cs were being smuggled out by air route only had been negated b~ the recent aeizures of heroin on land and sea routes, and particularly the seizure of 42 kg of heroin worth over Rs. 600 million in the international market near Taftan on Pak-Iran border. [GF0118~8 - Karachi DAWN in English 29 Sep 81 p 4 GF] ISLAMABAD HIItOIN SEIZURE--The customs mobile squad hauled at a car in Islamabad on 28 September and recovered four kilograms of heroin powder of fir.e quality. One person was arrested. [Text] [Karachi Domestic Service 3n English 1700 GI~T 28 Sep 81 BK] oPIUM, HASHISH SEIZURE--Quetta, Sept. 8--In a big haul. Preventive Staff of the Col- lectorate of Customs has seized 620 Kgs of opium, 75 kgs of hashish and one pickup without number plate at Rs.16 million near Rabat and Kartaka, 60 miles away from Tuftan between Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran borders. According to a handout is- ~ sued by the Collectorate of Custom' in Quetta this afternoon the seizure was ma~le after exchange of fire from both sides last evening. The Raiding party was led by Assistant Collector Preventive 5ervices NLr. Sher Nawaz IQ1an. The smugqlers escaped - under cover of fire. Further investigations are in proqress. [Text] [Quetta BALUCHISTAN TIMES in Enqlish 9 Sep 81 p 4] CSO: 5300/4504 ~ ` ~ 10 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400064420-9 PHILIPPINES G~,`~IPAIGN TO C~iECK DRUG ~BliSE ORDERED , ;~Sanila 3L`LLETIid TODr~Y in English 3 Sep 81 p 20 ~Test~ ~~~5 Ventmina t~at majarity drugs smuggled 3nto the 2-- A tail�,tarq oit~cer of these addicts were country from seveca~ ~~E ~~~~y children of protninent 'Asian countries, an altoat csmpaiga to families, Meanwhile~ a PC re� check tt~e qid ~ Venturina asked ~e port confirmed the ar- ~ parents, membErs of re- d~g nbust among the ligious and civic organ� rest of a woman be- youch. raostfY stucients~ izations~ and sehool of- lieved to be a member and drug pushing acciv- ficiats to join the cam- of a heroine syndicate. ities in this city and paign in kine with Presi- T h~ suspect, whose nearby Nfabalacat town. dent iVlarcos~ pronounce- name was witliheld CcJI. Ernesta Venturi= ment ior wid~r citizen pendin~ the arrest of her na, Angeles Metrodis- participation in combat- compan?es, 'ss no~w being corn commander, direc- tzn~ drug menace. detained at the Consta- _ ted Angeles polics chief PC reports said that b u 1 a ry anti-narcotics Lt Col. Ahmed 9. Nac- tha supply of marijuana unit headquarters here. I~i1 and Maj Ralar:da originated from planta- Veaturina also said Cinco, Mabalacat police tions located in North- that only recently four commander, to step up ern Luzon, Bagoia city, suspected drug pushers the drive to prevent the tiueva Ecija, Tarlac, were arrested in a,raid drug menac~ f r o m 7~ambaies, anc4 some conducted by polic� an- parts of Pampanga, ti-narcotics operatives spreading. Ied by L~ Pdardo Ramos - The two police chiefs Prohibited drugs be- at the mar~juana. planta- reported that about 20 ing used by Jtudents tion i~n Mayantoc. Tar- per cern 0nd between were bought from the ]ac, Some 40Q fult-gro~wn - ~p pet cznt and 40 per diit2rent drug stores marijuana plants were cent (or roughly 10,000) while others were sup- uproote~ during the o~ the student poPula- plied by drt~g pushing raid. tion in colleges and uni- syndicates opecaUng in jn ~,~~cat, local vecsities in As~Beles and Centrai Luzon. tilabaIacat were suspect- Informed sour~ces said officials headed by :bla~ zd users ot prvhibited that C1ark Air base, the Yor W~fredo Halili map� drugs~ partiwlarly mari- biggest Am~erican mili- p�d out plans ~ed at juana. tary facility outside the minimizing, if not tc- - ,iacpil and. Ciaco told US, was also one aP the tally eliminating, drug sources of prokubited addiction among the youth, (JJL) CSO: ~300/4901 / APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 PHILIPPINES BRIEFS ~ MARIHUANA PLANTATION DESTROXED--Agents of the National Bureau of Investigation [NBI] uprooted recently some 10 million peso worth of mari~uana plants in a 5-hectare plantation in a remote village in Benguet. NBI director Jolly Bugarin~ who - dsscribed the plantation as the biggest ever found in the country, said it was the source of marijuana being sold in metro Manila, Subic Naval Base and Clark = Air Base. The discovery of 2he plantation wa~ made possible by the arrest of 2 couriers in Manila while in possession of 3 kilos of dried marijuana. The suspects led operatives tc~ the plantation last Saturday. [Text] [HK080048 Alanila FEBC in English 2:t30 GMT 7 Sep 81] INCREASED DRUG TRAFFIC--The Philippine Government was alerted yesterday by Thai authorities of a possible increase of international drug traffic through Manila. The alert came from Thai customs officials who are in Manila for the 20-nation - customs conference. Thai officials confirmed that Manila is being used as a transit- point ~y an [word indistinct] smaller trafftc drug syndicate wliich has U.S. and Australian connections. The drug shipments are from the notorious Golden 'rriangle - along the border of Burnia, Thailand and Laos. The transports are being usual~y d~ne by planes and not ships as before. They said, an increase in drug smuggling ~ is expected due to a report that opium fa,rmers in the Golden Triangle are stepping up production to make up for the drop in production in the past few years. [Text] [HK180333 Manila FEBC in English 2330 GMT 17 Sep 81) _ CSO: 5300/4505 : 12 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 SRI LANKA ~ BRIEFS GANJA,HASHISH RECORD HAUL--A record haul of compressed ganja and hashish was discovered at Colombo airport. The narcotics were concealed in 12 cartons of tea and found in the personal luggage of a Sri Lankan who was proceeding to Paris. The cartons contained 22 kilos of compressed cannab is--found to be of Lankan origin--3nd 7.5 kilos of hashish--claimed by customs to have been smuggled from Pakista~~--:~alued at Rs. 800,000. Documents recovered from the Lankan courier--a former engineer--indicate that the smuggling attempt was linked to a massive international drug trafficking network. A fine of Rs. 240,000 was imposed. Inquiries are being conducted by the police narcotics bureau Co uncover the Sri Lankan connection in what has not emerged as heavy traffjcking ir~ narcotics from Sri Lanka. [Colombo SUN in English ?1 Sep 8L pp i, 2 BK CSO: 5300/4505 ~ 13 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 THAILAND AEPUTY PRIME MINISTER OUTLINES OPIUM SUPPRESSION BK230604 Bangkok Domestic Service in Thai 0000 GMT 23 Sep 81 [Text) Deputy Prime Minister Gen Prachuap Suntharangkun, who is one of the officials to accompany the prime miniskpr during the forthcoming visit to the United States, told newsmen that there would be discussion of narcotics suppression cooperation between Thailand and the United Sta~es during the visit to that country. He said that the Office of the Narcotics Control Board is now implementing the project to replace opium with other crops. Asked if the United States had forced Thailand to stop growing opium, the deputy prime minister replied: To wipe out opium plantations and initiate the crop substitution program is our policy. We have selected 52 villages to launch the program. The hilltribe villages were chosen for the cultivation of other crops. Five villages f inally passed the screening at the last month's meating in which opium plantations will coinpletely be wiped out. These f ive villages are considered to be economically well-off. The program for these villages will start in Navember. The deputy prime minister revealed that the opium output in the golden triangle this year is estimated at between 500 to 600 tons, close to that of last year. - Some 50 tons were produced in Tha.i territory. The.Thai Government is trying to minimize the area of opium cultivation for the 1982 season, which will start between October and November. Last week, the deputy prime minister said, a seminar was opened for court judges from all over the country on narcotics problems and the necessity for an intensive suppression campaign. He noted that it is a diff icult task to arrest producers because they are f inancially strong. Meanwhile, the United States has been - rendering Thailand its good cooperation to tackle this problem. The deputy prime minister said that the Burmese Government was very helpful in hunting down Khun Sa. He expected continuing good cooperation from the Burmese Government. He told newsmen that he would later meet with the new Burmese ambassador - to discuss this matter. CSO: 5300/4506 1L~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440400060020-9 THAILAND BORDER PATROL POLICE RAID HEROIN REFINERY BK140713 Bangkok POST in English 14 Aug 81 p 1 [Story and pictures by Subin Khunkaeo] . [Text] Chiang Rai--Helicopter-borne border patrol policemen and U.S. Drug Enforce- ment Administration agents have raided a heroin factory, believed to be one of the biggest captured in the last 10 years, and seized 3.6 tons of cooked opium after a f ierce gunbattle with Chinese Haw guards. Police sources told the POST yesterday that the factory was capable of producing about 400 kilogranunes of heroin a month. An unspecified amount of heroin from this year's opium crop had already been~moved out of the factory to dealers. i The factory was built on a hill in Doi Huai Mak, about 1 kilometre fram the Burmese border and about 10 kilometres west of Ban Hin Take in Mae Chan District. The sources said that on Wednesday about 100 BPP men stormed the factory which was reportedly guarded by 30 Chinese Haw ~uards armed with M-72 antitank rockets and M-60 machineguns. A raid on the heroin refinery was originally ordered by Pol Maj-Gen Wichai Wichaithanaphat, commander of the third region border patrol police on Tuesday, but it was called off shortly after the forces were airborne because of bad weather. When the weather unproved on Wednesday, a unit of 50 crack BPP men from the second _ company in Mae Chan and DEA agents were airlifted in two police helicopters for an assault on the refinery reportedly operated by an opium kingpin with Yunnanese connections. - Police sources said that as soon as the heliborne officials landed in Doi Huey Mak, they ran into volleys of rocket and gunfire from the factory's guards. Realising they were outgunned they called for reinforcements and another batch of 50 border patrol policemen from Ban Hin Taek was immediately dispatched to Doi Huey Mak in the two helicopters. But they could not land because of heavy fighting on the ground and poor visibility. 15 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400404060020-9 The two choppers turned back and returned later after weather conditions i.mproved, but had to circle overhead while BPP men hastily made a new landing zone by chopping - down trees. The sources said that when the helicopters finally did land, the Chinese Haw guards opened fire on them with M-60 machineguns but misszd. Now outnumbered the guards retreated into the jungle, taking some caGUalties. All the BPP and DEA men were unharmed. When officials raided the refinery, they discovered six 200-litre oi1 drums filled with prepared opium, one AK rifle and an M-72 rocket launcher, three stoves, two huge pans, eight 20-litre plastic cans and large quantities of ether and chloroform for making heroin. The refinery measured lOm x 50m and was built with timber under a cluster of trees to avoid detection from the air. Next to it was a kitchen and a pen with f ive mules. Off icials said heroin refineries are usually located near streams or other water sources. But the ~iol Huai Mak factory was sit2d on a hill and obtained its water from a waterfall through a crude distribution system. The refinery, chemicals and opium could not be transported by helicopter to the BPP garrison and was set on fire. A helicopter pilot reported seeing several mules carrying heavy packs being hastily herded out of the factory compound during the f ighting which lasted from about 8 am to 2 pm. He estimated that as many as 50-60 kilogrammes of heroin were moved out by the mule caravan. Officials estimated the drug haul, factory and equipment were worth about 40 million baht. ~ CSO: 5300/4506 16 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 THAILAND PAPER BLASTS U.S. ENVOY REMARKS ON DRUGS BK030513 Bangkok NATION REVIEW in English 3 Sep 81 p 4 [Editorial: "Excuses Mustn't Lower Our Guard Against Drugs"] [Text] The Thai Government~should take drastic action against the cultivation of poppy, prevent the opium produced by being refined into heroin and arrest the kingpins of the narcotics trade. These are monotonous and unimaginative variations of an outworn theme that have cropped up for the umpteenth time in the regional narcotics conference being held here and attended by representatives of U.S. _ diplomatic missions in the East Asian and Pacif ic regions. It is not that U.S. Charge D'affaires Burton Levin does not know this but since all angles have been repeated ad nauseum, he was forced to fall back on an old formula. . But he has also completely whitewashed the charges he levelled against Thailand by saying that the control of the heroin ref ineries are located in the no-man's land of the Thai-Burmese border controlled by the Shan United Army of Burma led by drug kingpin Chang Chifu and abetted by deals with the Burmese Communist Party. However, the fact remains according to him, and we concede the point, that poppy is being grown in the northern hi11s of Thailand bq tribal folk. But he appears to minimise the problem and possibly believes that poppy-growing can be halted overnight by waving the magic wand to crop substitution. From the highest authority in the land to the lowest ranked bureaucrat, all have tried and are trying to substitute cash crops for popply but it will take time to eliminate the centuries- old means of livelihood for the hill tribes. ~ This is no apology f or poppy-growing, opium-refining, or for heroin trafficking since we have condemned and will continue to condemn in the strongest terms possible this pandering to human misery. But at the same time we strongly object to Thailand being forced to carry the stigma alone for the international narcotics trade. Further, Levin has also resorted to juggling statistics when hQ sa;�s that Thailand has half a million drug addicts while the United States has less th~n 400,000 because addicts in Thailand then reach an astronomical proportion considering Thailand's population is roughly only one-fifth of the population of the United States. These figures may be true if only marijuana and heroin are taken into account but in the United States such drugs as cocaine and LSD are also very popular, not to mention 'uppers` and 'downers'. Also, a whole culture--commonly called the 'yellow 17 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 ~ulture'--has sprung i.n the United States and is based on the use of drugs, somethir.g that has not and will not happen in Thailand. A little over_ 20 years ago, opium smoking was legal in Thailand and although it def initely had a detrimental effect on the human potential in this country, it certainly did not produce a drug-based 'culture'. Thailand has tough anti-narcotic laws although Singapore's mandatory death sentence for drug trafficking is tougher. However, Thailand has executed certain key men who have been found to be guilty of large-scale distribution of drugs. But as Levin himself has said, the problem of completely suppressing the ref inizg of opium - is one has been defying solution for a long time because of the fluid situation along the Thai�-Burma border. While the primary blame should be p'laced on the so-cal.led drug kingpins who refine opium and trade wholesale in heroin, there have also been several "Westerners who have been caught trying to smuggle heroin out of Thailand." No doubt they have faced harsh sentences and, in Thai prisons, there is no molly-coddling of prisoners as is the case in the United States and Western Europe. Often pressure is brought on the Thai Government to show leniency toward these convicted drug traff ickers. Prime Piinister Prem Tinsulanon has ~ust faced such a problem in Australia. _ But, when all is said and done, the Thai Goverrnnent should move with greater alacrity in tackling the problem of poppy growing and suppressing heroin trafficking. Both of these eff orts may prove extramely difficult but tha.t should be no excuse. Let us take to heart the positive elements which this conference has brought out and concentrate-on them. There has been a bumper crop of opium this year. It is time for tYie authorities to gird up their loins and put their best feet forward to prevent refined drugs reaching addicts in Thailand and abroad. CSO: 5300/4506 18 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 THAILANU ONCB POPPY DESTRUCTION DRIVE BK151352 Bangkok Voice of Free Asia in English 1100 GMT 15 Sep 81 [Text] The Office of the Narcotics Control Board will launch a campaign in November to raze out poppy f ields in 10 villages in Chiang Mai. Secretary General of the Office of Narcotics Control Board Pol Maj Gen Phao Sarasin told a press conference yesterday that a crop replacement program had been introduced in these villages, and it would not be necessary for the hilltribes people there to continue growing poppy. A combined force of civilians and border patrol police will be employed in the mission. Meanwhile, the secretary general of the Off ice of the NarcoCics Control Board denied the report that the United States Government is mounting pressures on Thailand to destroy the opium cultivation in the northern part of the country, saying that the Thai Government has always had the policy to eradicate opium - culture. General Paho said the Thai Government during the past years successfully encouraged hilltribesmen in 38 villages in the north ~o grow other cash crops as substitute for opium. He said the hilltribesmen in the areas have earned enough income and do not have to resort to growing opium for a living anymore. The chief of the antinarcotics organization said it was agreed during a recent meeting of the aurhorities to expand the areas in which the opium substitute project will be carried out from 38 villages to 52. He said the government also planned to destroy opium cultivation in 10 other villages in the north in which villagers are able to earn their living through other means. When asked about narcotics suppression being launched by the government on sea coast drug smuggling route, General Phao said Thailand has received good cooperation fram Hong Kong and Malaysia. He said the Malaysian Gover~?ent is to promulgate a law to control the use of chemicals which are used in producing heroin. General Phao said these chemicals are very difficult to obtain in Thailand, so smugglers, traffickers have taken to shipping morphine into Malaysia. CSO: 5300/4506 19 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400064420-9 THAILAND KHUN SA OFFERS TO HALT OPIUM TRADE BK170102 Bangkok POST in English 17 Sep 81 p 3 [Text] Khun Sa, said to be a narcotics kingpin of the "golden triangle," has again offered his cooperation in ending opium cultivation and drug trafficking in the region. He said he was determined to see o~ium wiped out. "The important point is that the Thai Government must give me powers," he said and proposed that the government acts as an intermediary between him and the Uni.ted States for d iscussion on ways and mpans ~f stamping out opium and its derivatives. In a typed statement issued, at his Ban Hin Taek stronghold near the Burmese border, Khun Sa, leader of the Shati United Army, said that if his overt~ire was positively accepted he beli eved he would be able to stamp out.the opium business. He recalled that he once offered similar help and cooperation "but it was rejected outright and, moreover, I was accused of being a narcotics trafficker." That was in April 1978, when Khun Sa proposed a 6-year plan to phase out opium cultivation in Shan State to Mr Joseph Nellis, a representative of U.S. Senator [as published] _ Lester Wolff. The project envisions a gradual phase-out of opium cultivation, with the United States buying up opium crops during the 6-year period, and the introduction of crop substitution. "But instead the United States borrowed the hands of Ne Win who used his troops to destroy the opium crops and ban the people from growing opium. That was driving the people to starvation and for the sake of their own survival they continue to grow opium. ""in the U.S., if the farmers do not grow barley, they will have no bread to eat," Khun Sa said. "Opium cultivation has been practised in Shan State for almost 200 years, but I am only a bit more than 40 years old. Why must it be me? Why should I be accused of being a drugs producer? That's very unfair," he complained. Khun Sa, alias Chang Shi-fu, said that even if he were dead, opium would not simply disappear from Shan State. He recalled that when Lo Hsing-han, another drug ~king- pin, and himself were imprisoned by the Burmese Government several years ago, narcotics still managed to get out of the golden triangle to markets in Europe, the United States and Australia. Khun Sa said the Burmese Gover~ent was pleased that the Thai Government had put up a price for his capture "as that means opening a door for the Burmese socialist and communists to arrive at Thailand's doorstep." CSO: 53Q0/4506 20 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02109: CIA-RDP82-00854R000400060020-9 THAILAND ONCB HEAD COMMENTS ON REWARD FOR KHUN SA BK210616 Bangkok POST in English 20 Sep 81 p 3 [Text] The Office of the Narcotics Control Board (ONCB) will renew and possibly increase the reward for the arrest of alleged drugs kingpin Khun Sa after it expires in September next year, ONCB Chairman Gen Prachuap Suntharangkun said yesterday. Narcotics agents on Friday expressed puzzlement as to why the reward f or the capture, dead or alive, of the suspected golden triangle drugs smuggler was valid only until 30 September next year. Gen Prachuap said yesterday that ONCB realised that with the current reward offer of 500,000 baht, it would not be easy to arrest Khun Sa, also known as Chang Chi-fu. He said the ONCB would consider increasing the reward. The time limit on the reward offer was set in order to allow the ONCB to consider its renewal in the future, he explained. "Khun Sa is the most influential drugs kingpin of Che golden triangle," General Prachuap said. "When the reward for his capture was announced, Khun Sa and his men became very cautious and they moved beyond the Burmese border." Khun Sa has reportedly moved from his former stronghold in Ban Hin Taek near Mae Chan District of Chiang Rai and is now based inside Burma, about 7 kilometers from the border. Asked how the Thai Government would react to Khun Sa's recent offer to cooperate in ending opium cultivation and drugs traff icking in the~region, General Prachuap said, "The man can do whatever he likes, but we are not going to make any deals with him." He said the Thai Gover~ent would work only with the Burmese Goverrnnent as far as - suppression of opium cultivation and drugs trafficking were concerned. Thailand and Burma have a good diplomatic relationship and have been cooperating on drugs suppression for years, he said. He added that it woul.d be good if Khun Sa could stop drugs traff icking and acts of sedition against Burma and Thailand. CSO: 5300/4506 21 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440400060020-9 THAILAND BRIEFS NEW PROGRAM TO START--Pol Maj Gen Phao Sarasin, secretary general of the Narcotics Control Board Office [NCBO],~ has disclosed that the NCBO has mapped out a new program to wipe out opium growing in hilltribes villages. Despite the successful implementation of the crop substitution program in the northern provinces, particularly in Chiang Mai Province, and the consequent in increase in hilltribes people's income, many hilltribes villages still grow opium. Moreover, the Thai lowlanders reportedly have hired hilltribes to grow opium or used their villages as places to hide their opium. The NCBO therefore has decided to launch this new program. Besides, the hilltribes people whose villages have been developed should stop growing opium, otherwise, they will face punishment. Pol Maj Gen Phao Sarasin said that suppression will be initially launched in Chiang Mai Province, where most of the hilltribes v~llages have been developed. The suppression and develop- ment units.will be working separately. [Text) [BK271238 Bangkok Domestic Service in Thai 0000 GMT 27 Sep 81] CSO: 5300/4506 , 22 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 CANADA EDITORIAL CITES PLIGHT OF CUSTOMS SERVICE IN DRUG FIGHT Windsor THE WINDSOR STAR in English 21 Sep 81 p 6 [Editorial: "Customs--Victims ~f Ottawa's Apathy"] [ Te xt ] While customs~~officers in Windsor apparently taking advantage of the and other centres along the Canada- situatiorr. U.S. border worry~about their safety. "Th~e importers realize:our problem from "weirdos"' crossing, customs . and a~e willing to take a chance and officers in Vancouver and other sea- ~ do a bit of smugg(ing. Why not? Yoa ports worry over their inability to have a 90 per cent chance of getting _ check cargoes urrloaded in their ports. . away with it " explained one veteran In Vancouver, Canada's biggest Vancouvar customs officer. seaport, demoralized customs officers . 1'vl~anpower shortages are a key fac- recently adm'itted they've lost control - tor in this crisis. , . of the situatiun and~the port is now a In th~ Vancouver area 300 customs smuggler's paradise. ~ officials are trying to cope annually - Drugs, jewelry, and othe~ contra- with 2,300 deepsea freighters, 4,500 band are. 'pouring into Canada other commercial vessels, and hun- through the Vancouver customs sieve. ; dreds of thousands of passengers ar- Part of the problem is the move to riving by ship, plane, and by car from large metal containers for shippin~ the U.S. , Freight. . " . Movemer~t of cargo through Van- Sometimes as many as 10,000 con- couver has grown rapidly in the past ta~ners are stacked, on the Vancouver five years but there has been no in- docks, far too many for customs offi- crease in customs staff: cers to inspect. The federal government is clearly At one time 40 per cent ~of all cargo guilty .of negligence in allowiag the going through Vancouver was situation to deteriorate so dramatical- checked for contraband but now only ly. ~ ~ 10 per cent is examined. It's an atl too rare pleasure to see Customs officers say they've been Ottawa pinch pennies but in this in- reduced to ~lerks rubberstamping the stance the thrifty approach makes mo~~ement of goods. little sense. Nobody knows how much contra- : Vancouver is the main port of entry band is being smuggled into Canada for ~much of Canada's heroin. via Vancouver but some importers are - 23 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-40850R040400064020-9 , Why spend millions of tax dollars , vainly trying to stamp out drug traf- ficking across Canada if we're not ~villing to make a se~rious attempt to keep drugs from entering the coun- ~ try? The manpower freeze may also be shortsighted on a dollars and cents basis. - Many firms are~allegedly undervalu- , ing the goods they import to avoid paying full duty. That's money which could be flow- ing into the hard-pressed federal trea- - sury and which could pay for part of - the cost of hiring additional customs ~ officers to check what comes into the country. ~ ~ ' Ottawa should make up its mind. Either pcovide an effective customs ' service or drop the. masquerade and - leave the nation's doors wide open. They're hardly closed right now. CSO: 5320/002 r,~ 21~ . APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400064420-9 CANADA _ BRIEFS HASHISH SEIZED--Montreal (CP)--Four people have been charged after RCNIP narcotics agents discovered 450 kilograms of powdered hashish worth $6-million among a ship- ment of Lebanese candies. Insp. Alphonse Brault sa3,d yesterday the suspects were arrested this week during raids in Montreal and nearby Valleyf ield. H~e said the - hashish was shipped from Beirut via a U.S. port, where suspicious customs officers tipped their Canadian colleagues. [Text] [Toromto THE GLOBE AND MAIL, NATIONAL EDITION in English 27 Aug 81 p 5] CSO: 5320/002 - 25 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 BAHAMAS . BRIEFS QUAALUDE CLASSIFICATION--The Minister of Health and National Insurance, Perry Christie, today made an order under the Dangerous Drug Act declaring methaqua- - lone, commonly known as quaaludes, "a dangerous drug." The effect of the Min- - ister's order will render possession of the drug without lawful authority an offence under the Dangerous Drug Act. Every person guilty of an offence against the Dangerous Drug Act shall in respect of each offence, be liable on conviction on information, to a fine of $5,000 or to imprisonment for ten years, or to both such fine and imprisonment. On summary conviction, the guilty person is liable to a fine of $1,500, or to imprisonment for two years, or to both such fine and imprisonment. [Text] [Nassau THE TRIBUNE in E?zglish 28 Aug 81 p 1] DRUG SHIP SEIZURES--~ao 'mother' drug ships were apprehended by the Bahamas Defence Force near Ragged Island Monday with up to 1,100 bags of marijuana on board. Five Cuban-Americans and eight Colombians have been taken into custody. The Defence Force vessel Inaugua,under the command of Lieutenant Jackson Ritchie, accosted the drug ships while on a routine patrol in the southern Bahamas. The alleged drug runners did not put up any resistance, but once tried to ram the Inaugua, according to Ritchie. On board the fifty-foot vessel Star Pagus was approximately 200 to 300 bags of marijuana and five Cuban-Americans. The other ship the 80-foot Mary Gloria, was stacked with 700 to 800 bags of mari3uana. There were eight Columbians aboard. Both ships were brought to New Providence yesterday afternoon. The Cuban-Americans and Colombians are presently being processed before being charged with illegal possession of marijuana. [Text] [Nassau THE TRIBUNE in English 2 Sep 81 p 1] 5-VESSEL INCIDENT--HMBS Exuma under the command of Lieutenant Commander Bache- lette LaFleur yesterday seized five boats and apprehended 11 foreigners in the area of Cay Sal Bank in the western Bahamas.' Exuma was reportedly on routine patrol when the foreign craft were spotted. The vessels were escorted to Nassau late Wednesday by ExLmma, assisted by another Defence Force vessel "Fort Montagu." The nationality of the men arrested is believed to be American and Cuban Ameri- can. The suspects are presently being processed by the drug and serious crime sections of the Criminal Investigation Department. Approximately 100 bags of - marijuana were said to have been discovered aboard the vessels. [Text] [Nassau THE TRIBUNE in English 27 Aug 81 p 1] CSO: 5300/7501 26 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400400060020-9 BERMUDA . ~ . . BRIEFS JAIL FOR COCAINE--A Paget man who was found with 1.09 gra~es of cocaine in his possession, was sentenced to six months imprisonment. Terry Wayne Battersbee, of Ord Road, Paget, was arrested on Front Street on February 17 under suspicion of possessing illegal drugs. A subsequent search revealed the cocaine. [Excerpt] [Hamilton THE ROYAL GAZETTE in English 29 Aug 81 p 2] CSO: 5300/7501 ' 27 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 ' BOLIVIA ANTIDRUG LAW TO BE AMENDID PY181734 La Paz Radio Illimani Network in Spanish 1130 GMT 18 Sep 81 [Text] [Text~ The national antidrug law approved in June 1979 has been implemented by the govern- ment s~ as t~> carry out a frontal attack on drug trafficking and to overcome severe international problems. This infurmation has been diaclosed by Justice Under Secretary Rolando Simbron during a press conference held yesterday, . [Begin Simbron Recording] The administration of Gen Celso Torrelio Villa will carry out the hard task of eradicating drug trafficking. [end recording] Simbron also announced that the government has issued precise instructions within the framew~rk of its antidrug struggle. To this effect it has sent notes to the nation's attorney general. to the chairman of the Supreme Court of Justice of La Paz, to the director Qeneral of the Dangerous Drug Department and to the chairman of the Supreme Court ~f Sucre. [Begin Simbron recordingj Pursuant to the notes exchanged between the U.S. Embassy and the Bolivian foreign minister, and the verbal note of our Foreign Ministry, the national antidrug law will be amended in those articles which jeopardize the egalitarian implemen- tation of the law in order to do away with discriminatione due to nationality or place of birth. The Bolivian Covernment feels that the elimination of certain articles of the antidrug law, which have led to nonegalitarian treatment of Bolivians and foreignera, in order to enforce the principle that everybody is equal before the law, would be a _ positive step forward toward overcoming whatever obstacles there may be for the swift normalization of diplomatic relations with the United States. [end recordingj Ttie justice under secretary also announced that he had given inatructions to the director of the National Dangerous Drugs Department, Capt (Javier Guerrero). (Begin Simbron recording] ...I have instructed the public prosecutors to discontinue the application of Decree Law 18,254 date 5 May 1981, which will be abrogated by means of a decree law that will be issued as soon as possible. I would like to tell you, gentlemen of the press and the public at large, that my under- secretariat is working on a decree law whose only resolution etates: � � Pursuant to appropriate conaiderations, Decree Law 18,254 dated S May 1981 is hereby suspended and Decree 16,562 dated 13 June 1979 is put into effect until new decree laws on dangerous drugs control can be issued. I must also report that a commission charged with studying the decree law, which has been suspended, will be appointed. [end recordingJ The under secretary reiterated that the main purpose of the new legal framework is to ensure that ever~body will be equal before the law. CSO: 5300/2005-A 28 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 BOL IVIA BRIEFS ANTIDRUG-TRAFFICKING CRUSADE--Minister Secretary of Information Jaime Humerez Seleme has asserted that the government will take all due legal actions against any persons who has been involved in drug, without any kind of considerations whatever. The decision was made during the Cab3net meeting held at Government - Palace, after Foreign Minister Gonzalo Romero gave a detailed report on the basic problems related to the image of the country abroad. Humerez Seleme announced that a national crusade had been ordered to �ight the illegal drug trafficking in the country with the participation not only of the specif ic law enforcement organizations and the courts, but of all the people. The information minister said that persons involved in drug traff icking w i11 be punished with all the force of the law. The government spokesman spoke with newsmen shortly after the Cabinet meeting which was presided over by Gen Celso Torrelio Villa. He said that a big information meeting had been ordered regarding the repression of drug trafficking. Humerez stressed that it is the government's intent3on to effectively show its firm determination to eradicate and combat this evil which affects the image of the country. [Excerpts] [PY170250 La Paz Radio Illimani Network in Spanish 0100 GMT 17 Sep 81] CSO: 5300/2005-A 29 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 CHILE BRIEFS HASHISH TRAFFICKERS ARRESTED--The~police have arrested (Douglas Bobadilla Soto), 30, who ran a clandestine laboratory for hashish production. (Guillermo Vargas), (Oscar Saravia Tapigueiro) an d(Andres Ariana), who were in charge of selling the drug, were also arrested. [PY261725 Santiago Chile Domestic Service in Spanish 0000 GMT 26 Sep 81 PY] CSO: 5300/2005 30 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 � COLOMBIA COMPLICATIONS IN 'COCAINE QUEEN' TRIAL Bogota EL TIEMPO in Spar.ish 21 Aug 81 p 11-A [Text] The much-talked-about trial of the "cocaine queen" has been unable to proceed because of recent developments, and the delay will reportedly enable the defendant to remain free until it is learned whether the Bogota Superior Court upholds her indictment or ordera a temporary or permanent stay. Because of the new setbacks, her case will now go before the Supreme Court for the second time. The Facts The incidents occurred at the culmination of a routine narcotics squad - operation by the Attorney General's Office. Hector Rodriguez Espinosa was intercepted by secret agents as he was driving away from the house of Mre Marleni Orejuela Sanchez; they found a package continaining several kilograma of cocaine in the vehicle. Rodriguez Espinosa was taken back to her house, where they arrested the woman and aearched the t~ouse but uncovered no drugs. An investigation was begun, and Marleni Orejuela was described as "the cocaine queen," because she had been confuaed with Veronica Rivera; never- theless, the nickname stuck in the presa. Both ahe and Rodriguez Espinosa were placed under arrest. First Incident The first incident led to the intervention of the Superior Council of the Judicature. The trial judge, Leonor Izquierdo de Pava, after questioning Marleni, released her, arguing that the deadline for iasuing an arrest warrant had passed snd that the court still lacked the evidence for it. The episode concluded, at least partially, when the Superior Council dismissed the judge, although ahe later isaued the arrest warrant, and the accused was taken into custody in the western part of the country and brought to Buen Pastor Prison. At the same time, an order was issued for a criminal investigation of the judge, which was conducted by the Superior Court. 31 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 _ T~ao Technical Investigations The trial documents included a declar.ation made by Rodriguez Espinoaa at Marleni's house on the same day that he was captured with the drug. - According to the statement, Rodriguez ~spinosa admitted that the woman had given him the drug. However, during the course of the investigation Rodriguez Eapinosa denied - that he had ever made such a statement ~nd said that the signature on the document was not his. A forensic medicine investigation was then ordered, and the graphology exper~~_s decided that the signature on the document was not Rodriguez Espinosa's. The court called for another investigation and sent the matter to the DAS [Adrainistrative L~epartment of Security] wtiose experts concluded that the signature was~ Rodriguez Espinosa's. The court thus had before it two diametrically opposed findings. Around that time, some rather mysterious incidents took place at Buen Pastor Prison that culminated with the dismissal of the warden, who was allegedly collaborating with the "cocaine queen." When the case came before the court to hear the appeal filed by the two defendants, judicial surveillance had to be inatituted in asa~gning it because a certain judge was said to have already been chosen. This and other subsequent incidenta gave rise to a series of death threats against a high-level official. The case was heard by Judge Joaelyn Gomez Medina, who conducted the pertinent proceedings to rule on the appeal motion along with his colleagues Augusto Lozdno and Pantaleon Mejia Garzo~i. The judge declared himself disqualified in the wake of abeurd rumors that were going around. His argument was that Mre Orejx~ela Sanchez's attorney was former Judge Jose Maria Velasco Guerrero, with whom he was close friends. The other two court judgea rejected hia disqualification, and the tuatter wae brought before the Supreme Court, which ruled that there were no grounds for Gomez Medina's disqualification and that he ahould continue to hear the case. A few weeks ago, another division of the court, headed by Judge Augusto Lozano and of which Judge Mejia Garzon was also part, concluded the case against former Judge Leonor Izquierdo de Pava, whom it suspended permanently. This was how things stood when the judge hearing the main case, Joaelyn Gomez Medina, submitted to his colleagues, Mejia Garzon and Lozano, a provisional decision on the appeal of the indictment. 32 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400400060020-9 Judge Mejia Garzon proceeded to diaqualify himself, contending that when he, along with his fellow judges Lozanu and Jorge Ortiz Rubio, had decided ~o suspend Leonor Izquierdo de Pava, their ruling had set forth grounds that were re?ated to the substance of the case against Mra Marleni Orejuela Sanchez and that he therefore felt that he ahould be diaqualified. The other two judges, Gomez Medina and Lozano, rejected his disqualification, and the matter will thus go before the Supreme Court once again. 8743 CSO: 5300/2447 33 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 - COLOMBIA TRAFFICKING IN 'EL MODELO' PRISON DESCRIBED Bogota EL TIEMPO in Spanish 7 Aug 81 p 8-B [Article by German Navarrete] [Text] Even though the inmatesat Modeio Prison are fed good meals in a clean dining hall, they prefer to take their breakfast, lunch and dinner in dirty, foul-smelling wooden huts. The reason? In the huts, which are called "caspetes" [chow],they can buy what the dining hall does not sell: sandwichea with marihuana and soft drinks with Mandrax. This was one of the reasons why hundreds of inmates rioted when the prison warden began moving against the huts and other goings-on. The prison management changed the dining system when it discovered irregularities in the preparation of the meals by the inmates who had been antrusted with this work. This job is handled today by a specialized private firm run by a retired colonel, to insure that.the food is of good quality and provided in equal amounts ta the inmates. EL TIEMPO toured the blocks where on Tuesday aeveral inmatea armed with knives, sticks, spikes, clubs and pieces of glasa attacked whomever they could. "We were afraid...real afraid...Some people atarted crying hyeterically when they saw guys beside them beinb knifed, becauee they knew that they would be next even though they didn't do anything..." several of the "special prieonere" from cellblock 5 said. Many of them agreed on this significant detail: "If it were not for Colonel Rojas, we wouldn't be here to tell the tale." They were referring to the action taken by the warden general of prison~, Salomon Rojas Orjuela, who ordered hundreds of the men from cellblock 5 Cransferred to a carridor just as the "grass smokers" from cellblock 4. began attacking the unsuspecting inmates with knives and spikes. In their tour through the cellblocks the reporters spoke with numerous inmates in an attempt to establish the cause of the riot. 34 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 Emaciated �aces, bitter looks and a sign of appreciation here and there for the intereat in their state of health, were the hallmarka of conversations with individuals who just a few houra before had experienced fear and tierror and who were today seeing how th~ "caepetes" had been destroyed. Our talks with the inmates took place beaide huts where the stench was ~ unbearable and food blended with grime. From one of the "caspetes" was taken a pound of coffee containing a spike that was ne~er used. Continual Nightmare Two hours of conversation with inmates in varioua cellblocks, corridora and the infirmary led us to the startling concluaion that over ite 28-year _ history Modelo Prison has become a"hell" for some and a den of iniquity for others. "Along each corridor 44 of ua inmates live in aeparate cells. The doors to the cells have been destroyed to make knives, and that's why you're awakened every night by other peaple's shouting or with a blade by your neck or chest, _ held there by the guys who rob and rape you," several inmatea claimed. - The warden explained that 1,000 individual cells lack doors, which cost 20,000 pesos each. New ones are not being ordered because there is no money for them. Robbery and rape take place all the time. The inmates, especially the peaceful ones, are li~ting a continual nightmare.~ Oranges with Marihuana and Liquor As many as 5,000 people are crowded together in these degrading surroundinga, where all of the cellblocks smell of urine, and their needs were being met by peddlers, stall vendora and owners of "caspetes." Th e latter proliferated to the point that they formed rowa aimilar to the atanda along lOth Avenue and llth Street or in San Vitorino. Items were distributed by 700 registered peddlers within the prison, who could enter and leave the cellblocks without being checked and who at night had permission to bring their wares into their cells. The itema were supplied as in a normal businesa, and the owners of aome "caspetes" ordered from markets that supplied them weekly. The inmates are allowed visits from their wives, and some of them, under this pretext, have gotten a girlfriend or other contact to bring them drugs hidden in oranges. The guards would commonly see inmates devouring oranges with gusto, savoring every last piece. One of them was curious about the oranges in one of the cellblocka and got quite a surprise when he diacovered that part of the inside had been �-emoved and replaced with marihuana, hard liquor or some other subetance. 35 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-40850R040400064020-9 Within this smoothl~~ run, apparently harmlesa buaineas a veritable network of middlemen had developed over time to provide any inmate with whatever he needed, either through the peddlers, the atalls or the "caspetes." A Lucrative Business from Waiting on Lines But if the drug business was floi~rishing inside the jail, the possibilities outside were no less lucrative. _ The residents of the Puente Aranda district had become used to aeeing enormous lines of inen and women start forming around the jail at midnight before visiting days, lines that always lasted until 1300 hours the following afternoon. What they did not know at first but what gradually became common knowledge was that the lines outside Modelo Prison had turned into an excellent buaineas because of the excellent prices that people arriving at 0800 hours and wanting~ to get in to see their sons or husbands would pay for spots on line. The situation was completely beyond the controlof the prison because the lines were on a public thoroughfare, and the only way to break up these dealings was to monitor access by order of arrival on line. ~ (18~0 hours. When you arrive, you show a visitor's-~ ~ Today, the lines begin at pass issued by a cnurt and you are given a number on line. Conjugal visits are for wivPs only, and children under 12 cannot enter. This new control measure was another cause of the riot. Knives From Water Pipes To the occasional visitor, the fetid odor in all the cellblocks is evidence of a poorly run jail and the reason why the huts are so filthy. Nevertheless, the inmates admit that many of them use all sorts of ir.struments to loosen the inside water pipea in bathrooms, in corridora and even in the kitchen. When the pipes are loose, they rip them out when the guards are not looking, return to their cells, find a way to break them open and carve knives that can gradually be sharpened and hidden anywhere. The officials who put down the riot said that this~was where the dozens of knives, spikes and up to 1-meter long bars came from. Water began flowing again yesterday, although there is not enough money to repair all of the damage that the pipe system has suffered. 36 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 :::,�c~~y ~ f~~ ~ ` /1 . . - ' _ ~ S ~ ~~1`a,M~ 1~' ie 1 ~ a1r~,:~'.;~. . ( ' I ~ E r.. { ,.~il ' T ~ ;'i/ .l~. ~ ~ 1 ~ r. . ; ~!A!`~-. ~ . ~~r~ . . ~ _ , t~i _ ::s . . _ ~ ~ ~ ~ r- ~ 3~ - � , r. '4 r. ~..~.'1 ~ti~/ . ~ � . i 'f . ' ~ f u ~ ! . " ~ " . ` ~ ~ ~ _ , ' ~ The yard of cellblock 4 at Model Prison in Bogota, where the riot that left 2 dead and 48 wounded began on Tuesday. To the right and on the far left are the huts where sales of marihuana, drugs, liquor and knives were recently stopped, which was one of the reasons for the disturbance. Up above is one of the holes through which the most dangerous inmates got into cell- block 5 to waylay and knife the "special F~isoners." 8743 CSO: 5300/2447 37 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400400060020-9 _ COLOMBIA COCAINE SEIZED AT ELDORADO AIRPORT Bogota EL ESPECTADOR in Spanish 18 Aug 81 p 23-A [Text] Personnel from the Narcotics Squad of the Attorney General's Office seized 24 kilograms of top quality cocaine valued at more than 20 million on the black market at Eldorado International Airport yesterday. The drug was hidden in a travel bag that arrived on Viasa flight 921-16. It was not learned whether anyone was ari�ested. The only report was that investigations were under way to determine the whereaboutis of the individuals who were supposed to pick up the drug. The only distinguishing mark on the bag in which the cocaine was hidden was the number 67. 3743 CSO: 5300/2447 38 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 COLOMBIA ~ METHAQUALONE RAIDS DESCRIBED Bogota EL ESPECTADOR in Spanish 25 Aug 81 p 11-A [Text] The Narcotics Squad of the Attorney General's OfEice aeized 2,900 kilograms of inethaqualone in four major raide this June at Eldorado International Airport. The methaqualone wae destroyed laet weekend. The dangerous subatance, which drug traffickere have been using to make hallucinogenic pills sold under the namea "Jumbo," "R~~ger" and Mandrax," was destroyed at the aforementioned airport with help frc~m the Bogota Fire _ Department, whose units proceeded to dissolve the po~uder in water and dump it down a sewer. Germany The methaqualone arrived in four large ehipments fro~m Germany th~t wpre addressed to laboratories that investigations proved did not exiat. They were most likely going to be claimed by individuals with aliasea, but Attorney General's Office officials fortunately uncnvered them in time and confiscated them before they fell into the handa of the traffickers. Since the shipments came from Germany, a commission from the Attorney General's Office was sent there to try and uncover the branches of the gangs involved in the importation of the drug, but the investigationa did not yield satis- factory results because methaqualone can be aold legally there and it is therefore very difficult to eatablish the identity of the individuals who purchase it. The Investigation In spite of thia setback, the investigation is continuing in Bogota under the direction of 20th criminal court judge Dr Julio Gilberto Lancheros. He _ apparently has evidence that might lead to the identification of the individuals who brought in the dangeroua raw material to be converted into hallucinogenic tablets and marketed not only in Colombia but in the United States as well, where each pill aells for between $5 and $10.. _ Stemming the Trafficking We should add that the seizure of the methaqualone was a serious blow to the organizations involved in drug trafficking and that aince the raids by th e Attorney General's Office, the underground sales of these items have fallen _ sharply in the country. 8743 CSO: 5300/2447 39 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 COLOMBIA COCAINE 'WAR' IN CAUCA DESCRIBED Bogota CROMOS in Spanish 25 Aug 81 pp 45-52 [Article by Carlos Mauricio Vega: "Cocaine: The White War"] [Text] A sordid battle for cocaine dollars has been goi~ng on for 2 years now. It began when Colombia stopped growing marihuana and became the number one producer of pure cocaine, supplying 70 percent of the world market. The country has large enough crops today to stop importing the "base paste" from - Bolivia and Peru. The new bonanza has had a social and economic impa;;t on the southern part of the country that ia even greater than the impact of the jump in coffee prices in 1974. CROMOS reporters visited the growing ~rea, felt and chewed the co~a leaves.. This issue contains an exclusive report that covers all the way from trafficking on the streets of New York to how the cocaine travels along the roada in the Cauca Valley. At nightfall on 16 December 1980, Dionisia Alvarez, an elderly Cauca Indian woman whom time had forgotten came down from the odd sugar-loaf moun~ain on which she lived to exchange some coca leaves for food in the nearby village. It wa.s the first time that she had done this, and she would never again uae _ maeey. The same night, more than 1,000 kilometers away, in a Bogota tavern, a solitary, wealthy advertising man stood at the bar. He soon atruck up a conversation with three penniless students who were out for a night's adventure. Ten minutes later, they locked themselves in the small restroom amid baer cartons and rolls of tisaue paper. The upper part of the advertising man's moustache gradually turned white with what was left of his last gram of cocaine, which the four of t~iem were going to ahare ttiat night. Placing it on a fingernail, on a tiny silver apoon, on the blade of a pipe- ~ cleaner and on a razor blade, they snorted the powder, sounding ae if they had colds and were not carrying handkerchiefs. Lying Against the Wheel The advertising man put away the small contact lena case with the powder in the pocket of his jacket. His eyea glistening and his nose moist, he paid the bill and got in his oz~ange BMW with hia new-found fx�iends. He immediately began driving like a madman, heading south, always bearing left and always avoiding a collision at the last moment. He felt that hia reflexea and dri.ving ability c�:ere as sharp as they could be. The man w~e enjoying (or suffering?) the same effects that thousands of people get every day 1~0 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 all over the world from a gram of cocaine: a sudden conatiction of the blood vessels that shoots blood throughout the organiam and makea it feel like a racing engine. Fifteen minutes later, outside the houee where his office was located, the advertising man was lying against the steering wheel, swesting and unable to move a single finger. One of the students began carefully aearching thr.ough his inside pocket. That same day, at an office in the U.S. Embassy in Bogota, Mr T. Frank Crigler was drafting a reply to the preaident of the Colombian Senate in connection with a series of concerned comments about the promotion of the drug traffic from the United Statea. Crigler's letter said that Colombian domeatic coneumption had riaen sharply. A short time later, in a Washington office a atrategic document was being drawn up on actions to be taken againat drug Crafficking from 1981 to 1985. The primary objective set forth in this terse paper was the "destruction of the illegal plants in the countryside" and every effort to apprehend the traffickers. Exactly 6 months later, on 27 July, a Monday, coca plants in a Cauca village 2 hours from Popayan were destroyed in a routine operation. The participants: - 40 Colombian policemen and hundreds of I~ndians. Each machete-cut plant would sprout up again in 6 months. Nevertheless, the small detachment, which was supposed to return that night to Popayan, almost got stranded in ttte mountains; the Indians tried to close off the road and attack them. Juan Valdes Vs Mr Coca These are the main incidents in the sordid war that is being waged in the swamps of the Caqueta, in the Cauca mountains, on highways, in five-star hotels, in planes, in airports and on the streeta of the United States: the cocaine war. It has been going on for 2 years, ever si.nce Colombia stopped growing marihuana en masse and became the world's leading producer of refined cocaine, supplying 70 percent of the international market with coca leaf crops that are large enough so that it no longer has to import "base paste" from Bolivia and Peru. Why is the Drug Enforcement Administration aiming its guns outside the United States, going after production, not consumption? Becauae it is almost impossible to control cocaine trafficking inside the United States. The legal penalties for possession of cocaine are very light; sales are not being cracked down on, and a legal battle is being waged to make cocaine legal. C,~caine was made illegal in the United States in 1906, when it was classified as a narcotic. It came out of the recipe for Coca-Cola (to be replaced by caffeine), from neighborhood drugstores, from Freud's experimenta and from the coca teas that ladies used to drink. Neverthelese, it was claeaified as a narcotic by mistake; cocaine doea nat produce a physical addiction (a psychological one, yes) and does not have narcotic effecta; quite to the contrary, it is a stimulant. 41 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 If the lawyers who advocate legalization of marihuana and cocaine on the basis of these arguments are ever successful, the governmente of the countries cracking down on their sale will be in aerious trouble, but not Peru and Bolivia, where coca can be grown legally. Now, the White Bonanza At this very moment, large plantations in the eastern plains, in the Caqueta jungles, in the impenetrable Huila mountains and in the Cauca jungles by the sea are giving rise to an unprecedented economic and social phenomen~n in the country. The weak economy there is receiving a flood of dollars from the coca boom, and the effects are as striking as when coffee prices soared in 1974. Pendulum clocks, famous singers and medicine salesman have begun ~o take to the winding paths leading to the coca towna; peasant farmers who have never had electricity are buying refrigerators in which to store their old clothes; the mud tiles are gradually being replaced with ruatproof Eternit; beside old adobe huts, at the foot of roads, large garagea are being built for the same picturesque buses that have altars to the Virgin of the Carmen painted on them, but this time with the latest-model chassis and engine. Arriving each Sunday in the towns are trucks loaded with motorcycles, which are immediately bought up with cash in the same market where oranges used to be sold. Dagoberto, the Shoeless Millionaire Up in the mountains, beyond the famous town of Bolivar, Cauca, lives Dagoberto, an elderly Indian whose family suddenly became rich when he discovered the difference between selling a banana leaf and a coca leaf. Dagoberto, his sons, his grandchildren, his parents and his wives had chewed coca all their - lives. They grew a few plants out of tradition and for their own small _ supply. Mixed with a special lime called "mambe," the coca leaf bringa lasting well-being and energy. Dagoberto Corrales was furnished the means _ to convert his banana and coffee fields into a large coca plantation, the largest yet discovered. He had more than 100,000 plants. On the morning that Dagoberto Corrales saw the green-uniformed police arrive, he threw himself to the ground in front of his house and began foaming at the mouth. When he had calmed down, he was able to speak with the lieutenant who commanded the small detachment. Hia children, meanwhile, poaitioned themaelves around around the crop, armed with old carbines and rusty machetes, chewing away with _ their green-stained mouths. Dagoberto argued with the policeman for a half hour. Finally, he tried to buy him off. He offered him 100,000 pesos in cash. Before the lieutenant had time to th=nk it over, the 100,000 pesos were there, wrapped in newspaper, at the feet of the old :nan, who was waiting for - an answer, shoeless and pleading. Some minutes later, when Dagoberto saw the cloud of smoke rising from his coca field. he threw himself at the lieutenant and asked him to kill him. 42 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 � Moved, the officer returned a few days later with coffee seeds for the old man. Dagoberto spoke with him and even had a photograph taken with the new Kodak that one of his children had brought from Popayan. He agreed to plant the coffee, but he explained to the lieutenant that the coca plants would be growing among the coffee bushes and that he would have to come ~ack all the time to destroy them because they would sprout again. With a Gun at Their Necks Dagoberto Corrales, like many other peasant farmers in the coca zone, ~ completely changed the concept of coca trafficking. No longer did clandestin~ _ lahoratories near capital cities process the imported paste. The farmers themselves work with the leaves, 100 metera from the cr.ops, producing the ~ initial paste in rudimentary laboratories called "kitchens." The leaves are dried, ground up and heated there. The resulting product, coca paste, is processed once again in the same area, either in a houae in a nearby town or in a makeshift laboratory in the mountains. This yielda cocaine base, a substance that is occasionally employed directly by mixing it in marihuana cigarettes to make the famous "bazooka," which can take addicta on unexpected trips. The cocaine base can be transported to traditional laboratories but is generally processed again in the same place near the crop. Very well-paid laboratory workers, who never see their bosses' faces and who work with a machine gun at their necks, convert the cocaine base into cocaine hydro- chloride in labs that are dismantled after they have served their purpose. The traffic is out of the hands of the Indians after the first step, in - other words, as soon as they have produced the coca paste. A ton of coca _ leaves brings the grower-about 120,000 pesos. The trafficker gets about 2 kilograms of pure cocaine from the same ton, which in Bogota is worth about ~ $40,000, a bit more than 2 million peaos. When these 2 kilograms of cocaine are cut with novocaine or simply blended with talcum in a Miami hotel and then sold by the gram on the streets of New York, Miami or Loa Angelea, they are worth a million dollars. Such cocaine is only 12 percent pure and has been multiplied almost 10-fold. Pure cocaine, the hydrochloride in the form of pulverized crystal, leaves the Cauca mountains along several routes: on foot, by rail, in the arms of Indians, who earn undreamed-of suma of money for a hike, concealed in a false battery, on board a regularly scheduled bus, in the double exhauat of a taxi or in the personal helicopter of a trafficker. Ninety Percent Purity, Ninety Percent Profita Unce in I3ogota, the pure cocaine can be sold to a foreign trafficker, who takes it with him, or transported by Colombians to the shores of the United States. This traffic is completely different from marihuana. No longer will we see the attractive and dangerous scene of a caravan of trucks moving through the Guajiro wilderness in the middle of the night. If an operation - 43 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440400060020-9 begins in the Cauca with 3 tons of coca leaves, approximately 6 kilograms of cocaine come ouL- of it. One kilo is mailed out in a three-level box whose center divider has been removed and replaced with the precious powder. The box is full of handicrafts or ponchos and is addressed to an air mail post office box. Another kilo travels in the stomach of a"mule." Another travels in a double-bottomed suitcase, and the rest can be sent out in the form of little Indian statues covered by a thin layer of white cement, in the arms of a tourist. ~ If the "mule" dies of indigestion, if the box breaks or if the customshouse dogs sniff out the suitcase but the handicrafts get through, the operation is more than handsomely profitable. Traffickers no longer run the risk of flying old DC-3's, loaded with marihuana, close to the ground, and they can quit after one operation. Many of them come to Colombia for a few days, hoping to return with lots of money, but they wind up in jail.. Nevertheleas, the proportion of cocaine and traffickersseized is minimal: lesa than 1 percent of the total traffic. In spite of this, the vaults at the Bank of the Republic muat hold at least - 300 kilograms of pure cocaine, a sea of white powder worth a fortune. The more traffic is curtailed and the more coca growing is combated, the more profits traffickers will make, because these problems boost the price. The demand for cocaine is always greater than the supply, and the supply is shrinking all the time. Little by little, Colombia is being confronted with another problem: the shift of consumption to the streets of its cities. Increasing numbers of foreigners come to Colombia to buy a gram of pure cocaine for the fabulous price of 1,500 pesos, the same amount that the advertiaing man on 97th Street paid. Some travel in throngs to popayan with threadbare knapsacks, looking for the 700-peso gram, $12, dirt cheap. There are no data on the number of consumers in Colombia, but the impression is that the figure is constantly rising, especially among the middle class. Cocaine leaves no marks, has no odor, does not atain fingers or redden the eyes. It does not have countercultural implicationa like marihuana therefore used by a painter and an accountant alike. It does not cause a physical addiction or leave injection marks on the arms. It only destroys the interior of the nose, slowly, so that a long-time cocaine uaer cannot bear to have his nose touched and snivels conatantly. A subculture, almost a religion, has formed around cocaine. Consumers get together to snort it as if it were a rite. There are specialized stores ("snow shops") that sell tiny inhalers, gold blades to separate the portions and chemical reagents to check the purity. The classical way of snorting cocaine, however, is with a rolled-up $100 bill, with the portiona placed on a mirror. The cocaine culture has even gotten into the movies. In one of his love stories Woody Allen clumsily sneezes on his frienda' cocaine, sending thousands of dollars up in a powdery cloud. ~4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPR~VED F~R RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-04850R000400060020-9 Dionisia Alvarez, back in her field near Lerma, Cauca, is completely unaware of what is going on throughout the world because of small coca leaf fields like hers. While she eats her cocaine-lime mixture, one of her aons goes into town to exchange coca leaves for the evening's meal; another son stands guard at the coca field at nightfall with an old carbine, and her youngest daughter, unshod and with a thick watch on her left wriat, geta ready for the long hike that night, with a kilogram of cocaine. - ~ - ~ r : ~gf;'. , , . C~~.~. . # . . � ~ ~t ,i, ~ '�I: l ~ ` y \ ~ ~ i x'; ~ :t'' a ' ~ i I ~ ~ , 'i - ~a. ~ - 11,f~ 1 * ~ ' . , , ~ ;~-f~i + , .T ! r.~,y ~ �r . ( ~ , Mt, r . . ~ l :i:. i ,4-:s' ~ � ~ ~ ~ ~ F ` i~ ~~I ~ iiR ~ t# ' ! ? ~ / ~ ~ , , 1 ~r~ ~ ~ ~ r~' i i� .t i F ~ ~ ~ ~ : "T Policemen uproot coca planta that will be sprouting up again in 6 montha. 45 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440400060020-9 ~ . , 1~ x i~ I , ~ N'. e ~�y.. n F .1 t ` ~ v rt + � s~~' z i F~ 1 < i. . ~ . cc w, O ~ ~ Y ~ . ~ E~ ~ J' J `:W ~ ~ S, .~r.: ~ . . . r,, t>' ~I .r 00 � . ~ ~ r 34 . . . V 1`. 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R) .f+ ~i: ' ~ : ' U 11 . ~ f ry'. . ~ . ~ F+ L. ~ ~ ~r'I ~ 1 Ja ~ CJ 'rI ~3~;.. ~ ~ ~ ' w fA tr �r ~ ~ U - ` A ~ : ' :3 ~ ~ ~ a~ ~ . ~ . } ~ i:'~ ~ ~ ~ ~ a~ ~d ,a y.;, ' ~ a a ~ ~ ~ �i~ w s~: , t - "i 4~'~. ~~'3 ~ f ~,~i, � - 1~6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 ~ ~ i i ~ i ; � , E~�~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ i ' . ~.~>y ' , + , ~ ~ Y ~ ; ~~1~.:~. ~r.~ ~ x~~ - ~ , + ~ f ~ 5 ' a . ~ ~ ~ L f ``~4 � F i t i . The house of Dionisia Alvarez, the elderly woman who sold her coca leaves ~7 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400400060020-9 ,li ~ ~ ~ . ` ~ f ~ t.y 4 ~e i ~ , J~S " . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ T~~~ ~.f ~ . + t ~ rt' v~I` ; ` , dr.= . . . . . . . ~ . A i �~$T,~, 1' ~4:. , t~{ ~ ~Es' ..y:~ r ~ ' ~ t ( s '.v!~. ,w A I I~r J~ ~ ~ e t ~ ~Y r' ~ ~ i . AC,+~ ~ ~ ~ j~ ! L.. ~t; . , ~ f _j. f .t r ' . ' ~ ~ t ~W q' ',~~yi`. ~w~~~. � ~7',~ ~'~.f a daT, ~ ',~:~'~~'h": - ~!'rj,jyT'~ 'k'''' 19 .w - " a r ~ . ~l ~ 'i,, y. ~ ~ M. ' ~ `i ~ .ri T. ..;~t~ i j~.~ . r r f .yti ~ ~ xs;t~'isimula~;' * : , Xanates y cafe. Se. k,.~ ,;'i.~o. i4!' + 0 T{' e'1~~~'IY ~i~ t~l~.~f~ ~A~ ~ r.- ~ ~~.s ~ j ~YOf 1118yO~f~~~~ ~-~~p'~:- . a . ~ : r.' ` , ~ ~ . ~ ~ . ~ , ~ . . Y ~i ~ . 5 `~i ' ~ ~ , , ~ , ~ 'k t r / ~''b ��4 ~ . ~ ~r~fi + . ? ' ~ ~ '3 ~ p'~~~~ , ' ~L1~' ...4 ~.i~iLi6`.(4` Y~1~ - _~w.A� " .�~M . . ' ~,;,F.� ~ ` ~ M . . ~}'ei 4 4$~.. (y;.,~,~~, . w1 'l .r+� . ~ , , l . Sy~~. . ~ ~~t.~ N ',~l~ '~;..1 ~ ~k ' ~ f ~ ,~r i' ~ ~ i ~ " `"A~ _ { t ~Y f ; ~ ~ . ~ ~ ~ 4'~ . ~r~4~ ,:v- ~ ~-,:a f - ~-'r ' siSi r.. ' d , 7. . ~ M fi~ One of Dionisia Alvarez's sons, Juan 8743 CSO: 5300/2447 _ 51 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-40850R040400064020-9 . JAMAICA HEALTH MINISTER DISCUSSES ISLAND'S DRUG PROBLEM Kingston THE DAILY GLEANER in English 7 Sep 81 p 1 [ Excerp t] The q~nja induun ~tcracu people s~id: the Covernment's policy of devel� ~rho dal ~n h~rd drugs ~nd we have to oping, the .resourca oE ~he rur~l ~reas I,e ~ery,vigi~~nt to ensure thal as we especrally was "~eiy welcome ~s it seek yrh~n~:auon the drug problems of should help to retain the young people che I~iR me~ropoli~~n cicies do noc infil� in these aras. . cnce us. He~l[h M iniscer D~. ~ Kenneth T h e g r o w t h o f ~ pp r o p r i~ t e B~u~h said on S~turd~y nighc. ~ industria would genence developmenc. D~. B3ugh w~s ~ddressing the Mon� ~~~d~AR to urb~n~zauon oi the rur~i ~ areas. But. D~. Baugh said, it wo:. teRo Ba~ Higlr School P~sc Students . ~m~rto~c tv re~lize thac the ~dvances ~lssoci~cion ~nnuzl dmner ~c the Mee . of ehe 1~~R cicies o[ che USA and ocher ~tre Rescaur~ni. Sc. Aadrew. on ~he ~ouncries rrhicb Me ~dmired werc otten urRenc problems fued by rural areu. ~~companied- by ,gr~ve prohlems. Pollu� [o whicfr tht society needed to address ~~an ~nd drua t~n6s were o(cen ~ con� � itxlf. ' comit~nc ot urbani:ation. Are we Q~y� One of che m~in prohlems. he s~id. inq enough ~atcention co the possihiluy was the rot~l�urb~o driit. ~Imosc c~n� chat Me could develop in ih~s rny ~s camount to ~ hnin dr~in. which we117" he ~~~ed. . . scemmed [rom the (ut thu the "middle ~ Cuin~ the problem o( dnrg rih~s ie income socio�aonomic structure". oE the the C'SA. he said che r+idespread us~.oi ~ma11 towns w~s too limited co accom� ~ R~~~~ in j~m~ia m~de us vulne~~ble. mod~~e che ~oung high xhool teaver. ~s th~s tucor would. tend to ittracc The countr~ h~d not paid su(ficient ~eoplc wbo de~lc in hard drugs"~nd wt attention co che de~elopment ot h~ve~to he ven.vigil~nt ch~t these prob� ~ - indu~ries in c hese towns. he s ai d. H e le m s.,. d o n o c mfilaue us.., , CSO: 5300/7502 52. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO BRIEFS DRUG ABUSE CENTERS--The Trinidad and Tobago Government has made no provisions to set up drug abuse centres even in the light of many young Trinidadians having become drug addicts. This comment was made by Dr Hugh Spicer former chairman of the Blood Bank, at a public meeting of the Organisation for National Recon- struction (ONR) at Hermitage Village, near San Fernando, on Thursday night. Dr Spicer said that the drug abuse problem in Trinidad and Tobago has reached a stage where people have moved from the use of mari~uana to the "hard" drug cocaine and would soon be going to heroin. "Children are smoking marijuana" said Dr Spicer. He said that all progressive countries were aware of the increas- ing seriousness of the drug problem and had made provisions for combating it by methods such as drug abuse centres. Dr Spicer charged that Trinidad and Tobago was the only country without such provisions. An ONR government would set up drug abuse centres for helping drug users and addicts, he said. [Excerpt] [Port-of-Spain SUNDAY GUARDIAN in English 6 Sep 81 p 12] - CSO: 5300/7501 53 ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 VENEZUELA DRUG TRAFFIC ALLEGED TO FIGURE IN CARIBBEAN POLITICS Caracas ZETA in Spanish 30 Aug 81 p not given [Article by Fancisco Chao Hermida: "Urugs in Carib~ean Politics"] [Text] The reaction.of authorities in all countries to prevent the drug traffic has been almost identical. When control mechanisms have been reestablished in ports of entry, the traffickers have had to approach governments to get permission to use diplomatic pouches. The most notable and most widely publicized case is that - of the North Korean emissaries, who have been caught repeatedly in this crime in several countries. This has attracted the attention of the totalitarian powers, who are very interested in the social and moral decay of the democratic nations. We shall illustrate this story with a case which is taking place at present in Caracas. A Colombian national, Jesus (Chucho) Antonio Amaya Esp inel was wandering through the streets of our capital city looking for shelter. For a long time he had been the right hand man of Juan (Johny) Lozano Crump Perez, leader of a gang of traffickers based in Miami which was broken up by police when Crump was arrested. The gang leader was booked and set free on bail. To get the money, Crump wrote to Amaya, who was living in Bogota with a girlfriend named Piedad. Amaya, who enjoyed a certain respectability because of his position as president of the Colombian-Cuban Friendship House, had a public relations firm which allowed him to make contacts in high places and to justify his lavish personal expenses. When Amaya received Crump's request, he found him- self in a fix. He had spent his boss's money and was in debt to other traffickers, such as Carlos Uribe and Jaime Leiva, his companions in revelry at Las Piramides bar in Bogota; and Jaime Caceres, Cesar (Cachitas) Corte and Cesar Echevarria, these last three from the interior of the country. Seeking to increase his income so that he might comply with Crump's request, Amaya decided to call on Fernando Ravelo, the Cuban ambassador in Bogota, with whom he met one day in February of this year in Las Piramides. A thir~i party, Rene Rodriguez, president of the Cuban Institute for Friendship with Peoples was present at the luncheon. They also had a meeting there later on, attended by Alberto Cabrera, a Cuban diplomat assigned to Bogota, and a man known in Cartagena by the nickname "E1 Pardino" [The GodfatherJ. The plan of action was to maintain the flow of a vast traffic of marihuana harvested in Colombia and distributed in several countries of the Caribbeatz basin andi.n southern United States. The Cuban diplomats had received information abou~ an imminent rupture 54 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440400060020-9 of relations between Fidel Castro and Colombia, and they wanted to guarantee the supply of drugs after that time. The direct participation of the Cuban Government in the drug business had been arranged at the Hotel Orion in Mariel between officials of the regime and members of the so-called "Cuban Mafia" in Florida, who had come to that port in Pinar del Rio Province during the mass exodus in 1980. Castro authorities gave the "green light" to the traffickers based in Florida to transfer drugs across Cuban territory in exchange for the carrying out in the United States by the traffickers of certain tasks, the character of which it has not been possible to establish. Amaya, who knew all this, saw the doors open to reconstruct his finances, pay his debts and send Crump's money to him. As part of the plan they decided to go to Barranquilla to establish contact with - a known Mafioso named Jaime Guillot Lara. He, in turn, later went to Bogota to meet, at his hotel, with Chucho Amaya, Ambassador Ravelo and Alberto Cabrera. Since at that time it was already foreseen that the Cuban diplomats whould have to leave Colombia, they decided to leave an active agent in that country, and that ~ob fell to Gonzalo Bassols Suarez, a reputed expert in the organization of guerrillas and subversive groups. Bassols is one of the contacts of M-19 [19 April Movement]. But the Cuban officials looked at the drug traffic as part of their duties as officials of their government and not as a means of enriching the traffickers associated with them, and so Chucho Amaya never managed to amass enough money to pay his debts and to send Crump, his former boss, his bail money. Fearful of being~murdered, he decamped to Caracas, as we said at the beginning, in search of a safe refuge and hop ing to rebuild in our country another network of drug traffickers. 8735 CSO: 8048/1749 55 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 UNITED ARAB EMIRATES - DRUG CRIMES INCREASE, LAWS SAID TO BE INSUFFICIENT Dubai AL-BAYAN in Arabic 11 Aug 8I. p 5 [Article by Ahmad~Muhsin: "Pub lic Prosecutors and 3udges in a Confrontation With Drug Crimes; Crimes on the Rise, Anti-Drug Laws Are Inadequate and in Need of Re- vision"I [Text] One of the most serious challenges to the cohesiveness of modern society is the problem of the spread of all varieties of drugs among youths and ~uveniles, in- cluding women. Because of the spread of this epidemic, society is gradually beginning to be eroded starting with the main point of support and ending with the other underpinnings of society. This situation has led psychologiats to describe drugs as more dangerous to human societies than war. Unfortunately, we in the UAE are naw facing this same problem. Statistics indicate that the rate of drug crimes is mounting significantly. Hardly a week goea by with- out the uncovering of another attempt to bring in drugs through the ports and air- ports for the purpose of selling them to young people, both citizens and immigrants alike. And not many days go by without the detection of a ring involved in the use or sale of drugs within the country. ~ The unfortunate fact is that the efforta that have been exerted in this area have been limited to the effective drug-fighting efforts of Department of Investigation ~ agents and the police. We have not aided these efforts by formulating the appropri- ate solutions necessary to eliminate theae poisons and prevent them from ultimately entering the country, despite the fact that we have a definite knowledge of the sources of these drugs, who is selling them, and who is bringing them in. This unfortunate fact prompts us to ask, Are the sentences issued by the criminal courts sufficient to deter drug crimiz~als? AL-BAYAN touched on all these problems in an interview with criminal court 3ustices - and public prosecutors in Abu Dhabi. The Drug Crime Muhammad Sharabi, member of the public prosecutor's office, said: "The drug of- fender can either be a dealer or a drug user. A dealer, of course, is an individual 56 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 "who buys and sells goods. Tiie dealer in drugs does the same thing but his goods-- narcotics--are illegal and he sells them to obtain exorbitant profits. The drug user is an individual who takes drugs. If fie takes enough drugs, the drug user may reach the point of addiction, after which it is very difficult f.or him to relinquish drug use except through physfcal and spiritual treatment. If this is impossible, then the alternative is suppression and punishment." _ Regarding the varieties of illegal drugs, Muhammad Sharabi said: "There is an ob- jective standard incorporated in the definition of a narcotic. A narcotic is any substance which causes an individual to lose consciousness or disturbs his personal equilib rium. These apply both fram a psychological srandpoint, in which an un- natural state of pleasure or depression is induced in the individual, or fram a physical standpoint, in which the individual becomes immobile or is unable to move about in a normal manner. On this basis, certain substances are classified as criminal narcotics in all the Arab states, including the UAE. These substances are hashish, opium, qat, morphine, and a~l soporific and tranquilizing medications in an unacceptad form. All of these cause loss of consciousness and disturbe the eouilib rium. Preventive Measure But why were these types of narcotics declared illegal? Chief Prosecutor Salim Kabishi answered this question: "It has been proved medi- cally based on information collected by medical men throughout the world that narcotics lead to loss of inemory and the destruction of willpower. This causes the drug user to commit sins and crimes. It has also been proved that addiction harms the addict in that it causes weakening of the arteries which leads in turn to clotting in the coronary artery or to heart failure. This is the understanding I have derived from studying medical books about the harmful effects of narcotics. z'or these reasons, the illegalization of narcotic substances was undertaken as a preventive measure to prevent the commission of cri.mes and protect the individual, who is the nucleus of society, from his own wickedness." With regard to the methods required to treat the addict~ Salim Kabishi added: "Breaking addiction demands that the psychological state of the addict be studied. This is because withdrawal from addiction is only poaeible if the addict turns to what he himself really desires and likea. He can do this only by pursuing one of his legitimate interests in a sanatorium. Here a suitable environment is pre- pared for this interest to grow again until the addict can devote his energy to it completely free of addiction. This can only happen gradually, because addtction is a mental illness and the addict can free himself from it oniy through counseling and by paying attention to the evil consequences." Salim Kabishi continued; "More importantly, one should realize that the addict is not a believer in the true sense. Therefore, he can be treated spiritually by being restored to Islam through an appeal to its teachinga in a form he personally can feel comfortable with. His heart yearns for direct contact with his religion, and ~ahen he achieves this contact he turns to God and applies His teachings. His spirit is then up7.ifted and he purifies himself and becomes a new person." 57 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 Most Common Crime the most common drug-related crime in th~ UAE with respect to the type of drug involved, Chief Prosecutor 'Abd-al-Wahhab 'Abdul said: "Without a doubt, hashish is the drug involved in the largest part of these crimes, followed in order by qat, sleeping pills, and opium." He added: "As you well know, it is quite clear that the suspected dealer who brings the drugs into the country is, in the vast maj ority of the cases, a native of a cer- tain Islamic country in East Asia. It has been noted that about 90 percent of the dealers who were arrested during 1980 and the first half of 1981 were, unfortunate- ly, natives of the country alluded to." Arabs Take Drugs Assistant public prosecutor Yusuf al-Huani broke into the conversation with this comment: "Unfortunately, the individuals who are using the drugs are mostly na- tives of Arab states. This situation indicates that these individuals are unfor- tunately under the control of the na.rcotics importer. Actually, the activity of investigations departnent personnel and the police has been effective in preventing the distribution and use of drugs within the country. Thts has been indicated by the arrest of a number of dealers carrying several kilograms of narcotic sub- stances. In many cases, more than 10 kilograms has been found in the possession . of the importer.'~ He added: "A number of investigations have also shawn that there is a handful of foreign immigrants in the country who take advantage of an immigrant individual's state of need by inducing him to become a tool in the importation of drugs. They send him abroad at their expense and specify the places and localities where drugs can be obtained and the cost of the drugs. He then brings the drugs back and turns them over in return for a large sum of money. In this way the individual in need slips into a with which he ends his life tirtth a sentence that calls for his deportation." Deportation But what is the punishment for drug dealers and drug addicts? Muhammad Sharabi, member of the public prosecutor's office, replied to this ques- tion: "We men of the law say frankly that the penalty stipulated in the dangerous drug law applies equally to the person who brings the drugs in, the importer, the person caught in possession of drugs, and the drug user, and this is not easy to accept rationally or logically. This places the individual who imports drugs to satisfy che needs of deviants and addicts on an equal footing with the drug user in terms of the penalty imposed. "Moreover, there is another criticism that should be pointed out, namely, that the maximum penalty as stipula~ed in this law should he raised. It should not be pos- sible to say that the penalty here in Abu Dhabi ie five years for the drug dealer and the drug importer while in all the other Arab atatea the penalty extends all the way to execution and life at hard labor." 58 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 Integrity of Soci.ety Naturally, the criminal court justices, as the individuals who interpret the laws and issue sentences, also have their opinion about drug crimes and the danger they represent. Justice Fathi Lashin, chief of the Second Criminal Department, said; "Drug crimes are among the most dangerous crimes and have a harmful and serious effect on the integrity of society. First of all, they work to undermine the cohesiveness of the family and cause the family to disintegrate. This is because one of the particular . characteristics of hashish smoking, for example, is that it usually takes place in a group and the group takes up a large amount of time. This leads to addiction fo1- lowed by complete immersion in this atmosphere. "It is a medically proven fact that narcotics also have harmful effects on an in- dividual's general hea3.~h. Moreover, there is a widespread belief contrary to the facts that drugs have sexual effects and this induces many people to take them. Thus they spread extensively in society." Justice Lashin added: "The use of opium is more dangerous to the general health than hashish b ecause its effects on health are more severe and more serious. There- fore, the fight against this crime must be intensified through deterrent punish- ments. More importantly, we must close the channels through which this harmful _ substance is smuggled into the country �from abroad, because naturally it is not grown within the country." Justice Fathi Lashin supported the public prosecutors~ statements to the effect that the dangerous drugs and substances law does not differentiate between possession for personal consumption and possession with the intent to sell or import a drug from , abroad. However, he said that the judge, who holds the scales of 3ustice, takes the welfare of society into account in his sentencea. This means that he varies the _ punishment fram moderate to severe according to the size of the offense with re- spect to the quantity seized. The judge also varies the punishment based on the suspect's intent in possessing a drug. It is evident that possession with the intent to sell the drugs is the most dangerous to society because it is a means of spreading these harmful substances among people and glamorizing them to weak individuals. Likewise, bringing drugs into the country is of a higher order of seriousness because closing the door to i.mportation from. abroad is the key to the elimination of this dangeroua phenomenon. _ 8591 CSO; 5300/4754 ~ 59 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 _ AUSTRIA DRUG CONSUI~TION INCREASING, DEATHS,DECREASING Vienna DIE PRESSE in German 26 Aug 81 p 12 [Article by st.: "More Drug Addicts, But Fewer Deaths"] [Text] Vienna--Competent drug hunters describe as premature assertions by some of , their colleagues, according to which the Austrian drug market is suffering from "supply difficulties" due to stringent prosecution. Consumption of hard drugs such as heroin is still increasing; there is fear that a new mod wave may reach in from Germany--cocaine consumption there is increasing by leaps and bounds. The officials, however, saw an encouraging sign in the decrease of drug-related deaths. By the end of the month the number of dead should be about one half of that of last year. "Unfortuantely there is no trend toward the softer drugs such as hashish and marijuana," states Dr. Wolfgang Neugebauer of the Vienna Security Office. The police, to be sure, are prosecuting more drug-related felonies than before, but there is still more than enough drug in Vienna. Already 30 kilograms of heroin have been confiscated this year, this presupposes the existence of a large "black amount." In Germany it is estimated that only about one tenth of the drugs on the market can be confiscated. The pop drug cocaine is imported by way of Frankfurt and Zurich. A new social class functions as the user, namely persons who have more money than heroin addicts, for example. To have an effect cocaine must be taken more frequently than heroin, but has about the same price tag. Magister Werner Keuth of the Interpol Drug control office in Vienna is of the opinion that stepped-up prosecution will have a long-term effect on the drug trade. But for the time being he sees no indications of a decline in drug abuse. Only the number of deaths has declined this year. Last year 33 persons died in Vienna of an overdose, this year their number was only 7, compared tQ 18 drug-related deaths at this time last year. Dr. Wolfgang Neugebauer thinks that an exact analysis of the causes is too difficult, but he assumes that at this time the heroin traded is not so pure, and that the addicts have become more cautious. 9240 CSO: 5300/2448 60 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 AUSTRIA BRIEFS HASHISH PLANTATION IN KLAGENFURT=-Various hemp plantations have been discovered in Klagenfurt, from which ab~ut 100 cannabis plants had already been harvested. The Klagenfurt Drug Bureau officers found out that Richard and Ulrich Hauer and Robert Petersmann had harvested the hemp plants. Petersmann was detained, and the two brothers are still at large. [AU201540 Vienna WIENER ZEITUNG in German 17 Sep 81 p 5] ~ CSO: 5300/2010 61 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 DENMARK PHYSICIAN EXPERT DISCUSSES WIDENING DRUGS PROBLEM ~ Copenhagen BERLINGSKE TIDENDE in Danish 16 Sep 81 pt II p 4 . [Interview with Peter Ege by FZemming Pedereon, date and plane not given] - [Text] Narcotics, once the whim of the upper class has become the vice of the lower class, says Dr. 1'eter Ege in an interview on the present narcotics situation in Denmark prior to the conference on the role of the counties in connection with the treatment of - addicts. There are approximately 10,000 drug addicts in Denmark today, In a few years, 1,500 to 2,000 of these 10,000 acidicts will have died as a result of their drug abuse. This year alone, approximately 200 addicts are expected to be included in the mortality statistics, which practically each year have shown that an increasing nurriber of people in this country die in consequence of dru~ abuse. I?uring the last few years~ the increase has actually been very sharp, and, consequently, it would not be surprising if the figure for 1981 will exceed 200 deaths. The above somber picture of today's narcotic: situation in Denmark was given by Dr. Peter Ege, a research secretary and a member of the secretariat for the government's liaison committee on alcohol and drug issues. "And out of these 10,000 addicts, approximately 5,000 live in the metropolitan area alone, while the rest are distributed fairly evenly according to the sizes of the other cities, the second largest number of add,icts living at. Arhus, b~zt, on the basis of the size of the c~~ty, Elsinore, incidentally, has a very large number ~f addicts. And practically a.ll cities above a ~ certai~ size, approximately 2,000 inhabitants, have their groups of addicts." "Ap~roximately 50 million kroner are spent on tr~atment," says Peter Ege, "but this figure is in glaring contrast to the amount of money.whiEh-drug addicts otherwise cost all of us. The costs of inedical bills, hospital ~ 62 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 treatment, social services~ police and courts may only be estimatec~. The same thing applies to the costs of insurance companies, businesses., and private persons, where, to the extent that this has been possible, the basis has been the abusers' own statements regarding the financing of their drug addiction. However, it may be established that each addict taking drugs by injection costs the sociEty an average of between 100,000 and 200,000 kroner annually. On a national basis, it is thus a question of an amount that is probably between 1.5 and 2 billion kroner. Flemming Pedersen: Which youth groups are particularly hit? Peter Ege: They are young people who have got social pr~blems, little schooling, and no further education--young penple who have had problems during their adolescence. - Flemming Pedersen: Previously, also young people from the upper middle class were involved with drugs. Unemployment as Cause Peter Ege: That is true, but drug addition has penetrated increasingly deeper down through the social strata of the society. The whims of the upper class have become the vices of the lower class. _ Flemming Pedersen: To what extent does unemployment among youn~ people influence the narcotics situation in this country? Peter Ege: It plays a large role in the work of treatment which is rendered difficult because it is not possible to channel the young people into meaningful jobs. And it probably is also a contributory cause why an increasing number become dru~ abusers. Flemming Pedersen: You have mentioned that approximately 1,500 to 2,000 of the present addicis will die within a few years. What about the rest? Peter Ege: A lar~e part of them--somewhere between 30 and 50 percent--will recover and resume normal lives, and others will continue their miserable lives and will become alcohol and pill abusers and will end up in correctional facilities or at the Kofoed School. Flemming Pedersen: Is there no chance of improvement or a solution to the problem? Peter Ege: Not in the present situation. We may only fear that we shall have an increasing number of abusers if the unemployment rate among young people - keeps increasing. If we do not increase our efforts and do not coordinate the treatment work in a somewhat better manner, the development will probably continue in the same adverse manner, and the mortality rate among drug addicts will increase. We shall then never get rid of the heavy drug addiction which we have today. 63 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 Next F~iday~ I?r. Peter Ege will epeak at a conference~ the e~xb~ect of which will be "the role of the Society of County Councillorg in the #~ture treat- - ment of drug addicts." But asked the question: "What should be done~in .the first instance, to combat the increasing drug addiction in this country," he answers: "We must, first and foremost, have more and better possibilities of treating older addicts, thus those who have been addicts for some years. I?rug addicts who are from 24 to 30 years old. Better cooperation is also needed between general practitioners and treatment centers. ~ We must have more treatment openings and more individualized treatment possibilities, enabling us,to a higher degree,to meet the drug abusers' c~~rn wishes regarding treatment," Peter Ege concluded. , ~ ~ 200 ~ ~ . 16$ 125 8? ~o - 61 62 55 52 37 37 13 6 1968 69 70 ?1 72 ?3 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 $1 1 ~V Narcotics Mortality Rate ~entire country) 7262 Cso: 5300/2464 . 6J~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 DENMARK CONFEREIVCE EXAMINES SITUATION OF OLDER ADDICTS ~ Copenhagen BERLINGSKE TIDENDE in Danish 19 Sep 81 p 5 [Artic~e by Hanne Seln~s7 [Text~ The ~roup of drug addicts between the ages of 25 and 31 is s+eadily growing, but nobody knows where the responsibili.ty rests for treatment of this group. Irr�espective of age, this, however, is a task resting with the counties. And at trie conference held yest~rday of the Society of County Councillors on the future treatment of drug addicts, the responsibility for treatment of older addicts was one ~f the subjects that was being discussed and debated, without any clarification bein$ reacheii. - The typical drug addict is 26-27 years old, has been reared by unskilled parents, has 7-9 years of schooling, is himself unskilled and unemployed, lives in his own apartment on public subsidy, has been addicted to morphine for 6-7 years, feels isolated in the society, has a few times tried slow withdrawal treatment under the supervision of his own physician but is - ~ without any current treatment. '~'his is how Bent Normann Olsen from the Storstrmm county describes the average addict. Dr. Peter Ege of the liaison committee on alcohol and narcotics problems said that older addicts represent the group with the highest mortality rate. They are in charge of the major part of all traffic and circulation of drugs, commit most crimes, and their influence in the environment of addicts obstructs the younger and less addicted abusers from seeking treatment. That is why it is important to treat them. Their attitude to the offers of assistance from county youth centers is, and they are mostty interested in methadune treatn~ent. Nevertheless, Elsa Schmidt, psychologist, Roskilde County, said that it is possible to treat older addicts individually - within the system existing today, but that it requires more resources. The correctiorial facilities also have problems treating older. addicts. When released, they are seldom channeled elsewhere and, therefore, quickly end up in prisons again. The correctional facilities have decided to set up special sections for addicts in tYie maximum security correctional facilities to increase the efforts of treatment. 7262 cso: 5300/2464 65 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 DENMARK - POLICE CLAIM SOUTH AMERICA IS NEW COCAINE SOURCE Copenhagen BERLINGSKE TIDENDE in Danish 15 Sep 81 p 16 [Article by Anders Wiig] [Text~ The route of cocaine from illegal South American laboratories to the Italian mafia goes via Copenhagen. The Danish police have taken part in the conviction of Italian mafia chiefs who are imprisoned in their home country. The other side of the Danish cocaine problem is the more national one. Not all quantities are forwarded to southern parts of Europe. Part of the cocaine remains in this country for the Danish market which the gangsters are in the process of developing. And which the expanded narcotics police will - now proceed to unravel. d Lima-Kastrup A typical cocaine case unravelled this year by the narcotics police and customs a~thorities of Denmark and other countries is '~the case of the suit- case." One day last winter, the authorities called from the London airport of Heathrow to Copenhagen to tell the Danish authorities about a suitcase which, by mistake, had been sent to London from Zima, the capital of Peru. The suitcase belonged to an Italian citizen who, via other E`uropean airports, had arrived at Kastrup. On the way, the thing happened which many airp3.ane passengers have experienced both before and afterwards: the luggage was sent by a wrong plane. In this case, not to Kastrup but to Heathrow. The passenger from Lima did, of course, report the loss of his suitcase to SAS at Kastrup, and the suitcase soon emerged in London--traced via the inter- national EDP search system of the airline companies. However, at Aeathrow the customs officers were so officious as to open the suitcase. And in the suitcase were 3 kilograms of cocaine, the white South American intoxicating poison which has started flooding European narcotics markets. Through SAS, the police found the passenger at a Copenhagen hotel. Before being told that the suitcase had been found, he was made to describe its legal contents. Then he would not have a chance of denying his acquaint- ance with the suitcase when told that the cocaine had been found. Without reservations, he did, indeed, admit having attempted to smuggle cocaine, and he was sentenced last July to 3 1/2 years of imprisonment. 66 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-40850R040400064020-9 On the consumer level, 3 kilograms of cocaine is worth at least a couple of million kroner, representin$ enormous profits to the principals. In this case as in many corresponding cases, these people belong to the Italian mafia. It was established in the case of the suitcase that the cocaine was to have been sent on to Southern Europe, the chief of the Copenhagen n~'~olice stated. Bent Ejlerskov Petersen, assistant commissioner of the criminal p , He has just returned from a meeting of Nor.dic narcotics chiefs held in Reykjavik. Here, Frank Gyldenlmve Madsen, detective superintendent from the headquarters of Interpol in Paris, stated, "So far in 1981, 194 kilograms of cocaine have been seized in Europe. In all af 1980, the quantity amounted to 240 kilograms. In the course of 8 months, this year, they seized in ~ France 80 kilograms, in Italy 27 kilograms, in Spain and Cxreat Britain 13 kilograms and in Denmark 9.6 kilograms, in addition to the 3 kilograms which emerged at Heathrow. Bent Ejlerskov says, "It seems like a huge amount for a small country such as Denmark, and we all believe that Denmark is located on a transit~route crossing Northern Europe. When, last July, at a few days' interval,~. we arrested two South American women with 2 and 5 kilograms of cocaine, respective- ly, we did not believe that the cocaine was intended for the Danish market. We are still investigating this case in an attempt to find out for which country the cocaine was intended. In other cases originating in Copenhagen, I+alian mafia leaders have been imprisoned." "The cocaine produced in the Andes but comas from various places in South America to Europe. Mafia-type organizations smuggle it from, for example~ Lima in Peru, Santiago in Chile, La Pas in Bolivia and from Colombia via couriers in transit across Northern Europe, in which connection Denmark enters into the picture. And we take it that the Italian mafia--which, of course, also is composed of several groups--then enters into an exchange� r''~zre morphine and heroin are exchanged for the cocaine. This has been con- firmed by the fact that cocaine now also emer~es to a major extent in Arab cn:intries, for example in Lebanon, which is the place of unloading for heroin,'~ Bent E~lerskov says. He says that 3-4 years ago, cocaine was not known in Denmark. In 1980, in one single case, 1 kilo of cocaine was seized, and, so far~ this year, more than 9 kilos have been seized. Part of the cocaine is meant for the Danish market, and the police have found small quantities of cocaine among - Danish drug abusers. That is why the narcotics police is now launching an - offensive against an apparentl_y commencing cocaine abuse. Police Warns Bent Ejlerskov says, We shall now, aft~er the expansion of our force and the allocation of more technical equipment, to a larger extent make investigations in environments where cocaine occurs." Anders Wiig: What kind of environments are they? 67 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 ~ Bent Ejlerskov: Actually, they are the envirorunents in which hashish and heroin occurred to begin with. It was among the upper middle class that people began experimenting with hashish and heroin, but heroin addicts have now sunk into the really addicted environments. Anders Wiig: Does the ordinary, respectable citizen sniff cocaine? Bent Ejlerskov: No, I do not indicate that. But in certain places which he frequents, cocaine may occur. These may be a somewhat different type of pub and restaurant from those that we know from Isted Street and dark NOrrebro. Anders Wiig: Discotheques have been mentioned in this connection? Bent Ejlerskov: Well, that is possible. Anders Wiig: We have thus now been warned that the police will intervene? Bent Ejlerskov: That does not matter. As long as you will also warn against the use of cocaine. This is a very dangerous drug. I carinot warn people strongly enough against using themselves as guinea pigs, even if it seems to be a respectable and clean drug to use. They do not, for instance, use dirty disposable syring~s as in the case of heroin addiction. - Cocaine is a refined narcotic product the coca plant, the intoxicating effects of which have been known since the times of the Incas. When chewing the leaves, one becomes resistant to hunger, thirst and other burdens. A refined product made from the plant has been�used medically, especially for the treatment of nose and ear diseases. However, dangerous and harmful effects have been ascertained from misuset such as overtaxing of the heart and wear of the mucous membranes in connection with sniffing. The drug has now been prohibited throughout the world. One of the dangers of the intoxicating poison is the creation of a psychological need for repetition of the stimulating effects of the drug. Abusers may, says Bent Ejlerskov, come to consider what we regard as a normal state as something that is abnormal. Abuse may result in mental disorders, and death occurs as a result of suspended heart action. A particular element of danger is the fact that one does not get withdrawal symptoms of a physical nature as is the case after heroin abuse. '7262 . CsO: 5300/2464 68 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 DENMARK UN OF'FICIAL: EIGHTY PERCENT OF COUNTRY'S DRUGS FROM A,SIA Copenhagen BERLINGSKE TIDENDE in Danish 28 Sep 81 p 5 [Text] Approximately 80 percent of the drugs smuggled into Denmark and other Nordic countries comes from the Middle East, Pakistan, Iran, and Southeast Asia, says Bror Rexed, chief of the UN Narcotics Control Fund in Vienna. Bror Rexed, a former chief of the National Swedish Social Welfare Board, has been to Denmark for negot~ations with DANIDA [Danish International Development Authority] concerning Danish contribution to the work done by the UN fund, with a budget of 9 million kroner, in a number of developing countries, where the cultivation of opium is practically tYie only means of survival for a poor peasant population. _ An amount of 400~000 dollars granted by the Da.nish government for the fund's preventive work in Afghanistan has not been spent. The Soviet invasion in the country stopped the project. The UN fund now hopes to have the Danish contribution to Afghanistan released for a new project in Pakistan, Burma or Thailand. In Thailand alone, approximately 300,000 inhabitants, distributed over 1,000 vi.llages in the mountains, subsist on the cultiva- tion of opium, Bror Rexed added. The annual Danish contribution to the preventive work amon$ opium cultivating - peasants in developing countries amounts to 20-25,000 dollars, which are included in the total budget of 9 million dollars. The Danish money goes to special projects chosen by DANTDA on the basis of directives given by the Danish government. The result so far of the work of the U1~T fund is a reduction in the cultiva- tion of opium and narcotics by approximately 10 percent in the Far and Middle East. "A still better result may be achieved if our grants are trebled," says Bror Rexed. In Turkey, where approximately 10 years ago the cultivation of opium was legal in the Afyon province, they have now succeeded in stopping - nearly all of ~he illegal production by giving the peasant population another possibility of making a living. 7262 CSO: 5300/2008 59 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440400060020-9 ITALY BRIEFS MILAN POLICE SEIZE HASHISH--Milan, 28 Sep (ANSA)--Qne ton of hashish hemp and oi1 with a wholesale value in the neighborhood of three million dollars has been seized by police in Milan in a raid on a body and fender shop, a police spokesman reported here today. Eight people, all Italian nationals, were taken into custody at the time and ~ailed on charges of criminal association and drug trafficking. The hashish hemp and oil were packed in plastic containers bearing the labels, in Arabic, of a "cattle feed center, a cooperative of the Middle East Feed Company S.R.L. of Beirut, produced in Beirut for the Alois Company for International Trade." [Text] [AU282029 Rome ANSA in English 1923 GMT 28 Sep 81] CSO: 5300/2003 ~ i 70 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 NETHERLANDS PSYCHIATRIST ON DANGERS OF FREE DISTRIBUTION OF H:ROIN, METHADONE Rotterdam NRC HANDELSBLAD in Dutch 10 Sep 81 p 7 [Article by Jaap Cola~o Belmonte, psychiatrist in The Hague and Leyden: "How Free Is User of Heroin and Methadone?"] [Text] The problem surrounding opium based drugs remains controversial. Free issuance, forced withdrawal treatments, many find the uncommonly precise government instruc- tions to physicians concerning methadone controversial. Every asnect seems to be subject to controversy. Force There are many who urge that addicts be detained against their will and forced to undergo a withdrawal cure without asking their opinion. It is only natural that people are questioning the admissibility of this policy on humanitarian grounds. No matter what tlie answer to this question may be, it appearsdifficult to find a legally acceptable format. It should be done under the rules of forced admission on the basis of insanity but it flagrantly violates reality to call the average addict insan~e. In addition to ethical objections there are--one is almost inelined to say: fortu- nately--technical obstacles. Even in cases of motivated attempts to kick the habit _ the percentage of success is low. Reviews point at a rate of 10 percent permanent cures. This gloomy figure is for addicts who tried because they wanted it themselves. What then can be expected from groups who do not want to be cured at all? It is absolutely not true that if heroin use is prevented for some weeks addicts are cured. Physiological detoxification by itself takes a long time, the real process of kick- ing the habit is of long duration; persons who are often psychically and socially off the right track are gradually adjusting to a life without the drug: All over again they have to learn to get used to the old rhythm, rediscover activities they found significant, fight frustration without flights into euphoria, disengagement from the scene, and orientation towards a new, or reorientation towards the old, long abandoned circle of friends and relatives. 71 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 Many Months This takes many months. If one wants to f.'orce a person to break the habit, some success can only be expected if the addict is detained for as long as it takes. We wonder if the officials who advocate this treatment realize these points. Probably not, they would hardly have come up with such plans if they had realized that they would have to admit hundreds, if not thousands of addicts to institutes which do not yet exist at all... ~ Besides that, even if such an operation were possible the ultimate rate of cured addicts would be far below expectations. As long as heroin is easily available on the market the danger of renewed addiction is always lurking in the shadows. This is even probable because guarantees for decent living conditions--employment, housing, - social acceptability--are missing. A forced cure is senseless and has the extra disadvantage of distracting attention from a really effective policy: A vigorous attack on the wholesale trade and the creation of a closed circuit of assistance with enough capacity to take care of addicts - who remain free to come and go as they want. Children However, it makes sense to treat minors as exceptions. Young persons are still develop- ing in every respect and the chances are good that intervention will have a beneficial and lasting effect, also bpcause their addiction cannot have been of too long a dura- tion. Ethical considerations d~ffer here also. It is society's duty to protect minors, ~ who are so flagrantly ru~.ning themselves, against themselves. There are no diff icult legal hurdles to take. A minor should in principle live where parents or guardians deem that necessary and there is sufficient legality for a closed institute to cure drug addiction. Artificial legal constructions as an insanity clause are therefore superfluous. We can also support this idea when the addicted person himself is asking for approval from the courts. On this basis he can be held ina psychiatric institute for a num- ber of months. This could help him in weak moments which he will experience no matter how motivated he may be. This approach has a(literary) historical precedent. On his way home Odysseus had to sail by the island of the Sirenes whose voices were as seductive as they were fatal. In spite of themselves all voyagers listened to them and died miserably on the island. Odysseus was eager to hear them! He knew that he would at the critical moment not be able to resist and he took therefore care that he would not be free to act. He ordered his friends to put wax in their ears and to tie him to the mast in such a way that he would be unable to free himself. As best he could he impressed upon them to keep rowing and pay no attention to his pleas or commands or to untie - him. That is how it went and for Odysseus all was well that ended well. Addicts, who want to protect themselves in a comparable manner against temptations they know they are sometimes unable to resist, should be helped. 72 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 Methadon A completely different chapter is introduced by a long letter sent in March of this - year to all physicians in the Netherlands by the Chief Medical Inspectors of Public Health, Mental Health, and Public Health and Medicines. The doctors are told in explicit detail what to do when they want to presecribe the replacement drug methadone to addicts. They are unhesitatingly urged not to do this as a general rule and to leave the responsibility to specialized institutes as Consult- ing Bureaus for Alcohol and Drugs and municipal health departments. If they do pre- scribe it, for instance if there is no such bureau in the area or it cannot cope with the number of addicts, they should apply stricter rules. Methadone may no longer be given in the form of pills but should be distributed on a daily basis in liquid form; addicts should drink it on the spot. The physicians are furthermore obligated to take part in a registration program (with guarantees for the privacy of the addicts). The letter also contains meticulous instructions on what to do and not to do if an addict asks a doctor for methadone in the area where he is vacationing. Another stern lecture forms the conclusion of the letter. The chief inspectors let them know that their_i.nspec.tozs will car.efuJ:ly see to it that these instructions are carried out. No small matter, in some places doubt has been expressed about the possibility of overkill which puts superfluous obstacles in the paih of a physician's initiative to help addicts. . Some time ago this publication criticized the above mentioned letter in a leading article, frum our liberal viewpoint an understandable reaction. However, here we must distinguish between unnecessary meddling and putting a stop to an attitude of laxness which had reached serious proportions. The department's initiative falls undoubtedly under the last category. We had a heroin problem, for many years we have also been having a methadone problem. This opium based drug is just as poisonous and addictive as heroin, only because of its practical advantages it is used to replace heroin; after a while it became abundantly and inexpensively available on the black market. Resale The cause? A great many doctors prescribed methadone at their own discretion, some to enormous numbers of addicts. Many wrote perscriptions with high daily doses for a week or longer. Addicts were thus in a position to resell an important part. The profits were often used to buy heroin. This enormous leak became even bigger because participation by physicians in maintaining a control register--to prevent double delivery to one and the same person--was absolutely voluntary. 73 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R040400060020-9 The results were bad. Well intentioned individual assistance thus became a threat to public health. Although the need to eliminate this abuse was regularly brought to the attention nothing was done about it. The departic~ental instruction should be seen against this background. Stringent instructions for medical operations are also not unusual. There is perhaps an impression that doctors are free entrepreneurs, in every respect responsible only to their own insights; this impression is incorrect. The science of has its rules and regulations too; definitely in those areas where individual actions can have further repercussions. Heroin For years perscribing heroin has been under discussion and requests to permit it are still coming in. Contrary to methadone, heroin has the disadvantage that it cannot be swallowed but that it must be injected (or sniffed, or smoked) and, also contrary to methadone, it cannot be given in doses of one per day bui needs to be administered 3 times a day. It loses its effect much quicker. Heroin is therefore unsuitable for perscription programs: It is simply impossible to organize programs in such a manner that resale on the black market would be impossible. Voices have regularly been heard saying: Why so narrow minded? They can still be heard even now. Let everybody be free to use heroin if he wants to. Let us then immediately begin to distribute it legally; nobody will have to steal for it and everybody will obtain pure material. Again a liberal point of view which looks good at first sight. Unfortunately it is not so simple. Heroin itself does r~ot follow the liberal rules of the game. One is free to begin - with it but not to stop. I am still impressed by what a colleague of mine told me a few years ago. To find out how it felt he decided to smoke heroin just once. A state of unprecedented bliss came over him which lasted several hours. But here is the catch: He expected to take a nice nap after the stuff had lost its effect-- - he felt so at ease--but just the opposite happened. Awful Feeling A feeling of restlessness and physical distress came over him. The first try with- - dra~al symptoms already showed up! Only to a small degree, but, nevertheless, he felt them. After repeated use these complaints become more serious in a very short time and persons who have injected themselves or smoked heroin feel afterwards awful, a feeling which can only be relieved by a fresh dose of the poison. A full-blown withdrawal syndrome of a long time addict is horrible to behold. There are symtoms _ of agitation and sleeplessness. The pupils of the eyes are as big as the irises. The nasal passages are blocked and dripping mucus, the eyes are watery. There is diarrhea, often also vomitting. However, more than anything elsethere are violent pains in every bone and muscle forcing the addict to writhe with misery. One who has regularly witnessed this becomes sceptical about statements as: Do not worry, let everybody who wants to, use heroin. - 10319 CSO: 5300/2452 74 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440400060020-9 NORWAY GOVERNMENT INCREASES FUNDS FOR FIGHTING NARCOTICS Oslo AFTENPOSTEN in Norwegian 4 Sep 81 p 9 [Article by Torleif Andreassen: "22 Million Kroner Extra for Narcotics Struggle"] [Text] With an extra appropriation of 22 million kroner the gover~ent will initiate a more effective struggle against the narcotics evil. The money will, among other things, be used for the following measures this year; increased police eff orts and investigative activities, more narcotics dogs, and new tech- nical equipment to prevent smuggling. At a press conference in Oslo yesterdap Justice Minister B~orn Skau said he hoped for good results from a holding campaign against narcotics. For 1981, 5 million kroner has been appropriated for the campaign, which, however, will continue next year. "The intent of the campaign is primarily that of combating the tendency toward acceptance of using so'-called lighter drugs," said Skau, going on to say that eff orts would be increased to prevent smuggling drugs into prisons. "In addition to working hard to prevent drug abuse in the prisons, we shall increase emphasis on rehabilitation work for convicts,'~ said the ~ustice minister. Attempts to offer aid to parents with children with drug problems are included in the gover~ent`s plan. � Social *~inister Arne Nilsen pointed out that it was very important that parents have a place to turn at any time of da}* or nigfit to seek aid. He thought that such arrangements could be made through municipal social aid off ices without great problems. Minister Nilsen further stated that various efforts wil7. be made - to activate counties and municipalities in the fight on drugs. In this connec- tion the social minister stressed the 3mportance of strengthening cooperation among social authorities, the police, and school and health institutions. Further, the minister stressed the necessity of starting preventive efforts, early treatment effo rts, and a broader spectrum of offers to addicts who desire treatment. In response to a question about haw counties and municipalities ~onld be able to handle this financially, the social minister replied that it should be possible to ad~ust fair measures in their budgets. He indicated that in connec- tion with the distribution of the aid to counties and municipalities for 1982 it might be possible to earmark a sum for ttteatment in this sector. 75 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-40850R040400064020-9 It is not clear whether the government is willing to use forced treatment more often than is the case today, but existing legislation on this ma~ter is beinR - examined. Here, authority to r~tain patients beir..g cured of drug addiction will l-e particularly stressed. In response to a question of whether it is not a shame in our welfare society tha t drug addicts who ask for treatment must be turned away, Skau replied that there was not enough knowledge at~d personnel available to meet new problems. The minis-- ter characterized drug addiction as a new "illness of the people" which must be fought by a broad sgectrum of inea.sures. One of these measures is using advanced technical equipment to prevent smuggling ~ of narcotics into Norway. In additionD the customs authorities will increasingly make use of narcotics dogs. In cooperation wi'~h the other Nordic countries policemen will be stationed in seven countries to investigate attempts to smuggle narcotics to Scandin~via and to map connecting lines to the international trade in narcotics. Further, a computerized system wt'l1 be developed as an aid to revealing narcotics crimes. [Question] Minister Skau, isn't this oifensive too late in coming? The narcotics problem is becoming unsolvable is it not? [Answer] Much has already been done to combat drug sales. It is only recently ~ that we have had advanced, professional smuggling into Norway. It is in order to ; f ight this develonment that we are proposing additional appropriations for the ' struggle against n.~rcotics. 11,256 ('S0: 5300/2445 76 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 NORWAY BOOK ON OSLO DRUG SCENE DF.TAILS YOUTH ADDICTION Oslo ARBEIDERBLADET in Norwegian 26 Aug 81 p 10 [Article: "Shock Book on Narcotics Oslo"] [Text] Between 500 and 1000 youths aged 11 to 20 live their daily lives in Oslo in a hell of drugs, prostitution, crime, and violence. The social authorities place 14 to 15-year-olds in Oslo's.least expensive: hostels. In some of these, conditions are so horrible that one 13ves there only if on.e has to. ln several of the hostels there is extensive abuse of alcohol; drugs are sold and used. There is crime, prostitution, and violence. Both bays and girls are exposed to rape or are threatened with it. So writes Hakon Formo Berntsen, former leader of the Oslo vagrancy section, in his book "Drug Abuse--MythS and Rea.lity." The book was presented on Aschehoug Publisfierrs fa11 li~t yesterday and will shortly be in bookstores. Tha book is an unvarnisTied and unusually severe criticism of society*s way of dealing with young drug addicts, In the foreword Berntsen writes ~hat th~ book is intended as a sub3ect3ve contribution, written at a time of harrassment and rejection of thousands of youths set adrift. "The victims of the worst disto�rtions of soc~al development have become society~s scapegoats. Young addicts are seen and dealt with as the lepers of our times, - writes Berntsen, going on to say that the development in Oslo is at the pace of a gallop. Since 1977 the development ha~ been explosive, and the extent of the problem is increa~sinv,as is the number of deaths. The miserable health condition among addicts make them easy victims of cynical pushers. Heroin of purity degrees of from 30 to 70 percent cause addicts to lose control of what they ingest, result- ing in an overdose. 2'hose who die are those who take in the nost drugs, but Berntsen notes a dramatic worsening of the situation in Oslo`~s drug millieu. A very large proportion of the youths with whom ~he vagrancy section has been in long contact were, in 1980, described as in danger of their lives. "It is impossible to accept that no money is available when the situation is so precarious. The money can be found. The authorities and the politicians know this, and therefore it is unacceptable tY?at young people--even though they are - addicts--die or are miserable. Especially when we know that they can be helped out of addiction and when so many of them express willingness and desire to be helped," writes Berntsen. 11, 256 , CSO: 5300/2i+45 77 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-40850R040400064020-9 NORti�7AY BRIEFS SORLArIDET NARCOTICS ENFORCII`1ENT INCREASID--Customs surveillance in the south coast area will be significantly improved in a reorganization to take place 1 Septe~nber. As of that date up to 18 customs men will handle customs tasks. The most signi- ficant improvement will be found in th: control of narcotics, according to customs district chief Per M. Ha.sler. [Text] [Oslo ARBETDERBLADET in Plorwegia.n 26 Aug 81 p 3] 11,256 NARCOTICS POLICE STATIONEll ABROAD--Experts of the Norwegian narcotics police will soon be permanently stationed abroad. For several years the Swedish police have - :~ad narcotics detectives stationed in, among other places, Thailand and the Ivetherlands, and Swedish experience has been so good that the other Nordic coun- - tries have decided to station policemen abroad. Norway is planning to station two narcotics detectives ai~road. Office chief Herman Berger of the ~ustice ministry informs SUNNMORSP'OSTEN tha.t the two mosr likely st ations are England and Pakistan. [Tex~J [Oslo NORGES HANDELS OG SJOFARTSTIDENDE in Norwegian 26 Aug 81 p 12] 11,256 CSO: 5300/2445 ' � 78 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440400060020-9 TURKEY - w BRIEFS HEROIN SEIZURE--Narcotics units of the Istanbul security directorate have seized 3 kg of heroin. Following a tip that a narcotics smuggling gang is smuggling heroin from Middle Eastern countries via Turkey, Istanbul narcotics units cooperated with the FRG police and caught two female members of the gang at Frankfurt Airport. The investigation was expanded and the other members of the gang were caught in an Istanbul hotel with~3 kg of heroin. Four persons, one of them Greek, were detained in connection with the incid~nt. [TA211829 Ankara Domestic Service in Turkish 1600 GMT 21 Sep 81 TA] HEROIN SMUGGLERS CAUGHT--A joint operation carried out by the Turki~ti narcotics branch and the West German police has resulted in the capture of two women in Frankfurt and four men in Istanbul possessing a total of 3 kilos of heroin worth 100 million lira. The detectives of the narcotics branch had obtained - information that an international network was preparing to dispatch narcotics - from the Middle East to Europe. The two women, named Hazul and Jasmin, were caught at Frankfurt airport, hiding 170 grams and 360 grams of heroin, respec- tively, in their private parts. The four men were caught at a luxurious hotel in Istanbul in possession of 2 kilos and 400 grams of heroin. Investigations have revealed that Athanasios Kalabalikis, a Greek subject, who specialized iti determining the quality of the heroin and in dispatching 3.t, has also been caught. Orhan Gokyayla, who was discovered to be the financier of the adventure, - is now under arrest in Istanbul. [NC251344 Istanbul TERCUMAN in Turkish _ 22 Sep 81 [no page given] NC] ANTALYA HEROIN SEIZED--A statement by tt,e Antalya security directorate general says that a total of 43 kg of heroin were seized in two parts of the province. Two persons were detained in connection with the incidents. [TA291424 Ankara ' Domestic Service in Turkish 1000 GMT 29 Sep 81 TA] CSO: 5300/2006 79 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R004400064020-9 UNITED KINGDOM 'LPA' REPORTS ON LARGEST UK CANNABIS SEIZURE IN HISTORY - LD282104 London LONDON PRESS ASSOCIATION in English 1920 GMT 28 Sep 81 [Text] A slick gang ot university graduates used a remote Scottish island to smuggle into the United Kingdom the biggest haul of cannabis ever seized in the nation's history, an Old Baily court heard today. The "extremely intelligent" group landed 15 tons of high quality Colombian cannabis --which had a street value of more than 20 million pounds. Masterminding the UK end of the operation--codenamed Eagle--was Oxford graduate Dennis Howard Marks, 36, said Mr John Rogers, prosecuting. _ With military precision, Marks and hi:z team were dealing in "mind boggling quanti- ties o~ ~annabis and money." "It was crime on the grand scale. "It was the largest-ever seizure of cannabis made in the United Kingdom. - "It was larger than all seizures in any previous year in our history," said Mr Rogers. But the gang panicked when they susnected customs men were on their trail--and threw more than three tons of cannabis into the sea off the small and sparsely populated Scottish island of Kerrera. Outlining the "very slick, very smooth and very carefully glanned" international operation, Mr Rogers said it began when the ocean going tug Karob set sail from Bergen in Norway in the la~e summer of 1979. It was bound "for a tiny island in the South Caribbean, Aruba, close to the Colum- bian coast." En route it hove-to in mid-Atlantic and was completely repainted. The crew also built a false cabin on the aft deck to disguise it as it passed through a U.S. Coastguard blockade. ~ From Aruba the Karos sailed for the West coast of Scotland and at midnight on Decem- ber 29, 1979, unloaded her multi--million pound cargo onto smaller boats. 80 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 The sput chosen was "one of the most baautiful ~~~1 dasarted eornera oY Seotland," Barr-nak-boc Bay on the Atlantic side of Kerrera. It was so isolated that 210 bales of cannabis were left stacked, undetected, on the beach for several days. In dock with Marks of Hans Road, Chelsea, London, were American yacht broker Morgan Stewart Prentiss, 41, of no fixed address, and former undergraduate Hedley Morgan, 34, of Oakland Avenue, Potters Bar, Herts. All three deny smuggling and dealing in cannabis and possessing it with intent to supply. ~ Mr Rogers said that five others--including two other Oxford ~raduates, an artist and a farmer with an agricultural degree--had already admitted their parts in the organisation. Marks was not the top nan in the whole organisation. "That somewhat dubious accolade must necessarily go to a group of Americans on the other side of the Atlantic and - therefore outside our jurisdiction." "But Marks is the most important figure inside the UK concerned with the marketing and sales of cannabis. He was close enough to the top to be likely to get 10 percent of the total x~ceipts of sales,'in the order of 1 million pounds. Mr Rogers said Marks "had so many identities one wonders how on earth he remembered who he was at any given point of time." "It is of no surprise that a man of his background and intelligence set up the UK side of the organisation just like a high-powered business." Mr Rogers said Prentiss was a Californian university graduate who had lived in Scot- land on and off over a number of years. "He controlled the actual landing and storage of 15 tons of cannabis on its arri- val in his country." "He gave orders when he believed the operation had been detected for more than three tons of cannabis to be destroyed and thrown out to sea.':' The third defendant, Morgan, was a"well-paid employee but not concerned in the operation's management. His ~ob was to count the mvuntains of cash which came in _ and pay it into the bank." By the time customs officers swooped, over three tons of the drug had been dumped at sea and about four tons had been sold. The remaining seven-and-a-half tons was recovered from dumps in Laindon, Essex, Pytchley, Northamptonshire and in the roof of a remote Scottish farTnhouse. The trial was adjourned to Wednesday. CSO: 5300/2003 81 r APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400460020-9 UNITED KINGDOM ~ DRUGS GANG ON TRIAL FOR SMUGGLING CANNABIS London THE DAILY TELEGRAPH in English 16 Sep 81 p 3 [Article by Ian Henry] [Text) ' A$ECLUDED Cornish cove was used as the Potice and Customs men - drop-off point bp a mu~ti-mi11;0II p0UIIC1 seized 60 packa~ges of cannabis which had been loaded into a drugs gang ta smuggle in hu~e consignments o~Lon on and another60iwece Of cannabis, the Dld Bal'1('y WaS t01d found in the beach cafe store. More �than �3 million which yesterday. , the Crown alleged wts proceeds Over four ~ars the a landed dru s b the ton of drug sale was pa~~ ~n over Y g~ g Y a three�year period to an from North Talland Bay betw~een Looe and accouat at the ~fidland Bank P~lperro, it was alleged. International in Gracechurch Street in the City. The cash The gang used a Rolls- Leeds hotel where he was wait- was transEerred later to Gibral- Royce to deliver rveekly in for a confirmation telephon~ tar. �100,000 deposits to a City ~a~~� , �100,000 a week bang account, Mr ROHERT The gang s capture - a HAR~1~N, Q C, ~prosecuting Customs cutter overtook theic In the four months before said. converted fishing trawler-was the gang.s capture, �1,300.000 But in a combined operation ~e final chapter in the lon,~ was paid int~ the s~me account codenamed Operation Cyril in story of drug-runninq which at the rate of �100,000 a weeri, Se tember. 1979, police and had begun in 1975. The police bIr Harman said. P and Customs men had swooped The money was paid in by Custams offi~ers lay in wait on after a long complicated and unemployed former jockey the lonely beach and made a pe~sinent investigation, bir JAMES Joxes, 52, a former moonlight ambush to catch the Harman said. gang redhanded. The scene of the Cornish J~key. of Ellerv Road, Wimble� They seized two tonnes of don, now in hospital and un- ambus was described as able to stand trial, ~Ir Harman cannabis resin just ianded from " exactly the sort of place said. Gibraltar and worth millions of chosen by smugglers for cen� He appeared " over and over pouads. In a simultaneous raid turies a being ideal for their aagin" at the bank with a suic- on a store in Penge, a similar Pu~~s,~~ case full of cash driven in the consignment ~vas found, l~ir Rolls�Royce of ~he missin; ' Harman said. Secret store defendant, Roxatn TAYLOR, 45, Eight men including cwo A Land-Rover could be ~riven of St Lawrence Drive, Eastcote. from Gibraltar on trial, all up to the water's. edge to� pick ~Ir Harman said that after pleaded not ;uilty to con� up shipments ferried ashore b.y Taylor's arrest police found spiracy to evade the prohibitiun rubber boa[ and a beach cafe �250.000 in cash in a safe in on hhe tmport of drugs and to W}~h a secret basement store his basement. In a three-year supplymg. Six other ;aag mem- was used. period, there were large credits - bers have p'.eaded gu~ity, The shipment was only one totalling more than �785.000 to another ha.s disappeared and {n a series of five that year Taylor's account at the 1Iidland another is ill. which was landed by th! Bank, Streatham, of which ~Ir Harman said the alleged trawler, Guiding Lights. The �675,000 was withdrawn. mastermind of the gang's Eng� trawler was converted and 6[- lish connection, RoaexT i~'SiLLS, ted with radio; radar, automatic - 43, a bookmaker, of Otto Street, pilot ard hidden compartmeats. Wahvorth, was arrested in a 82 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 Others on'trial STB: TREVOR Co~es, 40, financial consultant, of Aysgarth Road, Dultivich: WILLIA~i 1~100N, 41, a roofer, of Canortbie Road. Forest Hill; Txo;~as L.1KE, 37, unemployed, of Breton House, Abbey Street. Southwack; De.tis VIADDEN, 29, a builder, of Chestnut Avenue, Langley, Bucks, and ROGER HowTOx, 33, a salesman, of Camberwell Grove, Cambec- well. The two frotn Gibraltar who are charged are AMBROSE VixaRes, 51, a bank manager, and EDWARD VICTORY, 57, a businessman. � - The trial was adjourned until today. CSO: 5320/001 . 83 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-40850R040400064020-9 . UNITED KINGDOM BRIEFS CAtdNABIS SMUGGLER JAILED--An unemployed mecha~iic who rented three houses in India and employed a butler, paid for by his drug-running activities, was jailed for five years at Wolverhampton Crown Court yester3ay. Ian Hulland, of Welland Grove, Erdington, Birmingham, admitted smuggling four hundredweight of cannabis with a street value of nearly 400,000 pounds into Britain. The drug was hidden inside concealed compartments in packing crates of furniture destined for a firm at Wolverhampton, the court was told. [Text] [London THE DAILY TELEGRAPH in English 12 Sep 81 p 3] Y.~ ~ J CSO: 5320/001 IND ~ , i ~ ~ ~ 84 , F ' APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000400060020-9