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APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500010018-6 HOR OFFIC'IA1, IItiN: ON1.1' JPRS L/ 10220 29 December 1981 Japan Report (FOUO 72/81) FBIS FOREIGN BROADCAST INFORMATION SERVICE FOR OFFICIAL i1SE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500010018-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000504010018-6 NOTE - JPRS publications cuntain information primarily from foreign newspapers, periodicals and books, but also from news agency transmissions and broadcasts. Materials from foreign-language - sources are translated; those from English-language sources are transcribed or reprinted, with the original phrasing and other charactexistics retained. Headlines, editorial reports, and material enclosed in brackets are supplied by JPRS. Processing indicators such as [Text] or [Excerpt] in the first line of each item, or following the last Line of a brief, indicate how the original information was ~ processed. Where no processing indicator is given, the infor- . mation was summarized or extracted. Unfamiliar names rendered phonetically or transliterated are enclosed in parentheses. Words or names preceded by a ques- tion mark and enclosed in parentheses were not clear in the original but have been supplied as appropriate in context. Other unattributed parenthetical notes within the body of an item originate with the source. Times within items are as gaven by source. The contents of this publication in no way represent the poli- cies, views or attitudes of the U.S. Government. COPYRIGHT LAWS AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING OWNERSHIP OF MATERIALS REPRODUCED HEREIN REQUIRE THAT DISSEMINATION OF THIS PUBLICATION BE RESTRICTED FOR OFFICIAL USE OidLY. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500010018-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000504010018-6 FUR UFFICIAY. USE ONLY JPRS L/10220 29 December 1981 JAPAN REPQRT (F0U0 72/81) CONTENTS POLITICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL - Mlemma for the New Cabinet (Masahiki Ishizuka; THE JAPAN EOONOMIC JOURYAL, 8 Dec 81)...... 1 Sttuation Is Tough for Revamped Cabinet (Akira Yamazaki; 7IiE JAPAN EC0N0MIC JOURNAL, 8 Dec 81)......... 2 Reshuffle Weakens 'Troika' Setup (THE DAILY YOMIURi, 2 Dec 81) 4 Suzuki's Moves Believed Alienating Public Support (Editorial; MAINICHI DAILY NEWS, 2 Dec 81) 5 Increasing Defense Spending (Michisada Hirose; ASAHI EVENING NEWS, 12 Nov 81) 8 Gaimusho Goes Overboard (Minoru Hirano; THE DAILY YOMCURI, 15 Nov 81) 10 Losing Battle for JSP Right-Wingers (MAINIQiI DAILY NEWS, 20 Nov 81) 12 'MAINICHI' Complains of 'Mor_ey Politics, Corruption' (Editorial; MAINI QiI DAILY NEWS, 3 Dec 81) 13 ~ 'YOMIURI' on International Symposium on `Security, Peace, and Survival' (THE DAILY YOMIURI, 2, 3 Dec 81) 15 International Symposium Hears Fukuda Ttao Main Hurdles, by Takeo Fukuda Japan Warned of Complacency - a - [III - ASIA - 111 FOUO] FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500010018-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02109: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500010018-6 F(1R c1FNK'IA1 1ISFON1N' Komeito'a Policy Shift (Editorial; THE DiAILY YOMIURI, 4 Dec 81) 20 Nikaido'a Bright Future (Raiauke Honda; TiE DAILY YOHIIURI,, 4 Dec 81) 22 Reahuffle Seen ari Reelection Strategy (THE DAILY YOMIURI, 1 Dec 81) 24 Appearance of Harmony Said To Control 'Desls' - (Takehiko 1'akahaahi; MAINIQiI DAILY NEWS, 2 Dec 81)............ 25 MILITARY 'Lack of Benefits' to Japan Frnm U.S. Securitq Treaty Cited - (Hiaao Maeda; 7HE JAPAN TIMES, 29 Nov 81) 27 E CONOMIC Expert on Japan's Role in World Economy (Teiichiro Irbrinaga; TfiE DAILY YOMIURI, 3 Dec 81) 30 U.S. Aaks Japan To End Tariffa on 29 (baomoditiea (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 24 Nov 81) 33 Council To Hurry Review of Non-Tariff Barriera (NIlidN KEIZAI SHIMiIN, 27 Nov 81) 35 Automakera Reairc Another U.S. Demand for Export Cut (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 8 Dec 81) 37 'Making Counter-Propoaal' to U.S. Expected at Trade Conference (MAINIQiI SHINBUN, 25 Nov 81) 39 Lower Tariffa on Electronic Computera Requeated Farlier Zlian Expected (NIKKAN KOGYO SHINBUN, 18 Nov $1) 41 Exports Begin Clearly To Show Signa of Stagnating (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 24 Nov 81) 43 Diacount Rate Cut Looma aa Near-Term Possibility (Maaahiko Ishizuka; JAPAN EODNOMIC JOURNAL, 24 Nov 81)......... 45 Cab Qlasaia Tariff Problem, Japan-U.S. Conaultationa End in Failure (NIHON KEIZAI SHINBUN, 18 Nov 81) 47 Impetua Given To Reduction of Aluminum Production - (MAINICHI SHIEBUN, 20 Nov 81) 49 - b - ' FOR OFFICIAL USE aNLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500010018-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/42/09: CIA-RDP82-40850R000500410018-6 FOR OFFI('IA1. l1SF: ONLY _ Honda, ltao Affiliates Set Up American Parts Maker (JAPAN ECONONQC JOURNAL, 8 Dec 81) 51 New Firm for Commimiat Trading (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 24 Nov 81) 52 SCIENCE AND TECEINOIAGY Computer Makers Hold U.S. Demand on Removing Tariffs Unreasonable (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 24 Nov 81) 53 - High Technology Exporta to U.S., Europe Grawing (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 8 Dec 81) 54 Government Institute I?iacovera New Way To Produce Minute Metal Particle$ (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 24 Nov 81) 55 - Editorial Comments on Fujitsu's Failure To Win Contract (Editorial; JAPAN EOONOMIC JOURNAL, 24 Nov 81).................. 56 5tee1 Induatry Circles See Crisia in 1940 (JAE'AN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 24 Nov 81)............................. 58 Sailor Pen To Launch Robot Export (JAPAN EOONOMIC JOURNAL, 8 Dec 81) 59 Komatsu Deviaea Computer Language for Welding Robot (JAPAIv ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 8 Dec 81) 60 Statua, Future of Robat Industry Analyzed (SHUKAN TOYO KEIZAI, 14 Nov 81) 61 Postal Miniatry Continues To Demand Strong Controls (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 8 Dec 81) 66 Intel To Start Semic:onductor Production in Japan About 1983 (JAPAN E OONOVIC JOUFNE1L, 8 De c 81) 000 0000.0 67 - NTT. Starts Japan'a Firat Fiber-Optica Phone Service {JAPAN ECONONIC JOURNAL, 8 Dec 81) ......................e....... 68 Nakamura Tiea With Schutte on Lathe Sales (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOUItNAL, 24 Nov 81) 69 Four Electric Machine ry Makers Booet Capital Expenditure (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOUFtNAL, 24 Nov 81) 70 Exporta of Small Printera Increaaing at Swift Tempo (JAPAN ECONOMIC JOURNAL, 24 Nov 81) 72 - c - FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500010018-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000504010018-6 i�Y1R t)Fh'Ic'1 A1 l 1.04F: t1N1.1' Sharp To Turn Out Visible Light Semiconductor Larser - (JAPAN EOONOMIC JOURNAL, 24 Nov 81). 73 Epochal Reagent Made for Meaauring Molecular Weighte - (JAPAN ECONUMLC JOURNAL, 24 Nov 81) 74 , - d - FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500010018-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000504010018-6 110I,1'I'[CAL ANll SOCIOLO.:ICAL UILI:MMA I~OIt THL NIW C.IBINLT iOH 01 1.1( 1 %1 t,i ONt N - Tclcvo 'l'lll. .;APAN LCl)NOMIC JOU:tNAL in English 8T)ec 81 p 6 [Article by Masahiki Itihizuka] [ 1 eX tI As lhe rtshuttled Suzuiti Ecanomic Planning Agency Director General Toshio Komoto, far one, is chalienging thr_ premier, arguing that stimulation of the domestic economy even at the expense o[ temporary slowdown of efforts toward buQ'getary balance would pay off in the end as ex- pansion of the economy will bring about increases in tax revenues. Suzuki still appears uncommitted about this idea. if the Government tries to re duce fiscal deficits (and debt finar.cing bonds) by restraining expenditures (the Ministcy of Finance is trying to hold fiscal 1962 budget to a tlat growth from the current [iscal year's), it will 'ooomerang as the econo- my, in the absence of stimula- tion from the fiscal side, will remain stagnant, resulting in revenue shortfalls which in turn will increase fiscal def- icits. This is a typical vicious cycle. Balance of payments disequi- librium in the form of balloorr ing current-account surplus cannot be worked out if slump- ing domestic demand keeps pressures f or exports strong, v,en if various measures to stE.p up import5 and restrain expo: ts are taken as the Gov- ernment is trying to. Over how tu resolve ttris dilemma, the new Cabinet al- ready seems dlvided, with EPA's Komoto advocating a bold policy to boost the econo- my, while -Finance Minister Michio Watanabe increasingly an guard "We at the Ministry of F' Aance are not going to give up an inch in hoiding tlne budget to a zero growth," Watanabe declares. At the direction of Prime Minister Suzukl, Hometo, Watanabe, International Trade dc Iisclustry Minister. Shintaro Abe, and Liberal IIemocratic Party Policy Board Chairman Rokusuke Tanaka (who is am other advocatp of a stimutative poticy) ara scheduled to meet ancl discuss the issue this wEek. The ccrnclusion emerging from the meeting should be of major irrlportance. Cabinet gol starled last week ~ just in time to tackle the task of compiling the fiscal 1982 budget, it became unmistaka- bly riear that the nation has to do something to boost the ssg- ging domeslic demand. And the serious external imbalance that is bringing the natien an ever swclling current account sur- plus and the prospects for rev= enue shortfalls in public finance owmg to the weak economy are confronting the ncw cabinet with a major policy dilemma. - At a press cunference right ;dter complelion of the Cabinet rcwhuffle, the prime minister s:iid hc would hold fast to the plicy to put administrative :ind budgetary reforms aimed at fiscal balance ahead of - everything. But it is increas- ingly queslioned if suclt a _ policy, which basically arriounLti to fiscal restraint pro- - grams, is rompatible wilh the currenl immediate require mi-nt tu shom up the domestic i-ronomy. COI'Yltl(.Il'i': 1.98.1, Rilion Keizai Shimbun, Inc. CtiO: 4 I10/83 1 FOE2 OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500010018-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02109: CIA-RDP82-00854R000540010018-6 IY1K OI~l~1('I 11. l'S1�' 1111.1 POLITICAL ANll SOCIO.LOCICAL - SI7'UATION IS TOUGH FOR REVAMPED CABINET 'Cokyo 'II[L JAPAN ECONOMIC .JOURNAL in English 8 Dec Sl p 6 C/1rL ic1 c hy /1kir..i Yzimaz,iki ] I't'e xt] 1'rimc Ministcr 'l,enko Suzuki reshuftled his cabincl and the Icadcrship of the rulling ' l,ibcral Uemocratic f'arty last Monday. The first charactcristic cf the reshuFfling is that _ 5uruki distributed key cabinet and party posts equally to every one of the "new - leaders" who are, reKarded as major con- tenders for party leadership in next genera- tinn. Ilis care Gor upbringing new Ieaders will iiivile approval Crom the nation as the tirsl tiuzuki Cahinet had becn termed as "a care- tciker cabineL" - ticcondly, 5uzuki maintained numerically a factiunal balance in the reshuffled cabinel and had the I,DY Ieadership shared by three ma.jor Cactions of '1'anaka, E'ukuda and - tiuruki. In doinK so, hi, secros, at least on the sin�lace, to have tiU�englhened his power base :ind en,w'ed his reeletlion to LUP prvsidency next fall. Yel by appoinling tiasuniu Nikaido, une ol' the "gray" or ..lainted" ol'fici.ilti in thc I,ockhced payoff ,r;undal, lu the {w,l ol' I.UF' secrelary-gen- er,il, tiuiuki alsu seeme plywocxi, autas, processed foo(Ls and cosmetics; 3) revi- sion of yuarantine regulations - as to animals and plants; 4 re- cognition of American baseball bals, teunis balls and other sporting {;oodti by private Japa- _ ncsv sEwrLti or(;anizations. in addilion to this, the U.S. Ircady has Ixren pressink for rraliratian ofvight "dcmancl5,.. "ilCh .is a review of lhe agrcc- mcnt on prcxurement~ti by the ' Nippon '1'eieKruph & 7'elrphone !'ublic Corp., uther agcemen~ti un luloccu and leather gu(x1s, ;ind inaltcrs pertaininK to - dccunlrol of Ihe servicc and I'inancin}; ficlds, and invest- tnenl. COYYRICFIT: 1981, the Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc. CSO: 4120/84 - 34 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500010018-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000504010018-6 FOR OE'FICIAL USE ONLY ECONOMIC COUZdCIL TO HURRY REVIEW OF NON-TARIFF BARRIERS Tokyo NIHON KEIZAI SHIlMBUN in English 27 Nov 81 pp 5-6 [Text] The improvement of Japan's non-tariff barriers has b ecome one of the most important problems to be studied by the Second Provisional Adminis- trative Research Council (Chairman: Toshio DOKO), with the growth of the demand in Europe and the US for the opening of the Japanese market due to the dispute over the imbalance of trade. The Third Department (Director: President Masao KAMEI of Sumitomo El.ectric Industries) of this Council has begun to study earnestly how to simplify and rationalize import procedur~es, from the standpoint that the various complicated procedures, which must be taken to import such items as medicines, food and automob ile parts accord- ing to the provisions of such laws as the Drugs, Cosmetics and Medical Instruments Law and the Road Transportation Vehicle Law, are partly responsible for the so-called "closure of the market." Prime Minister SUZUKI hoped on the 26th that "Thz Provisional Administrative Research Council will take upon itself the task of reviewing Japan's non-tariff barriers, as part of the measures for the reduction of the affairs requiring approval of administrative authorities." This is expected to give impetus to the deliberations on this problem. Concrete measures for the improvement of the non-tariff barriers will be incorporated into the interim report concerning the .reduction of the affairs requiring approval Qf administrative authorities, which report the Third Department is scheduled to draw up as early as in January next year. The Third Department of the Provisional Administrat i ve Research - Council set up the Sub-Committee on Administrative Business of Approval ( Chairman : former Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary Hiromori KAWASHIMA) at the beginning of OGtober. This Sub-Committee has been reviewing the administrative business of approval in various fields for the "reduction of the people's burden," with major emphasis on such st eps as lengthening of the period for automobile inspection and that for the renewal of driving licenses. At the outset, it did not attach importance to inspection of imported items. With the growth of critic ism against Japan in Europe and the US due to trade friction, however, Director KAMEI of the Third Department recently has instructed this Sub-Committee to hurry the review of the import inspection system which is regarded as one of the non-tariff barriers. 35 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500010018-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/42/09: CIA-RDP82-40850R000500410018-6 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ',ese _:rcurstanc?s, F:^ime "r.ister --,UZC;,