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APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/42/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 FOR OFFICdAL USE ONLY ' JPRS L/ 10259 - 18 January 1982 . Worldwide Re ort p NARCOTICS AND DANGERGUS DRUGS - (FOUO ~/82) _ Fg~~ FOREIGN BROADCAST INFORMATION SERVICE FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 ~ - NOTE _ JPRS publications contain information primarily from foreign newspapexs, oeriodicals and books, but also from news agency transmissions and broadcasts. Materials from foreign-language sources are translated; thos~ from English-language sources are transcribed or reprinted, with the original phrasing and other characteristics retained. Headlines, editorial reports, and material enclosed in brackets are supplied by JPRS. Processing indicators such as [Text] or [Excerpt] in the first line of each item, or following the last line of a brief, indicate how the original information was processed. Where no processing indicator is given, the infor- mation was summarized or extracted. Unfamiliar names rendered phonetically or transliterated are enclosed in parer.theses. Words or names preceded by a ques- - tion mark and enclosed in parentheses were not clear in the original but have been supplied as appropriate in context. Other unattributed parenthetical notes within the body of an item originate with the source. Times within items are as given by source. The contents of this publication in no way represent the poli- ries, views or attitudes of the U.S. Government. COPYRIGHT LAi~S AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING OWNERSHIP OF MATERIALS REPRODUCED HEREIN REQUIRE THAT DISSEMINATION OF THIS PUBLICATION BE RESTRICTED FOR OFFICIAL USE ONI,Y. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440500020028-4 FOR GFFlCIAL ItSE ONL,Y JPRS L/10259 18 January 1982 - WORLUWIDE REPORT NARCOTICS AND DA~lGEROUS DRUGS (FOUO 3/82) CONTENTS ASIA THAILAND Gen Prachuap Orders Ban on Chemicals to Norti? (SIAM RAT, 11 Aug 81) 1 United States Said to Pressure Thailand on Narcotics (BAN MUANG, 17, 18 Sep 81) 2 ONCB Chief: Narcotics Violators' Property To Be Seizeat (B~.rr r~.laNC, 2 aug si> ~ Cooper.ation 41ith Burma Sought in Capture of Khun Sa (SIAM R.~T, 18 Ai~g 81) 9 Buxma-Thai Trafficking Ring Broken in Chiang Rai (DAa SIAM, 17 Aug 811 10 KMT 93rd Division Trafficking Role, Links With Kriangsak Reported (Prach~.ap; S7AM RAT, 20 Aug 81) 11 Rewards Offered for Drug Kingpins (MATICHON, 21 Aug 81) 15 Lao Arrested With Opium in Nakhon Phanom (DAO SIAM, 1 Oct 81) 16 Drug Trafficking Problem on Southern Border Discu~sed (Pan Bandua; SIAM RAT SAPPADA WICHAN, 20 Sep 81) 17 _ a _ [III - WW - 138 FOUO] _ _ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ~ CANADA Survey Finds Use of LSD Soars in Ontario Schools (Dorothy Lipovenko; THE GLOBE Aili MAIL, 9 Dec 81)............ 19 Most Provinces Cppose Softening of Drug (THE GLOBE AND MAIL, 9 Dec 81) 20 Drug Seizure Called Largest in Windsor (1HE WINDSOR STAR, 24 Nov 81) 21 - Briefs Drugs Seized in Police Raids 22 Ma~or Drug Raid 22 LATIN AMERICA COLOMBIA Briefs _ Cocaine Laboratory I7iscovered 23 Drug Confiscation 23 Drug Trafficker._s Arrest 23 PERU - Briefs Cocaine Base Seizure 24 Drug Trafficker Band Utsman.tled 24 - Cocaine Dispatched by Mail 2' VEI~E ZUELA ~ Briefs Cocaine Arrest 25 WEST EURiOPE - DENMARK NoYway, Swe3en Demand Denmark Tighten Drug Control (Jorn BXandt; BERLINGSKE TIDENDE, 8 Nov S1) 26 Presau~e From Norway, Sweden May Force Stronger Drug Law (DAGENS NYHETER, 6 Dec 81) 29 - b - _ FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 FOR OFFICIAL il ~F. ONI.Y FINLAND Ibmestic Drug Problem Compared to Other Nordic Countries (I~a Stenback; HELSINGIN SANOMAT, 17 Nov 81) ~0 New Prescription Law To Control Narcotics in Effect (Jaakko Lehtinen; LTITSI SUOMC, 17 Nov 81) . . . . . . . . 38 ' FRANCE - Briefs Drug Seizure 41 NE THE RL ANDS Methadone nistribution i~ l~asterdam Viewed (Lotta. Schullerqviat; DAGENS NYHETER, 4 Dec 8~.) . 42 NORWAY Customs Service Reports Big Increase in Drug Seizures (Jarit Jahreie; ARBEIDERBLADET, 21 Nov 81) 45 - Storting Approves Measures To Combat Narcotics (AFTENPOSTEN, 24 Nov 81) 47 Three Arrested in Hashish Smuggling Case (AFTENPOSTEN, 26 Nov 81) 48 S~JEDEN Cus~oma Adminiatration Wants Computera for D~ugs Control (Sune Olofson; SVENSKA DAGBLADET, 30 Nov 81) 50 Successful ~olice Offensive Against Puehers To Continue (Per-Erik Lagerqvist; SVENSKA DAGBLADET, 4 Dec $1) . 52 ~ International Gang groken; Smuggled Heroin, Hashish (Leif Dahlin; DAGENS NYHETEF., 8 Dec 81) 54 _ lhirteen Indians Accused of Smuggling Hashish (DAGENS NYHE TER, 4 Dec 81) 58' Methadone Test Likely To Continue Auother ~ree Years (Lotta Schullerqvist; DAGENS NYHETER, 11 Dec 81) 59 Briefs Prison Drug Raid 61 UNITED KINGDOM Briefs Recard Heroin. Haul 52 - - c - FOR OFFICIAL US~ ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440500020028-4 7HAILAND GEN PRACHUAP ORDERS BAN ON CHEMYCALS TO NORTH Bangkok SIAM RAT in Thai 11 Aug 81 p 5 [Article: "Prachuap Orders Strict Ban On Sending Chemicals Used to Produce Heroin to the N~rth~'] ~Text] Prachuap has ordered that the smuggling of chemical~ u~ed in producing heroin to the north resolutely be prevented. He pointed out that this measurz will reduce the amount of heroin. Police Major General Phao Sarasin, the ~ecretary-generai of the Office of the Narcotics Control Board, has revealed that Generai _ Prachuap Suntharangkun, the deputy minister, has, in his - capacity as president of the Narcotics Control Board, ordered that particularly strict measures be taken to prevent drugs used to produce heroin, such as acetic anhydridey from being sent to the aorthern nrovinces, where they can be smuggied to p3aces that - prodL~.ce heroin. He has also asked for cooperation from the govcrnors of Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai provinces and asked that they implement measures to intercept such chemicais. It may be necessary to set up checkpoints to keep chemicals from entering these two provinces. If th~se measures sucseed, this wili stop the ~roduction of heroin. The secretary-general of the ONCB stated that, concernin~ this problem of chemical.s that are used to produce heroin, in addition to preventing the smuggling or sending [of chemicals] to the north to produce heroin, we will c~operate with Malaysia in suppression activities because, in reality, these chemicals are brought in - across the Thai-Malaysian border. This resulted from discussions between the two cour~tries. At present, Malaysia does not have a control law on cYier~icals used to produce heroin but they are considering making such a contr~l law~ Thus, it is hoped that when Malaysia has a con+~rol 1aw on chemicals like we do, control - activities will achieve better results. - 11943 CSO: 530Q/4514 1 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 ~iAILAN D UNIT~D STATES . SAID TO PRESSURE ~~AII.AND ON NARCOTICS BangKOk BAN MUANG in Thai 17, 18 Sep 81 [Ta Mo Lo ~olumns "Opium Suppression Operatio;~s Never Ending Operations~~~ - [17 Sep 8I, p 5] [Text] There have been reports that the United States is putting g;eat pressure on Thailand concerning the narcotics problem, especially in the notorious Golden Triangle area. Thailand must achieve some visible results in return for the 161 million baht that the United States has provided to help ~ suppress narcotics. The United States wants Thailand to go in and clear the Golden Triangle area by completely destroyxng all the poppy fields since, ~ this year, opium produ~tion in the G olden Triangle will increase. It is estimatecl that the yieid will reach 600 tons this year and, most certainly, most of this will end up in the United States. The United States wants to prevent this at all costs and so it has been willing Lo give 161 million baht to induce Thailand to intercept th2 drugs and not allow them to lesve the Golden Triangle. T11e Unxted atates fe~ls that 161 million baht is a large sum of money. But at most it can be used to destroy 1,610 rai of poppy. And this still leaves tens of ~housands of rai that can [produce opium] for shipment to the United States. Fand there are also the - Goiden Triangle areas in Burma and Laos. International police from the United States who take helicopters to survey the Golden Triangle area see only beautiful forests and mountains below witr,out realizing what complex conditions exist unclerneath this beautiful scenery. They think that Thai police can easily go in with flame throwers and burn the poppy in t~e fieids. But things are not that easy. 2 ; APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/42/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 The Golden Triangle is the capital of an international drug empire. It is in an area where the borders of three countries meet, the three being Thailand, Burma and Laos. The people who live in the area of the Golden Tri~ingle where Thailand, Burma anc~ Laos come together are st3teless people belonging to various hill tribes who h~ve made a living growing poppy for a hundred years (beginning Vihen England started the Opium War with China). They are allies cf the Karens, Shans and other small tribal groups that have risen up to win independence from the Burmese government. They support the underground Free Laos mnvement, o~ Lao Nat~onal Liberation Mevement, which is oppos~ng the Lao government. And they support the armed Ho Chinese who escort caravans and who are former soldiers of the displaced 93rd KMT Division. - Concerning these armed c~roups that roam about the Golden Triangle and ~ahose main income comes from drug trafficking and the drug industry, none of the three governments has been able to bring - these illegal groups, whose members number 1 million people, under full control. At most, they have been put under very loose control. Concerning the Karen and Shan independence movements in particular, the Burmese government has been trying to suppress these movements but there is as yet no sign that it will succeed in the near future. Whenever a government carries on suppression acitivities within its own country, these groups si.mply flee to another country temporarily and this happens again and again. Thus, using the power of the state to suppress and destroy [these groups] cannot succeed. If they are to be suppressed, all three countries must carry on suppression acta.vities together. But many political and other pioblems will be encountered. WithQUt offense to these governments, not one of these governments has complete sovereignty in [its part of] the Golden Triangle. It is true that the governments can go in but they must take in troops (if the intent is to destroy the opiv-~). And the opium in the Golden Triangle is like water. For example, if the Thai governmenic completely destroys the Thailand�s part of the Golden Triangle, the opium in Laos and Burma flows in to replace it. Thailand is a major source of opium and nare~otics because, in the sphere of communications, Thailand is more devel~ped than either Burma or Laos, and, therefore, the opium and na rcotics flow into Thailand from Burma and Laos, with Thailand serving as the gateway - to the world outside. For this reason, Thailand has been condemned by the United Nations over the matter of narcotics arid it will not provide help since Thailand is more developed than Laos or Burma. suppression in the Golden Triangle, the capital of the world drug empire, is a ~ask of the ,Ur}i~e~i Natior}s but the United h'ations does not take its responsibilities seriously at ali. 3 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500420028-4 Thus, the suppresyion activities have achieved notning. Thailand is like a person who is reaping the effects of his misdeeds. It has to carry the world alone and this is not fair. Drugs in 'the Gc~.den Triangle cannot be suppr~ssed using force; ~ there is no possibility of this succeeding. With the 161 million baht of ~_he United States , about 1610 rai of poppy can be destroye,9. And this still leaves tens of thousands of rai. It will be like burning grass, that is, after it rains, the plants will come up again and will be even more beautiful than before. Sttppressing drugs in the Golden Triangle using peaceful means in accord with the ideas and initiatives of the king looks as if it is the correct way and the one that will achieve perman~nt results. This way involves persuading the stubborn hill tribes to abandon poppy cultivation and cwltivate other crops instead. Thailand is a poor country and so it must proceed slowly. The _ United Nations and certain individual countries including the United States have failed to give Thailand great help. Thailand is carrying the burden alone (why must it do so?). The majar problem is that the American drug market has raised prices without limit, and those hill tribes that once stopped growing poppy have started growing poppy again. - And a problem that is twice as great is that those hill tribes that were once content with their opium and small huts now have a much broadPr knowledge of the world. Each family now wants a house With a tile roof, a color television and a pickup truck. And so they must turn to growing poppy, ~ Those officials who make plans for the hill tribes have a headache. [ 18 S ep 81 fl p 5] [Text] Concerning the matter of the United States pressuring Thailand to quickly suppr~s.~ opium, I wrote about this yesterday but there is still more to say. . Thailand has bePn a good ~~child" of the United Nations and suppressed drugs in accord with the policies of the United Natians. ~ But Thailand has received very little from the United Nations in return. True, the United Nations has given help but this help can - be compared to throwing three or fcur rocks into a chasm. ThE drug problem in the Golden Triangle area is like a deep chasm than cannot be filled with just two or three rocks. The drug problem is an international problem, and it is not fair to throw 4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440500020028-4 the responsibility for this on Thailand's shoulders alone. Turkey, which produces an amount of opium second only to that of the Golden Triangle, produces opium openly without fe~r of anyone and with no trouble. My goodness, I would like the government to engage in this trade just like Turkey does. Only then w~ill the United Nations wake up. Because of the political geography, the United Nations cannot exert influence over Burma or Laos, which are jointly responsible, ; along with Thailand, in the Golden Triangle area because in the Golden Triangle, therP are national liberation movements that are f ighting the two governments. ' It is these national liberation movements that reveive their main income from the opium trade, an income that is used for national liberation. These various national libera~ion groups will fight for the Golden Triangle like a king cobra fights for its eggs. The eradication of drugs in the Golden Triangle can be done through Thailand but the United Na~tions must provide large amounts of _ aid. This aid must not be like setting up a laboratory in order to write a thesis. The idea of invading the area and destroying the poppies, an idea held by some foreigners, it foolish. Bloodthirsty groups will rise up to f ight and this will turn into a political problem. This is not a matter of 10 to 20 rai of marihuana in the northeast or near _ Kanchanaburi which can be destroyed easily since everyone involved is Thai. Go ahead and burn it. After it is burned, it can be replanted. A lasting solution to the problem is to use a soft stick for persuasion and to provide help so that the poppy growers turn to the cultivation of other crops. Thailand has persevered [zn its efforts] f~r more than 10 years _ and has achieved some results. But because large sums of money mu~t be spent, it has been possible to carry out things in a limited area only. I3ut after a single event in the United States, the results of the past 10 years ha~ve been almost entirely ruined. B ecause the United :~tates is a wealthy country, people have greatly increased - the price of drugs. The hill tribes who had given up growing poppy have again started growing poppy because they receive a good price. Am~rica has inflicted real pain. To solve the immediate problems, a bonus will have to be paid to the hill tribesmen who grow - 5 . APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 substitute crops [in accord with] the program ana recommer.dations of the officials so that they have an incomE at least equal to that earned by growing poppy. '1'he ~1;:1~~t;: I~`~:: 1C~PS ii';USt. !?C t::t Oi:~ t.0 pdtj L~11S DCiI1LlS S1TiC2 - the Thai gov~rnraent does n~+~ have the means to distribute money like that. If the United Nations turns its face and does not help, no one else will. [This] must be left to fate. It is time that the United Nations called on all memi~er naticns to help solve this problem instead of letting Thailand shoulder this al~ne. In particular, the United States, which has the largest narcotic~ market in the world, must take responsibility too and not shift the responsibilit~ to Thailand. The Thai government should not be like a person with a venereal disease ,~ho is embarrassed in front of the doctor. T~Ze government - must pressure the United Nations like a bull dog, that is, bite and not let go. It must pressure the United Nations to become directly involved in sol.ving this problem. It must play an �active role in the program to reduce area used to grow poppy in the Golden Triangle and surrounding areas. It must not act like an invited guest. However, the problem that is presently causing headaches for Thai officials is that our hill tribes are ~no longer content with their thatched huts. They want wooden houses with tile roofs just like in the city. And they want a pickup truck under the hause instead of pigs. They~also want a color tzlevision. But growing other crops does not help to obtain a house and pickup as fast as they can be obtained by growing poppy. What is to be done? I interviewed a reporter_ about his viewss ~~Take a sma11 nuclear bomb and drap it in the middle of thQ Golden Triangle. This will close the area for 20 years and solve - the problems.~~ ~atisfied? 11943 CSOs 5300/4526 . 6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 ~iAILAND ONCF3 CHIEF: N.~RCOTICS VIOLATORS' PROPERTY TO BE SEIZED Ba~gkok BAN M'uANG in Thai 2 Aug 81 p 16 _ [ArticZe: "There Will Be a Law On Seizing the Property of Narcotics Traffickers'~] [Text] Yesterday (the lst), Police Major General Phao Sarasin, the secretary-general of the Office of the Narcotics Control Board, - revealed that discussions are being held on making a national security law similar to tliose of Malaysia and Singapore in order to use it as a tool in durg suppression so that better results are achieved. At the same time, a Yaw on seizing tlne property of drug dealers similar to those in the United States and Australia is also needed. Police General Phao stated that, concerning the suppressi~n of narcotics dealers in Thailand, at the present time there are still several problems and obstacles becaaase usually it is not possible to arrest the ringlea~ders ar.d prosecute thA case, which is a matter of evidence. But ir. Malaysa.a and S ingapore, thzy have been able to arrest even the ringleaders since they have a national security law. This law pe.rmits the arrest of people if it is felt that ~hese people are a danger to the country. Malaysia in particular believes that drugs are the number one enemy and that theY are a greater danger than the communists. It also feels that the drug dealers are a danger to the country. Thus, Malaysia is using this law to arrest people and jail them for 2 years. Because Malaysia has a national security ].aw, drug suppression has achieved better results, a:~d it has been possible to eliminate the entire network of drug traffickers, even th~ ~ ringleaders. Thus, if we have such a?_aw, this will be good for the sup~ression of the drug dealers. Police Major General Phao further stated that, in addition to this, in Australia there is a law on seizing the property of drug dealers s ince it is felt , 3t such property was acquired illegally. When a drug dealer is arrested, his property is inspected to determine how much he has and he must state, within 1 month, how _ ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 he a~quired that property. he cannot do so, ~fficial~ seize t~is property. The United States has a similar law. The property ~hat is seized is used in drug suppression work. During just thz - first 6 months aft~r this law went into effect, U.S. officials were abl.e tc seize property from drug dealers valued at $100 million. Thus, ~f we have a law similar to those of the United States and Austral ia, this wili similarly help us ack~ieve bettei~ results in our suppression work. At present, the Office ~f the Narcotics Control Board is studying the laws of these count~ries to see how suitable they are for us. - Police Major General Phao Sarasin stated in conc~usion that w~ have a control law concerning some types of ak~emical~ that ar. e an important el~nent in the production of heroin, and Malaysia ' is interested in having a similar law because most of the ch~mic~~ls that the heroin producers use come from Malaysia. This ~ is k,.~c:~use Malaysia does not have a control 1aw. Thus, it is �hoped - that when Malaysia makes such a].aw, this wiii help make it possible to achieve better results in controlling chemic~ls used in heroin production than are being achieved at present. 11943 CSO: 5300/4514 8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R400504020028-4 7iiAILAND COOPERATION WITH BURMA SOLJGHT IN CAPTURE OF KHUN SA Bangkok 5 IAM RAT in Tha i 18 Aug 81 pp 1, 12 [Article: "Prachua.p Discloses That the Reward for the Capture of �Khun Sa� Will Be Increased'~] [Text] General Prachuap Suntharangkun, the deputy prime minister, has revealed that, at present, Thailand is cooperating with Burma to ~apture "Khun Sa~~ in order to resolute7.y put an eYid to the drug trade since it is believed that he is the person responsible for the widespread drug trade. - The deputy prime minister stated that while the two sides have not yet been able to capture him, they will try to block things in order to make things difficult for the drug trade. And - it is expected that, in the new fiscal year that begins this - Ocfi.~ner, officiais will be able to increase the reward offered ~or his arrest. G eneral Prachuap also stated that he has sent a letter of commendation to the R egian 3 border patrol police, who seized the largest amount of opium 3 tons. He also aff irmed that there are definitely no narcotics refineries in Thailand. If any are found, they will be seized immediatelyo Most of these refineries are located in Burma in the Golden Triangle area, where Thailand, Laos and Burma meet, since this area produces much ; opium. It is estimated that 500 tons we re produced here last year ~ while only 30-50 tons was produced in Thailand. 11943 ~ CSO: 5300/4514 - 9 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R400504020028-4 ZHAILAND BURMA-THAI TRAFFICKING RING BROKEN IN CHIANG RAI Bangkok DAO SIAM in Thai 17 Aug 81 pp 7, 12 - [Article: "Burmese Heroin Transported Into Thailand; Police Intercept It"] [Text] From an investigation made by Police Lieutenant Colonel Chan Suwannaphap, the chief inspector at the Chiang Rai provincial police station in Muang District, it was learned that heroin was to be smuggied into Thailand from Burma by motorcycle. Thus, Police Lt Col Chan Suwannaphap joined the police off icials - stationed at the Mae Kok vehicle checkpoint. Police Warrant Officer S ubin Suthiprida, the off icer in charge, and several other policemen, searched the vehicles, especially the motorcycles, , coming f rom Mae Sai District in accord with what an informer had told Police Lt Coi Chan, the informer having said that heroin would be tran5ported into the city. At approximately 1430 hours, two men on a Suzuki 100 cc motorcycle ~ drove up from the direction of Mae Sai District, just as the informer had said. The police immediately asked to sEarch the raincoat that was tied to the gas tank in the front. They found 350 grams of Singto Khu Yiep Lok brand heroin hidden in the raincoat. They confiscated this as evidence and arrested both men - as suspects. They were later identified as Mr Somchai Saengchan, age 24, and Mr Prasit Khamluwong, age 24, both residents of Village 1 in Pongpha Commune, Mae Sai District, Chiang Rai Province. Both men stated that they had been paid 5,000 baht by a man in Thakhilek District in Burma to deliver it to a wealthy person in front of the Chiang Rai Rama 2 theater. The value of the heroin that they had been hired to transport was approximately 150,000 baht in Burma. The officials sent some of their men to go arrest the xealthy person who was supposed to~pick up the goods, but he did not appear. He may have found out about things and fled ahead of time. The two suspa_cts and the evidence were turned over to Police Lieutenant Bangkhom S ittisan, the officer on duty, for ~urtk~er investi c~ati~n of the case. 11943 rs~: 53~0/4514 10 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 ~iAILAND KMT 93RD DIVISION TRAFFICKTNG ROLE, LINKS WITH KRIANGSAK REPORTED Bangkok SIAM RAT in Thai 20 Aug 81 p 7 [Thoughts From the News column by Prachuap: '~The Heroin - Refinery At Doi Huai Mak~~] [T ext] R ecently, there was a news report that Region 3 border - patrol police had seized a heroin refinery at Doi Huai Mak, which is located about 10 kilometers to the west of Hin Taek'Viilage a Shan village in Mae Chan District, Chiang Rai Province and about 1 kilometer from the Thai-Burmese border. The BANGKOK POST, which printed this story, revealed that this - refinery was capable of producing about 400 kilograms of heroin a month. By seizing this refinery, in addition to seizing the prc~auc:tion equipmer.t and various chemicais, ~ tons of cooked opium, which was being.readied to produce heroin, ~as also seized. = Thus it can be said that this was the largest drug haul in the past 10 years. Because this heroin refinery was set up in a favorable location, or in a place that was diff icult to control,and because it was guarded by Chinese soldiers of the 93rd Division, or Ho Chinese as they ar.e called, who were armed with modern weapons such as M72 [grenade lawnchers], antitank rockets and M60 machine guns, the border patrol police had to send in forces by helicopter. But it appears that there was heavy resistance by the Chinese soldiers of the 93rd Division before they f inally had to retreat. Concerning the news of this swppse$sion acfi:,vity, or drug haul, in r eality this is a common event and not .-omething , strange. But concerning the seizure of this heroin refinery, besides the fact that this was the largest case in 10 years, there are other things that I think are worth noting. One is that Chinese soldiers of the 93rd Division were involved as guards for this drug production operation. Prior to this, some newspapers printed stories saying that a group of Chinese soldiers of the 93rd Division ha~ moved 11 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 from th~ north to mounta~.n ridges along the Thai-L~urmese border that . are about 4 kilometers from~Sangkhlaburi District in Kanchanaburi Province. These stories said that these forces of the 93rd Division = had joined Burmese minority groups and that it was expected that a new narcotics trade route would be opened by an international narcotics ring. In fact, the matter of thes~ remnant Chinese forces of the 93rd Divisinn who remained in the Thai-Burmese border area is a problem that has troubled the goverrunent for a long time. In particular, the Chinese soldiers of the 3rd and 5th battalions of the 93rd Division who were unwilling to be repatriated to Taiwan and who did not want to fight the military forces of the Burmese government moved into the northern region of Thailand. The 3rd Battalion chose to locate in the Doi Ma Angkhang area :in Fang ~ District, Chiang Mai Pro~ince. As for the 5th Battalion, it chose to settle in the area of Ban Pa Sang in Mae Chan District, Chiang Rai Province. Later, it moved ~into the Doi Mae Salong arpa in Mae Chan District, Chiang Rai Province, remaining there up to the present. - Concerning the matter of the 3rd and 5th battalions of the Chinese 93rd Division settling down in Thailand, besides the fact that this infringed on Thailand's sovereignty, it also caused several other serious problems. For example, weapons and forces have been secretely moved in and out of the country across the border, and youn~.Chinese men in Burma haye been sought for training so that they can be stationed with v~arious units. Peopie have been smuggled out of the country to Taiwan and also into the country from Taiwan. ~he important problem is that when the Chinese soldiers or the 93rd Division.refused ta return to Taiwan, Taiwan stopped providing financial help and forced this group to look for money with which to support xt~ people and military forces. Their livelihood became the opium trade. They transported o~ium from Kokong State and sold it in Thailand and Laos. They also established illegal checkpoints and collected taxes from the opium traffickers and from those dealing in other smuggled goods. It once reached the point where they had a dispute with the independent Karens over proprietary rights to jade goods and an important Thai general, who has left government service and who is _ now a successful politician, had to go and made peace between them. But whether or not he received any c~mpensation for this was not - revealed. ~ In the end, to solve the problems concerning the 3rd and 5th batta:lions of the 93rd Divi.sion, in that period Supreme Command HeadqL:arters and the cabinet gave permission, with the approv~tl of the National Security Council, for the KMT soldiers of the 3rd and 5th battalions and their families to live in Thailand as 12 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 refugees in those ar~as vhere they had been living, one force sent to live in the Doi Luang and Doi Phamon areas in Chiang Rai Province. And they were permitted to make a 13ving in those areas stipu3ated Y~y government officials. They were considered to be ordinary people and not soldiers. In particular, the settlement at Doi Salong Was the largest. There, the Chinese soldiers and their families numbered aimost 3,000 peopie. They had school.s to ~ . teach both Thai and Chinese. Their open means of making a living was agriculture, which inciuded growing tea and coid-weather fruits sir~ce Doi Mae Salong, vhich the Chinese soidiers of the 93rd Division had taken over, is more than 3,000 feet above sea levpl and the Weather there is cold aii year long. The important person Who is the present leader of the Chinese soldiers and their families on Doi Mae Salong is Mr Li Yui Chien. I - cannot remember his Thai name. Most of the children of the Chinese soldiers on Doi Mae Salong have Thai names and study from Thai books, The Chinese soidiers who are still y.~ung have~-taken part in fighting and suppressing the communist terrorists. That ~ras the policy implemented by S upreme Command Headquarters in that period. Based on what has been r~vealed, it appears that many of them lost their lives. It was apparently for this reason that Supreme Command Headquarters established Headquarters 04 i.n Chiang Mai Province and made it responsible for handling communications with the Chinese soldiers of t~e 93rd Division, which had estabiished its base in Thailand. And it is thought that in return, the Chinese soldiers took part in suppressing the terrorists. Therefore, they were probz~+~l yiven speciai rights in return. The thing that they were given in return was the right to carry on ~ their original way.of making_a living, which combined the ' production and sale of narcotics. Because, if engaged in _ agriculture alone to make a living, where could they have gotten the money to spuuprt their military forces? There was once a news item that said that a Thai general was living vith the Chinese _ soldiers of the 93rd Division and that these forces were engaged in producing narcotics to the extent that drugs were sent to and soid in Vietnam during the period wr.en the Un~.ted S~ates was stili there. This resulted in U.S, soidiers becoming addicts and drug traff ickers too,,. Thus, when this major heroin refinery at Doi Huai Mak, which is located between Doi Hin Taek and Doi Mae Salong, was seized ana it was fourid that heavily armed Chinese soldiers of the 93rd Division _ were standing guard and that they fought to prevent the authorities from seizing [the refinery], this affirms or supports the idea that the 93rd Division, which is still in Thailand, has - certainly not given up or ceased producing and selling narctoics. Furthermore, it is believed that a high-ranking official, or 13 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 general, may be involved in these activities. And if this occurs at times, the border patl~ol police who go in to ma:~e the ar~ests may be bl?raed i3ther tha~i praised . Thos~~ ~z~~~e i~h~~ sGy tr.a'.: t~i~r~ is a s~,ecial :relat~ons~zig ~~ritb. t2~P Chines~ soidiers ~ ie 9~rd ~:~~vision at Doi Mae Salong have to be referring to General Kriangsak Chamanan, the former prime and the new MP from Roi Et Province, since he worked at Supr~me Command Headquarters for a long time. And when he was - prime minis~.2~, he went and stayed at Doi Salong so often tl~a~ the Chinese soldiers who lived there happily buiit a magnificant gm~st� house called Kriangsak's house. There is a sign there in Chinese which in translation says that this house was bui~t for Gen~ral Kriangsak Chamanan, the prime minister, a person who has impl~~nented wise policies and kindiy aliowed these Chinese soidie~s to liT~e on Doi Mae Salong xith the status of refugees. Concerning the guest house on Doi Mae Salong that the Ch~nese soldiers buiit for General Kriangsak Chamanan during the time he ~ was prime minister, I don't know whether this house was built for the personal use of Generai Kriangsak because of ciose personal relations between them or whether it was buiit in commendation of his capabilities, that is, it was turned over to the governmer~t and became government property. If it ~ras built fox [the person holding] this government position, I approve since this shows that this is pubiic property. But if it was buiit for his personal use, even if was built out of great admiration, since i~e vas hoiding a politicai position, the prime ministership, I.feel that accepting this house that others had buiit for his personai use was - wrong eince some ~eople may misunderstand and think that this xas ~ a re~ward or repayment for something. Since government officiais seized this major heroin refinery and it appears that Chinese soldi.ers of the 93rd Division were invoived and even resisted the seizure, I wouid like to see the government conduct an investigation to ciearly determine whose refinery this - was, who was involved and whether there are other such refineries. Because if an investigation is no~ conducted i.n order to clear up = matters, I am very afraid that, one day, money from this drug trade may piay a part in politics or elections in Thailand. Who knows? 11943 = CSO: 5300/4514 ~ 14 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400504020028-4 ~iAILAND REWA~RDS OFFERED FOR DRUG KINGPINS Bangkok MATICHON in Thai 21 Aug 81 p 3 [Articie: ~~A Reward Has Been Offered for the Capture of ,the D~~+ug Kingpin Who Has Great Influence in the Ivorth"] . [Text] The Office of the Narcotics Controi Board is pre~paring to offer a reward of at least 100,000 baht for the capture of PolicP Colonel Niran Withayawutikun, a narcotics kingpin in the north. ~Dn 19 August, a news report from tk~e Office of the Narcotics Controi Board (ONCB) revealed to MBTICHON that the ONCB is ' considering setting a retirard for the capture of Police Colonel ~ Niran Withayawutikun, the commander of the [local office] of the Commissioner's Office of the Provincial 3. ~rom an investigatio~i, _ it was learned that he is involvecl in the drug trade in the north. -i Now, he has fled. I ~~T~he latest ne~ws that we have received is that he is with the 93rd i Division at Doi Mae Salong, with Khun Sa or at Doi Lang, wl~ere Lao Su has influence,~~ stated the news source. The news report added that the amount of the reward wfii be between 100,000 and 500,000 baht. The ONCB wili submit this matter to the I committee for consideration one n?ore time. This amount ean be ~ compared to the reward~ offered for other narcotics trafficl~ers, which include Lao Su, 900,000 baht, Li Ming, 600,000 baht, Mr Phunsiri Chanyasak, 600,000 baht and Khun Sa, 500,000 baht. The news report revealed that in setting this reward for Khun Sa, or Chang S i Fu, an international narcotics traff icker, Generai Prem Tinsulanon, the prime minister, showed great interest and resolutely ordered that he be captured. In addition, charges wiil be filed that he has harmed national se~urity. 11943 CSO: 5300/4514 15 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/42/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 _ ~iAILAND LAO P,RRESTED WITH OPIUM IN NAKH,ON PFiANOM Bangkok DAO SIAM in Thai 1 Oct 81 p 16 [Article: ~~Young Lao Man Who Transported Opium Across the Hekonq R iver to S 211 In Tha il and Is Arrested By F~ol ice~' ] [Text] From an investigation by Pollice Lieutenant Chirat - Phichitphai, the head of the spec~l'~nvestigation unit at the Nakhon Phanom provinciai police station in Muang District, it was - learned that was to be transported across the border from Laos at Tha Kho in Tha KY~o Commune, Muang District, Nakhon Phanom ~ Province. Thus, at 2200 hours an 29 Septembers officiais toak a force and hid in the area of the government pa~rn shop along the bank of the Mekong River on Suntharawichit Road in Muang District. A man carrying a pap~r bag waiked past and since he looked suspicious he was searched. In the paper bag, off icials found two piastic bags of caoked opium, each weighing 1 kilogram. Police Lieutenant Chirat put this man on the back of his motorcycle in order to take him to the . provi.nciai police station in Muang District. But after going - about 400 meters from the piace where he was arrested, this man us ed his chance to shove Police Lt Chirat off the motorcycie and fled with his handcuffs stiil on. But officiais fired a warning shot into the air, gave chase and arrested him. They then took him and turned him over to Police Captain Wiraphong Somprasong, the officer on duty, for inves;:igation. He was identified as Mr Somsanuk Anurak, age 25, who lives in Tha Khaek in Kham Muan Province, Laos. Mr Somsanuk confessed that he was taking this Cooked opium to a trafficker in Nakhon Phanom city. This was just a sample and if they had reached an agreement, he wouid have brought in at least 300 more kilograms. Hut before.this happened, he was arrested. The officiais placed him under arrest for furt'ber handling of the case. . - 11943 - CSO: 5300/4526 16 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500024028-4 ~iAIIAND =i DRUG TRAF~rICKING PROBLEM ON SOUTHERN BORDER DISCUS~ED Bangkc~k SIAM RAT SAPPADA WICHAN in Thai 20 Sep 81 p 43 [Comment ~'i~ld column by Pan Banduac "Drug Trafficking in the Southern Provinces~~] [Text~ Based on a statement by Police Ma jor Generai Phao Sarasin, ~the secretary-general of the Office of the Nax~cotics Controi Board (ONCB), concerning drug trafficking in Thailand in particular, at present, much drug :~muggling is taking place in the south and officials have been ab1E to arrest many of these criminals. ~ - The thing worth noting is that, concerning drug trafficking in the south, based on the arrests that have been made, aimost all of the = drugs seized have been bars o,f morphine. Thus, we can assume that there is certainly a heroin refinery in the south or. on the border with Malysia. If this assumption is true, the government must take action to resolutely suppr~ts this. The facts that support this assumption include the foilowing: Thailand has resolutely prohibited acetic acid from brought into the country since this is an important acid that has long been used in the refining of heroin. Also, stern action has been taken against those who violate the law, and ~here ha~~e been no exceptions in the sout~ern provinces. But at the same time, Malaysia does not have any prohibitions concerning s~Ch chemicals. Thus, drug traffickers who estabiish heroin ref ineries in Malaysia can easily obtain this important acid. Or, it is aiso easy to smuggle this drug across the border into the southern region of Thailand. Thus, it is urgent that these two countries cooperate in suppressing the heroin ref ineries. At present, in the Thai-Ma.lafs~.a border area, whPre there are other probiems that have constantly had an effect, the probiems have begun to be solved because of having mutual understandgng. In particular, the Malaysian prime minister made an official visit to 17 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 Thailand and the Thai prime minister has visited Malaysia and this has greatly improved relations between the t~ro countries. The narcotics probiem that has arisen at present should not be too difficult to solve if the two sides really cooperate ~rith each other. As for Thailand, tnis country is notorious for the drug problemshere, arnd, therofore, steps must quickly b2 taken to solve them. One thing that should be done is to improve the efficiency of ~he officials. Also, a good suppression measure is to investigate and - prosecut~ the cases of those who violate the law. The only thing is that swift action is necessary. As for the actions of the present government, it is believed that this government is honest and that it has certainly intended to suppr.ess drug trafficking in the country as much as possibie, even to the point of putting a deputy prime minister in direct charge of this matter. If the sectors concerned cooperate fully, = the drug problems in the country wiil certainly decrease. Drugs are one of the great threats to mankind. But they create great wealth for selfish people, and they are like a weapon used for pol~tical ~ersecution. This is ~omething that all countries must make every effort possibie to suppress for the future we11-being of society. 11943 CSO: 5300/4526 18 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440500020028-4 CANADA SURVEY FINDS USE OF LSD SOARS IN ONTARIO SCHOOLS _ Toronto THE GLOBE AND MAIL in English 9 Dec 81 p 1 [Article by Dorothy Lipovenko] [Text] The use ot LSD amang Ontarlo ~ hlgh~ About' one-tldrd o~ the studet~ts ~ used ~ school students has risen 6? per cent since cnarijuana and tobacco respeetively.~But 10 1977 and the use oi "uppers" has lnc~ased per cent of Ehe mari ju~ans smokers repor4 about the same, according to a survey by ed using the dt~tg 20 or more tim~s in the - the Addiction Research Foundadon. ~ month prlor to the sutvey. Only 1 per cxnt However, sllghdy fewer studEnts are ot alaohol users saId they had dnmk alco- smo~king martiuana~ the provinc~aride bi- hol daily duriag that same perlad. ~ amual survey indicates. It Ls the first time Among students report~ ~e oi dn~ since the ARF initiated the high scLools at least once !n tbe year be ore the survey study in 1988 that there has b~en no rePor~ was takefl, greater use was �irnmd ~moog ed increase in cnarijuana usc. . scuder?ts in che west~rn regton surveyed Start-term effect~s ui LSD use include compared witb thoee in Metro ToronW. mood ch~nges. ImP~ired motor. sldlls~ ('This has c~onaistendy the case ln all trembling and a.distorted sen~e ot tlme: oi the surveys since they~began.) The aaest- Convuisions~ insomnfa aad prolonged ds~ ern ~reglon included the at+ea froni Bramp- prdsion are ettects aaeociated wlth lon8 ton ta Wlnd3or aid hom Owen Sound to term use. Uppers, which produce a teeling Niagata Falla. Marijnaea use was twice as ot euQhoria, Include � amphetaml~e~~tl mucri; ISD~ two~and-a-halt. dmes; u[aa bennedrine. Etfects honn their use inc u ~e tluee tlmes: noa~pt~escription. atim ts; dizziness~ sweating~� aPC~etite reduction and four tlmes; aad non'=prescriptiai ~arbitw a rise in blood pt~essure: ~ tata~, tovo~and-a-hali tlmes. ~ Commenting aa ~ the reductioR. in mari- wece: ~ juana use, the report, W be released today~ D Studenta yo~nger than .13 were much says, whether thLs is due to~ impmved ~~Y t~ usearry drugs - exc~pt for educadon about adverse eitects of caana- glue end sotve~nts - tt~an older students. ~ bis (mariiuana)~ eco~omiE tactors, or O~~ohol~ mariJi d~Ms used infre- more general sociacultural changes, catti- ~ Y Y Y~Be . not be detecmined ~ 0. Tobaceo and alcohol use declined� be- The 3,270 students surveyed were in tween 1979 and 1961 amang male students. Grades 7, 9, 11 and 13 in publlc and sepa- ~IYlore male students than female stu- rate schools. While alc~hol is thelr most dents used 'a~arljuana, prescrlption barbi- _ papular drug and its consumpdo~n haa turates~ heroin or c~ccaine. remalned steady between surveY Years~ ~ 1'hera was h sign~ificant over-all decline tobacco ia tfie motit trequendy consumdd in the use of solvents such as nail poli~h cirug. About ?Z per cent ot the tobacco rea?over and paint thinner. smokers used tovacco dsily. . ? Uee ot prescription tranquill~zers has dropped alightly siMe IATf. CSO: 532(?/16 19 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 CANADA MOST PROVINCES OPPOSE SOFTENING OF DRUG LAWS Toronto THE GLOBE AND MAIL in English 9 Dec 81 p 3 [Text) 0'i'I'AWA (CP) - Led by Attorney- ~ al~ to modity the taw are based on the . General Roy McMurtry o[ Ontario, a tindiags ot a federal repoR by law ' - ma jority oi provinces (ndicated oppa protessor Gerald LeDaln that now is sitiua yesterday W tederal plans to mure than 10 years oid. They said t!?e sotten tt?e law against possession ot LeDaln report has been outdated by marijuana�and hasdish. ~ medical lndicatlone ot harm praduced . Only Quebec and Manitoba oHered . bgr smuking caansbi9 drugs. support for the long-promised shltting 'Ybey also argued it w~ould be incon- ot marijuana trom ngulatian under sistent for Ottawa to raduce peaaides the Narcotics Contral Act to the less tor slmpleposs~sian but w maintain. severe Food and Drug Act. penaltip tor tratticking~ imPo~6 Ot~cialty~ Qaebec is boyco3tlng thE and cultlvatioq. . federal.provincial meedng ot attor� ~Y8-S~~ in prot~st agawt the cwostitutia~al package tavored b~ Ottawa and the other nine provinces. But alttiough Quebec Justice Mlnister ~ MarC~Andre Bedard was not present. i 6is province aas represeflted by an obeerver. Manitoba's paeidon ~vas ~xpressed by Roland Penner~ Attorney-C~enGral in the New Democradc Party Govern- ment elected Nov.17. Ontario led most oi the other prov- inces in an aasault on tedersl plana, saytng that to modlty the law on poe- seasian would be to lndicate that pos- x~alan is no longer a crime. Delegates sald later thut ~ Mr. � ~ McMurtry'a poeitlon , appeared to be stro~gly intlt~et~ced by the c:aneerva- dve pofice view W tbe province. Tt~e opposing provfnc~es said P~P~- CSO: 5320/16 20 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/42/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 CANADA DRUG SF.iZURE CALLED LARGEST IN WINDSOR ~ Windsor THE WI'~IDSOR STAR in English 24 Nov 81 p 2A [TextJ A Windsor man will be dne man wcwld be ~charged~ marijeeans in brick form was charged t~day with having with poesea~ion of narcotics seiud from a trailerparked about 5400, ,10 worth of nar- for the purpae of traf~cking. ba6ind a Malden Road homa cotica in wha, aolia say u the Ot6er succxsaful raida hava by the RCMP'and Windsoc largeat drug seizuro in Win- been etaged in Windsor dur- dru~ sqaud. ?wo person~ were deor. . ' ing the past 10 yeara. arrested in connection with, An RCMP spo~eaman said In July,1980, fonr men wero that seizure. The Riarijuana detectives L~ Berekoff and arroated and ISD valued at avasvaluedatS140~000. Ro6ert Saunders were eearch- SS0,000 waa seiud by a drug In the tri-county area, Z,000. ; .ing a. Windsor reaidena in sqaud comprised of Windsoc �pounda of �marijuana was connectioa with the investiga- police ard RCMP. 'I'he men 'seiud ie a 1977 raid{ worth tion inW the robbery of Dan- � were altempdng to tran~port nearly 5700,000 at street pri~ ny's Tavern- Sunday, when the narcotics into Canadg' es. Four area men were ~ t6ey discovered the suspected through the Detroit Windsor charged in c~nnection _ witb ' earcotics. ' . tunnel. ; ~ the seizure. _ , Police,.who aro still compil- A raid �in February, t979;' ' ing their roport, baye not *e- netted about S 100,000 of vari= leased the name of t1u man or ous narcodca after police ar- disclosed tbe kinds of narcof- rated 21 per~ons on,37 war- , ics. . rants for drug traffi~king. A spokesman said at least And in i972; 7QOpoitnds of~ - cso: 5320/16 . 21 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R400504020028-4 ~ CANADA BRIEFS - DRUGS SEIZED IN POLICE RAIDS--Toronto--Ten Metro Toronto people have been arrested and nearly $1-million worth of drugs seized by Metro Toronto Police after a three- month investigation. A drug squad officer said yesterday it was one of the largest drug seizures by I~tetro police in aeveral years. In raids on several residences, police f~und 4,729 grams of hashish, 1,816 grams of hash oil, 6S3 grams of high- quality (concentrated) cocaine and a sma11 amount of mari~uana, with an estimated total street value of $914,500. [Text] [Toronto THE GLOBE AND MAIL in English 23 Oct 81 p 11] MAJOR DRUG RAID--Huntsvi,lle, Ont.--The Orilla detachment of the RCN~, working in con~unction with the Ontario Provincial Police, has seized more than 450 kilo- , grams of hashish and high-grade mari~ uana~aith a street value estimated at between $3-million and $5-million. Two Huntsville residents and a Toronto man were charged with possession of a narcotic for the purpose of trafficking after a raid on a house near here on Sunday night. [TextJ [Toronto THE GLOBE AND MAIL in English 17 Nov 81 p 4] CSO: 5320/17 22 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 COLOMBIA BRIEFS COCAINE LABORATORY DISCOVERED--Fiorencia--F-2 agents have diacover~ed a modern cocaine laboratory in the heart of thie city, the capital of Caqueta Department. The discovery was made during a raid on the home of (Libardo Gaitan Fierro), a wealthy businessman. [PA232030 Bogota Radio Santa Fe in Spanish 1730 GMT 23 Dec 81] = DRUG CONFISCATION--The Colombian police have dealt a harsh blow to the drug traffickers operating in the various parts of the country. A gang wa~ dismantled and a 27-ton marijt?ana shipment was seized. The traffickers are (Ezequiel Paredes Guerra), (Alfonso Marin Ramirez), (Hugo Perez), (Jose Gomez), (Miguel Asierra Rodillo), (Pascual Arregozes) and (Hugo Perney Arregozes). [PA050325 Bogota Radio Cadena Nacional in Spanish 1730 GMT 4 Jan 82] ~ DRUG TRAFFICKER'S ARREST--National police in Cucuta arrested (Adolfo Marin Pineda) and seized 1,400 mandrake pills, 2,200 mari~uana cigarettes and 13,000 - pesos in counterfeit 100-peso bills. [PA050325 Bogota Radio Cadena Nacional . in Spanish 1730 GMT 4 Jan 82] . CSO: 5300/2112 23 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 PERU BRIEFS COCAINE ~3ASE SEIZURE--The Peruvian Inveatigative Police (PIP) of Callao last night seized 60 kg of cocaine base worth more than 100 million soles near the - Jorge Chavez International airport. The PIP arrested Juan Mamani and a minor whose initials are F.D. [PY251332 Lima EXPRESO in Spanish 30 Nov 81 p 17] DRUG TRAFFICKER BAND DIStdANTLED--The narcotics department of the Peruvian Investigative Police has captured members of an international gang of drug traffickers who had set up a laboratory and cocaine leaf maceration tanks in the downtown area of Callao. The police have arrested Carlos Martinelli Castro and Jesus Alfonso Duenas Isla but have not yet managed to capture Elsa Herrera Briceno, who ran the~above drug distribution center. [PY261332 Lima EXPRESO in Spanish 27 Nov 81 p 34] COCAINE DISPATCHED BY MAIL--The Peruvian Investigative Police have disrupted a drug traff ickers' organization that dispatched camouflaged cocaine hydrochlorate to Canada by regietered mail. They have arrested Arana Ampuero, 24, who was in charge of dispatching the mail, along with Octavio Choza Bondon, 24, Jaime Raul Vega Tarazona, 23, and Jack William Arbildo Estrella, who were the leaders of the organization. [PY202201 Lima EL COMERCIO in Spanish 11 Dec 81 p A-14] CSO: 5300/2115 24 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500024028-4 VENEZUELA BRIEFS COCAINE ARREST--The metropo~itan police arrested (Severino Cardoni), (Antonio Cardoni) and (Antr~nio Hernandez) near (?E1 Polvorin de La Pastora) Plaza. The young men were carrying 14 jara of cocaine. They are being questioned by the (Totiza) in.telligence division. The technical corps of the ~udicial police drugs division will continue the investigation. [PA300136 Caracas Radio Continente Network in Spanish 2100 GMT 29 Dec 81] ~ CSO: 5300/2115 - 25 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500024028-4 - DENMARR NORwAY, SWEDEN DEMAND DENMARK TIGHTEN DRUG CONTROL Copenhagen BERLINGSKE TIDENDE in Daniah 8 Nov 81 p 7 [Article by Jorn Brandt] [Text] Both the Swedish and Norwegian governments are putting pressure on Denmark to implement a more restrictive narcotics policy. Sweden's minister for social affairs and Nordic cooperation, Karin Soder, said to BERLINGSKE on Sunday, "It is very important for combatting the narcotics prablem in Denmark, Norway and Sweden that we arrive at a common policy in the field. There- fore, the Swedish government has proposed a ministerial level meeting, for example in January 1982, to consider the problems." Before that Karin Soder would like to have a apecial meeting with a representative of the Danish government in preparation for the tri-partite meeting. The reason is that, according to Karin Soder, Denmark takes a more liberal position towards - narcotics than Sweden and Norway, s~nd that cre~tes problems. Karin Soder's poaition is supported by the Norwegian minister of social affairs, Leif Arne Heloe, who eays, In Norway we are clearly more restrictive in regard to narcotics than in Denmark. I am not going to involve myself in the policy of the Danish Government, but it seems to me that such a meeting can be useful. For - example, I can mention that we in Norway are conaidering increasing the maximum _ punishment for serious narcotice crimes from 10 to 15 years." Nordic Demand that Christiania be Closed Being Cons~dered by Eolk~ting Ritt B~erregaard, the minister of social affaira, will answer in parliament the demand of inembers of the Nordic Council's social committee that Christiania be closed up. It is the Conservative aocial-political chairman, Agnete Laustsen, who is putting the question to the miniater of social affaira. Recently, the former undersecretary in the Norwegian department of social affaira, Per Nyhus, described Christiania as the "Nordic center for narcotica trafficking and crime." _ Agnete Laustsen says, "The other Nordic countries are demanding that Christiania be cloaed up, which is quite understandable. Children and young people go to rack - and ruin, and Nordic parents must seek help through their embassiea to get their 'children home from Christiania." 26 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/42/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 She now wants to know what the m3.nister of social affairs is going to do as a result of the Nordic complainta. Members of all the parties in the Swedish parliament have demanded in a letter to the Danish goverrnneiit that it ctose up Christiania. In the letter it is stated among other things, "Christiania is a haunt and Nordic center in the sale of narcotics to Nordic young people and consequently is a contrib- uting cause to the narcotics market in Sweden." At the same time the signatories are of the opinion that the existence of Christiania is in violation of the inter- national narcotics convention of 1961, which Denmark signed, and consequently they conclude their petition to the government by demanding "that the government of . Denmark close up Christiania and at the same time take resprnsibility for the aduicts in Christiania." The letter was sent by "The National Association for a Narcotics Free Society," � - which is a Swedish popular movement against the misuse of narcotics. It has about 5,000 members, many of i~hem professional social workers. One of them, Melvyn Lundholm from the narcotics se~tion of Malmo's administration of social services, was one of the speakers at a seminar for journaliets which the Central Association f or Information Regarding Alcohol and Narcotics held. He said, "Denmark follows a conaistent and extresnely liberal policy regarding narcotics, not least when hashish is involved. In Denmark in practice the possesaion and amoking of hashish, is not a crime, neither is the cultivation of cannabis, if there is no intention to misuse or sell. This cultivation is quite extensive, and there is much to indicate hashish grown in Dernnark is exported." - Melvyn Lundholm eriticizes the practice of the Danish police in iszuing warnings to people who have been arrested with up to 1~0 grams hashish in theix possession, and he continues with a passion to deplore the conditions in Christiania. "The sale of hashish goes on compl.etely openly in Christianid. Sellers stand offer their goods in open competitisident ofaChrist~,ania,rtnostdof~theeinhabitantse~ quality etc, and, according to a re , of Christiania support themaelves by selling hashish. Melvyn Lundholm is of the opinion that the Danish narcotic policy influences the ~ market in all of Scandinavia. , He said to BERLINGSKE on Sunday," by allowing open narcotica traffic in Christiania the Danish Government is influencing the narcotics market in Sweden in a very ser- ious manner. For example, it ia easy for Swedish addicta to make good buys for - little muney in Christiania and then aell the stuff in Sweden. Consequently, the Swedish politicans must put preQa::=e on the Danish Government in order to gst the Danish free city closed." Restrictive Enough According to sources close to the governemnt, people in Denmark are not particularly _ pleased with the initiative of the Swedish social minister, Karin Soder, for a 27 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 Scandinavian narcotics meeting, as mentioned above. Inside the government it has created problems as to whether Denmark ~hould be reprpsented by the minister of justice, Ole Espersen, the minister of social affairs. Ritt Bjerregaard, or by the minister of internal affair~, Henning Rasmussen; and it has created displeasure among some Social Democrats. Henning Rasmussen himself said to BERLINGSKE on Sunday, "It is true that the Swedish _ proposal involves a long serie3 of problsms involving the ~urisdiction of several ministries, and we shall now consider from the Danish side how we can tackle it." The minister of justice, Ole Espersen, believes that the Danish narcotics policy is sufficiently r~strictive, but he naturally wants to consider the problems with his Nordic colleagues. The Social Democratic member of parliament, Bernhardt Tastesen, who wae previously chairman of the Folketing's social committee and whe has been intimately involved for many years with the misuse of narcotica, saya," I believe a tightening of the _ narcotics policy will create more problema than we had previously. For exarnple, if we intervene more in regard to hashish= we are taking a chance that the young peopie will go over to harder stuff." Without Blame y This view is supported by the cultural s~ciologist at the University of Copenhagen, _ Jacques Blum, who has been involved with the problems of deviates, including Christiania. He says, Christiania is not to blame for the Swedish problem. It has, like in Denmark, primarily social causes, and I regard the initiative of the Swedes as an effort to ship their problems with narcotics over tlhe Oresund to Denmark." "We have in Christiania almost overcome the hard stuff, but quite rightly not with hashish which is sold relatively openly. But if the Swedes want to help the Danes with the narcotics problem by having city areae closed down, they should rather point to Vesterbro and Norrebro. It is there that the real problema are to be found, and it is there that action should be taken. Not with a more restrictive policy but with a gregter social. effort." 6893 - CSO: 5300/2072 28 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 DENMARK PRESSURE FROM NCitWAY, SWEDEN MAY FORCE STRONGER DRUG LAW ~ Stockholm DAGENS NYHETER in Swedish 6 Dec 81 p 15 [Text] It appears that ~he Danish government is beginning to be impressed by the harsh Swedish and Norwegtan criticism of, among other things, the sale of hashish in the so-called free town Christiania in Copenhagen. The minister of 3ustice in Denmark, Ole Espersen, said on Saturday that he can con- template stricter laws against the possession of hashish if that leada to a re- striction in hashish dealing. Espersen said in an interview on Danish radio that he is positively inclined to the idea of establishing fines for the poasession of hashish in very small quantities if that can limit the hashish dealing. Today in Denmark only a warning is given if it is believed that the possession of heroin is only for private use. The general view in Copenhagen seems to be that Espersen was just tr~ing to get votes since he is just now being severely pressed by aeveral bourgeois parties who want harder measures against both the conditions in Christiania and hashish in general. But a source within the Danish police believes that it is primarily the Swedish and Norwegian criticism of Denmark that is behind Espersen's softer attitude. An investigation was made public on Saturday indicating that 47 percent of adult Danes want Christiania ended when its license expirea. Thirty-two percent want the "free town" to continue in the future. The Folketing will decide Christiania's - future next year. 6893 CSO: 5300/2099 29 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02109: CIA-RDP82-00854R000500020028-4 FINLAND DOMESTIC DRUG PR(JBLEM COMPARED TO OTHER NORDIC COUNTRIES Helainki HELSINGIN SANOMAT in Finnish 17 Nov 81 p 11 [Article by Iima Stenback] [TextJ A new drug wave is on its way to the Nordic countries. There are 500 Finnish drug addicts in Sweden and 5,000 in Finland. Does Finland have a drug problem? By all means no, but there are Finns who do. The worst drug addicts have moved to S~aeden or Denmark, because of eas ier availability of drugs. They have moved there to die, because they do not know about places where they could get help, in these countries any more than in Finland. We do indeed have quite a few people with drua p roble~: 5,000 drug addicts and 50,000 who e~cperiment with drugs. Drug puahing is happening all over Finland. . A new wave of hashish is sweeping over the Nordic countries and the hard drugs have come to stay. The United Nations are predicting that the 1980's will be the worst decade of c~rug abuse ever. The increase in internatioual drug trafficking has resulted in drugs being amug- gled even into Finland in various ways. Nobody can say with certainty whether the drug mafia is settled in Finland, or if it has stopped in our neighbor coun- try to the wes t. The golden triangle of Southeast Asia, Thailand, Laos and Burma, and nawadaya especially Iran, Afghanistan and Pakietan as we 11 as Turkey of Europe and most recently Mexico of South America produce per year hundrede of tons of illegal crude opium and finished heroin for the drug markets of Europe and the United _ 5eates. Based on the amounts of druga aeized, the main drug countries of Europe are the - Federal Republic of Germany, Holland, Denmark and Yugoslavia. According to statistics the number of deaths caused by overdosage of drugs is higheat in the Federal Republic of Germany, more than 600 per year. Last year there were no deaths in Finland caused by overdoaea of the so-called hard drugs, amphetamines and opiatea (heroin, morphine). Last year the number ~f suicides that were clearly caused by overdoaea of inedicinal druga was 160. In ~ the beginning of the last decade the number of deaths cauaed by drugs was around �10 each year. 30 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 - The number of inedicine abusers is currently estimated to about 3,000 and the number is 200 according to official statistics. In the years following World War II there were about 400 heroin abusers in Finland. In the late 1960's only 150 of them were living. The Finr_ish people prefe3- to use liq:icr and medicines t~ kill ~t'_;e~~:,~::~res rat'-er than traditional drugs. According to the new narcotics law that came into force in 1972 it is a criminal offense to manufacture or let be manufactured, transport, trade, buy, sell, act as an agent for, possess or use narcotics without permission. It is also a criminal offense to give to someone else a drug prescription or another document for which drugs can be obtained. Our narcotics law is extremely atrict, becauae it is only in Finland, Norway and - Greece, that even the use of drugs is a criminal offense. The longest sentence for drug offenses in Finland is at the most 10 years, but in practice the ~ail terms rarely exceed 3 years. In HoiJ.snd and Denmark it is even legal to poeaess hashish for private use. The liberal drug policies of these countries are continuously subject for dispute at the international meetings on drug abuse. According to the history of drugs opium was grown in Europe already 4,000 years ago and the Chinese used mari.juana as an anesthetic 2,00~ years ago. Already Homer wrote about opium and Herodotos wrote about hashish. The Drug Roulette In 1967 druga were seized in Finland for the first time and the narcotics group of the criminal police was formed. Since then physicians and sociologista have been writing about the drug aituation in Finland without being able to clarify whether we hav~ a drug problem or not. With th�: approach of an investigating journalist and with the support of a "laudatur" degree, Sirkka Germain revealed in her report "The Drug Roulette Is Going Around," that was published last year, that it ia a fact which has been observed for a long time: drugs are a aerious youth problem in Finland. Germain's book is the firet investigative work to understand the Finnish drug youth within the environment that they live in. Iiow does a young person, who has no job, who has no place to live and who is emotionally and physically dependent on drugs, pay for his portion of drugs? Thxough stealing, of course. - "Finland has transferred its drug problem Co Sweden and Denmark, where the worst users of hard drugs are fcund. These drug emmigrants from Finland are truly living outside society. Pleasant treatment cannot be received in Finland. - Aftercare does not exist. The authorities are pleased as long as these young people are off their lists," says Germain. 31 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400504020028-4 - According to Germain there is a problem that is more serious than the phyaical dependence,of the drug youth. That is ttie social spiral. Many young people were so yo~g when they started to use drugs that they never had time to form any other habits . While Germain was working in Stockholm she became familiar with the drug spiral of the Finnish drug youth and the dead end street to which it leada. There is no place in Sweden where the Finniah drug addicts could receive treatment. In Finland the young drug addicts do not try to get help, becauae they coneider the treatment available completely useless. And even if the young addict would get care in an institution, there would not be much chance thereafter to get a job and a place to live. The drug roulette has started: treatueent, jail and then release. ' "The young drug addict is alwaya cncertain. He always liea about his past. Above all, the young drug addict needs community life and aince the establiehed society - cannot offer that to him, the young peraon resorta to an artificial world of drugs." It is not possible to kill them either. And for what would these young people be rehabilitated? For unemployment, to be homeless? The efficient society is only - interested in its productive members. The above litany was the standard answer of the Finnish social workers, who had confesaed that their work was waeted, when Germain had asked them about the treatment of young drug addicts. Stockholm There are, according to statistics, around 500 Finnish drug addicts in SCockholm. ; They are generally heroin addicta, they have escaped from prieon and are wanted by the police in Finland. It is estimated that there are even more Finnish drug addicta in Copenhagen than in Stockholm. ' According to the young drug addicta and also according to the police, it is easier to comtait burglaries in S~aeden and Denmark, and it is also easier to get drugs. This is one reason why the woret abusere of hard druga have left Finland. It ia estimated that the druga in Sweden swallow over 30 billion Swedish crowns, in Finland more than a million Finniah marke. Chief of the drug equad of the Central Criminal Police, police inepector Olli , Weckman, is of the opinion that we cannot speak about a real drug problem as compared to the other Nordic countriea. According to him, the situation has, however, become worse, which is already ahown by the fact that beside the hashish wave, amphetamines have also appeared on the market this fall, as well as heroin and LSD, which has not been seen for a long time. The criminal police has in the last 3 yeara found four amphetamin~e laboratories run by Finnish people. During the hot drug periods of the 1960's the average age of the d~ug abusers was 17 yeara. In the beginning of the 1970's even 13-year-olds became abusers. In - the 1980's the age range is higher up and according to Weckman the average age 32 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 is nowadays between 18-24. Individuals of minor age, who are still in echool, have ~oined. According to Weckman it is relatively easy to get hold of hashish in Finland. ~he way to harder drugs usually begins with hashish and it is known that Y~ashish mak,~:.� brain cells degenerate. As far as is known these cells are not restored. Some week ago the Finnish custams seized upon a record amount of hashish from Thailand that had arr.ived as air freigizt. Can this last amount of over 50 kilo- grams be a sign that the dr ug mafia is coming to Finland? "It is possible, but it seems, though, as if the amount seized was not intended for the Finnish drug markets. Maybe it is again a matrer of an effort to map out such a situation," guesses Weckman. The Finnish drug squad is among the laet police forces in the Western countriea without the right to tap telephone calls. Weckman suspects that there may be a fear in Finland that the right to secretly overhear telephone calls would be uaed for other purposes than the inveatigation of crimes. In the other Nordic coun- tries secret overhearing of telephone calls is very rigidly controlled. The secret overhearing of telephone calls would, according to Weckman, be a means to uncover the largest drug rings. The right t~ inspect diplomatic mail would also be a welcome aid for the technieally deficient police. work. , A little less than half of the drug trafficking takes place in the capital includ- ing the suburbs. According to chief of the narcotics office of the Hzlsinki crim- inal police, Torsti Koskinen, the average drug abuser of the capital is between 20 and 26 years old and he uses a combination of liquor, medicines and druga, he - is a student and he is from the highest social group. The relative number of - women has increased significantly. - "Those who get caught are generally drug distributors, not as frequently drug abusers," Koskinen reminda. "The Finnish unemployed, homeless, new im~aigrant, who does n~t speak Swedish, is _ at the first handshaking offered free tastes of hashish in Kungatradgarden of Stockholm. This way the young person gets into the drug busineas. After the hashish follows 'piri' or amphetaminee and in case heroin is available, the future drug addict has determined his futuYe," says editor Petteri Vaananen, producer of the drug report on television last Sunday, that stirred so much coum~otion. T'wo Finnish drug addicts that live in Stockholm were interviewed on the show. A heroin addict can expect to live for 10 yeara on the average. Around 50 indi- viduals die each year in Stockholm due to overdoses of heroin. . The drug statistics depend on how active the police are. The police get informa- ' tion about only around 5 percent of all drug crimes. 33 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400500020028-4 Last year 1,076 drug crimes took place in Finland, drugs were seized 164 times aad there were 13 drug store burglaries. Elevea k~lograms of cannabis were aeized and a few grama of heroin. The Swediah drug police seized 719 kilograme of h~shish laet year. That ia a tremendoue difference as compared to us. Heroin ha~ an estgbliahed poaition in Denmark and Sweden. According to the Nordic Council the collaboration between the member couatries leavee a lot to be desired with regard to the fight a�~jainet the drug problem. The council has actually reconanended that the legielation be made more uaiform, that the police and the cuatoms get more manpower and that there be a rein troduction of the requirement that the passporte be etamped for traveling f rom one Nordic country to another. Drug Trafficking on the Streete of Helainki Jaska, 32, is one of the beat knowri drug people in Heleinki. He has apent 5 years in ~ail for aelling heroin and ampt?etaminea, substances that he onc~ used hin~aelf. According to Jaska, drug trafficking ie taking place in Finland juet like it did in the past yeara, although it hae moved from the etreeta indoors. There are, however, esceptions, especially in the a:ea around the Erotta~a. It is poasible tn get hold of heroin, although of a low quality, as long as you lcnow where to go, whom to ask. "''L'he police get their teeth into the amateurs, the drip users, the achool children who smoke their first hashiah joints as an experiment in the park of the Parlia- ment building." During one period of his life Jaeka went through all the possible institutiona for treatment of drug abuaers that there are in Finland, Jarvenpaa, Pena, the - Helsinki Youth Station, the Junea commune and the Heaperia Hospital. Noae of these helped. "It was of courae good to hang around in these places before getting before the judges. The treatment inatitutions are worthlese in Finland and the treatment series auffer from lack of competence. The therapieta talk about the lamb's head. Of course they are a little dit clever when they try to extract complexes and ~ impotence. The biggest problem ie that they know nothing about the drug addicts' world Jaska has calmed down by now. As seen from the outside, his life aeems to be in order, he has a wife, and a firstborn, who is a daughter. What takes place inside the former ~ailbird, drug addict, the citizen who has been through hard times, is less predictable. "Justice never wins in thia world. Even ineide the prisona the guards respect only the 'big criminals,' swindlers and the like. To them a drug addict ia slime and you feel that." After the Dolorex hassle the oldest drug addicta have, according to Jaska, died like cockroaches. Those who used to use rex (Dolorex), are now alcoholics, Jaska does not drink liquor himself, because it only gives you a bad poature. 34 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 = o~o Oso sits together with his girlfriend on a sofa in a basement room in Eira. This ig where the people who vegetate get together, the defenders of budding youth, = representatives of the counterculture, the writers of the UUDEN AJAN AURA paper and their supporters.. Oso is a 31-year-old former drug addict, who started his experimenting with hashish during the golden age of the hippie movement, he used amphetamines naw and then, as well as medicines. Nowadays he smokes "only hashish" in the company of good friends. "Why drugs? People become alienated in this society, because people are not allowed to live in accordance with their o~a nature, their own psychological needs. No animal species deatroys the earth like the human beings do," says Oso, - who has read Santeri Alkio philosophically, theosophically. As a way to treat drug addicts Oso *.vould like to use the old Nordic village municipality as a model, wherein the drug addicta live together with other people and work as much as they are able to. They would gradually reach the same inner world as they do when under the effect of drugs. Oso and his friends do not support the uae of drugs. Despite this Oso would like to legalize hashish and mari~uana, knowing very well what the large ma~ority of the Finnish people think of such a proposal. After~his years of drifting, suici- dal thoughts and living under a boat, Oso has decided to get along with today's society, although he has not adjusted to it. Heli Heli is a 55-yeaz-old former heroin addict living in Helsinki, a former victim of the Dolorex hearings. For decades Dolorex was the medicine abused by our drug addicts. Now this disputed drug has been removed from the market and it can no longer be obtained from the apothecaries of Finland. "I started uaing heroin together with my husband right after the war. In 1955 I seriously tried to stop my heroin shots at Nikkila, where excellent therapy was available. You could get insuline and good food at Nikkila. We did a lot of - skiing and the family was allowed to visit. It is no longer possible to get any good treatment. They are so deviliehly harah even at Heaperia." In Heli's opinion Dolorex ie not a narcotic, but an anesthetic, a pain killer. Rex does not make you high, it helps and aoothes. "The Dolorex trial was awful. We were not even allowed to defend ourselves. Old drug addicts like us die nowadays while standing up. The doctors give Diapam instead of rex, but it doea not help at all, of course. They should have ahot them doFan inste~i, why torture old drug addicta." Tha trial was such a hard blow for Heli that she decided to give up the hard druga. She l~as so far stood behind her decision. . - 35 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R400504020028-4 Sami Minna is sitting in the Old Church Park of Helsinki, the Plague Park on a bench beside a person with whom she has had the only huma.n relationship in~her life, Sami. Som~e hours earlier he had met his friend in the restroom of the Erottaja kiosk. The friend had r~turne3 from the Staeden shuttle ship and Sami had bought a heroin shot from him with 1,000 marks. In the middle of the street crowds of Helainkil Within a stone's throw from the narcotics police! Just a hundred meters from the former drug park and the drug barl , The narcotics advisory coum~ittee could for a change take a tour around the Plague Park that has been sobered up and then forgoCten, around the Erottaja, the railway station, a tour through Espoo, visit the Turku County Jail, Malmskilln3dsgatan ir Stockholm, Christiania in Copenhagen and count on their fingers how many thousands - of Finnish drug addicts they see. The Treatment for Drug Abusers Is Down and Out The narcotics committee presented their rer~ort in 1969. The nar- cotics advisory committee, formed 2 years later, put to~ether their proposal for _ developing treatment for addicts of narcotics and medicines. - What has happened? Nothing. The lack of municipal treatment places for drug addicts is chronic. In 1969 the psychologists' association joined associate professor Kettil Bruun - in his controversial opinion that only the possession of drugs for distribution purposes, not at all the use of drugs, would be a criminal offense. The amend- ment propnsed by the committee would, according to. th~e psychologists, brfng the young drug addicts, who need treatment, into prison. Has this actually taken place? Yes. Nowadays about 10 drug addict patients, a fraction of the actual number, are admi.tted to the municipal treatment institutions, the a-clinics, the youth - dispensariea and the psychiatr::Lc hospitals each ~ear. Only the police records report several thousand pure narcotics addicts. In the prisons about 50 problem narcot~.cs addicts sit who are in need of treatment. Treatment is not obligatory for e narcotics addict in Finland. A young c3rug addict can, however, under the "direction" of the police and the social inspec- - tor, be passed on to an inatitution to sober up. Withdrawal treatxnent ia usually not practiced in Finnish hospitals. The Hesperia hospital in Helsinki admits, _ in exceptional cases, one drug abuaer at a time for withdrawal treatment. ~ The Hesperia dispensary has for about 20 years provided so-called methadone treatment, whereby attempts are made to get narcotics addicts to withdraw from _ drugs through daily administration of a specific amount of drugs, usually 36 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 methadone mixed with ~uice. Methadone is the moat common withdrawal and substitu- tion drug for narcotiCa addicts used in the world. ~fiis fall three citizens are drinking Kesperia's methadone ~uice. The number of . applicants for the ~uice line is severalfold larger. If you study the actual numbers to evaluate the success of the treatment o~ tihe young drug addicts, the person who has accomplished the most is the former - deacon, now someone who thinks he can make the world a better_ place, Aulis Junes, chief of the Arkadia youth clinic ar.d its founder. . Junes' group which for 12 years has been working in different locations of the ` capital, nowadays centered at Linnunlaulutie, does not treat intoxicated young people or young drug addicts with pills but instead with work and fellowohip. The work community of Arkadia conaiats of 10 people who make a living by collecting rags and with flea market activitiea in the large old wooden building, and they give each other support. Forty-five percent of the Arkadia individuals have returned to norm~l life in saciety. , ~ "Society's biggest mistake is to consider drug abuse a mental disease. The Finnish treatment insti.tutions want only customere who stay for the rest of their lives in agreemenC. with the model provided by the revivalist ~ovementa. That is what is called mental hospitalization. The best treatment for the young drug - addicts is a syatem w~herein they help themselves, sane farmers' ethics," asaures Junes. According to Aulis Junes the drug-addicted poor have moved to Swed~en and Denmark, the wealthier drug addicts have moved to West Germany. Big news are the cannabis products that are smuggled from the United States. Many a mother has called up - Junes, startled, when she has noticed that her child, who has been a student in the United States, is using drugs when returning to Finland. "More serious than the drug problem is the problem regarding where young people = live. It is a shame to put children into basementa, since they are meant far storing potatoes. Punke do not use drugs. To brand their hangoat the Bat Cave was simply a craving for sensation on the part of the co~nercial press," said Junes. 9662 _ CSO: 5300/2090 37 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 FINLAND NEW PRESCRIPTION LAW TO CONTROL NARCOTICS IN EFFECT Helsinki UUSI SUOMI in Finnish 17 Nov 81 p 11 [Article by Jaakko LehtinenJ ~[Text] There will be new regulations for prescriptions from the beginning of next year. The altered prescription regulations or the directions for prescribing medicine and delivery of inedicine will make it significantly harder to prescribe narcotica and medicines that affect the central nervous syatem. There are changes also in the regulations concerning liquor and medicines that contain alcohol. Otherwise the regulations have been adjusted only when it has been proven diffi- cult to interpret a regulation, according to a spokesman for the National Board of Health. As in the past, the physician is allowed to prescribe medicines only to a person whose disease he himself has diagnosed. The prescription should usually be given - in writing, but sometimes in exceptional cases, over the telephone. The amount of inedicine that can be prescribed may correspond only to 1 year of treatment. A new rule ia that it ia not permitted to use a preacription with the name of the medicine printed or stamped onto the form. It is emQhasized in the regulations that the purpose of the drug ahould always be specified on the prescription. There muet be a very particular reason for such a specification to be excluded. Narcotics Must Not Be Prescribed Over the Teiephone The physician should always give the patient sufficient information regarding the purpose of the medicine, ~ts use, its aide eff~cts ~nd possible harmful effects, _ far example, the effect on driving. In a telephone prescription the amount of inedicine should be limited to the mini- mum. Certain substanc~s cannot be prescribed over the telephone, including actual 38 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 - narcotics. medicines that require an original prescription, alcohol, medicinal , brandy, m~c~icinal wine and rubbing alcohol. Alcohol Prescriptions Hard To Get The physicians no longer easily give out the al~ohol prescriptions that the farm- ers in the country used to want--no matter how sick they might be. With~n certain limtts the physici3n has the right to prescribe alcohol for the - patient "for external use." According to the regulations alcohol can be prescribed only in cases when the physician determines that he cannot prescribe any other substance because of the possible side effects. Concentrated alcohol (spiritus forte) should when possible be replaceci by rubbing alcohol. Maximum 200 g Medicinal Brandy The amount of alcohol prescribed by a must not exceed an average of 1,000 g per month based on half-yearly calculations. The prescriptions for spirit, medicinal brandy, medicinal wine and rubbing alco- hol remain in the apothecary, where they are stored for 10 years. The physician should keep records about for whom, for what purpose, and how much alcohol or other medicine containing alcohol he has prescribed. The maximum amount of inedicinal brandy that can be prescribed with one prescrip- tion is 200 g. The amounts of inedicinal wine and rubbing alcohol are not limited. A bachelor of inedicine can prescribe spirit and medicines containing alcohol only to patients . Strict Regulations for Narcotica - The new directions have special emphasis on narcotics regulations. It is usually atated that when actual narcotics are prescribed the physician should be especially careful. The drug must not be prescribed for a patient whom the physician does not know. Narcotics should further always be prescribed in writing on a special narcotics prescription form. On the preacription should also be inCluded the personal identification and the address. Similar regulations apply to the prescribing of apecial medicines that affect the central nervous system (the PKV special preparations). 39 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 - Stricter Attitude Toward Falsifications - Agothecary Pentti Saari of the Univeraity Pharmacy is of the opinion that i~ was a necessary and pertinent measure to reform and adjust the regulatioas for the - prescription of drugs. "Many useful and good mattera have beea taken into account in the amendmeat." _ Becauae of the new regulations regarding the aelling of drugs the ambiguities of the prescriptions are reduced and the pstients get the right amounts of the right medicine with more certainty than before. "Only practice will ahow what effect the reformed regulationa will have oa pre-. venting the attempta to forge prescriptions. Such tricks are not uacoam~on nowa~ days . . "For exa~aple in our pharmacy a few falsifications per year are uncovered." ~ The Physicians'. Handwriting Continues To Be a Problem "The prescription written by a phyeician ie not always clear and unambiguoue, as it absolutely ehould be," etate phyaiciana Timo Klaukka and Heiltki Karppanen in the newest issue of LAAKARILEHTI. "Unclear handwriting is often a fact. The matter is, however, often helped by the fact that the physiciana use a clear stamp to clarify the names," ea~~ apothecary Saari. "When the name of a drug is unclearly written the patient may get a completely different medicine than the one that the physician intended," Klaukka and Karppanen point out. . 9662 CSO: 5300/2090 40 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 FRANCE BRIEFS DRUG SEIZURE--Nine kilos of drugs have been seized in Sete. Police have arrested a Spaniard who was transporting eight kiloa of cannabis oil and one kilo of reain concealed in the bodywork of his car. He had come on a car-ferry from Moroc~o. The druga were worth about 350,000 francs. [LD070246 Paris Domestic Service in French 1100 GMT 6 Jan 82J CSO: 5300/2118 ~ 41 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 ~ NETHERLANDS METHADONE DISTRIBUTION IN AMSTERDAM VIEWED Stockholm DAGENS NYHETER in Swedieh 4 Dec 81 p 36 . [Article by Lotta Schullerqvist] [Text] In Amsterdam there are up to 7,000 heavy drug abusers. Heroin is sold at almoet every street corner. The authorities, in order to try to reduce crime, offer methadone--a synthetic morphine--to addicts instead of the expensive, illegal narcotic. Buses drive around between different p]aces to where addicts can come and get their daily dose. When the pro~ect is fully in operation, 1,000 addicts will get methadone in this manner. Amsterdam was at the beginning of the seventiea a refuge c~nter for the hippie generation hashieh snwkers; the liberal Dutch narcotic policy permitted the open uae of different drugs. _ "A f ew years ago the government realized that the aoft line toward misuse was no longer feasible. Addicts only increased. Robberies, thefts and prostitution made the streeta more and more insecure. Ameterdam's reputation as a touriat town was in danger. In order to try to.arreat this development, we decided to go in for a big methadone program," Dua Fabius and Etienne Huberts say. They work at the Amaterdam's municipal health service adminietration and are responaible far planning the methadone pro~ect. Reaching More "With methadone we reach a larger segment of addicts than with individual-oriented care which aims toward freedom from drugs. Those individuals who are not motivated to end their narcotic addiction control their dependence on drugs `through methadone and avoid using all their waking hours to hunt for heroin." Methadone has been used i~tDutch narcotics care during most of the seventies, both at institutions and by family doctora who write i~rescriptions for individual . addicta . - The first project ueing buses bringing methadone treatment to reach immigrant groups who did not a~ek a doctor or other care was s~:arted a f ew years ago. ' 42 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 Later prostitutes received treatment thie way since they did not generally seek the usual care. 'The bus program was expanded still further this summer. One thousand addicts can now get their daily dose from one of the two buses which drive around '~etweer. definite "stops." A doctor's certificate or an examination and an interview at one of the methadone ~ program's four open correctional centers for addicts is required to get into the program. Therz is no age limit and no requirement to be clean of drugs to get into the program, but on the other hand at least 4 years of addiction. The individual who needs something more than methadone is referred from the buses to the open correctional reception centers where there are, in addition to - doctors, psychologists and social workers. Must Want To "About half the people who come to the busea ask for social help. But only a fifth seriously want to end their addictiori. We pin much of our hope on them, b~it for those who don't want to, we can't do more than give them methadone," says Ernest Buning, who is a psychologist and coordinator at one of the open _ correctional reception centers. i One can be referred by the reception center to treatment or to some social help ~ organization. In Holland there is no socialized medicine. It is handled by , private foundations, often with church organizations behind them. The munici- ~ palities and institutions purchase the services of the foundations for the ~ citizens. ' - Such a founclation is "De Regenboog," the Rainbow, which conducts social field ~ work, provides narcotics information, contacts parents and family, and after-care for addicts. Marjolyn Keesmaat, a field worker, relates: "We work primarily in the addic~s' own enviranment and try to help them survive. We take no responsibility for their lives but try to get them to do that t'nem- selves. Those who want to can stop the habit and get support, but we don't try to convince anyone--that is fruitless. To thoee people who want to be free of narcotics, we try to give more comfortable life, among other ways by helping them with methadone." Mar~olyn does not regard methadone as a narcotic but as a medicine for withdrawal. Critical The social workers can refer those people who want to stop their habit to a ' treatment institution. One of the largest in Holland is the Jellinek Center which has a number of counseling, detoxifying and treatment clinics, and after-care homes for both alcoholics and narcotics addicts. 43 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02109: CIA-RDP82-00854R000500020028-4 Erik Grannat works in one of the advising offices for addicts: "We are critical in regard to the methadone buses. There, a strong drug is handed out free, and the drug abuser is allowed to remain in his old environment. There is no way of determining if all who come to the buses really need methadone. It happens that 14-15 year olds obtain methadone there and that is completely crazy: it creates a strong dependence. "Methadone is an effective way to keep addicts under control and to give the town a nice appearance. But one is risking making thousands into legal addicts for life. Politically, it is profitable to put a1Z the money in methadone instead of in the care which can really help addicts. It looks like something is finally being done. 6893 CSO: 5300/2095 44 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/42/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 NORWAY CUSTOMS SERVICE REPORTS BIG INCREASE IN DRUG SEIZURES Oslo ARBEIDERBLADET in Norwegian 21 Nov 81 p 9 [Article by Jarit Jahreie] [Text] The Customs Service has so far this year confiscated 31 percent more narcotics than for the same period last year. The quantity is increasing from year to year. The year's confiscation has a value of about 5 million kroner on the open market. The confiacation of liquor and wine has also increased over last _ year's. And the gigantic confiecation at Nosodden is not taken into account. That will make a big impact on the year's atatistics. "It can be na~urally concluded that there is more smuggling now than before. But I hope and believe that the big confiscations are due to more effective inspection. tn any case, custom inspections have been increased, says consultant Vidar Vestreng in the Customs Service to ARBEIDERBLADET. There were, in regard to narcotics9 166 confiscations by 31 October last year. - For the same period this year the number is 219. The ~reatest increasE~ has been in the cannabis group which includes marijuana and hashish. Here it has doubled in comparison with last year. The cannabis confiscations amount to ~ust under 5 million kroner on the open market. There has not been any noticeable increase in regard to "hard stuff" like heroin. Thirty- five grans have been confiscated up to n~w. According to police figures, a gram of heroin costs 5000 kroner on th~ street. "It was not long ago that a confiscation of 10 to 15 grams of hashish made the press. Today it is nothing to talk about any longer. Five to 10 grams is ~ unfortunately a daily occurrence," Veatreng says. "Where do most of the confiscations take place?" "On the ferries, first of all the Denmark boats, and after that air and mail. I have the impression that small quantities do come from neighboring countries, but the greatest part comes from far away. The biggest confiscation this year was in Bergen. Here, we got 9.7 kilograms which came from Brazil. Five grams was cocaine, which at the moment is little known in Norway, and which we hope we can keep outside our borders, "Vestreng says. 45 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500024028-4 Hard Liquor and Wine In regard to liquor the Customs Service had confiscated about 6,000 liters hard lic~uor and 4,000 liters wine before the gigantic confiscation last Wednesday at Nesodden. Last year the corresponding figurea were 5,100 liters hard liquor and 2,100 liters wine. "The confiscation at Nesodden has not been totaled up, but it will involve probably about 10,000 bottles. I cannot really recall our coming acrose auch a large quantity in recent times, and the confiscation will materially affect the year'e - statistics, "first consultant Vestreng says. "Is it largely small-scale amugglers you apprehend, Vestreng?" "The number of confiscations as of 3Q September was 14,000. It is largely people who try to take in three to four bottles over the legal quota. We confiscate the largest quantities on freighteia and fiahing boats. There are perhaps 8 to 10 'men on board who take along about 100 bottlea for distribution. On the whole, quite a bit is smuggled in along the whole coast, "Vidar Veatreng says. 6893 CSO: 5300/2093 I i i I ~ ~ I 46 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400504020028-4 NORWAY STORTING APPROVES MEASURES TO COMBAT NARCOTICS Oslo AFTENPOSTEN in Norwegian 24 Nov 81 p 11 [Text] The Storting yesterday gave a green light to the government: New strong efforts will be made to get at the narcotics problem. A new all out campaign against narcotics costing five million kroner will be put into effect. Mona - Rikke, the minister of justice, informed the Storting yesterday that the tough plan against narcotics which the Storting's ~udicial co~ittee has requested will be formulated by the undersecretary's committee which will handle child and youth questions. - The Storting granted late yeaterday evening an extra appropriation totaling some 17.8 million kroner to the current year's budget for the narcotics measure. - The funds will be used in the aforementioned tough campaign, to increase the resources of the municipalities, for the police and the prison system to have increased funds, at the same time that the Customs Service will obtain funds for new technical equipment to lninder the smuggling of narcotics into Norway. The Storting voted unanimously for the proposed appropriations. Mona Rokke, minister of ~ustice, and Helen Bosterud (Labor), chairperson of the Storting's ~udicial committee, emphasized that ateps must be taken on the preventive levelcabi~netnminister pointedboutrthattmuchrseriousngrimecfollowsWin narcotics. The the wake of narcotics, including proatitution. All substances are dangerous. Like her fellow party member Morten Steenstrup, who is chairman for the matter in the Storting, the minister of ~ustice pointed - out even small doses of hashiah are dedgstron.l emphasizesathisined that the tough campaign which is to be initiat 8 Y 6893 CSO: 5300/2903 47 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400504020028-4 NORWAY THREE ARRESTED IN HASHISH SMUGGLING CASE Oslo AFTENPOSTEN in Norwegian 26 Nov 81 p 13 [Text] A Norwegian, an Englishman and a Canadian woman are in custody after the narcotics police in Oslo uncovered a hashish ring in the capital last month. Nine other people were arrested and placed in cuetody as minor distributors, but they have now been set free. The Englishman is charged with having brought about 10 kilograms of hashish into Norway from Pakistan, while the Norwegian has confessed to selling the hashish. The woman denies she is guilty. They are all indicted in accordance with paragraph 162 of the criminal law, the so-called "professional paragraph." It was in the beginning of October that police investigators began to keep a watch oti an apartment in Oslo, and on 21 October the police struck and aearched the apartment. ~ro kilograma of hashish was found there. At the same time, nine people visiting the apartment were arrested, including the Englishman who is 34 years old. The apartment owner, a 32-year-old Norwegian, was also arreated. Except for the Englishman, the other viaitors were regarded as minor distributors. They came to the apartment to get stuff for further sale and for their own use. They were aged 20 to 35. The Englishman had with him a kilogram of hashish when he was aeized. He was living at a hotel in Oslo, and the police found, during a search of the room, an additional 4.7 kilograms of hashish. During the search of the room of a 43-year- old Canadian woman who lived at the same hotel, the police found 12'1,500 kroner in cash, most of it in IVorwegian kroner but also some British pounds. The woman admitted that she was safeguarding the money for tne Englishman but says that she did not assume that it came from the sale of narcotics. The money is payment for ~ the two kilograms of hashish which was confiscated in the Norwegian's apartment. The police have also examined the bankbooks of the Norwegi~an but they have not found anything which they can connect with the narcotics sale. The Englishman admitted at the hearing that he has amuggled in about 10 kilo- grams of hashish from Pakistan. He flew from Pakiatan to Amsterdam and from there on to Fornebu. The hashiah was hidden in a trunk rritti a double bottom. He said he f ixed up the trunk himaelf and it took him a couple of days to make the double bottom. - 48 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 The 32-year-old Norwegian is known to the police and he has previously been sentenced to prison but not for narcotics violations. The Englishman has not been previously sentenced in Norway, but he was, together with two countrymen, arrested in Paris in 1973. They had then in their possession 24 kilograms of hashish. The Canadtan woman is unkna~n in connection with narcotics. She stated she was in Norway on a vacation and by chance met the Englishman. ~ Hashish is now sold in Oslo o;. the street for 100 kroner per gram, while it is sold in larger quantities to minor distributors for roughtly 40,000 kroner a kilo- . gram. The matter is under continued invest3gation, and for the time being indict- ments have not been made. 6893 . - CSO: 5300/2093 49 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-40850R040500020028-4 SWEDEN CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATION WANTS COMPUTERS FOR DRUGS CONTROL Stockholm SVENSKA DAGBLADET in Swedish 30 Nov 81 p 9 [Article by Sune Olofson] [Text] The customs adminietration has been waiting for 5 years for two computer terminals to be used in the fight against narcotics. - Customs wants to place one terminal in its central administrative headquarters, the other at the liason center in Stockholm. This request was already made in 1977. The customs administration is, in light of the extent of narcotics smuggling, asking - the government that four additional data terminals acquired and placed in the cus- toms stations in Helsingborg, Arlanda, Malmo and Goteborg. 1 The customs administration wants all six to be tied into the national police board's data register. This would mean that tk~e customs personnel would have direct access to the police register of individuals under suspicion in connection with narcotics. Quick Information ~ "We need quick inf ormation in now and then hard-presaed situationa," says section - chief Sigvard Falkenland, chief of the customs section in the general customs ' administration. "A steady stream of travellers comes tQ our country. Many of them bring along . naxcotics. The customs administration has difficulty catching these peonle without - access to ~>>ick data cor~trol." There exists within the national police a certain reluctance to divest themselves of the reconnaissance support which their register of charges possesses. "At the same time, we realize that society must make fts fight against narcotics more effective. We shall investigate the advantages and disadvantages in.volved in this. I am in principle in favor of the proposal, "says Police Chief Holger Romander. "It is our intention that only customs ~fficials concerned with crime will have access to the data inf ormation," says Sigvard Falkenland. 50 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R400504020028-4 The cost of the eix terminals is estimated to be 185,000 kroner, the operating costs 325,000 per year. The data term.nals thus check not only persons but also the recipients of goods, and firms. The question of respecting the integrity of the people is thus vital. The Question of Integrity "Just as soon as anyone asks for data there is always someone who will ~ump'up and talk about integrity," says Tord Rorhamn, chief of the customs administration's data processing section. ~ "Here it is a question of the integrity of the narcotics smuggler or the health and future of our children. The politicans have never taken a stand on this - question." - The government, the department of commerce, will have to decide this quee;tion after � _ a reply from the nationa 1 police. - "The government regards increased cooperation between the police and the customs administration as necessary if we are to solve the narcotics question," says ' Minister of Commerce B3orn Molin. "Since we are at the moment working on the bu~get, I can not say whether the cus~oms administration will get its data terminals, it is the government's intention to give priority to the fight against narcotics." 6~93 CSO: 5300/2097 ~ - 51 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 ' SWEDEN - SL'CCESSFUL POLICE OFFENSIVE AGAINST PUSHERS TO CONTINUE � Stockholm SVENSKA DAGBLADET in Swedish 4 Dec 81 p 15 , [Article by Per-Erik Lagerqviat] ~ [T ext] The 5-week long police offenaive, above all in Stockholm, Goteborg and Malmo in pursuit of sellers and buyers of narcotics, has resulted in so many confiscations - that the partic ipants in the extensive sweep are anticipating good progress next year . "Then we will b e in a better situation in regard to the externa~l conditions. Then ' a large part of the business will be outdoors. We have been handicapped, since ' most of the dealers conduct 5usineas indoors," says Tommy Lindstrom of the national ~ police board. Last autumn the national police board urged all provincial police chiefs and the i p olice chiefs in Stockholm, Goteborg and Malmo to go into action to get at the ~ minor peddlers of narcotics. -f i "We have noted a tapering-off," said Holger Romander, the national police chief. ~ Unknown in Goteborg i -I The first offenaive began on 15 October in Goteborg, where bars, youth centers, ~ schools and the hangouts of addicts were above all the ob~ecta of raids. I ~ " I am suprised that, to a large degree, a completely unknown clientele was involved," ~ says Police Commissioner Lennart Lindman in Goteborg, after 140 pushers had been apprehended, with fewer than 10~ of them under 20 years of age, and very few over _ 30. A total of 84 seizures were made in Goteborg. Hashish and amphetamines were chiefly confiscated. Victims in Stockholm "We anticipated the national police board's directive," says Police Superintendent - Olle Iarsaon of the Stockholm police. "Already in the late summer we formed a 52 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/02109: CIA-RDP82-00854R000500020028-4 narcotica group of 30 people, whose ~ob, among other things, was to destroy the market for pushers. The group a{med at the victims." In Stockholm at present r_1;z ninnber of incidents is ~ust under 10 a day. A normal ntunber for this time of the year, according to Larsson. Intensive Action In Malmo Malmo started its narcotics offensive on 2 November and it ends today, 4 December. It has been 5 exceedingly active weeks. - "We have had a total of 16 men in acti_~n," commissioner Nils-Erik Lindheim of the Malmo police relates. Since the ma~ority of the police is relatively new recruits and young, the commando action has been called "mini search." Raids have been made against hangouts of narcotic addicts, schools, recreational parKS and discoteques. The results are regarded ae completely satisfactnry. Since the start Commissioner Holger Herven has aeized several kilograms of canabis and hashish, as well as goodly amounts of liquor and stolen goods, worth millions of kroner. ~ "Shaken Up" "There is no doubt that we have shaken up the pusher connections considerably. 'Mini-search' has indeed done a 3ob. 'Mini-search' will now be ~reduced �or a while. But since it is a matter of manpower available in the Malmo police, a new act3on ceuld be mounted with very short noCice.. "We shall have a lot going after the new year. The difference ~will be that this time we won't make announcements when we push the start button." 6893 CSO: 5300/2097 53 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 SWEDEN INTERNATIONAL GANG BROKEN; SMUGGLID HEROIN, HASHISH Stockholm DAGENS NYHETER in Swedish 8 Dec 81 p 5 - [Artiele by Leif Dahlin] [Text] At about 3 o'clock on Sunday afternoon on 24 August last year two surveil- ~ lance officers from the Huddinge criminal police knocked on the door of a young - Syrian in an apartment in Flemingaberg. The man opened the door and took a com- pletely uncooperative attitude towarda the visit of the police. They explained to him that he was to be queationed concerning peddling narcotics to school youth in Flemingsberg and by the Huddinge hoapital. The surveillance men, who regarded theae events as a routine, could not in their wildest fantasy have ~.magined that their action would be the beginning of one of the most extensive narcotics' cases that has been unravelled in the country. Since then 16 months will soon have passed, and the~police have not yet seen the end of the tangle with links to India, Syria, Lebanon, Morocco, Colombia, England and Holland. There have been up to the prebent 80 arrests. Sixty-five of them have led to - imprisonment. Some 50 people have been sentenced. One has received an 8-year ~ prison sentence, another 7 years, a third 6 years, a fourth 5 years, and others, imprisonment for varying years. Only one has been released. The gang dealt iri considerably larger quantities of narcotics than could be rroven, and it is not exactly crumbs: 7 kilograms of heroin, between 200 and 300 kilograms of mari~uana P.nd cannabia and 2 kilograms cocaine, with a ao-called black market value of mor~a than 40 million kroner. The chief of the Huddinge criminal police, Commisaioner Gunnar Hellgren says. _ "It act;ially beg~n with our getting telephone calls from concerned parents in the Flemingsberg housing area. School children were buying narcotics with their allo~rances . " Th~a interrogation of the young Syrian began on 25 August 1980. He denies any crime. . T~ze investigators found in his apartment a passport isaued to a Swede. The photo- graph was torn out. The police was successful in finding the Swede at an address in Skane. He admits to knowing the pusher, and the suspicion of the police that the pu~her had been selling hashish to young people in achool was atrengthened. 54 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 The pusher began to make admissions, and it was soon apparent that he was working together with a number of his countrymen in the southern suburbs. Arrests occurred one after the other. By the middle of September some 20 people had been arrested. The trail leads further to two Lebanese brothers, and in the middle of October the . police strike. One hundred thousand kroner in cash were found in tlne brothers apartment in Huddinge. The brothers had previously gone into a bank in Holland. They opened a bag contain- ing 600,000 kroner. The bank assisted them in putting the money in a Swedish account. The money was used later to purchase trucks and motors which were shipped to I,ebanon and sold there at a large profit. Huge Cargo In connection with this raid three others were arrested in absentia. They are wanted internationally, suspected of trying to smuggle 4 tons of marijuana into the United States. The men are also said to have had plans to smuggle large cargos of narcotics from Colombia to E~rope in specially-equipped ves sels. Around 10 October the police found a hiding plac e for narcotics in a cellar in Trangsund Stockholm. Large wooden boxes which had been shipped in con- tainers on a ship from Colombia to the free port were empty. ~ao hundred kilograms . of marijuana were on the narcotics mar.ket. Only DAGENS NYHETER carried the news on 15 October, and one of the individuals in- volved who had not yet been apprehended got the shakes when he saw the headlines. A later transcript of the investigation reads: "0 even remembers that on the day when the headlines stated that the police had found the hiding place in Trangsund he was on the way to a cafe near his work _ together with H. They looked at the headlines, and whan they entered the cafe, H read DAGENS NYHETER. H became 'greatly wrought up.' 0 had to order H's brealc- fast. 0 asked H if this was the same grass liwas involved and got back _ a nod. H was morose because they had not gotten rid of the boxes.... Later on the same day 0 went home to H after work. "He hears H and G then talk about the marijuana. He says that he has to travel to Copenhagen immediately to telzphone from there the contact man in C~lombia. To the question as to why he had to go to Copenhagen to telephone, H replies that a call must be ordered, and H does not dare do eo in Sweden. 0 then realizes that the call involvea atopping further shipment of mari~ uana." , A Ton of Narcotice Commissioner. Gunnar Hellgran continues: "The shigment which was stopped after the men b ecame frightened by the headline in DAGENS NYHETER involved a ton of mari~uana. The men, who are now serving 7 and 5 year prison terms respectively were also found guilty of this premeditate3 crim~. It wa~ fortunate that this big quantity neve~t came here, worth, by the way, tens of millions of kroner. , 55 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/42/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 On 2 December three ~~~edes were apprehended at King's Bend in Huddinge. They were going on a aki trip to Italy. All are involved in the mari~uana smuggling. The police obtained at che hearing information that the gang was invoived with cocaine. The trail led further to a gang of Englishmen who established themselves in the heroin market. Already 2 years ago one of them came here. Iie rented a villa in Akers Runo. A Swede became his closest sales contact. With sole rights the Swede sold 5 kilograms of heroin to the Englishman. - At one o'clock at night on 2 June this year the police raided the villa in Akers. Three Englishmen were arrested, and 8 kilograms of hashish were confiscated. These men made so much money in their dealing that they planned to buy an apartment house in their own country. Their intention was to live off the rent.. At the pre- trial hearing--the 1ega1 proceedings have ~ust begun--the police begin to suspect two Englishmen in their home country. One of them is out on bail of 200,000 kroner in anticipation of the extradition action in January next year. One of the Swedish inveatigators believes he has evidence that the men smuggled large quantitiea of heroin from Holland in specially constructed bags. During the whole investigation the police and prosecutor commuted between Huddinge and Visby. The first contingent was placed in the prison in Visby because of space considerations. For practical reasons of investigation, more and more have been added so that the Huddinge police 'rese~ved' almost a?1 the cells in the Visby prison in the course of a year. One of the Englishmen already arrested purchased in November 1980 half a kilogram of heroin in Amsterdam. He put the narcotics in a rubber tuee in a so-called tube- ! less tire on his motorcycle. Then he drove the long way to Jonkoping. When he was going to take out the contenta of the uninflated inner tube, he found to his grief that the rubber, plast~c and heroin were in one ~umble. He called his countrymen in Akers Runo. They traveled to Jonkoping to determine that the man was not lying. Again back to the villa in Akers Runo. They cooked the whole mess, ! filtered it, and produced a heroin product which was purer than the original. i Letter Just as the investigation concerning one of theae Englishmen was almuat complete, the personnel in the Visby prison found a letter. The police suspected that the people put there have had mail contacts. A'house search' was conducted in the prison, and tl~.e internal mailbox was found--the front shaft of a test bicycle in the exercise r~om. Fi.fteen letter~z were found, and from them it was apparent that some of the imprisoned ii~dividuals have also smuggled hashish oil from Morocco to England, that they were trying to recruit Swedes as hashish puahers since the market for hashish products is so good in Sweden. The letters also showed they coimmunicated in code, and it ~ias decided that the first individual who served his time was again about to take up his narcotics dealing. 56 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 He would contact the next one to be released and so on. One of the men, in addition, traveled to Holland and purchased there 16 kilograms of cannabis for 15,000 kroner per kilogram, cash. Pop Stars On the periphery of this tangle there are stories as to how an internationally known pop star purchased marijuana from the gaag. Other disclosures led to a known singer and a prominent Swedish politician being punished. Both purchased narcotics for their own use. The surveillance men who knocked on the door of ihe young pusher in Flemingsberg on that Sunday afternoon in August last year have today piled up, in the hearing rooms of the Visby prison and the police station in Fitt~a, folders with thousands of _ pages of inquiry reports. "And that is not the end," says one of the investigators. "If we can only get here the two Englishmen whom we have requested be extradited, a number of new depriva- tions of freedom can develop on the home ~ront. There are many highly interesting pieces left in this investigation." 6893 CSO: 5300/2099 ~ 57 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 SWEDEN THIRTEEN INDIANS ACCUSED OF SMUGGLING HASHISH Stockholm DAGENS NYHETER in S~aedish 4 Dec 81, p 10 - [Text] Thirteen Indian citizens, all men between 35-40 years of a~2, were indicted on Thursday in the district court in Sollentuna for the felonious smuggling of goods ~ and for felonious narcotica crimes. The district proaecutor, Lennart Nilsson, main- tained that the men had posaession of a total of 40 kilograms of hashish which was amuggled in suitcaees from Ind.ia to Arlanda. In connection with the so-called people smuggling from India to Western Europe, the customs administration sharpened its surveillance at Arlanda. Practically all passengers on the Polish airways "Polski Lots" plane from New Delhi were checked very carefully, and the first confiscation of narcotics was made on 21 Se~tember. Then six men arrived with a large quantity of hashish and a week later four more men and a man who had registered at a youth hostel in Stockholm were apprehended. One of the leading figures, who was arrested in absentia, came to Sweden on 29 - October. He was apprehended 5 days later in Uppsala. He is accussd of having made at least four smuggling trips from India. On 22 November a 60-year-old man came to the police and reported the loss of his hand baggage. He had come by air to Arlanda the same day. The police learned that the man was going to visit the top leader and was therefore suspect. The next day the lost baggage was found. The suitcases had been sent with the wrong plane. Fifteen kilograms hashiah was found in one of them. Like the others, the 60-year-old man is under arreat. He ~ uer~~!.e~ an~~ crime and says he was going to hand over the auitcase to his fellow countryman in Upps~,la. ~ The trial began on Monday in the districti court in Sollentuna. . 5893 CSO: 5300/2097 58 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 ~ SWEDEN METHADONE TEST LIKELY TO CONTINUE ANOTHER THREE YEARS Stockholm DAGENS NYHETER in Swedish 11 Dec 81 p 8 [Article by Lotta Schullerqvist] [Text] The methadone treatment of drug addicts should continue 3 more years as a trial pro~ect, according to a proposal of the medical delegation. This involves a reduction in comparison with the proposal of the national social welfare board for a 5-year trial period. On Thursday the government decided to hand over the controversial question regarding the future of the methadone treatment to the medical care delegation of the depart- ment of social affairs for further consideration. The delegation, which in its _ preparatory study advocated that the treatment should continue at a reduced level, will continue tis work after the new year. Until further notice there will be a halt in taking more people into the methadone program. A Tightening Up The controversial treatment with methadone (a morphine substitute which is given to addicts) was started at the end of the sixties at Ullerakers hospital. A group of experts has, on behalf of ti~e national social welfare board, carried out the treat- ment, which has been criticized atrongly from many sides and decided that it should - continue on a limited degree, for 150 to 200 patients at the most. The treatment should also be changed from a trial baeis to a regular medical specialty, central- ized at the Ullerakers hospital. The group proposed that the treatment should be evaluated after 5 yeara. The question was ther~forwarded to the government and was first studied by the medical care delegation which also took the position that treatment should be allowed to continue. But there was to be a slight tightening-up; treatment would encompass at the ~:~st 150 patients, and it should be evaluated after 3 years. Treatment should be offered in a restricitve manner, and the national social welfare ~ board should watch the operation and see that an evaluation of the program is ready within the 3 year period, and not be made afterwards. The minister of social affairs, Karen Soder, who in general supports the delegation's preliminary proposal, states that the government ahould take a position in regard to~ methadone treatment. 59 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 Evaluation "It is a question of resources, and the medical service board has the responsibility for such matters. We are not in the habit of conz~.idering methods of treatment or individual medicines in the government. "Personally, I think that it is important that a careful evaluation be made. Three - years is a suitably long time for obtaining a picture as to how rehabilitation is going, if addicts are being successfully freed from both addiction and methadone can live a normal life," Karin Soder says. 6893 CSO: 5300/2097 60 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 ~ SWEDEN BRIEFS PRISON DRUG RAID--Stockholm, 8 Dec--Amphetamines, syringes and in3ection needles were confiscated in the third raid in a short time at the prison in Harnosand. Four yoting people have been arreated. They have admitted that they brought in narcotics to an acquaintance in the institution. On 11 November a bigger confiscation was made than the latest. At that time, 39 baga for amphetamines were found in a cell. [Text] [Stockholm DAGENS NYHETER in Swedish 8 Dec 81 p 7] 6893 CSO: 5300/2099 61 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R004500024028-4 UNITED KINGDOM BRIEFS RECORD HEROIN HAUL--London, 6 Jan (AFP)--British customs officials backed up by police, seized a record 87 kilos (over 190 lbs) of heroin in 1981--twice the amount for 1980--a customs report revealed today. Approximately 8U percent of _ the heroin, worth 14 million pounds (28 million dollars), was intended for the British domestic market. The total value of soft and hard drugs seized last year was close to 53 million pounds (over 100 million dollars). A total of 1,359 people were arrested for drug amuggling. But the report said seizures of cocaine fell by 62 percent compared to 1980. Customs officials explained the drop by a change in taste among Britain's drug users. [Text] [NC061427 Pa.ris AFP in English 1232 GMT 6 Jan 8~] CSO: 5300/2117 END 62 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020028-4