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APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R000540020052-7 ~ FOR OFFICIAI. USE ONLY JPRS L/10283 26 January 1982 Latin America Re ort p CFOUO 1 /82) ~g~~ FOR~~caN BROADCAST ONFORMATION SERVICE FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020052-7 APPR~VED F~R RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020052-7 - NOTE JPRS publications contain information primarily from foreign newspapers, periodicals and books, but also from news agency _ transmissions and broadcasts. Materials from foreign-language sources are translated; those from English-language sources are transcribed or reprinted, with the original phrasing and Qther characteristics retained. Headlines, editorial reports, and material enclosed in brackets are supplied by JPRS. Processing indicators such as [TextJ or [Excerpt] in the first line of each item, or following the last line of a brief, indicate how the original information was processed. Where no processing indicator is given, the infor- mation was summ~:rized or extracted. Unfamiliar names rendered phonetically or transliterated are enclosed in parentheses. Words or names preceded by a ques- tion mark and enclosed in parentheses were not clear in the original but have been supplie3 as appropriate in context. Other unattributed parenthetical notes with in the body of an item originate with the source. Times within items are as given by source. The contents of this publication in no way represent the poli- cies, views or at.titudes of the U.S. Government. C~JPYRIGHT' LAWS AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING OWNERSHIP OF MATERIALS REPRODUCED HEREIN REQUIRE THAT DISSEMINATION OF THIS PUBLICATION BE RESTRICTED FOR OFFICIAL USE ONI,Y. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020052-7 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500024452-7 - JPRS L/10283 26 January 1982 LATIV AMERICA REPORT (FOUO 1/82) CONTENTS ~ C~UNTRY SEC`PION = INTER-AM~:cr.I~AiV AFFAIP,S Briefs - 'PRELA', 'GNA' Si~:~ Agr~ement 1 BAHAMAS Disarray in Opposition Likelv To Give Pin~ling Victory ~LATIN AMERICAN REGIONAL REPORTS-CARIBBEAN, 1~ Dec 81) 2~ CUBA � ACC's Bustamante Discusses Cooperation With USSR (Jose ,.~ngel Bustamante; AMERICA LATINA, Oct 81) I~,L S/1LVADOR - Socialist Intc:rna~.ional Sup~~orts FMLN on Elections (PRF;LA, 25 D~c 81) 7 G UATEP~IALA ORPA Reports 98 Army Casualties F'rom 30 Sep to 5 Nov (PRELA, 10 Dec: 81) 8 - GJYA1~lA I Dc~clining Economy F'actor in Government Personnel Changas (LATIN AMERICAN REGIONAL REPORTS-CARIBBEAN, 1~ Dec 81)....... 9 Bri ef's Human Rights Violations ' 11 - a - [III - LA - 144 FOUO] i'OI~ OFFIC(AL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020052-7 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400540020052-7 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 110ND(fRAS ` MPL Says Honduras To Be Staging Area for ~lggression (PRELA, 9 Jan 82) 12 NICARAGUA D'Escoto Demands End to U.S. ~Verbal Terrorism' - (John '~ettie; THE GUARDIAN, 18 Dec 81) 1~ PANAMA ~ Br~iei's Center of Sugarcane Technology 16 ST. VINCLN T Bri ef s Island Development I}ispute 17 VENEZUELA - Bri ei's Communists Congratulate Cuban Assembl.y Leaders 18 - b - FOR OFFiC[AL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020052-7 APPR~VED F~R RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020052-7 FOR OFFICIAL US~: ON1.`,' _ COUNTRY SECTION INTER-AMERICAN AFFAIRS 1 . BRIEFS 'PItELA', 'GNA' SZGN AGREDNENT--Georgetown, 13 Dec (PL)--The Latin ~unerican News - A,gency I'RENSA LATINA and ttie Guyanese News Agency GNA s3.gned here an agreement ~ on collaboration and exchange of information between both news agencies. The document was signed by Courtney Gibson, cl-~ief direetor of the GNA and by Gustavo R~breno, m3naging director of PRENSA LATINA, in a ceremony held in the premises of. the recently created Guyanese agency. The agreement stipulates the development and broadening of cooperation between GNA and - PR~NSA LA'i'INA, both in the bilateral field and within the framework of the - rionaligned movement news agencies pool. During his stay in Guyana, the PL managing d~rector met with Ivon Harewood-Benn, minister in ciiarge of the information sector, and Frank Campbell, chief edi:.or of the daily GUYANA ' CHRONICLE and paid visits to different mass medi`. fText] [PA130425 Havana PRELA in English 1933 GMT 12 Dec 81] CSO: 3025/1013 1 6~OR OFF[CIAL USF. UNLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020052-7 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R000540020052-7 NOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY COUNTRY SECTION BAHAMAS DISARF,AY IN OPPOSITION LIKELY TO GIVE PINDLING VICTORY Londun IATIN AMERICAN QE~.;IONAL REPORTS-CARIBBI:AN in English 4 Dec 81 pp 9, 10 _ ~Text~ The Bal-aamas i.s gearing for an election ne:{t year that even the ' government's worst critics admit the -:uling Progressive Liberal Party (PLP) will have a hard time losing. The problem is the two major opposition parties whose mutual di~like has so far superseded their join t concern over tlie prospect of another five years of 'stop and go' government by the PLP, Politically the Social Democratic Party (SDP) and the Free :Vational i~iovement (FNi1~1) represent a mix of ~ disenchanted PLPers and vestiges of the white minority United Bahamian Party (UBP) which govern- ed prior to 1967. Once united under the banner of the FNNI, the opposition was badly mauled in the 1972 general election and split just six monttis short of the 1977 election. Many supporters are convinced that action cost them a substantial number of seats if not the ~overnment. - Philosophically the two parties are indistinguishable. Both aze committed to less rather than more govern- ment. They blazne the administration's expanding involvement in the private sector plus a succession of ' had policy decisions for the countty's rising debt and ~ bouts of deep recession since 1970. ~evertheless sporadic attempts at re+~:~ification have floundered because neither the leadership of the FNM, con- trolled mainly by former PLPers, nor that of the SDP, led by f~rmer UBPers, have heen able to bridge their old party differences. The opposition emerged from the 1977 election with eight of 38 parliamet~tary seats. Since then there has been one defection to the PLP, while the remain- der have sub-divided and re-grouped into the present arrangement. Personal rivalries between and within the various factions have in the past foar years pro- voked a stream of recriminations totally divorced from the m~in issues. . ~ ~ Z FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020052-7 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020052-7 F'OR OFw7C'tAt, t!SN: ON1.1' Recently the balance has shifted to the Ftil+1 following the ~eparture of several leading SDP members. The SDP was further weakened last month - when one of its four parliamentary memb~rs announced he would seek rP-election as an F~`I car:- didate. The SDP has now said it will contest only five seats, leaving the field clear for the F~1:~I. The F~1~1 ' insists, however, that it intends to run candidates for the three SDP seats, even at the risk of losing them all to the PLP. At a tirae of growing dissatisfaction with the government's 14-year recorci, such dissPnsion ~vithin ~ the opposition has left many voters in a political no man's land. ~ddressing the PLP convention in � October, prime minister Lynden Pindling admitted that the country is suftering from a general break- down in discipline for which he was partly resp~nsible. - He did not realise, he said, that by encoura{~in~; : Rahamians to better ttiemselves, they would choose unemployment over manua! labour. Polire statistics show that major c:rime has dc~uhled in ten years. In many cases those resp~~nsihle are neither poor nor unemployed, Pindling said. Bc~th crime and unemployment are eYpected to worsen as the deepening LTS recessio?~ makes itself felt on the Bahamian economy. The tourist industr~, in the doldrums for the past year, is predicteci to show a US$50m shortfall for 1981. The government has reac;ted by increasir.g public spending to E~rovide more jobs arzd social service benef.its. although not obliged to cull an election before mid-1982, the prime minister i.s likely to do so early in the year bef~re the economic situation ~vorsens. The ahserue of ~in effective oppesition could mean a c�lear and overwhelminq victory for thN PLP. It could - also open the door to the much smaller but more clisciplined Vanguard Socialist Party. Hiqhly critical of the PLP, the ten-year-old Vanguard still has no parliamentary representation because of a general antipathy by Bahamians to socialist philosophy. Its main support has come from young people at the lower end of the economic scale. - L:~st month it announced that it would field 20 - candidates in the election. Four years ago it put up , four and won a total of 55 votes. Even if it fails to win ;u~y seats this time, the degree of support ~iven ~he p,~rty could have 1'ar-reaching implications. ? ~ COPYRIGIIT: LATIN AML'RICA,iV RLGIONAL REPORTS, 1981 CSO: 3025/95 3 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020052-7 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020052-7 }'OR nPN7('IA1. l)til~: ON1.1' COUNTRY SECTION CUBA ACC'S BUSTAMANTE DISCUSSES COOPERATION WITH USSR Moscow AMERICA LATINA in Spanish Oct 81 pp 89-93 [Excerpt from speech by Jose Angel Bustamante on Soviet-Cuban scientific cooperation at USSR Academy of Sciences Latin Amerlca Institute on 25 December 1980] [TextJ On 27 April 1981 a solemn session of the Scientif ic Council and of the collective of the Latin America Institute (TAL) of rhe USSR Acad~my of Sciences was held to award the - degree of doctor honoris causa of the IAL to the well-kiiown Cuban scientific and public figure, JoGe Angel Bustamante 0'Leary. At this session Profess:~r V. Vol'skiy, director of the IAL, pointed ~ut the great signif icance and deep symoolism of this event, since the homage to the Cuban scientist was ac- corded on an importanr. date for the institute, which celebrated its 20th anniversaLy the same day. The institute was created - under the direct inspiration of the Cuban Revo?ution, in which one of the active participants was the present vice president of the Cuban Academy of Sciences, J.A. Bustamante. Recently, J.A. Bustamante was 70 years old. In recognition of _ his services to scienca and for his gr~at contribution to the - development of Soviet-Cuban scientific exchanges, the Sci.enti- ric Council of the IAL decided on 25 Decp.mber 1980 to confer on him the title of doctor honoris causa of the institute. _ In the name of all Soviet scientists and in particular of those wilo work in the institutE, the chief of the Cuban Sect~on of the IAL, Anatoliy Bekarevich, cordially congratulated J.A. Bustamante on this occasion. The charge d'affaires of the Republic of Cuba in the USSR, A. Puerta Quiroga, emphasized rhat the life of J.A. Bustamante is a brilliant example of devoted, revolutionary service to the peoFle. - We publish below an extract of the address given by Dr J.A. Bustamante. 4 F'OR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020052-7 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500020052-7 FOR ONF'ICI-~L ~'S~: O'~i.l' It is a source of great satisfaction for me to receive today the degree of doctor honoris causa in sciences, since it is an honor whose value we can recognize. Perhaps this award is justified in part by my deep interest i:. the history of inedi- ~ine and science in general, which has led me to concentrate on its study in a way parallel to my real, professional inrerest: psychiatry. However, without a doubt the affection of my Soviet colleagues and above a11 their consideration for my fatherland, Cuba, has influenced it in a more def inite way. Cuba is the Island of Liberty, and in its name I think I am in a position to receive the award, as vice president for social sciences in our Academy of Sciences. In the course of this activity it was possible for us to conf irm in practice the fraternal and internationalist character of the relations between the USSR and our fatherland. If we find in this way a partial explanation for the honor, when we add the rela- tions which our activity has involved with the social sciences branch, we are led to the conclusion that it is in the name of our own academy and of Cuba that we decided to accept such an honor. Flowever, returning to our relationships, in rhA framework of which the granting of the degree is taking place, the following circumstances surround it--the great, internationalist attitude of our Soviet brothers, since, as Fidel once said very well: without the October Revolution the Cuban Revolution would not have beeii pos- - sible. Therefore, the Cuban Academy of Sciences could not have received the sup- port of ehe USSR Academy of Sciences, so useful to the full achievement of its aspirations. Fiowever, we want to emphasize that in response to the help so oFfered we must add that Cuba, for its part, lrnew enough to choose the proper path to leave its state of dependence and underdevelopment. Tn the framework of scientific cooperation the role of the USSR Ac~demy of Sciences - and its help for the scientific development of Cuba, through the Cuban Academy of Sciences, is a manifest fact which we all recognize. The agreements reached between the two academies of sciences have promoted a close relationsh~p between the m'�ber institutes of the two academies. The Latin Elmerica Institute has played an important role in the development of these relationships, as much with the Latin American countries as with Cuba in a special way. We would like t~ take this opportunity to point out that the ?.Oth anniversary of t}ie foundation of this institute is being celebrated this month. The IAL has maintained praiseworthy relationships with our institutes of the Social Sciences Section of the Cuban Academy of Sciences, offering great help in obtaining degrees C~r ci number of workers and scientists of the academy, maintaining an exchange of 5cientific cadres and especially in the development of research on the Isle of Youth in wl~ich tt~e Latin American Institute, other institutes of the USSR Academy of _ Sciences, and other Soviet organizations have partLcipated. This research wi~l naake it possible to provide appropriate recommeiidations for the development of the Isle of Youth, but