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APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500030008-5 JPRS L/ 10300 3 February 1982 Vi~orldvvide Re ort p ~ TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICY, RESEARCH AND DEVEIOPMENT CFOUO 2/82) FBIS FOREIGN BROADCAcT INFORMATIOiN SERV,CE FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500030008-5 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500030008-5 NOTE JPRS publications contain information primarily from foreign newspaper~, periodicals and books, bue also from news agency transmissions and broadcasts. Materials from foreign-language sources are translated; those from English-language sources are transcribed or reprinted, with the original phrasing and other characteristics retained. Headlines, editorial reports, and material enc?osed in brackets are supplied by JPRS. Processing indicators such as [Text] or [Excerpt] in the first line of each item, or following the , last line of a brief, indicate ho~a the original inf~~rmation was processed. Where no processing indicator is given, the infor- mation was summarized or extracted. Unfamiliar names rendered phonetically or transliterated are enclosed in parentheses. Words or names preceded by a ques- tion mark and enclose3 in parentheses were not clear in the original but have been supplied as appropriate in context. _ Other unattributed parenthetical notes within the body of an item originate with the source. Times within items are as given by source. The contents of this publication in no way represent the poli- cies, views or attitudes of the U.S. Government. COPYRIGEiT LAWS AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING OWNERSHIP OF MATEnTA~S REPRODUCED HEREIN REQUIRE THAT DISSEMINATION OF THIS PUBLICATION BE RESTRICTED FOR OFi'ICIAL USE O~~ILY. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500030008-5 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400540030008-5 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY JPRS L/10300 3 February 1982 WORLDWIDE REPORT - TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICY, RESEARCH AND DEVEL.OPMENT (FOUO 2/82) CC~NTEiVTS WORLDWIDE AFFAIRS Pan-F;uropean 5atell~te Broadcasting Planned (Kenneth Golsing; THE TINIE, 18 Jan 82) 1 ASIA J APAPJ LDP P1ans To Launch 'Securit,y Satellite~ (Saneyuki Kodachi; SANKEI SIiIMBUN, 1 Jar 82) 2 Foreign Ministry Calls for R.evision of Radio Waves I,aw (NIHON KEIZAI SHIMBUN, 1~ Dec 81) ~ Use of Optic Fiber in Telecormnunication Network Under Study (NIKKEI ELECTRONICS, 9 Nov 81} . 5 NEAR EAST AND NORTH AFRICA . SUDAN Bri ~~1's Pro~;ram Postpone~l 1E' _ a_ [ III - Wi~* - 140 FOUO] FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500030008-5 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400540030008-5 WORLDWiDE AFFAIRS PAN-EUROPEAN SATELLITE BROADCASTING PLANNID PM18I607 Lcndon THE TIME in English 18 Jan 82 p 3 [Report by Kenneth Golsing: "European Satellite TV Trial To Start j.n Spring"] [Text] The first Pan-European experiment to prepare .for direct broadcasting by satellite is likely to begin this spring, when Britain, Aust-~a, West Germany and I*_aly, will in turn present a week's programmes, the best of their output, on closed-circuit television. An assessment of the experiment will follow; but experts believe that there is an extremely strong chance of success. Many diff.iculties have to be solved but a fu11 ser~rice could be possible by the end of the decade. Representatives of the four countries will meet in Geneva on Thursday and Friday to make arrangements. The first week of the experiment will probably be in the spring, the second in the summer and the others in the autumn and winter. Five other countries are interested in pxoviding programmes for the serv~ice: Holland, the Irish Republic, Portugal, Switzerland and Belgium (Flemish). Those interested in receiving the service are Malta, Tunisia, Spain, Algeria and Belgium (French). The first of many conferences on broadcasting by satellite was held in Dublin five years ago. In 1980 European broadcasting union representatives met in Venice to discuss an offer from the European Space Agency of free use for television experiments of the two broadcasting channels planned for their L-SAT (large satellite) project. The meet_!ng resulted in the formation of a group of experts from the broadcasting - organizations of Britain (Independent Broadcasting Authority/Independe:*_ Tele- vision Companies Association), France (TFT), Germany (ARD), Italy, Austria, Holland, Portugal and Sweden. The L-SAT project is planned to begin in 1986. The British Gavernment has an- nounced that it will subscribe one-third of rhe cost (77m pounda); the other big - partner is Italy, also one-third, and participants include Canada, Holland, Swit- zerland, Austria, Belgium, Spain and Denmark. This year's experiment will attempt to come Cm terms with such difficulties as cop~right, and the provision of a multi- sound signal allowing viewers in different countriea to tune to their own language. ~ i:OPYRIGHT: Times Newapapers Limited, 1982 . CSO: 5500/2087 1 FOR OFFICI~IL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500030008-5 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000504030008-5 JAPAN LDP PI.ANS TO LAUNCH 'SECURITY SATELLITE' _ OW0511"31 Tokyo SANKf:I SHIMBUN in Japanese 1 Jan 82 morning edition p 1 [~rticl.e hy Saneyt?ki Kodacht] (Gxcerpts] Now that the mounting international tension in connectfon with the Poiish and other developments ha~ made it necessary for Japan to build up its defense potential, the LDP, in cooperation with the Defense Agency's uniformed ~fficers, has decided *_o begin working out plans from the outset of the r.ew year to launch a Japanese security satellite. The decision was born from the aotion that Japan, whose nationa]. policy is to - defend itself exclusively for the purpose of self-defense, mt~st have a sat~ltite to promptly monitor military developments in the far eastern region of the y Soviet Union, a p~tential threat to Japan, by taking photographs and to have at its disposal the "rabbit's long ears" to monitor world develop~ents without a moment's delay. The LDP Security Affairs Research Council, headed by Chairman Asao Mihara, is soon to begin a study on the plan and in February, Taro Nakayama, former director general of the prime minister's oifice and chairman-designate of the LDP special committee on sp~~ce development, is scheduled to visit Washington to feel out the linited States about its c-ooperation. Tf this plan materi~lizes. Japsn will become the third country to have a security satc~llite. lfter the Unlted St~tes and the Soviet Union, and hence it :::ay cr.earc an international stir. Presently, whenever Japan wants to know something about Soviet military develop~- menrs such as the deployment of troops on the four norChern isl3nds. Japan asks thcr United 5tates for informati~~n. However, as a Defense tlgency official said, "'fhe Un~ited States makes inform:~tion available to us only when it thinks that doing so is all ri~ht; it seldom provides us with photographs." � /1 r.ivilian official of the Defense Agenry said, "Although no commitmQnt has been made ber.ween Japan an~ the Unitc~d States on providing information to each other, we believe that, in case of. an ~~mergency directly Japan'~ security, the I1.S. side wiil provide t~s with informati~:z.'' However, uniformed members ~f the agency believe that "now that the situation changes from moment to moment, 2 FOR OFFiCIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500030008-5 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400540030008-5 we cannot m~et our objectives by only relying on the United States for informa- tion." Against this background, the talk of launching a Japanese security satellite has gained momentum. In connection with these moves, Makoto Genda, chairman of the LDP Defense Affairs Council, is eager to promote the satel?ite launching plan in earnest. He said: - "To posse~s a security satellite means to prevent war. With its science and - technolagy, Japan can develop by itsel.f both the satellite and the rocket neces- Y sary for its launching. This is a matter of political decision." ' Asao Mihara, chairman of the Security Affairs Research Council, made it clear that his council should begin studying the plan immediately. He said: "Since other members of the research council have made similar recommendations and since I believe that this is an important idea, I would like to put the matter to a study, wi[h the Foreign Ministry also participating in it." Whec}~er Japan should develop the security satellite domestically, ask the United ~ States for technical coop~ration or purchase the necessary rocket and even the satellite itself from the United States remains a queslion. Regarding the rocket ne~essary for the launching, this requirement can be met by using the N-II type rocket used by the hational Space Development Agency to launch the meteorological satellite "Himawari-II" to an altitude of 36,000 km _ last August. However, this rocket contains only 56 percent of domestically produced parts; the balance is etther purchased from the United States or pro- duced under a licensed productio~l system. As a result, it appears to be the quickest and simplest way to seek technical cooperation from the United States; this will also be a way of reducing Japan's trade surplus vis-a-vis the United States. Former prime minister's office Direct~r Ceneral Nakayama plans to visit the United States in mid-February and meet congressional leaders in the scientific, ~ foreign relati~ns and c.'efense areas--including his friend~ Don Fuqua, chairman oC the House Science and Technology Committee--and officials of the National AFranaur.ics and Space Administration. He will try to find out what the U.S. ' sicle thinks about the plan and also ~eek the underetanding of the U.S. side in the i~~terpretation of the notes exchanged (in 1969) on cooperation between Japan _ and the United States in space development. After seeing the U.S. reaction. the DPfense Agency, the Science and Technology - Agency and other pertinent government agencies will establish a committee for ~ the study of the security satellite to formally start the necessary survey and research work. Thus, the LDP w:~nts t~ make the security satellite one of the pillars of Japan's security in rhe period of the post-1981 mid-tern defense estimate. Stressin~ the significan~e of t1~e satellite, Nakayama said: "The AWAC's which the T)efense Agency p~lrchases co::t 12 billion yen a pi.e~e but a security satellite can he lannched at a cost of 20 bi].lion yen. So, it will lessen the defense I~~~rdc~n of th~ nHtion. Besides, if ancl when Japan possesses a satellite, the - Soviet Un~on r.ill n~t casily c~~ry our any rash actions." COPYRIGI~T: S