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APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044024-6 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY JPRS L/ 10378 10 March 1982 World~~ide Re ort p NARCOTICS AND DANGER~US DRUGS ? C~FOUO 12/82) FBIS FOREIGN BROADCAST INFOR(?/IATIC~N SERVICE FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 NOTE JPRS publications contain information primarily f~om foreign newspapers, periodicals and books, but also from news agency transmissions and broadcasts. Materials from forei;n-language sources are translated; those from English-language sources are tx�anscribed or reprinted, with the original phrasing and other characteristics retained. H~adiines, e~itorial reports, and material enclosed in brackets arE supplied by JPRS. Processing indieatnrs such as [Text] or [Excerpt] in the first line of each item, or fol~owing the last line of a brief, indicate how the original inforwation was ~ proc~ssed. Where no processing indicator is given, the infor- mation was sum~nrtzed or extracted. Unfamiliar names i~endered phonetically or transliterated are enclosed in parentheses. Words or names preceded by a ques- tion mark and enclosed in parentheses were not clear in the original but have been supplied as appropriate in context. Other unattributed parenthetical notes within the body of an item originate with the source. Ti.mes within 3.tems are as given by source. The contents of this publication in no way represent the poli- cies, views or at.titudes of the U.S. Gdvernment. COPYRIGHT LAWS AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING OWNERSHIP OF MATERLALS REPRODUCED HEREIN REQUIRE THAT DISSEMINATION OF THIS PUBLICATION BE RESTR1CTED FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 _ FOR ~FFICIAL USE ONLY ~ ~ JPRS L/1037~i 10 March 1982 _ WORLDWIDE REPORT NARCOTICS AND DANGEROUS DRUGS ~i~ouo 12/82) CONTENTS ASI~, AUSTRALIA Australian Officials Aid ~ais in Arrest, Trial of Suspects (Garry Sturgess; THE AGE, 2, 5 Jan 82) 1 Drug Case Alert Violation of Law Qzarge Briefs Drug Tests in Accidents 3 Police `Bungling' 3 Heroin Smuggling � 3 Deportation for Drug Dealers 4 BANGLADESH Bangladesh Becoming Major Transit Point for Opium (Saleem Samad; ~iE NEW NATION, 6 Feb 82) 5 HONG KONG ~ Record Heroin Base Haul From Singapore-Registered Ship (SOUTH QiINA MORNING POST, 6, 7 Feb 82) 6 Hidden in Air Comp ressors Two Local Residents Charged Holiday Traffic Covers Heroin Smuggling From Chiaa (Tommy Lewis; SOU~i CHINA MOHI~IING P06T,. 8 Feb 82) R Singapore Vessel Crew on Charges of Smuggling Opium (SOUTH (HINA MORNING POST, 9 Feb 82) 9 - a - [III - WW - 138 FOUO] FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000540040024-6 F~R OFFICIAL USE ONLY Campaign To Curb Drug Abuse Among Youth Inauguratnd (SOUTH QiINA MO~TING POST, 2 Feb 82) 10 Briefs Opium Smuggler Sentenced 11 Ttao Pakistanis Jailed 11 Heroin Ring Smashed 11 INDONES IA � Majority of Narcotics Offenses Oc~nnected With Marihuana (KOMPAS, 11 Jan 82, PELITA, 15 Jan 82} 13 1 Marihuana Grawing Increasea - Marihuana Confiscated NEW ZEALAND Scattered Cannabis Plots Eluding Police Detect3on (Editorial; THE NEW ZEALAND HERALD, 19 Jan 82) 16 PAKIS TAN Need To Control ' Deadly Trade' Underlined - (VIEWPOINT, 4 Feb 82) 17 Interpol Men Complete Heroin Smuggling Investigation (MORNING NEWS, 9 Feb 82) 19 Accused Gives Details of Smuggling Operation - (JAN G, 28 Dec 81) 20 Briefs - Opium Seized in Peshawar 21 PEOPLE' S REPUBLIC OF CHIl~i~~ Moscow Claims PRC Supports Drug Traffic in Burma (Nlps cow Radio, 30 Jan 82) 22 THAI LAND Irbre Questions Rai.sed on Motives for Ban Hin Taek Rai3 (SIAM RAT SAPPADA WICHAN, 31 Jan $2) 24 Editorial Comment, Editorial ' Further Comment - b - FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 Ff/R OFF[CIAL USE ONLY - EAST ~UROPE - YUGOSLAVI~ Brip fa ~ _ Drug Addiction in Vo~wdina 2g ' LATII~i AI~RICA BAHAMAS � Police at Norman'a Cay in New Effort To flalt Drug Trade - (~E TRIBUNE, 9 Jaa 82) 29 BERMUDA No New Patienta for Drug Clinic; Study To~Be Lauaiched (7SE ROYAL GAZETZI:, 20 Jaa 82) 30 BOLIVIA New Nar~:e~tica Law To Caatrnl Coca Purchaaea ~L06 TI$1~OS, 18 Jan 82) 31 Peaaanta Tb flelp in Coca Leaf ('antrnl (Radio Illimaai NeLwork, 2b Feb 82) 32 Antidrug Effort Lacking Necesaary Equipment ' . (HOY, 14 Jan 82)......,. 33 Briefa Coca Crnp Replacement Coat 34 Chapare Traffickers Continu~e IIadeterred 34 EL SALVADOR ~ Bxiefa Marihuaaa Seized . 35 JAMAI CA B rie fa Woman an Cocaine Qiarge ' 36 Cocaine, Currencq Seizure 36 I~XICO - January Antidrug Campaign Resulta Reported for Zone 06 (EL $OL DE SINALOA, 8 Fl~b 82) 37 -c- FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 FUR UF'FICIAL USE ONLY PE RU Drug Addiction Level, Drug Seizure--Reported (EL COI~RQO, 30 Jan 82) 38 Drug Addiction Level Drug Seizure NEAR EAST AND NORTH AFRICA AF~aIFii~iSTAN Briefa Largeat Opium Haul Ever 40 EGYPT Briefs Drug Conviction Sentencea 41 IRAN ~ Anti-Smuggling Plana Tighter Border Cantrols (KEYHAN, 17 Jan 82) 42 SIJR-~AHARAN AFRICA ~ KENYA BriefB Search on for Pushera 45 WEST EUROPE DENMARK Debate Over Nationwide Drug Crf.mea Regiater Aired (Editorial; BERLINGSKE TI~ND~, 2 Feb 82) 46 Nordic Conference on flaahiah Demands Action on (hriatiania (Jetan; BERLINGSKE TIDENDE, 17 Feb 82) 48 Folketing Backs Miniater in Driv~e Against Narcotica Accomplicea (BERLYNGSRE TIDENDE, 4 Feb 82) 49 ~ - d - FOR OFFICIAL USE, ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044024-6 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY I Briefs Aaylum Denied Drugs Smuggler 50 - Maximum Sentence for Haahiah Smuggling 50 FINLAND Authorities Aak for New Meaau~ee Zb Oombat Dr_tiga Crimea (UUSI SUOI~II, 29 Jan 82) 51 Phane-Tapping Perniiaaion Requeated Priaon Officiala Want Blood Checks ICELAND , . Briefa - Tatal 1981 Drug Seizu~ea 54 ITALY PCI Cal1a for Parliamentary Action on Antidrug Iaw Reform (Gianfranco Tagliabue; RINASCITA, 15 Jan 82) 55 ' NOI~TAY Cuatoma Service Getting New Patrol Boata To Stop Druga (Zhorleif Andreasaen; AFTENPOSTEN, 12 Feb 82) ~8 ~ Off~cial Reporta Regional Diatribution of Drug Deatha (Tormod Haugstad; DAGBLADET, 15 Jan 82) 60 SWEDEN Haghish Use in Greater Stockholm 'Increasing Dramatically' (Gert Tryman; D~AGENS NYHETER, 13 l~eb 82) 63 Official Figurea on Prisan Druga Queationed by Exp~rt (DA~TS NYHETER, 13 Feb 82)....~ 65 - e - FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 AUSTRALIA AUSTRALIAN OFFICIALS AID THAIS IN ARREST, TRIAL OF SUSPEGTS ' Druq Case Alert Melbourne TI~ AGE in English.2 Jan 82~.pp 1, 3 [Article by Garry Sturgess] ;Text] At~stralian officials ananged now dEsbanded Federal Narcotics Mr Dum~ gave the court two the anest of thcee Auatralians Buresu .tp ~Vtr Dav3s, xl?e ~ar� detaiied record~ of interview with in Thailand in circumstances cotic.v Ilaison ofl9cxr in Bengkok,+ Edwin Wlilfam Smith, complled which could have 1ed to the said New: South Waks police in= irom �live �invesNgatbns of Smith execut{on of the th~ree without t~rmatioa revealed . that , F~pows in Sydtky. Mr Smlth was apr )n- and Hayward "wo61d lmport, a, cipal aource ot New South Waia tn81� . ~ large atnount .of ~arco'tk~s police informatbn a5out the nar- The thc~ee, William Sinclair. pasyib~y herojn or cocaine - con- 6~8 Slnctair waa alleged Warren Fellows atM Paul' Hay- ~aled Jn sott-aldt~d suit rasrs". to t~ave. headcd. He is otten. re- ward, wera arrested on drug . . ierred to in the Thv ~idgment charges in Occober 1979. Tf~ey It gave datea, flig4~t !nd pass- ~~~~i~ were In iail for nearly two Pon numbers o! the , two and ~~t ~y the couK, months befon ths Thais decided ~+ked ' the� 'inforniation be n Smlth waa fo~u~d by a thak a section ot their constitu- ~d on .to IQeai authorlties. ~y D~~ ~urt ~udge ~n tion allowing summary exccution Th~ tellz~ atempel 'Narcotics . Auguat Isat yeer to be ae "un- . reiaa to the seizure would used. They are now ,o{~ p g~ k os ~ of heroin in cotton =eliable vdMe~". In a case serving long jail terms. ~ aguinst Arthur Stanky Smith and The officer in'char~e of xheir B�0~ ~'h~ ~e114~ra wa~t aileged ~d John Refleher. Ju~9ge Muir case, Colonel Term. Snidwongse, to have WEd tto `smuggle from �~id of Edaln Smith� "He admits Thailand earBer; that year. had recommended the use of ' befiore this court and before the ATticle 27 to the 1'hhi � Pr'1me The' e~d � finY that he has deliberatelq given Minister., rather than allow,ing hemper ~oc~l tnquirles if.Fellows f~ the men to siand 'tiial. Three ~'~'as to ~ be~ ~msted for the at- , , Edv~rh~ Smith Is serving a IO- Hong Kona Chinese had already tcrnpted ~rtation whlch � took ' y~r ae~rtence ~ after pleadinq been summarily executed under ~P~ace jn Fa~r~arY."� Ruilty to � poseesston of heroin. ~e ~ttb~, Hayaraed'~nd Fellows were ar- Of the people he ne~qed a.+ being Wtren Sinclair, Fellows and in Octabee� 29T9.' ttker be- put ot the Sincleir geng in Aus- Hayward went to t�rial Australian ~^g found' in possession of 8554 trali~, he is~tf~e on1Y one in pri- oflicials played a big part in gain- 8~~~ �f ~roin. Both aaid ti~et son. in their convictions. The svi- Sinclait 'was. the~ Mencier of the Fonr peopk chet8ed by the 6 urchase; ' aiid . he' wes a~rrested NSW police aiter the Th~i arrests dence they gschered an� pre- . : � ; , . ~ , b~ve been diecharged - two by sented has � been thrown out o! In court, "they dented tliat ~the ~ a, SqdnsY a~giatrate ~vho said Australian courts. ~ confesslons wen genutne.' they hed r.a ce.+e to answer and Documents held by 'The ~?Se ~ t~ uy i~~~~ Court iudge show that it was Austra{ian at- Mr P'rank Davks was preeent ~o directed the, iur~+ to acquit. Rcials who alerted the Thai police at ths qn~ss~tiantns of the ~pair. ~y~n Smith. under ex,mins- ~ to the poaaibility tfiat Feilows and T1~s Thai Jud~enant currvcitin6 tion in' the Diatrlet court. said Hayward would vlsit Thailand toc, ~ayi th~t Atut=ali~n po11c~~ thet he hNd ;iven tslee evldence the purposz ot amuggling nar- ~ n wlw fiad hdped M~fie ~p~ the police hed promised ~ cotics. . ~t "Ynads a alp t� Ba�~w1C fi;m a pardon~ and at other timea And when theY ardved ~ in ln Decemba~ 1 to ~nterro~aU = a~~~ing o! hia aentence. ~ Bangkok, an Australian EmbassY the tbres T~1e His evidence glven to the Thet oPRcial, Mr Frank Davies~ acting o~cdrs weee headed by Mr Bai'rY ~urt by Mr Dimn waa not cross- on intormatton. ' identifled them Dunn ot th~� ~ie~v S~ou~h Waks ~m~n~ g~ the ~ourt refers to the potice and gave their crZtne squ~d. Mr Din aed Mr to ~fQ~~~~~ by ~ith to whereabouts. F~ 'ti�~~ ~�~y Mr Dunn as g" ot such an A confldential telex from the tietore the ThaI couR. ~~t~~ _ ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044024-6 A transcrfpt of Edwin Smith's cotlca Bureau, which had been evidence before an Australtan pald for by the Auatraitan Go- ~ court. in whtch he admitted M vernment. sent d to~the Thainco~'i~R by Wii- cro s-examinatl nd ~ ab~nt~ ~vlt fiam Sincla9Cs ~on. Mr Greg Sin- nesses. ~o Interpreter setvice and clair. It ans a copy of magis- acapted hearsay and s6n~ar t~ate's court proceedings fn NSW. evMence not aflawoble in Aua- stamped by a~lotary PubNc and tralian courts. the That Consul in Melbourne. The~Poreign Atlsirs DepartnkeC - The Z1fai Criminal Court had 1s investigating tlie eircc~n. this to aaq about the evidence: sfances sunoundtrig tbe convfc- "if~e court fcels that not oaiy tion ot Sinclair, 68, who a?es was it in nverse of what was iailed for 33 years tor tonsptracy stated, it was faulty aa 1t did to smuggle heroin. The investiita- ~ not possesa a certiNcetlon from tion comes after reports in "The - the co~rt to show that it wes a Aae'thts week aboat the Sinclair true document of what v~ns stat- ~s~� ed by the witness." Fellows and Hayward were Australian co-operation with found ~tuiity by the Thai court Thai police is referred to fn- ot possession oi heroin with in- quently in the 52-page Thai Judg. tention to smuRqle iG Fellows was ment. Evidence aRairtst the ac- sentencM to 33 years 8 months, cused included information from Hayward to 20 years. an informent of the FederAl Nar- Violation of Law Charge rielbourne THE AGE in English 5 Jan 82 p 4 [Article by Garry Sturgess] [Text] Australia's involvement in the to smuggle hcroin. He was arres- Azt:cle 14 is embudied in Aus- artest and tria) of Wi{liam Sin- ted in Octaber 1878 but was not tre!ia'e Human Rights Canmis- clair for Thai drug offences convi~ted and sentenced until sion Act. was probably in breach of Aubust last y~ar. For nearly lwo Mg Triggs said , that Australi~ international la~v, a legal . ex months after his arrest he possitr htd a legal obligation to maint~in pert said, yesterday. ~Y could have ~an e~cecuted with� ;he acandards of Article I4 intcr- Ms Gill~an Triggs, a lecturer in ~uReprorts in The Age' last week nat~onally; secondly, it had in in!ernacional law at Melbourne obligation to mamtain them i,~iiiv~:rsit said "it is likel that detailed the close involvement oP domestically. sl~e said. ~ Y ,~u~tralian ofticials with Thai She ~ai~ the wordiag of th~ ti~e FeGera~ 6overnment was also authorities in the arrest and trial in breach of its legal~ obliaation of Sinclair. Evidence presented by Human Riaht~ Commission Act to one uf its citizens' over tha pustralians to the Thai court was could weFl raeen that Au:trtlia Sinclair case., was obliged ~W uphold the mini� 7'he possible breaches stem not accepted by Australi~ri courts. ~m ~~r trial rights of its citi- from Auatralia's ratification of a '~'here was no cross�examination y~ns whetever they were. ot crucisl evidence and Sinclair Uni[ed Nations agreement on hu- had to provide his own inter~re- 1~4s Tsiggs said it could be man .rights and trom recent leg~s- ter. ,rgued in the ceae o[ Sinclair ~a~ion setting up a human rights Article l4 of the UN Interr,?a- that the Ftderal Government had commission m Austral3a. The tional Covenant on Civil Political tonr.iv~d with another Govern- arreement and legislation, estab. �Rights, whiCh � has been . ittifled ment ~to avoid the oblieitions ot li:h minimum rights to fair ~trial. ~y. Anstrslia;'~e~tabli~hes +Yiinimdm A~rticle 14. � ~Ns Triggs said that even with- gtandards of `criminal justice. The~ The F.or,eign Af~aira Dep~TtmenL out the Australian legislation, standaM~ of fair trial roclude th~ ,~11 looking into the issues raised tliere was a rule that weli�estab- right to be Vied without del~y: by Ms Triggs. A~spokesman said lished internationai law auta to examine, or have examined, Yesterday that com}11ex inter- maticall,y became local law. witnesses; to have the frel help national, 1egs1 and consular ques- Sinclair is serving a 33-year jail of an interpreter. ' . tions wtre involved and an im- ~ term in Thailand for conspiracy meditte response was not poa- � sible". . CSO: 5300/7529 . 2 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044024-6 AUSTRALIA BRIEFS DRUG TESTS IN ACCIDF,NTS--Tests for tr~ces of marijuana should be carried out on all drivers and pedestrians inwlved in motor accidents, a Melbourne psychiatrist said yesterday. Dr. William Orchard, liaison psychiatrist at Prince Henry's Hos- pital, said~he su~ported the view of an American research report that marijuana use could be a"significant factor" in road accidents. This view was also backed up by the director of accident and emergency ~services at the F~ornsby and Ku-ring-qai Hos- pital in Sydney, Dr 7.bny Harrison. He said 23 per cent of car drivers and motorcy- . cle riders taken to the hospital after being involved in accidents over the past six months had cannabis or breakc~own products in their urine. Dr Harrison said he ' decided to investigate the association of marijuaaa in road accidents because he was curious as to what was involved in the 50 per cent of accidents not associated wii:h alcohol. "I Could n~ot believe the other 50 per cent of people were all plain stupid or bad drivers, or the roads were that bad," Y~e said. [Canberra TI~ AUS- TRALIAN in Englis~ 22 Dec 81 p 3] . POLICE 'BUNGLING'--Drug dealers were profiting from the administrative bungling and low morale in the Federal Police force, a Labor Senator said yesterday. The Federal Opposition spokesman on administrative services, Senator Arthur Gietzelt, said new guides for the Federal Police announced last month were "nothing more than window dressing". The merging of the Ooamionwealth and ACT police forces two years ago had been a"false and clwnsy amalgamation" that had caused chaos and dissatis- faction. [Canberra TI~ AUSTRALIAN in English 23 Dec 81 p 2] F~ROIN SMUGGLING--A married couple will appear in Z~aeed Heads Court today ch~rged with having imported heroin worth $5,500,000 from South-East Asia. On Manday, police said Rabert Frederick Eyre, 37, and his wife, Leslie Anne Eyre, 32, of Terranora, a*~d Jill Maree Fraser, 31, af ~aeed Heads, had conspired to import 6.5 kg of hemin into Australia between 1976 and 1977 and aqain in 1980. The Eyres were remanded in custody. The three enter~d no plea and Mrs Fraser was released on $50,000 bail on the condition that she report daily to the police. Police said the thxee had been arrested in early morning raids at Tweed Heads at the weekend following a year-lonq investigation by New South Wales and Federal police. The ~ prosecutor, Det. Sqt John Burke, told the court a large quantity of heroin hidden . in a hollowed shoe had been imported from South-East Asia. [Brisbane TI~ COURIER- MAIL ii? English 23 Dec 81 p 10] 3 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-04850R000500040024-6 DEPORTATION FOR DRUG DEALERS--The immigration minister, Mr MacPhee, has told federal parliament that two drug offenders he has ordered deported are linked with the disappearance and murder of Donald Mac~:ay, the new South Wales anti-drug - campaigner. Mr MacPhee said he ordered that Luigi Pichi of Canberra and Vincenzo Barbaro of Adelaide be sent back to Italy despite a recommendation by the adminis- trative appeal tribunal. The minister said a fedE~al government inquiry into drug trafficking had named both men as members of a secret Calabrian criminal organiza- tion which was respansible for Mr MacKay's deat~i. He said the inquiry had reported after the tribunal had reveiwed his initial deportation order. The opposition spokesman on immigration, Mr Young, said both men had served sentences for their crimes and their deportation amounted to double jeopardy. Mr Young said a coroner's inquiry into Mr MacKay's death had only just opened and the deportation should be delayed in case the men were needed as witnesses. [Text] [Melbourne Overseas Service in English 0830 GMT 24 Feb 82 BK] The high court has granted a temporary znjunction to restrain the immigration department from deporting a drug offender. The chief justice, Sir Harry Gibbs, said the order sought by Mr Luigi Pochi, 43, af Canberra would remain in force till 8 March. Mr Pochi's counsel told the court he planned to lodge an application with it for a restraining order for an indefinite period. [Melbourne Overseas Service in English 0830 GMT 25 Feb 82 BK] CSO: 5300/5655 4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044024-6 BANGLADESH BANGLADESH BECOMING MAJOR TRANSIT POINT FOR OPIUM ~ Dacca 1'HE NEW NATION in English 6 Feb 82 pp 1, 8 ~Article by Saleem Samad~ ~Text~ Banqlsdcsh i~ fast turning otBcial admitted. ~ Burope. countryr'~ intelli~euce into a majo~ traosit point of tha � - opium-basad ea~cotic d~u�s ia 7'be UN Comminion un Nar aQeecie: ~eid. abaence nf vigitaocc. ~ w~~c Drugs Is ~eported to have IoteroatIon~7 agenciea Bene~- Country'e airport . sod ~ea ~aepted the importaoce ot nei~h� ~~~y do aot celY on dita of ~eiz- ports are oow opan for the ille- ~bou~ioa eount~y india an0 Turkoy urq to estim~te t6e.actuel tra~c. a~ tcadit~nnal opium exportiaa Qal trade of opium fo~ tbe Wes� cuuntrie~ aod alw aske3 othe~ .'I'bis ia becauu. wlth tbe bal tero aorld, iotelii~eixe wurce etiocla,' snti�oucotip aQenciet said. . producio` countrla to re~train a~~ (~~ieved. to catch betweea - their output. Maaowhile. the agencia con- ~e o~ce of Coetrolier of 2 to 13 pot cent ooly of the ceroed io a bid co stop tho Jrug Nercotice sod Liquor recently total lrafBc. T6e actual trd5c is - tral~ckicg furmsd ~ National dekc~ed ~mua~liag of `marijusn~ of no body~ `uess-DO[COt~CI O~. 'Co-~niination Cummitt-e io the cials ~t6ted. ?aat week uf ]aouary. The ot6.a (~nja) and bashich ~cbe~e~1 io ~ of Controiler of N~rcotic~ end Mymeosingh, Chit~aQong sod tbe Ot6er than the for~~lioo Liquur hvs or~aoieed a ahort ~~~trict~ of northera 8~a~l~dab. ot tha aation~l cao~dination training c~.~~se for the ot6cers ~JNTEItPOL'~ latest con6� ~mmittee~ to plu` the loop6o- of Customs, Police~ . Nsrcotice dential Drug~ Iotelligeaae bulle- la the Cioveroroeot may intro� and Narcc�tics 1ntelliQena Bureau. lio, a main wurce ~f iotelli`aoee duce new anti�natcolics law. Ilangladesh Eandwitched bet. o0 oarcotip amugalio~ s~id At praeot there ~re practi- wom ~wo gigantie eaurccs o[ that ic is b:lleved by cally no obak fo~ the patsen- - illc~al opium�ba~rd drug;-the maoy that eon~ide~able amouot~ Qers in trenait to and from Katb- Oolden Triaagle (Burma, Tha i- of Indi,~oJPatciitani haroia, th~o� ~~pdu. From We~t Europe aod . u~b Nopal. sre reacbinQ Au~tra� tand and Laos) and tho dolden Soalh�Eaat A~i~. T6e Narcotip Crevunt 1Paki~tao. AfKh~+ni~t~n ~~a aod Nop Ze~leoa. � and Ican) i~ no loo~er c~oai- Tha . dru~ ~rou4alec~ ere IntelliQence Hureau or t6e dcred eo. be Immune to illicit bridQiag Asiso ~aurce c~untriai o~ee o[ Cootrollor ot narcotic druFs tralfl:i~in~ an I[tD sod t6e end o[ the plpoHoe lo Nercotip ie oot oquipped +~od Nort6 America and Weitero und'r-m,ooed with uotraioed ~teBi. CSO: 5300/7019 5 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044024-6 HONG KONG i ~ RECORD HEROIN BASE HAUL FROM SINGAPORE-REGISTERID SHIP Hidden in Air Compressors Hong Kong SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST in English 6 Feb 82 p 5 [Texr] A false company with a false addresa has resultad in the subeoquent raids on both aida of the Larbour. - largest heroin base uizure w far in Hongkong. They hav.e baa detained to assist in investigations. Customs oFficero found 73 kg of hemin base on Wednes- Cuatoau and Excise Service's deputy regional commander day in thra air compressors brought into Hongkong by a. oF New TerriWtid. Suparinteodent5and~+ Sanders. yesterday Singapore-registered container vessel. ~o1d a prw conferena that tho hunt ~s atill on for other The mastermind behind the smugg~mg, a Singaponan ~pembera of the ryndicate and the local manufacturing ring. national agaf about 40, tled the CoTony only a day after p routine check at the Kwai Chuag oontainer temunal on - customs men atarted their investigation into the racket. . January 29 on inbound cargo:hi~ped in br World Lion from The man fled his Ysumati hotel last Saturday and is Singa~pore staRed the wak-long mvatigauon. believed to be in Singapore. Authorities in the islan~ state are � The vasal operata on a tao-wak round-trip ~chedule helping to track him down. between 3uigapore, T6ailand and Hongkong. The ra;ord seizure is only 10 kg less than t6e total haul of W6en workers from a handling s~ent went to claim the heroin base by both Customs ufficers andpolia last year. three air oompreseon at the terminal, customs officers If converted to more than 210 kg of No 3 heroin, it would' attachod W t6e Kwai Chuag Container Cargo Examination have a retail value of S27 million. ' Division fquad the consignmeat was the first for a new Two local men, believed to be,members of the Singapora company. ' based international drug syndicate, were arrated dunng Alerted b~r two ra;ent cases Cuatoms ofticen led by A~ the compartments wcre 8nd Investigation, Assistant of drugs being oonoealed in- .Mr Sanden and Aasisunt opened, a total of 1.10 packs Superintendent David Tong, side�campartments of various Superintendent S.W. Ho de- of heroin base, some wrapped the drug waa shipped to the engines, the officen made an cided to get profesaionel ad- in wax papec to fool the dogs, Coiony from Singapore via - attempt to contact the recipi- vice �at the Kwai Chung were found. ~ the Golden Trianglb. ent of the cargo bnt found terminal on the thra au . The, drugs were wrapped He saic~ the shjpment was both the address and compa- compressors aFter dogs had in l lb to 316e packages. for local consum~t~on rather ny name were fictitious. failed W detect drugs. The head of the Cuatoms ~n for distribution overseas. Last Saturday when work- Inidally, enginara found Invqtigatipn Bureau, Senior 'I'6~refore, he believed ers tried to claim the cargo, the drums of the eompresaors Superintendent. K. S. Toeg, other membera of the syndi- customs offiars took the were not empty when they aaid the haul would probably ~~e ace still at large in Hons~- cargo to the address o~ the ban cd on them. have sc+me ~ffxt on the drug ~ng because they would be - invoice - a residential prem- '~Yhey then pumped~sir into price, wliich has declined be- res nsible for distribution. ise in Nonh Point - and the oompressorA and found cause of the bumper harvest ~~~r retail or wholesale, to arrested a man. ' the mach~nes started to yidd in the Golden Triangle. ~~umers. Subsequent inquiries led at a Pressure of 30 Iba per recent trend ia to L;ast year, Customa offi- to the arrwt of another man cubic ~nch. smuQgle in large shipments ats and polia seized a total at a commercial premises at Normally, sir comprawn rather than by amall amounts of 300 ~ of dtugs, including - Tai Kok Tsui. begin to yield at 13S lbs to by qrrier~. 83 of eroin base. A~cting on information 4501bs per cublc inc6. �~~mfore, mat of thae ~e previoua 6ighest sin- cupplied by the two men, Cuatoms officxrs then took ~srge, shi menb are conRCCt- gle eeizure of heroin bese was aged 38 and 41. ofticers rush- the compruson to a Govern- ~g a~~~tes~" he made by the Narootics Bu- ed to a botel room at Yau- ment workshop on Wednea- reau on August 25 when mati but found �the day to cut open We compart- Sin porean-mastermind had menb. Aocordin~g w the Diviiion- detectives seiud 25 kb from n~ al Commander of Intelligena ~e boot of a car at North Point. _ 6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400504040024-6 . ~ . , �~,A~ 'atie-"-`i~"- ; :-K: - F~�~j ' ~ ~'S?: ~ ,f. , j~^ ' i S,i yh . N ~ iy ~.rj ~i n ~ ~ ? l ~y. ~ ,"�'L . , s a . ! t~~. '`4} ~ ~ ; ~ ~ , ~ Yi y' ) , x, , ~.a f.:.,. ~ , a ~ ~ ~s~f.~ ~ . ~ , , Police'remove some of the packages conteining heroin base from an air compressor at a Government wortcshop. � , -Picrure by C.Y. Yau. Two Local Residents Charged _ Hong Kong SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST in English 7 Feb 82 p 7 - [ Tex t) Two men appeared io mlllton at atreet prices, f-om a Western Magistracy yester- contaiaer ship from Singapore dry c6arged with consQincy on Wednesda to trrtfic in dangerouv goods. it fa allegeyd tlut they con- Cban Tin-c6oot (41) and apired ~ith each otber to im- Chen~ Kwaa-nun (38~ botb port 6eroin into Hongkon~. , raident9 of Hongkong, were No plea ~as taken ~nd ' charged in connection rvith they rrere rem~nded In cuvto- I Hon~kong's largest seizure of dy undl Wednesday. ' herom base so far. wort6 S27 - CSO: 5320/9119 7 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R004500040024-6 HONG KONG HOLIDAY TRAFFIC COVERS HEROIN SMUGGLING FROM CHINA . Hong Kong SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST in English 8 Feb 82 p 12 [Article ~compiled by Tommy Lewis] [ Text ] Drug traffickers used into C6ina were at least .30 arratcd w6en l~ kg'of No 3 t h e"h u m a n waves" re� pa cent ufer than bringin,q heroin. .worth f 00.000. was turning frors~: China over ~srootia into Hongkoag di- fwnd in her p~a~auon. T6e the Lu,~ar New .Year as a ~ fran &ngkok. drugs are ~bel eved to hsve screen to bring heroin into 0n0e d^'gs are Lbma� baa ~uggled inw Macau Hon kon . arrangema~ts are made ~ to frcm China via Tda~arid. g g have the oonaigaments smug- In the paat. racketars 'Over the holiday period' gled into Hongkong and ~ve smuggled naroolia into customs of~ars at Shum- Macau wetland and by fuh- Macau [or � consumption _ chun were unable to conduct ing junka, wuroa s,id. t6ere. but there is evidenex their usual stringent srarcha, A:ked whether it was now that some of th~e drugs sources said. poas ible that consignments that enter the Portugude ' They said a substantial h8d been brought into Hong territory are deatined for ~ quantity of heroin is believed kong by couriera over the new Hongkon~. a veteran customs to have been smuggled . into ya r. 2he head of the Customs offiar sa~d. Noqgkong by couricrs re- investigation Buresu, Senior "We have alread~:nepped cruited before Lunar New Superintendent K.S. 'fong, ~~r aC, Lowu. Yesr. said there is a possibility be- w~arva of ferria and hydro- � And because of the sub- p~ ~toms ofGcers oould foila from Macau os well at stanual supplia in the terri- not search aU the luggage at Aig6ts from C6ina. tory, heroin prica bave con- the. 6aght of the influx at tinued to drop steadily since "Our_ofiicecs are now vet- last year. . I'OM~' . tia6 P~Sa! ~ving ftom The retail price for a kilo ~bsd to prork as fast Macau and CWna." he ~a~~. of No 3 heroin is now u P~ ~ b~1P.~. C}una hu reeently'[dmit- 5120.000, com red, .with ~~s ~ it.u possible pa ted that drup are being~ that oa~rias 6ad eaca imuggled through C6ine~~. 5200.000 a year ago - a d~~~: ~~id. drop of about 40 per cent. � temto~ ftom the Csolden - _ The price is eapected to ' He uid thete htd ban. Trisa fg e/ to Hoaglcoag. drop still further, adding fuel reports o'ver the put few Reports from Peking early to narootia oi'fcials' ,belief montht tlut i number of ~t awnlh Alio aled eeveral ' that "substantial consign- luge oauignmentt of ,drugs ~ oi drug :mu~ling laat ments are still being smug- batnd. fa C6ina lud bari � gled into Hongkong." intacepted� ~t B~ngkok air- Y~~ iu Yuaan provmcx along 7'he drop is also attributod po~, the Hwmae border. to hmrders m Thailsnd sell- y~ ~ one Hongkong It was the'fint admi:sion the Chinese autborities in~ their atocks at cheaper raident was involved. �~t its territqry~~w~s being pric~s be~use of ~a bumper ~Fro~ intuaptions. used for drug tnfTckiag. harvest in the Golden Trian- sppesn the ncketan are gle last yesr. ' ~ In Augu:t Guangdong Vast stocks at cheaper ~*Y~ B to maka use of Cluna p~blic Sccurit Burau oR- - a non-drug suspect ooun- ~ ynd'ecate prices have attracted buyers vy _ u a ite ng sto~e for 'cer: smas a s from Hongk~g and elso- ~mu lin Su Ton ~mu~1mg drup frotro the wherc. souroa said. u~d~ 6' ~ g Golden 1`~iangle to Hongkong And� racketars. both here ' via Gnton. and in Thailand, have ban He ~tid hia offwers had F~rtan people. including taking sdvantage of the rela- not yet reiud any dru~s oom- a man Gom Hongkong. were tive ~neuperiena of customs i~ direct from China e~ther. i~~~ ~ GnWn following officers in China to smuggle br train. fwria or. it t6e ~q~ ~QVatigatiom. ' � large consignmenu from a~rport, but that hu men had the arratt wete Ban4kok to Canton. which ban put on tde alert to guard ~de, Peking aathoritia~ 6ad are Imked diroctly by air. against ~t happening. ' dp~~ ~t C6ina was - Source: est~matcd the ~t month~ a housewifc bpng used .by drug~ racko- c6anca of smueBling drugs ~urning from Macau wa~ � CSO.: 5320/9119 8 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000540040024-6 HONG KONG SINGAPORE VESSEL CREW ON CHARGES OF SMUGGLING OPIUM Hong Kong SOUTH~CHINA MORNING POST in English 9 Feb 82 p 14 ~ [Textl �'I'he master and eight 'Tbe Lu C6ian~~called at membera of the crew of a Thailand, t6en a~led on to _ Singapore vesael � appeartd Hongkang~ arriving oa Febru- in the Hig6 Court yeater- ary 17. and wu immediately ~ - day charged with conspira- boarded by customa otticer:. cy to smu$g1e pre red T6�Y ~ bard ' opium worth S 10 mi~llion the wbole time the vwel wu into Hongkong. in tbe harbour and the opium oould not be unladad.' They werc. Fung Siu-:un, ~ Meaaw6ile, wme of the � Yik Taz-wai. C6an Keong~ Or ~ crew had gone uhore in ~ Chua-fai, C~ong Keng-seng, Hoagkong and were attempt- ~ Hui Msn-wai (master of the ~ iag W negotiate a pria and a _ ahiP), Wong Ping-lcwong, purc6aser for the op~um. , Ka~-ming and Lam Tuns- But aa it could not be kong. unloaded, the Lu C6iang T6ey were charged with . carried it on to Korea. ' wnspiracy to traffic in a dan-. The �hip relurned to ~ geroua drug between Fobru� HonBlcong oa the evening of ary.l and Apn1 S laat year. Apnf 3 and moored in the Fung. Yik, Chong and watern Anefwnge. . Lam pteaded guilty. The opiwn was removed ' The Crat two were aen� from its hiding placx t6e fol- . tencxd to five yars' imprison- lowing aight. ment a4cb by Mr Jiutice Fun~ Siu-sun and �Yik Additon while Chong reaiv Tu�wat took 82,67 kiloa on' . ed four yean, board a motorboat to talce tt' L,am will be aentenced at �bO~� the end of Rhe trial. 'p'hey were not awarc that Fung. Yik and C6ong will snd excise ~ ofticen give evidena ~or the prosetu- 6ad 'the ahip. under :urveil-~ uon. lana and that crew members . Senior Crown couiuel ' ~~lxingfollowed. ~ Colin White said t6e oonspir� 'The motorbat with the ~ dr ug:: on board haded ' to- . acy begaa on boud tbe motor . wardi the Yaumati typhoon vessel Lu Cbiang at t6e shelta. but was interaptcd beginning of Febrwry lut by a cuatoma launch. ' yesr when t6e aptain and 6is Fung snd Yik jumped inW officen wero di~cuuing ways t1~e ~a, but c~utoms offi~ers of increasing their inoome. immediately jum~ m aRer ' Tbe Crorm aUe~ed tlut them and arrated them. . wbile the slup ~ws ~n Sia~a- Tbey were brought back to _ pore~ the oon,~pinton obtain- cwtrnw headquarten and the . ed s quantiyo uf prepared o'um was razed. opium and put mat ot it in ~A team of customs invati- tbe ap~rc paton in the eagine ptors, thea boarded the Lu l��m' .C6iang aud the other accused _ Some of the opium that ~N~ ~Rp~, � . was left over was:tared in the The trial continua taday. top of the p~ntry aupboard in ' the galley. CSO: 5320/9119 9 ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/42/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044424-6 ~ ~ H01NG KONG CAM~AIGN TO CURB DRUG ABUSE AMONG YOUTH INAUGURATED - Hong Kong SOUTFi CHINA MORNING POST in English 2 Feb 82 p 8 [Excerpts ] w~ a 32 per cent tion.'Mr Stumpf said. ~ c~mpaign � is to dissuade oui incresse in the number of He ~aid. however. that raidenta~ . cspecially the` youngpeople desling with ~~Q~O~ �~'a ~e ir,- youunger ones. from ever eac- drugs last yesr .Wmpared' flua of � am~rn8rants' iato perimenting wi{h drugs and with 1980. HO~6~~ b0 ~ optimi:itic to encaurage them to taKe that the number of young part in healthy and meaning-. The. factors leading to the peopk dealie~ with drugi will ful activities." . increase include the intlux~of ~~,~~:a~a~~~, A sum of 5180,000 has~ immigtants and the rootless- The d~strici officer been budgetted for the anti- ness of young peopte when (Shadn). Dr Patrick aIsse, narootics campaign to be hel'd moying into new areas. who alb attendcd the p~ess in Shatin from Sunday to Md to help local addicts, ~~d t6e rootlesa- Febroary 28. ' a two-staaa experimental neu of young people when The budget was described treatment vnth a new drag - ~~r;g into naw, areat ~such ss a"record" figure for this bupcenorpt~ine = will start ~n MW .~W~ has also son of cam~aign lfy the act- . April in Shek Kwu Chau. � u~~ youngaters� to ing Comm~ssioner for Nar- The chairman .of, the ,turn to druga. ' cot~a; Mr C.M. Leung. ' Preventive Education and "Young people who move He adde~ that the'ACAN Publicity Sub-oommitta of into the new towns and , are had provided S I 50,000 to- Action Committa Agaimt. nnacquainted with the envi-' wards campaign, expenses Narootica, Mr Karl Stumpf. ronment will fai'roodess_and Wb~~~ the Shat~n district said yaterday thar the num- ~~(p ~ attracted to y~~'and local residents.bad ' ber of young people invoived , drug abuse." he ~aid. dunated a funher 530,000. ' ' with drugs has not increased . Md such problew oouid � ao much in number but in arise in t6e fiiture..Dr Haae More than 100,000 resi- denta in tha district ate, ez- nta e ~Speaking at s presa con- ~~~Un u� a fast-develop~ P~~~, to faka p~K in ' the ference on� the three-wak ing aew town attracting a ~Pa~Sn. t}!e fourth in the anti-narootiacampaigneobe ~a~ge~g~tion of urban NewTerrifona.'~ ~ ~ held at Sfwtin, Mr Stumpf dwellen to .the disuict; : he Meanwhile; an expenmen- said last year saw an increaae ~~d, ta1 treatment of local addicts of 32 per cent in the number Among ~hae newcomere, with a new diug - buprenot-� of young people . under 2S ibert are those unfortunate pliine - wilt start in April for. yan of age involved in drug ~~ybp the pacx of life six menttu. Mr Leung sa~d. abuse over 1980. and problema too much so Two group~ of 40 drug' 'fbe number of hewly ra ~at some of them may turn addicta each vnll take part in ported casa of young poople ~ d~~~ he wid. tha experimenf, he said. ~nvolved with drugs was 463 H~ ~n~ ~t that the One group will be treated in the swond half of 1980 and ~~nt 150~000 young resi- with bu~renorphine and~ the the number had rixn to 613 denb~ ag~d betwan 10 and other�wttb methadone to iee in the fint half of last year. a 2s~ in Shatin will rise to which u moro effective. ~pokamae for the Nercotia 230,000 by tbe end of thii A medical epocialist haa ' � ~ Divuinn wid. ~ ~ reooinmendad the we of bu- _ And the influx of immi- y~~It is important w kap prenorphine b&:ause it can be granu had a bearing on drug, the young poople sr..are of the disoootinued abruptly ' vrith 8b~� ' problem_ and to iiceep Shatin few; if a~y. withdrawal psins When these immigrants ~ drug-free as poas~ble, Ae wherartdtmdden ttoppage cannot get a, job. they aro ~~d, � of ' met6adone �treatment� . easily pushed mto drug addic- ~~The objcctive of thie means ~evare disoumfort. CSO: 5320/9117 10 . APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 ' HONG KONG HRIEFS . OPIUM SMUGGLER SENTENCED--A fo ~ner cook alleged to be the No 3 man in a massive drugs syndicate responsible for smugglinc~ enornwus quantities of raw opium into Hongkonq in the 1960s and 1970s was sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment by Mr Jus- tice Hooper in the High Court. Cheng Ah-kai (53) was convicted by a jury,on Mon- day of conspiracy to traffic in dnngerous~drugs and to deal in danqerous drugs. Cheng was due to stand trial for drug trafficking with Ha~gkonq businessmen, Ma Sik-yu and Ma Sik-chun, but in July 1978 he jtanped bail and absconded to Thailand. In June 1979 he was arrested in Bangkok and charqed with smuqgling heroin w~orth $1.5 million inta Hongkong. He was kept in custody in Thailand until last manth when the T'hai authorities deported him. He was put on a plane bound for Taiwan, which touched dawn for refu~lling in Hongkonq. Officers of the Honqkong Narcotics - Bureau, who had been tipped-off, boarded the plane at Kai Tak and arrested him. During his trial a numb~er of elderly'fisheraien testified that Cheng had been re- spansible for organisincr a fleet of I~ongkong and Macau f3shing junks to pick up enormous loads of raw opium from Thai trawlers. [Text] [Hong Kang SOUTH CHiNA IKORNING POST in Ehglish 24 Jan 82 p 1~] TWO PAKISTANIS JAILID--~vo Pakistanis were sent to prison by Mr Justice Barnes in the High Court yesterday for danqerous drugs offences. Mc~~ammed Tufail (55) was sentenced to two years while Moham~ned Hanif (30) received 2-1/2 years. Tufail was found guilty by a jury of possessinq 3.661 kilos of opium tar the purpose of un- - lawful trafficking, while Hanif was convicted of conspiracy to traffic in opiian. - The prosecution's case was that Tufail and another Pakistani, Malik Abdul Guyyam, arrived from Pakistan on November 8 last year. At the airport, they were searched by customs officers and a quantity of opium was found in a suitcase. Inquiries revealed that Hanif, who was living in Hongkong, was to introduce them to someone who would help dispose.of the drug. Guyyam (32) had pleaded guilty before andther judge last October to possessing the opium for unlawful trafficking and conspiracy ta traffic in opium, and was sentenced to four years' imprisonment. [Excerpt] [Hong Kong SOUTH CHINA MORNiNG POST in English 23 Jan 82 p 6] HEROIN RiNG SMASI~D--Police bel~eve they have smashed a heroin distribution centre after sQizing 1.2 kiloqrams of number 3 heroin in a Tsimshatsui flat. The heroin is worth about $250,000 at street prices. A green-card holder, aged 27, was ar- rested in the raid and~will appear in ,auth K~owloon Court today charged with pas- sessing dangeruus drugs for unlawful trafficking. The drugs were seized after a week-long investigation into a retailing and distribution centre in Wanchai by members of the Wanchaf division of the drugs squad. The raid, led by Inspector 11 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400504040024-6 Andrew Palmer, began shortly after 9.30 am at 41A Granville R,oad, llth fla.~r. Two packets of suspected heroin, weighing 0.9 kg, and 17 small packets of suspected heroin, weighing 0.3 kg, were seized. Equipment associated with heroin packaging was also seized. [Text] [Hong IGong SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST in E~glish 1 Feb 82 p 1] CSO: 5320/9117 12 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R004500040024-6 INDONESIA MAJORITY OF NARCOTICS OFFr"~TSES CONNECTED WITH MARIAUANA Marihuana Growing Increases Jakarta KOMPAS in Indonesian 11 Jan 82 p 3 [Text] The commander uf the Main Unit for Narcotics Investigation at Police Head- quarters, Police Brigadier General Soeharjono, revealed Saturday that from 1980 to 1981 the number of narcotics cases had declined by 35.66 percent, but that evidence . seized in the form of dried marihuana leaves had increased by almost 70 percent. Accompanied by the district head of information, Brigadier General Darmawan Soedar- sono, M.A., Soeharjono said in a press conference at Police Headquarters that mari- huana has now became a serious problem requiring speCial public attention. He stated that the plant was spread all over the country, and that in fact Indonesia was known abroad as a producer of marihuana. He added that man3~ packages of mari- huana were sent out of the country. In Soeharjono's opinion, marihuana offenses will continue to be a problem in years to come. Marihuana, which has always grown wild on mountain sides and in the woods in Aceh and North.Sumatra, is very difficult to control. Since 1979 many residents of those areas have been growing marihuana and cultivation ~ has now reached eight police jurisdictions: Region I Aceh--Blangke3eren, Blangjeu- - nip and Kotacane; Region II North Sumatra--Tanah Karo and Simalungun. Region III West Sumatra--Payakumbuh; Region IV Riau--Bengkalis; Region VI South Sumatra--Rejanglebond and NoYth Lampung; Region VIII West Java--Garut, Cian~ur, Sukabumi, Majalengka and Tasikmalaya; Region IX Central Java--Banyumas and Region X East Java--Banyuwangi and Malang. All the marihuana in those areas is illegally transported to and sold in Jakarta, Bandung, Yogyakarta, Surabaya and even as far away as Denpasar. ~ Two Factors Two factors are believed to be involved in the increase in the planting and distri- bution of marihuana. The first is the large profit which tempts people who don't think about the dangerous consequences to the younger generation. 13 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 Prices which in the place of origin are thousands of rupiahs per kilogram become hundreds of thousands at the place of sale. In fact, some suspects in the Bagan Siapi-api area af Riau said that dried marihuana leaves bring in Rp. 800,000 pex Kg ~ when sold abroad. The second factor is the scarcity of opium derivatives such as morphine and heroin, which now all come from abroad. For the time being marihuana is being sold as a substitute. Arrests of suspects in narcotics cases have decreased. 814 suspects were booked in 1980 and only 489 in 1981. The number of cases handled, the r.umber of suspects arrested and the amount of evidence seized or destroyed can be seen from the figures in the following table: . Year Cases Suspects . Evidence 1979 300 501 795.963 Kg of marihuana � leaves and 7,883 plants 1980 461 814 1,328.872 Kg of leaves, 8,050 plants and ~ 528.15 grams pf seeds 1981 260 489 2,243.424 Kg of leaves, 2,621 plants and 12.3 grams of seeds Soeharjono said that some but not many of the suspects were foreigners, 46 foreign suspects were booked in 1980 and 30 in 1981, usually tourists who took the oppor- tunity to smoke marihuana in Indonesia. Most were arrested in tourist areas such - as Yogyakarta and Bali. They were not members of a marihuana-smuggling organization. According to the Commander of the Main Unit for Narcotics Investigation, the inter- national narcotics syndicate no longer routes traffic tlirough Indonesia but instead through Papua New Guinea and New Caledonia and then to Europe and America. Marihuana Confiscated Jakarta PELITA in Indonesian 15 Jan 82 pp 1, 7 ~ [Text] The Commander of the Main Unit for Narcotics Investigation at Police Head- quarters, Brigadier General Soehard,jono, M.A., explained to the press last Saturday that between 1980 and 1981 the number of narcotics cases in Indonesia had decreased while the amount of marihuana seized in evidence had increased by 168.82 percent. In 1980 there were 645 narcotics cases and in 1981 409 cases. Marihuana seized in 1980 amounted to 1,328.872 kg and in 1981 to 2,243.424 kg. In 1980 113.34 grams of opium, 127.730 grams of morphine, 6.025 grams of heroin and 3.5 grams of hashish were seized. In 1981 56.004 grams of opium, 116.518 grams of morphine, 11.55 grams of heroin and 520.25 grams of hashish were seiied. There were 8,050 marihuana plants destroyed i~t 1980 and 2,621 plants destroyed in 1981. 14 � APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 Soehardjono said that in 1981 fewer people were arrested in Indonesia for narcotics offenses than the previous year, with 679 Indonesians and 30 foreigners arrested in 198i and 1,031 Indonesians and 46 foreigners arrested in 1980. In 1981 '182 users and in 1980 380 users were detained. Three Australians, two Japanese, 15 Chinese, two Englishmen, four Americans, one German, two Frenchmen and one Canadian involved in narcotics offenses were arrested in 1981. _ In answer to a question, Soehardjono admitted that the police still face many ab- stacles in their attempts to respond to these narcotics offenses--the lack of facil- ities and staff to handle the narcotics problem, and the failure of the public at large to report such cases. Formerly marihuana was only found in Aceh and in North Sumatra, but recently people in West and East Java have been planting it. In these new areas the planters gen- erally do not know that it is forbidden, Soehardjono explained; they are the victims of businessmen who tell them to plant it. In answer to another question, Soehard3ono said that up to now the police had not found any evidence of subversive elements in the narcotics trade in Indonesia. The purpose of the narcotics business is purely to make a huge profit. It also cannot be said these activities take the form of an international syndicate; nevertheless, they are quite well organized. 9846 CSO: 5300/8318 15 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 NEW ZEALAND ~ SCATTERED CANNABIS PLOTS ELUDING POLICE DETECTION Auckland TI~ NEW ZEALAND HERALD in English 19 Jan 82 p 6 [Editorial: "Weeding Out Cannabis Plots"j (Text] A scarcity of "bard" drugs, harvest as much as $~00 in street ~ ideal growing conditions and a sales from each plant. tendency for some users t~ gro�-it- In this pitting of ~rits. the alone spell an upsurge this year Poiice ackno~vledae tliat they rely rery mi~ch on information from in;the use of marijuana. For the the .public - from people who police, the task of de'tecting tbe might stum'r;;e upon a marijuana sourees o~ L~~s so-called "soft" drug Aatch or overhear a loose a~ord is becoming increasingly difficult. a~u~ its-location. There should be . Plots of cannabis sativa plants no need for communitv-funded ~ helicopter swoops like the air _ are becoming smaller, more sca~- search Nhich uncovered 10 hlant= tered and more remote as gro~vers ations in 1980. Such operations aeek to out~cit police crho, ~only s ahould be financed from tases. vear ago, ~cere finding plantatians \Tonetheless, public ~rillingness containing more than 1000 plants: to report iilicit plots is vital if By growing perhaps 20 plants in mounting use of cannabis is to be ~ earh plot and using nets to prevent checked. Reports from around the aerial spotting, the suppliers country ahow that cultiration i~ 'belie~e they can limit the ri3k of too widespread for the police force detection -~r�hile continuing to to tackle the job alone. CSO: 5320/9118 ~ 16 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007142/09: CIA-RDP82-40854R040500040024-6 PAKISTAN NEED TO CONTROL 'DEADLY TRADE' UNDERLINED Lahdre VIEWPOINT in Enqlish 4 Feb a2 p 7 [1~,rticle by "Linesman": "The Deadly Trade"] [Text] Parallel with the increased productian of opium and heroin in parts of Pakistan,~and a phenomenal rise in the deadly trade, drug abuse within the country is spreading at a frightening pace. According to reliably-inv~estigated reports, the Golden Triangle, wedged in the bor- derlands of T'nainand and Burma, has gradually been replace,d by the Golden Crescent, lying alonq the Pak-Afghan frontiers, as the main supplfer of hard drugs to the w~orld. A number of heroin-manufacturing plants, some of them mabile, are said to have~been set up in or near Pakistan's tribal belts and despite efforts by the ~uthorities to cut down on poppy cunltivation, these units flourish and seem ta have no difiiculty in getting all the raw material they need. This grim estimate is substantiated by the fact that the seizure of drugs sought to be smugqled �rom Pakisan has risen steadily in recent years, and the traffic, once limitec? to opium and hashish now includes larqe quant3ties of hesbin. There are qood reasons to believe that this multi-million-dollar business has grown as a result of local col- laboration witYi Western druq syndicates who are said to provide the incentive, finance and technical know how to expand the heinaus trad~a. Addic'tion Grows ~ Inevitably, the in the production and export of all varieties of such drugs has encouraged dr~.~g addiction among large sections of our peoples.. According to a panel of doctors assembled in Swat recently, not only has addiction ~ of traditional drugs spread, but the deadliest of all habit-forndsig drugs, heroin, is now becoming readily available and increasinqly popular. It is said that at least 150 cases of heroin-addiction were registered during 1981 in the ten rehabil- itation and detoxification centres functioning in the country. 1'n the bigger towns, the dangerous addiction is spreadinq among students, and from Sind indi- cates that it is not unknown in the rural areas. A report ~resented to the Swat symposium gives the alarming estimate that victims of various types of drugs in Pakistan range between 4.5 r3nd 8 lakhs. It is also admitted by the experts and these estimates are incomplete because a large nwnber of drug addicts, particularly in the remote areas, have not been brought under any count. A more comprehensive nation-wide survey is to be undertaken with West Gernian assistance, and when 17 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 com}~lpted it will underline the qrave threat to national health presented by the menace of drug-addiction. . Main Tasks Z'he first tz~k obviously is to check the cultivation of poppy and the production of opium and heroin. Here, some effort has been made, but the claim that it has been successful is belied by other evidence. The narcatics seized during 1980 ~nd 1981 equal the quantity seized 1973 anc7 1979. If it is correctly believed that only one-tenth of the quantity smuggled is seized, production is clearly booming. Apart from the variety of indigenaus drugs, imported drugs available at any chemist, and sold often without a pr~scription, add to the damage~. A new Ordinance is said to be under preparation to allow for mAre effective steps agai.~st the illegal sale and smu~qling of hard drugs, such as heroin, opium, hash- - ish, etc. It must be kept in mind that the simple bureaucratic remedy of inerely enhancing sentences for violation of the relevant laws will not suffice to curb the menace. The profits availak~le in this trade are so high that the operators' agents are willing to take the risk of paying large fines and even undergoing imprisonment. Apart from imposing truly deterrent punishment, it is essential that the machinery for dealing with the trade is mad~ more efficient, so that the law-enforcers can keep ahead of the methods used by the traffickers in drugs. So far, these agencies seem to be vigilant only at certain known points, such as the main airports for ~ foreign fl~ights and the points of entzy into the Punjab from the NWFP which remains the main area for supplies. This is plainly not enough. The Narcotics Board must be persuaded to estai:tisr a wider :net so that the sale and export of drugs does not remain such an easy operation. It is also necessary that proper efforts should be made to detect and apprehend the big bosses, who are responsible for the planning which has expanded the clrug business to such an extent with such frightening speed. Along with preventive az:d penal measures tha+: are said to be in offing, doctors and students of psychology shc;uld investigate why the demand for opiates has received such a spurt in recent years, and suggest rer.?edies that can save our people from the deleterious effect of destructive drugs. CSO: 5300/5654 ~ 18 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 PAKISTAN INTERPOL M~N COMPLETE HEROIN SMUGGLING INVESTIGATION Karachi MORNING NEWS in English 9 Feb 82 p 5 [T2Xt ] Inveatigatia~s have been cad~i thrce days a~o. Taqav~ completed by~a hirh le~�el tcam who mastermindcd Uic op~ra- uf Wcst Ccrmau Interpol to tion disappeared lrom tl~e cullccl evidcucc and links of airport wlien Mi~s Erica and Mroin smu~~lin~ casc foiled Mobasharfard werc arrec:ed � by Pakistan Cus:oms sta(i at He ~vas. arrested from Lahore Iiarachi'�airport in Octooer airport four days later ~~hen � lant .year involving a German he tried to fly out to New girl and a numbcr o! lraniaua Delhi, His accomplice in Ka- li~�ing ui \Vest Germany.' rachi Abidtada ~~�~s alsu arres- The ofHcials o[ lnterpol ~~�ho ted. left here ycsterday for Frank. During intcrro~;a:ion, '1'aqa~�i furt told PPI in an iutcr~:icw confessed he earlicr scut one betore leaving that durina Hasan Aqa with heroin to VVesl their aix-day stay Uiey rccor- Germany. This inlormation ~~~aa - ded statements of Dii,s Josc.te conveyed to West Ccrman ln� ~ Erica, the Gcrman :irl, and terpol cvho arresled Hasai~ :~qa three Iraniar.s-Mol~ammac~ irom his 8at in Bcrlin, aloug Ra~a Tlqavi. Nlohanunad Ita~.~ Wi1h one Sabir Shahidi. Mobasl~arfard aud Ghulam Miss Erica who cariier dr.- Husyain Abidzada. nied any involvement in tlie "~Ve have no~v cnough c.~i- case, later coniessed in rot~rt dence ot thosc iucol~�ed in ti~e to h~r c: ime and W as fined Rs. intemational gang o[ hcroin one lakh which was paid by ' ymugglers [rom Pal:is:an to her father who flew in liere 1Vest Gcrmany and ~r�c h~~~c to from VDeat Cermany. Moba- arrest the remaining accused ~hartard also plcaded guilty in our country soon tlic;� and was 1~ned Rs, o?~e lakh and said.. one year in jail. Teqavi wae - ' . IL may bc rai~~lled thal on however relcased on bait. Oct. 2T, 19tt1 Miss Et:ca aiid The Interrwl o117cials thwnked riobasharfa?�d ~vcrc arrested the Pakistan Customs steR in- trom Karachi air~~ort Flyortly cludinR Mr Musht:iq Kazml _ be[m�e U~cy ~crc to lca~�c on and Mr Abdul Waheed Khan, , ' ~ an Air France Ilight by the Deputy Colleclor Customs. Ka- Cu:~toms st;+ti and 4.SR kilo~ oL rachi airporl, fon c~lping thcm hcroin ~vas recovcred l'rorn in their investi~ations and also iheir suitcases, fer foiling ihc attempt of hcrein � 7'lie t~~~o had ari�i~~ed in Ka- ~mugglinQ to thcir counlry-� CSO: 5300/5651 19 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044024-6 PAKISTAN ACCUSED GIVES DETAILS OF SMUGGLING OPERATION - Karachi JANG in Urdu 28 Dec 81 pp 2, 15 [Article: "I Used To Supply Tons of Charas in~Karachi; Confession of Aman Allah Accused of Smuggling and Murder of a Police Officer; Police Laoking for Aman Allah and His Five Companions"] ~ [TextJ Karachi, 27 December--Aman Allah, accused of killing a police officer in Site area, told the police during an investigation that he was the leading sup- plier of drugs~in the country, particularly in Karachi. Site police had arrested Aman Allah and his three companions after a struggle. The police learned about his activities in that area and arrested him when he went to sell drugs in Site. The superintendent of Nazimabad police and assistant superintendent of Site police arranged for a plain-clothe~ officer to buy drugs from Aman Allah. Aman Allah arrived in a car with license number 16452 accompanied by his three com- panions in Valeeka.Chowrungee at the appointed time. He was surrounded by the police under the leadership of deputy inspector Ayaz Khan. When Ama.n Allah tried - to escape, police constable Zabur Khan tried to hold him. Aman Allah shot Zabur Khan in the head, killing him instantly. Aman Allah hid in a godown nearby while his companions tried to escape. The police arrested his three companions, Kashmir, Kadir and Abdul Waheed, as well as Aman Allah. The police recovered about 5 and 1/2 maunds [approximately 450 pounds] of charas from the car. Aman Allah admitted that he.had been making charas in the tribal area for the ]:ast 10 years and selling it to dealers in Rarachi area. He added that he brought 160 tq 1,600 pounds of charas to Karachi every 2 months. He said that he paid 2,000 rupees to the truck drivers for each maund 4f charas. He further said that he did not check the identity of his customers. Anyone who was willing to pay the right amount got as much as he desired. I~e further said that the persons he supplied to have become millionaires and are living in fancy houses. He used to stay with a friend in P.I.B. colony in Karachi and stored his charas in Bara situated on the superhighway. He would stay there and sell charas until tl:e supplies lasted. Then he would return to the tribal areas for additional supply of charas. According to the police, Aman Allah used to kidnap people from Karachi and take them to the tribal areas. Various groups used Aman Allah's services to have their opponents kidnapped and later released on payment of ran- som. Aman Allah's companions, Kashmir and Abdul Qt3ir, were also involved in drug traffic. His other assistant, Abdul Waheed, acted as a driver for a known criminal until Aman Allah employed him fulltime. The police are looking for five other members of.his gang. 7997 CSO: 5300/4589 20 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R004500040024-6 PAKISTAN BRIEFS OPIUM SEIZID IN PESHAWAR--Peshawar, 24 Feb--In the third consecutive raid in 6 days, the Peshawar customs seized 433 kilograms of opium and 315 kilograms of charas from a truck near Naushera on the grand trunk road today. The narcotics were bound _ for Karachi en route Europe. The value of the contraband items was said to be about rs 3 crore in foreign market. [GF271314 Karachi DAWN in English 25 Feb 82 P 1~ . . - CSO: 5300/5656 21 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 PEOPLE' S REPUBLIC OF (~iINA ~ r . . MQS ~W CIAIMS PRC SUPPORTS DRUG TRAFFIC IN ~IIRA'fA BK311215 Moscow Radio in Burmese to Burma 1030 GrfT 30 .Taa 82 [Text~ There have been reports on military operations being waged by companies of Burmese and Thai armed forces agaiast the armed gangs engaged in the illicit opium trade in the golden triang:e area. The name of the opium king, Khun Sa, alias Chang Si-fu a Chinese national is well known. He has been engaging in this highly profitable venture for 20 years. He set up opium refineries in forested and mountainous areas and devised a smooth system of transporting narcotics through jungle routes. He owns a private army with a force of 3,000 ' men. Khun.Sa has not been arrested despite a cash award announced for his arrest. . . An Italiaa weekly magazir.E, (PANORAMA), once suggested that to get avay with notoriety in - such a blatant manner, I~un Sa must have more capital than the gor.ernment organizations in charge of ant~i-narcotics operations. Other than this factor, the failure to arrest him and ~ his expanding underground operation can be attributed to Beijiag's encouragement.' It has been proven that has contacts with the Mafia gang which controla production and _ trafficking in narcotics. It is'kno~m thae Beijing's agents established contacts with . (Santos Trofigante), leader of an underground gang ~+hich controls the illicit drug traffic - in the United States. The opium trade ia the golden triangle grows with each passing day. According to figures released by the Uaited Nations, 800,000 kgs of opium or 60,000 kgs of heroin are produced �in the region every year. Laboratories set up clandestinely in caves and tunnels in inaccessible mountainous areas refine opium into heroin. When opium is refined into heroin, the volume is less but the value multiplies many times over. Calculaticig on the basis of $500,000 per kilogram of heroin on the illegal market in the United States, we can guesa at the extent'of huge profits made by drug traffickers and dealers. The following figures released by the United States also reveal the profits of those in this illicit trade: In 1980 drug sales totaled $6.4 billion in the I3nited States, and sales jumped to S10 billion last year. Beijing's interference in the internal affairs of Burma is usua.lly mentioned in relation to the exteat of its involvement in the opium trade in Burma. Beijing, which i.s using rebels of all stripes as its followers, offers arms and ammunition in exchange for opium. Consequently, insurgency and drug trafficking have become inseparable because opium serves the cause of war. With the upsurge in insurgency~ the prospects for trafficking in the deadly white powder becomes greater. The Burmese Army has constantly fought insurgency as well as drug trafficking by insurgents. Yoppy plantations are destroyed b~? planes. Aircraft of the Burmese Air Force have frequently bombed rebel camps, routes along which the rebels move, as well as areas believed the sites of the laboratories and drug storage dumps. Despite this, insurgents continue to survive, This is because, if necessary, they can take refuge in Chinese . territory. There are bases and training camps for the rebels in Chinese territory. 22 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-44850R000500040024-6 - Routes leading into Burma from the north fr,:~ an intricate network through which Chinese - goods and arms are delivered to the rebels by mules. This was mentioned in (U Thein Pe Atyint`s) travelogue of the northeastern region. The Chinese returning from Burma take back teak, all sorts of timber, ivory and precious gems from Burma. Opium is also transported illegally through these mountainous routes. These routes are also the source ~f the black matket in Bursa, Thakin Chit Maung, a well-known Burmese leader, wrote in his book: The - blow to the Burmese economy comes from the fact that the circulation of goods and money ~ take place on the black'market and not where it should. He said~ This must be considered as a.z attempt not only to sabotage the economic syatem of the revolution in Burma, but ~ also as an attempt to topple the state and destroy existing social relations. In additior. to their blackmarketeering, Chinese natfonals are infiltrating Burma. They mingle with Burmese-born Chinese nationals and disappear. On orders from Beijing, they try . to establish themselves in Kokang, Mong Hsat and in other areas of Burma which China claims to be its territories even to this�ciay. The extent of Chinese infiltration was revealed in a series of military campaigns launched by the Burmese Army. The gradual infiltration into Burma is aimed at settfng up liberated areas. In other words, the scheme is to slice up a piece of Burmese territory. China's gradually increasing opium trade is to implement these airss. This scheme is inseparable from the general strategy of the Chinese leaders to bring Southeast Asia ~mder their influence. CSO: 5300/2195 23 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044024-6 THAILAND ~ MORE QUESTIONS RAISED ON MOTIVES FOR BAN HIN TAEK RAID . � ~ Editorial. Comment Bangkok SIAM RAT SAPPADA WICHAN in Thai 31 Jan 82 p 2 [Editorial.: "Foreign Armed Forces In Thail.and"] (Text] Last week, border patro]. sent forces to wipe out the armed forces of Khun Sa, or Chang Si Fu, who has been ca].l.ed the marcotics kingpin of the worl.d, at Ban Hin Taek in Mae Chan District, Chiang Rai Province. This operation commenced on 21 January. Genera]. Prachuap Suntharangkun; the deputy prime minister, and Po].ice General. Suraphon Chunlaphram, the director-general. of the Po].ice Department, together with severa]. other high-ranking officers, together to].d reporters about why the government had tocarry out L-his operation to wipe out the forces of Khun Sa at Ban Hin Taek. They said that this was necessary because these forces threaten Thai].and's sovereignty and they are engaged in producing _ and se] narcotics, which is destroying the stabi].ity and security of _ the nation. In addition, they affirmed that this suppression drive was not re].ated to the visit to mhail.and by members of the United States House of ~ Representatives or that they had been pressured or encouraged by the United States. . Concerning the foreign armed forces that have entered Thai].and, in the area bordering Burma, in real.ity there are severa]. qroups because the border between Thail.and and Burma is approximatel.y 2,000 kil.ometers and there are more than 70 crossing points. In addition, the compl.ex jungl.e and mountain terrain has made it easier for the minority groups in Burma to secretel.y enter the country and form armed forces. However, of . these various foreign armed.forces, it can be said that onl.y two have great infl.uence or forces and weapons. These are the Shan national. ].iberation group of Khun Sa and the KMT forces of the 93rd Division. Both of these groups, or armed forces, are engaged in the same business, that is, producing, and transporting opium. Thus, the members of , both groups have cl.aimed the northern area of ThaiJ.and as their home since it is near a~major opium producing area of the worl.d in the Shan and Kokan - states in the Gol.den Triangl.e. And since they are both engaged in the same business, sometimes they cl.ash. The on].y thing is that the status of the 24 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 two groups is not the same. That is, the Chinese KMT so].diers have been granted the status of refugees by the government and some became Tha.i citizens during the time when General. Kriangsak Chamanan headed the government. They have extabl.ished homes at Doi Mae Sa].ong and Doi Pha Tang. As for the Shan group of Khun Sa, they have sett].ed down at Ban Hin Taek, which has the status of a vi].l.age. This vil.].age has a vil.].age headman who was e].ected by the vil.l.agers and appointed by the government official..:s who monitor their affairs. Since the real. forces of Khun Sa do not ].ive at Ban Hin Taek, it ~ is probab].y just the home of the Shan fami].ies or a temporary rest point for the Shan armed forces. There is a sma7.]. force of border patro]. po].ice stationed there and administrative officia].s make periodic visits to inspect things. ' Concerning this attack on Ban Hin Taek, it is worth noting that Khun Sa was not captured, or good information was not gathered ahead of time. The onJ.y things found were weapons and war material.s. No opium or~other narcotics were found. Thus, the expectation that this suppression drive woul.d reduce opium production was wrong. We fee7. that suppression drives to wipe out foreign armed forces that have estab].ished homes in Thai].and are l.egal. operations that shou].d be supported, regardl.ess of whether these forces pose a direct or indirect threat to the security of the country. But at the same time, simi].ar action shoul.d be taken against al.l. the foreign armed forces: Otherwise, some peopl.e~may mistakenl.y think that the govprnment, or some powerful. peopl.e, are invo].ved with some of the armed groups and do not want to suppress them. Further Comment Bangkok SIAM RAT SAPPADA WICHAN in Thai 31 Jan 82 p 48 ( Last Page co].umn ] [Text) "I don't know why a suppression drive was not carried on before. We want them to l.eave the country," answered General. Prem Tinsul.anon, the prime ministter, when a reported asked him "why have we tried to suppress Khun Sa just now when he has ].ived here for a].ong time?""He knows what we want. If he wants to ].iberate a country, him do so outside our country... him do so somewhere," added the prime minister when a reporter asked whether or not we woul.d "ask for cooperation from Burma." - The question of why we r:ave carried on a siippression drive at this time is a question that is in the minds of the peop].e too. There were reports that the government was trying to suppress Khun Sa, or Chang Si Fu, and ~ there was a c].ash. Sixteen border patrol. official.s were kil.l.ed and 45 wounded in the cl.ash. As for Khun Sa's side, at l.east 32 are known to have been kil.l.ed. Khun Sa himsel.f managed to escape, which~ i's normal. for the "big shots." Yes. Why was the suppress.ion drive carried on just now? Why wasn't this done before? Is there something behind this? These are the questions of the peopJ.e, 25 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 incl.uding myse].f, who do not have detal.ied know].edge about this. gUt it is not rig~t to b].ame the government for not knowing what is happening because it wou].d be terribl.e if [the government) was not aware of the fact that l.arge forces equipped with ].arqe numbers of modern weapons are in our counrtry. The evidence that shows that the government is aware of this is. � that the Narctoics Control. Board has stated that Khun Sa is an important f'igure in the production of heroin and that he is an internationa]. trafficker, in addition to his other crimes. As stated, their main occupation is heroin trafficking. The cl.aim tha~ they are engaged in [a war ofJ national. l.iberation is not reasonabl.e. Even if they were engaged in national. l.iberation, why do they have to station forces . in our country? If they want to ].iberate something, ].et them do it el.sewhere, as the prime minister correctl.y pointed out. This is probl.abl.y not just a matter of (Shan) nationa]. liberation or narcotics trafficking a].one.' There was unquestionabl.y a matter of po].itics invo].ved a].so and it is the government that knows about this. Otherwise, suppression wou].d have been comp].eted a time ago. "Khun Sa had great foresight. ~ He adapted himse].f to the situation and joined the Shans in order to re].y , on these forces to make profits for himsel.f. At Ban Hin Taek, if our official.s ~ want to go there, they must first hand over their weapons. This is a great vio].ation of our sovereignty. Thus, it is fitting that the government has a resol.ute suppression po].icy this time," stated .Po].ice Co].onel. Thongun Charoensom, the commander of the Reqion 6 Border Patrol. ~ Anot~ier question is'why previous governments did not have a suppressin pol.icy and why they ignored matters to the point where Khun Sa's forces were abl.e to grow very ].arge and form an intricate network. They have bol.dl.y announced that they wil.]. immediatel.y oppose the present government when suppression drives are mounted. And they attacked the Mae Sai po].ice station at the Mae Sai District market in Chiang Rai Province. One po].iceman and five innocent bystanders were kil.l.ed. Since his forces f].ed in the wake of the suppression campaign, how bol.d wil.l. Khun Sa be now? . If he was just an ordinary heroin trafficker and did not have such a broad network, one that reaches throughout the wor].d, his bo].dness woul.d not have ~ redched the point of becoming news l.ike this. Ordinary heroin traffickers do not want to cJ.ash with suppression forces, or the government's forces. The onl.y thing they try to do is escape so that they can continue to carry ~ on their il.l.egal. activities. As for whether there was anythincj evi]. about this matter, it must~be admitted that this was not an ordinary matter and that there.must have been something in back of this for a time. There must have been national. or international. . interests in back of this. That is, po].itics was certain].y invol.ved in this. 26 \ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 As for the reward for the capture of Khun Sa, or Chang Si Fu, a Haw Chinese of Burmese origin, the Thai government has set the reward at 500,000 baht. But to raise forces to carry on this reso].ute suppression drive, the government had to spend mil.].ions of baht and sacrifice the ].ives of officia].s ~ and the of the nation. It does not seem ].ike it was worth the cost to send so many forces and weapons to carry on this suppression drive. It was l.ike riding an e].ephant to suppress a grasshopper. - In reaJ.ity, if comp].ex pol.itical. matters were not invol.ved arid it was desired to sett].e things with Khun Sa, there is a sure way to dispose of him - Everything wou].d then be fine. I do not know how the suppression official.s think. It is probabl.y possib].e to use a method ].ike in the movies, that ' ~ is, by sending in an expert to dispose of him quiet].y. Wel.l.-informed persons have confirmed that this is possib].e because Khun Sa does not J.ive just at the border or at Ban Hin Taek. He trave].s to many pl.aces and there have been news reports that he has a house in Chiang Mai and even one in Bangkok. It shoul.d'be within our government's capabi].ities to dispose of him by infil.trating an agent or estab].sihing an investigative network. . As said, this is a very comp].ex matter, and i fee]. that it is a national. matter, a national. pol.itica]. matter. The important peopl.e in the country certain].y know the fac~s and what is behind this. The only things is whether or not they wi.7.]. te].l. us. It is difficu].t to suppress the heroin traffickers. Lao Su, for examp].e, was once captured and put in prison but he stil.l. managed to escape. What more can be done? The best thing at present woul.d be for the government to answer the peopl.e's ~ question of "why has a suppression drive been mounted just now." The vil.J.agers woul.d 7.ike to know. Because, everything in this country is mysterious and compl.ex. It is sad and strange that the government has had to spend so much money and sacrifire so many ].ives to suppress these peop].e. ~ 11943 CSO: 5300/5641 � 27 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 YUGOSLAVIA BRIEFS DRUG ADDICTION IN VOJVODINA--Increased drug addiction has not bypassed Vojvodina, where over 250 young drug addicts have sought medical help up to now. Although the exact number of drug addicts is not~known, there are at least~150 to 200. The number of addicts in the Province of Vojvodina has increased abruptly, especially in Novi Sad and Subotica; 8 young people have died in the last few years in Novi Sad from drug use. In a su~rvey of 14,000 goung people in the province, it was found that 122 are regular drug users and that users are younger in age now (between 14 and 15 years old) than before. Dr Damjan Savic, who has been dealing with this _ problem for a number of years at the Novi Sad neuro-psychiatric clinic, said that addicts in Vojvodina used Macedonian opium up to a year ago, but now marijuana and h~ptanon are being used increasingly. /Excerpt% /Belgrade BORBP, in Serbo-Croatian 14 Feb 82 p 4% CSO: 5300/3007 28 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R000540040024-6 . BAHAMAS POLICE AT NORMAN'S CAY IN NEW EFFORT TO HALT DRUG TRADE Nassau THE TRIBUNE in English 9 Jan 82 pp l, 13 [Text] POLICE and De[ence Force ~~ng through on the outside not, they would' be coming on officers are now stationed of the Bahamas east of the the west side near" Cay Sal round the clock at Norman's Bahamas chain, or coming up bank. If they go out on the Cay and Cay Sal in an effort to the channei between Ragged east side, then they would be curb drug running through the Island and Cuba and then going o u t s i d e t he B aha m ia n Bahamas, Prime Minister up bn the west side and so on." territorial waters and there is Lynden Pindling has disclosed. Also, there has been � an nothing we could d'o about The Government, Mr improvement in the lisison that anyway. And if they go Pindling said, took a oonscious with the United States Coast around us in order to get tn decision to apply more funds G~, he said. There has been Florida, well there is nothing to this very vexing problem. a gnater and freer flow of we could do about that. We had to expend much information~ which has enabled Another means of drug more than we had planned to ~e Bahamas Defence Force to running is' by air. Aircraft by keeping constant patrol of get some advance information ranged from single engine sea in the northwestern an movements from South aircraft to four engine DC7s, Bahamas and the western 'America or wherever the point and in Inagua, Cat Ialand Bahamas," Mr Pindling said, of origin is. The Bahamas Eleuthera~ Andros~ Abaco and "Those were the main traffic I~efence Force he said has Grand Bahama planes carrying lanes." been able to make some drugs have been confiscated The western Bahamas would interesting arnsts at sea. anJ the peraons responsible be that passage leading up on Overall, Mr �Pin~dling said arrested. the east of Cay Sal. The that 1981 � was rha s the northwestern Bahamas is that ~ p "The end result of all this, ~nost successful year for the the agencies tell me, is that area between Bimini and north Bahamas in terms of combating there has been a considerable Andros. drug running. reduction in the flow of drugs "We have had to maintain a ..~~gy ~d large," he said~ "it through the Bahamas," Mr contingent of inen living round meant a virtual I wouldn't Pindling said. The Defence the clock on Cay Sal~ he said. y p y,,,, ,Force maintains a party at Cay "We have had to post men full ~ shut down com letel time at Norrnan's Cay. We had but it has meant a great Sal; the police force maintains to beef up men on the ground reduction in the traftic through a party at Norman s Cay. at north Andros. We had to do B~mini, through north Andros, Mr Pimdling said that regular shifts of inen in Bimini. through Inagua. They were the discussions have led him to main points of concern: believe tnat material assistance We have had to increase ~~~ye hardly now find boats equipment, advance training ' our aerial patrols evory day comin u throu h the -'will in all several times a day in order to g p g probability be detect what traffic ' may be Bafiamas. If they are coming forth~oming from the United through now, more often than States suthorities. CSO: 5300/7527 ~ 29 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 . BERMUDA NO NEW PATIENTS FOR DRUG CLINIC; STUDY TO BE LAUNCHID Hamilton TH~. ROYAL GAZETTE in English 20 Jan 82 p 3 [Te:ct] (;~vernment's metha- dicts. Former Health Min- done pingramme for her- ister Dr. ~ Clarence .Jamea oin addicts is not likely to pmmised to sErengthen the accept a~ny new patients Pm~ramme and next finan- until the summer. The c~al year's budget' will in- promised expansion of the clude funds for e full-time often-criticised pro- nursetoassiat. amme has been held u 'I'he hospitel has tempo- ~ P rarily switched a male nuree as St. Arendan's Hospital to full-time dv2ies with the is still trying to bring its drug proqratnme. Aut while m e d i c a 1 s t a f f u p t o � one nurse ~s' thought to be strength. capable of handling eight ad- : : A new doctor is set to ar- dicts the ahortage of doctora rive from Canada in April still remains the atumbling . but that will still leave hos- block. pital ~ne short of its full ~ In addition, Government complement of four psy- haa commissioned a study of chiatr~sts. Applicationa for � the acope of Aermuda's drug the f~urth post will be con- pmblem and an expanaion~ of sidered next month but it the methadone ciinic may may be another six montha well depend on its 6ndinga. bef~re the new doctor ia Despite the delays Dr. Rad- br~uRht in. ford believea that servicea for Meanwhile, St. Arendan's druR addicts are being gred- medical director Dr. Michael uelly improved. The addi- Redf~rd is reluctant to ex- ti~n of the extra nurse will be tend the methadone clinic a!~'eat help, .he aaid. with~ut a sychiatrist in ~ Well as edministering P methadone the nurse will as- lonR term control. He said: sist Mr. Aryant Richerde "In the past we have juet , wh~ is co-ordinator of the handed out methadone with- ` over-all d~ug pro$ramme. out nfferinR much else in the The new paych~atnst who is way of sup~rt. That ia the expected to atart work et St. worRt way to hand out meth- Arendan's in April ia Dr. adone and may actually do .lames HaiR, from Albetta. m~re harm than qood." He jc~ins Dr: Radford and Dr. The clinic stopped taking R~land Robinaon who was new admissi~ns last .July and ~recruited from Scotland in is now treatinq only four ad- Octnber. CSO: 5300/7527 30 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 ~ BOLIVIA NEW NARCOTICS LAW TO CONTROL CQCA PURCHASES Cochabamba LOS TIENII'OS in Spanish 18 Jan 82 p 5 [Text] In accordance with the Narcotics Law, mining, agroindustrial and other firms whose workers chew coca must acquire the coca leaves directly from the Office of Supervision and Sales Control in their respective districts by submitting lists of the workers with their identification card number, sign~ature or fingerprint. ~ Until recently the mining, agricultural, cooperative and other firms purchased coca through intermediaries and delivered it to the workers without any type of control. In the future they will have to ~supervise deliverq and 3ustify the purchase, accord-. ing to Article 31 of Decree Law No 18714, which states: "State or private mining firms, as well as agroindustrial, agricultural and livestock and forestrq businesses which employ workers who chew coca, must distribute it through general stores accord- ing to their needs. For this purpose they will purchase the quantities required di- rectly from collection and sales centers operated by the National Council for the Campaign against the Narcotics Traffic, paying in cash. "The firms must keep a register of users, with their identification card number and/or fingerprint." The aforementioned law also states that the firms must make their requirements known at least 3 months in advance. New Identification Cards Regarding retail sales, the law provides that within the next 30 days, retailers' identification cards will be given to proprietors of shops, stores and other places which pay their taxes. Article 32 of the decree-law in question states that all identification cards pre- viously issued are null and void for the sale of the coca leaves, ~and that others will be issued shortly which will permit the retail sale of coca to.peasants ar,~~l _ users. . 8735 ~ CSO: 5300/2152 31 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-04850R000500040024-6 COUNTRY SECTION BOLIVIA PEASANTS TO HELP IN COCA LEAF' CONTROL PY261740 La Paz Radio Illimani NE~work in Spanish 1100 GMT 26 F,~b 82 [Excerpts] The National Council. for the Struggle Against Drug Traffic has decided to include peasants in running the storage centers for coca leaves and in the council's mobil units for t~e production control and sale of this product. This decision was made to prevent hostile actions in the future against the council officials in charge of the control and sale of coca leaves. This information was given during a press conference held yesterday. The decision to include peasants is aimed at stopping the actions unleashed by drug traffickers against officials. The council off:Lcials reported during the pre~s conference that the spreadi~ig of rumors and comments contrary to the struggle against drug traffic created a con- - frontation be~ween officials and peasants a few days ago. The peasants urg~~d by the drug trafFickers tried to stop the legal actions of the council. As a result of the confrontation two peasants were kil.led and four were wounded. [Words indistinct] with peasants took place in the Ivirganzama Valley in Chapare, a site where agricultural producers from Ivirza and (Siruata) got together. Council officials said that the participation of peasants will prevent the production of coca leaves from being diverted to the production of cocaine. ' During the press conference, council off icials also presented four of six criminal~ who were converting gas bottles. into containers for transporting coca. Those ~ arrested by the police are: (Raul Ugarte Mamani); (Moises Piste Guarite); (Justo ~ Antonio Quise); (Delfin Choque Gabriel); (Osvaldo Callata Maricoyo); (Gregorio Goya Ramos); and (Joaquin Piste Cuarica). They have all confessed, therefor~ they will be put at the disposal of regular courts after the police conclude their invest~ga- tion. Interior Minister Romulo Mercado Garnica said that there is complete tranquility in the peasant sector of Cochabamba, where a confrontation between narcotics officials and some peasants took place. He indicated that this situatian has been overcome due to the tYmely intervention of the minister of agriculture and campesino affairs _ and the Cochabamba prefect. He also said that the situation in the country is normal and that +he carnival celebrations were held without any incidents which - could 1-~ave obst~_.~cted the peace and tranquility of the population. _ CSO: 5300/2206 32 ; . APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 BOLI~'IA ANTIDRUG EFFORT LACKING NECESSARY EQUIPMENT La Paz HOY in Spanish 14 Jan 82 p 7 _ [Text] Cochabamba, 13 Jan----By order of court officials, 56.72 kgs of cocaine sul- _ fate were burned yesterday after the conclusion of the trials of several narcotics traffickers. The order fr:~m the third criminal court came after the usual narcotics analysis which was done in the presence of the president of the Superior Justice Court, the district attorney, a representative of the University of San Simon and other authorities. The 56.72 kgs were part of several ope~ations carried out during the recent campaign, in which the direct and indirect perpetrators, whose cases were tried, were captured as they hid in the woode~ area of San Sebastian. It was reported that last year a similar procedure was followed, in the presence of officials and newsmen, with a like quantity which had been seized in operations car- ried out by agents of the regional office of control of dangerous sub$tances. According to the international press, it is believed t:~at 1 kg of cocaine sulfate is worth $1 million in Miami, United States, so the value of the drugs burned here yes- terday in Sucre Square was $56 million. The aforementioned quantity of the drug was placed in safes in the Central Bank, in the court and in the district attorney's office. i The interim departmental director of the office of control of dangerous substances . said that in order to confront the task of suppression [of the drug trade] with great- er responsibility and efficiency, he has asked for more personnel and vehicles, a request which so far has not been given th~ attention it merits. . Luis Avalos said that there is a shortag;e of vehicles to get to the villages in E1 Chapare, w~iere the illegal activity of cocaine manufacture and coca sales abounds. He expressed his optimism that the hi~he~~ authorities of the National Narcotics Di- rectorate would comply with ~ochabam~-a's requests and send the items needed to cio the task properly. � 8735 CSO: 5300/2152 33 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440500040024-6 " BOLIVIA BRIEFS ~ . . COCA CROP REPLACEMENT CO~T--Villa Tunari, 16 Jan--The plan to replace coca cultiva- tion in the Chapare-Chimore region will involve the treatment of 150,000 hectares of land, according to the Executive Directorate of the National Council of the Campaign against the Narcotics Traffic. The amount needed for the various programs has been - estimated at $15 million. Colonel Rene Ocampo said in La Paz.that "at first glance and by simple calculation that figure might appear unattainable, and even more so - when we consider that during the 10-year period it will have to be increased." He emphasized that the~plan calls for the incorporation of modern agroindustrial tech- niques and the sale of what will be produced by approximately 30,000 settlers in E1 Chapare and~Los Yungas. Leaders of the Chapare Special Federation of Farm Workers said that those plans have not yet entered their initial p:iase. According to that information it is estimated that the surplus coca production in E1 Chapare and Los Yungas will be 10,000 tons annually at a cost of 575 million Bolivian pesos, or about $30 million per year. He explained that "while the results of a systematic policy of coca-replacement are being consolidated, we will have to purchase and burn coca leaves aC that price." These and other problems affecting the settlers will be ana- lyzed by delegates to the Seventh Farm Workers Congress, which will be attended by representatives of CORDECO [Development Corporation of Cochabamba], MACA [expansion ~unknown] and PRODES [Chapare-Yungas Development Program]. They will report on the progress of plans to replace the.coca plantations. [Text] [Cochabamba LOS TIENIPOS _ in Spanish 18 Jan 82 p 4] 8735 ~ CHAPARE TRAFFICKERS CONTINUE UNDETERRED--In spite of repeated announcements about. control of the coca trade, peasants from the Chapare area continue to bring coca on foot to the Santa Cruz district, using paths and rivers which lead to the Yapacani area, according to persons who have visited the tropical region recently'. They said that in view of vigilance by.narcotics agents at the Villa Tunari, Paracti, Colomi ~ and Sacaba stations, some Chapare producers have decided to take the coca to Santa _ Cruz by a route which takes 3 days one way, carrying on their backs large shipments of coca consisting of two drums, which they later sell for 30,000 Bolivian pesos. It was learned that the peasants who make this journey return here by bus from Santa Cruz and then go by truck to E1 Chapare. Officials of.the Office of Supervision and Control of Coca Sales indicated to the press on an earlier occasion that "they do not - dare to enter that region for fear of the narcotics traffickers," who have automatic weapons and other items. They also said there are many routes which lead to Santa Cruz and that it is difficult to supervise them all with the small number of people the division has. Meanwhile, supervision of coca coming into this city is strict, peasants have told their leaders, and the combined Military-Peasant Pact and the agents concern themselves with seizing coca by the pound and are afraid to enter the Saj.ta a�rea which leads to Santa Cruz to take it from the traffickers who are trans- porting large volumes of coca. [Text] [Cochabamba LOS TIEMPOS in Spanish 16 Jan 82 p 7] 8735 CS 0: 5 300 /2152 . . - 34 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 EL SALVAIIOR BRIEFS MARIHUANA SEIZED--The National Police seized y~esterday 500 pounds of marihuana and 17 pounds of seed, tntalling more than 130 thousand colons, capturing those responsible for the cultivation and sale of the drug. Those arrested in this case are the following: Simeon Antonio Martinez, Tomasa Deleon Baires, Pedro de Jesus Baires, JL!an Deleon Baires, Julio Cesar Cueila Reyes. The plants were dis- covered in the Mizata region, on the highway between La Libertad and Acayutla, on land belonging to Emilio Deleon Baires, who is being held im the city of Sonsonate. The capture of the five people ment ioned _ took place in the Amaya area on the outskirts of the Guatemala " area - of the capital in the Santa Emilia apartments. They were selling the marihuana at 250 colons a pound, and a pound of marihuana seed for 300 colons, according to police authorities, after having received declarations from the accused. The cap- ture is one of the most sensational made by the National Police in 1981 in which drug trafficking is involved, according to that body. [Text] [San Salvador LA _ PRENSA GRAFICA in Spanish 29 Dec 81 pp 2, 17J 96~8 - CSO: 5300/2165 35 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000540040024-6 JAMAICA BRIEFS WOMAN ON COCAINE CHARGE--Gail Griff iths a 25-year-old Englishwoman who is charged with nossession of 31b 3ozs. of cocaine valued at over U.S.$3 million appeared in the Home Circuit Court on Thursday and was remanded in custody by Mr. Justice Theobalds to return on February 3 for trial date to be settled. Griffiths was arrested on November 20 last year at the Norman Manley International Airport after he she came in on a flight from South America. [as published] The case should have been tried yesterday but an ad3ournment was granted after attorney Mrs. Kay Sherman informed the court that Mr. Fr~nk Phipps, Q.C., who represents Griffiths was engaged in the St. Catherine Circuit Court. She said Miss Narcisse Hamilton who also represents Griff iths was ill and said that Mr. Phipps had received the certificate from the Government Analyst only on Wednesday. Mr. Lennox Campbell, Crown Counsel, represented the Crown. [Text] [Ringston THE DAILY GLEANER in English 30 Jan 82 p 16] COCAINE, CURRENCY SEIZURE--GLEANER Western Bureau---Louis King, operator of King Aquarius Club, Church Street, Montego Bay, has been arrested by the Montego Bay CIB and charged with possession of ganja and cocaine and hoarding foreign cur- rency. Three women were arrested and charged ~ointly with Ring with possession of the drugs but police have withheld their names pending further investigations. The charges were laid after police raided King's residence at Coral Gardens early Thursday morning. Ganja and cocaine said to be valued at thousands of dollars and about US$2,500 were seized, police said. [Text] [Kingston THE DAILY GLEADiER in English 1 Feb 82 p 2] CSO: 5300/7527 36 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 MEXICO JANUARY ANTIDRUG CAMPAIGN RESULTS REPORTED FOR ZONE 06 Culiacan EL SOL DE SINALOA in Spanish 8 Feb 82 p 8 [Text] The action taken against the drug traffic by the Office of the Attorney General of the Republic, through the Zone 06 coordinating unit established in this state, has been relentless, and during January 64 individuals were remanded for various crimes against health. A total of 30 kilograms and 571 grams of marihuana were seized from those persons, as were 2 kilograms of seed of the in~urious grass, and 1 kilogram and 380 grams of heroin. Henc~ this action on the part of the Federal Judicial Police, in addition to having precluded the distribution of those drugs, has also mad~e it possible to prevent the health of many people from being damaged. After making the foregoing statement, Hector Aviles Castillo, the Zone 06 coordinator, said that, furthermore, 90 grams of opium gum had been seized, and that three long- barreled and seven short-barreled weapons, as well as 1,027 cartridges, were confis- cated from those under suspicion. _ In discussing the fumigation activities, Aviles Castillo stated that 1,466 poppy plantations were destroyed over an.area of 465,040 square meters, while 22 marihuana plantations were razed on an area of 4,870 square meters; and only one mixed planta- tion was found covering an area of 100 square meters. Aviles Castillo said that the action taken by the Mexican Army which is combatting the drug traffic was also in evidence manually, because 637 poppy plantations were destroyed in that manner, over an area of 223,986 square meters, as were only 13 marihuana plantations situated on i9,710 square meters; while six mixed plantations were found on an area of 1,100 square meters. Also, the members of the Operation Condor task force destroyed a poppy seedbed over an area of 125 square meters, thus culminating the activities for January in the battle against the drug traffic in the state, as described by Aviles Castillo. 2909 CSO: 5330/66 37 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044024-6 PERU DRUG ADDICTION LEVEL, DRUG SEIZURE REPORTED ~ Drug Addiction Level Lima EL COMERCIO ir. Spanish 30 Jan 82 p A-12 , [Text] Peru is mainly a cocaine base producer rather than a market for direct ~ consumption of the drug. The drug addiction rates in the official statistics do not show levels that could be called alarming. According to the International Drug Control Council based in Vienna, drug production has increased notoriously. The organization mentioned Peru as one of the countries which contribute the most to the world flow of cocaine and cannabis (marihuana). The specialists reported that drug cansumption in the country is relative, because of our incipient development and industrialization. Drug addiction and drug traf- fic occur most in highly industrialized countries, according to council statistics. The Peruvian market does not have much attraction for drug traffickers, because of the small quantity consumed as well as because of the lack of buying power of ~ potential users. On the other hand it is an attractive production market, and therefore, according to police statistics, many foreigners are always coming to the country to make contact with the centers of production and take away.drugs. .It is believed that only 10 to 20 percent of the drug traffickers are detected by the police, and of them, only a small number are arrested and sentenced. Centers of Production The whole Huallage valley as well as other parts of the departments of San Martin, Amazonas,~and Huani~co, are production centers for raw materials for drugs. In addition, large production centers were discovered in the La Convencion (Cuzco) valley and in Sandia (Puno). Naturally all these production centers are sec:ret and . . their boundariea are closely guarded against anyone approaching. Many cr.imes have been committed in those places among drug traffickers, and moreover the police have found it impossible to penetrate the centers. As is known, the police recently conducted a stubborn campaign against the coca and poppy crops in the Tingo Maria District. 38 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-04850R000500040024-6 In spite of that assault, only a small part of the production centers were affected, and besides they are once again planting and producing.there today, according to reports from our correspondents. The police do not have the resources or the tools (weapons, vehicles, and so forth) necessary to wage a decisive fight against that degrading tide. While the police go about in cars or trucks, the drug traffickers use private planes and have informants scattered everywhere to keep track of police movements. Relative Consumption Marihuana is the drug which has become most entrenched among the nation's youth, whereas heroin, a derivative of cocaine, is consumed on a smaller scale among the more well-to-do sectors in the capital. Dx~ug prices are gen~erally high, which eliminates consumption among the poorer cl~sses. Nevertheless, drug traffickers are always on the alert. They infest high schools and universities, feeling that young people are much easier to initiate into drug A use than adults. ~ The police forces need modern equipment and more troops to carry out an extensive campaign against drug addition and drug traffickers in the schools. At the present - time little is done in that area. _ Drug Seizure Lima EL COMERCIO in Spanish 30 Jan 82 p A-14 [Text] The Huanuco Department Headquarters of the Peruvian Investigative Police arrested three [sic] drug traffickers, identified as Roger Reyna Grandez, 27 years old; Roberto Rengifo Nunez, 26; Eliseo Ayala Cabrera, 24; and Lucinda Cabrera Leon, 24. In their house in the hamlet of Angashoco, buried under the floor, police found 34 kg of cocaine base worth about 100 million sols. ' 8587 CSO: 5300/2186 39 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 AFGHI4NISTAN BRIEFS - LARGEST OPiUM HAUI; EVER--Islamabad, 20 Jan--Afqhan police seized more than two tonnes (2,122 kiloqrammes) of opium in Kabul last Sunday, Radio Kabul, monitored here, said Tuesday. The pol;ce had arrested eight people in connection with what the radio described as the biggest opium haul in Afghanistan. The opiiun, in 46 bags, was found in the Afghan capital's Saadat Market, the radio said. [Rangoon THE WORKING PDOPLE'S DAILY in English 21 Jan 82 p 5] CSO: 5300/4922 40 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R000540040024-6 _ EGYPT BRIEFS DRUG CONVICTION SENTENCES--Cairo, 14 Feb (AFP)--A member of parliament was sentenced to 15 years in prison yesterday for smuggling 5.5 tons of hashish into Egypt last April, newspapers reported here this morning. He is Mahmud Sulayman 'Uthman, of the ruling National Democratic Party (NDP). A brother was also sentenced to 15 years. The I~'s father and another brother were sentenced to 10 years. The prosecutor had aslced that all four be enec~~ted. [Text] [NC142317 Paris AFP in English 2303 GMT 14 Feb 82] CSO: 5300/2195 41 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 . . I; ~ ~ ~ ~ . . i . ; ' IRAN ~ ' ~ ANTI-SMUGGLING PLANS TIGHTER BORDER CONTROLS . ~ Tehran KEYHAN in Persian 17 Jan 82 p 5 I : [Interview with governor-general of Sistan-Baluchestan~ I ~Excerpts~ On the whole the point must be made that the Province of Sistan-Baluchestan has consistently been one of the major bases of ~ trafficing and dealing in smuggled goods in Iran. Hence, a ma~or ' portion of anti-smuggling activities can be centered in this province . ; Dr Mohammadi, the governor-general of Sistan-Baluchestan, said about the problem of smuggling in this province: "The British colonialist policies followed by the U.S. imperialist policies of Mohammad Reza and his son [as published in the region of Sistan-Baluchestan were the essential factors con~ributing to the growth of smuggling. The basis of the policies of the previous regime in the Province of , Sistan-Baluchestan was always that which would deprive the brave, combative people of this province of education and the ability to , engage in honest and honorable professions. Therefore, until the . revolution, not only was smuggling not fought in the province,. but ' influential smugglers were even encouraged. It must be pointe d out that the head of the influential smugglers, especially in the area of ~ narcotics, was the Pahlavi family itself, the main factor contribu- ting to ~the expansion of smuggling in Iran. The special geographic . situation of this province, which has long land and sea borders, also helped the imp].ementation of this sinister and treacherous plan. One of the greatest problems of the government after the revolution was that of smuggling. In the Province of Sistan-Baluchestan, on the one ~ hand, we faced people who know no other trade but smuggling, and on ~ the other, the government was determined to fig~t this illegal and ' wronp action. In the beginning, the government implemented a plan to redirect the smuggling issue in a way that they (small dealers) could import goods needed by the society, such as foodstuff and.agricultural machinery, through border exchanges during the economic embargo.. In ; the meantime, with the implementation of developmental plans, proper employment would gradually have been provided for them. Presently, this plan has been suspended as of eight months ago and the serious . fight against smuggling continues." 42 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 The Stratification of the Smugp;lers In the opinion of the governor-gerieral of Sistan-Baluchestan: The smugglers are divided into two different groups, one consisting of _ large capitalists who do not personally enter the smuggling business but malce large profits through their agents. Obviously, neither can they gain such profits through legitimate means nor are they ~prepared to simply accept the fight against smuggling. The second group consists of smugglers~ who are the agents attd small dealers endangering their lives to make money for large smugglers. This~group makes up a large portion of the deprived~class. Once we are able to provi de useful and legitimate employment for the second group, our fight will be serious. In any case, we are presently fighting smuggling and you can see for yourselves that not even one percent of the smuggled goods which could be seen on the streets previously exist now. The self-sacrifice and efforts of the gendarmerie officials and the self- sacrificing brothers in the Guards Corps have stopped the import of any kind of smuggled goods. Of course, our big problem in this regard is the iack of cooperation on the part of neighboring countries who, unfortunately, allow the passage of goods through their territories. After the serious fight against the smuggling of luxury items, the dealers have be~un to smuggle narcotics, especially the de adly powder, heroine. Since there are long borders in this region and also because of the ease with which this item can be transported, fightinp, against it~~s more complicated. Presently, new plans have been prepared for the control of the borders, which will be implemen- ted soon. With the implementation of these plans, we c an hope that the entry of these deadly items (narcotics) to the country is. prevented. But, it is certain that until neighboring countries cooperate in putting an end to the smuggling of narcotics, we will h ave these problems. We hope that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will contact neighboring countries and make mutual arrangements to ensure the success of this battle. I must say that until some time a~o, most luxury items, such as video and television sets and other items used by the comfortable classes of the society, were smuggle d into the country. Narcotics Smuggling in Sistan-Baluchestan The political deputy of the governor-general of Sistan-Baluchestan. added~in continuing his statements on narcotics: "The smugglin~ o~ narcotics is widespread in the Province of Sistan-Baluchestan. ~lbout 2 months ago, 300 kg of.pure heroine was discovered by ~, which proves th at narcotics enter this province in signi- ficant amounts. Most of these items pass through Sistari and Balu- chestan a.nd reach different centers in other provinces. In any case, I must a.dd that this province is situated on the path of narcotic s smugp;lin~. Wecan see its effects on this province itself as well. Concernin~; the fight against narcotics, I must say that with the present border controls, and notin~ the efforts of the brothers in . 43 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044424-6 in the Guards Corps, gendarmerie, and police on the borders and in the cities, the numbers of narcotic s discoveries is rising every day and the distributors of these items are being identii:'ied. We hope that with the plans we have for the control of the borders, we will b~ able to prevent narcotics smuggling. It is reported to us that - the counterrevolutionaries intend to spread narcotics throughout the count.ry in order to fip,ht the revolution and Islamic culture . The counterrevolutionaries have even equipped factories to produce narcotics across the borders and send the products of these factories into the country as soon as possible. The counterrevolutionaries intend to dampen the enthusiasm and activity of the young generation by bringing more of this Satanic product into the country to make them miserable. "In my opinion, more serious steps must be taken in this regard throug;hout the cc~~ntry and in those countries which allow conspira- cies on their land to take place against Iran should be given warning. To fight the smuggling of narcotics and addiction, we need an essential military, security, and political movement. In this re~ard, we can spread propaganda through the media and religious propagators to stop the smuggling of and addiction to narcotics. We hope that the ~overnment, after the war ends, will begin a more serious fi~ht against smuggling." The political deputy of the Governor-General's Office of Sistan- Baluchestan said, concerning the relationship between smuggling and the conspiracies ~f world oppressors: "World oppressors use smug- gling as a means to destroy the spirit of dynamism and activity in the regimP of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Th at is, when the world devourers see that the country needs savings, they begin to take currency out of the country through their agents and when the world oppressors realize that credit reserves are very important to us, under such conditions, gold smuggling across the borders increases tremendously. In any case, considerin~ the long borders of this region, the shortage of forces and sufficient military personnel to prevent smuggling, and the war, the borders of the cowntry cannot be - controlled 100 percent. Therefore, we have had many examples of ~old and currency being ta~cen out of the country or even of counter- revolutionaries esc aping." g 593 CSO: 5300/5367 44 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044024-6 KENYA BRIEFS SEARCH ON FOR P'USHERS--Two illegal sellers of an addictive drug, "Lupin," were arrested by police at Moyale township with dozens of the tablets yesterday. The alleged drug pushers included an elderlq man and a young man whose names police did not disclose. However, police confirmed that an intensive search has been mounted to net more drug pedlars and their clients. Contacted by K.N.A., the Moyale District Hospital Medical Officer of Health, Dr L. Ingotsi, said the drugs could not be identified as there were no such types in the hospital's pharmacy. He added that samples of the drugs had been sent to the government chemist for analysis. ~Text~ ~Nairobi THE STANDARD in English 12 Feb 82 p 5~ CSO: 5659 45 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044024-6 DENMARK . DEBATE OVER NATIONWIDE DRUG CRIMES REGISTER AIRED . Copenhagen BERLINGSKE TIDENDE in Danish 2 Feb 82 p.6 [Editorial] , [Text] The statements made by leading politicians on the proposed registration of drug addicts indicate that this question will remain unanswered this time around too or that at best it will have a v~ry difficult passage through the system. In the lively debate that has been conducted in BERLINGSKE TIDENDE forceful terms have been used to character~.ze the ability of politicians to understand the scope of a no vote on registration. Ignorance is one of the words used. The former head of the Cancer Register, Dr Johannes Clemmesen, has read "with feelings of great alarm" the arguments of politicians against registration. Dr Cle~esen says in response to Radical Liberal Bernhard Baunsgaard's speech on "the gaps found in the existing public registers" that no mistakes or drawbacks have been demonstrated in medical registers and that "no disadvantages have - been r.ited that in any way .offset the great benef its society gains from such registration." He asks if the politicians are aware that in the long run the only way to prove the harmful effects is through accurate registration. He would assign the responsibility for the continued development of drug addiction as the social misfortune it is to the politicians. Hagen Hagensen (K [Conservative]) opposes registration with reference to the uncertainty involved in setting the dividing linc~ between abuse and dependency "and what will be the next group in society to be registered--alcoholics, per- haps?" This involves a central argument that has led to a great deal of confusion in attitudes toward the issue of registration of drug addicts. It is quite legal in this country to buy, enjoy or abuse wine and other alcoholic beverages. No matter how tragic dependency on alcohol may be for an individual no person or state body has the right to interfere with the abus.e. Drug addiction, on the 4ther hand, is inextricably tied to criminality. It is based on substances that are illegal to import, possess or sell. Hagen Hagensen must be well aware that one cannot equate drug addicts and alcoholics. As a jurist he can be ia 46 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044024-6 no doubt whatever that the legal prosecution of narcotics dealers loses its full weight as long as there is no supervision of the customers of these crimi- nals and as long as their problems are not dealt with firmly. For both individual and social reasons it is justifiable to take precautions concerning drug addicts who constitute an enclave within society. It is now � necessary to demonstrate this need in a factual and undramatic way. Ideolo- gically-based ideas about registration as a sign of loss of freedom are a result of faulty thinking. The apprensions about using the means that might help have a high price tag--a~ng other things the deaths of perhaps 400 young people this year. 6578 CSO: 5300/2162 47 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044024-6 DENMAF2K NORDIC CONFERENCE ON HASHISH DEMANDS ACTION ON CHRISTIAIJIA Copenhagen BERLINGSKE TIDENDE in Danish 17 Feb 82 p 2 . [Article by Jeton] _ [Text] According to a resolution adopted yesterday by the first Nordic anti- hashish conference held at Malm~, there is a turnover of approximately 1 million Danish kroner worth of hashish in Christiania every 24 hours. The conference . was arranged by anti-hashish nation-wide movements in Sweden and Norway. In the resolution, the Danish people and the Danish government are requested to put a stop to all drug tr.affic at Christiania, and, at the same time, the govern- ments of Finland, Norway, Iceland and Sweden are requested to influence the DarLish gonernment to pursue a new anti-narcotics policy. Denmark is a transit country for a large part of the drug traffic in all of the Nordic countries, and the policy pursued by the Danish government with regard to hashish constitutes a perfectly clear breach of a number of conventions on drugs, and the conference at Ma1mm finds that hashish traffic has become practically legalized in many places in Denmark, the resolution states. . The consu:ltant on alcohol and drugs of the Da,nish Ministry of Ed.ucation, Peter Schi~ler, was invited to attend the conference but declined to attend the conference, which he describes as priv~te and biassed. - "I do not want to participate in the meetings of a private orga.niza.Lion at which Denmark is being showered with abuse for sabotaging interna.tional agreements on drugs. Nor do I find that the Swedes are justified in clairaing that hashish purchased at Christiania is the cause of Swedish drug abuse," Peter Schisler says. The resolution adopted at Malm~, moreover, finds it strange that Finn J~rgensen, Danish physician--the only physician wanting t.o legalize hashish--appears in information films for schools of the Mini.stry of Education. 7262 Cso: 5300/2169 48 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000540040024-6 DENM~?RK FOLKETING BACKS MINISTER IN DRIVE AGAINST NARCOTICS ACCOMP~.ICES Copenhagen BERLINGSKE TIDENDE in Danish 4 Feb 82 p 7 [Text] Justice Minister Ole Espersen will have full or very widespread support in Folketing for his proposed law on penalties for "those profiting from narco- tics crimes." The object is to get at some people behind the scenes who may not import and sell hard drugs themselves but who make Gash profits in connec- tion with violations of the narcotics laws. The proposal also includes people who store or transport drugs or who help to transfer profits from narcotics transactions. Al1 party spokesmen supported the proposal in principle during.its first discus- sion in Folketing yesterday. Several members regretted that such a law had to be passed but they did not doubt that it is needed. "It is quite shocking that there are people behind the scenes who earn money off the misfortunes of others," said Hagen Hagensen (K [Conservative~). According to the proposed law those guilty of profiting from narcotics viola- tions could be sentenced to ~up to 6 years in jail. Some speakers thought the maximum penalty should be increased to 10 years, as it is for importers of nar- cotics, for example. To this the justice minister replied that if one can get - hold of the real backers and prove that this is what they are it is possible under existing law to sentence them to as much as 10 years but if there is in- sufficient proof for that all they can be charged with is profiting'from a crime. With the new law it would be.possible to get at some people it might be . impossible to prove are the real backers. ~ Some skepticism was expressed by Ebba Strange (SF [Socialist People's Party]) who would support the proposed law if it led to the seizure of the real backers-- and by Preben Wilhjelm (VS [Socialist Left]) who felt some questions needed clarification and said the proposal was perhaps more suited to scooping up some of the "" who helped out with transport and the like. The proposal will be discussed further by the Folketing Justice Committee. 6578 ~ CSO: 5300/2162 _ 4g . APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000540040024-6 DENMARK BRIEFS ASYLUM DENIED DRUGS SMUGGLER--The Human Rights Commission has refused to take up an appeal from the imprisoned Pakistani, Atlaf Eiussain. He is serving his fourth year in jail for a large sale of morphine pills. And yesterday the Jus- tic~~ Ministry rejected an application for asylum. Hussain will now be expelled fronl the country when he is released on 25 February. Barrister Jorgen Jacobsen, the Pakistani's lawyer, had appealed to the Human Rights Commission because it was alleged that in Hussain's trial methods were used to obtain proof against him that violate the law on the administration of justice. Among other things it was charged that the police had promised special treatment for the main wit- ness with a similar sentence. The witness was promised work and residence per- mits if he would speak out on the case. [Excerpt] [Copenhagen BERLINGSKE TIDENDE in Danish 5 Feb 82 p 5] 6578 MAXIMUM SENTENCE FOR HASHISH SMUGGLING--The judge and lay assessor of Copenhagen Municipal Court's Fourteenth Division yesterday issued the toughest sentence per- mitted under the law for smuggling and trafficking of hashish--six years imprison- ment. The person sentenced is the 31-year o1~3 Niels-Jor.gen Jensen, Illegal ' earnings of 1.4 million Danish kroner, found in Swiss currency in a summer cottage in north Sjaelland, were confiscated at the same time. Niels-Jorgen Jensen was - sentenced for having smuggled in all from 700 to 800 kilograms of hashish, of which 500 kilograms figured in an earlier sentence. In issuing the sentence, the court took into consideration partly the large quantity and partly the fact that the person convicted lived entirely off the trafficking of hashish. Until his arrest, he drove around in a Mercedes, which the court also found justification for seizing, since it was purchased with funds from the illegal activity. /Text/ (Copenhagen BERLINGSKE TIDENDE in Dansih 27 Feb 82 p 5/ CSO: 5300/2210 50 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 . F~ AUTHURITIES ASR FOR NEW MEASURES TU COMBAT DRUGS CRIMES . � Phone-Tapping Permission Requested Aelsinki WSI SUOMI in Finnish 29 Jan 82 p 8 ~ [Article: "Phone-Tapping Shou~d be Allowed''] ~ [Text~ According to Assistant Chief Matti Tenhunen as well as Narcotics Section Chief Inspector Olli Wecl~?an of the Central Criminal Police drug-related crime in Finland~is pretty much under control by the officials. However, in order to k,eep the problem under control in the future new procedures as well as addi~ional investigative power are needed. According to Tenhunen the adoption of a clause to permit phone-tapping in the narcotics and alcohol abuse. law, a clause ~to permit observation, and strict regulations regarding ~ommunication between prisoners anu outsiders axe needed as necessary measures to prevent drug- related crimes. ~ According to~Inspector Olli Weckmana chief of the Narcotics Section of the Central Criminal Police, there can no longer be ~ust a discussion of the drug problem in central Helsinki at this time. Drug-related crimes have ~pread throughout the whole country. ~The most recent examples of this are the more than 30 cases of drug smug- g13ng and selling as well as nearly'100 incidents of drug.use that were disclosed during a drug investigation conducted in Northern Finland. "Five years ago 85--90.percent of drug-related crimes were committed in flelsinki. � Now less than SO percent is committed in Helsinki, the remainder throughout the rest of the coun~ry," states Weclanau. ~ He states that if the statistics from Finland and other Nordic countries are com-; pared, we do not have a drug problem. . ~ Statute on Foreigners Has Helped a Lot "Hawever, the drug~problem is becoming worse everywhere and it has also come to stay with us. There are i.ndications that hard drugs are also available on the mar- ket,"~points out Weckman and adds.that sooner or later hard drugs wi11 also make their way to Finland. . ' . 51 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000540040024-6 Assistant Chief Tenhunen states.that.the drug traffic in Euxope is largely in the . hands of foreigners. Finland has been helped the statute on foreigners, which provides officials with an opportunity to observe the move~ents of forei~ners. "In the goverinnent's proposal crime preventive measures are not given sufficietlt attention in the statute on foreigners," emphasizes Tenhunen. . According to him we should allow phone-tapping as in other Nordic countries and several European countries in the investigation of f lagrant drug-related crimes in order to f acilititate and make the work of officials more effective. Tenhunen points out that the Central Criminal Police has proposed to the Interior Mfnistry that the drug and alcohol abuse law include a security-confiscation clause in order to seize illegally obtained substances and prevent the continution of cri- minal activities. Communication Is Too Easy . Tenhunen also sees strict regulations of the kind they have in other Nordic coun- tries for controllinp, coumaunication between prisoners and outsiders as a positive measure for promoting the struggle against drugs. "Communication from within prison to the outside and vice versa is nearly without any restrictions in Finland, " he states and points out an incident in which an individual called the Nordic drug king directed the operations of two drug labora- tories from within the prison and even went out on inspection tours of the labora- tories while serving a sentence. "We have a serious problem with pills in priso~s. For example, in Sweden it is very clear that those visiting prisoners can, if required, be inspected. We do not have this kind of authority since there is no mention of it in prison regu].a- tions," he notes. ~ ~ Prison Officials Want Blood Checks Helsinki UUSI SUOMI in Finnish 29 Jan 82 p 32 [Article: ':Blood ~ests for Those Suspected of Using Drugs"] . [Text] In investigating disturbances caused by prisoners breathelizer tests should be administered in a1Z penal institutions. Blood- and urine samples could also be taken from prisoners if they are suapected of being under the influence of drugs. Undressing a prisoner, anal douching, and X-rays, the purpose of which would be to find illicit objects and drugs, would involve coercive measures. This is the opinion of the Justice Ministry's prison division work group, whose ~ task was to consider methods for improving the investigation of disturbances in prisons. The f act is that the work group's proposed measures do not contain anything essent- ially new since they are already generally in use. Rather, the purpose of the 52 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R044500040024-6 report was to compile present norms and standards so that prisons could make their procedures uniform. Also the~purpose is to compile a standard handbook on the ba- sis of the guidelines presented in the report. In the report it is emphasized that blood or urine samples can only be taken with ~ the written permission of the prisoner. Only a trained nurse can take blood sam- ples or give enemas. The work group states that X-rays are permissable under the condition that it is prescribed a doctor. Une method that has been tried for preventing the smuggling of drugs is to isolate a prisoner returning from the outside into a special cell until any possible illi- cit objects are eliminated from the body by natural means. However, the work group warns that this procedure should not be applied to all prisonPrs returning from the outside, but only to those suspected of smuggling. The work group is not completely satisfied with investigative procedures which ex- clusively emphasize the seeking out of guilty parties. In order that the investi- gation serve as a measure to prevent disturbances, *_he causes and consequences of a disturbance should be thoroughly clarified, thinks the work group. � Even though an investigation of serious disturbances belongs ~o the nolice, the prison should also conduct its own investigation. There should be no delays in the hearings and the transfer of information from guards to officials should be made more efficient. The chief of the guards should also conduct an investigation of a disturbance, but the conduct and supervision of an invest3gation should be turned over to an assis- tant director or director. 10576 CSU: 5300/2155 53 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 ICELAND - BRIEFS TOTAL 1981 DRUG SEIZURES--Last year, slightly over 8 kgs of cannabis was seized; almost 5.3 kgs of hashish and almost 2.8 kgs.of mar~3uana. The estimated sale value of these drugs is slightly over 1.3 million kroner. The estimated sale value of hashish in the lteykjavik market is then 200 kroner per gram and 70 kroner per gram of marijuana. Some cocaine was seized and slightly over 50 grams of am- phetamines. The Reykjavik Narcotics Squad dealt with 338 individuals last year and a total of 710 investigations. The Narcotics Squad had dealt with 187 of these individuals before, but 151 were new cases. "This is a considerably greater amount than during the last 2 years. In 1980, 822 grams of mari3uana were seized and 2.8 kilograms last year. The biggest difference is the 2 kgs that the Ke- _ flavik police seized at one time. Then the amount of hashish that was seized in- creased from slightly over 2.8 kgs in 1980 to 5.2 kgs last year, and of this slightly over 730 grams were seized in Keflavik. It is clear that it can be as- sumed that the drug abusers in Iceland are in the thousands," said Gisli B~orns- son, police representative, in an interview with MORGUNBLADID. [Text] [Reyk~a- vik MORGUNBLADID in Icelandic 27 Jan 82 p 32] 9583 CSO: 5300/2149 54 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044024-6 ITAL~i PCI CALLS FOR PARLIAMLNTARY ACTION ON ANTIDRUG LAW REFORM Rome RINASCITA in Italian 15 Jan 82 p 14 ~ ~ [Article by Gianfranco Tagliabue: '"Law Also Must Be Changed"] [Text] IL CONTIIKPORANEO dedicated itself entirely to "how to organize the re- sponse against the use of drugs, the scourge of our time." The collection of~ articles and evidence constitutes a signif icant conformation of the need to in- spire a severe and rigorous public willingness to "attack" the "drug phenome- non," and social conditions that create a fertile territory for its spread. This fact of a political, social, cultural and ideological order, that goes to the heart of the drug problem, is not always understood by certain members of ' the press and by certain movements. This is also true of a large part of the democratic political forces themselves. The fight against drugs and a supportive attitude toward those with a drug de- pendency is eff ective. It can plag a role in developing a broad united move- � ment if it is placed "within" the working plans of each of our organizations, small and large, with adequate room for development and not relegated or dele- gated to "specialis~s," so that it is not sectorialized, or worse, "sanitized." On the other hand, this was the spirit that,guided the development of draft legislation presented by the PCI in August 1980. How far has it gone on the parliamentary road? The process of debate and con- frontation is too slow. It was started by the Chamber Health Committee last spring on proposals preseztted by all parliamentary groups, except for the MSI [Italian Social Movement] and the PSDI [Italian Social Democratic Party], to change Law 685 r.egarding psychotropic substances. The slowdown followed an initial phase of tension.and commitment in that committee. ~As cpmmunists, we often urge the conclusion of the committee's work and "bring" into the Chamber either a unified text or a text representative of the various positions. It is urgent to escape the limbo of good intentions and formal declarations that many majority parliamentary groups do not fail to advance every time the dra- matic drug plague is referred to. Obviously, we do not believe the new law would work miracles. However, it is important to overcome certain present regulations and make the means adequate to the quality of the fight against drugs and substances that are harmful to health. That is the exact opposite . of trying to codify once and for all a law governing the "miracle prescrip- tions." Rather, in order that society may direct its work and commitment 55 ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R044500040024-6 against drugs, the law must express three directives, none of which can be sep- arated from the other: . (a) Contain and destroy the drug market, str.ike at the organizers, the large traff ickers, and the shippers, clean out situations where there is connivance and camouflaging of interests--w~aich are ndt only economic--that the maf ia has in the f ield of production and traf f ic; . (b) Develop an active, concrete solidarity of the people, of institutions, of volunteer associations and develop experience in care, assistance, and recovery of drug victims through a human, personalized and trained human relationship; (c) To make necessary prevent~on, information and knowledge eff ective in order to bring more forcefully to light the recondite ob~ectives that the dominating classes hide behind drugs. There is no doubt that the delays in changes to Law 685 constitute an inadmis- sible "obstructionism" against the urging that comes from many quarters. It also contributes to feeding and shifting the debate, study and confrontation onto a teriain that is not useful. It is neither exaggerated, nor propagandis- tic, nor contrived, to affirm that the inertia was for the purpose of leading people to think in terms of a"void" in legislative ref erence, while the gov- ernment had and has the duty to implement the fundamental points of existing law. It has been operational, not in terms of commitment and experimentation, of the search for trained assistants, but in terms of the emergence of orienta- tions that could not be shared in regard to the complex relatfonship with drug users. ~ Therefore, it is obvious that the boom must be lowered also on the legislative plane. This objective is possible today if a1Z political forces function with an open and lay spirit, anchored to factual information. The restr3cted com- mittee, named at one time to examine draft legislation, concluded its work sev- eral months ago "approving" for the Public Health Committee a text that improves and changes Law 685, bringing it into line with health reform. The text of the draft legislation, approved by the restricted committee of the Chamber Health Committee, contains improvements of considerable importance be- ginning with Article 1 in which it is affirmed that "the state promotes aware- - ness and initiatives to counterbalance the damage to physical and mental health deriving from the abuse of psychotropic drugs, from the use of opium derivatives, and other toxic drugs, as well as alcbholism and addiction to tobacco products." Additional points are: (a) The task of the public health minister, upon the advice of the National Health Council, to establish procedures to permit local and regional health units to establish, according to homogeneous criteria, the progress of drug ad- diction, of alcbholism, and of tobacco addiction; establishment by the regions of annual operational plans for prevention, cure and rehabilitation, and for the training of specialists in the f ield; 56 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 (b) Prohibition of any kind of publicity for beverages with a high alcoholic content and of cigarettes, with the obligation to indicate the degree of harm for each substance and f ixing new and heavier f ines f.or violations of these regulations; (c) The extension of punishment also for those who drive in a state of intoxi- cation by the drugs referred to in the new lists; (d) New and faster regulations to help and care for imprisoned drug users and to establish suitable measures to combat the spread of drugs in prisons; (e) Regulations concerning socio-sanitary education and information in the schools and in barracks should be carried out through annual programs estab- lished by regional administrations and by health units; (f) Specif ication of tasks carried out by health units for prevention and care and rehabilitation of habitual drug users with the absolute prohibition of any form of record for drug users, or coercive treatment; maintenance of voluntary groups and associations; (g) A broader and more precise commitment to provide aid and information for drug users abroad; (h) Annual appropriation of adequate funds in their respective budgets by var- ious ministries involved in direct aid and aid to the regions. These are only some of the points that improve Law 685. Other matters remain open: (a) A diff erent reformulation of schedules and then removing cannabis. and its derivatives from the list of substances for which there is a penalty; (b) Better specification of the concept of "moderate quantity;" (c) Increase of penalties for organizers, large distributors and traff ickers compared with the small distributor and small seller-consumer; (d) Increased penalties for those who distribute mixed substances, including homicide in the first degree for anyone distributing "cut" substances thereby causing the death of the re- ceiver; (e) Alternative punishment for small seller-users; (f) Possible re- duction of penalties for those who collaborate with the police for the purposes of identifying and bringing large traff ickers to justice; (g) Possible experi- mentation with the contolled administration in public institutions of opium- like substances, or their substitutes, for a period of 1 year and, in some ac- tual cases, as a means of establishing a rapport and beginning a personalized project of emergence from the drug habit by drug users who appeal to public institutions, this being done without any kind of "record." This is a matter of questions that are not secondary, but upon which--if a11 the political parliamentary forces show the necessary effort and will--it is possible to achieve positive results and the work of the communist deputies will continue in this spirit. 6034 CSO: 5300/2151 57 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400504040024-6 ~ NORWAY CUSTOMS SERVICE GETTING NEW PATROL BOATS TO STOP DRUGS Oslo AFTENPOSTEN in Norwegian 12 Feb 82 p 8 [Article by Thorleif Andreassen] [Text] ~ao new rapid patrol boats for inner Oslo Fjord. Nordic mobile tele- phones in patrol cars along the Swedish border and in the train from~Sweden to Norway. These are some of the measures aimed at improving the efficiency of , the custo~s service's efforts to combat narcotics smuggling. "The equipment is _ a welcome addition to the limited resources of r,he customs service," Vidar Vestreng, deputy assistant with the Customs and Tax Directoiate, told AFTEN- POSTEN. The new equipment will cost 2 million kroner, appropriated last year by Storting. The patrol boats are 25 feet long and have a top speed of 30 knots. They will be stationed in the Fredrikstad and Drobak/Tonsberg areas. "Aren't the boats too small and slow to operate effectively? For instance, can they catch rapid, fleeing vessels in a high sea, deputy assistant Vestreng?" "Such pursuits of smugglers are rare. For special assignments in poor weather and far out at sea we can use pilot boats or navy vessels. But obviously we do not have the resources to carry out an effective surveillance ~~long the entire coast as they do in Sweden. That would be too expensive." Vidar Vestreng did not hide the fact that the customs service faces enormous - . problems. A great deal of narcotics smuggling goes on in the entire Oslo Fjord area. With their limited resources they are unable to provide the desirable supervision of the pleasure boat armada invading our coasts in the summertime. "We must continue to base our efforts on spot checks," Vestreng pointed out, "and we depend on good communications with otlzer countries to tell us when boats are arriving that should be investigated. This report service is very important in our work." Vidar Vestreng said Nordic cooperation between police forces and customs people ' functions ~very well. "And that," he said, "is quite vital for our ability to make the maximum use of our resources." 58 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 And communication is a key word in the increased efforts of the authorities to combat narcotics smuggling more effectively. Nordic mobile telephones in cars, boats and trains are important aids in this work. For instance, such telephones - will be used on the train from Goteborg to Oslo, a known smuggling route. It would be an obvious advantage and necessity for customs people on the train to be able to get in touch with colleagues in Oslo when something is going on. Today this kind, of communication does not exist on the trains. . 6578 CSO: 5300/2192 59 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 NORWAY OFFICIAL REPORTS REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF DRUG DEATHS ~ � Oslo DAGBLADET in Norwegian 15 Jan 82 p 8 [Article by Tormod Haugstad: "Drug Deaths 1982; 17 Drug Deaths and More Confisca- tions"] ~ [Text] Last year 17 drug-related deaths were registered in Oslo; 8 fewer than ir.. 1980. At the same time, confiscation of narcotics increased, especially of can- nabis drugs such as hashish and marijuana. Most disturbing is the increased ~ confiscation or amphetamines. On the other hand, there was a reduction in con- fiscation of heroin and morphine. The worsening situation in the narcotics sector is particularly warrisome in Oslo. The number of addicts is increasing. "This applies in particular to young- er people. Drug use has become much more coumnon among 12 and 13-year-olds; this .seems to be connected with it becoming more socially acceptable to use cannabis drugs in certain circles, especially outside the more coffinon.drug locales in down- town Oslo," said police inspector Arne Huuse at a press conference at the police statian on Thursday. More Foreigners ' A total of 1,285 confiscations were made last year. While in 1980 about 36 kilo- grams of cannabis were confiscated, close to 81 kilograms were seized last year. ~ The increase was greatest in amphetamines, from 284 grams to 1,076 grams, an in- crease of 279 percent. On the other hand, only 250 grams of heroin were seized last year as compared to ' 3.5 kilograms in 1980. In addition to drugs, the section confiscated close to 2.3 million kroner in cash. It should also be noted that the number of f~oreign- ers involved in drug crimes according to the so-called "paragraph" (162) of the criminal code, has increased from 3 to 13. In total, 43 foreigners were ~ailed in connection with narcotics cases. Better Contacts � Today the narcotics section has 80 employees. An important part of their task , is that of aiding other police departments in solving drug crimes. The main 60 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 reason why the section made more confiscations last year was that the interna- tional contact network has been strengthened. Rbgaland: nao Deaths Stavanger: There were two drug deaths in Rogaland last year. The Stavanger Police and the Rogaland Police, Sandnes, each had one case. "It is only by chance that drug deaths have been found in postmortems included in the statistics. There may have been other deaths, with another cause of death given," says Police Officer Adolf Endreplass of the Stavanger Police to DAGBLADET. Bergen: 30 Drug Deaths Bergen: Bergen health authorities estimate that a total of 30 deaths resulted from drug addiction in 1981. The off icial list af drug deaths counts three youths as dead last year, but this figure includes only those who~died as a di- rect result of overdoses. Health authorities in Bergen have included on their lists youths who after long periods of drug addiction have worn down the~r health and who, for example, die of pneumonia or other diseases. It is estimated that at the present time about _ 50 youths are in the danger zone in Bergen. ~ Gro Lie, leader of the Vagrancy Section in Bergen, says she is not surprised at the high death figures. At the same time, she stresses that all gtatistics on drug deaths are based on unreliable data. At the present time the Vagrancy Sec- tion is working with its own statistics. Northern Norway: Four Deaths - Tromso: Last year drug addiction claimed four lives in Northern Norway: one in Finnmark and three in Nordland, but in Troms no deaths were registered despite the fact that here, with Tromsa as the center, the greatest drug abuse in the north is found. However, the statistics of the police are somewhat diffused in this area, and hardly give a complete picture of the situation in northern Nor- way, where drug addiction is increasing. - Sorlandet: Nine Drug Deaths Kristiansand: Nine deaths connected with drugs were registered in the Agder provinces last year: three in Mandal, two in Arendal, two in Kristiansand, and two in Flekkefjord. Hard drugs are increasingly used in Sorlandet. Hashish is dominant, but the police have also had a number of heroin cases. The number of drug cases is increasing considerably in all police departments. In Mandal, which only a few years ago was free of drugs, the police last year solved close to 60 cases. 61 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500044024-6 C~~nrr.,il Norway: No Drug Deaths Trondheim: Central Norway did not show up in statistics on drug deaths last year. Police authorities from Molde to Ma.ndal encountered no such cases last year. In 1980, one death from drugs was registered in Outer Trondelag. _ Deaths with drugs as a contributing cause of death have occurred. But none of these cases are of such nature that they were included in criminal police statis- tics of drug deaths. Chief Constable Per Christiansen of the Trondheim police states, however, that there has been a dangerous increase in the use of amphetamines and LSD in Trond- heim. 11,256 CSO: 5300/2142 62 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000540040024-6 ~ SWEDEN � HASHISH USE IN GREATER STOCKHOLM 'INCREASING DRAMATICALLY' Stockholm DAGENS NYHETER in Swedish 13 Feb 82 p 30 - [Article by Gert Tryman: "Situation Soon Untenabl~e: Hashish Use Increasing Dramatically"] ' [Text] The abuse of hashish is growing into the largest drug problem in Stockholm. Last year the number of hashish � abusers who came in contact with Maria Youth Unit increased dramatically. Compared with the year before the increase was 120 percent. ~ Several days ago the Schools Administration released the results of interviews which showed that sct~ool children between 12 and 15 are using drugs le'ss. But the picture is much darker for youths over 15 and adults. - This is contained in a report which the Social Services Administration released yesterday. "The report shows that hashish abuse is much greater than we suspected," said Mats ~ Hulth, social services commissioner. The report was sup~orted by investigations made by such organizations as Maria Youth Unit, Contact Central, and the social services centers. - It also shows that it can be more difficult to treat hashish abuse than heroin abuse--contrary to what was previously believed. "The reason is that hashish is relatively easy to obtain, and it has a lingering effect which takes time to detect," said Lennart Alm, social inspector at Maria Youth Unit. ~ Hashish Smokers Have Psychoses "Hashish abusers are now the largest group at Maria, and when they come here they often have serious psychoses which are diff icult to treat." . 63 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R004500040024-6 Mats Hulth said that perhaps it is time to start a"Maria 2" because of the drastic increase in the number of patients. , '~If the present Youth Unit load can not be reduced by starting a second unit, the situation is going to be untenable," said Lennart Alm. The Social Services Administration and the county council are now discussing the question of starting a"Maria 2." "The most serious aspect of increasing hashish abuse is that it obviously can be connected with youth unemployment," said Mats Hulth, and he quoted an employment officer who said that it is more often the exception than the rule when unemployed youths do not use drugs. Spread Through All Greater Stockholm Hashish abuse is now spread through all of greater Stockholm, even though it is still most common in the southern and western suburbs. Due to the efforts of the police during recent years, the sale of narcotics has changed character. Street sales have almost entirely disappeared, and instead the users have contacts with sellers who sit in apartments out in the suburbs. - "Something which is also of concern is that more and more socially well-established adults are beginning to smoke hashish instead of drinking spirits. That shows that the misconception that hashish is not dangerous is still prevalent," said Mats Hulth. ~ That also shows that our information is not getting out, and we must do something about that. "But mainly what we can do is learn from our successful efforts, and that we are doing," said Mats i:ulth. "Take for example the area around Maria Square where different authorities have worked together and have almost entirely eliminated drugs. We must have more of such actions." 9287 CSO: 5300/2193 64 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6 SWEDEN OFFICIAL FIGURES ON PRISON DRUGS QUESTIONED BY EXPERT Stockholm DAGENS NYHETER in Swedish 13 Feb 82 p 5 [Article from Swedish Central News Agency, Norrkoping: "Researcher Claims Stat3.s- tics on Narcotics in Prisons Are Fa1se"] [TextJ It is wrong to allege that the number of drug abusers in prison has grown. More accurately it has remained rather constant over the years. ~ This was said by Norman Bishop, chief of research and development of the National Correctional Service. He has critically scrutinized the statistics on narcotics abusers in the country's prisons. According to those statistics the number of drug abusers since 1969 has remained at about 1,000-1,200 yearly. The numbers for the last 5 years are 1,188, 1,166, 1,084, 962 and 1,168. ~ But these figures have always been seen in relation to the total number of inmates. This has easily led to misinterpretation and faulty conclusions. "If tomorrow we suddenly had half as many inmates in prison, seen that way it would mean that we would then have twice as many abusers." Information Norman Bishop denies, however, that drug abuse in the prisons is not a serious problem. On the contrary, he believes that the problem is so serious that it re- quires better collection of information about the social backgrounds of the abusers and what can be done for them during the time they are incarcerated. 9287 _ CSO: 5300/2193 END 65 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500040024-6