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APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2407/42/09: CIA-RDP82-40850R000500450007-4 FOR OFI~'ICIAL USE ONLY JPRS L/ 10431 2 April 1982 . U SS R Re ort p POLITICAL ANn SOCIOLOCICAL AFFAIRS ~ . , . . CFOUO 1 1 /82)~ F~IS ~OREIGN BROADCAST II~FORiVfATION SE~?VIC~ FOR OFF'ICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 NOTE JPRS publications contain information primarily from fcreign newspapers, periodicals and books, but also from news agency transmissions and broadcasts. Materials from foreign-language sources are translateii; *_~~se from English-language sour~es are transcribed or reprinted, with the original phrasing and other ch.aracteristics retained. Headlines, editorial reports, and mat~rial enclosed in brackets ' are supplied by JPRS. Processing indicaCors such as [Text] or [Excerpt] in the first line of each item, or foll~wing the last line of a brief, indicate how the original iniorroa*_ion was processed. Where no proces:sing indicator is given, the in~or- mation was summarize~a or extracted. Unfamiliar names rendered phonetically or transliterated are enclosed ~.n parentheses. Wnrds or names preceded by a~qu~s- tion mark and enclosed in parentheses were not clear in the original but have been supplied as appropriate in context. Other unattributed parenthetical notes within the body of an item originate with the source. T3.mes within items are a~ given by source. The contents of this publication in no way represent the poli- cies, views or at.titudes of the U.S. Government. ~ ~ CC;?YRIGHT LAWS AND REGULA.TIONS GOVERNING OWNERSHIP OF ~ MATERLALS REPRODUCED HEREIN REQUIRE THAT DISSEMINATION OF THIS PUBLICA?:ION BE RESTRICTED FOR OFFICIAL'USE ONLY. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000504050007-4 C ~JPRS L/10431 2 Apri1 1982 ~ USSR REPORT ~ . PdLITICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL AFFAIRS ~ cFOVO ia.~s2~ ~ . . . PREVIOUSLY UNPUBLISHED CHERNENKO SPEECHES Moscow K. U. CHE~2NENK0: IZBRI~NNYYE RECHI T STAT'I in Russian 1981 pp l, 3-4, 133- 149, 372-39?, 423-432, 495-513, 676-679 ; [Annotation, Table of Contents, and Speeches from the book "K. U. Chernenko: Selected Speeches and Articles", Politizdat, 679 pages] ~ ~ ~ i ~OiV~I tivTS ~ ; ~ . ' Annotation 1 Table of Contents 2 From the Publisher 6 Real.ize the Historic Decisions of the 25th CPSu Congress 8 Improve the Sty]:e and Methods of the Work of the Party Apparatus 25 . A High Award ~-o Our Valorous Border Guards 45 Tl~e Award Summons to New Achievements 55 Ukase of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet 72 ~ j ~ ~ i ~ - a - [III - USSR - 35 FOUO] -i a ~ FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 ~ FOR UFFICIAL USE ONLY - LText~ ANNOTATION The book by a member of the Politburo and the Secreeary of the CC CPSU comrade K. li. Chernenko co~ntains his selected articles and speeches during the period from 1971 through December 1980. The works which have gone into the collection throw light upon the fundamental prablems of the work of the CpSU and of improving the system for tlle management of socialist society, and on ;:he issues of ti~e foreign policy activities of the CPSU. The author touches upon a wide range of theoreti- cal and practical questions. ~ The book is designed fo~- ~i wide r~R OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R040500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY A HIGH AWARD TO OUR VALOROUS BORDER GUARDS Speech at a Gala Meeting Devoted to the Presentation of the Order of the Red Banner to the Border Guard Detachment of the Red Banner Eastern Border District on 16 August 1979 Dear comrades! _ We have gathered here to mark a great and ~oyous event in the life of a border guard detachment--it is being presented today with the Order of the Red Banner. Accept, comrades, the most heart-felt congratulations of the Central Committee of our party, the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet, and personally of comrade Leonid I1'ich Brezhnev. ~ � For your great services in the defense of our socialist fatherland, and for your duty successes in protecting the state border of the USSR, the homeland ~ has conferred a high combat award upon your border guard detachment. I will tell you frankly, comrades, it is very pleasant �or me to be together with you on this holiday, and to speak to border guards. For me, a former border guard, today's event is doubly moving: it is precisely in your border guard detachment that my military service began when I came here as a volunteer in 1930. . ~ The years of that difficult, anx~ous, and exciting service have been imprinted forever in my memory; I always think of them with sincere warmth and gratitude. It is just here that one of the great events of my life took place--I was accepted into membership in the Co~unist Party of the Soviet Union. It was here that the communist border guards~ elected me secretary of their part~ organi- zation. And since then the meaning and content of my entire life has been party work. This is why this commission is so dear to me--to present the homeland's award to you. ~ Of course, comrades, I do not intend to appear before you today with personal reminiscences. Nevertheless, I would like to say a few words about that time. - 45. . FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R040500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY You~know that for the Soviet country the beginning of the 1930s was a difficult period; but its pathos consisted in an offensive by socialism along all of the directions of state, economic, and cultural construction. The entire country was seized by labor enthusiasm. Industrial giants were built in record time-- Magnitka, Dneproges, the Stalingrad and Khar'kov Tractor Plants, the Gor'kiy and the Moscow Motor Vehicle Plants, the city of youth Komsomol'sk-na-Amure, and the Turkistan-Siberian Railroad Trunk Line. The complete collectivization of agriculture was begun, and the construction of new sovkhozes and machinery and t.ractor stations was in psogress. In all of the.spheres of the spiritual life of our society a new, socialist ideology was being established. The country's international situation was difficult. The~capitalist world not only showered streams of slander and lies upon the Country of Soviets, placing the reality of our plans in doubt, but did not stop before direct military pro- vocations against us. There was no quiet on the Soviet borders. Attacks on our Central Asian republics by Basmach bands were organized by imperialist agents from the territory of Afghanistan, Iran, and Sintszyan. In 1929 a con- flict arose on the Chinese-Eastern Railroad. In an order of the USSR tionary Military Council on this occasion it was stated: "The conflict on the Chinese-Eastem Railroad has been resolved. But we shall be on our guard, and we shall vigilantly keep a watch on every movement by the imperialists. Let the struggle in the Far East harden our ranks even more, and let us pdu~t in new strength for the further combat training of the Red Arnry." This appeal~was absolutely ~ustified. At the end of the 1930s the Japanese militarists engaged in large military provocations, first in the area of Lake Hasan, and then at Khalkhin-Gol. . The Leninist Komsomol was the party's fighting assistant in strengthening the country's defense capacity and in educating fiery patriots of our homeland. At that time the most popular professions far young people were the military professions of seamen, flyer, tank operator, and, of course, border guards. During these years the posters summoned: "Komsomol Member--To the Airplane, the Tank, the Battleship!" Service on the border was the limit of our dreams, the Komsomol members of that time. And when this dream came true, the youth strove to ~ustify the high trust and to perfo~ its duty honorably to the end. Decades have passed since that time, and much has changed. Today the border is guarded by the grandsons of those who selflessly defended it during the stern prewar and war years. There has been an incomparable growth in the combat readiness of the border forces; they are supplied with first-class equipment - and with the most modern weapons. The people of the border themselves have grown--an i.ndicator of this is the high educational, political, and professional level of the border soldiers. But I involuntarily search in the �aces of today's border guards for the features of the border sentries of the 1930s. And I see the courageous inspired faces of soldiers who are boundlessly devoted to the cause of the party, to their 46 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000504050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY socialist fatherland, and to the cause of their fathers and grandfathers. In this we have the continuity of the generations of border guards, and fidelity to the heroic traditions of our glorious people and to the traditions of our bdrder guard forces. Alarms, details, and training--this is wh~t our border guards' every day was made of, a:ad that is what it remains today. As for us, the border soldiers of the 1930s, so for you to whom the protection of the country.'s borders � has been entrusted in the 1970s, the most important thing was and remains enormous responsibility, the highest self-control and vigilance, and a constant readiness to protect the quiet of the border against any encroachments. Comrades! Somewhat more than three years have passed since the 25th CPSU Congress. This was a period full of historic events. The celebration of the 60th anniversary of Great October, thc adoption of the new USSR Constitution, and the elections to the USSR Supreme Soviet--all of this placed an inimitable _ stamp upon the work of the party and upon the entire social and political life of the country, and helped to give scope to the struggle for the fulfillment of the decisions of the congress. The party's chief domestic policy line and its general course is an improvement of the well-being of the people. This course is consistently being turned into practical deeds. In all of the directions of our social development during:the three years of the five-year plan we have made substantial forward movement., During this time the country's economic potential underraent substantial growth. The industry of the USSR now produces more output than was produced in the entire world in 1950. On the basis of an increasP in the productivity of social labor, during the years 1976-1978 four-fifths of the increase in national in-. .:ome was obtained. A large amount of work has been done by the party to carry out a long-term and economically valid course which is aimed at the progress of agriculture. The July (1978) Plenum of the CC CPSU is of fu~damental importance in this. We remember wYrat the first five-year plan began with in the village: 27,000 tractors, 700 trucks, 2(!) grain harvest combines--that was almost our entire machinery arsenal in 1928. Now .there are working on the kolkhozes and sovkhozes more than 2,500,000 tractors, 700,000 grain harvesting combines, and more than 1.5 million freight trucks. Agriculture's energy might in our time comes to 525 million horsepow~er. This is 25 times more than in 1928. Your rayon is convincing testamony to thAse changes. The rayon's kulkhozes and sovkhozes have turned into large highly m.echanized and energy-supplied farms which are strengthened by qualified cadrES of specialists. In 1978 the rayon's rural workers sold the state a record amount of grain--more than 10 million poods. As a result of the large amount of work which is being performed by the _ rayon party and government organizations and by all of the workers, the rayon and an advanced kolkhoz haue been awarded for their successes for the fourth , 47 . FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY . APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R004500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY . time with the Red Challenge Banners.of the CC CPSU, USSR Council of Mini~ters, the All-Union Central Council of Trade U.nions, and .the~EC~.of the A1~-Union~ Le~3nist:;. Co,mmunist ~outh League. The successes in the country's economic construction have given rise to a . further improvement of the material and cultural level of the people. On the basis of the.results of three years of the five-year plan, the assignments to increase the population's monetary income have been completely realized. In 1978 the average wages of workers and employees reaehed 160 rubles a month and, in this way, was almost twice as high as the 1960 level. Thanks to the growth of our social consimmption funds, the possibilities are increasing in our cuuntry for satisfying various social needs of Soviet people, such as obtaining an ~ education, health protection and rest, financial security in old age, and others. Since the beginning of the lOth Five-Year Plan around 6.5 mi~llion new well- appointed apartments with a total area of 323 million square.~eters have been built and commissioned in the USSR. This'figure by itself is sufficiently eloquent. But its dimensions will become even more graphic if it is recalled that on the ~sve of the Great Patriotic War the enti:~ city housing fund of our country was slightly more than 420 million square meters. In three yea~s around 32 million Soviet people celebrated house-warmings. And, nevertheless, there is still not enough housing. As yet not all Soviet people have the kind of housing conditions they would like. But the scope of construction is expanding, and housing difficulties are diminishing. Soviet people are workin~ strenuously over the fulfillment of the plans of the fourth year of the five-year plan. It is quite clear, comrades, that the ful- fillment of the five-year plan as a whole will to a large extent depend upon _ the results of this year. While taking note of the indisputa,ble achievements of our economy, the party is at the same time calling attention to the diffi- culties and shortcomings in our work and to unsolved problems. Last winter and spring the weather served us quite a few surprisPs. And during the summer months extensi~*e areas of the European part of the Union suffered from a drought. This is why it is so important now to mobilize ourselves and to put all of our reserves tnto movement so as to provide normal food supplies for the country's populati~n. The essential thing, ~f course, is not only to know about problems. The chief thing is to draw the necessa..ry conclusions for one's work, and to take the�correct measures to eliminat~a shortcomings, without stopping half-way and without being satisfied with individual successes. The party demands deeds, the con~istent and steady improveme~nt of all of the elements of our state and economic mechanism, and their qualitati�~e improv~ment. Recently the Cenr�ral Committee of the party and the Soviet government adopted the decree "On Imp::oving Planning and Strengthening the Actio:z of the Economic _ Mechanism on 'Lncreasing Production Efficiency and Improving the Quality of Work." This document is addres~aed not only to planning organizations and ministries and departments; i~ is ad~:ressed to every Soviet person. 48 FOR OFFICIA?L USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000504050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY In this document the party provides a resolute reminder of the inseparability of planning and production, of managerial tasks and the moral climate in the country. The economy of our country has grown immeasurably, and it has become more complex~not only quantitatively, by volume, but also qualitatively. Economic relations have become more complex. 3.'he scientific and technological revolution is making increasingiy great demands upon us. Now the task, it is noted in the decree of the CC t;PSU and USSR Council of Ministers, consists in raising the level of planning and economic management, bringing them into correspon3ence with the requirements of the present stage--the stage of developed socialism,--and achieving a substanttal increase in the efficiency of social production, an acceleration of s~.ientific and technological progress and a rise in labor produc- tivity, and an improvement of output quality and, on this basis, ensuring a constant improvement of the country's economy and of the well-being of the Soviet people. In thinking about and weighing all of the sides of the tasks which follow from _ this document, you understand that we shall probably still have to overcome psychological Barriers: inveterate habits, innertness, and indecisiveness in taking the most operational me~asures in accordance with this decree. This is why today in the party and couatry, where there is a wide discussion of this decree, concrete measures are being worked out to realize it in every collective. We believe that every Soviet person will make a worthy contribution to this cause of all of our people, that the level of our well-being will rise even higher, and that the economic.might of our homeland will grow even greater. And the society of developed socialism will take one more step forward. The tasks that face the country are enormous ones, and it is necessary for every Soviet person to participate consciously and actively in their accomplishment. Our common successes are formed from the successes and achievements of every labor collective and evP~y individual worker. In a situation when the inter- dependency of large collectives one upon the other has been growing immeasurably from day to day, such qualities as reliability and obligatoriness become - especially important. Frequently, comrades, besides our own conscience, we have no controller over us. It is then that the life position of a person comes to light--what he cherishes, in the name of what he works, and by what values he orients himself. But it is not only i~d our affairs and in work that we pass through a test for reliability. In human relationships, in the perception of events, and in their evaluation each of us also is examined for strength. Obligatoriness is not simply fidelity to a word or a promise. Obligatioriness demands from a to his own ideals and convictfons, and firmness in the life position which has been chosen--in a word, that which we call a sense of principle. And behind this there is always an ability for independent thought, a heightened civic-mindedness, and the ability to struggle and to defend one's point of view. 49. FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R000540050007-4 ' FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Everybody has his own measure of responaibility, but the me~sure of his duty to his homeland and to his people is a single one. " Each of us has to be ready at any moment to fulfill this duty to our homeland. Everyone bears personal responsib~lity for the accomplishment of common tasks-- this is the essence of the matter. The new USSR Constitution is permeated with the idea of people's power and of . ~ the direct participation by Soviet man in the administration of the affairs of society and in the creation and distribution of social goods and.riehes. First of all, the authority and powers of the Soviets of People's Deputies at all levels is strengthened and expanded. In their composition and coverage they represent practically all of the strata of the population, and with regard to the number of deputies they are a very enormous democratic force. To have the potential of the soviets go into fuller action in the interest of communist construction, to resolve through the ~oviets questions which arise with more initiative, without red-tape, and in a more organized manner, and to respond to the needs of the population--the Basic Law binda us to do this, the CPSU summons us to this, and in this is one of the preconditions for our rapid for- ward movement. Comrades! Our people riglitly connect all of our successes and achievements in the socio-economic and social life of the country with the tireless work of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, its Central Committee, Politburo, and personally of the General Secretary of the CC CPSU comrade Leonid I1'ich Brezhnev. The strength of our party, as was once again graphically demonstrated by the recent elections to the USSR Supreme Soviet, is in its close connection with the masses. It gets from its indestructable unity with the people mighty energy and an unshakable will and strength! In this unity is the guarantee of all of our future successes and achievements. All of us experience a feeling of legitimate pride in our party when we speak about the positive changes on the international arena. Carrying out the deci- sions of the 25th Party Congress, the CPSU and the Soviet state have been increasing their efforts in favor of detente and ensuring peace on earth. Recently there was a meeting between comrade L. I. Brezhnev and the President of the United States Jimmy Carter which governments and peoples followed with the utmost attention. And this is understandable. On the agenda of the negotiations were the key problems of the present day and, above all, the problem of restraining the arms race. In Vienna the second Soviet-American treaty was signed on limiting strategic offensive weapons for a period until 1985. When it comes into force definite barriers will be created for a further build-up of the most destructive and most expensive types of weapons. Moreover, for the first time states will even reduce somewhat the number of their strategic missil:es and other nuclear war- � SO FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY head carriers and will commit themselves restraint in the development of - new strategic weapons systems. ; The road to the treaty was a long one--it took almost seven years. Moreover, the 'treaty itself might have been mo~e perfect and more far-reaching. However, since it accurately maintains the principles of equality and equal security, the Salt-II Treaty in ita present form can play a positive role both in relations between the USSR and the United States and in efforts to improve the entire international situation. We hope that the Vienna meeting will have a beneficial influence on the whole of the international situation which during the last two years has been very contradictory. Now in one, and then in another point of the planet peace is . subjected to dangerous trials. The names of these "hotpoints" are well known. They are the Near East, where under the umbrella of a separate deal between Cairo and Tel Aviv the Israeli aggressors are continuing with their robbery, , and they are the south of Africa which has been enveloped by the flames of a liberation struggle against racist and apartheid regimes. Reaction finds it impossible to reconcile itself to the revolutionary aims of the people of Afghanistan, and is organizing dangerous ar.m ed"diversions against a neighboring and friendly country of ours. A tense situation continues in Southeast Asia. The Bei~ing aggreasors have gotten out of the populated points of socialist Vietnam. However, as the first two rounds of negotiations in Hanoi and Beijing have shown, the Chinese leader- ship ~till has not drawn the correct conclusions from the failure of its ' military adventure. It is attempting to dictate its conditions for a settle- ment to Vietnam, to impose Maoist tendencies upon the Vietnamese in foreign policy questions, and is attempting to teach Vietnam how to conduct its domes- tic affairs. Recently the Bei~ing leaders decided to halt the action of the Treaty on Friendship, Alliance, and Mutual Aid between the Soviet Union and the Chinese People's Republic which was concluded in 1950. At the same time, the Chinese leaderstiip agreed to sit down at the negotiation table and discuss with us the - problems of Soviet-Chinese relations in order to improve them. The Soviet side gave its opinion of the denunciation of the treaty. It was obvious to everybody that this was not an act of good neighborline'ss, and an action which is not constructive in its thrust. As for the negotiations, the USSR repeatedly favored halting them. This is a sensible way of eliminating difficulties and disagreements. The future will show what is understood in Beijing by negotia- tions and by an improvement of relations with the Soviet Union. For now we shall proceed from the facts which show ;,hat the chauvinistic and expansionist intoxication which was engendered by Maoiem has not yet been dis- pelled in Bei3ing. The Chinese leadership continues, in contact with imperialist circles in the United States, Japan, and a number of other states, to weave in- trigues against the socialist commonwealth, and against the progressive, revolu- 51 ~ FOR OFFICI~.L USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000504050007-4 FOR OFF[CIAL USE ON]LY tionary, liberation forces. More than that, China is counting on help from the West in modernizing its armed ~orces. For this reason, we have to think about the strength of our eastern borders, about maintaining.the defense capacity of the Soviet state on the necessary level, and about improving the material and technical base of our army and navy. This is the concern of our entire country and entire people, a concern for our peaceful today and calm tomorrow. - There is no doubt that in the future also we shall not submit to provocations and attempts to draw us into hasty steps. Behind.the at first gl~nce minor - violations of the border conditions which are regularly done by the Chinese side there may be a big political calculation, an endeavour tu artificially inflame the situation, and to heat up anti-Soviet passions among a section of the Chin~se population. We see this and take it into account. Are there objective reasons for the tension on the Soviet-Chinese border? To this we reply unambiguously~-no. A border between countries does not at all have to remind one of the front line. It by no means has the task of disuniting peoples. But for this to b,e the case a border has to be respected as a symbol of a state's sovereignty, and as the frontier of national security. � This, comrades, is the way the issue is p~t. The vital interests of our Soviet state demand constant concern for the security of our borders. After the 25th CPSU Congress a number of effective measures were taken in order to further develop the border forces, and orientations and recommendations were issued regarding the defense of the border.and organizational and political work among the soldiers. The 60th Anniversary of the covered in glory Border Guards was c.elebrated in our country as a big holiday. In connection with the anniversary, a number of border detachments and other units, and also a large group of border soldiers were a�warded with high government,awards. Our party strengthens its army not otily by means of increasing the amount of equipment and perfecting it, but also, as you know, the party devotes~an enormous amount of attention to the education of the personnel of the Soviet Army in general and of the border forces in particular. All of these directions in the work of the party to strengthen the army are interconnected. Constant attention to its army by the Central Committee and the Soviet government is an entirely natural phenomenon. Soviet soldiers have been entrusted~with a most important sector of communist construction--the reliable defense of the socialist homeland and of the peaceful labor o~f our peogle. ~The importance and complexity of the tasks which are accomplished by the army and the navy increase with each passing day. Weapons and combat equipment are becoming increasingly complicated, and the methods of their employment in combat are being perfected., And this means that 52 FOR OFF[CIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R004500050007-4 - FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY the demands upon the personnel are constantly growing. And in order to be equal to these demands, a soldier needs to have not only deep technical knowledge and skills, and not only good ideological political, will, and physical conditioning, but also a lofty morality and a conscious attitude toward his duty. Comrades, how has the border guard been preserved in my memory? First of all, ha is an ideologically convinced fighter for our 3ust Leninist cause, he is a , brave and bold person who know5 how to orient himself in any situation and under any circumstances, a person who has formally defined his life positions and his ideals and who i~ ready to defend our fatherland with his blood. These and other components of the im~ge of the border guaxd I have taken with me throughout my whole life and I have become convinced that systematic studies . are necessary for this. In order for a border guard to be faithful to his military oath and to the rules and regulations which define the essence of military service, in order for this to be it is necessary to study, to study, and again to study, to make a profound and comprehensive study of military science, to improve one's political knowledge, and always to keep in:-step with the events taking place in our country. V. I. Lenin said that a revolution is warth something~when it is able to defend itself against its enemies. We, comrades, have what to defend, have what to defend it with, and have the peopZe to defend it. Ever~ page in the history of the border forces contains an enormous ideological charge, and teaches fidelity, fearlessness, and selfless service to the homeland. The history of the border forces is a history of struggle with numerous enemies, secret and open, who have encroached on our sacred borders. The glorious chronicle of the border forces is full of examples of the courage and valor of our Chekist-soldiers and of their devotion to the communist party and to its great cause. The herops of past year~ remain in our combat formation, march the patrol paths with young soldiers, fill their hearts with courage, sharpen their vigilance, help to win over difficulties, keep the border on a strong lock. When we say that the "border is on a lock," we mean that our entire enormous border is in reliable hands. The party has always believed in this and it believes in it now. You all know very wel],, comrades, what great responsibility and what complicated duties are shouldered in our day by the command and political personnel, the party and Komsomol organizations, and all of the soldiers of the border forces. , Given the existence of the most highly perfected equipment~, success is ensured by people, ideologically staunch and convinced of the rightness of the great cause which they are defending. In order to be able to skillfully use modern military equipment every border guard has to have broad knowledge and must constantly add to it. 53 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY _ The entire contemporary situation and the sharpness and difficultness of the - struggle on the ideological front is making increased demands today upon ideological educational and political work among the troops. Recently the decree was adopted by the CC CPSU "On a Further Improvement of Ideological and Political Educational Work" which sets a n~ber of additional and new tasks for the political agencies and party and Komsomol organizations of the border forces. The qualities which are cultivated today during the period of militarp service-- a lofty consciousness of duty, organization, and selflessness--are also needed when a soldier returns after service to his labor collective. It is known to everybody that those who have gone through the school of military service, especially border service, can be relied upon also in peaceful constructive labor. This is being proven by your recent comrades-in-arms--now the young builders of BAM, KamAZ~ the Sayano-Shushensk Hydroelectric Power Station, and other great construction projects of our time. Comrades! Today the Order of the Red Banner is being presented to your border detachment. Behind this award is not only the ~trenuous military lahor of border soldiers to ensure trie inviolability of our borders, but also the great pat- riotic assistance which is given to them by the people's druzhinniki, the workers of enterprises, kolkhozes, and sovkhozes, the detachments of young - friends of the border guards, and the entire border area population. I should also mention the daily attention and concern for strengthening the eastern borders of our country and for our border guards which is shown by the Central Commit~ee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan, Kirghiziya, and Ta~jikistan, the border obkoms and raykoms, the ispolkoms of the Soviets of People's Deputies, and Komsomol organizations. Permit me, dear comrades, to once again ardently congratulate you on your high award from the homeland and to wish you large new successes in accomplishing the difficult tasks of protecting the sacred frontiers of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. This award is not only the crown of your successes in the past, but a hope for even greater successes in the future. Permit me in the name ' of the CC CPSU and in my own name to express my firm confidence that the sol- diers, sargeants,.ensigns, and officers of the detachment will continue their model performance of their military duties and their vigilant protection of the sacred frontiers of the Soviet state� (The speech by comrade K. U. Chernenko was listened to with great attention and repeatedly interrupted by stormy, prolonged applause.) COPYRIGHT: POLITIZDAT, 1981 ` 2959 ~ CSO: 1800/272 54 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000504050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY THE AWARD SiJrIl~IONS TO NEW ACHIEVEMENTS Speech at a Gala Meeting Devoted to the Presentation of the Order of Lenin to the City of Chelqabinsk on � 29 May 1980 [Text] Dear comradesl I have been given the honorable and very pleasant mission of presenting today . the city of Chelyabinsk with the Order of Lenin. On this gala and festive day permit me, dear comrades, on the charge of the Central Committee of our party, the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Sovipt, the Soviet government, and personally Leonid I1'ich Brezhnev, to offer my heart-felt _ congratulations to you, all of the workers of the city, with this high an~ deserved award. . The very fact of the awarding of a state award is always a big and exciting � event, whether we are talking about the life of one person, of a labor collective, or a city. For every time it testifies to the entire people's recognition of the services of those who with their deede are increasing the might, honor, and glory of our socialist fatherland. But the awarding of an honor which bears the name of the great Lenin is an event of truly enormous importance. This is the highest award of the USSR. And to be granted it is only possible for especiaily outstanding services to the Soviet . state and society. This is how the statute on the Urder of Lenin reads. The names of the best sons and daughters of the Soviet people are written in the remarkable chronicle of those awarded with our homeland's most precious and honored award. It has recorded in it advanced enterprises, military units, cities and oblasts, and krays and republics. Henceforth the Order of Lenin will also be on the standard which is envPloped with the revolutionary, combat, and labor glory.of your city, the city-toiler of~Chelyabinsk. . Your city has been awarded in the year of the 50th anniversary of the instituting of the Order of Lenin. Between these events there exists a profound symbolic ~ 55� FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000504050007-4 FOR OFF[CIAL USE ONLY , connection: the path which has been covered in 50 years--from the first fi~~e- year plan to the lOth--is as it were sumnned up. As we k~ow, quite a few severe trials befell the city of Chelyabinsk on this path.And it is a11 the more ,joyful to know that the selfless labor of many generations of Chelyabinsk workers has received a proper evaluation from the part)t. and the people. Today's event is given especial meaning and significance by the fact that the Order of Lenin is being presented to the city in a year when Soviet people and all progressive mankind have com~emorated the 110th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir I1'ich Lenin. Time passes. And with each year that we live we become the more deeply aware of the greatness of Lenin's ideas, feel with increasing vividness their influence on the fate of the world, our country, and every Soviet person, and see more and more clearly the embodiment in life of Lenin's designs. V. I. Lenin today remains a participant in all of our deeds and accomplishments. "His teachings," L. I. Brezhnev said, "will always be a call and a guide to action, and the heroic feat of his life--an inspiring example for communists, and for millions of people."1 There is no corner of our limitless homeland which was not touched by the ~ sagacious thought of Lenin and by his concern and attention.. The rise and rapid f.lourishing of the economy of the Urals, including Chelyabinsk, are connected with the name of V. I. Lenin. It was determined b.y Lenin's plan of the State Commission for the Electrification of Russia, and Lenin's idea of creating the Uralo-Kuzbass. Taking note of the gigantic stocks of ore in the Urals, V. I. Lenin wrote: "The exploitation of these natural resources with modern equipment2wi11 provide the basis for unprecedented progress by the pro- ductive forces." Our party has and continues to do everything so that Lenin's plans are embodied ' in lif e. In different times the Central Committee has assigned many outstanding party and government leaders to help the Chelyabinsk communists. Ya. N. Sverdlov ~ and N. I. Kalinin, and K. Ye. Voroshilov and G. K. Ordzhonikidze invested part of their strength, talent, and Bolshevik passion in the cause of socialist construction in the South Urals. Their names are earefully preserved in the grateful memory of Chelyabinsk workers. Let us look in our mind's eye into the not-too-distant past. This kind of action always creates the possibility of a deepened knowledge of history and , makes it possible to more fully understand the present day. Here are a few lines from the portrait of Chelyaba at the beginning of the 20th century: "In its external appearance the city resembles a big village. Ten factories and plants and 14 churches. The number of workers--233 people. The largest enterprises--a steam mill, a hulling mill, and a dis- tillery. . . 56 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000504050007-4 ~ FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY The whole look of the once provincial city has changed.beqond recognition during the years of Soviet power. Here are a few figures for comparison. In 1913 the enterprises of Chelyabinsk produced 5.5 million rubles worth of output, and i~t 1979--5.2 billion rubles. In a year the city consumes.six times more electric energy than all of Tsarist Russia did in 1913. The city's housing fund in 1917 came to only 120,000 square meters. This is almost 15 times less than what was built in Chelyabinsk in four years of the lOth Five-Year Plan. Before the revolution 87 percent of the population of Chelyabinsk was illiterate. At the present time 87 percent of the city's workers , have a higher or secondary (complete or incomplete) education. ~ Today's Chelyabingk with its more than pne mill~on people is one�of the largest industrial and cultural centers of the country. It is among the first 10 cities o~ the Soviet Union for the amount~of output it produces. It is a city of science and vuzes, palaces, museums and theaters, and a city of sports. Your heart is gladdened when you become acquainted with i~1f.s modern plants and factories, culturai institutions, and well-built residential quarters. Cities are created by people. Looking at your city you are involuntarily amazed by the titanic force which was able in only a few decades to accomplish truly fabulous transformations here. And all of this is the result of the creative thought and selfless labor of workers, engineers, scientists, and of all of the toilers led by the party of communists! There are these lines in the proletarian poet V. V. Mayakovsky: "Let our common monument be socialism built in battles." Today's Chelyabinsk is a living embodiment of the developed socialist society which has been constructed in our country. It is a man-made monument to its builders and, above all,.to the heroic working class. Comrades! The history of Chelyabinsk is in many.respec:ts similar to the history - of dozens of others of our cities. Nevertheless, it has its own special and ~ inimitable fate. Its rapid ~ump into the 20th century began with a labor indus- trial march. Last year we took wide note of the 50th anniversary of the First Five-Year Plan. It has become a symbol of the revolutionary transformation of reality, of rates of economic growth, and of the heroic labor feat of our people. Its successful fulfillment ensured the creation of a s~lid material foundation for the construction of a socialist society. Today we speak with pride about the fact that among the first who laid this unshakable foundation were the Chelyabinsk workers. It was precisely Chelyabinsk that was granted the honorable and responsible role of being one of the basic . foreposts of the industrialization of the country. During these years a number of enterprises of the new socialist industry went into operation. We remembez the birth of the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant witti" 57 ~ ~ FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY especial emotion and pride. A giant of socialist industry, it was a very im- portant technical base for the collectivization of agriculture. Its name stands in a single rank with the ott~er great construction projects of those unforgettable years: the Dneproges and Magnitka, the Uralmash and Turksib, the Kuznetsk Metallurgical Combine and the Gor'kiy Motor Vehicle Plant. And the . brand name ChTZ which is known to the entire country became as it were the symbol of the might of the tractor ~rahich was called among the people "the Ural bogatyr." On 2 June 1933 N. I. Kalinin, who had ~ome for the c~elebration in connection with the start-up of the plant, emphasized, addressing the tractor builders: "~rour plant is in the public eye. People in the whole world will be watching your work, both your successes and your failures. It is necessary for every person who works at tt~e tractor plant, not only the engineer or the team leader, but even the one who sweeps the floor, to feel the responsibility."3 The Chelyabinsk tractor builders replied with deeds to the call to master the plant as rapidly as possible. On 7 November 1933 the first Sovtet caterpiller tractors passed across Red Square in Moscow, and in March 1940 the plant collective won a remarkable victory: the 100,000th tractor came off the main conveyor. V. I. Lenin had dreamed about this number of tractors. The Chelyabinsk ~ workers realized Lenin's dream, showing the entire world how the Ural Bolsheviks know how to create powerful equipment! The cadres of the builders of sociali~m were formed in the crucible of the First Five-Year Ptan, and the character of a new Soviet man was f~rged. Yesterday's peasants, day laborers, and skillless= workers Y~ecame qualified specialists and demonstrated model� of high labor productii~ity. Today, on this festive day, while taking note of the great contribution of the workers of the city to the . industrialization of the country, I would like to say sincere words of thanks ~ to those who with their labor created the foundations of the economic might of . our homeland. , Here, in this hall, are the grey-haired representatives of the glorious galaxy of heroes and shock workers of the f irst five-year plans. It was your, dear comrades, calloused hands which laid the first stones in the economic foundation of socialism. And the Order of Lenin which is being presented today to the city--it is also your award! Comrades! The labor feat of the Chelyabinsk workers which was perf.ormed by them during the Great Patriotic War will never be effaced from the people's memory. During a grave hour of trial, when a mortal danger hung over our homeland, the Urals was turned into the backbone of the country's defen"se, into a mighty , � arsenal of the Red Army. "Rear--To the Front!" These brief words made up the essence and meaning of the life of the city during the war years. The restructuring of the entire economy onto a war footing was accomplished in the briefest time. Under the most difficult circumstances 70 industrial enterprises which had been evacuated 58 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R004500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY from the western areas of the country acquired a second life. New energy, - metallurgy, and machine building capacities were put into operation and existing ones were expanded. The production of armaments, ammunition, and military equipment grew continuously. For the workers of the rear the front line passed by the blast furnaces, the rolling mills, and the conveyors. One can say with complete justice that the front line passed through the heart of the people. In the terrible year of '41 a new and extraordinary alloy, metaphorically speaking, was obtained in Chelyabinsk. Its "components" were three of the country's large plants--the Chelyabinsk, Leningrad, and Khar'kov. In essence, a city had arisen within a city, and the people gave it the severe and proud name of Tankograd. This city was never named on a.single geographical map. But the newspapers of the war years wrote about it, Sovinfo2vnbyuro mentioned it in its summaries, and it is discussed in the "History of the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union." Almost one-fifth of the tanks produced for the war were gi~en to the front by Tankograd. Chelyabinsk tanks covered themselves with unfading glory in the battles around Moscow and on the Volga, at the Kursk Arc, and during the Berlin operation. And it is not only that brilliant technical thought had been put into their creation. This glory was created by the best traditions of the Petersburg p roletariat, the high standard of p�recision machine building of the Khar'kov workers, and the great practical experience of the Chelyabinsk tr~ctor builders. And if you were to multiply these quslities of the Tankograd workers by their great love for their homeland and their sacred hatred of the enemy, only then is it _ possible to fully understand what the Chelyabinsk T-34 was. Among the many awards of the tank builders there is one special one. It is the Order of Kutuzov First Degree. "The Order of Rutuzov on the s�tandard of a ~ plant," PRAVDA wrote in 1945, "means that our state equates the outstanding work of the military plants in the rear to a battle won on the front." ' During the war years the Chelyabinsk working class passed through a stern test for strength. The words "thousander" and "front shock team" became the banner of the heroic labor days of the city. But Chelyabinsk did not only forge weapons. Like the entire country, it sent its best sons to the front. Tens of thousands o� Chelyabinsk men fought in tank brigades, in " snow battalions," and in paratroop detachments. Written for- ever into the chronicle of glory are the combat deeds of the 63rd Chelyabinsk Volunteer Tank Brigade, the~96th Tank Brigade imeni the Chelyabinsk Komsomol, and many other units which were formed in the city. On 9 May 1943, in accor- dance with an old Russian custom, the people of Chelyabinsk saw off to~their military heroic feats the fighters of the Urals Volunteer T~nk Corps. The words of the instructions with which the South Uralites addressed their volun- teers at parting were stern and penetrating: 59 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R000540050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONILY "Our dear sons and daughters, fathers and husbands! Since ancient times it has been with the Urals that in seeing our sons off to war deeds, the Uralites gave them their people's instructions. And the sons of the Urals have never disobeyed the people's instructions. The Urals has never blushed and never f.elt ashamed for the deeds of its sons. Theq have never brought shame to its age-old Russian glory. Seeing you off and blessing you for battle with the fierce enemy of our Soviet homeland, we also wish to address you in parting with ouf instructions. Do not forget: you and your machines are a part of us, you are our blood, our ancient Ural good glory, and our fiery hatred for the enemy." The tankers replied to the instructions which had been given to them with an oath that was as firm as Ural granite. They rolled from~:tihe walls of Orel to , the capitol of Czechoslovakia, increasing.the glory of the white-haired Urals. Their legendary T-34 was the first to break into Prague and froze forever on a granite pedestal as a symbol of heroic labor, military valor, internationalism, and the friendship of peoples. The further the years of the Great Patriotic War move from us, the more vivid~is the consciousness of the greatness of the military and labor feat achieved by. the Soviet people. This feat has gone into history and will not grow dimmer in the centuries to come. Our entire country, and the workers of the fi�aternal socialist countries cele- brated the 35th anniversary of the Great Victory. During this bright holiday we bend our heads and honor the memory of those who in the mortal skirmish with fascism gave their lives in the name of the honor, freedom, and independence of their tiomeland, in the name of peace and socialism, and in the name of life on earth. Special mention has to be made of our glorious women workers. A difficult bur- den came down on their shoulders--to work for themselves and for those who had left for the front. They endured! And what a cup of sorrow and grief they had to drink during the stern war period?! . A low bow to you, our dear women, for your labor feat, for your staunchness and caurage, and for your enormous contribution to the victory over the enemy. Here in.this hall are present the representatives of the heroic war years generation of Chelyabinsk people. It was with their sweat and blood that victory was forged at the front and in the rear. In taking note of the great contribution of the workers of the city to the defeat of the German fascist invaders during the Great Patriotic War, we address you, dear comrades, with words of the deepest thanks and sincere gratitude. And the Order of Lenin which is being presented to the city today--it is your award! Honor and glory to youl 60 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Comrades! I would like to note with especial satisfaction that today also the workers of Chelyabinsk are at the front lines of communist construction. They are making a weighty contribution tc strengthening the count.ry's economy and to realizing the plans of the lOth Five-Year Plan, and they are gersistently realizing the decisions of the 25th CPSU Congress. During four years of ~he five-year plan 128 million rubles worth of above- plan output was sold. This, as you understand, is considerable. And it is especially gratifying that the entire increase in production was obtained through a rise in labor productivity. Fixed productive capital has increased in the city by almost one-third. A large amount of work has been carried out to reequip enterprises, renew the products list of the products which are produced, and improve output qu~lity. There has been a marked increase in the production of consumer goods. , The social program which is stipulated by the long-term plans for the develop- ment of the city for the years 1975-1980 is being consistently carried out. A - great deal is being done to turn Chelyabinsk into a city with a high stan~ard of production and a high level of culture in everyday life. As you know, Chelyabinsk was ackriowledged as victor in the All-Russian socialist competition for an increase in production efficiency and an improvement of the . quality of work and for the successful fulfillment of the State Plan for the economic and social development of the RSFSR for 1979 and was awarded the Red Challenge Banner of the RSFSR Council of Ministers and the All-Union Council of Trade Unions. This is a deserved and a worthy evaluationl Today`s Chelyabinsk is a whole constellation of enterprises which make up the pride of Soviet industry. Many of them have been awarded for their 1979 results with the Red Challenge Banners of the CC CPSU, USSR Council of Ministers,~ All- Union Central Council of Trade Unions, and the CC of the All-Union Leninist - Communist Youth League, and have been entered on the Board of Honor of the Exhibition of the Achier~ements of the Economy of the U3SR. It is pleasant to � note that veteran-plants and young onea are here in a single formation. The,output which is made by the hands of the descendants of the Ural craftsmen is well-known not only in our country. It is sent to 66 countries of the world. And this is not only a convincing certification of the Chelyabinsk brand name, but a graphic characterization of the breadth of our ecor.omYc relations. It is a graphic confirmation of the correctness of Lenin's words: "The bourgeois countries have to trade with Russia: they know that without~certain forms of economic relationsh~ps the collapse in their countries will go further than it has to date. . . . You know, comrades, that today certain people on the other side of the ~cean are attempting to create the opposite, and are playing new variations on the old theme of the use of "economic sanctions" against the Soviet Union. I think that here it would be proper to~recall some other words of Lenin's: "We have seen 61 ~ ' FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R040500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE O1~LY enough threats, and, moreover, more serious ones than the threats of a tradesman who is getting ready to slam the door. And if it pleases you, gentlemen representatives of the bourgeois state, to amuse yourselves and notify the entire world: 'We shall put Russia in the position of the sub~ect of an experi- ment,' then we will see who does what to whom. We have already.been put to the test, and put to the test not with words, not with trade, and not with the ruble, but with the billy club."5 Of course, we cannot force the foreign "strategists" to study the works of V. I. Lenin. But it probably is worthwhile to remind some people another time of the lessons of history. Incidentallq, the workers of Chelyabinsk gave such lessons. Once, for example, some Western companies attempted to put us in a difficult situation by suddenly refusing to sell us large diameter steel pipes. And then the Chelyabinsk pipe rollers had their weighty say. They mastered the produc- tion of our own domestic pipes in record time, proving to the capitalists what Soviet Urals workers are capable of. This lesson was given by Chelyabinsk workers more than 15 years�ago. Since then a great deal has changed. Our economic and scientific and teb.hnological poten- tial is not what is was, and our working class has grown up. Today it is capable of accomplishing.even greater tasks. It is the working class which comprises, in~Marx's figurative expression, th~ backbone of the people, and it plays a leading and ever growing role in communist construction. It is the main transforming force in all of the fields of social development, be it the production of material values, ideology, or the socialist way of life. . . Of course, this concerns first of all the industrial nucleus of the working class which personifies the best features and qualities of the builders of the new world. It is, as it were, the so~ial and moral standard by which all of - the other detachments of the working class of our country orient themselves. In seeking to comprehE:id the historic path which has been covered by the Soviet working class, even if you take the last 15-20 years, you can clearly see the colossal changes which have occurred in its quantitative and qualitative compo- sition, and in its entire spiritual make-up. In essence, a new type of worker - has developed in whose work physical labor is being increasingly combined with intellectual, engineering labor. When we say "contemporary worker," we mean, of course, good professional training, diverse knowledge, and a broad cultural ~utlook. But, above all, it ie a high level of class consciousness, collectivism, discipline and organization, and a proprietary responsibility, and not only for one's own sector, but for the entire country. For such a worker the ideals of co~munism, socialist patriotism, and - proletarian internationalism are the eESence of his entire worldview and deter- mine his active life position. � 62 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R040500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE O1~ILY Today an army of more than 400,000 workers is laboring at the enterprises of Chelyabinsk. They are distinguished by skillful hands, an ardent mind, and in- exhaustible creative energy. This is one of the largest and most tested detach- ments of the Soviet working class on which one can rely in any mattgr! "Every new generation of people," L. I. Brezhnev emphasized, "is atrong in that it bases itself on the experience of tihe preceding generations and on the results achieved by them."6 On such a day as tod~y, you feel especially keenly that the present generation of Chelyabinsr workers is worthily continuing the revolution- ary, combat, and labor traditions of its predecessors. Here, in this hall, are present those who with their deeds are increasing the labor glory of the city. It is gratifying to see among them a considerable number of representatives of the youth which is carrying forward the baton which has been passed on to it with honor. In taking note of the successes which have been achieved by the workers of Chelyabinsk in economic and cultural construction, there is every ground for stating: The Order of Lenin which is being presented today to the city--this is also your order, dear comrades! Special mention should be made of the fact that the inspirer and organizer of ~ the profound changes which have occurred in Chelyabinsk during the years of Soviet power is the city party organization--a tested detachment of our Leninist party. - Throughout their entire history the communists of the city have acted as coura- geous and unbending fighters for~the people's happiness. Their leading role manifested itself especially clearly during the most difficult, turning point: periods of our life. With their fiery Bolshevik words and personal example they raised the workers to a struggle for Soviet power and for the industrialization of the country, and led them to labor and military feats during the Great Patriotic War. And today the Chelyabinsk communists, like always, are in front, , _at the most difficult and decisive sectors of communist construction. - The party organization of Chelyabinsk has always been, is, and will be a strong support for the Central Committee of our party. On this festive day Y would like to wish the city committee of the party, and all of the communists of the order-bearing city to continue to hold our revolu- tionary Leninist banner high! Comrades! All of you understand very well that we have not met here today only to pay tribute to the glorious history of the city and to the successes and achievements of its worke~s. On days of cele~ration, and on days of our victo- rious moods, V. I. Lenin taught, we have to become permeated by that labor en- thusiasm, that will to work, and stubbornness upan which our rapid forward movement now depends. 63 FOR OFF[CIAL USE ONLY. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R004500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY I think that we will be acting correctly if we concentrate our attention today precisely on these questions. This year, as you know, is in many respects a special year in the life of our party and people. It sums up the strenuous labor to carry out the decisions of the 25th CPSU Congress and the plans of the lOth Five Year Plan, and it is laying the foundation for the following five- year plan. This is the year of the initiation of active preparations for the 26th Congress of our party. In speaking about special characteristics, I would like above all to emphasize the enormous measure of responsibility which the period now being lived through by us is placing on every co~unist and on every Soviet person. We have eritered 1980 with clear work goals and prospects. The key tasks, and the ways and methods of accomplishing them, have been formulated with exceeding clarity in the decisions of the November (1979) Plenum of the CC CPSU and in the speech at the Plenum by comrade L. I. Brezhnev. The party has put forward a fighting slogan: Not only fulfill, but exceed the plan assignments and turn the concluding year of the five-year plan into a year of shock work, of work in the Leninist manner. The party's s~ons found an ardent response in the hearts of millions upon millions of Soviet people. The struggle for an absolute fulfillment of the decisions of the November (1979) Plenum of the CC and of the plans and socialist commitments has become the chief content of the work of labor col].ectives. As is known, the word o~ communists and the word of a Soviet man do~s not diverge from d~eds. Our people are laboring inspiredly and strenuously, and that is ~ producing results. The four-months plan for output sales, production growth, and a rise of labor productiv ity has been overful~filled in i~dustry. During the days of Lenin's anniversary 7,000 enterprit~e and association collec- tives, 235,000 teams, shops, and livestock sections, and more than 5 million workers reported the advance conclusion of the five-year plan and assignments. They all received the high praise of their homeland--they were awarded honorary Lenin Certificates. Most of the enterprises of Chelyabinsk lnave also begun 1980 we11. Many of them are working at the level of the control assignments of the five-year plan. The city's workers have fulfilled the plans for the four months for all of the basic economic indicators. The first work results cannot but be gratifying. As they say among the people-- a good beginning is half the ~ob. If the rates which have been taken are maintained in the future, it can be said with certainty that the mapped out . _ frontiers will be taken. At the same time, the optimism with which we look to the future by no means provides grounds for complacency. In a number of positions we have still not Succee.ded in eliminating the shortcomings which were discussed at the November (1979) Plenum of the CC. ' 64 ~ , FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-04850R000500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY I think, comrades, that I will not spoil your holiday mood if I say that in your work also there still are, unfortunately, shortcomings and unutilized reserves. For today it is especially important to concentrate our efforts on unsolved problems, to make a detailed analysis of a situation, $nd to put all existing economic and political potentialities into operation for the successful conclusion of the five-year plan. Individual enterprises of the ci~ty did not meet the assignments of the four months for production volume and output sales. Chelyabinsk metallurgical workers failed to give the country thousands of tons of iron, steel, and rolled goods. A number of enterprises failed to fulfill delivery contracts. In some places losses from defective goods continue to be great, and the number of complaints is not being cut down. I could have cited examples of the slow reorganization of enterprises for the production of modern equipment instead of machinery and mechanisms of obsolete design which are inferior to the best domestic and foreign models in their productivity and metal intensiveness. At the November (1979) Plentmm of the CC CPSU L. I. Brezhnev made serious criti- cisms of the technical level of the T-330 tractor which is produced by the Cheboksary Tractor Plant. As you well know, this is also a reproach to the, Chelyabinsk designers who participated in the creation of the tractor. I would say that it does not become Chelyabinsk workers to lower the prestige of their brand name. Some of the city's enterprises are working below their possibilities to produce consumer goods.. Many articles in mass demand which could be produced locally have to be imported into Chelyabinsk from other oblasts and republics. Not all of the enterprises of the city are as yet giving the necessary attention to improving labor organization, the mechanization of labor intensive processes, and a reduct3on of losses of working time. At the present time more than 90,000 workers are employed in manual labor in industry: Last year losses of working time from truancies made up an enormous figure--more than 100,000 man- days. The situation in construction is slowly improving in the city. At individual construction sites there has been a substantial lagging. The problem of housing construction remains a sharp one for Chelyabinsk. I am not setting myself the task, comrades, of revealing here the entire spec- trum of your internal problems. Although, of course, it would be possible to name shortcomings also in the work of transportation, trade, domestic services for the public, and certain others. The essence, as you understand, is not in the size of this list. The main thing is that we really do not have any right to lull ourselves with our achieved ' successes. 65 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R004500050007-4 . FOR OFFICIAL USE O1~ILY It should be noted that it is precisely from these positions that the city party organization approaches t~e evaluation of work results. As I was told, this bccasioned a sharp and principled conversation at the plenums and meetings of the party aktiv to discuss their tasks in the light of the statements of L. I. Brezhnev made by him at a meeting with the voters of the Bauman Election District of the~city of Moscow. ~ It seems to us that the chief reason for the existing shortcomings is the fact that the party gorkom and xaykoms, the primary party organizations, an~ govern- ment.and economic agencies did not succeed in fully carrying out the planned - measures to increase production efficiency and improve the quality of work. Unfortunately; the struggle for high results and for the fullest utili- zation of the effective factors of growth and of internal reserves has not yet become the heart of the work of every labor collective. And it is precisely here, in the labor collecti~;e, that the fate of the national economic plans is in the last analysis decided. It is well known that the labor collective is the basic and primary cell of our society. As the ocean is reflected in a drop of water, so does the entire totality of socialist social relations find a : reflection in every labor collective. The communist party and its Central Committee attribute enormous importance to increasing the organizational and educational role of labor collectives. The new Soviet Constitution has fixed for them in law a wide complex of rights and - duties which ensure their effective participation in the discussion and deciding of state, economic, and public matters and in the education of the workers. I would like to especially emphasize the role of labor collectives in strengthening _ uiscipline. It is not accidental that I am putting this question in first place. An analysis of the reasons for shortcomings shows that their common denominator is above aIl discipline: performance, labor, production, and planning discipline. The.Central Committee of our party regards work on strengthening labor discipline ~ as one of the chief directions for increasing production efficiency. This is clearly stated in the decree of the CC CPSU "On a Further Strengthening of Labor Discipline and a Reduction of Labor Turnover in the Economy." The prar.:- ~ tical r~alization of the tasks posed in this has to become the daily concern of every labor collective and of all workers. Putting the issue this way is not the result of some kind of extraordinary circumstances, but is an ob~ective demand of our progressi~ve movement forward. - "The communist organizatioit of social labor," V. I. Lenin stated, " is based - on, and the further it goes the more it will be based on the free and conscious disciplirE_ of the workers themselves. I suppose that anybody sitting in the hall could cite more than one instructive additional example of wliat today results from the damage from any violation of labor, planning, or production discipline. The trouble is that words on :.his . 66 - FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R040500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE O1~iLY topic are still not always followed by painstaking daily organizational work, clear performance verification, and a flexible well-conceived cadre policy. Cases of lack of discipline still do not meet everywhere with a quick and shgrp reaction from labor collectives. Discipline is needed in this matter. I would emphasize--conscious discipline. In showing concern for strengthening it, we thereby create a solid foundation for the development of initiative and creativity--our mighty accelerators of ~ economic growth. And here, comrades, mention has to be made of the role which labor collectives are called upon to play in the development of socialist competition and in the dissemination of advanced forms and methods of work. ~ As is known, good initiatives are in nee~l not o~ly of, but also of practical support. The Central Committee of our party is constantly turning to the experience of the workers, and it studies and disseminates _ the new and the valuable that is bo~n in life and that helps to move things forward more rapidly. The well-known decree of the CC CPSU on the work of the _ Chelyabinsk obkom on economizing fQrrous metals at the enterprises and con- struction sites of the oblast may serve as an example of this. , . It can be noted with satisfaction that at many of the enterprises and con- - struction sites of the city a large amount of work has been done around this decree and also the greetings of L. I. Brezhnev to the participants of the seminar which was carried out on the basis of Chelyabinsk oblast. The socialist commitments to economize metal which~.~.were adopted for t~e lOth Five-Year Plan were fulfilled in four years, and 445,000 tons of ferrous metals were economized. These tangible results graphically demonstrate how the party, expressing the aspirations of the people itself, is directing its efforts to accomplish practical tasks in the most effective way. However, unfortunately, matters do not stand like this everywhere, not in every labor collective. In some places people are not averse to only "making a little noise" about advan.:ed e:~perience and "voting" for it, but if you look, it is not disseminated. The reasons for this situation are well known. First of all, insufficient organizational work and poorly organized control. Discipline and initiative--they are, as it were, the two sides of a single medal. That which we call the conscientiousness and respons~bility of a person can in the final analysis be reduced to them. There is the profoundest meaning in the simvle words--readiness to answer for one's work with a clear conscience. Behind them are the nobility of intentions, the daily and full use of one's spiritual and physical energies, and an ir~flexi- - ble will to achieve a goal. It is precisely these qualities which in our ~ country distinguish those who are ahead. It is not simple�to cultivate them in 67 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000504050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE OI~tLY oneself, since the task~of leading others after oneself, speaking with Lenin's words, "cannot be accomplished with a single heroic.burst, but requires the most prolong~d, the most stubborn, and the most difficult heroism of mass and daily work." The education of an honest attitude toward labor is the duty of every labor collective. This duty doubles and triples when we are speaking about the edu- . cation of the youth. It is in the labor collectives that professional experi- ence, expertise, and the habit of working conscientiously is passed on from generation to generation. "It is precisely here," L. I. Brezhnev emphasized, "from heart to heart--that the youth is given communist ideology, loyalty to the cause of the party, and a readiness to a9ways be in front, at the most difficult and at the most decisive sectors." The tutorship movement is a vivid example of the continuity of the generations of the working class in our country. The wor d"tutor" has always been used w~th us to name those who gave their knowledge and experience to the youth, "put them on the true path." There is enormous spiritual wealth and generosity that wafts from this ancient Russian word. Today this remarkable and noble movemenx has become the mighty lever which makes it possible to raise to a new height the professional training and communist education of the youth and its active access to the constructive work of the working class arld of our entire people. There are already more'than 2.5 million worker-teachers who, ordered by their souls and hearts, are teaching young men and women industriousness and expertise and are educating them in the heroic traditions of the working class, passing on to them, the labor baton as if from the present to the future. ~ It is pleasant to note t}~3t among the initiators of the tutorship movement who were the first to be awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor is the Urals metallurgist Aleksey Leont`yevich Shatilin. And it is even more gratifying that today we see among his followers more than 12,000 of the best represen- tatives of the working class of Chelyabinsk. The labor collective, and its opii:ion and influence play, as a rule, a decisive role in strengthening discipline an4 in the formation of an active life position. Its role is no less important in production management and in the accomplishment of the most important state affairs. I would like here to emphasize that the consistent development and perfection of democratic forms and methods of leadership and management is one of the chief tendencies of mature socia:Lism. The realization of the broad rights granted by the USSR Constitution to labor collectives makes it possible for millions of Soviet people to join even more actively in the management of the economy and in the work to supervise the activities of economic agencies. Large possibili- ties in this regard are being opened up by the decrees of the CC CPSU and USSR - Council of Ministers on improving the planning and management of the economic mechanism. ~ 68 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R004500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY The party organization has always been, is, and will be the political nucleus of the labor collective. We often compare the primary party organizations with pdwerful roots with which the party goes into the very thick of the masses. And this is understandable. Nourishing the party from the depths of the people's life, they give it energy, experience, and a knowledge of the needs of social development. On the other hand, the party carries out its policy directly through the primary organizations and unites it with the living creative work of the masses. Under present conditions the center of the party's work is increasingly shifting to the production section, teams, shifts, to those elements which comprise the basis of the entire production organism. In this connection, the role of the , shop organizations and party groups has been constantly growing. For they are closest of all to peopie and they operate in places where the large concepts of politics and economics are translated into the language of practical work, where their ideological positions, attitude toward labor, and moral qualities - are cultivated in the first place in people. A communist is a political soldier of the party. His highest duty is to be an example in labor and in the struggle for our gxeat goa];~, and to demonstrate by word and deed how, under concrete conditions, to build communism today. ~ "Communists," L. I. Brezhnev stated, " have no privileges except one--to give more than others ta our common cause, and to struggle and work better than others for the sake of its triumph. Communists do not have~any special rights except one--to always be in the front, to be wt?ere it is more difficult."lo Of course, a special demand is made upon the communist leader. The moral at- mosphere in a collective depends to a large extent upon his ~ersonal qualities and personal actions. The concept of the "qualification of an economic manager" includes, as is known, not only the s~ of his economic and technical knowledge; it is much broader. A special feature of our day is that the organizational and technical side of ~ management is connected in the closest way with the socio-psychological, pedagogical, and educational sides. The fate of any matter is decided by people. And today the forefront is being more and more occupied by the, so to speak, human factor, the ability to work with people, to lead them after oneself. Without this i~ is impossible to be a good and real leader. I think that every worker,. regardless of what position he occupies, should ex- perience a constant aspiration to be closer to people, to know their feelings and needs better, and to persistently learn the delicate art of communication with the masses. The Central Committee of the party demands from party, government, and economic agencies that they constantly study public opinion, and be attentive to the criticisms and proposals, and the letters and oral � addresses of workers. This most valuable information from the point of view of practical work serves at the same time as a concrete form of the direct and mass participation by Soviet people in the management of society and the state. 69 ' FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY I would like to emphasize in this connection that only through the wide enlist- ment of the workers in management is it possible to accomplish the task of the full and final eradication of elements of bureaucratism which, unfortunately, are still characteristic of some of our government and economic agencies. " . There is one means against this," V. I. Lenin stated. "The developmenE of the consciousness and the activity of the working mass itself."11 Comrades! All of our life serves as a vivid testimony to the fact that the ~ policy of our party is truly the people's policy. It accumulates within itself the collective mind and experience of all of our workers, communists, and non- party people and fully and accurately expresses their thoughts and hopes and aspirations. The supreme principles of the genuine humanism of communists who have no.other interests than the interests of the people and no other goals than its good and happiness find an embodiment in it. ~ It is precisely this most high goal which unites the party and ~11 Soviet people in strong and inseparable ties. This is precisely why there are no limits to the trust, love, and respect of the people for its party irt which it sees the mind, honor, and conscience of the age. The monolithic unity and solidarity of the party and the people and of our entire socialist society is our great po~session and the living and inexhaus- tible source of our strength and of all of our achievements. "And let our enemies remember the lessons of history," L. I. Brezhnev.said. "Let them know that the unity of Soviet people becomes especially strong precisely when people attempt to speak with us in the language of threats.i12 It has to be said there are apparently some people today who not only do not wish to reckon with the lessons of history, but are attempting to turn it back. The situation in the world at the threshold of the present decade has become much more complex. It is frequently asserted in th~ West that the exacerbation of the international situation has allegedly been caused by the Afghan or Iranian events. This is not true. It was not today and not yesterday that the imperialist forces and above all the United States adopted a course hostile to peace. ~ At a conference of the Political Consultative Committee of the participant states in the Warsaw Pact which took place in May of this year in Warsaw a consistent analysis was made of the current international situation and the direct responsibility of the aggressive circles of the imperialist powers for the increased threat to the peace and independence of peoples was demonstrated. The current complication of the situation is a direct consequence of the im- perialist policy of force, confrontation, and hegemonism. Imperialism is attempting to regain its military superiority over the socialist countries and to subordinate vast areas of the world to itself. 70 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY , APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007142/09: CIA-RDP82-40854R040500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE OI~ILY Is this not witnessed by the adoption in NATO two years ago of a program for an extensive increase in military preparations designed until the year 2000; and was this not the purpose of the leaders of the NATO bloc when, in reply to our proposal to lessen the military danger in Europe, they adopted a decision to place there a new American medium-range nuclear missile weapon aimed against - the Soviet Union? And the sabotage of the ratification of the Salt-II? The opponents of detente, as we see, are not being idle. ' The more limited the possibilities become for imperialism to subordinate to its hegemony other countries and peoples and to pump out their natural resources without hinderance, the more ferocious the reaction to this of the impe"rialist forces and, above all, of the United States of emerica. Finding themselves face to face with very acute crisis phenomena, the most aggressive United States forces are attempting, brandishing their swords and threatening to institute economic sanctionS,to dictate their will to other countries. The decision of the Carter Administration to break diplomatic relations with Iran, to institute an economic blockade against it, and to station a very large formation of American naval forces in the Persian Gulf is an open escalation of blackmail and pressure and of tensions in the Near and Middle East. � About Afghanistan. If our military contingent had not come there at the re- quest of the Afghan government, the forces hostile to peace would have turned this .:ountry into a staging ground from which they would threaten the southern borders of the USSR, and they would drown the Afghan revolution in blood. Well, would this have strengthened detente? Of course, not. The Afghan government has recently come out with an initiative which envisages a political settlem~nt of the question. We support tihese proposals. But to date neither the United States nor Pakistan support them. But it is precisely these countries which together with China make up the power which is carrying out an invasion from without of the territory of the independent, sovereign, and non-allied state of Afghanistan. A political settlement in this area depends to a considerable extent upon them. Iran, Afghanistan, the Near East, and the Indian Ocean--all of these are links in a single chain--a chain which is pulling toward increased military danger for all states and people. The Chinese leaders who have taken the path of a direct conspiracy with imperialism are harnessing themselves more and more actively in a common harness with~those who are attempting to drag the world toward a dangerous development of events. Remaining true to its wolf nature and wolf habits, trying, as in the well-known _ fable by I. A. Krylov, "to make the thing look right," imperialism seeks every pretext in order to justify its expansionist plans, adventurous "doctrines," and the inciting of a military psychosis. Having equipped themselves with open Goebbels methods of propaganda, the new-found proponents of the policy "from a position of strength" are spreading the myth of a"Soviet military threat" for all they are worth. n FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R004500050007-4 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY The anti-Soviet hysteria which was recently raised by Carter and his entourage is unprecedented in its malice. LJhat is there not piled up around this. "The 'Doctrine' of military hy~ateria and of a feverish arms race," L. I. Brezhnev said, "is opposed by us with the doctrine of a consistent struggle for peace ~ and security on earth. We are faithful to the Peace Program which has been put forward by the 24th and 25th Congresses of our party.i13 The Soviet Union, as in the past, consistently stands for a strengthening of detente, for a reduction of armaments, and for closer relutions and mutual understanding between peoples. ' Our Leninist fo~eign policy is close and understandable to all who need and cherish peace and who are struggling for the freedom and it:dependence of peoples and for social progress. Together with the Soviet Union, all of the participant countries of the Warsaw Pact are reliably standing guard over peace and socialism. During the quarter century of it~ existence this organization has taken shape and it acts as a reliable shield for our socialist gains, as a mighty factor in onr ~oint struggle for peace and international security, and as a source of the most serious peace initiatives. ' In Warsaw, at the conference of the Political Consultative Committee, the unan~mously adopted Declaration and Statement put forward a clear program of ~ action for maintaining peace and contained new constructive proposals aimed at a further development of detente on the European continent, the harnessing of the_arms race, and an improvement of the world political climate as a whole. In reply to the intrigues of the imperialist forces, Soviet people are uniting their ranks even more closely around the communist party and its Central ~ Committee and are increasing their efforts in the name of strengthening the economic and defense might of their b eloved homeland. Dear comrades! Allow me to make public the Ukaze of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet on the awarding to the city of Chelyabinsk of the Order of Lenin and to present this high award to the representatives of the city. . iJKASE OF THE PRESIDIUM OF THE USSR SUPREME SOVIET On the Award to the City cf Chelyabinsk of the Order of Lenin For successes achieved by the workers of the city in economic and cultural con- struction, and in recognition of their great contribution to the industrializa- tion of the country and the defeat of the German fascist invaders during the ~ Great Patriotic Wa~, the city of Chelyabinsk is awarded the Order of Lenin. 72� FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000504050007-4 FOR OFFIC~TAL USE O1~ILY . Chairman of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet L. I. Brezhnev Secretary of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet . ' M. Georgadze Moscow, The Kremlin. 4 Janua.ry 1980 ' Dear comrades! Permit me in conclusion to once again sincerely congratulate you with your homeland's highest award! I am convinced that today's happiness and holiday mood is rightfully being shared with the Chelyabinsk workers by all of the workers of the oblast. For this award has in it the labor of the metallurgists of Magnitogorsk and Zlatoust, the labor of the miners of Kopeyask, and the labor of the farmers of your area. The Central Committee of our party expresses its firm confidence that the Order of Lenin on the city's standard will always inspire the workers of Chelyabinsk and Chelyabinskaya Oblast to new accomplishments for the glory of our socialist fatherland. � Permit me, dea~ comrades, to wish you crea~ive successes in your work, good health, happiness and prosperity,. and a worthy reception ~or the 26th Congress of our dear Communist Party of the Soviet Union. (Comrade K. U. Chernenko's speech was listened to with great attention and repeatedly interrupted by prolonged applause.) FOOTNOTES 1. L. I. Brezhnev, "Following.Lenin's Course," Vol 2, p 564. 2. V. I. Lenin, "Complete Works," Vol 36, p 135. 3. M. I. Kalinin, "Selected Works," Vol 3, p 30. 4. V. I. Lenin, op. cit.; Vol 45, p 3. 5. Ibid., pp 5-6. ~ ~ 6. L. I. Brezhnev, op.cit., Vol l, p 154. 73� FOR OFF[CIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4 FUR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 7. V. I. Lenin, op. cit., Vol 39, p 14. ' 8~ Ibid., Vol 39, pp 17-18. � . 9. L. I. Brezhnev, op. cit., Vol 6, p 331. 10. Ibid., Vol 2, p 137. 11. V. I. Lenin, op. cit., Vol 42, p 11. � 12. PRAVDA, 23 February 1980. 13. Ibid. COPYRIGHT: POLITIZDAT, 1981 � 2959 . CSO: 1800/272 . . - END - 74� FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500050007-4