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APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R000540060022-6 FOR OFRIC[AL ~1SE ONLY JPRS L/ 10509 12 May 1982 Lati n Ameri~a Re ~o~t p - c Fouo 7is2, ~g~$ ~OREICN BROADCAST INFORMATION SERVICE 1 FOR OFF[CiAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2047102109: CIA-RDP82-00850R400504060022-6 NOTE ~ JPxS publications contain information primarily from foreign newspapers, periodicals and books, but also frosn news agency - transmissions and broadcasts. Materials from foreign-language sources are translated; those from English-Ianguage s~urces are transcribed or reprinted, with the original phrasing and other characteristics retafned. Headlines, editorial r.eports, and material enclosed in brackets are supplied by .lp`RS. Processing indicators such as [Text) or [Excerpt] in the first line of each item, or following the last line of a brief, indicate how the original information was processed. Where no processi*~g indicator is given, the infor- �~ation was summarized or extracted. Unfamiliar names rendered phonetically o= transliterated are enclos~d in parenthe~rs. Words or names preceded by a ques- - tion mark and enclosed ia parentheses were not clear in the original but have been supplied as ap~ropriate in context. Other unattributed parenthetical notes within the body of an - item originate with the source. Times within ~tems are as given bq source. - The contents of this publication in no way represent the poli- - cies, views or at.titudes of the U.S. Government. COPYRIC~iT LAWS AND REGULATYONS GOVERNING OWNERSHIP OF MATERIALS REPRODUCED HEREIN REQUIRE THAT DISSEMINATION OF THIS PUBLICATION BE RESTRICTED FOR 0~'F'ICIAL USE ONLY. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-40850R040500064022-6 FOR OF'FICIAL USE ONLY JPRS L/10509 12 May 1982 . LATIN AN~RICA REPORT (POUO ~~82~ ~ CONTENTS CUUNTHY SECTION INTER-AMER.ICAN AFFAIRS Bolivians Voice Protest Against U.S. Posit;on on Falklands (Gerardo Irusta; SAPORITI, 30 Apr 82) 1 Bolivian Publication Cites II.S. Pressure at OAS (SAPORITI, 3 May 82) 3 - ARGENTINA Journalist on Early Pr~ss Prediction of Falkland Crisis ~ (Jesus Iglesi~s Rouco;, THE TIMES, 27 Apr 82)........... I~ BF~RMUDA Bri ef s Balanced Budget 7 BRAZIL Irrmediate UN Intervention in Falklands Conflict Urged (SAPORITI, 1 May 82) .............a..................... 8 Itamaraty Opposes U.S. Sanctions on Argentina (SAPORITI, 1 May 82) 9 Foreign Minister To Brief Senate on F$lklands (SAPORITI, 3 May 82)............e.........~............ 10 Briefs Officers on U.S. Measures 11 ~ - a - [III - LA - 144 F'OUO) ~na ncsr~ s T r rcc n~?rr v APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440500060022-6 _ FOR OFFICIAL USE O~TLY CUBA Effects of Falkland Crisis on Argentir,e Econom,y Viewed (Alberto Rabilotta; PRELA, 21 Apr 82)............~..... 12 1Vonaligned Cultural Meeting Set for 26 Apri~ (Victorio M. Copa; PRELA, 2!t Apr 82) 11~ Montane Says Nation Ready To Fight or Negotiate (PRET.A, 29 Apr 82) 16 - DCd~IINICA F3rief s French Grant 17 GRENADA 3~ Countries at Anniversary Fete; Military ~Tarbor Denied (I~ATIN AMERICA R~GIONAI, REPORTS-CARIBBEAN, 26 Mar 82).. 18 NICARAGUA Briefs Radio, 'J.'V Agree;nent ?~ith Cuba 2~ , - b - ~ ~ FOR OFFICLAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY COUNTRY SECTION INTER-AMERICAN AFFAIRS - BOLIVIANS VOICE PROTEST AGAINST U.S. POSITION ON FALI~.AND6 1057 Buenos Aires SAPORITI in Spanish 1951 GMT 30 Apr 82 [Article by Gerardo IrustaJ [TextJ La Paz, 30 Apr (SAPORITI)--Voices of protest increased today in Bolivia against the United States for its position of allidnce with Great Britain and against the Argentine interests. Harsh criticism in this regard was issued by Bolivisn politicians whu closely follow the events in the South Atlantic. "Now we know that Latin America means nothing ~or ~he United States except that we are only used to provide it with raw material and cheap manpower. Its position of alliance with Great Britain has put things in their pl~ce. The Latin American brotherhood is different from ~he presumed American brotherhood which the United States has pretended so far," an outstanding politician told this correspondent commen*ing on the latest news coming from Wast?ington. This occasion is also appropriate to indicate that "the Latin American countries have interests opposed to the interests of the United States." Local commenrators added that "at the hour of truth, the United States stops ~ being our friend t~ ally itself with those who are ir_s real brothers, the members of NATO." They added that "what we must see clearly now behind the U.S. position is that the struggle oF the Argentine people essentially means the struggle of the peoples who do not want to be submitted to any degree of dependency or slavery based on neocolonialism. The United States is as imperialist as Great Britain which does not hesitate to attack our Argentine brother." Columnist Gustavo Zubieta Castillo in an article publ~shed today states that "Latin America can no longer allow colonialism in this century." He predicts that "Great Britain will lose the battle and this encouragement will unize all America making it a worthy, sovereign and respected continent." 1 F~(~R OFFIC7AL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440500060022-6 FOR OFFICIAI. USE ONLY _ The Peruvian position expressed through its Foreign Minister Arias Stel~a , is also considered "correct," and "that interpretation must have an i~ediate echo with an answer of perpetrations for war on the whole contineut in case of aggression against Argentina." The columnist adds that "Darwin himself would think that the only persons who have not developed are his fellow British citizens." CSO: 30~.0/1397 2 r APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 COUNTRY SECTION INTER-AM}?RICAN AFFAIRS BOLIVIAN PUBLICATION CITES U.S. PRESSURE AT OAS PY040641 Buenos Aires SAPORITI in Spanish 2115 GMT 3 May 82 [Text] La Paz, 3 May (SAPORITI)--A publication today ieported that U.S. ambassador to Bolivia Edwin Corr used pressure on the Bolivian Foreign Ministry to prevent Bolivian support for its sister nation Argentina gt the OAS from becoming more radical. The publication SOBERANIA, the most aggressive defender of Latin American integrity, said in today's issue that "it is able to assure that the speech _ of Foreign Minister Gonzalo Romero Alvarez Garcia had to be watered down due to pressure from U.S. Ambassador Edwin Corr." The publication added that "although Bolivia morally supported Argentina at the start of the conflict, this support did not become more radical at the OAS as it should have been after the British assault on the Georgias. It is not yet possible to f ind out how many other speeches were changed due to U.S. pressure." SOBERANIA is directed by journalist Andres Soliz Rada Y Copper and ~ourna- lists Roberto Cuevas, Eduar~o Paz and Guillermo Moscoso. _ The publication also says that "there is now tfie ~onviction that Latin America cannot expect extracontinental solutions to r~solve its basic problems and that, on the contrary, it will only find the source of its autonomous development in its growing economic and political integration." ~ It also says that "whatever the result of the Malvinas conflict, it is obvious that Latin America wil~ never be what it used to be. Overblown propaganda will never again convince anyone of alleged 'common interests' between North America and Central and South America." CSOs 3010/1397 3 F'OR OFFICUIL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/42/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500064422-6 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY COUNTRY SECTION AItGENTINA JOURNALIST ON EARLY PRESS PREDICTION OF FALKLAND CRISIS PM271457 London THE TIMES in English 27 Apr 82 p 12 [Article by Jesus Iglesias Rouco: "Why Argentina's Generals Need the Falk- lands"] [Text] Buenos Aires--Seldom can a"secret" militarq operation, such as Argen- tina's invasion of the Falklands have been so repeatedly predicted in the press. The Argentine Government's intentions, and the reasons behind them, first appeared in my political column in the Buenos Aires newspaper LA PRENSA in January. A few weeks later, when talks began in New York, the Argentine foreign min- ister, Mr Costa Mendez, expressly said that if Britain refused to recogaize Argentine sovereignty, Argentina would resort to "other methods". This clear- ly spelt out the possibility ~f militarq interoention. General Galtieri and other membo-rs of the government also privatel3? warned members of the U.S. Government, some of whom, we understand, were sensitive to Arger.~ina's ~:otivations. As Mr Reagan adm~.tted, the trouble was that nobody--not the Soviet Union, least of all the British Foreign Office- believed that Argentina would fulfi~?'1 its stated intention. This explains, in part, London's over-rea^tion to a military action planned-- _ perhaps uniquely in historq--in such a way as not to harm or damage the enemy's men and material in any way, as in fact happened, at a co~t of several Argen- tine lives. What do the,islands represent to Argentina? Whitehall claims that the recovery of the islands by Argentina is merely an ~ expression of the military government's wish to consolidate its own position. True enough, the government has been affected by social unrest and a collapsing economy. Perhaps certain sectors in government maq have seen in this affair a w�ay of staying in power, but the government also knew that the possibilities of total success, of obtaining something more than recognition of sovereigaty, were a few indeed, and that in consequence the operation would do little toward their continued survival. ~ ~ FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500064422-6 FOR OFFICIAl. USE ONLY ~ Nevertheless, i� one wishes to explain their decision in terms o.f sheer - egotism, perhaps one could say they tried to avoid something wo~se, like a war with Chile ~ver the southern territories, or a process of increasing ten- sion with the Vatican, Chile and the United States over the Beagle Channel issue, to an unD.arable degree. Because such a war or such tensions would-- it is convenient to bear this in miad--not only endanger the generals' person- al interests, but als~ endanger Argentina's territorial int%~grity to a greater extent than the present conflict. Because this is, in a nutshell, the basic objective behind the i~ediate re- covery of the islands. This is atso why the government decision is backed by people who, like myself, have been for years openly and firmly critical of the military government's performance, or lack of performance, particularly in respect of human rights. . If Argentin3, the country which together with South Africa owns the largest South Atlantic coastline, cannot dispose right away of a strategic platform enabling it to participate-~we stress, participa~e-to a certain extent in thE regior. through which much of the West's foodstuffs and power supplies have to go, or to put it another way, a presence in the Euro-American defence , mechanism against Soviet penetration--and ~ust by the Soutt� Pole and Antarctica --it would soon lose its southern territories. For Argentina, this is important enough to justify its encounter with Britain. Th~ alternative would be a much longer and much b loodier war with Chile, or wit?~ Chile plus Brazil. This could happen before very long and could con- ceiva3bty mean the end of Argentina as an independent state, or at least its definitive international isolation and its exclusion from an area which is indispensable to the development of the human race in the next century. If London doesn't see things that way., it wi11 never be able to evaluate the real significance of its conflict with Argentina, nor how ready this country is to fight. Nor will it be able to evaluate the cost of beating Argentina, even if it can do it, which is not at all certain. Naturally, none of these considerations about Argentina's needs would be valid without the backing of international law. However, the islands were part of the Spanish empire which Argentina inher~ted after its war of inde- pendence. So much so that in 1833, when Britain occupied the territory by force,there was a Buenos Aires-based administration operating there. From that moment, and more insistently after the beginning of this century, Argentina has been demanding from Britain the return of this part of its sovereignty. The islands, only 400 miles from Argentina's coastline, are a geographical continuation of continental Argentina. Thus history and geography give - Argentina a right that can be claimed by no other nation, either South American or European. This is why in 1966 the United Nations ordered London and Buenos Aires to negotiat~ the "decolonization" of the islands. Great Britain, which can only 5 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R000540060022-6 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY invoke the obsolete right of conquest, claims, how~ever, that the alleged rights of th2 "Kelpers" or islanders, are predominant. However, this is against the letter and spirit of United Nations resolution 2065, as Britain invokes not the "interests" of those settlers but their "wishes." But the resolution refers to "interests." Has in fact now even Britain recognized that without the logistic and economic support of Argentina the "Kelpers" would not be able to supp~rt ;:hemselves? The solution t~~ all this is easy to find in the framework of Ar~entine rsover- eignty and the defence of the individual, cultural and economic rights of those 300 British families. There are 17,000 British nationals, plus about 100,000 of their descendants, living in Argentina. They are, in a sense, the people best fitted to bear witness that this couatrq is far more thaa just a - transitory military government. Nor sn ~uld unfortunate historical circumstances hide the fact that this coun- try is one of Latin America's most outstanding manifestations of the best European traditions and culture, including the British way of life. We appeal to the practical and realigtic sense of law and international responsibility of the British people and their leaders, and their profound comprehension of world events, for them to halt a war which we consider to be not only absurd but also imfair. COPYRIGHT: Times Newspapers Limited, 1982 C SO : :i020 /106 6 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 FOR OFF[CIAI. USE ONLY COUNTRY SECTION ~ BERMUDA BRIEE'S BALANCED BUDGET--The government has announced a balar~ced budget of US$155m for this year. Finance minister David Gibbons has said, hawever, that the fate of the local economy will depend on a revival of tourism. The niaaber of visi- tors to the island fell by 12 per cent in 1981, when there was a series of strikes. [London LATIN AMER2CA RDGIONAL REPORTS--CARIBBEAN in English 26 Mar 82 p 3) COPYRIGHT: LATIN AMERICA REGIONAL REPORTS, 1982 CSO: 3025/2s6 FOR OFFIC7IAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 FOR OFF3L7AL USE ONLY COUNTRY SECTION BRAZIL II~SEDIATE UN INTERVENTION IN FALKLANDS CONFLICT URGED PY012155 Buenos Aires SAPORITI in Spanish 1840 GMT 1 May 82 [Text] Brasilia, 1 May (SAPORITI)--Itamaraty spokesman Bernardo Pericas has urgently summoned the media to state that "Brazil agrees with those who have declared that the attack against the Malvinas Islands, carried out by Engla~id today, represents a violation of Resolution No 502 of the UN Security Council and reiterated the Brazilian purpose to pursuing its efforts to achieve a peaceful solution to the crisis," stating that "it is urgent that the United Nations react without delay in order to achieve the application of that resolution." Therefore, the Brazilian Government today called for UN intervention to secure peace in the South Atlantic, rejecting the unilateral adoption of sanctions against Argentina, such as tihat by the United States. The spokesman reported that Ramiro Saraiva Guerreiro, Brazilian foreign minister, today sent a message to Javier Perez de Cuellar, UN secretary general, requeseing the intervention of that international organization in order to preserve peace in the South Atlantic. He added that "it is the UN's responsibility to adopt urgent, effective and even preventive measures," in order to secure decisions which will - lead to ~eace. CSO: 3010/1066 . 8 FOR OF'F7CIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500064022-6 F~DR OFRICIAL USE ONLY COUNTRY SECTION BRAZIL ITAMARATY OPPOSES U.S. SANCTIONS ON ARGENTINA PY011440 Buenos Aires SAPORITI in Spanish 1415 GMT 1 May 82 (Text] Brasilia, 1 May (SAPORITI)--Brazilian Foreign Ministry spokesman Bernardo Pericas has said that Brazil is against the measures adopted by the United States against Argentiua in the military and economic fields. Pericas said: "Brazil has a clear, we11-defi~ted position on unilaterally ~ adopted economic sanctions. It has already maintained this position at the Latin American Integration Association (LAIA) and at the summit of the European Economic Community in Brussels." He added: "We have again maintained the same position at the OAS consulta- tive meeting held in Washington. On all these occasions Brazil has con- demned the EEC economic sanctions against Argentina." - A~ked whether he believed the U.S. position would lead to a north-south confrontation, Pericas said: "Although that is a valid question, I will not comment on its now because commenting on it would not help at all at this juncture." Pericas said the latest events will not cause any changes to the agenda of President Figueir~do's 11 May visit to Washington. CSO: 3010/1066 9 F~OR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 FQR OFFICIAI. USE ONLY COUNTRY SECTION BRAZIL FOREIGN MINISTER TO BRIEF SENATE ON FALRLANDS PY032159 Buenos Aires SAPOBITI in Sprsnish 2045 GMT 3 May 82 [Text] Brasilia, 3 May (SAPORITI)--This week Brazilian Foreign Minister Ramiro Saraiva Guerreiro should appear before the senate to disclose the Brazilian stance regarding the crisis ov~er the Malvinas. - Jarbas Passarinho disclosed the information nn the senate's request and added that so far it has not been decided whether Minister Saraiva Guerreiro will make his statements in an open or closed-door session. Talking during a previous meeting of the Brazilian chamber of deputies which is trying to establish as "the order of the day" discussions c~f the "Malvinas war" Magnus Guimaraes, leader of the Workers Democratic Party - bloc of this chamber, did not hesitate in condemning Great Britain. He stated: "We are facing a typical colonialist attitude, of a country which disregards the history of humanity and, what is even sadder still closes its eyes to its own and visible senile decline." He ended by stating that: "The truth is that the Malvinas war is a war of the rich of the North against the poor of the ~outh, a typical demon- _ stration of ~the lack of ability, intelligence and dignitq of colonialist." CSO: 3010/1066 10 ~ FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500064422-6 F~OR OFF~CU?L USE ONLY COUNTRY SECTION BRAZIL BRIEFS OFFICERS ON U.S. MEASURES--The U.S. decision to impose sancrions on Argentina ~ has hit the nationali,~t feeliags of Brazilian military offic~rs, who had had reservations about the procedure utili`2d by Artentina to recover the Malvinas Islands. ~t,~o generals repudiated the U.S. measures which thEy regarded as being of an eminently political nature and expressed fears that they might touch off a wave of anti-American feelings throughout the conti- _ nent. The Brazilian off icers voiced their disappointment over the White House measures because the traditional American friend and partner has used an opt:ton and has made it clear that Europe and NATO are far more important than the South Atlantic countries. [Text] [PY011412 Buenos Aires SAPORITI _ ~n Spanish 1341 GMT 1 May 82] CSO: 3010/1066 ~ 11 F~OR OFFIC[AL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440500060022-6 FOR OFF[CIAL USE ~NLY COUNTRY SECTION ~A EF~TCTS OF FALKZAND CRISIS ON ARGTNTINT F~CONr.~IY VIEWSD PA220418 Havana PRELA in Englieh 2249 21 Apr 82 _ [By Alberto Rabilotta] [Text] MoiYtreal, 22 Apr (PL)--Apart from the military threat, London and its allies are waging economic, commercial and financial aggression on Arqen- tina with the intention of obtaining concessions from the military goverame~.~t of the South American cowztrq. - While Britain sent it$ flotilla to the South Atlantic and hardened its posi- tions to reduce the margins for peaceful negotiations, it conducta maneuvers aimed at ruining Argentina's economy and finance with the evident sim of ~eav- ing no way out for the Buenos Aires Govemnent. BUSINES3 WEEK magazine speaks of the likelihood of a"British bloclcad~ of the Plata River" which already brought doubts on grain eaports, Argeatina's main source of foreign trade income. At the same time a"climate of paaic has beeu created on the exchange markets which have sent billions of pesos into nearby Urugvay and increased interest rates to the skies," saqs BUSINESS WEEK. The U.S. financiers, who to judge from the repo~ts, appear readq to support the economic aggression, say that Azgentina's budget deficit will be three to four percent of the GNP becauae of the Malvinas criais and the militP~ry effort. It is stressed at the same time that the Argentine economq is ill prepared to withstand such a heavy burden. Because of the tight policies of the minister of economy, industry is ruaning at ~uat 55 percent of its capacity, the prfvate sector is heavily in debt and unemploqment tops 13 percent while underemplay- ment is about 40 percent. In the financial aspect the Argentine Government muat meet, along with the private sectors, obligations of $7.2 billion in 1982 in servicing of the foreign debt, placed at $32 billion, while the total value of eaporta is placed at $9 billion for the qear. 12 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 FOR OFFIC[AL USE ONLY In that regard London is trying to prevent Buenos Aires fram obtaining the means to meet its financial obligations with the threat of a blockade and military pressure. The EEC ecanomic and trade embar.go ple~s that of Coaonwealth nations such as Canada, is [word indistinct] of course to complete the encirclement and force Argentina to accept conditions favorable to Loadon and Washington in the South Atlantic. Federal Germanq, Argentina's maia Europeaa custamer, ~oined the embargo there- by effecting close to $700 million worth of [words indistinct] closes off the entry in the South American co~try of West Germaa products. - The U.S. finaaciers, to whom a third of the Argentine (public and private) - foreiga debt is owed, are also bringing pressure to bear, acco~ding to finan- - cial quarters in North America. - CSO: 3020/107 13 ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY COUNTRY SECTION CUBA NONALIGNED CULTURAL MEETING SET FOR 26 APRIL PA251331 Havaaa PRELA in Engliah 2315 ((~T 24 Apr 82 [Bq Victario M. Copa] [Text] Havana, 25 Apr (PL)--Fort.y nations have confi~med their attendance in the meeting of educational and cultural experts and seaior officials of the movement of non-aligned co~mtrias that will be held here for four days from tomorrow, Monday. It is expected that eight international organizations, among them the ' United Nations Educational, Scientific and Gultural Orgaaization (UNESCO), and the Arab League Educational, Scientific and Cultural Orgaaization (ALESCO), will attend this conference. The minister of culture of Cuba, Armando Hart, said that the mazn purpose of the meeting is to discuss, for the first time in the history cf the move- ment, a plan of action with a view to drawing up the pol3cy of t~?a non- aligned movement in the educational and culture Fields. That plan, once approved in flavana, will be present to the consideratiaa of the seventh su~it conference of the non-ali~ned countries coavened for this year, he declared in a press canference in the convention center in this capital. He added that this conference could facilitate an eachange of opinions with another that will be held in Mexico starting 26 July sponsored by the UNESCO, organization that has been holding regional meetings f~r a world cultural policy. . Hart said that it is not a question of taking non-aligned policy to Me~dco, but of exchanging opinions to see in what esseatial aspects there are coin- ciding points of view on such an important topic. He explained that for this purpose the UNESCO had distributed the program . to be analyzed in Mexico City, and Cuba has drawn up a series of viewpoints on it, that it has circulated amoLq the non-aligned couatries with a view to the nations expressing their opi~ionf~. � . 1!t FOR OFFICIAL US~ ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440500060022-6 FOR OFF[CIAL USE ONLY - "Th~refore they have a material that is going to be useful to them as starting point for analyzing profouadly a Cuban paper that contains special propasals that have been made previously by the n~n-aligaed movement," uaderlined the minister. He said that Cuba gives garticular importance to the UNESCO geaeral confer- ence that will take place in Mexico from 26 July to 5 August. - "It is going to talce place in a country of the Western hemisphere that has a very well defined serious, intelligent aad caura~eous political stand, and powerful, strong cultural development amd perspectives," he uaderli~ted:. ~e added that Mexica has artistic and cultural wealth of a verq pawerful popu- lar character and in this meeting, he said, will be analyzed problems of art and culture in a co~try that does aot have "a culture of elites." "Therefore Mexico is going to be venue of a event that will talce place in a country with strong, popular cultural roots," underlined the Cubsn minister. He stressed that it is of ma3or importance that this meeting is to be held in a nation that has a political stand in favour of seelcing solutions to the problems and complex situations that the world is facing. CSO: 3020/107 FOR OFF[CIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 FOR OFI~ICIAL USE ONLY COUNTRY SECTION CUBA MONTANE SAYS NATION READY, T(~ FIGIiT OR N~GOTIATE PA290905 Havana PRELA in Englfsh 0800 GMT 29 Apr 82 [Text] Havana, 29 Apr (PL)--Cuba is prepared to fight or to negotiate, reiterated Jesus Montane, a~~arnate member of the political bureau of the Communist Party of Cuba in speaking of the United Statea' aggressive policy toward the Cuban revolution. He added that the Cubans are prepared "bath to stand up to the most violent of aggressions and to seek negotiated political solutions to problems." In speaking here at the meeting OAN international theoretical conference on the ch~racteristics of the revolutionary processes in Latin America and the Caribbean, Montane stated, "'We are faced with a powe.rful enemy and although we do not fear him, we must not underestimate him either. The situation in our countries is not exempt from the dangers and problems that are unfolding on the world scene." ~ After denouncing the aggressive United States policy toward the revolutionary countries and movements in the region, the Cuban official spoke of the prep- arations to "upgr.~de to the maximum our country's military power in vie~w of , the existing threats." Montane said that those preparations will "oblige the imperialists to think very carefully before they decide to launch any kind of action against our country." "The most elementary sense of responsibility for the future of our peoples and of all humanity means that our steadfastness, our undeniable solidarity with the popular revolutionary movemeats must be accompanied by a readiness ~ to negotiate, to ease tensions and to seek democratic, peaceful solutions to the situations of crisis that affect our area today. In principle we neither want nor seek war. Quite the contrary, we favor peace as the anly sensible aolution to move in the direct direction of a solution to the problem$ affecting our peoples and which are a cause of justified alarm for all responsible persons in.the world. "Our willingness to seek political solutions is a sign of responsibility, serenity and strength, because we will never bargain over the revolution nor the right of the people to make revolution," declared Montane. CSO: 3020/109 . 16 F~OR OFF[CUL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500064022-6 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY � COUI~RY SECTION DOM~NICA BRIEFS ~ FRENCH GRANT--France is donating FF2m (FF6.1 = US$1) to help exploration for enerqy resources. The donation came after prime minister E~genia Charles �vis- ited Paris and London. France is also considering aid in other areas, includ- ~ ing housing. In London, the prime mini~ter, together with Vincent Beache, the agriculture minister of St Vincent, discussed British aid for the banana in- dustry. She said on her return that the British, for the first time, 'under- stood the problems that we have and the importance of the banana indus~ry'. [London LATIN AMERICA REGIONAL REPORTS in Enqlish 26 Mar 82 p 3] COPYRIGI~T: LATIN AMERICA REGIONAL REPORTS, 1982 CSO: 3025/236 _ 17 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440500060022-6 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY COUNTRY SECTION GRENADA 33 COUI~RIES AT ANNIVERSARY FETE; MILITARY HARBOR DENIED London LATIN AMERICA REGIONAL REPORTS--CARIBBEAN in Enqlish 26 Mar 82 pp 2-3 [Text] The Grenadagovernment'scommitment Rrelcome to a regional journalist's to Caribbean unity and regional insti- suggestion that a way should be found tutions was powerfully stated by prime for the principal Caribbean non-govern- minister Maurice Bishop at the 13 March mental organisations - the Caribbean celebrations mazking the third anniver- Association of Industry and Commerce sary of the 1979 revolution. Addressing (CAIC), Caribbean Congress of Labour the biggest-ever crowd at the Queen's (CCL) and Caribbean Conference of Park stadium in St George's, Bishop Chunches (CCC) - to attend the nest broke a silence of several weeks to de- Caricom foreign ministers' meeting in nounce President Reagan's Caribbean gelize, at the end of this month, as Basin Initiative as the 'con game of the observera, so as to ensure that regional century' and a`prostitution' of the opinion was properly represented. original aid plan discussed last year by Bishop indicated that he would discuss Canada, Mexico, Ver,ezuela and the with foreign minister Unison Whiteman United States. the possibility of a Grenadian initiative Reagan's bilateral' private sector ap- ~ this end. The suggestion followed an proach, excluding Grenada, Cuba and ~nouncement by the CAIC that it op- Nicaragua, would help to destroy posed the exclusion of Grenada or any Caribbean unity, Bishop warned. By government from the CBI. the time of last October's Santo Do- Describing the offer of US$350m as mingo meeting of the four originating ~hypocritical nonsense', Bishop empha- countries, the US attitude meant that sised that it was 57 times smaller than the plan was `not only wounded and the US$20bn attached to Kennedy's dying, but stone cold dead.' Bishop ~Alliance fo3 Progrese' two decades ago. added that the `ridiculous' emphasis Cuban golitburo memberJorge ftisquet, ' on private sector development, down- speaking at the opening of a new Cuban- playing infrastructural requirements, built 50kw medium wave radio trans- - would in itself guazantee that private mitter, had described the CBI as a investment would not come. `ridiculous version' of the previous _ With fteagan scheduled to visit Bar- plar,, which had `died at the moment of bados next month, Bishop issued a its birth', with `no alliance and even less timely and serious reminder of the 13 progress'. The CBI, he said was `a trick principles laid down by the Caricom and a joke'. foreign ministers' meeting in Jamaica Grenada's increasing importance as a last September, every one of which he pole of attraction for left-wingers in and said had been `ignored, violated and beyond the Caribbean was underlined broken' by the CBI. These included the by the presence of more than 500 fo- ~rinciples of `no exclusions' and `no reign participants in the celebrations; 33 military component'. At a press confer- countries yvere represented at govem- t~nce the followina day, Bishop gave a ment and ambaseadorial level, with poli- 18 FQR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/49: CIA-RDP82-00850R440500060022-6 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY tical delegations coming frortn all over Caricom origin, while modest t:ix in- the Caribbean. Friendship societies and creases were announced on alcohol and solidarity groups from the United States, cigarettes. Company taxation will go up Canada, Britain and other European from 50 to 55 per cent, but companies ~ countries were also prominent. Two investing in productive areas will get a Democrat congressnzen from the LJSA, 15 per cent reduction. The tax changes, John Conyers and George Crockette, Coard said, were based on suggestions ~ attended. from the public. With an estimated 15,000 people in- Although the state sector is clearly side the park and an overflow of several taking the lead in economic construction thousand more outside, more than 20 (last year, more than 90 per cent of _ per cent of the island's population was new investment was in the state sector), present, a powerful tribute to the mass the private sector is under no pressure; support enjoyed by the People's Revol- local companies arad the foreign-owned utionary Government (PRG). Finance . banks (Barclays, Royal Bank of.Canada ' minister Bernazd Coard rubbed ttae and Scotiabank) placed prominent gree~ point iiome when he said: `I hope their ings advertisements in the weekly Free spy satellites get very good pictures of West Indian congratulating the PR,G on today's rally, and in case their techna the anniversary. logy is not up to scratch, we will send them a few photographs.' � At his press conference, Bishop des- Nor could anyone doubt the genuine cribed as `total rubbish' a report in the enthusiasm of the crowds, either at .*'~e LondonDaily Telegraph of 22 February, rally or in the street dancing and other speculating that the Calivigny inlet on festivities during the week. Throughout the south coast was being developed as the celeurations, an evident pride in the a military hazbour, naval base or even last three years' achievements in eco- submarine base. The paper had claimed nomic construction, education, health that the area was `off limits to all but care and the involvement of the people Cuban technical advisers and some ~ in decision-making has gone together Grenadian military pErsonnel'. A cor- with a strong emphasis on hard work respondent from LAN who visited th,e and self-reliance in the years to come, area found that all parts of the inlet One of the most remarkable examples were visible from the unrestricted puh- of the new style has been the formul- lic roads running on both sides of it ation of the 1982 budget, presented by and from villas overlooking it. A few Coard at a mass ceremony on 9 March, small wooden rowing boats were after two months of discussions involv- moored on one of its beaches, and � ing thousands of Grenadians in �~rish there was no shipping or construction councils and many other arganisations, activity wha~~cever taking place. The following a 1,000-strong conference on only restricted zone in the area is on the economy held in January. The EC$ the west side of Egmont Harbour, into ` 215m budget (EC$2.7 = US$1) devoted which the inlet runs; thiszone surrounds FC$134m to capital expenditure, of the hilltop Camp Fedon, from which which ~;ot ~he lar~;~~st share firing practice is sometimes conducted ( F.C$43m). Educ~tiun will receive 23 at Gary Island, a small islet near the ~~~~r c~nt of i,lu~ total of EC$68m in mouth of Egmont Harbour. The firing rurr~nl, e~xpenditur~~, and health 14 pE~r is always announced on the local radio ~�~�nt. as a warning to sailors. Calivi~ny inlet To h~lE~ the new akro-industries, duty is too shallow to admit boats larger has he~~n impc~s~d on impc~rted soft than small schooners, but the govem- ~ Irinks, fru its, jams and ~~lothes of non- ment may develop it as a yacht marina. n COPYRYGHT: LATIN AMERICA REGIONAL REPORTS, 1982 CSO: 3025/236 19 FOR OFF[CIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6 APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00854R004500060022-6 COtTNTRY SECTION � ~ NICARAGUA BRIEFS - RADIO, TV AGREEMENT WI11i CUBA--Managua, Apr 7(PL)--Cuba and Nicaragua signed here collaboration agreements in the fields of radio and television. The agreements were signed by the president of the Cuban Radio and T~levision Institute, Nivaldo Herrera, and the managing directors of the People's Radio Broadcasting Corporation and the Sandinista Television Network, Edwin Zablah and Ivan Garcia, respectively. The exchange of programs, facilities for journalistic and technical delegations and a broadening of mutual collabora- tion are mentioned in the documents. Herrera returned to Cuba accompanied by the delegation that accompanied him in the discussion of the agreements. [Text] [PA061952 Havana PRELA in English 1939 GMT 6 Apr $2] CSO: 5500/2190 END 20 FOR OFFICIAL USE QNLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/09: CIA-RDP82-00850R000500060022-6