Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 16, 2016
Document Release Date: 
June 27, 2005
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Publication Date: 
August 8, 1973
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PDF icon CIA-RDP82M00531R000400190025-8.pdf683.68 KB
25X1 ICLA'.,,. J C L K L 1 4 ' L/V- n `p) SUBJECT T~ GEr' ?!. OE !:4.: IFICATION SCHEDUL OF E. 0. 11652, AUTOMATICALLY DOWNGRADED AT I TWO YL. rd,t.ALS Ar;D DECLASSEF;ED ON DCI/IC 73-0847 31 d~ecc_rr__7`3__ 8 August 1973 ------------- (insert date IT event) REFERENCES: a. Memo forl Subject: COINS Files; dtd Aug Handle Via COMINT Channels for a Council for International Economic Policy from the Joint SIC-EIC USIB Work- ing Groups; Secret to IHC-AR-5; 1 Aug 72 c. Draft paper from Messers. b. IHC/USIB Inventory of Community Informa- tion Handling Systems; Secret, Annex A 1. Ref A, para 1 - Agree. Ref A, para 2. The DIA SINO-SOVIET AIR ORDER OF BATTLE (SIAOB) is on the DIAOLS/ COINS system. Some of the files marked with paper clips (Ref B, Att A) includes items that should be. available to the community. Some of the systems should probably be connected to the COINS/IDHS network (e.g., AF CIRCOL). Some of the files rather than being rewritten to be put "on-line" should be made available by remote request and outputs furnished by batch medium speed printout. Another alternative is to make an index available on COINS regard- ing what is available, where it is located and how this information may be obtained. Some of the items marked in Att A with a paper clip include biographic files. 2. Ref C, Att B, is a draft paper that the Joint SIC (Scientific Intelligence Committee) and the EIC (Economic Intelligence Committee) has prepared on the computer industry/technology in Hungary and Poland. Other studies for the USSR and PRC have been prepared. Perhaps an index of what is available and where and how it may be obtained would be useful on the COINS. 3. Ref A, para 3 - Agree. Computer files are expensive to build and expensive to update and should only be put on-line when the need and timeliness of 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2g05~0J)0'k: PIATRDP82MOO531 R000400190025-8 Approved For Release 2005/07/01 : CIA-RDP82M00531 R000400190025-8 the information so dictates. Therefore, I am not advocating that the items discussed in this memo be put on COINS but that the COINS Files Working Group consider these items. 25X1 Chief, IHC Support Staff Atts (2) 25X1 - 2 - Approved For Release 205 7(Q1j CJAIRDP82M00531 R000400190025-8 25X1 Approved For Release 2005/07/01 : CIA-RDP82M00531 R000400190025-8 Approved For Release 2005/07/01 : CIA-RDP82M00531 R000400190025-8 4 [ ' llr / j5{ ~J(:II LA I BMW A Approved For Release 2005/07/01 CIA-RDP82M00531 R000400190025-8 Bulgaria Bulgarian computers of domestic design have been confined to some analog types using vacuum tubes, and more recently a few small models of transistorized analog computers. The current inventory of about 60 digital computers consists entirely of imported models or models assembled under license. Heavy reliance has been placed on imported parts, designs, and technical know-how to supplement a small technical base in efforts to build digital computers and re- lated equipment for both domestic uses and for exports. Imported parts have been used for assembly of 7 or 8 of the Bulgarian ZIT 151, which is a licensed version of the Japanese Facom-230-30, and about 20 of these Japanese computers have been imported fully assembled. The ZIT-151 has internal storage capabilities and arith- metic speeds comparable to the IBM-360/30 but is inferior to the latter in overall computing capabilities. One ZIT x.51 also has been exported to the USSR. Only two computers exceeding the COCOM "easy access" guidelines have been imported, the Facom 230/45 at the Ministry of Supply and an ICL 1904A at the Management Training Cen':er. A few medium scale Western computers such as 1DM 360/30 and 360/40 and ICL 4-40 and 4-50 models also have been imrox tcd but most of the imports have been small scale types. Uses have been primarily in data processing for 25X1 Approved For 25X1 Approved For Release 2005/07/01 : CIA-RDP82M00531 R000400190025-8 ccouoniic and industrial applications and in civil scientific and engineering applications. The main Bulgarian effort now is on collaborating with the .USSR to achieve production of the ES-1020 model in the11YAD series i of computers and related peripheral equipment. Bulgaria has con- structed a prototype of the ES-1020 (called the IZOT 320 by the Bulgarian plant) and is now attempting to overcome continuing parts supply problems and initiate serial production. Probably with the goal of maximizing potential exports to other CEMA countries, Bulgaria has concentrated peripheral device efforts on a magnetic tape unit, a magnetic disc unit, disc packs, and a typewriter for the RYAD computers. The disc unit project, which appears fairly successful, is typical of the heavy employment of imported technology. Production equipment comes from Czechoslo- vakia, and an IBM 360/30 is used to check out the units. Although plated wire storage devices are being made and licenses for semi- conductors have been acquired from Japan, Bulgaria's component capa- bilities still appear primitive. In addition to aiming at potential CEMA country markets, Bulgaria also is seeking Western markets for their computer products in order to finance imports. Over the next few years, Bulgaria is apt to con- tinue needs for imports of components and production technology, but imports of completely finished end products is apt to be minimal. L~i+ai Approved For Release 2005/07/01 : CIA-RDP82M00531 R000400190025-8 Approved For Release 2005/07/01 : CIA-RDP82M00531 R000400190025-8 I1w ga.ry Hungary lagged well behind other East European countries in starting domestic construction of computers but, with the application of imported Western designs, technical assistance, and parts, has made rapid progress in establishing a domestic computer industry. Currently, Hungary has a total of 180-190 computers, half of which are domestic or Communist country products including 50-60 small models of domestic origin. The largest and most advanced computers in Hungary are Western models such as the US CDC-3300 and IBM-370/145 and the UK ICL--4-70 and ICL 1904. .The first domestically designed computer in Hungary was the EMG-830 developed in 1968-69 by the Electrical Measuring Equipment Plant in Budapest. They made about a dozen of these-transistorized--------- models which had capabilities roughly comparable to those of the CDC 3100 (storage capacity of 8 to 32 K 24 bit words and a data processing rate about .6 megabits). This computer was not success- ful because it was technologically obsolete when it was developed and the Plant turned to building the EMG-810 computer employing imported integrated circuits. This was a very small scale computer, a licensed version of the French CII-10010, and work on it and follow- on models was shifted to the Videoton Plant. 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2005/0/01 : CIA-R c a Approved For Release 2005/07/01 : CIA-RDP82M00531 R000400190025-8 Current Hungarian production model computers are all small scale or minicomputers with capabilities similar to Western models. The Videoton Plant acquired French designs for the Mitra 15 which with French technical assistance and training, was used. to make the VT--10010/B. This latter computer,.also called the ES-1010 is Hungary's model in the Ryad series. The Videoton Plant, in col- laboration with the Central Physics Research Institute, also pro- duces the TPA models of minicomputers. These minicomputers have gone through 3 revisions since the first was developed in 1968 on the basis of design information on the US Digital Equipment Cor- poration's minicomputers. US integrated circuits were used in the TPA minicomputers. Several of the Hungarian minicomputers have been exported to the USSR and further exports to all--the CEMA- ----- ------ countries are anticipated. Western peripheral devices have been used with most Hungarian computers and also with some computers imported from the USSR, but Hungary now is producing several types of peripherals. The Hungarian Optical Works makes punched tape and card equipment and, on the basis of a French license,. a small fixed magnetic disc unit for use with minicomputers. Hungary also makes display devices and equipment for using communications links to transmit data between computers. In addition to intended use.4 with computers in Hungary, the display and Approved For Release 2005/07/01: CIA-RDP82M00531 R000400190025-8 ~,~5 7 =~f N"'iy t ~ itl1 - Approved For Release 2005/07/01 CIA-RDP82M00531 R000400190025-8 data transmission equip ent probably will be exported to other CEIIA countries and could prove significant in enhancing capabilities for implementing computer networks. Hungary still is dependent on imports for some types of com- ponents but is making some types such as ferrite cores for both domestic uses and export. Production of integrated circuits based on Western designs, equipment and assistance also has begun and priority is placed on getting further imports of a similar nature to expand this capability. Plated wire storage devices also are being made. Labor management problems, particularly in the area of labor morale, still appear to plague the component industry. In spite of a continuing emphasis on software over the last several years, problems continue. Hungary was one of the"firs`t--of-__ the Eastern European countries to establish central repositories for computer programs and in publishing periodicals listing pro- grams available at the various installations. Sharing of software has, however, been handicapped by the wide diversity of computer models used, but some of these problems may be alleviated as more of the computers in the Ryad series become available. As it has in the past, Hungary continues to make use of every opportunity for using foreign sources of computer training. These include training given by Western vendors in Hurgary, training Approved For Release 2005/07/01 : CIA-RDP82M00531 R000400190025-8 Approved For Release 2005/07/01 CIA-RDP82M00531 R000400190025-8 programs by co.npan.ies in Western Europe, training at facilities in other CEMA countries, and training the West under United Nations auspicies. The International Training Center established by the United Nations in Hungary also is considered an important asset which is to be supplemented by domestic training programs. Considerable further Western assista.lLce is apt to be sought to implement the Hungarian training plans. The main Hungarian needs for computers in the near future are apt to be for many small and some medium scale models but only a few large scale models. Emphasis will be on minimizing imports of Western finished end products while meeting needs from domestic and other CEMA country sources, but efforts to obtain Western equipment for production and technical know-how are, apt to continue unabated. Approved For Release 2005/bT46q+: A-RDP82M00531R000400190025-8 py(~? ~ . t at- M~t ? q U d6wt Approved For Release 2005/07/01 : CIA-RDP82M00531 R000400190025-8 Poland Poland has been the most successful of the Eastern European countries in developing and producing computers. Much of this suc- cess derives directly from the Western assistance that has been supplied Poland in the form of components, peripheral equipment, licenses, production equipment, technical know-how and training. The leading Polish computer producer, the ELWRO Plant in Wroclaw completed more than 500 computers by the end of 1972, of which about 60 were exported to the USSR, about 140 to other Communist countries, and a few to underdeveloped countries. The total Polish inventory of about 525 digital computers consists mostly of small to medium scale models from domestic sources and from other Communist countries with a few medium to large scale models from the West. Large Western computers in Poland include the IBM 360/50 and 370/145 models, the ICL 4/70, and most recently the CDC Cyber 72-14 25X1 which is to be the central a multiprogramming system called Cifronet that will serve remote terminal equipment at eleven academic, research and planning establishments. Eventually this.system is to be incorporated into a national network of interconnected computer facilities. The largest and fastest Polish current domestic production model computer is the O')RA 1305 which employs integrated circuits Approved For elect ~ be5 7/01 25X1 Y a'.ox c_~rax Approved For Release 2005/07/01 CIA-RDP82M00531 R000400190025-8 and which like its predecessor, the 1304, employs the logical archi- tecture and software of the UK ICL 1900 models. With a maximum in- ternal storage capacity of 256 K 24 bit words, the ODRA 1305 exceeds .the COCOM "easy access" guidelines and its data processing rate is near the 8 megabits of the guideline cut-off point. The Elwro plant, which makes the ODRA-1305 for general data processing uses, also is producing the ODRA-1325, which has lesser capabilities and is intended for industrial control uses. Plans call for 50 ODRA-1305 models to be made in 1973 and for a total of 500 to 600 of a combination of ODRA-1305 and 1325 computers by the end of 1975. Currently some Western components and peripherals are used for the ODRA computers. Poland is engaged also in the CEMA countries' development of the Ryad computers. Poland and the USSR are to produce the ES-1030 model, which approximately equals the IBM 360/40 model. The Polish ES-1030 is still in prototype although the USSR claims to have their version in production. Poland plans to acquire smaller and larger models of the Ryad computers from other CEMA countries and already has signed a contract for import of ES-1020 computers. Production of the ODRA computers will continue until Ryad computers in sufficient quantities to satisfy needs are available. Poland already has started to produce and export peripheral devices that are claimed to be com- patible with both the ODRA and Ryad computers. Approved For Release 2005/Q7-Ml ~Z + (9 -RDP82M00531 R000400190025-8