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October 13, 1950
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1?11111111?? ft Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R0063001-90001-0 tyTFI.L 25X1A 51.61 .SIFICATION CONFIDENTIAL FORM NO. MAY 1949 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY INFORMATION REPORT COUNTRY Yugoslavia SUBJECT Yugoslav Press Summaries ACQUIRED ? 25X1RLACE THIS DOCUMENT RAS AN ENCLOSURE ATTACHED- 00 NOT DETACH 25X1A 25X1A The following issues of the Joint Translation Service Yugoslav Press are herewith forwarded to you on ret No. 151, dated 10 May 1950 No. 152, dated 11 Nay 1950 No. 153, dated 12 May 1950 No. 154, dated 13 May 1950 NO. 155, dated 15 May 1950 No. 156, dated 16 May 1950 No. 157, dated 17 May 1950 No. 245; dated 16 August 1950 No. 246, dated 17 August 1950 No. 247, dated 18 August 1950 No. 248, dated 19 August 1950 No. 249, dated 20 and 21 August 1950 No. 250, dated 22 August 1950 No. 251, dated 23 August 1950 No. 251, dated 24 August 1950 No. 252, dated 25 August 1950 No. 253, dated 26 August 1950 No. 255, dated 27 and 28 August 1950 No. 256, dated 29 August 1950 No. 263, dated 6 September 1950 No. 264, dated 7 September 1950 No. 265, dated 8 September 1950 No. 266, dated 9 September 1950 No. 267, dated 10 and 11 September 1950 2. Although Free. the transmittal sheet is marked STATE NAVY CLASSIFICATION NSRB ARMY AIR REPORT NO. CD NO. DATE DISTR. 13 October 1950 NO. OF PAGES 1 NO. OF ENCLS. 24 (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. Summaries of the 25 lx Conf,i(1 DISTMBUTIp , d URN attachments are ?rL.. o7/5,0 ?,3 25X1-k, Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R0 CPYRGHT Approlied For Release 2001/09/0 300190042MA 4 IRIS IS AN ENCLOSUR - _DO NOT DEIRCii OIEWIIE` urM.A.INTSLAANIONTEMVIIICE SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS . This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers ahd periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. NO. 151 HEADLINES BORBA May 10, 1950. P.1. SOWING NEWS (2 cols.) RAILROAD NEWS (2 cols.) FPRY GOVERNMENT REPRESENTATIVES PLACE WREATH ON UNKNOWN SOLDIERS TOMB ? GOVERNMENT OF PR CROATIA AWARDS MONEY TO PROMINENT WORKERS MARSHAL TITO TIRES HIS CONDOLENCES TO HOLY SINOD PLANES TO SPRAY VINEYARDS FOR FIRST TIME IN OUR LAND EXAMPLE OF A VESSEL CREW (i col.) P.2. PF ACTIVITIES (I col.) PRESS CONFERENCE OF BRITISH TRADE UNION MEMBERS IN ZAGRE3 THE PRESIDIUM OF THE PEOPLE'S ASSEMBLY OF THE FPRY GRATIFIES GENERAL CONVENTION ON SOCIAL INSURANCE DETwEEN FRANCE AND YUGOSLAVIA TITO'S RELAY RACE PREPARATIONS FOR ELECTIONS OF NEW PEOPLE'S COMMITTEES IN BELGRADE (1 col.) MINISTER OF EDUCATION OF PH SLOVENIA RECEIVES FORMER ITALIAN PARTISANS * UPRISING (excerpt from story "Return")(2i cols.) P.3. SUNDRY ECONOMIC ITEMS (2 cols.) STOCKHOLM: MANY PROMINENT PERSONS REPLACED IN ESTONIA BUDAPEST: NEW PRESIDENT OF HUNGARIAN PRESIDIUM PRAGUE: CLEMENTIS ON VACATION? GORIZIA: COMINFORM FASCIST DEMONSTRATIONS IN VIDEM ROME: STUDENTS STRIKE AT UNIVERSITY BERLIN: SOVIET SUGGESTION FOR ELECTIONS IN BERLIN FRANKFORT: INCREASE OF TRADING BETWEEN WESTERN GERMANY AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES LAKE SUCCESS: SOVIET UNION QUITS 27 ORGANS OF UN TILL NOW Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300$0001-0 ROME: UN COUNCIL FOR AGRICULTURE AND FOOD MEETS IN ROME PEKING: TELEGRAM FROM CHU EN LAJ TO TRYGVE fIE ROME: CONFERENCE FOR ASSIGNMENT CF RADIO LENGTHS IN RAPAL * PARIS: PRIOR TO LONDON CONFERENCE , VIENNA: RESULTS OF LUNICPAL ELECTIONS IN LOWER AUSTRIA HANOVER: BRITISH POLICE ARREST TWO HIGH CP GERMAN LEADERS IN LOWER SAXONY OXFORD: WELL KNOWN rMERICAN WRITER DIES P.4. SUNDRY ITEMS IN CONNECTION WITH CHILAENS WEEK (2 cols.) CULTURE LIFE (1 col.) ****(****** 11, IOLITIKA P.1. COMPETITION BEGINS IN YUGOSLAV ZONE OF FTT IN CONNECTION WITH BIRTHDAY L ,ACH OF TITO P.2. DR. GAVRILO - PATRIARCH (I col.) P.3. DECREE ON BUYING III CF CATTLE ANTh LARD FOL 1950 (2i cols.) 111. GLAS P.1. PLENUM OF CITY COMITTEE OF PF BELGRADE (3 cols.) P.2. POWDERED GARLIC - on NEW EXPORT ARTICLE HOW THE SOVIET ;HESS "POPULARIZED" THE NL STRUGGLE IN YUGOSLAVIA (1 col.) P.3, PRODUCTS OF OUR DOMESTIC HANDICRAFT 7EING SOLD ON WORLD MARKET (li cols.) 1V. HAD P3. FQCTORY OF CANNED FISH BEGINS PRODUCTION IN ZDAR (li cols.) HIGH TENSION LINE I-RILE - BITOLJ STARTS OPERATION WEATHER Cloudy Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 \ Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -3- THE FOREIGN POLICY OF NEW YUGOSLAVIA The so-called "Yugoslav euestion" is both typical and instructive in the understanding of the present general international situation, or better said, for proper appraisal of the world political crisis which has lasted since the end of the second World War and which gives no indication of relenting hut, to the contrary, seems to be becoming more tense. What is.the essence of the. "Yugoslav ouestien"7 Its essence is undoubtedly the stand which the Yugoslav government is carrying out in its internal and foreign policy, as well as the undeniable fact that.. the, Yugoslav people approve, by a great majority, this stand and powerfully support their people's government on the cuestion of it policies. What is the essence of that policy? Its essence in the land is the development of a new society and new soCial relations - the ubimlitous development of socialism. Tersely expressed the essence of the foreign policy is A policy consistant to peace and the defence of our independence. (The article then goes on to cuote the nine points, concerning foreign policy given by Tito in his speech. to the People's Assembly on April 27, 15O.) This is the essence of the foreign policy in Yugoslavia and there can be no doubt, no ubiguity or reinterpretation in regards to it. At a conference given-to the representatives of the foreign and domestic. press Marshal Tito 'once again affirmed the goals of our foreign policy. Comrade Kardelj, in his well-known election speech at Crnemelj, spoke about the foreign policy at length. Among other things he said "Yugeslavia is against economic and Political expansion of monopolist Capital and the imperialist tendencies inextricable intertwined with it 'for control over small states and for their turn..ing into dependent states, as well as it is-against the "hegemonist" tendencies inside the so-called socialist world, tendencies aimed ? against the peoples who are on the road of socialist development...', because 'these tendencies also represent a danger to peace ae does everyother attack on. the self assertion and independence of any sovereign people'." "Our foreign policy,said Comrade Kardelj is a Tolley which is consistant to peace-and the defense of our independence. Remain- ing true to its policy, our country can never become a member of any aggressive bloc. Deing a socialist country, we do not want to do anything in our foreign policy which would .strengthen the forces of imperialist reaction. On the contrary, we.will do-everything, which is benificial and which strengthens the forces of progress, democracy and: socialism. We do not hide this. We announce it to the world, But in the same way we shall decisively oppose the hememonist anti-socialist, and anti-democratic tendencies of the Cominform policies and every attempt to: force such a policy on' our people by pressure or force. Socialist Yugoslavia can not be neutral today, but does not belong to any bloc and is carrying out.its own peace loving, democratic and socialist foreign policy to which every form of aggression is repugnant." Why has the so-called "Yugoslav duestian" risen in international events? This can be explained by the stand and the foreign, policies of a small state which stands unflinchingly on-the principles of internationalright,: on the consistant defense of democratic peace and on the bene4tion of just what sort of relations must exist between states - all this does nbt really exist in international events of today. That is why this sort of stand and :foreign policy seems to be a special.occurance in relation to present day inter- Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001109/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -4- national reality. Instead of the states which are members of the UN; regardless of whether they are big or small, carrying out a policy of strengthening those international organizations and organi- zing new international systems on the principles of the UN charter and instead of such a. policy,being aArardstick for individual member states in practice, this yardstick is twisted in, present day?inter- national.reality. This explains why, after five-years since the wars end, pence has not been established but, to the contrary, a cold itr is being carriod Gilt. This is the essence of the 7Yugosl V cuestion" which in fact is not a Yugoslav ouestion but a cuestion of all.prOgressive and peace loving people in the world and especially the .small people. _epublika-Tuesday Summary) V-E DAY CEREMONY Today, Victory day, representatives ofthe government of FITLY and of the Yutoslav army laid wreaths on the tomb of the Unknown soldier at Ayala as a token of remembrance for the victims of the war against ?Fascism. The following Ministers represente(' the 7:Overnment at the ceremony: Milovan Diil s, Frane Frol (Minister of Justice), the Minister; president of the Consul for communications, Bozidar Maslaric, Vick? Krstulovic (Minister of the Navy), the Minister - secretary-general of the Govornment'of FRY, Ljubodrag Djuric, the assitant minister for Foreign Affairs Lee Titates, and the.Minister plenipotentiary, head of the frotocol section of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Comrade Sloven Smodlaka. The Chief of the General Staff', Colonel-General Koca Popcvic represented the Army, accompanied by a number of other senior .officers. Milovan I)ilas laid a wreath on behalf of the Government of FPRY while Koca Popovic did so in the name of the -Army. The ceremonywas also attended by foreim diplomats and military attaches. (Borba-Wednes.ay) PROMINENT WORKER REWARDED The celebrated_tractor-driver of the,',gricultural Machinery station at Osijek, frnnjo Sajbert, and. Ante' Mrkorjic, a founder the Osijek iron-foundry en' agricultural machinery factory, who, from October of last year, ha.vt- been completing tasks of the second five year plan have been rewarded 17 the -overnment of the FR of Croatia with a grant of 40,000 dinars. The first woman metal worker in the country to h'I-e comP]ettd the five year plan, Marija Pantie, who works at. the iron-foundry at Iozeim, in Slawonia, received a - reward of 20,000 diners. 'n identical sum was won by Dragan Babic, a prominent fighter for the increase of -roductivity of work in the Osijek leather factory. (Tenjug-Borba-Wednesday) IRRIGATION FROM THE AIR For the first time in this country this spring vineyards in gerbia are to be watere ind fro ai.araft zioptti . , Approved i-or r Release' 201.niuui0b :`ulm-Rt5OgS-604i5R096361111900046kirt, s -4. Autroved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -5- of Vrsac wilI:be watered, to prevent the sun scorching the vine stocks. .A-11-preparations for the execution of the scheme,iave already been' made.' ? (Borba-Wednesday) COMINFORM-FASCIST DEKONSTRATION AT VIDEM Italian Cnminformists yesterday ioined with members of the Fascist Social Movement in organizinF a Chauvinist demonstration at " videm. . They carried placards with the sloFans '"Trieste, Zadar, Split, Dubrovnik and s;5ng irredentist songs. When the procession reached the Labour hall, the former secretany of the Videm branch of the Federation of the CP of Italy appeared on the balcony, to shouts of "Istria foi. Italy" and displayed an Italian Flag. The Italian flag was at the same time als isp1ayect from the balcony of the Videm Federation of the CP of Itnly. This 1ad vls not followed by a sin-41e other party so that the Cominformists in the procession found themselves alone with the members of the Fascist Social Movement. (TanjuF-Borba-Wednes(,ay) WEST GERMAN TRADE ',TITH E'.3T Reuter reports fr-m Fr-nkfort thnt 'lest German trade with the countries of Eastern Europe (excluding ooviet .Lussia nnd umania) was four times Freater in 1947 than in 1948. increase was particularly marked in the import cf Frain: in comparison with 1948 imports worth 120,000 dollars, last year's imports of grain had increased to a total value of 21 million dollars. Besides grain Western Germany'also imports suFar, mnsium, Bauxite, Kaolin and other material. T,he total yearly value of the trade agreeements which Western . Germany now had. with the countries of Eastern Europe? amounts to 463 million dollars. (borba-wednesday) Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R0063001901191-0 _ 6 _ IRREGULARITIES IN THE WORK OF BELGRADE RESTAURANTS The situation in many Belgrade institutions for communal Seeding is not any better than the state of affairs in the majority of hotels, restaurants and inns. Possibly they are even worse. This has been established'by a survey which has., recentlybeen made by a special commission.- . feeding A concern for communal/in the first rejon;..it appears, has no kind of control of coupons from ration cards and coupons from pay- ment cards and so the restaurant is open to misuse'. A survey was made of the Smederevo which is run by the first rejon. It is a restaurant available only to people put on a diet by a doctor.. The food is very good but in spite of that if someone finds they. are not satisfied then they can get more. Those who pay for supper get much more food than is laid down in the diet. .Sp this restaurtal* e. is very suitable for the feeding of those who are hetlthyas.won: This is probably.why such irregularities have started. First the Smederevo has a hundred clients who have no doctor's certificate for a diet. Secondly, 40% of the clients are composed of pensioners. There is a minimum of workers. Thirdly, it is claimed that whole families feed in this restaurant on doctors' certificates. One family of father, mother and child and another family of father, mother, child, grandfather and grandmother. The Redovic family consist of mther, son anddaughter-in-law. And .all these have certificates that they need a diet. The majority of members of these families have citizen's ration cards. The commission states that all members of certain families have been issued with certifi- cates by the same doctor. The hygienic conditions in the kitchen of the Smederevo are as had as the food is c.)od.The kitchen is filthy. There stands in, the kitchen of the Smederevo a potato-peeling machine but it has not been connected up. Instead of ceiling a mechanic to get the machine going three people are employed almost thelnhole day doing nothing but peelimaln4oes.. In addition to this the restaurant has two large meat/wHidh are not utilised, As in certain Belgrade commercial restaurants, the Smederevo has no oloths for drying crockery and so table-cloths are used. In the fourth Rejon irregularities have also been discovered. The 120_21.1LL has a disordered and dirty kitchen. This restaurant differs frOm others in its uncultured service . It can be seen from the complaints book that the behaviour of the personnel towards clients is rude. The kitchen of the Kikevac restaurant is also dirty and unsuit- able for a restaurant for workers and officials: In its cellar a large quantity of potatoes were found,. of which half were bad. Service in thisrestaurant is very uncultured. In all the workersLofficials' restaurants of the fourth rejon. the quality of food is not good and has not the prescribed calory -content. The majority of restaurants cook only one dish although there is a possibility of preparing more. The uncultured surface in these restaurants and the other irregu- larities are partly the blame of the -personnel department of the directorate of undertakings for communal feeding which has'nt even a record department for personnel. They have not taken the trouble, in spite of all the complaints, to arrange one single hour's instruction for employees of r staurants, Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83--00415R006300190001-0 - 7 .- The Mostar. restaurant in the 7th rejon is one of the filthiest Of alL The Mostar claims that.it is issued with less material .for the preparation of meals than it 'is entitled to and makes this an excuse for servingless than the proper quantities and only one dish, In this way the firm makes profits at the expense of the -.working people who feed in the restaurant. Irregularities wpre also foundin the 7emun restaurant3. For instance thacLovcen restaurant is dirty, as is the Vojvodina where the Complaint book is fUll of complaints about the rude service. :Having completed the survey the commission has issued orders to managements to repair theit. offortS. If this is not done the strictestpunishment will be meted out. # l'GLAS" 11 cols.) PERSONALITY OF PATRIARCH GAVRILO DOZIC After a short illness from erahly of the brain and weakness of the heart Muscles Gavrilo Dozici_Patriarch of the SerbianOrthodox Churchldied,at 6.30 on the 7th May is death came as a result of sufferings in internMent during' the second world war. Patriarch Gavrilo. had, as a result of a hard life in internment, to go after the liberation for a year's cure in Italy and Czechoslovakia, Patriarch Gavilo-was,bK)rntontbeth: May-1881:in the village of Brujicima in Donjkmoraca (Montenegro). ..nefere ordination his .name was Djordje. He was ordained in the monastery of Sicev near Nish on the 26th February 1900 and the following day took up the work of.Jerodjalc.en and on the 5th March in the same year in the same capacity at the catheral churph in.Nish,. In 190.3 ho completed theological teachers' school in Prizren, in 1907. passed his exams in philosophy in Athens, .As a .regular _student of the theological faculty in Athens he obtained his diploma and after a successful dissertation"Christianity among the Serbs up to the 13th Centuary" he obtained his doctorate of theology. After that he went to France and Switzerland to perfect his French. On his return from Switzerland he was raised to the rank of Archi- mandrit and thereafter, in 1909, appointed Secretary of. the Sabor in Hilendar, in 1910 as religious adviser to the Serbian mission in Istanbul, on the. 1st December 1911 he was chosen asdAetropolitan of Rashko-Prizren.. ' In 1913 he was appointed .Metropolitan. and. Archbishop Pech and. in 1920 Metropolitan of the Montenegro coastal district. After the death of Patriarch Varnave he was chosen on the 21st February 1938 .as Patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Consistent with his attitude which he held during the Balkan and first world wars he behaved as n good patriot and -confirmed his prestige. as patriarch during the second world war and the fascist occupattond Patriarch Gavrilo condemned the shameful-? pact of traitors Cvetkovic and Macek, for ? which the :Hitler propa- ganda violently attacked him over the radio, Throughout the occupation Patriarch Gavrilo was held in intern- ment first in the monastery at Rakovica and thereafter in Vojlovica. Pressure was brought to hear on him during that period to join certair bishops who had signed the statement against the Partisan movement and the national liberation army, but he resolutely refused with the 'words "I cannot- and will not condemn those who fight for their people and their liberty".-- This made his position in captivity -worse. He even reached the notorious camp of Dachau. How far pressure on Patriarch Gavrilo went can be seen by the fact that, as he himeelf has o1d the traitors Liotic and 1\ldic offered him a post in their 3eRIPY6c1g9if,qPtt 20TP.,9/P6 c!?1?.8-0eolAw-p9R1 9-9R0 s pinion. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - Just before the Capitulation he was offered the post- of Premier-N. in.a"ChUrch Government" but that also he rufused. ThUS behaved Patriarch lavrilb under ,suffering ahd then he had to show true patriotism. - After his cure in Italy and Czechoslovakia Gvrilo returned in the autumn of 1946 to his liberaed country. With full knowled and understanding he worked to get the 3erbian Orthodox Church to tak parTEI,md'assist? the post-war revival riad building of our country'. His duty as heai of the Serbian Orthodox Church was not easy either before or after the war, when his lifficulties'came principally from the fact :that there lips not the necessary unity and understanding among the bishops themselves. Thus bishops Nikolaj VeliMirovic and Irinaj DThrdjeVic Stayed abroad- like traitors and Dionisije even renounced citizenship of his country. All that had its effect on' the health of Patriarch lavrilo and hindered him in his work. The body of l'atriarch Gavrilo_has been laid in the Cathedral Church in Belgrade, where he will be buried on the 11th May. LaTB.13AV JOMOV1C. ("PflLITIKAI I col.). 7,e MARSHAL TITO'S CONDOLONCES TO THE SYNOD Premier of the Government of the F.PflY, filarshal Josip Broz Tito, sent his condolences in a telegram to the synod of the Serbian . Orthodox church on the occasion of the death of Patriarch Gavrilo. The Government of the FTA.Y also sent their condolences to the synod. ("POLITIKA") Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 /Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 m- 7 -9- ? POWDERED GARLIC QTJ1.L NEW EXPORT. Novi Sad. , Two and a half of wagon loads of garlic were bought up last Year from the fruit and vegetable concerns "Povrtarm,and "Jugo- ;iamomila" where they were stored without being used . At Mokrin this garlic was sliced and dried in the same stoves as they used for drying camomile, and was ground up in the "Pobeda" Mills at Tetrovaradin. To the 3,120 kg of ordinary powder 864 4 of re- fined garlic power was extracted. This was well packed in tin airtigiat boxes. 1 This P.,arlic powder cv last for years and is very useful for meat preserving and picklte indtiltries.It has been well received on the American market and many orders have been given for it. Th p production of powdered garlic does not .r..quire much equipment and it is therefore very useful as a new export article. Through "Povrtar" and "Jugo-kamomile it has been arranged for gatisic to be cu4 vated in many districts, such as Kikinda,the-Novo Knezevo district' ?ecanj district and other places. ("Glas" - 10 May) HOW THE SOVIET PRESS "POPULARISES" THE NATIONAL LIBERATION STRUGGLE IN 'YUGOSLAVIA. The Cominform propaganda when it speaks ln praise of the Soviet Union includes the Yugosllv NL War amongst these things. Radio Prague recently announced that it was the Soviet press that first gave reports about the successes of the Yugoslav Par- tizans and that " the recongintion of the Yugoslav NL Movement by the Allies and in public opinion was entirely owinL to the Soviet press and radio". The Soviet press holds one of the first places, but an in- glorious place,in information about the war in Yugoslavia. In November 1941, gadlo Moscow broadcast about how Draza Mlhajlovic was the leader of the rising in Serbi4;that was at the time when the rising in Serbia was in full swing and when there was a large piece of liberated territory, which immediately afterwards was attacked by the Germans and thealetniks together.. The attitude of the Soviet press right up to the end of the war was rather indefinite because the Soviet Government's line on the NL Movement was reserved. The Soviet Government constantly advised (the Yugoslays) that the should not wear the red star and they never overlooked an occasion to celebrate King Peter's birthday. Tn August 1942, the Yugoslay. Royal Legation was promoted to the rank of an EmAsy, and the Soviet People's Commissariate of Foreign Affai'fttfileftid the return of the King to his country, furthermore they concluded an agreement about dividing the Balkans into spheres of interest between themselves and the British,fifty-fifty etc. From all this it is quite clear that the Soviet Goernment was not exactly sincere and enthusiastic in popularising the NL War in Yugoxlavia,. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -10- When the second session af AVNOJ was held the radio station Free Yugoslavia which was in the Soviet Union, in its report about the session made no mention of the resolution about the termina- tion of the monarchy and the ban on the King's return. The So- viet Government's attitude was that AVNOPs resolution was a"stab in the back?ftr the Teheran Conference. It Was only several days after Great Britain and the USh had ,riven adequate reports about the session that radio station Free YucP,oslavia did the same. Radio Moscow,from which the Yugoslav fighters expected moralsupport did not show up theChPtniks until the end of 1942, although they had many documents about th . Until that time Radio Moscow had not infrequently. praised Draza Mihajlovic and had kept silent on the subject of the Partizans. This happen- ed in spite of the frequent and urgent protests from our leaders who had given. the Soviet Union a large number of original docu- ments about Mihajlovic's collaboration with the Germans and about the great successes of the National Liberation War. " Later, when the NL Movement became a powerful army and purged a large part of Yugoslavia of the enemy , the Soviet Union did not cease putting difficulties in the way of speaking the truth about the situation in Yugoslavia. When comrade Djilas, was staying in Moscow in Arpil 1944, as head of our Military Mission, he wrote an article for "Pravda" about thP'succespes - of the NL Movement in its struggle against the occupier. However, the Editors of "Pravda" crazed th.e parts which mentioned the CFY and the organisers and leadersof tie NL War an the parts concerning AVNOJ's resolution. It is well-known that the fabrications concerning the NL Movement were published in the Western press but we had expected more support from the Soviet Union. It often happened that the Soviet press announced news concerning Yugoslavia, onlyaftEr it had appeared in the press of the Anglo-American Allies. ("Glas" - 10 May), Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP THIS IS AN ENCLOSURE TO NI Hi INT tr 'III' II 001-0 25X1A "Vai,_A_rr m 0 IIINs Jibe -?7 M C lIE SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. NO. 152 May 11, 1950 HEADLINES BORBA P.1. A MINING BRIGADE IN ONE SHIFT (2 cols.) THE GLASS FACTORY IN POGASHKA SLATINA HAVE COMPLETED THEIR HALF YEARLY PLAN RAILWAY NEWS (2/3's col.) SOWING NEWS (1/2 col.) A NEW WOOD DRYER STARTED UP IN CERKINCI THE SOLUTION OF THE CHINESE REPRESENTATION WILL REDUCE INTER* NATIONAL TENSION: NEW YORK P.2, AGAIN ON THE ROAD OF THE PARTY AND THE PEOPLE (Article Lazarvic) (li cols.) THE TITO BATON (I col.) CHANGES IN THE GOVERNMENT OF SERBIA REPRESENTATIVES OF THE FORMER ITALIAN PARTISANS HAVE LEFT THE COUNTRY ARCHIVE FOR LEGAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE (2 cols.) REPORTER LAV TOLSTOJ AND "BLIND ALLEYS" P.3. CULTURAL LIFE (1 col.) PEOPLE'S TECHNIQUES * NEW RECORDS BY OUR PARACHUTISTS (I col.) CONFERENCE OF THE WESTERN FOREIGN MINISTERS: LONDON (11 cols, LETTER OF THE ASSOCIATION OF FORMER POLITICAL PRISONERS IN GERMANY: STOCKHOLM: WELL-KNOWN SWEDISH AUTHOR MARIJA SHERNSTED COMES OUT FOR INDEPENDENCE OF KP SWEDEN SOVIET REPRESENTATIVE LEAVES SESSION OF RED CROSS LEAGUE CONCERT IN THE YUGOSLAV-AMERICAN HOUSE IN NEW YORK THE HUNGARIAN GOVERNMENT IS READY TO DISCUSS COMPENSATION TO BRITISH NATIONALS LIES AND SLANDERS COLUMN (3/4's Col.) TRIESTE: CONSULTATION OF MEMBERS OF PEASANT COUNCIL IN THE ANGLO-AMERICAN ZONE FTT P.4, ORDER ON THE COLLECTION OF CATTLE AND FAT IN 1950 (1 cols,) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 NEW RAILWAY TIMETABLE (3/4's col.) ROAD TRANSPORT WEEK (1/3 cal.) 11. POLITIKA P.1, IN CONNECTION WITH THE NEW ORDER ON THE COLLECTION CF CATTLE AND FAT (Article cols.) JOURNEY BY TRYGVE LIE THROUGH EUROPE WOULD CONTRIBUTE TO RELAXING INTERNATIONAL TENSION: NEW YORK PARIS: SCHUMANN }Di:POSES UNIFICATION OF FRENCH AND GERMAN COAL AND STEEL PRODUCTION TRIESTE CHILDREN WILL AGAIN HOLIDAY IN SLOVENIA OTTAWA: THE CANADIAN LOWER HOUSE REJECTS ANTI-COMMUNIST PROPOSAL BY CONSERVATIVES P.2, ROM: SESSION OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE? CHICAGO: BIG STRIKE OF RAILWAY WORKERS HAS BEGIN IN US PARIS: DEBATE ON MILITARY CREDITS IN FRENCH ASSEMBLY PEKING: INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT OF MANCHURIA SOVIET-CZECH TRADE RELATIONS ACCORDING TO TREATY AND IN PRACTICE F.3. FROM THE EXHIBITION CF THE CREATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE PEOPLE'S COUNCILS (2 cols.) WORKERS INFORM TITO OF NEW WORKING OBLIGATIONS (1 "col.) STUADLIC SENDS CONDOLENCES TO SYNOD P.4, THIS YEAR'S SUMMER HOLIDAY FOR PICNIRI (3/4's col.) NUMBER OF MOTORBUSES AND TRAMS INCREASED IN BELGRADE 111 RAD P.2, RELEASE OF MAN POWER - SOME IRREGULARITIES IN SPLIT GEORGES CONGEAU IMAGINES DISCUSSION ABOUT YUGOSLAVIA (li cols. P.3, COAL PRODUCTION IN VELENJE MINE HAS INCREASED BY 600 PER CENT COMPARED WITH FRE-WAR (2 cols.) 1V. OMLIDINA P,2, NEW COMPETITION ON THE AUTOPUT (1 col.), P.4. PREPARATIONS BY FRENCH YOUTH FOR DISPATCH OF WORKING BRIGADES TO YUGOSLAVIA .(3/4's col.) WEAT HP412-- .h_ pp rovearroTYRelease 21ffiCikkti061:1ArFt1511983-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -3- CONFERENCE CF WESTERN FOREIGN MINISTERS London, May 10, 1950 After preparations which have been going, on for several mon\ both in Faris and in London, a three power conference Of Foreign Ministers from the United Steates, Great Britain and France will begin tomorrow in London. By the middle of May the plenary session of the Council of the intlantic Pact will be finished. For this confernce the three' western powers have mobilized their strongest diplomatic apparatus and the conference will be carrieq on amongst experts of the three countries.- ? Although the agenda of the .conference has not been announced yet, the papers aay that the a.elicy of the Western Powers must be either changed or coordinated. However, the question of priority of the Problems to be dis- cussed has aroused much speculation amongst the Western Powers. The Christian Science Monitor considers that the conference has been organized in order to remove any-dangerous controversies which obstruct security measures of the Western world. Acheson' states that'the problem of strategy in the ?d war or the problem of military, economical and nolitical cooperation of the Western countries in the cold war should, be put first on the agenda of the conference. cc)rdinp-. to"France Press" this is a most important cuestion for "Inerica and the "London Times" states that Acheson will demand that the entire conference should he based on his idea that "The cold war must he realized as a permanent factor in the planning of future policy in the Western Powers." The other member countries regard the conference more from the point of view of their own?national interests. The"London People" announces that Devin, in the name of Great Britain will demand that they discuss the problem of reviving Japanese ,.end German trade. It is expected that France will wish to discuss the problem of Indo-China. Over the problem of Indo-China, France and the United States have a fundamentally different outlook. France is not prepared to finance the war in Viet Nam as the French people wish. The Americans demand that American aid to Indo-China should b devided immediately amongst the Three Puppet Governments in Indo-China which amounts to America's immediate intervention in French Colonial possessions. This dispute was not solved in th,, London conference. The United States considers that divided and occupied Germany' should be allowed to enter the Atlantic Pact but France,especially, and Great Britain as well are opposeduto this. The Western press PI Asees that the problem of We5tern. ermany will be a difficult one. In connection with this the talks between levin and Acheson will. , probably have a great influence in the future of this sterling area. America demands that Great '?ritain should sacrifice national interest for strengthening mutual opperations ani should take upon herself , great military and economic obligations. A Reuter commentator su-gests that the Americans should sacrifice the Western European countries for the purpose of building up "estern Germany and that Great Britain and France should tear the bufden for the conflicts in the Far East. On the other hand Great Britain wishes to concentrate her efforts on revival in Great Thitain. Foreign office circles are Prepared to admit that the American desire to liquidate the sterlin- bloc is the :-reatest hinderance to reaching an agreement amonr-st the Western :ow rs. The Western European countries wish to or7anize their economy so that they will be free from dollar aid by the time the Tgarshall Flan comes to an end. (7orba-Thursday) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Appro_yed For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 YUGOSLAV-AMERICAN CONFERENCE New York, May 10 On the seventh of May the club of Friends' of New Yugoslavia held a concert in the Yugoslav-American hall in New York. The well-known violinist, Zlatko Balokovic, who is a friend of New ? Yugoslavia and the young American artists of Yugoslav extraction, Irena Kramaric-Liric, retty Jdnic,nnd Marko Rotmiler,took part. They sang songs by Yugoslav and tmleri:can composers. The concert was opened by the president of the Club, Nikolo Telesmanic and in his speech he said that the people of Yugoslavia will win through in their struggle. After him Aleksandr Joric, the president of the Directors of "Novi List",spoke. Both these speeches were much applauded and Yugoslavia's struggle for the building up of socialism was approved. After the concert Americans of Yugoslav origin asked their guests from the FPRY to give their sincere greetings to the Yugoslav people. (Borba-Thursday) ALE BEELER'S ANNOUNCEMENT NEW YORK, May 10 Speaking from ,the United Nations radio station on May 9, Pies Bebler announced that he considered that Mr. Trygve Lie's visit to Europe "might be of real use since Lie, in the present unfortunate situation, is probably the best person to make the first step in loosening international tension." 3eller said that he agreed with Trygve Lie's idea of holding an extraordinary meeting of the security council since such meetings had been foreseen in Paragraph 2 of article 28 of the Chaoter of the United Nations. In connection with the cuestion about diqinese representatives to UN g Ales Bebler said that he hoped the representatives of PR China would be recognized not only by the General Assembly but also by the extraordinary session of the Security Council, If this did not happen he would consider that the extraordinary session had suffered a failure. He considered the question simple and thought that its solution should be clear, since the Chinese people had brought into power anew government which they had elected themselves. Other people speaking on the program Were the Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Pe-arson, the French representative to the United Nations, Jean Chovel, the Philippine' representative, Romulo and the United States representative, Austin. Pearson announced that the universal character of the United Nations was very important tnd he express'ed the hope that UNO would be6ome ')owerful organization for collective security. Rnmulo stressed that the lic:uidation of UNO would be a blow to peace and international cooperation in the world. He deprecated Hoover's proposal for excluding the Eastern European Countries from the United Nations. (Borba-Thursday) REGULATIONS CONCERNING THE nUYING UP OF CATTLE AND 'FAT IN 195b A new law has been announced about. the buying-up of cattle and fat this year. The main points are roughly as follows: Approved For Release 2001/09/06 CIA-I4DP831604?f5R0063130190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -5- Holdings are divided into ca egories thus: CATEGORY SIZE CF PROPERTY 1. Up to three hectares 2. From Three to Five hectares From .ive to Eight hectares 4. From Eirht to Ten hectares 5. From Ten to Fifteen hectares 6. From Fifteen to Twenty hectares 7. From Twenty upwards The following are the amounts of fat that these holdings must produce: 1. 5 to 2. 8 to 3. 15 to 15 kilograms 55 kilograms 90 kilcwrams 4. 20 to 120 kilograms 5. 30 to 145 kilograms 6. 40 to 165 kilograms (This applies to any holdings with more than 15 hectares of cultivable land) ? In calculating the amounts of cattle and fat to be delivered by.these holdings the following thins are taken into consideration: A. The actual number of cattle or pis in the U. The use of state and cooperative pastures. C. The economic power of the holding. D. Te conditions for rearing cattle and E. Whether or not stock-rearing is the main concern of the holding. F. The needs of the holding itself. G. The number of members in the holding and its labor power If the people concerned are not satisfied with their obligations they nay complain within eight days to the District People's Committee. This Committee is bound to send back their decision within 15 ''ays. They District People's Committee will give details about how the buying-up is to be carried out. After that holdings must immediately conclude agreements about their obligations. In the case of cooperatives, this will come within the economic plan of the individual cooperative. ?A fine, of up to 50,000 dinars or correctivc labor from three months upward will he given if a/ the deliveries are not completed within the stipulated period L/ if the fat has been made heavier by artificial means 0/ if incorrect details have been given about the number of pigs and cattle or any ether false information. A fine of 25,000 dinars or a term of corrective labor will be given if the people concerned refuse unjustifiably to comply with regulations. Officials to do with the buying up can also be fined up to 10,000 dinars for various failures an errors on their part. (BorLa-Thursday-Summary) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -6- NEW PARACHUTE RECORDS Although the International Air Tederation does not keep separate records on parachute jumping the best achievements are on record. According to unofficial and incomplete details a parachute instructor in the Soviet Union jumped 40 times in 24 hours in 1946. Two years later an instrUctor in the Argentine jumped 50 times in 21+. hours. Some time ago Stanko Skoberna, member of the Skoplje Aero Club attacked this record and yesterday he set up a new one, In a total of a2 hours he jumped 47 times. ? The first international Competition in parachute jumping took place in Kragujevac... Our first record-holder, Alexander Stanic, director of the-parachute school of-Belgrade aerO club was present. The success of the Sloplje parachutist Caused him to attack his record earlier than he had intended. In a total of 14 hours and 3 minutes Stanic jumped 50 times. The first jump was made at 5 in the morning from 500 metres. As soon as he landed a motor car took him to the second plane. He quickly put on a Second parachute and took off. By 9 o'clock he had jumped 30 times. After a short restof three hours he continued to jump and by 19.30 haddliarW05AAfirsres. With this feat Stanic became the parachute jumperywifc h-the most jumps to his credit. He started in 1946 and has now jumped 112 times. Both Stanic and Skoberna had on them Parachutes of home manu- facture, which proved themselves excellent. .("BORBA") SOVIET-CZECH -.TRADE-REL:,TION3 ACCORDING TO PRACTICE It. is a fact that in presentday Czechoslovakia, a country with ,an all-round developed industry which was undamaged in the war, in deed to the contrary was increased, in this country for the last vears there has been felt an increasing -shortage of products on the market. In so far as there a.re goods in the shops their price is .-edather too high orelse the goods are of poor quality. That fact quite understandably provokes dissatisfaction among. the broad masses, who wonder what is the reason for this strange state of affairs. Many and various explanations have been given by the party agitators (as for instance that this is "an invariable occurrence during the changeover from anarchistic private production to planned production.) These have done nothing either to explain or to meet:the.dissatisfaction. It is generally known that Czechoslovak industry continues to produce huge quantities of goods, and also to export, in general to the. Soviet Union, just those products. ? Nevertheless, the leaders of the KP PRC are trying: by every means not to assuage but rather to increase the ever-growing dissatisfaction a .1 over the present abctation in the FRC for which the evident shortage in the market is only one of many causes. One such attempt is represented by the speech of the Minister for Foreign Trade Antonjin'regor, which he made on the 23rd April this year and in which he defended and juStified the tremendous exports to the Soviet Union. As justification *I' the official figures of over a milliard crowns exported to the Soviet Union. (and according to unofficial figures that is only one'tenth 'of-the true exports) Gre7or out forward the following arguments: Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R0063001,90001-0 - 7 - NN,? "At the moment when crisis in the :capitalist 'world is we would not be in a position to export such a ..cluntity of goo capitalist countries, nor to buy such quantities of raw material necessary to our industry".. When, even in roughest outline, the conditions are given under which this export takes place, then the poverty of argument of this pleader becomes obvious and the dissatisfaction of the working masses of the PRC are shown to be not only -understandable but also justi- fied. In. the first post-war years the foreign trade of Czechoslovakia Increasingly oriented itself towards the East, in the.first inst- ance towards the USSR. That post-war re-orientation rapidly empha,sised.the Soviet Union as the principal importer of all the numerous nroducts of Czechoslovakia, and especially after the cominform resolution. From .the beginning of 1948 70% of the foreign trade balance was with the USSR. But the qualitative change, that is the chenge in the structure and conditions of export and'imnort are much more imnortant for the present-day situa- tion than the quantitative, changes which are expressed .by the rapid growth in the percentage and absolute figures of the participation of the USSR in the foreign trade of Czechoslovakia. For instance, today the percentage of exported articles which are entirely pro- duced in Czechoslovakia are steadily felling_ and the percentage of finished products and the high valUe semi-firished products worked up frOm Soviet raw materials to the order of the Soviet foreign trade is growing. In Other words the percentage is growing ofeprh- ducts which ever more definitely .place the developed industry and hihly qualified workers of Czechoslovakia in the positioh of supplemtary workers-up of raw material for the Soviet Union. When the dry pages of the official gazette are read, giving lists of articles exported and imported, the impressidn is given of a favourable balance for Czechoslovakia, who imports from the Soviet Union, cotton, wool,hides, iron ore, non-ferrous metals, grain, etc. That is, in general, the products of primary and to some extent the secondary phase of production. On the other hand it appears that CzechoSlovakia exnorts to the. USSR railway lines, porcelain nipes, locomotives, shoes, textiles, turbines, generators, automobiles, various machines, etc.r that is, in general, the finished goods of the third phase of production and high quality semi-finsihed goods. However, that is only :a superficial impression. Behind these official lists of trade exchanges is concealed the hardi reality of vassal relations which are imposed on Czechoslovakia as on the other cominform countries and which ,daily will continue to be imposed and extended by the Soviet Union. With the heln of the obedient cominform leaders of the CP and government of Czechoslovakia the Soviet representatives settle prices in the economic reletions with Czechoslovakia of all products in the'way thats suits their hegemonistic.interests., In doing so they also take advantage of the index of world nrices, but only in those cases when that is in the interests of the Soviet partner, that is, in general, for .settline the nrices of Czech finished goods where the world prices are lower than the real price of 'cost. The Soviet representatives in Prague and. especially their "Economic Commission" do not limit themselves only to fixing prices but, thanks to their position of bosses use every possibility to exploit Czechoslovakia to the Maximum,' For instance, in importing' wool and cotton OzeclovakieoF.H.4diApof-45 million metres of 1st class textiles (thiA7rOr 1949 .71rid/the new FJgrernt this figure has been-increased by 50%). But imported wool and cotton are not always of good quality and for the nroduction of 1st class textiles such as must be provided, according to the 7r6AISB64 o6c iii66o ea -15 1i0lrYto Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : C1MR Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 1' improve -8- improve the quality of these raw.materials,. This makes necessar7 the addition of fine Australian wool or.Egyptian cotton which are bought from the West and for foreign currency. Thiso-lees,qarily causes new rises in the cbst of producti6n of textilAI&,' course, according to the agreement, fall on Czechoslovakia. Besides these cases which are foreseen by agreement, in practice it is a regular occurrence for raw material of the worst quality to be delivered. In the Ministry of foreign Tracbin Prague the saying is raw material has arrived, that means they have not been able to sell it to anyone else. Even from this raw material they demand first class manufactures. Thus in April 1949 a large qUantity of wool of very poor quality arrived, from which corres- ponding cloth was manufactured. This cloth, however, was thrown on the home market, and that at a price of 3 - 6p00 crowns, while to the Soviet Union there was delivered excellent material made from wool: bought for foreign currency 'from the West. Almost the.saMe situation obtained also for the import of leather, for which ten million pairs of first class shoes have to be delivered. From leather of poor quality, imported according to treaty, shoes are produced for internal use. And in order that the treaty quota shall be fulfilled soles and rubbers are obtained from the West. The developed, industry of Czechoslovakia needs a huge quantity of copper which was previously obtained in our country. known that the Czech Government delayed carrying out the 'orders of the Soviet Union about breaking their treaty with Socialist Yugo- slavia. One of the strongest arguments to. justify that. delay was the question of the further obtaining of copper and other ores which ware imported- from Noslavia. The Soviet Unioneimmediately promised that it would help. and agreed to deliver from 3,000 tons of. copper. However, as soon as the first tons of this 'Promised copper began to arrive. Soviet Controllersealso anoeared who took:.' good care that every kilogram of this copper should be used only ;to work up.products for export te their country. The remaining ? neceSsary quantities of .copper they get from the West, or else, as happened with a number of other products; they countermanded the delivery to other countries ofproducts for which 'copperwas essen- tial, . _ The same applies to imports from the USSR of .iron and other ores whichthen are worked up into railway lines, pipes, etc. The "Economic Commission .fthe USSR" in Prague has well studied all 'possibilities of. the Czech economy,. and the value which can be extracted from it. 'The result of. these studies has been, amongst other things, the conclusion, of a treaty according to which in 19493 the. Soviet Union has bought for 5 years in advance the whole production of crystal glafapwla is a well-known Czech export article. From last year .that 7. a new export article of the Soviet Union. :The same is ethe case in all important branches of the Czech economy. For -example the 'Soviet Union delivers Czechoslovakia wheat at 9 crowns, but the Prague press. .has to say that the purchase was .at 6 crowns. various, agreements for delivery to..Switzerland, Italy and- 'other countries are having to be cancelled - all because of exceptional orders from the. Soviet Union, etc., etc. The examples given clearly show to what measures Czechoslovak . economy is driven. At the. dictation of its Soviet bosses the whole Czech industry today supports the, unlimited 'needsof the Soviet economy, Phrases about .the building. of socialism in the PRC'as also in Other cominform countries, serve only :as a facade by which the leaders. of those countries try to hide the open plundering and vassal position into which the USSR has?thrown these countries. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190Q01-0 Dissatisfaction of the broad workers :masses with this shameful position of the rac is penetrating right to the top of the bnrty -and state apparatus. Such occurrences hove taken an entirely serious form, especially in the Prague Ministry of Foreign Trado, among the people who are forced to agree and carry out all the demands of the Soviet representatives. For this reason, in 1949 alone, there were 2 funiamental "-urges" that is arrests and dismissals of all those officials of whom it was believed that they would not without argument carry out the orders of the Soviet representatives. A.K. itp )LITIKA" 2 cols.) HOW GEORGESCOGNEAU UNDEJSTANDS DISCUSSION ABOUT YUGOSLAVIA The French cominformists in Paris, on a directive of the present leaders of the CP Franca, are celebrating a new stage in the anti-Yugoslav campaign. - On the intiative of students of the Paris Philosophical faculty, gathered in a club "La Maison desLettres", there has recently been organised in Paris lectures on the theme 'return from Yugoslavia". The lectures should have been held by the French journalist Lou Dalmasse butthaydid not come about- A group of cominform :agents threatened the management of the club that they would demolish the hall-i4:the lectures took Place. Because of these terroristic -threate aub leaders put off the lectures before they began. rri?horDalmasse and others found at the: last minute another hall arid7Start' the lecture. However, 80 members of the French Communist Party, with directives from 2 "HuManite". in their pockets, .under the leadership of Roger Mari, General Secretary of some kind of "committee for the defence of arrested and persecuted democrats in `Lugoslaviaff turned up. and again prevented the lecture. It was only by. luck that it did net come to blows. Lou Dalmasse and other friendshave decided, in spite of threats by the cominformists, to Prepare the lecture and tT) hold it on some other occasion. This terroristic' attempt to shut the mouths of all, who wish to speak of the true situation in our country is characteristic the activity of the leaders of the CP Franca. In the first place this. attempt is witness that the leadersof the French party have got to increase their anti-Yugoslav activity because progressive ,people in France are taking an ever greater interest in cenditions in :our country. How far the leaders of tha French party have gone in the struggle against "the spread of Titoism" can be seen by the writings of "qumanite" who recently published a directive from a meeting of the CC CFF n. the need for increasing anti-Yuyoslav activity. In this directive French communists ore informed that on all occasions they must shut "down with fugosiovia". If nothing else, they can reckon on the approval of the French bourgeoisie, who certainly welcome ?this liversien of revolutionary force from the class struggle to the struggle against one socialist country. In the directives which Georges Cogneau introduced at the abDve meeting of the CC it is astonishing to see the.hypocricy of the leaders of the Frencn Party Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approed For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 10 - Georges Cogneau recommended in the directives that in the "anti-Yugoslav campain" it is not necessary to , escape -from debate and participate in bureaucratic measures or adminis- trative sanctions". But how the leaders of the Frerlohparty in practice conceived that "discussion" has already been felt by the students of the ,club La aiaison des Lettres On the example of the abovementionedYlectUrethe French coMinformists have arrived at the solutio tl , free. ' Speech -? for those who condemn Yugo- slavia. and for cit? Others a knock on the hack of the head and the breaking up of halls & When Lou Dalmasse tried to hold his lecture in another hall 80 thugs followed in his footsteps with the intention of preventing every w-)rd of truth at all costs, This nervousness :mongst the cominformists has not until recently been embodied in a direbtive from the party leaders.. The increase in the anti-YuoSlav campaign is the result of the general ;rowth in interest of Progressive People and Party members in Yugoslavia and the true reasons which have led to the attack on a socialist country. Maurice Thorez was speaking of "Titoism" at the beginning. of last year as not presenting any danger to the CP France. In December of the same year a resolution on the struggle against Titoism was passed, but discussion on Yugo- slavia was forbidden in party organisations, But now when it has been proved that it is not possible to forbid interest in the Yugoslav problem it has reached the r.oint when a directive says that discussion on Yugoslavia should not be dodged. Well "discussion" is carried out in the way shown in the case of Lou Dalmasse. However, these methods do not prevent interest in Yugoslavia. The lecture "returned from Yugoslavia" is not the end but the beginning of discussion which is demanded by progressive French public opinion. ("RAD" Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 FIVE YEARS AFTER THE VICTORY The long years of strenuous anti-Fascist war, waged a victory on May 9, 1945, to the peoples who united themselves in the heroic struggle against Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and other satolite countries. This was the first day of the long awaited peace, the day- by which was crowned the famous struggle of all united nations. 3ut in order to cast a shadow over the joy of victory, proph ts of war surged up and prophets of 'peace' are still surging up fortelling a tlegemonist an, false 'peace', which although manifested under different slogans, are in fact working, together against true democratic peace for which the pkople struggled and who are ready to defend. Those are the ones who would like to divide the worLd in tIne, who are forminr, hostile blocks, about which Marshal Tito said recently: "In the formation of these blocks lies the real element of a danger for war. We were only in the first phase of the solution of international problems, but instead of consecrating: all attention to the proper solution of international problems - which arose or were the results of war with satelite forces - the policy of forming _lockswas followed, i.e. the preparation of a war. I think that'it is necessary to consecrate our attention to the peaceful way of solving things, and not to form blocks and create systems of threateninF...This is wrong, and it is not the right path chosen." Those who are openly inciting matters, which are leading towards a war, have been condemned a long time ago by the peaceloving humanity. Thos,, persons are the exponents of warmonger currents in th. Vest, who find resistance even among the people of their own countries. While the others, who are coming forth with peaceloving phrases - are the concealed enemies of peace, becaust, behind the 'socialist' facade of their slogans, is hidden in fact the defense of the hegemonist policy of the Soviet leadership, actually an imperialist policy, regardless of the fact that this is being carried out in behalf of the first socialist a)untry. d The unsincerity of Soviet slogans for peace and the discorance between the deacelovinr words and the non- peaceloving acts committed by the Soviet leadership, are best illustrated in their attitude towards our country, How can they speak of peace, how can they claim to have the moral right to this, when they initiated an entir,, campaign against our country - and this only, because it wanted to be a country enjoying equal rights - starting, with a propaganda war and finishing with an economic blockade, warmonger speeches (such as therecent speeches delivered by Voroshilov in Budapest and Bulganjin in Prague), provocations nn the frontiers, etc.: How can such methods of pressure a p;ainst a mall country, against its independence and equal right, b, harmonized with the so- Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? called peacelevinq intentions and phrases on peace, ejaculated by the Soviet leadershipp? The peace which is being propagated today from Moscow is not the peace for which the .people struggled. Because there exists an essential controversy between the Soviet-Cominformist peaceloving statements and their thesis on the mission liberatrice of the Soviet Army, which usually and obligatorily follow those socalled peaceloving statements. which means that, if the Soviet Army is the only or which can brin;-: freedom to the peoples, if there is no freedom and there can be no freedom for anyone without it - which is'being confirmed without restriction not only by the Soviet propaganda, but also accepted by Thorez and Togliati and .'thers, as their awn and irrevocable wisdom and truth, and are being spread as such - thLn there is nothing left for the peoples in the capitalist countries then to expect war, because in such a case only war, and the Soviet bayonnettes will be the ones capable of bringing freedom to them. ThereforL, as the people's desire is to become free, they should desire war and not peace. How can such a thin:: reconcile itself with the propaganda 'for peace' which is being so loudly and histericallypropagated together with thl-lethesis, as if war was on the threshold? Can such thins as proclamations on a 'more intense danger of war' be published by leaderships of various parties, such as the CC of the French Communist Party, or for instance how can the entire May 1st celebrati5n held in Praue, which is aimed towards the 'defense'. of peace' from the alleged eminent danger, serve to peace? Can the creation of such an arti- ficial atmosphere of war-psychosis serve to peace? No, this can only serve to the support of this same war-psychosis, which the Sloviet leadership is intentionally creating, so as to hold others more easily on the chain - because Idangerl is at the door and because (as it is the usual thing in war) one must obey unconditionally those who are the only capable of being the liberators an.d the saviours! ? The democratic people in t he world know very well that one can either be for peace or against it, and that it is ? pure hypocrisy and falsness to speak, at the same time, about ? peace and to certify that only the bayonnettes of the Soviet Army are the only called for to liberate the peoples. Because the pcperiences from the Second World War show that one can ? strug -le for peace by means of arms and that freedom Of the peoples can be waged, but that the peoples themselves have to struggle' for this freedom and independence. And there is something more(which is proved by Yugoslavia's example), real freedom and peace can be attained by a united nation in war, only when one is stru,gling at the same time ai,ainst no matter whose he7,emony, there can be no actual freedom and independence there where a country expects to be liberated by someone else, (even if this liberator be the ussa itself, especially after it has been known that the Soviet leadership has accepted the notion, that the liberation of other nations is identical to the realization of its hegemony over them). Therefore a Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -13- nation can strugcle either for true democratic peace in which the people can freely and independently deciie for themselves, or for such a peace in which the Soviet Government is to become the master over other foreign nations, which by its own accord does not mean peace anymore - as peace cannot be separated from freedom, inCe,)endence'and equality among nations. Therefore this Cominform propaganda arrayed with slo7ans of peace is a hypocrisy and is, in fact, aimed towards quite an opposite goal. Peace is not an abstract phrase - one cannot fight for it only with words, but by acts in th first place. Which means: to respect the rights of all nations, their independence, freedom and equal rights,_ not to interefere in internal affairs of other countries,. and to collaborate sincerly upon such basis in international organizations with the aim of solving together all political and economic problems and such relations among nations. Only' those who aru doing so, have the right to be called peaceloving and to be given the name of strugglers for democratic peace. The peoples of our country, while strugling together with all the united nations against Fascism for their inde- pendence, peace and feeedom, have given an enormous number of victims. Victory was not denied, because everyone believed, as we did ourselves, in .the justness of these aims.- If a shadow is being. cast now over the history of the Second World War - it is the shadow of those who wanted to make use of the war and who used it for their selfish interests (contrary to the tendencies of the peoples Who had shed their blood for ideals of freedom and equality). Fortunately for us they were'making the bill without one's host.' beaause the people's revolution in Yugoslavia prevented the possiblity Of having our Country divided as war booty to,. After the war,?the peoples' of Slovene Carinthia were, for instance, the. Victims of such a policy.of bargaining with small nations. This was not only the case with Slovene Carinthia, Postwar peace was obscured by other traces of this imeriali t policy of estab- lishing spheres of interest. After the war, we struggle for the liberation of the country from foreign and local oppressors, for the people's authority, for freedom and equality among peoples, for peace. _We fought, arid in our strugle for those principles we wanted - as it .was said once by Comrade Djilas - RuSsians a well as other nations for friends, but not also their goVernments as masters. The equality of the peoples inside the country was legalized by the formation. of people's repulJlics in a united Federative. State. It still remained, for -us to struggle for our country's equal rights in relatiOn to other nations. This struggle which we initiated during war continued in peacetime -too, because we did not want to surrender and will never give our freedom to anyone. -Our Army was victorious during the war, because it fought together with the armies of other allied countries for a just cause, for the cause of the -people,for their independence and equal place in the world. :And those who assailed against the rights of the peoples, who waged a war for injust tendencies, were always doomed ,to a downfall, and this time too will be, because such tendencies are injust - and in the final line - are bound to be overun. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -14- On May 9th, the world attained a victory over the forces of the worst of enemies of peace. But it is necessary to emphasize an thio fifth anniversary of the victory more then ever 'and in behalf of peace, upon the principle and potential dan,;er menacin security and peaceloving international collaboration, 'security of the world and 'eace, and that such unequality amonF nations, as derired by the he-cmony of certain big powers can only lead towards a new division of spheres of influence, and therefore also to new wmrs. But peace must not be an' cannot be only a moment of relaxation, only a moment of peace between two blod(Mhirsty war scenes. Millions of men and women in the world desire that it should be a true ,peace in which all countries will be equal and in which they will all collaborate to,-;ether. Millions desire true democratic peace and am struggling against adventurists who are openly propagating a new war as well as aainst those whoare endan- gering the interests of peace, while concealing, themselves behind peacelovinsr-; slo-;ans. Every condition exists for the preservation of peace. Only a sincere desire and faith in it are necessary, it is ? necdssary to struggle for the possibility of a peaceful colla- boration among all nations regardless of their political and social order. Such a possibility is real: the Organization of the United Nations is offering it. It is clear that the efficacsiousness of such an organization is lessened by such activities, as th, non-acceptance of the new Chinese repre- sentative as the only representative of the Chinese people in the UNO, or the Soviet Uoycott of the UN or{:,ans, But despite' all this, the Organization of the United Nations is the best instrument of international collaboration, and the attitude which is taken towards it, reflects the sincerity or hypocrisy, of all those who are speaking of peace. Today, on the anniversary of the victory, our country is struggling for that for which it strug led during t war: for the acknowledgment of rights to all nations: their self- determination, inependence and equal rights, for their colla- boration upon such basis - which means --)eace. All this can be test realized through the. collaboration of nations within the UNO. ? (Bor112.4 May 9, 1950) AGAIN ON THE PATH OF THE; PARTY AND THL PEOPLE Accordine to a Decision passed by Comrade Aleksandar Rankovic, Minister of Interior, a -roup of persons who were punished to do socially useful work were released, ' from prison on May 2nd. In connection with this,a meeting Was held in Novi Vinodol, small town in the Croatian Littoral, during which these former adherents of the Cominform Resolution who were deceived in their beliefs, formed a working brigade called 'Tito's path is our path', and decided to remain two months and do vuluntary work on the building of the road Novi-Senj. Today, they ar, grateful to our Party which instead of punishing them, by a severe punishment - which they consider themselves to be meritted - is extending them its help and is enabling them to return to the path upon which our pco2les are marchin,,, and to Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -l5- become .once aain the builders of socialism in our country. On May 2nd no one expected to see a small boat land at Novi with unkown and merry passengers, who had arayed their boat with flas and many 'pictures.: The inhabitants of Novi hastened to the -oort to sec these passeners fall into rank, forming a bri;:ade. The ranks were, filled with healthy, strong men, with fresh faces and clad in new clothesand .boots. They sang without stopping,. Those are the men, who according to the .Cominform prepaanda should le-)k like 'Jiving corpses'i tortured by dreadful hunger end inhuman terror', 'floged', 'bloodthiristily terrorized'. But despite, all such,dreadful sufferings' .as. it is beinr: ,:roparated by Moscow, they are still alive, .happy and are cheering: Long live the CC of the CP of Yugoslavia and. Comrade Tito! Let us watch over the indepen- dence of our homeland! And are answering to the COminform slaneres: Down with the Slanderers of our Partv.and our country! Down with the revisionists from Moscow! The commander of the Brigade, Obren Starovic, spoke durinn the meetin- and said partly: ...'Today,openly before the entire world, we are stdtin; that we are embittered with the shameful lies an slanders by which our country is bein7, soiled and that we are returnin- for ever to our Party and Comrade Tito. ' (13LnI2L, May Il, 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 UNEMPLOYMENT IN HUNGARY. e ' . The commentator of Radio Budapest abusing our regulation forbidding the accummulation of excessive, unproductive person- nel in our economy and'ttate administration, has announced to his listeners that idleness pervadesYugoslavia on account of the lack of raw materials and the traneer of labour from light industry to the mines and the forests for the sake of the export trade. Commenting further in his usual style on the reorganisation of our economy he adds,"expectint mothers, working mothers, the aged and infirm and the invalids remain unemployed" It is naturally unnecessary -t6 emphasise that this is another cond n example of misrepresentation. This has never, been the case over here: not only are there notvetpleyed today but we are even short of man-power which is applemented to a great extent by the volurtary work of the Youth Movement and the Front working brigades tr,.nsfer of surplus workers and employees from certain enterprises, Ln particular from the civil service, to heavy industry, construction work, and the timber industry has as its end the mitigation of the shortage of man-power. But since we are talking of unemployment it seems opportune to examine why exactly Radio Budapest broadcast this fabrication, and how the question of employment is dealt with in Hungary. We shall aduee only a few facts which even the-Dbadership of the Hungarian Workers' Party must acknowledge/ During the course tthe Three-Year Plan which was based on the reconstruction of the country the Hungarians have proved incapable of solving the problem of unemployment. At the session of the CC of the Hunga- rian Workers Party on 2nd April last year, and again later on in Parliament ,the draft of a five-year plan was adopted. Its decla'red purpose was the complete elimination of unemployment and the raising of Hungary to the economic level of an agra- rian industrial country. This means that the Hungarian-five-Nrear plan,in dealing with unemployment - which unfortunately ,as Rako- si admits, amounts in induttry alone to some 60,000 workers - only proposes a solution,five years hence. Speaking to a dele- gation of agricultural workers, who were complaining that their present situation was worse than at the time of the great land owners, the vice-president of the Hungarian Goverwrient stated: " I am bound to publish the fact, that according/Itatistics of Trade Unions the number of agricultural workers amounts to 194,000. This great body of men has not won any of the economic benefits of democracy and is now in danger of having its earnings yet further reduced at the hands of the Kulaks." ? r Naturaly enough, the Budapest commentator did not dare to talk aboUt this. When it is a question of facts the Cominform champions of"truth" preear to keep silent. In this filthion, the Budapest Cominformistslby fabricating 'a story of unemployment in this country attempt to conceal the true state of affairs in Hungary. They try to gloss over the very serious question of unemployment with which the Cominform leadership of Hungary has been coping unsuccessfully for the past fiveyear$. They hope at the smile time to delude the Hungarian people into believing that unemployment does not exist in their land alone, but, in sooth, that it exists in Yugoslavia. ("Borba" - 11 May) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? GOVERNMENT CHANGES IN SLOVENIA. The Praesidium of the People's Assembly of the PR Slovenia has relieved from duty the Minister of Agriculture in the Govern- ment of PR Slovenia Engineer Joze Levtik on account of his elec- tion as secretary of the regional committee of the CP Slovenia for Ljubljana. Franc Simonic, has been nominated to succeed him as Minister for Agriculture. He was formerly vice-presie;ett of the regional people's coMmittee for Maribor. ' Marjan Tepina, the former ,Assistant Minister of Construction of Slovenia' has been nominated 'President of the Committee for Communal Affairm. Vinko Sumrt0a, former organisational secretary of the CP Slovenia (Ljtiblana Region) has been nominated General Director of the Food Industry. ("Forba"- 11 May) COMPENSATION FOR BRITISH PROPOERTY IN HUNGARY. Bui,apest, 10 May. The Hungarian Telegraph Agency reports that the Government has .relied to the British Note protesting against the national- isation of British property in Hungary and demanding compensation for this property. The reply states that the Hungarian Government is prepared to dissea$s the question of compensation,but demands the return .of the property removed from their country by the German trobpg on their withdrawal to the West. The Hungarian reply also stresses that the discussion of compensation also depends on favourable trade relations between these two countries, since only thus can the Hungarian.Government compensate F.rItish owners in star- lings. It is pointed out that the 1-ritish Government must bear responsibility for the non-existance of trade relations between the two countries,since they were broken off last year. ("Politika", 11 May). FRENCH YOUTH LIZIGADES. .The publication of the first number of a new magazine the "Brigadist" is announced from France. The pr is ppblished by a committee drawn from French youth movementsproposing to send youth brigades to Yugoslavia this year. The wtite'r refers to a meeting in Paris of over 200 young people and tri.?e to give the impression that pro-Yugoslav propaganda is meeting with ever increasing response fr9m French youth, in spite .of counter- propaganda from Cominformist circles. ("Omladina" 11 May) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 AP'proved For Release 2001/09/06 : 25X1A IRIS IS MI itluL Do %V DE AlIA iiiINT T TffAMS LT iii 0 INT SEillV Ill ClE SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. NO. 153 May 12, 1950. HEADLINES POLITIKA P.1. THE PF IN THE SALVAGE OF OLD IRON- (2i cols.) LATEST OFFENSE OF THE CZECHOSLOVAK AUTHORITIES ON YUGOSLAV CITIZENS(li cols.) MARSHAL TITO'S GREETING TO i'LEKSANDAR STANIC COMINFORM ATTACK ON LAURENTIA IN TRIESTE LONDON: THE CONFERENCE OF THE FRENCH,DRITISH AND AMERICAN MINISTERS HAS BEGUN COPENHAGEN: DIPLOMATIC EXCHANGE BETWEEN DENMARK AND CHINA P.2. GENEVA: RED caoss EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE MEETING NEW YORK: UNITED NATION'S COMMISSION FOR HUMAN RIGHTS RAILMEN IN THE STRUGGLE FOR THE REALIZATION OF THE PLAN OUR LARGEST RAILWAY ENGINE CONSULTATION IN THE FEDERAL MINISTRY OF WORK OVER WORKING POWER AND PAYMENT FUNDS COMMEMORATION OF VICTIMS AT JAJICE DUD PEST: THE HUNGARIAN COURT REFUSES THE APPEAL FOR MERCY OF AMERICAN CITIZENS WASHINGTON: USA REJECTS THE NEW SOVIET POINT OF VIEW CAN* CERNING THE AUSTRIAN TREATY P.3. SCIENTIFIC LIBRARY IN DUMOVNIC GORNJEI MILANOVAC PEOPLE'S COMMITTEE THE LEST IN SERBIA THE BURIAL OF THE PATRIARCH GRVRILO VOLUNTARY WORK OF ZAGREJ STUDENTS SPRING SOWING P.L. END OF THE FIRST HALF YEAR OF THE COURSE FOR THE CARE OF CHILDREN FOUR CONCEPTS DY FOREIGN MUSICIANS Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R0063001900'01-0 -2- 11. GLAS P.2: THE ORIGIN OF THE VEXATION OF THE FRENCH COMMUNIST PARTY LEADERS (21 cols.) STRENGTHENING THE fASIS OF RAW EATERIALS FOR OUR ECONOMY 111. RAD P.2. THE PEOPLE'S INSPECTION MUST PE AN IMFORTtiNT FACTOR IN THE DRIVE AGAINST '31THEAUCL,ATIC TENDENCIES WEATHER: CLOUJJY Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 A0proved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -3; RED CROSS EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE MEETING '- Geneva, May 11 The ,sepretary-general or the Yugoslav Red Cross, Dr. Olga Milosevic, spoke at the meeting of the Executive Committee of the Red Cross in Geneva. She spoke about the attitude of the Yugoslav Red Cross on the euestion of the repatrication of the Greek children. "The Yugoslav Red Cross has several times expressed its attitude on the restitution of the Greek children to their parents. ,In the last session of the Executive Committee the delegate of the Yugoslav Red Cross stressed that the Cross with its authority should do everything it can fer the return of children throughout the world to their .parents. In this connection -there an9 Yugoslav children in Germany still. In Austria Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union as well. -"As for the attitude of the Yugoslav Red Cross toward the repatriation of the Greek children, this is based on the resolution. of the General' Assembly of the United Nations which stipulates that the countries concerned should take steps to hand over the children to their parents, or where they have no parents, to their relatives., "The Yugoslav Re Cross has taken many steps in this direction, and at the reouest of Greek parents living in Xustria and France has done everything in its power for the return of these children to their parents. "The Yugoslav Red Cross has also prepared a group of children to'go to their parents in Czechoslovakia. The Yugoslav government informed the Czechoslovak Embassy in r,elgrade about this so that the Czechoslovaks would receive the children. The Yugoslav MFA informed the Czechoslovak Embassy four times; but no reply was given. In the same way they kept silent over the recuest of parent refugees from Greece now In the FFRY for the return of their children from Rumania, Czechoslovakia and Hungary. ? "According to statistics so far collected, on the fourth of May, 1950, there were n1506 Creek refugee children in Yugoslavia. 7,l2 of these were living with their parents and 1,224 were living in a Red Cross home. The numl-)ef.' of these in Red Cross homes were constantly diminishineecause daildren were constantly being handed back to their parents if they were living in Yugoslavia. This year 151 of such children were restored to their parents. "I- as been confirmed that of the children living in homes 218 have parents in Eastern European countries, 15 have parents in Austria and 1 with parents in France. These children wish to continue living in the homes. The number of children whose parents live in Yugoslavia or in the Eastern European countries is not definite,since the identification of children and parents has not yet been completed. "There are difficulties over the ruestion of returning the children since the lists given to the Yugoslv Red Cross do not give sufficient security for the settlement of that rftlestion. Thus on the basis of lists which the Greek Red Cross demanded and which the international ,Led Cross passed through us 123 children have been identified. However, 12 of these have been discovered to have parents in Yugoslavia, 5 have parents in Australia and one has parents in Czechoslovakia." Dr. Milosmic went on to say that confusion ha c,' occurned becPuse of the Hellenization Mac_ado_ni_an .n.anes .and ber.au wri c),Nied ror Reiease 2001/09/06 : CIA-KU1-1163-0041 oRoub:304 idalifrlicclualyt) hand Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -4- THE UNITED NATIONS COMMISSION ON HUMAN. RIGHTS New York, May 11 The Commission of the United Nations for human rights has brought in P decision not to include the order concerning economic , social rights, as proposed br the Yugoslav delegation, in the inter- national pact about human rights but instead to review the possibiliti? of amending the pct next year and to discuss nuestions of economic, social,cultural and -olitical rights. A Proposal of this nature was introduced in the joint resolution of Egypt, France and the Lebanon. The Yugoslav delegation voted against the proposal. Ly adopting this resolution the Commission has violated last years resolution by which economic social rights have to be included in the international pact about,Human.itights. In the discussion about economic social rights the Yugoslav delegate emphasized that the pact about Human Rights must contain both classic individual and political rights, and economic social rights. "Classic political rights are certainly of grave importance . to men and are the -recious heritage of humanity. However, classic political rights cannot exist for long unless economic social rights are ensured. Let us take for example free press, convictions and the right to live. The condition for making use of these rights is that there should be living people who do make use of them. The life of these people does not depend on whether they wish to have individual political rights or not but on whether they will have the material conditions for life. Material conditions are necessary for existance and political rights have the aim of assisting the development of these vital material conditions for life. In other words both groups of human rights represent an indivisible hold. "We must admit that present day civilization which has develop- ed its economic potentials .to an extrordinary high degree can he much criticized when at the present time there exist men who are begging for the fight to work and not for bread who are asking for somewhere to use their hands to earn their own bread and are not begging for charity. This happens every day in those countries - where classic political rights are guaranteed without the insurance of economic social rights. Economic crists occur in these countries. From this it is clear that social development reouires, besides classic political rights the guarantee of economic social rights for its citizens. (Folitika-Friday) UNITED STATES REJECTS THE NE" SOVIET POINT OF VIEW REGARDIN THE AUSTRIAN TREATY Washington, May 11 In connection with the unexpected Soviet step that the nuestion of FTT should be held as a condition for concluding a treaty about Austria, the representatives of the State Department announced to the Associated Press correspondent that the United States government considers that there is no connection between the settlement of the Trieste nuestion and the aarreement with the soviet Union on the cuestion of tt.elustrian treaty. American official circles still bold the point of view that the ouestion of the future of Trieste must be solved by direct negotiations between Italy an-' Yugoslavia and that the peace treaty with Italy must sunplament the orders which would be j_nc_luded in . Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -5- the agreement in regard to this. According to the annoumcement of responsible officials of the 'ltate Department the United States government will reject the Soviet attitude as " one more excuse to put off the conclusion of. the Austrian treaty. ,ccordin- to this the Austrian treaty could not be concluded until the peace troaty with Italy was in force concerning the FTT. Mn the ninth of May the Soviet government announced in an article in "Pravda", and a -lay earlier in the words of the Soviet repre- sentative to the meeting of the deputy ministers for working out an Austrian trc=aty in London, that this was their attitude. (Politika-Friday) THE HUNGARIAN COURT REJECTS THE APPEAL FOR MERCY FOR THE AMERICAN CITIZENS Vudapest, May 11 Reuter announces that the Hungarian Supreme Court has re,jected the appeal to shorten the sentences of the American citi7en Vogler and the nritish citizen Saunders who were sentenced to 15 and 13 years respectively on the charge of espionage. It has also been announced that the Hungarian citizens condemned to death at the same trial have been executed and that the others are serving their sentences. (Politika-Friday) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -6- PATRIARCH GAVRILO WAS BURIED YESTERDAY Patriarch Gavrilo, Head of the Serbian Ortho- dox Church, was solemnly buried yesterday afternoon in the Cathedral of Belgrade. Beside the family of the late Patriarch, the following persons wen also present: Vlada Zecevic, Minister of Communications and Waj.C,en. Ljubodrag Djuric, Minister-Secretary General of the Government, in behalf of the Government of FPRY; Minister Dragoslav Mutapovic, in behalf of the Government of PR of Serbia; Miloje Diplaric, President of State Commission for Religious Questions with his Secretary Djordjije Kalezic; Nikola Vukcevic, Reporter for Orthodox Religious Affairs; Rev, Milan Smiljanic, President of Territorial Commission for Religious Questions and Vice- President of tht, Presidium of the People's Assembly of Serbia; religious representatives from all the republics and a large number of citizens. Dr. Robert Tobias, Secretary General of the Ecumenical Council of Churches, and foreign diplomatic repre- sentatives in our country, were also present at the burial. Wreaths were. placed on the tomb of the late Patriarch in behalf of the Government of FPRY, Government of PR of Serbia, Serbian Orthodox Church and Union of Orthodox Priests from all the Republics. (Politika May 12) 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -APproved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 7 a 1,TE3T THE CZECH lOVEqNMENT 1.WJY3T YUGOSLPN NATIONLLS (Prague,11th May) It hs. been learneJ that mitrije-Mita 'Dimitri evic,,Presi- dent of the Or-aanisation of the. Peon e s_117177nt.. of sugoslavn in Prague. After many months of Serious_ill-treatmett. and torture by the CzechoslovakJpolice qucuumbed on the 28th April this year in prison at Brandis nailab6117-; is 'known, Dimitrijevic ,was arrested on the 17th December last year, together with the Other leaders Of the PF in Prague when the Czech police,with the object of 'nneventing further activity by this org,anisation, broke into their offices, sealed them up and arrested all officials and finally, on the basis of some law, of Emperor 'Franz_ Joseph of 1867, forbade further work by the PF in Prague. The Czech police subjected the arrested Yugoslays to the most brutal methods to force them to betray their socialist homeland. In order to prevent any of these horrors becoming public they have tried in every way to hide all traces of the arrested Yugoslays so that it should not be known in which prison they were, which of them were there, or what was hapPening to them. This was also the case with Dimitrijevic. No enquiries or petitions by his numerous friends or by his wife nor all interventions and protests by the Yugoslav Embassy were able to help in getting information as to where he was, because as with the.others he was continuously trans- ferred from one prison to another, as. soon as the Czech police supposed that it had become known in which nrison he wab. However, certain details which have- been found out show what. terrible ill-treatment and torture has been inflicted on the arrested Yugeslavs. ' It has, for instance, become known that the late Dimitrijevic a few lays before his death was taken frOM some prison to the prison at Brandis nad.Labom. He was in fact carried to this prison because even then he was unable to walk, being all swollen. He was put in the worst part of the prison among tjairforst criminals, without, any of the mOSt basic necessities, although/tEose criminals had some of them. The whole time he lay withou't moving, on the ground, without covering, dyin and not able to take even that inferibr food the prison provided. Sins of torture were evident on him. He raised himself with difficulty and frequently asked for water, which was only occasionally given. The prison authorities did net wish to undertake any measure, even when the other prisoners openly disapproved and on many occasions asked that Dimitrijevic should be given medical attention and sent to hospital% Only when Dimitrijevic was at his last gasp and showed only slight signs of life, did the warders throw him on a stretcher and put over his heada .cont an tht the Other prisoners should not reco.4nise him as he was carried through the corridor. News of the death of Dimitrijevic and certain details of torture and ill-treatment to which he was subjected the wnole time he was,, in prison have penetrated quickly into the outside world in spite Of all measures the Police.undert-ook to prevent it, The late Dimitrijevic enjoyed .great nrestigea not only among Yugoslav citizens hut'' also among a large number o.:f Czechs who had got to know him because he has spent some 25 years among t'hem. He was regarded as an honourable man, a good patriot, and a man who was deeply embued with the idea of extending bretherly and friendly relations between the people of our two countries. Dimitrijevic held that opinion firmly throughout the course of the occupation, and because of. it was arrested by the Gestano and spent n long, time in the well-known Nazi prison in ,Tere7in, together with many Czetli_patriots. ' Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R00630019000.1-0 ; News of of the death of Dimitrijevic and the actions of the ?Czechoslovak p-,Iice have provoked bitterness among all those who have learned ef them. The Czech .citizens have received this news with shame at the filthiness of the methods by which the Czech Police act on the directives of their state leaders, against Yugo- slavia and its citizens, when they are unable to force them to betray their country. Czechslovak people cfoademn such actions which from their brutality ih no way differecje e methods which the gestapo used during the war. This case shows to what extremities cominfermists go to break the snirit of Yugoslav citizens and to shake their love and faith in their socialist homeland. ("FOLITIKA" I col.) TERRORIST-COMINFORMIST ATTACK ON LAURENTIJ On the eve of the attack the oeminform paner Unita called for Laurentij to be "removed from the Trieste streets". (Trieste, 11th May) attack Three cominform terrorists last night made a serious Physical/ on Eugene Laurentij, member of the CC CP FTT. The attack on Laurentij was male when he was returning alone to his house. One of the attackers struck him several blows in the face with an iron instrument. This terroristic attack directly follows the violent article published in Unita on the 5th May, as zeiven'abeve. Sinceimmediately before the attack there was to be seen in a place in the centre a grown ofcominR2Inists, among whom was the editor of Unita, Ferdinand Zidart it must he considered that Zidar organised this terrorist attack. ("70LITIKA") STRENGTHENING RAW MATERIAL BASIS OF OUR ECONOMY great deal ef buillin will take -piece in the fourth year of the five year plan among our mines,?whinn will enable certain mines to increase by several times their production over that of last year. Over 4i milliord dinars are allotted only to con- struction of buildings and Prevision f power for coal and non- ferrous metal '? mines. Tens of kilometres ef new shafts will be cut and millions of cubic metres ef.earth will be moved,. to uncover the riches mf the mines. The railway8 will get this year, among the mines alone, 150 kilemetres of new line. For this work the amount of electric power provided has also to, be increased .and ? in addition to numerous transformer stations ibflut 800 kilometres of cable is being Prepared and laid. The most extensive work has already started in the mines of Bosnia, which this year will . almost reach the -pre-war ?prouction of the whole of 7ugoslavia. The largest Bosnian mines are becoming a source of ?cool for. coking in Lukavac which, in 1951, Will be able to satisfy more than 40% of home needs for coke 'Therefore, in step with coke production there will grow. up this year tWo more giants ,f the five year plan, the mines of Kreka and Kakanj. Kreka by the end of this year should. increase its production to 5 million tons of cool. Its two new ssnarators will be the most modern minins installations in the Balkans and produce the best twee of coal for coking,. Besies the new separators the old one at Bukinj will be extended, In a new ma en repair shop. for which over 20 million dinars have been alletted, repairs of all mining Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83.-00415R006300190001-0 APproved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -9- machinery in B.& H. This woiksholl will also be able to manufacture new machinery. Over 50 kilemetres of cable will bring electricity To Kreka and the same number nf kilometres of railway will join it to Lukavac. The raw material for-C'eke is also aVailabie at Kakanj, whose separator in Catici will be equal in size to that of Kreka. It will be lihked by ,a line with Ricice. In all 34 kilometres of industrial line will Connect all part of Kakanj with the separator. The extended pit in Plandishte will increase the production of Kakanj which nextvear,should be 4 times-greater than last year -and amount to 2i milliOn tons. In Trstienica there will be built a small Mining town. In Brea the separator will be enlarged and connected by line utl-c!,ipit,. at Kamenica. The road Visako - Gorusha - and BreZa - ?e,extended and electricity broulit to the pit at Smail,- Begovic. Extensive work in the Koluber basin will enable lignite production to be raisea from this year's half million tons to 2 million tons at the end of the five year plan. ? In Trepca Many hundreds of metre S below surface a new vein has bqvp, struck. FroParations are also being made to open another smaljseam of lend s^. that Trel)ca will be able to realise 20% shove its planned pro-luction of'; Jest year.A f,undry will be completed. 'Twice more extensive capital building-this year means that Trepca, ,besides these ,,r9jects, will gat'a lead smelter, a building for electrical fixtures and a dumn for material. ? Lead productIon will still further be increased by the' opening of a new Rlitt and the ?nre,)aratory work which will continue this veer in ZletoV/on.a new foundry in Mezica. Bi7'capital cnstructin has also started in Zajaca?. This year antimony ore nroducti-n will be 15% greater than last year, From Krutnje to Zaiaca there will be o:eened a new exploratory shaft and several thousand metres f 1eom boring will be carried -)ut. Transformer statins will be installed in Vela Cerkva, Zavorje anl Brasilat (1?GLA-3" lA cols. summary). Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -10-- THE PEOPLE'S INSPECTION SYSTEM. The development of our system of state administration and the further deepening of democracy is expressed on the one hand by the increasing infiltration of the people's masses into the state administration, and on the other hand by the increase of popular control over the work of the organs of the people's autho- rity. Closely bound up with this is the question of the fight .against bureaucracy,whieL accompanies our struggle for the build- ing of socialism. In fact, these are two aspects of the same thing - the bold tendencies towards the developing of self-admini- stration by the people in all the branches or state administra- tion. Stressing repeatedly the enormous importance of the participa- tion of the masses in administering the state, our highest lead- ers have clearly defined the attitude of our Party and Government towards control by the people over the work of the state organs and towards criticism from the masses, and have express- ed the belief that it plays an essential part in the fight against instances of bureaucracy in our society. The recent reorganisa- tion of our whole state administration in the sector of agricul- ture gives this attitude eloquent expression and represents a major step in the development of self-administration of the people, and the curbing of bureaucracy. In his article " About the People's Dempracy in Yugoslavia", comrade Kardelt writes: " The more widely/ses participate in the system of state administra- tion, the greater their control, the deeper is democracy. The state machine must be a servant of the people and not a force above them." There exist a number of ways in which this popular control over the state administration is being realised. One of these is the institution of popular inspections. Py a decree of the Federal Government, which was passed after consultation with the central leadership of the mass organisations, the tasks of the people's inspections ( as the special body of the working masses charged with inspectlon-control) were defined. 'Me prima- ry Avi of people's inspection is to combine with the subordinate organs, of the commission for state control in improving the executive machinery of the people's authority and also in seeking the means for the expression of the legal rights of our citizens. The organs of the people's inSpection are elected for a term of one yearibr the basic organisations by members of the People's Front and the Council of Trade Unions, 'or by the local Trade Unions. Those organs which are supported by the organisations 1Whih elected them, answer for their work directly to the electors._ This works out in practice in such a fashion that the inspectors hold meetitgs with their electorsoproximately once a month,in which they submit a report of their work. In spite of good work by people's inspectors in some part F4 it is gereKally true for the majority that they have so far not been equal to/important duties of the people's inspection. Firstly, the majority of these- persons were incorrectly elected. There have been instances of inspectors being chosen in their absence without their knowing anything- about it, and in other cases a good member of the Front and Trade Union has been chosen as people's inspector in addition to his other responsibilities. Ususally these inspectors have not done any work at a leipprwreil zfriftelww2u4N1/100BrilAaDff-Et3-010.415REVIEt300f9D0011,411d a -11- , 'Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 sinle meetin; in the course of the whole year. The formalistic character of the election of inspectors has had as a consequence that members of the inspector l groups have been elected from among men who were unable, either owing to their personal qualities, or because of their preoccupation with other tasks, to fulfil their duty. In one village in the Ub district, for examp;e, the richest peasants were elected as inspectors. However, the people's inspectors should truly re- present the masses, they should react objectively to all irregula- rities by the authorities and to all infringements of various regulations and decrees; in a word, they should be capable of closely supervising the functioning of the machinery of the people's authority in their district. . The people's inspectors cannot afford to be influenced by the men whose work they check. They must be independent, they must carefully investigate all types of complaints, accusations and charges. That is Illy they must have the full support of the mass organisations ald the elect- ors who have entrusted them with these duties, which can be ful- filled only through conscientious work. In their work the inspectors cannot only rely on. district, town, or ward Control Commissions, with which they are closely -connected, nor can they be considered as members of the State Control. It is vital that they should maintain permanent contact with the committees of the Yront and work in accordance with these bodies. The importance of the help which the Front leaderships can -give to the people's inspection is best illustrat- ed by the example of the work of the people's inspectors in Del- grade,.. Here, the inspection met with signal success thanks to the enormous help of the town council of the People's Front and to the constant co-operation of the inspectoral:groups with the Front leadership. Although the inspectorel j,roups are independent people's organs, they are bound toco-operate with the Control Commissions in their territory and to benefit from their helr. This help should consist in instructing the people's inspectors how to set about their duties, in giving certain tasks to the inspectoral groups, and in taking a hand in the solution of problems indi- cated to them by the inspectors. The Trades Union and Front leaderships must help the. inspections primarily in the question of the elections themselves i.e., see that they are well prepared and l'qld on time. Elections are now-in progress, and this task must therefore be ernestly attended to since, as we already emphasised, the work of the people's inspectors depends directly upon the conduct of the elections . It is necessary to explain to the members the huge importance of the people's inspectorate within the structure of numerous measures/our Party by Which they draw ever closer together the state andthe people. It has been noticed in cer- tain Front organsations and Trades Union lodges in which elections h- already be conpleted that former members of inspectorate groups do 'not .give the voters a yearly report on their work. It is understandable that people who have done nothing, have nothing. to report. But that is no reason to keep silent about their ,idleness. The exposure of the weaknesses in the work of t the people's inspectors is one of the way of ling our workers know the tasks of these institutions. This year after the electior of the inspectors care must be taken that Mistakes of last year Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -12- are not repeated. The inspectors are the representative3of the people's masses and as such must uphold the prestige of these institutions with our people. They will only achieve this if theyr work is satisfactory and if they develop the initiative of the workers. There are still instances of bureaucracy and bureatnratic solutions of questions concerned wit U the workers, in our enterprises and institutions, and this is causing extensive harm. The peoples inspectors should only intervene in difficult questions. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIMRDP83-00415R006300190001-0 0 kW- T ir la A. INT S ir IT CO INT S SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS . This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. NO. 154 P.1. 25X1A THIS IS AN ENCLOSURE 00 NOT DETACH May 13, 1950. HEADLINES BORBA 'A;JLWAYMEN'S COMPETITICN (I col.) THE CRIME. OF THE CZECHOSLOVAK POLICE WHO IS DISCONCERTED BY NORMALIZING THE STATE OF AFFAIRS IN THE BALKANS SEVENTH REGULAR SESSION OF THE PEOPLE'S ASSEMBLY OF SERBIA INVITATION TO TRANSPORT WORKERS (I col.) JIB. PRIESTLEY'S REPLY TO ILYA ERENBURG LETTER BY AUSTRIAN PHYSICIAN P.2. PEOPLE'S FRONT EXHIBITION FORMATION OF MACEDONIAN ECONOMIC COUNCIL THE NECESSITY FOR SETTING UP A BUREAU FOR THE LEGAL ASSISTANCE OF THE CITIZENS 2000 YOUTH FROM ABROAD TO HELP ON IA)RKING ACTIVITIES CROATIAN PARLIAMENT SESSION OPENS MAY 16 TOMARROW SERBIAN ARTIS1I EXHIBITION OPENS IN BELGRADE FESTIVAL OF THE ITALIAN. MINORITIES ENTOMOLOGISTS CONFERENCE IN OPATIJA IN THE CULTURAL CENTER OF HERZEGOVINA P.3. ANNOUNCEMENT BY ITALIAN EX-PARTISANS. (11 cols.): TRYGVE LIE ARRIVES IN MOSCOW: MOSCOW EGYPTIAN PREMIER DEMANDS TI-AT JORDAN BE EXPELLED FROM ? ARAB LEAGUE:. CAIRO ? LISBON: THE SECRETARY-GENERAL OF THE CP PORTUGAL SENTENCED TO 4i YEARS IMPRISONMENT PARIS: DEBATE ON FRENCH MILITARY. BUDGET WARSAW: ROKOSOVSKI ELECTED TO IT& POLITBURO OF THE POLISH UNITED ,YoRKEas PARTY BRIEF NEWS FROM ABROAD PARIS: FOREIGN COMMENTARIES ROME Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 VIENNA: NAZI POLITICAL ORGANIZATION IN THE SOVIET ZONE OF AUSTRIA P.4. DOCKWORKERS IN THE PRODUCTION DRIVE (11- cols.') RULINGS .ABOUT INVESTMENT CREDITS IN PRODUCER 'COOPERATIVES DECISION :ABOUT CREDIT AND THE SALE OF PIGS * ******** 11. 10LITIKA P.1. REPLY OF THE YOUTH FROM THE FACTORY "JASTREBAC" TO THE SLANDERS OF T HD CZECHOSLOVAK PAPER P.2, NEW YORK: WORK OF THE COMMISSION FOR HUMAN RIGHTS * PRAGUE: CZECHOSLOVAK GOVERNMENT DEMANDS THE CLOSING OF THE BRITISH READING ROOM AND THE BRITISH COUNCIL BERLIN: THE KUBLE IN EASTERN GERMANY DUSSELDORF:KURT muLLER EXPELLED FROM THE CF P.3. ANNOUNCEMENT BY ALEKSANDAR STANIC TEXTILE WMKEH LJUDICA 73DR FINISHES HER FIVE YEAR PLAN (li cols.) '* THE COMIOSIT1ON OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF THE FFRY THE BELGRADE PUllET THEATER ANNUAL ASSEMBLY OF THE BELGRADE LEAGUE OF FIGHTERS P.4. BELGRADE'S FUEL SUPPLY (I col.) THE _PIANIST KENDAL TAYLOR IN OUR COUNTRY NEWS FROM THE BOARD OF TRADE AND SUPPLIES? ****** 111, GLAS P.2. CRIME CANNOT BE FORGIVEN *. ? TRAM AND. TROLLEYBUS_TRANSPORTATION. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 WHO IS DISCONCERTED BY NORMALIZING THE STATE OF AFFAIRS IN \I. BALKANS There is no doubt that the steps taken recently in the ' direction of normalizing relations with Greece and aur country are a contribution to peace in this part of the world. Recently the Greek elections proved that the people of our sovereign neighbor country are against ?the policy of the former monarcho- fascist leaders and especially against their opportunist foreign policy which neglected the 3,-alkans. TodaoT it would be ridiculous to say that nothing has changed in Greece in this respect. ,It would be ridiculous to deny the fact that the conditions for normalizing Yugoslav-Greek relations do exist. This is .f7 course an important factor contributing to peace in the Balkans. And if peace is indivisible then the situation in the Balkans con- tributes to consolidating peace in thb world in general. However, it has already become apparent that the _representatives of the monarcho-fascist opportunists and various adherence of . Soviet policy and Cominform organs of the Soviet government in other countries are not satisfied with this coming to terms. The radio stations and the press of the Eastern European countries prove this as.do the commentaries of the Cominform organs in France, Italy, England, etc. The Soviet government and its representatives uphold peace with. their words but in practice they carry on a hostile policy of pressure of stimulating the fear of war and a policy the aim of which is - under the excuse of mobilizing against "the. immediate danger of war" - to justify the hegemonistic pretentionseof the leadership of the USSR and the further and. further subjugati.Onet of the satellitecountries. In the same way the Soviet 1:iovernmelat which speaks about its deaire for peace cannot gaze witha peaceful eye upon the situation in the Balkans, because the changing state of things here deprives her of an important area for carrying out intrigues, various maneuvers, etc. This is the reasph for the numerous provoCatory actions of Bulgarian,- Greek- -and other Cominform agents carried out on directives from the headquarters for the purpose of either obstructing or holding up proper normalization- of Greek-Yugoslav-agents. ?- The Politburo of the CCCP Greece had a special part in this. One of its resolutions stated :that, for example, "bringing peace , to Greece is a vital'question for the country and the greatest desire of the people, because from war and the division of the people only her enemies can gain. anything'; in the second resolution it says again that,. besides the 300,000 votes of the army and the -un- seen terror the people were victorious in the elections in Greece; and now when, according, to the -words of the Greek Politburo itself, when peace is a, vital question to the Greek people (and this cannot be without normalizing relations with ,ather'countriesl, and when the Greek people have won in the elections 'i'ahariades and other Soviet agents continue to obstruct the. bringing about of peace by spreading the news about our alleged intentions of letting Greece and Italy divide Albania and that "a secret aneement between Tito and. the Plastiras government has been reached against the territorial integrity of Greece". It is clear in.the'liElr,ht of the fact that,r TASS and "Pravda" or "Novoje Vrenja" have contributed immediately ? to this news. 'Other commentaries similar to these appear in Prague, Tirana., Warsaw, Bucharest,in the columns of fiHumanite-Minita"; and others. The French French Cominform paper connects the pacifyidg of the situation in the Balkans with the conference: of Fo.1m,44.41.A.sters of the Med -O41OPiP paper Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 are working out a Mediterranean Pact. "Unita" is aupposed to have spoken of a BelgradeAthens AxiS, and the"Daily Worker" has already announced about a "Yugoslavia-Graece-Italy-Austria" Axis. The Moscow radio at the same time 11=,,s been giving false information about "the fate of Greek children in Yugoslavia": It is .clear what the purpose of the Soviet Cominform propaganda maneuvers are. Those ,who attack Yugoslavia for normalizing relations with her southern neighbor are themselves normalizing relations with many countries ,,hich 4o not differ from present day-Greece in their internal structure. Actually one could say that the Soviet propaganda is complaining of Tsaldaris for abandoning the authority in Greece and thereby eliminating the basis of the strange situation in Yugo- slav-Greek relations. We can see that the Soviet hegemonistic policy is preventing the situation in this part of Europe from being cleared up, from the fact that the Soviet government prevents the evacuation of foreign troops in Austria and is also obstructing any Italian Yugoslav agreement over the ruestion of Trieste. The Soviet government is afraid of the normalization of Yugo- slav-Greek relations because it makes intriguos more difficult. And the unhappy situation which allows pressure, diplomatic tricks and other methods used by the Soviet foreign political apparatus are desir-,blil to the alleged champions of peace in the USSR. These will be shown up in their true light and their attempts will be found to have no results. (Borba-Saturday) THE FORMATION OF THE ECONOMIC COUNCIL OF THE GOVERNMENT OF PR MACEDONIA The Presidium of the Penple's L,ssembly of the People's Republic of Macedonia has introduced a Ukase concerning the establishment of an economic council of the government of PR Macedonia. Comrade Bork? Temelkovski has been nominated as president. He is the Vice Premier of the PR Macedonia. The rest' of the council consists of the president of the council for agriculture and forestry,,the president of the council for oods and commerce, the president of the council the Finished Products Industry, the president of the council for Energetics and the Extractive Inlustry, the president of the council for Communal Works and Local Industry, the president of the Planning Commission, the Minister of Finance, the Minister of Labor, the Minister' -)f Tuilding and. the president of' the Committee for Foreign Trade. Other members of the government who are leaders of economic branches common to the wider composition of the economic council. (Eorba-Saturday) BELGRADE FUEL SUPPLY Steps have been taken to improve the supplies of wood and coal in Belgrade. The people's committee of Belgrade supply board has analyzed last years failures and shortcomings and has assessed the needs of the population for this year. .This analysis was initiated by the Economic council Of the FPRY, the Councilfor the Exchange of Goods of the FPRY and other leading organizations. , Coal and wood for Belgrade are procured from throughout our country, mostly from Serbia, Bosnia. and 'Herzegovina. Last year there were many errors in the delivery of coal and wood and it seems as if a section 'of Belgrade's population would. be without fuel in the most critical period. At one point 900 wagon loads Of wood were waiting to be distributed from 'Belgrade railway stations and Oistribution was Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA7RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 _1_ help up because of lack of labor. Another example was the co\c, Kostolac which was often 60 per cent dust. This of course coul be distributed to the consumers and so the supply board suffera\ great financial loss. It is not at all an easy business to suppl4 a town of almost half a million inhabitants with coal and woodand ' even the transport of this fuel is comPlicated. I's well PS this many concerns, schools, institutions, :tc., must have ensured supplie f. fuel. From the end of April 1949 to the beginnin- of April 1950 more than 263,860 cubic meters of wood and about 225,000 tons of coal were brought to jelgrade. The needs of Belgrade concerns and institutions were mainly fulfilled and the needs for domestic consummers fell a little under the foreseen amount. However, one rust add that the larger part of the fuel for Belgrade citizens was obtained through syndicate oFranizations. (I:olitika-Saturday) LETTER OF THE WELL-KNOWN AUSTRIAN PHYSICIAN TIRING TO ILYA ERENBURG Vienna, May 12 The well-known Austrian physician and university professor in Vienna, Hans Tiring sent a reply to Ilya Erenburg to his letter in which he called upon the Western writers to stand against the use of atomic energy for military purposes and to condemn my govern- ment who attempts to 'rop the atomic bomb on the population of any country. Tiring, who is one of five founders of the Austrian Peace movement, emphasizes in his reply to ErenburF that he approves of his proposal but that he considers it narrow Prld inadequate. "Who ever truly desires peace" says Tiring, "must struggle against the root of the danger of peace. The first duty or writers and of all progressive men is to infludnce public opinion and to stand against those who bring war nearer by sproadinc: hatred amongst people and pois3oning political relations." Tiring then refers to P number. ,f articles announced in the Soviet Army paper for 'ustrians and mentions that this paper on one hand gives news about the progressive movement for peace in the world and on the other hand gives war-monFing articles. Amongst these articles Tiring mentions one which calls upon the people of Yugoslavia to over-throw their lawful ,-overnment. He said that it would be better if writers of all countries united not against the war-monFering of others but the war mongering that is going on in their own countries. (Politika-Saturday) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 JOHN PRIE3TLE7'.S RiqLY TO ILIA EHRENBURG The English writer, John Priestley, replied on the 22nd April in an 0.13e,11 letter In the Now Statesman and Nation to lijia Ehrenburg's'call to ','writers in Western countries to fight for peaCe. 'John Priestley, a well-known writer, who has many times been in the-U3SR and many of whose works ? have been translated into Russian, wrc.te as follows: . . . lc have lust read Your open letter to the writers of the West n.prtain passages are addressed personally to me, and :you blame me because . I Was not present at -Tour "conference of peaceft, You Mentioned that I dodged my duty towards my.neaders and that I should haw ,loined in your appeal for "the prevention of those who are of ill-intent". "Do I really not think',' you ask,"that a writer ought to stand up against criminals, even before they have started their crimes, and in that way to work towards preventing the crimes,'" "Allow me to begin.With the statement that I earnestly try not to dodge mydutids. I love my country as ardently as you love yours. And that should Ile remembered because certain Russian writers appear to be unable to grasp that that deep-rooted love towards ones country is not a- possession only of Russians but exists amongst other people. "In conaldering'other countries and peoples I think with special love of Russia and ,Russians. And it may surprise you to hear that ?such.an.attitude is taken up by all Westerners who travel. As a people, 'a nation, without regard to political systems, you are really very. popular, and we would all like to get to know you :better. However I must. add that your government makes it difficult-for-us to do However, a$ I know7,719,m8/.61r,suldli.experience,. and I have had .to listen. a hundred times to /ofrom wK1 disposed people from Western Europe who wish to be your friends. "Although it is true that conferences and congresses quickly bore me (because I am impatient and don't like long speeches) it is not true, as you-anpear to think, that I have made no effort to increase understanding between peoples. 'Apart from the fact that I hate with this object written many articles and made many speeches and commentaries on the radio, I have pent two or .more _years..work- ing as much as I can for UNESGO.. But You Russians.. have not?eVen approached UNESCO, but with one .stroke you have cut off from its influence hundreds of millions of peop.le- ":When I was in Moscow in 1945 I.was very sorry that you. were ? net then there so that we could meet, I-appealed to VOKS andto .repre- sentatives of your literary association, , seeking. a better:way Of work: for - ? ? foreign writers in the Soviet Union. Then I was assured Gnat n special bureau would be sot up. Has it in fact been so, and if it. has What-has that bureau achieved since 1945? Now, in -your open letter you propose.- in my opinion very understandably.- that it is not necessary to :five attention. to. social,. political rAldmsthetic views .Not much time, .hoWever, has passed since you and your colleagues submitted the writers of the West to a- torrent of invective -which, allowing for all mistake$in translation, were sage and unbecoming. In October you were .as distan4.1psthe Lama -of Tbet, thundering from .inaccesible. heights againsVdecadence. In April you come down and tell us that we should not , behaVe so distantly.' ' What does that all mean? Cynics-here tell. us that your attitudes Which so marvellously change entirely depend on the immediate Polley of the politbureau. do not know that, since I am a simple writer., but nevertheless I enjoy the ability to write what I wish without regard to the Foreign Qffice, the Home Office or the Secret Service, Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -7- "You criticise as if I also am prepared to take part .interminable harmful intriguing,apersistent policy which m to a downfalli. People who are drunk with their own power, fa\s try et all costs to drive other people to relinquish their wa'y life and change to theirs. That is the duty of a true writer, 1. this as in all other centuries, to see that too much power conc trated in too few hands has always been the enemy of human happin "A last word; the clearest and most honest which I can say. I agree with you that the Soviet Union does not want war and I am sure that your people shiver at the thought of it. But it is not clear to me whether your leaders really desire what is the opposite of war - true-peace, a world unity of. peoples who live their own lives without continuous interference from ether people, all openly and friendly, enjoying the fruits of their own contributions to world civilisation, tr in another case they have not been liber- ated from thathistoric.fear which is now so common in America. (sic) It seems that the nations are going round in a dark circle like sill7 children who fear one another. However, there exist world problems such as the problem of feeding the _population, which demand some Bort of solution and all that we can do is to pile up arms, and think out all the foul ways of spreading ever more and more propaganda instead of honest exchange of knowledge and ideas. For this the Kremlin must bear its share of blame. And it still is not too late to do something. That, however-, cannot be done by writers holding world congressesof peace. That can only be achieved when people who are in power- ahd the moreabsolute the power the greater their rsponsibility - regard this world as a home and not as a potential battlefield. I shall do in London wlat I can if you will try to do something in Moscow. We can start modestly by avoiding the hate of fanaticism and impatience and valuing truth more than propaganda. I skiareewith-you your "concern for civilisation". We writers will best serve it if We write nothing which will foster barbarism in the world and I hope -that counsel will prevail long enough for us to be able 'to meet."' (Tanjug) ("BORBA" li cols.) START OF SEVENTH SESSION OF THE PEOPLE'S AS)EMBLY SERBIh Yesterday, the Seventh Regular Session of the People's Assembly FR Serbia started its work. The first sitting was held at 17.00 hours. The entry of members of the gevernment was greeted by the representatives present with applause. After Ise JovanoviC, President of the Assembly of the PR Serbia read a uka;;E: of the Presidium of the People's Aasembly-Serbia'calling the assembly to its Seventh Session, work was started on the agenda. The agenda of yesterdays sitting was the confirmation of the agenda for the session. The first point in the agenda is theeXa-. mination of the proposed law on election for People's representatives PR Serbia, and thereafter examination of the proposed law on crafts- manship, confirmatien of the orders of the government of Serbia issued between the 6th and 7th session in the field of economy, confirmation of the ukases of the Presidium issued between the sessions, election of Vice-Chairman and as last item election of a-Secretary. After the agenda was proposed it was un:animously adapted and the next sitting was set for 1700 hours today. ("BORE A") Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 , -8- CONSTITUTION OF COMMITTEES OF TUE PEOPLE'S ASSEMBLY FPRY Standing Committees of the Federal Council and the Council of Nationalities, as also of the joint committee's ef, the two councils of the People's AsseMbly.FPRY,.after their election held sessions over their constitution.; Chairman of the 'Committee for Foreign Affairs is Petal- Stambolic, Dimitar Vlahov was elected Vice-Chairman and Vladimir Dedijer Secretary. The members of the Committee for Foreign Affairs are as follows: -.From the Federal Council Max Dace, Vladimir Bakaric, Bogdan Crnobrnja, Josip Hrncevic, Mehmed Hodja, ,Avde Flumo Blazo Jovanovic, ?Ivan TanaiVandv) Lazar .Kolishevski, Miha Marinke, Djusto Masaroto, Slobodan Penezic, Ivan Regent,'Djuro Salaj, Vladimir -Sitic Vidoje Stilevski, Peter Stambolic, Dobrosav Tomashevic and Vida Temshtc and from the Counnil of Nationalities Ivo Andric, Miter Bakic, Franc Bevk,' Vladimir DeciMer, Milan Kupreshanin, Otmar Kreacic, Leo Matta, LjubinkaHMil-Osavljevic, Lazar Mojsov, Djuro:Pucar,- Josip Rus, Pavle Savic,,Sinisha Stankovic, Lidija Shentjurc, Ilija Mataric, Pco Shopov, Fran Tucan, Josip Vidmarr, Dmitar Vlahov and Veljko Vlahovic. For . /Chairman of the Committee for National Defence_waSachosen Ivan Goshnjak,-Vice-Chairman Histo Antunovia and -Secretary ,Rado Pohacek. Velimir Stejnic was elected Chairman :of the Committee for People's Authorities, the _Vice-Chairman Marko Nikezic and Secretary Leo -Gershkovi6.- I It the Legislative Comtittee Josip liricevic was elected Ch.dnman and Vladimir Simic Vice Chairman. and Jerko Radmilovic as Secretary. Javan VeseIinov was elected ,Chairman of the Committee for the Economic Plan and Finance with Marko Belinic Vice-Chairman and Blagoje Talevski as Secretary, Petar Komadina was elected Chairman of the Mandate Immunity Committee, Vice-Chairman Bogoga Fotav, Secretary Grua NovakoviO, Stanka Veselinov became Chairman of the Adminis- trative Committee, Vice-Chairman Shefket Maglajlic and Secretary Zivorad Ljubicicl Pavle Jovicevic became Chairman of the Committee fpr Petitions and Complaints, Ante Roje Vice-Chairman.andiVelibor Ljujic Eecretary, . Mesha Pijade was elected Chairman of the Legislative Committee of the Council of Nationalities and Ninke Petrevic, Vice-Chairman and Joze Lamprat Secretary. Ivan Goshnjak was elected Chairman of the Economic Plan and Financial Committee, Vice-Chairman Vlajko Begovic and Secretary Vo jo Srezentic. Milan Smipnic Chairman of the Administrative Committee, Vice-Chairman Punisha Petrovic and Secretary Krsto Filipovic. Aleksa Tomic became Chairman of the Mandate Immunity Committee, Vice-Chairman. Tone Shushtershic and Secretary Vuko Aadevic. Marko Vujacic became Chairman of the Committee for Petitions and Complaints ,of the Council of Nationalities and Luke Mrkshic Vice-Chairman and nadoslav Nedljkovic Secretary. Enquiry Committees of the raeole's Assembly were also constituted for enquiry into the situation regarding rationing and enquiry into the collection system. Ivan Bozicevic was elected- Chairman of the Enquiry Committee into rationing and Danilo Krekic as Secretary. Komcilo Markovic became Chairman of the Enquiry Committee into the col- 'lection System and Dimitrije Bajalica Secretary. ("POLITIKA" 3/4 col.) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 9 CRIME IS NOT FORGOTTEN In an inhuman =nor the Czech c-yminformists have put t Dimitrije Dimitrijevic. For 6 months they have toilsHrteaq,0 him in a dark lson cell rnd finally left him to dle/withdut medical help. OM* , Dimitrijevic had had another experience similar when he was in the "festapo Prison, together with Czech patriots. It is a savage irony that he came living out of the Nazi "camp of death" only to die in "people's democratic" Czechoslovakia: What was his crime to deserve this treatment and finally to be deprived of his life? He was guilty of not betraying his socialist homeland and. not selling its honour and becoming a paid servant.. We are proud. of people such as Dimitrijevic. He is a hero of'our people's revolution ready to die rather than trample on the honour and the idea for which he fought., . His zw iler has been committed but what has that murder achieved? His murder -thought that they could break the honour ? - and patriotism of a Yugoslay. They did not break it. Do they think that they are frightening the Yugoslays who find themselves in our government? It will be hard for them-to do that. Yugoslav citizens, communists and all honourable consciencious Yugoslays. are made of too tough a steel for them to submit to any kind of terror. One thing they Jhave achieved. They have shown. with brutal clarity that the cominform counter-revolution is ready to commit :the worst crimes. They have shown the Czechoslovak people how deeply they are Submerged under ,force and despotism, how they are being led away not only. from true socialist democracy but from all humanity. ? Dimitrijevic had many friends in Czahoslovakia who knew what an ardent protagonist he was of brotherhood between Yugo- slays and Czechs, they?will see him. now Slain for just that opinion and their bitterness will he aroused and their ,eyes opened. Every new crime by the cominformists further tears off their masks. And our people let the criminals know that Dimitrdjevic's death and such a grave and shameful crime will not be forgotten.. ("GLAS"- summary) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 CPYROA9T Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RD THIS IS AN ENCLOSURE TO DO NCI NJJJ 0 I T INT S 11, ' 2 5X1 A II II ((i1) SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS AR' C 111--; This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. 7?o /5.5 I. BORBA Page 1. SPRING PLANTING CAMPAIGN NEARING END: iv-777a, ii7,5ti An example of friendly cooperation between Peasant Working Co-operatives and poor peasants; Planting of crops in Slovenia has been speeded up thanks to an organized help given to the peasants; * END OF THE SEVENTH REGULAR SESSION OF THE PEOPLE'S ASSEMBLY OF SERBIA: The Laws on election of people's duputies and on handicrafts have been adopted (republican. laws); COMPETITIONS CARRIED ON BETWEEN OUR RAILWAY MEN: Reports on achievements by various railway men. NOTE FROM THE GOVERNMENT OF THE FPRY TO THE ALBANIAN GOVT.: (reply to Albanian ? Government's Note of May 10, 1950). * The Majdanpek mine has completedits semi-annual plan. STATEMENT MADE BY F. MONTIELA, FORMER MEMBEP OF THE CC OF CP OF SPAIN AND RESPONSIBLE EDITOR OF THE PAPER "MUNDO OBRERO" Page 2. PRESS CONFERENCE HELD BY BRITISH TRADE UNION LEADERS Children of our emigrants to France, Holland, and Belgium will spend their summer holiday in our country free of charge. A letter from the delegation of our emigrants to Frace sent to the Central Board of the Yugoslav Federation of Labor Unions. OUR AUTONOMOUS UNITS: (a 3-column article about Vojvodina and Kosovo & Metohija). Page 3. 'PARIS: The French Parliament has voted military credits. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved Ecir Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Pae 3, TRIESTE:. Page 4. -2- Vidalials men make an attack on the.., paper "Primorski bnevnik"; Attempt to smuggle. arms into Capodistria; Attack on.the headquarters of the Democratic Front ef.-SloveneS. BERLIN: The Russian ruble is the Ettandard , - currency in'Eastern Germany (for clearing arrangements between countries). . MOSCOW: Soviet Note to the USA ROME: Postal union has been established between France and Italy. WASHINGTON: American Government demands of Czechoslo4. vakia to reduce, the number of personnel in official representations in the USA, VIENNA: Meeting of the Allied Control Commission for Austria; ? *. PEKING: Telegram sent by Chu-en-Li to Trigve Lie. NEW YORK: The Secretary-General of the CP of USA Dennis has started to servehis sentencd. Greek children gave. a performance last night in the Kolarac concert hall (refugee children). The man who in 1929 took part in the killing of Djura Djakovic, organizational secretary of the - CC CPY, has now been sentenced to death. II. POLITIKA: Page.1.. German anti-fascist Hulde Pankok on visit in our country. .Page 2. OPEN LETTER FROM FELIX MONTInA TO.YUGQSLAV VETERANS OF THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR Page An exhibition. of "Creation and development of the people's committees". ?(3 col.) Socialist remodeling of the village Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Page 1. -3- GLAS: Wave of anit-semitism spreading in Western :Germany, 'Is Japanese proposal to Anglo-Americans to divide ? world cotton market. ):( Page 4, Joint Franco-Oetwan heavy industry (2 col. article). Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved Fqr Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 4 - BORBA Monday, 15th May, 1950. P.1. FOR THE INCREASING OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION (21 cols.) BRICK MACHINES BEING PRODUCED IN SKO-LJE TITO AWIRDS S'R:CHUTE JUMPER 7EOPLE OF ADR1IIIC LITTod21 C NGRhTULATE TITO ON HIS BIRTHDAY P.2. A NEW METHOD OF INCREASING THE CAPACITY OF RAILROAD TRANS-. PORTATION (3 cols.). ? - ,VIDA.TOMSIG.SEA,KS CN GHILDRENS?WEEK SIGNIFICANCE (11 col * EXEMPLARY WORK PF-THE:FRONTI8TS'IN THE VILLA1E CERJE (li" col.) TITO'S RELAY RACE REMARKS NOTED IN VISITORS BOOK IT EXHIBITION ABOUT, PEOPLE1S COMMITTEES (2 col.).?- * P.3. A MEASURE FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF CO-OPERATIVE LIVESTOCK BREEDING (1A cols.) OVER 8,000 SHOCK woRKE.:Is IN ZAGREB ENTERPRISES IN THE FAST THREE MONTHS THE COLLECTIVE OF THE GLASS FACTORY IN PARACIN IS INCREASIN PRODUCTION :ND EXPANDING THE ENTERP.RISE? ?(1 col.) TRIESTE: THE "PRIMORSKI DNEVNIK" WILL CATPINUE THE FIGHT FOR THE CONSOLID:TInN OF FRATERNITY BETWEEN PEOPLES TRIESTE PRESSURE ON TRIESTE WORKERS THE CP.OF-VENEZUELA OUTLAWED. - SHORT FOREIGN NEWS JITEMS PEKING: THE KATOMINGTANG LOST 30,000 SOLDIERS AT HAJNAN FIVE PIRTY MEMBERS SENTENCED IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA WARMONGERS IN -RULGARIA (i col.) ' EGYPT INSISTS THAT JORDAN SE EXCLUDED .FROM THE LEAGUE PROBLEMS IN GETTING RAW FATERIALS AT ZENICA STEEL WORKS'. AVIATION FEDERATIoN ?F YUGOSLAVIA HAS OVER 40,000 MEMBERS 11. P,.'LITIKA PRIOR TO ACCEPTING THIS YEAR'S YOUNG CADRE IN THE SCHOOL OF OUR ARMY .(1 col.) ? P.3. HERCEGOVINA IS TRANSFORMING INTO A LIVESTOCK-INDUSTRIAL AREA (11 cols.) 111.. GLAS P44. WORK OF THE FORESTRY AND IGRICULTURE COMMISSION OF THE SERBIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES (2 cols.) 51 NEW MOVIES TO DE OPENED THIS YEAR Approved For Release 2001/09/06.: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 5 BELGR:JDE AMUSEYENTS, THEATRES. Yugoslav Drama Theatre - visiting Novi Sad. National Opa : "Suma" ("The Forest) by Ostrovski, 8 o'clock Circus in Belgrade: perfamance at 8 o'clock MOVIES. ? Beograd :"Red Shoes" (Eng.) Jadran : "Saraband for Dead Lovers" ng.) Zve3da : "The High Plateau" (It.) Kozara : "Eternal Eve" (Am.) Slavic : "A Man for Man" (Fr.) 20 October-I and II : "Genteman Jim" (Am.) Kosmaj : "Homeland" (Fr.) Kosovo : "The Brothers" Dusanovac:"The Magic Grain" (R ) Drina :" Ditta" (Dan.) Balkan: "Tarzan's Triumph" (Am.) CONCERT. p.m. p.m. Joseph Hirt, Suisse pianist.-May 17th and lath -Kolarac,2C hrs The Trieste Cahmber Choir - May 19th - Kolarac, 20 hrs. Friedrich Wildgans - clarinetist from Vienna -2oth May - Kolarac at 20tours. Tickets for these concerts may by bought on the 15th ahd 16th lqay at the book shop called "Prosveta" (Tcrazije 16). w' a Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved F.,or Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -6- END OF SESSION OF SERBIAN ASSEMBLY? The Seventh Regular Session of the FR Serbia's Assembly'con- tinued yesterday in Belgrade, with,the..agenda,deoided at the session of the day before yesterday."-On-theThropdsal'of'the-PreMier.Isa Jovanovic the agenda was altered., to include a further point examination of the proposed law on 'changesand amendments of laws ? on the administrative-territorial divisions of the p1?. Serbia. .Before passing to the agenda the-AsSembly gaVe:approval to the decision of the Presidium on the deprival of liberty and :freedom and starting of critinal'nroceedinge against :two representatives . Bajran Uk Gashije and Spasoje Radovanovie for criminal actions done against the people. and the State and heard a rePort Of the Administrative Committee on financial work and carryin out the budget of the People's ASsembly of Serbia for the period February, March and April, thereafter the agenda was taken up. The first point was eXamination-of the pronosed law on the election of the people's, representative's: to the-Peopleis-Assembly Serbia. After?Milovan Krdjie, the spokesman of... the Committee, presented the Assembly with the bropesed.law, Milosh Minic spoke, emphasising the important- Werk of the Assembly and mentioning that the Mandate of the Assembly ran out, at the end of this year, and that new elections must be prenared.-. At the end he emphasised that the broadening of the democracy of the electoral system of our country is based on the correct line of our party in building socialism, The proposed law on.handicrafomir Joksimovic put before the Assembly in thename of the Legislative. Committee. Tihomir Janjic President of the Comtittee for local Economy, Serbia spoke in the discussion on the prHposed law. .Both these draft laws were unanimously passed. The proposed law on changes and amendments in the, administrative territorial diVisions of the 7R Serbia was also adonted,unanimously.- According to this law the Tresent RuMaCounty (Rural District) will be divided into two counties,, RumaCOunty which will have about 42,000 inhabitants and Fruahke Gora with 24,000 inhabitants. The seat of both counties will be in Ruma-. After that the Assembly confirmed the orders and ukases of the Presidium issued in the period between the 6th and 7th Session. Thereafter Kosan Pavlovic and Milovan .Datanovic were elected to the vacated positions of Vice-Chairman and Secretary of the Assembly res-?ctivoly. This ended the Seventh Regular Session of the Assembly. ("BORBA" Sunday. iccl ATTACK BY VIDAIITES ON"PRIMORSKI DNEVNIK" (Triste, 13th May) The Vidali cominformists yesterday carried out another attack on ens. precincts and personnel of ".Tnimorski Dnevnik" in Trieste. A group of cominformists burst into the offices of the paper and threatened the personnel employed, that they would "in a very short time reckon with them" hurlin at them expressions taken from the Italian Fascists and irredentists, ("BORBO ) , Approved for Release 2001/09/06 CIA-RDP834210415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R00,9300190001-0 _7- -ATTEMPT' /1' ILLEGAL SMUGGLING. OF ARMS INTO' cAP.TDISTRIA e(Trieste, 13th -May). The Section for Internal Affairs of the Local People's Council in,Capodistria in the Yugoslav Zone of the, FTT announced that members of the People's Defence Force last night, during a customs inspection of the ship "Betor Pizano" which runs on the line Capodistria-Trieste, found a large number of automatic rifles, a number of crates of hand. grenades -1-1Td various propaganda material. which sneaks of the need for the annexation of the Yugoslav zone of the -PTT to Italy. For this they of the crew and held the ship. (Tanjug) (-"BORBA") IN CONNECTION WITH THE MURDER OF DIMITRIJEVIC The murder of Dimitrijevic in the prison at Brandis nad Lavom once more shows up the methods Used by the. satellites of .the Soviet Union in East Europe and in the condemnation not only of the govern- ment of the PR Czechoslovakia but all the Others who insist on keening un enmity towards our country. For months the cominform pronagandistS from all the cominform countries have been shouting. about "gestapo" Yugoslavia, about "terror" in our country and so on. For months and months they have been broadcasting the Most fantastic lies to mislead public opinion in the world. The shrillnetsof their slanderous propaganda is also intended to distract attention from the inhuman terroristic actions which take place in the East European Countries and are inflicted on all those who are not tied to the chariot wheels of the USSR. The murder of Dimitrijevid is the best example of how hypo- critical and lying is that propaganda. It shows how leaders of the cominform countries use Police methods on the examPle of their Aussian b0Ses. : We can only recall the actions of the Czech Government towards our students in industry who did not wish to take the side of the enemies of their country. How the police used every kind of brutal means on them to hold them in Czegbo- slovakia! There is no doubt that that was not the original idea of the Czech Police. What methods hove the NKVD taken in the Soviet Union to keep our citi7ens who are there at school? 'Even today the Soviet Government is keenin7, our children by force. All that is evidence of the Practice which haS nothing in common with Soviet words on humanism and democracy. It is in no way a coincidence that the Triurder was carried out in Czechoslovakia, whose people are just the ones who follow our struggle with sympathy. The death of anhonest and consistent . fighter like Dimitrijevic is intended to fritten both our country- men in Czechoslovakia Woo still are in prison in large numbers into giving up their resistance, anion the Other hand also to frighten those Czechs and Slovaks who exnress their sympathy for Yugoslavia and resist the subjection of their country to Soviet command. From the legal murders in Thdopest, -Sofia and Tirana they have now changed to police murders - both the one and the other have the same object and derive from the same centre Themurder of Dimitrijevic, our fellow citizen-, patriot and fighter, has embittered our country. It is no longer a question only of possession, civil rights, freedom of speech and opinion - today our citizens very lives are threatened,in the cotinforMncountries and?that just f ApprovidrFo tiff/a bk-ADP8310 oh T5Roost 0090tilte ? Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 /-? - However, they they not only persecute theirown-citizhsbut .torture to death a foreign citizen who committed the unheard of crime of - remaining faithful to his country and people and. to his principles. .Is there anything more natural and human than that? (Summary ? "DORBAUnday) ENTRY OF Y;UNG CADRES THIS YE.I11. INTO Tlin.scHooLs flP 'CUR ARMY Some; time az? the Ministry of. National Defence notified a com- petitive/eiShmeptance of candidatesinto'milita,ry schools, 'schools for military officials and T-OP' 7,:orsons fr-m-the,e-11/11-. ranks, for administrative .courses and. for the acceptance .of -::andidateS into the institutions .of military students. - This exami- ntipn. greatly assists tno,development and strengthening of our army which, in this way, gets. new young cadres, ready to prepare for. the duties of active officers in. various -branches of the army or to devote theMsalves to particular specialised units within the framework of the army. All examinations hitherto have been very successful both in the number of candidates and in their quality. They once more con- firmed the fact that our youth loves the army which is his greatest guardian ?of socialist building in our. country, that he is proud to serve in, its ranks. AmongSt the youththere is a .general interest and love of. military matters; there is also a strong tradition from the reeent past, the four years of the liberation war. The now cadres drawn from youth leaving school, from the fadtories.and_from the villaes, have already seen :something of -life in the army when, as brigadists, they have met them on many working sites of the five year lar1.4 The :education which they have acquired in their present places of work in the collectives and co-operatives these youths will continue and complete in new surroundings. _Since the campaign for the examinations will last several months it_is necessary at the beginning to, take measures which will secure its complete success.. IL is essential that this. campaign, develops steadily throughoUt the period and. that there should be close co-operation of all those interested.. Apart from military institutions who will make a special effort to popularise and enlist, the mass organis7011.s.:will haVe to be en7,aged. Certain of these:, such aS the Umladina and TAerans Association,are: directly interestedin a mass attendence at the exams because it is from their ranks that most of the young, cadres needed by the army collie. They must. throughout the period devote a spacial effOrt to appeal to the youth. In the organisations of people's Tekniks, in which the ? youth are technically qualified, among the participants in pre-military trainingl on the Umladina worksite and in peasant collectives, there are great possiiiities of Propaganda Workfor the military schoolsD Tho-se youths know that in the ranks of the army there is the same spirit as there is in their own collectives, they know the-possi- bilities of profossional and political:improvements which are :open to them in army schools. In work at popularising the -examinations individual influence and personal contacts:With youth must not be overlooked, .(2rIversation with them .and mutual cerresty,ndence by comrades from the army who are their relatives or acquaintances will much -,contribute tosucceds and to a s'atisfactorTnumb,or of youths opting for the ,military schools. (Monda LITIKA" Summary I col.) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -9- TRAIN COLLISION .IN ENGLAND (London 14th May) Agence France Presse reports that last night there was a collisbn between a train and a locomotive near Preston in Lancashire. 40 people were injured, 13 seriously. Rescue work was made more diffi- cult because the collision took place on a narrow embankment 10 metres high. ("PLITIKA" Monday) THE AIR LEAGUE OF 7111,Q3L:VIA 11.)S OVER 40,000 nEMBERS . The third yearly assembly of the Air League of Yugoslavia was held yesterday in 3elgrade. The assembly was opened by its President Major-General of.Air Ladislav.Ambrozic, . Minister ZeceNic greeted the assembly in the name of the government and after Major-General Milija-Stanishic wished them every success in the name of the Yugo- slav Air Firce.? Marjan StarceVic greeted: the delegates inthe name of the Central Committee of People's Tekniks. After the greetings Ambrozic spoke on the development of the league and its tasks. During last year greatest attention had been paid to the basic organisations, the content and quality of work in them. According to a decision of the fourth plenum of the Air Association aero clubs received titles and the wide organisation of clubs was made possible wherever the conditions existed. The denicions of the plenum had helped the organisations of the air league to strengthen and develop their independent work. He emphasised that the first and basic task of the league was to enable independent administration on the ground.. The all-country committeeswhich hod hitherto been rather'''. cumbersome bodies must more Effectively control..and promote the work in the basic organisations. Another important task was to enable aero clubs to work on their own initiative-. They should net have their best cadres taken, they should in all respects be helped and given the best means for work. The task Of all basic organisations this year was further to develop competition in all branches of airmanship The federal centres, schools end bases as the technical institutions of the air league of Yugoslavia have the task of pro- moting air technique. After this speech the Secretary of the League Lieutenant-Colonel Mihailo Velimirovic gave a report of the work Of the league during 1949. The league last year successfully developed its work in pro- moting air technique and in bringing about ' new home constrUction. Organisations have at their disposal a large number of aeredremes and installations. Members of the league are achieving ever greater results in various competithns, breaking records and setting un new ones. At the end of last year the league had 62 Pasic mganisations with over 25,000.members and today has 104 aero-clubb, while the number-Of members has grown to 40,000. .Besides the league's Pilot school,- gliding centre, model school and tarachute base, there are in the adro-clubs 15 model schools and 150 workshops, 9 gliding schools 1st class, 29 2nd class and .2 pilot schools, In these 55 air-schools there were trained in the course of last year 7,720 air modellers, parachutists, glider pilots and pilots of powered air- craft. Last year in the Letov factory in Ljubljanaa high per- formance glider "Triglav"and a hydro-glider "Jatran" weremade, the work of young constructers Koser and Horvat. It is now planned that in the region 1 district and tnwa eommitioees the larger indus-- trial cehiPPRI/OrFPr :.R;(qt1.9.1/WEPIP*--7DP-P1?P./1PlN90393119(999.1As shall Approved RH. Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 10 - be set up. Besides this it is planned to open in the aero clubs 90 air models,. gliding and pilot schbels. ThroUgh these schools 11,690 mpdellera; perachutists, pilots, and gliderpilots will be qualified. After the speech and discusSion the names were read of indi- viduals and ,organisations receiving rewards. Amongst others rewards of 10,000 diners were made to Aleksander. Stanic and Stank? Skoberna for perachuting-successes. Of, the abro clubs rewards were given to the aero club of Novi Sad - the beat club in the league, and clubs from Deruver and Skoplje. 9 Organisations were honourably mentioned, among them the Zagreb, 3e1grade, Sitelje A greetings telegram was sent to the Central Committeem Comrade Tito and. Franz Leshkoshek,... ("BORBA" Monday) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 11- HILDE FANKOK IN OUR COUNTRY The well known German public worker, nide Pankok, wife of the painter Otto Pankok, is a guest of the Central Committee of AFW of Yugoslavia for a month. During the war she was persecuted for being an anti-fascist. During her stay in Yugoslavia Hilde Pankok visited a number of social and cultural institutions in Serbia, Macedonia and Montenegro and on her way back to Germany she will stay for a few days in Croatia and Slovenia. "Politika" Sunday. THS CHILDREN OF OUR EMIGRANTS IN FRANCE, BELGIUM AND HOLLAND WILL SPEND THEIR SUMMER HOLIDAYS IN OUR COUNTRY WITHOUT PAYING. A large number of the children of our emigrants in France, Belgium and Holland will spend their summer holidays in our country. As well as this, 3,r,)00 children from Carinthia and the FTT will spend their holidays in resorts in Slovenia. The Committee for Social Welfare of the Government of the FPRY has guaranteed food and accommodation for these children at one of the pleasantest children's holiday homes, Selce-na-more. These children will spend their holidays together with our best pioneers. "Borba", Sunday. PRESS CONFERENCE OF BRITISH TRADE UNION OFFICIALS The ?six British trade union officials, who have spent a fortnight in our country as guests of the Yugoslav League of Syndicates, held a press conference in the Central Hall of the League. They attended the 1st of May procession in Belgrade and then visited the main large buildings, factories and social institutions in Slovenia, Croatia and B & H. These British trade union officials had the chance to converse with our workers, syndicate officials, members of the Central Committee, etc,. The British guests gave their impressions about our country to the representatives of the -hot and foreign press. Speaking, about his impressions of the syndicate organ- isations, William Ballautine said: "The cultural development is of particular importance and so is the development of artistic activities. .Our trade unions are rather cut off from such things, that is to say, from culture and art. Here your syndicates carry- on many activities in these fields and this is a very positive thing for'workers". The representative of ?-the foundry workers' union,- Hard, said: "I would. like to say that I can find no negative comment to make about the basic structure of your syndicate organisation. On the contrary, its structure completely corresponds to -the tasks of a syndicate organisation for workers. As far as the technical level of the cadres is concerned, I stated right at the beginning that the proper measures are being taken to take young people into good workers.' Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For,. Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 .4 -12- F.B. Cope, the representative of the union of scientific workers, said: "What impressed me most was the great care for the raising of the cultural level of people in general in your country, as well as your struggle against illiteracy. I would also like to stress the technical improving of the workers over which you spend much care. This is especially important in your country, where all branches of the economy are being rapidly developed. Another thing that impressed me was the high quality of the cadres." Hutchison, the representative of the union of workers and officials in trade and distribution, said: "1 would like to emphasise that during my stay in Yugoslavia I was able to state that the people's authority has paid such.: attention to developing the economically backward republics, especially in their industrialisation. I had tho opportunity to stay in Sarajevo longer than the other members of the delegation. I have a deep impression of the strivings of the people's authority to raise the standard of living of the workers. I have spoken of the great initiative of the agricultural workers to pull themselves out of this backwardness and to enrol in producer cooperatives". Speaking about the lies which the foreign prdss puts 04 about our country, Ballantine said: "I would like to assure the press representatives that the writings and fabrications of the foreign press about Yugoslavia are not unknown to us. lh follow the events in inter- national life and before coming to Yugoslavia we took special notice of what the foreign press was writing about this country." He then spoke about the lot of May parade and the enthusiasm of the participants. "We have tried to see at least a few proofs to confirm what the Western and Cominform press say. In the name of all the members of the delegation, I can say that during our stay in Yugoslavia we have seen no such proofs. On the contrary, everywhere we have seen great enthusiasm, faith and love of the working people towards their country". Sporting Ballantine in what he said, Cppe completely agree with Ballantine'sypoint of view I have opportunity, of walking abut the town in m. free time ana the people, and beCaUse Of this I might stress that I can confirm what Ballantine has said." said: "I had the speaking with completely Speaking about holiday resorts, Hutchison said: "I would like to state that your workers have wonderful conditions for their annual holidays. The best expression for your holiday resorts is: there is no example in the world of such holiday conditions for workers as here in your country. 1 might state that the workers of3our country have created excellent conditions for their annual holidays". "Borba", Sunday. OUR AUTONOMOUS REGIONS In our state there are two autonomous regions: the autonomous region of the Vojvodina and the autonomous Kossovo-Metohija region, both in the People's Republic of Serbia. Their position is regulated by the Constitution of the FFRY, the Constitution of the PR Serbia, and the statutes of these regions. This article deals with the history of the events leading up to the formation of Yugoslavia on the principles of federation and thereby the formation of the autonomous regions. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - It mentions bow in the case of the Vojvodina and KossdVo- Metohija, the national minorities, through the administrative organs, took their part in the direction of the administration of these provinces. The territorial autonomy of these regions was confirmed in the legal acts of PR Serbia, such as the law concerning the foundation of the autonomous region of the Vojvodina' passed on the 1.et September 1945, and the law concerning the foundation of Kossovo- Metohija passed on the 3rd September of the an year. The autonomous regions have special rights according to the Constitution of the FPRY and PR Serbia. The highest organs of state authority and state administration in the autonomous regions include the entire capacity of federal, republican and autoneamous activities and carry them out either immediately or through local state organs controlled by them. The federal and republican organs carry out their tasks in the region of autonomy only through the highest organs of state authority and jurisdiction in the autonomous regions, thus putting into practice the principle of united authority. The autonomous regions, through their authorities, direct their economic and cultural activities and pass their own buaget and economic plan. The people of the autonomous regions have the right to vote for their representatives tu the Council of Nationalities. In all organs of state authority in the autonomous regions all the nationalities in the region take part in proportion to their numbers. The same is the case with technical cadres, doctcra, engineers, etc. Many courses have been given in all branches in both these regions. In Kossove-M,Jtohija in 1945 there were 278 elementary schools with 12,497 pupils whu were educated in the Shiptar language, In 1947-48 there were 774 Shiptar departmeata of elementary schools with 62,527 pupils, and today there are )1/16 Shiptar elementary schools with 68,263 pupils. In 1945 Kossove-Illetohija had 6 lower and higher middle schools, and today there are 61, of which 01 are Shiptar schools having 3,832 pupils. In this region there are 2 teachers' training schools and 4 middle technical schools, cetc. The proof of the oultural development in this region is that tuday there are 351 libraries and reading rooms, 4!) people's educational centres, 17 homes of culture, 1 permanent theatre, 16 folk lore groups, 13 choirs, 9 orchestras'and 1 museum. All these were starteu after 1945. (By Milenko Kangrga) ("Berta" - Sunday. Sumaary) Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved-For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 I. -14- ACCOMPLICE IN MURDER OF D-JURA DJAKOVIC ED 0 IA? The accomplice in the VArder of the organisational secretary of the CC .CPY and candidate of the executive committee of the Komintern Djuro Djakovic,. as well as .the?secretary-of the Red ----Relief to Yugoslavia Nikola Hecimvic, the former gendarme.ser- geant, Nikola Aralica, was sentenced to death by .firing Squad. The sentence was pronounced by the Criminal Council of the Cftrcuit- Court of Belgrade. Nikola Aralica who during the occupation was in service of the Serbian State Guard, and after the war. was .tried for his hostile propaganda, was discOVered.by the organs- of the people's authorities only-recently. Aralica when a gendarme together with. Milan 'Brkic a corporal of the gendarwy, took part in the Murder of high party officials. - These. crimes, dtiring, the time of the most ruthless monarcho-fascist dictatorship were aimed at the destruction of the progressive movement. The, murder of Djura Djakovic and. Nikola Jlecimovic was care- fully plan:126J. ' and Was supposed to . inflict a blow to the CPI which waa beginning to get organised under their leadership. On. the night, which means the 20th and 21st April 1929; the Zagreb. police .arreffted? saround.60 persons whom they did. not in- form as to why this was done. ?After. three. days- of beastly tor- ture in the police prison, Djakovic- and P.R.cimotric were. handed over to-Brkic and Aralica, who mere NCO's of .the Information Section of the Zagreb gendarme regiment. The latter took them through Maribor in the direction of the Austrian border, under the pretext that they were looking for hidden illegal literature. Be.tOrQ they started the NCO's were given an .order by Lieut.Col. Radivoje Ristic whereby they were to. stage an escape across the border and to kill the prisoners at a suitable moment. On .the -25th April, :: the patrol, together With .the. prisoners, arrived at Ostri-Vrh around 3 o'clock in. the afterneon,Milan Drkic ordered the-prisoners ?to.run, desirous of shooting the . prisoners in the_back so as to :give the impression that they were escaping when shot. Comrades Djakovic and Hecimovic, badly manhandled during their stay in prison, refused to do this be- cause they knew what would happen and therefore turned so as to face their killers. Chained -togethpr,-they ?faced death. From a.distance of a few feet,' the gendarmes firod?Straight into -their chest With small caliber weapons. The commission which made a post-mortem statement concluded that both men were subjected to beatings with hard objects on ?the eyes, head, sides and other parts of the body,J.J4ey Also concluded that they were shot ? in the?chest and'therefbre-could not have been-?killed-while?escaping as falsely claimed by the police. ("Borba" - 14th May)-? WHY PACKAGES ARE LO-ST? The Editors of "Borba" ot:ten get letters from citizens who criticise the "incorrect" work of postal employees. The citizens complain most often that the packages which they send are not delivered. The question poses itself: how are these packages lost and is it the fault of the postal employees? There are caseApOw6d 04R0a4'20 P61,At?P4i044 c-Q_Jaut if a person were to visit t e ware ouses e RIT1iA9159' the Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R0063_00190001-0 -15- Ministry of Post, one would soon be convinced that the blame for rot delivering packages should primarily be placed nn the senders. At the moment, this warehouse has around 2,000 packages which cannot be delivered because they cannot determine who sent them or who is to receive 41,m. All t'-is trouble could be avoided if pc:ople would be more careful when they pack parcels, seeing that they are clearly addressed at the same time, and on the other hand, if the postal employees only accept packages which arc acceptable from that standpoint. ("Borba" 14th Mqy.)) "PRIMRSKI DNEVNIK" TO CONTINUE FIGHT. Trieste, 13th May. In connection with the 5th anniversary of the "Frimorski Dnevnik", organ of the Osvobodilni Front, the secretary of the CC CP FTT Branko Babic, wrote an article saying that this paper is not only the voice of the national desires and rights of the Slovenes, but is also the voice of the democratic principles as well as an organiser of the fight against imerialism and neo-fascism. He said ,that the paper was successfully fighting to show lp the counter-revolutionary policy of the Cominform which is represented by the Vidali followers in Trieste. He also said, that the paper will fight consistantly for the rights of Slovenes and for the consolidation of fraternity between people, dius' contributing its part towards progress and socialism in the world. A telegram for the Federation of Newsmen of Yur,oslavia sent in connection with the anniversary states among other things : "All Yugoslav newsmen are paying great attention to the struggle with your paper is carrying on against the imperialists aJd Vi- daliite'traitors. You are defenditg the rights of the FTT Workers, and represent a large obstaale to the imperialists who are against socialism as well as to the activities of Vidali, who represents the point of view of the CP Italy which is negative to the trueiftereets of the Trieste masses." ("Borba" 7 15th May) ? WARMONGERERS IN BULGARIA. -in Sofia Much attention is being paid/to the open warmongering cam- paign .against the FPHY.i In this connection.a new provocation was staged recently. Tanks which were in the May 1st parade romed about Sofia's main streets on May 4th and 5th. Where ever the tanks stopped, ,people would gather about and asked the soldiers where they were going. The soldiers would answer ( as would an occasional "civilian" passerby ) that there were going to the western border since Yugoslavia "intended to attack Bulgaria in the near future". This provocation is not accidental, but .organised, as is proved by the fact that children are told the same by their teachers at schools who also tell them toEbout a3.,ainst Yugoslavia in the streets . ? This is how the Soviet agents are carrying out their peace 'campaign_ by t -IWpr-ovea For lkileaW26011.1WOEPPel4tRE1063-00415i40061130(0300tils0 is un- Approypd Hit Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 6- doubtedly favourable- to the-Sbviets since it is easier to control and exploit a scared Bulgaria. This latest provocation alsohas. a-task to perform; without a- doubt, necessary seems to call for diverting the attention of the enslaved Bulgarian people from their own suffering and troubles. Propaganda for peace cannot be. made by lies and insinuations "charged to ourcountry. Such called "peacemakers", who are for peace verbally and againSt it in practice have already shown them- selves as preventors of co-operation between peoples, threateners of others freedom and independence, and provocators. Who,will believe that they are for peace? ("Borba" - 15 May) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06: GIA-RDP83-00415R006-300190001-0 NOTE FROM THE GOVERNMENT OF THE FPRY TO THE ALBANIAN rIOVERNMENT. REPLYING to the Note of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of Albania, of May 10th of this year, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the FPRY today delivered the following Note to the Albanian Legation in Belgrade: "About the middle of 1948, the Albanian Government started, to carry out the grossest discriminatory measures and procedures against the diplomatic and other personnel of the Legation of the FPRY at Tirana. By a number of undignified and offending measures by which freedom of movement, personal freedom and personal safety of the diplomatic and other representatives of the FPRY have been limited more and more, there has been created in Albania an unbearable regime of pressure and terror over the per- sonnel of the Legation of the FPRY, regime unheard of by its provocative character and brutality. These measures of the Albanian Government, which are at odds with all the international custoMs, qnd which hitherto have been un- known in relations among civilized countries, were intro- duced with the Object of not, only intentionally aggravating still more the relations between the two countries, but also of obstructing and rendering impossible the work and functioning of the Yugoslav diplomatic representation, as well as of rendering impossible the normal life and stay . - of the representatives of the FPRY in Albania. The Government of the FPRY has, by a number of Notes and personal calls, protested against these measures and behaviours, and has demanded that the Albanian Government Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 5 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? put an. end to this unpermissible and insulting regime of pressure, discrimination and restriction of work of the Legation of the FPRY at Tirana. However, not only hasthe Albanian Government not done anything to improve this unbearable situation, but rather has of late, by new, more brutal measures, made still worse the discriminatory regime against the Yugoslav representatives;- regime which, in fact, is intended, to make the stay of the representatives of the FPRY in Albania a sort of confinement. The peak of these'measures of the Albanian Government is represented by the new, drastic restriction of movement, communicated by the -Note . of the Albanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, No. ,28340 of May 10, 1950, by which the possibility of movement of the diplomatic personnel of the Legation Of the FPRY is, practically, limited to the town. of Tirana, and to the other personnel - as explicitely stated in the Note - to - the inner part. ofthe town only. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the FPRY protests most energetically against these lates, discriminatory measures introduced,, by the Albanian Government, which are calculated at rendering. impossible any'work of the Lega- tion of the FPRY, as well as the. stay of the Yugoslav re- presentatives in Albania. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the FPRY warns the Albanian Government that all the consequences of this will be borne fully and exclusively by the Albanian Government." (HBorba" - 14th May) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 0.445"ftw CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 0 1E WIE` T S I CO S 11F, JECVIL JIB SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. NO. 156 THIS IS AN ENCLOSURE T 00 NOT OF-AqN HEADLIIPM 25X1A May 16, 1950? BORBA P.1. 11th PLENUM OF CC YFTU ?(2 cols,) REPRESENTATIVES OF YUGOSLAV AVIATION FEDERATION VISIT MARSHAL TITO (i col.) NEW CRIME OF CZECH GOVERNMENT col.) MEETING OF THE PEOPLE'S ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS CONSULTATION OF FIGHTERS FOR GREATER PRODUCTIVITY IN aAILReAD TRANSPORTATION (2 cols.) MARSHAL TITO RECEIVES BRITISH AMBASSADOR P.2. POLITICAL WORK IN TISIC ORGANIZATIONS OF PF (11 cols,) RELAY RACE ASSEMBLY OF MAIN COOPERATIVE FEDERATIONS OF FPRY (Speech by Mijalko Todorovic -3 cols.) P.3. TRIESTE: UNSUCCESSFUL PROVOCATION OF VIDALI-ITES EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF UNESCO MEETS IN ROME WASHINGTON: WHITE BOOK AGAINST McCARTHY'S ACCUSATIONS PARIS: DECREL) IN FRENCH IMPORTS SHORT FOREIGN NEWS ITEMS CELEBRATION OF SOVIET VICTORY DAY IN POLAND LONDON: ZILLIACUS STATEMENT ON YUGOSLAVIA P.4. LONDON CONFERENCE ENDS (i col.) ANKARA: OPPOSITION DEMOCRATIC PARTY WINS IN TURKISH ELECTIONS CULTURAL NEWS (I col.) SKOPLJE HAS NEW MILK FACTORY HYDRO-ELECTRIC PLANT AT VUZENICA BEING QUICKLY COMPLETED ******* 11. GLAS P.2, CONCLUSION OF SEVENTH PLENUM OF CC AFW SERBIA ******* Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? -2- 111. REFUBLIKA P.2. THE INTERNATIONAL STRUGGLE FOR OIL (I col.) ******* IV. HAD P.3. FIRST SERIES OF PLOWS MADE IN AGRICULTURAL MACHINE FACTORIES IN TUZLA BIG LUMBER COMBINE BEING CONSTRUCTED NEAR MOJKOVIC BORBA -- Continud P.1. WHERE ARE THE UNUSED RESERVES EIDDEN IN CONSTRUCTION WORK OF SERBIA Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -4` Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -3- ELEVENTH PLENUM OF THE CC YFTU After a discussion of the report in which the members of the Plenum?sharply condemned the stand of the WFTU toward ,our trade unions, the following decision on leaving the WFTU was unanimously assed; "The Eleventh Plenum of the CC YFTU on the basis of -eports and discussions of the stand of the leading organs of the WVTU toward the YFTU concludes general territorial conference of the YFTU held on April 15 and 16 of this year, demanded that the Executive Committee ;of the WFTU annulled the deolsion of the WFTU secretariat con- cerning the disruption of ties with Comrade Salaj, and decided to break every tie with the secretariat until this anti-statutory and anti-democratic decision was rescinded. "In spite of this recuest of the general territorial con- ference of the YFTU, the leading organs of the WFTU perpetrated a new discrimination toward the YFTU end toward the president of the CC YFTU and member of the Executive Committee of the wFTU, Comrade Salaj, who ws (D.t invited to themeeting of they Executive Committee of the WFTtljhid from May 19 - 24 of this year in Budapest. This discrimination is that much worse since the daily agenda both of the Executive Bureau WFTU, which meets from May 15 - 1, and the Exeontive Committee of the WFTU contained reports and discussion concerning the /Trade union situation in Yugoslavia' and the 'stand of the CO of Yugoslav Trade Unions', while the representatives of the YrT11 was not invited to either of these two meetings. This clearly indicates that the leading organs of the WFTU are in agreement with the disruptive work and have approved the anti-statutory and anti-democratic actions of the secretariat and that the stand of the Executive Committee of the WFTU in connection with the demand which was submitted by the general territorial conference YFTU is biased. "These actions prove that, it is sad to state, all the attempts of the YFTU to prevent the transformation of the WFTU into an ordinary weapon of the foriegn policy of the USSR and 'a wPapon of the aggressive reactionary plot against the independence and sovereignty of the FPHY, have remained unsuccessful. Trampling on the basic principles of the WFTU, the present day leadership of the 'federation has betrayed the principles of international proletarian internationalism and in this way failed to meet the hope ,w ich the international protetariat And the working class of YugoSlavia placed on this world trade union organization. Today, before the working movement of the entire world, we are forced to conclude that the leadership of the 'WFTU does no longer express the will and Class interest of the international working movement, but represents a bureaucratic apparatus of the foreign policy of one state and has therefore become a detriment to the development of, the international class trade union movement. ? "In concluding that the great goals for which the WFTU was created have been sacrificed and sold out for the benefit" of the anti-democratic and hegemonist policy of the 3oviet Union, a policy which has become the main break in the progress of socialism, the Blenum concludes that the working class of Yugoslavia cannot accept the disruptive policies of the present WFTU leadership nor can it remain in an international organization which is effecting a hostile policy toward its socialist homeland. "Deeply convinced that the actions and policies of the leading WFTU organs are in negation to the statutes, program and spirit of the WFTU, that they are harmful to the interests of the international proletariroved ,at and 1heRelease work'01261'n folAv iiraido4,406.6,30bi-666112tiar) App ror : - Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -.4- the Eleventh Plenum of the YFTU CC, in agreement with the decision of the general Territorial conference, concludes that the YFTU leave the wFTU. "Deciding that the YFTU break every tie with the WFTU until the latter does not basically change its present political stand point, which has been forced on this organization by the present bureaucratic leadership, and until the present hostile stand of the WFTU leadership toward the YFTU and socialist FPRY does not change, the Eleventh Plenum of the YFTU CC announces that the YFTU will not join any of the existing international trade union organizations. The YFTU will continue to fight in harmony with interests of the international proletariat - to which it has always remained faithful - and against the using of the international Tra,e Union Movement in a hegemonist and anti-democratic policy. The YFTU will continue to work consistently toward international trade union unity on a basis of full and real eruality of all class trade union movements in the world. "The Plenum expresses its firm conviction that the international- istic conscience of the working class of the whole world will triumph and return the international class trade union movement on the road of internal democracy and proletarian internationalism. In this spirit the Plenum appeals to the workers of he world to condemn the anti-democratic end disruptive stand of the present federation leadership toward the YFTU end to place all their efforts in the international trade union movement for the victory of the principles of true international solidarity of the working class on a basis of democracy and eruality as opposed to the tendencies of transforming the international trade union movement into a weapon of hegemonist state policies. -- Eleventh Plenum of the YFTU CC." 3orba - Tuesday) CELEBRATION OF SOVIET VICTORY DAY IN POLAND Poland is one of the countries who suffered the greatest casualties in the Second World War. Six million Poles gave ?their life because of their patriotic and anti-fascist stand. Tho capital of Poland, Warsaw, was turned into a tremendous mass of rubble. And in spite of this the official news agency of Poland (PAP) does not mention a single word of the sacrifices and suffering of the Polish people in the Second World in its report of May 19 on the celebration in Warsaw. That report states: "On the day of the Fifth Anniversary of the victory of the Soviet Army over the Hitler horde, thousands of Warsaw inhabitants participated in the celehration honoring the Soviet soldiers who fell in the fight for the libration of Poland. The Warsaw inhabitants have in this way expressed their live memory or the Soviet horos who gave ?their lives for the freedom of Poland." There is not a word mentioning the fart that May 9 is a holiday of the Polish people and that May 9 marks the victory of those ideals for which tremendous suffering and sacrifices were given by the Polish people. In the speech of Joseph Cirankijevic, president of the Polish Government, the Iolish sacrifices were also completely ignored. In the beginning of his speech, the president reminds that May 9, 1945 Was the day when "the glorious Soviet Army comended by its masterful leader, completed its great liberation march. That march went Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 throUgh our lines where great Quantities of Soviet soldier.blood was spilt. To that blood we owe a great historical change, the possibility to go on the road_ te.socialism." Then, giving recOgnition to the "herbs of tho Soviet Army" he stressed the fact that "their heroic death opened the way to Polish liberty". He spoke ii superlatives on this theme throughout his speech and in one place mentioned the "graves of Polish soldiers", and immediately after that, perhaps in order to justify the daringness of this remark, he continued, saying that "the graves of Soviet heros will tell farsaw and the Polish nntions of the great struggle for free- dom and peace of nations, of the heroic deeds'of.the Soviet Nation which fought against the imperialistic enemy", etc. No one has the intention of denyirg the important role gf,the Soviet Army in 1P-)eratin Poland. But why do the report of?"PAR" and the speech of the president completely ignore the sacrifices of the Polishl people? Was not enough polish blood spilled for freedom and peace? Tho answer is clear. Speaking of Polish patriotic blood and of the struggle of the Polish people means - according to Soviet conceptions.- to he in "the paws of bourg.,cis nationalism." (Borba-Tuesday) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 MARSHAL TITO RECEIVES DRITISH AMBASSDOR Josip Broz-Tito, Marshal of Yugoslavia and Premier of the Federal Government, received yesterday at 1100 a.m. Mr. Charles Peake, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipoten- tiary of Bret Britain to Yugoslavia, who has returned from England after a longer leave. Srdjan Prica, Assistant Forcign Minister, was present during the reception, (Tanjug) (Dor aL May 16, 1950) SITTING HELD BY COMMITTEE FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF THE PEOPLE'S ASSEMBra-- The Committee ? for Foreign Affairs of the. People's Assembly convened a sitting for Tuesday, May 16th. at 5:00 p.m. in the Hall of the Council of Nationalities. The following questions are on the agenda: 1) Proposal for preparing,the rules f procedure of theCommittee: 2) studying of porposal made for ratification of Trade Agreements with Mexico, Paraguay and Urugay; 3) Edvard Kardelj, Foreign Minister will give answers to questions relating to foreign affairs of FPRY, which will be asked by members of the Committee and discussion in connection with the same. The Committee's sitting will be public. (Borba May 16, 1950) THE LONDON CONFERENCE HAS ENDED - The Conference held by Ministers of Foreign Affairs, of the three Western Forces has ended its, work. According- to the bulletin issued in London, after the end of the last sitting, it. is known that the Ministers have 'agreed - during the course of the sitting - on the Drincipleline of their policy in all. parts of the world'. Among other questions, the poliey towardsGermany and questims relating to Peace Agreement with Austria, were also discussed during theConference. The situation in Southeastern Asia was also di.scussed, and in connection with this the Ministers have agreed - as it is being mention,_.d in the bulletin - 'to admit the serious character of the situation and to exchangd opinions on measures which their governments will undertake in order to be in compliance with the obligations due to the countries of this part of the world'. It is also reported that an agreement has been reached in connection with the principle line of policy of the three Western Forces ...in Africa. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -7- Beside this bulletin the text of a declaration on 'European.emigration'.was published. As a special conclusion the conference passed a decla- ration.on the policy of Western-Forces towards Germany,. It is emphasized in it among other things,- that the 'allies have decided to persevere in bringing. to .conclusion the aims set ly the Washington agreement concluded in Aprill 1949, according .to 'Which, Germany wilt have to be returned gradua- lly .to the community of European nations. -After this si- tuation has been created, Germany will be' free of control, . to which she is still subjected?and will acquire the maximum form of -.sovereignty which will be in conformity with the ? principles pf:the ocuupatienal regime'. It is further being mentioned in the declaration that the. three iftreign Ministers:have reached agreement, according tovhich a group of- functionaries will meet,having the task to study the occupational statute. and to conclude - the preliminary work on its revision. Beside this 'proposals will 'be made for the elimination of most?sinificant practical difficulties, which have proceeded from the war ,conse,Liuences in thecountries- in qUestion, butieaving nevertheless supreme- puthority Over Germany in the hands of allied forces, owing to the especially difficult international situation. Comments on. the Conference: . The results of the London Conference.are being- extensiVely commented upon in the Western world. It. is emphasized in the report- fiven by the Reuter Agency that 'thedignesis of the foreign'ministers.on relations between the western world and the.-world under Soviet domination-, will very likelycause.further stagnation in ?conneetiOn with the question of ?China in the United Nations'. According to reports of the .same agency, the. dimplomatic circles in London, consider that the statement made by the Fgrein: Minister's that the Soviet Union is Considered. 'the only military and aggressive rower.in-the world, represents the 'strongest attack against the Soviet GovernMent which the three forces have made until the present', The Tittles diplomatic__ correspondent writes among other things that the western forces have taken the stand in connection with the question of Peace Treaty with Austria, which illustrates that no more c nodoessions will he made to the Soviet Union without certain guarantees that the Peace Treaty will be actually concluded. 4. The re-oresentative of the British Foreign Office, pointeffueSpecialiy to the part of the.declaration in which it is said, that the western forces are stillagainst any kind of separate peace with Germany and that their final aim is the 'establishment of a united Germany by peaceful means'. AccorOin{ to Reuter's reports, the idiplomatic and political circles in Paris and Home consider the declaration on Germany as an 'especially important decision', (BorbLj. May 16, 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -8- OUR AUTONOMOUS UNITS There are two autonomous units in our state: the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina and Autonomous Region of Kosovo-Metohija - both included in the People's Republic of. - Serbia.. - Their position.is determined by the Constitution of the FPRY? by. the Constitution of the PR of Serbia and Statutes of these units. -While establishing the ?basic principles of the building of our new state, i the peoples of Yugoslavia decided already du- ring the National Liberation war and during the People's.Revolu- tion and specifically at the Second session of the AVN0J, that new Yugoslavia should be built upon the 'federative principle, which is toguarantee full eqaulity to Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, Macedonians and Montenegrins, that is, to the peoples of Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Macedonia, Montenegro and Bosnia-Herzegovina' and that the 'national minorities in Yugoslavia will be ensured their national rights'. The very gact that a new, trully democratic state has been formed in the people's -Revolution, in whiCh- the. people - represented by its representative organs, the people's committees - has taken all the authority into its hand, as well aS the building of the social-economic status upon a socialist basis, was a suffi- cient guarantee for the ensurance of rights, full .equality for unhindered cultural and economic development of national minorities. However, two wastprovinces: Vojvodina and the Kosovo-Metohija Region, represented according to the.natiohality formation of its inhabitants and their cultural degree and economic development, a special problem in the buildlng ? of democracy in our country. Therefore it was necessary, to create organizational conditions not only for a thindered- economic-and cultural development of the national minorities. of those provinces, but also conditions for-the strengthening and development of people's democracy under specific local. circumtances, handled under the management of agencies of the authority, whose representatives arc acquainted with. the. ways of living and the. .psychology of the people' in those provinces.' It was necessary to create conditions fer further eConomiC and cultural building of the already developed Vojvodina, and to extend speedy and efficacious help to the peoples Of Kosovo- Metohija region, so as to get rid as soon as possible Of their Century old backwardness. This question could be solved in. our new, people's state - and in fact it was solved already_ during the people'a Revolution and in the first days of peaceful reconstruction - through the faithful application of Lenin's. principles on terri- torial autonomies. The system of territorial autonomies is such, that it protects and ehsures the right's of national minorities in which they live in groups and in larger Compact formation upon a:certain territory, enjoying equality and equal rights with other national- minorities of that territory, in the political, economic and cultural sense.. These rights are realized by the national minorities, through the central state authorities, which are also organs of their autonomorAes and in which the national minorities are participating according to the principle of proportionate number of representatives. The .territorial Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 9- autonomy tlX)-es net separate the inhaatants according to nationa- lities, but pulling down the national barriers and opening (siC):,the path for bIass difference, is thus accelera- ting the union of working masses ofi'varius nationalities, and is enabling, urther development of people's autonomous manage- ment, extending at the same time the widest pbssibilities for complete development of rf2d1ct1onal forces and the best posSi- ble use of natural riches of the region. Such a tyTe of autonomy has been set forth already during the People's Revolution for Vojvbdina and the Region of Kosovo- Metohija-. The highest organs of state authority in Vojvodina and Kosovo-Metohija - the General National Liberation Committee of Vojvodina and the National Liberation Committee for Kosovo- Metohija 7 were at that:time under the direct management Of the federci supreme agencies of state authority the AVNOJ and the National Committee, Vojvodina and the Kosovo-Metehija Region were included in the formation of the PR of. Serbia 7 where they belong according to their national,- historical and geographicaL,principle only after the war, when the stabiliza- tion of our new state began The peoples of Vojvodina and Kosovo-Metohija regions did not:loose anything by this), in their acquiri:Jd rights, but on the contrary these rights were legally enforced. The principle of territorial autonomy was fully confirmed already by the first legal acts of the PR of Serbia on regulating the position of Vojvodina and Kosovo-Metohija regions, these laws are: the Law on Establishing and Organizing the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina passed on September, 1945, the Law on Organizing and Establishing the Kosovo-Metohija Region., passed on September. 3, 1945. 'This principle was confirmed a little later by the Constitution of FPRY and the Constitution Of the, PR of Serbia, and was faithfully stipulated in the Statutes of the.autonomouS units passed during the Second Session of the People's Assembly of the AP of Vojvodina, and during the ' Second.. Session of the Regional People's Committee of the Kosovo.-Metohija region. Those Statutes were confirmed without amendments, by the People's ASsembIy, of the PR of Serbia during its Fourth regular session in October, 1948, According to the Constitution of FPRY, Constitution of the PR of Serbia and its Statutes, the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina and the.Autonomous Region of Kosovo-Metohija are administrative-territorial units in the formation of the People's Republic of Serbia, with autonomous rights apart. They realize their rights through the highest:orgnS of state authority on the territory Of the Province,i,e. Region - The People's Assembly of the AP of :Vojvodina and the Regional People's Committee of the Autonomous Region of Kosovo-Metohija - and thragh the local -organs of state authority, which are at the same time the organs.of the autonomy. The highest organs of state authority and 'state administration of tho autonomous units, comprise in themselVesthe .entire competence of ledere.1, republican and,, autonomouS:fiold of work, and fulfill :thceee,tthEr' directly or through the local at to org,atS,-.Which are under their management. The .federal and republican organs fulfill their tasks on the territory of the autonomies only through the highest State autho- rity organs and throu- the administrtion of autonomous units. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-0041.5R006300190001-0 -1.0- Such consistent application of principle of the authority's unity, guarantees to the highest degree an unhindered func- tioning of the autonomies' affairs, because the people of the Province, i.e. of the Region -*rough their representative organs of state authority, who are elected .according to demsTatic principles of jur electoral system, are deciding upon .use of autonomous rights and fulfillment of tasks of general and republican importance. The autonomous units are managing - through their highest organs of - state authority, " their economic and cultural building, are passing their budgets and ecohOMic plans, are managing with the economic enterprises and institu- tions of provincial and regional competence, are supervising the work of elementaty an( secondary schools, protecting the people's health, social welfare, etc. striving to keeo to the. principles of equal rights of all nationalities. , The peoples of autonomous units have the right to vote directly and indirectly their representatives - people's deputies for the Council of i4ationalities of the People's Assembly of FPRY, which in the federative system of our social order, is only acknowledged-to the peoples of people's re- publics. As a sign of the stability of-the rights of autonomous units, it is important to know that they are established by the Constitution of the FPny, ConstitUtion Of TR of Serbia and Statutes of Autonomous Units. Therefore any change in these rights would in fact mean a change in the mentioned basic laws of OUT state organization. Such a democratic organization in realizing the rights of national minorities has shown its full value and has given precious results in practice. The daily feats of the working people of the autonomous units in the front of socialist building, are wipping out for ever the old traces of national unequality, quarreling and unbearableness. As it has already been mentioned, all nationalities from their territories, participate according to a proportionate number, in the work of the agencies of state authority on the territory of autonomous units. Likewise, localcadres are employed primarily in all state agencies.ThdrWsaficient number of local trained 'cadres, such as physicians', engineers) aeronoms, veterinaries end other experts - ir thP: trritory .f the Autonomous Region of Kosovo-Metohija is solved by means of help extended by the federal and republican agencies. 'Howev_r, the need of such help is fallin7 of more an,-_ mere by the speedy and systematic building of local cadres. A numU?r of professional courses and schools are working continously in the r(gion of Kosovo-Metohija, and are trainingtheirown cadres. In 1945 there were in this region only 278 elementary schodawith 12,497 pu-)ils who were taught in the Sheipetr In the school year 1947-1948 there were 774 classes of elemelery echools with 62,527 pupils, while at present there er nly .nri'petar 446 elementery schools with 68,263 pupils. In 1945 the Kosovo-Metonija region had only Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - six higher .and lower gimnasiums, while today' there are 61 of which 24 are Shqipetar with 3,832 pupils. Today the Kosovo- . Metohija reJi.ion has two n'crmal schools, four secondary vocational schools, etc. The 'following data illustrates the development of'cultural life in the Region: On the territory of Kosovo-Metohija there aro at present 351 libraries and reading-rooms, 45 pale's universities, 17 cultural centers,, one permanent theater, 16 folklore groups, 13 choirs, 9 orche8- tras and one museum. All these institutions were organized ! 1945, The principle of proportionate participation of all, nationalities in all degrees of authority agenCies, is also consistently applied in the Autonomous Province -of yojVedina, where the national format on of thu population is more com- licsted then in the KosOvo-Metohija Region. The progress which the national minorities have realized in the new, socialist Os via, is undoubtedly a proof of thG fundamental change in their position. Their rights whicharc' ',-uaranteed by the Constituion of FPRY, the Constitut:.on of the Ph of Serbia and their own Sttutes, have become under the leadership of our Party and People's . Authority a livin- reality. This fact, which is a normal apoearance in our democIttic system, should be especially emphasized upon tock-,/, wheLthe Oominform countries are trampling so brutally ui'yJn the most elementary rights of our minorities, arG arresting and doprivini- " of mandates, their representatives in thr supreme organs of the authority, forbidding the use of maternal language and similar other , things; this is boAng done by thG leaders of those very countries,who are enjOYing all' the rights 'which ad'e other . irhabitants are enjoying in our?;Spcialistdatherl.afia:;t; This gritiahrtapegof of the consistent and scrupulous attitude of our leadership in struggle for equal right relations monr; nations and states. . (Borbaj. May 14.,. 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 12 - CO-OPERATIV7, UNION COFFEgENCE The first regular Assembly of the chief Co-operative ILIion Of Yugoslavia yesterday started its. work in Kolarcevo Hall, Belgrade. Besides delegates from all over the country the following attended the Assembly: Vice-Chairmen of the Presidium, Marko Vujicic and Josip Rus, Chairman of the Council. for Agriculture andl'orestry FPRY Mijalko Todorovic, Major-General Mile Ki1D3arda representing the Yugoslav Army andLazar Flavshic representing the Central Committee of the Federation. of Yugoslav Trade Unions and representatives of the-mass organisations and other guests. The. Assembly was opened by the President of the Union-Dobrosav Tomashevic. He greeted the delegates and said that co-operatiVes throughout the country would at this Assembly give new undertakings tc) fulfill all their tasks. After a Chairman, Vice-Chairman, etc., had been chosen for the meeting and an agenda pronosed which was unanimously accepted Mijalco Todorovic spoke, saying amongst other .things: "The first. Assembly of the Co-operative Union of the FPRY was held during the reriod of the completion Of the revival of our country -rom war destruction and of great preparations and mobilisation for the first five year plan. This Assembly is being held while the majestic battles which millions of our workers in town and village are fighting for the completion of the plan are in full swing. In the period that has rassed in ten with other great changes there have been tremendous transformations in the villages and peasant co-operatives have developed strongly. .'As is known our narty and government had immediately after the war to start on ?the re-organisation of Peasant co-operatives in the spirit of their- new position and new revolutionary task and role which corresponded to:the development of our people.'s revolution in general and was. in, the interests of the peasantry at that period. "That was a very patient untiring struggle in re-education, by the members of the people's authorities, by the party and by the progressive peasants. It was consistent with the true. Marxist line of our party. In nutting tdis line into practice we enabled the working peasant through general co-operatives greatly to improve his economic position, raise production and strengthen the economic basis of the union of worker and peasant. At the Same time, with the influence of the first peasant working co-oremtives and state hold- ings it was realised for the first time that in the development of co-oreratives it was necessary to go further, that the only way finally to liquidate the centuries old backwardness of the villages was thesetting up of peasant working co-oreratives. That was the main factor, side by side with the whole of our socialist building, which created conditions for quicker and more massive establishment of Peasant co-operatives, for bolder and more direct passage in the building itmelf of socialism in the village. This is the reason why the CC at their second plenum last year decided that the setting up of reasaYlViebWperatives should be developed more quickly, naturally entirely on the ypluntary principle. "But I must emphasise that that decision did not mean passing over to some,new state in which the importance of general co-opera- tives ceased.. Un the contrary, all the greater results were achieved through the general co-operatives, both in raising agri- cultural Production on individual holdings, in increasing the exchange of goods between the town and village and in pre'earing for working co-operatives. These results clearly show how the general co-.Onetive' is losing nofiriproveeForkitalOaSii200:143(19/06:CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 13 - "Pirst because the predominant part of agricultural 'production and trade surplus is still Obtained-- from individual holdings,. For this reason the poSition.Of-the independent peasant and the question ,of?preduction-in the.private sector must continue to be the concern of the people's authorities and the party. . Without an economic organisation of independent peasants) sucheae.the general co-operative) it_is-not possible. more: seriously and inan.organised way to influence .the raising of agricultural productionin theePrivate sector. What is-mora,.under present conditions of mass establishment of working - coratives,?When-there is a prospect of most- of the peasants.enter- ..ing those codperatives, the general ca-operative gets a still more importaht role as regards help to the private- peasants in raising agricultural production: by means of the use in tilling the ground eofeco-operatively.pwned. implements, the organisation of workshops for making_and repairing tools, of fruit and vine nurseries, studs, provision of seed, the means for the protection of plants,. etc, "Secondly we have many general co-operatives which have widely developed various other .economic activities; Which indirectly or :directly assist in prometing agriculture or ensure?the satisfaction of various needs to all neasants. That task continues to be one for general co-oneratiVes,..and not only in villages where there are not working co-operntives but also where the, latter exist, especially where neither they nor the local authorities can successfullydevelop' the various branches of local industry. "Thirdly, as regards purchase and sale, activity it Must be very sharply emphasised that this work has seriously been neglected in .the lazt year in the majority of cases, although these co-operatives carry out the greatest part of the exchange of goods between the. village and the town, initiative is falling as regards the purchase and sale of various kinds of products other than those in the state plan. There_ is not sufficient care, effort and help for rational -and cultured ?trade, Losses in co-operative trading have become a frequent occurrence. "Fourthly, the underestimation of general co-operatives has had the result that the county co-operative unions have also been neglected. In general, as concerns county unions, we have today two opposite harmful tendencies: either there is a tendency towards reviving and developing business unions of the old type, whose only task is the development of owner trading and industrial--artisan undertakings or there is a tendency towards complete liquidation of county unions. The people responsible for the first tendency are the varioUs pre-war co-operative officials, who in no way are able or Willing to understand the new character of the co-operative move- ment. Those responsible for the secoud tendency are those, comrades who are completely neglecting the private-sector of agriculture and the general coHonerative and who consider that the time has come to set up,in a rush everywhere peasant working co-operatives. In both cases they are completely under-estimating .and neglecting the ?general collective. . "The county union is the higher co-operative leadership whose basic task is to work to develop agricultural co-operatives, to offer help and to oversee and revise the work of those co-operatives, to work to raise the socialist consciouness of co-operators. "The greet results which we have so far achieved in, setting up peasant working co-operatives is known to all. I will 'not here give statistical details because they:are. already known and will .be included in the report of the Executive Committee. I will only mention that at the end of 1.948 there were only 2.7% of village house- holds within the working collectives and that at the end of April' this year there were .%. Approved For166 Release 2001/09/0.6 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001.-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -14- "The.socialist sector in agriculture is aiready,today so strong as regards its production Possibilities that it represents a very important factor for the further quicker raising of total agri- cultural Production in our country and thereby already is now beginn- ing to settle the prdblem of the lagging of the teMpo of development of agriculture behind that of industry. With regard to that fact all the peasant working collectives have as their first and most important taSk the quickest possible raising of agricultural pro- duction towards their awn further economic strengthening, towards creating a greater quantity of tradeable surplus for the state and thereby also raising the standard of living of co-operators them- selves. The completion of this basic task pervades all organi- sational, economic, political and other questions as: 11- The continuous perfection of organisation 'and management of the co-operatives; The develoment of socialist ownership in the co-operative, starting with the care Dn'i husbanding of co-operative '...ossessions and extending to Planned preluction, capital building and special socialist organisation of work, setting of norms, the reporting of results, ? etc; It- The continuous perfecting of the organisation of work anc1-1 the introduction of various scientific methods into Production in the tilling of the soil..n71 raising of cattle - all with the object of continuously raising the productivity of the work; IT- The correct reward of co-operators according to their working day-; ?- The wide develoPment.of socialist comoetition between Co-opera- tives and within each co-oPerntive, as organised by thePF on the proposal of the Chief Co-eperative Union "It is known that in the course of last year in many cases these and many other questions were neglected. The CC CPY has taken cognisance of that weakness :in their decisions at the third plenum. "As regards the. economic strengthening of co-operatives and the raising of co-operative production as a :whole the weakest part is stockbreeding. On 100 hectares ef till3 land in co-Operatives in Yugoslavia an average. of 14.7 cattle, 62 sheep or 55.7 pigs are kept, and it is necessary to have an average of at .least 36 head of cattle, -81 sheep,: 35 pigs. In this connection the situation. is especially pear on the Vojvodina and Slavonija. In the Vojvodina for instance on 100 hectares of co-operative land there are only. 5.3. head of cattle, 18.3 sheep and 22.7 pigs There is no doubt that in this siautaien of stockbreeding the working collectives cannot greatIvincrease either the agricultural or the general production. For. tfiis reason the question of' raising co-operative stockbreeding has been. decisive for all co-o-eratives during, the present period. "Another conclusion which mills drawn from the present day extent of the secialist sector account of its land and other capacities it must already this year undertake a significant part of the obligations as regards feeding the town population, especially with grain, fat pi s and the like. "The first conclusion is that the question of extending the - socialist sector; that is of outting working Co-operatives on 8-MaSS basis and of founding new ones, in certain cases above all depends on economic, morale-political and ether factors in the existing working co11e ct iv ? proveo 03#11?4?P-- 2QQ-MIWICI&RPF4.7?Kl!RCOPPIQI 9991:114r the Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 , - 15 eyes of millions of Private Peasants. On their organisation, and their successes) on their internal unity and rsults in production today to a large extent depend whether the private peasants will enter the working co-orerative quickly or basic points the CC had in mind when at the third plenum it set all forces to work on economic and organisatiordstrenthening . of existing working co-operatives and agricultulnal, holdings, on,the raising of their rreduction and the lowering of their costs : especially to fight for the raising of the livestock total and the pasture in working cooperatives. "Everyone knows the reality and importance of the struggle which the whole of our -,eoPle and party is waging today against the comin- form. -,So I will not say much on that today. But you also know that any, kind of difficulty or harm which the cominform government ? under the Russians do to Us still further consolidates the unity in the ranks of our workers and still further strengthens our resolution ? to build withour own strength and without any kind of help a happier future for our On the example of the working class, the whole of our working :fleasantry must still further increase its efforts in agricultural production and fulfill its obligations to the state -so that ,a.griculture shall be a, powerful instrument in fulfilling the five Year plan. .:That sPirit must permeate every- .co,,Qperative and :especially workin Co-operative in its, daily 'work incarryingout its tasks in production," The speech was greeted, with much aPplause. The Assembly then greeted Major-General flUe Kilibarda, tila.4"ter the Chairman of the QC Trade Union Federation Lazar Piavshic-,and 3t,0,jan representative of the ythladine. This-completed the honours and in the further work :of the. Assembly Mihail() Vuckovic, Secretary of AL:neJjnion presented the r-,Port of the 'Secretary of the, Committee 'which was followed .1)Y a discussion. M.ORBA" 2 3/4 cols. summary) ? Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 CRIME. OF THE CZECHOSLOVJC GOVE'M-MENT. Prague 15th. Pay - The case of Dimitrije Dimitrijevic , who has tT.agically ended up in the Erandis nad fabom prison , is one of a number of dastardly actions and methods of the Czachodavk authorities on our citizens in their coUntry. since the ? announcement , and especially just rcently, the Czechos1o7rak authorities ha-e sub- jected our citizens to a regime of abuse end terror which cannot be compared with any relations amongst civilised countries. YugoSlav citizens undergo 7:lass imprisonment, er.d. the procedure against them violates the most elementary human rights and the most basic respect of humanity. The only crime of these men isthat they are Yugoslav citizens who refuse to be subdued by pressure and to renounce their country. As far as we ban deduce, several dozen Yugoslav citizens have alreaay been arrested,- amongst them members of the diplomatic corps and official representatives of the FFRY. This conduct of the Czechoslovak authorities is unprecedent- ed. The authorities do not allow any contact or correspondence between the prisoners and their friends and 'relations. Furthermore, they refuse to say where they are and how they are living. The Czechoslovak authorities remain deaf to the rights of the Yugoslav Embassy in Prague to be informed about their arrested citizens. The police try to cover up the,traces of the prisoners ittitapting to prbVent the ?public finding out anything about the Yugoslav ci- tizens and how they are being treated. The most extreme measures are being taken to conceal from the public the methods used against the. detained Yugoslavs,in order to make them betray their socialist country. And so it was ,that only after several months, it came to be known what had happened to Josip Plese. Josip Plese, a 60 year old Yugoslav citizen was arrested. in January this year with his wife and a large group of Yugoslav citizens living in Podmoklom, Usta nad Labom, Litomerzica, Karlovi Van i and surrounding districts. No one could find out'what had happened to them. One evening in January,about 10 o'clock, the police at Usta nad Labom humidly blocked all the entrances to the police building. A few minutes before that the body of a man fell out of the window on the 5th floor of the-police building and dropped onto the town square. The police roughly turned away all the passers by,who had gathered to look at the laocratad body and they could see by the police blockade and the confusion in the police building that something sinister was going on. While the. police were driving away the witnes.ses from the square the fuPrds were leading out the Yugoslav prisoners and taking them off in an unknown direction, During this time the body'was still lying in the square. The man had been "questionedTthat evening on the 5th floor of the police building. The body bore obvious signs of torture. When the doctor came to certify that the man was dead,, he did in fact state that he had severe physical injuries, for instance, that almost all his teeth have been knocked out, two gold teeth stuck out in the front. The police official asked the doctor. to pull these out too, but the doctor refused. Although they knew very well what was going on, the citizens were unable to make out who the body was. Later it was stated that the man had "fallen" from the 5th floor of the police building and that he was Josip Flese,a Yugoslav citizen. Later it was established that the other Yugoslav citizens had been moved from that prison Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 , -17- to other prisons in small groups, go that no one would detect that Plese was not amongst them. Besides that the police blocked off 'the square so that no one would be able to recognise the body. The details of this crime are still unknown. One can merely guess how Plese met his end. The case of Plese is not an isolated Case. It was soon learned that his wife had had to be taken to hospital, it was also learned that Marko Pejkovic, who was in the same prison as Piece, had been driven mad by torture and was now in a lunatic asylum. Much tit same happened to Vuko Filip, who was taken off to hospital in a very had condition. There are still many Yuoslav citizens of whom no news at all has been received, and one can rarely guess tihat has happened to them. ' ("Borba" - 16th May, 1950) THE WHITE PAPER AGAINST MC CARTHY'S CHARGES. Washington; 15th May. The American State Department yesterday published a White Paper denying the accusation3of Senator Mc Carthy, whoc . said that the State Department was swarming with Communists. The United Press announces that the Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Edward Barrett handed this document to the press. The document analyses Mc Carthy's speech of the 20th April and refutes his statements point by point. ? ("Borba" - 16th May, 1950) ZILLIACUS'S ANNOUNCEMENT IN"REYNOLDS NEWS". London, 15th May . "For the first time for. 30 years, a great Communist Party , is applying the social analysis of Marxism-Leninism and the ex- perience of the October Revolution in its. own Nay in building up socialism in its own country and in conducting foreign po1icy"1 writes the well-known British politician and public worker Konni Zilliacus man article on Yugoslavia in "Reynolds News". The article goes on to say "the Yugoslav Government and people rely on their own power and resolution because they were forced to do- scei in order to defend their right to direct _their ow p country in their on way." Emphasising that Yugodavia had been able to remain free both from the Cominform blockade and Military and political obligations to. the West, Zilliacus expressed confidence that the leadership. of Yugoslavia wonld be able to maintain the independence of its country in the present conditions of inter- national antagonism. . Zilliacus then said that Yugoslavia - ? had managed to resist. the Cominform Commercial blockade and was now expanding her trade with the West. :Be went on to say that the Yugoslav citizens had avoided the danger of economic loss which had happened in the Soviet Union, because of the compulsory cellectivisatien of agriculture. The Yugoslays have achieved extraordinarily- good results in winning over the peasantry to the idea of co-operatives and to transform Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 co-operative farming from a lower to a' .her type, in which collective property is dominant. Zilliacus, speaking about science and art in YugoShvia said that there was no attempt to impose the party line on societies of writers, actors, artists and scientist:3 but to allow the free expression of their thoughts, as if they were masters in their own house. At the end of his article he said that the Yugoslav lead- ership "with the full support of public opinion was going further and further in the direction of r)vson and humanism", and that they really belicv.d that "democracy and freedom must be an integral part of the socialist society which is being built up." ("F:orba" - 16 May 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 25X1A ,, Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : 00190001-0 CPYRGHT - Ink IS AN FNUOSURE T au 49t acnirwr trat.A_ws.iii,AArIoN- sEktv-ICE SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. NO. 157 May 17, 1050. HEADLINES BORBA P.1. KPiDELJ ANSEHS QUESTIONS OF DEPUTIES IN PEOPLE'S ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS (101 cols.) SEVENTH REGULAR SESSION CF CROATIAN NATIONAL ASSEMBLY PRAGUE: CZECHS CONTINUE TO REFUSE EXIT VISA TO TANJUG CORRESPONDENT MARSHAL TITO RECEIVES GROUP OF GRAMMAR SCHOOL STUDENTS MONTENEGRIN BIRTHDAY GREETINGS TO TITO P.2. CULTURE LIFE (I col.) CENTRAL COOPERATIVE FEDERATION ASSEMBLY FrRY COMPLETES WORK * (I col.) PRICK FACTORY AT RIJFK NEW YORK: YUGOSLAV AMBASSADOR ARRIVES IN NEW YORK P.3, PARIS: ovEa 1000 YOUTHS SIGN UP FOR WORK IN YUGOSLAVIA MOSCOW:LITERARY AWARD TAKEN BACK COMMENTARY OF FOREIGN PRESS ON SHUMAN SUGGESTION PARIS: OTEN LETTER OF SUSPENDED FRENCH SOCIALISTS PEKING: TUNGSHAN LIBERATED MONTEVIDEO: YUGOSLAV DELEGAT3CN ASKS THAT THE CHINESE QUESTION BE BUT ON THE AGENDA TEL AVIV: ISRAEL CONFEDERATION OF LABOR QUITS WFTU LONDON: CONFERENCE CF ATLANTIC FACT MEMBE1ZS BEGINS ANKARA: TURKISH ELECTIONS * SHORT FOREIGN NEWS ITEMS * BERN: INTERNATIONAL FILM CONFERENCE BEGINS P.4, HOW MY LOCOMOTIVE PULLED A 2,600 TON TRAIN (I col.) IN A YEARS TIME THE PEOPLE'S TECHNOLOGY ORGANIZATION OF B&H TRIPLES MEMBERSHIP (i FOLITIKA -- II. 11 P.4, CZECH DELEGATE IN UN RESIGNS *>;(***);t* Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 III. GLAS . F.3. SECONDARY MEDICAL CADRE SCHOOLS CAPADISTRIA: MUNITIONS FOUND ON DORT ***************** *************** Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Repase 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 7 3 THE EQUALITY OF RIGHTS OF PEOI'LES AND THE 3TbC/GLE FOR PEACE (by Vladimir Pepovic) The experience of history has shown, especially in the twentieth century.that the fundamental cause of the breaking of international peace and security, the cause of aggressive wars of conquest, is indivisibly bound up With the non-observance of the principle of equality and rights of peoples. The system of spheres of influence turns small peoples .(often . possibly- more advanced than the great ones) into bargaining counters : Of., the great' powers- The system of colonies is an. expression of the failure to recognise the rights,- to independence and free develop- ment of those nations who at this juncture of history have been caught pt a..lower level of development,on?the part "of developed peoples ,,nd the utilisation of-the weakness 'and backwardness of . these people to the ends of their exploiters.? .Cn the same basis - are set up protectorates, capitulations, colonies, interventions, as a number of other forms of more or less camouflaged unequal relatiens. Such legal institutions are only the expression of the policy of power, theT:haVe a negative effect also for the peoples of those-States, who .are making use of them. The appetite of the users' of such institutions led to the first and second wor%d war, The leaders of the great states blinded apparently by the easy possibility of exploitation of backward peoples and trade in the fate of small .peoples, sacrifice in. the course of two world wars decades of human work and the achievements of human civilisation and thereby in a bloody manner documentedthe fact that the question ofrelations.of developed peoples towards -Undeveloped peoples and. ? great states towards small -ories cannot remain the question of the one or two countries' who are in the question. . The action of the great powers which immediately preceded the first and second world warsaphioalaySpeak?,of lack of respect for .equality, of rights of states.; Austria-Hungary certainly could not be considered as justified in demanding from another great power that she let Austrian pollee. carry outsearches on her territory as she .demended:by ultimdtum from little ? Serbia; the Munich parties.con- sidered themselves eMpeWered to'diVide Czechoslovakia without' regard to her government and her popUlatien. .There is no need to Speak' 'about the action of Hitler. z ? All this clearly shows that the question of equal rights of peoples, regardless of whether it is a tatter of colonial or non- colonial peoples, is the central question in the struggle for securing peace end for security in the work. Therefore the pro- clamation of equal. rights and. the rights to self-determination of all peoples in the Charter of UNO is logically, bound with the objects of the United Nations: to keep international peace and: Security. That principle giveS progressive and truly democratic content to the idea of sovereignty, and contains also the recog- nition of the principle of nationality, recognition of peoples (not Merely states) as the subject of international law. That is a great advance over the peace conference after the first world war where.the pr:inciple of nationality was treated not .as a.legal institution, but as' an ordinary political factor. The great advance of progressive throught in the direction of recognition of equality of.rights of peoples demonstrates the fact that the great imperialist colonial rowers were no longer able. in this way to prevent the .codification of the principle of the right Of peoples to self-determination. _ Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 4 - Having recognised the right of each people to self-determination, the charter recognised the right'of each people to set up its own sovereign national state. With the principle of sovereign equality there is _indissolubly bound up the principle of non-intervention which was also -oonfirtedoin the charter of UNC. There is then no doubt that the principle of equality'ofrights of peoples, great and small, developed and backward, their right to otelf-determination.is.today one of the basic international rights. Threfore, the struggle no longer develops for the recognition of tnese rights, but for their real application and against their. being gambled away, for their being completely applied and against their being deprived of their progressive content. The actions of those opposed to the Tf:rinciplo of equality era becoming increasingly_ numerous in practice, and in the theoretical field attempts are becomingmore numerous to justify these actions.. -?For example, the attempt is being made to qualify the idea of equality of states into "equality before the law". That is to say they enjoy "equal protection of the law", but not even "equal capacity for the rights". Tht attempt to deprive one of tlTve most important,: principles of the charter of UNO of its content shows how much it hinders the apoloists of equalities of rights among peoples. The theoretical attemrt at attack on the principles of equality of rights of peoples are justified by the practical inequality of peoples as regards their differing strength and development. In doing so the fact iS ignored that it is just that factual inequality which has incited the strong and developed states to impose them- selves by force on the weak and undeveloped, that it is from such use of trce that the world catastrophies have originated and.that it is just the experience of these catastrophies which has led to .the principle of equality of rights of peoples being so much implanted in the consciousness of all peoples, that in spite of all their factual- preponderenco of authority the great powers neger- theless have not been able to prevent that principle being formally recognised in the charter of UNC. The fight against any kind. of attempt from whatever quqrter to oppose the principle of equality of rights of peoples, the fight for equality of rights of peoples, is the most imrortant proposition. It is also one of the most urgent propositions in the struggle for reade, because it includes and presupposes Struggle against aggression and aggressors and prevents the practice which is. spread- ing in international affairs that by word the principles of the charter of UNC are respected but in practice they are violated. The struggle for the-vidory of the principle of' sovereign equality of peoples is also made necessary by the fact that the longing for release from 'enslavement of the economically or politically weak 'peoples has shown, the unusual force in the: invention of forms for formally concealing relations which materially teen the placing in a dependent position .and exploitation. Those forms vary from constitutional construction to economic agreements, but always with the content that they,conceal under'a high moral view-of protection or help the defilation-of soVereignty and exploitation. In these and such desires and actions of the great powers, without regard to differences in state composition, liPS the danger of new strife and new war. And further the imposition of blocs, the establishment of an ever-increasing number Of military bases, armaments- which is carried out under various ideological excuses 'hut.in fact is a question of power and the extending of influence is the continuous source of .war threats, The Struggle against every form of aggression, without regard to the "idealistic" reaSons with which they are concealed against the subjection of other peoples, the abolition of independence, Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83430415R00630019000170 , Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -5- sovereignty and equality of rights of other states represents in present day conditions the reality of the struggle for peace, ' When we speak of principle of non-interference in the internal ; affairs ofother statee, of the protection and equality, of rightS,of . small countries, of the abolition of: every' discrimination, etc., in fact of the policy of peace and co-operation,between all countries - we consider it necessary and vital to show What today is holding up those basic rights of peonies and states and that imperialist circles and groups of -Teat states, in fact are threatening them, amongst these by virtue of its behaviour towards other states, are included also the rulin, circles of the USSR. Such an attitude and such. actions of the ruling circles of the Soviet Union have qualitatively changed in the world balance the character of the international policy Of the USSR. In present day conditions When capitalism is no longer the -only edonomic 'system, when democratic and socialist forces are over increasing, when socialism really gives the course tofthe whole political life of the world and when a concrete world foreign policy is estimatdd, according to 'Whether - in what,degree (where and 'with what force) imperialism attacks or defends itself from the pane- traqseupf socialism, in those and such conditions if there had not comp/ 4ualitative changes in the policyOf the USSR, war would not any:71-042;er represent a fatal and unavoidable': manifestation it Would he Possible'to prevent it with the help of united action of all, ,peade-loving force's in the world. Seeing that change in the policy of the USSR are-infliating heavy blows on the democratic movements in the whole world and socialism in general and therefore also the .f,cit of peace, it is necessary to ;-r,o into that question a little more deeply. We earlier and with right considered the policy of the USA as an expression of the policy of the leading imperialist rower. In that we did not make a, mistake. That was and remains correct, Contrary to that we estimated the international policy of the USSR,. as socialist and by virtue of that fact as a war of principle for the defence of the independence of small peoples. However, the behaviour of the USSR towards Yugoslavia - and not only towards her - has convinced us that in foreign policy the government of the USSR has not either as regards its ends or as regards its means behaved according to socialist principles. In its relations with Yugo- slavia - and not only with. her - there has clearly been expressed; lack of principle instead of the proclaited deeply principled policy 17577-75n the science of Marxism-Leninism; hegemony instead of friendly co-operation and complete equality of rights of peoples; a policy of spheres of influence instead of the defence of the interests of the workers in the great matter of consolidating general peace and security. aqpression instead of a policy of peace without annexation, co-operation between peoples and the defence of their freedom and independence. All that is a prof that the policy of the USSR, contrary to socialist principles, is following the road of exploitation ahd threateninP: of small and undeveloped peoples. As a result the policy of the USSR represents the same failure to the independence of certain epoples as the policy of the imperialist powers,- There are few cases in history where obligations and principles have been broken on such a wide front and in such a brutal form as in the case of the Soviet Union regarding Yugoelavia. Few times in history has the lack of respect of the rights of, equality of small peoples with great ends appeared in such a brutal and shameless form. The history of the unrestrained cam- pain against YuToslavia gives complete material for the infliction of CLamage to the principles of the 'charter of. UNO on sovereign equality of rights of people. It would be hard to imagine any Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 . Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? - ? infringement of those principles which has not already been carried out either on.the part of the USSR or of those other states who folloW the Soviet Union in that action but usually by both. Here we will only ;i_ve the most blatant examnles of these.infringements; they will serve ? as illustrations of what depths :SbViet foreign policy and fts executors have plunged.- - In the first half of 1948 the propaganda apparatus of the Soviet Union was already attacking the government :of Yugoslavia anl calling on the Yugoslav people to overthrow their legal government by force. At the same time the Soviet Union, was helping ' Yugoslav emi- grants and .traitors to set up associations and publish papers to the same end. When the Yugoslav government imprisoned and cross- examined a number of emigrees from imperial Russia who after the war had becomeSoviet citizens, and who?duringi-the occupation had served the occupier, and after the war had :taken part in illegal activity directed against the interests of the FM, the Soviet government in its note of the 18th August 1949, besides a series of brutal insults to the people and government of the F'PRY, indulged in open threats, stating at the end of the note "that it would not agree with such a situation of affairs and that it would be forced to resort to other more effective means to protect the rights and ,interests of 3oviet citizens in Yugqq,avia end to include them in the ranks of fascist tyyentrq,, "fthe not27the Yugoslav government in which they offered to hand over those persons to the USSR-and: other. wise to approach the solutionof all other matters of difference with the government of the USSR, the Soviet government . completely failed to reply but instead unilaterally denounced its treaty of friendship and mutual help and post-war collaboration with the FTRY Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 When to this one also adds the following:. the economic blocade, which is being carried out by the Soviet Union and its satellites against Yugoslavia, attempts to create fear by moving, troops ,on the fugoslav frontiers, banishments, arrests and hard- ships, with which the diplomatic and other employees of FPRY offices in the USSR and astern European countries are exposed to, the unbelievabl6 tone of the Soviet notes, which is without a doubt a novelty even to the wry rich repertory of manifestations of disrespecting the dignity of small nations by big ones, the bargain for German property in Austria harming the rights of self- determination of the Carinthian Slovenes) then it is hard to imagine a fuller scale of injuries to principles of equality in the relations between two states; Seeing that the success of Socialism and consequently peace.' does not consist in the territorial expansion of the USSR and its control over other nations, that complete Soviet leadership Dverwhere does not mean successful socialism and that the real success does not consist of a quantitive'increase but in an internal qualititive development of the movement, the democratic 'masses are paying much greater interest to the conflict which appeared in the-frenzied campaign after the Cominform resolution. Arguments of the stereotyped and totally unconvincing propaganda aimed against our land which are contradictory and obviously fictitious have not been able to stifle the interests for the Yugoslav question. The ordinary man of the world today is convinced that in this conflict the CPY is defending the basic principle of Marxism-Leninism -- the principle of equality of people and states. He is directly feeling Soviet hegemony in his country, and in the CP of his land toWard which the leadership of the CC CCP (b) acts as toward its employees. He feels this un- just, non-Marxist relation which is transforming into despotic centralism and which negates the right of people to equality. Therefore it is no wonder that in as much as the Soviet campaign against our state increases the greater is the' sympathy and the interest toward our state, especially because our policy has remained deeply principled in its socialist policy in spite of everything; On the other hand, everyday practice uncovers dis- agreements between the words and deeds of the Soviet leaders. They represent. themselves as defenders of independence of all peoples, international cooperation and lasting peace in all inter- national tribunals, while in practice they threaten with harsh . force. This further indicates just what the struggle.6 a socialist state, such as the FrRY, consists of and just what sort of inter- national problem is created by this, as well as indicatIrg the characteristic causes of' contemporary conflicts and of the struggles of people for independence. Whoever today is not ready (and the USSR)has not shown such. readiness as yet) to solve the differences between states in a friendly manner, and especially between socialist states, on a basis of full equality and independence of all peoples - because all peoples, both big and small, can and must be a factor in inter- national cooperation and peace.- then he is conecioue4.threateninp; international cooperation and peace in the world; And not only this but he also is preventing development of democratic and revolutionary movements and thereby is preventing the most efficacious and the only successful struggle for peace. The general plan of the CC CCP (bileadership concerning the international plan is consciously trying to subordinate relrolutionary movements, wherever it can to "higher interests" of the USSR (which is the only one who has the right to give freedom to certain lands, to directly liquidate a liberation movement (the example of Greece), to bargain with other' big powers behind the back and to the harm of other nations, to monopolize and thereby compromise the actions'of the masses for peace to divide the worl ing2)e4-fiwookr6 itaiROPST-Q044-500-063(10119%4101-Ae people who cle5W,!Yec _F:13`ito is -ways as a fascist people, etc. ,etc.) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00416R006300190001-0 -8- This shows the essence of the present day USSR, policies, Further, it is without a doubt that such .a polidy of the Cc CCP (b) leaders offers. us countless proofs not only of the ideological, con- fusion which todaY exists-, above all in the ranks of the .CP1s1 but also of the historical responsibility of the. leadership of these parties for the difficult 'situationswhich they havecreated for the working movement in a series oflands. The developmenti of such a. policy-,- expecially.since the famous statements by some of the CP leaders in the West- which said that the people of these countries would join the Soviet army when it arrives in those lands, and Up to today, has resulted and gone so far that, for example, in France and Italy the leadership of the CT is appealing to the reactionary goVernments to accept their cooperation in the solution of the most important , problems of national and state life. The capitulation is therefore.. so evident that it cannot be hidden before the masses, 'Every revolutionary perspective is completely wiped out, i.e., it boils down to _waiting for the Soviet armies to appear on the borders of those countries. The paradoxwhich is evident here consists.in the, fact that theaverae man who is ? desirious far the liberation of his country does not know whether he should fight for peace truthfully and in his own way, or hope for the earliest-possible-- arrival of the Soviet army Nhich would mean that the war should break out as soon as possible). In spite of such a Moscow directive poliey. and tactic of the CP leadership in these countries,- the working mattes- are- fighting for their very existence under the most difficult conditions against the exploitative policies of the bourgeoisie against war plansl-etc. But 'this is not, or it is indeed.a very small deed by the CF leaders i F.4 its policy ?of'giving in which is essentially a policy of capitulation, 'e-pendent.on the foreign. political maneuvers of the Soviet. government which are trying, to create spheres of influence and tumbling from negation to negation, the CF's would havegturned the class workers movement into a? much more difficult situation Ere it not for the fact that the very difficult position of the workersdid not force them to strikese and other forms of struggles-in resisting-the pitiless attack and exploitation ty the governin7 class. Aside from'this,. those masses today are being acquainted with the essence of the struggle between the USSR and Yugoslavia. ? The contistant struggle of the Yugoslav people Tor inc?ependence and for the developMent.of socialism served as an example ad to -ow one can take enes 'fate into ones hands, Aside from the example which we have already given and which proves .that the policy of the USSR is not contributing- to strengthen- ing but rather to the weakening of the forces of democracy and socialism :in international proportion and is therefore,weakEning-.the forces of peace, can also be made by taking the example' of Germany. Do the poliCies-and actions of the Soviet occupational organs in Eastern Germany aiding or Accelerating the process of. 'forming a unified-demecratie'r.manyl are the leaders of the USSR going along the road which is the only correct' solution of the German ? question? We are considerin7 this question first because experience, shows that it is impossible to, Onsure peace in Europe or peace in the world if one does not solve the German question correctly and on a democratic basis. All the events fel:lowing the entry of the Soviet army in, Germany back up the fact that, in spite of certain successes in democratic transformation -a majority of the inhabitants have .not been won over by a consistant antifascist, democratic basis. The-reason:for this is primarily because the progrestive democratic. forces, and especially the Social Unity Party, are completely subordinated to' the interests. ofthe Soviet occupational powerlan ciAMI-6Ved- 7156hReoblp9:r?c.*-Ae#44-1R measures which have, nothing in common neit er wity t * , ,e 4 PWIPAWil4 of - Eastern Germany nor the equality of the German people. Further, Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 the process of transformation is executed from above...by decrees from the occupational power and without real support of the masses. The varied governments of Eastern Germany has not resulted from free democratic elections, but was named and its.very first act was to delay the elections for another year even though they were. supposed to be held in 1949 accordinr to the constitutiod. Nothing can hide the fact that the majority of the inhabitants and a majority of the working class as well, today is passive and is taking a negative stand toward the political development of Eastern Germany. There are many proofs of this but the election question is enough mentioned, The municipal and circuit elections which were supposed to have been held in 1948 were postponed till 1949 and postponed again for the Autumn of 1950. The same holds true for the elections for. territorial assemblies which were supposed to have been held in 1949 And were postponed until 1950. Such a condition does not permit one to say that the German democratic forces can place the future of their country in their hands. And this is a pre- condition without which it is impossible to imagine the crystallizat1on of a basic democratic transformation of the country. The political development of the Eastern Zone of Germany shows the position inwhich the Communists who are subordinate to the'Cominform, and therefore subordinate to Soviet foreign tpolicy, shows how they are losing influence over the masses when they are forced to effect a policy which is not in harmony with ethe interests of the workers of their land or to the principles of Marxism-Leninism. -Looking over the German problem from a point of view of inter- national peace and security, it is inevitable to conclude that the goals of the Western imperialistic circles and the Soviet govern- Ment ?although different and opposite in phraseology - are congruent in their final Foals and methods. Both one and the other is threat- erxing world peace by, such a policy. On the leasis of the above-mentioned, as well as a series of other actions in the Soviet foreign policy, it is clear that the, Soviet suggestion given at the Fourth Regular Session of the UN' on the signin- of i pact of the Big Five does not include the interests of the other peoples for the preservation of'peace or, for the preservation of their independence and sovereignty, without which peace is unimaginable, T is questien but another example of how the Soviet leaders are ac ing negatively to what Lenin told usl as in the following words: "Is it possible to unite the socialists of various countries on the .well-known conditions of peace? If it is possible, 'then among these conditions there must be a recognition of the rights for self-determination of all nations and a divorce from all annexations. If this right is recognized only to some nations, this then means the protection of privileges of certain nations, i.e., this means being nationalist or imperialist and not a socialist." (Lenin "The Question of Peace" works Vol. XVIII Fare 226 - 227, Third Edition) In order that international peace be secured - says Marx .- first of all one must be aside all possible national misunderstandings every people must be 'independent and boss of thtAr'own land (Marx and Engel's, Vol. XVI/ I, Pa7e 453.) The soviet leaders ignore this lesson from Marxist classics. It is obvious from averythinp? said so far that without a firm and systematic struggle ae.ainst revision of Marxist-Leninist teachinFs on the right of nations to self-determination, on the respect ofA pcnaifujw A-1(DFittQiiA4g6660dtSVOtif-0 on a just and un st war --There is ant here cannot ,e a successful struggle Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00416R006300190001-0 -10- arainst the imperialist?kindlers of a new war and for peace and international security. The necessity of a firm struggle against the revisionism of the Soviet leaders forces itself upon one because great harm has already been inflicted to many states and here we are thinking first of all about the eastern European countries which are dominated by the Soviets. Harm has been - inflicted also on democratic liberation movements and on CP'si as given the possibility of successful fighting by the reaction in a series of countries against the democratic forces, in one word, has inflicted serious harm to socialism in general already and will 1 - inflict more in the futuree. But in spite of all this the forces of democracy and socialism are growing inexorably and spreading everywhere throughout the world. Socialism has not only become a thing which belongs to those masses which are lead in this or that way by a Communist Party;: the masses which lean towards socialism are much greater and are joining in action everywhere. They are achieving significant success, especially'in those places where the Communists are tied closer to the masses, where they know how to apply the princie-les of Marxism-Leninism to the particular situation In the land in e,uostion. An analysis of the imperialist activities shows that the main imperialist forces in 1949.were on the defensive in relation to socialism, which of ceurse, does not mean that they did not attack in the places where they had the possibility to do so (Greece). A proof of this is riven to us above all by the events in China. It is a factthat the main imperialist forces together with the USA did not have the political power and daringness to carry out a policy of open intervention in China. In spite of the material and political aid given to Chang Kai Shek, they were not able to prevent the final victory of the national liberation forces in china. Under the leader- ship of Mao Tse Tung, the Chinese CF , battle-wise and'armed with the teachings and Marxism-Leninism, united the workers, peasants, intelligensia and all the patriotic forces of the nation and triumphed over domestic reaction and foreign imperialism this victory also has a tremendous significance for th3 consolidation of peace in the world. The victory of the Chinese people marks a further sharpening of the general crisis of capitalism and a new big step forward in the, development of the crisis in the colonial system of imperialism. The NL movement of th colonial peoples which is founded on the e historical victory of the uhinese people is increasingly taking on a character of a struggle for a peoples democracy headed by the working class and led by the CF, In post-war Indo-China, as well as in other lands of Southeastern Asia; povrdrful NL movements took .on scope. The people of Southeastern Asia, ahoy? all inspired by the heroic struggle and victory of the Chinese people, arose in a struggle for carving their own victory and joadeDendence. With the self confidence kained nte strup:Fle against tne Uapanese, the people of Indo-uhina, Indonesia, iurmal Malaya and the Philipines, turned their weapons against their century old oppressors - the French, Dutch, En,-lish and Americian imperialists and their , domestic agents. The republic of Viet Nam is one of the leaders in this struggle t,lthough the last three years have seen this country go through difficult times there has also been a concomitant share of victories. ? The successes-achieved and the victory of the colonial people's countries also confirms the fact that the imperialist powers, by and large, are on the defensive on the wide front in spite of an attack on this or t4p43towctri-Release 2001/09/06: C1A-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? -11- Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 in connection with this, one should not lose sight of the essromic contradttions in the capitalist world, especially the contradictions existing between the British and American capital- ist circles. The fact that the United States and Great Britain stand together on all questions of international policy does not eliminate the eeep and intense antagonism between the partners; who at the same time are rivals. The mutual relations amongst participants of the 'imperialist union and coalition are conditsioned by their relative power. Lenin said: " In capitalism there is no other basis for the division of spheres of influence, interests, colonies etc except the strength of the parties concerned, their general economic strength, finan- cial and military strength etc. The power of these parties ih the division change unevenly, because in capitalism the even de- velopment of individual concerns, trusts branches of industry of those countries cannot exist (Lenin: vol.XXII, page 281, 4th ed.; Selected Works vol. I book 2, page 429 published by "Kultura", Belgrade). British imperialism is under the influence of American imperialism, but all the same it .attempts to defend its wavering position and to consolidate it. That is why tense Anglo-American strife exists and i8 develeped within the framework of their bloc. This reveals .the deep and intense antagonism of that bloc. And it is largely thank A to Soviet foreign policy that this strife has not taken the form of, A mass struggle in England. The question that the Soviet foreign PolioY sets before nations ,is a question 'of their cloke or the American cloke and not a question of national independ- ence and equality versus the domination of American monopolies. The economic offensive of Amerisan imperia.lism against the position of British imperialism is extended along the following basic lines: the offensive for British markets; the offensive for the positdon of the English pound sterling; the offensive for the British source of raw materials and for the position Of Britieth- raw materials monopolies, the offensive for British spheres for placing capitai'and finally the struggle for world communcations and bases. These are just a few aspects of Anglo-American economic rivalry. It would be difficult to; find any aspects of international economic relations where Anglo-American rivalry could not be r- dsocerned.' The. Anglo-American economic: struggle is not of local signi? - ficance. It embraces every aspect of the enonomic expansion of both countries, in every direction without exception. Anglo- American rivalry represents the basic antagonism in the capitalist world. The economic crisis in the capitalist world mak the Anglo-American conflict even more intense and vigorous. Anglo-American rivalry develops within the framework of the Anglo-American bloc. This fact gives impetus to the tendency to- wards comprimbe and agreement, but it has destructive influence ot internal difficulties. The same fact gives impetus to the tendency of solving questions of British and American internal rivalry at the expense of other countries by means of external aggression. Here one must emphasise .the fact that the leaders of the Soviet Union insist on solving the present antagonism amongst the great powers in the same way, by means of compromise and agree- ment at the expense of other nations. The experience of history shows that such a foundstion is not in the least secure or stable but that an aggressive policy, wheres.,e,s, it comes from is doomed tosfailure in advance,. Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 In every country,new social forces which exert pralksure and struggle for lastin,,, peace and international co-operation are grow- ing and consolidating themselves. It is therefore mistaken to assume that.the.progressive movement come9 only from the place where it directly penetrated the defenses of capitdism for the first time. Everywhere where the progressive forces are struggling, the links of the capitalist chain are being eaten into. In connection with this the struggle against mechanical conception, ideological narrow- ness, stagnation and hegemonistic tendencies of the Soviet leaders becomr,, imperative. These tendencies advocate the separation from the masses and even from the people, and not only the separation but even anathema if the masses do not fit themselves into the mecahnically organised structure of the Communist Party and other organisations directed by Moscow. It is necessary to strive against such occurrences because they curb the development of socialism and'deal a heavy blow to the creation of peace and international, co-operatitJn: The masses of the people in many countries are beginning to perceive the falacy and damaging influence of these and similar conceptions. They understand the essence of Lenin's teaching and the basib strategyand tactics of the struggle for socialism. Amongst the broad masses, interest in the question of socialism is develop- ing and growing. And -although one cannot speak of anyrevisiom in the attitude of leading, political circles in the capitalist world which might come about under the pressure of the masses, these circles are now enable to carry on a struggle against .gom-. muntsm on ideological lines and to confirm that Communism ta/bogy to humanity, a tragedy for cililisation and so forthA;Onthe contra- ry,.American leading circles, for instance, announce that they. recognise Communism as an ideological conception and allegedly have nothing against this ideology, on condition that the states Which have adopted this ideology do not interfere in the internal affairs of states with other ideologies, and promise that they.. will not meddle in the affairs of those states which practie Communist ideology. This primarily bears witness of the quali- tative growth and strengthening of socialism, of the weakness of capitalism which no longer has the power to suppress the develop- ment of socialism in the world in general, ncr amongst those. people who 'have a firm internal stnucture and who,'under the banner, of socialism are sincerely struggling for their independence and equality. There is no doubt at all that such a state of affairs con- tributes greatly to the heroic struggle ofthe peoples of socialist Yugoslavia against the aggressive hegemonistic policy of the Soviet Union, and against interference in the internal affairs of our country - for national independence, for fair relations amongst socialist states, for co-operation and fair relations of all states and peoples and for peace in the wci?lci. This is the-origin of the tremendous interest of the mass- es of all countries precisely in this .donflict,which appeared with the brutal and uncompromising Cominform attacks on Yue7oslavia. The masses were primarily interested inithe essence of the con- flict. It has already gained international siginficance and throuth it, the problem of relations amongst socialist countries has been placed on the agenda. It is now a question of whether there should exist relations of mutual understanding, brotherly and reciprocal aid and close co-operation, or relations of one sided'oubordination of small countries by large countries and so on. Naturally - and Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -13- we have given sufficient proof with our policy and attitude,- we are of the ?pillion that all nations large or small, highly . developed or backward, and even more so in the socialist world, should be fair in their mutual relations, It is just because our Party and our country is the initiator of this progressive attitude to relations amongst socialist countries that the atti- tude of our country is penetrating further and further, and that the broad masses throughout the world are adopting it, and it must be victorious. The international influence of our country is much greater than our country itself or the number of our people, simply because new Yugoslavia is the champion of progress pf new occurrences and tendencies in the development of socialism , The revolutionary experience of our country represents a tremendous contribution to the theory and practice of socialism because it gives certain new forms to the road of socialist development. In our country during our Revolution the system of a people's democracy was born and it received its name in this country. That 4stem and that experienee began to be accepted by many other countries, Here the people's committees appearedaas a specific form of the Revolution and tnis composition was only introdUced into many of the other countries which were fighting or are now fighting for sociseasm . In the particular conditions in our country, new methods for liquidating capitalism in the towns appeared and many other countries gave the same rights to their citizens. The experience of the struggle for the building up of socialisra in the village in Yugoslavia, as an example of the struggle for the building of socialism in relatively developed capitalist countries is being taken on in other co untries, By the example of our country, the revtautionary axiom which had been tried out already was confirm- ed. This axiom is that there can be many different forms on road to socialism because socialism comes about in various con- ditions at various times and in different degrees of consciousness of the masses of the pseple and naturally, this form must by found by the Communist Parties and the people themselves in their parti- cular conditions. It is precisely because our Party or rather the Central Committee headed by Comrade Tito, has found the concrete forms which best correspond to our conditions and which arise from the tendency of intevational development (the development of social- ism is divided today in the struggle for the equality and inde- pendence of peoples), precisely because of thris that our pmple are winning through to victory. - ,The settlement of the national question in Yugo&via'is also of international significance because it is an actual examp4e of an assidious Marxist-Leninist method of settling that question, Of no less significance is the ,result of our policy in the developQ ment of our people's committees. These enjoy great independence and chance of initiative and that is why they have succeeded to activiso the enormous masses of the workers in the conscious strug- gle for the building up of socialism, for economic develomaent and for the democratic development of the people's authorities. Just because of this that the enthusiasm of our working masses has risen to an unforeseen heights, and tremendous results have been achieved in the buildinp; up of our country. This enthusiasm is the consequence of the correct line of our Party In entrusting activities to the working masses and their participation in state administratiom and the development of the state. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -14- The economic development of our backward Republics is also of great siginificance, B and H 1 Macedonia and Montwaegro ate de- veloping so quickly that in a very, short time they will become economic developed Republics. Naturally because of all this, peoples, especially oppressed peopleselook .upon our country as a model for themselves. There- fore the. successes achieved in our country and the policy of Yu- goslavia are of international importance and make ordinary men throughout the world enthusiastic for the fight for the consoli- dation of peace and co-operation amongst nations. ? We have dwelt at rather more len:-th on the revolutionary experience of our paple in order to show the need dor the struggle ? against the mechanical adoption of basic tactical principles which pay no attention to specific circumstances in each individual ?-country. Who ever thinks that it is enough to have a few ready formulae to hand and ha u the same pattern for th=2entire interna- ? tional workers/movement, cannot have an internationalist con- ception of the workers/ movement but is leading it to stupor .and is giving it to the mercy of national and international bourgeoisie, is obstructing its development, hampering the struggle for na- tional freedom, equality and independence, which is the only thing which could brine, about a'successful stru-gle for a real peace. Opposed to actions directed against peace and security, whereever they come from, which appear in the aggressive policy of this or that great power, in the creation of military blocs and the feverish rearmament - are the workine masses of (.4very country which stru-e-le for peace vid Security in every country, The people know that war, which 'again is tbreatening would be an unjustified war and would be aimed at seizing and enslaving foreign countries and foreien peoples. The people realise that the defence of peace is their concern and that uniting their powers in the struggle against the aggressors, they will put out the plans of the inciters of war and will secure a firm peace. Having in mind the intrigues of the enemies of peace, the poples of Yugoslavia are becoming more alert in the struggle against new powers of aggression which appear in the form of he- . gemony of large powers over small, in'the violation of the rights of people andetheir true equality. Firmly defending thetr inde- pendence they stolidly defend peace at the same time, for ine- quality amongst peoples and the subordination of states are the foundations of wars. The peoples of Yu!eoslavia struggle with tireless energy and enthusiasm' for the newaand powerful growth of national economy, material well-being and culture, the further development of socialist competitions, for the completion of the Five-Year Plan and for consolidatin7 the power of the FPRY. The struggle a7ajnst all those who threaten...freedom and inde- pendence of nations, against the 'destroyers of the unity, of all the Powers of peace, i.e. the stru for the co-operation of. all peoples on the basis of equality, for the expanSion'a0d con- solidation of the powers of peace and democracy will ensure and alone .can ensure victory over the inciters of war, who are to . be found everywhere, where these principles are being trampled on and ,abused. ('Komunist" No. 2-3 March-May) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83.-00415R006300190001-0 ?? -15- COMRADE EDVAI,IILLILELIJ_ILEAKING IN THE FL:REIGN RELATIONS CCMMITTEE OF-THF:rEOPLE'S "SSELULY, REPLIES TO QUEYrICNS PUT' TO HIM BY PEOPLE'S DEPUTIES Yesterday, the Foreign Relations Committee of the People s Assembly of the FirtY held a meeting in the session hall of the Chamber of Nationalities. The meeting was presided over by Comrade Petar Stambolic, who proposed the following aFenda for the meeting; 1. Proposal to make a Rule of Procedure of the Committee; 2. Dealinr with the proposal to ratify trade agreements with Paraguay, Uruguay and Mexico; 3, Haply by Foreign Minister Edvard Kardelj to questions relating to foreign relations of the FPRY, put to him by members of the Committee; and 4. Debate.. The Secretary of the Committee, 'Comrade Vlado Dedijer, explained the proposal regarding Rule of ProCedure, Then, acting, on the proposal of Vladimir Simic;:a Member of the .Committee, it Was decided to set up a.Commission of five which will draft theRule of Procedure. Assistant Foreign Minister, leo. Mates, gave a short explanation of the proposal to ratify the trade agreements with Paraguay, Uruguay and Mexico andjn conclusion said; "As it'oanThespen from the texts of the agreements which have been submitted to us, the .agreements which the Government submits to the Presidium of the People's Assembly for ratification are in conformity with the foreign policy Of the Government, this Alas been stated here in the Assembly and .the :,.ssembly has approved of this. These agreements censtitute a part of our general tendency to broaden our relations, particularly economic relations, pn the basis of equality of rights?with-all the countries which wish to establish such relations with our country. These agreements show us further, that exchange of goods and regulation of trade relations is possible even between countries Alich are far removed from one another.. By this fact :alone, and by.tha character of the agreements, these agreements represent a contribution to thebroadening and strengthening: of international collaboration in the economic field as e whole." The Committee unanimously agreed to forward the proposal for ratification of trade agreetens.with Paraguay, Uruguay r:i.nd Mexico to the Presidium of the People's Assembly Of the FFRY. The chairman, Comrade etar Stambolic, then read the cuestiorl put in :writing by a member of the Committee, Mitar T3,akic, to the Minister of Foreign l'..ffairs. The cAlestion reads: "What stand is the Yugoslav Government assuming and what diplomatic : means is it using with the object of protecting our diplomatic representatives and citizens in the Eastern-bloc countries?1! explained what prompted hit to ask Comrade Mitar this cuestion and sai qrci.g14:- ?For almost two years Yugoslav diplomatic representatives and personnel, as well as citizens in the countries of-the Eastern-bloc: The USSR, Poland', Czechoslovakia Rumania,. Hungary, T3ulgaria and Albania are not only deprived of :amunity privileges and norms of internaitonal rights but are also exposed to crimes and mis-deeds which ar almost unheard of in international relations. Approved For Release, 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -16- "Examples: hospitality is not riven to our highest diplomatic representatives, our diplomatic and eorlu]ar representatives and personnel are expelled and arrested, so that in several of the mentioned Countries we have diplomatic employe-_,,s who are in prison and who are there being trated brutally, etc., etc. "The murder of Dimitrije Dimitrijevic, the ;.resident of the TF in Czechoslovakia, the pushing of Josip nese from the fifth'floor of the police building, the horrible torture of Marko Pejikovic, who because of this went mad, the horrible heating of Vuk Filip, are only apart of the crimes. "The Yugoslav public is carefully following these incidents and therefore I have asked the Minister of Foreign Affairs to explain these incidents and to tell us what measures and diplomatic mean a are being used by the FIR?' government in order to protect the national honor and the personal security of our citizens and state sovereignty in the mention:d countries." Comrade Kardelj, answering the -uestion, daid: "Comrade People's Deputies, the Question that has been put to me by Comrade Bakic, has justifiably caused concern to our public and has been the subject of many protests and diplomatic measures of our government. "As it is already known to our public from the series of notes announced by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and by our diplomatic representatives, as well as from the news which has been published by our press, for over two years the countries .-;f Eastern Europe have been carrying out harsh discriminatory measures toward our diplomatic and other representatives and employees of the FPRY which have been without precedent. At the same time that measures of pressure, economic blocades and propaganda campaigns were being carried out,the discrediting of our diplomatic representatives in those countries was an impertant part of effedting this aggressive policy. Normal work was prevented or made difficult, and in some countries all work was prevented, while in some cases the very existence of Yugoslav diplomatic repreantation was prevented. The object of these discriminatory measures, on one hand, was to try and isolate Yugoslav citizens who asked for security from their PIM' diplomatic representatives and from the citizens of the countries in ou3stion who could get in contact with them for any reason, threatening such people by attempts to picture our diplomatic and other representatives as enemies of the people of those countries. Various provocations and trials were organized whose object was, among other thin a, to falsely accuse and discredit our diplomats, following which their withdrawal was always asked or they were banished from individual countries. In this way our diplomatic and other representatives who were banished from a series of Eastern European countries were falsely accuFol and slandered. The FPRY Ambassadors' in MO5cow and Prague had to leave the TJ.'SR and Czechoslovakia because they obviously had to serve as a "new proof" that the Yugoslav government is carrying out a hostile policy through its highest representatives in those countries. "On the other hand the persistent continuation of such actions toward our high diplomatic representatives in certain countries can not be explained other than than a tendency of the government of these countries to completely sever diplomatic relations with our Eountry and to throw the flame of such unpeace-loving notions on Yugoslavia. Just how much that policy is the weapon of aggressive pressure and threatening, and just how large is the conseeuence of fear of the simple presence of the representatives of a free and independent socialist country such as Yugoslavia, I permit the organizers of the Cominform blocade to judge f5 themselves. Dut the fact remains that the so-called "diplomatic relations" between the Eastern European Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -17- countries and our country have deteriorated to ordinary personal mistreatment and torturing the diplomatic cadre. Our Comrades in the diplomatic cadre, who are standing unflinchingly on their positions in defense of the interest of our country and aTe conscientiously darrying out their. duties in those countries, truly deserve our commendation. However, we cannot ,allow them to be mistreated interminably. "The government of the FPRY has consistently called to the attention of the Eastern Europ an countries all the undignified discriminatory measures toward our representatives and has strongly protested against these and similar actions, demanding that this provocative and offense praCtice 'ceaecii "However, the povernments of Eastern European countries riot only do not discontinue these measures but they intensified the discriminatory actions against our diplomatic representations and our representatives personally. Of late the Albanian government has aggravated to the final degree the Already unpermissible pressure, terrbr and discrimination policies toward the FPHY Embassy in Tirana bv 'specially truculent and insulting measures: It has been almost two full years since the Albanian government has been impeding ,,Ind making difficult the work of Yugoslays in Albania. For example) our representatives -lore publicly and overtly controlled and shadowed by police organs who threatened them and checked their p-ncsonal cards several times daily while provoking them and ridiculing them in public. The police entered the apartments of our employees and some were even threatened with weapons. The fabanian r-overnment asked for the withdrawal of many of our representatives and employees by using completely fictitious 8nd spurious accusations. "Recently the mistreatment of our diplomatic representatives in Tirana has reached the boiling point. On May 11 of this year a group of 10 policemen and several agents asked our charge d'affaires and a piplomatic employee for their identity cards several times within the space of 10 minutes, asking them to explain why they were in the city and where they were going. "The climax of these measures, as has already 1.,een announced in the note of the Ministry of Foreign ,,ffairs of My 13, is the drastic curtailment of free movement of Yugoslays in Mbania. According to the new movement restrictions, qie Yugoslav diplomatic personnel is practically limited only to the city of Tirana. "On May 13, the AThanian government asked for the withdrawal of two more of our employees in the FRY Embassy in Tirana. "All this indicates that the object of the ,lbanian government is net only to aggravate relations and tension between our two countries but also to prevent the proper functioning of our representative offices in Tirana and prevent the stay of our representatives in _lbania. Neither are the actions toward Yugoslav representatives in other Eastern European countries much different. 1W1garia also has a particularlk discriminatory regime toward Yugoslavia. The members of the Yugoslav Embassy are openly followed, threatened with words and weqons and provocated by the pllice organs, aided by a miserable small group of deserters from our country. "From time to time the nulgarian authorities blocade the FI7-ff Embassy in Sofia with policemen. The 72ulgarian government has limited freedom of movement to our representatives and employees. The Bulgarian police authorities acted very harshly toward all those who came to the Embassy to vote and thereby fulfilled their patriotic duty. "Discrimination toward FTAY representative offices in Czechoslovakia Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -3 - have grown worse of late. i'esides the .overt terror and .police shadowing of our representatives. and employee's, police blocades of ' the Embassy and mpartments-of representatives in Frague and Dratislava, checking of identity cards, personal investigations of visitors to our representative offices; preventin-r circulatien.of Yugoslav press even to the representatives, etc., the Czechoslovak organs of security have begun arresting our diplomatic-consular workers and other employees. On November 26; 1949, the Czech authorities arrested; without foundation, the Trans-Jug renresentative, Zvonimir Tornio. . Several other Yugoslav representatives and employees were arrested soon afterwards, "I will not talk ebout the things which Comrade T3akic mentioned in his speech -- about the crimes which are. being perpetrated on our citizens in Czechoslovakia, brimes that are almost unheard of in the civilized world. "A particulerly serious injury of all custom and practice'iSe the failure to grant visas to our diplomatic - consular workrs and other employees by the Czech authorities. Visas are not granted to diplomatic and official passports. The Czech authorities have gone so far that they have deprived those persons,who are forcibly held in Czechoslovakia because of inability to obtain visas, of their guaranteed supply cards. Aide from this the Czech authorities have demanded that diplomatic and official visas he reeuested through the Ministry of Internal effairs even though the common practice is to obtain such visas frem the Ministry ef Foreign ffairs. "The position of our representatives in the other countries of Eastern Europe does not differ from their Position in Albania, 2u1garia and Czechoslovakia. I hPve cited exatiles from these three countries simply beceuse conditiens are worse there at the moment. Anyway, in this regardwthe role in the entire anti-Yugoelev cmpaign chenes, now one and then another country has the "leeding role" or better Said, "the current task" in the provocative campaign against Yugoslavia. The mistreatment of, our diplomats, of course, is only one element in those aggressive "combined ections". In this connection one must point out that these actions Pre organized by -persons who concomitantly have a mouth full ,of peace-loving and accueatiens of war-mongers. However, it is obvious to every honest man that the Cominform organizers of various peace actions should first of all pass the examination of peace in connection with the euestion of Eastern European government relations toward Yugoslavia, or at least on the wuestion of respect of the most elementary diplomatic forms, if the will of Yugoslav people already doesn't mean anything to them. There present actions in this regard, cannot he interpreted other than as actions which are not for the cause of peace but are included in the arsenal of the war-mongers. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 19 - "The Government of the. FT-RY from the very beginninz,:_hase -seriously looked -on and, ener7etica1ly replied to all the above- mentioned discriminatory notions against YugoslavrepreSentative bodiesand their meMbers. To every ind4VidUal measure or action of Albania, Tulgaria, C'techOslevakiaor any of the East European governments theigevernment of the FTRYhaS immediately and resolu- tely reacted, demanding that the Utpermissible measures in thei relations.etween-the countries should cease andthat they should stop ,their application.. The YUgo8laVewvernment: warned the above- mertioned governments in its notes.and._demarches tImiicttl.ad not given ,pny cause on itpart for such measures and actions, that it had never been and would not he the initiator of any kind of unpermissible measure in its relations with. any kind of representative of these countries:. The Yugoslav government had, however, protesting against the discriminatory measures' and functions, warned the above-mentioned governments that she will be forced in the case that these extraordinary measures against Ylloslav representatives do not cease, to undertake on her part measures to protect her interests.. The Yugoslav government has. taken reciprocal measures, which do not exceed the bounde permitted by international law and the customs of international :affairS; only as an answer to measures which have always first been taken by the governments in question who bear exclusively responsibility for the existing state of affairs. "Allow me to remind you in this connection of the Words of Comrade Tito which he recently spoke in a session of the People's Assembly: .'The government of the F.7.1Y with regret declares that because of the determinedly hostile nttitude towards. the F7RY on the cart of the USSR and countries of the people's democracies, it is in no way in a pesition on its part to effect any improvement of the relations With those countries. That regret is all the greeter because the government and peoPle of new Yugoslavia continue to nourish their sympathy towards the peonies of those countries and to wish to be at least to some extent. on tolerable terms with them. 'I can from this osition say both in the name of the govern- ment and in the name of the people Of the FTHY that neither the people :nor the government of Yu7oslaVia hold any kind of: feeling of enmity towards those countries, that neither the government nor the people of Yugoslavia have in the past or today done anything against those countries which could injure the name of cur socialist country. Everything Which in that Way up to now has been blamed :against us by the leaders of these countries and asserted in manyeWays? is completely untrue and fabricated and the judgMent of history will fall on those who haveecalumniated Us.' "That is comradeSthe reality of the.palicy which the govern- ment of. the FPRY will continue to conduct towards the East European Countries arid in that sense will struggle.for normal diplomatic relations with those countries-. HOwever, at the same 'time it is necessary to emphasise that the government will not indefinitely put up with the maltreatment ofour diplimatS'in-those-countries and will be:compelled to cc)nsider also certain new measures in order to protect our representatives from such maltreatment and Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Discussion Follows _Peter Stambolic in the Chair opened the discussion. Djuro Salaj spoke ?considering the general effect of the discriminatory actions of the Eat Europeancountries on oho Economic Plan. He took the example of Hungary who ceased all delivery of industrial products to Yugoslavia to which She waS bound on the basis of the interest7free credit which our government had given her to the . amount of about 1,100,000,000 dinars. DjUro ?Salaj considered that such actions not only represent a violation of the basic principles of international co-operation but also greatly harm our working class end the peonle of our countryWho are building socialism. .Thereafter Veljko- Vlahovic spoke, amongst other things ?paying tribute to OUT diplomats .'in the East European countrias who faith- fully serve their country and people and by their dignified* behaviour reply to the brutal attacks unprecedented in.histery to which they are there subjected, Vladimir Simic folloWed, proposing that a body should be estab- lished within the committee who would follow and collect facts and material 'about. all discriminatory and hostile actions by the -leaders of the East European countries towards the FT-HY, Taking Part in the discussion the :Acretary of the Committee, Vladimir Dedijer illustrated the non-peaceloving character of Soviet policy towards Yugoslavia. Sinisha Stankovic spoke of one of the most brutal actions of the leaders of the Soviet .Union: of the forcible.holding, of our .children in the USSH. He said that the illegal detention of our children who were there to go to school means not only violation of the basic princinlee of international private law but even of the Soviet law3which say ti-rt parents have the right to decide on the education of their children: . In connection with this question Dobrosav Tomashevic proposed that the government take the question of the detention of our children in the Soviet Union before U.N. After that Vladimir Simic pr-posed the constitution of a committee to handle the enquiry into discriminatory actions against the FPRY. All present'unanimously stated that thy agreed with the reply of the Foreign Minister to, the questian put ;Jy Miter Dakic. The chairman proposed , that the rePly of Edward Kardelj should be approved and adopted and that the committee considers that the ) behaviour of the government on this qu4i4achas been entirely correct, and also that the committee pay to our diplothats in the countries of East Europe for their 1-igni ied behaviour in repre,s- enting the interests of their country. Since this resolution was unanimously adopted it will be placed before the Assembly. ' The Committee Considers Trieste When the session continued the Chairman rend a question. which Vida Tomshic put to the Minister of Zoreir,,n Affairs. .The question read: "What attitude is the government of the EFaY taking towards the policy of the Italian government on the question of the FTT and separately towards the campaign which is being carried on in Italy over the elections held in zone 2."? Vida Tomshic, in elaborating on her question, amongst other things said: Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 21 - "After many times repeated proposals of our government for an. agreed solution of the questian of the FTT by direct.discussions between Yugoslavia and Italy, the campaign against Yugoslavia has, :been further fed by Italian official eircles. an. Cur people who listen on the one hand to'such/unbridled cam- paign against our country and on the other hand most painfully feel and with bitterness follow the unceasing attack. on the basic national rights of out $10vene brothers in Italv. and zone A with justice put the question on our relations with :Italy', on the relations in .which towards Italy hdtherto there have been. shown an exeeptionally great measure of.thejoveof peace and in which great sacrifices have been made". EdWard Kardelj then said: Kardelj's E1.2'121/ "You know that the Peace treaty with Italy which was signed? by our government in 1947, as regards the frontier with Italy,limposed a heavy sacrifice upon our country. Although it may be useful to certain people in Italy who very gladly forget, or wish to skim over hard facts with light phrases, for us to remind theth of certain facts, nevertheless, I do not mean here to speak again of those sacrifices for the simple reason that I do:tot wish to have the: , past before my eyes but the future. :There is no doubt that the peoples Of Yugoslavia think with bitterness Of the injustice which WAS done_them by the Severing of their fellow..nationals, that is to soy, ethnical territory,from them, butYthey just as clearly . know that no _kind of empty noise or, loud sounding words from anT, aide an change the existing situation, but it can, of curse, corrupt the relations between YuToslavia and Ityl:_k4 ich4h4a;41y is not in the interests of-either country. That /the recent cgm- pign in Italy against our interests in connectioli with the question of the FTT-in which certain political circles in Italy have tried to carry out a repetition of the historically well=;known nationalist outcry of the time 'ofthe Treaty, of 'Rapallo This repetition has not succeeded for the simple,,reason,that the concrete circumstances today?pre' greatly different from what they were at that time and of these concrete sircumstanbes, naturally, it is necessary a'T)ove all to take account if it is wished to achieve results in international relations "Far fromlming - as I have Iready'said - satisfied with the terms of the peace treaty with Italy, We nevertheless have always considered that the existing situation j a.basis from which we must start in order to set .up good relations between tho two countries on the,' . Adriatic Sea Ane we have always considered that such relationr/gOt only in the interests of the two countries but in the interests of peace in general. Therefore we have tried, in solving the problem. between the two Countries to introduce as few elements as possihle' which might make a solution "difficult.. That is also the reason,whY. the governMeht ofthe 117aY has replied to the various voices, from.. Italy raised over the qUestion-of Trieste only sufficiently to make the attitude of Yugoslavia' clear and for it to be clear both to those on the right ahd on the "left" who are raising the outcry, that their noise in no way impresses either the peoples of Yugoslavia or their government. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 22 - "However that does not mean that Yugoslavia has not been in favour of an agreement with Italy on that question. en the con- trary we know that the government of the FLAY in many rejoinders has expressed its.readiness for such an agreement ns long as it is based on mutual rutistiC unTerstandin,g of the present-lay position nf things in the area of the FTT and that of the presnt-lay situa- tion in all respects, whether.fareign political or internal, whether as regards ethnical, economic or cultural relations in.that region. You know that the government of the Fai has never opposed direct agreement with Italy over the FTT by the peace treaty, but the first pre--supposes the second as far as such a direct agreement would be possible: For .Yugoslavia, natura117, as regards the FTT both the application of the peace treaty and the agreement with Italy mean the renunciatinn of important oarts of ethnical Yugoslav territory, means in fact heavy sacrifice which will not be forgotton in the souls of our peeple. --ut we nevertheless consider at the present time an agreement under fair terms -.and only to such an agreement would the government of the FiraY be able to agree - as beiJter than the peace treaty and that above all because such an agreement would be a powerful contribution to the strengthening of peace in this nart of Europe and the evelopment of peace-loving co-operation between Italy and Yugoslavia. And only warmongers could today have an interest in acting against the development of such co- operation. ."In general, as concerns an agreement between Yugoslavia and Italy over the FIT, earlier - just at the time of the Th.ris confer- ence - there was no le..jectinn by other TDOWQ-CS. Also there was no objection when in the so-called agreement Tito-Togliatti there were formulated the ossable bases for such an agreement between Yugo- slavia and Italy. It is eurorising and funny that now cominform propaganda comes down on the -government of the FTHY simply because now - just a8 three years ago - it expresses its readiness to escape from the blind alley in which the apPlidation of the peace treaty has led as reg,:rds the FTT by direct agreement between Yugo- slavia and Italy; end it is very entertaining to consider how the cominform wise men. try ",dialecticatly" to nrove how the Tito- Togliatti agreement was. good three years r7_:9 and bed today. However, the government of' the FTRY in spite of the outcry from rightists and "leftists" a's,road, nevertheless continues to remain a nrotagonist of such an agreement be,ause,it would be, especially if amplified by mutual obligations regarding the protection of natienal minOrities - an important lever of peace-loving co-operation between our people and the Italian peonle. Such co-operation would be important for the positien of peace in Europe . "Alt such an agreement, natUrally, does not depend only on our wishes but also on the Italian factor:. It would not, however, hp possible to say that the way in which from the Italian side this question has 1)o:en started has made easier the approach 'to its solu- tion. On the contrary, it is our opinion that it has made it much more difficult. -1.1t, it is quite clear that the deMands formulated in the Italian official nronouncements in no circumstance Present an acceptable basis for such an agreement. That which the Italian government now officially demands is in fact that which'the govern- ment of the FTHY resolutely refused during ,the time of the 7aris conference and to which the formation of the FTT was then presumed to be a lesser evil. It is very unrealistic and, to out it mildly, unprofitable to reckon that the government of the F71IY will now be able to accept what it was not able to accept in 1946. Of these demands themselves I do not have to inform you senarately because vnU have learned of them in the press. In general they amount to the demand that more or less the _whole FTT should go to Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -23 - to Italy, including in fact the main part) of zone is under our military government anl Whose population is ently Slovene or Croat. - In short that in fact is not a an -agreeMent but a-proposal for a unilateral solution in Italy. - B which ape rider basis for favour of With ragard.to such a stat 4 of affairs the government of the FPRY has 1en of the opinion that it would be senseless to indulge in further polemics on that question which could in no .sense make easier its -solution. obviously We must, then, consider that today the condition's still do not exist for an immediate solution of that question. "However, Ets Comrade Tito recently said in one of his statements that does hot mean that that fact which is of course regrettable, has to be an obstacle to the further positive develppment ofrela- tions between Yugoslavia and Italy. Pn the contrary it can be hoped that a suitable development of relations and peaceloving- Co-operation between the two countries in the end will make easier also the solution of the question of the FTT, "As concerns the second part of the queation, namely the queStibn: of the attitude of the government of the FPRY towards the Italian CaMpain over the elections in the-.Capodistria and Buje counties I would lake to say a few words separately. 'The elections in the so-called zone, B were normal and indis- penbible'local elections for the county people's. council. Those elections,? however, were utilisedby certain political circles in Italy to organise a shameless, Slanderous Campaign against, Yugo-, slavia in which the propaanda (.)f---the fascist remains and the cominformists sinply comnated in fantastic slanders. The version was put lorwari.that YutosiaVia: was Preparing the annexation of zone D. There was mention of deaths and serious injuries at the elections, of people driven mad, of suicide, of half-naked people who were brought to the poilin:4 booths by -t-,he militia, etc.; etc.. The head of the Military 7overnment of the Yug,oslav army in zone published a few days after the election; on the basis of confirmed and detailed reports', the'atatementsof representatives of the press in :-elTade in which they denied all that camnaign of lies and fabrications. The government of the FY did not consider it necessary.furthor.to take part in Unmasking that'caMpai2m simply because it was not convinced that the lies:We-re'sufficiently craible to be believed in ti-LewrlJ Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -24- The aims )f this camPaign were obvious. On the one hand it, was intended to discredit the elec'Tims in zone B and to question whether the Teeorle in this zone had had the opportunity to express their will, and on the othee- hand it was _intended to prevent,-or at leaet to im-eede the PiDssibility of an agreement between Yugoslairia an Italy over th-a Trieste question. ks far as the first of these aims is concerned , it, failed utterly. It male no difference how many lies there were, the real state of. affairs had the real desires of the people in zone B could not be conceeled. 'Is for as the second or these aims is concerned, it was to a cert,ir extent successful, that is to say it did hold up the settlement of the, Trieste oueStion,_ butthis lAccess'is of no use to Italy nor to the consolidation of peaceful co-operation between Yugoslavia and Italy. In any case it should he emphasised that a campai7n of this sort, of lies and slandere will make no impeeession en the peoples of the FrRY and their government in the defence of our national rights and int-rests. " Unfortunately the affair did not end here. You know very well that sriME, of these trumred uT statements from the anti- Yugoslav campai,n and some of the anonymous " announcements and "evidence" in th-a- official announcements and speeches were used as serious are:uments by the representatives of the ItIlian auth- orities. It remains for us merely to lament that the Italian -overnment eceepts the authenticity of these "statements" which have been picked up in the street and that they used these impro- bable and completely unauthentic announcements as a basis for their official attitude. However, in the name of Government of the .FFRY l must announce that this Government is well acquainted with the situation in Zone "B" at the time of the elections, - also with a few insignificant incidents which happened amongst the voters, such as harpen everywhere in the world at election times, - and because of that it can decidedly refute any argu- ment concerning the lawfulness or unlawfulness of the elections in Zone "B". the people in Zone "B" could express their will freely and did so. It remains fcr the Government of the FPRY to respect this will and to protect it from terrorisation, such as various anti-Yugoslav elements try to -)rganise from without. Where thesd attempts are leading is shown by the discovery of weapons on one of the ship t on the route between Trieste and .Capodistria. The Yugoslav Government is not disposed to over- estimate this incident, but it certainly is a symptom of the atmosphere created by the unbridled anti-Yue-oslav campaign which is headed jointly by the extreme right-winr, chauvinist reactift and the Cominformists. If nothing, else, this incident is a good object lesson that this is not the way to settle the pending questions between the two countries. Finally I would like to stress once more that in spite of this, the policy of the Government of the FTRY has not changed in any respect towards Italy. We are deeply confident that the friendship between the Italian and Yugoslav peOples is possible and necessary ,and that nothin-, insoluble lies in the way of creating a firm pledge of peace between the two countries. Obviously, success in this direction depends on whether the de- cisive factors in Italy will be in a position to pass over what old belligerent Italy claimed from Yu-oslavia as being their ethnical soil. In other words, the result depends on whether and in what way the decisive men in Italy will be able to change the old imperialist policy which experitnced the Second World War could be changed into a realistic policy of peaceful co-operation aid mutual respect of the pep ln on each side cl.f the imdriatic Sea mpprovea ror Keiease 200/09/06 : CIA-R0P83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Re',ease 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Taking Part in the discussion Franc Bevk spoke about the de- natitmaliSatic4olicy of the Italian Government towards the 80,000 Slovenes who have remained in Italy. Re mentioned a number Of facts about the 'discriminatory methods of the Italian Govern- mep.A.to Slovene education and culture and about the terrorisation ef7SIovene populace. Make Dace Ivan Regent and Vladimir Simic spoke about the chauvinist campaign against the Yugoslav Zone and other manifesta- tiokj.s of Italiin irredentism. In the spirit of the unanimous attitude of the participation in the discussion, Peter Stambolic, who was in the chair,proposed the conclusion: that the Committee completely agrees with the Government's policy towards Italy and the Trieste question. The proposal was uanimously acceoted. ABOUT RELATIONS WITH GREECE. Tbe President read Sinisa 5tankovic's proposal to" beseech the ForeiFn Minister to acquaint the members with the development a diplomatic relations between Yugoslavia and Greece and the atti- tudw of the Yugoslav Government to the possibility of normalising thise relations at the session of the Committee, so that the Com- mittee should he able to discuss the question more closely. Sinisa Stakovic came up to the rostfum and nave a brief ex- planation. He said: "The serious deterioration of diplomatic and other relations between Yu.,:oslaviaaand her neigibour, Greece, which happened after the war, was the dirct consequence of the adventurist foreign po- licy , which the recent reactionary holder of the power in Greece practiced towards their neighbours and especially towards Yugosla- via,. However, the recent elections in Greece have shown that the vast majority a the Greek people areopposed.te,such a policy. One cannot deny that these elections have considerably chang- ed the situation in regard to Yugoslav-Greek relations and on the other hand one cannot deny that the normalisation and settlement of relations between Greece and Yugoslavia,are a serious factor in the creation of petplee in the Balkans, and that the settlement of relations between/two neiEhbour countries is a contribution to the general peace of the world." Immediately after this Kardelj announced: "Comrades, and People's Deputies, You have learned from Com- rade Tito's report at the last session pf the National Assembly that the Yugoslav Government had decided to take certain steps ,to normalise relations with Greece. For this aim preparations for resuming railway transport and post connections, the use of the free zone of Salonika by our state and the exchange of envoys between the two countries have been made. Naturally this facili- tat4s a settlement of the quwstion of the Greek children whose parents are in Greece and are demanding the-return of their chil- dren.On its part the Yugoslav Government will do everything it can to settle the question as quickly as possible in tip spirit of the United Nations Resolution about, the Greek children. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -26- This does not mean that these-measures,have exhauSted all the questions to be settled between the two countries' 'There are certainly some'more questions which disauiet our peppleyvgtly e; much. .Such a auestion would be, for instance, the position of, the Macedonian minority in Greece' Put even so, the above mention- ed measures have taken a step in the direction of making possible re,Tular contact between the two countries and the further normal- isatin of relations. There is no doubt that this fact represents a vital change in the relations between the two countries, when one considers what they have been from the end of the waruntil now. The enemics of our country and the professional anti-Yugoslays have naturally been writing rubbish about this and usino this faCt to slander Yugoslavia insinuating that the above mentioned measures for normalising relations between Greece and Yue.oslavia have all kinds of political and military aims,which,in factItha.y. have not. It is typical that here too, the extreme ri-ht-wing, reactionaries and every possible fascist element and Cominform anti-Yu-roslav h6Wlers in Greece and other countries have meet on th3same ground. This combined action is being_ repeated in other countries as well and is expressinT exactly the same politic-il line of present day Cominformism which,at the be',innin;-. of 1930,allowed fascism. to come to power in Germany, However, the reasons for which the.YuT-oslav Government has decided to adopt the necessary measures for normalising relations with Greece can be summed up in a word: peace, The YugoSlav Government has always considered that the correct relations with neighbouring countries- wherever' this is possible, that is to say, wherever this is desired by.both sides and the objective conditions-eXist - are one of the most important factors for the peace and security of our countr. It is comprehensible therefore, that, in the light of its: policy the Government considers it.essen- tial.to normalise relations with its neighbour. country Greece-, as soon as the opportunity presented itself. And So the,: meaning of the change in Yugoeav-Grek relations need be sought only in this. I am confident that all those who really care about the consolida- tion of peace will approve the attituie of the Yugoslav Governmnnt, and that this attitude will not appeal , to those who would like to see the Balkans once more turned into a gun-powder barrel. Today more than ever the conditions exist for the Balkans not to be that any more as far as the Balkan, peoples are concerned, but that can only be the case if the Balkan peoples are in a position not, to be the weapon of somebody' else's policy. Anyway, Yugoslavia is nobody's weapon except that of her own people and that is why at present she is the strongest pillar of peace in this Part of Europe. She will continue her policy of consolidating peace within her bordere and normalisinp, relations with Greece as elewents of her policy. When considering the normaltation of relations with Greece, one must naturally have in mind the factors which enabled the change in our relations with Greece to take place. The liquidation of the civil war in Greece allowed the internal development of that Country to go its own way,whether we like it or not, but which we must reckon with as a fact. The defeat of the Democratic Army in Greece was also the consequence of Cominform poliCy as,were also many of the failures suffered by the progressive powers in various parts of the world: No movement which becomes the tool of somApiiitonafkirRireige260/OhleYth6i its own people for very long. Those who tried to use movement as a tool of their foreign policy and in particular their policy Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 oftalnst Yugoslavia bear:the historical reSponsibility for the defeat.of:that movetent. After that2the danger of a dictatorship of a fascist and extreme reactionary group in Greece threatened. It is obvious that under such a government Greece would have become a contri- buting factor to'tenSion in the Balkans; not to mention the harm it would have done to the Greek people and the remnants of demo- cracy in that country. Both the Yugoslav Government and the masses of our people could clearly see that it would not have been possible to ,creat normal reciprocal relations with that sort of Greece. This attitude has been expressed in our press more than once. However, the fascist and extreme reactionary groups in Greece have suffered a defeat and have not succeeded in,secUring the autho- rity for themselves. Without exaggeration we can Bay that this def at r.ontributed to the desire of the Greek people to co-operate with the peoples of Yugodavia with whom the Greek people have no reason to live in enmity. On the contrary historical tradition speaks of the friendliness of these peoples and hbout the mutual struggle against foreign oppressors. The normalisation of Yugo- slav -Greek relations was therefore undoubtedly a factor which could contribute to the maintenance of certain liberal forms of government in Greece and the decrease in the number of democratic victims. On the other hand the pnoples of Tugodavia undoubtedly gain, dirently from the normalisation of relations, both politically and economically. The resuming of railway transport arAl the use of the free zone of Salonika will facilitate economic communi- cation between our country and foreign countries. This is one more defeat for the economic blockade of Yugoslavia which the Eastern European governments are carrying on for a second year ' by now. There, comrades, is the ,essence of the measures taken to- wards the normalisation of Yugoslav- Grek? relations. I am con- fident that you will approve of these ,zteps by which the conditi- tions are prepated for the normalisation ofGreek-Yugoslav rela- tins. And finally it is perfectly clear that concrete relations between the two countries depend. ultimately on the good will of the masses of the people of one country towards the other. Our people's sympathy for the Greek people has always been very strong. But it depends naturally on the character of the Greek Government's' policy as to whether. our public will support.the further develop- ment of Greek-Yugoslav relations." After this Lidija Sentjurc spoke about the attempts as the Soviet propagandists to use the normalisation of Greek-Yugoslav relations, which contribute to the consolidation.of peace in this part of Europe, for their anti-Yugoslav campaign. Then ,comrade Laza.Mojsov spoke.. This is part of what he said: "The Macedonian people and the peoples of Yugoslavia cannot be disinterested in. the fate, of their brothers inAegean Macedonia. They cannot watch uncocerned the brutal way in which the basic rights of citizens of national minorities in Greefe are being abused, nor can they reconcile themselves with the . poligy of the denationalisation and political persecution carried but by the Greek reactionary rulers on the Macedonian minorities'. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Therefore, the continued porsecution of the Pacedonian minority in Greece is a hindrance to the complete normalisation of rela- tions between our country and Greece and is certainly a hindrance to eliminating the mistrust which the Macedonian people foster, justifiably, because of the former policy of the Greek rulers towards this minority. ,ne of the prime criteria on the basis of which the sincerity of the announcegient* and intentions of the Plastiras Govegnment about the internal pacification of Greece and democracy in Greece can be ?estimated4 Plastiras's Government will show its desii-e for the complete norm-alisation of rations with our country if they bring an end to the brutal,barbarous policy which the previous Greek leaders carried out on the Mace- donian minority, if they release all the Macedonians without reserve from the prisons and camps and the tens of thousands of deported Macedonians on death islands - if they recognise the basic minorjty rights of the Macedonians in Aegean Macedonia, which is to say,that they be allowed to use their own language, that they have schools in their language, as this is the minimum be be guaranteed to a national minority in any civilised state. This is the indispensible condition which will contribute to the true normalisation of relations between our two countries." Resuming the discussion the chairman Stankovic stated that the Committee had expressed its agreement with the steps taken by the Government for normalisin,o. relations between Yugoslavia and Greece and announced further that he would hand over a con- clusion on these lines to the National Assembly. Thus after four full hoUrs the Committee for Foreign Af- fairs concluded its session. It showed that th)Peorle's Deputies were keenly interested in current international problems concern- ing the foreign political relations of our country. ("Borba" - 17th May 1950) * will certainly be the relations of that government towards the Macedonian minority inGreece Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 4 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -29- NEW ANTI-YUGOSLAV PROVOCATION IS BEING PREPARED IN PRAGUE Prague, May 16th. The Czechoslovak authoritieg have undertaken illegal and discriminatory measures also against Hadosav Bagajic, representative of the Yugoslav newspaper Agency TANJUG in Prague. Already on April 13th of this year, the Tanjug corres- pondent Bagajic asked,in the usual way, for Ph exit visa from the Czechoslovak Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as hedesii-ed to return to his country. With no reason whatso- ever for refusing ?the visa and despite the fact that the consular procedure for issaing such visas is done in the. shortest time possible in all countries, the Czechoslovak Ministry has not yet issued the visa, nor has it considered necessary to give an explanation for its discriminatory attitude. 1though several interventions have been made by the Yugoslav Embassy in Prague, asking for Bagajidls exit visa, the Czechoslovak authorities have taken no notice of those interventions, and intend to keep the representa- tive of the Yugoslav press by force in their country. Violating in this coarse :end unpermissible manner the consular procedure which is respected in all civilized . countries, the Czechoslovak authorities arc applying in'this case an act of discrimination and force of the worst kind , towards the correspondent of a socialist country, preventing, him to return to his own homeland. This act of tyranny towards the 'representative of the Yugoslav newspaper agency, becomes even more obvious when compared with the way in which the Yugoslav Ministry of ' Foreign Affairs had issued the exit visa to 1,1cki, corres- pondentiof the Czechoslovak telegraph agency in Belgrade, who left Yugbslavia most recently. The Yugoslav consular autho7 rities issued the exit visa to Vrbecki, correspondent of the CTA in the Ilsual time taken for doing such services, not making any difficulties or preventing him to leave for Czecho- slovakia. This correct procedure on the part of the Yugoslav authorities towards the Czechoslovak correspondent, has been answered by the authorities in Prague.by the discriminatory and forceful keeping of the Yugoslav correspondent, an act equal to a provocation against snj_alist Yugoslavia. This discriminatory and hostile act against the Tanjug correspondent in Prague did not take placesuddenly and unexpectedly TheAzlechoslovak authorities have been preven- ting systematieally already for a long time the work of our correspondent and have made him pass through various discrimi- natory measures, which they are not 1n with any o4 the other foreign correspondents in Prague, not even with the most reactionary representatives of theimperialist press. The authorities banned and confiscated several times and with no reason whatsoever thebulletin issued by the Tanjug Agency in Prague, until finally it was completely banned, The corres- pondent Bagajic has been prevented from having any information on Czechoslovakia, which is otherwise placed at the disposal to all other foreign correspondents, only because he published the truth on socialist building in Yugoslavia. He was not even permitted to be present during 'the usual press conferences, to which the representatives of all foreign newspapers and agencies were invited. This preventing of normal newspn.per Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 I Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -30- work ws only r, part of the. organized hostile campaign and procedure which the Czechoslovak authorities. had been.aply- ing against the representative of the Yugoslav socialist press during the last few months. TI-is forceful keeping of the Yugoslav correspondent in Czechoslovakia is being done at the moment when the regime of terror and ill-treatement of Yugoslav citizens is being more intensly applied each day, at the moment when the procedure towards the citizens of socialist YugoSlaVia is criminal and unknown in a cultured Country. These discrimi- natory methods against the representative of the Yugoslav press have been undertaken by Czechoslovak authorities right at the moment when,more and more often, cases of dread- ful physical and psychic torture, ill-treatement and murder of Yugoslav citizens in Czechoslovak jails, are being disco- vered. Passing over r11, legal regulations and human Consi- deration, and trampling the most fundamental rights of man, the Cominfort authoritiestAEt Iqm#Ioslovakia show in this case, that they are re:-.dy to commit abominable crime and provocation, only in order to serve to the aggressive campagin and policy against Yugoslavia and in order to stifle the sympathies and respeot which Yugoslavia enjoys czong the Czedhpslovak people. The method of fordeful preventing the. Yugoslav correspondent to leave Czechslovakia, c-rresponde perfectly to the bolicy and spirit which reigns in the Com- inform countries and to the usual way of concoting anti- Yugoslav provocations. This preventing of our correspondent to return to his country, according to this inpermissible manner and accordini to the sitilarity of methods used in -pracice by the Cominferm countries and applied in the organization of anti-Yu'r:oslav provocations and trials, points to the fact that the Czechoslovak authorites arE being led in this case, by shameful and criminal tendencies. This is also proved by today's report given by the Czechoslovak Tele- graph Agency, in which the Yugoslav correspondent Bagajic is being shamelessly slandered and accused, thrOugh the mouth of the provocator ant former typist in -Lie Tanjug agency, Maria Franle, stating'that he-had been carrying out a spying acti- vity in Czechoslovakia. Such methed in initiating a campaign and . making such false accusations, are the best proof of the true aim of this forceful keepin7 of Tanjug's correspondent Bagajic, and point to the intention of the Czechoslovak autho- rities to organize a new anti-Yugoslav provocation, '(7anjug) (Borba May 17, 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 a 31 ASSM3LYC;F. .q1E CE TRAL CO- 21.WTIVE.UNIN .ENDS In his report, Submitted in the course of the first day of the session the secretary of the Central Co-operative Union of ,Yugoslavia, Dr:Mihajlp VUokovic,referred among other things to the following: That there are at present ih the F7RY more than 18,000 co- operatives and co-operative unions with a membership exceeding 4 million; that agrieultural co-operatives of the general type , represent the most widely spread form bf our co-operative: movement; that their number grew from 5,041 at the end of 1945to 94060 at the end of the past year or if we want to express it by an, index number we arrive at a figure of 179, ..7!nd that their membership grew from 500,000 to 3,5O000 or to an index number: of 660, Even in their initial stage, while engaged only in exchange of goods, they 'became an important factor on the market. Their turn- over, which varied from10 to 16 billion, grew to 18 billion dinars in 1948, On cOltpari-5011 with 1946i the index number of their total turn-over amounted to 177. Speaking of the peasant working do-operatives, Dr.Vuokovic stressed the rapid rate of their growth. In comparison with the past year, their number grew by 4?,. the number of their home- steads by 547%, and the size of their land holdings by 559%. Actually, there are now in our Country 7,012 peasant working co- operatives with 377,163 households which means that they .amount at present 16% of the total number of the; peasantry. They own 1,978,125 hectares of land or 19.6% of the total arable area. Adding to this areas cultivated by co-operative farms of the general type and those belonging to the government sector, one must come to the conclusion that the socialist sector of Yugoslavia owns already more than 26% of the total area. The Resolution The resolution passed by qle assembly poihts out that the principal taSk of the agricultural co-operatives of the general type is the promotion of agricultural production on their farms and struggle for higher yields. Co-operatives should not only engage in trading, but they should mobilize the working peasantry to participate more activelyin solving rural problems, that is, in establishing and fulfilling sowing plans, in cultivating and taking care 'of crops, in land reclaming activities, application of scientific methods of work in agriculture and stockraising, in establishing and realizing purchasing plans., and so on.. In order to accomplish this they should assist individual farmers in hauling teams, machines and implements, fruit and vine nursery plants, fertilizers, in means for protection of plants, and so on. It is aleopointed out that' socialise demecracy should constantly be promoted and extended for the reason that it should ensure the widest activity and initiativeof co-operative members and that they should be. urged to pay a greater attention to the problems of savings and credits in order to promote their homesteads and meet their requirements on the basis of self-assistance. ? Cooperatives arealso aJvised to pay greater consideration to the skill of their lumbers and organise illiterate courses to be attended by every illiterate memberand cultural-artistic entertainments, /7).1.so,on. A matter of particular importance is that they should mobilize their membership for building co-operative centres which should become ::earera_of culture in our villages. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 32- The development of socialist democracy merits full attention of members of peasant working co-operatived who should oppose all .attemnts at violation of this principid is particularly important to 'establish a close co-operation between peasant working and agricultural co-operatives of the general type with regard to all matters concerning villages ac a. whole. Members of peasant working co-operatives should try to settle rural communal problems in co- operation with individual farmers, they should try together to Promote agricultural production and they should assist each other. After- making reference to the necessity of protecting co- operative property, of caring properly for and of proper ,utilization of draft animals, of protecting co-operative buildings, and so on, the resolution " Points out that wherever introduced, the group system of work should tle improved, and wherever it has not -yet been introduced, one should study and try to promote the co-operative organisation of work and introduce this system as well as norms for e every kind of job, classifyin7 them according to exertions and required skill. ? In addition to the extension and promotion of agricultural production (agriculture, stockbreeding, poultry raising, fruit, growing, wine, vegetable growing, bee keeping and so on) one should pay a special consideration to the problem of building co-operative buildings, particularly stables and stalls, and orientate himself to quick and simple constructions from materials obtained from local sources. The present delegates then addressed their telegrams to the Central Committee of the CF of, Yugoslavia, to Marshal Tito and to the Federal Government. ("'-'H3A") Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 lomoi CPYRGHT - Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : C 19000170_ THIS IS AN ENCLOSURE DO NOT DETACH zoX1A NI 0 lii IN- 'ill' _110 Ja2skaw-sIll ,2 Hi (0 INT Si 1E ilLe_17 1)1 C IIB SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. NO 245 August 16, 1950. HEADLINES BOA P.1. MARSHAL TITO ACCEPTS J .1-iONAGE OF , FIRST CHESS POSTWAR OLYMPIAD NEW YORK: CELEBRATION OF YUGOSLAV DAY IN CHICAGO PRAGUE! CONGRESS OF INTERNATIONAL STUDENT FEDERATION SLANDERS YUGOSLAVIA AGAINST SLANDERS AND MISINFORMATION * "WELL-KNOWN" FACTS OF THE SOFIA COMMENTATOR OUR WORKERS COUNCILS BERLIN: FORMER E'LST GERMAN MINISTER ESCAPES FROM PRISON ATHENS: TRIAL OF TRADE UNIONISTS AND CP MEMBERS BEGINS BRUSSELS: NEW BELGIAN GOVERNMENT FORMED GENEVA: POLAND QUITS WHO WAR IN KOREA: TOKYO: NORTH KOREANS ADVANCE NORTH OF TAEGU TOKYO: MacARTHUR HEADQUARTERS COMMUNIQUE TOKYO: AMERICAN PLAhES DROP 7000 TONS IN MONTH PYONGYANG: NORTH KOREANS TAKE KOSONG LONDON RADIO PYONGYANG ANNOUNCEMENT ):4" POL1TIKA P.2, COMINFORNI, MACHINATIONS .WITH GREEK REFUGEES P.20 GLAS MASS ARRESTS AND INTERNING OF FRONTIER INHABITANTS IN BULGARIA AND HUNGARY Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 stipulates that only workers wha.have signed work contracts can be chosen into Workers, Councils; and further, "since 'most of the workers have refused to sign such contracts it is'natural that only workers who have forgotten their.class membership will get into the Council's, and thus create a privileged buraucratic stratum of workers." First - since practically every'worker has signed a con- tract in our country it is natural that every worker can elect and be elected. Second - our workers chnse in fact the best amongst them for their representatives even before the passing of the lam, because those workers prove their class consciousness through their conscientious efforts to build socialism. The broad social- ist democracy being developed by our Party will never permit the formation of a priviled layer. In any case the law covers that 1point; Art.2 states th,t councils are chosen for one year but that they, or individual members can be recalled before that period; Art.6 states yhat no one can be a'member of the Manage- ment Committee more than two years running, etc. The slogan "the factory tp the workers" dare not even be thought of in Bul- garia and the Soviiet Union because it is in opposition to the offidial, "faultless" teaching of the role of the state in the transitional period. Sd. M.B. (Summary, BORBA, 16th August 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 5 _71, 3 Recently a roup of .rock refugee8 arrived in luivary fro7. Yugoslavia his is what was announced on th2t occasion by the cohinform TroPaganda nachine; TasS, callin on a report of a correspondent of TelepresS, . told howthe-Jreek' refugees arrived in the `lungarian capital "having been snatched from -a. concentration camp in Yugoslavia" and how after that the paper talks of "the. horrors which they had survived". The corlinform. Daily.11orker 24 hours later repented this Toss assertion,. adding that theGreek ?refugees arrived in Budapest "after escape - from a concentration camp in 7ugoslavia". !hat really happened to these refugees? The difference between these two.Statementsalone shows that. this hews" in no way differs from the-other slanders produced by the cominform.about Yugoslavia.' But the best thing is to. consider the facts. In January this year a group of Greek refugees moved into Curuga and stated the wish to go to Czechosloakia. Our authorities organised a reception station and food, fuel and furniture.. At the end of January representatives of the CC..Yug,oslav Red Cross and our PeoPleis Authorities visited the reception ?station and discovered that the equipment had been complete ruined. in only ten days .and .a wagon load of wood and a-wagon.load of coml already burnt ? This group of Greek refugees hardly condescen- ded to send their representatiVeg.to--meet the Red Cross delegate' At the meeting the Yugoslav representatives showed that the Greek . refugees had been provided with all the means necessary for life as long as they were in YugeslaVj:a. The.cost.of maintenance, the pay of the camp manager, of the caterer and book-keeper was paid by ,the Yugoslav Red Cross. The remaining duties such as cleaning,cooking, washing were left to the refugees to organise among themselves as thcy wished. The clothing of the children and their care in general was entrusted to the Red Cross. The refugees were enabled to organise ?theselves in their collective so that they could work and thus earn somemoney. The refugees wore given means of communication with the ,Central Committee of the Red Cross through. the Local Committee. At thesame meeting, at the end of January, Yugoslav '.0presen- tatives-inforned the Greek refugees that their departure from Iltgo- slavia did not only depend on our authorities but alsoon the ? ' authorities of those:. East Eurenenn'countries to 'whieh they wished to .go and who still had not granted entry.. The Yugoslav linistry of Foreign Affaira five times made representations to the Czech Governmen demanding that the latter approve entry for these refugees. However, the Czech Government procrastinated. In order to speed their departk11-.: it was suggested to the refugees that they appoint from among them- selves a certain number of persons to go to Belgrade and vis411:tlIpe Czech Embassy to settle the Question of their departure. The/was also offered to these delegates - . to visit in Belgrade the :'inisty cof the Interior in order to .verify that the Yugoslav authoritieS were -.. rot obstructing their departure. ' ;However, the group of Greek refug under the influence of cominform agitators, refused all these proposa The behaviour of that :roup towards the Yugoslav authoritieS.Was?..fryn the beginning, more than hostile. ? This behaviour was provoked among them by the cominform -1w0-0,n7 who incited them against .Yugoslavia, trying to create as diffiOltia situation as possible in the reception camp for provocative purposes. In the end the Greek.refugees.were asked only to work for themSolvos:, in their- collectives- and thus order their life the way they anted, . Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R00630019000170 -6- in whieh they would have the assistance of the Yugoslav authorities. Rejecting the proposal of the Yugoslav representative the refugee provvcateurs refused to draw up a list of the refugees in the camp,. end even did not wish to notify their names The departure of this group, as in earlier. eases already mentioned in our press, depended only on entry permits from the Czech authorities. However, the Czech Government refused to do that. In place afa reply from the Czehch (Government a proposal was suddenly made by Hungary to the effect that it was ready to accept the Greek refugees. The. Yugoslav authorities accepted the proposal and on the 7th July, after talks in Budapest, reached agreement. The next day the group of Greek refugees were handed over to Hungarian representatives on the frontier. On that occasion it was announced onthe Yugoslav side that if there were any other refugees who wished to go Yugoslavia was ready to send them if the Hungarian Government agreed to receive them. Why did Hungary accept those refugees instead of Czechoslovakia and why was cominform propaganda silent on the fact that the transfer was Completed on the basis of a previous agreement with the Yugoslav authorities? Primarily the cominform leaders were trying further to use Hungary for their campaign against Yugoslavia. Besides that Hungary was chosen because ceninform hrnpaganda could much elore easily assert that the Greek refugees had fled from Yugoslavia to Hungary rather than directly to Czechoslovakia. This is only in line with their propaganda in general which, as in the case of Von Kleist, is very forgetful when it is a matter of crossing the Hungarian frontier. Thjs is how the ".event" appears on which Tass .and the--restof :the cominform report their inventions. There is as much "escape"- or '"concentration camps" in this affair as there is "sincere'' and "friendly" intentions on the part of the cominform leaders towards' these refugees. ? It is not necessary to proVe very far that those refugees after. all their miseries of the war days are continuing to be forced to playa:their pitiful role for the benefit of the shameless cominform combinations. The facts are clear: Yugoslavia has nothing to hide as regards these refugees nor any reason to terrorise them or to hold them. That is not done in our country. We have besides invited witnesses to come and verify whether it is so. Pony witnesses have -already 'been, lookedand made commendatory statements and asserted that it is correct,. But in the countriosunder the control of the Soviet leaders facts show something quite aifferent. The Soviet Government illegally and unjustifiably retains Yugoslav children, the Czechoslovak Government keeps Yugeslav csitizens for months in its. prisons, two -Yugoslays have already lost their lives in those prisons, the Rumanian and Hungarian. Governments arrest dozens of Yugoslav citizens and intern members of the Yugoslav national minority and the Bulgarian authorities intern even the families of people who aPe in Yugoslavia, etc. The Greek refugees who find themselves in Czechoslovakia and other East European countries, and whose families live in filgoslavia have also been the subjects of this cominform practice. On the ? demand of Parents children (according to a resolution of the ? General-Assembly of UNO for which, amongst others Czechoslovakia voted) should be returned to their parents. ? To the Yugoslav note of the 7th December 1949 an the 'petition of parents to the Czech Embassy in Belgrade the reply was received that the Czech State bodies do not handle those questions at ell,because their settlement is supposedly made by the Red Cross in Geneva! In the same way the Rumanian,Hungarian and Polish Governments have stern1V refused to reply to parents ? petitions and to the notes of the Yugoslay. ,government for the return of Greek children to their parents in Yugoslavia. - The arrival of the Greek refugees in Budapest shows that Yugoslavia adheres.to-its international obligations. Why do the cominform leaders not have the cournTe to do thersame in their countries? (POLITIKA 2 cols.) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-14D158.340415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 MASS ARR STS AND INTERNMENTS OF THE FRONTIER POFULATION OF HUNGARY AND BULG-RIA. Recently , at the same time as the noisy cominform peace campaign and the most l'antastic trumped-up news about Yua7oslavia's alleged aggressive intentions, in Hungary, Bulgaria and Rumania an increasingly intelLce policy of violence and terror is being carried on against the Yugoslav national minority and against all those who do not believe the cominform lies and slanders about socialist Yugoslavia. This is particularly severe in the frontier places and districts. Our press has already given a number of concrete examples of the forced shift- ing of the population along the Hungarian - Yugoslav frontier, where entire villages have been ivansported with all their belongings to unknown destinations. It has given instances of the terrorism of the Rumanian "Security" agents, of mass intern- ment along the Yugoslav - Bulgarian frontier of all those who have relatives in Yugoslavia or who sympathise with her. Thie terroristic "purging of the frontier areas" was at first flatly denied by the cominfrom propaganda and then, since facts are very obstinate things, they partly admitted it , saying that the victims of their measures of violence were"clas- enemies" or "fascists" and the like. Recently in Bucharest, in the tradition of the Budapest and Sofia staged trials, a trial was held. The object of it was to produce new material for propaganda and arrests. In Bulgaria and Rumania the Cominformists did not dare to organise reprisals for the cominform court comedies, which were a complete failure, but demanded new forms of them. And thus in Hungary "Protest meetings" have recently been held in the frontier villages at which the people speak about the alleged visit of Von Kleist and Scorzina to Yugoslavia, about units of the Yugoslav army being "armed to the teeth with American equipment " on the point of attacking the unprepared Soviet Union and the other Eastern European countries, etc..To sum it up they said that the Yugoslav press was slandering them when it said that terror was being exercised on the frontier population in Hungary, adding that the "small number" of Teorle arrested were all "sworn enemies of the Hung-Irian people and their independence. After these meetings, the persecutions continue. In the district of 3anrov, for example, the following people were arrested between the 20th and 25th July: Mojzesh Djordje and his wife, Bora Janosh and his wife;Med Marin and his wife, TomashevZhivko and his wife and ten'year old child, Nadj Janosh Barishin Marko and Filakovic Marko. They were all arrested because they were"politically unsound" ,"Titoites",an, kulaks. Actually, the facts are thus:Med Marin,Barishiv Marko and Nadj Janosh are amongst the poorest peasants in that village. Zhivko Tomasev was a doubtful person because he recently hid a "Provocateur" who was expelled. from Yugoslavia. In Bulgaria at the end of July this year more violent measures were taken in the frontier districts on the population. The Chervenkovites arrested entire 'Yugoslav villages near the frontier . In the.Kustendil district up to the 2nd August, mass arre ts were carried out tn the villages of Sardev, Cheshnjinats, Kobilje, Dragovats and Leshivats. In the district of Kula in the same period 7 families with a total of 30 people were arrested in the village of Rakovitsa, 2 families from Karesh and 12 from Kapetanovats etc.. Most of these were emigrants from the FPRY or Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 1..eopl.Q who...had- declared themselves as friends of *Yugosla-7ia. The manner in which these people are arrested is particularly brutal. The houses are entered, the .people turned out , shoved into lorries and taken off to special "reception stetions" whence they are taken Off in an unknown direction. For better control and for inspection some of the members of the Dulgar- ian Workers' 7.arty PPOm the interior assist the police in these arrests They blockade the roads and patrol the streets. This terrorism of the I':ulgarian eauthorities which. has, obviously eeen thought out in advance and is being, carried out on directi're s , has aroused great embitterment amongst the frontier population and because of it many people haw .fled- to Yugoslavia. Like the Hungarians,-the -fulgarians at first .deny these measures and then admit them, but,of course, they only apply to"a few enemies of the 13ulgarian people". As an " exrlanation" of these measures the Fulgarians, like the Hungarians, hold "conferences" in the frontier villages, at which they slander the F7Y and praise the Soviet Union and her policyof peace. Ahen they have carried out their "prolet- arian duty" the Chervenkovite "champions of peace" devote them- selves to interning people. Thus on the 7th August most of the inhabitants of the district of Vidin were interned, and from the village fo Kosovo 4 families were interned, from the village of Karatinats 4 from Delejna 6 , from Dregov 10 and from nragomn 7 families etc.. The Yugoslav Nati:nal Committee for the Defence cf Peace gives a true pecture of these events in Dulgaria and Hungary; and the Hungarian and Bulgarian "protest meetings" and "protest conferences" a true picture of the words of the Gamin- form "champions of peace" and the arrests and acts of violence, a true picture of their deeds. In the light of this one can understand why the Cominformists keep cuiet nbout the invitation of the Yugoslav congress for the defence of Peace, since after an inquiry it would be impossible for them to organize "Protest meetings " which would not prove that their peace-loving phrases are only a mask for the doubtful aims of a hegemenistic policy. .(Glas , 16th. August 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 a- 0 I W. tr T]t. A. S LAZIP I 0 W. S ILZ-17 X C CPYRGHT SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. No. 246 THIS IS AM ENCLOSURE DO NOT DETACH HEADLINES BORBA 25X1A August 17,1950 P.1. LETTERSFROM PROGRESSIVE PUBLIC WORKERS OF USA TO YUGOSLAV INFORMATION CENTER IN NEW YORK MASS INTERNING OF MACEDONIANS IN PIRIN MACEDONIA P.3. LONDON: DISAGREEMENT OF USA AND GREAT BRITAIN ON CHINA POLICIES GENEVA: ANGLO-AMERICAN SLAVE LABOR SUGGESTION IN ECONOMIC SOCIAL COUNCIL AGAINST SLANDERS AND MISINFORMATION: HYPOCRITICAL MASKING OF TERROR AGAINST OUR NATIONAL MINORITY IN HUNGARY A CHETNIK WITNESS AT BUCHAREST TRIAL WAR IN KOREA: PYONGYANG: ACCORDING TO RADIO PYONGYANG NORTH KOREANS HAVE FULL FORCE ENGAGING ALL ALONG FRONT - AMERICANS DROP 1000 TONS BOMBS ON NORTH KOREAN TROOPS TOKYO: NORTH KOREA M EXPECTED TO MAKE NAKTCNG OFFENSIVE TOKYO: MACARTHUa HEADQUARTERS COMMUNIQUE LONDON: ECHO OF INDIA SUGESSTION ON NON-PERMANENT MEMBER UN COMMISSION FOR KOREA CCNFLICT -RECIEVED WITH SYMPATHY FROM BRITISH MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS NEW YORK: LAMONT DISAGREES WITH PROGRESSIVE PARTY STAND ROME: SCELBA SHARPLY ATTACKS CP ITALY BUCHAREST: CAPITAL PU-7.8117ENT-TOVERS MORE CASES NOW WASHINGTON: AMERICA COMPLETES DRAFT OF PEACE TREATY WITH JAPAN POLITIKA P.1. NEHRU CALLS ON INDIANS TO PRESERVE UNITY AND NEUTRALITY: NEW DELP' p.4. GROUP OF STATE PROPERTY THIEVES SENTENCED NEW YUGOSLAV MERCHANT VESSEL Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -2- MASS INTERNING CF MACEDONIANS IN PIRIN MACEDONIA Skopje:, August 16,1950 Refugees who rcmhed Yugoslav territory after having escaped from,Iirin Macedonia speak of the mass internment of entire Macedonian? families in Pirin Macedonia,. since August 1st, by the Bulgarian authorities. During the first ten days in August alone about 500 families from BlaFojevgrad(Gornjo-Djumajski) and Petricki counties were internedl while similar internments are in prepar- ation in the rest of Pirin Macedonia. Ors, August first and second, 300 families from Blagojevgrad county were interned, 40 of the families were from the city itself. The following'families from the village of Gabrovo in that county were interned; among others: The family of A.A. Staninski(with four members), M. Indilazov (with eight members),B. Staninski etc. The following'families from'Dubocica were interned: the family of M.T. Maadenov, M.A. Todorov, I.T. Musrev, I. Koorlanov, and V.I. Mladenov. From'the village Viaje: G. Nacev (four members), G. Gogot (five members), K. Ivanov'setc, From Lagodis: L. Grcki, and others. From Drenovo: M. Stojilov, and others. Also four'families from Seliste, six from Porrovnik, three from Zelendom, over fifteen from Lesko, etc. same Th/measures were taken on August 7;8 and 9 in the county of Petrick?, when around200 families woee inOeined, 50 f111 ihe ;fty. In this county, there we-e six familes interned from the village of Gabren, one from Krusica, five from Jawornica, ?two fromElesnica and over 130 from the other villages. It is with horror that the refugees speak of the terror and the frenzied campaign of the Bulgarian police authorities against the peacful populace. A sixty year old man; Traiche Mircevski was badly beaten for refusing to enter a truck, and his wife was also beaten for trying ,to take a small rug along. These mass internments show that the Bulgarian leadership, in its inability to stifle the desire of the Macedonian people of Pirin Macedonia for national freedom, has resorted to using - !I measures that border on the physical extermination of the Macedonian people, ( Borba, ? ugust 17,1950) LETTERS FROM PROGRESSIVE PUBLIC WORKERS OF AMERICA TO THE YUGOSLAV INFORMATION CENTER IN.NEW YORK New York, August 16/50 The Yugoslav Information Center in New York has received many letters from prominent progessives in America who greet the decision of the Yugoslav National Committee for the Defense of Peace and support the initiative of the Congress inviting all peace movements in the world to send representatives in order to investigate whether Yugoslavia is preparing agressive operations, with the condition that a similar inquiry be carried out in the Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -3 - neighborinp; territories.. The following is stated in a letter from the well known American public worker Henry Pratt Fairchild, -professor of New York university and member of the National Committee of the American-Soviet Society:" You are doing a good deed. I have a high opinion of your publications and I. read them with great satifaction. I was particularly impressed with your invitation to groups and individuals to visit Yugoslavia and judge for themselves. I was satisfied with what I saw during my visit to Yugoslavia last suumer and I would like to visit your country again, However,. I am not sureLdam spare the time to do so in the near future." "I read the resolution of the Yugoslav National Committee .for the Defense of Peace with great care. Your invitation is truly a noble invitation - writes Cary MacWilliams, 14911 known progressive writer and for many years contributor to the progressive magazine Nation ." Earnest Cmelby, New York University professor also praises the resolution as having great significance for the creation of Er foundation for peace and understandinc! between peoples. " I think-he ,states - that it would be a good thing for the citizens of this country to visit Yu-oslavia and other countries. Up tJa Sinclair ans/401. that he read the resolution with satisfation and that ho is sorry for not being able to visit Yugoslavia because he is writine? a book. Hugh Weston, member ofthe Massachusetts Peace Committee, writes: " I warmly greet the invitation of the Yugoslav National Committee. I consider Yu-oslavia's stand correct and think that it should be adopted by other nations. I think that this invitation affords us opportunity to sor, the truth with our own eyes and thus put an end to the rumors circulat- ing here. After a careful study of Yugoslavia's policies I am happy to say that I canto the conclusion that Yugoslavia is earnest in its fight for peace and equal relation betteen socialist countries. You can count on my support of your correct stand. " 'The'scretary of the orFanisatienwAmerican Friends'AaeNdce Comm4tixycL,Hoskins, states that this organisation is considering the possibility of sending its reprosentaive to Yugoslavia. The same desire is expressed bybthe " Commission of World Peace." (Tanjug) (Borba, Auoust 17,1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Appr'bved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -4- dRolfp OF;-?RILY HLOYES. OF SRiSKY VORA VICE TRIED Ii FIUMF, -On?augUst: 14, 15 employees of thc. railyay qt tion of Srpeke orEivice were tut .on trial 'before the 'Dietz,let Court in TqUme beiri ? charEed w).th -theft. This group wns envolved in -theft of tons of cerecle, vegetables and. clothing snatched from railway w gone. In. that way damar.:7e in inflicted to both stkte and ' co7o2en:tive.:-enterprises, well 'as to certain indivi6ua1s. The 'group. was led by Franjo Jakovae, a. ,nrehouse keeper and other: doused, collaborated with 'Lim. In front of thr court, they all -.pleaded to be:ullty. The -court passed . sentenc,cs rongin. from 6 months to 6 years of imprisonment with - hard -labour. The court' wat presided by - Krsto Jezina. Another trial is to take plaee in Fiume shortly ap7:inst come .maiT.gers of commercial enterprise "Pek-Pod". La Voce del'ibpolo,._August 15, 1950j? Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R0063001900014 5 NON-AGREEMENT BETWEEN BRITAIN AND THE USA ON POLICY TOWARDS CHINA (London, 16th August,) Foreign agencies report that Britain disagrees with the 'USA's policy towards China. As UP reports, the disagreement concerns President Truman's order to the American 7th Fleet to patrol the waters of Formosa and defend this island, in case of an attack by the Army of PR China, Britain considers that this order might lead to American- Chinese conflict. UP asserts that Britain finds hers,Af in a very unpleasant position since she has recognised Mao Tse Tung's government. British representatives made it known earlier that in the case of a Chinese attack on Formosa the British .fleet in the Pacific would stand aside. British fears and disquiet have especially been increased Since the recent visit of General MacArthur to Formosa to make arrangements with Chiang Kai Shek for military co-operation between American and Kuo Mintang forces in the defence of Formosa. The British press protested at this visit and the arrangement, and the British Govern- ment has asked the USA to prevent any attack by Chian Kai Shek's forces on continental China. The British Government considers that Chiang Kai Shek, whose air force recently bombarded some places near the Chinese coast, has broken Truman's order which instructed the American 7th fleet to prevent not only an attack by PR China on Formosa but also an attack by the Kuomintang forces on China. The British Government fears that Chiang Kai Shek's offensive actions will draw the USA into war with PR China and considers that that 'would have disasterous results throughout Asia. Judging by reports from foreign agencies the USA are dis- satisfied with the British attitude on Formosa. United Press report' that the US Government has asked the British Government what would their attitude be in the case of the Chinese Army trying to make an invasion on Formosa. Informed circles say that the American Govern- ment considers this question urgent and important and high level tdiks are going on about it. Military circles in Washington doubt whether the American 7th Fleet would be in a position effectively to resist a Chinese invasion of Formosa and therefore Washington is insisting that Britain openly declare whether her Far East Fleet would support the action of the American 7th Fleet or not. Britain, however, is avoiding a public statement on this question. The Foreign Office representative has only said that the action of Britain in the case of an invasion of Formosa is "a hypothetical question". He, however, denies the reports which have appeared in the press that Great BritaiN has asked the USA to place the island of Formosa under the protection ' of UNO. Almost the whole Indian press disapproves of MacArthur's visit to Formosa and the US policy towards China. AFP reports that the Indian News Chronicle, whose owner is an influential member of th Indian Parliament; describes MacArthur's visit to Formosa as "madness and as regards American policy towards China asserts that the USA "obstinately refuses to understand the Asiatic spirit". The States- man of New Delhi says of MacArthur that his visit to Formosa and the TEaration which he expressed for the head of the Kuo Mintang "dangerously encourages an offensive" by thiang Kai Shek on PR China. (Tanjug) (BORBAi col.) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? .? . Approved' For Release' 2601/09/06-: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 6 ? BRITISH-AMERICAN PROPOSAL TO ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL .(Geneva, 16th August) The British andAmerican delegations yesterday presented the Economic iNAocial.Council with a joint proposal for setting up a commission7Would examine documents relatingto,forced labour in the Soviet-Union and report on that.to the council. ? Reuter reports that this proposal was presented after a speech by the head of the British delegation Corley-Smith who. again accused the Soviet Union of holding on,its territory over 10 million slave workers. -Smith announced that this estimate was too low since in thern last few years there have been many mass deportations in the USSR of the population to Siberia and Central Asia, including about 3 million .people fromthe,Baltic Republics and Moslem areas alone. (BORBA) - CORLISS LAMONT DISAGREES WITH THE LEADERS OF THE PROGRESSIVE PARTY (New York, 16th August) .Corliss 'Lamont,- prominent member of the National Leadership of the Progressive Party, has declared his disagreement with the attitude of the leaders of the Party in the Korean. question and the question of the Soviet .attitude in UNO, He is reMaining a member of the Party considering that_h an'better serve in the party than-out'of it. Lamont, like John Rogge, agrees with Henry Wallace, but he does not agree with his leaving the Progressive Party. Lamont is also a member of the National Committee. Of the Association for American Soviet Friendship.. He has. visited the Soviet Union a number of times and written books and articles on.life in the Soviet Union. (BORBA) EXTENSION OF DEATH SENTENCE IN RUMANIA (Bucharest, 16th August) A law was published yesterday. in Bucharest allowing the death sentence for all cases of theft or destruction of anything belonging to the armed forces. Imprisonment of from 3 - 10 years can be aWarded to any person with knowledge of such an act and failing to report it. (BORBA) SENTENCE ON GROUP OF THIEVES OF PUBLIC PROPERTY In the large hall of the mess of the factory of heavy machine tools in Zeleznik the peoples court has sat for some days. In order that the workers could follow this trial, it was held in the afternoon outside working hours, This group of thieves of public property have been answering their charges in the presence of the collective of the factory. 70 offenders Jave inflicted serious dsMage oh tHe factory at Zeleznik because they succeeded in uncovering a weak spot in which to operate. At the factory there is an industrial school where Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0' - 7 - nothing has been grudged. For the use of this school:the factory. _ gave. machines and tools. The.grOup of offender's, under the leader- ship of Djura Rodic, a practical iftstructor at the school, made away with everything that arrived. Djrua Rodic made off from the factory?with electrical motors, electrical material,-magnetoes for motorcycles, windscreen wipers,. carpenters! machines paints, varnish, wire volt meters, etc. All to the value of over,670,000 dinars. . Of course he did not work alone. ? He was helped in some of his activities by Branko Bracarevic, a carpenter from Belgrade who bought thethings which Rodic took from the factory. Dusan erkovic stole, together with Rodic, he is also a practical instructo7' at the industrial school, he value of. goods ? which he took amounts to 370,000 .dinars. The 17 in the. dock are: besides Rodic and Bracarevic and Jerkovic? Rade Miljevic, Metal worker in the motor factory in Rakovica who took from his factory carpenters' machines, insulated cable, gimlets, etc. and seId them, .neXt-Bozidar Ilic. Manager of the tool store FTAM in Zeleznik who made off with metal saws, borers; etc. There is a1s0e...: storeman Djemal Kadic, and Milorad Pinteric Manager of the electrical store, Dusan Pavlovic and Slobodan Mitic practical instructor at the industrial school, and Dragisa Pavlovic clerk at FTAM, Moncilo Tanajotovic locksmith from Belgrade, Dragoslav Lukovic also instructo\ at the industrial school, Bogdan Aradski private mechanic, Franja Sodomka motor mechanic, Dorevoje Djordjev.ic clerk in the firm ?Udarnik" of Belgrade, Mihail? Ilkic painter with FTAM and Stasoje Dojinovic agricultural worker, Although of various callings these were all solidly together in .their plundering of national pronerty. In the court they have continuously charged each other or tried to conceal their thefts. The whole works collective of Zeleznik has had the opportunity to listen for days to. theertanglaldefence of these people'. These large thefts were nossible because ?the management of the factory did not take sufficient.. precautions-. No kind of supervision was carried out of the instructors and clerk's ,at the schObl during their departure from duty when returning home. It was easy for them to carry off materials, tools, machines and motors and to transfer them to the instructional workshops and from thence sell them or hand them over to .acquaintances and "business friends". During the trial it was a ,number of ti.:-!es shown that there was no problem in taking things from the factory, because there was no kind of inspection. In the same way, in the instructional workshops. no-one was concerned with what there was in it. In this way practical instructor 'S in the school ' workshops were?able-to'take off parts from separate machines and even whole machines, on the excuse that they were doing it to train the pupil's and thereafter to take them away and sell them. :This trial has been a bitterelesson for the management of the firm,??_: teaching them greater cave for national property. The District Court of Belgrade. has pronounced the following sentences: Djura Rodic 20 years imprisonment with hard labour, .confiscation of, property, Dracarevic condemned to death by shooting, Jerkovic 16 years\ imprisonment with hard labour and confiscation of property, Miljevic five years imprisonment with hard labour, Ilic 6 years imprisonment Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ' ApproVed For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 8 - with hard labour, Kadic li years, Pinteric 2 years, Pavlovic 2i irears Mitic li years, 1!)ratisa,Pavlovic 2 years, Panajotovic 1;->: years, Lukovic 1 year, Aradski 4 years, Sodomka li years, Djurdjevic 6 months Mihajlo Ilkic to 2 onths corrective labour and Vojinovic to 6 months, The Public Prosecutor has lodged a protest at the judgment on Rodic an, Bozidar Ilic. (POLITIKA I col.) ' A NEW SHIP FOR THE MERCHANT NAVY The Yugoslav shipping line has bought from the Enlgish shipping company'Ulster" the ocean-going .ship Lord Glentorren which has already Sailed in our ..Merchant Navy under the name Kosmaj 2. This is the -fourth obeangoing ship after the Makedonija, Rijeka Pula.which nur Merchant Navy has received this year. This ship is of the same type as the majority of our big ships. 8,833 tons burden and 5,667 net tonnage. It is 123 metres long, 17 metres wide and cruises at. 11 knots. (POLITIKA), Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-6 THE HYPOCRITICAL misKiNa OF THE TERRORISATION OF OUR NATIONAL MINORITY IN HUNGARY, The Hungarian Cominformists often speak about the posi- tion of the Yugoslav national minority in Hungary, and, attempt- ing cleverly to evade the facts, They impute that our minority enjoys all the rights of Hungarian citizens. Thus in the broad- cast in Serbian on the 13th of this month Radio Budapest attempt- ed to justify the inhuman treatment of members of our mority by the Hungarian authoritts. Naturally, for concealingnorthy methods of Magyarizing our element3and for inspiring chauvinist hatred and the spirit of Szent Istvan, the Budapest propagandists are being helped by many Cominform agents and,as usual,the police. With that eim "protest" and " eace" conferences are being held in the villages where members o Wlinority live. The Hun- garian police, for their part., see to it that there is a sufficient attendance at these conferences and find two or three people whose announcements will be quoted by the commentator of Radio Budapest. After all that, something like this is broadcast: "Hungary, moving along the road of Marxist-Leninist national policy ensures well-being and opportunities for cul.tural develop- ment to the South Slays in Hungary. And after this comes an announcement to "beck up" this statement. How far this justification of the Hungarian Cominformists is hypocritical, and what sort of reception it will find especial- ly amongst the Hunearian workers and the members of our minority is not necessary to say. But it is typical that the Budapest rulers were forced, under pressure of numerous protests on the part of Hungarians living in our country and general dissapproval throughout the world, at least in some way or other to attempt to justify, or rather to conceal ,their policy of denationalisation. However, let us see the facts as they are. Not only in Hungary but in the other Cominform countries anti-democratic and inhuman treatment of the Yugoslav minority does not differ in the slightest today from the activities of the fascist regime. The Hungarian revisionists have exposed our compatriots to unheard of conditions and maltreatment , shutting down their cultural institutions at democratic organisations, forbidding them from using their mother tongue in the schools etc.etc. In this way,bv preventing the national and cultural development of our compatriots the Hungarian Cominformists have brought into question the very existence of the members of our national minority. Very soon.after thise measures, when the members of our national minority remained, so to speak, completely without rights, many arrestsied out on all our compatriots who in any way refused to bow to the revisionist policy of the present Hungarian rulers. In this way all the former officials of the Democratic Union of the South. Slays in Hungary were arrested and in'the village of Kicsmar 7 distinguished members.of our minority were arrested, 5 in Szanto and in Mara, Macsmar, MagyaroS and Konbej all the Yugoslays who had taken part in the National Li- beration war were arrested. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? N. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -10- .But this was not sufficient for the Budapest rulers and they began spreading chauvinist hatred and practicing a revision- ist policy employing the approved method of transporting ,entire villages. In this way the Hungarian police "secured" the front- ier areas with the excuse of "removing the hostile elements" and "the doubtful and unreliable population". A month ago they or- dered the members of our minority living in the 'district of Prekomurje to leave their houses and move ,out of the district within 48 hours. On the 30th July, the Hungarian authorities gathered together many Yugoslays from the villages of Gare and Djurici loaded them into two wagons and sent them off to an un- known destination; ; From Bacsalmos 50 families were sent off. On the 23rd Ji,re about 2,1000' Yugoslays were driven frorp, various places to Bachalmos under amred escort and then they were taken off to-an unknown destition by special trains . Because of all these measures several people committed suicide'and many others have fled from their houses aid hidden in the interior of the :country. CHETNIK ORGANISER AS A WITNESS AT "THE BUCHAREST TRIAL. Our Editors have received a letter from Miloje Fenlackil a member of the CPY employed in the concern "Termoelektro" in Kostoiac, in which he speaks about his father Rada Fenlachki the chief witness of the Bucharest trial. This letter gives th true picture of this Cominform agent and thereby shows yet again the methods used by the Rumanian Cominform leadership and the depraved characters they rely on in their struggle against our country. In the letter it says: "In Dorba of the 7th August 1950 an article appeared entitled 'A Vailiatempt to Justify the Terror Exorcised on Our Minoroty in Rumania" which deals with the true meaning of the staged trial of members of the Yugoslav national minoril-y in Rumania. In this article the witnesses at this trial Rada Fenlacki and Milan Mirkov are shown up in their true light. "Since I am well acquainted with both these people, of which the first is my father, and .lived in their immediate vi- cinity until November 1944, I would like to complete the pic- ture of thecharacter of my father. - "He went through the teachers/ training school in Somber before the First World War. During the First World War he was in Russia where he fought on the side of the Czarist Army against the Red Army and was twine wounded. I have seen docu- ments-which he still has - which bear witness of this. At the end of the First 'World War he returned to Yugoslavia and was employed as a teacher first of all at Ridjica .and in 1921 at Santov. After this he became a priest and in 1926 he went to Rumania . He settled in the village of Dinyes and became rich by dishonest means. Here ho became acquainted with the archpriest of the diocese of Temisuar Slobodan Kostic and with his help, he went to Temisvar as. a school inspector of Serbian Orthodox schools in Rumania in 1938. Here he lived until the occupation in 1941 and at the beginning of the war he organised the Chetnik movement of the Serbs in Rumania in conjuction with the archpriest Slobodan Kostic. By the agreement Rada FenlacIci wa s tAi3riktiv&tiporcReteastd2a01629/aSheCIAtREF183001eitlfiERO (I'M:41W Oit rPrrned of Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R0063001900014 Serbs and Rumanians. During the entire time of the occupation Rada Fenlachki as.a priest in his speeches in church called upon the people to "join the holy war against Bolshevism".... During 1944 and especially duri/j.g the liberation and the capitulation of Antonescu's Rumania, he began to spread propaganda secretly through his friends saying that at the forthcoming congress of the Slays in Rumania on the 9th May 1945 he was going to demand that the Rumanian part of the Banat should be included into Yugoslavia.... "During the occupation Milan Mirkov also used to come to Rada Fenlfichki's house. One day Midkov returned from the Eastern front decorated with Hitler's medal -the Iron Cross. Throughout the occupation Milan Mirkov strolled about in the uniform of Antonescu's NCO'si whereas those Who are now on the accused bench 'I of the Bucharest trial such as Bosko Lacic and Dr. Milos Todorov lived as outlaws in hiding from b Antonesculs authorities "I do not4gree with what my father Rada Fenlachki did, because I deplore/nwavd!ce are baseness of the servants of the Cominform who wish to disunite the worker0 movement in the world and I therefore publicly denounce him". (BORBA 17th August 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ApPeOved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -13- JEZI3 FILM AEVIEW. "Love Story" an English Tonic Comedy Stewart Granger suffers from technology and sometimes from blindness. He takes refuge in. a solitary modernhotel, which has about 200-300 guests and is surrounded by romantic rocks, mines, the sea and factories. Stewart often takes a walk amongst the limestone rocks and taps the stones mith a small watchmaker's hammer. That is how he discovers Molly and Margaret. Molly is not a woman but the rare ore-molibdenum. Margaret, on the contrary, is not an ore but a woman and a very pretty one too, although she composes too much music. .She was told, by the doctors that she would soon die, let us say, in about 40-50 years, That is why she came to thissolitary holi- day spot. Stewart's childhood friend Patricia js also here. She is a secret agent of a cigarette factory and smokes all the time although it is quite obvious that she does not like it. On the side she directs an open air review by Sophocles in a surrealistic style but the performance is fortunately cancelled in time. Both Patricia and Margaret are in love with Stewart be- cause of this rivalry there are many small discussions ana big slaps in the face, but everything ends well since they agree not to renounce him in spite of everything. The film develops et.. an infernal pace: each half-hour something happens - either an accident in the mine or a world mar, or Stewart's operation and things like that. Finally. Stewart and Margaret agree upon becoming a pair and Patricia retreats with Stewart's 'cigarette lighter. An older gentleman is also roaming in the film. He is the mine owner and certainly wants .to play a kind of role but because of the fault of the screen-play writer the description of his ro4.e was left out. (JEZ, 12th August 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ?41,1efi Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 0-5 CPYRGHT J 01E1N-Pr Tia2kINTSL.A.TIOW SETZ1711CCE SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals it is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. No, 247 Pal, P,2, U0 TiNs9ISII H AN HEADLINES ugust.18,.1950 25X1A POLITIKL. A FEW MORE FACTS CONCERNING THE"WESTERN REGIONS OF BULGARIA" MARSHAL TITO RECEIVES INDIAN AMIASSADOR LAKE SUCCESS: FPRY DELEGATE SUPPORTS INDIAN PROPOSAL WASHINGTON: THREE POLISH MUSSY OFFICIALS ASK FOR ASYLUM ATHENS: GREEK GOVERNMENT LIBERALS RESIGN WAR IN KOREA: TOKYO: THREE N. KOREAN DIVISIONS START TAEGU OFFENSIVE PEKING: PYONGYANG ANNOUNCES THAT USA COUNTER-OFFENSIVE STOPPED OTTAWA: CANADIAN DESTROYER ATTACKS N.KOREAN PORT TOKYO: TIT SITUATION AT THE FRONT LAKE SUCCESS: LIE AS FCd RED CROSS ADMITTANCE LONDON: BRITISH GEVERNMENT DEMAND TO N. KOREA BANKOK: SIAM SENDING 4000 MEN NEW YORK NEW COMPASS DEFENZWALLACE STAND WASHINGTON: SOVIET EXPORT RARE ORES TO USA ANEW * RAD P.2, THE "UNITEL'EUROPEANARMY" AND GERMAN ARMAMENT QUESTIONS Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0. 4 SECURITY COUNCIL (Lake Success, 17th August). In today's session of the Council there was still no decision on the question of a South Korean representative attending before the council. Immediately before the session an unofficial meeting was held of members- of the council at which, APPreports, the Indian delegate Sir Benegal Rao again took uR his earlier proposal to form a commission of the six non-permanent members of the council to handle the Korean question. In the session the Cube representative Alvarez accused the Soviet delegate of returning to the Jecurity Council to defend the interests of the aggressor in Korea and of trying to put off treating important questions by interposing points of procedure. The American representative Warren Austin asked for the.agree- ment of the council with the resolution of the General Assembly, calling for the earliest attendance of a South Korean representative and the free entry of the UNO commission for Korea in all parts of Korea. He again demanded of the USSR to use its influence on Northern Korea to bring peace as quickly as pessible to Korea. He also asked for the adoption of the principles accepted by this General :issemblycof free-elections throughout Korea under UNO contro.1,11 He acknowledged the Indian proposal of calling a special commission but did not, however, support it. The Kuo Mintang representative demanded that European colonial powers maintain their fruitful and friendly relations with Asia, rejecting the accusations of Anglo- American imperialism and aggression of the USA in the Far East. The Yugoslav representative Ales Bebler stated that he did not wish to associate with either side in the Korea hostilities, emphasis- ing, however, that that did not mean that Yugoslavia does not wish to contribute to a solution of this question and the ending of the present serious situation which has been reached in the work of the Security Council in connection with that question. He sunnorted the proposal of the Indian delegate for EI special commission of the non- permanent members of the council. The Norwegian representative confined himself to declaring that the North Korean government had hot 'replied to the call of the Securitj Council of the 25th June to withdraw its troops behind the 38-th parallel and demanded that no representative of Northern Korea should be permitted to attend sessions of the Security Council, He never- theless recognised that before a final decision it would be necessary to hear both sides. After the Norwegian delegate, Malik spoke, declaring, not - mentioning whether it was in connection with the Indian proposal,. that at this moment it was senseless to speak of the future of Korea, He accused the USA of blocking every proposal which had as its object the peaceful settlement of the Korean quarrel, adding that what was happening today Was more a spreading of the war than an effort to establish peace. The session closed at 22.25 and the next one fixed for Tuesday at 19.00 hours. (Tanjug) (POLITIKA I col.) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 5 BELGRADE CINEMAS Belgrade and Zemun have 21 cinemas. In summer an average of 30,000 people attend daily and in, winter 50,000. This, however, ' is not sufficient, partly becnuse of those 21 only those in the centre of the town show new films, and also because the majority of *cinemas are concentrated in the centre: of the 15 cinemas in Belgrade 10 are between Trg Dimitrija Tucovica and Trg Republike. ,e There is some prospect of new cinemas. In general a new cinema will be opened alongside each new house of culture, as has already been done in the fourth and second rejons. There will be two more when the houses of culture of the sixth and seventh rejons open. Why are not open air cinemas used in the summer months? The theatre in Topcider, according to the director of the town film showing company, is not suitable unless a special projector is acquired. The theatre on Kalemegdnn is not used because the film showing company have not been able to come to terms on rent with the Peoples Committee of the first rejon. Finally, the terrace cinema "20th Oktobar? for unknown reasons has so far not been adapted for film presentations. As it seems this question is not treated seriously by anyone. But that is not all. Not only are the open air gardens not used but many cinema theatres remain unused or serve other purposes. The former Corzois today n mensa for the sports club BSK. In Sarajevska there is a modern hall, the pre-war 'Triglav"cinema. It is used for the present for conferences. It is said that later it will be opened as a cinema, but we have waited siX years already. There are other cases such as this. The director of the town film showing company says about these unused cinemas: "It is true that certain of these could be repaired and made fit for showing, but we have, you see, relinquished them. The reasons'preventing the town company from using gardens and former.cinemns are not known. It is only certain that it is much easier to renew than to build from scratch, and it is already past the time when these cinemas, of which there are not enough in Belgrnle, were at once returned to Belgraders. (POLITIKA Summary li cols.) THE QUESTION OF A JOINT EUROPEAN ARMY AND ARMAMENT OF WESTERN GERMANY In the French town of Strasbourg the Council of Europe has bet-, sitting since the 7th of this month. The agenda includes many questions, amongst which are the Truman plan, the question of re- arming Western Europe, a draft convention on the rights .of man, etc, However, at the first session they turned to the question of incor- porating Germany in the EuroPean.unien of peoples and its re-armament and Churchill proposed a resolution on the formation of n "joint European army". athough Churchill's proposal was unexpected nevertheless it has been one of the main objects of the "European Assemblywhich is ,attended by representatives of Turkey and Greece in addition to 104 delegates from the West European countries and 18 from West qormany and 3 from the Saar. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190004-0 -6- This is the first time since 2933 that Germany has taken a place in an international assembly, The question of the entry of Germany into the Council of Europe was raised by Churchill at the beginning of this year. On one occasion in the House of Commons he said. that he did not see any reason why the British, French and German soldiers should not be comrades in a' combined system of defence And at, the first meetings of the Qouncil of Europe which were devoted to the question of drawing Germany into the European defence system, Churchill supported the German case and demanded of the Assembly that It assure its German friends that we will defend their security as our owns The other representative of the British Conservatives Robert -Boothby, whams the first to declare openly in the Council of Europe for the rearmament. of Western Germany, announced before the German delegates that he did not believe that Western Europe can be.defended if.Germany remains outside. "If Germany enters the European Union she will have to make a full contribution to joint defence under the same conditions as the others." Many other delegates also declared in the same vein. The view of the 'Frenchand German delegates was awaited with the greatest interest. It is known that the French, eqe6cially since the second world war have almost always taken a hostile line when it has been a question of Germany. They have been driven to that by experience from. twol,ers. The representative of France in the Council George BidaUlt in his speech devoted to the defence of Europe ignored the question of the rearmament of Germany. The second representative of France Paul Renaud, on the contrary, declared that the ranks of a European army must be open to German troops. He called on the German delegate to give his view on that question. The Qerman delegates epproached Churchill's proposal on the formation of a joint European army with great caution. While representatives of the government voted for the formation of the army the social democrats in laying down conditions tried to extract as much advantage as possible from this, for them, very convenient situation. In this connection one government representative declared that his government agreed in principle with the idea of forming a European army, while the Social Democrats hold the view that the acceptance of that idea would only be possible if West Germany passed from the status of an associated state giving an armed centingent to the position of an 0011,9.l partner, both in the political plan and in the framework of a European army. In the question of the re-arming of Germany there appeared an even more divided opinion among the West German delegates. The leader of the German socialists Karl Schmidt was strongly opposed to the rearmament of Germany, emphasising that the rearmament of his country would do a disservice to peace and the unity of Europe. Although Churchill's proposal at the start met with. a. favourable reception and was adopted by a majority, considerable opposition appeared later in theediscuSsion.---The two opinions on this question also appeared in the Danish delegati*n. The majority of represen- tatives of the Scandinavian countries came out against Churchill's proposal. It is significant that even among the British delegates there is a divided opinion. The Conservative representatives gave unanimous?support-to Churchill's proposal, while the, opinion of the Labourites was divided.. In commenting on this attitude of the British delegation Associated Press says that this division or opinion among the Labourites which will probably express itself in Parliament) might easily bring down Clement.Attlee's Government and lead to new elections in Great Britain. Almost the whole British press expressed the view that the work in Strasbourg is without value. The Sunday Times says that an European army 'wouldnever, be homogenuous and would always have the character of one composed of National Armies with separate languages, patriotisms and traditions. "A united Euoprean state is not a thing of the near futura" Approved For Reiease z001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 (RAD 1 col.) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? _7_ ONE MOE FACT ABOUT THE"3ULGARIAN WESTERN PROVINCES" Judging by the reply of Radio Sofia, a certain article recently published in Politika inflicted a heavy blow on the champions of greater Bulgarian policy. That article told only the bare truth and so one need not be surprised if the Bulgarian reply was embittered. We will once agai* support this truth with facts, this timd mostly taken from the Bulgarian reply. ?The title of the article and the main topic put before the Bulgarian chauvinists in that aticle was: what are those "Bul- garian western provinces?" "The Western provinces is the name given to certair parts of Serbia by the Bulgarian chauvinists during the time of Ferdinand and Boris. From that time until now nothing has changed in Bulgaria in this respect: the Bulga- rian rulers still use the expression "the Western provinces" meaning certain parts of the People's Republic of Serbia and at the same time we know exactly - both we in Yugoslavia and they in Bulgaria - what is understood by the "Western provinces". It means part of present Yugoslav territory which was allotted to Bulgaria at the peace at San Stephano in 1878. According to the peace treaty, the whole of Macedonia and certain areas of Eastern and Southern Serbia should have come under Bulgaria. At San Stephano the So-called greater Bulgaria was created and we should therefore not be surprised that the Bulgarian bourge- oisie emphasised this Bulgaria as their "national ideal". However, unfortunately it was Ircved that San Stephano Bulgaria was not the national ideal of the Bulgarian bourgeoisie alone. Let us see what Vasil Kolarov thought of a Bulgaria of this type. In his book "Agaihst Hitlerism and its Bulgarian Servants" he says : The treacherous fascist clique gra Making base apeculations on the grave disease of the Bulgarian people, which was brought about by the annulment of the San Stephano Treaty about the parcelling out of San Stepbano Bulgaria by the great powers at the Congress of Berlin". The annulment of the San Stephano Treaty,he then terms as " flagran-t injutice towards the Bulgarian people." On page 132 of the "Lessons in History of the Bulgarian Workers' Party (Communists)" there is this sentence:" TheVe iMperialistic tendencies of the Bulgarian bourgeoisie and Monarchists,who for their part had ideas about the greatness, glory and consolidation of the dinasty corresponded with the aspirations for national unification of the Bulgaripq people, for a San Stephano Bulgaria." In the same part of/pAlication one can read about "Morava Bulgarians" which clearly shows the aspirations of the Bulgarian chauvinists which began with the San Stephano peace and goes on today. The commentator of Radio Sofia fAels much insulted because the People's Democracy of Bulgaria is being imputed with the aspirations of the San Stephan? Peace. If he did not...:.. know it before, he wi14ppe from the two quotations that it is senseless to statef't3hly two provinces are in questi-m when speaking about the "western Bulgarian provinces" ,namely the Bvsiljgrad and Cirod districts, of which the latter the Yugoslays call Dimitrovgrad. The above mentioned districts of the t.pople's Republic of Serf#,PilrcWflitiotiff4KtavkinWMA: 05d3PR?4791441?FR?PlingolAr Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190901-0.. -8- After the war, in the FeaCe Treaty, the Bulgarian Government recognised that the districts of Bosilgrad and Dimitrovgrad were part of Yugoslav territory. 'However, right till the end of last year the Ministry in Sofia sent various acts and direc- tives not only to Desiljgrad and Dimitrovgrad but even to the district of Pirot . These facts show that there are men in the Ministry in Sofia who do not know about the changes introduced after the war. It shows that such an attitude cmo.eals an even worse background. The directives sent from Sofia to the districts of Bosiljgrad, Dimitrovgrad and Firot at the end of 1949 best show how firmly 'greater Bulgarian chauvinism is embedded in the highest state institutions of the People's Democracy of Bulgaria. Such an occurrence is possible for the sole reason that the entire foreign policy 4' the present Bulgarian lead- ershiplis chauvinistic .and aspira/the idea of greater Bulgaria. The explanation lies in the fact that official Bulgaria per- sists in making use of the phrase "western provincea", meaning parts of Eastern and Southern Serbia The commentator of Radio Sofia this time laments about the fate of the Bulgarian national minority in those Yugoslav districts. ilnd the peasants , who according to him suffered from terrorisation by the Yugodav authorities, recently wrote a letter to CC and Comrade Tito saying: "We, the members of the Bulge-Tian national minority from the villages of Rakita, Fresek, Zvonac, Vucidol and Nasuskovica protest with difIgust against the provocative writing about terror and violence which the committees of the people's authorities in these villages,. are alleged to perpetrate". Let the commentator of Radio Sofia not worry himself about the fate of the Bulgarian national minority in Yugoslavia. Like all, the other national minorities in this country the Bul- garian minority is allowed to develop freely and without hindrance and _has exactly the same rights as all the other peoples of Yugoslavia. It is disgraceful to talk about the alleged hard life of the Bulgarian national minority in Yugodavia while the Bulgarian authorities, at this precise moment, are carrying out large scale internments of entire Macedonian families in Firin Macedonia. These Macedonians in districts under Bulgarian rule, who fight for their national freedom are dangerous,accord- ing to Bulgarian excuses. No one will take such naive lies as a reason for interning old people, women and children. We have said, and that alone is true, that the only sin of the Macedonians in Pirin Macedonia is that they have been deprived of their rights and are striving, as a national minority, so that the Bulgarian authorities will ensure them . (FOLITIKil, 18th August, 1950) MARSH,LL,TITC) RECIEVES THE AM3ASSAB(JA CF INDIA. Yesterday at 12 o'clock in Brioni Marshal Tito recieved the Ambassador of India Mr. Sen. Leo Mates, the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affaiins attended the rec.eption, Marshal Tito invited the Ambassador to stay for lunch. Approved For Release 200i1011/06IICIA-REE061,00,4013WOM991-0 N,714441,7? l;;RGHT ;Am:relived For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 JI 0 WI' 'III' 1110 NT S C SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS ? This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution: Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. Not 248 THIS IS AN ENCLOSURE DO NOT DE HEADLINES DORDA 25X1A Pol. NEW YORK: ALES DEBLER -?,PEARS IN SECURITY COUNCIL NEW YORK: "YUGOSLAVIP WANTS REAL PEACE" STATES GEORGE SELDES ' E. DAVIS ARRIVES IN BELGRADE * FAILURE OF "PRESS DAY"CELE9RATION OF COMINFORM: TRIESTE FEAR OF DIEGARIAN COMINFORMISTS IN-SPREADING TRUTH ABOUT YUGOSLAVIA WAR IN KOREA: TOKYO: MACARTHURS TROOPS GET POHANG BACK TOKYO: COMMUNIQUE OF AMERICAN HEADQUARTERS LAKE SUCCESS: MACARTHUR REPORT TO SECURITY COUNCIL TOKYO: S, KOREAN GOVERNMENT DECIDES TO MOVE TO PUSAN PYONGYANG: N.KOREAN MORNING COMMUNIQUE TOKYO: N.KOREAN OFFENSIVE TOWARDS TAEGU CANBERRA: TALKS ON FORMATION OF DRITISH COMMONWEALTH UNIT FOR KOREA PUSAN: REFUGEE AID ORGANISATION FORMED WASHINGTON: OVER 40,000 MILITARY PERSONS TRANSPORTED TO KOREA SO FAR P.4. WASHINGTON: WEST EUROPEAN COUNTRIES DECREASE IMPORTS FROM STATES AND INCRESE INTER?EXCHANGE WASHINGTON: GOOD SURPLUSES BLOCKED IN USA BRUSSELS: BELGIUM CP HEAD KILLED BERLIN: RESISTENCE OF EAST GERMAN PARTIES AGAINST SOCIAL UNITY PARTY INCREASES BERLIN: CREATION OF AIR FLEET IN EAST GERMANY ROME: WAR CRIMINAL GRAZIANI RELEASED ROME: NEW BOOKS ON VATICAN"DLACK INDEX" POLITIKA. . TRUTH MAKES ITS OWN ROAD ? Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 WHITE GRAIN PURCHASE' -4- By the 15th August in the country as a whele 56% of the total planned purchase of white grains had been completed. In the last week alone over 10% of the. total quantity foreseen was bought up. In many districts where it has hitherto proceeded slowly, the purchase has now considerably speeded up. That especially applies to Mace- donia, Slovenia and Bosnia an] Herze;ovina. (BORBA) WEST EUROPE RDUCES IPORTS FROM USA (Washington, 18th August) Congress receivad a report from the Economic Co-operation Manage- ment giving details of the financial and economic position of countries of West Europe in the first three months of this year. In this period, the report says, the countries of West Europe have greatly reduced imports from the USA end have increased mutual trade exchanges.- Trade has particularly increased between Belgium and Holland, Holland and Germany, France and England and Italy and Germany. Industrial production has increased by 23% compared with pre- war. Production in West Europe, excluding Germany, has increased by 37%. Productionl.of coal has risen above the average.:leVel in.1938 by 114. million metric tons. The greatest increase in all branches of production compared with last year has taken place in West Germany and Holland. Production of electrical energy, motor vehicles and textiles has been increased. Grain production per person as a result of the increase in population, is still 1210 below pre-war. In the first three months of this year 458 million-dollars have been distributed for European economic recovery, making the total sum distributed to the countries in West Europe under the Marshall Plan 8,985 millions. (BORBA) CHAIRMAN OF CP BELGIUM KILLED (Brussels, 18th August) Reuter reports that last night the Chairman of the CP Belgium and Member of Parliament Julian Lahaut was killed in his apartment near Liege. Two unknown persons committed the murder and succeeded in escaping. (BORBA) FAILURE OF CELEBRATIONS OF FESS DAY (Trieste, 18th August) In spite of great preparations end calls in the press not one Slovene came to celebrations of "Press Day" which the Italian comin- formists organised in the village of Doberdob. The cominformists brought their groups from Goriza, Vidmar and Trzice to hold the cele- brations. (Tanjug) (BORBA) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 --- Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 THE FEAR OF THE SPREADING THE TRUTH ABOUT YUGOSLAVIA HAS ENRAGED THE BULGARIAN COMINFORMISTS. The Sofia Cominformists havegainalthe right to rule the Bulgarian people thanks to the aid of the Red Army and the con- . sent of their Moscow bosses. And they try by every means possible to justify the trust given them and strive to keep it even at the cost of betraying the interests of the people, the working classes and the peasants. One is ashamed to say this but it is a fact - the Sofia Cominformists have turned Bulgaria into a Danubian province. Everything that the young Bulgarian bourge- oisie did not allow at the dawn of the era of liberation, because of the struggle which the representatives and ideologists of that bourgeoisie carried on against Russian Czarist attempts to sub- ordinate Bulgaria, has been allowed by the present leaders of the Bulgarian Communist Party at the price of betrayal. :But in order to realise that betrayal the leader and teacher of the Bul- garian people had to die, Kolarov had to have a quick death, hun- dreds and hundreds of the heroic sons of the Bulgarian people, who refused to dance to the tune of,the Northern bear, had to suffer in prison or tosvanish from the political stage; and finally after a special selection, after a special purge only those who had one 'positive" quality - of carrying out the orders and desires of their overlcrds inaa servile manner and of betraying the in- terests of their people without a qualm to safeguard the career they had reached in an underhand way, were allowed into the lead- ership of the Communist Party. This is the only way that one can explain the fact that the Sofia Cominformists are so impudent and unscrupulous in their warmongering campaign against the people f Yugoslavia and their Communist Party in the organsation of frontier incidents and provocations, They became incosiderate when, ?on orders from outside General Pancevski was elected as Minister of National Defence. Again on orders from outside, he was chosen as a can- didate for the Communist Party. The Sofia Cominformists displayed their skill in apply- ing the policy of their bosses, for which even the Eastern Asiatic despots can envy them. On the one hand, they organise meetings for eollecting signatures of peace partisans and on the other hand they display tanks and artillery in the streets to infuse courage into the population which has been gripped by war panic. And if anyone reveals this Eastern Asiatic policy of playing with the interests of the people, the Sofia Cominformists completely ir- responsibly deny the facts which the whole country knows. The Sofia quasi leaders are not in the least afraid because they are loosing the confidence of the people. They lost that a long time ago and have already ceased to feel the need of that trust. They have the Soviet Army to back them and the authority of a leader- ship which is supposed never to err and they have not much reason to bother about the confidence of their people, to think of their people and to take care of their interests. They have another greater aim - to defend the interests of bureaucratic hegemony. It is preciselybecause of these higher interests that they have renounced the treaty of friendship with Yugoslavia and the Bled-Evsinograd agreement. They have annulled the decrees re- gulating the question of passports for transport between the two countries and the question of dual owned property. They had tO abolish anything reminiscent of the great friendship which developed between ?the Yugoslav and Bulgarian peoples and what Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0.- -6- is more important'to eradicate any posSibility of the Bulgarian frontier population Of learning the truth about Yugoslavia because in this way the truth might penetrate to the entire Bulgarian people and become dangerous for the Sofia Cominformists. That is ? how the question of the Western Bulgarian provinces arose. The Bulgarian Cominformists know very well the hidden mean- ing of. the words "the Western Provinces". Bulgarian history and :Bulgarian philology, the professors Miletic, Isirkov, Jordan Ivanov and Arnaudov have Written and leactured many times on the subject of the Western provintes' being land to the West of the old Bulgarian frontier, which include towns of Nis?Firot, Vranje, Leskovac and Zajecar, together with the districts around these towns. And when the Yugoslav press reveals the real mean- ing of the conception of the western proy4nces the Bulgarian . political Tartuffes deny this,saying thaV/Bimitrovgrad and Bosilj- grad districts are the Western Bulgarian provinces. Furthermore, they thought up a new accusation against socialist Yugoialavia saying that she wanted to turn these two districts into purely Serbian districts as part of Eastern 'Serbia. Even the children in Yugoslavia know that there is a Bulgarian minority in these districts. And the pioneers of Yugoslavia know that the question of these two districts was recently settled by the Bled Agreement. Who is to blame for thwarting that reqe,lution? Why do not the Sofia Cominformists tell the BuigarfierPP-thy do they hide the truth? Nothing is left for them now but to use that question for spreading chauvinist hatred amone:st tthe Bulgarian workers against the Yugoslav peoples. " Present day Yugoslavia is not holding an anti-Bulgarian campaign, but the Sofia Cominformists on orders from Moscow are carrying on a raving anti-Yugoslav campaign. This after all, is well known to all the Bulgarian people and the Sofia Comin- formists are raving in vain because Yugoslavia makes no dif- ference between monarcho-fascist Bulgaria and present clay Bul- garia. Be calm - socialist Yugoslavia draws a distinction between the fascist regimes of old Bulgaria and its present Cominform regime. But th8s distinction is not: of much advantage to the present Bulgarian bosses - not because they are worse than their fascist predecessors, no - they are flowers from the same garden - but because they are no better than them, not only in relations with us but in their relations with the Bulgarian people themselves. Everything, the Sofia press'writes'about the situation in these districts is faulse from start to finish. The Bulgarian minority in thesd two districts enjoys t same rights as any citizen of Yugoslavia, which the Bulgarian citizens in Bulgaria unfortunately do not have. The Bosiljgrad district has 20 lt,cal people's committees and the Minitrovgrad district 13. The Bosiljgrad district has 3 producer co-operatives, 56 elementary schools with about 3,00 pup is, 5 secondary schools with 600 puptls and 1 high school with 950 pupils. The Dimitrovgrad district has 6,prp.,- ducer co-operatives, 1 high school with about 700 pupilsta teachers' training school with, 350 pupils a 7 seven-year schools with about 1,120 pupils, 34 elementary schools with 1,700 pupils, all together 46 schools with 107 teachers and over 4,000 pupils. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 'Apiffoved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -7,- These two districts are striving to liquidate illiteracy. In all the schools the teaching is in Bulgarian. The official language in district comMittees and institutions is Bulgarian Could the Bulgarian Cominformists say that the population of Pirin Macedonia have similar liberty in toirnational culture and education? Of course they ,could not. The fear of the unchecked sY)reading of the truth about Tito's Yugoslavia throughout Bulgaria has enraged the Bulgarian Oominformists.. They have started a purge in Bulgaria worse than any in the time of the Turks. They have shifted ordinary Bulgarian peasants from the frontier line simply because they fear that they will sympathize with socialist Yugoslavia. Dozens and dozens of families are being transported into the interior of Bulgaria. By doing this the Bulgarian Cominformists consider they will be able to save themselves from the dissatisfaction If the people, of the resistance of the people to Cominform policy. But the Bulgarian people survived the Turkish slavery and still exist. They will survive the Cominform pestilence and will continua to build up socialism, not as they do it today hitt in conditions of equality and full national independence. Sd. Ivan Karaivanov (BOE,BA, 19th August 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ?%)-- App-roVed For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 JllO]ET tir AIIMIL 0 INT S 11FARATX C 11E CPYRGHT SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use Of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. THIS IS AN ENCLOSURE T NO.249 WIT ' HEADLINES BORBA - SUNDAY P.1. PROCLAMATION ISSUED BY THE PEOPLE'S FRONT OF YUGOSLAVIA IN CONNECw TION WITH THE SECOND NATIONAL LOAN SUBSCRIPTION * ? BUYING UP OF GR/INS FROM THE PRODUCERS. "RODOLJUB COLAKOVIC HAS OPENED WITH A SZEECH THE CHESS TOURNAMENT AT DUBROVNIK. ELECTION OF WURKERS' COUNCILS AND MAN:.GEMENT BOARDS IN VARIOUS ENTERPRISES. ? ?:*. ? P.2. LET THE SECOND NATIONAL LOAN BE A SUCCESS. (3 cols..of reports from various place).- SKOPLJE: REDUCTION OF THE NUM.= OF COMMISSIONS AND EMPLOYEES IN THE PEOPLE'S FRONT CMGANISATION8 OF MACEDONIA. TITOGRAD: SP:.NISH DISABLED SOLDIE:RS LOOK. OVER TITOGRAD AND WORK SID SITE AT LAKE SCUTARI. LONDON:. ?NOTHER 'BRITISH YOUTH BIGADE COMING TO ULF BUILD THE STUDENTS' TOWN IN .ZAGREB. ? * ,ZAGREB: THE -GOVERNMENT. OF PR COATIA HAS APPOINTED MEMBERS OF THE CABINET COUNCIL 3:0a LEGISLATION AND ESTABLISHMENT OF ,TEOPLE'S AUTHORITY. THE PEOPLE'S INSPECTORS -.THEIR ?WORK AND TASKS 9 2 cols.) P.3. A NECESSARY BUT WRONGLY ORGANISED EXHIBITION (EXHIBITION IN A SHOP IN KN.MIH.STREET IN BELGRADE "PROPER WAY OFCONDUCTING BUSINESS").. CULTURAL LIFE (2 .cols.of reports). BEIRUT: WHAT THE LEBANON PRESS WRITES ABOUT THE RESOLUTICN OF THE YUGOSLAV NATIONAL CONGRESS FOR THE DEFENCE OF PEACE. LONDON': STATEMENT BY WILLIAM RAST, MEMBER. OF THE EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS' MOVEMENT. PROTEST VOICED BY ROULIANING-MINORITIES. IN YUGOSLAVIA (AGAINST SLANDERING OF YUGOSLAVIA). AGAINST SLANDERS AND MISINFORMATION: A NEW VON KLEIST PLAN. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190601-00- - 4 - POLITIKA - MONDAY P.1. WELL-KNOWN BRITISH WRITER H.B4AILSWORTH GIVES STATEMENT TO TOLITIKA CORRESFONDENT (2 cols,) FOREIGN MESS ON GREEK CABINET CRISIS- * BRITISH LABOURITES PROPOSE MAKING OF ',WORLD PLAN OF MUTUAL AID". NEW YORK: REDS REMOVED FROM US NAVY P.2. FOREIGN YOUTH EXPRESS THEIR VIEW ON YUGOSLAVIA. P.3. :ROBLEY'. OF OUR HOTEL INDUSTRY. TRIESTE: TRIESTE YOUTH SPENDING SUMMER HOLIDAY IN SLOVENIA. ********** Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 5 - YUGOSLAVIA IN THE EYES OF THE WEST by Koni Zilliacus Two years after the break with the Soviet Union the West has only lust begun to grasp the importance and meaning of Yugoslavia's stand. Yugoslavia is becoming a puzzle in the calculations of politicians and the subject Of interest to then public and a factor in the cold war and the armaments race between the two great camps into which the world is divided. The first reaction of the West when the news of the break in relations was announced with the publication of the cominform reso- lution was incredulity and a certain confusion... It did not appear possible that such a thing should happen. The knowalls rushed to.explain that all this was a put up job between Marshal Stalin and Marshal Tito to deceive the West (how and ? why was never clear). Former King Peter still has that view, as also__ General Franco and Miss Rebecca West 4 But it seems that this is their monopoly. A third view was that all this was a family quarrel among ? states in which communism ruled and that it would sooner or later be ended by some compromise. The communist party of Yugoslavia would sacrifice a few of its leaders, change its policy and conform to the ' line. After that it would a,jain be accepted under the cominform wing as a loyal and obedient member of the Soviet bloc. 'Then it was expected that there would be a rising against the regime and that it might be ov-n-.throWn and r13plced by a reactionary regime leaning on the West. That was "the optimistic" view in official circles of the West. Alongside this view appeared the "pessimistic" view t-hat the Soviet Union would provoke am. insurrection which would split the communist party of Yugoslavia, throw the country into civil war, and finally lead to the establishment of a cominform regime under Soviet protection. Some even thotight that the Soviet Union would attack and occupy Yugoslavia. According to another theory Yugoslavia would have gradually to pass into the Western camp. As an argument was quoted the fact that she would be compelled to trade exclusively with the West, as a result of the ?cominform boycott and that as the danger grew from the Soviet Union she would demand alliance with the West for reasons of security. Right up to today there are many people who hold one or other of these views, and various variations or combinations of them. Hitherto only a small minority in the West have understood that this quarrel will last long, because there is no prospebt in the forseeable future of coming to terms with the cominformt nor of the Soviet Union attacking Yu!oslavia nor of its being attacked by the West. Still fewer are those who know that the Yugoslays have, strong reasons for their belief that they, can hold out indefinitely thanks to the natural resources 'of their country and the successes so far echie'ved.in the five year plan, and who know the unity and resolution of the government and people in building Nocialiam and maintaining their independence from East or West, although they are always ready to co-operate with all on a basis of equality. Still fewer are those who today clearly see that the . principles for which Yugoslavia fights in its quarrel with the Soviet Union are of the great4st importance for world peace and the future of civilisation. The principal reason for the slow atTakening of, public opinion in the West is the feeling of helplessness and defeatism and a consistent refusal to look facts in the face, and also the arethetic drift towards war. A fanatical minority to he foundatbliA leaders of all ? Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -6-. political parties and in the press show the whole world question as being one exclusively of the military strengthening of the American bloc against the Soviet bloc, considering the first as angels and the latter as devils with whom it would be a cPime to conduct any kind of discussion. Tb s great mass of our public opinion does not hold this view but has net,clearl Y defined attitude not any belief which would replace this attitude. The idea of small state standing erect and opposing both the one and the other great bloc.seems unreal to neeple filled with fear and the feeling of their helnlessness. There exists a general respect of Yugoslavia and approval of her attitude, but linked with.a feeling that what she is doing represents only an incidental matter, too good to be true and having no connection with the world struggle between great powers on which the eyes of the people are fixed. This statfi,?ip;h4nd among the broad pit.blic exists partly because of the fact tha9tHo8e who support th- An,glo-American policy nor those who oppose it dare to look in the eye the question raised by the Soviet Yugoslav quarrel. These parties consider this quarrel as a confusing factor which disturbs their standpoint and threatens it. The Western adherents of the cold war against communism ani the Soviet Union are able only to think in the direction of increasing the military strength of the Western bloc in proportion to the strength of the Eastern so as to continue the policy of trying to hold back "communisle (which they identify on the one hand with every serious colonial or social fermentation, and on the other hand with Soviet "expansionism and aggression"). From their point of view the Yugoslav revolt and stand can be utilised from a tactical noint of view, at least for a certain timelto weaken the system of ,oviet military alliance. But in order to recognise that the Yugoslov communist regime defends the important principles which should be suPported also by the West, they would have to admit the need to change their political tactics and to clarify their aims. They are not willing to le that because in that case they would have to relinquish their aims or to expose themselves to the risk of losing the influence which they have on the spirit of their peoples, What is Anglo-American political strategy at the moment and whet are its aims? Their strategy will use slogans as for example "the defence of democracy against communism", "self-defence from Soviet aggression", "union of.free peoples", in order to nut into practice the policy of intervention in the internal politics of other countries and of occupy- ing and controlling foreign markets. The people whose government fellows this policy undoubtedly believe that it is of advantage to the countries in which it is applied, and certainly the intervention of the USA, of course, has always been accompanied by economic and financial assistance in large measure,, But the true results of this policy is offering support to reaction and counter-revolution, provoking civil war, bringing those countries which accept American help, that is to say partners in "American collective defence" to the status of political sat ellites, economic clients and political pawns and bringing these to 1--rkriintcy in competition for rearmament, to which no end can be seen and whose cost quickly becomes insupportable. This American policy has already suffered complete defeat in China and found itself on the edge of defeat in Korea and Inde-China. Its nature in Western Europe was already clear in 1947, when the conservative-liberal paper News Chronicle, which is a fiery partisan of American policy, published a despatch from its New fork correspondent which said that "American is preparing plans to help France to stop the growth of communism, as a part of its world policy of opposing !ommunism everywhere where it Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -7 - appears that it might come to power I am informed from very responsible sources that the American State Department holds the view that it is in the interests of America to set up a independent, . democratic and moderate government in France". This policy which is to offer support "help in very appreciable quantity" in the,-, course of the next two years - means that America has decided that even in those placesvhore there is no question of Russian pressure, as is the case in France, Communism must be driven out at any price even should the French people on the basis of the present French contribution decide to elect a communist majority. The American Piinister of Foreign Affairs would not regard that as a democratic government nor, would he consider France as an independent country"; This policy lends to one where, every serious social or colonial ferment in any part of the world is treated as ''communism" and the cause of communism is not sought in the demands for drastic social and national o.hanges by the peeple who suffer from exploitation, oppression and injustice, but in Soviet foreign policy. It is presupposed that "communism" has come about as a result of infiltration by Moscow agents and that it is a proof of the expansionism and aggression of the Soviet Union. As long as Anglo-American policy is fo.anded on such beliefs, it is obvious that there is no possibility ofanctlfendcot/91 war and the armaments race with unavoidably sooner or la or annhailate civilization in a third world war, But in the meanwhile this policy serves to hold up the 'demand for social changes and to prolong .the stay in power of the old ruling classes and the old social movement. . They do not want war, but they fear peace. ? It is necessary for them to make payments in connection with the ? armaments race and the political atmosphere of cold war in order to beable to withstand the people of the working classes. As a result people responsible for Anglo-American policy cannot' allow themselves to be honest with their people nor to think clearly, that is to say, to be honest with themselves. They can keep their people on the line of opposing changes by the threat that communism hides behind the wall, enemies of democracy and national independence since they are agents of the foreign power. The Soviet Union is looked on as wishing a World revolution and decisior by arms, because it is considered responsible for creating social And colonial disorder and for the aetivity of communist Parties everywhere in the world. ? Obviously the attitude of Yugoslavia is confusing and puzzling for those who have to justify that policy 'and to maintain the belief ? that that is a policy of "defending democracy against communism.", and "self-defence against _Soviet aggression". Because, here is the case of a communist pafty.and'a people's democracy which is building socialism according to Marxist-Leninist principles, and which insists on its right to national independence. . ?In international relations this party and its leaders take the view that they are bound to ?the accepted charter Of the United Natiens, especially to the basic obli- gations that they should not interfere ,in the internal affairs of other countries .and that all quarrels.shouldebe settled by peaceful means... In the country itself' this regime is obviously sinceretin?-so far as it has shown successes in that.direction, in its wish that the rights of man, the,respect of personal dignity, toleration for individual and collectiVe minorities, in a word, for everything which in the West- is understood by the idea of "democracy and freedom", be incorporated in the socialist society which they are building. The independent attitude of Yugoslavia is tactically useful from a military point of view and also for propaganda yurposu kJ. the Western pa AVakoiviegrAtxr Rbteatia (2 0 etiNMOra PIA-IRDPN 4t;IMP6-RAt9-u- uNP, --eh e least Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 A _ an independent Yugoslavia must be treated as less of an evil than any alternative. They in any-case,do net dare to beaave towards Yugo- slavia with open hostility. because that would have dangerous effects on Western public opinion. nut on the other hand Yugoslavia-is a socialist state and the ob,lect of American policy which the labour government in a paradoxical manner supports (as the social democratic Weimari,Republic entered a .canitalist coalition because they were more anti-commUniet than sobialist), is to fight and destroy socialism finally at the price Of faaciam or a third world mar. Or it would be possible more correctly to say that this is the logic of American policy. That is the conscious goal of only a small number of papple but a dangerous and powerful small number of reactionary fanatics. As a result one may often hear among the partisans of the cold ? war in Great Britain and the USA that "in a certain respect, of course, Tito's Yugoslavia is less of an evil than a cominform Yugoslavia. But on the other hand Tugoslav communism is more dangerous for the West than Kremlin Communism because it is in the European tradition and in that way more attractive to the workers of Western Europe, Great ? Britain and the USA". The prevailing doubt con be well summarised in the headlines of an article nublished in the 'New fork Herald Tribune from its _Belgrade correspondent "Yugoslavin Help or Headache". On the other hand those people in the jest and unfortunately they still represent'? minority who are sincerely and energetivally against the Anglo-Amet'ican nolicy of anti-c'emmunist ,intervention and anti-Soviet war preparations and who demand an ending of the cold war an and armaments race, and the onening of discussions for the settlement of all cuestions with the Soviet Union- and its allies, also are can- fused at the Yugoslav attitude.. That is because the active movements for peace in the West are under :the domination: bf the commuhist parties of their countries. This eanlins why "the prtisans for peace" are weak in the USA and Great Britain and fairly strong in France and Italy. The communists are in the position to think only in their direction of strengthening the military power of thr, Soviet bloc against the. West. It seems that they believe that the Soviet Government would ?achieve much if it could drive Yugoslavia into subordination. In any case they are for the Soviet. Union, whether it does right br wrong. Both in the USA and in Great Britain, without mentioning France and Italy, non-communists in the movementsf3r-peace.dominated by - - communists are confused and unhappy becauSe of rho Soviet cold war - against Yugoslavia and the wild accusaions brought against Tuaoslavin by the Stalin party. A small number try to believe, at least for public purposes, that the accusations are true. The others assert that without regard to wherein lies the truth, about lugoslavia.the only important thing is to-holl to the Soviet Union, however this is done, in view of the danger Of war. A third lo-t'evensay that the whole of this question has little importance or no-one is interested in it and that the movement ferHnence should not be split because of it. - Thoseemong us Who see the central importance of the attitude of Yugoslavia because of its influence on the 'basic question of the atti- tude af the West towards communism still represent only a minority of a minority. .We agree with l'the partisans for peace" in rising against the cold war and. thearmaments race and in their demands that talks should beheld for a-general, settlement of questions with the Soviet Union. We. consider that the American policy of interfering in the internal affairs of other countries is not in harmony with the charter of UNO and cannot be reconciled with tOe maintenance of peace. (owing to lack of time the rest of this article will appear tommorrow). (BOLITIKA Sunday) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 9 - SOMETHING MORE ABOUT INFLUENCE OF CAPITALIST ELEMENTS IN THE VILLAGES It is a long time now since the coMinform radio stations started yelling about the difficult situation in the Yugoslav Villages, about ' the "unrestricted 'power" of the kulaks, about the more and more diffi- cult position of the small peasants, and about the supposed resistance which the working peasants are putting up. What: is said and written? in Paris does not differ from that which is said and written in the other cominform countries. The only difference is the language. The idea of all this :is to throw dust in the eyes of the people, to show - Yugoslavia in h wrong light and to tell their own people that there is at least one country . Yugoslavia - in which things are worse than in their countries. The cominform propaganda is full of stuff about the "kulaks" in Yugoslavia for the simple reason that this is jnst the rrb1em which worries them at home. Now, why should Radio Warsaw pick out Yugo- slavia as an example of a country in which the kulaks have strongly entrenched ,themselves? -Would:not it have been more proper to have picked out Hungary in which big landholders have been left over 200 hectares of land or Roumania or Czechoslovakia, the couhtries in which, it is prescribed by lay that land maximum should be 50 hectares, or, Poland' herself in whichfhe "Sehlachtichi" have been given 50 to _1-00 hectares'of'land (in the annexed territories)? The reason is that agrarian reform is not being properly carried out in all these countries In Hungary the so-called "Knights" could not be deprived of their land. In Poland the RCChurch has retained over 400,000 hectares of fland, In oumania- many?ofLthe bit landholders have proclaimed their land to be "exemplary agricultural :estates", and so- managed to fool the law;. And Yet the cominformists say that Yugoslavia is a? country in which the kulaks are growing in strength. In Yugoslavia the land maximuM is 25 t- 30 hectares)). What a strange logic? Naturally, the political influence of the village-rich is founded on an edonemic baSis. In those countries where they have stthng posi- tions 'in the ecOhomy their pressure on the working peasantry is strong; their influence :.(5n the people's authority is bigger; in short, their resistance is stronger. And that is how the Cominformistshave arrived at the conclusion that in Yugoslavia,the country in which the-kulaks have as much as 30 hectare's of land, the chief executor of the kulak. policy in the.villaes is the military-bureaucratic and police apparatus Composed of specially chosen elements, speculators. and kulaks of which (kulaks) there are about 2,000'in the people's. cOMmittees"..- This required no comment and therefore we shall pasav over to the situation in the countries which are giving. us lectures on policy in the villages, because they have more kulaks and their influence on the people'.8 authority is bigger. Machash Rakoszi recog- nised this in his speech delivered at the meeting of the CC of the Hungarian Workers' Party on 5th March 1949, When he said: "During the first months after theliberation'of the country we, together with the entire peasantry - which means with the Kulaks also, went in the direction of liquidating big landholdings and the. remnants of the Horthy regime. In order to facilitate, our common road with the kulaks, we stopped at the limit of 200 hectares-at the time of the agrarian reform". The.consequence of this "common road' with the kulaks has been that 194,000 servants and land workers have not received land. Many of the landless people who have been given land of up to 8 hectares have not been given anything to work the land with. Because of all this the power of the kulaks and their influence on the other peasants has grown. Rakoszi himself has admitted this. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 10. -Perhaps the situation is.a.bit better in Poland? Unfortunately it is not.. This is seen from Zambrowsky's soeech: "fact is that today the kulaks are numerically strongest political class in Poland. Its authority and influence on the working strata in the villages have been undenied but all the same it has not been dither disarmed or paralysed or isolated. Its resistance to the people's authority is? ? growing, and it will still make Considerable difficulties for us." Zambrowsky, therefore, admits that the kulaks, linked up with the clergy, are putting ups bigger and tigger resistance. Now, you see, while Zembrcycky. and the Polish press are accusing Lis of conducting a- - kulak policy, the responsible leaders of the Polish party admit, in another place, that all this is happening in Poland itself. One of the pet themes of the cominformists, when speaking of our country, is - the buying, up of agricultural products. Even here, the cominformists are making. themselves appear absurd by claiming that our poor peasants give more than the rich ones. The best authorities on this are the village rich in Yugoslavia, who have felt the "ease" on their own backs. They would laugh at this, although now, at the time of the buying up campaign, they don't feel much like laughing.. . In Czechoslovakia, the kulaks have been placed on the same basis as the poor peasants with respect to quotas. Czech kulaks own about _14% of.arable land (60% of which is worked by hired labour) and last year they delivered only 18% of Wheat. Another thing the Czech kulaks are influencing the small peasants and thus Managing to obstruct buying- up... Last winter, when the buying-up campaign in our country was over, the Czech paper Rude Pravo was ccpplaining of the poor results ? of boying up in Czechoslovakia, while the Czech paper Slobodno Selo wrote : "At some places the peasants are still Under the influence o the kulaks". And on the top of all this the cominformists are saying that our "plants are already showing signs of failure". - which is borne out by the "first results of the buying up campaign". Th- fact is that our plants ate developing quite successfully - in one month the planned 56% of grain were b'eught up. And now, what can be said about some of the countries which are attacking us? Let us take Roumania for an example. Buying up was carried out in that country in 1948 and 1949, and no official results were ever published. What other reason for this can there be but - failure. Or let us take another example - that of Karlove Van i (KarIs Bad) in Czechoslovakia. Last winter, at the time when. most of -maize was bought up.An our country only 55% of that was bought up at Karlove Van. What else do these results show if not that plans are failing?: (Sd.) DANILO VUKOVIC: (BORBA Summary Monday) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -11- STATEMENT BY HENRY DRAILSFORD. London 20th August. "It is my opinion that the Yugoslav National Committee of the Partisans of Peace did very well to invite all organisa- tions and individuals in the world who have the cause of peace at heart ?to come to Yugoslavia and on the Tot to confirm whether Yugoslavia in preparing for war against her neighbours." Politika speaks about Henry Brailsford, saying that he has 'al.. striven for the rights of the working people and for co-operation amongst the natiuns. He has also done much to bring the USSR and Great Britain closer together. The statement continues: "1 am confident.., that this invitation will contribute to the cause of peace in the worad. ",I hope as well that we who visit Yugoslavia shall have the chance to see Yugoslav writers, public workers and economists and to learn about their position in your society today that we shall be able to see whether your people have their heart in the work of constructive tasks of peace or whether that people, as the Soviets confirm, are devoted today to preparations for war. "I consider it the duty of all organisations striving for peace in the world to respond to the Yugoslav invitation to con- firm the truth in all these matters. ,.."I first came to know Macedonia and Macedonians in 1903 when I spent 2 or 3 months in Macedonia, then a Turkish province , as the correspondent of the Manchester $11)ardian immediately before the Ilinden Rising. At the beginninp7of-Aug:ust the rising against the Turks broke out. I remember the heroic struggle of the Mace- donians and the frightful terror lay which the 'linden Rising was put down. 120 Macedonian villaAW%tterly demolished . Together with a few of my friends in Great Britain I helped to organise a special fund to raise large sums of money in. Britain to help the Macdonian fighters liberate themselves from the Turkish yoke and build up the ruined Macedonian villages.... ..."One of our first tasks was to care for the wounded Mace- donian fighters of the Ilinden Rising. They were completely neglected and were without any medical attention, but it fell to our happy lot to organise special hospitals for'them in Ohrid. and Kostur. We also managed to render first aid to the many peasants who had no roof over their heads. "During my stay in Macedonia I managed to et to know the Macedpnian people. I fostered not only the ardent desire that Macedonia should achieve its national freedom but I also became acquainted with the tenacity and bravdry of the Macedonians. "Later as a member of the Carnagie Commission for the Balkans I found myself once again amongst my Macedonian .fiic.nds. In 1912 at Salonika I became acquainted with my old comrade Dmitar Vlahov. At his socialist club in Salonika the rppresenta- tives of all nationalities Slays Greeks and Jews gathered together and worked together harmoniously on the common cause of the working people. What I saw then_gave me new_1L-nae a h4.414AiVre. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-KuP6.3-0u4 i5KOubsu Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R0063001900,01-0 -12- The chauvinism of their tulers at that time was the.fIctl.tge of the Balkan peoples. However, in the Socialist Club in Salomika, I witnessed the birth of a new era - socialism, which had gather- ed the Diall%an peoples together on common constructive tasks. Many long years past-led but at th6 end I see how our hopes of those days are being realised today. (Sd. M. Sufijic, POLITIKA, 21st August 1950) EHRENDURG'S CONCEPTION OF AGGRESSION AND TRE STRUGGLE FOR PEACE. Recently in Prague a congress of the so-called partizans of peace was held. It was a conr,ress of an international organi- sation which the Soviet method of supreme commanding had turn- ed into the instrument of its hegemonistic policy. The task of the congress was clear: ;for the assembled leaders of the Cominform "peace movement" to Cteet new pressure on the consciousness of the working people and to proclaim as Willmies of the people all those (and these increase daily) who will not bow to the "wise leadership and paper over the cracks :f ,oviet policy and its "infallible authority." The cunningly thought up ani even more cunningly carried out Cominform peace campaiaam,which with the added horror of the atomic bomb managed to eface other, more serious and vital . sources of the dancrers of war, has once again revealed its true character . Ilja EhrenburT7, the Soviet "champion of peace" contributed' to this, possibly involuntarily , by his speech at the public meetin of the partizans of peace in FraeTue. The well-knonw"3tockholm appeal" which tOe working people of the world had to sign nilly-willy ( and who, when their eyes have finally been opened, withdraw their signatures in ever great numbers), emphasised as 'a basis of the struggle for peace - to forbid the use of the atomic bomb. That does not mean that war should be forbidden, nor that aggression should be abolished, nor the liquidation of political blocs? and spheres of interest - but to forbid the use of atomic tomb. The Cominformists "creat- ers of peace" by their Stockholm appeal have admitted,whether they like it or not, that they are not against agiTression. How could they be against it when they are so ruthless towards Yugoslavia: In the Stockholm appeal they stated that they were against the use of the atomic bomb, in other words that they are against the use of atomic weapons only in the already existing aggression and are not fighting against it as such. The revelation of this conception in .Cominform or rather Soviet"peace policy" has aroused confusion even without the Com- informists. "The Soviet elder brother"felt that the Stockholm concealment of his hegemonistic policy and the artificial fog of the Soviet "adherents to principles " and"tenacity" in the struggle for peace were insufficient to put an end to strong penetration of the truth and the ever greater discrediting of the anti-socialist policy of the Soviet Union. And the talkative Ehrenburg was unable to conceal the thing which hurts them part- icularly in their present awkward situation. Speking at the . public meetini, in Prague he said : Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -13 -L "The enemies of peace deceptively ask why the pattizans of .peace are against the atomic bomb only and not any other tomb . The Stockholm appeal against the use of atomic weapons is just the first step on the road to peace... we shall draw up a list of inciters of war who spread propaganda for a new wai'... our enemies falsely state that we condemn only the atomic bomb and not aggression. That is a lie. Any interference in the affairs of other nations is aggression". Ehrenburg then said that he had in mind the American inter- vention in Korea. It has become a custom for the Soviet leaders to apPb the word aggressor to everyone but themselves and in the first place to socialist Yugodavia which they have countless times proclaimed as the most aggressive country. Concerning the aggres- sive actions of the USSR, they keep silent and pretend to be igno- rant of them. Ehrenburg is not so uneducated that he could not realise that by aggression he meant only military ag7ression. Dut it appears that he consciously desires to cover up all forms of po- litical and economic aggression, all forms of economic and poli- tical interference in the affairs of other nations. These aggres- sions, it is true, are not so obvious as military aggressions but they are equally brutal and have the same aims: transforming other countries into a field for exploitation by the "leading nation", the abolishion of the principles of equality of nations and violation of the independence and soverF.ignty of other na- tions. Does not the Soviet Union and, through its directives, the other Cominform countries wage an economic war against social- ist Yugoslavia? Is not the subordination of the economy of the Eastern Euro- pean countries to the needs of Soviet economy, without regard to the interests of the peoples of these countries, a brutal form of the economic aggression of the USSR?' Is not the political subjugation of these countries to the momentary needs of Soviet hegemony a rude interference of the Soviet Union in the affairs of other countries? And is it not extreme hypocrisy when Ehrenburg, in the name of this "wise leadership" once more attempting to blind the work- ing masses of the world, solemnly pronounce3 that "any interference In the affairs of other nations is aggression7.For the words of Ehrenburg, lf,ke the words of the Soviet leaders in general, remain. as Words alone, - and actions s7" something else. Dulgaria, Poland, Hungary Rumania etc. (not to speak of their conduct towards social - ist Yugoslavia) are living examples of the Soviet words in practice and of the "principled" way in which they carried them out. This time again Ehrenburg has fired a blank. There is a sharp contradiction between the principles laid down by the words of the Soviet Union and their practice. This contradiction corresponds completely to the contradiction in the Soviet "peace movement". The Soviet "peace movement" is not striving against aggression but against the use of the atomic bomb in the exist- ing conflict. Ehrenburg's words cannot annihilate tIle facts of the Soviet hegemonistic policy, Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190004-0 -14- Ehrenburg says that the prohibition of the use of the atomic weapon is only the first step. The second step according to Ehrenburg is to "draw up a list of the inciters of wat" which the working people of the world will probably have to sign again. That is the real character of the Cominform "struggle for peace": the Stockholm appeal and the list of inciters of war and not. campaign against against blocs and spheres of.interest, for peace amongst free and equally righted nations. And because of this Ehrenburg did not dare to propose any other measures in the struggle for peace and even less to appeal to the peoples to strive against war, against aspirations for annexation .antitsubjugationl? against those who do not hesitate to satisfy their hegemonistic appetites and drag humanity into new misery. In the recent press conference in London, Ehrenburgi 'to the question put by the journalists, replied that the invita- tion of the National Committee of Yugoslavia for the :Defence of Peace "does not concern them". Here Ehrenburg really did speak the truth. The fact is that Soviet policy is not interested now in the struggle for peace, but is fe7erishly interpstedin new forms for masking the the bare hegemonistic face of its .aims. ? Ehrenburg tried to advance along that path - and slil-ped oVer.And even the experienced Ehrenburg was not - able to keep .1;_i3 balance on the slippery boards of the "Soviet struggle for peace". ? (*GLAS, 20th Agust 1950) ONE MORE bRITISH :RI ADE FOR THE STUDENTS' CUILDING. London, 19th Au-ust. Last night a brigade of 48 British youths left London to participate in the building of the students' building in Zagreb, They are chiefli- workers from factories in and around London and are members of the Labour Youth League, They will remain until the end of this year's works. Before leaving the railway station the Brigade's secre- tary Jack Field announced : "We wish to express our admiration for the Yugoslav people and we think this is the best way of do- ing so. This is just the beginning. Next year I hope there will be many similar brigades. Our future task is to convince the British youth oranisaions and especially the socialist youth, of the unfounded stories spread by the Cominform representatives." The Yugoslav Affibassador in London last night held a :reception, in honour of the students' brigade which has returned from Zagreb. (BORTJA, 20th August 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 411.? Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -15- ANNOUNCEMENT BY A MEMLER OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STUDENTS. London, 19th August. William Rust, a member of the Executive Committee of the Internatimal UniO)n of Students, at a press conference on his return from Prague, announced that the leadership of the Congress of the International Union of Students which has been held in Prague attempted to force the Dritish lelegation to change its attitude at the congress. As is well-known the British delega- tion, at the present congress in Prague dewqhded that the congress withdraw the discriminatory resolution abolA severing connections with the Studetts youth of Yugoslavia, which resolution was wfled by the Executive Committee7 although such a resolution can only be passed by the Congress itself. The British delega- tion together with the Scottish and Danish delegations refused to sign the peace appeal which was introduced at the congress, accusing the Soviet Union of being insincere over rea: in- surance of peace in the vend After that the British delegation was subjected to a sharp attack by Shellopin the RUssian delegate and by Gromann the president of the International Union of Stu- dents. (I3QRBA .1 20th August 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -10- PROBLEMS OF OUR CATERING: BELGRADE CATERING ENTERPRISES AMENDMENT. With reference to an article about catering published on August 16, 1950. in "Politika" under the title !Catering in Belgrade should be decentralized", the director of Town Catering Enterprise in Belgrade, Josip'Flaja-sent a-letter to the editors of 1Politika" stating that the information given in that article is inaccurate and wrong. Among other things Flaja stated the following: Each enterprise which is under the management of the Town Catering.Enterprise has a deposit of about 5,000 dinars for sundry expenses,. Therefore it is not true that all managers are obliged to apply to higher superintending officials for approval in case they need a box of tooth-picks, It is also net true that our restaurants do not have a good supply of food and drinks. .C'ne should hear in mind that we buy them on the free market, which means that many difficulties .must be overcome; therefore .we can claim to have a good supply Of food stuffs, with the oxception of rationed geode. It isnot true that meals at "Jadran" are served on tin plates. A limited quantity of crockery is kept in our warehouses, which is.usually used for serving of meals to various delegations which come to Belgrade: therefore it is not true that we have three wagons of porcelain crockery unused. It .is not true that the Trade Union Council for Belgrade demanded that the director of this enterprise should be removed. The fact is tat all the waiters are uniformed and decently dressed. There is a shortage of soda and mineral water, but it is the fault of those enterprises wIth which we had made contracts, but which failed to deliver a regular supply; therefore we are not to be blamed for that. Our problems are quite different from those mentioed in that article with which our managements, as well os trade union branches, are very well acquainted, but miracles cannot be done, or expected to be done over night. (Palitika, August 20, 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 0 IE T T Ek. 2%7- S L.A.INIE 0 1%7- SAL; IR:1711{ C _1E; SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin containstranslations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. N0.250 OM THIS IS AN ENCLOSURE 1' DO NOT OE ACH HEADL BORBA P.11 WORKING BRIGADES IN THE ELECTRIC POWER, STATIONS (2 cols.) WORKERS, COUNCILS TAKING OVER MANAGEMENT OF ENTERPRISES (2 cols.of reports) LET THE SECOND NATIONAL LOAN DE A BIG SUCCESS (2 cols.) P.2. BULGARIAN aii]ALIsm - WHAT THOSE WHOJL_VE FLED BULGARIA HAVE TO SAY ABOUT IT. (3 cols.) TRADITIONAL "ALKA" GAMES AT SINJ. CULTURAL NEWS; BEGINNING OF SCHOOL YEAR; NEW BUILDINGS FOR SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTES IN LJUBLJANA YUGO FILMS AT INTERNATIONAL FESTIVAL IN SCOTLAND; ITALIAN SCIENTIST DR.GIORDANO ACCI IN YUGOSLAVIA; YUGOSLAV OPERA SINGER WINDS UP HER TOUR OF ISRAEL. P.34 BUYING Ur CAMPAIGN IN OSIJEK REGIoN. YUGOSLAV/SWEDISH PROTOCOL ON TRADE PND PAYMENTS. LAKE SUCCE3J: MEMBERS 02 SECURITY COUNCIL HOLD AN INFORMAL MEETING. 25X1A 22ncl'August, 1950. MUNCHEN; ANOTHE RED rArEfi BANNED IN WEST GERMANY. AGAINST SLANDERS AND MISINFORMATION: REVAMPED INQUISITION: NEW INTERPRETATION OF THE "STOCKHOLD PETITION". ARMED CONFLICT IN KOREA; US AIRCRAFT CONCENTRATE ACTION ON FRONT WEST OF MASQN AND TEGU; COMMUNIQUE FRDMMCARTHUR'S HQ; NORTH KOREAN COMMUNIQUE; DEPLOMENT OF FORCES IN KOREA: AUSTRALIA SENDING A BATTALION OF TROOPS TO KOREA; Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -2 P.3. GENERAL. COLLINS AND ADMIRAL SHERMAN 'ARRIVE IN TOKYO. ATHENS: VENIZELOS HAS NOT MANAGED TO FORM CABINET PEKING: TELEGRAM FROM CHU EN LY ? TO TRYGVE LIE AND MALIK NEW ?DELHI: DENIAL TI-UtT 14A0 TZE TUNG HAS SENT INVITATION TO NEHRU TO VISIT PEKING. ? FRANNFURT: .W ST POLITICAL CIRCLES EXAMINING ADENAUER'S STTEENT NHISSE:5: RESOLUTION OF CP BELGIUM IN CONNECTIJN WITH NURDER OF PARTY.7RESIDENT. ROME: PROTEST AY ITALIAN WORKERS ALINT MURDER IN BEL IUM. RIO DE ,JANIERO: COURT ACTION AGAINST LEADElS OF CP. BRAZIL. WHY THE QUESTION. OF HEALTH PROTECTION IN BO. MINE IS NOT BEING SOLVED. WINNING PENNATS AND AWARDS GIVEN TO BEST WORKING COLLECTIVES IN SERBIA. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 . 3 - YUGOSLAVIA IN THE EYES OF THE WEST tContinuation) But we see that that policy badly called .7defence of democracy against communism" is supported by many millions of people in the USA, Great Britain and Western Europe, because of foar.of communist parties as agents of a foreign power which does not respect democracy and human rights, and that this View is much strengthened by Soviet policy towards Yuoslavia. The way in which the Soviet Union treats Yugoslavia is quickly becoming the main argument to justify the cold war and scepticism at the possibility of getting peace with the Soviet Union by means of discussions, compromise or agreement. We who oppose such a policy come up ag,ainst the answer: "You say that the leaders of the Soviet Union many times have said that capitalist and socialist countries niust live and trade in a peaceful way one with the other, on the basis of mutual respect'of the rights of each to conduct its internal affairs in a way which suits it. But look how the Soviet Union acts towards another socialist countrY -Yugo slavia". It is not possible to fight against the official Ahglo-American policy, which represents cold wars the armaments rage and a refusal to carry on discussions, on the basis of any kind of passing over of cominform lies about Tugoslavia or with the attitude that 'the Soviet Union can do nothing wrong and accordingly it should have a free hand to treat Yugoslavia or any other small state exactly as it, pleases, as also by efforts to ignore the problems created by the Soviet-Yugoslav"quarreli Accordingly a movement for peace in the West which looked realistically at the facts and which answers the questions which are appearing in the minds of men, must start with the demand that Western progressive opinion understand and support the principles on which Yugoslavia stands. After this it Would be necessary to present the demand for discussions for a general settlement of all questions on the basis of treating the Soviet Union and China as equal parties in the settle- ment of all outstanding problems in Europe and in Asia on the con- ditions that the USA and the USSR, as also all their adherents, once more confirm their readiness to keep to the obligations contained in the charter of UNO, not to interfere in the internal affairs of other states and to give real proof that they really mean to keep to these obligations. Proof of this should be given in such a way that the USA would end every political anti-communist discrimination and inter- vention in exchange the Soviet Union and the cominform countries would establish normal economic and diplomatic relations with Yugo- slavia and cease the propaganda war against this country. Those are the main currents in public opinion in the West as regards Yugoslavia and the problem .which its stand raises in world politics. What can Cugoslavia do to strengthen its position in the West? First, of course, to continue to remain firm in the international field and to succeed in building socialism. The fact that Yugoslavia,,, is really independent and has not made any political, military or economic concessions to the United States has an immense importance. Whatever they have said the Western powers are in fact ready to trade with Yugoslavia and to give her credit on that basis although the American and Britih Foreign Ministeries undoubtedly will continue to hope that in time Yugoslavia will become so economically weak or beso frightened by the Soviet war of nerves that it will come into the Western camp. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0' - 4 The greater freedom given to, correspondents of Western papers, . the facilities and encouramlent- given to people from Western countries to ,visit Yugoslavia and see7themse1ves, represent a most*valuable con- tribution towards informing public orinion. Even if some corres- pondents or visitor sends some ill-intentioned or frivolour report that fact will not be able to dutweigh the reports of the others and the fact itself that there exists freedom to send reports. Even in the case of some news being bad, Western public opinion will be impressed by the fact that the corresrondent has been able to send it from Yugoslavia. Finally, truth will. prevail, and the truth about Yugoslavia - although she has certain imperfections, when properly estimated Fepresents something good.and encouraging. The attitude of the West towards fugosle.via is very slowly changing - not enly the opinion of the governments and those in office but also public o-Lnion, and especially progressive public opinion is becoming Conscious of the value-and importance of fugoslavia's stand from their point of view. The friends of Yugoslavia find an increas- ing interest and an increasing good-will. Time is on Yugoslavia's side.. (PbLITIKA Sunday) FOREIGN- POLICY: STNEY England The House of Commons has been summoned for the 12th September. Since the "decis.ion of the Executive Committee of.the etlantHe Fact for members to increase their efforts for defencelthe defence chiefs in England have increased their pressure on the government to step up.rarrr,ament preparations. There is talk of increasing the term of military, service from 18 to 24. months. The USA The Atlantic Pact countries will meet in New York. on the 15th and 16th September, Before the conference. Bevin, Acheson and Truman . will meet,' It,45 thought that, they will coneider, amongst other things, the question of, accepting the 14 new countries who wish to join the Atlantic pact. Henry Wallace and Thomas Emerson have resigned. from the Progressive. Party. Congress has passed a law giving Truman wide powers to intro- duce rationing and price control., :Congress has resolved that a certain number of atomic scientists and others come -before the court for contempt of congress, because they refused.to. state 'whether they were or had been members of the communist. party. The Senate has passed with amendments, the law on immigration to the USA which makes it possible to expel from the Country any foreignor, including, forei71 representatives, for public- security reasons. The law is intended to limit entry into the USA..and make it easier. to .exnel persons suspected of 'subversive activity." Truman has signed a law providing 350 million dollars for the development of a submarine driven by atomic energy, Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 5 - The Security Council No Progress has been made in the Security Council. There has been much had language, sometimes bordering on insults. Senator Austin accused Malik of obstructing any action to bring peace to Korea and to prevent the spread of hostilities. Malik again tire- lessly repeated his attacks and demanded that the USA stop "savage bombardment.of the peaceful population of Korea". France The conference of the six countries discussing the Truman plan has broken off work. They have produced a draft which envisages the direction of the organisation by an international authority. The setting up of a joint assembly which would be a type of parliament. The Council of Ministers would represent the link between an inter- national authority and the individual government. At Strasbourg MacMillan has presented a pronosal which somewhat differs from the Schuman Plan and is intended to remove the differences in the views between France and England. Schuman appeared before the assembly and asked for its sunnort for his plan. He announced that England will present its counter-proposals at the end of September, which might mean that in spite of all opposition it sees the value of such a union and is afraid of being left on its own. Churchill made a proposal for the formation of a Joint European .Army. Bele,ium The Belgian iarliament has passed the law on the transfer of the royal ptrogative to Prince Bedouin. Van Zeeland was asked to form a new government which is entirely Christian Democratic. Turkey Seven directors and editors of left wing newspapers have been arrested in Istanbul. Their papers opposed the sending of Turkish soldiers to Korea. "According to an announcement by the Turkish Minister of Justice, the Turkish government have decided to take away their citizenship from all Turkish communists. A commission has already been established to work on the preparation of lists of persons who will be affected by this measure. It is stated that this has been undertaken "because of the communist danger". '-'ulgaria has sent Turkey a note demanding that Turkey accept in the course of 3 months 250,000 Turks from Bulgaria. This demand will no doubt give cause for new disagreements between the two countries between whom there is already great tension. The Bulgarian demand which is very categorical will place Turkey in a very difficult posi- tion as regards accepting housing and employing such a great number of persons. Germany The People's Assembly of the East German Zone has raified the agreement with Poland recognising the Oder-Nissa line as the permanent frontier 1-etween the two countries. The session at which this agree- ment was approved was attended by less than half the people's represen- tatives. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0- -6- At the Council of Europe the German socialists have opnosed the rearmament of Germany, claiming that that would be grounds for the Soviet Union immediately to attack Germany. In vain did old Churchill try to convince them that the USSR would not be able to find in that act a reason for a'preventative war, because its plans hod long since been worked out? and could not be changed by such an incident. The German delegates remained unpersuaded. Greece An Athens Court has condemned to death 12 members of the communist party, out of 61 accused, 17 have been released and the remainder given terms of imprisonment. They were accused of plotting murder of Greek and Allied pe 'sons and of murdering the Minister of Justice Ladas and of causing disorder aril carrying out sabotage. The Cyprus delegation which is in London has asked the English government to recognise the 1-lebicite demanding unity with Greece. If they do not ,:et satisfaction they will take the matter to UNO. Korea Almost nothing can be said of the military operations because the situation changes from day to day. In general the advance of North Korean forces and the withdrawal of the Americans continues only very much more slowly. In the last few lays the American forces have gone over toe partial offensive which has given meagre results and was quickly stopped. On the other hand a carefully prepared move- ment of North Korean forces against the temporary capital of TTegu and on the river Naktong which should have opened a broad advance on Fusan which was frustrated by the strength of American air action which in the course of two hoursdropped about 1,000 tons of bnmbs on the enemr lines. It can he said that the war of destruction is more-vaged against towns and habitations ? than on the front itself. Indrresia On the request of the Inionesian government a conference is being held in the Hague on the inclusion of New Guinea into Indonesia. Holland ioes not agree that it is a nart of Indonesia. In fact long before this c-nferance it was announced that Holland on the instigation of America woull oP-.,ose the unificati-n of this island with Inlcn-sia. l=robably the talks will not result in the Indonesian lenands being met. The Indonesian Federal Tarliament has Proclaimed a new constitu- tion changing the federal to a central state. (Sd.) MILON. (REPUBLIKA Summary 3 cols.) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -7- THE STATE OF AFFAIRS IN BULGARIA. "During the first ten days of' August about 500 fsmilies from the districts of Llagojevgract and Petrie were interned, and there have been similar internments in the rest of Prin Macedo- nia ... The Bulgarian authorities not only interned Macedonians but also all those Eulgars who in any way and at any time have shown sympathy towards Yugoslavia...." Such news is gisen by Macedonian and Eu garian refugees ,who preferred to come over to Yugoslavia to being shut up in lor- ries and taken to the "interior" under guard. The article gives many names of the Eulgars $'id Mace- donians who have fled to Yugoslavia and the circumstances in which they left their country. Here are some of them. Mihalkov from the district of Trno said that .up to the time of the Resolution they had seen with optimism how the old disputes no longer existed and how there wereno frontiers. Out the Resolution surprised anybody and the'leaderlhip of the village were with the people. How did things 'go on then? During 1949 alone 314 villagers left the village. One by one the members of the leadership were removed and on the 3rd May, some Moscow jeeps drew up outside the district committee. The leadership:Wa8 discharged without any voting or question . Obedient "leaders" were then"co-opted". Alexandar Mirchev from the village of Dragojcinef, Kjustendil district spoke about how the housed in his village were covered with placards slandering Yugoslavia. Compulsory conferences were held and at the same time people were being interned. The secretary of the district committee in Dragojcinac, Stanisa Isterjev at one of the conferences said that there were "three regiments of the Serbian Army" in the village of Bozica near Bosiljgrad and that "these Serbs might easily attack Bul- garia". He went on the say that "the American Army was there with them", .7cidor Aleksijev a menber of the bureau of the district committee of Godec was asked why he fled to Yugoslavia. His answer was: "First of all I was not satisfied with the policy of the Bulgarian leadership and sympathised? with Yugodasia. One mornkg on the wall of my house appeared the words:'Death to Aleksiejev, the Titoite;" ?fte c1espeaks of the reception of these refugees In Yugoslavia? Ye Yugoslav Red gross hag taken care of them and they have been issued with ration-cards like any other worker3 before commencing work. The refugee d said that there were no troop concentrations as the frontier, no trenches, no strengthen- ing of police precautions, no camps with electric wires, no.in- ternments of peaceful peasants in Yugoslavia, whereas all these things existed in Bulgaria. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -8- The article goes on to speak about the organisation of groups whose job it was to prevent people from crossing the front- ier. Who ever appearetisuspi(loue to the group could be sentenc- ed to at least 6 months forced labour. The Lulgariap authorities violated the agreement about dual ownership and.forced their peasants to take the harvest from the fields of the Yugoslav dual owners and to hand it over to military reserve warehouses. In the districts of Kula and Trno the peasants protested and that is why they mobiiised-the army and police forces there. The Bulgarian emigrants spoke about the alleged crime of the Yugoslav frontier guards who killed two Bulgarian frontier guards. The truth of the matter is this. A certain Dulgarian frontier guard Marko Simeonov, now a Capt., killed 20 Bulgars who were attempting to cross over into Yugoslavia. Amongst these were two frontier guards. But the Bulgarian authorities, as usual change() the thing around saying that it was "just one more proof to the Bulgarian people that Yugoslavia had all but attacked their freeeom and independence and the hest proof of this was the bodies of their two countrymen"( unfortunately these were unable to speak about their murderers). Sd. D. Vukobratovic,BORLA, 22nd August 1950) THE GHOST OF THE INQUISITION. History recirds the inquisition as the darkest, the most reactionary medieval institution which tried in every way to crush P 7thirg t'C not agree with church dogma. Amongst its victims were Giordano Bruno, Jan Huss, the works of Dante, Copera. .nico, Galileo , Luther and others. One of the things which came Out of it was the index libro prohibitorum, which was a list of books the faithful were prohibited from reading on pain of death by fire. However, the inquisition has appeared again and the pyre and the "blab list" are once more the order of the day. This time it has not only appeared in Rome, where the interventIon of the Vatican has banned the works of Palsac and Rabelais,-but where one at least expected, in the People's Democracies. In Eastern Germany, which is controlled by the USSR and the United Socialist Party the works of 7 authors and musucians have been banned. In Bulgaria a whole series of political and economic pamphlets and books, literary reviews, novels stories and peema have been banished from state and soil institutions, libraries and reading rooms. In Poland books'byAugoslav writers Cankar, Nazar, Ivo Andric and Oskar Davico have been banned, ,:and in Albania Yugoslav books have been burned since the Comi?nform Resolution. When they xeincapable of waging an ideological war then they resort to force. For this reason Vlko Chervenkov banned the "Album of Gerogi Dimitrov" and deleted pages 21 to 24 of the "Selections from Georgi flimitrov." And so in Poland no one is allcved to know that Yugoslatia has her literature. There as in Bulgaria and Hungary and Eastern Germany the works of the Yugoslav writers are banned to prevent discussion. In the old times Marx countered Frudhome by writing against Ili._m_jauAt,Ellgjres wr,40..idiAtivUmE.1.504164fitAkm44yainst the fact?NitITMW-ctriltn!rATWIn?Miste-frh. tEemse7ves faced with Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -9- . . bourgeois writers such as Sartre, Andre .Gide e C. ..ncl'can.only remove the difficulty bY banning their 'work. , . . 4 ? (Summary, BORBA, 22nd August, 1950) . ? Ga..L;AT GCLD AND DOLLAR RESERVES Defore the war, the gold and dollar reserves of the entire ?d sterling areaeamountedoto about 10 milliards (billion' dollars; After the war, the, reserves fell down to 2,476 million dollars, coupled with destruction of industry, loss of shipping-and loss of one thind of the capital invested in foreign countries, marked a considerable reduction in the economic power of the sterlingearea. The post-war-years have been marked for Great Britain not only by ' her enormous efforts to .increase her industrial potential and, export, but also by the constant decrease in the gold and dollqr reserves. At the beginning of September 1949, these reserves had fallen down to 1,340 million dollars and, no doubt, this was the main-reaSen for the devaluation of. the .Pound Sterling. Opinions were divided, on the devaluation of the Pound Sterling. . Although no, one considered that the devaluation by itself was. sufficient to improve t. economic situation of Great Britain, quite . a lot of people thought that it could be expected that the devaluation. together with the:Other measures of economic policy, Would help ? increase Great Britain's gold and dollar reserves. However, three months after the devaluation the reserves were increased from 1,340 to 1,688 million dollars; at the end of?the first Quarter of 1950, they were increased to 1,984.million dollars, and at the end of the second Quarter ta_2,422 million dollars. The'result of this was that the egrlier sciptics changed their opinion, although the Chancellor of the Exchequer Gripps still warns, with reason, that one Must not be , carried away by the results achievedeobut that steps Ishould becon- tinued in theAireCtion.Of increasing exports and decreasing imports, particularly 'from the dollar countries.- ? The above figures convincingly speak of the continuous increase in Great -3ritain's gold and: dollar reserves after the devaluation ? -. of the Pound Sterling.. Now, the question is whether this occurrence. is exclusively theresult of devaluation and the economic measures which were Undertaken subsequettly,or whether they are the result of some other circumstances maybe of some Mikawberian "happy turn", 'At the end of the first Quarter of this year, Great -ritain showed an increaseoin her balance of payments of 40 million dollars, whereas her gold and dollar reserves showed an. increase 'of 296 million. Th?s. figure of increase.includes, in addition to the mentioned '40' million, also the 229 million from Marshall Aid and the 27 pillion from the Canadian loan. Under, the date of jUne- .30th of thiS year, there has been an increase in the?balance-of payments of 180 'million,- and the total- increase inthe reserves amounted to 436 million. Ais inciiease contains, in addition to the mentioned 180 millions, another 240 millions from the Marshall Aid and. 18 million from the Canadian loan. But although in the total increases at the end of the first and. second Quarters of-this year the'major part is rePresented by receipts outside of business transactions, the surpluses Of 40 and 180 million dollars in the -balance of payments are encouraging in view'of the fact that in 1949 the balance of payments s owed a deficit of 1,532 million and that the reserves inthe same- year fell 168 million below the 1948 figure. Activiation of the balance of payments is the consequence of increased exports and decreased imports, in. July of last year, the Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 dr" Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -10- Sterling countries-decided to lower their imports from the dollar area by 25 per cent, i.e., by 400 million dollars. During the first half of this vear,. the imports were lower by even more than the above figure. This has been followed by increased export, althoughe less from Great Britain and more (raw materials) from the Sterling area. The United States' need to inc ease its stocks of raw materials has contributed towards bigger purchases from the'sterling area countries of rubber, tin, manganese, chrome, jute, wool and cocoa. Since the beginning of this year, the prices of these raw materials have been going up and this, too, has helped make bigger profits in dollars. The tendency of improvement in Great Britain's balance of payments and, consequently, of increase in her Fold and dollar reserves, which manifested itself.during the first two Quarters of this year,. will, will, as it now arrears, not be interrupted during the third Quarter. Although it could have been expected that, because of the decrease in. Marshall Aid, seasonal decrease of exports and expected increase in imports, the influx of Fold and dollars would be decreased, it appears that the events in the Far East have created a favorable situation for the Sterling area. The big military credits of the USA will, no doubt, be utilized to a great extent for new and big purchases of raw materials from the Sterling area. Even up till now export of raw materials has represented 4/5 of the, value of all the eXports to the USA, so that one can expect that the influx of gold and dollars will be increased during the present Quarter also. Naturally, one must also count with the fact that Great 2,ritain will ' use raw materials from the Sterling area for her own armament,?,,m1 that, for the same purpbse, she will have to increaser her imports from the USA. Since the devaluation of the Pound Sterling, Great Britain's gold and dollar reserves have been developing under favorable cir- cumstances, which are not a consequence of the devaluation but rather the result of the strained international situation. Consequently, one may expect that Great Britain's Fold and dollar reserves will go up all the time until the internation-11 sitation gets near a war situation. Great Britian's,three-year armament program of 3,400 million pounds sterling, may have an unfavorable influence on the further development of her economic relations with foreign countries which means that there may be a decrease in the influx of gold and dollars, and even a decrease in her present day gold reserve. True, America's 4 milliard (billiOnl dollar aid to the Western European countries for the purpose of armament, will be of benefit to Great Britain, too, so that she will decrease her expenditures in :ier own currency and be less forced to expose her reserves to unproductiye spending. All in all, Great Britain has profited by the "Cold'War" to improve her paying ability towards foreign countries, and whether or not her geld and dollar reserves will be further. increased - will depend on factors which are not connected with he economic policy but which might turn against her although up till now they h,,ve been favorable for her. (Sgd.) J.P. (Republika-August 22, 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - REFUGEES FROM BULGARIA ON THE TERROR AND PERSECUTION OP:THE BORDER POPULATION. Friends 'of Bora Lecevski from Trno, Bulgaria have often heard him say "that everything will be all right when the Russian come". His opinion was shared by many others. But when Russians came, Bora and others began realizing that everything was not so well. After the Resolution, Dora was jailed es an "anti-national element 4. Recently, his family was deported like many others whidh are deported by the Bulgarian authorities be- cause they have relatives in Yugoslavia, because of their failure in making deliveries, because of their opposition to the Comin- formist policyletc. The fate of Bora LeceVski is the fate of many honest pat- riots and true anti-fascists of Bulgaria who in this or that way . manifested their disagreement with the Cominform policy of the Chervenko Government of turning the rich Bulgarian country into a mere satellite of the Soviet Union. And the greater the resis- tance of the masses to such a policy, the greater are.the terror and persecutions, arbitrariness and unlawfulness of the Bulgarian ?authorities. From the very first day of the Resolution, the Bulgarian Cominformists began persecuting and maltreating all those who were supposed to be opponents of the policy of the Cominform even if they were not in possession of the actual evidence supporting it. Until recently the Bulgarian authorities have been imprison- ing on a big scale only individual opponents of the Chervenkov regime. Imprisonments and persecuti)ns were particularly numer- UB in Pirin Macedonia which is not surprising when one bears in mind that the Macedonians have been deprived of their national rights and that Chervenkov simply Bulgarized them. Recently, however, together with numerous armed provoca- tions on the frontier, the Bulgarian authorities have increased maltreatment of the population inhabiting border regions, and began jailing also families of the suspected people, of those that escaped in Yugoslavia or of those who have relatives in this country; imprisoned are not only those who are brave enough to criticize this or that act of authorities1 but also their fami- lies. Every shuch person, irrespective of his "offence" is pro- claimed by the Bulgarian Cominformists to be a "Titoist", so it is only a question of time when he and his family will be im- prisoned. People on the territory of the entire border region facing Yugoilavia are formally in a "home prison". One is not permitted to go from a villAge to a village without a special permit. And not only that, but one cannot go to his own field from 8 p.m. to 5 a.m. without such a permit which is issued only to persons co- operating woth the Security Service. As they have no confidence in inhabitants of these regions, the Bulgarian authorities are bringing there from the interior of the country armed members of the Bulgarian Workers Party (Communists) dressed as civilians, and policemen. Since August 1, the Bulgarian Cominformists agan deporting on a big scale whole families - old men women and children. Thus, they deported, for example, from Trno about 60 families, from Rakovica 7 and from Sredorek 10. Deportation on an extensive scale Approved For. Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 is ting carried on also in villages of Sisinci, Aleksandrovo, Gradskopska Koliba, Kirijevo, Dragoman, and so on. Many "others, among which are 16 year old boys and girls are ). escaping from Bulgaria and finding their refuge in ugosla- via in order to avoid persecutions and deportation. Refugees from Bulgaria, who are arriving here individually or in groups, tell us about the terror of the Bulgarian authorities, about hard economic conditions, arbitrariness Of these who are now rul- ing in Bulgaria and accuse the Government of Vlko Chervenkov of being responsible for the existing misery and unlawfulness in Bulgaria, which he is illustrating as a perticular proseperity. The author of this articel then quotes some of the re- fugees as follows: Ivan letkov from Makres, county of Vidin told him: "Asses- sments for peasants are so high that only a few ed them can fulfil their obligations with respect to deliveries of wheat, cattle or wool".... "I was visited one day by Vasil Ktstov, a devout Com- informist, ncw officer of the Secut!ty Service, who told me that I should join a peasant co-operative or count myself as dead one of these days." ..."There is no footwear in the villae. A pair of shoes is sold on the free market for 10,000 to 12,000 levas. Our village, with its 500 inhabitants, as been assigned only 20 pairs of shoes for the year". The prevailing situation in Bulgaria is according to the refugees such that inhabitants of the border regions are forced to find refuge from their authorities either in their forests or in Yugoslavia. The number of refugees from Bulgaria is growing day by day. (GLAS, 20th August 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Api3roved For Release 2001/013/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 COIEWT T illF TN S Tz_ZI: HI III 0 TN S E illV I C ]IE CPYRGHT SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. NO. 251 THIS IS AN ENCLOSURE T 60 NUPE HEADLINE 25X1A August 23, 1950. BORBA P.1. LAKE SUCCESS: GREAT POES CONTINUE TO ACCUSE ONE ANOTHER NEW YORK: ST,TEENT ='Y HUGH WESTON, MEM12ER OF MASSACHUSETTS COMMITTEE FOR PEACE P.3 ROME: VOCE GARIFILDINA DEFENDS YUGOSLAV POSITION FRANKFURT: CP WEST GERMANY IS TRYING TO PRESENT 5)VIET PEACE CAMPAIGN AS ONLY WAY TO PREVENT WAR WAR IN KOREA: PYONGYANG: FIERCE BATTLES CONTINUE ON ALL SECTORS TOKYO: BREAKTHROUGH OF NORTH KOREANS BEHIND AMERICAN REGIMENT TOKYO: AMERICAN AND BRITISH AIR FORCE OPERATIONS TOKYO: GUERRILLAS APPEAR NEAR TAEGU LAKE SUCCESS: NORTH KOREAN GOVERNMENT PROTESTS AGAINST BONDING OF HOSPITALS TOKYO: NEW LANDING OF SOUTH KOREANS LONDON: 'RITISH ADMIRALTY ORGANIZING COMMANDO UNIT FOR KOREA PARIS: FRANCE AND THE PHILIPPINES SENDING GROUND FORCES BRUSSELS: ANOTHER CP LEADER KILLED TRIESTE: MASS DEMONSTRATIONS OF WORKERS IN TRZIC GORIZIA: DIFFICULT POSITION OF SLOVENES IN VENETIAN SLOVENIA LAKE SUCCESS: REPATRIATION CF PRISONERS FROM USSR ON DAILY AGENDA OF UN GENERAL i:ISSEMDLY SESSION BERLIN: MINISTER OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT TIRINGIA ESCAPES TO WEST GERMANY OTTAWA: SPECIAL SESSION OF CANADIAN PARLIAMENT BECAUSE OF RAILROAD STRIKE >it LAKE SUCCESS: FAILURE IN SOLUTION OF KASHMIR PROBLEM WASHINGTON: TRUMAN GIVEN NEW POWERS THE DOG IS NOT HOWLING BECAUSE OF THE VILLAGE IN CONNECTION WITH FPRY NOTES TO BULGARIAN GOVERNMENT cols.) PGLITIKA P.1, NEW DEHLI: NEHRU WILL NOTI-VISIT CHINA IN NEAR FUTURE GLAS P.2, ALBANIAN BUSINESS P.3. BLACKMARKETEER SENTENCED TO DEATH IN RANKOVICEVO Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 W.,11 V 4 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -2- IN CONNECTION WITH FPRY NOTES TO AJLC...IAN GOVERNMENT The FPRY Ministry of Foreign Affairs handed notes to the Bulgarian government in connection with the .unfounded and fictitious claims of the Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs concerning actions toward Bulgarian citizens in the FPRY And refugees from Aegean Macedonia who are living in our country. The first note points out that the .Bulgarian Embassy in Belgrade is very well acquainted with the fact that Hungarian citizens enjoy al the rights that all other foreign citizens in the FP-AY have. At the same time the note stresses that the Yugoslav Ministry of Foreign Affairs has on several occasions acquainted the Bulgarian Embassy 4th thf reasons for the arrest of . several Bulgarian citizens who were carrying out enemy and subversive activities. In this note our Ministry of Foreign :iffairs underlines that the malicious destortion of facts and the presentation'of the position of refugees from Aegean Macedonia in a false light, have for their object to justify and mask the discriminatory measures which the Yugoslav citizens in Bulgaria are exposed to. In a seprrate note,the Ministry of Foreign Affairs refuted the claim of the Bulgarian Embassy in Belgrade concerning supposed dis- criminatory actions of our authorities against representatives of that Embassy. Bulgarian Cominform leadership has totally adopted the combined practice of Goebbeltopropaganda, Himmler's terror, Ribbentrop's method of sending diplomatic notes. This system has become so habitual that every new note sent to the Yugoslav government of late does not represent anything new or surprising, but, to the contrary, an example of systematic repetition ofa.planders eP-ainst our country (notes are produced one after the other71 the recapitulation of all earlier false accusations regardless of the fact that they are disproved by facts. However, what is the object of this incessent repetition of the same fabrications? On one hand its object is undoubtedly to convince the Bulgarian people'that Dulgarian citizens are being arrested without reason in Yugoslavia, that the freedom of movement of diplomatic representatives of Bulgaria are restricted in our country, etc. Out on the other hand, the Tulgarien Cominformists are in'this way attempting to mask directly that which is occuning at home, i.e., the series of discriminatory measures against Yugoslov citizens in Bulgaria and the terror which is being effected against our people in Chervenkov's Bulgaria. The facts that were included in yesterday's notes of the Yugoslav Ministry ef Foreign Affairs addressed to the Bulgarian government, show that things are exactly that way. Let us consider just one drastic example. The Bulgarian government asserts supnosedly that the Yugoslav authorities prevented the Bulgarian Charge d'affaires and assistant military attache from movirn- about in Skoplje. The presentation of this event is quite drealitic in the Bulgarian version; during their stay in Skoplje, these two 2ulgarian representatives could not move freely because they were constantly followed by two Yugoslav automobiles at a distance of nothing less that 50 to 70 meters and of course, full of agents;' also there were agents in the hotel where they stayed, in the'square, on the corners of streets and in the restaurant and cafe, so that every move of these two Bulgarian diplomats was covered. When one considers this f'Ict he asks the question: Oh, how odd our country must appear to Eastern EuropPan.Cominform representatives under the impression that every Yugoslav citizen is an agent. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -A- ApprCed For Release 2001/09/06 : CIAkIDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -3- But the reverse of this and similar hurriedly composed detective stories which Hitler's Ministry of Foreign Affairs used abundantly during-the Munich affair, is completely different. Our representatives in Sofia have quite a hit to say about this. For example., .Thanko Milijanovic, secretary of the Yugoslav Embassy, was twice refused to travel to the monastary of Ril/ in October of last year,by the "!YLilgarian authorities and our Military Attache; Major Ugrica was. also forbidden to travel to Ruse -- all Yugoslav diplomatic representatives cannot move about even in the zone which is net off-limits to foreign diplomats. These.acausations concerning the persecution and arrest of Bulgarian citizens in Yugoslavia are made more absurd that the Bulgarian representatives in Belgrade and the Bulgarian government know that Bulgarian citizens living in the FPRY enjoy the same rights as do Yugoslav citizens. However, enemies and subversive persons must answer for their misdeeds in every country, and this includes our country, regardless of what their citizenship. The Yugo- slav Ministry of Foreign Affairs acquainted the Bulgarian Embassy in Delgrade-with the reasons behind the arrest of several Pularian citizens; amongst whom were the engineer Serg,iie Janakigev, Asen Georgijev Karlijev, Vasil Georgijev Datev and Georgeije Stojanov. For example, the Bulgarian government knows from an earlier note that Janakijev was arrested because of subversive and sabotage activities and is even better acquainted with his activities during the war'in the capacity of employee of the German Military command. Further, At knows that after liberation the Bulgarian authorities sentenced him for sabotage and sentenced his father to death by firing squad because of enemy. activities. Today, it is obvious that it is not important what Janakijev did during the war, According to the notes of the iulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs what is most important is that he was arrested in Yugoslavia because of sabotage (and that is just what the Cominform heads require from their agents) and precisely because of this he becomes an object of intervention and a newly fryed "hero" of the Cominform, The perfidy and cyniciam of the Bulgarian Cominform leadership knows no boundry, Simultaneously, the Bulgarian government steps onto even more touchy ground in the attempt to justify the criminal work of several Bulgarian citizens. Namely it uses a transparent attempt to tie up the arrest of several Bulgarian saboteurs with the question of Aegean Macedonian refugees, trying-to present than as Bulgarian citizens and then, twisting the facts, laments over their supposedly difficult position. But even this expression of the chauvinist aspirations of the present day greater ulgaria powerholders is'not anything new. It also serves for the justification of pressure, threats and arrests upon Yuroslav citizens in 2ulraria. Let us now leave the .region of diplomatic interventions and enter the sphere of everyday human relations. What can be said of the matter concerning a sheperd from Oslja (near Knjazevac) - Milan Kostadinovic - which happened on July 14 of this year. The 70 year old shepard was watching his sheep in the proximity of the ',Iulgarian border on that date. He fell asleep and when he awoke he noticed that a few of his sheep had crossed the border. He set out to find, them ' and ran into Bulgarian guards. Nothing was known of him for 13 days, and on July 27 three sulgarian officers brought his body in a coffin and left it at the Yugoslav border, A commission of -lectors examined the body and concluded that the deceased, had a scar four centimeters wide on his he-d, the remains of blood in his mouth and nostrils, the right side of his neck was very swollen and had bruises whichwere inflicted before death, smaller sub-skin bleeding marks, and a large bruise on the right hip probably caused by a blunt blow. All these injuries indicate that the'Bulgarian authorities beat him until he died. This is the mann or which the barbar'us tlgarian authorities use on a 70 year old mon, for whom a Bulgarian major cynically told our border- men had lintentionally aucap Approved For Releaseed20fOr146111 /jill:1460-421-tAM6ICR11901Mh-J0not live Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -4- uner its-regime. . The case of Kostadinovic is not singular bUt is sufficient to show that the ':fulgarian authorities de not respect even the most 'basic human rights and use.barbar0.s. methods against everyone insp.ired with the Yugoslav o: well the forced rescinding of Yur7oslav citizenship of ' Yugoslav's in .Allgar,ia, cannot remain . unknown to the :'A)_lgarian people, ,all this, finally shows what methods are used by the. Ju17,arian Qeminformists in order to scaretheir own people and increase hate.7ainst the. ioples of Yugoslavia. ( .orba-:ugust 23) STATEMENT DY HUGH 'IESTON New York, August 22 "i,n honest peace movement cannot he based on a policy of interest spheres, on an imprialist policy of th-, USSR and the Western Powers"- ' stated Hugh 'Weston, member of the Conlittee for Peace of Massachusetts, to the Tanjug correspondent. "A true peace movement mtst be based on the desire of the great majority of people for peace, on the desire of enslaved and colonial peoples for liberation and the attaining of independence. i true peace movement must freely criticizd the imperialistic policy and colonialism of Western Powers and must also freely and sharply criticize the Soviet Policy of interest spheres, criticize the movements inspired by the USSR which sacrifice the general interest of peace to particular interest of the Soviet Union and its desires to expand its interest spheres. Every peace movement which would only serve to expand the foreign policy of any of the great powers cannot mobilize the masses of the world and eiefend peace." Speaking of the USSR campairn arainst Yu-oslavia, ,Hugh I'leston said: "The threats of the Soviet Russia leadership against socialist Yugo- slavia are very dangerous. The Soviet leadership is shattering the unity, of the internati)nal peace movement ' by such a policy." Weston states that he has studied in detail and is studying all Cominform publicatins conc rnng Yu-slavia and is convinced that their accusations were vile slanders. "Th- enemy campaign of the Soviet Union against socialist Yuroslavia - continued Weston - undermin2d the fRith of millions of pror,ressive peoples in the rood intentions of the Comin- form leadership. The example of hostile policies toward Yugoslavia gave millions of progressive peoples throughout the world reason to doubt the words Of the Cominferm leadership which claimed that their desire was to preserve peace in t1-1,- world. The campaign Egainst Yugoslavia morc, than any other factor has brought the world in the present condition of danger from a new world war." ? To the Tiuestien as to what he thinks of the invitation of the Yugo- sl-,v National CeMmittee for the Defense of. 'F'eace?.Jeston'stated: "The invitation to peace movements and prominent public workers to .investigate Conditions in Yur4oslavia and the sug;-7estion that a similar inquiry he carried out in countries n?ighhoring Yugoslavia, proves that your country is willin.c7: to be judge d on .the basis of f'atts. Such an investigation would lessen the danger of war because it .Would bring to light the true state of affairs and would show the world Where the threat to peace in -11a.t part of the world lies., Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -5- Concerning the 'resolution of the Yucro:slav Committee for 1,),eace, Weston said: "The prinoipies 15ut forth in the program of the Yugo- slav National Committee should become the basis of a new honest' international peace movement because they represent the'opuly basis which would preserve peace. I know that the principles or that program can win the support'of millions of people who do not agree with imperialist tendencies, but who also cannot agree with the dogma that the USSR acts on every question with papal infalliblity." (barbs-August 23) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Releage 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 6 ALBANIAN BUJINE Sometimes their needs and sometimes their troubles induce the cominformists to .repeat theireoutwprnlieS. and slanders and aT,ain to organise. armed frontier provocations in the "clear frontier area" towards the ITPY and so on. Very often these things happen together. Sometimes it is one plan, sometimes another, and in the same way it is first one country and then, another which is prominent in the anti- Yugoslav eamPaign - according to the "wise" rlans of the people in Moscow. Forsecution, mass deportation of members of our national minority, provocations along our.frontiersore supplemented with new slanders and the actions by Zhivkov Farkash, Mehmed Shehu and others who call our army "fascist" and our country "aggressive", etc. The cominform or rather Moscow bureaucratic leadership were hit by the great resrense to the cergress of the National Committee of Yugoslavia for the defence of Peace throughout the whole democratic world. They were particularly hit by the response to the invitation of the congress. The cominform propeganda keeps silent about this, and continues its slanders unabated. These slanders merely show that the cominformists and their dishonest policy have come to a cul de sac and they fear the truth like living fire which has penetrnted the democratic and reaceloving people of the world. In the latest cam- paign the Albanian rulers have a special place. What do the Albanian rulers hope to get out of this? They -expect, together with the other satellites, to devote themselves to preventing the ever more successful building up of socialism in our country. On the other hand by creating war psychosis they attempt to divert the attention of their working masses from vital questions which have arisen because of their policy, which ultimately prevents theconsoli- dation of peace in this wart of the world. ' The Albanian rulers charge Yugoslavia with massing troops against Albania. In actual fact during the last few months a large number of unitd from the Albanian army have been poted on the Albania- Yugoslav border and in the garrisons nearby. Enver's henchmen think up tales about Zuegoslav preparations for aggression and teach their soldiers to hate Yugoslavia. At all the politicil lectures it is mainly Albanian officers who speak. They are officers who have been for training in the USSR and they often have to speak in the presence of Soviet instructors. Skender-Malic a frontier guard who escaped, said the following about this: "the political classes in my unit were held every afternoon. The main subjects were: how Yugoslavia had gone over into the imperialist camp, how Yuoslavia was preparing to attack Albania and how socialism was being built up in Albania thanks solely to the selfless assistance of the USSR. They told us. that Kosmet had been Albanian and one day it would again be because the Albanians cannot tolerate the terror being exercised on the Albanian -minority there. Cne knows Very well how the selfless help of the USSR appears. The Albanian rulers attribute to Soviet assistance that assistance which in fact Albania received from our?country. - But it is difficult to deceiire the masses of the Albanian people by this. Now the Albanian government has announced a. 2 year plan fbr the development of Albanian economy, attempting thus to mitigate the dissatisfaction of the working people and to demonstrate the "assistance" of the great Soviet Union. By this plan the lYSR is bound to ship a sugar refinery with an annual capacity of 10,000 tons-, a textile factory with a capacity of 20 million metres per year, an oil refinery and a pipe' line from Kutzova to Valona, a distance of 42 kilometres. So far the USSR Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ApprOVed For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 7 - has only shipped Che pipes, and these in any case would not have been difficult to procure. This 4unselfish help" amounts.to Paying the Soviet Union in advance and raw materials and products of Albanian economy are being taken to the USSR all the time. Amongst the articles being despatched to the USSR are oil products, chromium, copper, wood, industrial plants, leather, meat, chees.e and oil. These articles are loaded onto boots by night by.Llbanian soldiers and during the loading Albanian civilians are not allowed.at the docks. " This dissatisfaction of the -workers over the'transformation of Albania into a- raw material base for Soviet eeonomy is quite natural. At the same time pressure becomes ever greater. In the villages so- called village guards are being organised. They are armed groups who are considered to be firmly in favour of Enver Hohxa . Their job is to defend the villages from doubtful people and to turn them into armed servants of the authorities.. More and more people are being arrested in fabania, whose only fault is that they do not wish to be exploited. The families of the arrested are sent to concentration camps in Burs. The families of people who have fled to -fugoslavia are the most numerous. A certain Albanian soldier Ljuljes Nero, who fled to Yugoslavia.; said that the people who had attempted to flee with him were arrested and two of them put to death. He said that their houses had been burnt and their families interned. (Sd.) D.R.- - (GLAS Summary) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 OIFOIEW CPYRGHT EI 0 lc sieit-viCE SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav' newspapers and periodicals, It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for ,general ,distribution. Accuracy of tho translations is not guaranteed. NO. 251 THIS IS AN ENCLOSURE T DO NOT 'DETACH 25X1A ugust 24, 1950 HEADL Borba P1, MARSHAL TITO RECEIVES REPRESENTATIVES OF ISTRIAN ELECTRIC RAILROAD ONE MORE TERRORIST MEASURE AGAINST YUGOSLAV CITIZENS IN BULGARIA NEW YORK: THE GREAT POWERS DO NOT SUPPORT INDIA'S PROPOSAL LONDON: LABOR PARTY DELEGATION COMING TO YUGOSLAVIA LONDON: ATTLEE CALLS FOR CLOSED LABOR PARTY MEETING P.2. RESOLUTION OF FRENCH YOUTHS WORKING IN ZAGRED LONDON: SUCCESS OF YUGOSLAV MODELERS IN ENGLISH COMPETITIONS P.3, THE STOCKHOLM PIGEONS AT KARLS3AD HOW THE SOVIET GENERAL TOOK OVER VON kLEIST WAR IN KOREA Tokyo: Powerful North Korean Attack West of Taegu Pyongyang: Breakthrough Through. American Defense Line Tokyo: 'North Korean Refugees Create Diborder in Ranks of Enemy Fyongyang: Carrying Out of Agraian Reform in Captured Regions of South Korea Manila: Yhilippine Partizans Take City of Ragay P021 , KARACHI: OWEN DIXSON'S REPORT ON KASHMIR DISPUTE CAPODISTRIA: PLENUM C.F ISTRIAN REGION FEDERATION OF PARTIZANS DECIDES TO JOIN PF NEW'YORK: GENERAL RAILWAY WORKERS STRIKE DECIDED ON BONN: CONSIDERATION OF ADENEUR'S PLAN FOR .GERMAN REARMAMENT' RAD PRAGUE REFRAIN PF STOCKHOLM APPEAL OMLADINA P,2, AID TO THE INSTRUCTOR: NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE AND THE STAND OF THE CCCPSU (b) TOWARD THE PRINCIPLE OF SOVEREIGNTY AND VOLUNTARINESS Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -2- THE DOG DOES NOT 3ARK IN ORDER TO GUARD THE VILLAE - DUT:DECAUSE'HE IS AFRAID - (A Serbian National.Sayine , Two old friends met one day,. They sat down and started talking about things.. They talked and talked until the had nothing more to talk about,Then one of them said: "Let us talk about the Cominform". "Nuts," said the other, "that is a boring subject." "Not boing at all, let us start and you will see". "It is boring, I tell you. I bet you I can guess a year in advance a4 the things they will fabricate about us." "And I bet you won't. Now I will tell you something and you won't be able to guess its source." "All right, all right, - let us not euai,rel'about it. If you. want to talke - shoot." "Well, then, tell me if you can, who announced this: 'Last year /86 priests were hung in Yugoslavia without Court trial, 132.of them were sentenced to death, 82 of them were imprisoned, 519 banished, and 89 disappeared. 4,314 churches were destroyed". "Who else could it be but the Vatican, some Civilita Cattolica, or the Giornale d'Italia". "Right, you have guessed it. And now tell me who writes this: 'In Yugoslavia the priests are being constantly mistreated; there is no end to secret trials of priests. In the gaols, the priests are put to most horrible tortures. The authorities are resorting to all possible means to prevent the holding of church services'?" "Pah, even small .kids know about these stupidities of Fred Sparks which appeared in the ail2mgajla.allyelgem. But what has all this to do with the Cominform?" "Wait abit, you'll see. Now .guess who writes this: 'Tito's janisaries have increased their terrorism against the unsubjugated priesthood; they have called off election of a new Patriarch which was fixed for July 10, and they have gaoled certain priests...." vMy friend, all that is the same old song. gain some Italian paper, or maybe it is the French paperMonde".. - "And now you are wrong! Did not I.tell you that it will be interesting, ch?- . That was, written, my -('..ear old friend, by no one else but the Literaturnaya-Gazeta and broadcast by Radio-Moscow!" 71 ? And now we must tell our readers that these two friends are fictitious, But only they - and all the rest is quite true. Even that concerning.the. Literaturnaya Gazeta is quite true- although it is difficult to believe. Truly, when we look at it, it does not appear to be quite clear. Now, it is not surprising-that those in the Vatican, and generally in the bourgeois coutries, should fabricate "destruction of churches and servants of God" in our country. In those countries, the.men are, let us say, God-fearing and such things have a high price. In those'countries, even the Communists go to church regularly. For example, a member of the Central Committee of the - Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -3 Communist Party of?France or Italy, 'goes to church and offers a prayer: "0 Father, give strength to our weak forces. If the Red Army does'not come to liberate us,.help us Thou, .and destroy the cursed Titoites:" That is how the'thinFs are in the.'dest-- and there is nothing to be said about it. Tut, you will allow, it is not ouite clear that now in the USSR the "prin;cipld Communists" should Start crying about the fate of the church and, in doing so, avail themselves of the literary works of the Vatican on the "Horrible terror applied to the church in Yugoslavia." No, it is not clear: Are we to believe th,lt in the USSR they have called to office one sleepy-stick-in-the Mudovitch (name unknown in the literary world) stroked his fair hair, and said to him: "Serbl.an Iatrip?rch avrilo is dead...and now fire away at them over "But how shall I do it," cried the frightened Sleepy-stick-in- the...Mudovic-. "How shall I fire away.without any facts"? "Fire away even without any facts. You are supposed to be a writer, and you ought to have imagination, Licencia, Poetica and the like". And so the Sloepy-stick-in-the-MudoviC fired away: "Tito and his henchmen did not like, the independent attitude of Patriach Gavrilo who in a manly way repulsed all the attempts at seizing the Serbian Orthodox Church and placing her in the service of the dollar dem-cc:racy" -Tatriac4 Gavrilo bravely withstood all the pressure of the foreign and domestic inquisitors and strongly censured the road taken b the reactionary heads of the Orthodox Church who 'have sold themselves to the American. imperialists". "In vain did the TitoiteS,try, by ? - throwingjn jail arid sending to prison Campshundrads-of priests faith- ful to Patriabh Gavrilo, to break the Patriach and make him recognise the fascist regime introduced by the Tito clique" ..... And that is how Sleepy-sti,ck-in-the-Mudovitch "fired away" at us. But let us make here just a "small" correction. Back in 1947, Patriach Gavrilo made a public appeal to the Orthodox priesthood to fully co-operate with Marshal Tito's Government. One can see that Sleepy-stick-in-the-Mudovitch has not read the papers. "With indig- nation", says he, "did the Patriach refuse to recognise the fascist regime": Up to here, one could say that it is allright: a "literary work" of some one. over there-. A personal inspiration, etc. But, the poor writer has not composed everything just by himself. We shall see at once - and the thing will be quite plain to us. Because, Sleepy- stick-in-the-Mudovitch also writes about how Patriach Gavrilo wrote to the Patriach of Moscow, Alexei, saying that "our tradition tells us to receive brotherly help and protection from Russia - that great power". Oh, yes: Traditions: Now, if we couple'these traditions with the text about "the .gaoling of our priests on the eve of the election of the newPatriach" - we shall immediately see the trick. That is why those in Moscow are feeling sorry about things. Now, you' see, they have no success in overthrowing "that cursed Tito clique". Cog, 0 God! Another thing, the wise leadership did not overlookeven celestial matters, and so in 1945, it tried to "put in order" the Serbian Orthodox chrch. Patriach Gavrilo went to Moscow and the all- Russian latriach Alexei laid before him a fine plan about the creation of a unified Orthodox Church headed by the All-Russian. Patriach; so that they could also educate us in religion and extend to us brotherly Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 4 - help! All in the spirit of the old tradition: now, have not the wise Russian Tzars through centuries, precisely through the church, been exercising their influence and carrying out their policy of colonization towards the other Slav peoples? We know this. We have learnt history. But, this is a useful thing for the policy of enslavement. That is why this practice has appealed also to the Moscow "Marxists" and "materialists". "Let us continue", they say, "these glorious traditions"! That is whet it is, then. And that s why the Literarnaya Gazeta and Radio Moscow are crying over the 'sufferings of the church in 1ugoslavia". Because even through the church they cannot today interfere in other people's - in our own - things. And that is why they have attacked the new 2atriach of the Jerbian Orthodox Church, Vicentije Prodanovic: "He does not, "they say, "distinguish himself by strong religion and a serious attitude towards the fate of the church" !I (Maybe because he, too, does not think of placing the fate of his church in Russian -hands". "Immediately after consecration", writes Sleepy-stick-in-the-Mudovitch in the Literaturnaya Gazeta, and is followed by the Speaker of Radio Moscow - "the new 'atriach has declared that.the Church will do every- thing on her p-rt so that her relations with the state should be an inspiration to co-operational work". Now 7011 see, that is what pains them. The fact that in our counry the church has voiced her solidarity with the state. And what a fine thing it. would be if the church were, like at the time of the Tzars, to wait for blessing and confirmation from Moscow!? ,But times have changed and the good old believers do not exist any more. That is how the matter stands with. the Moscow "Marxistic-Leninist" crying about the "persecution and -terrorization of the church.in Yugo- slavia". But you can look at it from any angle you like, it all boils downto this: the dog.does'not bark for the sake of.the village - but rather because of the, failure of the cominform calculations! (Sd.) DJ,BOGOJEVIC (BORBA 23rd August). Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 V Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 AID TO THF, INSTRUCTOR; NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE AND THE STAND OF THE CCCPSU (bi TOWARIT-77ITC-ITTE OF SOVEREIGNTY AND VOLUNTARINESS ,All pre-socialist social-econcSmic formations except primitive societies (the slave owner social set-Up; feudalism and capitalism) are based on unequal relations with men, on the exploitation of one by the other, on the oppression of the workers, Who are a majority without rights, by the parasitical ruling minority. That same relation of unequality; exploitation and ofpression also exists be- tween nations, between national states from the time of their creation and the taking oV.or and development of capitalism. in the epoch of imperialism, the highest and final stage'of capitalism, these relations reach a point whereby a handful of large, economically and culturally developed countries exploit hundreds of millions of people that are 'dependent and colonial. In spite of the fact that bourgeois science preaches equality and equal rights of peoples in contrast to the openly privileged ruling class of feudalism, in spite of the fact that overyone.has the same rights according to law in the capitalist world, i.e., they are formally equal and free - they in fact are not equal ar free: 'BOurgeois law in its essence boils down to the right of the bourgeoisie (the wwner of the means of production) to freely and ". lagally" exploit the working class and the rest of the toiling masses. "Wholely private property" and its unhampered development compresses the vital context of bourgeois law. Hence the principles of equality and voluntariness of people - even though they are verbally approved -do not in fact exist; what does exist'are the relations of overlordship and subordination, the relations of violence and dependence. Capitalism cannot and Coes flat have equal and independent people. In contrast to this, in socialism - :the abolishment of capitalist production relations, the abolishment of exploitation of man by man, the liquidation of-the source of enslavement and oppression - relations change greatly, not only between the peoples of one nation but also between nations who have succeeded of freeing themselves from capitalism through a proletarian retolution and takdathe road to socialism. This change consists in the replacing of the relations of inequality, over-lordship subordination, national hatred and isolationism, with the relations equality, friendship and mutual aid between peoples. The science of Marxism-Leninism, the most progressive teaching in history, has clearly and unequivocally pointed out this law of social development. DUt one must immediately add that this change is notasimple transition from a lower social stage to a higher one,_but a jumpy revolutionary One, - Socialism is not a social-economic formation, it is the transitional stage from capitalism toward Communism, it is a lower phase of communism. It has many bourgeois vestiges that prosistently fight against the new, Communist elements but who slowly give in to the growing forces Communism. . The first socialist state in the world was forged in the 1917 October revolution - namely, the Soviet Union. 'After 'the second World War the break in the capitalist chain was further widened and a whole series of socialist states came forth; socialism? according to the laws of social development goes forth to a total victory over capitiism. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 6- ? In socialist countries today-we have; a state, a party, classes: money, trade, a division of labor, etc. All these are remains from pre-socialist social formation, especially capitalist formations. It is true, howeVer, that these social aspects have a different character in socialism than in capitalism. Thus the socialist state (the dictatorship of the proletariat)'differs from the capitalist state in that it is a weapon in the hands of the majority (the working class and all the toiling masses under its leadership) for the stifling of the vestiges of the exploitative bourgeis minority, in contrast to the capitalist state which is the weapon of the exploitative bourgeois minority for the exploitation and oppression of the broad working masses. Further, the classes in a socialist society (workers, peasants and-the peoples intelligertia) are no longer antagonistic as in capitalism, but friendly and cooperative, etc., And aside from all this it is the duty of Communists to tirelessly help in the weakening and -3,1Ag away of all these and other non-socialist vestiges of the past, right up to the time when a Commuhist society is developed. Nations are also an inheritance of the past; they are, AS has already been stated, products of the capitalist epoch, Since, on one side, social-economic development is different and unequaled as pr?,taining to time and-area, peoples do not go through a socialist revolution all at once, but at different times and in various stages of the struggle against capitalism, everyone in his specific cultural- economic-way; and since, on the other side, every nation has its own language, economic and cultural life and psychological construction - the classics of Marxism-Leninism correctly foresee that the period of the fading away of states and their joining into one human society in Communism, will be a long one. Since the national auestion is a component part of the proletarian revolution, and since nations do not fade away with the-transition from capitalism to socialism and hang on for a longtime, - the science of MarxismTLeninism pays much attention to these questions. Lenin points out that their are no people without national pecularities and, therefore, if the CoMmunist party wants to lead in the development of socialism and aims social development in the direction of Communism it should under no circumstances not take heed of the national question in its work. The basic principles in the framework of Lenials solution-of the national question are: self determination until secession, voluntariness and national independence, sovereignty and the equality of peoples. What does that mean" That means that the workers and the working people in general, once they attain power, must - with the object of a united and successful struggle against capitalism and for the development of socialism-- ' guarantee every people the right to decide their fate independently., the right to their own independent national state. That means that all peoples must be guaranteed the right to voluntarily, without any influence or pressure,decide whether to live in an independent state or to live in a federation or con-federation wth other peoples. Small and undeveloped peoples must have the guarantee of full political and economic equality with large, developed peoples. Large and developed socialist states - in the object of drawing together peoples in socialism and strengthening the joint struggle against capitalism - are obliged to aid the small and undeveloped socialist states unselfishly and in a friendly manner so that they can .develop socialism and attain the height of the developed socialist state, and thus secure an equal and independent development and wipe out the roots of inevitable differences between small an!', large states which would appear as the result of gettinr ahead or retardment development. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? In the struggle against capitalism and for the development of socialism,'small socialist states also do everything they can; non- obligatory, friendly mutual aid, is one of the principles on which relations between socialist states are founded, Even though great states have an advantage in the struggle against capitalism, the principle of priority, of a leading nation, is discarded in relations between socialist states as harmful to equal and independent relations between socialist'states; socialist states solve all problems between them by'agreement, and Without 'injuries of the sovereignty and independence of peoples; in short, inter-relations between.socialist states Are based on equal rights of small and great peoples, backward and developed countries, on brotherly cooperation in the struggle for a total triumph over capitalism and the' consummation of a communist society, Wherever power relations rule, hegemonist relations, socialism does not exist; Among other things socialism means the removing and distruction of the authority of the strong'over the weak; the rdhtion of powerful and powerless, leading and led, dare not exist between socialist states and all pretensions ?for an exonomic and social and cultural hegemony from whatever quarter must be nipped. ' in the bud, exploitation follows oppression like a shadow; in socialism peoples are transformed from an object of exploitation to a subject of independent socialist development, ? (continued on next page Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -- Sinceethe peopie's'ways to socialism necessarily differ from each other as a.conSequence of differences in historic development, and becausei.national flaracteristics are in the very heart of the people,and:since_the classics of Marxism-Leninism could not have foreseen the "evermore concrete forms which the peoples will create amongst themselves in the struggle for a new and classless society", ,all the same"the.right to self-determination and the 'principle of. good will in relations amongst socialist states must necessarily be respected and applied,until the state withers away;until communism is achieved.!' (M.Djilas, "Komunist" No. 5 19494 pages 51 and 52). In other words, one-must respect the principle of sovereignty, the principle of national independence until,a communist society is created . In this repsect, Lenin, throughout his revolutionary activities, was highly principled. He-waseagainst any kind of violence in relations amongst social- ist states because, aS he said this violence would undermine the: victory of theeproletariat. (Works III, 19th. Ed., 267); converse- ly the respect of the principle of good will and self-determination is a necessary7condition for bringing the nations closer together.' Lenin also attacked any national isolationism, fanaticisth and hatred; nationalism is evil. I% not only prevents nations: coming closer together but it separates them and estranges one from the other, poisons their mutual relations and directs them to a war of annihilation. Thus according to Lenin, in socialism, people can freely decide whether they will live as separate independent national states or whether they. will unite in one state organism; here.it is important to adhere to the principle of self-determina- tion, voluntariness and equality, and what form of inter-state relations the people will decide on (an independent natio.nal state, a confederation, a federation, a fusion etc., - , as Lenin emphasizes, as a question of secondary importance or even less, it is not vital. Of first importance are: the protection of the dictatorship of the proletariat, the strenghtening of socialisn the struggle against capitalism until the final victory over it. In order to achieve this it is imperative for the solution of any question of state independence or state bounderies amongst socialist states to instateFclose military and economic union of these states. This obligation, of course, is in no way forced, it is not a measrue imposed by the Stronger nations, but is of vital interest-to all socialist peoples, small or great. Finally these questions inevitably pre-suppose: equality of the ruling workers (communist) parties of the socialist states. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -9- The CCSUCP (b), with Stalin at the head, has adhered to these Marxist-Leninist principles in connectitn with: the question of nationalitieS...as long ac it has stood on thels.Ositi9ns'of a Marxist-Leninist ideatof-the world, .StalinThiMsolf.has contributed to the'eniargement andsdeopening of-these.,prinaiples, Anyone can see this from Stalin's earlier writings, speeches and reports on:the question of nationalities, He has so many times emphasized real: . ecuality of nations, their independent eXistence as states, the right' of4 the nations to'selfrdetermination'including the right of Secession, the impossibility, without the realization of the right to self- determination and independent existance as a state., to "organise union and cooperation between the nations in a unified world economy, which constitutes the material basis for the victory of socialisT"; and has stressed that "union can be only voluntary, -hs a result of mutual trust an brotherly relations amonz: the nations" ("The Question -of Leninism", 2e-lrade. 1946,, PP 58-59); and has emphaSized that '"it should be made possible-.for:natienal cultures toHjevelep.themselves and to flourish, to express all their potentials, so as to'create conditions. for them to merge into one com.flun culturwwith one .common languaF,0"' ("Marxism and National-Colonial Question",elgrle 1947, p 278)-.6te. '4 -An what is today's attitude of the CC SUCP (b), with Stalin at the head, towards the principle of soVereignty and voluntariness, and towards the cllestion. of nationalities? The Soviet party and state, leadenship has left the Marxist-Leninist road, the road of internationalism, and has taken the road of national- ism. It no lonp'er recognizes or respects sovereignty and voluntariness of the nations, nor does it share the idea of their equality of rights. It also does not recognize equality of rights among the Communist parties: The 2olshevik party tends to subjugate, to the degree of slavery, all the Communist parties of the world; and in this it has succeeded in the countries of the so-called people's democracy and in the majority of the other communist Tarties in the world. In 1948, the leadership of the SUCP (b) wanted to put our own Party in this same shameful, stooge nosition, Instead of developing and - deepening mutual trust and brotherly relations amon: the nations, as preached. by Stalin in the earlier days, the Russian nation is today being presented as the leading nation, while all possible means are heing'resorted to, even thoroughly anti-Marxian and anti-socialist means, to put the nations in a subordinate, dependent position. Instead of economic cooperation and mutusl aid, different peoples are beinf. exploited (example: the peoples of Eastern and South-Eastern Europe who are in the sphere of" interest of the USSR); or an econotic blockade is being imposed upon. peoples (example; the peoples of the FPRY); Instead of mobilization of all the socialist forces in the world, for a definite overthrow of capitalism - we have bargaining with the Western imperialist and an imperialistic division of the world into sphere of interest., .even at the expense of neoplos who have already taken the road of socialism (example': the Carinthian Slovenes; betrayla of democratic Greece, and other examp'le'). Now let us look at some more facts. First, in 1937 Stalin .said: "In the old days, when the Tzar, capitalists and gentry ruled our .country, the nolicy of the government was to make one people - the Russian people - a RULING PEOPLE, and all the other peoples to be SUBJUGATED, PERSECUTED, That was a beastly policy, a wolf policy...in uctoher of 1917, Lenin said that from now on there must be ne#,her ruling peoples nor subjugated peoples, that the peoples must be EQUAL and FREE. He thus proclaimed a new, Dolshevic policy- policy of FRIENDSHIP, policy of DROTHERHOOBAMONG THE PEOPLES OF OUR EARTH". (Marx and National Colonial Question", p. 278). Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -10- However, ten Tears later, in 1945, this is what he said: "I drink ' in the first place to the health.of the Rusdan people, because t'he Russian people is THE MOST DISTINGUISHED NATION ofall.tbe nations which make up the Soviet Union,hbecause during the pilesent war it has gained general recognition of all the peop1ep of.our country as the LEADING force of the Sovietiinionfli After Stalin, all the Soviet theorists and authorities on the question of nationalities started yelling about the LEADING Russian nation, thus puttng to shame the really great Russian pecyplei Today, instead of PEOPLE OF EQUAL RIGHTS - a LEADING (that is to sgy a ruling) nationi Something cimilar is emphasized even in the National. Anthem of the USSR. "The great Russia," it is said-in the hymn.,,"has gathered about itself the Soviet republics." Yes.? the only thing is that one must bear in mind the fact that sometimes the hen, although she is a mother, is capable of taking off the feathers - from one of her chicks with her beak: Yes, it was necessary to discard the International in order to compose a hymn to the mighty, THE ONLY Soviet-Union, Continued Tomorrow (Sgd) Milija Stanic (MMLADINA, August 22) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -11- FURTHER TERRORIZATION OF YUGOSLAVS. IN BULGARIA- In March this year the Bulgarian government passed a law imposing Bulgarian .citizenship on all Yugoslays who live on the territory of Bulgaria.. In order give this undemocratic action at least some semblance of legality the BulgariangoVernment magnanimously set,, the period to the. let Septemberfor.all Yugoslav. citizens to.decIare if -they did not wish to comply. ? The cominforM leaders of Bulgaria? could easily extend that period because under, the conditions of cominform terror in Bulgaria it would be. naive even to imagine that a man could announce in writing to the Bulgarian authorities that he did not wish to be a Bulgarian-citizen. That would at the least mean openly condemn- ing himself, to being dismissed from his job, falling into the hands of the police and waiting for.deportation, slavery or death. - As the let September the end of the period is near the ? Bulgarian authorities hve refined their methods of preventing any attempt by. Yugoslav .citizens to retain their citizenship.. Thus, for. instance, Yugo-slav citizens are prevented from having any communication with .out Embassy in Sofia. Letters from our embassy sent to our citizens. .inform- ing them .of reistration are returned- undelivered. The Bulgarian. authorities also prevent our citizens from coming into personal contact with the. Embassy. Besides.that, lugoslav diplomats have made represen- tations at the Hularian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, asking that a notice be broadcast in the press and radio on registration. However, in the Ministry itself it was openly. declared that any such' attempt would be in vain because it was supposed that. 'the Bulgarian papers "would not wish 'to publish such a Yugoslav notice" - which is not correct. 'The 'publishers of the paper izgrev accepted a notice from our rePresen- tatives but did not dare publish it Without the approval of the Ministry of the Interior.' Of course, in the end the notice did not appear, although the editors of the paper were willing for it to. do In such - circumstances, as it seems, it is impossible for .Yugoslav .citizens to resist accepting Bulgarian citizenship. In this way the Chervenkov cabinet will on the 1st September "manufacture" Bulgarian. citizens out of Yugoslays. It should be noticed in passing that a-large number of Aegean- Macedonians who live on'the territory of Bulgaria are in the same because this decision on citizenship alaa'applies to them. If they do not agree they have no other alternative than to return whence they fled. In order somewhat to justify their discriminatory measures,-start- ing with the open terror and ending with forcible. imposition of citizen- ship on citizens ofanother country, the Bulgarian Government are trying to explain all that as a measure undertaken to protect.theirown and the-sove.reinty of Bulgaria, etc., etc. But it is only one more proof that the.cotinform leaders' in Bulgaria do not respect the basic rights of man. They have not. only broken the peace treaty but also their own laws' on citizenship, which say that.Bulgarian citizenship- cannot ,be-given without the relinquishment of existing citizenship. But that is their (tommon practice which they find essential in inter- national relations... 'It'would be of no use,therefore,to invoke the Bled agreement because coMinform logic is to forget and break . agree- ments when they arena longer profitable. Today the masters from ' Moscow. demand a worsening of relations with L'ugoslavia and a fanning of Coburg chauvenist pretentions and the courtiers readily carry out the order. Th8t is at the bottom of cominformaction against Yugo- slay citizens, and at the bottom of the forcible imposition of citizen- ship on our citizens. ABORBA Summ8ry I col.) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 e Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -12- DELEGATION OF THE LABOUR PARTY .COMING TO YU'ILAVIA (London, 23rd August) Reuter reports that the.Executive Committee.of the BritiSh Labour Party has accented the invitation_of the fugoslav National -Committee for the Defence of leace to end a.delegation to :aigoslavia at the beginning of Sentember. 'The delegation will consist of the Chairman of the Labourty Watson, leneral Secretary Morgan 7hillips and Ernshaw a membr of the Executive Committee. (BOHDA) HCW A SOVIET -1ENERAL TOOK EVE VON KLEIST ? After our artiJ e ?where is Von Kleist" appeared we received a letter from Horgosa from two people who. were eye witnesses of the handing ?over of this and other-vor criminals to the Soviet authorities. We are publishin7 this letter notbecause it is necessary to prove where Von Kleist is as official documents - already do that, but to show how the Soviet authorities took cver this war criminal. . Amongst other things the letter from,Kljnjic and Sinkovic says:. "On the 5th Narch 1949 we were in the building of tho district ' party,cr,nmittee in Horp.psa. About 9 o'clock a militiaman came and informed us that the arrival of our commission from Belgrade was . awaited and that the Soviet commission from Hungary would also come, to comnlete the handover nr certain war nrisoners to the .Soviet authorities and that in this connection itwas necessary to complete preparations of a nlace for these commissions to work in. Something, _ _ after 10 our commission arrived, bringing in a closed car Von Kleist, Maximilian d'Angelis and a Allasian sergeant. i,fter 12 the Soviet commission arrived from Se4ectin in 2 motor cars. In one a Soviet General and 2 Lajors and in the other soldiers and NCO's. The 7eneral and the majors entered the committee building. We had some rnkija ready for them. They accepted it and drank "to Stalin". When we offered them other the general refused saying: "Russian officers, only t e '- drink one but 7o1diers may have more". Probably he wiahed in this way to &void a se ond toast to Tito. While the record of the handover was being prepared the Soviet officers stared round at the walls and the pictures of our leadets, reading the slogans. After the conclusion of the handover we :invited them to lunch but they refused. The Soviet general talked a little in German with Von Kleist, put him next to himself in the car and they left. We watched them and were surprised that a war criminal like Von Kleist was driving toether with a Soviet 'General. The Soviet NCO's and soldiers were much more intimhte, They talked with the people gathered round on the street and from the conversation it was possible to conclude that they belieVod very little of whet their lenders told them about ?-ugoslavia". Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 THE STOCKHOLM DOVES IN KARLSBAD. :? Karlsbad is a spa known all over the world. Well kept parks expand into. dark and large forests. "There are quiet guest .home: and luxurious hotels in the Hofraht."Pompei" style. Comfortable. bathes with natural lot water" cure bad digestion and diabetes.- -After the liberation in 1945, many of these hotels got rid -of (o, ?du mein Oesterreich) the. good old Franz Josef names in a hurry and replaced them with the names df Anglo-American generals.-- whey were wrong. Today on the promenades and quays of the Templa and the paths of the park, Russian generals, Russian diplomats and ? member8Lof the high rankit bureaucracy are to be seen - it seems - that the nice traditions of "Kprort encounters" from the novels of Toistoy and Turgenev,have comeback. . That was probably. the reaSon 'why the international film- festi-'- val organized by the Czechoslovak' officials this summer was held not in Marienbad as in the last four years but in Karlsbad: the older traditions were stronger than the younger. The international importance of the ,Czechoslovak film festival (let us remember that two years ago at such a festival - in ?the spirit of the official festival slogan "For the New Man,' for a More Perfect Humanity" - the showing of the Yugoslav film "Immortal Youth" was forbidden and its place was taken by an English criminal fill. is distinguished by a very interesting although apparently paradoxal quality: the Czechoslovak film "Sirenes" won first prize at the Venice festival in 1948, although there were Russian films competing and the film festival.in CZechoslovakia was the only international festival at which the Soviet film industry took part and naturally, their films received first prizes including the " Crystal Globe". Their, policy has shvom itself to be transparent once more. Amongst the. 25 countries taking part at the festival in Karlsbad the Soviet Unionhas won the majority of 17rizes, amongst them the three first prizes for their flits. Zapototsky spoke at the festival and said: "Soviet experience has achieved much success in the einerntography of the Soviet Union the People's Republic of China , the People's Democracies and the German Democratic Republic. These countriec owe their idependnence and freedom to the great leader and friend c the working world J.V. The Soviet film director Kalatozov Said: " I ask why Charlie Chaplin, who is xenouned for his democratic persuasions keeps Silent and does not vote for peace. Why does the well-known_ English actor Laurence Olivier say nothing? Why do Willian Weiler, Bette Davis, Willy Ley, Dudley Ni.ohOls in America keep silent. The time has come for decisive action. One can keep silent no longer. We cannot play hide and seek any bore . If they wish to be faithful to their nation, they 4st raise their voices in defence of peace and help the campaign for signa- tures for the Stockholm Appeal". Before and after the Stockholm Declaration the Russian press has written in quito a different tone about the progres- sive American director William Weiler as an artist. His great post-war film "The Best Years of Our Lives" was proclaimed as one of the best contemporary films. Now Weiler is being attacked frcm the political angle and this attack has no connection with art. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 (Sd. M. Vitorovic, BORBA, 24th August 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -14- SHORT NOTES ON KOREA 41- In.order to Ilelp our readers orientate themselves in the complex problems apnnecte wlth Korea, we are giving here a few data on that. country. In speaking about Korea we must bear in mind the fact that there exist two completely independent self-governing countries - North Korea which is fully independent from the Americans, and the South Korea, likewise less and less dependent dn the Americans as the days go by. The only thing they have in common is armament and the love of peace The leaders of North Korea, like all the Slays, have fair hair and blue eyes. They are tall fellows. They like drinking vodka and cursing all the OTHER imperialists. They h ve a very popular national custom of signing peace petitions. They h ve the greatest poets and scientists, who have invented everything ranging from a machine gun to a Swiss.watch. Their most usual saying is the Korean saying: Vet Haroshol (that is fine). The'chiefs of South Korea use Jennet teeth, with thish they chew gum, and they say: "O.K." Their favorite drink is Coca-cola; they drive about in Jeeps and Pe to movies. The South Koreans too have scientists who have invented many things useful to civilization ranging from the electric washing machine to the atomic.bomb with which Very quickly an' without much difficulty, can clean out, earth and men. The Sotth Koreans are tall chaps who like to go to China and to the cinema, though, of late, only to the cinema, And there is the so-called Central Korea whose inhabitants indulge in fishing, growing rice - and (lying from air attacks. The Central Koreans live in the ruins left by the pacifists. The. opinion of the Central Koreans is not known - because no one asks them for it. The Central Koreans have now been activiated by their Northern and Southern neighbors. Almost every one of them is getting invitations to join a great "camp" and to participate in the appeal for world peace - outside of Korea. For this purpose, their friends hold meetings for them - to which the Koreans po with an iron-ration for two days. They get their uniforms and other equipment on the spot. Of course, the conflict broke out through the aggression by the other side: The side attacked has bravely stood up against this aggression.- Since the aggressor did not h ve enough guts to make an open attack, he has fallen back deep to the rear. However, he has not been Pble thus to deceive his victim, who has come after him to find him deep in the interior of his country. " Nevertheless, the forces of peace are winning. Up till now, about 200,000 people have signed the Peace Petition, plus another 20,000 who are either dead or younded. (JEZ- August 19) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 NJ 0 111 INT III' WA. ' 111 0 W- iht"VIE CPYRGHT SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. NO. 252 THIS IS AN ENCLOSURE TO DO NOT DEUR HEADLINE P,OLITIKA 25X1A uiTust 25, 1950. P.1, CONFLICT IN KOREA: Tokyo: American Aircraft Continue Attack on North Korean Concentrations Tokyo: Superfortresses Bomb Hungnam, Iyonuang Pyongyang: Northern Korean Announcement Pyongyang: Announcement of the Northern Korean Minister to Tryg,ve Lie Pyongyang,: The Town of Kunvi Tokyo: American Destroyers 2ombard the Northern Korean Coast San Francisco: Holland Sending Infantry WASHINGTON: ANOTHER GROUP OF AMERICAN. RESERVES CALLED UP DEHLI: NEHRU AGAINST TEL 2..MING OF NORTHERN KOREA WASHINGTON: CUTTING DOWN CREDIT OF THE MARSHALL PLAN SYDNEY: LETTER FROM THE COMMITTEE OF THE FRIEDS OF NEW YUGOSLAVIA' IN PERTH * TRIESTE: ASSISTANCE FOR T)ISMISSED..TRIESTE WORKERS BONN: ADENAUER INFORMS JOURNALISTS OF THE ARMING OF WESTERN GERMANY BONN: SCHUMAHER ON ADENAUER,S PLAN" LONDON: THE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE BRITISH FOREIGN OFFICE .REFUSES TO STATE ITS ATTITUDE TO ADENAUER'S PLAN BELGRADE CONSULTATION OF EXPERTS IN INTERNATIONAL LAW LIBOR PARTY DELEGATION TO VISIT YUGOSLAVIA AT THE BEGINNING OF SEPTEMBER WASHINGTON: AMERICAN DELEGATION APIOINTED FOR THE GENERid, ASSEMBLY OF UN PRAGUE: OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE EXPLOSION IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA WARSAW: TRIAL IN WARSAW TEL AVIV: INFLATION IN ISRAEL P..2.. PAPERS AND PERIODICALS. WHOM CAN THE GERMAN WORKERS TURN TO? FOREIGN YOUTH IN OUR COUNTRY 120 ITALIANS FROM ISTRIA TO VISIT SLOVENIA AND CROATIA CONCERNING AN EXAMPLE OF NON-APPLICATION OF THE METHODS CF PERSUASION IN FRONT ORGANIZATIONS P3, Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R0063001900014!Cr - 4 _ -How do the present-day Soviets look upon the contribution of nations to the general treasury of world culture? Today the Soviet leadership is above all backing anti-Marxist, anti-dialectical ideas: the Soviet Union.is the only (!ountry in .the world where the science of Matxism and Leninism can he further developed and interpreted;oethat'Marxism-Leninism?is all that which is said or. written ,737- 'some Soviet leader; that those words are the law of socialist development and that those laws are valid for all countries and peoples; that today, in spite of the existance of many socialist countries, only one socialist country still exists, one Socialist homeland - the Soviet Union. Further, the Soviets consider themselves today as the first in science. "The Soviet priority in science" is the'expression which pint#orically fills Soviet paper. According to them,they are the discoverers of everything. Cther peoples don't have the atility to develop science, Only Soviet scientists have. Not only that, many inventiOns and discoverers by scientists of other people are claimed by them. They praise Soviet science and "stress the tremendous importance of protecting and teaching of the priority of the homelands'science." "There is no doubt (states the ":oljsevik" of November 20, 1948, p. 40) that ?the fluestion in connection with the provinr and confirming of scientific priority of our country today is paramount for the developme.pt of Soviet patriotism and are therefore intertwined in the struggle between socialism and capitalism."...."The protection of Soviet priority in the region of scientifdc discoveries is one of the primordial ideooFical tasks which the party has given to Soviet scientists.' That self-praise has reached a point of being repugnant. Foor, old Munchausen today would hide so as not to be compared with the modern Soviet Munchausens. That which is being said concerning Soviet science in the USSR today can be described as Soviet scientific racism. Words such as: GREAT, MANANINEUSI POWERFUL, WISE, GIGANTIC, GENUIS, etc? were only used to such a degree in Hitler's Germany. Yes they do desEbrve a scientific priority in self-praise,fince the world began such self- praise has not been scent It seems that the actual poverty and misery must be madaup and covered up by high power; resounding and thunderous phrases. Thus we find instead of the claim, of long, ago, that every people has something to contribute to the general world treasure of culture -- the present day claim that the Soviet nation is the only one capable of scientific undertakings and that it is pre-destined to be the first in science. On the otherhand, in as much as it is seen that Soviet science, lags behind the science of other countriescpropavanda is intensified that that lag be removed. Thus Stalin's 1946 non-socialist thought: "Not only catch up to, hut in the shortest time surpass the scientific achievements outside the borders of our country" -- a thought which is considered-not only Marxist and dialecticOaut also profound in the USSR today. In fact that thogght is the slogan of circus competition, of bourgeois trade competition: "Take care, don't let anyone surpass you". That thought and those thoughts on the priority of Soviet science and the leading role of the Russian nation, that noisy self-praise --- Me, Me -- leads to the weakening and the stifling of the efforts of other people to contribute their part to the general treasury of world culture; all this leads objectively to the deterioration'of other peoples to the positions of?national Nihilism. Therefore, instead of stimulating not only Soviet, but other scientific workers we'find the slogan: "Surpass the others and don't let them catch up because you are pre-destined to rule!" Such desires belong to bourgeois e7oism and national chauvinism and creates new Gods and idols -- all of which have no affinity with Marxism-Leninism. Has the USSR forgotten that the essence of Marxism-Leninism is: The overthrow of capitalism, the overthrow of the system of exploitation and oppression, the victory of the proletarian revolution and the building of Communism; and not: the marathon race between the USSR and the USA?'. The placano of Marxism-Leninism in such a position in 461tvadilarkegelNkIRM. geWk1Sisi?3-bafiSKtoddb1'?6604-163 t cry of "Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 man instead instead of developing and. raising it. The USSR and the CPSU (b) leadership does not shy away from other reactionary measures in the object of establishing Russian priority. Thus the Soviet Oeneral Suvorov -- one of the generals who stifled the French revolution, fought against the liberation struggle of the people and used'the method of Smil-Aga against the peasants of Fugachovls uprising,etc. -- is raised to the Heavens together with other reactionary personalities of the Tzarist period. Thus the Russian Tzarist imperialist policy in the l'alkans is praised as a great liberation strugzle. The languages of other people (French, English,German) which stand for truly great cultures,. are proclaimed as bourgeois, commercial and mangy tongues, while ' the Russian tongue is called the'tongue of socialism and Communism, in spite of the fact that Stalin, while he was still a Marxist, wrote that the language of the future, the language that will be founded on the joining of national (in form) and socialist (in context) cultures into one socialist culture both in form and in context -- that that language will not be either GreatRussian nor German, but anew lanr:uage. It isn't beyond the realm of pbssibility that one day Freud will be proclaimed RS a progressive scientist because he sail that Dostojevski WS the greatest writer of all times and of all people; Thus we find instead of the whithering away of the state, the statc'is glorified; instead of including the peoples masses in government, bureaucracy is strengthened -- bureaucracy that contagious disease, that underground and evil enemy of socialism; instead of handing over the factories, enter- prises, etc., to the management of working collectives as their property, and instead of helping the development of that higher form of socialist property -- the strengthening of state property and the proclaiming of this as the highest .form of socialist property, even though it is the lowest; therefore, instead of marching forward toward Communism we have a backstep to bureaucracy. Thus the state has, in the USSR, transformed itself into a means of persecuting the working masses instead of wiping out the vestiges of the bourgeoisie. And this in socialism: Fourth -- truth is that lofty ideal toward which Marxism- Uninism is incessantly climbing and reaching step by step. Truth was the powerful weapon cf Marxism-Leninism and the international workers moment with which great victories were won against Capitalism and will be won in the future.by the proletariat. The proletariat goes intn the battle against the bourgeoisie with truth in its mouth and on its banners, with truth in iirtrds and in deeds. How does this ruestion stand today in the USSR? Even today USSR propaganda is feeding the world with stuff like this: the USSR is the greatest champion of peace and struggle against all the war- mongers; the USSR is a protector of small peoples against the aggressive imperialist countries; national independence is a condition for the further building up of socialism; a'peole who persecute other peoples cannot be a free people, etc., etc...., ad absurdum. Put, all these words we have been liaring from the bourgeois countries ever since the days of tho groat Rousseau... all these words are only finc'words, only P. theory having no connection with reality. Put, that is not the only misfortune.' All these fine words are becomjnig a terrible weapon for fooling, for blinding the working masses of the world...a means for their subjugation. Disagreement and discord between theory and practice between words and deeds...is one of the terrible misfortunes to which mankind has been subjected throughout its history. This injurious, Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -6- reactionary, anti-Marxist method is today beim:, applied with Herculian force and in world dimensions 'by the leadership of the SUCP (b) which once upon a time; under the 1eaJe-,7ship of Lenin, applied -- again with Herculian force and again in world dimensions-. ouite a different method.. .the method of truth, the method of true Marxist linking. up of theory with :practice. Lies and slanders to. which the leadership of the SUCP (b) and of the USSR are today resOrting, among other means, in the object of subjugating and incapacitating a small truly socialist country, Yugoslavia, wore for Lenin not only repulsive methods, methods of reactionary forces in the world, but hp fo ught against them with all his miT,ht as against an evil which onstructs the progress of mankind, which,.eats from 1,-;thin the victory of the proletarian revolution, khat else but a tyrant ' is the leadership of the USSR when it speaks of love of Peace, of equality and. brotherhodd of the peoples, and in its deeda carries out sometling which is euite contrary to these words, - a tyrant' of the same type as the imperialists from the 07est? Essentially, there is no difference between them. .....cause both the one and the other policy leads towards enslaVement of peoples, and not .towards their liberation and development. And there is another way which the leadership of the SUCP (b) does harm to the international labor. movement. The. great deeds achieved by the Great socialist r=volution of October 1917, and by the soviet. Union during the years of the building up of socialism have awakened.' in the hearts of the toilers of the Whole world a great love for the USSR; the Soviet Union has gained enormous reputations among, all the'suppressed, among all the freedom-loving peoples of the world. Today,. the Soviet leadership is misusing, that great love and that great reputation. Under the mask of saviours -and liberators of all the persecuted and enslaved, they today want to replace the capitalist slavery b- another slavery...a Soviet slavery. Put, one should not lose sight of the fact that human society has progressed sufficiently-to be capabla of differentiating between a lie and_ the truth, and that it does not let ite9elf he fooled so easily. The peoples of the world are getting aware, more and more as the days go by, of the feet that the present-day Soviet leadership has departed from the ro'l of Marxism-Leninism and that they cannot hope to be liberated by.' it from the capitalist yoke. On the'other hand - despite the fact that the Soviet leadership is; by its getting stuck in the mud of revisionism and neopragmatism, inflicting serious blows to the international labor movement - the socialist ferces-are today stronger than ever, and they will succeed in destroying, in their-onward march, not only the present-day tevisionist obstacle of the Soviet leadership, but also all the ()the r obstacles which may be put in their :way of final victory of uommunism over Capitalism. The victory of Communism over capitalism is a law of secial, development and nothing can stand up aTainst it, not even the LoIshevik party. END 2gd. Milija Sterile (0m1adina-August 24) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ,Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -7... OONSULTATIGN OF EXPERTS IN INTERNATIONAL LAW HELD IN BELGRADE. In the Ministry of Foreign -Affairs of the FPRY the Consulation of professors of our Law. Faculties and members of scientific institutes who teach international law was held. The constatation, at which the Minister Plenipotentiary of the Fe- deral Government Dr. Milan Bartos was in tho chair, was attend- ed by representatives of federal institutes who practice inter- national law. The object of the consultation was to exchange opinions and experiences and to achieve a unified theory and prac- tice in this field. So far they have discussed questions from the agenda of the Fifth Session of UNO and have dwelt on the work and reports of the United Nations Committee for International Law whiah re- cently met in Geneva. Special attention has been devoted to problems of the Law of Treaties in International Public Law, the codifying of Maritime Law, the formulation of the Nuremberg principles and drawing up a code of crimes against peace and the security of mankind. In this consultation the participants have closely observed our own practice and the needs and in- terests of our country. Individual subjects are being allotted to the various delegates for further study in International Public and Private Law in general and especia those questions which refer to our country. te ' When it had been stated inh /reports and discussion that So far not enough attention had been paid to the younger generatinn of scientiests in the field of international law, it was proposed that students ?working f,or diplomas and doctorates should be allbtted questiens of international law of great interest to our country (the Danube? the position of foreigners, Cominform dis- crimination etc.). Especial attention was given to actual problems of international , public, private and criminal law: ' Scientists will read their reports at the next session. The members of the consultation at the same time con- edemned the abstract and obsolete teaching which has decreased in recent years. The excellent the reports of the younger scientific workers in this field were of great interest to the consultation. The is the second consultation of this type and both thesd consultations have been held at the proposal of Edvard Kardelj, Minister of Foreign Affairs. (POLITIKA, 25th August 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001.-0 - ? DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES IN THE-ELECTIGN OF WORKER' WrNCILS. The new law about the, management of economic concerns has greatly strengthened the foundations of our socialist demo- cracy. When one considers that for the four lists of candidates the workers have chosen the beet 'and worthiest workers, shock- workers innovators and rationalisers, one can see how much the new law is contributing to democratic management of economic concerns. In almost all working collectives the elections for the workers' councils and management committees have been held in a very democratic way. But experience has shown that some syndicate officials and leaders of concerns have not adhered closely to the Law and instructions. The main reason for this is that they have not sufficiently understood the democratic and fundamental principles for the management of our economy. The most serious mistake occurs in, relations between the syndi- cate committees and the electoral commission. The leadership ? of certain syndicate committees cohsider that the electoral com- mission is their concern because they appointed it. This is incorrect. The syndicate committee as the representative of the workers appoints the electoral commission because it that way it is certain to be made up of people who have shown by their work that they idli carry out their tasks successfully. However, from the moment of its appointment the electoral commission to a certain extent becomes a state body, working independently and relying on the assistance of the electoral commissions of the People's Committees. What often happened was that the syndicate committees imposed their will and crushed the initiative of the workers. The independent work of the electoral commission with the assistance of the electoral bodies and the People's Committees will prevent any attempts by the syndicate committees to influence the electoral commission. 006?00 In many concerns in Croatia , for instance, the syndicate leadership insisted on putting up several candidates' lists besides the list which the collective had decided uprn,although none of the workers considered it necessary. These lists had to be re- jected at the elections. The people who organize and run the elections err most often becquse they are not well acquainted with the regulations. To prevent this more assistance should be given by the syndicate leadership and other capable state 10edies. Certain people con- sider that the Law and instructions are not well set out but have done nothing about studying properly because of this, higher syndiate and.state bodies ought not to consider their duty as a pleasure-visit in a concern and at the elections but as a task to make sure the decrees of the law are carried out. (Summary, RAD, 25th August 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 '-Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -9- AN EXAMPLE OF THE APPLICATION OF METHODS OF PESUASION IN THE 7arNT Oil', 13A IONS On the correct application of methods of explanation and 'per- suasion of the masses depends bdth the strengthening of the ranks of the PF and its increase numerically. The correct political working of a front organisation can best be estimated by LIIP degree it uses methods of persuasion of the masses in its work to mobilise, or whether it uses certain other methods. If it departs from, the methods of persuasion it infringes one of the basic democratic principles en which it is founded and prevents the development of the initiative of the masses. In certain front organi- sations there are cases of deserting the principle of persuasion and of the application of administrative methods, commands and even pressure which is all contrary to the need for conscious and voluntary effort by the masses. We mention this in connection with a call sent out to its members by the County Committee Of the PF in Novska. The call was sent to front member Antun Jager to be sure to come to a meeting on a certain day to the local house of culture. The summons emphasised that the meeting was of unusual importance and that failure to come would be considered as neglect and hostility (the word neglect was underlined once and the word hostility three times in red pencil). A summons of such nature was not only sent to Jager but to all members, a fact which was apparent because it had been run off on a duplicator and the name of each member written in by hand. That means resorting to administrative measures and means (when mere non-attendance at a meeting ,may be proclaimed as hostile) that the pelitibal work of the county committee 7F in Novska is very weak, incorrect and Even We consider it necessary to show up this example of non- application of the method of persuasion and of bad leadership in a, front oranisation, and we hope that after the completion of the re- organisation of the front apparatus which will make possible quicker and simpler work and greater effort, this committee will begin to apply in its work the only correct democratic method - the method of persuasion. (PCLITIKA Summary 1 col) A NEW HCME MADE CAMEilA "Fotokemika" in Zagreb has now produced the first thousand of box camera FK. It takes 6 x 9 centimetre films .:s a speed of 1/30th sec.and apertures of 11 and 16 and a focal length of 1: 11. This first thousand are already on sale, together with 3 films each at a price of 2,240 dinars. A further 10,000 will be produced beno-,.: the end of the year. The factory is now working on the prototype of its first "mirror reflex". The prototype should' be completed by next January. (POLITIKA 1/3 cot.) TO WHOM CAN THE GERMAN wounas TURN This article Starts with a.reprint of the announcement of the formation in Germany of 'a new paper Freie Tribune to represent the inde- pendent communist opinion. The article then reprints a passage from the new German paper. This passage says that the German workers cannot turn to the social dethocratic party which oScillates between the different interests of . the American-British and French capitals and in,A-ido -us WaY63uuT9O Qftan succeeds Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIAuul-RDP83-0041 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001--0 in giving the impression of being a true HopPesitionr. Its leader- ship has become unfitted truly to lead and is no longer a socialist party. The German workers cannot turn to the'communist-party which in got over 6 million votes-in Germany,. Which the workers of-West--- Germany now see as simply a'projection ofSoviet foreign policy. The measures carried out in East Germany of agrarian reform, reform of the schools and of the monetary system, the dispossession of the big Capitalists, etc., have not been acts of the German working class and its leaders; they have been introduced and carried through on the basis of directives from a Soviet general. This did not express the socialist forces of ttle German working class. Because the majority of members of the CP Germany today know that its leaders are simply instruments of Soviet foreign policy thousands of good sincere socialists have left it. The relative strength of the German social democratic party as shown in the elections is undoubtedly the result .of the non-existance. of an independent German workers' party. Neither the social democratic party nor the communist party are in a position to carry out their most urgent tasks. The editors know that a new politic-al party is urgently needed to carry out the scientific principles of socialism and gather the working class and they know that the creators r'f such would be strener than the apparatus of the reformists and revisionist leaders of the social democratic and communist party of Germany. (PCLITIKA Summary 1 col..). PUBLISHING ACTIVITY IN THE ARMY In the first year after the liberation, in addition to Narodna Armija the army published the two illustrated papers Front and Jugoslovenski Mornar. With the further development of life in military units these three were not sufficient. Accerdingly in July l94. it was decreed that each military district should pub- lish its own paper and as a result 7 papers appeared, at first fortnightly and then weekly, At the same time a lumber of ether new papers were introduced so that at the end of 1948 the army published regularly 8 papers in 135,500 copies and 3 illustrated papers in about 553000 copies and Vojno-Foliticki Glasnik and professional peci5licals with a circulation of 126,100. Publishing activity later further developed. For members of the adrmy in the last 2 years about 427 books in 5i million? copies have been !printed for their political and cultural education. Now the 8 army papers have about 13,760 participants and sOldier workers. (GLAS Summary 2/3 col.) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 JJJ CHILINTIP T Jll LT MOW" SE IEZ-V-IIE C CPYRGHT . SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. NO. 25.3 ? 26X1A. THIS IS AN ENCLOSURE ugust 26,1950. DO NOT DETACH HEADLINES BORBA P.1. ROME: SFORZA REPLY REPRESENTS DESIRE TO CONTINUE UN-NORMAL YUGOSLAV-ITALIAN RELATIONS P.3, WHY THE ALBANIAN GOVERNMENT IS THINKING UP BORDER INCIDENTS CERVENKOV ON BULGARIAN ART WAR IN KOREA: Tokyo: Second American Infantry Division Enters Fight Pyongyang: North Korcan Communique London: Communique of British Admiralty', Dehli: Nehru States That Bombardment of North Korea Pointless WASHINGTON: 'TRUMAN DECISION TO PLACE RAILROADS UNDER STATE CONTROL VIENNA: POLISH DIPLOMATS ESCAPE INTO AMERICAN ZONE IN AUSTRIA :PEKING: CHU EN LAY ASKS THAT USA FORCES QUIT FORMOSA POLITIKA SECURITY COUNCIL WORK; KOREA DISCUSSION CONTINUED WASHINGTON: EXPORT OF USA SUGAR LIMITED WASHINGTON: SENATE APPROVES NEW DEFENSE CREDITS , P.2. CIRCUS.AGIT,ITION INSTE,D OF WORK Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -2- CIRCUS AGITATION INSTEAD OF WORK For the past month the Cominform leaders of the CY Bulgaria have. been occupied with a very serious job, namely, as incessantly' repeated by Rabotnicesko Delo, to "guarantee bread for the people". The Party and administrative apparatus has taken on this truly difficult and delicate task. Immediately after the recent third national confederation of the CPB, Cervenkov extended an invitation -- in fact an order -- in the name of the CC and the government to presidents of peoples councils, secretaries'of party committees, management committees of peasant working cooperatives and tq all agriculture producers, to carry out the harvest in the shortest time and "at the same time immediately begin threshing and miganize the delivery of cereals on the basis of obligatory state orders and thus secure an uninterruPteti influx of cereals to state warehouses" A few days after this invitation -- order -- the pages of Rabotnicesko Delo began printing ,many articles, reports, etc.; in this connection, for example: "The First Duty of the Farmer", "Fulfillment of State Requirements is a Patriotic Duty", etc. When one carefully scrutinizes everything published in the above mentioned paper in connection with the "securing of bread for the people" one gets the impression that it is not only circus agitation but also alunskillful agitation which uncovers the weak points of Cervenkov's regime and the deep distrust of the broad peasant masses toward it. This can be concluded not only from the content but also from the results of that agitation. The shole Rabotnicesko Delo campaign doesn't contain a word concerning what, has been done till now by the CCCPB and the government for creating conditions which would gradually transform obligatory cereal deliveries into socialist trade between the peasant producer and the state. The Bulgarian peasants waited tn vain to hear whether anything has been done for the total liquidation of the price system which was established by domestic and German monopolist capital and which was adopted by the CPB leadership after September 90 19440 since it was cooperating with Bulgarian financial capital, * This price system kept the Bulgarian village in a state of poverty. The Bulgarian peasant waited to hear'whether anything was done till now to replace peasant working power,which was included in industry, and in the bureaucratic apparatus, with machines; waited to see whether anything is done on the sugiying of peasant producers with industrial and handicraft goods in exchange for surpluses which they give voluntarily; waited to see if anything was done to clear up the questions: which peasant producers we considered as Kulaks by tae CCCPB after the agrarian reform tbe orzanizing of peasant worKing collectives and the nationaliation or a large part of the means for production; what has been done for the introduction of corresponding changes in the state plan for cereal delivery according to the small - owner principle of farm work which still exists strongly in Bulgarian agriculture. And finally what has been done todate towards changing conditions whereby the Cominform execution of the obligatory laying up of cereals plan is not guaranting bread to the people, but to the contrary, taking bread from the people. Bulgarian peasants await an anwser to these questions. Alas, .112pegtnicesko Delo doesn't concern itself with such petty matters. ItE-Egitation is carried out in the following manner: "You must Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -3-- harvest and thresh within such and such a period and immediately hand over these specified amounts to the state warehouses. In the case that you don't obey this order you are Kulaks and public. enemies" ? Behind every case of procrastination, non-fulfillthent of plan and the likes.; Rabotnicesko Delo uncovers the weaknesses in. Party organizationsi inability of Party leadership and the failure of peoples councils, And,what does Rabotnicesko Delo name as the task for these organizations in order to "secure bread for the people?" Among alot of other childishness, Rabotnicesko ? Delo orders the peoples councils, because of accidental or intentional cereal conflagration, to "follow the train schedule and secure ?a- good - guard when trains pass". An odd task: Train schedule in hand they assign guards against fire "In order that things are managed properly -- writes Rabotnicesko Delo -- it is necessary that Party bureallgi alitt Communists are always on the field' during work time? that they keep in touch with things tut directa9bervation6 It is necessary that one MANEUVERS WITH PEOPLE ELASTICALLY AND SKILLFULLY, as also with material means; that RESERVES BE INTRODUCED INTO WORK, THAT A REVIEW OF PLUSES- AND MINUSES of the completed work be Made everyday, and that weaknesses be discoveredHand straightened out..." (our italics). What are these "skillful and elastic maneuvers?" What are these "introduction of reserves"? What are these "pluses and minuses" in a production which has so far developed mostly on the basis of small homesteads and which lacks machines and, according to Rabotnicesko Delo, continues threshing with harnessed teams. -I its July 28,-1950 issue, Rabotnicesko Delo orders the improvement of agitational-mass work in the village in order to strengthen "the struggle for'securing bread for the people". What does this improvement consist of? Agitators have to get out on the fields, next-to the threshing machines, at delivery stations and explain the CC Orders in connection with state deliveries, But this is not all. Agitators have to tie'up this Question with the struggle for peace, the Korean conflict ,? the world movement for peace, headed. by the USSR and Stalin, the.glorious...and of course, by slandering Yugoslavia. The closer the time for the delivery of cereals approaches Rabotnicesko Delo becomes weakeAn its agitation.? Now the struggle is princi5ITTTEed against a .Kulak; "Although entire counties have fulfilled 50 per cent of deliveries, the -fulfillment of deliveries are not on time generally speaking. ? Tens of counties are lagging terribly. Why?" Since the entire.campaign? concerning the plan fulfillment was based on a-line of circus agitation and not on reality, it is quite natural that Rabotnicesko Delo does not look to the opportUnism and inability of the CCCPB but in the opposition of the Kulaks. With its back to the mill, Rabotnicesko Delo weakly adrnits: "The Kulak elements in the village do not sit in.?. They - .spread rInousrumors.about a coming war and the impossibility of . fialfilling the state delivery plan, etc,..,It was noticed in certain places that the subversive work of Kilaks is getting results to a degree.? Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 However, it seems that the Bulgarian Kulak not only influences the middle end poorer peasant to abstain from delivering cereqls'but also influences members of the Party, as Rabotnicesko Delo admits. "It is too bad but members of the Party and even Mang Comrades of the peoples councils are giving in to Kulak agitation in many sectors...The members of the CPB who h-lve fallen . under the influence of the Kulaks are playing the same flute: deliveries can't be met...Some local leaders do not show the necessary resistance tb Kulak agitation and even themselves become the instruments of enemy machinations aimed against the fulfillment of the plan for state deliverie-s." - The peachy results of Oervenkov's policies'. And since things have got to a point whereby the Bulgarian Kulaks are able to ruin the delivery plan and also get CEB members under their influence then it is clear that in the lamentable Oominform reality of Bulgaria, Kulaks not only play an important role but are winning positions of importance in the economic and political life of PR Bulgaria. Signed: Ivan Piperov (Glas-Awust 26) . (Glas na Blgarite) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 c Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 CERVENKOV SETTLES UP WITH DUIA.ARIAN ARTISTS - A few days ago a speech was publishedin Rabotnicesko DeIa which was bade by Cervenkov on the 26th. Mpiq a conference ? of Bulgarian. painters (no-one knows why the speech/vas made On the 26th Niay,thould be held up till 1'_1ust. ? Perhaps. it had to be referred to Moscow to Make sure it. was "principled"'). This speech is very interesting and important,. not as a contribution. to Marxist theory but becauseewhether Cervenkov likes it or not it-shows beyond doubt the cul de, sac in,which tl-eety,44115rian painters find themselves (and not only they) because of therairtdral policy of the Bulgarian- leaders. The preventidn of all critical discussions and the transformation of the ideological ware againat bourgeois influences into administrative orders and directives In spite of all g.harianicalphrases this can be seen in Cervenkev's speech and what. is more, the rough reckoning given to all those -who dare to disagree with the subjection of one art to another. BeforegOing'on to the speech itself we will make the matter clear by referrinto e certain events which immediately proceeded it. At the end of. April.this year the Bulgarian press publish d,a? decision by the CC CPB on .the .state of Bulgarian painting and. thee most urgent tasks of the state Academy of Painting. Since it was - claimed that this "state" was not satisfactory because of penetration by bourgeois formalistic influencesdirectives were 7iven to bring that art back to"health". - This method of "healing" consisted of the-fer- mation Within the academy of groups to study translations of Soviet university text books on that subject; to set up a cathedra for Russian classic and Soviet art; that students should Continuously learn from . the examples given by -contemporary Russian art, etc.- So Bulgarian rt, to liberate itself from "formaliSm"and decadent bourgeois influences, must learn to accept wholeheartedly and . uncritically the art of Soviet realism_ Of course they must not. speak about it because it might occur to them that the work of -Soviet.painter6 in as far as they appear at exhibitions, have become vulgar and Sub- servient glorifications of Soviet bureaucracy and ceasing thereby to be a true art at all. Every sensible man will consider it absurd to think that the struggle against:formalist tendencies and decadent manifestations in art can be ' won overnight by resolutions and decrees rather than through a long process, not of decrees and prohibitions but by a long-and resolute struggle of ideas. Now let us see what Cervenkov said: "We know that the Academy of Art has for the last 20 or 30 years been submerged in formalism, that the majority of our painters are educated in the spirit of formalism and, as was shown at the party congress, with few exceptions all our painters suffer from formalism to a greater or lesser degree..." And then again: "A?huge'majority of our painters love Soviet art and learn on the examples of this art". So hardly a month after the resolution of the .CC crp that Bulgarian painters almost all suffer from formalism, they are all loving Soviet art and learning from its examples: One might conclude that the painters were obedient, but are they really? They are not. The best proof is that Cervenkov had to call a meeting of painters only a month after the resolution, on the one hand to try to deal with the group of painters led by Alexander Gendov who had sent him a letter of protest, and on the other hand to take the opportunity to justify himself somehow by admitting that the CC had rather rushed matters. Obviously the Bulgarian CC soon after passing Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190901-0 -6- the resolution sathered from, the reaction which it provoked amongst artists that formalism cannot be 'abolished 'by decree. Of course it was possible to find some Y'lo,yal" artists to greet the resolution with praise, others to to listen silent and t4ird.,ly for some to repent publicly of their formalism, and some tl7e1Th academy. But nevertheless after this not one of them will produce a true work of art. Therefore Cervenkov had to say "at the party congress it was emphasised that we will not and do not fight against formalism by administrative methods ...." etd. ? That in fact means that the resolution of the CC CPB did not have an enthusiastic reception amons Bulgarian artists, the majority of whom probably sincerely wish to create a progressive realistic art, but to whom it seems that. the way to such is not throUgh various "resolutions" nor in the- blind- copying of Russian and SoViet art. However, to make sure that Bulgarian painters should not come to the false conclusion that this attitude of the CC permits now any great criticism, ,discussion or opinion, Cervenkov hastenedto break all such illusions.by his settling up with Gendov. ing . We will not waste time here with evaluat/ the work of Alexander Gendov, whose letter so aroused Cervenkov. Sufficient to say.that he is among the most distinguished Bulgarian Painters and a member of the CPB. Cervenkov did not say in his speech what Gendov wrote. . He only said "for some time now n group of pg -', tieraled by AnGandov have been carrying out subversive activity' ), 'tne party and the line which it has adopted on the question of art". After saying that the CC had shown great patience in wishing to con-ince this group . . Cervenkov accused Gendov of spreading hostile lies, fabrications and loathsome falsifications drawn from the arsenel of the Trotskyites, . Titoites and all foul material from the iseperialist camp,calledshim a high priest, ansautocrat of the paatte, etc. It is significant how the CC CPB carry on "the ideological war". This is how Cervenkov settles with Gendov. "Let Gendov himself present his anti-party attitude, renounce all his Gendovism and promise that he will work to carry out the party directives. Then?lendov ? will be able to reckon that he remains in the ranks of the party"! . So: let ? Gendov publicly admit in sackcloth and ashes that he is a -Trotskyist and islperialist agent and repent that it was his faults? . And let him admit that he was Wrong "hut the wise Chervenkev has opened my eyes". Or - leave the party, .and accept what follows among the cominformists. Better to repent. ' Then of course he would :immed- iately be free from his false beliefs, cleansed of formalism and will create ripe artistic. creations on the Soviet model. And he will again be respected and honoured.. And so on, is it net So? This then is "the ideological war ".in the field of art in Bulgaria. "We will not fisht against formalism Sy administrative metherle" . asserts. Cervenkov. But let someone say that that is a pharisaical statement'. Certainly not. Freedom of discussion. and criticism in Bulgaria is permitted. Witness the case Of. Gendov; if .any othsr. artists wish to discuss the matter let them come forward. Cervenkov and the CC CPB have openedclear prospects - too clear: (Sd. ) DB. (BC BA Summary 2 cols.) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -7- . ? WHY THE ALBANIAN GOVERNMENT THINKS UP FRONTIER INCIDENTS. Recently the Albanian Telegraphic Agency has again broad 't one more of its usual "announcements" of frontier incidents which allegedly 'were carried out by Yugoslav frontier guards oE the Albanian. frontier. This announcement differs in no way from the standard announcements on the same theme which we are accustomed to hearing about from the Cominform factory of lies and slanders against /ugoslavia with the .compulsory refrain of "provocateurs in the service of the aggressiVe plans of the American warmongers". This news has been relayed by TASS and all the other Com- inform loudspeakers. Although this news in its alarmist and fantastic character cannot be compared to the "discoveries" and "aggressive plans" of the Yugoslav Government towards Albania such as for instance the story abott Von Kleist, it has the same aim' and purpose: to conceal 6he aggressive policy of the Albanian Government against the FPRY and the provocations of the Albanian frontier authorities on the Yugoslav-Albanian frontier, executed with the well-tried Cominform tactics - to ascribe to the. Yugoslav authorities with those things which they are doing against social- ist Yugoslavia and to accuse the Yugoslav Government of those PParessi.Vn plans which they are themselves praparing. The facts of the matter are thus: on the loyla August the Yugoslav Ministry of Foreign Affairs handed a note of protest to the Albanian Legation in Belgrade, against the incidents which the Albanian frontier bodies continued to carry out on our frontier' Only between the 1st July and 7th August Albanian soldiers 20 times violated Yugoslav territory and created frontier incidents firing on Yugoslav guards. On the 20th July, this year, on the Struga sector of the frontier Albanian soldiers made an embush on Yugoslav territory attacking and wounding one of our frontier guards and on the 7th August, a Yugoslav soldier was wounded The Albanian Legation did not reply to this Note. How- ever, instead of a reply the announcement of the Albanian Telegra- phic Agency appeared on the 15th August. This announcement said that between the 6th 'July and 7th August, Yugoslav frontier, guards had carried out many provocations . Amongst the rest it mentioned that on the 6th July,Yugoslav soldiers fired of mine throwers onto Albanian territory. For this "serious incident" the Albanian Government has said absolutely nothing and has sent no Note of protest. Sudden- ly, just a few days after the Yugoslav Note of protest, the AlbaQ nian Agency hurried to inform the world of th, "Yugoslav pro- vocations" on the Albanian frontier, hoping for the support of the Soviet Agency TASS. TASS'immediately brodcest this fabrica- tion. After two tays it become clear why it had been necessary to think up this notorious incident against the 'Yu,Jav soldiers. The Albantn Government, which was unable,to reply to the Yugoslav Note returned the Note with the explanation that the Yugoslav frontier guards had carried out such and such an incident on the 5th July to the 7th August.... ' This then is how and why the Albanian Government has to think up frontier 'incidents on. the Albanian YLI.Posiav frontier. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 (BORBA , 26th August 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? -8- COUNT SFORZA'S ANNOUNCEMENT. Rome, 25th August. The Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs today admitted that they were responsible for the many trespasses of the Italian fish- ing bats which sailed in Yugoslav territorial waters for the purpose of fishing without permits. In the written reply to an interpellation in the Senate, Sforza, the Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs emphasized that Italy had not yet paid Yugoslavia the 750,000,000 Lire, the annual quota for Italian fishing in Yugoslav territorial waters according to the AaTeement concluded in Eelrade in Anril last year. Sforza also stated that the halting of Italian fishing boats in Yugoslav territorial waters and the confiscation of the catch and the fines pronounced on the crews of thc Italian ships we in fact " the consequence not only of the fact that the agreement about fishing has not been ratified but also because of the non-payment of 750,000,000 Lire. Finally Sforza stated that the Yugoslav authorities always freed the Italian fis4libe 1-oats on payment of the fine. He said that "other responsible Italian authorities were examining the entire problem". Concerning the non-payment of the amount due, Sforza said that it was the result ofthe lack of interest of the Italian fishermen in fishing in the Adriatic. as However, /well informed circles in Rothe say , Sforza's reply represents in fact the desire of the Italian Government to contimmthe present abnormal situation of Yugoslav-Italian relations. According to the statements of the Italian fishermen the Italian authorities support the owners of the Italian boats in refusing to pay the sum for regular permits for fishing, be- cause it"pays them better" to pay a fine oCcasionally since many fishing boats successfully fish by nightunnoticed by the Yugoslav authorities. This support of abnormal relations in the Adriatic is also subaribed to by officials of the Italian Communist Party in fishing centres on the Italian Eastern coast and by official bodies of the CP Italy. They state that these incidents arouse dissatisfaction towards Yugoslavia. Unita and Nenni's periodical Mondo 0-Deraio have several times recenET7 written Ettackinc; the Yu7771777777777n fishing agreement and encourage the Italian fishermen to fish in Yugoslav waters without permits.... All this certainly damages most cf all the Italian fishermen because the owners of the ships usual succeed in making them bear the burden of the fine. This can be proved beyond doubt by the statistics of the Italian Qeneral Confederation of Labour which show the drop in the staithrd of living of the Italian fishermen in the Adriatic. In the last - 7 months alone the fishermedi wages have dropped by about 15%. These facts show that the Cominform leaders are pre- pared, together with the contractors,to damage the interests of their own working classes and to defend the most outrageous speculation by the owners of the fishing boats so that a failure to concludee.,agreement would be the inevitable consequence and thereby/Wou1d achieve their aim of spreading hatred against socialist Yugoslavia. (BORBA, 26th August 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 .JFOIIILNT 1NR. S 111E,A_T TOW SE C 11F, CPYRGHT SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. NO.255 25X1A THIS IS AN ENCLOSURE DO NOT DEIACH , 28th August, 1950. HEADLINES LORBA P.1. THE MORE ST3SCRIBERS THE DETTER SUCCESS OF THE NATI NAL LOAN WORKERS?CUNCILS.?TAKING OVER MANAGEMENT OF ENTERPRISES * MORE THAN A HUNDRED DAYS AHEAD. OF TIME- , NOMINATION CF NEW DIPLOMATIC REPRESENTATIVES IN CANADA, HOLLAND, SYRIA AND LITAN A GROUP OF FRENCH WORKEiiS AND INTELLECTUALS ON II,TRESSIONS. FROM CUR.CJUNTRY * ? A LETTER OF THE SPANISH YOUTH TO THE CENTAL COMMITTEE OF THE PEOPLE'S YflUTH PROGRESS LF THE WHITE CEREAL TUCHASING CAMPAIGN UNITED LABflTi UNIONS OF THE ISTRIAN DISTRICTS ARE ot:,INING THE ? SLOVENO-ITALIAN ANTI-FASCIST UNION ERECTION oM THE FACTORY FOR PRODUCTION OF FILMS P.2, PEOPLE'S ASSISTANCE TO AUTHORITIES DECLARATIONS IF THE FRENCH WORK ERs ON LErNING YUGOSLAVIA NEW SHOCK-WORKERS, FRONT BRIGADES IN MONTENEGRO A HEALTH RESORT LN THE LAKE OF OHRID THE ROLE AND TASKS OF LOCAL AUTHORITIES IN THE CCMINFRM COUNTRIES P.3. MINIMG 711BLEMS IN SERBIA . AFTER RESIGNATION OF THE CABINET OF GENERAL nASTIRIS A CREDIT TO THE FRANCO SPAIN INCLUDED IN THE DRAFT OF THE BUDGET OF EXPENDITURES OF THE USA MACLY AND ADENAUER DISCUSSING ARMAMENT PLAN FOR WESTERN- GERMANY-' ESCAPE OF A DAANDENPURI MINISTER TO THE WESTERN T3EALIN A SECRET SESSION SF THE WEST GERMAN GOVERNMENT IMPLEMENTATION CT THE FISHING AGREEMENT IS IN THE INTEREST 10TH OF YUGOSLAVIA AND ITALY * ? Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0.4_ P.3. THE ARMED .CNFLICT IN KoREA GREAT ACTIVITY CF THE AMERICAN AIT.yoacE * . THE S UTH 1:CEAN TROOPS HAVE L NDED IN THE VICINITY OF SEOUL ? aEFORT CF THE NORTH KOREN COMJION JOE ESTMATION OF DAMAGES CAUSED DY THE AMERICAN 3(;MBARDENT A -LELGI.LN 'T,ATTALLIN TO SENT TO KOJEA DRAFTING 2,500 AUTRALIANS FOR KOREA THE NINTH CHESS OLYM1,IAD P.4, PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPCRTS ANNUNCEMENTS flF THE CMMISSIONER OF TRADE AND SUITLY II.FOLITIYA P.1. WHAT WILL THE WORLD GET ERC:M THE CL ING GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE UN ARMED C::NFLICT IN KOREA THE NORTH KOREANS ADVANCING LN THE SECTOR PCHANG-KIDGY * LANDING J THE SOUTH KOREANS NER INCHON THE ANEAICAN FINES iiiDE THE GREATEST EUMMH. OF SORTIES IN THE Cft.tSE LE A SINGLE DAY 510 CE THE 7,EGINNING OF HOSTILITIES. A REPORT uF THE NORTH KOREAN CoNMISSIJN THE USA HoU3E OF 'Z.EI'R'flSENTATIVES APP.OVED THE EXCEPTIONAL CREDITS FR WAR REQUIREMENTS IN KOREA P.2. THE ANGLO-EGYPTIAN 1,TEGTIATIONS HAVE PROU flT? NO MFORTANT CHANGES IN ' THE EXISTING SITU:TION IN DREAD OF TRUTH - IN CONNECTION WITH THE LAST NOTE OF OUR MINISTRY OF FOREIGN liFFAIS TO THE T CIISH EMASSY IN Tr?ELGRADE THE SECOND NATI-NJI LOAN - SUNDRY NEWS ON F ',..Jf,LIHINAIES P.3. FOR 3ETTER.SUI'LY flF CITliS AND INDUSTRIAL CENTRES. 'EOLE'S INSFECTOR G' KNEZICE P.4. CULTURAL LIFE SUNDRY NEWS Faii ALL OVER THE WORLD P.6. UTILISATIN CF CLUFONS INTrNDED FOR TIED TRADE FOR PUYING GOODS THE FREE MARKET Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 HEADLINES-MONDAY BORBA P.1. THE MORE BUYERS - THE GREATER THE LOAN. SUCCESS. ' AWARDS TO BEST COLLECTIVES IN CROATIA. SALT WORKS IN PAG WORKING FOR 1951. PROMINENT ITALIAN WORKERS FROM ISTRIA VISIT ZAGREB. A CASE WHERE THE ROLE OF THE WORKERS' COUNCIL WAS MIS- UNDERSTOOD. manns COUNCILS TAKE OVER ENTERPRISES. -P.2. SUNDRY LOAN ITEMS. * MOVEMENT TO DISCARD VEIL IS SPREADING IN B and H. * YUGOSLAV NAVY DAY TO BE CELEBRATED OFFICIALLY IN SPLIT. AUSTRIAN YOUTH VISIT PEASANT CO-OPERATIVES AT GABROVAC. NINTH CHESS OLYMIAD. ONLY 15% REMAINS BEFORE SERIAL PURCHASE PLAN IS COMPLETED 'I THE VOJVODINA. * TRIESTE: FIVE THOUSAND VISIT YUGOSLAV PAVILION AT FAIR. P: FOR BETTER QUALITY OF EXPORTS. OIL PORDUCING COLLECTIVES AWARDED BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. GENERAL DIRECTORATE FOR MACHINE CONSTRUCTION TO BE ORGAN7ZED IN SLOVENIA. PEKING: CHU EN LAY TELEGRAM TO TRYGVE LIE. BUDAPEST: REPLACEMENT AND INTERNMENT OF HUNGARIAN MINISTERS. SOFIA: SENTENCES PRONOUNCED ON lusH ECONOMIC FUNCTIONARIES IN SOFIA. HOW POLISH AUTHORITIES PRODUCE ANTI-YUGOSLAV "ARGUMENTS". UNESCO BEGINS WORK: PARIS. PRAGUE: SENTENCE PRONOUNCED ON RAILROAD FUNCTIONARIES, WAR IN KOREA: TOKYO: NORTH KOREANS TAKE KIJI ANEW. PYONGYANG: NORTH KOREAN? COMMUNIQUE. WASHINGTON: AMERICANS DROP 15,200 TONS IN TWO MONTHS. TOKYO: NAVAL ARIR FORCE OPERATIONS. SAN FRANCISCO: TWO US VESSELS COLLIDE. WASHINGTON: SPECIAL CREDITS FOR WAR MEANS IN KOREA. TOKYO: BRITISH ADVANCE UNITS ARRIVED. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001=0 P.3. LONDON: MILITARY TALKS BETWEEN FRANCE AND ENGLAND. CONCERNING SOME IRREGULARITIES IN UTILIZATION OF MANAGEMENT FUDNS. P.2. 2 ? . POLITIKA COAL DEPOSITS BEING FOUND IN MOTENEGRO. * COUNTY COUNCILS OF PIONEER FEDERATION TO RE ELECTED THROW- OUT THE COUNTRY BY SEPTEMBER 1. P.3, RIJEKA FOOD SUPPLY PROBLEMS. HARVEST CELEBRATIONS OF CZECH MINORITY IN YUGOSLAVIA. FIRST FILi\J FACTORY. P.4. CAN BELGRADE BE CLEANER? WOOD ENTERPRISE SURPASSES HALF YEAR PLAN. GLAS. P.2. WORKER DESIGNS MACHINE FOR GRAVEL WASHING. OUR BEST CONSTRUCTION COLLECTIVES. * TRIESTE: YUGOSLAVIA EXHIBITS 200 MASS PRODUCTION ITEMS. TEXTILE FACTORY INCREASES PRODUCTION. P.4. BELGRADE HANDICRAFTS TO BE IMPROVED. RAD. P.1.. SMEDEREVO STEEL WORKS CAN FULFIL PLAN IN SPITE OF LABOUR SHORTAGE. P.2. FIRST CONSULTATIVE MEETING OF WORKERS AND EXPERTS FROM ITALY WORKING IN YUGOSLAVIA. P.3, SUNDRY ECONOMIC ITEMS. NEW CABLE FACTORY AT SVETOZAREVO. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06,: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 , 0-4/w -5- SIGNIFICANCE OF UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY TO WORLD The first session of the. Fifth ,regulair meeting of the_UN, Genera py sw L'reat ints,t.A4(410?IkTL the worldm,t,)Acgc.g.qing,,ft .. o;t4e on the thlT4 FglasqMic:4n,4Pt.c.#1'4_ The:,nenaryTsgsion will be held in tnelNyw Yoy in thieppp441 cty o }ng Meadow W'16,64,1.9 4614,Q:kilometey northeast of downtoWn New York. The temporary daily agenda of this session is today in the center of.attention of international political circles. That agenda consists of a long list of world problems which have been for the most part on that list for many years but which have remained not only unsolvable at such meetings, because of the controversies betwwen the world powers, but have become a reason for the sharpening of new differences. However, new proposals from individual states have slowly been listed in addition o the initial 62 points. Right up till the day of thco ):,,eneral debate of the Plenum, the daily agenda is not complete The principti "bombs" usually show up at the last moment. But in spite of th6 fact that the most pressing political points are still pending, the temporary list ns well as the additional new problems, are sufficient to indicate the importance inherent in the daily agenda of the forthcoming UN General Assembly. Even amoni,-, the first eight poinLs which concern only the composing of the Assembly and which usually develop without any difficulty, are labeled by informed circles as the beginning for the sharpening of world disputes. The presIdency setup was the occasion for the two cnImp fight as far back as 1948. It is quite likely this will happen on this occasion as well. However till now-theciAstion of the t.lection and, the report of thetverificatien' committee was, n_essence,' a legal 6rmality, To the_contrary,-the forthcoming SosiHn of the Veification of:thP. Pull power of the Chinese delonation Will be a political questi(Dn'of'first class importancep Every st(Ite - member can be Y:eproL3ente,', only by f)ne delegation, Howevdr- on thiS cc.C4-sim ono. =&n'e'xpect two d;:1 ,-ations instead of one and that the majority of states will recognize the PR China delegates as the only one authorized to represent this Asiatic colossus. If -- and it seems certain -4- the USA delegation persists in defending ChIng Kai Shek ,,overnment, the conflict will inevitably be sharpened politically while still before the verification committee. Thus one is Iced to believe .tht, the general debate will .? commence in a very exciting atmosphere, The general debate has always been an introduction of the political struggle till now. The Eorea question, the throat to pc cc,. the question of Asian . order, the European security threat, (;:annot remain untouched in the gen'ral debate,? Thus every statement in the framework of this .debate duel can have sensational significance since opinions. dealing ,with th fate of the present human generation are b'ein'presented in the most important free tribunal of th.c,) world. Real conditions for 10,(9.ce and international cooperation will come forth, It is understandable that the present day reserve of the political circles of all state-members is connected with the measure and choice of tl'ne statements by their politically .responsible governments inthis debate, But the debate will not be able to hide the picture of t1-7-ie present day reality of the world situation, . Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -0- As usual, that general debate will become real .instead of abstract as soon as the rep6rts from the three councils are taken into consideration. The consideration of the reports of thee security council in the political coMmittee Will bring.forth, in its real state, the truth concerning Force, Palestine and the disputes in India.- On the other hand the report of theeconomic and social conncils will give occasion to the representatives to analyse the economic and social problems in the world. The principal concerning the self-determination of the African and Asian peoples will be rekindled when the report of'the trustee-ship council is considered. No matter what sort of delegations are involved, this discussion gives the world a chance to see the truth. However, that general pa ofthe daily agenda contains a big sensation: the general secretary election. The mandate of Mr, Trygve- Lie expires in early 1951, and that is the reason for electing a new .permanent functionary to the highest position of the international organization.. It is understandable that all governments are making plans concerning this. election. They are not making official statements as to whether .Mr. Lie will be re-elected or. not. Bargaining for new concessions will be held off until the last moment, The political problems do not promise a peaceful atmosphere at this time of general tenseness. PALESTINE, especially the internationalization of Jerusalem has brought the Jewish-Arabian question to a tense position. THE FATE OF THE ITALIAN COLONY, THE GREEK QUESTION will also be considered. But, all this will be an introduction to the real political problems - THE PROBLEM OF PEACE IN THE FAR EAST AND ATOMIC ENERGY CONTROL. We shall also see the question -- as a weapon of the imperialists against the Soviet Union -- of respecting human rights in Soviet satellite countries. The "bomb" will be the American proposal which will accuse the USSR of not having repatriated prisoners. The basic struggle will be in the political committee. There are many very important economic problems: the international action for full employment and economic world stability(before the general assembly for the first time); the economic ?development of economically undeveloped states; the concentrations of international efforts and means in the work of specialized UN aFencies (the concentration of economic control in the world). So-called social problems also promise to be political questions of the first order: the proposal of the convention on the freedom of information (for the first time before the General Assembly) the settling of the status of refugees and displaced persons (the present s'et-up ends in 1950), The colonial problems this year will amount to the usual analysis of annual reports and en the consideration of the southeasern Arrica questions, which south Arrica unilaterlaily annexed- a question which has hung on since 1946. Aside from a moss of administrative 'Ind budget problems which are intertwined with politics and technicalities, a series of legal problems have been placed on the daily _qgenda. Among these, the ones of first class importance are: THE FORMULATION OF THE NUREMBERG PRINCIPALS as a law concerning war criminals in possible, future aggressions, A LEGAL CODE ON CRIMES AGAINST THE PEACE AND THE SECURITY OF HUMANITY, the creation of an INTERNATIONAL COURT FOR STATE TRIALS -states which threaten the peace or security in the world'. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 "IP ;*-Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 These are all political questions . dressed in legal attire and which come more as an expression of the present day world.. situation than as experibnced in the Second World War. And aS a crown on these political problems in legal form we have the draft of the DECLARATION ON THE ii,IGHTS AND DUTIES OF STATES, in connection with which it will be necessary once again to discuss just in what measure and whether or riot present day international law obliges states to refrain from pressure, intervention and aggression against other states and to cooperate between one another and preserve good neighbor relations. At the last minute Mr. Trygve Lie for the first tiMetoql.c. advantage of his right as general secretary to'personally submit political proposals. He proposed that this general assembly ass a 20 YEAR PROGRAM FOR THE GUARDING OF PEACE THROUGH THE UNITE.) NATIONS, ? Here we have the daily agenda composed of problems of peace and war. It is a mixture of real living pro1211ems2 conflicts and abstract proposals to perserve peace, to develop international? cooperation and condemn pressure, intervention and aggression. That is why the worlespublic has with right turned its eves toward.tne daily agenda and the? mork'of this UN.General Asscmbiy wnicn gives governments suiricint opportunity to prove their desire for peace and carry out their real peace offensive in actions. Sgn; R.B.M, (Politika -August 27) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001109/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001* -8- NOMINATION OF NEW DIPLOMATIC REPRESENTATIVES IN CANADA, HOLLAND,. SYRIA AND THE LEBANON - In a ukase the 7.'residium of the People's Assembly have appointed as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Holland Mato Jasic former Minister . to Canada. In a second ukase. the Presidium have appointed as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister P1er47 potentiary to Canada Rade Pribicevic former Ambassador td 761and,"Milan Ristic Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Egypt as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Syria and the Lebanon, with his seat in Cairo. (BORBA Sunday) IT IS. IN THE. INTERESTS OF BOTH yuncsLAvIA AND ITALY TO CARRY OUT THBV-j _FISHING AGREEMENT On the 13th April last year an agreement was conaluded between this country and Italy on fishing rights in the Adriatic, according. to which Italian fishermen are permitted to fish in 3 special areas. , .This agreement is undoubtedly of advantage to Italy. ' .Our authoritiois .went to meet the requests of ethe Italians, wishing to make this an example of_theirdesireto'nbrmalise relations between the FPRY and Thus the agreement Was made in -Belgrade on the 13th April and should have come into force on the 1st May last year with..a duration of.two years. The agreement clearly states that Italy Should pay in two 'instalments, on the 1st October 1949 and the 1st January 1950, compensation to the amount, ? of 750 million lire. However since the Italian Tovernment have up till now not paid a single lire that agreemente:has not been able to come into force. This is admitted by Count Sforza, who in reply to a question by a.senator said "the agreement haa not been carried out since Italy has not paid the Sum of 750 million lire of yearly rent." But Italian fishing boat owners, Contrary to the terms, continu- ously fish in the forbidden waters.. 'Our authorities quite naturally have not been able to pass over this unnoticed and have arrested the fishermen and imposed various punishments - confiscation of gear, imposition of fines, etc. The Italian government has been regularly informed of all this and has been asked to impress on the fishermen not to continue to fish in the forbidden waters., However they have done nothing and shown no serious wish to settle this question. Our authorities, in their wish to establish normal relations and their trust that Italian officials will nano. .out their' undertakings, 'have not applied certain serious sanntions/which they have the right especially when it is known that for 'exmple one boat has several times been caught' in the forbidden waters. Oni hTtg9,er .hand extreme reactionaries and the cominform elements take dvantage of every occasion to attack and slander our country, writing that we "pirate" (in our own Waters:), that "We are taking their gear from the fishermen" etc. Thus the failure. to complete the agreement on the part of the Italian government has resulted not only in preventing Italian fisher- men from carrying on their trade, something which is obviously - ? important to then as the same boats have several times been caught, but also made more difficult economic co-operation in general between the two countries. Sforza in his reply said, that the Italian government have urged the ."responsible 'authorities" to find a solution to this question as quickly a 2ossWebe_ ? r teaa00?6606 : 412kRIDIWoohilgiRoTAgdoiftoocEfluernment have appr tn16'skfui r uncier an ing tot only this question but Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 also the questicn of economic relationsJaetween the two countries in general. We rightly are waiting for the Italian governnient to find means to guarantee the carrying out,of the agreement on fishing in the Adriatic. ::That agreement was concluded on the request ,of the Italian authorities, it is in the d_nterosts of both countries anid 1/4111 con- tribute to the normalisation of?relationa and the setting up .o-f closer economi ea-operation, between Yugoslavia and Italy. (BORBA Sunday Summary 1 col.) CELEBRATION OF.YUG.OSLIIV.NAVY DAY The 10th September will be celebrated as Yugoslav Navy Day in memory of that date in 1942. when the Supreme Ileadquarters of the NLA established the first units, of the partisan navy in Croatia.. A Naval .ehibition:yill :be Organised in Zagreb .and Rijeka, shol,:rin.the .developMent. of the Yugoslav navy, its heroic battles during the war and its 'b lditg up- since.' ..On the same .day a memorial plaque will be unveiled' in Olid to national hero Arita Bagat. There will be a commemoradainumber of Yugoslovenski Mornar and the almanac Buduci Oficiri Nashe Ratne MornariCejFuture Of f8cers of our Navyrwith illustrations from the work of -pupils in 'the Naval OfficersT School-. The main cart of the celebrations will be in Split. There will be a ceremonial assemblY (akademija) and a "Adriatic Night" on the eve of the celebrations. For the population there will be a showing of the home-made film "Mladi Kadar Jugoslovenske Ratne Mornarice" (Young.Speciaiists of the YugoSIaV Navy). On the day, itself her Will .be :-.a ceremonial inspectic).n.of officers and Naval .employeet.. A landint will be carried out on. the island- of Cilov;.. Showing' the experience:or our sailors in the liberation war. On the 10th September the second class of the Naval Lfficersl. School and the:first class Of the Technical School Will :pass' out:. There will also be various sports events in'Sibinik, and other places- The Hajduka Club will play a football match in Split and there Will be swimming competitions between Adriatic clubs. (Tanjug) (BOZBA Monday Summary col.) WHEAT TURCHASECOLFLETED IN VOJVODINA The pgrchaseof white grain, in the Vojvodina is coming tc an end. This year Backa and Srem have had a rather better harvest than the Banat. Amongst the first to complete pi...exceed plans were Kuiski County, the town of Sremska Mitrovica and the town of Sombor, while the majority. of counties have purchased nearly 90%. The Banat counties, where the harvest fell short, have 'laggedbehind the most. Besides this the purchase is being completed in.a shorter period than last year. In addition to the above paragraph there is a two column article by Olga Jovanovic., (BORBA Monday) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP88-00415R0063001900014 - 10 - DISMISSAL AND INTERNMENT OF MINISTERS IN HUNGARY' (Budapest, 27th August) It has been learned that the.former Hungarian Minister of Justice IstvarOds has been interned, while the Minister of Light Industry Djerdj Marosan has been dismissed and interned. As is known these two Were both prominent members of the Social Democratic Party. It is also said that. there will soon be dismissals. of the Ministers who were members of the Peasant .Party, and who today represent it in the Hungarian government. As first on the list of Ministers to be dismissed the name Gf the present Minister of Justice Podnar'is mentioned. In 3udapest circles there is talk of a new reconstruction of the Hungarian government in which Istvan Dobi, the present Premier will fall. The new Premier would be the present Vice-Premier Maces Rakosi... However, the same circles assert that Farkas is also mentioned as a future Premier, that in connection with that a proposal has been sent to Moscow and only approval end agreement from the Politburcau of the CC CPST7(b) is awaited. (Tanjug) (BORBA Monday) SENTENCE :IN FutIMER HIGH OFFICIALS IN SOFIA (Sofia, 27th August) The trial has been held before the District Court in S-)fis of a group of former Assistant Ministers and high state officials accused of high treason and espionage activity which is, as the indictment says, "inseparably connected with the activity of the accused at the Trajco Kostov trial". Two of the accused have been conedmned to life imprisonment and the remainder to periods of imprisonment from 8 to 15 years. (Tanjug) (BORBA Monday) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ArRAID OF THE TRUTH (In connection with the latest Note from the Ministry, of Foreign Affairs of the FPRY to the Polish Embassy inBelgrade). On the building of the Yugoslav -Embassy in Wars'aw there was, until recently, a display board on which no propaganda material with the exception of photos showing-the:development of our 'country was displayed; ? not even slogans or any other written text. However, despite this, on the lath of this month a representative of the Yugo- slav Embassy in Warsaw was summoned to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and_told that the diSplay board on the Embassy must be removed .... Pbecause of the unfriendly behaviour of the Yugoslav Authorities towards tthe Polish Embassy in igrade". However, the Polish authoritiesdid not wait for the display board with the photos to be removed but sent their mon some time after midnight (1) to remove it ....? without even . informing anyone in the Yugoslav Embassy. Because of this behaviour of the Polish authorities the Ministry of Foreign- Affairs of the FPRY, on Saturday August 26th, delivered a Note of protest to the Polish Embassyin Belgrade. And now let us lookand .see how much truth there is in the ?explanation" given in ?connection with, this by the representative of the Yugoslav Embassy there and what is, in fact, behind this anti- Yugoslav behaviour of the Polish authorities. On August 17th there was put up on the Polish Embassy in. Belgrade a display board with provocative material about the supposed struggle for peace by the Soviet Union and the ?other East-European countries, about the collecting of signatures for the so-called Stockholm "Peace Petition", etc. On the same day as the display board was put up on the Polish Embassy in Belgrade someone took off a part of the propaganda material, The Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs saw in this ...." unfriendly behaviour of the Yugoslav authorities towards the Polish Embassy in Belgrade". In its Note to the Polish Embassy the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the FPRY ,categorically denies that the Yugoslav . authorities had anything to do with what happened. in front of the Polish Embassy in delgrade. However, there can be two possibilities in ,connection with the destroying of propaganda' material from the v display board on the Polish Embassy in Belgrade. One possibility is that the display board was damaged by irresponsible persons who have no. connection with the Yugoslav Authorities, in. which casethere can be no excuse for the removal and carrying away of the, display beard from the 'Yugoslav Embassy in Warsaw. The other. possibility is - and there are stung reasons in favour of it - that the Polish- Embassy itself organised the tearing of the propaganda material from its display board .... so as to create a' reason for the removal of the display board from the Yugoslav Embassy in Warsaw. Now, here are reasons in favour of this second possibility: The display board on the Yugoslav Embassy in Warsaw was there for a long time; Polish working men passed by it, stopped in front of it and looked at the photos, and by looking at the photos .of the - building up of Yugoslavia they surely believed less and less the lies told by the Polish cominformist leadership. This naturally did not ego to the credit of the Polish ruling circles.' And so there had to be found a reason for removing those "heretical" photos from the sight of the people of Warsaw. In order to achieve this there appeared on the Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0. - 12 morning of August 17th a propaganda board on the Polish Embassy in Belgrade (and, can you believe it, it was damaged on the first day) and already on August 18th a representative of the Polish Ministry -of Foreign Affairs demanded that the disrlay board be removed rom-the Yugoslav Embassy in Belgrade. ? That all this was arranged can best be seen from the fact that on the morning after the theft of the display board.f:rom the Yugoslav Embassy in Warsaw ladio Warsaw had an article ready in which it most strongly attacked the Yugoslav authorities because of the suppose "unfriendly behaviour towards the Polish Embassy in Pelgrade" It Ls quite clear that the reason for this mo't' recent Polish manoeuvre has been the fear of the truth about Yugoslavia. And 'the people of Warsaw, like all the rest of the Poles see very well that this truth is being hidden from .them. The Polish rulers did not dare eMove the display board from the Yugoslav Embassy during the' day, when the people of Warsaw coulcksee-it, and so they gave orders that the display board be rmoved during the night - at a time when there is hardly a ps-s'say on the streets of larsaw. The removal of the display board from the Yugoslav Embassy in Warsaw will not :prevent the truth about Yugoslavia from making its way; it can only servo-as anther proof of how afraid are the, Polish rules that this truth will penetrate still further among the Polish masses. (70LITIKA Sunday) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -14- Delirious murmuring about the character and essence of a' people's democracy was brought to an end by the leaders of or Party. Adhering closely to Marxist theory concerning the revo- lution and the state and generalizihg about theoretical revolu- tionay experience of our people they explained that a'Teoplets e. ilrocracy is in fact the dictatorship of the victorious proleta- riat, that both An form and content it is both revolutionary ad socialistic, that it is not a bridge between two social systems, but that it represents a strong movement on the road to tl-e building up of socialism and, taking as an example Yugoslavia and what our people have achieved ,:they have pointed out the direction to the development of the people's democracy, emphasiz- ing that tte authority of the people, in the form of people's committees which can be elected and removed is their main support. After the Fifth Congress of the CPY he Cominformists forced by the general development of events, the successes in the building up a socialist democracy in our count rY and the theoret- ical conclusions of our Party which practice has proved even more decisively, had to admit that .a people's democracy had a social- ist character of authority and was prepared to break up the old state apparatus - 'y decrees from above without revolutionary. initiative and the participation of the masses. On this line , with great pains, the law &bout people's councils was passed in Poland this year, the law about the pale's councils in Hungary and in 6zer,hoslovakia the MiniSter of the Interior ?reorganized" the existing local authorities. The ice began to crack but it has not,shifted yetofor these.las were intended for a peace-time bombardment of the old apparatus and by their origin they could not he been the weapon of the masses in the struggle for the ostablishment of the local bodies of the people's authorities. They were born into the world with complexes and a number of organic faults which are the conse- quence of Cominform revision of the Marxist theory about the state in general and the theory about the withering away of the state in particular. From.this revisi9nst stand point came the relations of the Cominformists to. the people's authorities. The fact is that even before, these laws the local bodies were step-children in countries under Soviet dmonation. And this was not accidental. It is the natura;1 result of tho adoption of contemporary Soviet practice in thiS field. The local authoritt s are the fundamental bodies of the socialist state, they are the mass bodies of the eworking people. Through them the people take part immediately in the direction of their state. The democratic spirit of the. entire socialist system of authority . is reflected in the role, the capacity and the forms of its local bodies how much right they actually have and how they carfy it out in practice. The strengthening of socialLsit democracy' comes about during the porcess of the develop- ment of the local althorities, the strengthening of the self-determ- ination of the people in the broadest sense of the word. The process is reflected in the systematical transference to local organs of those capacities and cmpetencies which do not have to be on the level of the citral bodies. It is the expression of confidence in the masses, in their revolutionary initiative and their ability to direct., To be continued in tomorrow's Bulletin. Approved For ReleaseB .2444I06 -:t861(-643-1S6051kb66300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R00630019000f-b -131- THE ROLE AND TASKS OF THE DISTRICT AUTHORITIES IN COMINFORM COUNTRIES A gang of people started building a house but when they got near the roof they saw that the Wholq thing was shakey. They climbed down and they saw. that there were no foundations - they had forgotten them. , . Something similar to this national story exists in the way that the rulers of Eastern Europe build "a people's democracy" there. with the unselfish direction of "the elder brother". This has been going on ? for five years since they wisely. awaited their liberation and happily attained it from the distant Kuybishev district part of their- country. They had not got on very far with this building. Certainly t'hey ? had. hurried to put up the roof and had painted the walls, put .out the flag and 'written up slogans, but they are only new laying the. foun- dations.- The orthodox "Marxist". purists in the East talk very little about theory and even leas carry it out in practice as far as the foundations of the socialist democracy, local authorities and neonle's .committees are 'concerned. The official cominform teaching is .not concand with the question of the organisation and form of the people's authorities threghout the land, their building up, the problems of their democratic spirit, their role in the system of a socialist demecrady,-the tasks of the people's committees as the highest.autherity ?and the director of economy as a whole, culture and social activities. It treats-people's democracies as a kind of hybrid, as a kind of bridge between capitalism and socialism, as a third system.- -In the spirit\ of these conceptions, in which it could. hardly be expected that the'Soviet theortts would name a day in the future- when they?would begin building up socialism in the people's. democracies and introduce the changes tnt went with it, the new state from Danzig to 9urgas has been set un on the foundations of old authority. In the Eastern countries the apparatus. of the bourgeois state was not destroyed - it was continued. Under the salof a people's democracy the old state _mechanism was extracted ; taken over ectiren77.. frbm.the former fascist and semi-fascist regimes both in form .and content. The bourgeoisie was then removed from the helm - by the bayonets of the Sovoet Army. What should have happened then, when the "work-.-- ing masses" came to power under the leadership of the Communist Party? ? Lenin says: "The workers, having taken over the political- autho- rity, will breakup the old Hbureaucratic apparatus-, they will demolish it to the: fOundation, not a stone of it shall remain, they will reploe it by a new one which will consist of Workers and employees only, and measures to prevent from becoming bureaucratic will be taken at. once. These measures have been thoroughly analysed by Marx and Engels..." (The State and the Revolution, page 99), ?? ?Instead Of breaking up the old bureaucratic machinery the leaders ? of.the?-new democracies ha.k.taken it over , carrying out changes of personnel, only in the leading positions - they have only dismi5sed district and regional prefects, the highest ranking officers, mayors and village leaders from the fascist times and new ones have been appointed.-by mi#sterial decrees. That is all. And in order to prevent -"confuion and dual authority" they 1iqi40aod the people's authorities right at the start, wherever it &itene initiative of the masses,in that obAeotively revolutionary situation immediately after liberation,thus cont,ertin& it into 'a barren appendage . of the old state mechanism and'takirg away any authority and competency. In Czechoslovakia the attempts of the people,e authority degenerated into bureaucratic- administrative bodies,_intoland it has become a kind of political body for Ins'Petion. without any authority, in Hungary they turned .them into political commissions aid in Bulgaria they became fused with the political organizations. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 31 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 acnEwir T iib 2k N S1F,.A.T 111 OW SE CPYRGHT SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS ? VICE This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. NO. 256 THIS IS AN ?ENCLOSURE DO NOT DE, ACH HEADLINES 25X1A ust 29, 1950, BORBA P.1. FOR GREATER SUCCESS OF LOAN (3 cols.) WORKERS COLLECTIVES TAKE OVER ENTERPRISES (3 cols.) BUYING UP OF WHITE CEREALS (1 col.) MARSHAL TITO GIVES LUNCHEON FOR MR. & MRS. DAVIS KARBELJ RECEIVES MR. DAVIES P.2. SOME IRRESPONSIBLE WORK IN HOSPITALS (2 cols.) NEW SUMMER THEATER AND PLAYGROUND IN BITOLJ AFTER REORGANIZATION PEOPLES COMMITTEES IN TITOVO UZICE DOING BETTER WORK AROUND 15,000 EDUCATIONAL WORKERS ARE VACATIONING MAREO ORESKOVIC: AUTOBIOGRAPHY P.3. SUNDRY ECONOMIC ITEMS WAR IN KOREA: Tokyo: North Koreans Attack Pohang and Taegu Pyongyang: Communique From North Korean Headquarters Tokyo: Mac Arthur Headquarters Communiaue LAKE SUCCESS: SECURITY COUNCIL HOLDS SECRET SESSION WASHINGTON: MAC ARTHUR'S STATEMENT ON FORMOSA RECALLED BERLIN: PROTESTS BECAUSE OF SOVIET MAIL LIMITATIONS ATHENS: NEW GREEK MINISTERS PEKING: CHU EN LAY TELEGRAM TO ACHESON FOR VIOLATION OF AIR LIMITS VIENNA: FORMER GESTAPO CHIEF FREED TOKYO: AMERICAN DENIAL OF CHU EN LAY TELEGRAM MOSCOW: SOVIET NOTE TO USA FOR FREEING JAPENESE WAR CRIMINALS AGAINST SLANDERS AND MIS-INFORMATION ORDER OF CP ITALY IN CONNECTION WITH OPEN IETTER BY DAVID DOMENIGQ * WASHINGTON: SENATE APPROVES OF FINANCIAL CREDITS FOR 1950 BERLIN: CONGRESS OF GERMAN NATIONAL FRONT Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ' -2- P.4,, WHAT IS SLOWING DOWN CAPITAL BUILDINGS IN VOJVODINA COOPERATIVES SHORT NEWS ITEMS FROM LAND GLAS PEI. TRIESTE: DEMAND OF SLUVENE STUDENTS AND CULTURE ORGANIZATION MANILA: GOVERNMENT TROOPS AND PARTISAN FORCES FIGHT P.2. TEXTILE FACTORY IMPROVES QUALITY OF PRODUCT COMMUNAL: PROBLEMS IN CUE CITIES P.3, WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR INFERIOR QUALITY OF FRUIT AND VEGETABLES AT MARKET PLACES IN BELGRADE P.4, MACEDONIAN TCBACCO EXCELLENT THIS YEAR 143 KILOMETERS OF NEW HIGH TENSION WIRES IN B&H RAD P.1. TRANSFER OF LABOR SURPLUS SHOULD BE COMMENCED P.2, RIJEKA WATERWORKS CAPACITY TO BE INCREASED * P.3. EARTH RADIATORS TO REPLACE IMPRACTICAL STOVES REPUBLIKA P.1, PUBLISHING ACTIVITIES IN FPRY IN 1949 * Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -3 - MARSHAL TITO GIVES LUNCHEON IN HONOR OF MR. & MRS. DAVIES Ble0, August 28 el The Premier of the Federal Government Marshal Josip Broz Tito, today gave a luncheon honoring Mr. & Mrs Ernest Davies, undersecretary of Foreign Affairs of Great Britain. The luncheon was also attended by Mr. Charles Peakeand wifel Mr. Mason, secretary to'Mr. Davies) and Leo Mates, assistant minister of foreign affairs FPIff, as well as Pavle Beljanski, deputy protocol chief of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. KARDELJ RECEIVES MR, DAVIES Mr. Ernest Davies, who spent part of his annual vacation in Dubrovnik, visited Bled yesterday afternoon, accompanied by the British ,Ambassador Mr. Charles Peake. He was received by Edvardne Kardelj, vice pPemier of the Federal Government and Minister of Foreign hffairs. -Davies leaves Yugoslavia tomorrow .end returns to London, (Borba-August 29) CP ITALY ORDER-IN.-CONNECTION WITH OPEN LETTER BY DAVID DOMENICO Another, little article concerning Yugoslavia was published in ? the organ of .the CP Italy,UNITA. In it -- nothing new, The writer-. a certain Kirilo Rijabin, w777Tke the rest of his Cominform pen' brotherstin aavery miserable position: to prove something without having- proof.- However, there is a tested recipe for this operation argumentation with the aid of "well-known facts". But why once again serve the readers this tasteless and indigestable food? There was no other food to serve. The writer of the article Used'an even 18 "well-known arguments", naturally without. any foundation, and finished the article 'promising to follow it up in future UNITA issues. All in all this isn't worth mentioning, but something else is important and that is the intensified activity of UNITA which comes directly after the CP Italy leadership once again called its entire membership to its feet. Hanibal ante portas: A new enemy before the gate of the tottering palace: The authority of the Cominform leader- ship has been shaken up considerably by the appearance of the Open letter which was addressed to the Italian public recently'by the former member of the CP Italy, David Domenico. (This unbeliever, who dared ask the leadership unpleasant questions about Yugoslavia, was excluded from the .Party because'of "traitorous wore.) The open letter had a much greater echo in Italy, what with its lucid and unequivocalArguthents, than did' the confused jabbering of the editorial staff of UNITA. First of all, David Domenico gives the reasons and the conditions surrounding his ?CP exclusion, what methods the Cominfermists use against disobedient peoples and recalcitrant individuals; ? just what the revisionism of the Soviet leaders consists of; what relations between socialist countries should be; and many other, well explained principaled postulates. ' Domenico then mentions the various facts that are really well-known, ? such as the statement by Togliatti on Yugoslavia made before the Cominform anathema. He also mentions statements which are at present being made by progressive ,people throughout the world who have become convinced of the lies in the Cominform propaganda and have seen the daily failures of the workers movement in Italy caused by blind adherence to the policy of the Soviet leaders. ? Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For ReleaSe 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -4- The CP Italy leadership correctly appraised the dangqr Domenico's open letter held toward its already weakened authority . and it placed into action its entire propaganda apparatus, sittultaneously increasing its campaign of lies against Yugoslavia. Thi, of courses includes UNITA with'its petty articles on.Yugoslavia which have been published and which, as the paper promises, wIll be published. But, can documented .arguments be opposed by fabrications which are more transparent with each passing day? They cannot-and those sitting in the CPIdirectorate are well aware of, this. And since the voice of truth could not be drowned out by the clamor of UNITA and other similar papers., this was attempted by other, more radical measures. First of all, the CPI. directorate forbade its'membership to read ? the open letter of Domenico. The letterltherefore, was placed on the "index of forbidden books" in the best of medieval inquisition style. But even the CPI leadership cannot be so infantile as to believe that today, in the 20th century, it can forbid the people to read,, speak or think. Therefore they have mitigated this order slightly by . suggesting to the party members that they simply ignore the open letter, and forget that it ever existed. And finally, when they came to the conclusion that this order as well was bound to fail, they gave ?: party members the task of collecting copies of the letter and handing 'them in they even offered, awards to those who Collected the mostl Alas, a wise leadership: Aside from so many burning problems which daily pop up , the Italian communists have the additional task * of scampering about collecting copies of the anathematized-open letter. In order to somehow "get them out of circulation". Just what will happen to these copies when.a sufficient quantity is collected can easily be surmize'. We just don't yet know exactly whether it will be a public burning of the simple kind or possibly with an accompanying ritual. Truly it wouldn't be a bad idea if a medium sized manifestation were afforded to the celebration regarding the burnimr, of this heretical letter and at the same time this would give another occasion to extend proofs of obedience ;rld devotion to the "omniscient one". But the CPI probably knows that the wheel of history does not turn back and the time has long passed when pyres could strangle the voice of truth. They also must know that much can be learned from history and from-their own histrmy in particular. Truth -- which was spread by Bruno, Bannini, Galileo -- could not be stc ped by medieval pyres. Today even less can be achieved by these methods, i.e., by trying to stifle the truth concerning the revisionism of the Soviet leadership, concerning the truth about Yugoslavia and concerning many other facts which are daily becoming more well-known in the true sense of that word. (Borba '_ugust 29) NINTH CHESS. OLYMPIAD Standings: Yugoslavia -- 19.5; West Germany -- 16.5; USA -- 15.5; Holland -- 15.5; Argentina -- 15. (1) Belgium -- 14.5;:: Chile -- 13.5 (1), Finland - 12.5; Sweden -- 12; Peru -- 10.5; France 7- 10; Austria -- 9; Italy -- 8.5; Denmark -- $; Norway -- 7; Greece -- 3,5. The Olympiad continues. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 And finally, in order that this Jependence be even further consolidated, the people's councilsare not even entrusted with economy on a local scale; they they have no material bis and liVe from grants. Without a material basis self-determination .is an empty phrase. In the tight of this even the property of the old local bodies, abolished by the law, "becomes state property" and is not under the management of the people's council. Such councils, restricted in their, authority and rights to the advantage of the bureacratic cetralistic bodies have to "keep in permanent contact with the masses of the people". This contact is very indistict, for the present law does not foresee electoral meetings as one of the most important forms of the parti- cipation of the people in executing authority. There is no mention of an electoral body, its role -1- leork of the local authorities, their mutual co-operation, the obligations and responsibilities of these bodies towards the electors, and the control of the masses. It is true that it mentions " the submission of public reports about the activities of the people's councils", but to whom how and to what extent remains unknown. This is fhow the Polish law Appears, and it ought f'4-rmally to the local authorities, and at the same time to deprive them of any power. The law speaks for itself of how the Cominform leaders, who have over-slept the'tithe in the struggle and in the fire of the revolution when they should have dug the foundations ' 'of :'a new society now like the masons in the story 0 added the foundations utertrath their model democracy, which foundations have been imported from the Soviet Union and wroked on the design of'the old building. By making decrees of this kind it is not ?possiblg either to fill up the void in the system of authority or to put , an end to the general stagnation in these countries and prevent , the crisis of socialist democracy, which came about because of , the revision of the basic conceptions of Marxism and the neglect. of the general laws of development. By all these and similar half measures, the Cominformist balcony which hangs between earth,and sky can have no support from the ground. The masses ' will not allow themselves to be suppressed :e much nor can they be deceived for long. The truth about Yugoslavia, and that means the 'truth ,about a true socialist democracy, will give them the support and the strength to achieve their rights. So far in the contr011ed socialist world darkness of conscience and morals reigns, but the dawn is beginning to rise and a new day must come. "' Sd. S.LJ. (BORBA, 27th August 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 PUBLISHING ACTIVITY IN FPR4F YUGOSLAVIA DURING 1949, The Directorate of Information has published an informative handbook about publishing activity in Yugoslavia. In 1949, the total number of edited books and brochures amounted to 3,563, which were published in 26.,669,616- copies. -The total number of books published by the Peopiels Republics is as follows: Serbia Croatia Slovenia (in Slovene) Bosna and Herce- govina Macedonia (in Macedonian) Montenegro 1,847 1,029 393 146 133 15 Total 3,563 . 2,939 of these were written by domestic authors and published in 21,780,667 copies, while the.remaining 624 were written by foreign authors and published in 4,888,949 copies. 1. 2. A table about this would read as follows: Kind or subject of a book: Amount of books: Philosophy. Dialectic materialism. 6 Social-political questions. 1,021 Amount of.copies: 12,000 lo,035,442 3. History. Geography. 78 546,089 4, Linguistics. 27 92,30 5. Natural sciences. Mathematics. 219 1,580,893 6. Applied sciences. 820 3,999,311' 7. Literature. 335 2,955,825 8. Art. Dances. Sport. 244 843,357 9. Religion. 24 132,480 10. General questions. 16? 1.582,022 Total , ? 2,939 21,780,667 Books published in the languages in Hungarian in Albanian in Italian in Slovak in Rumanian in Turkish in Rusine of national minorities in 1949: Number of books: Z4 58 41 29 9 2 2 Number of copies: 330,100 439,557 106,250 72,300 32,000 18,000 5,000 Translations from Number of books: Number of copies: Russian 474 3,936,149 French 30 227;800 English 33 209,400 German 38 190,600 Bulgarian 11 94,000 Polish 3 60,000 Czech 10 57,000 Spanish 6 49,000 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? -9- Translations from Italian Hungarian Greek Number of books: Number of copies: 8 4 31,000 19,000 15,000 The total number of edited translations of books and brochures amounts to 624; they were published in 4,888,949 copies. These figures reveal a constant increase not only in regard to pre-war, but also in regard to post-war publishing activity. A considerable increase can be noticed especially in the publications of books on the languages of the national minorities. Before the war, there were hardly any boos and brochures published in Albanian, Turkish and Rusin? languages (Hepublika, August -29, 1950) ? Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 3 Approved For ReinfPrgiffteMAE CiP/RGHT DO NOT MACH J11 0111 IN Ill" III _Ile_ _A. IN _111_,A. III 1900021-M A I 0 IN SJIB C IIF- SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and .periodicals, it is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. No. 263. September?15.) 11,7,AD1INE5. BORBA P.1. STATETL?Hr OF COMAN ..]DVAILD EARDELJ or STAt; OF THJI: rria. TOAUS C1J TAR IN KOREA. LAM SUCCESS: SECURITY COUNCIL SESSION. FOR GREATER SUCCESS OF PEOPLE'S LOAN: DY THE FIFTH DAY 3,672,569,000, DELEGAT1(" OF 3RITISH NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR PEACE ARRIVES IN BELGRADE. P.2. P.3 BEFORE THE BEGINING OF SUGAR BEET PROCESSING. INCREASED PRODUCTION IN B and H COAL MINES. A SOCIETY OF EMPLOYEES OF MOSLEM RELIGIOUS UNION FOR B and H FOUNDED. WORKERS' COUNCILS TAKING OVER ENTERPRISE LANACEHTWT. ENGINEERS SCHOOL GRADUATION. TEXTILE INDUSTRY BEING BUILT IN HERZEGOVINA. BETTER TAX COL' ECTIJTG IN SOI1130R COUNTY. TRIAL OF SPIES ENDS IN f3ELGRA!)E. GROUP OF FRENCH IIT-ATI IN OUR COUf. GENERAL DIRECTOR OF WHO SOJOURN IN YUGOSLAVIA. PARIS: CPSECRETARY OF COUNTY EXPELLED. TRIESTE: PROTESTS OF TRIESTE INHABITANTS BECAUSE OF DIS- CRIMINATORY MEASURES OF ANTLO-AMERICAN MILITARY AUTHORITIES, GRAVE POSITION OF CONVICTS IN ALBANIA. SOFIA: ORGANS OF BULGARIAN STATE SECURITY INTERNING INHABITANTS. WAR IN KOREA: Tokyo: According to MacArthur's Communique American Forces Advance on Central Sector. Pyongyang: North Korean Communique. -Tokyo: MacArthur's Headquarters Afternoon Communique. ? Tokyo: Communique of 8th Army in the Lake Success. Foreign Agencies Report the Shooting Down of a Soviet Aircraft Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 P.3. YUGOSLAV DELEGATION LEAVES FOR INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND MEETING. POLITIKA. P.2. IN CONNECTION WITH THE INCIDEND ON YUGOSLAV-ALBANIAN BORDER. P.4. A REPAIR CREW FOR BELGRAY, WATER WORKS. GUIS. P.1, PARIS: RIOTS IN PARIS. PARIS: PREPARATIONS FOR INCREASING MILITARY SERVICE. PARIS: JUMP IN PRIO,ES OF WIDE CONSUMER ARTICLES. P.3 WITH THE MINE SWEEPERS ON A TASK OF MINE SWEEPING. BELGRADE MARKET STILL HAS POOR QUALITY OF FRUIT AND VEGETABLES. P . 2 . - P.3. RAD. NEW THERMAL PLANT IN B and H. WHY IS THE SIGNING OF THE PEACE TREATY WITH AUSTRIA BEING DELAYED. NEW METHOD OF WORK AT SHIPYARDS. SLOVENSKI POROCEVALEC Sept. 4, 1950. YUGOSLAV INSTITUTE FOR SHIP CONSTRUCTION. PREKMURJE TO GROW MORE CEREALS. AMELIORATION SCHEMES 'IN THE MIRNA VALLEY. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -3- END OF SPY TRIAL IN BELGRADE The secend adduse, Trajian FLOR., was questioned in the Continuation of the trial of a groUp'of traitors who worked against the freedom and independence of our homeland upon the orders of the Rumanian Ambassador in Belgrade. ? The accused FLOR tried to present all of his ties with the escape of Yeriolan LUPSIC and other spy tasks which were assigned to him by the Rumanian Embassy, as a result of his ?awkwardness" to "find his bearings" in a complicated poli- tical situation. However, to the questions of the presiding judge and the prosecutor he admitted that he had four meet- ings with Ambassador RUDENKO at the Rumanian Embassy, and that the first meeting was immediately after the Cominform resolution's announcement. He further admitted that Rudenko put him in contact with BUGNARIJE from whom he received illegal material. In the beginning the accused Flor did not admit that he had received that material for the purpose of making more copies. But when he had the question put to him as to why he received the third accused, Vladislav SIMONOV, at his home, the latter bringing a typewriter and a duplication machine for the purpose of copying the material which was given to him directly by Flor, he then admitted his guilt. During the hearing Flor further asserted that he put Simonov in contact with the Rumanian Embassy, and the latter there submitted a slanderous article against the FPRY. To the question of the presiding judge as to whether he had decided to escape across the border, the accused Flor replied that Lupsic was preparing him for it. However, as the first accused had already stated, Rudenko came out against the escape of Flor into Rumania since he was a wealthy peasant and the "Yugoslav press" could use that fact for propaganda purposes. The accused Simonov admitted that he organized the print- ing of illegal material in the home of the accused Flor at Banatsko Novo Selo, and that he came into contact with the Rumanian Embassy through him. The Rumanian Embassy gave him illegal material for duplication and dissemination, he ad- mitted, and he himself wrote slanderous articles against our couritry. By a partial answering of questions he tried to present all of his hostile work as a "desire" to acquaint himself in detail with the controversy between the leader- ship of the USSR and Yugoslavia. However, his assertion fell through when the presiding judge asked him how many copies he made of the articles published in the papers Nova Borba, For a Lastin Peace and People's Democrafa. The accused stated that he made 200 copies of such articles. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 He 'admitted that he diseeminated that materialoutside of his group which consisted of himself and ? five other-employees of the institution where he worked, . The PublAC Prosecutor Summed up the proscution yaster- day. He underscored that the trial had proven- that: the work and criminal actsof:the- accused must be cOnsidered as within the framework of the plotting counterrevolutionary activi- ties-which .the Soviet State leadership and. its satellites have been carrying outagainst our country, its state and party leader;3hip since the Cominform resolution. Since that enemy and counter-revolutionary activity did not receive support from the people's masses, the Soviet and other types of revisionists began to mobilize, through their diplomatic representations in our country, various wavering individuals and spies to carry out subversive and .counter-revolutionary activities against Our people, ? Such individuals, continued the public prosecutor, we see before us in the persons of Lupsic, Flor and Simonov whom the Rumanian Ambassador -Organized, assigned tasks to and suborned them to do subversive work against the FPRY, The Public Prosecutor then pointed out that the plotters-- Ambassador Rudenko and other members of the Embassy--forgot the struggle of our delegation for the interest of the Ruman- ian people at the Paris Conference and forgot the political and economic sacrifices of the Yugoslav people who, during difficult days in Rumania, sent thousands of carloads of wheat to Rumania and extended other economic aid as well. The prosecutor ATANACKOVIC once again clarified with documentation the counter-revolutionary and plotting charaoter of Rudenko, and other Rumanian diplomaticerep- resentatives during yesterday's hearing. Rudenko person- ally enlisted Lupsic for enemy work, giving him the task to go through the villages inhabited by the Rumanian min- ority and organized conferences where the members of the Rumanian national minority would be incited against the FPRY leadership, as well as to hand out illegal Material and organize subversive groups. Realizing the Lupsic Would aeon be discovered, Rudenko decided to person,9.11y organize his escape, stating that it would evenbe useful if Lupsia was caught by our state organs, since: "If they arrest 'you-- said Rudenko--that will .he of use to us because we will announce how the members of national minorities are oppressed in Yugoslavia." In connection with Flor the prosecutor pointed out that he, under the pretext of bringing Rumanian cultural societies libraries up to date., visited Rudenko who put him in contact with the press attache. He received illegal material from the latter and in turn gave it to'Simonov, who was living in his home. Flor went further and took the task of trying to Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 . -.5- get Lupsic across the border into RUmania with the aid of Some of his friends.- He acc(pted the task of organi- zing groups and asked for directives for the work of. traitors of our country, living abread, through articles .and letters which he personally brought to the Rumanian Embassy, ? Ending the prosecutor pointed out that Lupsic and nor, although deputies of the Rumanian national minority, did not succeed in enlisting a .single member of the Rumanian minority in their enemy work. ? ? After the defense ended, the accused spoke add Lupsic underscored the proper: behavior of the investigation auth- orities during their investigation and during the trial. He stated that he could not believe that the coUnter- revolutionary,propaganda of the USSR and its satellites would take on such monstrous proportions and even less that the struggle for s67-called truth which they proclaim would use such undemocratic measures--even force. Flor, the second accuSed, admitted in full his criminal acts which were proven at the hearing and accepted the defense of his defense attorney. The third accused,; Simonov, stated that when he began his traitorous work he could not have, them believed that the controversy would. take on such scope ; he had believed that there would be a peaceful .solution of the controversy' between our party ,and the CC CPSU (b). he asked the court to consider his work not as a struggle against the present order of the FPRY,? hut as -"a desire that he personally and the few persons connected with him acquaint themselves with the real: truth. With this the trial ended. The sentences will be announced at 6:00 p.m. today. .(BORBA:, September .6, 1950) IN CONNEXION WITH THE INCIDENTS ON THE YUGOStAV-AtBANIAN BORDER Propaganda maneuvers of ..the Albanian Government. lave 'become more frequent of .late. Albanian border guards are provoking incidents on OUT border. Our Government immed- iately protests to the Albanian Government because of this but reeives no answers to its lao:t8 ?sinCe.the Albanian. - Government has no facts which could.reinforces actions. However, soon after a note is sent the Albanian. telegraph agency suddenly announces' how the Yugoslays ( 0 carried out -jlew violations of the Albanian border,- This of course is immediately carried by Tass,' Pravda .and IzvestiiL, which point to the"aggressivd'intentions of Yugoslavia:. .,The object is. clear: first, to show Yugoslavia as a country, Which is supposedly preparing to attack 'Albania; second, to. conceal At the same time the Albanian armed provocations and serious Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-6 -6- border violations. For purposes of illustration, we will mention only a few border incidents caused by Albanian frontier organs, and because of which our Government sent official protests to the Albanian Government. However, all these incidents were made to appear as caused by 'Yugoslavia, instead of Albania, by the Cominform propaganda. On July 25 Albanian soldiers fired upon Yugoslav territory from the Albanian villaee of Pentar, 12i kilo- meters north of the estuary of the river Bojana. On August 6, on the border near Delisenica, 5 kilometers northeast of Debar, a group of 15 Albanian soldiers opened heavy machine gun fire and fired about 300 rounds on Yugo- slav border -uards who were 100 meters within the Yugo- slav border. Our patrol? only withdrew further into the Yugoslav territory and did not reply to this attack. On August 8 a group of 12 Albanian soldiers crossed the frontier line at a point 12 kilometers to the southwest of the village of Restelina near Hill No. 2122 and went 50 meters inside the Yugoslav territory. On August 11 the Albanian frontier guards moved four frontier stones five meters inside the Yugoslav territory near Hill No. 790 at a point Q kilometers to the southwest of Djakovica. On August 15 three Albanian soldiers went 100 meters inside the Yugoslav territory near Hill No. 2475 at a point 10 kilometers to the northwest of the village of Zirovnica, and on that occasion fired in the direction of the Yugoslav territory. On August 18 near the Yugoslav blockhouse "Sveti Ilija", at a point 2 kilometers to the south of Ljubaniste, the Albanian frontier guards opened rifle fire on our territory. And now 7)ou have a picture of the incidents at the Yugoslav-Albanian frontier which, according to the Comin- form propaganda, were provoked by the Yugoslays. And, as we have already said, instead of an official reply to the Yugoslav notes of protest, the Albanian,Government has simply made a small exchange--it has turned the attacker into the attacked and vice versa. But, this is no novelty for the Albanian rulers. The Albanian propaganda, like all the other Cominform propagandas, has for a long time been applying this maneuver. Let us only remember the case of. "flying by Yugoslav aircraft over Albanian territory" in July of last year. At that time both the Albanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the entire Albanian Propaganda apparatus raised a great ado about the violation of the Albanian air space by the Yugoslav aircraft. At that time, like today, the Albanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs resorted to metamorphosis: Polish aircraft G-47 No. 5, Soviet aircraft Sp-47 No. 004, Soviet aircraft Iz-12, Hungarian aircraft lASOVJET Ha-ha, which flew over the Yugoslav territory to Albania, with the knowledge of both Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 the YUgoslav andAlbanian Go.vernments,.were metamor' sed into Yugoslav aircraft, Naturally, the 'entire,Corn- inform propaganda immediately started yelling,abp-gi thi "imperialistic" in;entions of yugoslavia towardS Albanfa.i You see, the same story as todaYonlY instead of.Yugo- slav aircraftt this time ;Yugoslav? soldiers who ara fig4ng at and violating the Albann frontier. , , Our Government has ?seral times warned the Albanian? Government of the provocations made by its organs-, and bas proposed thc undertaking of measures which would clear any misunderstanding with,,respect to the frontier marks .(new arid clearer indications of these Ithrks).. And not only that, our Government has asked that thefe be set up a mixed commission which would examint all the frontier in-. cidents and cases of "vk>1.1tion" ,of the Oranian frontier, about which the ( ntire Cominform: propaganda is trumpeting so much, But, the Albanian Government has refused all that. Naturqlly, that is understAndahle. 'It would not pay the Ailbaniap Government. to have a mixed commission which would only haye to asc,ertain frontier' incidents provoked by the Alb-mian frontier guards by the order of their- superqors.- in...31-1ch a gase 'the Albanian Government would find itself in a very awkward position--it would have to make soMe kind of excuses:, As it is, the Aiip-,nian rulers arakeeping Lc) the already tasted Cominform'smethod-o: we shall accuse Yugoslavia of variou frontier incidents and we shall thus serve "higher" aims of the Cominform 'propaganda, i.e., we shal Trove at ill costs Yugoslavia's aggressive intentions 'towards the stall country of Albania. ' All theso irresponsible steps, taken at 'theYugoslav- Albanian border by order of the Albanian GoVernment, will in no way contributn towards the establishment of a good neighbor policy between Yugoslavia and Albania. But, at all events they will achieve one resuItr-they will still further unmask the Cominform propaganda as being war- mongering propaganda which,,6nly'harms the peace and inter- national cooperation. tPOtiTIKA, September 6 1950) Approved ' for Release 2001/09/06' : CIA:RDP83.700415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 8 :DISPUTE ABOUT FORMO.S4 ;ON BEZIU.141%. COUNCIL Ad:ENDA FOR SEPTFMBER MEET Z NGSt ? The ?significance, as- well'ad delicacy of the ForMosa question as line?V the problems of the Far'East'has been underlined recently by Presidert Truman's order for the withdrawal of McArthurts message ti the American war veterans And Truman's open letter, to general Arthur in which it was pointed out that. general McArthur was suppesed to perform military, but not political functions.- The question of Formosa had become especially complicated since June 27, 1950, when, after the opening of the armed conflict in Korea, f4 Truman issued orders toothe 7th American fleet about "neutralizing" Formosa in order to prevent any possible assault by the PR of Chine armed forces. Such a decision, Truman stated, was necessary because "the occupation of Formosa on the part of communist forces .would be a direct threat to the security of the Pacific", furthermore " it would endanger the function of legitimate, as well as necessary activities of the USA in that zone". This decision of the American government met with strong reaction in China stating that Trumants declaration about Formosa was a Mere provocation, the Mao Tse Tung government declared that it could., not hinder their plans in connection with Formosa, which, in spite-of all, would be liberated according to the previous plans. Truman's. statement saying that "the decision about the future status of Formosa will be taken after the settlement of the question ofothe peace treaty with Japan" was also strongly criti- cized in, the.. PR of China. The government of the democratic China considered it as a' violationof agreements reached at' the Cairo and Postdamrconferences, namely that Formosa would belong to China after the capitulation of Japan. :But the question of Formosa has also a short history. After the successful operations of the People's 'army of China in Asia, on January. 5, 1950, TruMan,declared that on Formosa no Military aseietance should be offered any longer to Chiang-Kai-Shek. This statement of Truman's was thought to be an expression or wishes of the USA for?remainingneutral in the conflict between the Peoplets army of China and the remnants of the Chiang,Kai-Shek troops. There- fore this 'declaration was approved by a great number of. commentators of the western press, who believed that-any?interference of the USA in the question of Formosa would involve an armed conflict with the PR China, which. would in fact mean the beginning of another world war. In the meantime, the political circles ofthe republican party in the USA sharply attacked Truman because of this attitude in requesting that Chiang-Kai-Shek should be aided at all costs, not only financially, but also with arms. But official American policy refused any tort Ot military help to Chiang-Kai-Shek till . the outbreak of the_ confitot in Korea. -Two days prior to the event on the 38th parallel, Achesen, the secretary of the United. States Department of state said that Truman's declaration of January still remained valid. Trumants order issued to the American 7th fleet to "neutra- lize" Formosa only two days after hostilities started in Korea, encouraged the supporters of a policy in favour of helping the Chiang-Kai-Shek troops in their struggle against the People's army of China. While the commentators of the west pointed out that American interference in the problem of Formosa was a risky experiment because of the plesibility of war between USA and the PR China, having in view the Chinese preparations for the invasion of Formosa, on the other hand those who suonorted the idea that help should be given to Chiang-Kai-Shek, as well as a policy of suppression of the "communist bogey" by armed intervention, raised their heads, and, encouraged by this act of the American government, called for a war of salvation, considerino7 Formosa to be definitely included AlpgirovittEogiRetleamMiergift:eclAylgPl? -00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 9 - Among the latter, theeminister of the'American navy Frances Mathus :and. general McArthur in particular came out strongly in favour of this policy At.Beston, on the occasion of 150th anniversary of a naval shipyard, Mathus stated thdt USA should proclalmc'its readiness to declare war- "if need may be", to force collaboration in the -interest of peace. lige should express ?Ur determination, he Said, to cooperate on peace at ail costs, even at a price of embarking bn:a.WarP.-: His speech met with opposition and disapproval among the political circles in America, The American Secretary of State for foreign affairs refused to bear the responsibility for this Speech-stating that the minister did not represent American policy and added that "the USA was not inclined to start any sort of a war". The presidency of the government also refused to be, respon- sible for the Speech stating that it had not seen the speech before it was delivered, while the ministry of defence pointed out that the Speech did not voice its attitude. Even MathuE himself said to the journalists that his intention was not to express the government policy, but that he spoke " in his own name", ? In this way this event was smoothed over. But soon afterwards, when the situation became still more intense. McArthurls message to war veterans was announced, on the occasion of their annual meetines, which could cause new tension of the whole situation and mirfht be unfavourably interpreted in regard to the American ,,overnment if it were not withdrawn at the request of Truman. Considerine. Truman's order about the "neutra- lization" of Formosa as n definite decision to include this islnnd into the American :efence system, in his message adressed to the veterans of war McArthur stated that, according to United Press reports, "the occuTation of Formosa on the part of a power which is not friendly to us would" yield to the enemy a military base in the very centre of the American strate-ic borders". According to Reuterrs report, this message of McArthur was due to be announced on August 27, but in a tele;-ram to the chairman of the FeORFRtion of war veterans sent on that day McArthur informed that "he/received instructions to withdrew his message". In that onnnection Truman declared that USA consider the future legal status of Formosa to be consolated through international .action and that USA does not have any a,;,cressive plans on that island, nor in regard to the PR China, The White House announcement said that McArthurrs message was withdrawn "in order to avoid confusion over the USALs stand- point towards Formosa". The potential increased tension, as well as further sharpening of mutual relotione between the PR China and the USA in regard to the problem of Formosa, would not surprise the observers as much as it would worry them because of the possibility of surpassing the limits of a struggle in the field of diplomacy, But the deci- sion of the Pekin government to put the question of Formosa in front of the UNO, fractically carried out on August 25, when Chu En Lai sent a telegram to the secretary general of the UNO, Trygwe Lie and to the l_residing Soviet delegate to the Security Council, Malik, was interpreted by the western :press as a decision of the PR China to ,give up its intentions about invadino" Formosa, Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 10 - The USA reeresenttive in the Security Council, Austin aE2.reed that, accordinq to the Chinese proposal, the problem of Formosa can be tcken into eensideration, but he pointed out the folle)win action undertaken In Formosa at the time when that island was the battle field ef o c nflict with China", and "the conflict is a threat to the security of UNO forces which operate in Korea", furthermore, "the aetien of the USA has been impartial and aimed at .neutralization", as well as that "its action ,?loes not-prejudice the future rec..on on the political status of the island". cne. American- dinlemacy is tryina to justify its measures. by a neoC for pretectinR the rear of its forces in Korea. But in the meantime, the prospects for a quick liquidation of the ?armed .conflict in Korea do not seem very encouragin. Therefore this excuse will rrobably continue to be given as an argument of the present ;:mericin policy towards Formosa. The question of Formosa has beh en the Security Council aenda, but for the time bein it fete 1.2 exactly the same as of all other problems which have been on the Security Ccuncil arenda since. the beginning of August and wheh still are awaitim7 their solution. (Glas, Sept. 3, 1950. AGAINST SLANDERS AND -DIFINFOPMATI')N. The ItallEn 1.eekly rejer ":Vie Nuo,re" (New Paths) has been strugglino aga:Lest die fast decline of its circulation by either- -annnuncinF cempoitiens for the election of a Theauty QUeen" promisina prizes those who may contriute somethin7 to the increase of eerie sold; or Tuhli,shino sensational headlines: briefly, it us ee all ressible means, which, by the way, aleo- the,rest of the 1...arty -]eress in Italy is forced to use in order to survive, becace - owinv to its adherence to the Cominform line - it is 7:-.radually leine deprived of its reoutation it once enjoyed amonef its party rriembers. However, tho paper still - occasionally deals, with foreihn nolicy prebaMs, which in the case of this end other CP papers in Italy means to attack Yugo- slavia. Recently, certain Marin Schetini wrote in this.pq:er how the fishermen from Pescara are "waine war ac7ainst Tito". The reporter first introduced an old municipal councillor Don Luigi on the scene, Don Luiai used to visit poor fishermen while they were dozinr after lunch, because of the heat, and:woke them up one by one, in order to ask them to sin the Stockholm declaration. Just when they were ready te back to sleep, somebody else apared en the scene: the repartee Marie Schetini Then the fisherrIon awoke. Protests afzainst the atomic war were heard from everboy, and because they already talked about war, they also said eomethinc, about Yweslavia to the eminent journa- list. They nc'e te entch fish in thevicinity of the Ywzresla'r coast, but there they are considered as "bandits", ?persecuted and prevented fem Havin.. somehow broulat Yugoslavia in in connect-len with the Stockholm declaration, the reporter added what one fisherman?said sainst the atomic bomb. There. is really ,nn wonder why the. circulation of this and other party paper has been fast dleclininp-,,if their peace 7cropa- F.anda is beincf carried on in such a peculiar and unconvincinz. way (it, in fact, is hound t2 be like that when lies are used as argu- ments). There is no rloubt that the fisherMen from Pescara, Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 1 - ? as well as all the working people in Italy, are very interested in the maintennce of reace. But the actual fishermen from Pescara and ther rlaces in Italy have quite a different point of view about the stru:le for peace than "Vie Nuhve". If the rercrter Mario Schetini would only ar:,Terir mon,. them, he Will not be told (Mout war Yup;oslavia, but asked first of all to say why accor(lin:-, to an f-,reement 750 million lime were not handed to YucoslLvia as rayment for the ri,Pht to fish; further- more, why the owners of the fishin2. boats -refered to pay penalties to the Yur,oslav authorities occasionally than to pay regularly for their permits; finally, to write about their own wap;es, which were reduced by 15% in the course of the last seven months, becauhe their emrloyers make them actually pay for those penalties. But the nim (-if-the leadership of the OP of Italy, as well as of its press, iE not to i.r-,tect the interests of the w.orkiw people, who would mostly benefit from the obaervanee of the areement abrut fishin:7; on the contrary, they are nrepared to sacrifice the ifttercsts of the masses on the account of Einti- Yugoslav machinlitions, if there is the sliAltest.opportunity of sladerin Yucslavia. ? The wrrkinr people of Italy is not at all interested. in .hypocritical manifestations of peacefulness. It demands action .directed towards?the establishin7 of peace in addition to a real. struF171e for better. conditions of life, But the leadership of the GP of Italy quite unable to do t:nythirw except work out a resolution on rarer, in case of either strurle for. peace, or struFfle for roconition of workers riFhts. : Furthermore, in cenneCtion,with the settli.nre of .relations between Yuoslavia and Italy, it reveals its real asrect as an af7ent of the Soviet hegemonistic Tolley, which ,rrefers. the relations between the two countries to pet -worse, even at the exrense of the Italian workers. (Borba, Ser:t.5 ,1950). Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0' - 12 - TRUTH AND FREEDOM (continuation) ? by Skender Kulenovic. thinkethat in the story they only complete it. Because just recall the last' blow by the writerin. his critique. In the moment when we leave this company, "I4-1-In we cast bur last tlance on the company, a glanbe which should embrace everything and r'rasp the pith of. the matter, - our 'glance falls on those who have sunk into their "daydream" and"megalomaniat .plans". They remain contented in their dreaming - without even a teought of copying the others. They remain contented. With.justite. Certainly "certain big shots from a large Institution" will rot, becausetheyhawdone nothing in the story. Nor will that "still unknown: big shot of whom no-one knows for sure what he doea" - nothing has been allotted to him; because his part in the story. has been only to be wiselysandimpertantly Silent l. General Navala escapes from that company, perhaps he will not return to the villa - If he only gets a place in a trade union hostel or if he.finds sortie. shock- worker (if we are to believe his sister-in-law and the Assistant Minister's wife). The only one who they can still fear is.the Minister Stef, but not even hie, siter-in-law is afraid of Stef. They can then peacefully drawl., and by all appearances, not only dream but even realise their drams. Is that picture of Copid's correct, truthful? Can it help understanding of the Struggle which haS..been mentioned? -I leave the writer and readers themselves to draw the conclusion. I will leave out at the end4such questibns as for instance; the characterisation of the. personalities, the psychology, the situation, etc, - That does not :sect to me in this connection of such importance;- but I cannot avoid mentioning something which strikes me particUlarl.y:Oopic, who is ptherwise- a true humourist, does not stem to me here to be funny, indeed this is the first time that he has appeared to me to beunfunny: And those two or three sparkles of humour (personality and cypresses and the sister-in-law's question "and how do our comrades estimate him"?) are quickly submerged in. that impression which becomes, ever more gloomy' ? as the sketch draws to its end: This shows- bow even a,talented writer cannot give an untruth any kind of artistic verity, nothing - not even a satirical criticism!' Here at the same timeis an example how from ma old woman's point of view without any loftihess. and breadth of vision it is not possible to understand t!2.4)ve.ry truth of our life, nor artistically to grasp it. And finally here iS an ocample which although small very clearly shows the tremendous things connected with freedom of artistic creation. What is the use of freedom'as an:article of the Constitution and of freedom as a passion and courage of -my soul if I myself am free of the truth1 (KNJIZEVNE NOVINE- 29th August d.:!) . ABOUT THE POSSIBILITY OF CONCLUSION OF A PEACE- TREATY BETWEEN THE USSR AND EASTERN GERMANY A few days ago the Hamburg paper Die Welt announced the supposedly confidential draft of a Peace Treaty between the USSR and the East-German Democratic i-epublic. This news was relayed by the Western press agencies, which assigned considerable importance to it, while official and semi-official circles in London, Washine;ton and Bonn assumed, although with a certain amount of reserve, an attitude of the possibility of the conclusion of such a treaty. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 13 According-. to Reuter, the proposed peace treaty ennounced by the --paper Die ? Welt provides for the witiadrawal,of the Soviet occupatiOn. troops within six months after the date of conclusion. of the treatt and a demand that the troops of the Western Powers. be withdrawn widftn-the same, period of time, partidularly from Berlin, since the 'Soviet -GOVern?.. ment holds the view that this treaty concerns Germany as a whole, Eastern Germany is to be allowed to form..a 'Police Fdrcesof 100,000 men, a "Frontier" Police. Force of 50,000 men, and an "Auxiliary Force". .Also.to.be. allowed will be the introduction of 2 year compulsory. - military service in the present-Soviet occupation zone, production of -.light armament, and five years after the conclusion of the treaty q.???4 unrestricted productionof aircraft and ships as well. In the citod proposed peace treaty it is stated that the USSR considers:the-Yalta. agreement as having been "lost by "limitation", and, it ne longe .siders -itself bound by the Potsdam agreement which, it :states, 'the_ - -Western Powers hove violated. The draft peace treaty also provides for some other' questions, as the withdrawal of the Western Mark frot.circu- _latien in Berlin and of reparations for Eastern Germany, otc.',? ? The United Press Agency has published a similar report naming the Bonn Government's Ministry for General-German Affairs as its source of information.' ,Accordingto.this,Agency, the spokesmen of the said MinistrY-stato that the West-GermanTChancellowdenaUer-,? knew-two- weeks ago about the existance of this agreement. There-has-been-a-- similar reaction both,in--Washington and London to the,,news on the possible conclusion, of a peace treaty between the USSR:and the.East- German Democratic Republic. According to the France,Presse-Agency, the American official circles.are not confirting thiS heWS, but all the same consider that; in their opinion, "something of:the kind is logical and even likely". Washington experts on the'Germanlquestien say that it appears quite possible, that. the USSR will, after the Parliamentary elections which -will, be held in Eastern Germany on the 15th October, -?_ato.: conditions for the East.Jlerman_Government to avail itself,bf the propaganda based on the conclusion:of the peace. treaty. In the opinion of experts,:the eventual peace treaty between, the USSR and Eastern - Germany would, represent a,higher.bid in connection with :the.. new con- cession which will be granted' to Western Germany by the short-coming revision of the occupation statute., The American High" Commissioner for WestprnJI:ermany,. John McCloy?who Is momentarily inWashingten for talks wit Truman and. otheryfunctionariet., has-deelared that the ?.? reports on conclusion. of.a peace treaty with -Eastern ,Germany are, oniV a.propaganela manoeuvre. The.JIMerican High. Commissioner's represen- tative in Berlin has said. that such a. treaty -"obviously would not bind the.WeSt-German RepublicI'nor would the Allies recognise.it". Representatives of the British Foreign Office refuse to give their opinion on the authenticity .of the text of the. supposed peace treaty which the USSR,,is prepared to conclude with the East-German .Govprnment, ?. The British semiofficial circles consider the mentioned draft as -a propaganda procedUre designed to parry the, concessions granted by the Western Powers-to the West. German- Government and to point. out that the USSR will not.be..less, "magnanimous".: It is considered in ,London that the Soviet.Gevernmpn-twill, before: deciding on Eastern- Germany, wait to-see how far the concessions by the Estern Powers to the Adenauer .GoVernment- will go. As it is known, the of. the .three Western Powers will deal with the Occupation ,Statuteof,Western Germany at the, meeting. scheduled for September 12th. On the other hand- Chancellor Adenauer has sent .a.,new memorandum on the occupation statute_ to the: High Allied Commission, suppiementing-the earlier memorandum on "security". The contents of this memorandum, - ? which, McCloy has submitted to Washington, has net been revealed, but it ? can be discerned from articles which have appeared in the West-German- Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-6 - 14 - press. According to the West-German press, the Aenauer Government no lon;er content (as in the previous memorandum) with greater sovreignty in the realMs of home and foreign policies, but ,demands: I. , end of the state of war; 2. replencement-of the occupatien statutes by an agreement between the federal government and the Allied Govern- mrnyd, end, 3. drafting of this agreement by the mixed.German-Alled commissions, which, in fact, means giving absolute sovereignty to Western Germany. These end similar reports, which,eppeer more and more frequently in the press, show that the political and military questions of Germany have, of late, taken the first place in the plan. By and lerge, it appears that the Bic Powers are trying to cendelidate their positions behind the facade of giving greater independence to the Governments which have been formed in their respective zones. However, all overt and behind-the-scene combinetions show that the measures which the Big Powers are now making are not only in disharmony with the basic aspira- tions of the German working masses for the creation of a unified, inde- pendent and democratic Germany, but also they are opening for the German people a perspective of still 'Teeter disunity and dependence. (RilD 5th 6,ptember, 1950). STATEMENT BY EITN-IRD KARDELJ ON THE ATTITUDE OF THE FPRY TO .THE WAR IN KOREA The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Edward Kardelj, has sent the following reply to a question by the editorship of Borba on the atti- tude of the 'FPRY to the war in Korea: The attitude of 'Yugoslaviato the wer in Korea is settled by the following factors:e 1. . Yugoslavia is in principle and in practice in favour of the ri?;ht of every people to self-determination end egainst interference in the internal effairs of independent stetes. Starting from that standpoint she, naturally, harbours sympathy for the natural and historically mature' aspirations of the ,Si3tie Peoples to be free and independent, And so, socialist Yugoslavia lves moral and political support to oppressed peoples, if their fight loads to real freedom and real independence. That applies also to the Kerenn people, It is known that Tu7oslavia in its international p,litical activity has always supported the right of the Korean peopl, to unity, to inde- pendence and to choose their government nnd wae,ef life without inter- ference by foreign power. Unfortunately th-t has not come about in Korea. That country has become the abject of e fight between foreizm influences, a fight for the domination of th, world. 2. It is quite clear that under these circumntences the Korean .problem is a part of the general question of'peace in the world, which cannot be considered separately. Those who bear the responsibility for war in Korea must helm known that such a wer would profoundly threaten world peace, encourage "all the forces of aggression, speed up the war machincl3of the great powers and universally increase all international antagonism.. So it has come a'aout. The fact that they have, in spite of that, et this very time sterted on that road undis- putably confirms that they do not care for world peace, and still less for the freedom, independence and unity of the Korean people, but are only interested in exploiting the justifiable struggle of the Korean people in order to extend their i-Egemeny It is clear to everyone today that the Korean war is a savage blow to the affairs of peace in the world, simply because it serves foreign ho7,emonistic interests. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 5" Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -15- 3. . It is a generally known fact .that in Korea there exists a mass liberation and democratic movement which exprasses the aspirations and wishes of the Korean people in theirstrugle for independence and unity and in their fi-tt for democratic rights. However, the 'hepes.of.libera- tion of the people's masses have; here .as in many other parts of the world, been misused for the purposes offoreign hegemonistic politics which hide behind lying stories of help to the puan Tobple-in their fight for their independence And just becalA6/tii'armed action of the Northern Korean ::;overnment does not lead towards true liberation of the Korean people, although it subjects them: to terrible sufferings, end :Ytheir country to the destruction of war. It is obvious that the Korean _people at the presen time and in the actual circumstances in Which it finds itself should search for Other ways in its straggle tor its inde- pendence and unity, not allowing ite.struggleetoebe transformed into an instramentedf,forein hegemonistib politics. .Only that may would it make foreign intervention in Korea and A new threat to world Deate morally and politically impossible. Contrary to that, the Korean peorle has been thrown en the way Whith, (as Comrade Tito has said), does not lead to its independence; and the sacrifices which it makes today are not sacrifices tor its Own interests. Whet is more, not only does the 16,rat in:Kerea threaten world peace, but also brings into danger these aehievementawhich the Itorett keOple have already fought for and won. Once more4t,has boon confirmed that the leaded of a liberation move- ment, whenever whether Consciously or unconsciously, they become the instr.9.ments,of foreign he.gPMonistic tendencies must inflict harm on their people and the movement which they lead. ' Can it b, said that the Korean people are now nearer true independence and Unity then they were before 1-1E? present War? No, 'certainly not all to, those who desire an aggreasiVe vari have well utilieed and will Centinue/ utilise the Korean war further to ildermine peace and for a still quicker preparation for war Such circles eXist both in the Most and in the East, in spite of the noisy propaganda trumpetings about the love of peace. 4. The peOpleOfefugoslavia cannot avoid comparing the events over -Korea with the fact that they are already An the third yearHpfuninter- rupted, unscrupulous aggressive action on the part of the ceminform governments,elod by he government of the USSR against socialist Yugo- slavia, just :because its working people Ofcmd their right? to make their own decisions on their soil. :'.A11.is''ElggresPive policy against socialist Yugoslavia most conyintingly'speaks of the actual true policy of its organisors in other parts of the World. ' There. can bene doubt that those,who:pursue'n'aggressive, hegemonistic and anti'-socialist ipolicy towards socialist Yugoslavia cannot pursue in other parts of the world a difrerent policy, i,a., a peaCeloving, democratic, socialist policy of true ,equality of rights and the brotherhood of all peoples. , The policy of the cominform chiefs icing ago ceased to correspond to the interests of human progress and therefore inflict damage on all those -progressive and liberation movements which 'beCoMe their instrument All their present noisiness about their loyalty. to peace and about the 'aggressiveness ofeOthers will not, be able to hide their part of the res- ponsibility for the war in Korea and for the threat to world peace in general. ? 5. It is accordingly obvious that the peoples of Yugoslavia cannot make common cause With such a policy which is directed against the interests of World peace, and at the sane time inflicts only damage and misfortune on the Korean people.. - Besides that; they cannot lose sight Of the fact that the pre-sent war :in Korea in the last resort is a result of foreign interference in the internal affair s of Korea. and the factual division of that country. into two: Spheres of interest. :In accordance with such facts, the rwvernment of the PPYYJIas edopted a corresponding attitude in the Security Council, The Yugoslav delegate immediately at Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0- - 16 - the beginning of the war in Korea made efforts to bring about n cessation of oprationst.that both sides shoutd be heard and that a form of mediation should be found which would prevent the prolongation of the war and the danger of its extension, However, in that dire- tion success was not achieved. Nev'erthelen, the government of the FPRY considers that it will, most help theaffairs of peace if it con- tinues.strictly to adhere to Such a policy, ?eonsistently refusing?to- sapport any hegemonistie tendencies in Koren and trying to find way to limit and as quickly- .as possible to liquidate the Korean war. is self-evident that the ',:lovernment ofethe FPRY will thereby continue to proffer moral and politica/ help to the Korean people in their ? struggle for unity and for true independence. Along these -lines our delegation will act at the next SCSS1> of UNO, endeavouring b7 it.q? work to contribute to the quickest pessiblc, settlement of that ? question for the sake of maintaining peace in e world, and also in the interests of the Korear people themselves. Il (BORBA - 6th September 1750. ON THE STREETS OF BEIRUT The writer comments on the composition of Beirut, an oriental town with noticable French influences. He describes 4 walkin the markets, among the merchanpsbamoneylenders (one of these only 12 years old). He says in the riete is a system of free trade. The harbour is the free zone and this has enabled the Lebanon to become the principal supplier of the countries of the near and middle East. Last year over 1 million tons Passed through. The owner of the harbour is a Jr,nch company. In the post war years import has been mainly from the Western countries, led by the USA and followed by ireat Britain and France. The same proportions apply to the other countries surrounding the Lebanon. When the Korean war broke out goods cliappeared from the Libyan shops, to reappear a week later at higher price. OutSide the harbour lay an American aircraft carrier and n .number?of destroyers. The people commented with fear on the American fleet manoeuvres in the Mediterranean. Was that not the sign of the start of a new War? Would the Kr,rean war spread to BUrepe?. What had the Security Council decided? The population of Beirut are asking thesh questions while a dozen ships lie in their harbours with the starS and stripes at their mastheads. :Is always in such Circumstances the traders do good. business.. Prices trebled timeswhen .American sailors appear in the market. The harbour abounds with nightclubs and bars. For the inhabitants a most interesting spectacle was drunken American sailors. There were about 3,000 that evening in the town. After midnight the military 'police appeared. The writer was interested to watch their method of work. They would enter the bar, a number of drunken' soldiers had thrown the glasses about the floor. The 'police approached a couple' and asked them to leave. 11 blow of the fist was the answer. Truncheons got to work end in a second the unconscious drunks lay in a pool of blood on the floor. With ready arms they were thrown in a taxi which took them off to their ship. The patrol went on with a dozen taxis following. The-taxi-drivers were waiting for new victims of the military police. That' paidthem well. At every 20 paces the. picture -repeated itself and the column of taxis got smaller and smaller. The next evening we left Beirut. . (3d..11'NRILOVIC Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 (GLAS - Summary 2 cols. - 6th September) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 17 - WHY THE CONCLUSION OF THE PEACE TREATY WITH AUSTRIA IS POSTRONc3. A meeting of the Deputy Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union was called for the 7th September to work out a peace treaty with Austria. This is the 258th meeting since the beginning of.1946 when for the first time the Resolution of the Moscow Conference of 1943 concerning the regulation of relations with/Ofeated countries was put into practice. In the previous session's the Soviet Union's desire to put off the conclusion of a peace treaty with Hitler's ally Austria was clearly seen. The Soviet Union has so far put up various excuses for inde- finitely postponing an agreement about the remaining articles of the peace treaty with Austria. The Soviet Union, through its re- presentative Zarubin has emphasized the question of German pro- perty in Austria as the first obstacle in reaching an agreement. This manoeuvre was of great advantage to the USSR - the question of German property was settled in such a way that the Soviet Union gained everything she sought in exchange for dollars which the Western Powers paid to the Soviet Union for w!_"hhi)laing' her support of Yd-oelavia's rightftil demands. Those demands were that Slovene Carintbiz,, ethnographically inseparable from our country should be included into Yugoslavia. Immediately after this .Za- rubin made another demand- that there should be direct negotiation between the Soviet Union and Austria about compensation for oc- cupation expenses or, as the Soviet representative put it - about paying for "the 13Iief and services"which the USSR had offered to Austria since the war . However, the Soviet Union handed the Austrian Government such a high figure that it was questionable whether Austria was in a position to Pay. The Austrian Vice-Pre- mier Adolf ScheFf stated that Austria was prepared to meet all her debts to the USSR, although Austrian business circles were Of the opinion that the sum demanded did not correspond to the value of the goods received. The Austrian Government put forward several suggestions to clear up this disputed point but so far the Soviet Union has not re:died. After that the Soviet Union nut forward other objections. It is well-known that an agreement was reached a low', time azo about the article of the peace treaty concerning the denazification and demilitarison of Austria. But Zarubin raised the question again. And this7?ow they made a new excuse for holding up work on the peace treaty. At the beginning" of 1949 a Nazi Party called the Federation of Independence was formed in Austria before the parliamentary elections arranged for the 9th October 1949, the electoral law about candidates of the new electoral groups was brought up for discussion to the Federal Commission. The electoral law was primarily concerned with the Federation of Independence. Thanks to Lho sponsorship of the Soviet Union thr new law was approved and the iederation of Independence entered in the elec- tions. And lv,hen this Nazi Party gained 16 members in Parliament the Soviet representative announced that was too early for a peace treaty with Austria because the country has not been denazi- fied. Besides that we have the evidence and the announcement of the leader of the Federation of Independence the Nazi Slavik, a former SS officer(who in the name of pi pie who shared his opinion demanded that their political orientation should be towards the Eclet) concerning the Soviet Union's determination to carry out denaeification. Slavik explained his demand as being one way to solve the question of the ex National Socialists, for practice in the Eastern Zone of Germany had shown that under Soviet adminiation no one was asked what they had been but rather what the', were nleaseow. ApproVedForRe 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0' In their political machination about the Austrian peace treaty, theSOViet Union did not even try to make more or less convincing demands. As one of the latest exCuses for delaying the agreement Zarubin stated that it was necessary first of all to settle the question of internationaliing Trieste. The Soviet Government accompanied this iemand with an official Note to the USA, Great Britain and France written on the 20th April,this year. The Note demands that the Trieste cuestion should be solved as soon as possible. But neither the Sliviet Government nor its re- presentative Zarubin, nor the Soviet press, which reviewed the Note exhaustively were in the positich to explain the relation of the Trieste question, which coulj not be separated from the peace treaty with Italy, with the signing of the peace treaty with Austria. However, the aim was reached - the meetings were post- poned Still further. One might ask what aims the Soviet Union has in holding up-the conclusion of a peace treaty with Austria by all possible means. Western political circles consider that the Soviet Union does not wish 'to discontinue her occupation of Austria, because she would be obliged to withdraw her troops from this country and thereby from Hungary and Rumania as well where even today there ?are Soviet military units who remained there with the ex- tu'Se that thyare maintaining connections with Austria. Bes1de6 that the SoViet Union has important material advantages from occupying Austria. The Soviet authorities in?their Zone keep the Austrian crude oil production in their hands and control the entire exchange of goods, they dominate a number of former German undertakings which have now become the property of the USSR etc. The Soviet policy is to the advantage of the Western Powers because on the one hand it enables that to show that they are champions of peace and the independence of the people Voth before the Austrian people and the whole world, and on the other hand it enables them to retain the supremacy in their Zones unhindered . All the consequences the Soviet manoeuvres are borne by the Austrian people alone. They pay the expenses of occupation both of the Eastern and the Western occupation autho- tities and await their political an econordc independence with impatience'. Signed: LB: (RAD, 6th September, 1950) TRIESTE INHABITANTS PROTEST, Trieste, 5th September. In a number of discriminatory measures taken against the Slovenes in the Anglo-American Zone of the FTT, yesterday' the President of the Trieste Zone Palutan'Irefused to issue a permit for disp1ayin7 the Yurjoslav, Slovene and Tta:Lian flags with the Red. Star in the corner in connection with the 20th anniversary of the' Shooting of anti-Fascists at DasoVic and restricted the. posting of propaganda placards to this place alone. In connection' with these frequent discriminations a meeting of representatives of the CP FTT, the Liberation Front of the Slovene people Of the FTT, the Slovene-Italian Anti-Fascist Union, the Anti!-Fascist Slovene?-ItaiianWmen's Union, the Union of AnthFaScist Youth; the organisation of Former Political Victims an the representatives of the leadership of the United Class Syndicates was held in Trieste yesterday, Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release .2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -19- A Note of protest was sent by the meeting to the diree- of civil affairs of the Angle-American Zone of the FTT General Edelman. This Note condemns the anti-Slovene ani anti-democra- tic activities of the agents of the presidency of the Zone'. Tbe letter says that th*.agrnte of the presidency of the Zone were not entirely to blame for these measures of discrimination, but the Anglo-American Military Government which allow members of its lower bodies to uphold a c:euvinist policy towards the Slovenes was also responsible. At the same time, representatives of progressive democratic organisations of the Anglo-American Zone of the FTT, in their letter, demand that General Edelman receive them as soon as possible so as to explain to him about the measures of discrill+ination... The representative of the Anirlo-American Zone was obliged to submit to the demand of the democratic population . Yesterday afternoon, he gave permission for the isplay of these flags and extended the permit for placards to the entire Anglo-American Zone of the FTT and to the centre of the town of Trieste. However, the representatives of the progressive Trieste democratic organi- sations protested against this decision as well. (LORDA_, 6th September 1950) THE HARD POSITION IN ALBANIAN PRISONS, Tirana, 5th September. Because of the ever greater dissatIsfaction and opposition of the Albanian people to the hostile policy of their Government towards Yugoslavia, the Albanian authorities continue their ruth- less measures and their mass arrests throughont the khole country. The prisoners are treated inhumanly and instances of violent death are not infrequent. The Tirana prison Sigushmita has become renouned for its ruthless regime. All the prisoners sleep on the concrete floor and their only food is 300 (7., at raize bread .per 1ay:1 Col. Neston Uyaniku who immediately after the Cominform resolution was arrested in Skadar because he ail not agree with the resolution recently died .because of the conditions in the prison. His on Djemal a lieutenant of the pre-army train- ing in Kavaya was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment. Lyuto from Fir a lieutenant serving in Ginocastro died from whipping. Throughnut Albania there are camps whore entire families exist including even childrer and old people. In Vomias, a camp near Tirana there are 800 families mostly with small children. All the prisoners in this camp are fromfAouthern Albania. Prisonexs from Northern Albania are placed in7camps near Derat. Their position is ver4y hard and their treatment rough. The camp at Tepelen for families from Merdit is also notorious. Entire families are placed in all these camps whereas in the camp Himkri there are only men and the majority of these are from Northern Albania. (DORLA - 6th September 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0' ? -20- PRESS CONFENCE OF THE EZITIiH 1.Al1oi4A-4:uoUNGIL.FOd.TEACE: London 4th -September. 0; John Laurence, a 1--)ritish, journali.sit'and"' methber of the deleg,Ition of the iritis',h -tiOnaI,cOuncil.for Peace, who is leaving for Yugoslavia tomorrow announeed;"'We shall speak the truth and the truth only of what we see in Yugoslavia". The delegation is visiting Yugoslavia as guests of the Yugoslav National Committee for the defence of Peace to see for themselves whether the charges of the Cominform are true or not. John Laurence continued:" We shall examine the charges carefully as impartial observerse are a peace delegation and as such we send the best wishes of the British Partizans of Peace: to the -Yugoslav Fartizans of Peace. 'vle Shall examine in particular the cominform accusation that Yugoslavia is preparing. for war against her neighbours and that the Liaglo7Americans have established. military bases there. The result of our researches will at the same time be a reply to the charges a,-ainst Yugoslavi ". Lesla Schmitt, the director of the Conon announced at the opening of the 17.-ss conference that the Executive committee had welcomed the' invitation of the Yugoslav Committee with great satisfaction, and had acceptedit. He pointed out-that there had been 1,0 reply farm Bulgaria ,Hungery and umania either to the Yug)slav invitation or to the British nenuest to visit these c,untries. The London Lc-ations of thoss countries 1-1e', I- stated that the demand had, been passed on to the "capable authorities" . hen asked whether further steps had been taken to obtain a reply from these countries, Schmitt replied that the dema-d had been given five weeks ago and there was still time for delo,:ations to visit these countricz. (.Bo.rbt 5th. September 1-50 THE i)RITISH PEACE DELEGATION LLIGRe,DE The delegati:in of the eritish National -Council for Feede reached Delgr-de yesterday evenin by plane. Tie delegation was composed Of the Oxford professor Idris Foster, the journal- ists and essayist Kenneth Ingram, the journalist John Laurence, the Secretary of the Peace Pledge Union and member of t4,National Council of tie Pacifist Federal Union Sydn(y Bailey and/Nbichester Guardian's representative Mark Arnold Forster. The delc,i'ation was met at the if,ro,roaYthe President of Praesidium of the People's Assembly of PR Slovenia and the President of the National Committee for the Defence of Peace of Yugoslavia Josip Vidmar, the Secretary of the Yugoslav National Committee for the' Defence of Peace Mile Vitorovic, the director of the Faculty for Journalists and DiploMates and member of the Executive Committee of the Yugoslav National Committee for the Defence of Peace Dusan Timotijevic and Marij'.! Vilfan member of the Executive Committee of the Yugoslav National Committee for the Defence of Peace. (BORBA - 6th September, 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 'Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 NI CD IC NT T /111` IN S 111,_A.1111` 10 W IE WV - CPYRGHT . ? SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS 11 C]lE This Bulletin contains translations fr.om Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is 'intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed., NO.264 THIS IS AU ENCLOSURE DO NOT DETACH BORBA P.1. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF ORGANISATIONAL CHANGES IN THE PF SIXTH DAY LOAN TOTAL: 4,017,441,000 LAKE SUCCESS: MALIK VETOES AMERICAN KOREA RESOLUTION NEW YORK: YUGOSLAV EMIGRANTS WILL ALWAYS SUPPORT NET YUGOSLAVIA METING OF BRITISH COUNCIL FOR PEACE DELEG TION wITH MEMBERS OF YUGOSLAV NATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR THE DEFENCE OF PEACE P.2. LORD JOHN BOYD ORR VISITING DALMATIA 25X1A 1950. OF THE EVE OF NAVY DAY WORKERS' COUNCILS TAKING OVER VARIOUS ENTERPRISES * P.3. PLANNING WHICH DISORGANISES PRODUCTION- * MOSCOW: USSR .NOTE IN CONNECTION WITH SHOT DO7'114 SOVIET PLANES IN KOREA BELGIAN AMOR DIPIEREE ARRIVES IN BELGRADE TRIESTE: AUTHORITIES TRYING TO. SHUT DOWN SLOVENIAN SCHOOLS IN ANGLO-AMERICAN ZONE. FTT - * TRIESTE: FAILURE OF VIDALIITES PARIS: . ASSEMBLY OF INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND AND INTERNI TIONAL BANK WAR IN KOREA: TOKYO: NORTH KOREANS TAKE ?POHANG PYONGYANG: - NORTH KOREAN COMMUNIQUE TOKYO:.. 8TH AMERICAN. ARMY COMMUNIQUE WASHINGTON: TRUMAN APPROVS BUDGET LAW. NEW DELHI: TIET- DELEGATION ARRIVES IN NET DELHI BRIGHTON: ATTLEE PPEALS TO UNIONS TO SUPPORT GOVERNMENT ARMAMENT PLAN PARIS: STAND OF FRENCH GOVEIRNMENT TOWARDS GERMANY AND CHINA * ATHENS: ? VENIZELOS TO ASK FOR NEW ELECTIONS IF CONFIDENCE VOTE NOT GIVEN TO GOVERNMENT * COPEN1E,GEN: RESULTS OF DANISH ELECTIONS Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 r,/ Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 2 - P.3. COMINFORM "XPLICJATION7 OF THE -SUCCESSES OF OUR. EGON= P.4. 'JHY STOCKBRE:fDING L:GS IN VOJVODINA C.0-.CPERATIVES * NOVI SAD: NI71' SPORT AEROPLES CONSTRUCTED * SENTENCES PROOUNCED ON TRAITORS 11.-POLITIKA P.2. TRADITIONAL CEREMONIES. OF CZECH ..NTIONL MINORITY END P.3. ONE OF OUR FERTILE RICE FIELDS - 111? RAD P.1. SUNDRY ECONUIC ITEMS * P.2, IN THE SERVICE OF TRIESTE CAPITALISTS- ? * ? - P.3. i':YDRO-ELECTRIG 11-,ANT TO :!Fi FINISHED Y 'Y..-LR'S END ********** IV. NOVA MAKEDONIJA Sept. 5, 1950. BIG ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE STATE FARM AT LAZAROPOLJE IN LIVESTOCK BREEDING. P.3. A GROUP .OF RAILWAY EMPLOYEES TRIED IN SKOPLJE FOR CARELESSNESS AT WORK AND WASTAGES OF, NATIONAL PROPERTY. V. SLOVENSKI PO-OCFVALEC Sept. 5, 1950. 1'.1, NEW ORES DISCOVERED IN POSN AND HK10EGOVINA.. P.4, THE SHIPYARD AT ZADAR. VI. L4 VOCE DEL P:POLO Sept. 5, 1950. P.1. NEW YORK; THE QUESTION OF FORMOSA AND THE USA reLICY. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ' Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ,YUGOSLAV EMIGRANTS IN USA ALWAYS BEHIND NEW YUGOLAVIA , New York September 6/50 A meeting of Americans of Yugoslav extraction was hold in New York. The FPRY ambassador, Vladimir Popovic, and representatives of Yugoslav instit_Itions in New York were invited as guests, The meeting was'opened3Yhe vice-president of the Friends of Now Yugo- slavia Club, Anton Garma, who pointed out that Yugoslav emigrants in the USA will always support new Yugoslavia. "The Soviet leadership is trying in every way to destroy a small people because that heroic people will not follow its dictates"- said Aleksandar Jusic. He pointed out that the emigrants will never abandon the righteous caUse of the Yugoslav peoples. He spoke of the condition of the weekly Cominform paper Narcdni Glasnik as an illustration of the feelings of the Yugoslav emigrants in the USA. .That paper-had a large ciculation while it wrote the truth about Yugoslavia, but as soon as it began to slander Yugoslavia its circulation decreased rapidly and it had to change over from a daily to a weekly. " Th'e condition of that paper best shows on whose side the Yugoslav emigrants are"- said Jusic/. Ambassador Popovic spokewon the request of the audicnCe,, ? . He said that the people .of Yugoslavia are fighting by word and deed or +. the ns u n of UN principles and are therfore behind the E cilmma tion desires o m i_lions of ordinary folk throughout the world. Aftassador"Popovic warmly thanked our emigrants for all the aid they It , extending to the peoples of Yugoslavia. (Tanjug) 3ORBA', September 7/50) . SENTENCES PRONOUNCED AT TRAITOR TRIAL The trial of the trators and spies LUPSIC, FLOR and SIMONOV has ended. The following sentences were pronounced; Koriolan Lupsic was sentenced to ten years hard labor wnd three years loss of civil rights; Trajan Flor to 7i years of hard labor and two . years loss of civil rights; ,Vladislav Simonov five years hard labor and one year loss of civil rights. (Tanjug) (BORBA 1September 7/50) AUTHORITIES TRYING TO SHUT DOWN SLOVENE SCHOOLS IN TRIESTE The school department of the Anglo-American Military Command has received over a hundred letters from organisations of progressivw Slovene teachers, parents and students, protesting against discrim- inarory measures against Slovene schools. The letters protest against the continuation of fascist measures in Slovene schools. The letters stress the present 4 contions in Slovene schools in the ngio-American zone as showinOtagsire of the Anglo-American author- ities and the TRieste school authorities to gradually shut down all Slovenian schools. (BORBA,September 7/50) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R00630019000M - 4 - IN THE SERVICE OF THE TRIESTE CAPITALI3TS ? Recently since the Trieste workers' position has begun to get worse and worse, the reactionary.policy of the Vidaliites has become fully apparent in all their actions. Until recently Vidali at least partly tried' to conceal his close. co-operation With the factory owners and bosses. Today he apparently no longer condiders that necessary. His closest co-operators-have been responsible for replying to the . demand of the workers of Trieste's public warehouses for increased wages by saying"they have not the, right to demand increased pay because the general economic situation in Trieste is very unfavourable". This announcement proves how far the Vidaliites have left the revolutionary Marxist line. -Instead of leading-the workers in their fight for their rights and denouncing the policy of the Trieste . capitalists, the Vidaliites are defending the owners against the ?interests of the owners Obviously this attitude makes it easier for the workers to decide to dismiss all the workers who continue to demand increased pay. For, their, anti-working class activity they. find various excuses. They not only dodge every opportunity of supporting the workers in their rightful demands, but most obstinately refuse apy' co-operation in the actions which are undertaken by the United Class Trade Unions, today the .only fighters for the rights of the :working class of Trieste. The United ClasS, Trade Unions recently asked the Vi,daliite's and other Trade Unions to support the demands of certain workers that their employers shoujd pay wages according to the labour agreement. The Vidaliites refused, excusing themselves by saying that "all their Trade Union leaders were on holiday". The driparture from the revolutionary line by the Vidaliite . cominformists is also apparent in the- way they fan chauvinist passions against the Slovenejnhabitants. The Vidaliites in th0-factories of Trieste have put out of work 30 workers of -Slovene origin. With the help of the Vidaliites the employers also dismissed a large number of Slovene youths. The Trieste cominformists are alone responsible for the failure of a large number of strikes organised with the support of the United Class Trade Unions'. As a result of this treachery of 35 strikes which have been organised from January to May this year 22 failed and 9 ended with only partial success. e With this assistance employers have succeeded in refusing in that period in all 70% of the workers' demands. At the same time the influence of United Class Unions on the struggle of the Trieste workers steadily increases. The Trieste workers today already mostly are c-nvinced of the treachery of the Vidaliite Trade Unions, while in a great number of cases they have recognised the fighting action of the United Class Unions whose policy is concerned exclusively with the interests of the working class of Trieste. This was shown at the elections for the new factory committee in the "Ilva" foundry. . The cominformists who in co-opera- tion with the management of the works succeeded in forbidding United Class Union's list, got, in spite of pressure on the workers, only 621 of the votes. On many of the voting papers the workers wrote that they did not want to elect Fascists and traitors to the working class. They had a similar defeat at the harbour workers elections. when their candidate was defeated in favour of Ant-,n Bouk who was recently excluded from their fraction. Having completely renounced the interests of the Priest? working class Vidali and his cominformists are only directing their efforts in one direction, to blacken Yugoslavia with lies and slanders. But the Trieste workers are increasingly turning away from them towards their only true representatives - the United Class Trade Unions, (Sd.) M.H. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 :ppyi5zoyakopf,ilpipo...63ppli9oppto?mb ) --Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 LIST OF OFFICIAL RATES -5-. OF EXCHANGE NO.16 Albania Austria Belgium Bulgaria ? Czechoslovakia PQnmark Egypt England Finland France Holland Italy. Canada Hungary Germany Germany Norway Poland Roumania . U.S.A. Switzerland Sweden Turkey Note: 1. The exchange and expenses (on 100 Lekas 100 Austrian Schillings log Bel7ian,Zrancs 100 Bulgarian LeYas 100 Czech Crowns , 100 Danish Crown8' 1 Egyptian Pound 1 English ,Pound ? 100 Finnish Marks 100 French Franca 100 Dutch Firins 100 Metropolitan Liras 1 Canadian Dollar 100 Hungarian Florins 100 GermanMarks Eastern zone. of 100 German Marks Western zone of 100 Norwegian Crowns 100 Polish Hots - 100 Roumanian Lei 1 American Dollar 100 Swiss Francs 100 Swedish Crowns 100 Turkish Liras 100.- 192,3077* 100.- 17.544 100.- 725.164 143.558 140.- 21.739 14.285 1,315.79 10.- 43.351 425.- oc.1,200.- Oc.1,190.--476 14.?- 33.33 50.- 1,143.427 966.7_84 1 776.83 above rates are. used fer:_cnversin of foreign ? currencies, when a. charge is made for ?commission and the basis of a tariff):- 2. The above are medium rates of exehange applied both in the case of buying and selling, without any other additions or reductions. Therefore, there are no other rates of exchange in use except the medium rates of exchange. 3.* The rate of exchange for the Austrian Schilling is applied only for payments other than for goods end for the sale cnd purchase of effective Austrian 3chillingS. . Payments for goods with Austria are made through an account in "clearing" dollars From the Natic,hal Bank of the Tray, Central Office, August 23, 1950. (OFFICIAL GAZETTE OF THE FF:CT August 30th,,1950). Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R00630019000143- THE Ge4-11.FURh "ELPLANATIeN"'JF' OJR ECONOMIC 3UCUSSE3. The Cominform has termed Yug)slavia13 economic plan as an "adventurous plan", "unattainable megalomania" and s) on. ....... Recently at the fair in Trieste many Yugoslav products were displayed,such as lorries, and machinery etc. An Italian ,ournalist, Sergio writing in the Cominform paper il Lavoratore said "we know that Yugoslavia has many min raIs ana-EFal?herTruit and fish canning industries are highly developed" but he was much surpkised to see up-to-date lorries and precision machinery. He immediately finds an excuse for his surpriee. the machines were not produced in the FrRY but they had brought foreign "pre- fabricated" machines provided with Yugoslav trade marks to the fair: We believe that Serge? was surprised at what he saw at the fair, but he was hurt as well to think that Yugoslavia was able to produce these things despite the anathema from Moscow and despite the tales about the "megalomania" and "adventurism" of our Five Year Flan. (BORBA - Summary - 7th September 1950) MEETING OF THE BRITISH PEACE DELEGATION WITH MEMBES OF THE YUGOSLAV NATIONAL PEACE COMMITTEE. This morning the Eritish National Council for Peace met the following people who represented the YugaeLav National Committee for the Defence of Peace: J)sip Vidmar, the President )C the Free- sidium of the Pe)plets Assembly of Slovenia and President of the Yugoslav National Committee for the Defence of Peace, Niroslav Vitorovic Secretary of the Yugoslav National Committee, Dr. Sinisa Stankovic Academician and President )f the Praesidiut of the Icaple'z Assembly of IR Serbia, Miroslav Krleza writer and Vice-Yaosident of the Yugoslav Academy of Science and Art, Isiiora Sekulic, writer, Vida Tomsic President of the AFW of -Yu -oslavia, Radovati Lalic, pro- fessor, Marija Vilfan Assistant-Director of the Directorat of Information of the Yugoslav Government and Dusan Timotijevic, Prin- ciple of the Journalists and Diplomates Sch ))1. Josip Vidmar in the chair opened the meeting and greeted the British delegation. chtetohn Laurence bpoke in the name of the British delegation whose ord John Boyd Orr (- is at present travelling through Dalmatia. He said that their visit to Yugoslavia would have much reaction not only in Great Britain but throughout the whole world and amongst all true champions of peace. T'e meeting lasted over 2i hours and was carried on in most cordial atmosphere. (BORBA - 7th September 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -*-Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 SESSION OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL. Lake Success 6th September. , Immediately after the opening of today's session of the Security Council, the Soviet delegate Jakov. Malik submitted the text of the Soviet Note of Protest which was handed to the United States Government in connection with the incident with the Soviet ? aircraft which was shot down on the Western coast of Korea. The protest Note states that the American Government is responsible for the incident because the Soviet aircraft was flying unarmed outside the zone of Korean military operations. Malik mentioned that he did not demand that the Security Council discuss this question, stressing that it concerned exclusively the United States and the USSR. Replying to this the American delegate Austin, announced that the Council was entitled to act as it considered necessary over the Soviet Note of protest, adding that the American delegation would demand the Council to discuss the question. The British delegate Gladwyn Jebb in the chair mentioned that the Council was fully entitled to review both the Notes it had received: yesterday's American Note and today's Soviet. The members of the Security Council then went on with the debate started yesterday about Korea. The delegates of Cuba, Ecuador, Egypt and Kuomintang China were in favour of the American resolution which calls upon all member-countries to refuse to *its A assistance and encouragement to Northern Korea since she has refused to respect the decisions of the Security Council. The representat- ive of Southern Korea, who took part"in the debate but has not the right to vote expressed the hope that the American resolution would .he accepted;and the Soviet rejected. Malik protested. against this announcement:because he considered that the Southern Korean delegate was present merely to give information and not for putting forward' his opinion. Gladwyn Jebb as the British delegate announced that he supported the American resolution and that he would vote against the Soviet resolution, one point of which foresees the withdrawal of all foreign troops from Korea and the invitation of a.Northern Korean and a Chinese representative to the session, and another wtich demands that American bombing in Korea .cease. After the debate the American resolution was put to the vote and 9 delegates voted for it. The Yugoslav delegate abstained from voting. The Soviet delegate voted against' the resolution and put the vito on its being adopted in the Council. This' is the Soviet,? i 44th veto. Before the xi t Soviet resolution was put forward, the chairman mentioned that he invitation to the representative of Southern Korea to participate in the session remained in force only if the resolution were rejected, at the same time proposing that the text of the Soviet resolution be changed in this direction. However, Malik insisted that the Soviet resolution should be voted on in its original text. 8 delegates voted against the Soviet resolution and 2 delegates, the representatives of Yugoslav and Egypt abstained from voting. Only the Soviet delegate voted for the resolution. (BORBA_ - 7th September 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-&- -8- ? A GROUP OF FRENCH WRITERS IN OUR COUNTRY. A group of progressive,Franch writers who have come to learn the truth about Yugoslavia have arrived in-Ljubljana. The group consists of Claude Avelan who was in Yugoslavia in 1933 when the Pen Club congress was held- in Dubrovnik., Max DoVier the President :of the Fen Club of Belgium who had written several books on the First World War and Jean Divignaux, who has been to Yugoslavia before. He was a memter of the CP France and was expelled this year. The group also included Jouis Martin Sofier who wrote novels before 1918 and took part in the resistance movement in the Second World War. Now he is the president of the National Com- mittee- Of French-writers. Clara.Maleraux was a member of the CF during thb war and collaborated in the first -Viet Nam revolu- tionary movement. Edith Thomas a novelist has been to Yugoslavia. Last year she Was expelled from the Commurtst Party. Be Bosse a Belgian painter is on his way to Yugoslavia.. Today the group of French writers Was shown around the Ljubljana University library and the town by the Slovene writer Matej for. - 6th September 1950) THE GENERAL DIRECTOR OF THE INTERNATIONAL HEALTH ORGANISATION IN YUGOSLAVIA. The General Director of the International Health Organise.- tin Dr. Brook Chisho1i who has visit4d Yugeslavlo i3 loiaving our country today. He has visited health institutions in Beigrade, Sarajevo and Zagfeb. He emphasized that the Yugpslav health or- ganisations have made great efforts to overcome epidemics and to improve the health of the nation. (BORBA - 6th September 1950) BULGARIAN INTERNMENTS. Sofia, 5th Seletember. Arrests and internments of people opposed to the terroristic measures of the Bulgarian Security agents continue. These in- ternments are reported from Delenj a place in the Vidin district the families of Petar Petrov, Teodor Petrov, Flora Genov, Angel Stanov, Todor Jonchev and Atanas Starev and 9 other families from a place called Gazoye, The interned families from the Vidin and Kula district succeersometimes:h smalleyffiessaes from 1-emote places such as the vicinity of Karnobit, Korten, Kazanlk, Trpnjak, Burgas, Jambol or Donja Dobrudja., The life of the people interned is wary hard , many old and ill poep:le are amongst them. Many of them write to their relations to send them food stuffs, since the camp food is very poor. (L.Gal2" - 6th September 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 \JD 011111 TN' T iA.INTS.JILA:11P H 01N- SJE,J1g:VICE SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS CPYRGHT This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. N0.265. THIS IS AN ENCLOSURE T 25X1AO DO HOT DETACH HEADLITS. POLITIKA. .th September 1950. P.1. LOAN TOTAL:4,262,858,000. LAKE SUCCESS: SOVIET PROPOSAL ON AMERICAN BOMBING REJECTED. LONDON: LABOUR PARTY DELEGATION LEAVES FOR YUGOSLAVIA. BRAILSFORD ARRIVES IN BELGRADE. P.2. CHERVENKOV'S TACTICS ON THE VILLAGE. BISHOP OF DJAKOVO RECEIVES DELEGATION OF BRITISH NATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR PEACE. * PARIS: INTERNATIONL MONETARY FUND MEETING. LONDON: INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY CONFERENCE BEGINS. * ROME: STRIKE OF ROME GAS-WORK WORKERS. * PRAGUE: TWO DEATH SENTENCES PRONOUNCED IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA. PEOPLE'S ASSEMBLY OF B and H TO HAVE 8TH REGULAR SESSION. ON THE EVE OF THE ZAGREB FAIR. OFFICERS."-TO BE COMMISSIONED ON NAVY DAY. WAR IN KOREA.' Tokyo: North Korean Break-through Stopped. Tokyo: North Koreans Take Waegwan. Tokyo: North Korean Communi4ue. P.3, WCRKERS' COUNCIL OF MARIBOR AUTOMOBILE FACTORY AT WORK. IN NEW CIVIL COUNCILS OF BELGRADE WORKERS WILL BE CHOSEN ACCORDING TO THEIR SPECIALITY AND THE JOB THEY PERFORM. LOCAL PEOPLE'S COMMITTEES OF VALPOVO COUNTY INDEPENDENTLY SOLVE ALL ECONOMIC QUESTIONS.' IMPROVEMENT OF WORY IN MONTENEGRIN PF ORGANISATIONS. P.L. BELGRADE WARD FRUIT AND VEGETABLE ENTERPRISES CANNING FOR THE WINTER. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 P.1. P .3 . Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R0,06300190001-0 2 GLAS. TTTENNA: SUGAR FACTORY IN AUSTRIA CLOSg3 DOWN. NEW DELHI: SIKH TRIBE LEADER ARRESTED. REPATRIATION OF AUSTRIAN CHILDREN FROM THE FPRY. SUBURB MARKETS NOT PROPERLY SUPPLIED. RAD DUBROVNIK RENAISSANCE FESTIVAL BEGINS. FOR PROPER RELATIONS WITH FOREIGN WORKERS. ADENAUERt'S PROPOSAL FOR WEST GERMAN ARMAMENT, NAVY TRAINING. NOVA MAKEDONIJA Sept. 6, 1950. P.2, REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENTS IN THE SOUTH?WEST MACEDONIA, A PUBLICATION OF THE SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTE FOR THE NATIONAL HISTORY OF THE MACEDONIAN PEOPLE. SLOVENSKI PUPOCEVALEC Sept. 6, 1950. P.3. LET US PREVENT THF SPREADING OF INFECTIOUS DESEASES. LA VOCE DEL POPOLO Sept. 6, 1950. IMPORTANT RESOLUTION OF TEE- CLASS TRADE UNIONS CONCERNING THE ECONOMY OF 11-IESTE. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved-For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -3 - ADENAUER/S PROPOSALS FOR RnARMING WEST GERMANY .Adpnauer reCently presented the Allied High Commissioners with a proposal for the rearmament of Germany. Immediately afterwards he- gaVe an interview to a New York Times correspondent, explaining his - demands. ? He had asked for greatly strengthened police forces which should - be equip:Cedwith heavy weapons and tanks. He emphasised that such steps were necessary as. theresult of developments in Korea and the: greatly strengthened police forces in East Germany.: He said that the people's militia in East Germany amounts to 260,000, including 80,000 "Bereitschaft," groups living in barracks. According to Adenauer the latter are armed with tanks and heavy artillery. Besides these forces East Germany has forces for internal security, while West Germany has only, 96,000 in the forces armed only with truncheons and revolvers. As Adenkluer said, in spite of the Atlantic Pact the system of European defence is not sufficient, the organisation of police in West Germany absolutely does not correspond with the needs. He there- fore asks for the creation immediately of a force of 60,000 infant,rY - and tank troops and that the West German police, including this 60,000, should be increased to 260,000. In a commentary AFP mentions that this demand was the result of advice to Adenauer by former Generals von. Mriteufel and Guderian. Adenauer's- demand had surprised Bonn political circles in that the Chancellor- did not inform his government in advance of his intentioni totake.this step and even .told the press before holding a meeting of - his government. After his return. to Bonn Adenauer had a meeting with the leaders of the parliamentary groups in his coalition. The Christian Democrats, the Free Democrats and the German Party, it was afterwards announced that agreement in prj.nciple was arrived ?at.., Some days later a secret meeting was also held of presidents of the 11 'West German y-:,-7;ons.. They agreed to accept the Chancellor's demands on reorganisation of the police. They decidedto equip and instal in barracks mobile police,. and that in. case of need police of one' region ..Could be put at the diSpoSal of another. The leader of the .Social Democrats- Schumacher also in fact agrees with- Adenauer, except that the latter has "too.ensily accepted obliga?- tions which the Allies wish to put on Germany in the framework of the general defence plan, without at, the some time giving the Germans com- pensation -in the form of equality of rights in all fields." 'There has been wide eomment on these proposals. The .American authorities regard them favourably.. McCloy announced. that GerMany will be-included in the defence of. Europe. Dean. .;Icheson denied some press statements. that kl.gpamf had f.keed?fcir J.earmamett with the specifiC demancrto-createFa7nSt 'German Army. Adenauer hod .merelypresented the security situation' as he saw it, especially as regards the rearmament of East Germany, The French Government, as stated by official_ sources, favourably ,xegards the proposal in "the interests of .internal security". But the French government does not agree that the police should be armed. with heavy weapons and placed under the German Federal Government. The French view is that police should be under regions and only put at the disposal of the government in cases of exceptional need. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? L - Most of the Western Press supports Adenauer's proposal. The British Economist says the Soviet Government should be publicly told that these armed forces of West Germany will be kept in direct pro- portion to the forces in East Germany and if the latter increase so will be the former. The English 122E1;2:LIr has the same opinion. The Times considers that the creation of a federal force is probably the only practical way in which the Germans can participate in the defence of the West. On the other hand the Socialist Unity Party paper Berliner Zeitung says that with Adenauer's interview the re- militarisation of West Germany has entered a new phase. In any case the consolidation of affairs in Germany and the creation of a Unitd Independent and Peacoloving Democratic German Republic is in no way served by rearmoT.-ntoand the reintroduction of the military spirit, either in East or in Wst Germany. (Sd.) M.H. (RAT) 8th September, 1950).. LABOUR FORTY DELEGTION LEAVES FOR YUrlf)SLAVIA (London, 7th September) Today a delegation of the 'Executive Committee of the British Labour Party left by aeroplane for Yugoslavia. The delegation, which comes on the invitation of the Executive Committee of the People's Front of Yuwslavia consists of the Chairman Sam Watson,. the General Secretary Morgan Phillips and one member Harry Ernahr.or4 (7.0LITIKA 8th September, 1950) ' HENRY BE7tESI0OHD iotRIVES IN BELGRADE Yesterday, together with his wife, the well-known British public worker Hela...y H.Bereford arrived in Belgrade. He has come as a guest of the Government of Pit Macedonia and will stay some days in our country. At the time of the Ilinden/in 1303 Mr.Henry Beresford was amongst the first European progressives who raised his voice against the Turkish atrocities committed against the noodonian people, As Professor at Glasgow University he wrote a 6,ores of articles protest- ing against the Turkish atrocities at that time. Bitpj In October of the same year t oer with-his wife he visited/ as head of a group of medical wrkers, giving medical help to macedonian fighters for freedom. In the fo71.whr, 'Tear he published a book on his impressions of Macedonia. In the clirse -f the second world war he continued to express his symprIthy for the Macedonian people's fight for liberation. He followed the Yugoslav people's struggle and called on the other B11cn7-' pies to take an example from Marshal Tito's soldiers. .(POLITIKA 8th September 1950). Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 CHERVENKOV'S TACTICS IN THE VILLAGE. In Bulgaria which is expressly an agricultural country this year's period for the buying up of the harvest has brought to light? more than ever before the difficulties created by the Government's policy in the village. At present the Aituation in 'the village is the fundamental problem dealt with inyAlgarian press and this means that it is at the same time a burning question for Chervenkov's leadership of Bulgaria. The campaign for the buying up of grain was started by Chervenkovrs personal appeal to thtweasantry, which the Bulgarian press presented as "an appeal for/progress of the homeland". The Bulgarian press at the beginning of the c9ilection of crops immediately announced, in bold headlines, information about "the 100% handing-in of grain"in certain villages. The front pages of the Bulgarian newspapers were almost daily covered with the so-called "endless flow of telegrams and reports to Vlko Cher- venkov",which , it confirms,are sent by the peasants because they have handed over the state quotas of grain. However, the Bul- garian papers themselves show that - in spite of the great concern of the leadership and even of Chervenkov - the situation is notes rosy as it is made out to be. On the 19th July,Rabotnichesko Delo announced the Central Committee's directive which makes the task of conscientiously supervising the gathering in of whest imperative, so as to render impossible "the infernal plots of the enemy". To illustrate the disposition of,the village workers today - after two years manage- ment by the Bulgarian Cominrorm leaders - the best example is the following task set "from 'above," and announced in Rabotnichesko Delo No. 200: "The Party organisations and the People's Councils must organise supervision throughoUt the country. They will have to muster the entire people to preserve the grain... They must publicly brandmark the enemy and punish the offenders severly..." The paper utechestveni Front in its number of the 4th August published in a prominent?TIace an appeal to speed-up the handing over of the grain: "Geaseless work and the full mobilisation of .labour i8 essential". Rabotnichesko Delo of the 19th August enu- merated many failings in the buying up and ,stated that in the district of Tolbuhin depots for grain had not been found until the represehtative of the Ministerial Council came and threatened them with "an extremely severe punishwent". The same articel mentions that in the district of Nikopolje the handing in of grain was? behindhand and therefore many of the 1-4.',s!s cif the village people's committees had been dismissed. Some of them had been expealed from the Party and the Fatherland Front and others had even been sent to court. All these particulars about unmasking "the enemy" the threats of "severe punishment", the dismissal of district leaders etc. throws a dark shadow over the so-called stream of telegrams and reports" in connection with the celebration. of the birthday of "the great teavher of the Bulgarian people Vlko Chervenkov and the celebration of the great historical day of the 10th September," Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -6- If the people shower Chervenkov with telegrams about the 100% of handing of the grain, why would the leadership, headed, by Cher- venkov,have to call upon th?m to mobilise their powers and speed up the ,nafiding in of grain to. fulfil their quotas? However, in spite of all that,the handing in of'quotns is not being satisfied. A few days ago the Ministerial Council had to intervene again. New resolutions about new measures were announced In order to justify this.latest pressure, in the Bulgarian press there were articles about the aller,eci rF?sistance of the peasants in Yugoslavia over the buying, up of grain, and about how,," the insubordinate" peasants will not hand in their surpluses, and how "the prisons and hard labour camps" were full up with peasants, etc. Zemedelsko Zname announced further that in the Yugoslav prisons "200,000 peasants were rotting away in prison". Such news, of course, is thougat up to mitigate the dissatisfaction of the Bulgarian peasant masses, who, according to Chervenkov's logic, should learn the lesson that,after all,in Bulfaria it was not "as bad as it might be". This is the only thinr that remains to the Bulgarian leaders to persuade the Bulgarian peasants and the entire people, since these leaders are Cominform agents and divided from tbe people. And the flow of telegrams TICi reports to Chervenkov" are not even intended for internal use, but are intended to recommend these leaders even more h1,-,;nly to their Moscow bosses, who have subordinat ed the interests of the BulL.arian people to their hegemonistic policy. - 8th September 1950) THE BISHOP -OF DJKOVO, ANTUN AKSAMOV1C,RECEIVES THE BRITISH PEACE DELEGATION. Antun Aksamovic the Dishop of Djakovo and member of the Executive Committee of the Yugoslav .National Committee. for Peace has received the members Of the delegation of th: British National Committee for Peace. He conversed with them for more than an hour. After this the members of the delegation were entertained 0,-td luncheon at Ayala given t by the Yuoslav National Committee, (POLITin - 8th September 1950) PEOPLE'S ASSEMBLY OF BAND H. By Ukaze of the Praesidium of the People's Aseemb2,v of PH B and_11 the People's Assembly of the PR B and H is summoned to its 8th regular session for the 26th September, 1950. (FOLITIKA - 8th September 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06: CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -7- REPATRIATION OF AUSTRIAN CHILDREN .FROM FPRY- Belgrade,. Sept 7/50 ? , The Yugoslav Red Cross repatriated on September 6,1950 a group of 56 children of Austrian nationality whose parentsare in Austria. (Tanjug) (044...-September 7/50) WORKERS WILL BE CHOSEN ACCORDING TO THSIR SPgCIALITY AND THE JOB MEY PERFORE N NEW CIVIC COUNCILS OF BELGRADE At ward'people's committee meetings that will be held during this month, new civic councils, which will have the right of decision in connection with all questions envolving the work of ? the people's authorities, will be formed and attached to commissions.' Proposals and criticisms of citizens will be put into effect much quicker through these new councils. Practice hitherto did not oblige commissioners to accept and carry out council decisions. However, the various commissions will be obliged to effect the decisions of councils,within the limits of possibility. The new method of operation and more coMplex tasks have also necessitated a better composition of councils. Hitherto prominent workers and PF members were Chosen as council members, regardless of their qualifications. Thus there were cases, for example, where a construction commission didn't have a construction expert or an education commission was without.an educational workerlteacher or professor. In the future, the best citizens will be named for councils but in doing so one must take. care that they are .named to the council which best suits their qualifications. These new councils will enable the inclusion .of the broadest people's masses in the econotic cultural and health development' of their wards. For example, the civic councils attached to the Commission of Trade and Supply will pass decisions granting or rescinding consumer cards in accordance with existing legal decrees, will decide on the locations of ?shoos of the entire trade net of the ward and will control the profitability of operation of the co-operative and state trade net of the war, Councils attached to the Commission for Trade and Supply will also control the hygienic conditions of shops which handle food commodities. Councils attached to commissions of communal affairs will, among other things.; pass -decisions concerning the repair of. certain streets, the lay out of parks and will consider proposals of house councils. The Council for Education, attached te the Commissions for Culture and EcuCation will treat:tbe probleMsof.pening children's pLav- grounc.s, schooi kitcnens, _Libraries, etc.:, tne uouncil tor the Peo-Dle's edification, attached to the same commission, will pass decisions on measures concerning the improvement of the people's - education and will occupy itself with courses for illiterates and with the work of people's university. The Council attached to the Commission for People's Health will concern itself with actions for fighting epidemics, suggest measures for health protection and pass decisions on the holding of obilgatory hygiene courses. The new civic councils are not yet meeting officially. They will begin operations only after the people's committees name them at their meetings. Upon the suggestion of ward people's committees and mass organisations, around-5u0 citizens, have already taken upon themselves the task of being direct representatives of the people in the people's authority. Approved For Release 200_ ? Od190001-0 1/1M1114A-R1/43-CiaVgg V 19") . 111 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 .30 111 INT '111"111 II,2k111' ill 0.NT S C CPYRGHT SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers and :periodicals. It is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. No. 266 THIS IS AN ENCLOSURE 25X1A DO HOT DETACH Saptember 911950 Headlines BORBA P.1 EIGHTH DAY LOAN TOTAL: 41451,230,000 4 MARSHAL TITO RECEIVES LORD JOHN BOYD ORR MARSHAL TITO AWARDS POCKET WATCH TO SHOCK-WORKER BRITISH LABOR PARTY DELEGATION ARRIVES IN BELGRADE BRITISH PEACE COUNCIL DELEGATION VISITS FACTORY BRITISH PEACE COUNCIL'MEMBERS VISIT COLAKOVIC .* WORKER'S COUNCIL TAKING OVER VARIOUS ENTERPRISES 50TH BIRTHDAY OF MIHO MARINKO P.2, SEVEN YEARS SINCE DAY OF ISTRIAN PEOPLE'S UPRISING WORK OF PEOPLE'S INSPECT:L:14 IN S'OVENIA COULD BE BETTER. CELEBRATION OF NAVY DAY IN BELGRADE DELEGATION OF YUGOSLAV NEWSMEN LEAVE FOR LONDON NATIONAL DANCING ENSEMBLE (WINNERS OF INTERNATIONALFESTIVAL IN ENGLAND) TO PERFORn IN BELGRADE BUYING. UP OF MEAT AND CATTLE *- P.3, SISAK BLAST FURNACE TO INCREASE PRODUCTION NEW RAILLINE OPENED TWO SIGNIFICANT MEASURES IN :MARIBOR ENTERPRISES PARISCP SPAIN AND UNITED SOCILIST?PARTY OF CATALONIA OUTLWED LAKE SUCCESS: REPLY OF TRYGVE LIE TO PR CHINA G'TERNMERT.' ROME: ITALY REQUESTS ARMAMENT AID TRIESTE: INJURY OF BASIC NATIONAL RIGHTS OF SLOVENE INHABITANTS . LAKE SUCCESS: SOVIET PROPOSAL ON ANNUAL REPORT REJECTED .'!LONDON: 257PH MEETING ALSO WITHOUT RESULTS (DEPUTY FOREIGN MINISTERS MEETING) LONDON: FOREIGN MINISTERS OF THREE WESTERN POWERS TO CONSIDER MORE .AUTHORITY FOR WESTERN. GERMANY ' Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ? 2 ? P BONN: PRESIDENT OF WEST GERMAN FEDERAL COUNCIL ELECTED PARIS! INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUN) SESSION WAR IN KOREA ? TOKYO: NORTH KOREA TiOOPS TAKE JONGCHON TOKYO: SITUATION ON KOREAN FRONT PARIS: UNESCO API-ROVES CREDIT FOR KOREA AID ?,4, PHOTO INDUSTRY FOUNDATION SET NEW RULES OF ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTIONIN BELGRADE AND VICINITY BASIC DECREE ON BUYING UP OF AGEICIJLTUIIAL PRODUCTS PASSED II, POLITIKA P 3,ROLE OF MERCHANT MARINES IN FIVE YEA1', PLAN UNEXPLy.LTED EXPORT RESOURCES P OF GENERAL DIRECTORATE OF E;PERPME FOR CATTLE AND CATTLE 2Ro,JICTI 111. GLAS P.,-2.,NIS ON WAY TO BECOME GREAT CITY DEPARTURE OF 005. SCIENTISTS FOR INTERNATIONAL CONGRESSES POOARD TO SELL GOODS IN BELGRADE SHOPS ***** 1V. RAD P#40RUMANIAN ECON0i11 IN THE ILNDS OF "SOVROM'S" P4,5,NEW INDUSTRIAL PROJECTS IN B.& H. SUPLJA 321J NA BECOMING GREAT MINE CENTRE ***** V. 20 OKTOBAR -Pel,MASS PRODUCTION OF TRACTCM BEGINS' ? ***** Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 3 - SLOVENKI. POPOCFvkiza Sept ember 7 1050 p.1. 011J). CATHOLIC PRIEST SUBSCRIBED 10,000 ? DINARS FOR THE NATIONAL LOAN. * PREPARATORY woiRlip ON THE MOTOR 'HIGHWAY 'iAGREB?LJUDLJANk.' THICK LAYERS OF KAOLIN IN MACEDONIA. p.3, MODERN DRYING. PLANT PLU,S .IN5TALLATIONS ..FOR. A.. IN IN EXCHANGE FORA MILLION FOREST TREE SEEDLINGS. NOVA MAKEDONIJA September 7, 1950, P.3. LET US BUY UP THE LAST NOT PURCHASED QUANTITIES OF WHE.1-1T. NEW MACEDONIAN DOCUMENTARY FILM ABOUT CO?OPERATIVES: "OUR PRIDE". 7 FOLKLORE?FEPTIVALS TO. TAKE 'PLACE' IN SLOVENIA DURING SEPTEMBER .'AND OCTOBER,1950; SLOVENES FROM CARINTHIA.TO PARTICIPATE. LA VOCE DEL POPOLO P.2..THE SHIPYARD SCOGLIO .P.OLA. . . . September 7, 1950. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ilr Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 4 - MA-R3HAL TITO -REGEIVES LORD.jOHN ?B0D 0=)IR (Belgrade, September 8th) . Marshal Tito today received Lod John Boyd Orr, President.of tht. British National Council for the Defence of 'Peace, and his wife, at 6 poi. Lord ani Lady Orr stayed for dinner, (BOIZBA - 9th September) DELEGif.TI-N OF KITIJH LABOU P.:2RTY ddIVES IN 3ELGRliDE The delegation of the Labour Party, visiting Yugoslavia, arrived in Belgrade at 8 o'clock Thursday night. In the delegation are: Sam Watson .President of the British Labour Party, Morgan Philipps, Secretary of the Party and Harry Ernshawe Member of the Executive committee of the Party. The delegation came .upon the invitation of the Executive.emmittee of. the People's Front of Yugoslavia, The British guests were met ? by the General Secretary of the Executive Committee of the '.(ugoslav -Front, Dr.Blagoje Neskovic, Djuro ialaj CC President of the YFTU, Milo Jovicevic, Secretary of the Executive Committee of the.PFY and Ninko Petrovic President of the Executive Committee ofthe Belgrade PF. (BORBA 9th September 1950) REPAESENTATIVES Og THE BAITI.311 NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR PEACE VISIT COLAKOVIC (Belpradel 8th September) The Presi]ent of the Council for Science and Culture of the Federal government, Comrade Rodoljub Colakovic, today received represen- tatives of the British National Council for Peace, headed by Lord John Boyd Orr. (BO:MA - 9th September, 1950) DELEGATION OF fliq03LAV NEWSMEN LEAVES FOR LONDON (Belgrade, September 8th) : delegation of the Yugoslav Federation of Newsmen going to visit England as guests of the British Govern:lent, left for London today.. The delegation consists of: Miroslav Vitorovic, .leneral Secretary of the Yugoslav Federation of Newsmen, Dusan Blagojevic, Lssistant Editor of Borba, Franc Barbijeri, Assistant Editor of Naprijed, Miran Nogrin, 4,ssistant Editor of Ljudska Pravica, Zdravko ?Bear, Editor of Medjunarodna Politika and Jasa Almuli, Editor of Tan iu. The delegation is accompanied by the British Vice-Consul de-Z6g-reb. (BORBA - 9th September, 1950) INJUY OF BASIC NATIONAL RIGHTS OF SLOVENE INHABITANTS (Trieste 8th Septemb r) The action of the Anglo-American zone FTT police of taking off Yugoslav and Italian (with dad Star) flags, which began two lays ago in Bazovica upon the orders of the police inspector, was continued ,by Vidaliitecominforissin 66v ai-REIP83-0041115Rda3K01900014displayed in comm,,mor#PRFTMf?tA'flfroa victims.. In Cerovlji and. Lonier Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 5 - in the vicinity of Trieste - a group of Vilaiites, aided by cominform groups from Trieste, tore up many flags with red stars and wrote anti- democratic slogans on some houses during the The Vidaliites and the civil police carried out these anti-Slovene and anti-democratic actions in spite of the fact that the Presidency of the zone in Trieste permitted the display of flags with red stars. and the posting of posters. Members of the'Civil police ordered inhabitants of Sesljan to remove flags, under the threat of arrest. Since the majority of the inhabi- tants refused to remove the flags the -eolice: removodthem themselves. Protesting against the joint action of cominformists and civil police, progressive Trieste papers write that the ripping of Slovene flags and posters means a violation of the basic national rights of the Slovene inhabitants. Primorski Dnevnik writes that this action is tantamount to fascist actions, referring to the time when groups of so-called Squadrists attacked Slovenes and Slovene institutions. (Tnnjug) (BOBA, 9th September, 1950) ELECTRIC CURRENT CONSUMPTION The General Directorate of r]iectro-economy of the -eople's LZePublic of Serbia has issued an order prohibiting the use of electric current for hotplates, flatirons, electric heaters and the like during the time from 18.00 to 29.30 hours every day, except on Sundays and state holi- days, on the following territories: Belgrade, 7,emun, Pancevo, Ltakovica, Obrenovac, Smeth,revo, Pozarevac and the neighbourhood and Kragujevac, Cacak, Titovo Tizice, tankovicevo (Kraljevo), Krusevac, Svetozarevo (Jagodina), Cuprija, Faracin and the neighbourhood. Those who violate this order will have their electric current cut off and will be fined up to 10,000 dinars.? All electric current consumers, particularly those who use electric current for motors, hotplates, flatirons, heaters and the like .are requested to restrict the use of .electric current to the absolute minimum between 6 and 11 in the morning and 6 and 8.30 in the afternoon. The order is effective immediately. (BORBA - 9th Septemb ,r, 1950.) BASIC REGULATION ON SALE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS The government of the FPRY has promulgated the basic regulation on the sale of agricultural products with a few important novelties in planning planting and deliveries to the state. This regulation helps harmonise sowing plans with delivery plans. In addition to the stipulation that producers must be assessed with regard to compulsory deliveries, which was partially done in 1949, there is something new in the method of fixing assessments. Its implementa- tion will give full expression to the democratic manner of preparing planting ad purchasing plans in which our working peasantry will fully participate. The procedure will be as follows: executive board of lo local people's committees make proposals for assessing producers on their respective territories. Seven days later, thc obligation of each farmer must be discussed at a conference convoked for this purpose. Any remark made by a farmer against his own or any other assessment must be duly discussed. Seven days after that, executive boards of local people's committees.. muot :341b 4151101a0IAMMOIA s together Approvea t-or Kerease Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 - 6 - with remarks, made against them by farmers to their countypeople's committees. After establishing assessments county people's committees are to return such plans to the villages concerned. Assessments are only then to be entered into farrmstead lists and farmers at that time must state the kind and quantities of cereals to be planted, In this way every producer participates directly in establishing his own sowing plan, in order words, he proposes it and , . the conference either accepts or rejects it, If, in spite of this, any producer should find hisobligation unsatisfactory, he is entitled to file his complaint to the executive board of the county people's committee, eight days after entering such assessment into his homestead's list at the 'latest, Another basic feature of the new re-:ulation is that an assess- ment once fixed cannot be increased since such an act would be contrary to the validity of the decision with regard to assessment. This will help us to avoid repitition of many former failures evinced in plant- ing and deliveries. This regulation also eliminates tho possibility of of reducing assessments which are now fixed for a period of one year (this applies to all homesteads except those whose crops have, suffered because of inclemencies). The new regul-tion of the federal government will now permit the working peasantry to participrte on a widespread scale in the establishment of our producing pinn? and to struggle against speculators who are avoiding fulfillment of their obligr'tions.towards the state. (BOitBA 9th September, 1950). Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 ;.! Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -7- RUMANIAN ECONOMY IN THE HANDS OF"SOVROMT% Present day Rumania represents.an obvious proof that the building up of socialism and the strengthening of the economic pcwer 40m4)pun4yyj4q6ippossibio, without a planned direction of economy SO far only one plan 11db been made in Rumania, that was the One-Year Ilan for 1949 . In the official explanation of the plan it says that its aim is to raise industry to the pre-war level and to create the conditions for passing a long term plan. However, it is not difficult to guess the real aim of the plan, if one takes into consider44on the fact that Soviet economic exprts have worked it out. Instead of a five-year plan which should have been initiated this year, a one-year plan was passed again and the five-year plan pOstponed to the period 1951-55 because the se ond Soviet post-war five-year plan will begin in 1951 and the Rumanian economic plan must adapt itself to thi* But setting aside the aims the Rumanian economic plans cannot contribute to the improvement of the economic situation in the country, since they apply to an insignificant proportion of the economy of Rumania. The fundamental and '1,reponderant part of Rumanian economy remains outside the plan, for these are run by the no-called "Sovroms" , the Soviet-Rumanian mixed com,Inies. The Rumanian authorities have no control over the affairs of the mixed companies, because the entire work of these companies is directed by Soviet directors,experts and advisers, who are responsible solely to the economic agents of the Soviet Union. The first mixed Soviet-Rumanian companies were fotinded in 1945, when the Soviet Union, through theee companies establish- ed their control over Rumanian transport. Dy the mixed company "Tars?" the entire internal air-transport of Rumania came under Soviet 'control. ? Through the 4riixed company "Rat" the entire Rumanian shipping on the Danube came under the Soviets. And through "Sovrom Transport" the Soviets became the bosses reet anly of land, river and sea transport but of the shipyards at Gala, Braila, Turn Severin and other. places. Rumania is well-known as one of the main oil producing countries of the world. And so one can understand why the Soviet Union seised the whole of this important branch of Rumanian economy. Today the Soviet-RumaniAn comapeny "Sovrompetrol" became the actual owner of the refineries which formerly belonged to America and other countries. Besides that the Soviet Union con- trols the affairs of the Rumanian petroleum companies "Muntenia" and "Petrol-Export", which, without the approval of the Soviet Union , cannot dispose of their products. One one branch of economy, nor the natural wealth of the country ha been spared from Soviet exploitation. Over 25% of the entire territory of Rumania is covered wit. forests of excellent quality. Almost half of the exploitation of these forests is done by the mixed company "Sovrom Lemnu". The metal industries are likewise controlled by "Raqia" and many other industries are controlled by mixed e(mpanies such as "Sovrom Metal", "Sovrom Carbune","Sovrom Chim","Sovrom Insurance" "Sovrom Film" "Sovrom Constructor", "Sovrom Tractor" and numerous other i;ovroms. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83:00415R006300190001-0 ??? The principle of creating mixed?compavies on the basis of equality and mutual-assistance in essence should very beneficial, but the methods and form of the Soviet *mixed companies represents a typical example of the imposition of unequal relations betwem 'a great power and small suboreeate countries. The princir4e upo0 which the work. of these companies is based speaks of this. According to the peace treaty with Rumania all German property in this country belonged to the Soviet Union. One must remember that during the war Hitler's Germany greatly increased Rumania's industrial potentials, turning that country into one of her most important supplier of war material. Because of this theIJSSR has inherited a very considerable property. After .dismntling factories and carrying off equipment to the Soviet Union a large number of concerns belonging directly to the Soviet Union remain- ed in Rumania, which provided the-capital for the mixed -compnaies. However, there are great numbers of mixed companies in which the Soviet share is only in the administration, that is to say the 'directors, engineers and other experts, as is the case in"Sovrom- Tractor". When this 'company was founded,the Soviet Union promised to furnish the necessary machinery finally it came out that thEy had sent only a director and an adviser. The set-up in the mixed companies is thus: the Rumanians must provide the labour and the -raw material and equipment and the Soviet Union invests only sequestered property or else directs the production.. Thusi.n "Sovrom-Transport" ? Rumania invested sll her ships and ?shipyards with their entire equipment and labour, and the SovieteUnion gave her contribution in the form of the ships she found in Ru- manian harbours. What advantage the Soviet Union reaps fiom these mixed ,compa- nies is shown in the way the Soviet Union speculates with Rumanian cil. Drawing this precious pruduct from the Rumanian oil wells as their part in "Sovrom Fetrol", the Soviet Union sells it at world market prices to Eastern and Western Europe, as her own product. Furthermore, Rumanian oil on orders from the Soviet Union is being sold from one Cominform country to anothor, Thus Poland, whose foreign trade is controlled by the USSR resells Rumanian crude oil to Bulgaria and Bulgaria cannot import one gram of foreign goods without the approval of the Soviet Union . This example will show the damage done to Rumanian economy. Ruma- nia is well-known as an exporter ?of wood, one of the small number of independent Rumania. concerns, "Lemnu Export" tried to sell its wood in the ntar East. The Soviet-Rumanian mixed company "Sovrom Lemnu" offered wood at muchlower prices. The Rumanian concern could not stand the competition and , ld their wood without making any profit., ? The Soviet periodical "Novoye Vremya" No.32 of the 9th August this year gave a review of the Rumanian display in Moscow. The writer of the article writes : "Crude oil... was greedily exploited by the American, British and German trusts for many years and Rumanian oil reserves were drawn off". And today? Today the trusts Standerd Oil Company, Columbia, "Greditul Minier" have been taken over by"sovroms ", One can understand that the author of the article did not mention that the methods of exploitation remained the same. Is it :y easier for unemployed RUmanians of whom there are still tens of thousands to seek employment in vain at the Soviet firm "Kraska" which was once the German concern"I.G. FarbenindustrieT Is there any dif- ference for the Rumanian workers if their products are taken off E W1 to the West or to the East excltFerhs a cl(iffei) in direc- tion?Approved For Release 2001/69/ ..IAi i pp.83- 0415RO 6308f 9m 0 -0 (RAD - 9th September 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -9- FOR ih,!TER AELsTiuNS WITH OUR FOREIGNERS Since the war many foreigners have come to our country. to get away from the difficult economic pOsition in their own countries and to lend their skill to the buildlng up of socialism in our country and enjoy the great benefits offered to them here. Many have come because they ase well disposed towards our country and its strug-rle for political and economic indepen- dence. Their skill is absolutely necessary to us and we must therefore give them every o portunity to make the best use of it, Their successes have been recognised; for instance in Sarajevo 29 foreign workers have been proclaimed shock worker in Fora 100 etc..This shows that the foreign workers in our country have a socialist conception of their work. One of the major problems is the question of material supplies for our foreign workers ( food, accommodation etc). For this the Federal Government passed an Order concerning supplies for foreign workers on the 5th April 1945, The City People's Committee of Zagreb has been exemplary in carryio this out. They have issued special cards and opened several special shops where the foreign workers receive guaranteed supplies. Other places, such as Skoplje, have not been so con- scientious. The most usual injustice, however, is the misuse of the technical skill of these foreign workars. Often they are turned on to doing ordinary manual labour. This is serious because their technical skill is necessary for us. Sometimes, because of bureaucratic tendencies, there have been istances of foreign workers not receiving their ration cards in time. Those responsible might ask themselves how these people, who have difficulties in making themselves understood, can get along without them. Another difficulty is that some people fail to realised that foreipn workers are just as much intitled to recognition of their work as their own people are. It is also important to make contracts with foreign workers, and they are glad to do so. It is the business of the syndicate organisations to see after the foreign workers; to see that they have concluded contracts to correct their faults, to find accommodation for them. Briefly, it is the task of the syndicate organisations to improve the life of thevorkers as much as possible. Recently the German workers in our country held a consultation in the premises of the League of Syndicates of Yugo- slavia in Belgrade, and the Italian held one in Iola. They clearly outlined the problems of the foreign workers. Since then the Federal Ministry of Labour has taken steps to clear up vague questions, such as marriagtis, snnding money, categorization,etc. (RAD - 8th September 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved FiRIREDMEEWRION DO 0630019M:0A O HOT DETAC NJI10 111 1%1- lr T I1ll TN 111..A.111 111 0 TN? SE MVilli C 11F, CPYRGHT SUMMARY OF THE YUGOSLAV PRESS This Bulletin contains translations from Yugoslav newspapers arid periodicals, .1t is intended for the use of the participating missions and not for general distribution. Accuracy of the translations is not guaranteed. No. 267 P.1. HEADLINES ?BOPBA ? ? Septerber 10 &?11, 1950. NINETH DAY LOAN TOTAL 4,609,689,000 DINARS SUBSCRIBED. YUGOSLAV NAVY - VIGILANT GUARDIAN OF OUR SEA. THE, REPRESENTATIVES OF THE. PEOPLE1S FRONT OF YUGOSLAVIA AND THE LABOUR PARTY DELFGATION MEETING. THE DELEGATION OF THE BRITISH NATIONAL COMHITTEE FOR PEACE IN SARAJEVO. MR. H. N. BRAILSFORD RECEIVED BY MOS:. PIJAD, IN BELGRADE. YUGOSLAVIA PARTICIPATING IN THE RIR AT BARI. P.2. PRIOR TO PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS IN MONTENPGR4. FESTIVAL DEVOTED TO RENAISSANCE IN DiUBROvNIK OPENE4! THROUGHOUT THE 'STORY OF OUR SEA NAVIGATION. 8. P.3, ROAD TRAFFIC -FFK IN SERBIA. GROUP OF YUGOSLAV JOURNA,IFTS ARRIVED IN LONDON. COLOMBO: 7 LEADING MEMBERS EXCLUDED FROM CP OF CPYLJON. BRIGHTON: SUDDEN INTERRUPTION OF TRADE UNION CONGRESS MEETING. BRITISH GOVERNMENT PROPOSAL ABOUT THF EXTENSION OF MILITARY SERVICE, PRELIMINARY STEPS TOWARDS THE PROLONGATION OF MILITARY SERVICE IN FRANCE, TRIESTE: POLICE. ARREST7D A GROUP OF PROGRESSIVE DEMOCRATIC ORGANIZATION MEMBERS. NEW RESTRICTIONS IN THE AMERICAN EXPORTS-OF sTW,TEGIC MATERIALS. GT7-NEV77.:. THE WORLD FEDERATION OF ASSOCIATIONS _al THE, UN . IN rAvouR OF PR CHINA ADMITTANCE TO THE UNO, CZECH CONTRIBUTION TO THE COMINFORM CAMPAIGN -ANOTHER TRIAL. ARMED CONFLICT IN KOREA: TOKYO: FIERCE BATTLES IN THE REGION OF WAEGWA-N-INYONG. PYONGYANG; PROTEST OF THE NORTHERN-KOREAN GOVERNMENT. PYONGGYANG: OVER 15,000 AMERICAN SOLDIERS KILLED DURING JULY AND AUGUST. P.4. LORD JOHN BOYD ORR,LEFT OUR COUNTRY. VENIZELOS1 COALITION GOVERNMENT DEFEATED IN THE GREEK PARLIAMENT. YUCTOZTAAV TrallibITION AT THE TR/MOTE P.1/11. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -27 POLITI4k_ P.1. ?DAMASKLNEW SYRIAN GOVERNMENT FOPMED. P.2. WASHINGTON: TRUML-N ENTRUSTED WITH FULL CONTROL OVER THE AMERICAN ECONOMY. COMINFORM EXCUSE - AN ACT OF ACCUSING. BONN: ELECTION OF PRESIDENT OF WESTPRN GERMANY P DERAL COUNCIL. P.3. COTTON FIELDS UNDER BELASICA. THE EXHIBITION OF STEVA TODOPOVIC'S PAINTINGS. GLAS P.1. VIENNA: 74IRKERS. DEMAND INCREASE OF WAGES, LONDONr BRITISH .GOVNRNMENT RESOLUTION ON THE QUESTIONS OF ,NATIONAL DEFENCE. P.2. EYE-WITNESSES SPEAK. AN INTERVIEW OF HUNGAPIAN SOLDARS WHO ESCAPED TO YUGOSLAVIA. OMLADINA P.1. TRACTOR STATIONS WOUND UP - TRACTORS HANDED OVER TO PEASANT PRODUCER CO-OPERATIVES. PEOPLE'S YOUTH IN THE YUGOSLAV NAVY EDUCATED IN ACCORDANCE 1:TITH TRADITIONS OF YUGOSLAV COMMUNIST. YOUTH ORGANIZATION. P.2. FIRST OPERATION OF OUR NAVY DURING-TUE LIBERATION WAR. FLOTILLA OF THE REPUBLIC OFDUBROVNIK. P.3. 12 YUGOSLAV YOUNG MUSICIANS TO TAKE PART IN THE VI INTER-. NATIONAL COMPETITIONS AT GENEVE. THE ARCIVES OF THE REPUBLIC OF TUBROVNIK. 211 NEW SCHOOL PREMISES BUILT FOR ALANIAN SCHOOLS IN KOSOVO ? AND METOHIJA. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -3- BORBA ' MONDiff. ----___ MTH DAY LOAN TOTAL: 1,677,391,000. DELEGATION OF BRITISH NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR PEACE DID NOT RECEIVE PERMISSION FROM GOVERNMENTS OF ALBANIA, BULGARIA, HUNGARY AND RUMANIA TO VISIT THEIR COUNRIES, DELEGATIuN OF SPANISH REPUBLICANS LEAVE PARIC_FOR YUGOSLAVIA: PARIS. GROUP OF ITALIAN WORKERS ARRIVE IN ZAGREB. PASSENGER VESSEL BEING RAISED FROM THE SEA BOTTOM, NAVY SCHOOL GRADUATIONS. REVIEW OF YGUSOAV NAVAL OFFICERS. * RESOLUTION OF SPECIAL PLENARY SESSION OF THE CC CP CROATIA. YUGOSLAVIA WINS 9TH CHESS TOURNAMENT. P.2. ADRIATIC EXHIBITION OPENED IN ZAGREB (IN CONNECTION WITH YUGoSLAV NAVY DAY) 8TH REGULAR SESSION OF CROATIAN PEOPLE'S ASSEMBLY -BEGINS TODaY. VISITING OUR MINE-SWEEPERS. P.3. WASHINGTON: TRUMAN SPEAKS ON USA DEFENCE WASHINGTON: INCREASE OF AMERICAN TROOPS IN WESTERN EUROPE WAR IN KOREA: Tokyo: North Korean troops take Iohang airfield. Tokyo: MacArthur's Headquesrters Communique. Pyongyang: North Korean Communique. Tokyo: Nortb Korean Army Chief Killed in Action. PARIS: 285 FOREIGN COMMUNISTS EXPELLED FROM FRANCE. ATHENS: VENIZELOS'S GOVERNMENT RESIGNS, PEKING: CHU EN LEY TELEGRAM TO TRYGVE LIE. NEW YORK: FIRST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF GYNAECOLOGISTS. EXPERIENCES OF WORKERS' COUNCIL OF ZLETOVO MINE. P.4, MORE AND MORE ENTERPRISES MANAGED DY WORKERS' COL- LECTIVES. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -4- IOLITIKA . THE STRENGTHENING OF PRINCIPLES CF SUCCESSFUL POLITICAL WORK IN IF ORGANISATL.M. 1.2. NEW POLITICAL caisIs IN GREECE. P.3. ZENICA WORKERS. SURPASS FLAN. FISH CANNING FACTORY IN IKA: HOW THE ENTERPRISE MANAGE- MENT DOES NOT COOPERATE WITH TRDE UNIONS. .BRANCH. P.1. F.2. F,3. A FELGRADErINHLLITANT VISITS.ZAGRE. rq,AS. PROTOTYIE OF CAMERA CONSTRUCTED. FEDERATION OF VOLUNTARY FIRE FIGHTING SOCIETY FOUNDED IN FR SER-IIA. ACTION IN. ACTION UNIVERSITY ENROLLMENT. AAD F.1. THREE PHASE GENERATOR: 1RODLJCT OF"RADE KONCAR"FACTRY. F.3. SUCCESSES IN FACTORY 'YGODENT" Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -5- NOVA MAKEDONIJA Sept. 8, 1950, P.2. THE QUALITY OF FOOD INDUSTRY PRODUCTS CAN BE IMPROVED. P.3. A CONTRIBUTION TO THE UNDERSTANDING OF COMINFORM POLITICAL MORALS. * Sept. 9, 1950. P.1. PRIOR TO COTTON PURCHASES. P.3. IN CONNECTION WITH THE CELEBRATION OF SEPT. THE 9TH IN BULGAFIA. SLOVFNSKI POPOC7VALEC Sept.81 19504 ! P.I, 50TH BIRTHDAY OF THE SLOVENE PRIME MINISTER. AT NIS A RADIO AND X-RAY APPARATUSES FACTORY ANNUAL EXPORTS OF WINE FROM YUGOSLAVIA AMOUNT ETEEL OUTPUT INCREASED BY 120% SINCE THE END NEW TYPE OF YUGOSLAV PLANES. P.2. GREATER-BULGAld N PATRIOTISM - "GUBEhNIYA ON THE DANUBE". GERMAN CHIIBREN TO BE RETURNED TO THEIR PARENTS IN AUSTRIA AND OTHER NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES. UNDER CONSTRUCTION. TO 2,000 WAGONS. OF WAR. - AMENDMENT -TOOTHE REGULATIONS ABOUT TRADING WITH POTATOES. THE MINISTRY OF STATE it.GRIOULTURAL FARMS ABOLISHED IN SLOVENIA AND DIRECTORATE GENERAL ESTABLISHED INSTEAD, THE INSTITUTE FOR PHARMACEUTICAL RESEAFCH WORK ESTABLISHED AT LJUBLJANA.. NEW HYDRO-ELECTRICAL PLANT.AT CETINJA NEW COMMISSION FOR HEMP GROWING ESTABLISHED IN SLOVENIA. TEXTILE FACTORIES UNDER CONST"UCTION IN HERCEGOVINA. 9th of Sept., 1950, P,1. TOTAL NUMBER OF PEASANT PRODUCER CO-OPERATIVES IN YUGOSLAVIA. 4,700 MORE HECTARES OF LAND TO BE PLANTED WITH WHEAT IN MACVA. P.2, DESTROYERS OF CO-OPERATIVES PUT ON TRIAL. IN LJUBLJANA, Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 LA VOCE DEL POPOLO Sept. 8, 1950. P. ? "EXHIBITION ABOUT ADR'ATIC" OPENED IN.'7AGRFB. Sept, 9, 1950. P. 1. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE 9TH OF SEPTEMBER, 1943 FOR THE PEOPLE OF IST7'IA. P.2, TRIAL AGAINST ECONOMIC SABOTEURS AT FIUME. SOLEMN CELEBRATION OF THE NAVY DAY AT POLA. PRIOR TO THE AUTUMN SOWING. P.3. 28,754 PERSONS FROM ISTRIA PARTICIPATED IN THE LIBERATION STRUGGL1' OF ISTRIA. P.4. A LETTER FROM FANCE: ON FRENCH TRADE UNIONS, SINCE THE END OF THE WORLD WAR II. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -7- RESOLUTION OF THE EXTRAORDINARY PLENARY SESSION OF THE CC CP CROATIA ? Yesterday in Zagreb an Extraordinary Plenary cession nf the CC CP Croatia was held. Having listened to the report of the Folitbureau of the 'CC CP Croatia concerning the revealing of hostile agents of the cominform in the CC CF Croatia and having held a discussion, the Plenum, of the 'CC CT Croatia passed he following RESOLUTION The Plenumstates that :lade Zigic, Dusko Brkic and Stanko-Danica Opaeic, concealing themselves in the High Party forum, have been working A'armst cominform attack on our country, against the line of our party AFTER To and its Central Committee'. These two-faced people Rode Zigic, Dusko Brkie,and.Stanko-Djanica Opaeic.have testified that they are agents of the coMinforth and,. formally agreeing with the party line in the party forum's, have been working against the economic measures of our party, against the tempo of our socialistic industrialisation, against the realisation of the five year plan, against the line of our external policy, against the security of our homeland and the building up of socialism in the F7RY. dade Zigix. strove to sabotage the completion of the five year plan by ,concealing the neglect. of :basic tasks in the alleged struggle for .sedondary tasks, throughout the land,he sabotaged all the economic measures Such as ? the buying up the activisation of labour, the Mobilisation of squads; ? he tried to. render useless all economic reso- lutions directed towards the carrying; out -of our economic tasks. With . the pretext that. our exports were unprofitable, he strove to weaken the efforts in carrying out the plans- for foreign trade for the aim of undermining the industrialisation of the country. Outside the Central Committee, through the country he attempted th demobilise and weaken the struggle for carrying out tasks, tenden- ciously spreading doubt abot the ,possibility of: the building up of socialism, belittleing-our economic successes and magnifying the difficulties. In the field of international politics 'Rade Zigic, in spite of the diligent and clear attitude of the FTRY on the subject of the defence of independence and the protection.of..peace in the world, spread' and popularised the cominform politics of terrorising and the policy of division into spheres of interest which the leaders of the USSR are practising, and thus becomes an open agent of cominform slanders and hegemony of the government of the USSR, 1n this position he attempted to impede the unmasking of comin- form policy and to. create a rift in our ranks.: When called ,upon to explain his attitude towards the party and the party line, Zigic attempted to launeh.a slanderous attack on the party and the members of the CC; but compelled by facts and proofs) he admitted his anti-party attitude in. the main, which revealed him as a cominform agent. Dusko Brkie (according to what he. himself admits) joined the ranks of the communist party not impelled by the irreconcilable class struggle for the victory Of socialism, but because of his persuasions on the line of some mystical Slavism: which even today prevents him from accepting the line of the party a.gainst the attacks of the USSR. When called to answer for his work which was contrary to the line of the party, he replied that he admitted the correctness of the CC and the party and tried to explain his actions by saying that in the situ- ation which has arisen between the cominform and our cc)liatir he was unable to work because f R c)-t '2061 Mite ci Itaid-RDRS&OV4MKE@PRIrY? n'a vi Approved For elea e Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Dusko Brkic, as the most responsible economic leader, skill- fully sabotaged the fulfilment of business tasks of the Five-Year Plan, by transferring labour . to secondary and unimportant tasks. Thus he instilled confusion and nervousness amongst the cadres. All this was done with the object of demobilising manpower and delaying the completion of key projects. Through his overt chau- vinist behaviour, he tried to disrupt the fraternal relations between Serbs and Croats. Stanko-,Ganica-Opacic had the same stand concerning all-ques? tions as did Rade Zigic and Dusko Brkic. He tried tocbstruct eco- nomic development, sabotaged the fulfilment of export plans; and neglected work in his department. When in the field, he fought against our economic- measures (buying-up, the inclusion of man-power in economy, etc.). Rade Zigic, Dusko Brkic and Stanko-Canica-Opacic worked together in this enemy activity. They formed anti-Party group and atteMpt--___ ed to form a Cominform faction in the Party., That faction was supposed to undermine the confidence of the people in the Party and cause demoralieation Among other things, they spread slan- ders that areas which had had Serbian uprisings are being neglect- ed, but kept quiet about the fact that Dusk?. Brkic was named by the CC to direct the development of these areas of uprising and that Rade Zigic and Stanko-Canica-OpaCic were supposed to help him in that ejob, because of their functions in economy - there- fore in as much as there were omissions and mistakes in. the carrying out of the Party line in the development of those 'areas, they are most responsible for this. Unmasked at the meetings of the CC CF Croatia Politburo - held on August 26,27 and 29 and on September 3, not having sup- port in their anti-Party and anti-people work neither in the Party nor from the people, they are trying to create public confusion by showing how they supposedly submitted their resignations to . their jobs in public work because they disagreed with the policy of the CC. Making use of the fact that they were Serbs, they tried to interpret their supposed resignation as an expression'of the stand of the Serbs in Croatia, which in fact is the Cominform line, which intends to disrupt fraternal relations between our - peoples, and particularly between the Serbian and Croatian people. Rade Zigic, Dusko Brkic and Stanko-.7;anica-Opacic have be- trayed our Party, the workers of our countriand our people, who are fighting a stubborn struggle for thevictory of socialism, who are carrying out a principled struggle. against the hegemonist and non-peace loving policy of the USSR's Government, against the attempts of the USSR's Government tosubjugate the peoples of Yugoslavia, who are fighting for- the victory of a policy of peace and equality between peoples and. states. . All., of their work was aimed against the development of socialism in our country and against the. independence and secu- rity of our homeland. , The CC CP Croatia Plenum 1,1.ereftre decides that Rade Zigic,. Dusko Brkic and Stanko.G,9nica-Opacic be expelled from the ranks of our Party as anti-Party elements and as enemies ef socialist ? development and enemies of our socialist homeland. (BORBA - 1 1 th September,. ]950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -9- BRITISH NATIeNU COUNCIL FOR PEACE DELEGATION DOES NOT GET. PERMISSION TO VISIT COUNTRIES NEIGHBOURING YUGOSLAVIA. -7777.TiT7ITTE-September. The British National Council for Peace delegation which came to Yugoslavia upon the invitation of. the Yugoslav National Com, mittee for the tiDrence of Peace, today gave the text of a letter, which was sent on 6th September to the diplomatic representatives of the Governments of Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary and Rumania, to newspaper men. The letter one again asked for permission to visit these countries and thereby find out whether the governments of those cAntries are preparing war ae;ainat Yugoslavia. The first request to visit the above mentioned countries wore sent from London towards the end of July. However, no ,replies to either of the requests have been received. ' The letter which Mr. John B. Laurence, head of the Dritis% National Council Peace delegation, submitted to the diplomatic representations of the above mentioned countries in Belgrade, upon his arrival in Yugoslavia, states: "I write to you as the h6ad of the British National Council for Peace delegation which has visit- ed. Yugoslavia in order to check up on the accusations of the Conn- form about the preparations of an aggresaive war against your count- ries and the creation of bases for aggressive military preparations of Britain, the USA and other coUntries. As you know, the FRY Government claims that such au_gressive preparations are not being carried out on Yugoslav territory, but, on the contrary, that it is the Government of yaur country that is carrying out war prepa- rations against Yugoslavia." The letter further states that because of this the British National Council for the Defence of Peace has requested thu,diplo- matic representatives of the countries neighbouring Yugoslavia to grant them a permit whereby they Could visit their countries. The delegation expresses the readiness that if the permit is grant- ed before week's end it will still be able to prepare its visit to these countries. The delegation has not received any sort of answer to its re- quest ,c fr. (Tanjug) (BORBA - nth SEPTEMBER 1950 DELEGATION OF SPANISH REPUBLICANS LEAVES PARIS. FOR YUGOSLA.VIA. Paris, 10th September. Last night a delegation of Spanish Republicans left Paris for Yugoslavia. The delegation is made up of many prominent lead- ers ad reprewentatives of the Spanish anti-fascist movement in France. The delegation will travel throughout our country as guests of the Yugoslav Society of Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War. Amongst the 22 members of the delegation we find Riquelme, a general of Republican Spain, Jose del Dario and Felix Montiel, f rmer members of the CC CF Spain, Dr. Ajuaca president of the gnneral momevent of Catalonian Republicans - which enlists all Catalonian anti-fascists, Ortego, secretary of that movement, Bartomi Salvador general secretary of the Catalonian invalide organikwesived paReidase?o0V08/1061 CIN-FIDFINKEDillaROCWOOI9p0111-Out . Col. 'Castillo and other prominent progressive Sransih henublicanw. c ? Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 -10- A reception was held in hohour of th,,, delegation prior to its departure from Paris. Ambassador Petrovic expressed his conviction that this visit would further consolidate friendly and fraternal ties between the peoples of.Yup-oslavia and Spanish Republicans. General Riquelme answered, saying'that his people would never forget the contrubution of Yugoslav volunteers in the Spanish civil war. He said that the example of Yuoslavia inqires hope to Spanish anti-fascists. He said that this visit is being made with the intention of studying Yugoslav reality on the spot. (BORBA - 11th September 1950) ACTION IN ACTIjN. Having made one"sensational discovery" concerning Von Kleist Action feels that it should, come out with another one. The stage is now transferred to Italy. In one of its recent numbers Action learns from Rome that "Italian political police has worked. mit a series Of measUrms from breaking up democratic organisations. Under the instruction of the American teachers..." "Of course, the main role belongs to Yugoslays " : "... with this object in mind - writes Action - it is planned to use two Trotsky- ite groups and various Y7177.7r7V organisations in Italy,," The article Mentions "semi-official co-operation between the Yugoslav Ambassador Ivekovic and the American,"and "large funds which Ivekovic has at his disposal for propaganda activities and .information activities of Yugoslav oranisations in Italy... .The origin of these funds is not known, but it is known that they do not come from Belgrade." - Action knows very well that this "new discovery" about supposed 'Yugoslav-American plottirg against Italian workers' move? ments will have the same fate as the Von Kleist fable. Put work is work: a lot of lies must be dusted onto Yugoslavia. (GLAS - Summary - 11th September 1950) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 1r 04.4?' Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R096300190001-0 4! ONE MORE TRIAL 11- A few days ago in Prague another trial was held. The produCers, as those list year in Budapest and Sofia, have given their precious. contributionp to the history of monstrous trials. In what way is the Prague trial. .similar to its precusras? The - Prague trial does not differ from the Budapest and Sofia trials- aithq in the fabricated charges or in court procedure.. All these are aimed , to PerSuade the entire democratic public that socialist Yugoslavia, which has invited all well-intentioned and sincere adherents of peace to come and visit her, is a danger to the order in the Eastern Eunpean , countries and to peace in general. . This time 16 Yugoslav and Czechoslovak citizens are on trial. They are all charged with (Bpionage, terrorism andsubvprsive activities against the state ofCzechoslovakia. iffid since, of course, sUch work cannot be conceived without an extensive spy net in the country itself a certain number of Czechoslovak citizens have been charged together with the Yugoslays. According to the indictment these Czechoslovak citizens are incorrigible faseists who have not only lived in freedom but have reached important places in the state apparatus. How did these Yugoslav citizens come accroSs the Czechoslovaks for this espionage? But of course this work isdirected from fascist Belgrade and for this work they must look for cooperatorsamongst fascists! After the reading of these very scanty indictments without concrete examples of the activities of these people the judgo. mpporod... He strove'Ao get an admiesion from those accused which would correspond exactly to the. indictment, a thing unknown in legal practice. He has shown us one more special method - to question the main accused, who ordinarily has to charge the others, in the presence of all those accused. That is probably done in order that theyshould More easily be able to confirm -everything they are accused of. On the examples of his coneagues in Budapest and. Sofia the Prague judge saw to it that court procedure developed according to plan. Naturagmsuggestive questions had to be present as also preventing the accused/speaking- further if it was .noticed that he was digressing on to other subjects,. etc. It was not in. the least surprising that the judge opened the questioning of the first accused,Kovic, with the words; "Since you admit that you have had much pn,,ctise in. espionage ..... ." At this the accused- interjected, in. confirmation?f his own stkatement "Yes, yes". What else could the accused havesaid when his ENPusors imputed that he was already engaged in espionage in Czechoslovakia in 1945 andwhen he knewperfectly well that he must confirm this since the entire leadership of Yugoslavia, according to the cominform, was - in the service .of the gestapo even before '7Ale war. The judge played his role through to the and. He put the. following to the accused: "Mr,Filet, you have heard the questions which have now been put to Mr.Kevic". - The accused spoke .of his activities ?and the judge interrupted him: "Afterwards- you cam& under the command....." and he detained him further: "Yes, that's right, just finish your sentence Alright" He forced an answer from the accused.. Then the second scene: ifWbuld you kindly Mr.Mijavec) the same way as Mr.Filetsay ..... ". And to the accused Kraker: "Just briefly, not so generally. - Just say tile main points", And so this is how the new kind of judge in the new court procedure apPears. And what about the crimes of the accused and tho- activities undertaken for the execution of their tasks? The judge is not interested in thebe for this is not his task Because of this it is impossible to find out anything about these in court. Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0 Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83410415R006300190001-0 ,,4.1101r -It is clear frem all this what was desired from this trial. In their comilentaries Rude Provo and Lidove Nevini have confirmed this. It .was intended to "prove" that the activities of the accused were for the benefit of the Yugoslav fascist clique" and that it was all in connection with the plans revealed at the .tajk trial in liudapest. It is true that so far the trial "proved" that the us !3 of leadership worked for the lestruction of the movement in the Eastern European -004.1r ceuntries, and now the prolucers of the Pra,:ue trial have revealed tha those countries were suPposed to divi.'e off from the Soviet Union and to become unite] in some kind of Danubian federation. And so it took a year for the producers of t-ae Pra;ue trial to come upon this 'sensational" discovery. New_ver, they have wasted so much time in vain when it could have been confirmed at the Budapest trial. But for the producers of the Prague trial something else was necessary. Aitheugh in every trial of this kind certain YUgoslav diplomatic representatives have been included, at the Traue trial the producers found it necessary to Eharge the consular representative Kevic se as to justify the bad treatment and persecution of. .our . ? diplome,tic representatives in Czecholovakia. The h-ague.indictments prove the accused were for theirespionage making use .of the rugoslav, people's front in Prague, in order to justify the arrest and death by torture of DiMitrijevic, the President of the front. But the anti- democratic procedure yuieth diplomatic representatives of. a foreign country, unproceriented in international relations cannot be concealed by these state trials any more than they can wash away the blood .of . innocent men. (Si.) Z.M. (FOLITIKA ..?10th. September) MEETING OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE PF YUGOSLAVIA.-,11D THE LABOUR PARTY DELECTATION On the 8th ani 9th of this month in the premises of the Executive Committee of the PP' Yul;oslavia a joint meeting was held,. witheMilovan Djilas.in the chair, of represontatives of the PF Yugoslavia and the delegation of the Labour :arty of Great Britain; At thismeeting they exchanged opinions and discussed ?questions which interested them both. FROM 1t'h1.-, EXECUTIVE ,COMMITTEE OF THE. PF YU103LVIA (BORBA - 10th c'eptember) COMRADE I103A IJADE RECEIVED MR.H.N.BRILSFORD The..Vice-President? of the Fresiaium of the National Assembly of the FPR Y Mesa Pijade yesterday received the celebrated British writer -1-1:1 public worker Mr.Henry N.Prailsford?end hi S wife in the Presidium. The conversation betvieen the British writer ani Comrade Mosa Pijade lasted :about one hour. BORBA - 10th September) Approved For Release 2001/09/06 : CIA-RDP83-00415R006300190001-0