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Document Creation Date: 
November 9, 2016
Document Release Date: 
January 4, 1999
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Publication Date: 
January 28, 1954
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PDF icon CIA-RDP83-00423R001300720001-7.pdf89.23 KB
Approved For Release 1999/09/10: CIA-RDP83-00423R00,T~(41#2g Country: USSR Subject: Soviet Academic Degrees Place Acquired: - - - Date Acquired: 1953 and prior Date of Info: 1953 and prior 25X1A2g 255X1A2g RETCH TO CIA 25X1X6 LIBRARY 1. The Soviet degrees or titles of "aspirant", "kandidatit and "doktorit, are not com- parable to the US degrees of "bachelor", "master" and "doctor". Generally speaking, the Soviet titles are not given in recognition of the accomplishment of a prescribed course of study, but rather constitute appointments by university faculties of re- search students who show promise of further progress in a particular field of research. 2. No degree is given following the completion of the usual five year course of under- graduate work in a Soviet university. Consequently, there is no Soviet degree com- parable to the US "bachelor" degree. The Soviet "aspirant" is selected by a board appointed by the Ministry for Higher Education following a course of post-graduate study in a particular field of endeavor. An "aspirant" receives a monthly stipend from the government and it is assumed that he will continue his career for the remainder of his active life. 3. The Soviet "kandidat" was originally a title used in only certain fields of study, such as law. However, it is now used in all academic fields and is most comparable to the US "PhD". The student has completed all of his preliminary work in a specialized field and he is then selected by the same board as a "kandidal", prior to a final oral examination. A "kandidat" is given a higher monthly stipend than the "aspirant". The Soviet "doktor" is, in reality, an honorary designation in recognition of out- standing research work in academic fields. The degree of honor involved, and its indication of ability, is dependent to a great extent on the standing of the in- stitution granting the degree. Many Soviet academic institutions grant these doc- torate degrees and not all of these institutions are of equal standing in the academic field. A Soviet "doktor" would be somewhat the equivalent to an established US "PhD" who shows outstanding promise in his academic field; it is a stamp of approval on his accomplishments. Oftentimes, however, political and personal in- fluences are brought to bear so that not all Soviet doctors are of equivalent ac- complishments. 5. A typical Soviet scientific laboratory is headed by a doctor of science or a professor. If the doctor of science holds a teaching appointment concurrently with his position in the institute of which the laboratory forms a part, he is given the title of "pro- fessor". He will have a number of assistants in his laboratory who are designated as either senior or junior laboratory workers. The senior worker would correspond roughly to the ho rooie,d IReie 1aB91A9/$Qr!iCdA 8$e0 t3DDZ20 7 of the "Master's" level. - end -