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Document Creation Date: 
November 17, 2016
Document Release Date: 
March 9, 1998
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PDF icon CIA-RDP83-00764R000700020006-8.pdf218.39 KB
.. _ ~~_,. -~-~vee1--F~r-Relee 2000 0.09 _ he following events ,and documents relate to the National Security Council's adoption of a program for the encouragement of defection, for more effective utilization of defectors and the arrangement of more liberal rehabilitation and resettlement facilities for them during the period from 1945.951: 1. The Yalta Agreement on Repatriation, 11 February 1945, w-la~~ii provided for the speedy repatriation of prisoners of war and civilians of the British Commonwealth, the Soviet Union and the United States, liberated by the Allied Armies then invading Germany. As a result of the difficulties which arose in 1945 in ~~.... connection with the unwillingness of many displaced persons and refugees to return homP~ the Departments of State, of War and of the Navy agreed to a comprehensive repatriation policy which stated that the following would-be repatriated to the USSR~r- against their wishes if necessary, if they fell into one of the three categories: 1) those captured in German uniforms, 2) those wbo had been members of the Soviet Armed Forces on or after ~. June 22, 1941,~1~3) those who had collaborated with the enemy. ~ ~..~' i ~ 1 bC?,~.-c...-~ outside the above categories would not be forcibly repatriates but Soviet authorities would have access to them and an opportunity to persuade them to return. 2. United Nations Developments Since 1946: a resolution passed by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 12 February',. 1946 stated that: "No refugee or displaced person unless he be a war criminal, Quisling or traitor will be forced to return Lour~'~ry ~ii5 to the countries of t-hem-r origin if he has valid objection for so doing . 3, On 15 December 1946 the General Assembly voted to create the International Refugee Organization (IRO) to deal with all aspects of the displaced persons and refugee proplem - principally repatriation, resettlement and rehabilitation. The General Assembly's resolution of 17 November 1947 reaffirmed the Assembly's position that the main task concerning displaced persons is to "encourage and assist in every possible way their return to their country in accordance with the resolution of 12 February 1946," The principle of "valid objections" remained in effect. Approved For Release 2000/09/02: C~A-RDP83-007648000700020006-8 1 "~ . 'Approved For Rele~e 2000/09/02 :CIA-RDP83-OOR000700020006-8 3o The Clay-Sokc~lovsky Agreement of 14 August 1940: called for the return of Soviet defectors, deserters and political refugees who entered the U,S. Zone in Germany. The Army inter= preted this to mean those who entered the U.S. Zone illegally and later softened this to mean only those who were actually apprehended for misconduct. Controversy arose after it was determined that the Soviets were using the Agreements to dis- courage defectors by falsely asserting that the Agreement provided r _- for indiscriminate fore~ble re-patriation. 4. Council of Foreign Ministers'ecision on 23 April 1947: recognized the rights of the Soviet officials to visit their nationals (presumably including defectors) in the displaced person camps. On July 11, 1947 the Joint Chiefs of Staff instructed General Clay, United States Military Governor in Germany, to facilitate the emigration to other countries of displaced persons unwilling to return to the country of their origin. 5. State-Army-Navy-Air Force Coordinating Committee (SNACC): on 17 March 1948 the Department of State member presented a memo which said in essence that the free world could make excellent use of Soviet desertors, but that there were two de-~"errents to their use: 1) the absence of assurance of asylum, and 2) the absence of an organization in the democratic world to take care of the wants and needs of such men.( It also recommended that a study be instituted. A SNACC repo-rt of 25 May 1948 dealt largely with the procedures,