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PDF icon CIA-RDP83M00914R001200110023-6.pdf170.17 KB
Approved,Fdr f2 " E 7f8~1f26 : CIA-RtYP83MOO914R001200 The Deputy Director of Central Intelligence 7 August 1982 The Honorable`C. W. - Bil-l 'Young House of.Representatives Washington, D.C. 20,15 Dear Cong`ra1: At a recent hearing you inquired about the KGB use of journalists. The attached was prepared by our counterintelligence staff-- thought you might find it useful. Sincerely, of N. cMahon Downgraded to unclassified when separated from attachment Distribution: Orig Ads:e. 2 DDCT 1 DDO I - D/OEXA - ER Approved For Release 2007/04/26: CIA-RDP83M00914R001200110023-6 SECRET Summary: Since the establishment of the Soviet civilian intel- ligence-service (now the KGB) in 1917 and of the Soviet military intelligence service (now the GRU) in 1922, both Soviet services have relied heavily in the pursuit of their operational goals--the recruitment of foreign agents and the influencing of foreign opinion in the Soviet interest--on the use of journalism. Both ser- vices, but particularly the KGB, have since the 1920's consistently placed staff operational personnel under journalistic cover; and have sought to recruit foreign journalists as agents of Soviet intelligence. It is estimated'that of all Soviet journalists now serving abroad, some 30% are career Soviet intelligence officers. In citing that figure we may have erred on the conserva- tive side. A. How does the KGB make use of journalists? In several ways, e.g., recruits them as agents of influence. The KGB also recruits foreign journalists as channels of funds and influence in Soviet-supported "peace" movements. F SECRET Agoroved For R'eleasP ?nn7t-4/9R - ['JA-RnPR*Innnna14Rnn19nnh 1nno*i-' X1 25X1; Approved For Release 2007/04/26: CIA-RDP'83M00914R001200110023-6 SECRET In general, the KGB (and the GRU) recruits foreign journalists for every purpose in the Soviet intelligence catalogue - as sources of positive information, as agents of influence in the political and industrial spheres, as penetrations of national security and intelligence services, and as placers of Soviet- inspired covert propaganda in both national and international press outlets. B. How does the KGB?use.journalists for cover? We.a.ssume that this question is meant to focus on the use of Soviet media as'cover for the KGB. It is a proven fact that both the KGB and the GRU use all Soviet media elements for cover, and have done so from tie date of establishment of both the KGB and the GRU. The following Soviet media outlets have been used as cover by the KGB and GRU since the 1920's: Pravda (the newspaper of the Central Committee, CPSU), Izvesti a t e USSR "Government" newspaper), Komsomolska a Prav a t e news- paper of the Central Committee-of the Youth Organization of the CPSU), Trud (the newspaper of the Soviet All-Union Chamber of Trade Unions), TASS, the official Soviet press organization, Novosti, the "unofficial" Soviet organization for disseminating news about the USSR to foreign audiences, Moscow.Radio and TV, Africa and Asia (widely circulated in both continents), Mezhkniga (the Soviet organization responsible for disseminating Soviet publications to foreign countries), Soveksportfilm, the organization for disseminating Soviet films to foreign audi- . ences, and New Times (a Soviet weekly-foreign affairs magazine F of the 14 New Times foreign correspondents 25X1 abroad as of late 1979? 11 were staff KGB operations officers. Among the most successful of all Soviet intelligence officers was Richard Sorge, a GRU colonel who organized and ran a net- work of spies which succeeded in penetrating the highest levels of the Imperial Japanese Army and. Cabinet before and during World War II. Sorge had succeeded in gaining employment with the most prestigious pro-Nazi newspaper in pre-W.W.II Germany, and was sent by that paper to Japan, where he successfully posed as a bona fide German correspondent. C. Are there any countries that will not permit the presence of Soviet journalists? Only those countries which do not have formal diplomatic rela- tions with the USSR, e.g., Israel, Chile, Paraguay, South Africa, will not permit the presence of Soviet journalists. All other countries do, although most limit the total number and/or may refuse visas. to individual Soviet journalists. SECRET