Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 19, 2016
Document Release Date: 
April 21, 2006
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
September 28, 1982
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP84B00049R001102790012-4.pdf4.32 MB
25X1 Approved For Release 2006/05/25 : CIA-RDP84B00049RO01102790012-4 Next 8 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2006/05/25 : CIA-RDP84B00049RO01102790012-4 for R# It has spread like a rag- ing fever throughout the world, From Bonn to Is- tanbul, Lima to New York, millions upon millions of people have joined in the nuclear-freeze movement. It is a movement largely made up of patriotic, sen- sible people who earnestly believe that they are doing what they must to prevent nuclear war, But it is also a movement that has been 11CM! penetrated, manipulated The and distorted to an amaz- Magical War for "Peace" ing degree by people who have but one airri-to pro- BYJOHN BARRON mote communist tyranny by weakening the United. States- Here, in an exclu_ sive report, Reader's Di- gest Senior Editor John Barron, author of the best- Th e Secret III Work of Soviet Secret Agents, authenticates in detail how the Kremlin, h t rough s:.;c.rocy, forgery, terrorism (1110. fear, has played upon mankind's longing fcn peace to fur- ther its Ewan strategic ~h'auc lease MAU?%~5': CIA-RDP84B00049R001102790012-4 Approved For Release 2006/05/25: CIA-RDP84B00049F N THE OLD I URYANKA PRISON on Dzer7hinsky Square in Moscow, the screams of the tortured and the pleas of the doomed are heard no more. pedic, inside knmNledge of how the Soviet Union conceives and con- ducts Active Measures. In late 1979 Maj. Stanislav Aleksandrovich Lev- chenko escaped from Japan to the United States, and he turned out to he one of the most important officers ever to flee the K(;B. Levchenko had worked at the Center as well as, in front organizations in Moscow. At the time of his escape he was Active Measures Officer at the KGB's Tokyo Residency. From his unique back- ground, he disclosed strategy, tactics and myriad examples of Active Mea- sures, while unmasking Soviet fronts and key KGB operatives. "Few people who understand the reality of the Soviet Union will knowingly support it or its poli- cies," Levchenko states. "So by Ac- tive Measures, the KGB distorts or inverts reality. The trick is to make people support Soviet policy unwit- tingly by convincing them they are supporting something else. Almost everybody wants peace and fears war. Therefore, by every conceiv- able means, the KGB plans and coordinates campaigns to persuade the public that whatever America does endangers peace and that whatever the Soviet Union pro- poses furthers peace. To he for America is to he for war; to be for the Soviets is to be for peace. That's the art of Active Measures, a sort of made-in-Moscow black magic. It is tragic to see how well it works." Today, the KGB is concentrating on one of the largest Active Meas- (Continued on page 21!) Drunken executioners no longer ram pistols into backs of heads and blow out the faces of "enemies of the people." No longer must clean- ing crews come every few hours to wash blood from the stone walls, swab gore off the oak floors and cart away former comrades' remains. Today the Communist Party torturers and executioners perform their duties elsewhere, and Lu- hyanka, whose name still kindles fear in Russians, has undergone a reincarnation. Unknown to the general public, its cells, torture chambers and execution cellars have been remodeled into offices and made part of the "Center"- the headquarters of the Committee for State Security, or KGB. Sitting in a mahogany-paneled office on the third floor of Lu- byanka is the new KG13 chairman, Vitaly Fedorchuk. He must still concern himself, first of all, with the continuing subjugation of the Soviet people on behalf of the Party. He and his deputies must still super- vise some 5000 KGB officers abroad who daily endeavor to steal the scientific, military and state secrets of other nations. But today, as never before, the KGB leadership is preoc- cupied with prosecution of what the Russians call Active Measures. As a result of a disastrous K(,B loss, the West has gained cncyclo- FROM A FORTHCOMING BOOK BY JOHN BARRON TO BE PUBLISHED IN 1983 BY READER S DIGEST PRESS 207 200 PARK AVE NEW YORK N 1 10166 Approved For Release 2006/05/25: CIA-RDP84B0004 TIl KGRS 11-fAGICAI. ttcau l:nu tires campaigns mounted since World War If. Its objective is to Fabrications and Fronts secure military superiority for the IN THE SOVIET LEXIcoN, Active Soviet Union by persuading the Measures include both overt and United States to abandon new covert propaganda, manipulation weapons systems that both Amen- of international front organiza- can political parties and numerous tions, forgeries, fabrications and strategists judge essential to West- deceptions, acts of sabotage or ter- ern military security. The name of rorism committed for psychologi- the campaign is "nuclear freeze." cal effect, and the use of Agents of This worldwide campaign thus Influence.* far has been remarkably successful, The KGB has concocted more for the Kci has induced millions than f5o forgeries of official U.S. upon millions of honorable, patri- documents and correspondence otic and sensible people who detest portraying American leaders as communist tyranny to make com- treacherous and the United States mon cause with the Soviet Union. as an unreliable, warmongering na- Most of these millions earnestly tion. One of the most damaging believe they are doing what they was a fabrication titled U.S. Army must to spare mankind the calami- Field Manual FM30-31B and classi- ty of nuclear war. In appealing to Pied, by the KGB, top secret. Field their admirable motivations, the manuals FA130-31 and FM30-31A Soviet Active Measures apparatus did exist; FM311-31B was entirely a follows a strategy not unlike that of Soviet creation. Over the forged cigarette advertisers. Tobacco com- signature of Uen. William West- panies do not ask people to consider moreland, the manual detailed pro- thoughtfully the fundamental is- cedures to be followed by U.S. sue of whether the pleasures of military personnel in friendly for- cigarette addiction offset indis- eign countries. These fictitious in- putable perils to health. Rather, by structions told U.S. military forces simple slogans and alluring illus- or advisers how to interfere in trations, they evade the issue. internal political affairs and, in Similarly, Active Measures, by certain circumstances, how to incite holding out the allure of" peace ultra-leftist groups to violence so through simple slogans and sim- as to provoke the host govern- li i p st c proposals, try to evade the fundamental and extremely com- plex issue of arms limitation. And, as Levchenko suggests, they try to persuade everybody that the way to peace lies down the path the Russians are pointing to. *l he classic Soviet espionage agent steals secrets. An Agent of Influence strives to affect the public opinion and policicsof other nations in the interests of the Soviet Union. His or her advocacy may be open or concealed, direct or subtle. ;\hvays, though, the Agent of Influence pretends that he or she is acting out of personal conviction rather than under Soviet guidance. ment into militant anti-communist actions. The KGB forgery proved invalu- able after terrorists from the radical leftist Red Brigades murdered Aldo Moro, president of the Italian Christian Democratic Party, in March 1978. Although Moro's mur- der constituted a grievous loss to the United States, Radio Moscow began broadcasting charges that he had been assassinated by the CIA. Initial- ly, few people paid any attention to the totally undocumented allegation. Then, according to Congressional testimony, Cuban intelligence officer Luis Gonzalez Verdecia offered a Spanish newspaper the forged Army manual along with an analysis by Fernando Gonzalez, a Spanish com- munist who dealt with the KGB. In his article Gonzalez cited the manual to support claims that the United States was involved with various Western European terrorist groups, including the Red Brigades. The leftist Spanish magazine El Triunfo published both Gonzalez's article and parts of the forgery on September 23, 1978. Immediately, Italian and other European news- papers replayed the Spanish story. Soviet propagandists now set up a new hue and cry, citing the articles in the non-communist European press as "evidence" that the CIA had assassinated Moro and that the United States was the actual spon- sor of left-wing terrorists all around the world. Soon, the press in 20 countries I,at o teleasep3i O O5/ e: 4 IEj QRsB4RQR49W t the CIA along with the forged man- ual or excerpts from it. In the minds of millions, the KGB had succeeded in inverting reality. In all nations the KGB attempts to recruit agents-within the polit- ical system, press, religion, labor, the academic world-who can help shape public attitudes and policies to Soviet interests. Pierre-Charles Pathe, a French journalist, was an archetypical Agent of Influence un- til his arrest in 1979. KGB officers, working in Paris under diplomatic cover, regularly supplied him with data that he transformed into articles or passed along to other journalists as his own research and thought. For nearly 20 years Pathe initiated more than loo articles on Latin America, China, NATO, the CIA and other topics, all in tune with KGB goals. With KGB funds, he published a newsletter read by leaders in gov- ernment and industry. A French court judged Pathe's actions so potentially damaging to France's military, political and essential eco- nomic interests that it sentenced him to five years' imprisonment. The Soviets also discreetly en- courage terrorism as a form of Ac- tive Measures. At a school where KGB personnel formerly trained, near the village of Balashikha, east of Moscow, officers of Department V, responsible for sabotage and as- sassination, bring in contingents of too or so young people each year from the Middle East, Africa and .,taught terror- i of trainees re- Approved For Release 2006/05/25: CIA-RDP84B00049R specific missions, the KGB calculat- ing that the Soviet Union benefits from any mayhem committed in recruited to be KGB agents within the ter- rorist movements back home. And the best and most ideo- logically reliable are recruited to serve the KGB independently. Beyond these types of Active Meas- ures for which it is exclusively responsi- ble, the KGB assists the International De- partment of the Cen- group because of subversive activi- ties in 1957, but the WPC retained a European outpost in Vienna through a branch titled the Interna- tional Institute for Peace. In 1968 tral Committee in maintaining an interlocking web of front organi- zations. While all are controlled from Moscow, they are not popu- larly perceived as subversive. The most important fronts in the cur- rent "peace" campaign are the World Peace Council (WP() and Canada. Facade of Peace THE WORLD PEACE COUNCIL emerged in Paris in 1950 to foment "Ban the Bomb" propaganda at a time when the Soviets had not suc- ceeded in arming themselves with nuclear weapons. Expelled from France for subversion in 1951, the WPC took refuge in Prague until 1954, when it moved to Vienna. The Austrians also evicted the the WPC established headquarters in Hel- sinki to orchestrate the global propagan- da campaign to com- pel withdrawal of American forces from Vietnam. The president of the council is Indian communist Romesh Chandra, who long has been a controlled and witting Soviet agent. Intelligent, vain and arrogant, Chandra is almost embarrassing in his slavish adherence to Soviet dictates and his paeans to all things Soviet. "The Soviet Union invariably supports the peace movement," Chandra said a few years ago. "The World Peace Council in its turn positively reacts to all Soviet initiatives in international affairs." Nevertheless, the Russians su- pervise Chandra closely by assign- ing both International Department and KGB representatives to the per- manent secretariat of the WPC in Helsinki. The public record amply demonstrates the totality of Soviet control. In its 32 years of existence, the WPC has not deviated from the Kremlin's line of the moment. It did not raise its voice against Soviet suppression of Polish and East Ger- 1ij THE KGB s AMGICAI. WAR FOR "PEACE." man workers in 1953, Soviet slaughter of Hungarians in 1956, Soviet abrogation of the nuclear- test moratorium in 1961, the clan- destine emplacement of nuclear missiles in Cuba in 1962, the inva- sion of Czechoslovakia in 1968, the projection of Soviet military power in Angola, Ethiopia and Yemen. The WPC has failed to criticize a single Soviet armament program; only those of the West. And it endorsed the Soviet inva- sion of Afghanistan. WPC finances further reflect So- viet control. Huge sums are neces- sary to maintain the offices and staff in Helsinki, Vienna and, since 1977, Geneva; to pay for continual global travel by WPc officials; to publish and distribute around the world monthly periodicals in Eng- lish, French, German and Spanish; to finance international assemblies for which hundreds of delegates are provided transportation, food and lodging. Yet the World Peace Council has no visible means of support. Virtually all its money comes clandestinely from the Sovi- et Union. Even so, many people, including diplomats, politicians, scientists and journalists, choose not to see the WPC for what it is. The United Nations officially recognizes the WPC as a "non-governmental organ- ization" and joins it in discussions of issues such as disarmament and colonialism. The national peace in more than loo nations rarely are stigmatized in the press as puppets of the Politburo. (liven the facade of an earnest institution that unites sincere men and women from all parts of the world in the quest for peace, given the expertise of KGB and Inter- national Department specialists in Active Measures and propaganda, given virtually limitless funds, the World Peace Council frequently rallies millions of non-communists to communist causes. Coordinated Effort ANOTHER FRONT, the Institute for the U.S.A. and Canada, affords dis- guised Soviet operatives entree into much higher levels of American society than does the wPc. Its direc- tor, Georgi Arbatov, an intimate of former KGB chairman Yuri Andro- pov, has in recent years been a regular commuter to the United States, where he hobnobs with prominent politicians and preaches the gospel of disarmament on na- tional television. Fully a third of the Institute's staff are regular officers of the KGB; one of its deputy directors is Rado- mir Georgovich Bogdanov, a senior KGB colonel, who has been subvert- ing foreigners for a quarter centu- ry. He labored more than a decade to recruit English-speaking leaders in India and did so well that the KGB promoted him to Resident in New Delhi A. u h h h I s c , e e ped r Rele Rrip0A :,6ALK P84 OOO OP s90pil n4ra into an i ains of 211 open and secret ties Agent of Influence in the 196os and THE KGB 'S MAGICAL HAR FOR 'PEACE" has worked with him intermittent- reportage of the non-communist ly ever since. ress by echoing them in official In the mid-1970s the KGB as- p debates. The parties consti signed Bogdanov to the Institute ready reservoir of d sciplinedtdem- and to American targets. His pose onstrators who can take to the as a scholar and disarmament spe- streets simultaneously in cities cialist questing for peace and understand- ing earns him access to U.S, Politicians and academicians who genuinely do desire peace and understand- Ing. Bogdanov has turned up at disarma- ment conferences-in Washington, New IIJj'I Pork and Europe peddling the Soviet i ne and hi untng for Americans who Radonuir Bogdan,,, can be seduced into following it. The KGB also assists the Interna- tional Department in sustaining for- eign communist parties. Many of the parties survive only through secret Soviet subsidies, often delivered by the KGB. The Russians, for example, l h ong aveld b smuggeetween $I mil- lion and $2 million annually to the Communist Party U.S.A. The USIQ It millions the foreign parties because, een if bedraggled and numerically small, they still contribute significantly to Active Measures. Their members can be counted upon to circulate pamphlets and promulgate Soviet themes that subsequently rrPr , wicmners -"uuun no sowBombast Releas 1db16f05125odt l c-F WQ4pR049P, 0I ET ! can insert these themes into the HE OVIETS current peace cam- 216 Paifrn began five years ago in throughout the world to foster an illusion of spontaneous concern. They provide the in- defatigable cadre of planners, organizers and agitators who help stage mass demonstra- tions that attract non- communists. The vast Soviet Active Measures ap- paratus-the overt propaganda organs, foreign comm i un st parties, international fronts, KGB Residencies around the world, the factories of forgery and disinfor- mation, the Agents of Influence- is well coordinated and disciplined and can respond to commands rap- idly and flexibly. When the KGB or International Department senses op- portunity, a detailed operational plan is submitted to the Politburo. Once the Politburo approves, everybody from Brezhnev on down pitches in. The basic themes and subthemes of the campaign then are massively and thunderously propagated, like some primitive chant, to drown out reasoned debate or dissent. THE KGBS MAGICAL WAR FOR "PEACE" reaction to the enhanced-radiation warhead (ERW), which soon was mislabeled the neutron bomb. The ERW was born of the most realistic considerations. By 1976 the Soviet Union and its satellites had de- ployed some 20,000 battle tanks against West Germany. NATO, with only some 7000 tanks and numerically inferior ground forces, could be sure of repelling an onslaught by Soviet armor only through the use of tacti- cal nuclear weapons. However, the smallest of the nuclear weapons then stored in Europe had a de- structive force roughly equivalent to that of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima. The blast and heat from such a weapon would wipe out not only Soviet invaders but everybody and everything within a four-mile radius of the detonation point. Radiation would kill men, women and children within an even wider area. Through their hydra-headed propaganda apparatus, the Rus- sians were able to say, and in effect continue to say, to the West Ger- mans: If there is war, that' is, if we attack you, the Americans will lay waste to your country and people. Since defense is impossible without annihilation, you should quit NATO, cease being pawns of the Americans and come to peaceful and profitable terms with us. The Russians' most imminent . u objective in arraying armor on in lune io77 President Timmu C -_ rceiease YgvaoRUa~isocltlcuaxurrarr+p~ouu4tt~~;~diC} would delay I; L t argument; not to attack, but to intimidate and fragment by threat. The United States developed the ERW solely to neutralize this threat. Fired from a howitzer or short- range missile, the ERW obliterates everything within a radius of about 120 yards, inflicting no physical damage beyond. It releases neu- trons, which flash through the thickest armor with the ease of light passing through a window. The neutrons instantly kill tank crews, soldiers and anybody else in a radius of 500 yards, and cause death within hours or days to all inside a radius of one mile. The radiation effects dissipate quickly, though, and the area affected may safely be entered only hours later. After technological break- throughs in the mid-1970s made production of an ERW feasible, military strategists advanced the following arguments: The ERW would render the 20,000 commu- nist tanks menacing NATO by and large useless, militarily and politi- cally. The ERW could wipe out the crews of entire communist ar- mored divisions, while causing minimal civilian casualties and physical devastation. In other words, NATO could defend West- ern Europe without destroying much of the area and its population. Accordingly, President Gerald Ford in April 1976 approved the enhanced-radiation warhead B t f,a e num ers was to reintorce this (Continued on page 225) ,,n Approved For Release 2006/05/25: CIA-RDP84B00049R THE KGB S MAGICAL WAR FOR 'PEACE" a final decision until November. Now the Russians had time and opportunity to initiate a worldwide campaign to pressure President Carter to do as they wished. In little more than a month, the Politburo, the International Department of the Central Committee, the KGB, their worldwide web of agents and front groups, and the Soviet press were ready. They began July 9, 1977, with a cry from TASS aimed at Carter himself: "How can one pose as a champion of human rights and at the same time brandish the neutron bomb, which threatens the lives of millions of people?" The Kremlin then warned the world that the neutron bomb can "only bring the world closer to nuclear holocaust." Throughout July the Soviet press and radio, in an ever-rising chorus, sounded variations of this refrain: The ghastly new American weapon, the neutron bomb, threatens man- kind with nuclear extinction. To be for the neutron bomb is to be for war. To oppose the neutron bomb is to be for peace. Faithfully, the state-controlled media of Eastern Europe and the newspapers of communist parties in Western Europe echoed the bombast emanating from Moscow. Orchestrated Protest INITIALLY, the Active Measures against the ERW were mostly overt and the propaganda was traceable to communist sources. But in Au- gust the campaign advanced into semi-covert and clandestine phases. The World Peace Council pro- claimed August 6-13, 1977, a Week of Action, and its front groups, abetted by the KGB and local com- munist parties, promoted public demonstrations whose Soviet spon- sorship was less perceptible. That week crowds, pleading in the name of humanity against the "killer neutron bomb," demonstrated be- fore U.S. consulates or embassies in Bonn, Stuttgart, Frankfurt and Is- tanbul. Though subtly directed by Soviet agents, the demonstrators- in Germany and the Netherlands at least-were mostly non-commu- nists attracted by intensive advertis- ing, and motivated by a variety of impulses: anti-Americanism, paci- fism, abhorrence of all nuclear weapons and a sincere longing for peace. Elsewhere, in lands where the ERW never would be used, KGB Residencies did their job by plant- ing disinformation in the local press. One prestigious Latin Amer- ican newspaper published an anti- neutron-bomb article attributed to the International Institute for Peace in Vienna, which was not identified as the Soviet front that it is. A small communist claque in Lima dis- patched a formal protest to the United Nations. A spate of Soviet- inspired articles appeared in India, Pakistan, Mauritius, Ghana, Ethio- pia and Libya. Concurrently, within its own empire, the Soviet Union beat the propaganda drums in a new cre- THE KGB S MAGICAL If/4R FOR "PEACE" scendo. From East Berlin, Reuters October 16, 1977, six outsiders Bis- on August 8 reported: "Twenty- rupted the service with shouts eight European and North Ameri- against the neutron bomb. And on can communist parties today joined two more occasions, protesters Kar- in an unusual display of public assed the Carters at church. unity to call on the United States to In January ban production of the neutron letters to the heads of all Western bomb." A sturdy worker in Mos- governments asserting that the cow recalled the suffering of World neutron bomb would "pose a grave War II; by coincidence, another threat to detente." Western mem- man 1500 miles away in Uzbeki- bers of parliament received similar stan spoke almost exactly the same letters from members of the Su- words. preme Soviet and Soviet trade- In October, Secretary of Defense union leaders. Harold Brown announced Presi- Emboldened by the initial furor dent Carter would approve pro- the Active Measures campaign had duction of the ERW only if NATO incited, the KGB and International allies agreed in advance to its de- Department moved on the U.S. ployment on their territories. West- Congress. American communists, ern European leaders recognized joined by non-communists, formed the ERW as a much safer, more a National Committee to welcome credible deterrent than the nuclear Romesh Chandra and the World warheads already on their soil, and Peace Council presidential bureau privately wanted it added to NATO to a "Dialogue for Disarmament defenses. But-by temporizing and and Detente" held in Washington publicly shifting the burden of de- from January 25 to 28. U.S. Rep. cision to them, Carter exposed Al- John Conyers, Jr., heartily greeted lied leaders as well as himself to the group. "You have joined us to intensified pressures, give us courage and inspiration in Accurately assessing Carter as a our fight for disarmament and devoted Baptist, the Russians played against the neutron bomb," he said. upon his deep religious faith. In a The KGB provided the star of dispatch quoted by the American this show at the Capitol. Reporting press, TASS reported: "Soviet Baptist the proceedings, which included a leaders today condemned produc- luncheon in the House of Repre- tion of the neutron bomb as'contrary sentatives, the communist Daily to the teachings of Christ' and urged World said: "Every now and then fellow Baptists in the United States one of the speakers would strike an to raise their voices in defense of emotional chord that was both per- peace." As President and Mrs Carter l wordh sons and political, a an plea ReIet~~5~e: 6IIjR13WlBOO1:1QTqA~1elisteners. n as ington on S d 226 un ay, One such speaker was Radomir BOOK SECTION Bogdanov of the Soviet Academy zations Committee on Disarma! of Sciences," The Daily World neg- ment. The actual organizers and lected to mention that Bogdanov is sponsors were the World Peace a KGB officer. Council, its Swiss allies and Eastern Having given courageressmen on and, a insgpient- Etouropean "diplomats" accredited rati on " to U.S. C g the United Nations in Geneva. Chandra and Colonel Bogdanov The presiding officer was the ubiq- proceeded to New York where the uitous agent Chandra. WPC group had "long and fruitful On March r9, in a rally or- discussions" with U.N. Secretary- ganized primarily by the Dutch General Kurt Waldheim. Communist Party, some 40,00o In late February, 126 represent- demonstrators, drawn from atives of peace groups from 5o throughout Europe at considerable nations gathered in Geneva to de- expense to the rally's sponsors, flounce the neutron bomb. They marched through Amsterdam in- attracted attention from an uncriti- veighing against the horrors of the cal press that did not ask who was neutron bomb and the nuclear hol- paying for this extravaganza alleg- ocaust it surely would precipitate. edly sponsored by a heretofore un- The protest, part of the Interna- known outfit calling itself the tional Forum Against the Neutron Special Nongovernmental Organi- Bomb, doubtless constituted evi- SPREAD THE WORD WITH REPRINTS cf~EADERS frequently tell us how gratifying it is to pass along copies of especially interesting or usef l i l u art c es to friends, church congregations, volunteer groups, employees, nursing homes, schools, etc. Reprints avail- able from the October 1982 issue: Coping With Budget Cuts: How Two States Do It Six Myths About Extramarital Affairs ... . . . Page 33 The Persecution of a Government Watchdog page 93 "Why Do Judges Keep Letting Him Off-" ........ page 121 What Happens When a Smoker Stops ........ . Living It Up in Debt ..... Page 136 Biomagnetism: An Awesome Force in Our Lives ... page 143 The Insanity Defense Is Insane ....... page 157 Prices: ro for ....... page 199 $35; loon for $3; 25 for $6; 50 for $9; too for $15; 50o for yy~~Postage and handling charges included in order f elea a 20r~ / f'f~'~I&rE'iRb't4aowom i s iYcbio ,Y.stoS7o. 228 }Z Approved For Release 2006/05/25: CIA-RDP84B00049R001 1982 dence to many that the neutron bomb must be very bad indeed. American Retreat DESPITE THE ILLUSION of a worldwide tide of sentiment well- ing up against the ERW, President Carter's three principal foreign- policy advisers-Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, Secretary of Defense Harold Brown and National Secu- rity Adviser Zbigniew Brzezin- ski-all urged production. So did the Washington Post and the New York Times. Declared the Times: "Ever since the Carter Administra- tion asked Congress last summer for funds to produce enhanced- radiation nuclear warheads, critics ranging from Soviet propagandists to Western cartoonists have had a field day attacking the so-called `neutron bomb.' The archetypical capitalist weapon, Moscow has called it, a destroyer of people but not property. Grim forecasts of lin- gering radiation deaths have filled newspaper columns worldwide. Rarely have the relevant questions been asked: Is the neutron weapon really more terrible than other nu- clear weapons? And more impor- tant, would its deployment make nuclear war more likely? "The answer to both these ques- tions is almost certainly 'No.'. . . Neutron weapons in Western hands would significantly complicate So- viet tactical planning: If its tanks were to attack in mass, they would be highly vulnerable. If they were to disperse, they would be easier targets for conventional precision- guided anti-tank weapons...." Such logic was unavailing. On April 7, 1978, President Carter an- nounced the ERW's cancellation. The communists gloated. "The po- litical campaign against the neu- tron bomb was one of the most significant and successful' since World War II," boasted Janos Berecz, chief of the Hungarian Communist Party's International Department. And Leonid Brezh- nev himself decorated Soviet Am- bassador Aleksandr Yosipovich Romanov for his services in inciting the Dutch demonstrations. In unilaterally abandoning plans to produce the enhanced-radiation warhead, the United States secured no reciprocal or compensatory con- cessions from the Soviet Union. Abandonment gained no good will from those people endemically hos- tile to the plan or those convinced that it had pushed the world to the precipice of nuclear war by devel- oping a ghastly new weapon. By arming NATO with the en- hanced-radiation warhead, the United States had intended to dem- onstrate to friends that it possessed the will and capacity to participate effectively in their defense. By vac- illating, then capitulating before the pressures of Soviet Active Measures, the United States showed itself to be irresolute and, in the eyes of many friends, witless. The retreat especially frightened Europeans threatened by the Sovi- ets' newest weapon of mass de- struction, the SS-20 missile. The SS-20 is an accurate, mobile weap- on that can be concealed from de- tection by space satellites and reconnaissance aircraft. In 1977 the Russians had begun deploying the first of 315 of these missiles, each with three nuclear warheads that can be directed at separate targets. Thus the Soviet Union now had an intimidating new force, which within 15 minutes from launch could obliterate 945 European tar- gets-including every sizable city from Oslo to Lisbon, from Glasgow to Istanbul. At the insistence of the Western Europeans and particularly West German Chancellor Schmidt, the Carter Administration finally agreed to emplace, under joint U.S.-NATO control, 572 Pershing II and cruise missiles as a counter- poise to the SS-20s. Unlike the old missiles they would replace, the intermediate-range Pershing II and cruise missiles could reach Moscow Europe for more than three dec- ades, would be restored; neither side could credibly threaten the other with nuclear assault. NATO ministers in December 1979 over- whelmingly approved deployment of the modern missiles, and the United States promised to put them in place by late 1983. Throughout the 1980 Presiden- tial campaign, candidate Ronald Reagan declared that, if elected, he would restore American military power to the degree necessary to deter Soviet intimidation or attack. A few days after Reagan won, the Soviet Union instigated the great new Active Measures campaign to prevent NATO from countering the SS-20s.and to reverse the American election results by nullifying the rearmament program implicitly mandated by the voters. After the success of the anti-neutron-bomb campaign, their expectations were high. and other cities in the western Sovi- Nuclear Freeze et Union. Both are mobile, can be ON FEBRUARY 23, 1981, Leonid hidden and could probably survive Brezhnev, addressing the 26th the new American missiles would an official call for a nuclearfreeze- De armed only with a single an immediate cessation of develop- 1.11111_11 - the 572 warheads would suffice to the fundamental Soviet objective of h void t e threat of the SS-20 by aborting American production and convincing the Russians that attack deployment of the enhanced-radia- upon Western Europe autolnatical- tion warhead (re-initiated by Rea- Releas bt "C{ti1-`~21>('1r049'~097~'@s~s4 and a new ep peace in marine( )omher, the B-1. It would leave Western Europe vulnerable to the relentlessly expanding com- munist forces-now including an astonishing 42,500 tanks and 315 deadly SS-20 missiles. It would leave the United States with a fleet of old, obsolete strategic bombers unlikely to penetrate Soviet air de- fenses and with an aging force of fixed land-based missiles vulnera- ble to a first strike by gigantic new Soviet missiles. Instantly the KGB, the Interna- tional Department and the im- mense Active Measures apparatus heeded Brezhnev's call. With the World Peace Council, its foreign affiliates and local communist par- ties again the principal organizers, a new series of mass demonstra- tions occurred in Europe. An esti- mated 250,000 people marched in Bonn, protesting against any new missiles or nuclear weapons. Soviet fronts helped assemble a throng estimated at 350,000 in Amster- dam, a reported 400,000 in Madrid and 200,000 in Athens. The KGB all along played its traditional part. Dutch authorities in April 1881 expelled KGB officer Vadim Leonov who, in the guise of a TASS correspondent, associated closely with leaders of the Dutch peace movement. Leonov made a number of professional mistakes, including a drunken boast to a Dutch counterintelligence source. "If Moscow decides that 50,000 demonstrators must take to the streets in the Netherlands, then they take to the streets. Do ' ou its ties 'er of ,fed itch le a l: es, a rce. x:00 the `ien ?ou Approved For Release 2006/05/25: CIA-RDP84B00049RO TUI KGES hfAGIC,AL WAR FOR 'PEACE" 233 know how you can get 5o,00o dem- onstrators at a certain place within a week? A message through my channels is sufficient," Leonov bragged. In November Norway ex- pelled KGB officer Stanislav Cheho- tek for offering bribes to those Nor- wegians who would write letters to newspapers denouncing NATO and the proposed missiles for Europe. In January 1982 Portugal ousted two KGB officers, Yuri Babaints and Mikhail Morozov, for attempt- ing to incite riots against NATO. That same month the Portuguese also denied visas to Soviet Peace Committee representatives who wanted to join a communist-spon- sored demonstration against NATO and the missiles on grounds that they were Soviet subversives. The Portuguese Socialist Party boycott- ed the Lisbon march, deriding it as a "reflection of the diplomatic and military logic of the Soviet bloc." However, the march of about 50,000 people proceeded-with U.S. Congressman Gus Savage as one of its leaders. In a newsletter to constituents, Savage boasted of his participation in activities of the World Peace Council, which he described as "the largest nongov- ernmental peace organization in the world." All the while the KGB was man- ufacturing a spate of forged docu- ments intended to buttress the theme that American rather than Soviet nuclear weapons most im- peril Western Europe. It succeeded (Continued on page 236) THE KGB S MAGICAL 4A R FOR `PEACE" in circulating in Great Britain, the Netherlands, Norway, Belgium, Malta, Greece and France a pamphlet entitled "Top Secret Documents . . . on U.S. Forces Headquarters in Europe ... Holo- caust Again for Europe." The con- tents consisted of alterations and fabrications based upon authentic military-contingency plans stolen by a KGB agent, Sgt. Robert Lee Johnson, from the Armed Forces Courier Center vault at Orly Field in 1962. The fabrications purported to show that the United States planned to blow up much of Europe with nuclear weapons to save itself. his own name propaganda tracts written by the KGB. Danish counterintelligence offi- cers witnessed 23 clandestine meet- ings between Petersen and Maj. Vladimir Dmitriyevich Merkulov, Active Measures officer at the KGB Residency in Copenhagen. Finally, in October 1981, they arrested Pe- tersen as a Soviet agent. Merkulov, who had been active in the Danish Cooperation Committee for Peace and Security, a communist-domi- nated subsidiary of the World Peace Council, was expelled. The U.S. Movement Reproducing a standard, unclas- WHILE the Soviet-inspired dem- sified U.S. government map of onstrations against NATO and the Austria, the KGB labeled it top se- new missiles raged across Europe, cret and marked targets on it. Both protests in America initially were the Austrian communist newspa- scant and inconsequential. But on per Volksstimme and Komsomol- March 20, 1981, less than one skaya Pravda in Moscow published month after Brezhnev called for a stories alleging that the map proved nuclear freeze, the first national the United States planned to de- strategy conference of the Ameri- stroy Austrian cities and installa- can Nuclear Freeze Campaign con- tions with nuclear bombs. vened for three clays in a meeting In Denmark, writer Arne hall at Georgetown University in Herlov Petersen, a KGB agent since Washington. The topics of the 1970, helped organize a propaganda skills-sharing workshops suggest drive advocating a Nordic Nuclear just how farsighted and well con Weapon Free Zone, i.e., stripping sidered the planning was. Working the northern flank of NATO of all sessions were conducted to teach nuclear defenses. As part of this activists about: "Congressional effort, he composed an advertise- District/Petitions Approach; Refer- ment signed by 15o Danish artists endum/State Legislator Approach; and intellectuals and bought news- Organizing Around Nuclear Weap- paper space with KGB money. In on Facilities; How to Approach the summer of 1981 Petersen spon- Middle America-Small Group and RAQW peace 2A : rr~rp_ R{#j j ti i ues; Media; ,~ a P sh c i-cl~er~9't~'lc'hod~ gti~va~ing National z3G THE KGB S MAGICAL HAR FOR "PEACE" Organizations (Including Your Own); Working with the Religious Community; Working with the Medical and Scientific Communi- ty; Working with Groups with a Human Needs Agenda." Virtually the entire blueprint for the nuclear-freeze campaign that Yuri Kapralov followed was drawn in comprehen- sive detail. Speakers stressed that the beauty of the nuclear freeze derives from its simplicity. It would enable all people sincerely con- cerned about the danger of nuclear war to answer for themselves the qu'estion, "What can I do?" According to a "peace" move- ment newspaper, the organizers at Georgetown comprised "between 275 and 30o predominantly white middle-class people from 33 states, Great Britain and the Soviet Union." Records available today e o t e most identify only two of the invited effective speakers." Blaming the ~eleas@v 1Q6105iI26)n(CK-FMU 0049R0Q1Jd0 7,9 12i4ited States, danov, an International Depart- Kapralov said, "It's funny that 238 ment specialist in Active Measures, who flew in from Moscow. The other was Yuri S. Kapralov, who represents himself as a counselor at the Soviet embassy in Washington. Kapralov was not merely an ob- server. He mingled with disarma- ment proponents, urging them on in their efforts to abort new Ameri- can weapons. He was an official member of the discussion panel, and, as one listener put it, his state- ments were "very impressive." But Yuri Kapralov did not speak just for himself. Kapralov is a KGB officer who, ever since arriving in the United States in 1978, has dedicated himself to penetrating the peace movement. Thus, little more than two miles from the White House, the KGB helped or- ganize and inaugurate the Ameri- can "nuclear freeze" campaign. While many civic and church groups of unassailable repute were to join in advocating the "freeze," in terms of the strategy and organi- zation of the drive, this little-noted conference at Georgetown was a seminal meeting. KGB officer Kapralov subse- quently showed up at other Ameri- can forums advocating peace and disarmament. According to press accounts he received some of the loudest applause given speakers by about Boo Harvard students and faculty members, and the Boston Globe termed him "onf h Deterrence vs. the Freeze EVERYONE IS FOR THE FREEZE. And no wonder. As the Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign, the St. Louis-based "clearinghouse" for the grass-roots anti-nuke crusade, puts it on its letterhead: "The freeze: because nobody wants a nuclear war." The power of that slogan lies in its simplicity and its implication that only those who want nuclear war could oppose a freeze. Consequently, the question is no longer: "Are you for a freeze?" but "What kind of freeze are you for?" Freezes now come in many varieties. The differences, though subtle, are crucial. One proposal is from the grass-roots campaign. Its objective is a total ceasefire- in-place in the nuclear arms race. This proposal has been adopted by scores of town meetings, Catholic bishops, the YMCA and so on. As an expression of general concern, the halt-in-place freeze is laudable. But as a practical proposal, it is a disaster. First, production of nuclear weapons is exceedingly difficult to verify without on-site inspection, and the U.S.S.R. has consistently reiterated its opposition to such inspections. Second, a global halt-in-place effectively cancels the Reagan Administration's bold stroke in arms control on intermediate-range nuclear weapons in Europe. Last November the President offered to cancel planned American deployment of Pershing II and ground-launched cruise missiles if the Soviets agreed to dismantle their SS-20s, 315 accurate and mobile nuclear missiles based in Eastern Europe and aimed at West European cities. Leonid Brezhnev's counteroffer is also a "freeze": keep things as they are in Europe, with the Soviets allowed 315 intermediate-range missiles on the ground and the United States zero. We are now engaged in negotiations at Geneva to resolve the issue. If the halt-in-place idea were to prevail in Washington, however, we wouldn't need negotiations in Geneva. The issue would be settled with a Soviet victory. Collapse of the U.S. position at Geneva would also cause disarray in the NATO alliance. Helmut Schmidt and other European leaders have gone out on a limb to support the U.S. position on intermediate nuclear weapons. If that limb is sawed off by the U.S. freeze movement, just as it was in the neutron-bomb affair by Carter, they could be forgiven if they never again risked their political futures on U.S. promises. But there exists an even more fundamental problem with the halt-in-place proposal. It ignores deterrence, which has proved the only guarantor of peace in the nuclear age. The proposal is based on the simple notion that as long as each when our leaders talk very clearly would talk as clearly and as force- about their desire for peace. some of fully for peace and arms control as 1Ieaser2D0?MS136 *R6 t #4B 049RWl,WR7 I;-Alled for a nu- would prefer that your leaders clear freeze, he adjured scientists l 240 ,ze eke tear :nly ,m is ial. ire- of ,it as s is has .I'ns (ape. It of ~tle rope ") a its are Lice ,~ in > 11 TO h to ed by on !;ice in ich Approved For Release 2006/05/25: CIA-RDP84B00049RO side has enough megatonnage to destroy the other, everything else is useless overkill. It assumes that as long as we have the capacity to knock out Soviet cities, we have deterrence. But deterrence requires the capacity to destroy the other side after a first strike. In a crisis, nuclear war will not start because one side has, say, ten times overkill capacity as opposed to five. Nuclear war becomes more probable when the threat of retaliation becomes less credible. If one side begins to lose its capacity to deliver a second strike, the other side might be tempted in a crisis to strike first. Even more dangerous is the temptation on the side with the diminished retaliatory capacity to launch a pre-emptive first strike before it is too late. Thus, those concerned with decreasing the chances of nuclear war should focus less on absolute numbers than on survivability of our strategic deterrent. The halt-in-place is a threat to stability because it will ultimately jeopardize the survivability of America's retaliatory capacity. The Soviets will soon have a credible capacity for a first strike against one portion of the U.S. deterrent, the land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles. That will leave the United States dependent on the two remaining legs of the triad: the bomber force and submarines. The bomber force of old B-52s is rapidly losing its capacity to penetrate Soviet airspace. The freeze would prevent us from modernizing the bomber force with new planes (like the B-1 or the Stealth) and cruise missiles. So America's deterrent capability basically would be in one basket-submarines. Our subs are now the most survivable leg of our strategic triad, but the freeze would prevent attempts to assure their long-term invulnerability. At the same time it would do nothing to prevent non-nuclear anti-submarine research. The aim of arms negotiations is to decrease the chances of nuclear war. And the way to decrease those chances is to ensure deterrence. The freeze would jeopardize deterrence. We recognize that the concept of deterrence is less satisfying emotionally, and more difficult intellectually, than the freeze. It also makes for duller copy than dramatic prophesies of the corning apocalypse. But preventing nuclear war requires more than fear. It requires a conscious strategy, the political will to carry it out and a sense of public duty to explain to the -r5rers the unpleasant, complex world of deterrence. Unfortunately, many political leaders see the peace train leaving the station and they must run to keep up with their followers. But our survival is at stake. Citizens and Congressmen will simply have to cool their emotions and think. -? 1952, The New Republic, Inc. to join in warning the public of University, a new outfit, titled In- the horrors of nuclear war. On ternational Physicians for the Pre- March 20, the same day the Nu- vention of Nuclear War, held its clear Freeze Campaign strategy first annual conference. The Soviet conference began at Georgetown delegation to the meeting in Vir- 241 ginia included Brezhnev's personal physician, Evgenny Chazov. But the head of the delegation was not a physician at all. He was none other than Georgi Arbatov, the Interna- tional Department operative, one of the masterminds of the Active Measures campaign. The cold war was entirely the fault of the United States, accord- ing to Arbatov. America started it by dropping an atomic bomb on Hiroshima. The Russians have al- ways believed, declared Arbatov, that the first atomic bomb was aimed as much at them as at the Japanese. New weapons will not enhance the security of anyone, Ar- batov argued. America should spend its money on the needy, the underfed, the starving; not on arms. According to the Toronto Star, the assembly rewarded Arba- tov with "thunderous applause." Following the Georgetown and Virginia conferences, the U.S. Peace Council arranged for a World Peace Council delegation, with Romesh Chandra at the fore- front, to tour American cities. The appearance most beneficial to them was on Capitol Hill where, in May, Representatives John Con- yers, Jr., Don Edwards, Mervyn Dymally, George Crockett, Jr., Ted Weiss and Mickey Leland invited colleagues to meet and lis- ten to the WPC delegates. Whether or not the delegation's lobbying in behalf of Soviet interests affected U.S. Peace Council. Provance earli- asea0WQbtZQdnyE3 R,*MggA49P&PRaIP91 P)iieagainst the B-1 dial welcome Chandra and his (Continued on page 247) colleagues received at the Capitol lent them a useful measure of respectability as bona-fide seekers of peace. Continuing organizational ef- forts orchestrated from Moscow re- sulted in a series of conferences at which assorted peace and allied special-interest groups planned specific actions. The strategy that emerged envisioned a rising furor of demonstrations, agitation and propaganda against the European missiles and new U.S. weapons and in favor of the nuclear freeze proposed by Brezhnev. Various leaders repeatedly emphasized the necessity of rounding up "newly aroused individuals and constitu- encies" so, as one put it, "the demonstrations would not appear to be a primarily 'peace movement' event." Other Goals of "Peace" THE IDEA of a nuclear freeze was not new in the United States. It had been advanced two years earlier at a convention of the Mobilization for Survival (MFS), composed of three dozen or so organizations, includ- ing the U.S. Communist Party, the U.S. Peace Council, and Women Strike for Peace. One energetic leader of the Mobilization for Sur- vival is Terry Provance, a World Peace Council activist who in 1979 participated in the founding meet- ing of its American branch, the Approved For Release 2006/05/25: CIA-RDP84B00049R0 bomber and then became coordina- tor of the disarmament program of the American Friends Service Committee. When the freeze campaign re- vived in ty8i, MSFS sponsored a strategy conference attended by representatives of some 46 peace and disarmament factions and held in Nyack, N.Y., the weekend of October 23 to 25. Provance, who had spoken at a disarmament rally in West Germany earlier in the year, discussed plans for high-pro- file Europeans active in the disarm- ament movement to come to the United States in ensuing months to stimulate the American movement. Conference participants were told that the months ahead would be "a key time to organize local public meetings and/or demonstrations," demanding a "suspension of all U.S. plans to deploy Pershing II and cruise missiles." The action agenda adopted called for support of the nuclear freeze, solidarity with the Europe- an peace movement, "creative, dramatic actions" against large corporations, propaganda against both nuclear arms and nuclear power, and attempts to attract more followers by blaming social ills on "the military budget." Two weeks.later agent Chandra flew to New York to confer with American communist leaders and attend a conference of the U.S. Peace Council, which attracted rep- resentatives from a melange of peace, religious and radical organi- zations. Chandra and Achim Maske of the West German peace movement both implored the Americans to redouble agitation to block the Pershing II and cruise missiles. As a pattern for their lob- bying, Chandra commended recent pronouncements of Brezhnev's. Congressman Savage spoke about how to induct blacks and other minorities into the disarma- ment drive. Congressman Conyers exhorted the activists to rally be- hind efforts to transfer funds from the defense budget to welfare pro- grams. The executive director of the U.S. Peace Council, Michael Myerson, a longtime communist functionary, asserted that the U.S. Peace Council had a unique re- sponsibility to fuse the cause of disarmament with that of the Pal- estine Liberation Organization and guerrillas in El Salvador, Guatema- la, Chile and South Africa. On November 15, 1981, the day the U.S. Peace Council gathering ended, the Riverside Church in New York opened a conference on "The Arms Race and Us." Serving as host and hostess were the Rev. William Sloan Coffin and Cora Weiss, whom he engaged as the Riverside Church disarmament- program director. During the Vietnam war Weiss was a leader of Women Strike for Peace. A Congressional study char- acterized Women Strike for Peace as "a pro-Hanoi organization" which from its inception "has en- joyed the complete support of the 247 THE KGB'S Al.4GICAL ft4R FOR "PEACE:" 249 Approved For Release 2006/05/25: CIA-RDP84B0004 Communist Party." Even while the fighting continued, Weiss traveled to both Hanoi and Paris to consult with the North Vietnamese. Subse- quently she became a director of Friendshipment, established to funnel American aid to Vietnam after the communist victory, In 1976, she joined a coalition formed to stage anti-government demon- strations during the bicentennial celebrations. Weiss also has helped sponsor the Center for Cuban Stud- ies, a group to which Fidel Castro personally expressed his apprecia- tion on its tenth anniversary. About 50o disarmament propo- nents from around the nation attended the conference Weiss or- ganized. A prominent new per- Australian-born pediatrician Hel- en Caldicott, did her best to instill fear and loathing. "We are on the brink of extinction," she warned. While Caldicott had no criticism of Soviet weapons, she likened the christening of a U.S. Trident sub- marine to christening "Ausch- witz," to "a gas oven full of Jews burning up." Caldicott, who now devotes her- self fully to running another peace lobby, Physicians for Social Re- sponsibility, did sound one positive note. She had just toured Europe, whipping up support for the freeze. "It was a wonderful feeling to be over there," she said, because "the fear was palpable but realistic." By contrast, she lamented, "the Amer- icans seem to have no panic. Why?" When you move make sure Reader's Digest moves with you! To Change Your Address Please write us BEFORE you move, 60 days in advance if you can. MAIL TO READER'S DIGEST PLEASANTVILLE, N.Y. 10570 refund of money paid for copies not previously addressed. (Your subscription will expire with the monthly issue identified above your name on the address label of this magazine.) --------------------------------- 1. In this space, attach an OLD address label (or, if you don't have a label, give us your old address). NAME. STREET APT.# STATE NAME APT.' STATE Approved For Release 2006/05/25: CIA-RDP84B0004 THE KGB'S ,ti1,1GiCAL WIR FOR "PEACE." Caldicott concluded by quoting an ecclesiastical appeal for unilateral American disarmament. Surely her words heartened KGB officer Kapralov, who came up from the Washington Residency to participate in the start of the River- side Church Disarmament Program. Mobilization for Survival con- vened its climactic strategy session early last December on the campus of the University of Wisconsin in Milwaukee. Some of the MFS lead- ers were frank in their statements of tactics, strategy and goals. A staff organizer from Boston, Leslie Ca- gan, said that current expediency necessitates a coalition that "makes it easier to call out more people to demonstrate." Construction of a coalition with "diversity of compo- sition," she explained, requires "a common enemy as well as a com- mon vision." As useful enemies, Cagan cited President Reagan, our military-industrial complex, racism and sexism." Mel King, a Massachusetts state legislator active in both the World Peace Council and the U.S. Peace Council, demanded a more mili- tant spirit. "We've been too damn nice," he declared. "It's time we stopped just getting mad and start- ed getting even." In workshops, allies of the revo- lutionary Weather Underground lobbied for terrorism in general, "direct action" and "armed propa- ganda" against installations in- volved in production of nuclear power and weapons. Lauded as "genuine people's leaders" were two convicts: Puerto Rican Rafael Cancel Miranda, one of the four terrorists who shot up the House of Representatives, wounding five Congressmen, and American Indi- an Movement leader Leonard Pel- tier, who killed two FBI agents from ambush. The business of the conference included the practical planning of 1982 demonstrations at air bases, missile sites and defense plants; the formation of task forces to write letters to newspapers and impor- tune elected officials in behalf of the nuclear freeze and against major American weapons systems. The Rev. Robert Moore, an MFS nation- al staff member and a leader in the Nuclear Freeze Campaign, togeth- er with staff organizer Paul Mayer, stressed the advantages of bringing the campaign to a climax during the U.N. Special Session on Disarm- ament beginning in June. Inverted Reality THE WORLD PEACE COUNCIL in the December 1981 issue of Peace Courier happily reported that its U.S. Peace Council was progressing well in collecting signatures on pe- titions advocating the nuclear freeze, promoting a California ref- erendum on the freeze, and adver- tising the Jobs for Peace Campaign, another plan to divert money from defense to welfare. The World Peace Council, its parent, the International Depart- ment, the KGB and the Politburo all Rosalyn Snitow, Hemorrhoid Sufferer "I'm sold on Preparation-H. There's nothing like it to relieve my pain itch and swelling:" Hemorrhoid sufferers know Preparation-H, often gives tempo- rary relief from pain and itch flare- ups. Even helps shrink swelling of inflamed hemorrhoidal tissues. Use only as directed. ~~' ~f anw i rt ers from the Iea*ej4 ftq 1 4B000 r1~ qff - we KGB Resi- Even helps shrink swelling. I dency in New York concentrated 252 October had ample grounds to be pleased. Like the simple slogans of past Soviet Active Measures, nuclear freeze appealed to many Ameri- cans who honestly desired to do something about the transcendent issue of war and peace. From the East Coast to the West Coast, town councils and county boards of su- pervisors paused in their delibera- tions about zoning, sewage systems and school budgets to pass resolu- tions favoring the nuclear freeze. Nearly 6oo,ooo Californians peti- tioned for a referendum to record their state in favor of the freeze. Prominent religious leaders, educa- tors, scientists, artists, entertainers and other public figures endorsed the nuclear freeze. Helen Caldi- cott's Physicians for Social Respon- sibility toiled tirelessly to scare people by pointing to the obvious- wherever detonated, a nuclear bomb would wreak horrendous havoc. On March 10, 1982, Senators Ed- ward Kennedy and Mark Hatfield introduced a resolution demanding an immediate nuclear freeze, and in the House of Representatives, a parallel resolution was introduced. Even if adopted, the resolutions would be binding upon no one. But they did significantly augment the Soviet campaign to prevent the I United States from producing the weapons that would ensure a bal- Approved For Release 1982 much of its manpower upon the freeze campaign. U.S. counter- intelligence identified more than 20 Soviet agents endeavoring to influ- ence elements of the peace move- ment, particularly leaders in reli- gion, labor and science. Typical of them are KGB officers Serget Paramonov, Vladimir Shus- tov and Sergei Divilkovsky, all of whom masquerade as diplomats at the U.N. Paramonov, who partici- pated in the inaugural meeting of the Riverside Church disarmament program, courts wives of clergy- men and other women in the peace movement. A charming profes- sional, he entices the naive with free trips to Moscow, suggesting they can "reduce misunderstandings" between America and Russia. Shustov and Divilkovsky have made numerous visits to Riverside Church. And they have shown up at other churches and meetings of prestigious organizations con- cerned with peace. The Soviets supplemented the labors of their New York and Washington residencies by sending people from the Center into the United States on temporary assign- ments. Even before the freeze movement materialized, a Soviet delegation including KGB officer Andrei Afanasyevich Kokoshin toured the United States, visiting Americans who were to be promi- nent in the campaign. Another del- egation led by Nikolai Mostovets, who heads the North American (Continued on page 258) io -aj Pollen from grass, Primatene' Mist restores free breathing in as fast as 15 seconds. ' attack. Be 4 it ' ?'i prepared with Primatene Mist. it's the fastest type relief known for occasional attacks. It restores free breathing in as fast as 15 seconds. And to keep breathing freely for hours use Primatene Tablets, with the asthma reliever doctors prescribe most. Use as directed. can trigger a Kingpins of the drug world trusted Theo as a tough, reliable link in their trade. Ac- tually, he was a government agent in the middle of a multimillion-dollar sting. Con- densed from Rolling Stone. Watch for these and more than 30 other eleas 006/05125-;-CIA-.kDPE (OtQ49'tO-O'116166q6n1' section of the International Depart- ment, plotted strategy with the U.S. Peace Council. . Of the Soviets who applied for visas to attend a disarmament con- ference sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences in Washing- ton in January 1982, roughly half were known intelligence officers. The State Department refused en- try to most of them. Nevertheless, of those who came, almost half were co-opted KGB agents or Inter- CQR~It~C national Department operatives. One of the Soviet "scientists" was Vitaly Zhurkin who, back in the i96os, when agent Chandra was being groomed in New Delhi, used to give money and orders to the Indian Communist Party. In anticipation of a massive nuclear-freeze rally on June 12, 1982, emissaries from 13 Soviet international fronts flooded into New York City. They joined more than 700,ooo Americans who pa- "SOMEBODY HELP ME-I DON'T KNOW HOW TO FLY!" Suddenly, Janet Gravely's husband slumped over in their small plane. Some- how, she would have to land the aircraft on her own. A Drama in Real Life. GAMES THAT PLAY PEOPLE Otherwise sane individuals are showing signs of mania. And what is that peculiar clicking heard across the land? It's the sound of 20 billion quarters pouring into the metallic maws of arcade video games. Condensed from Time, HOW LIFE ON EARTH BEGAN ~' The Bible says that God breathed life into clay Scientists are just be innin to lea . g g rn how close to the truth that is. OPERATION GROUPER sl 158 Approved For Release 2006/05/25: CIA-RDP84B0004 1982 THE. K(;R'S ~M IGIC'.11. WIN FOR 'TIi,1Cli ' raded and spoke out for peace. annihilate U.S. missiles in a first The following week the Soviet strike. Instead, they demonstrated Union staged a terrifying rehearsal againstprojected American missiles, of a surprise nuclear attack on the bombers and submarines whose de- United States and Western Europe. ployment would more than any- In it span of seven hours, they fired thing else ensure that the Soviets land- and sea-based missiles de- never will dare launch the kind of signed to kill American satellites, surprise attack for which they prac- destroy U.S. retaliatory power, ticed last June. obliterate American cities and wipe While the demonstrations pro- out Europe. The firings, over Sovi- cecded in Europe and the United et territory and waters, exactly States, seven young European tour- duplicated wartime distances and ists--a Belgian, two Spaniards, two trajectories, and produced shock Frenchmen and two Italians- -at- among those monitoring them in tempted a tiny demonstration in Washington. Never before had Moscow. On April 19,i982, in Red there been such a realistic and corn- Square, they unfurled a banner say- prehensive practice for starting it ing in Russian, "Bread, Life and nuclear war. Disarmament." Instantly, the KGB There has been no great outcry seized them and carted them to jail against these ominous Soviet prep- before they could pass out a single arations. Neither has there been leaflet in behalf of peace. On Au- any outcry against the relentless gust 8, 1982, the Associated Press Soviet buildup of offensive nuclear reported from Moscow: "A co- weapons. founder of Moscow's only independ- In Europe demonstrators did not ent disarmament group is being protest against the ;t5 new Rttssian administered depressant drugs missiles that can incinerate all ELI- against his will in the psychiatric ropean cities in 20 minutes. Instead, hospital where he is tieing held, his they protested against the 572 wife said today." And at Harvard, weapons that NA'I'o plans to em- students and faculty reserved some place to defend Western Europe. In of their loudest applause for a America the demonstrators did not spokesman from the KGB, a man protest against the 1400 interconti- from the Luhvanka Center. nental missiles aimed at America, Once again, the KGB had suc- many of which are designed to' ceeded in inverting reality. 9lipht Line. A friend of mine taking sky divers tip in his plane hit sonic turbulence and went into a dive. He quickly regained control and said to the passengers, "(;lose, wasn't it?" Getting no reply, he turned around. There was nobody there. -contributed by M. Scott 259