MEMO TO FROM R. (Sanitized)

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December 12, 2016
Document Release Date: 
November 30, 2001
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July 3, 1978
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PDF icon CIA-RDP85-00821R000100110005-9.pdf450.02 KB
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT STATI NTL emar6bnthinlease 2002/01/08 : CIA-RDP85-00821R000100110005-9 AM pritav -or ea 2 . 2/01,08 Cliki:RDINS5:011821R0.0.0.1001:100054 SUBJECT: VI. Equipment and Technology Overlap Between Civil, Military, and ApirAssintv Ferteeizintag/p1i9A, E&ItkigRpg&00821R000100110005-9 Issue #7: How should data and technology sharing be assured to best meet national space requirements: DISCUSSION: The institutional separation between civil, military, and national intelligence programs has been thoroughly examined in PRM-11, in EO 12036, in PRM-23, and in the ensuing PD-37. What is needed, however, is to examine areas where data, equipment, and technology sharing should take place. This would avoid undue duplication and overlap--assuring that if one agency can do or is doing a function better than another both would not carry out the function. Space functional responsibilities between the sectors to best meet national space requirements, while maintaining appropriate security, needs to be rationalized. As such, the task force must provide the following information on the various sectors' space activities by program category (e.g., weather, communications, space sciences): o National needs met by this program. Current needs. - Future needs. o Performance/capability requirements resulting from national needs. Current performance/capability requirements. Future performance/capability requirements. o Specific projects to meet national needs. Identify outputs of each. Currently operational. Approved for launch. - Likely future projects (to be initiated by FY 1985). o Resource requirements by program and project by year and total estimated cost for each project. Approved for launch. Likely future projects (to be initiated by FY 1985). For each approved or likely future project, the extent of interagency cooperation (e.g., sharing of technology, data, equipment, capabilities) needs to be assessed. Likewise, the rationale for assigning functional responsibilities to one agency vis-a-vis another should be made. Duplication and overlapping activities will be identified. In addition, the fask force should identify where slight system modifications would permit one agency to operate a common system for multiple uses. Approved For Release 2002/01i08-: CIA-RDP85-00821R000100110005-9 CONFIEREAL Approved For Release 2002/01/08: CIA-RDP85-00821R00g18H1W-9 CRADUM FOR TIE RECORD ELWECT: Visit to NASA (600 Indep Ave) Concerning First Meeting of Task Force on Remote Sensing 25X1A 1. On 30 June 1978 (COMIREX staff) visited Dr. Bill Rainey (Office of Associate Administrator for Space and Terrestrial Applications, NASA) to discuss the first meeting of the Civil Space Policy Task Force on Remote Sensing that was held earlier that day. The principal matters discussed at this first meeting, as identified by Dr. Rainey, are summarized below. ? 2. Dr. A. J. Calio, Chairman of Task Force, distributed a list of Task Force members (incl 1) and an extract of nominal issues based on a paper by DT. Frank Press, President's Adviser on Science and -Technology (incl 2). 3. General discussion centered around the question of what is meant by the issues in the Press Paper? It was felt the focus of the Task Force should be on National Systems vis-a-vis civil/domestic use. 25X1A 4. Direction of the TaskcYorce viii be to look into what actions the Government should take in the next few years. First the matter of What capabilities need to be acquired will be addressed; then questions on organizations issues will follow. .5. The Task Force was divided into two parts: "caoabilities"(DOE, State, AID, NOAA, NASA) and "institutional" (Agriculture, Interior, DOD, IC Staff, NASA). Members of the groups will work as individuals. State is expected - to prepare a listing of related actions in the UN (especially Outer Space Committee). 6. The "institutional" group will consider the following Rinds of matters: creation of a Federal Survey Administration for remote sensing, feasibility of commercial operations, scope of Government control over remote sensing, identification of "institutional" functions. T. Future meeting schedule: 6 July (all day), 10 July (..P.4_ session), 13 July (all day), and 18 July (all day).. This schedule is based on the requirement to submit a Task force draft on space policy options to OSTP by 20 July. cf COMIC Staff Approved For Relearnintrit-RDP85-008-21R000100110005-9 25X1 ApproTactrorlfeBRAeQS0210166rAtlAinthb:040821R000100110005-9 ? AGENCY NAME/TITLE/ADDRESS PHONE NASA Dr. Anthony J. Calio 755-8588 Associate Administrator for Space and Terrestrial Applications NASA Headquarters, E-1 Washington, DC 20546 Interior Commerce DOD Dr. John M. DeNoyer Director, EROS Program ,Geological Survey- Department of the Interior 1925 Newton Square East Reston, VA 22090 Mr. David S. Johnson Director, National Environmental Satellite Service National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Department of Commerce W.aShington, DC 20233 Clifford A. Spdhn Deputy Director, National Environmental Satellite-Service National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Department of Commerce Washington, DC 20233 Adm. Ross N. Williams Military Assistant to the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering - Department of Defense Washington, DC 20301 860-7881 763-7190 763-71-90 695-7417 Approved For Release 2002/01/08 : CIA-RDP85-00821R000100110005=9"A? ...... ..... . ....I. .............. ??? A=CY State AID 2 Approved For Release 2002/01/08 : CIA-RDP85-00821R000100110005-9 laIWT I T LE/ADDRE S PFIONE Col_ Robert B. Eddington Department of State Roam 4333 Washington, DC 20520 Mt. Stephen R. Bond Legal Director for UN Affairs Department of State Roam 5429 Washington, DC 20520 Mr. David P. Stewart Assistant Legal Director for UN Affairs Department of State Room 5429 Washington, DC 20520 Dr. Charles K. Paul Manager, Remote Sensing Programs Office of Science and Technology Agency .for International Development Rosslyn Plaza C, Room 203 Washington, DC 20523 S.. Mr. Charles F. Withington Remote Sensing Project Manager Office of Science and Technology Agency for International Development Rosslyn Plaza C, Room 203 Washington, DC 20523 OMB Mr. Josh De Jong Science and Space Program Branch Office of Management and Budget Washington, DC 20503 632-2432 632-1320 632-0557 235-9165 ' 235-9165 Approved For Release 2002/01/08: CIA-RDP85-00821R000100110005-9 395-3810 Approved For Release 2002/01/08 : CIA-RDP85-00821R000100110005-9 AGENCY NAME/TITLE/ADDRESS Agriculture Energy DCI STATI NTL Mr. William E. Kibler. Deputy Administrator for Statistics, ESCS Department of Agriculture Washington, DC 20250 - Mr. Richard McArdle World Food and Agriculture Outlook and Situation Board Department of Agriculture - Washington, DC ,20250 Col. Gregory Canavan Office of Energy Research DepaiLluent of Energy 20 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20545 ???? Approved For Release 2002/01/08 : CIA-RDP85-00821R000100110015_-9 . 3 PBON 447-2707 447-8761 252-5432 III. Government and Private Role in Remote Sensing Approved For Release 2002/01/08 : CIA-RDP85-00821R000100110005-9 NOMINAL ISSUES Issue 3. That are the organizational questions that need to be addressed to further exploit civil remote sensing capabilities? Possible options and questions that need to be addressed include: whether to continue present arrangement with NASA sustaining lead agency responsibility for civil remote sensing R&D with the user agencies responsible for data processing and distribution; whether to establish a Federal Survey Administration, for example, that would operate and aggregate remote sensing requirements across the board; or whether and how to encourage user agencies to operate and determine what technologies and systems should be advanced to meet their individual requirements: Careful analysis is needed of the public vs. private sector responsibilities. -Of course, the budget and possible financing arrangements of these various approaches must be addressed. Issue 4. 'How should the US proceed with remote sensing , capabilities developed under LANDSAT and other remote sensing activities? Possible approaches Vould include: to continue experimentation in a limited R&D environment with a, commitment to continuity of data services at least through 1985; or to declare the undertaking of a full-scale, operational demonstration program for a_period of 10 years with a decision on operational status by 1985- Specifically, the various modes of transition of Landsat from R&D ? to operational status need' to be examined. Like- wise, analysis of the private vs. public sector responsibilities is needed. How to respond to and encourage initiatives of the US private sector for involvement in remote sensing needs to be evaluated and various alternatives considered. Approved For Release 2002/01/08 : CIA-RDP85-00821R000100110005-9 2 ? Approved or Release 2002/01/08 : CIA-RDP85-00821R000100110005-9 ? As?part of the preparation for this series of studies, optional positions on issues were prepared by OSTP as ? examples. Those relevant to our work follow: Issue 5 On Oraanization: : Option 1:- Continue present arrangement with NASA sustaining lead agency responsibility in civil remote sensing with user agencies responsible for data processing and distribution. 'OptiOn : EstabliSh-a Federal Survey Administration that would operate and aggregate-remote sensing - requirements across the board. - Option 3: Allow user agencies to operate and determine what technologies and systems should be advanced to meet their individual requirements (i.e., NOAA). Issue 6 On Post LANDSAT Activities: ? Option 1: Continue experimentation and assessment of potential _. utility in a limited R&D environment (current policy) Option 2: Declare it the intent of the US to move rapidly to operational remote sensing with a commitment to continuity of R&D services at least through 1985 while systep is being established and implemented (no legislation or international agreement required). - Option Declare the US is undertaking a full-scale opera- tional demonstration program for a period of - 10: years. Continuity of data-would be assured, during that period and a decision on operational status would be announced in 1985. Issue 7 On Encouraging the Private Sector: Option 1: Defer the issue until a private sector proposal is tendered. Approved For Release 2002/01/08 : CIA-RDP85-00821R000100110005-9 option AFP'telqcFaS PRIP'En?20Paatigi@ileN2q9FT(19PIRPHP?5-9 consortium similar to COMSAT to carry out remote sensing under US government supervision ' (would require legislation). Option 3: Establish a public sector corporation with the franchise to carry out government-directed remote sensing (would require legislation). Approved For Release 2002/01/08 : CIA-RDP85-00821R000100110005-9 1 STATINTL Approved For Release 2002/01/08 : CIA-RDP85-0081R000100110005-9 / 'Admiral Murphy ?' ientagon, OSD/P Room 2E812 .395 3205 477-C2g4 Bob Eddington State/OES Room 4333 Main State 632-2432 Wreath Cathwright State, S/P Room 7330 632-1009 Elaine Horton State, S/P Room 7330 632-1494 an Jones DA 1 .1,1 !I 4ota 449. : 6p-08341! OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY Approved For Release 2002/011084EARAIRDP88-00821R00 I 100110005-9 July 7, 1978 _--IKERROANDUNHFOR: Admiral Daniel Murphy FROM: Art Morrissey SUBJECT: "l';u-t of" Reconnaissance from Sp-ee Dr- Brzezinski requested that the Space Policy Revie Committee analyze the implications of maintaining the "fact of" reconnaissance from space. Policy options should hr included in the space policy' paper due to the --President on September 1. This effort should be wrapped under Task Force VI as a sub-task and should not distract from t e initial Task Force VI assignments. State has done considerable wok on this issue _ over the past several months. So as not to duplicatel this effort, 7-suggest that you draw heavily on the material State hs developed. The thrust of the effort should be to focus on the fo lowing issue: Is - a change in current policy beyond NSC/PD-37 concerning utilization of information derived from remote sensing systems in th ultimate national interest? If so, to what extent and in what manner should such a change I be made, beginning with the acknowledgement of the "fact of" reconnais- sance? Determine whelhor lhe benefits to be derived n defense of our foreign and defon,:r policio!: sufficiently outweigh th, potential risks. Assure that a change will not constitute an ultimate threat to national security. The analyqir: .:hould address the needs for a careful imple- mentation plan to assure that potentially negative impacts of such action are solved. Some include: consultation with Congress, Allies, and the Soviets: international legal considerations; nd security plan to assure that public government exposure does not re at in a breakdown - of existing security systems. Those agencies involved in Task Force VI, plus ACDA, should be involved in-this sub-task. cc: Dave Williamson, NASA t.skite, Commerce Robert Eddington, State Dan Taft, OMB Alan Jones, ACDA --'-CONFIDENTIAL GDS Approved For Release 2002/01/08 : CIA-RDP85-00821R0001 0110005-9