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December 22, 2016
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September 3, 2009
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January 14, 1983
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Approved For Release 2009/09/04: CIA-RDP85M00158R000700020006-9 is XDIR /ICS DDI ~DDS&T Chm/NIC 11 Compt I D/Pers C/PAD/OEA C/IPD/OIS -SUSPENSE INFO DATE I Approved For Release 2009/09/04: CIA-RDP85M00158R000700020006-9 Approved For Release 2009/09/04: CIA-RDP85M00158R000700020006-9 Washington, D.C. 20003 January 14, 1983 Director of Central Intelligence Washington, D.C. 20505 Dear Sir: 19 3pi 1983 LOGGED, This is a request under the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. ?552, as amended. The January 10, 1983 edition of Aviation Week & Space Technology magazine reported that Rear Admiral Edward A. Burkhalter, director of the Intelligence Community Staff, recently addressed a meeting of the Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association. The article quoted Admiral Burkhalter as telling those in attendance that "one of the means by which the Soviets have acquired valuable information in recent years has been through adroit use of the Freedom of Information Act." I have enclosed a copy of the article-for your information. I am writing to request that I be permitted to inspect and copy any and all FOIA requests made by the Soviets. In addition to the requests themselves, I am seeking access to all records relating to those requests, as well as the records obtained by the Soviets through the FOIA. Unless Admiral Burkhalter intended another meaning, I am using the term "Soviets" to include individuals, governments, or surrogates acting on behalf of the government of the U.S.S.R. In the event that you determine that the requested records, or-any portion of them, are exempt from disclosure, I ask that you cite me to the specific exemption of the Act upon which you are relying. As required by the Act, I will expect your determination within ten working days. Thank you for your courtesy. erely, Paul M. Rosa a Approved For Release 2009/09/04: CIA-RDP85M00158R000700020006-9 Approved For Release 2009/09/04: CIA-RDP85M00158R000700020006-9 British Design Mach 2 VTOL Fighter London-British Aerospace has designed an advanced, Mach 2 supersonic vertical takeoff and landing fighter aircraft, designated the P. 1216, and has completed a full- scale mockup at its Kingston production facility. . Decision to build a mockup was made after extensive wind-tunnel testing by the company's Kingston-Brough Div. Wind tunnel tests on the model and several other configurations have been under way for several years (Aw&sT Dec. 8, 1980, p. 51). The P. 1216 design is powered by an uprated Rolls-Royce Pegasus engine, rated at more than 30.000 lb. and employing plenum-chamber burning in the two forward ducts for added thrust. The engine has a single rear vectorable duct through which the engine's hot section exhausts, rather than two rear ducts as in the existing Harrier family. - The P.1216 is larger than current AV-8B aircraft A new wing has been designed for the Mach 2 role. developed and manufactured in that na- tion. The Lavi, the team said, would not compete with the new U. S. advanced tac- tical fighter, adding that the first proto- type Lavi will not be available until November, 1985, with first production air- craft scheduled for delivery in 1990. Israel plans to buy the first 300 aircraft for its inventory and could not begin export sales of the Lavi until 1995, according to De-, fense Dept. officials.. . There is a debate within the Adminis- tration on whether to allow Foreign Mili- tary Sales credits to be used for Lavi development. There is no real problem with using the credits for fighter produc- tion, only for development, one Defense Dept. official explained. He said, however, it is likely Foreign Military Sales funding will be used for the development program. Funding for the Lavi is less certain than release of component composite technol- ogy and will depend on the meeting sched- uled in February between President Rea- gan and Israel's prime minister, Menachim Begin, and the position Israel takes on West Bank settlements. A licensed production contract for the PW1120 engine has been signed, and the engines for the Lavi will be produced at Bet Shemesh Engines, Ltd., near Tel Aviv. The PW 1120 will share a common core with the F100-PW 100/200 engines and have 60% commanality in parts. No change is expected in hot-section life for the engine. The PW 1120 is being developed with Measures Urged to stem Tide Of sensitive Data to Soviets-. San Francisco-U. S. should sanction the wider use of lie detector tests by the Defense Dept. and revise both the Freedom of Infor- mation Act and its procedures for declassify- ing defense-related material to stem the flow of sensitive technological information to the USSR, an intelligence official said here last week. One of the means by which the Soviets have acquired valuable information in recent years has been through adroit use of the Freedom of Information Act, according to Rear Adm. Edward A. Burkhalter, U. S. Navy, director of the Intelligence Community Staff. "Just by asking the right questions, the Soviets are able to pull from federal govern- ment files reams of technical data not other- wise available to the public, much of it only recently declassified," he said at an Armed Forces Communications and Electronics As- sociation meeting (AFCEA). Industry, rather than government, however, is the front line in the struggle against Soviet industrial espionage. Industry must exercise its responsibility to help deny sensitive tech- nology to the USSR and other Eastern bloc nations, Burkhalter said. No high-technology company is free from the threat of Soviet infiltration or theft, but the many small companies developing emerg- ing technologies, whose applications are only now being explored, are vulnerable. Because the applications are still indefinite, this work is not subject to security classification and protection. The Soviet appetite for U. S. technology is not indiscriminate, Burkhalter said. Rather, at the highest level of government, the Soviet State Committee for Science and Technology considers the needs of the Soviet military and, to a lesser extent, the civilian scientific and industrial communities and formulates these needs into acquisition requirements. .About 30% of these requirements can be met by such legal, open means as subscribing to such periodicals as AVIATION WEEK & SPACE TECHNOLOGY, Burkhalter said, or by attending international conferences, sending scientists to do research at U. S. universities, or buying equipment that is available for unrestricted improved operational capability, especialat low-speed and high-altitude regimes- No change is expected in distortion ham dling, and a 12% lower fuel consumption is anticipated in aerial combat. The State Dept. has delayed transfer ol composite materials technology to Israe from three major U. S. companies- Grumman Aerospace Corp., Voughi Corp. and General Dynamics-for thr Lavi, but that restriction may be lifted it the next few weeks (AW&ST Sept. 13, 1982 p.31). r. ' F There are still interagency difference within the Administration over the devel opment of the aircraft, but there also is I consensus that the composite technolog will be permitted, with contracts for tb structure development. The wing and vertical tail for the Lae would be codeveloped by subcontractiq to the three U. S. companies by Israt Aircraft Industries for composite strut tures. Composite technology also will b applied to the all-moving canard and cos trol surfaces and to structural doors, pas els and air brakes. This composite mateli at application is expected to yiell advantages in reduced assembly wort lower operating costs, higher structural d ficiency and higher design flexibility. Israel expects to codesign and copro duce the Lavi fighter in Israel and ha alloted $100 million to codesign and adap the PW 1120 engine to it, with an add tional $300 million budgeted for engin production in that country. Other codevi international sale. For the 70% of its ted ogy acquisition requirements that it car obtain legally and openly, the Comm turns to the Soviet intelligence services KGB and the military intelligence unit GRU. Former KGB officers and agents rt; the West have said that this technology a sition has been assigned the highest pri for KGB and GRU collection, and the services compete strenuously for the rec tion that follows success in acquiring i value technology, Burkhalter said. Open and covert acquisition of We technology saves the Soviets billions d lars in research and development costs years in research and development t Burkhalter set the value of the inform that the Soviets obtained over a three period from one source, former Hughes craft radar engineer William Holden Be .hundreds of millions of dollars (Aw&sr 10, 1982, p. 24; July 6, 1981, p. 25). He said Bell was paid $110,000 fort fied information about the USAF/Mclk Dougla' F-15 look-down/shoot-down t B-1 and Stealth radar, an all-weather radai, the Navy Hughes Phoenix me Army/Raytheon Patriot and Improved l missiles, and a towed-array submarines "In cost versus benefit terms, the lQ 22 Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 10, 13 Approved For Release 2009/09/04: CIA-RDP85M00158R000700020006-9 '--~ Approved For Release 2009/09/04: CIA-RDP85M00158R000700020006-9 lopr.ent and coproduction funding in- cludes: . ^ Wing and vertical stabilizer-S60 million and $100 million, respectively. is Flight control computer with Lear, Siegler already under subcontract for $60 million in codevelopment, and $100 mil- lion planned for coproduction. U Airframe systems with $20 million and $100 million for codevelopment and coproduction with U. S. industry. ^ Materials procurement for coproduc- tion estimated at $500 million in Fiscal 1982 dollars. The Lavi concept as presented by the Israeli briefing team is built around the use of proved materials and processes, adapting systems already developed when- ever possible. This approach uses state-of- the-art technology and is low risk in approach. It also provides cost-effective qualification testing of the aircraft, De- fense Dept. officials said. The avionics system for the fighter is ed to operate with advanced digital n Boeing Power System Los Angeles-Supplemental type certifi- cate has been issued by the Federal Avia- tion Administration for an engine power trim system (EPTS) designed to adjust automatically Boeing 727 engine power during climb and cruise. The EPTS is expected to reduce the transport's total fuel consumption by more than 2% by optimizing climb and cruise performance. The system also pro- vides protection against engine over- temperature and excessive engine pres- sure ratios. Garrett's AiResearch Manufacturing Co. and United Airlines will jointly hold the supplemental type certificate for the Boeing 727. AiResearch and several carri- ers are considering joint certification of the EPTS on other aircraft. nautical Systems Div., Wright Patterson AFB. ^ Programmable signal processor emu- lator by Westinghouse that is under study contract. ^ Electronic countermeasures compo- nents by ITT in the detail design stage for tradeoff decisions. In presenting its development plan to the Reagan Administration, Israel over- came doubts that the aircraft could be developed for $1.3 billion by detailing the .development costs. They are: airframe, $453 million; engine, $110 million--this is the cost to adapt the PW 1120 to the Lavi; avionics, $235 million; flight control and electromechanical systems, $109 million; test and evaluation, $200 million, and in- strument landing system, $53 million. The development costs for these major systems total $1.1 billion, with an addi- tional $210 million for production tool- inn-$110 million for the airframe and p an systems with interactive multifunction dis- play and controls, fire control integrated. with internal and external sensors, and enhanced active and passive self-defensive systems. Computer embedded systems for the Lavi would be built to comply with U. S. military specifications. The flight control system for the aircraft would be a fly-by- wire system with relaxed static stability. It will have an analog but no mechanical backup system. The avionics systems sue euc - would involve a number of U. S. contrac- Israel's position on developing and pro- tors. Israel has issued a request for pro- ducing the Lavi is that its industry has the posal to Teledyne for the 1750A computer basic infrastructure required to undertake emulator system. Other avionics action by the development Israeli of anacadvanncceddpmatearn i Israel includes: Wide-angle head-up display with a accordance with U. S. military standards draft request for proposal issued to and many are approved vendors for U. S. Hughes and Marconi for $3 million for a aircraft companies. development and procurement cost goal of - The Lavi manufacturing p would and assef per unit in production. The pa city for HUD would not be built in Israel. the airframe and engine to take up the ^ Software and support with partial de- slack ina phasing out the Kfir pro- livery already accomplished by the Aero- gram. far and away the most eff icient, economically tion of Soviet aircraft carriers projected for and law enforcement agencies can take de- productive element of the Soviet .economy, the 1990s, the admiral said. lensive ^ Counterintelligence efforts are being s diversion ostensi come as no strengthened for better monitoring of Soviet hard- because its uon in the foreign tech- ware'forr milit ry use civilian West- nology logy are e;' Burkhalter said. Europe and elsewhere.e Burkhalter acquired in the ern East The benefits to the Soviet ndhdo not stop surprise, for the and, they choice of any new technology military there. "With our o tu best technology arrangement. intelligence services of the USSR and its satel- ben develop ever deploy them. And Soviet in- not a ue ptit ous, ' b part task- ust i before we en deploy as we imposes o new, tech- counter Soviet industrial espionage, including ing. and the USSR benefit vfrom e overcome ever-increas- ing costs everything of ing as we struggle value that they collect," he said. Bell, for nology we have developed that is now in the following, Burkhalter said: ? The Commerce Dept. has strengthened example, was paid by Marian Zacharsky, West manag Coast opening Soviet hands.". , an echnological dependence on the its new fed Compliance offices including nd Francisco and Los Polish mach nery importing company. ' loge Soviet t West does s not not condemn them permanent ^ Intelligence is being passed to the Jus- inferiority. The Soviets are able to learn more Angeles. from our mistakes, select the best from both ^ The Customs Service in early 1982 be- lice and Commerce departments, the FBI and nts of and technological worlds, and focus their we Operation of technology. Although it them inltheir counterhmeasures.ment to help where research and development capital on areas are weakest, he said. already has produced a number of prosecu- In the policy area, the U. S. is working to Much is made at times of safeguards sur- tions, the program only now is moving into full str fogy Multilateral tExport he C rdinating Commit-- rounding equipment that has as well operation. as military uses, , but these have e proved to be e ^ The U. S. Attorney General established a nology export restrictions are being updated. Additiona and polceoand Europeanllcity, the U.S. are being re-. East ineffectual, Burkhalter contended. He ilt in to Critical coordinate with Task thd he case se of two floating drydocks bu Japan for Soviet civilian use, but now support - high technology businesses in this area "to stricted. gCongress ing the Soviet Navy's Pacific and Northern stem the hemorrhage of critical technology to modifications Administration ens to the freedom of Information fleets. They are being used to repair Kiev- our adversaries." class aircraft carriers, nuclear-powered bales- ^ The U. S. intelligence community is re- Act to prevent the public release of sensitive technological informa tic missile submarines and other warships, doubling its efforts to so that ins are on dustry lating to U. S. weapons son, ystemscially that re- e and no doubt will be used for the new genera- the ov' Approved For Release 2009/09/04: CIA-RDP85M00158R000700020006-9 23