Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 21, 2016
Document Release Date: 
June 10, 2008
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
October 25, 1983
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP85M00364R001502590090-4.pdf146.35 KB
Approved For Release 2008/06/11: CIA-RDP85M00364RO01502590090-4 October 25, 1983 Dear Mr. Pre:lident: On October 12, a violet t series of events in Grenada was set in motion, which led to tte murder of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and a number of his Cakinet colleagues, as well as the deaths_ of a number of civilians. Over 40 killings were reported. There was no goverr{ment ensux,ing the protection of life and property and restorinc1 law and S,rder. The only indication of authority was an announcement that a barbaric shoot-to-kill curfew was in effect. Under these circumstances, we were necessarily concerned about the safety of innocent lives on the island, including those of up to 1,OCgo United States citizens. ?i The Organization of Eagtern Caribbean States (OECS) became seriously concerned by?the deteriorating conditions in the member State of Grerlada. The other members of the OEC S are Antigua, Dominica, Mor?1tserrat, 4t. Kitts/Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and t;he Grenadines. We were formally advised that the Authority of Heads of Government of Member States of the OECS, acting pursualnt to the Treaty establishing the OECS, met in emergency seelsion on October 21. The meeting took note of the anarchic conditions and, the serious violations of human rights and bloodshe(.that had occurred, and the consequent unprecedented threat to thjl peace an, security of the region created by the vacuum of authority in Grenada. The OECS determined to take im- mediate, necels.3ary ste5,s to restore order in Grenada so as to pro- tect against further lq,ss of life, pending the restoration of effective goNiernmental institutioins. To this end, the OECS formed ll i a co ect ve security force comprising elements from member States to ree1tore order in Grenada and requested the immediate cooperation of a number- of friendly countries, including the governments cif Barbados, Jamaica end the United States, in these efforts. In response to this call for assistance and in view of the overriding importance of protecting the lives of the United States citizel;ns in Grenada, I have authorized the Armed Forces of the United States to p~:rticipate along with these other nations in this colle>,ctive sect city force. In accordancef with my desire that the Congress be informed on this matter, and consistent with the War Powers Resolution, I am pro- -i-vi.ding this report on this deployment of United States Armed Eorees. Approved For Release 2008/06/11: CIA-RDP85M00364RO01502590090-4 Approved For Release 2008/06/11: CIA-RDP85M00364RO01502590090-4 '!Today at about 5:0C AM Iastern Daylight Time, approximately 1,900 United States Army and United States Marine Corps personnel began landing in .Grtpnada,, Th,?y were supported by elements of the United States Navy and ;:he United States Air Force. Member States of the OECS alons; with Jamaica and Barbados are providing if approximately 300 persoiinel. This deployment of United States H Armed Forces is bei.ng ui dertaken pursuant to my constitutional ii-authority wit;p respect .:.o the conduct of foreign relations and as } Commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. Although it, i.s not possible at this time to predict the duration of the temporary p :esen -.e of United States Armed Forces. in Grenada, our- -objeclrives in providing this support are clear. - They are to 'Din the OECS collective security forces in assisting the restorati,Dn of conditions of law and order and of governmental institutions to thte isl,and of Grenada, and to facilitate the protection?an0 evac:uati,3n of United States citizens. Our forces will remain only s{> long as their presence is. required.. Sincerely, 11 fi The Honorable Strom Thurmond President Pro Tempore of the Senate Washington, D