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November 1, 1971
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05 : CIA-RDP85T00875R0017000 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R0017000 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 r-/11LT. Secret C' I A ~o EiZ. 7 DIRECTORATE OF INTELLIGENCE Intelligence Memorandum Cuba: Expanding International Civil Air Set-vice Secret ER IM 71-214 November 1971 Copy No. 54 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 WARNING This document contains information affecting the national defense of the United States, within the meaning of Title 18, sections 793 and 794, of the US Code, as amended. Its transmission or revelation of its contents to or re- ceipt by an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 SECRET CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY Directorate of Intelligence November 1971 INTELLIGENCE MEMORANDUM CUBA: EXPANDING INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AIR SERVICE Introduction 1. Until LAN-Chile began monthly service to Havana last summer, Cuba was served by only four scheduled airlines - the Soviet state airline (Aeroflot), the Czechoslovak state airline (CSA), the Cuban national airline (Cubana), and the Spanish airline (Iberia). The pattern of service - currently 12 flights a week linking Cuba with the USSR, Czechoslovakia, and seven non-Communist countries -- is basically unchanged since 1963, when the last of l l foreign airlines serving pre-Castro Cuba was withdrawn. During the past three years, however, there has been some expansion of service and an improvement in its quality. This memorandum examines the changes since 1968, the volume of traffic in 1970, and the prospects for further change. Discussion Passenger Volume, 1970 2. Sixty-five thousand passengers traveled to and from Cuba on scheduled air service in 1970. This is less than half the passengers handled annually by some small US airports. Even so, the 1970 volume was about 10% above a year earlier and 35% more than the average annual volume during 1965-68. Almost 35,000 passengers carried in 1970 moved between Cuba and the non-Communist world (25,000 between Havana and Madrid and 10,000 between Havana and Mexico City), and 30,000 passengers traveled between Cuba and the USSR/Eastern Europe (see Table 1). Aeroflot's Expanded Service 3. During the last three years, Aeroflot increased the frequency of its Moscow-Havana flights, changed routing, and introduced the long-range Note: This memorandum was prepared by the Office of Economic Research and coordinated within the Directorate of Intelligence and with the Department of State. SECRET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 20^^~~1yy~0/03/05 : CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 SJ./CRF_T IL-62 jet. As a result the number of seats on this service in 1970 had increased by over 60% since 1968, although the estimated number of passengers carried had risen only about 20%. 4. The route change from the long over-water flight to Havana via Murmansk to a more direct one via Algiers and Rabat reduced the longest non-stop leg of this flight from 5,000 to 4,000 miles and made possible the introduction of an IL-62 configured to carry 122 passengers. As shown in the tabulation below, this raised the number of passenger seats available in 1969 by 6,000 with virtually no increase in flights, and by another 7,000 seats in 1970 by virtue of a third weekly flight during the summer months. Tear Round Trip Flights Passenger Seats Available Total Passengers Carried a/ 1963 88 11,440 7,531 1964 102 13,260 9,890 1965 120 15,600 10,644 19.66 148 19,240. 13,549 1967 153 19,890 13,900 1968 125 21,780 15,250 1969 127 27,964 16,778 1970 143 34,892 10,214 a. The figures for total passengers earriecU from 1963 through 1966 are firm. The years 1967 through 1970, however, are CIA estimates. 5. The 18,000 passengers carried by Aeroflot in 1970 marked the highest traffic since Aeroflot began its Moscow-Havana service in 1963. On flights originating in Moscow, an estimated 80% of the passengers were Soviet nationals, 15% Cuban nationals, and 5% nationals of other countries. On Aeroflot flights out of Cuba, Soviet nationals generally accounted for only about 65% of the total. While few Aeroflot flights have carried military personnel exclusively, in most instances small numbers of Soviet armed forces personnel, usually in mufti, were carried on regular civilian flights. CSA's Renewal of Havana Service 6. CSA resumed its Prague-Havana flights in November 1969 following a suspension of almost a year. The suspension was attributed to a decline in the number of Czechs in Cuba following the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia. The renewed service began on a monthly basis with a - 2 - SECRET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 SECRET Soviet IL-62 and required only one stop en route - a technical one* at Gander, Newfoundland. This service enabled the Czechs to gain experience in flying IL-62s across the Atlantic prior to CSA's inauguration of Prague-New York flights in May 1970. 7. In nmid-1970 CSA began a twice monthly service with occasional supplementary flights. The 21 round-trips flown in 1970 curried some 2,200 passengers to Cuba and an estimated 1,300 from Cuba. The average load factor was 70%, compared with 57% in 1968 when tht Bristol Britannia was used. About one-half of the passengers in 1970 were Czechs; the remainder were mostly East Germans and Bulgarians, along with a few West European and Latin American businessmen. The net inflow from Prague in 1970 probably reflects renewed Czech economic and technical aid following a low point in late 1968 and 1969. 8. Apparently encouraged by the high load factors, CSA began a weekly service in April 1971 and added an intermediate stop at Brussels (see the map), where the Belgian government had granted CSA passenger rights. Also, the technical stop at Gander was replaced by one at Montreal. CSA added a second weekly flight on this route for the summer - 5 June. to 29 August. CSA may eventually press for passenger rights to and from Montreal on its Prague-Havana flight. Cubana's Prague Service 9. Cubana's Havana-Prague flights, in operation since 1963, experienced a higher load factor in 1970 than CSA, although Cubana carried fewer passengers. As shown in the accompanying tabulation, however, the load factors for both airlines exceeded 50% -- sometimes considered the break-even point for international flights. Cubana CSA * A technical stop is made for refueling or other servicing and does not involve loading or discharging passengers. SECRET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 Average Average Number of Load Number of Load Route Passengers Factor Passengers Factor Havana-Prague 81 88 Prague-Havana 75 82 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 SECRET 10. In 1970, Cubana operated 55 round-trip flights and carried 8,600 passengers. This was a sharp decline from the 85 flights and 11,500 passengers carried in 1969, when Cubana benefited from the suspension of CSA service. Cubana flights to Prague were routed via Gander while the return flights stopped at both Shannon and Gander. In 1970 an estimated 70% of the passengers carried were Cubans and 10% to 12% were Czechs. The remainder were mostly government officials and technical aid personnel from Eastern Europe and a few Western businessmen. Cubana ha;: used only Britannias on this route except for a few months in 1967 when the airline experimented with 1L-18s. Civil Air Service Between Cuba and the Non-Communist World 11. The 35,000 passengers carried in scheduled air service between Cuba and non-Communist countries in 1970 (see Table 2) was a 17% increase over 1969 and the highest volume in at least seven years. The imbalance in traffic flow - about 10,000 passengers arriving in Cuba and 25,000 departing - reflected an exodus of refugees leaving Cuba, particularly via Madrid. Havana-Mexico City Flights 12. Cubana flights between Havana and Mexico City, in operation for almost a decade, were nearly terminated following two hijackings of Mexican aircraft to Cuba in the summer of 1970. One aircraft was hijacked by Mexicans and the other by nationals of the Dominican Republic; in both cases Mexican authorities demanded extradition. Cuba refused, claiming the right of asylum, and further angered Mexico by presenting a bill for the hijacked aircraft covering landing fees, fuel, and food at Havana. Mexico retaliated on 28 July 1970 by abrogating its bilateral air convention with Cuba. The Cuban government did not respond during a 14-day period provided for in such cases; and a one-year grace period, authorized in the convention, allowed flights to continue until August 1971. 13. During most of the intervening year neither Mexico nor Cuba seemed inclined to negotiate a new treaty, and it appeared that CubanA service to Mexico would expire. About six weeks before the end of the grace period, however, Mexico apparently decided to improve relations and sent Marxist Jorge Leonides Tamayo to Cuba for informal discussions on Mexican-Cuban relations, including the air agreement. Mexico's initiative spelled a victory for Cuba's wait-and-see attitude and, as more formal negotiations continued in June and July 1971, the Mexican government even withdrew its demands that any new agreement provide for extradition of hijackers. - 4 - SECRET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 SECRET 14. After many contradictory statements by Mexican officials, Cuba and Mexico on 2 August 1971 jointly announced the signing of a new air agreement that increases both the frequency of flights and the size of aircraft used in the Havana-Mexico City service. As many as four flights per week would be permitted for either Cubana or a Mexican airline, with plane capacities of up to 250 passengers, compared with 125 passengers in the old agreement. This provision is academic at the present time, since no service by a Mexican airline is anticipated, and no Cubana aircraft can carry more than 110 passengers. The new agreement is to last three years and may be renewed for an additional two years. 15. The Havana-Mexico City flights remain the most frequent and expeditious route to Cuba for most persons traveling from the Western Hemisphere. Passengers on these flights during 1970 included writers, correspondents, and members of the "Venceremos Brigades" -- mostly leftist students from the United States performing agricultural chores in Cuba. Other travelers were Cuban diplomatic and trade officials catching connecting flights in Mexico City for West European and Latin Anierican countries. Moreover, Latin American nationals -- primarily from Nicaragua, Guatamala, and Uruguay -- have occasionally used this route to fly to Cuba for training in guerrilla warfare. Havana-Madrid Flights 16. The Havana-Madrid route continues to provide egress for Cuban refugees who debark in Spain and scatter throughout Europe. In 1970, almost 25,000 passengers were carried in both directions on this route, nearly 40% more than in 1969. The net outflow, mostly refugees, was 12,000, compared with 8,000 in 1969. The additional traffic was made possible by an increase of Cubana flights from 60 in '1969 to 89 in 1970 and by Iberia's introduction in June 1970 of a stretch DC-8 in its weekly service, which raised passenger capacity per aircraft from 165 to about 210. 17. Early in 1971, Iberia requested permission to add a second weekly flight. Initially it appeared that the request was approved, and Iberia began second weekly flights in February. After three weeks, however, the flight was dropped, possibly because of continuing difficulties between Havana and Iberia over money. The New Havana-Santiago Air Link 18. Cuba and Chile signed a bilateral civil air agreement on 25 February 1971, following the r'storation of diplomatic relations in November 1970. The agreement provided for reciprocal service between Havana and Santiago by Cubana Airlines and by Chile's international airline SECRET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 SECRET LAN-Chile. However, a shortage of suitable aircraft on the part of both airlines and LAN-Chile's concern about possible low load factors prevented immediate inauguration of service. 19. After several trial flights, Cubana inaugurated scheduled service to Santiago on 26 June 1971, using Bristol Britannias on the 3,500-mile flight-,. The flights operate on alternate Saturdays and return the following day. The aircraft makes a technical stop in Lima, Peru (2,170 miles from Havana), apparently under the authorization of an earlier Cuba-Peru air agreement which was not renounced when the two countries severed diplomatic relations. Although international aviation guides and Cubana timetables show Lima as a technical stop, a fcw passengers and a small amount of cargo have been handled there. 20. The first indication that LAN-Chile would start service was an article in a Chilean newspaper suggesting the inclusion of Havana as an intermediate stop on LAN's existing service to Miami and New York. This trial balloon floated by the Ch:ean government provoked a negative response in the United States. LAN then began considering stopping at Havana on one of its flights to Western Europe. However, short on aircraft and unable to fill existing schedules, LAN found the prospects of a new route via Havana too burdensome. Finally, on 18-19 July, LAN operated a flight between Santiago and Havana that was variously billed as an "inaugural flight" and as "experimental." The initial -light, by a Boeing 707, made a technical stop in Panama City, stopped in Havana, and continued on to Madrid. Subsequent flights occurred in August and September. The Cuban government attempted to assuage L"N's concern over the profitability of the flight by guaranteeing the Chilean airline at least 40 passengers on the leg from Havana to Madrid. LAN officials recently claimed, however, that Cuba was not fulfilling this commitment. If the Chilean airline is not allowed to share in the lucrative flow of refugees to Madrid - all of whom must pay hard currency for their tickets - LAN may suspend its flight to Havana. 21. The new Havana-Santiago route gives Cuua two scheduled air links with Latin America - the other is Mexico City. The use of Cubana on this route also gives Havana a more secure means of transporting revolutionaries between Cuba and Latin America. The Mexico City route is subject to close sureillance by Mexican officials. Non-Scheduled Air Service 22. Approximately 45,000 passengers were carried out of Cuba in 1970 on the United States refugee airlift from Varadero to Miami. On 31 August 1971, the airlift was suspended by Havana after carrying about - 6 - SECRET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 SECRET 245,000 refugees (3,000 to 4,000 per month) since its inauguration in December 1965. At the time of the suspension the Cuban government stated that the airlift could be resumed after a short interval to permit the departure of a final group of some 1,000 persons. Subsequently, the United States forwarded to Cuba additional names of persons now approved for entry into the United States whose names had been previously submitted by Cuban authorities on one of the Cuban-originated lists. Some of this group are now exiting on the airlift which was temporarily resumed on 27 September. If, despite US appeals, the airlift is terminated as Cuba has indicated, many who registered for it will be left behind. There are still some 30,000 names on the list of those who enrolled to leave before Castro closed the list in 1966. This number is probably somewhat inflated since many have died, changed their minds, or left by other means. Cuba has also indicated that another 94,000 Cubans who have been sponsored for entry to the United States by relatives already here will not be authorized for exit, except for a few "humanitarian" cases. 23. In addition to the US airlift, other Western carriers operated non-scheduled air service to Cuba in 1970, including: a. Mexicana de Aviacion operated 18 flights between Havana and Mexico City in 1970 carrying mail, cargo, and a few passengers. b. Bahamas Airways, Ltd., made 49 flights carrying about 500 passengers between Nassau and Havana in 1970 before going bankrupt in mid-October 1970. The passengers were mostly Cuban government officials, as well as foreign embassy personnel and trade delegations in Havana seeking connections from Nassau to Western Europe. c. Air Canada operated 15 flights in 1970 and seven during January-April 1971 to carry swine to Cuba. This was a part of the continuing effort by the Cuban government to improve the quality of livestock on the island. d. Air Caicos, Ltd., began service between Nassau and Havana on 17 November 1970, about a month after the demise of Bahamas Airways' service, and made five round-trip flights during the remainder of the year. During 1971, flights have generally been operated on a weekly basis. The management, however, is American, and the DC-4 used in this service bears a Canadian registry. The headquarters of British interests apparently own the major share of the firm. . - 7 - SECRET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 SECRET this small airline is on South Caicos islands, although the ABC World Airways Guide places it in Sarasota, Florida. Cubana Service 24. During 1970 the. governmert-owned Cubana Airlines carried almost 31,000 passengers on scheduled international service, about the same as in 1969. Despite severe equipment limitations, Cubana fulfilled most of its scheduled flights to Prague, Mexico City, and Madrid throughout the year in addition to frequent non-scheduled operations. All flights were by Cubana's four Britannia aircraft and three Soviet-built IL-18s. At any one time, one and frequently two of the Britannias were out of operation, either in the United Kingdom for overhaul or down in Cuba for lack of spare parts. 25. There have been persistent rumors and some negotiations since 1967 concerning Cuban acquisition of Soviet IL-62 aircraft. As early as the spring of 1970, Cubana pilots and crews were reportedly training in the USSR on the IL-62. The most recent Soviet-Cubana discussions were held in Cuba in March 1971 to complete the sale of an unspecified number of IL-62s for delivery in' late 1971 or 1972. This aircraft would enable Cubana to improve existing service and inaugurate some new routes. The current Havana-Prague flights could be made faster, and one of the two intermediate stops on the return trip could be eliminated. With a more competitive aircraft, Cubana might also attempt to negotiate with one or more West European governments or with Canada for an intermediate stop with traffic rights. Conclusions and-Prospect s 26. The pattern of scheduled air service to Cuba has not changed much since 1963, although there has been some expansion in the last two years. The addition of LAN-Chile in 1971 brought the number of airlines providing scheduled international service to Cuba to five. The number of weekly international flights has increased from nine to 12 as a result of an additional flight to Moscow, another to Prague, and the inauguration of service between Cuba and Chile. Moreover, Brussels was added as an intermediate stop on CSA's regular weekly flight to Havana. Current scheduled services link Cuba with the USSR, Czechoslovakia, and seven non-Communist countries - Algeria, Belgium, Chile, Mexico, Morocco, Peni, and Spain. . 27. The quality of service has also improved. Both Aeroflot and CSA are now using the Soviet jet IL-62, and Iberia has added a stretch version SECRET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 SECRET of the DC-8. Although the Cubana inventory is still limited to ancient Britannias and IL-18s, one and possibly two IL-62s may be delivered to Cubana in another year or two. 28. In 1970, Cuba's very limited scheduled air services handled 65,000 international passengers. This was 10% above the 1969 level and 35% above the average of 1965-68. Somewhat more than 50% of the passengers moved between Cuba and the non-Communist countries, and the rest between Cuba and USSR/Eastern Europe. More than one-third of the passengers to the non-Communist countries were Cuban refugees exiting to Madrid. 29. Many more refugees have departed Cuba on the US airlift, which carried some 245,000 refugees to Miami from its inception in December 1965 until its virtual termination by Fidel Castro on 31 August 1971. A few airlines have been operating unscheduled flights to Cuba, but they probably carry no more than 1,000 passengers annually to and from the island. 30. The existing service between Cuba and the USSR/Eastern Europe is adequate for the current flow of traffic, but additional service may be in the offing. Aeroflot has long coveted a civil air route to the west coast of South America, and service to Lima and Santiago might be established as an extension to the existing Moscow-Havana service. The civil air agreements signed by Cuba with Bulgaria and East Germany in 1968 have not been implemented, because of limited traffic potential and equipment limitations of Cubanna, East Germany's Interflug, and Bulgaria's BALKAN. Recently, however, Bulgaria has indicated an interest in flights between Sofia and Havana via East Berlin and Madrid. Although BALKAN has no long-range aircraft, Bulgaria has reportedly proposed to lease one of Interflug's three recently acquired IL-62s. In the unlikely event that this proposal succeeds, Bulgaria would still have to obtain beyond rights to Cuba from the Spanish government. Thus far, Interflug has shown no inclination to fly to Cuba, and its IL-62s could be put to better use on other routes. 31. Some increases can also be expected in service to non-Communist countries. Although no Mexican airline has operated scheduled service to Cuba in almost a decade, Mexico may exercise its option under the new Cuban-Mexican civil air agreement and authorize a Mexico City-Havana service via Merida in the Yucatan Peninsula. It is also possible that a major Western airline -- either Air Canada or one from Western Europe -- may inaugurate service to Cuba. To be profitable, however, any substantial expansion of air service would require a large increase in tourism in Cuba, and the Castro regime has given no firm indication that it is planning such an increa'e in the next year or two. SECRET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 Scheduled Flights and Air Passenger Traffic Between Cuba and the USSR/Eastern Europe 196 1965 1968 6 Percentage Change Airline sad 19 9 1970 in Passengers Carried Flight Niaber !/ itinerar_ Flights Passengers Fli ht P s g assengers Flights Passengers Flights Passengers Fli ht g s Passengers 1970/1963 1970/1969 Total D,227 6 g~ 2x 616 " , 4 31 6 To Cuba 219 11,316 247 12,761 227 13 199 219 14 424 , , 219 15,457 37 7 OK-523 CU-477 Prague-Havana Prague-Havana 57 74 3,952 8 62 3,305 48 2,088 4 245 21 2 235 SU-047/077 Moscow-Hava i 88 0 3,9 64 4,068 54 =,466 87 5,790 55 , 4 146 n 3,384 121 5,388 125 7,625 / 128 8,389 W 143 , 9,076 / From Cuoa 215 11,911 244 11,873 224 l4 ~ 21 4 s 5 1 .192 220 14,942 25 5 OK-524 Havana-Prague 55 3,021 63 8 9 4 Su-476 /078 Havana-Prague Havana-Moscow 72 88 4,743 4 147 62 3,974 1 5 3,62 84 5.723 21 55 4,459 4,459 , 119 5,256 125 7,625 1227 8,389 ~ 144 9:138 a Th . e a r i li airline CSA , lights resumed in Percent Ch in Passengers Caaasrried 1 970 1 5 ,970/1969 62 17 97 1$ 52 17 e a a Th i . rline code designation, as established by IATA, is es follows: CU -- Cubans Airlines, IP -- . (CSA) Spain`s Iberia Airlines, and OK -- Czechoslovakia's airline ne code designation, as established by the International Air Transport Associati on IATA is as follows: OK -- Czechoslovakia's CU -- Cubans Airlines, S;1 -- Soviet Aeroflot.CSA flights OK-523/524 were changed to a designation OK-628/629 respectively when Prague-Havana f November 1969. Aeroflot flights SU-047/077-048/078 were chanced to SU-331/333-3U-332/334 in April 1971. b. Estimated. Scheduled Flights and Air Passenger Traffic Between Cuba and Hon-Cacmunist Countries i 5 1967 1968 6 Airline and 19 9 1970 Fliabt Number !/ Itinerary Flights Passengers Fli ht s g Passengers Flights Passengers Flights Passe ers Flights Passengers Total 472 24 g 2p5 4 2 24 75 4: . 0 ~ ~7 ~L~7 34,736 To Cuba 4,984 126 i,u3 1~ 4 L2 1 8 8 2 L 2 2 ,282 2 i 245 9,794 CU-465 CU-471 Mexico City-Havana Madrid-Havana 141 =L 1 0 1 4 3,190 109 4,027 106 3,438 103 3 477 18-941 Madrid-Havana 54 , 55 0 2 1,144 '9 1,252 61 2,526 89 , 722 3 57 52 1,779 51 1,455 52 2,318 53 , 2,595 From Cuba 241 16,459 im 13,426 18,025 218 21,335 245 24,942 CU-464 CU-470 Havana-Mexico City Havana-Madrid 141 36 10,216 4 2 0 102 4 4,987 110 7,973 106 8,380 103 6 585 IB-942 Havana-Madrid 54 5 , 200 5 2,625 42 3,405 60 5,432 89 , 8 485 OK-524 Havana-Paris 10 3, 593 52 5,814 51 6,647 52 7,523 53 , 9,87 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5 SECRET CUBA: Scheduled International Civil Air Service-SttmmeV1971 Murmnnsk oto Route - - - - - Aeroflot Alters - _ " - Moscow a _ ahannon* Prgue Brussels t~ Madrid Panama Clty* Airline Route Flight Number Flights Per Week Type of Aircraft Cub,.na, Havana-Mexico City CU-161 Mexico City-Havana CU-465 Havana-Lima*?Son lingo CU-460 Santiago-Lima'-Havana CU-469 Havana-Santa Maria. Madrid Madrid-Gandor?-Havana Havana-Gander ..Prague CU-470 CU471 CU-176 Bristol Britannia P ' 1 Bristol AIRLINES rague-Shannon -Gander. Britannia Cubana Aeroflot Aeroflot. Moscow-Algiers?Rabat. SU-331 CSA (Czechoslovakia) Havana Havana-Rabat-Algiers- SU-332 Iberia LAN?Chllo Moscow Moscow-Robot-Havana 5U-333 * Technical Stop CSA: Havana-Robot-Moscow Prague-Montreal*-Havana 5U-334 OK?626** IL-62 H IL-62*-Prague OK-627'- Prague-Brussels-Montreal-. Havana 1 H avan a-Mon trea l'-O r utsols. OK-629 Prague IL-62 Madrid-Havana ID-941 Havana-Madrid I0-942 LAN-Chllet Santiago-Panama City*. LA-172 Havana-Madrid Madrid-Havana?Panama LA-173 City-Santiago 'Technical Stop **Operated 5 Juno to 29 August 1971 only Monthly Booing 707 SECRET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/03/05: CIA-RDP85T00875R001700020067-5