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MALAIDIN, A.A.. "em1k; VASSMIM, V.I., k&ndidat khlmichenkM nauk. -wm Catalytic chemistry &n& chemistry of the future. 2nan.vil& 31 ao.2t 2,.~-34 F 1%. (nu '9:5) (Catalysis) ~ -.- AIF c I l"'.. `1:501' , h "0 il lltl L'~ 1 ti" 'i ~ .1".. ~" A V I ~111' I. .'A .t' 41411'1~'~V~ BAIANDIN, A.A. Theory of catalysis selectivity from the 4tudies of the department of organic catal"Is of Molbow State University, Uch,sap,Xosk,un no*17507-122 156, (KLRA 10t;) (Catalysis) iiAlAIWINA. V.A. (translator] : VTSOTS11Y. Z.Z. (tranal tor); A T 8 IM ~7 ~00A-~ kto ; skademilr.redaktor; RUBIRMUTH, A.M.. profeneor. re6i VM EHANOTI, N.A.. radektor; BALITA, N.A&. takhnichaskly redaktor [Advanzes In catalysts and related subjects. Translated from the Anglishl Utolls. lasledovanie gomogenrWkh protaossov. Persvod a anglitakogo Y.A.Balandinol I Z.Z.Vysotakogo, Pod red, A.A Balandinal A.M.Rubinahteins. Moskva. ltd-vo inostrolit-ry, 1957. 252 p. (Catalysts) (MLRA 10:9) L h N D I W T" -1 PHASE I BOOK EXPLOITATION 1181 Akademiya nauk SSSR. Institut fizicheskoy khimil Problemy kinetiki I kataliza. Itl IX: Izotopy v katalize (Problems of Kinetics and Catalysis. tv) 9: Isotopes in Catalysis) Moscow, Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1957. 442 P. 3,500 copies printed. Edo: Roginakiy,S.Z.p Vinogradova, O.M., Keyer, N.P. and Yanovskly, M.I., Corresponding Members, USSR Academy of Sciences; Ed.. of Publishing House: Vasoerberg, V*E. PURPOSE: This book is for specialists interested in the theoretical and practical problems of the application or isotopes in catalysis. COVERAOB: This collection of articles forms volume 9 of "The Problems of Kinetics and Catalysis." Most of the papers were presented at the Conference on Isotopes In Catalysis which took place in Moscow, March 31 - April 5, 1956. Scientists from the Academy of Sciences or Card l/* Problems of Kinetics and Catalysis (Cont.) 1181 of the USSR, the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, institutes of the chemical and petroleum industries, and several vuzes took narts Scientists from the six people's republics China* ODR, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Rumania also participaied. This conference was the first of its sort not only in the Soviet Union, but internationally. Several articles which could not be included in the program of the conference are given in the text. Each article has figures, tables, and a bibliography. TA.BLE OF CONTENTS: From the editor Roginskiy, S.Z. Isotopes in Catalysis 5 PART I. CATALYTIC REACTIONS OF HYDROGEN Voyevodskiy, V.V- Mechanism of the Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Homolytio Deuterium Exchange 33 Card 2#'r Problems of Kinetics and Catalysis (Cont.) l181 Balandin A.A. Neyman, M.B., Bogdanova, O.K.0 Isagulyantsp G,V,., ~iva7 TE' ' fh!~;j P., Popov, Ye. 1. Tagged-atom Study of the Dehydrogenation of Butane - Butylene Mixtures 45 Avdeyenko, M.A., Boreskov, G.K., Slin1ko, M.G. Catalytic Activity of Metals in Relation to the Homomolecular Isotopic Exchange of Hydrogen 61 Golovina, O.A. Roginskiy, S.Z., Sakharov, M.M.0 Eydus,, Ya.T.,, Dokukina, Ye. S. Study of the Role of Plane Chains in the Synthesis of Hydrocarbons from CO and H2 76 Tverdovskiy, I.P., Tupitsyn, I.F. Study of the Nickel-Boride Catalyst 84 Discussion: R.Kh. Burshteyn 91 G.K. Boreskov 92 Card 30 .3 BAlAbDIN-,, A. A. "Intermediate Surface Forms In Catalysis." M.V. Lomonosov State Univ., Moscow. Poverkhnost. Xhim. Soedinen. i Rol v Yavleniyakh Adsorbtsil, Sbornilt Trudov Konferents. Adsorbteii 1957, P77-310.-- ~ ~-J, --. ,-- !, Oil th~., and Incra Factors itl U.~xtro';.m"rition Dc.- z lial%~.,r subm5tte"I ut tlto .1(,Mi h,,Ler::at!o-.,ul cvrt;rUss of PurQ ai~,i J'o"I'licil I'arls, July .1 , ". - -, I h- ~ . . ~ t 1 ~ 1- 1 ,1- . :k. ~7 - I' I Iv-, ---BAL-A- =,i , -- A.- A- , -T '%- .- K. --. - ,vqplicotion or radio-curbon in investluTati0r, thc ncC11,0111s," Of c0".se"tive nyl," o poper svibrAtted ot thd 1"t-Crnational reactiOns to butane-butyler-e-divi %. Conference on Pladioiaotolv.3 ill Scientific Itcacarch, Iluria, ,)-20 L;4:r 57, I' . 'Y.. , I I I '. I -.. V ~II I 1 ! .f I , BAIANDIN, A.A.; VASTUNINk. N.A.: PARTSHZVA, G.S.,- CHZPIGO. S.T. Catalysts for hydrogenation of polysaccharldes. Izv.AN SSSI.Otd. khIm.nauk no.3092 057. (HL'RA 10:5) LInstitut organichaskoy khtmil, in. N,D. Zolinskogo Akademil nauk SSSR i Vessoyasn" nauchno-issledovatellskly institut gUrolisnoy promyshlennosti. (Catalysts) (Hydrogenation) . (Polysaccharides) =-Ij)IjNI, L. Kh.; IM~IN ~A.A.; and RIJDNEVA, K.C. "Properties Or a Nickel Catalyst Prepared by the Decomposition of the Doublo.- Nickel -me gnes tun Salt of Formic Acid." Izvest.. Adad. Nauk SSSR, Otdel. Khim. Nauk. 1957, 436-4p.--The properties of a skeletal Ni catalyst and of a Ni-MgO catalyst, prepd, from a mixed Ni-Mg salt of IIC0,Hj were compared on the bnels of hydrogenation reactions at room temp. The data show that vinyl caters, 1-heptynet mesityl oxide, styrene ncetals with a double and triple bond, MAc, and M 9FO are hydrogenated at approx. the some rate on both catalysts. YeCOEt,, and BzH are hydrated more rapidly on the Ni-MgO catalyst. The activity of the NI catAlyst is greater for the hydro- genation of 2-octene, MCh*CHCH 011 PhCH-CIICO U, peperylene, cyclobexany, tolan, and for compda. contg. the SI atbm: TheoNi-4 is as Cood as the skeletal catalyst from the standpoint of themal stability# adsorption of 11, and regeneration by oxidation. Inst. Organic Chen, in. N.D. Zelinskiy, AS USSR ~Iftl Chemdetry - Kinetics.. Combustion,, 1hplosions, Topo- chM stry,, Catalysts. I~s Tour t Worst. 2mr mal XUAin, No 3s 1958s 720- Author : A.A. rreydlins N.V. Nikirorova,, Wt tiibW~en;es or Vm. Title Kinetics of Catalytic Paduction of Organic Permddes and 1"roperoxIdes. Paport 1. PjArogenation of Isopropylbenzene ftdroperwdde, Ithyl*my1isWW1 Peroodde mad Tetmlin Orig M: Izv- AN MR. Otd. kUm. n-j 1957, No 4o 443-450. Abstract% the hydrogenation kinatics of Inopropylbenzene hydroperoxide (I)p ethy1pbenyllsoproWl peroadde (II), totra"a bydroperox1de (M) and ditertiarybutyl peroadde dissolved inCON 00 01, C69 OR C691Z C6H6 or deca"n vas studied. The reltl" Fe Zm I out in gl"s vessels under p m 1 aft and at 5 to 50 an raney's catalyst and Palladium black. The zero order is observed nearly Card 1/2 Al CHEPIGO, S.V.. k9nd.tekhn.nauk; RUAAV 24JA kand.khim.nauk; SMUNW, A.P. .1,Ap._ skivdamik: VASTUNINA, N.A., Preparing polyatomic alcohols by means of catAlytic conversion of polysaccharides of vegetable origin. Y-him.nauke i prom. 2 no.4t4l6-424 157. (MIRA 10:11) (Alcohol) (Polysaccharides) 16 -M-~' --A 61N-A-.A- SHCHI*LOYA--.k--P- Xffeot of the structure of alcoholt*ooleculas on the kinetics of their dehydrogenation. Izv*AN SSSR*Otd.khim.nauk. no.7:787-794 Jl 157, (MIRA 10:10) l.Inatitut organicheskoy khimil im6 NjD. Zalinakogo AN SSSR. (Alcohol) (Dehydrogenation) 14~A BOGDANOVA, O.K.; BAIANDINg A.A.1 SHCHEOLOVA, A.P. Iffect of the structure of alcohol wleculas on the kinetics of their dehydrogenation. Report No. 2: Alcohols C4 - C * Inv. AN SSSR.Otd.khim.nauk. no,?.-795-800 JI 157. ?;IRA 10i10) 1.1netitut organicheakoy khimit, is. N.D. Zelinskogo AN SSSR. (Alcohol) Oehydrogenation) - A--- --- - - BAIANDIN,_ A.A. Precise method for the determination of relative adsorption coefficients. Isv.AN SSSR.Otd.khte.nauk. no.7t882 J1 157. (MIRA 10:10) 1.1natitut organicheekoy khtmii im, N.D, Ealinakogo AN SSSR, (Adsorption) BALANDIN, A,A*; SOGDANOYAO OX.; SHCHNGLOVA, A.PG-- --- -- MMONNIPM. Iffect of the structu" of alcohol molecules on the kinetics of their dehy"enation. Report No.3t Comparing the results obtained for different alcohols. Isy. AN SSM Otd. We, nauk no,8009-915 At, 15?. (MM 1112). 1, Institut organlobaskoy khimii 1u, N.D. talluskogo ASSSM (Alcohols) (Chewsioal structure) (Dehydrocanation) BALMIN, A,A.,, NXYW, K.B.,- BOMNOTA. O,K#,- ISAGULTANTS, -- A*-Aro; To To. 1. Dohydrogenation of butane - butylene sixtures using tagged atone$ probl. kin. I imt. 9:45-60 157. (MM 1123): (Dehydrogenation) (Butane) KIFUW. S.L.: BALANDINs A-A.; DAVTDOVA, I R, The Uond energy of a nickel catalyst with oxygen. lay. AN SM Otd. Was nank no*9:1129-1132 8 157. (MIRk IWO 1. Institut organichookoy khiall to. N.D. Islinskogo AN SSSR. (Catalysis) (Nickel) (Oxygen) _v. 'vi_ -A " ~ , A 1 r~I/_T-/_*I, AUTHORSt Froydlinj L. Kh., Balandin, A. A., 62-11-5/29 1 Fridman, 0. A. TITLEj Investigation of the Vapour-Phase Hydrolysis of Chlorobenzene Under Presence of a Phosphate Catalyst (Issledovaniye parofasnogo gidroliza khlorbonzola v prioutstvii foofatnogo katalizatora). PERIODICALt Izvestiya AN SSSR, Otdolonie Khimiohoskikh Naukq 1957, Nr Ill pp. 1328-1332 (USSR) ABSTRAM Here the reaction of the hydrolysis of the chlorobonsone in the vapour-phass under presence of phosphate oatalysto was investigated. The activity of a mono-component phosphate catalyst during absence of "promotors" was confirmed. The Influence of the temperature on the transformation degree of the ohlorobenzone an& the soloativity of the proosss was investigated, It Is shown that the phosphate catalyst is thermally more stable than the silioa gel oatalyet and loss sensitive to the desaotivating effect of min9ral admixtures. The assumption Card 1/2 is expressed that in the aotivation process of the Investigation of the Vapour-Phase Hydrolysis of 62-11-5/29 Colorobenzene Under Presence of a Phosphate Catalyst. hydrolysis reaction in vapour-phass by phosphate and *ilias, gel catalysts a similarity is existing. There are 3 figurest 4 tables, and 13 references, 12 of which aro Slavic. ASSOCIATIONs Institute for Organical Chemistry imeni N. D. Zalinekiy of the AN USSR (Institut organicheskoy khiaii in. M. D. Zelinskogo Akademii nauk SSSR). SUBMITTEDs July 27t 1956, AVAIL&BLEt Library of Congress Card 2/2 &VZ PAJ Ij /A/ AUMRS t X ipervan, S. L, , B it lAnd in, A. ADar.,,a ova 9 1. R. 62-1 2-9/,T TIM: On the Influence Exercised Upon the Activity of the VioYel 3keleton Catal~,st of Fine Crushing by Means or Vibration (C vlit-.-.,aIi na aktivnest' skeletnogo nikelevogo, k-nt-AJ-zatom tonkogo I-t.1cl,chcni3-& putcn vibratsiennogo porols) TIMIODICAL Izvestlya AN SSSR Otdelen~*e Khimioheskik-h 11nuk, 1957, Nr 12 pr. 1482-1464 (USSR) ABSTRACTi The skeleton catalysts obtained by the leaching of the respective alloys are today viidel~r In wie (Lt particular ror the carrying out of reactions in the liquid phase). In this oonnqction too little attention is paid to the iniport&nt diapersion, especially when pul- verized oata.Vsts are med. In order to explain the influence exer- cisea by the dispersion of ontal4rate upon their activity the nutl~crii employed the method of fine cruthing of the niok-el-aluminum nllo~r (see table and diagrm). An ro'gards the result of the experiment il. W be said that the activity (ana specific activity) of the nickel- skeleton catalysts, which lad- previously been pulverized by vlbmtion crusbing, showed a highcr activity of ostalysts in the reactions of Card 1/2 their hydrogenesis of cyclohexano snd the dehydrogenorization. of On the Influenc- Zxerolsea Upon the Activity of the 62-12-9/20 Niokel 3keleton Jatalyst of Fine Crushing by Reans of Vibration the isopropyl, alcohol in the liquid phase. It in assuinea that tho cause of' the increased activity in due to a change of the rvlom- rougluiess of the surface or by the existence of an internal diffu- sion 4eaelervAtion. There are I fiSure, i table, and 7 refarvnor_:~, 6 of which are Slavic. ASSOCIATICK: Institute for OrgAnio Chemistry AN USSR imeni, II.D.Zolinakiy. (Inatitut organicheakoy khimil im. N.D.Zelinal-ogo Akaaemii SSSR). SUBMITTED: Ju4- 9, 1957 AVAMBLEt Library of Congress Card V2 1. Nickel skeleton catalyst-Crushing-Vibration 2. Nickel aluminum- Alloys BALANDINP A. A.; "Catalytic Splitting of Isomeric.Xylones by Water Vapor." Veetnik Moskav Unty. Ber Matoj, Viekh*, Astron., Fiz. i Khim. 12,, No 1 101-10 (1957).--The Decompn. vita carried out in the presence of Ni(33 and i7%1 an catalyst over the A1640.j (it 350- 45oP with velocity of hydrocarbons 0.2 ml./min. and the volumetric ratio between H 0 and hydrocarbons 51lP Under this conditions the m- and p-xyler.-, form 60-Wp toluene. Yields of C,H4 and other poeous products are not higber than 20~. The o-xylene at 41o0, Siv6d toluene with 46% yield .and at 4660 with 27% and forw more C.H. and gaseous products. Moscow universitet,, Kafedm organicheakogo kataliza. A.A-- -- -MFUp'les for calculating the kinetics of catalytic dahrdro- genation, dehydration andL cracking In a flow system. Vast. Hook. uneSerematemakheastron.fis. khime 12 no,4:137-167 15?. (MMA 11:5) 1.1afedra organichookogo kataliza Moskovskogo gesudarstyannoge univerattatao (Catalysis) (Chemical reaction, Rate of) SLOVOKHOTOVA, TOA r-Ai4i: NAZMWVA, D.V. P-MUMIW Catalytic conversiom of ethane with participation of water vapor. Part 1: Iffect of water concentration In the reacting mixture on conversions of ethane. Characteristics of carbon formations Vast, Hook. un. Bar. mt.. makh., astrons, fit* khtm., 12 no.5tl93-198 15?. (MIRA 11:9) I.Kafedra organicheskogo kataliza Hookovskogo gosudaretyannogo universitsta. (Ithans) (Chemloal reaction, Rate of) BAIANDIN$ A.A.; Ye. map-""" 01"~- - Iffeat of skeleton nickel on hydrocarbons under conditions of a Insting contact. Zhur. prikl. kh1m. 30 no,11:1711-1715 N 157, (MIRA 11Q) 1, Kafedraarganichaskago kataliza Moskovskogo urosudaretvonnogo, uni- vorsitata. (Catalysts, Nickel) (Hydrocarbons) 4/ USM/Fbysi stry KInettcs, C-onbustion, Ex,-~losioni, c 4 Topochemtstry, Catalysiu. Abs Jour : Referat Zhur - Khimiya, W.) 1, 1953, 509 Author : A.A. Balan4in, S.L. Kiperman. Inst .6 Title To the Juestion of Kinctics. of Dehydro,,~Caatioil ~:f Alcc)nolz; OrIG Pub 211. fit. khimii, 1957, 31, No 1, i39-jA9 Abstract Basing on the assumption th--t the prozess proccals ia at-a- Cos, the general cquat*,oix of kinetics of aleohoj. dehydro- genation on a quazihomo~;cneous catalyst sLwface (RZhKhtm, 1954; 33897 ) was derived by the method or stationary con- centrations; th!9 equation agrees with cxpvriDcni~al data. If the speed constant c'0 of the surface reaction is less than the speed constant of desorption of alcohol and re- action products, then the constants in the denominator of the kinetic equation vill represent corresponclin-I': adsorp- tion factors, but if c2 is Lxeater than the other Card 1/2 USM/Physteal Chemistry - Kinetics, Combustion, Explosions, B-9 Topochemistry, Catalysis. Abe Jour Rer Zhur - Khimiya, No 1, 1958, 509 constants, then the equ:ition constants will re,-Prevent com- plex expressions contai.nin_- the constants or the Brensted relation between the activation enerLZr and the thermal ef- rect of the state. It is shown that the relation between the speed constants of sta,,.-,es in the forward and the rever- se directions does not depend on the place of a heLeroZ;e- nous surface. The activatinG action of little amounts of water observed in a certain temperature rnn.,,v, as well as the formation of little amounts of aceLic acid at Lhe dehy- drogenation of C2H OR on Cu the authors explain bj a parti- al parallel oxida'6?on and reduction of the ?atalyaL surfa- ce. The Brensted relation between the activation enerjV and the thermal effect of correspondln6 Gtaoes of the pro- cess remains valid in case or reactions of homoloCs of the same type on the j;iven catalyst surfazze, and tha ma,~nitudes of Its constants rematn approximately the same. Card 2/2 PAIAIMINo A. A. "The mechanism of heterogeneous catalysis and the kinetics of catalytic debydro- genation." Zhur. Fiz. Khim- 31# 745-60 (1957).--The multiplet theory of hetero- geneous catalysts and its application to the interpretation of catalytic dehydro- genation kinetics axv reviewed, 7be nature of the catalyst active centers Is discussed, 7be possiblity Is cemonstrated of an exptl* detn. of free-energy changes., heat contentsl ani entropy of adsorption processes on active centers,, and the detn, of bond-energy between the reacting atoms In a mol, with the atom of the active center of the catalyst. Adademlya Knuk SSSR, Institut Orgenicheekoy dhimil. im. N.D. Zelinskogo and Moscow State Univ. im. M.V. Lomonsov. U&*Pbysic&l Chemistry Kineticsj, Combustion, ftlosions) Topo- chemistry, Catalysis. B-9 Abe Jour: Referat. Zhurnal Minim No 3P 1958* 7256- Author :,A.A. Balandinq N.V. Nikiforovap L-Kh- Freydlin. Inat A my of Sciences of USSR. Title Kinetics and. Sequence of Bond lVdrogenation in Peroxide Covoounds on Nickel Catalyst. Orig Pub tDokl. AN SMp 1957# 112p No 4) 649452. Abstract: The liquid phase hydrogenation of isopropylbenzene hylroperol- Ides ethylphenillsopropyl peroxide, tetraline hydroperoxides 3-methyl-lbutine hydroperoxide, cy*16hexem hydroperoxide, bentoyl peroxide, tertisry butylperbenzoate, n-nitrobenzoyl per- oxide and ditertlaxy butyl peroxide was carried out in ethyl alcohol6 benzene and toluene solutions under p - 1 eta and at 5 to 30 on Raney's catalyst. It is shown that the hydrogena- tion sequence of various functional groups in peroxide compounds Card 1/2 -W- 'USWPhysical Chemistry - Kinetics.. Coubustion., Solosionsp Topo- cbeWstry,, Catalysis. B-9 Abs Jour: Werat. Zhurnal MLWY&p No 3P 1958P 7256- agms vith the forecasts =4e on the basis of the MatiPlet, theory. First, the nitro-group is bidrogmted., then the YerOX- ide groupp furthar the first bond in the CwC groupp next the 71- -bond in the CwC group, and, at lastp the gydrogenolysia of the bonds C-0 and C-C takes place most difficultly. The hYdrO96M- tion activation ezergy of these coupounds is from 2 to 10 kcal per mole. in the authors' opinion., the observed hydrogenation sequence permits to assume that hydrogenation of non-saturated peroxides nay serve as a catalytic method of prepaxing non-sa- tumted alcohol#. Card 2/2 -41- i` - "!", " 1 , , , "..- ~ ~ " '~' .1 '1,'-,-,- ' '~~vul I . 1 , it- .. . , - . i . . 1. ~ 1- 1,. , _ f h- BALA ND I -N- -tA AUTHOR KIPERMkNo S.L.j A., -Member of --thelcadomy-- On Bond Energy between nickel-catalysts and various elements of Organic Compounds. 20-3-2X6? (0 Tellohinakh #nergil evyazi nikolovykh katalizatorov a *lose - tami organich*skikh soyodin*niy - Russian) PERIODICAL Doklady Akadesti Nauk SSSRI 1957t Vol 1159 Nr 2t PP 335-538t (U.S.S.R.) ftosived-6/1957 Reviewed 7/1957 ABSTRACT When solving the problem of scientific selection of catalysts the determination of binding energies of the latter with dif- fornot elements Is of essential Importance. Hero the following methods are applicablelthe th*rmooh#mioal# the adsorption-oho- mioal, and the kinetic method. The latter was in former ties@ used only In connection with the oxydation catalysts..The author& here attempt to apply this method for the computation of bond energy by means of reactions not applied before. They inv*etiga- t*d the bond energies of the nickel-ostalysto with hydrogen and deuterium, with carbon on the occas!on of a double bond and of a simple bond, with oxygen and with nitrogen. As obvious from the theories quoted above the kinetical method can be applied for finding out the bond energy values of the niokl#-'ostalysts with different elements under application of suoh resotions as paraortho-transformation of hydrogen, isotope exchange# hydrog*ni- Card 1/2 sation and hydrogenolyals. The values chitfly harmonize with On Bond Energy between Nickel Catalysts and various Elements of Organic Compounds. W-2-26/87 those ones that have been computed in a compl*t*ly different way. The fluctuations of activity of the ottalysts which lead to & modification of by some thousand3 K& /mol have little in- fluenoo on the Q-valuee (bond energies . In several cases they have no influence on the transition to other samples of catalystal the doubling of 9p however# leads to a modification of QN-Ni by 50%. Under the application of the bond energy values ob- tained the authors compute the adsorption potenti:l,:,(that is the total bond energy of the reacting atoms with a yets) for dehydrogenisation of formio acid on Ni. (I schedule, 12 citatione from Slavic publications). ISSOCIATION Institute for Organic Chemistry "ZELINSKIY, N.D.". PRESENTED BY SUBMITTED 24-10-1956. AVAILIBLE Library of Congrtes. Card 2 2 AUTHOR BILANDIN A.A. Member of the Academy, KLADUNOVSKIY Ye.l. PA - P50 TIVILE On the Storoooh*aistry of Catalytic Active Complexes. (0 sterookhimil katalitichooki aktivnykh kompleksov -Russian 4 'PERIODICAL 88R) Doklady Akadomii N&uk SSSRI 195T# Vol 11~, Nr 3, Pp 585-587 Received 6P957 Reviewed 7/1957 ABSTRACT With reference to the author's work in D, 19561 Vol 11o, Nr 4, the present pap*r explains the process of reaction. For thin purpose the hydrogenization of the compound (1) is carried out. (1) is 2 13-dihydro-(2.3i 5'. 6*) (5,61 5"96") ( 7,61 5"'. 6"1)- tribenso*bioyolo-(2 2 62)-ootadion-5,7-dion-11,41. Hydrogesisation was carried out at ~5 and n atmo herio pressure above the ea- a sp (peroxides are talyzer in freshly distilled dioxane lacking). The experimental method and the production of the catalyter in descri. bed in D, 1956, Vol 11ot Nr 41 Investigation showed that the sub- stance obtained i the product Ills il 2'0' 4',5',61- hoxahydro- 61)(5961 ;1196") (7,81 5",Lo 6111~- tritszoebioyolo-(2j2,2)_ 315' (2 , , octadien-5o 7-dion-10,4'. This compound has as yet not boon descri- bed in publications. In pure form these are yellow crystals with a melting point at 182 - 30. This product showed no reaction to ohin- oide structure, did not react to am olefine co-Npound, form*d no pho- nylurethane, and did not react to maleinanhydride.On the occasion of the reaction with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydraoine the product (III) Card 1/2 gave a well-orystallizing mono-2#4-dinitrophenylhydresone with a On. the Sterooohomistry of Catalytic Active Complexes- PA - 3150 malting point at 185 - 80. The multiplot theory makes It possible to construct stersochemical models of active complexes of the in- vestigated reactions. The structure of such models in described. (With 2 illustrations and 6 citations from Slavic publications). ASSOCIATION Institute for Organic Chemistry "N.D*Z*linekiy" of the Academy of PRESENTED BY Science of the U.S.S.R. SUBMITTED 4.1o.1956 AVAILABLE Library of Congress Card 2/2 AUTHOR BAIANDIN-kX~~--Membe-r-o--f---t--h--e----A-ca-de-m-y- 72MIP20-5-41/6T TITLE of the Dehydrogenation of Alcohols Over a Copper Catalyst D*post. (Kinetika dogidrogenizataii spirtov nad oeazhdonnym mednym kata- lizatorom -Russian) PERIODICAL Doklady Ak d ii Nauk SSSR,1957,Vol 113,Nr 5,pp logo-loq3(U.S.S.R.) Received 7~1;;7 Reviewed 8/1957 ABSTRACT This problem was investigated by previous papers by the same au- thor, where it was shown that the activatioh velooity and -energy of this process is either not at all or to a very low degree de- pendent on the k-structure of the alcohole.It was further found that the adsorption coefficients of ethyl-,n-propyl-,and isopro- pyl alcohol are equal to one another on the copper catalyst.In the present work alcohos differing considerably in structure were in- vestigatediethyl-,isopropyl, bonaylalcohol, and cyclohexanol.In contrast to previous works the catalyst was produced by the preoi- pitation of copper hydroxide by ammonia from a 2o% solution of ni- trio copper. An already previously proved, alcohol dehydrogeniza- tion subordinates itself to the general kinetic equation of mono- molecular reaction in the flux. In the case of the dehydrogenization of alcohols without admixtures this equation is as followsi dm - k M - a ~7 1 where k denotes the constant of reaotionj Card 1/3 dl Al + (Z2+23 .1 a The Kinetics of the Dehydrogenation of Alcohols 20-5-41/671 Over a Copper Catalyst Deposit. i-the afflux velocity of the alcohol, and m-the velocity of the elimination of hydrogen(further details in a previous paper-8). The values of relative adsorption displacement were the same as in the case of other substances.The values of the relative absorption coefficients for acetaldehyde and hydrogen differ from those obtai- ned by previous works, but at that time a catalyst was used which was produced by the annealing of netric copper, and was subsequent- ly reduced by hydrogen.As table 2 shows these coefficients for hyd- rogen are independent of temperature.The aggreement of physioal ad- sorption heats of the alcohols investigated indicates the partici- pation of chemical forces in the adsorption process of the alcohols during catalysis-The results obtained show that the structure of the hydrocarbon radicals of alcohol exercises only little influen- oe on the value of the activation enrgy of dehydrogenization on the metal copper catilyst-.The insignificant influence exercised by the hydrocarbon radical on the activation energy confirms the multi- plot theory. It may be explained by the fact that the sQbstituent outside the frame exercise& nearly the same influence both or. the value of the atomic bindings within the molecule which disintegra- tes during the reaction, and on the bindings of the atoms of the reacting molecule with the catalyzer atoms. Card 2/3 (With 1 illustrationt 6 tableag 9 Slavic references) The Kinetics of the Dehydrogenation of Aleohole 20-5-41/67 Over a Copper Catalyst Deposit. ASSOCIATION Mosoov State University "N.V.LOXONOSOV" PRESENTED BY SUBMITTED 6.12.1956 AVAILABLE Library of Congress Card 3/3 usewphysical Chemisiry nnetics, Combustion., bVlosionsp Topo- chemistry, Catalysis. 16 Jour: Pleferat. Mmroal Xhil-'Ya, No 1. 1958, 72,57. Author : A--A--kaandin, H.B. %rovz-Polyak~ A-Ye. Agronamovo L.S. rmlkova. Inst :Ao&dW of Scienes of UM Moscow State Univ.. im m., v. Lomonosova. Title iCaUlytic Debydration of Alcohols on Anhydrow Nagnium Balfate. Orig Pub: Dokl. AN SM), 1957, ilk# So 4, TT3-776. Abstracts- Me dehydration of i __I P Opentanolp dMtanol-2 and propanol-2 in the vapor phase at 4W to 410 &Ad at the volume rate of 0.4 in presence of wdqdrom Wg8% proceeds practics,11y to the end. ra sparent activation energies in the range from 36o to Wo an from A37o to 1591o cal per mole, which, in the authors' opiniono It atipUlALted either by the same orientation of alcohol molecules with reference to the catalyst surface), or by that &11 these reactions an Cut t 1/2 -42- AUTHOR# ITITLEt DERIODICALs 20-5-25/60 DALAKD1N#A0A. Uember of the Academy XkKe- ~rnc~~of the Chemistry of Enzymes and Antimetabolites from the Standpoint of the Theory of Catalyaia. (Oanovy khimii formentoy i antimatabolitov a toohki zroniya kataliza) Doklady Akademii Nauk S53R, 1957t, Vol 1141 lir 5, PP 1000 - 1011 (USSR) ABSTRACTs 1. Enzymes are colloidal, miorohoterogencouc catalysts. The author here proven that the multiplat-theory can give an explanation for the special characteristic properties of the onzymoot their hiGh colectivity and activity* In the reaction their indox-group must first be sorted out1I*o6 the reacting atoms which come iq touch rith the atoms of the catalysts 'the enzymes listed In tabol show that the majority of fermentative reactions has a doublet or trip- lot index. Dkfferent indices usually correspond to different typos of enzymes. 'he indices of tab. I form a multiplet classification vhioh agrees-with that accepted in formentology. 2.Eaoh type with the artno index contains up to ton onzymos with a narrower solootivi,, ty; thin is caused by the influence of extra-indexal oubstituento, 3. Juat as in catalyois, the substituento in, the fermentative reactions influence the onorgies of the roactinC linkages Whioli. tire in the index* The enorCetio Influence of oubatituents in based upon election shift on the linkal;o oner,-,y in the indot. 4'. A more subtle gradation is produced by the structural agrce- Card 1/3 j~cnt of the oubstMente, This in indicated by the heterogoneous 20-5-2- The Principloo of the Chemistry of Enzymes and Anti- netabolitou from the Standpoint of the 'Meory of Catalysis. catalysio of optleally aotiva eubotancea. A complex of the doublet index group in optically inactive by its sy.".otry. but an optically active catalyst deposited on an optically active carrier (ooeemetal-quar tz~, selectively accelerates the reaction of an optical antipode from their mixture, From this the author draws the conclusion the acymmotric influence of a catalynt or on- .%yne is not concentrated in the roactinC croup (of the index), but in the extraindexal subutituenta. The adsorption stadium is die- aymmetric, the catalysis stadium symmetric. In order to make it -)ossiblo to superimpose substituente, a sufficient take-out has to bo present beside the active center. Its existence is copfirmed by the study of catalytic dohydrogenation of molecules of compli- cated form. 'the nature of the take-outs Is explained by the fact that the carrier - apoforment - is a molecular albuminoid. In these the molecules are most densely packed, so that the projec- tions of one molecule extend into the hollows of another, The bind- Ing hydrogen does not take a special position. If a molecule is taken out on the surface, a take-out is created. In such a take- out a molecule of another typo can find room, which, howevert has to posoosa a portion equal or similar to the one taken outs Card 2/3 During the many yearn of natural nolection in the chemistry of enzymes a sleoitliltprooiae structural wreement between apo - an % ferments au a uents devologode5o' o onzyme-inhibitor in- fluenoo various reaction stadia. ighly absorbable substance: mg, 1014 20-5-25/60 The Principloo of the Chemiatry of Enzymes and Anti- metabolites from the Standpoint of the Thecry of Catalysis. S) block the active centers of various onzymet; independent of their atructure.On the oontrary,antivietaboliten out of hundreds of enzy- mes of one cell may poison only a single one by the fact that their side-ohains adoorb on the structurally elose take-outs of the al- buminoid, portion ct the enzyn*e. The author's theory of antimeta- bolism shows that the thecry of Vulli which oonald&rs an antimeta- bolite a heterogeneous catalytic poison and the theory of Erlenmeyer which points out the parallelism between antimetabolism and spitax- ism, do not exclude but eupplenent each other. By Oiis the author explains the principle of the production of inmuno bodies. (3 illustratitns,l table, .4, Slavic references). AS80QjATION "N.D.Zoliiisky" Instituto for Or(,.anic Chem.,atry of t'le A--Adcl3j of Science of the J PRE41ENTED BY SUB13TTED A7AIUBU Library of Uonj;rees. card V) _r N AUTHORS '_P_a_1andinL_A-_A- _Academician, 2o-4-26/6o Teteni P. TITLE The Kinetics of the Catalytic Dehydrogenatlon of sopropyl Alcohol in the Presence of Fourth-Peroid i ransition Metals. (Kinetika kataliticheakoy dogidrogenisataii isopropilovogo spirta v prieutetvii. parekhodnykh metalloy IV periods.) PERIODICAL Doklady kkadesit Nauk SSSR, 195T, Vol. 115, Wr 5, py. 727-730 (USSR) ABSTRACT This kinetics of catalysts such as iron, cobalt and nickel has been little lnv*stlgate4. But this reaction may serve as a model reaction in the study of the above- mentioned catalysts which are widely spread in practice. In the present paper these metals *or* used in a form obtained by precipitation. The experiments were carried out in an ordinary flow set-up. It was found that the investigated catalysts (temperature range: for Iron and cobalt up to 25000# for nickel up to 2150C) exclusively perform the debydrogenation of 1sopropyl alcohol to acetone. In that connection pure hydroden developed. The oatalyeate contained only acetone and the not thoroughly CARD 1/4 reacted alcohol. As It was shown earlier this reaction 20-4-26/60 The Kinetics of the Catalytic Dehydrogenation of Isopropyl Alcohol In the Presence of Fourth-Peroid Transiti on Metals. Is subject to the general kinetic equation of the mono- molecular catalytic reaction in the flow, For alcohols without admixture it has the form; dm I V, A1+ (a2+ a3- t)m where k - to the speed oonstant of the reaotionj A, -the supply speed of the Initial substance, 2 and a - the relative adsorption coefficients of the ietone Ind of hydrogen, m - the quantity of hydrogen separated per minute, and 1 - the length of the layer of the catalyst. The integration of equation (1) leads to: Al (2 + a &)m. (2) k 2 + 23) A, &n A 2 Tables I and 2 give the results of the determination CARD 2/4 of the coefficients of adsorption. They show that the above 20-4--26160 The Kinetics of the Catalytic Dehidrogenatinn of loopropyl Alcohol in the Prenence of Fourth-Peroid r&nsition Metals. introduced to formula (2). For the nickel catalyst the :3 was found at the necessary temperature value a2 + by interpo tion of the straigth line of the logarithmic 1 dependence (fig.1). The results are given in tables 3-5 and fig. 2. The true activation energy of alcohols on IF* and Cc was for the first time determined here. From the results it follows that the activation energy here decreases from iron to nickel. The activity of the cata- lysts of the fourth-period transition metals increases with the decrease in the atomic number of the metal and with the shortenitig of the interatomio distanco. These now results are of Importance for the determination of the dependence of the catalytic activity of the. elements on their position in Hendeleyev's periodic system. There are 2 figurea, 5 tables and 9 Slavio references. ASSOCIATION: Moscow State University Iment M.Y. Lomonosov. (Moskovskiy goeudaretyennyy universitet it. M.1 Lomonosova) SUBMITTED- March 23, 1957. AVAILABLE: Library-of Congress. CARD 414 2o-4-26/6o The Kinetics of the Catalytic Dehydrogenation of Isopropyl Alcohol In the Presence of Fourth-Perold Transition Metals. mentioned coefficients of acetone and hydrogen on Iron- and oobalt-oatalysto do not depend on temperature. Such a dependence is onlj observed In the case of nickel. Here the coefficients of both substances decrease with increasing temperature. The dependence In logarithmic (fig. I)o From the obtained results the heat differenoes of hydrogen, ao9tone and isopropyl alcohol were calculated and the following values obtained: Aac " Aalo a 3,7 koal/Nol and 'A H2 - %10 1495 koal/kol. In the case of Iron and cobalt the ad- sorption heats of aloohol and the products are equal or approximate. Further the adsorption ooeffioients were used in the calculation of the reaction constants at various temperatures. ?or determining the true activation energy of the dehydrogenation with every In- diyidual catalysts experiments were made with different temperatures at a constant volume speed. For calculating CARD 3/4 the speed constants the values of Ali m and 22+33 were AUTHORS: Balandin, A. A., Academician, and 20-1~22/42 -Va-syunina, N. A-. TITLE: Note on the Selective Hydration of Monosaooharides and Polyatomic Alcohols (Isbiratelinoye gidrirovaniye mononakharldoy i mnogoatomnykh spirtov). PERIODICkL: Doklady AN SSSRI Vol. 1179 Nr 1, PP- 84-87 (USSR) ABSTRACT: 1. According to scientific. and patent publications (reference 1) the following reactions take place above nickel cataly9ators in an aqueous solution at a hydrogen pressure of 150-300 atm, 1) Monomaccharides are hydrated almost entirely to polyatomio alcohols at a temperature of 120-13000 (XYlose to "xylits"t glucose to aorbitol) 2) kt a temperature rise, the hydroxyl groups of the alcohols are split offt primarily the end groups. In this way 1,2 propylene Glykol is produced from glycerine, and isopropyle alcohol from this substance. Alcohols of higher order do not loose their hydroxyl groups an easily an the alcohols of lower order. 3. The production of uric acids from 'onosacoharides (in quantities not exceeding a few per- Card 1,4 cents mills) at a lack of hydrogen is even more difficult Rote on the Selectiye Hydration of Monosaccharides and 20.1_22/42 Polyatomio Alcohols which acids cause an acid milieu-reaction. 4) The deqompo- sition reactions of the C - 0 combination, ocouring mostly in the center of the moleoul*f to a certain extent compete with this reactions, in general, howeyer, they take place at eyen higher temperatures (220-2300C). In this way propylene glykol and glycerine is produced from sorbitol.11. It appears from the reference* 3 and 4, that at an hydrolysis of hydrocarbons the cracking of the C - C combination occurs in the Position 3,4v The explanation of this phenomen giyen by Shmidt is refuted by the authorst just as the opinion by Natta, Rigamonti and Bestav (reference 4). 111- Subsequently, the(multiplett-theory of catalysis Is applied to the reactions reference 5)- It furnishes the correct sequence of hydration and hydrolysis of Yarious compounds, comprising furane derlyateog "tripticene" and of organic peroxydes. This theory separates the reacting atoms within the molecule into index-, doublet groups Card .2/4 1 ]D I :...: I BE C B C Note on the Selective Hydration of Ronosaccharides and 20-1-22/42 Polyatomic Alcohols These atoms are in contact with the catalyst (but not necessarily at the same time). The reaction velocity is the higher, the better the structural and energetic correspondence is complied with. This correspondence is the more perfect, the lower the enereetio threshold ( -E), or, the greater the value 9 - - 2AB - O=CD* (2AK* QBK*-QCX*QDK ~2) If the indices of the reactions concerned are taken and the Yalues of Q are introduced into equation (2), the results of table I for a nickel catalyser are obtained. IV. The Influenes of structure on the velocity of the reaction of one special type is effected by the substituents, which are posed outside the bound* ("zaramochnyye zamestiteli" ). In this way the introduction of a substituent, i.g. at the atom i in formula (1) influenoe the quantity QLB and Q,, in formula (2). From this results a modification of E (referenoe 11) and subsequently the reaction velocity is modified. From the further equations (3) it follows th t by means of the introduction of a substituent at A ; ,a - 6&F F Card 3/4 -(T6,&$ - 691D+691K) (4) - From thi 9 the equation a 9 oV -6 4j F. Note on the Selective Hydration of Monomaccharides and 204-22/42 Polyatomic Alcohols is deduced. From this it follows, that the reaction proceeds the faster, the more the free energy of the reaction 6 AF is reduced by the process of substituting. The values of 6 AF are given in table 2 and 3 for the compounds under investigation here. The sequence of reactions computed from the tables are in aceardance with the experimental results. It follows, therefore, that the application of the multiplet theory in the field of the hydration of monosaccharides and of polyatomia alcohols ood jjoereots. There are 3 tables and 12 references, 6*:?'M':hgare a 0. ASSOCIATION: Institute for Organic Chemistry imeni N. D. Zelinskiy AN USSR (Inatitut organlohookoy khimii im. N. D. Zelinskogo Akademii nauk SSSR). PRESENTED: September 6, 1957 AVAILLBLE. Lil~rary of Congress Card 4/4 WAMM, A. A. and TOISMFUTOVAP - A. A. (Imt. - Ore. Chou. AS USM) - - - --- -- "Ran larth RUssate 9A Catalysts to OrgmAa Cbmalstrys Oxides of Cerium, lantbmft, wA Owwln#. P- 307/ Ra-* Zarth Ilesente; krtr*otian, An"Is wA Appliajation) Hoecov, I&d-vo AN MR, 1958, 331,P. Aked. nauk. 890, IrAt. gookhim. I analiticheskoy khimil. Collsotion of reports presented at the June 1956 Omf. on PAre larth Ilements BALANM, A. A.,, PAVjMW-j v. v., MKOFAIM, -S. Y. and OMVA, K. 1. "Ref Inement and Desulrdrization of petroleum. with the, Sinjultaneovs Inriclawnt of ()re w1thft IntrOducim WrOgen from WithOa-" P. 153. bM, k XhbdY& IM-OrPnich"kikh 40yediftni7 soderzhasohikhaya v neftlakh I I (%Chemistry of Sv4vr-Organic Compounds n6ftePr0d',i*tekbj materialy II navohnoy assail, Coontained in Petrolwm Products; PftPws:Of the 2nd Scientific Session) Y. 1. Ufa, Izd - BeshkArskogo f ilWa AN WWI 19~8. Abstract-. A O*aft* OOncOntrStO Of finely stamped ore in brought into contact with sulfrous ga~Ol*fifiTaPOrs &t 450-"O*C. Mineral Mve contain6ng coopounds of metals show catalytic properties. With the rvVtwe of C-C or CPS and C-H boad*, those minerals (depending upon their properties) are reduced from svlfides and are covered with coke film . These changes soy be explolte& for Slotation or other methods of enriching ore. Catalytic cracking takes place sInAtaneously. (Data are tabvlated and other facets of the process are disovesed.1 iiA;AW111iH A. A.. 0. K4 J('A T A-3, G.. V., ILVD-W11, Tu. V. and PNIV", -C. !. - I - =ULAY 1210 L (Inst. of Organic Chem. AS USSRi "Investigation of the Mechuism of Successive Reactions Butane-Butylene-Bivinyl z by Using Radioactive Carbon C ." F. i-A- - Isotopes and RadiatIon In Chemistry, Collection of papers of 2nd All-UnIon Bel. Tech, Ccnf. on Use of Radioactive and Stable Isotopes sod Radiation In National Zccnoa and Science, Moscow, lzd-vc) AN 8=4958, 38OPP- This volume pubIlOwd the reports ot the Chemistry Sectlon of tbe 2nd AU Set Ttch Cant an Us* of Radioactive and Stable Isotopes and Radiation In Science and the Xational XconoW, opmeored by Aced Sci U30 and Main Main for Utlllxatlon of Atuale EneM under Council of kiniistors USO Mosew 4-12 Apr 1957. - -- -- -- - "Tovards the Development of the Unity 7heo of Catelyeielvoncerning Structure and Energy racors." (Plenary lecturef report submitted for Annual Meeting East German Chemical Society, 28 Oct 1 NOT 1958, LelPtig , I O-S-R. AUTH,3R!3t Balandin, A. A., Klabunovskiy, Ye. I., Kozina, 62-1-3/29 1.-7. ~,'~yanov~& 1. 0. D. % % 4 TITLEt Thermochemical Detection of the Energies of Compounds (Termahimieheskoyo oprodeleniye enorgiy s%yazey). Report it The Energies Wthe Compounds 3n - C in Tetranothyl and TetAothyl Tin (Soobeh--heniye 1. Energii avyazey Sn - C v tatrametil-, i te~raetilolovo) PERIODICALs Izv-stiya AN 3SSR Otdeleniyre Sh"michuskikh Nauk, 1958, Nr 1, pp 12-17 03SR) A.BSTRACTi The data in *technical literature concerning the energies of compounds (used in the computation of the adsorption potent- ials of the Ostalysts) are insufficient. Above all no publi" cation gives concrete data or, the energies of the oompounds C,HjOtH with elements bolongiig tc the composition of the most important catalysta. Therefore it was important to start a systematical investigation of the compound energies necess- ar.y for the outalysis also by thermo-chemical way. In the pre- sent papor the authora report on the detection of the com- buction heat of tetramethyl- and tatraothyl-tin, the heat formation from elomants, and the energies of the oompound Card 1A Sn - C (tables I and 2). The found data give more preoiss Thvrmo~he:nical Doteation of the Energies of Conpcunds 62-1-3129 Report 1i Tho Enereies of the Compounds 3.n - C In Tetamethyl and Tetraethyl Tin rules governing the homologous series than do those hitherto found by researchmen. Furthermore it was shown that the app- lied calorimetric methods can also be used for the detection of the combustion heat of the metal-organic compounds with rather great prooiaeness.(Tables 3,5,6). Furthermore each in- vestieuted compound demands a special aprroaah to the methods of its combustion, and therefore it is necesoaxy to carry out numerous preliminary experiments. Furthermore the spectrum of the combination dispersion of totraothyl-tin was detected for the first time. There are 6 tables and 24 references, 7 of which are Slavic. ,kS30CIATIONs Institute of Organic Chataistry imani V. D. Zalinskiy, AS USSR and State University imani Ut Ve Lomonosov.Moscow (Institut orranicheskoy khimii imoni N. D. Zolinakogo Akadamii Card 2/2 nauk 33SR i h:oukcvokiy gosudarstvennyy universitet imeni Mi, V. Lononuaova) 14,, I'Aalorr,,~nic comik)unds-Combustion 2, Compounds-Energy measurement 1. f,'rJorlmoter3 Apvlicl~tions 4. Tetramethyl-tin-Thermochemistr7 5. Tot raethyl-tin-Thermochemistr7 AUTHORS: Balandin, A. A., Bogdanovat 0. K.* 62-1-4/29 *19at',2uTy1nrs', G. V., Neyman, 14. B., Pollov, Ye. I. TITLE: The Applioation of Radioactive Carbon in the Comparison Between the DOWdrogonation Velocities of Butane and Butylene (Primanoniya radiouejuroda dlya armviianiya skorostay dogidrogenizateii butana i butilena) PERIODICAM Izvo-tiya AN 3SX, Otdolordye 4himichookikh llrukp 19581 Nr 11 pp, A-23 (USSR) ABSTRAM The investigation (with the application of G14) waa oarriqd out by meane of a special catalyst under conditions espeol- ally favorable for tha obtainir~j of diviny-1. Since it turned out that divinyl. can be forced from butylene and that butane cannot be transformed into divinyl, it was conoluded that the reaction (divinyl from butana) paaw only throuSh tho atkge of the formation ani dosorption of butylang. Therefore the desorption of butyluno cannot be a final stvga of tho entire reaction. The authora riport on the carrXing out of the in- vostiCationi The corrulation between the dohydrof-onation velocity of butano and butylene, in divinyl at the chromitun catalyst was found by mQans of computution3 -corresponding Card 1/2 to the exporimontal data obtained alroady before. It was Tho lipilication of Radioactive Ci~roozi in tliv Coula.risor, 62-1-412) Butwoun the DulVdrogQnution Valocitiva of 13utano and Butylune,. chown that thu ratio of the vtilocttiou of the dolVdroeon- ation of butane in btitylone und of butane in divinY1 is for both catalysts of tho utuaq ordor and correapertdo to the ratio 20il. In the experimunts with ehrvi~iw-- catalyuts tho Volocity ratio In the form"tion of diviny! fron butane aorrospondod to lilOOO and in the exporimunto with an aluno- chromium catalyst to 1:25. Furthormore it was cojifirmod that the formation of divinyl. from butane tKkan place over the. stage of the formation. of butyl4unu. It was ahown thut tho constants (in the denominator of the kinetic equation of do- lkvdrogenution) reprouent adjorlition,coofficients, Thoro aro 6 fieures, 4 tables, and 5 roluraric-23, 4 of which aro Slavic. A~;XCIATION 3 Instituto of Orr:anie Chemiotry imuni ji. D. Zelinakiy ,, AS USSR (Inatitut vr~,anichoskoy ".-himii i-moni N. D. Zolin8kogo Akadoizii nauk 3SOR). SU13LLI Vi;D a Junu.lry 1957 J4" 4,utone-DelVdrogeni~ttep 2. Butylene-Dehydrogenation Cu~:d 2/2 'dif i~otopoa (Hadioactive)-Applications 4. Chromium catalyst-Applications AUTHORSt Slovokhotov&,T.A., Balandin,A.A., and SOV/55-58-1-26/33 Nazarov&,D,V. TITLEt Catalytic Change of Ethane With Participation of Water Vapor.II. The Dependence of the Velocity of Several Sthane Reactions With Participation of Water on the Volume Velocity and Temperature (Katalitichookoys prevrashchaniye stana a uchastiyom parov Yody. 11. Zavisimost' skoroati raslichnykh reaktaly stana Y prioutstvii Yody ot ob"yeanoy skoroati i tempajoatary) PERIODICILs Veetnik Moskovskogo universiteta, Seriya fiziko-raatematichookikh i yeatestvennykh nauk, 1956, Nr 1, pp 193-2C1 (USSR) ABSTRACTs The authors investigated the dependence of the ethane changes for a catalytic influence of nickel on the volume velocity of the oonauaption.of ethane and the temperature. Reactionst C 2R6+492 0 2CO 2+7H21 02H6 u 2C+3H21 C2H6+H2 - 2CH 4* It was statedt For a carbon concentrated catalyzer of constant activity the activating energy of the ethane reaction with water is almost constant for a change of the volume velocity of 6-12 1 ethane for 1 1 of tho catalyzer and for 8 20-concentration of 16.6 to 29.6, And in the Card 1/2 mean - 15000 cal- For a fresh catalyzer the same energy amounts Catalytic Change of Ethane With Participation of Water SOV/55-58-1-26/33 Vapor.11. The Dependence of the Velocity of Several Ethane Reactions With Participation of Water on the Volume Velocity and Temperature 23650 cal. There are 7 references, 6 of which are Soviet, and I American. ASSOCIATION& Kafedra organichaskogo kataliza (Chair of Organic Catalysis) SUBMITTEDs January 11, 1957 Card 2/2 177 AUT1,101ti: 3alandin, A. A., Freyd1in, L. Kh., 62-2-2/28 -V -. V. TITIXt Tho Kinetics of the Catalyl.i., neduction of Peroxides and Hydroperoxides (Kinctika katn1itichookol;o vosotanovleniya pereki3ey i Cidroperekisay). Report 21 Hydro-cnation of' Benzcyl Peroxides Tertiary Butylperbenzoate and lVdroper- exides of Cy~-Iohexnna (Soobshcheniyo 2. Gidrirovaniye pere- Mal benzoila, trotichtiobutilperbonzoata i C;idroperekisi taiklogeksanu). 10 D I C A L iIzvestiya AN 35SP Nauk, 19581 Nr 2, 11F- 133-144 (USSR). AD")TRACT: In the procedinC report it wra uliown by the example of the hydroporoxide of i3oprorylbenzene, ethylphenylisopropylper- oxide und tetralinhydroperoxide thut oreanio peroxide com- pow,.dt~ ma-/ be easily subjected to Itydrogenolysia (over a nick--! cataly-st). Thin also corresponda to tJe multiplet- Ia t1w yre~ant paper it is ahown that only the 0 - 0 boH in the compounds breaks (references I and 11). The observed lowest stability of this bond on Ni corresponds Card 1/2 to the reqtlirements of theory. The authors investigated the The Kinetici of the Catalytla Roduction of Peroxides and 62-2-2/28 11~rdroperoxideu. 11oport 21 Hydrogonation of Denzoyl Peroxide, Tertiary Butylp orborizoate and 11Xdroperoxidea of Cyclohexane. hinetiza of the IVdrocenation of benzoyl peroxide and tortiary buty'rerbenzoate on NO and cyclohexenhydroper- oxide (on Vli, Pd ani Pt). 7he authors further determineds the erder of reaotion of tho constants of velooity and the activatiot-, energies of the Given processes. The hydrogenation of the joroxiden can be used as catalytic method for the pro- duc'.,on of unsaturated alcohols. There are 6 figures, 1 tabla, and 17 referenres, 9 of which are Slavic. ASSOCIATION: Institute for Organic Chcnistry imeni 3. D. Zelinskiy AN USSR (Instit,it or(-anicheskoy khimii. imeni 14. D. Zelinskogo Akadernli rauk S35R). SUB."'ITTEDs October 16, 1956 AVAILABLEt Libr ry of Con(;reso L Peroxides-Reduction 2. Hydroperoxides-Reduction 3. Peroxides-Hydrogenation Card 2/2 F1_ 10 1 - -- --- __- - --- -- A 4 AUTHOISt Fruydlin, L. Ki-, Balandin, A. A.,, G. k. 62-2-3/20 TITLEt The Vapor-I'llinse Hydroly3ls of Bon:-,uno 11alidos on an Activated 1,1100phate Catalyst. (Purofaznyy f7idroliz Calcidbenzolov na promotirovannora foafattion lzatalizatvre). H110DICAL: 1,:*;Cotiya Al 53SR Otdoloi%* Wiiniohookikh Nauk, 1950, Nr 2, I'l. fl,3a;t). ABSTAACTs It wau ahown that the thrue-substituted phosphate of calcium is a-aitable as &,:;tivc and stable ono-component catalyst of the reaction of the vapor-phase hydrolynis of chloroben-ene. It was ass,=.ed the type of activity of the two catalysts ia ver;( eimilar. The eimilarity of the mechanism of the activ- atijig ac"W-ion of sil.Icat;el :-nd pnosphate is also confirmed by the fact tl;at the rea-.tivity of cliloro-, bromo- and iodobenz- enC3 xinifor:~ly docreases on both catalysts (in the order C05 Cl 06H"Br C6nczj). V;e inv-p3tication showed that the re- aotlon of trie hydrofysiz of chlorobonzene in 3-cubatituted caloii:.r. -,hosphate io riotivnted on corper chloride. It was found that the reactivity of borizene halides in the invp-tigated re- action decren3es to the same extent as on ailicagel. The pro- Card 1/2 blen of tho correlaticn between cenoral and active surfaze in. The Vapor -P' ZM3,i Hydrolysia of Benzene Halides on an Activated 62-2-3/28 Phosphate Catalyst. thr- ailicnCal- and phas-,lhat,i-catalyat was discussed. Further- more the niv:ibor of active parts in the catalyst was determined. There are 5 ficuros, 5 tables, and 13 references, 11 of which are slavict. A330CIATIONt Instituto for Organic Chemistry imeni N.D. Zelinskogo, kH USSR (Institut orSanicheskoy khinii imeni N.D. Zelinskogo Akadomii nauk- SSSR). S'UBI.*,ITTED% OctIcber 16, 1956 AVAILABLEs Library of Con~:roas 1. Bentens halides-Hydrolysis 2. Silacagal, catalyst 3* Calcim phosphate catalyst Card 2/2 V AUT."'ORSt Bulandin, A. A., Isaeulyants, G. V., Porov, Ye, i.,62-2-18/2.n Dcrben.ts;_vf_Tu-% I., Vino[-radov, S. L. TITLE& The Apylication of Radioactive Carbon for the Investigation of the Dehydration Mechanism of Ethyl Alcohol Over Aluminum Oxide (Primeneniye radiouEjeroda dlya isaledovaniya mckhan.- izma, deCidre-taii etilovogo spirta nad okislyu alyuminiya). PERIODICALt Izzveutiya Ali SSSR Otdolerdye Khinicheskikh Hauk, 1958, Nr 2. pp. 233-235 (US."JR). ABSTRAM The problem of the above-mentioned dehydration mechanism has lone been discussed in publications, Various authors assume that the formation of ethylene takes place over tho staGe of the formation of the diethyl other. Others, however, think that ethylene and others form as a result of 2 independent parallel reactions. For the purpose of nolving this problem the authors performed the deltydration of ethylcne alcohol with addition of diethyl ether. See forraulae (2),(3),(4). As the final result of the performed reactions showed, alcohol, ether and ethylene possess a apicific radioactivity (ace fiCuro 1). The authors determinedt the dehydration velocity Card 112 of ethyl alcohol and ether in othalene as well as the common The Application of Rad.loactive Carbon for the InvestiCntion 62-2-18/28 of the Dehydration Mechanism of Ethyl Alcohol Over Aluminum Oxide. converaion of alcohol and other over aluminum oxide at 3000 C. They found that othylene forma in two different wayn: directly from alcohol, and over ether. There are 2 fiCurea. 1 table, and 8 references, 6 of which are Slavic. ASSOCIATIONs Inatitute for Organic Chemistry All USSR imeni N.D. Zelinskiy (Institut)oreanioheakoy khiznii imeni N.D. Zelinskogo Akademli nauk SSSR . SUBMITTEDt September 21, 1957 AVAILABLEa Library of Congress 1. Carbon Isotopes (Radioactive)-Applications 2. EttAnol- Dehydration 3, Aluminum oxide-Applications Card 2/2 A"TH OR 6 1 P,~ trikoyev, V. V. , Dalmdin,. A.A. ~ Khide'.cll, M 62-533-4-4/W TTTL:~: Adsorption and Catalysis ~kdzorbteiym i kat.-liz) Com-,unication 1tTTfAro!-eTir-tLon kii' lk,tuic ind Fumaric Acid in Ltauid rh%no (Soob3hchoniyo i.- Gidro.:~Lri~.-mtoiya mmlei- novoy'i fnmarovo.- kiolot'v zhidkoy fa~:e) F-'-','?TODICAL: I--vostiya Akailciaii ??.,.-uk SSSR Otdeloni3,e XhimicheekM 11auk, 1958, Nr 4, ml. 411-418 (Uss~) AD"ITRAM In spite of the great practicill importance of the hydro- C;enation of maloic and fumaric acid and of mincrons inve- stiE:ations in thi3 field, many a problen of the nech-tinism of hydroC;cnation remains unsettled. This in oni:ecially the case with reaard to the knowled,~-e of the k;uzantity of the substance adsorbed on the catalyst which could solve nany problemal as for instance, the effect of the solvent and the reaction product on tl-te mechanism of roaction aa well as on the kinotica. In the rresent al!er the uthors describe the methodu and the invc3ti'-~Aion of t!,.e hydro- CO rd 1 /2 enc-tion )roceso (in lil-luid pl,.ase). Vao ap,,aratiia for the 62-5 3-4-4/32 Adsorption and Cz-,tv.1ynin. Communicution 1: Rydro!,-enation of M-laic and Puttaric Acid in Liquid rhuse catalytic hydro-e-intlon is dencribod in -reat detail (see fijitro3 1-3). 'rhe authors found that maloic acid can be bettor adsorbod and hydratod In a 90',, alcohol than funaric ncid. S"ccinic acid has a dinplacing of,,'ect on fitnaric and m"leic acid. In the acid mixture of 96,~ alcoliol on skeleton nic'-el fitn~.ric acid in better adsorbed than maloic acid, howover it h:dratoo more alowly. In the investig-ation of tho c,4tt~lytic hy4rolrenation process (in nixtiiroa) the our- f~-ce co-loontr-tionn of tho rea -ento d1trin-, renction mrstbe ccra- sidered. There are 13 references, 12 of which are Soviet, ASSOCIATIO111: 1n;t1ii,!; !*!i1-'1_i 1-. 17. !). "oli.-..-koco Akademii m"'O; .'1;:M (Inutitnte fer Or ;,.nlc C' c~.iatry ineni N. D. Zelin3kl~-, A') 111.3n) SUBMI'Mt November 7, 1957 AVAMMEt Library or Con,-roes Card 2/2 19 CAWYUO hydrogenation-fto3essee 2. Liquid majeja acid -APPliOaticbe 3. Liquid funaric aoid-Applicationg N BOY/62-58-8-2/22 AUTHORS: Freydlinj L. Kh., Balandin, A. A., Borunova# N6 V., Agronomoys A* Yeo ~--- --- -N TITLE% On the P41ation Between the lotivity and Stability of Nickel- kluminiua Catalysts and the Haoro-Structur* of the Carrier (0 eyyasi mezhdu aktivnostlyu i stabilinostlyu nik#V- glinozemnykh katalizatorov i makrostrukturOy nositelys) PERIODICAL: Izvestiya Akademii nauk SSSRI Otdoleniye khimiahookikh nauk, 195a, Nr 8, pp. 923-928 (USSR) ABSTRACT: In the introduction the authors briefly discuss the influence of the maorostruoture of the carrier on the activity of the niokel-aluminium catalyst (Refs 1-3)6 Then they describe their investigation of the relation between the activity and stability of niokel-aluminium catalysts on the one hand, and the character of the maoro-structure of aluminium oxide on the other hand. This investigation showed that the dehydrating activity of the catalyst can mainly be reoogn12ed by the type of porosity of the carrier. It was found that catalysts produced by the application of nickel on coarse-porous aluminium oxide have a higher activi- Card 1/2 ty and greater stability than those produced by the application SOV/62-58-8-2/22 On the Relation Between the Activity and Stability of Nickel-Aluminium Catalysts and the Haoro-Structuro of the Carrier of nickel on fine-porous aluminium oxide. The latter has the effect that the activity of the catalyst is considerably reduced* There are 4 fig-area, I table, and 10 references, of which are Soviet. ASSOCIATION! Institut organlohookoy khimii ims X. D. Zelinskogo Akadtmii nauk SSSR (Institute of organic Chemistry imeni X. D. Zolinskiy'. AS USSR) SUBMITTED: March 5, 1957 Card 2/2 AUTHORSs Tolstopyatova, A. A., Balandin, A. A., SOV/62-58-10-4/25 Karpeyokayap Ye. I.- TITLE: Kinetic Determination of the Binding Energies With the Chromium Oxide Catalyet.(Kineticheakoye opredeleniye energiy svyazi a katalizatorom okis' khroma) PERIODICAL: Izveetiya Akademii nauk SSSR, Otdeleniye khimicheakikh nauko i9c,a, Nr 10, PP 1184-1191 (USSR) ABSTRACTs In the present paper the authors investigated the dehydrogenation and dehydration kinetics of isopropyl alcohol as well as the dehydrogenation of oyclohexano on chromium oxide: (obtained by annealing ammonium bichromate). The authors found the, relative adsorption coefficient of acetone and hydrogen. They also determined the activation energy of the reactions of the dehydrogenation and dehydration of isopropyl alcohol, as well as of the dehydrogenation of cyolohexane. The binding energies of the atoms reacting in the molecule with the oatalyat were determined. The authors also compared the catalytic properties of chromium oxide produced by other Card 1/2 methods with those described already. There are 6 figures, Kinetic Determination of the Binding Energies With BOV/62-58-10-4/25 the Chromium Oxide Catalyst 9 tables, and 12 references, 11 of which are Soviet. ASSOCIATION: gookovskiy-goeudaretvennvy universitet im. M.V. Lomonosovs, i Institut organicheskoy khimii im. N.D. Zolinskogo Akademii nauk SSSR. (Moscow state University imeni M. V. Lomonosov and Institute of Organic Chemistry 1meni No Dt Zelinskly of the Academy of Sciences USSR) SUBMITTEDt April 2, 1957 Card 2/2 5M AUTHORS: Balandino A. At_jlsagulyants, 0. V. SOV/62-58-11-5/26 TITLEt Dehydrogenation of Some Hydroaromatio Hydrocarbons on a Chromium Catalyst (Dogidrogenizatoiya nekotorykh gidroaromaticheakikh uglevodorodor nad khromovym katalizatorom) PERIODICkLt Izvestiya kkademil, nauk SSSR, Otdeleniye khimicheskikh nauk, 1958, Nr 11, PP 1303-1309 (USSR) ABSTRACTs In the present paper the authors ospeoi*l,ly tried to establish equal conditions of reaction for various hydrocarbons. For this reason the data determined may be compared qualitatively as well as quantitatively with each other. The authors applied the running-thru method. The general scheme of the apparatus corresponded to a similar scheme described in reference 1. The catalyst was produced according to the method described in reference 4, Its activity was constant and was controlled after dehydrogenation of oyolohexans. Dohydrogenation of oyclohexans, Dekalin, methyl cyolohexane, 1,3-dimethyl cyclo- hex&ne, Tetralin, 2-mothyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro naphthalens~ was investigated on the chromium catalyst. The 4 compounds Card 1/3 mentioned last were investigated for the first time. The 'Dehydrogenation of Some Hydroaromatic Flydrooarbons SOV/~2-58-11-5/26 on a Chromium Catalyst activation energies of cyolohexane, mothyl cyclohexane, I 3-dimethyl oyolohexane, Tetralin, and mothyl Tetralin w:re determined on the chromium oxide. The hydrooftrbone similar in structure -, methyl oyalohexane, dimethyl cyolobexans, and Dekalin - are characterized by similar constants of the Arrhenius equation which, however, do not agree. The occurrence of methyl groups in the oyclo- hexane ring slightly reduces these constants. At high temperatures this leads to a considerable difference in dehydrogenation velooitys Tetralin and methyl Tetralin can be dehydrogenatod at a greater number of active places than cyclohexane and its homologso Dehydrogenation is in this case characterized by greater constants of the Arrhenius equation. For the dehydrogenation of all hydrocarbons mentioned the factors of the exponential functions are logarithmically dependent on the activation energy. The distribution constant is the same in all cases. There are 7 figures, 10 tables, and 5 references, 3 of which are Soviet. Card 2/3 Dehydrogenation of Some flydroaromatio Hydrocarbons sov/62-58.11-5/26 on a Chromium Catalyst: ASSOCIATIONt Institut organicheakoy khimit im. N. D. Zelinskogo Akadomti nauk SSSR (institute of Organic Chemistry imoni N. D. Zelinskiy of the Academy of Sciences )USSR) SUB?IITTF.Dt May 14, 1957 Card 3/3 50) SOV/62-58-12-20/22 AITTHORS: Levi,, G. I., Balandin, A. As TITLE: The Energy Bar-rT4Tv--*"he Reactions of Opening and Closing of Hydrocarbon Cycles (Ob energetichookikh barlyerakh reaktsiy razmykaniya i zamykaniya taiklov uglevodorodov) PERIODICAL: Izvestiya Akademii nauk SSSR! Otdeleniye khimicheakikh nauk, 1958s Nr 12, pp 1497-1498 (USSR) ABSTRACT: This is a brief account of the calculation of the amount of the energy barriers of the hydrogenolysis of hydroaarbone with an opening of 3-, 4- and 5-membered cycle& (Table 2) and the dehydrocyclization with the formation of a cyclopentane cycle. The amount of these barriers (EI) can be found by means of the equations of the multiple theory (Ref 2). The quantity El is the energy difference between the breaking and the forming bond in this or that stage of the reaotion, which tends to a limit value. In the case concerned this was assumed to be the adsorption stage, i.e. the stage of the formation of a multiple complex. The smaller the absolute quantity SO the more easily the reaction takes place, all other conditions Card 112 being maintained. The calculated results are in good agreemert SOV/62-58-12-20/22 The Energy Barriars of the Reactiona of Opening and Closing of Hydro- carbon Cycles with experimental reftulte. There are 2 tables and 7 Soviet references. ASSOCIATION: Institut organicheakoy khimii imeni N. D. Zelinskogo Akademii nauk SSSR (Institute of Organic Chemistry imeni N. Do Zolinakiy Academy of Sciences, USSR) SUBMITTED: June 5,. 1956 Card 2/2 SLOY-OIROTOVA. TOAGO- RAWN-D-W.-A-.A.; UZAROVA, D.V. Catalytic conversions of etharie.4 In reaction vith vater vapor* Part 2: Dependence of the reaction rates of ethane in the presence of vater on volune velocity and temperature* Vast eXosk*%tn*Ssr*vAatq# uekhe.sstron**f1s.$khIm. 11 noolzI93~201 158. (MIRA ID11) 1. Kafedra organichasko o ketaliza Moskovskogo o unly"sitets, (11thanal (Water vaporl a& (Chemical reaction, Rate of) ---BALANDIP A* Principles of structure and energy correspondence In onqwfitic catalysts, LvIth summary in lnglish], Blokhtstia 23 noo3075-48 xr-je, '58 (HOU 11283 1. Institut organichookoy Wall is. NoD, Solinskogo AD SSSR, Noskra (Myw, structure & energy corrnspondonne in enrynntio catalysis (Rue)) AUTHORSs Rode, T. V., Balandin, A. A. SOV/79-28-11-1/55 TITLEs Thermographio Investigation of Regeneration Processes of Chromium Catalysts (Tormograficheakoya isele4ovaniye protsessov regenoratgilkhromovykh katalizatorov) FERIODICALt Zhurnal obahchey khimii, 1958, Vol 28, Nr 11, pp 2909-2915 (USSR) ABSTRACT: The regeneration of catalysts contaminated by coal deposits which may be removed again, consists In the annealing of these deposits in the air current or in the current of a mixture of nitrogen and oxygen at various ratios. As this process has a clear exothermal charneter it was only natural to employ the differential nnnlysiu in its investigation (Ref 1), the tempernture conditions being of great importance. Only a few theoreticnl papers deal with this subject. The first of these papers waa that by H. '). Zlelinskiy and. M. 'a. 'Aurova (Ref 2) in which the contamination, of platinum and palladium catalysts by coal deposits was determined according to the formation of carbonic acid at different terriperatures. In the present paper the contamination o 4chromium catalysts due to Card 1/.5 coal deposits is investigated according to the thermographic Therm~)rrsi'phic Inve3tigation of Regonerntion SOV/79-28-11-1/55 orovensnzi of Chromium Catalysts method. It was found that the character of these deposits is different in dependence on the reaction carried out. In some cases the coal membrane has two components, the one of which haa a higher combustion temperature than the other. An increase in reaction temperature and a longer duration of the operation of the catalysts without regeneration Increases the amount of the second, undoaired component. The presence of these two components of the coal membrane on the chromium catalysts contaminated in the decomposition reaction of iaopropyl alcohol is proved by the recording of the thermogram of the contaminated catalysts in vacuum in the onee of a continuous auction of the developing..gnses. Instead of the bipartite exothermal effect shown by the combustion of the coal deposits on the vacuum thermograms there are two clear endothermal, effects, of the thermal decomposition of the two deposits investigated. The application of the differential thermal ana~,ysis to the investigation of the coal deposits combustion character and the determination of their combustion temperatures make it possible to approach this regeneration Card 2/3 problem in, a natural way, as well as to control its combustion Thermographio Investigation of Regeneration SOV-/79-28-11-1/55 Processes of Chromium Catalysts percentage, and to decrease the temperature In some cases. There are 5 figurest 4 tableaq and 6 references, 5 of vhich are Soviet, ASSOCIATIONs Institut organioheakoy khimii Akademii nauk SSSR (Institute of Organic Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences USSR) SUBMITTEDi September 7, 1957 Chrd 3/3 76-32-4-25/0 AUTHORS: Balandin,A. A.9 Kukinal A. LIShishova, D. Pe TITLE: Investigation of the Iron-Chromium Catalysts in the Do- hydrogenation wid Dehydration of Isopropyl Alcohol ( Isele- dovaniye zheleto-khromovykh katalizatorov v reaktsiyakh dogidrogenizateii i. degidratatsii izopropilovogo spirta) PERIODICAL: Zhurnal Fiziche skor Khimii, 1950, Vol. 32, Nr 4, pp. 082 - 893 (USSR) A.BSTRACT: In orier to be able to investigate the iron catalysts the energetic equations of the multiplet theory were used in this paper, the adsorption potential and the binding encrgy of the molecules being determined by the catalyst just as well as activity and selectivity. From the experimental part can be seen that the pretreated catalysts were investigated polaro- graphically, that the kinetic experiments wei-e carried out on a flow apparatua$and that the activity, and the selectivity of the measurements of the reaction products were determined. Card 1/3 Granular sizes of the catalysts of from 1 - 3 mm were used 76-32-4-25/43 Investigation of the Iron-Chromium Catalysts In the Dehydrogenation and Dehydration, of Isopropyl Alcohol and within the temperature interval of from 32o - 500 0c it was observed that the activity of iron oxide is essentially greater that that of chromium oxidep the dehydrogenation exceeding dehydration.. A cracking of the alcohol into saturated hydrocarbons takes place on iron oxide, a change of the reaction on the addition of chromium oxide having been observed. A ratio of iron oxide- chromium oxide of i : I effects a predominant splitting-off of hydrogenj x-ray structural analyses showed that also here the components retained their proper structure. With a rise of temperature the composition of the reaction products changes, namely, the content of hydroCen decreases and that of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons increases. The most active catalyst proved to be that with an addition of 50% P020 3: 5o% Cr.0,0 a little less with 75~ F020 3and with a minimum of the dehydration reaction that with 5% Fe 203* From Card 2/3 the results obtained the magnitude of the energetic barrier was 76-32-4-25/43 Investigation of the Iron-Chromium Catalysts-in the Dehydrogenation and Dehydration of Isopropyl Alcohol calculated for both reactions just as well as the activation energies and the adsorption potentials. An explanution in connection with multiplet theory is given, just as well as graphical data and tables mentioning results. Finally the authors thankYu. P. Simanov and N. V. Nikolayev for the lent apparatus as well as for their advice. There are 9 figures# 3 tables and lo referencenjan of which are Soviet, ASSOCIATIONt Mookoyakiy gosudarstyannyy universitst im. M. V. Lomonosova (Moscow State University in* M*V. lbsonosov) SUBMITTED: December 30% 1956 AVAILABLE: Library of Congress Card 3/3 1. Iron-chromium catalysts--Effectiveness 2. Isopropyl alcohol--De- hydrogenation 3. Isopropyl alcohol-Dehydration :irilan-ling A. A., 52- 8-1V57 Tolutopyntova, A. 17r T "'L Tho CatnIxtic Propert6s of Cerium Dfoxido in tho ')oh-,virn- tion nnl ')nhydroganation of Alcohols ani in the bahyiro- genation of Cvalohexan,'~ (Kataliticheskiye svoystva. dvuokisi tseriya v otnoshonil reaktaiv togidrogenizatsii i Jegiiratntsii apirtov i degidrogenizataii tsiklogeksann) ?7AICDICALt "hurnnl fizicheakoy khi-aii, 1358, Vol. 32, Nr 8, pp. 1631-1841 (Ussft) ABSTRACTi In the introduction publicationa in the field mentioned. in the title are montioned., aliong them are "hose by Cremer (Kromer) (Ref S). In the present pApAr %iithanol, ethanol, n-propanol an! isopropanol, anJ cyclohcxane were investigitoj. The authors described. the apparatus used, the initial 3ubstan,- cps au well as the propnration of the catalyst, on' tha ex- Perimontal technique. The iehyirogenation of cycl-,%h.:?xane wns corl'iql out Rt that of mqthanal ftt of qthnnol at 7,11-3630C, that of n-propnnol Pt 315-36--OC, nn: the 3iMUltaneous lehydrogenatien ani Achydration of isopro- pnnol wns carried out at '/07-~490C- Inlivilunl (intri fn3, for Crtrl 1/5 .'Ahe Catalytic Properties of Cerium Dioxide in the 3006-32-8- 1 T!57 1~vhyiratlon nnJ Djhylrogenation of Alcohols nnk! in the Dehy1rogenntion of Cycloh~~xnn-., oxn-nplo, thi activation enurgios) an, the results obtained are given separately for each single Investigattong as well so tables containing the exporimental results. Daterminatioris of the binding onergy of C, H and C with CoO2 *or,--- carried out, with dnta by Cottrell (Kotrall) (Ref 16) being use3. A com- parison of the values obtainal of the activation nn~,rgy (except for methanol) shows that it is smaller In the case of secondary alcohols than with primary alcohols, and that it in- creases with a lengthening of the chain. The assumption by Palmer and Constable (Pallmor ani Konstubl) f,Ref 17) argued upon by A.Kh. nork (Rof 16) was disproved by the observations ma,le by O.K. 3ogdanova, A.A. Balandin ani A.d. Shcheglova (Ref i9) Eta well as by those jentioned above. The adsorption potential of the catalyst decreases according to the increase of the activation energy; this cau3ca the rcaction to take pInce with greater klifficulty. So,.ie oxplAnations on the binding cTiargias are given. L.5. &,!vonkr,, Lahort-tory dorke-.r, pnrticipated in the experiments. P. The Catplytic 2-ropirtias of Cerium Dioxide in the SOV/76-52-9-17/37 Dehydration and Dohydrogenation cf Alcohols and in the .711chydrogenation of Cyclnh~~xano 5 figures, 7 tablea, and 23 reforences, 11 of W1 ;C1, nVi Soviet. imuk J)S3)R)[natitut c,rganicheekoy I-himli i N.D. A r I;'- -nic Chui~ilstry clinnkk. ,/:I (A3 itiitc of Orr, B. mrch 2o Carl 00~ AUTHOR3s Baltndin,/A. A., Academician 2o-2-3o/6,D _Wo_gdan_o_v!_,-5_._r-t Shcheglova, A. P., TITLEs On Free Energy, Heat, and Entropy of the Adsorption Displacement of Alcohols from the burfaoe of an Oxide Catalyst by Means of Water (0 svobodnoy, energii, teplote i entropil adorbtsionnogo vyteeneniya spirtov vodoy a poverkhnosti okienogo katalizottora) PERIODIC&Lo DokladY AN SSSR, 1958, Vol. 118, Nr 2, pp. 312-314 (USSR) ABSTRACT# This work examined the kinetics of dehydrogenizing of biraLry mixtures of normal structured primary alcohols by water b;r means of an oxide catalyst. The authors ascertained the coefficients of relative adsorption of water and examined the dependenoe of these quantities on the length of the carbon chain of alcohol. 4-propyl alcohol, it - butyl alcohol t and 4L -hexyl alcohol vero examined. The intial mixtures alcohol-water were produced by addition of water to a dosed quantity of alcohol *Th xperiments were made in the temperature interval of from 300 - ;6:00. The data obtained here are grouped in a table. Another table contains the values of the coefficients of the relative adsorption of Card 1h water, which were computed for the experimental data by a formula On Pro* Energy, Beat, and.Entropl Of the Adsorption Displacement 2o-2-.)0/6o of Alcohols From the Surface of an Oxide Cat4lyet by Means of Water which is The coefficient of the relative adosorption of' water decreases in the case of increasing temperature. The addition of water daminishes the velocity of dehydrogenisation of alcohol by more than 45~ at a temperature of 32o9 C. In case of increasing temperature the slowing-down effect of wate:r do- creases. This makes it possible to draw the following oont3lusionat The steam gets adsorbed by the catalyst the more, the lowisr the temperature. The coefficients of adsorption of w4ter at the ac- tive centers of the catalyst are, in the examined temperature interval, in the came of water 3,5 to 1,3 times as high aa in the case of alcohol. The coefficients of adsorption of waler at the various values, mentioned above, have similar values. From the results of the experiments which were obtained here, the fol- lowing appearsi The coefficients of absolute adsorption oi! water- aloohols are, in case of primary alcohols of normal struo'luro a function of temperature and do not depend on the length of the carbon chain of the alcohol..There are 2 figures, 2 tables,,--- and 5 references, 4 of which are Slavic. Card 2/3 4 On Free Energy, Heat, and Entropy of the Adsorption Disp-lacement 2o-;?-50/~o of Alcohols From the Surface of an Oxide Catalyst by Means of Water ASSOCIATIM Institute for Organic Chemistry imeni N.D. Zelinskiy AN USSR (Institut organioheekoy khimii im. N.D. Zelinskogo Akad,imii nauk SSSR) SUBMITTM August 2), 1957 AVAILABLEs Library of Congress Card 3/)