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December 31, 1967
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dw a 0 a 0 a a a *see 004 0-0 00 0 4 111 1) 10 It a zo :I )I b bf It A N J, V U 0 Is 91 4 01 of opq T-L-0 L41 Cc VP It k ret-villis am, foupt" ml Lake Mtm. N,A, Sble*ingu stnil I. It. 11filvIxill, M. 00 18 -4 00 (l.owcr Volp) cujilains 7 X 104 UNIS Of MIlCh &nil 40,041 it."!, of 11f; the ldItrF folvill dur lake 111111 lit rt I bellcl. IlinvLa-walfir, vilsirls flintiflux 1-4 111$. ul lit. Ilic yeally 9 -lug approx coo tt-ulcut froin this wwvc LK tons. 00 U. C. A. coo 411, 0 400 00 -lose bee AtO.SLA SCIALLURGICAL 1.1111RAIL49 CLAISIFIC&TIOW _7~ too 710 Ixfol" .,t d%- -lot ti Ili U U AT 00 AS V 04 1 41 0 It to 09 0 0 0 9 111-MAll Is wa- a P-A ~m 0 111N a It U Lt it Is k I; u it is u it o 16 to K-r-A 411-1--l-L -1-4- PA No IZ to 99 1 Bemis dise"Wk"GIVON Kankst". 1. Frigirl. :0 t Wit whe"'Id a" jLb Mia Irmo C. A. &Iljerrwf -010 00 00 0 BQ CLAWKATION .09 coo S*O goo 300 woo t:0 0 s.11344 Lt Q- aac ),all ~w 4.1 Lit An L 1 11 ad 0 0 4 1 if of 5 a 43 a it 00 111 a a a 6t a n it 444 0 0 sit A 0 0 0 0 0 0 so* 0 Go* be'* of 0 0; v-~, 0 6 0 0 * 0 e 0 0 0 0 Of 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 a 1 4 -1 1 # it 11 it 11 14 is $6 17 21 at b be a a 47 a is all VIS jals MU3116441 auvere a I p It m I it L a A-1 J_ 1001-1-1-Ail -16 U up Q A 1L.-R.- I a 4 . A A - S J.- c!4qM .1 I-P A.0 1. -00 00 g wcwooy of tho Awl jaus$ of tho Embs irl .10,1 go A., of a JAM. Mistral, Rvf. It. 1939, 0t; Cf. C. 'L 3J. r 0 00 WWV4t. - 11tittitt W wtlslc~lwruil fit wrOctil KpIlAkWan' 14 00 tvurs in t1w litine .( the takri, fit WLv Atiil-simr Ilwgr is 0 00 nuch Iftemr.fitc. and itt mmi 4 Ili, lak" lkotx-h -Allit 0 and bromides. C. A. ,Qlbrrrail 00 00 VI ve 0 60 00 00-:Z: 00 1 e2 - AN u is V 'If K K it R it it It n it cc to I a 00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 00 6 0 M 0 0 00 0 0 0000 0 09 .0 00 0 g 0~ 0141 0 06 0 0 0 * 0 9 0 0 ~T 10*000000*6000000 i9!9 Q $0 0 0 41 so 0 o 0* so a w4 000 0 0 0, 0 900 0 0 0 0-:,: eel* I No 11 U is 4 to M IJ Is 1 a 14 It 0 it to a it Ad 9 a to 0 do a 0 0 aA__J1 I IT 1_1 2 All mom &_1 _Uf On _1 k~_ ROPA - PROM.M 4ko"Plow lithe I WN4 TOR- ~"p _4 00 c7dechragrommom .1 wit Ifted fAke (19"- Sea, i: 100). N. S.- Xufwkov, k C0011W. rend. d litwilm that likke in tell takes avvr a perW of yeacs vin be woord"I tZroulm ilk the Ifif -4 the P-1011111-k-W 9-111y The t"Ib0djo filst locolowd in 1902 by P. It. Schoute, ,06 camp". at thm mat takes me be simplified b!r owitcting (wity .00 own in MCI. MaCto awl 4, M#W)., Witto 11.0 moo illoo facuth twatKopprit. aml trmt-~ t 11A blood md Outdo as addid. vwL obtahmol, Torkkit'give a Aw-dimenAmull figure fur the dimvam of state. This "n be repmWitted $2 a Complex it PFO)KIWW In annual cyclic curves givilte tinic, trinp.. flea Mwels. MIT matio. . a twojmtlm dkwmms AIMIX 5, &U.S. via 6 Paints, fiv each cm1m. Tbc "Ok rurv" tolo4ahmood* this way am miled cycWhrmullorsons. 'llwy and me Trull I Ald in woockLog. aidt votinn and in de- o4pdm welt-produttivo, cwwTW..vl-* It 9 v. Of free Irw it to j~hlff.SLA JIM C-Un It t r _T AV .0 All too a ad a a a I v a ot do 4 3-11 to x he 0 0 0000 so o so* so T! 0 ~616 1144 0 see 0 0 0 go 4 0 0 * 0 . - 0 4110~40.0 0 0 Ojoo 0 go 0 go Goo* 0~* 0 o a 0- 0 4 0 0 0 0 I i - "WA 4 1 0 0 10 It if U it IS it it to 0 A it. i J6 Rg is , " r : " -1-1-AL f. -A.MAL a NIF-1 "A.T.. It 3. 4 -Aft I a) 4 t4v- P&MISO. Aka F10fittots .01. A Boton Is the saft lakes of the ManUablek Peninsula. -04 U. Felpi'son and A. A. KoAttvaikova. Byall. last. 1-7 - KUM. Referal. ZAMr. 2. No. 4. .0 00 ,I ~iiU; b.i;4tan't In the salt Lakes of the Man- 2% to 01115% (cakd. ~00 ~00 will, varies fmm O-W. a ! . B0&). In ibe-Karab 4 wu Gulf the lialliD, content Is PHS" of the total salt mattat. and In the Caspian Ses M 1.28R. the IU(h content In Ke water is only 0.005% the total salt. The ItillOs salts dimolve bi pure water 6490 -tatnuchs-al desree: than ]6fgCfandJ%Isf.A. Them- a 0 0 13 lit fore, it would be "pected that under tht: con(litions of the =00 nit lakes the 11,110i salts will be deposited before NI&CI. Goo so '3 This was im the case, except In the like Kn=oc. where 'aCl. true* of INB(h wem found fit layers of NIt Is can. eluded that MSS04 way inactsee the soly. at the bortates and that II&BO# Is covacd. in the mother J14u :011 i 1%9.,Id 17in evapa. of the soins. '00 Goo 00 00 is 200 00 00 ~-rj~ Ala.%LA M1?ALL~A%, LIVERATLARE CLASSAFKATWO it id"Ovo -A I Ma" .10 QNV Obt 414111 01C Q%V -all IS Is AT 00 A r q r-T v p . 1. . ZA I N 61 0 0 868.44 41 0 0 0 0 4 30 6,00 *sagaM 0 00 0 so -0 01000 04 00 64 00 0 0 000 0 000 41 0 so 0 0 0 0 0 * 0 0 0 0 0 'a 0 40 f IQ Is U 13 $4 Is 16 v m IT Is at IF IS 31 n Al 19300ankakIFUN141 a 41 .5 il CL4 INS -040 e0 A of i-fe I OWA" 110".- , X F SOA jL.-j.'8rMUaML (0=I -so J84 - tat. Ms"017~ U AB sdulblllty of NasN 000 Co., in saturated NO Is increases 14 the sduckmis 46 36* is 4ru Pao I of N 4 and ~t ~00 000 O=V~~=tbs iopvtm pume 00- It. 0 a adubaity in pm dil. WASO's at 0 is < in pum H 0 :0. but de, I ~ fathorwith AM.07 exists, in H as the Dt&- At 80* X 00'4 CA , 0 50. hyd- Into " dvesbydra* Mob, An Ore. the ;roe e in saturated X&O bmwea with increasing 0010buity ::so T. H, 0. 0 0 400 9. A MITALLUROC&L LITCNATURt CLASSAFKATWO C Inf, 0 -4 a., alit ~ta M 041 U It AV 00 It W I F An I I a fm 0 It v W F-ij a 9 a Co to or a It a 1; a, 41 a, Ole* 0 i" 609069901 * 0 0 0 0 0 o 41' 00 -00 0 0.0 0 0 0 0 00 00~111111 0 00-0 000000 r f~ 9 19 a 4 14 v X it u a it a .111 v a a a 61 a a 04, I 1 1 4 5 6 F I f ~1111, 11 a u " T IF t ff- . A A a- F a a 1 1, a a I !:0 to "00 !Doi TPWY - vpiow. hil. '14,61sillf-if -0.0 Avir. 1940, 19". No. 10, 340; 1A Joe jo No. 4. ZI.-Tbe visaiiX" I" t1w MmPrl- I lilt WtOu take .00 bit 009 llwats C11111191111 If, yvt sm Ctil ~01 the sk, L41matic fulms IWWS ObstgVel %illudialwitia xentpri. .- oaLvmwwrvW In d C01,114derabir varistkas% In L and wet yun; C*SU~ UAR -0.10. M SO. 2AM-4-t1k Ma- i0o a 'Ch W 0A;-OX slid N(ACA 1 Ittlop. t Wine varied ("Nil 0 of 0.1 to 29.1'. Tile it onto lumis oted., MSS04:1,19- ). Itilisup JIM 9moo 00,3 old the lifixte pax" th sh f =t NaC1 in WISIA.61111,10 lis A* 1-( ';ol)rr. The brine 1xilains "lax. suits. of 1, sild k1slivs at thr end ill 1 tic 000 'sea evnpri. period. Par M Is lite Autunul l3wil. I- 2,IA,% aof (ill September) isad lite winter mail. V.fzj% (hk )&"Italy). 0 The min. UsClcontentinApirill b 6MI andfulkcvniher ~00% 9.185L For UAW,, the max. 6 01% In September 1 0 0 end I tain. % in Aprd and Dmmbcr, The brine goo rewirvoirs tlKxttd be Sled In the autumn. Mirabilhe Atintsf be culim-ted Io januar yand Ftbrinity. W. R. it, 400 doo ,it :10 tio A111111-SLA &"A'-LVNCAL 1111111101611112 CLAUIPOCATM Ctoo lissova "it 04T dad, ItIPW wwlflv woo quinewel NI&ASI am Of" Lit , I "I a I a1 12 u a, A, 00 '31,; to I e, at i IN '!J 1 1 a 0 V 1 WIN-9 0 1. 1~0 , I . 0-411119.0001111 00 04 .00 00 0 0 00 00 too woo o a to 0 go Joe * a - T41, I "' lio-11-o'o-to 0 * 0 0 *-o o'.0, 0 oil 0 -0 lo, 0:0 0 0 0 0_. 0_0_0_0: 0_ g_q *:o I , 0 0 0 0 0 it a 0 1w v 111 0 0 of A I it a A14 C*0141 ocomt too . stia"Cad" 4 dti N*iUbi lift" wida saval cw- liftittlaii, I B Pftl'wn frudy Vm"s. Init. lifidat- .04 '00'a 46"YVWO NA-11 41-51: 1930 No W 1 -00 . . , , , =,J 7$w 4 -Thr fr"* 1 190 No . . . . , ~ 1- t = ~04 rate a 1. lake brims will Investittated; 2.0-2W ut 2D. 34. 20, At. 30. 33 and 110% being were evopil. .00 umkr Salwal Clowlims from 1"wh with an arm Gf w4~ vm~ and a btine layer depth of 15,,m, The V"Owk wtv wirittleell dady out dield. ithilin lievii added its -00 iho oddiwal wt. Air i" anowitch tiollthw-ft vv- kwily suid dk*vSkm o1 or~" lk hw4fily and .90 4 CUM". and depth of the beine larer we obagr%Td. rbl: "'Vilipa. coeff. for the Wwn take bgfim Is 0,42. 000 IVA. evapa. of the brims isixup; in Ausust at 46 It- occurs in &-obvr Gift Justaidity of the air and thin. graph 00 L1 atild4%hunildity. fit May'awcond that. of evap". is oboerved. us the tviativc huniklity of the sk dmireaws to v from t d ti AU f b i see e e sp. am cowns. of the ng r p April to Octotwir. Evapo. Cesses, from Noventher to Match. atilt um. toolsture is abstirbed by the brbw. I . I W, JK. Hrun Coo L ~ X04 woo a I -SILA METALLVKK&i Lnt*Alt*g CLAUWICAIM L x Sam V1* 4WO - ore* #824v* wt; am; OK 44W ill 0 u w A, 'D " ; In I 11 It 10 ;~ 11 4 8 lot Ivol #A v fill a 11 9 A w a 9 A 4, 2 1 Y, I . - - , 'S 0 0 0 I i - * 0 W 0 - 7 01 - 0.0 0 0 0 oie:o a 0 G_Ajj~_#, 4~ 0 f 0 9 0, *4***.*so** of too 0041 0000 0 0 0 0 0 0 a 0 0 0 0 6 000 10 * * 0 0 0 0 0 0 a 6 0 * 0 0 a 0 4i 6 0 0 ~0: 00 0 0 4 0 0 e 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 a, : * A 4 C -A It 4 17 01 'AV v2 11 . 12 11 a W 4 of 4'. ad *fast TIP1 a xv "12 4VOCIP poll "12"Li t%09- -;; -1:;_5 -, Oer 100% -040 sop #,90, ,OWN,, Oil *V it -a ImAL -UjM 4ii j4h?AIIA*14 IIW.% MAINHUS aq~ AAtUI1A 4111111 .()r- ow ptm .1) "ball pulmVIAq cialiq -Pxms 041 I"aq P&ACM v 24 uw- tavv ~iOOI Pul (05ftS POV "1K) -19P so* I 'I" v (68= so. Oak It It 9t a PC It ti It WO 0 0 0 0 0 0 goes** 00 0 a 'A 11 11 to fs m to is It n t f a a A;- A, Kml iso IG-1 11. 294 @*a Lake thm DO 'r .00 & O4j 0043 Oow sell 4 ~ 1OF v v O 0 rOl ~1 A, . . . ; ; ; t 4;,;N tM UAW tAkt. 1, It. 1; ", kimm 4h~~' 13 w rtr *00 . . . Q y le dwm. cmpd. 4 the bwim-A of 'lluler -0,0 the TftT I'Mifil-4 Vf1lVtk'AHY %"I,t. Witt% pis -00 400 Igoe! Igo 0 09 90 goo woo ASS-ILA OCTALLU04K&L L"IftAltiNt CLA11WICUMN Ad. M~tft. am, d.( goo Ott -4 CP a It 0 a a a it it it It it-T, oil 1. 1 1 64 0 00 a I Ar a 4 0 0 0 & 4p 0 0 0 0 0 0 a 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4# 0 0 4 0 * 0 0 0 0 0 it '11W 0 0 00 0 0 0 41 0 00 0 0 o O-w 0-0 si 0, 0 OF* logo 0 0 to 00 0 0 0 0 * 0.000 ****'A it Is 41 To 0 00 0 0000 0 0 *0 0 0 0 0* 0 *-*:a o 0-0 0-4 0-4 W-4--ov-0-4-wo- 1 0 to it is u 4 6 4 'A I I 1 7 7 : A-A- _j V M-O"Ms~ ft'XIL111 opq **too go***## ooc-w~ a A-M a a v A X it u a III-It U L AA 0 cc. pp- R4"- i d a 1-1- l- I-- AMC #Re# !~LL f4L Synthesis of fisdonitc. 1. It. rvlgvl'~ V. F. vit.4kil awl T. V. KoflAkkIlk wad. to. V. R. S. S, 22, 242-31MM)tln a '0, in Sq. sl4n. at 35* theTt Wat ion of borax and AlsS a synthetic indefite corresImmling to 2NIgO.- cwthothm"hic' 011ficullY 11111161 ' :0 with tht asslit 2 1* nftr W. mraight voinclim txwAlvr. itp. xT. Lig, and basing it, I.&I!, anti w. IM) A)tt, 00 00 00 '04 0*8 J La RmLsA4 ASO-SLA AITALLOJI41CAL LITIMATME 4141010wokv all .00 .00 ~041 -60 ~09 ,g zoo .06 Z no* ZOO 800 moo see u 0 11 'a L'Iv ft, 1;;AIL %lose afflWassa a I I T 0 0 0 0 010 0 0 0 0 0 , : 0 0 0 0 o 0 q o 0 o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 a : "t s' 0 0 istiIiii,sti 0*04 *0 0 0 o1: : :1: a 0 0 0 9 0 9 0 0 0 0 of 4 A 0- 6-0 0- 0 - IM-141-3- A-A-1 A a L i t fie A 4111111 (is Occarow, of boron in sall lakes of Aral-KWima -00 7 ~jm .1. G. ValywAku and A. G. foe Ir j( cmijV. pixd. amd. lei. V. H. S. S. 22. 20 j(HIAlf(in.finglish)~An examu. of 14 *Attlpk. of salt takv briam found in Kazakh, Turkinvo and Utbek S. S. 40 RepUblics sbowed %0r contvnl~ ;It. 1- WE) 9- mine-I fee to mWuc) ranging from OJT1 it, !tir% ;!I umple- show Values greater than 1.0, (kmKv Avrt* -41110 400 ,3 9 A=00 cool 00 000 00 COO 000 *0 g X60 SOUL 4 1 1. - - , - - 0 W 0 k I j to - ", A 1. IL A MITALLUNCICAL 1,171FRATIA11 SIPICATIO see I 14110" 160 CRT 9" 0 , AV K) it a " ; E it v It Of I a a 91 3 6 v ; ~ X a It It X r a W 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 O's 0 of eo 0 19~0 KW Q; 0 0 0 o 0 0 0 qem 00000e000#001111140000041 00 0411 16604609906641609 006* 41* 0 * 00* 0 0 0 Wo -0 0 00 70MON-13", r a a P it K m J a IND 4 IN copies "cglitil AW f0cwtatrill w"m 00 64 -40 Olo.- U"~ R _* 14 149*411111 W111 jqviabs. -00 so; In oil .00. F mid otber wasksto It.wo pas" to cossmAmd a coca- _i~ TherrAx. goo. at MS"tams. ia Is mW dm, sm1mr dmps to a m1n, _Owd coo 'a d" kkodl. ]n'ton 04) Lsk rdpi'mm aw .400 040.3 $a, 3w. Chu. 11kile Of 'w S&O Oil .00 F .1 'r boo. boo ILA U- slow $11,16149A %saw 64"am. S4111-012 .4 A 143664 .1. 040 cut wirn,", 6111,11 Ott O%V M S AV 00 AS to, 41 ; i I Vi sia :1:0 0 0 4 00 0 00 0 0-400 0 so *OM 4 00 0 0 0 0 0 to 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 __so* q 0 0 0 * * 0 0 o 00 0 0 0 4 04 * is 0 0 0 6 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -11 mc Id to k 12 a 14 is J11, v on )0 '110, )1~3111 ids Jill to it to it ow 41 4d a 0 1-4 1 4 - A- o JR-L A L-1- 100 A 04 A* 00 (1410clietilikell ladlestlean for the ficesoncot at barittes I ll~ FOO',o-w, 4.wj I,at .,f 1-~ 8 1-00 rho tAu" 11,11#s, it, 0 lia, the valar DAM for the %Vt)fl4l w"n, Far Wtrw, ft..m V wiotm 4fi%Ir4-1* the value-1 are givell. l1ral-Ftlit.ticgiult, -00 so* 0 -of the littler (it. WOO, tMIN). Masipbliti1w jwnict-111J. Karalwa'O remi.m. 2.tkl; Tefirlkar rrgimi, 2. Id, A 0 0 ~TjkarrruLy~h drivretititi, *21~w; a ;c ttl4ki rettiall, Is.L"N' % goo With Vallw bor file rsotio# kistruld lw 41 p%mol illilk-4tuttl 14 l"Wate IC(XFqi#4 its file friliml, r-O 0 d ago SINS .3,00 Ij rte. oo A$*.%% A W&LIAROLAL LittilAtOot It Z- ;0 .06 told.,. tr 1). It it of mid A I o 0 0 0 0:: 9 0 00 0 0 0 0 a 0,0 0 a 0 * a 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 00 0 00 006000. ~~Ocetp-q-o O-W-0 0 0 00 0 & 0 0 * 0 0 0 0 * 0 0 0 * to 0 0 0 0 0 00 00 040 0 0 0 0 0 C 47P C~j Oi 00400000000000000000 4600600000000400111-0-410f# 0 4 0 0 A i Unditigroutild wattin of gas-patrobroat dirp"Its Of the L A41ady AaJ. 0 Sarstor district. %&IL- 00 ridergruiand waterti 10 Naok S.S.S.N. 59, _I 00 were observed in the whole stratittraphic complex front jurassictoMvoitian. They are Na sulfav orcarbortAte' so waters. or brines.conig. hf4CJs and Caal, or, NaCI anti 00 A '~-CAXI The Wt cotitent Incireases reSdArlY With the 00 a! de th,r)l the watr 4muting horiloni. Missing froin 0.4 to Tr 0 its tile first group. and Imn 52 to 19.4l,; in the 00 Whirs. Tile Cact, [gill" are Inct Italy in tile productive 00 callitalitcrous and DrVulliall In tile Cenozoic slightly sulty, dcrivitil froin fresh the or waters are horizons 00 sands and sandstones, Hr. 1, D. and K tire Prestut only in SISIX"inAle Unit%.; cvvn It the country rocks tire of t 00 InArine origin, the totA suln of, the mincrAl mAterial Is 00 %1 not above 0 Al" A wood Tirol. com Iv% conligisk-A tile 0 0 V i%rdinients. ci"iel~y' liftlestolIC4. down to t9c'middle c4thim- iferous, The waters dcrived [ruin thew horizons art! ex- clusivtly of the CaCJj type. In contrast to the first zone, 00 the salts could not have been derived (Tom leaching out the k. but by ructatnurphic, procv_ws in the ~:=12-iherwks. The waters show a type trunsitlooggi to the twines coatig. up to 2.21% sAlts. l"roleutu and 000000000000000 W-D- Is V a 4; -a-43 -*-a t A,& k 9 A Middle NVOI11411, tile witer-briiring hiWilOol aff(I'VI,iting with Mineral oil anti hydrocartma, jr,,"~ c&wor of 1he brines tire nearly sal,l. with N 'XI in the MviaiLin, with remarkable antis. 1)( 1. fir, it. Under the -Ant coudititnis in these florizo,ij. the wjItc,.,Irc inn emulsion. like state of mist. with mincral oil anti hydrocarbon p%C4: the brines have a hjgfj if. anti vis ~cojty. I hey no, sJuggishly ever' Its fxjr(ml% country rocks. A detail"I t4ble of the W. Vito 00:11 hydiocarbort gases are absent, but the limestone% contain The third zone, contS. bitimaltious material up to 1%. CaCls brines. exclusively. comprises the Middle Carbon- i4i I md*tncnts of the 26losmylan Ditsin down to the :A,l crous I Fi_ I AS..lLA SITALLURGICAL LITERATURE CLASSIMAT" Wi-l -00 -00 -00 *00 .00 soo Izo 0 0 -%* YCOO .1 100 UO 0 we 0 ;V Its 1 nee 300 too moo 9 Nar U t% &I No is? 0 0 to IF 0 IF ORK lWit Ifit Ku~ Ill V13.I 000-0600.90006 00060000400 10 Is ~O a 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 `10 : KC[ and ceeffis.; nf mdamorght-milo;'. K., wd~~Wlrcso' and JCjtx -Cxffs; of'K (Nvt. % IC/wt, %, z saits).106. Varying fcom 1.10 t6 -ing from 0.0 to-10.9. wtd cwffs_*aI B contt~mt, Km '(Wt. % B4000. '/o Z s4t3M' flunix 047 to';Jig un A" givta for nil 62C takes, =M9 the qlautity Nacjlz ."UPAble for tile dewtopmot elf S34t Indust IL-0- SHORNIKOV, B-Ya.; MGEL'SCN, LB-, Methods of developing c6AMITNTf"helds. Yeft.khox.34 no.11:47- 48 X 156* (MJAA 10:1) (Volga Valley-Oil fields) V, C L 50~'J) IARIONOVA,, O.R. FXYGIL SON Using mineral hydrogen sulfide solution for edge water drive, Neft. khoz, 35.uo,8:4&-5O Ag 157, (NIU 10:11) (Oil'field flooding) (Hydrogen sulfide) MOM 3M FUSS I BOOK ZXPLOXTATION 3OV/1827 VASSOYUM7 Manabno-lavlodovatellakly goologeresvedochn" jeaftyansy 6N Q~ dedleglys, I morta-gazonasnoott 7ugo-wostoshay- rayonow Rualkoy It s aboralk statey (Geology and OIL and Gas bmarIng 1a l r=' 1 1 . . Uties or the Southeastern Rsglom or the Russian Platform; Collection or Articles) Lealograd, - 43*atopto dat. 190. 242 9. Xrrsta slip Inserted. 1.200 copies printed. and Reap. 54.r U.S. Eventovs Xd*.v X.3. Dwsht&r, X.3. 1191na, H l S.A. 3&khnovakl7l Toch..Zd.s A.S. YasbeharxhlAskayal SzolutIve Sd.S X.T. NUMOV. nRPQ321 This book I& Intended for petroleum exploration goologlets, partioulawly these interested in tba RUSSI&A platform a"&. COURAM Tbose articles, originally read at a meeting of the Solontifte and Teaftleal Counall of Kinistry of the Petroleum Industry (1953). discuss the pelagic structux- of IM2 soutb- Card 2/5 -dastara Pans of the Russian platform, tbA planning or expi tory ors &Ad Prg$P*Gtlzg vOrkv and Special problem& In gooobealstr7. Studios are &1wed at realizing the e1.1 and gas potential arOa. V-.IGAZ. ZL& MSvvdkz Trust, Samtovo4ft', Kasakhotanneftv. and Grotnerts OontrLbutod to the work. Go references are given. CONVINTS8 Geology and OIL and "a Zearlv4 (Cent.) 3OV/%ft7 folubyatnik&v, V.D. (Neaess*d). Results of the Ortentatloo and Itzplaratory Drilling in Central Preftavicas-yo 1203 loses. I.3. Forecasting the Oll-bearing PessIbIlLtles Z % ~I&W-Platform by Hydrochealeal Findings 218 Sam MAN -*'KL*allgof, 3.X. Rydrochowleal 3tudloo in the Stall"radskays Oblast# 116 Dollar, TOA. Some Geeabooleal Works In the Lawer P*volzblye 231 T.G. The ftlooat*loglsal FAthod in Stratlgraph7 1134 ~Svftrlkov. Tu.A. The Problem of the Tectonle AstwrO Of the Sete-Targoalmakaya Klghlands 7 Seayukov* T.K. techniques In the Zxplorstlon of DevonLan :: 0 OIL Deposits of the 3talLagradaka7z Oblast- AVALIABISt t4brary or Congress Card 5^ FZYGILISON, I.B.,; CABRIELYAN, A.G.; SINUGOVSKIT, I.M. Distribution'of satu*ration' pressure in ~ the B' lVer of the Zhirnovsk oil field.,Neft.khoz--.37 noo,3:47-49 - Mr 159. OdRA 12:5) (Stalingrad Province-Oil reservoir engineering) FRYGMISON, I.B. Selecting absorptive horizons for sewage disposal; a topic for discussion. Neft.khoz. 38 no.8:29-33 Ag 160. (MU 13: 8) (sewage) IN FEYGELISON I.B. Basic water resources for edge wpter flooding in Saratov and Stalin- grad Provinces, Trudy VNIGNI no,.MI94405 160. (MM 14:4) L Nizhne-Volzbekiy filial Vaesoy uzz ogo nauchno-isoledovatelinkogo geologo-razvedoohnogo.neftyanogo instit-ata. (Volga Valley--OU field flooding) AGAPOVAy G.D.; kEYGE-L'SON, I-B* Geological characteristics of oil and gas Pools of the Rvet stage (layer'D~S) of the Stepnovskoye field. Gaol. nefti i _3 gaza 6 no.6:3 Z3 Je .162. (IMU 15:6) 1. Nizhne-Volzhskiy nauchno-issledovatellskiy instittrt geologJA i geofiziki. (Saratov Province- Patroleum geolo6) (Saratov Province-Gas., Natural-Geology) gin 2 f6 inzh., redo; pBVZMM, A.S.-O red. izd-va; TOMM, A.M.,, tokhn. redo' [Manual of consolidated indiIces of the coot of planning and research] -Spravochnik ukr6pnennykh pokazatelei stoimosti proekbrqkh I Isiyake,- tellskikh rabots' VVIditsia v doistvie a 1 ianvaria 1958 go Pt.8. Dkterprises of the petroleum industry] Rredpriiatiia neftianol vre;- myshlennosti, 1958, 28.p. ~oqkva, Goo, izd-vo lit-ry po strolt:1 arkhit. (MIRL 11:8) 1. Russia (19~j- UA.S.R.) Goondaretvennyy komitet'po delam stroitelletva.' (Petroleum industry) MGEL'4Q&_&A,,_st&rshiy nauchnyy sotrudalk Something new in the very old, Izobr.i rate. no.7; 16-19 ji 16o. o6MA 13:8) 1. TseeoyuzWy nauchno-issledovatellskiy institut zerna produktov yego perarabotki. (Grain handli machinery-Technological innovations) Icereial products) /5, OA F GELSON, S. F JEG Obledenenie samoletov i*bo.rlba a nim. (Grazhdanskaia aviastsiia~ 1940, no.1, p.8-10, illus.) Title tr.: Icing of aircraft and the fight against it. TL504.G7 1940 SO: Aeronautical Sciences and Aviation in the Soviet Union, Library of Congress~ 1955- IiEYGELtSON, -a-i- I-.,:En-gr -- ------ Cand-.--Tech.- -Sci.-- Dissertation: "Protection of Airplanes Against Icing." Moscow Order of Lenin Aviation 'alnst imeni Sergo Ordzhonikidze, 9 Jun 47, SO: Vechernyaya Moskva, Jun, 1947 (Project #17836) FZYGELI'SON, T.S. h e Simple met od.for stabliching the imdependence of statistics. Vest. LGV 19 no.13tl57-158 164 (MIR& 17s8) wa 1103 M IN t ~4 ME " -,--R!5M4 FjYGELISON, Yakav Llvovichj-PMTERP Mikhail Semdnovich; ZAYTS:,;Vp Viktor lvazovlcwtV�~Xi~INSK"At IsIer inshor red,'-j GVIRTS, V.L., tekbn. red, [Making sectional'. imid-a13py.;,die03,. OVA I,zgotovleniia sosUvMkh tverdoop~~kh obtampov. _ nimpadvI961. 20 p. (LeninpadSkii Dom natobbo.-tekbnicheskoi propagan#. Obien peredovym opytom. Seriial MAhanicbeskiia obrabotka netallov to 2) (KML 14:7) .(Dies (Metalworking)j PETROVA, L.V.,- FEYGELISCN*p Ye*M* Role of radiation In the buildup of clouds. Izv. AN SSSR Ser. geofiz. no.8:1247-1252 Ag '64 (K= 17:8) 1. Institut fiziki, atmosfery AN SSSR. R FEYGELI.SON, Ye'sm. Speptraltflectio '.of radiatimby,cla ..Trudy GGO no.4166: n udq :L28~-~3 '64i, (MIM i7: I I) 7:19GEL SON, Ye. M. CAUJO PRYSICOMAITH SCI. Dissertation: "Distribution of Nmperaturri of the Earth's Atmosphere by altitude during Radiant aAd VerUcal Turbulent Ifeat Exchange." 18 May 49 Ueophysic Inst. Acad Sci..USSR. SO Vecheryaya' Moskva Sum 71 piopbysics lapse Ratt JU/Aug 50~ Turbulence, Distribution of Temperature of the ti~thls Atmosphere in the. Presence of Radiation .iiA.'Vertical Turbulent Rest Exchange," Ye. M. Fey- 04tson, Geophys Inst,.Acad Sci USSR '41z, Nauk SSSR, Ser Geograf i Geofiz" Vol XIV, Ak 0 44, PP 359-382 ~Solves approximately equations of radiation beat e=bange, considering turbulent heat conductivity.. Satablishes that equations which take diffuse na- 2 turt, of radiation into account yield considerably i64T4o UM'/Geopbysics lapse Rate Jul/Aug 50 (Contd) hi,gber temperatures at.all,levels than the solu- TaLon of the Scbvartzschild -equation. , Evaluates b~ti~al thickness'of the,.atmosphere from adsorp- and isdiat Uiw: spectrum of. vater vupor. lion energy. dalcu'lates temperature distribution and.flow~ of. iaditstion energy vith height. L Gives lati-h# effective radiation vith temperature and liumi4iity at the earth's surface. Submitted L. S. Leybenzon. 2246v 49 by Acad 164T40 I WE f IRE 1=191.1 wlmoaomummi, M -M Al NO li-llc;.--, A 00 PP IWA, wo . ~ I -:. ! --- ~i~' I- ~ - - - - !-- ~ I-- -- , - '- - ': -.-- - , ---- 1--.- 1 -r - .- -,II -Y-A! ~-- I - C - Z, I - - ~:' IL~ 7-'t .- -1 -- - ~ . - . - - - L .`~~ -~;:.- .. - , ~ c5i, !ffil 1 M IMIS Rillill-R, li~.~-,,~-;-i' .. . -.1 -- . I - .1 , - -1 Z- t,-- 7:.-- E---W K~ :3 M "rid ba t-th la "s-7 "M, ha Asi 6i. Z.- tcF, wat6r -vii-por ard7- soi --.2 SR/Geophysi cs Heat exchange in the atmosphere FD-1785 Card 1/1 Pub 45-7/18 Author Feygellson, Ye. M.' Title Taking into ac.count, selective absorption in the theory of radiant beat-ex- change in,theatmosphere P(iriodical Izv- AN SSSR, Ser. geofiz.- 249-26o., may-jun l955 Abstract,investigates-'i6tUant heat-ex Ichange of long-wavelength radiation in the terrestrial atmosphere under the,assumption of the divis.-Jon of the absorption spectrum of water vapor into regions of small, medium and large values of the coefficients. He clarifies separately the role of large Co- efficients in the upper layers of the atmosphere. He thanks Ye. S. KuznetE;ov. Kupetsov, 'bistribution of the temperature of the Your references: Ye. S. , , atmosphere along the vertical under radiant equilibrium," Trudy Instituta teoretich. geofiziki, 1, 1946; Ye. M.:Feygellson, "Absorptive properties of, 'water dioxide in the atmosphere," Izv. AN SSSR, Ser. geofiz. No 1, 1955; K. Yao Kondratlyev,'Peirence dlinnovolnovogG izlucheniya v atmos-~ fere (Transfer of long-wave radiation in the atmosphere), GITTL, Moscow- Leningrad, 1950-' Institution: Geophysical Ifistitute,:Academy of.Sciences USSR ~Submitted March 20,11954 IN Ar I 60-37-3/7 AUTHOR: Feygellson, Ye. M. TITLE: The Effect of Clouds on the Thermal Equilibria in the Atmosphere (Vliyaniye oblakov na teplovoy rezhim atmosk.ery) PERIODICAL: Trudy Geofizicheskogo instituta Akademii nauk SSSR, 1956, Nr 37(164), pp. 62-88 (USSR) ABSTRACT: The author examines the transfer of long-wave radiation in an atmosphere containing a homogeneous horizontal layer of clouds of finite thiakness and computes the distribution of temperature in such an atmosphere when a state of radiative equilibrium exists outside the cloudy layer. The dispersion and absorption of long- wave radiation in clouds with variants, the character- istics of solar radiation penetration in a cloudy at- mosphere, and the selective character of the absorption spectra of vapor outside the clouds are considered. There are 2 tables, 7 figures, and 7 references, all USSR. AVAILABLE: Library of Congress Card 1/1 FM=09, X M.- , KOGAN,- G. Y.- p MALIWIICR, M. S. IFF-Y GE C 8 0 3(7) PWWZ I.B.OOK MWITATION sov/i6b Akademiya riadk SSSR. :XmItift po ge9det'll'i geofizike. Teziby dokl6dov'na, XX Generallnoy, wembl4e Mezhdwmrodnogo ge6dazicheakogo I geo-fizi6he'skogo aoyuzia. Mtzhdune,~odiaya assotsiatsiya, meterologii, (Ab6~ricts'of Reports at the 11th General'Maembly' of the International Uni6n of-Geodesy ~nd Geophysics. The International Association of Meteorologyj Mosrowil 1957-'~ -38.P* /Pir"l texts in Rtissian ~nd English or Freicli/ 1,500 copies printed. No additional contributors mentioned. PURPOSE: This booklet ~,s Intended for metebro Sts. yogi COVERAGE; These reports cover variew- subjects in the field'of meteoroloao AwLM the specific sodivisions discu46ed are: the fitat balance of the Earth's surftce jet strpams, t;rsnsteAnce of heat, radiation, electric coagulatton o~ cloud perti-m cles., turbulent diffusion, 61oud studies,'and others. AbstraAs' of all the arti-'. clefs areItranslitedinto either,Freiich'or En~lish.There are n .o references given. SOV/3-6115 tue it its ~~Oj . the sit -Of st", t-fou Jet roxims", Catte 3.1sollo Oaspe i(Ouu I - "; e 14 -te ease ous the zc~,Atl 'VIch, sm--yor -f C-- -lut 0 TLes sets., e*a tiie Ptm&c'svhere on of Val test. the wrt'leles 24, Tro -f on Cal CPS Ivilst~ ola t Diff'ol 28- of PTO . I - tractuve gie'ro Aes -A'A. -on to n, j -, a C$bUISUO" f Ce Of t1le stite The Tversuoy t JIL-d" ~aeu 24(4) PHASE I BOOK EXPLOITATION SOV/2545 Feygellson Ye. M., M. S. Malkevich, S. Ya. Kogan, T. D. Koron- afo-v-a-, 77ZT-Glazova, and M. A. Kuznetsova Ras&t Yarkosti sveta v.atmosfera pri anizotropnom rasseyanii, eh. 1 (Computation of Light Intensity in the Atmosphere In a Case of Anisotropic Scattering, Pt. 1) Moscow, Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1958. 101 p. '(Series: Mademiya nauk SSSR. Insti- tut fizilci atmosfery, Trudy, nrl) Errata slip inserted. 2,000 copies printed, Ed.: G. V. Rozenberg, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical -Sciences, Ed. 6f Publishing House: V. I. Rydnik.- PURPOSE: This book is intended*tor physicists and scientists engaged in the study of atmospheric cpp~im COVERAGE: This wc(rk contains the results of computation on the intensity of light,soattered anisotropically in the atmosphere under various physical parameters and functions of scattering. The solution of integro-differential equations of the theory of radiative transfer in an anisotropically sdatterikig medium Card 1/4 Computation (Cont-.) SOV/2545 was obtained by the method of successive approximations. The work wqs-carried out by the staff members of the.La.bor-. ato*. of--Atmospheric Optics within the Ina titute of Physics of the Atmosphere, Academy of Sciences, USSR. No personalities .are mentioned.' There.are 23 references;' 14 Sov.'Let, 4 English, 4 German, and 1 French. TABLE OF CONTENTS: Introduction 3 Ch. I. Mathematical Solution of the Problem 5 1. Statement of the problem. Derivation of basic rela- tionships 5 2. The zero-approximation .3. Selection of the-first approximation 11: 4. Computation of subBequenit approximations 13 5. Accounting for the albedo of the underlying surface 15 Ch. II. Processing Observation Data 19 Card 2/4 Compu tation (Co'nt.) SOV/2545 1. Review of Observation materials 19 2. Utiltzation:of experimental data 22 3. Processing seattering functions ~24 ~ 4. Change from"optical thickness to the geopietrical height 25 - Ch. I II. Computation Results and oertain Conclusions 27 1. Convergence of the series and of successive approxima- tions 27 2. Relation between the intensity of scattered radiation and the solar altitude, transpareny of the atmosphere' and the form of the scattering function 29 3. Light reflection from the Earth's surface 42 4. -The flux scattered'radiation 43 .5. - comparison with a case of i3otropic scattering .48 6. Significance of multiple scattering .50 7. Explanation of the tables -52 Table.I 56 Table 11 97 Table 111 .98 Card 3/4 Computation (Cont.) Table IV Table V Bibliography AVAILABLE: Librau of Congress Card 4/4 SOV/2545 99 99 100 MM/jb .11-2-59. SOV/49 -58-10-7/15 AUTHOR: Feygel'son. Ye TITLE- n erpreting Observations of S B i ess (Ob interp- 0 ky rightn retatsii nablyudeniy yarkdsti neba) FERIODICAL:'Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR, seriya geofizicheskaya, 1958, Nr 10, pp 1222 1233 (USSR) ABSTRACT: Observations~on the brightness of scattered light. are used extensively to determine the scattering propertiesof the atmosphere (Ref.1). The present article tries to ex- plain the following points in interpreting the observational theory: 1) what information on the scatterin.- function Ican be obtained from bric;,,htness.measurements based on the theory of single scattering 2) to what degree multiple scattering can be imnored, 3) how accurate a correction fo.r multiple can be made, using Ye. V. Pyaskovsk,,~y-a-Fesenkovals method. The propagation of light in the Earth's atmosphere can be described by an equation of the form: C16S 9' 01 T;- r) 1 I(T; ~rl y (,r;r;rt dwI I(r; r) 41r S + ex,0, (T -0. sec y: (-r; r 0- Card 1/7 SOV/49 -58-10-7/15 On Interpreting Observations of Sky Brightness Here T.- is the optical thickness of the atmosphere T., cr (z) dz 0 ,.vhere cr(z) is the scatterin- coefficient. I(t;r) is the 0 intensity of radiation at a height z in a direction r (at an anc-le 9 to the vertical and an azimuthal angle L3 C3 y is the relative scattering function and r' is the direction of propagation of scattered light. The scattering function depends-on cos(r, r') = cos O(P The atmospheric boundary conditions are given by Eq.(4) where q is the albedo of the Earth's surface and -F (-r5 , F -r) are the 1 2( integral functions of I(T-, r) shown. lvllultiple scattering, r3 is represented in Eq.(l) by the first term: if this is neglected Eq-(5) results, which, using the boundary condit- ions Eq.(4) gives Eq.(6) ior a level T = 0 This can acrain- be re-expressed in the forms Eqs-M, (8) if y(t7 (p) does Card 2/7 On Card. "MI SOV/49 -58--10-7/15 Interpreting Observations.of Sky Brightness not depend on height. As is shown in Ref.21 the scattering function of a real atmosphere chanv-,es 6onsiderably,-with height. Hence, thevalue of y calculated from. Eqs.(?) or (8) is called the relative scattering function averaged over the whole atmos here I A more realistic average is that de- fined in Eq.(103; which transforms Eqs.(6) to the form (1 1), (12). Using the averaged scattering functions Eqs.(9) and (10), some information can be obtained on the change of y(t, (p) with height for a given sky brightness at the Earth's surface. The atmosphere is assumed to consist of n layers in each of which y is constant. Eqs.(g) and (10) are then written in the form Eqs.(13) and (14). If measure- ments are.made of.the sky briGhtness at sufficiently small time intervals for n points (9k14)k ) and the resultant val,aes substituted in Eqs_.(13) and (14), n equations are -b-taired. to determine the scattering functions for the n layers with (p - (p 0 . The system of equations has the form %(17). Localization.of the layers requires a Imowledge of a z). The role of multiple scattering is considered in re- lation to the data given in Ref.3. The results are related 3/7 to an idealized two-layer model. The calculated brightness SOV/49'-58-10-7/15 On Tnterpreting Observations of Sky Brightness is expressed in the~form: B(T; r) BI(T;.r) + BII(T; r) where B I is the. brightness due to first order scattering and BII due to higher order scatterings. Table I gives values for 10OB11/.B when T - 0 1 and Fig.1 shows the scattering indices for the two layers. Table I shows that the part played by multiple scattering incteases with T*~. The'effect of multiple scattering is indicated even better in the case represented by Table 2. Thi 's gives the scattering function as defined in Eq.(14) for a 'two-layered atmosphe;e (dotted line in Fig.1) together with the relativj brightness 'T(O,, r). Table 2 does not show the change in 6B due to change in y or (p - this is represented in Table 3. This latter table indicates smaller values-of 6B than Table 2 and shows there is a value of yo for which 6BN(07~1 (00 0 . Table 4 gives Card 4/7 sov/49-58-10-7/15 On Interpreting Observations of SIU Brightness the diminution m multiple scattering with height. The relative bri-htness 13(", r) and reloative scattering function y(T) are those of the model atmosphere curve 2 in Fig.l. Table 5 gives the change in correction due to multiple scatterin.a more accurately. The method of estimating the effect of multiple scattering worked out by Ye V. Pjaskovs- kaya-Fesenkova can be put very simply for 9 =~' . Writing down Eq.(19) with the notations (20) (21) and (22) it is foundthat the substitution BII = a~7 - T4) can be made in Eq.(25) to give Eq.(26) (c.f. Ref.3). Table 6 gives values of BI, as a function of 0 and y for various values of tAF ~ and 9 . Table ~ is taken from Ref.0 and gives values of the brightness B(O,c, for 'the values of rl given in the first column, corresponding to the lower layer. (r = 1.3 in the upper layer). Values of y(g) calculated from.zq.~14) and y(T) by:Piaskovskaya-Fesenkovals method are also given together with T 7 which can be considered as the optical thickness corrected for multiple scattering. The following conclusions are drawn: (1) Single scatterin- 0 formulaq can be used for determining the scattering function Card 5/7 when 0.15 with an error -410-15964 (2) Eq. (7) does not SOV/49 -58-10-7/15 On Interpretin- Observations-of Sky Brightness 0 0 have a physical .-I,nterpretation - it cannot be-used for def- ining the scatterin~function averaged over the whole atmos- Dhere. (3) For -r* 0.2 , the brightness curve measured at ihe Earth's surface differs considerably from the average relative scattering index owing to multiple scattering. In this case, the part played by multiple scattering is consid- erably larger for directions (p>900 than for q< 900 . (4) The ef feet of multiple scattering diminishes with height. CM, At heights of 7-10 km the single scattering theory used for T*-=zO.4 with greater accuracy than for T-*-='0.2 in the surface layers. (5) Condition (23) is approximately fulfilled in the angular interval 300 W/2 (H thickness' of cloud,,9 polar angle of direction r). Since the water,vapoux in the cloud is st8l rated, the function (5) can be defined, where ?~ (z, t,.i, Eo =-6.lmb _saturation elasticity of water vapour at 0 0C, a =.7.5, b 2 2 RW =.._460m/sec -deg gas constant, t* Card 2/5 SOV/49-59-6-6/21 The Radiation Cooling.of Stratus-CloijA temperature in degrees-0 (index 1 -atmosphere, index:O cloud). These conditions are applied in Eq (6) for the atmosphere above the cloud. The coefficient of damping for drops of 6.265 11 radius is taken from Ref L~, as illu5- trated in Fig.1, continuous line (the dotted line - data from Ref 5). This coefficient is calculated from Bq (7) Where a. - mean damping coefficient (Eq 8). The cal.ou- lation shows that av,,% given in Fig 1. can be substi- tuted by' av 1000 - 1500 am 2/g. Then the value of A will be obtained with an accuracy of 3%~ Thus Eqs (1) and (2) can be adjusted as Eq (9). Also, taking into account the thickness of the cloud,(Eq (10)), and the mass of a vertical column of water vapour in the atmoss here above the cloud, (Eq (11)1 the - f inal form of Eqs (l and (2) can, be written as E s (13) to (17). Fig 2 gives the values of. ffi(T) and 13(TI - As an example, the following are given: !o -, 2730 , Bo 0.146 cal./c2min') 0 = 4.9 x 10-6g/CM3 5 p =.1.3 x 10-3 g/OM3 9 cp = 0.24 Card 3/5 cal/g deg,, to 24 hours? Mv 1100 CM2/g aw - 1 CM2/g, SOY/49-59-6-6/21 The Radiation Cooling of Stratus Cloud 01= 0.51X.10 -6 S/cM3 , then the values a(0) 0.117., a(1) '. 13.19 b -0-398 x 10 -2 are calculated from Eq (17) for L -at, 590 cal/S. The formulae (13) and (14) can be ob- tained as the.dimensionless equations (18) to 1:24), wh,ire R(,rI t) is the function of temperature (Fig 3). Table 1 illustrates the values of T (0) (0)(T (T I ti) and ?v(T-1 Y at different-points,of the cloud. Table 2 gives the above values for the top boundary of the cloud for 6t =0.5 h Table 3 gives the density~of the d-vops (second column) and its upward'rate of fluctuation (third column) for three types of cloud (first column): rain-cloud, cumulus-stratus, Card 4/5 MGZLISON. Ye.M.; MALKNICH, H.S. Calculation of light intensity and haziness coefficients in anisotropic scatterirg. Trudy Iab.aeromet- 707-44 159- (MIRA 1311) 1. Institut fixiki atnos'fery AN SSSR. (Photogisphy, Aerial) (Atmospheric transparency) SOV49-50/-9-2?:/25 AUTHOR: Mastrov, V. G. and.Feygellson, Ye. M. e on ----and-Atmo spheric Optics TITLE: Conferenc the Acujn~metry PERIODICAL: Izvestiya Akademii nauk SSSR, Seriya geofizic.heskaya 1959, Nr.9,.pp 1435-1436 (USSR) ABSTRACT: The Conference was convened in Leningrad on January 28 to February 4, 1959, by the Commission of Physics of the Atmosphere', Academy of Sciences,USSR,the Leningrad State University and Central Geophysical Observatory. Altogether 102 papers were presented. The separate sessions were devoted to: radiation, sky luminosity and polarisation, reflective properties of the foundations surfaces., transition of atmospheric radiation, methods of actionometric. measurements and radiation in industry. L. G. MakhGtkin spoke on new' characteristics of the atmospheric turbulence; T. G. Berlyand described the distribution of solar radiation on the Earth; N. T. OhernigovsklyIT. T. Rusin, T. V. Kirillova, M. S. Marshunova, B. M. Gal'perin and M. K. Gavrilova-dealt with investigations of radiation in the Arctic and Antartic; G. N. Faraponova, Yu. I. Rabinovich, V. 1. Myukhyur and G. P. Gushellin discussed Card 1/3 the decreasing of sunlight at 6 to 7 km high; L-X ISOV/49-59-9-23/25 Conference on the Actinometry and Atmospheric Optics 0. D. Bartenlyeva spoke on the determination of the indicatrix: of light diffusion in ground surface layer of the atmosphere (apart-maximum at 0 and 1800 an additional maximum 130 to 1450, corresponding to the rainbow, was defined); B. A. Chayanov described an automatic photometer with a range of 25 km; G. V. Rozenberg dealt with investigations of the angular diffusion of polarised light in the ground surface at- mosphere; Ye. M. Feygellson consi&ered the cooling of cloud tops and its effect on precipitations. The other papers and their authors were as follows: K. Ya. Kondratlyev - Carbon oxide in the atmosphere; I. N. Minin - Trar-sfer of radiation affected by refraction; Yu. D. Yanishevskiy - Pyrheliometer as a radiation counter; V. S. Atroshenko and 0. A. Avaste - Gn the Sobolev transfer equation in optics,; K. S. Lyalikov.-, L. B. Krasil'shchikov , N. Ye. Tet-f-Urkaryants, N. I. Goys,, K. Ya. Kondratlyev , Z. F. Mironova,~ Card 2/3 and L. P. Dayevc.'- Determination of Albedo and spectral luminosity; M. S. Malkevich - Reflecting SOV/49-59-9--23/25 Conference on the Actinometry and Atmospheric Optics properties of the ground surface in. rela-IL-lion -'U-o light diffusion,j-n the atmosphere; V. G. Kastrov - Errors in determininE; the absorption of solar.radiation'in the atmosphere. The Conference approved the formation of a special corrimission for the revision of thermin-ology. The addresEes of two members of the commission are 63-ven. Card 3/3 --,~ I wv~ PKM I BOOK MWITATION SW15019 Georgiyevskiy, Yu. S., A. Ya. Driving, N. V.. Zolotavina, G. V. Rozenberg, Ye. M. Feygellson and V. S. Khazanov Prozbektornyy luch v atmoefere; iseledovaniya po atmosfernoy optike (SeareliligWRLy in the AtaoipbIerej InvestigiLtions in Atmospheric Optics) Moscow, Izd-vo AN a=,,: 1960. 243 p., Irrata slip inserted. 1,600 copies printed. Sponsoring Agency: Akade" nauk SM. Institut fiziki atmoofery. (Titlepage): G. V. BDzenberg, Professor; Ed. of Publishing House: N. L. I!elesninj Tech. Ed.: I., F. Koval'slo,*%. P=)=: This book is intended for geophysicists cpncerned with searchlight vo~nding of the atmosphere and questions in atmospheric optics. COVERRO: The book reports oa.jee-ent'invistia"ions of-the effect of SAMOspheric conditions on the visibility of distant objects illuminated by a searchlight, and the utilization of a searchlight beam for investigations in atmospheric crptics. The authors limit themselves to that side of the problem directly Card~_ Searchlight fty in the Atmosphere (Coat.) SOV/5019 connected with atmo c conditions, but give a sufficiently detailed re- spheri viev of present-day data on the optical properties of the atmospherat. At- tention is-concentrated. on'studies made by the authors and their colleagues 9.t the I"oratoriya atmoofernoy optiki Instituta fiziki atmosfer7 Alzademil rauk SM (Laboratory of Atmospheric Optics of the Iastitute of Phpico of 1he ktmc,~,phere AR USSR). No personalities sa-e mentioned. There art 173 zeferences r 100 Soviet., 38Rn"hj 25 Gerumn., and 10 French. TAMZ'OF CONNINTS: Preface 3, Ch. 1. Problem of Forecasting Visibility, and Searchlight Sounding'of the Atmosphere ( G. Ve Rozenberg) 5 l.Problem of forecastIng the vlsiblLtty of distwit, objects illumin- ated by & searchlight 5 2.0ptteal characteristics of the atmosphere and the problem of measuring them 10 3.11roblem *0f,sounding the atmosphere with & searchlight 14 4-History ofthe ,development.of. the searchlight method of sound- ing,the atmosphere 1T 5-Problems-of method 26 carcp/:6, Searchlight My in the Atmaphere (Cont.) MV/50,19 Mundnation, by scattered Ught of a searchlight 156 A. TI I mmination Outside the MY 156 b. -t Usti an OnAhe am of' the M"blight bean 15T:. 4. Visible contrast 'Of ob.41ect Muminated by a sear .159 5. . an ght sounding. of t4m atmosphere Theory- Of GO 16k fte_L QZtremdty of tbe dbeervation'tas at &Vertnz* and the equation of 16k b Ways of solving equetIon of searchlight soanding 167 6. ; )eteridnation of compoments of scattering matrix ITO Ch. V. (~mntitwtlve Analysis of ~Zffect ot Various, Factors on Intensity of Scattered Light, of -a ~ Searchlight (Ye. IL - Pbylpl son) 1T5 1. -Solution' of transfer. eqmation In the Mai _OfscLivffr6_T_USht of &L searchlight 175 2. Intensity of singly scattered ligtt of a searchl.1ght; method of cooputation 179. 3. Gemetric ccmfondty 284. 4. -Dependence of the -Intensity of singly scattered Ught of seinhught an the optical properties of the atumpbere 190 1A bealthlijbt WY in the AtMoMpbere (Cont.) WV/5019 r . Effect of distrIbution of light intensi-kir of march- 5 light 197 6. Visible contzeAt of object illuminated by a searchlight '199 7. XatIzatIons of doubly scattered light Of a searclillght ch. V11. fterlsental Verification of the 5wory ad Ban Results of Searchlight Soundint of, the Maosphere 1 209 f visible Intensity of scattered 1:Eght of a ."archlight and comparisonylth +A* theory, (A* TA. Driving S, V. ZCIO+AL*IDAS.G. V. Rosenberg) 209 2. C;.n;;a7t according to experizental data of aft object illminated. by a Searchlight (A.'Ta. DriVing, N. V. ZolotavirAs 0. V. ~.Hozenberg), 219 3,. Aerosol structure of+.he atmosphere (As 7a. Driving, N. V. zolotavinO 224 4., Chameteristice of atmospheric aerosol according to data from ,searchlight a TS. ftiving) 232 5., Concludin ~re (.00 Y. Rosenberg) 2~7 Bibliography 2* AVAnARIXt Llbrary~of Congress JA/dw's/,%1 Caig �t6 5.2-61 S/o4g/60/000/02/013/022 ~EOWE414 Alrj,'HOR t Feael-la n. Xq. M. The Ef f ec+ ok'Turlmlenc e on the'Radiation Cooling of Clouds IV PERIODICAL:Izve stiya Akademii nauk SSSR, Seriya geofizicheskaya, 1960, Nr 2,. p-p 299-308.(USSR) ABSTRACT% It is to be,expected,that weak turbulent mixing, which was neglected~in the previous paper by the present author (Ref 1),would tend to reduce radiation cooling since the latter takes place in a very thin layer (Ref 1). The-present paper is therefore concerned with the extension of the-model-discussed in Ref I to the case which.includes turbulent heat transfer. The latter effect is estimated Approximately It is found that the turbulent mixing coefficient D icm2/sec), which charac erizes the tur ulent heat-transfer, lies between 2 x 10t and -50 x lot CM2/sec. For such values'of D, the radiation cooling-near the cloud boundary is shown to be of the order of 0.1 to 1.70 per half-hour. Pure radiation Icooling.under these -conditions is 60/hal.f-hour. Card 1,12 Simple calculations show that turbulent mixing s/049/60/000/02/013/022 E032/E414 -The-Effect of Turbulenceon the Radiation Cooling of Clouds considerably weakens the radiation cooling process for the:upper parts of the,:cloud.and leads to an increase in the thickness of the cooling layer. The numerical calculations are summarized in Tables 1 to 3, in which the symbols are said to be defined in the previous paper (Ref 1). There.are 1 figure, 4 tables and 6 references,.5 of which are Soviet and 1 English, ASSOCIATION3 Akademiya nauk SSSR Institut fizikl atmosfery (Academy of Sciences USSR, Institute of Physics of' the Atmosphere) SUBMIIVED: February 24, 1959 Card 2/2 ATROBEEN900 V.Sep- GLAZOVAS 4#4.j VALKEVIGHp K*8ej.XMQP-LSONj. Te4,-M"-. prini"li uobastiyej'XD1# E...' studentka; TONASHOVA, L., studentka; ROZE GIG., prof.., d6ktor fiz.-mdtam,nauk, o '; PENKINAS N*V*., redizd-va; BUSHKOVAO L.A*,, tekhnered. [Calculation of light Intensity in the atmosphereduring anisotro scattering.. Part 2] Ranchet :Larkosti aveta v PIC atmonfere pri anizotropnom raeBe at' 2. Mookvaj idemiia nauk Izd-vo Akad.nauk MR., 1962* -222 ps S&91R. Institut fisiki atmosfery. Trudy.. no*3). [MICROFILM) (MIRL 15:8) 1. XbskovBkiy gosudarstvenrWy universitet (f,6r Kim, Tomagihova). (Light-.Scattering) (Atmosphere) MENEM= _7 7L'- o z -wo L 4 9f'4/62/06 0 S f D30 1 D 4 05 1. . 1 T, 0 og, - A nd: lie -jj -bezve ed Ir ~tdd, -TIT t v"t J- . - ------ diurnal, .ak Dy~ ro Lzibh46ki " SSR A s t nauk Ki yaL zkahs Y : - hiye- t Ti A - -V 19.62.- -Rasseya f tu ru 7 3 , -atmosf veta: erI -polyaritats a __v zemnoy. olariiat6ii ia, a YU ~Lsetpy; ni ~~-v: a mo r 2: T. M-T h6-- n ohs ti the sdatter6d ligh on 'of t 6 indd h -ais a 14not caws e regarded par ire_ . fj6u~--param-eters; the, inde nae~i..4arilables' pe pe ~ f atmosp 6re- &nd 6, lpoia!~! aa t -are ~.the optical:3 ic ness- o ~- h h - ! i6toi -pir6~agatioh -The main rl 9 IgIGS~,Df them di!~, L kAi6f: '0 r6l4tioin. b-,;tiween the PiAxes- affect-the inton-41ty-arev-, Ij- the, - -t polar - 'and!' d6bd 'ecattered.rad h 6 sur eo iation at-the ~,art j! -f.c 6 it li6- b-, ei webn t~ he 1', -6 ~'x4f lecting propertiesV of- ji~ C 4 Ace_,:az J "inte'ra'a iom 0te". iOn..3 t ev"a MOOP4 , A. iciently~~accuri x-enable"Ito asoert-aiiO~ 1:64-i on, variab A.- a n -sea er ng,-,Jn,:.bjAkJ intensity-o e,~; Isqew -o-n - j -large extent ie.,,rej n, mport6hde~.:f-auc `brightnass --a ire lower, a., md6ph,e T flect, On" re atmo~p~~qrp,,.a_ eoU in-:, Ow'a t:L, z ` in6reas_ii the, VV X gilt tie,% I axed- :2 c 1405/001 ,1.7 01 000 V04 ~16210031 i o J, Pr V-, al s ci.;5 al t ers, th6 ra! o --i)etVe'en -I d' rc r:es 4tnd~ 4., an :6.,scatl P , bz ............. i- 0 I- 12~ U VRCE &W MI: 00 cow, 19-63. shohan at, id- f6in for 86.1 ensiri cerWA ttfdd~_AaorjItLOIx,'A0M_Q1 be-worLk: has beert p' 8 tles~o au LM U op me i numer ee 41- , - I i3d i'l5reptse ans er,equa p* kj5h PC Mpu txaqy,-:-Ye.--Mi-.-F0yge! On Ln 'Rom 'a dAta for control ani #-uq g-- - .9 1. -- I ~ ~ , . : ~ dmte 801u- `afid expr f0 ffis aMro., esslaw. r 7F- lla~' _WpO'SSiblO moll e _axch~ngd th Tha*dcrivedfo sh kniul tal Ly by. homo clouds ahd M*e=, di.tift-Houdon of reflei W be oLdecisive~jnZ e gi(xi. of die r -Aa de inatio e teM ti ,'W'W id ~vet4`cli_d the,,,,w k- b4`di _.or ;,, e, rec o1 i jk~,g!~Jp ~T cons er, OU edi" a on, niT ;00 er 9- er _Ah*CBUCiratt_ :tjj6j~a aLoft'r~. fijjO.6f a I~j,jd le% a V esg did el t i 1L a 0 -i.11. 0- .- OV OpInenu 0 e (1.10'Ud transfer equaqo~t y g7 t'9 9-S _q - e ti ofirl-Aterfrom to-409~,Jh bbsorp on proper es -oM a-lay&.0., r niattei,. i16 inww Od W" ;i~WA M ~f~ _f aii_ oil- of t a sun' op At --d tie tbic _jq'RW - -f # Mb -_9 d mad- Aet6rmlac -the, -evm U an S a i lo- 6 atv orbidon h~jl Lee -6 -b~i- of -qg t. h rc C' Dn frOM clouds, espeeiauy ill i ar. --A prObIOMOVin -the,, fidd-ofradiatiom b, t6 ioua., dwe -iar 'forn of. IA aCA' y cIOvds,distrftta Statigapa*_ b ided the great inaaenco, -A .g:- -y zif -L,520 to U AM --qj6~: [go, in r4l, L hnd ft a Ofra a c _q; erisiA', 6iili d6tor.: ~PL~ Vauds int 7ver -:iredistributd-I sorp~-, kq- tit' ix& 6,-. - I I , 414 1-~:Z------,:-.-! 1! -1 on:o,':0pliit-r- la on., y;th&d ';coii- AVOrageiJae bouma - -0 Mi b -` ~ ' - oz!O~'fl zf~b ~'it bla"CA; gn.err9rof yvl it en -0 e-C oua-`~~ 9' ]PI, f t f Vw ker an'. t Ian enc an UpPE -iota p~.-ta A:. a'y NnUi a ou adi~baffc cr -Iiqtdd -e - ;lc -fin -Aiun~'-Or~.di ill, -e ppe _x t.of- a: ~Pplnelj it, -PYWI f L P, sw -7, L Wat~- fo -SUBI I ME D.-: ~co 0" Kn % 2 NR: "4043909 8/0049/64/06#08/12A,1/125 AUTHOR: Petrom, L* V*;'Feygelloon, Ye 'M t, Ij 7.! TITIH: Role ct radiatim in cloud development SOURCE: AN as an. IzvestiYa.-'seriya goorizicheakeya, no. 8,, 3.9641,: 324,7-1252., b TOPICSWS: cloud physics, atmospheric:ftsica, atmospheric radiatl.oa,.ataa6;he'ri6'*L'-4L,~ cagwave radiation, cloud fomation, temperature inversion ABSTRACT: In investigations of the origin and development of nonc(mve6tive it ie custanary to consider heat exchange and moisture exchange in the atMOSPbGre"'I -brought' about'by vertical movements turbulent mixing, and -phase trawfaimatidis of water* This.paper differs in that, in addition to these factors, the authors e also take Into accouat th heat flux associated with the transfer of longyave radlation aud, the role of the latter' :Lu cloud -farmatloa. The method uned In soly- ing this problem vu praDmec I by: L. V, Matveyev and. was deacribed Jh an earlier. Paper by Ye.M. Veysellson (Xzv.'All aSSR, ger..geofizo,, no. 19Q). ------- This article.,." gives ame numerical results showing the influence of a racliation heat flux on,. the variatica in the liquid vater.coatedt of a olovids Comp4tatiomig made with-'].:,.,.-.,..---,. 1/3. wassion nR.- AP043909, a "Ural-l't electronio ocmputer, revealed that a cloud develops upward under the' Influence of radiation cooling. It vas also found that the contribution to -water content from radi ation decreanes with an increase in the velocity of 48- cending movement. ~In this case the -role of vertical movements as the principal factor in cloud formation is manife(sted. With an iatenoification ct vertical Z:the,other factors iq lessened. In th movements the relative importance a a canter. - of a cloud the effect of.radiation is less, than that of turbulence). bAt it is not negligible in. cotaparizon vith the latter. In the upper part of a claud, the role of radiation transfer Is the dcminant.9ne. The generally-acce~teamechanism Of formation of,stratus clouds,taking into account vertical movemento and turbulent, transport of beat and moisture, is thus shown to be incanplete. This result,-, IM, Ser. confirms the concluxion Previously drawn by Peygellson (Izv,, AN SSI no. 6. 1950 and no- 7.. 196o) that radiation has a decisive effect lcm, the fm-ma- of the upper layers of a cloud. Tile conditions imposed in theae carller studies (liquid vater-content does not decreaze*,in the'direction or the upper -3: boundary) made'it possible to investigate directly the thermal effect. of radia. tioup isee., the develolmenit: of A temperature inversions In this new study the I formulatim of.ithe 1wob Is awh 'that'the..Uquld water -content & a develqping,~; 1-~ lem Card ~7: AP1,043909 AC(,'ESSXON HR Cloud decreases rapidly in the direction'ofthe upper botmdary, Under this ecd- cur, Orlg* art.. 'dition no inversion of radiation origin will oc .has: 27 fomiUm and 5 tables* Akademlyuntiuk SSSR Inatitite of BOCIATIM Inatitut Mild atnoofery* S. A , 0f,.Sciences SWR) ca, Academy - Atnoopheria Physi . , ,L:' 00 SUB CCDE:t SS P suamlmm 14sep63. 001 NO MW SOVI 3;1V ACCESMON M. AP4041568 AUTHOR: :00 It 0. M. TITLE Optical properties of clouds -A SOURCE: Kosmicheskiye 1s9ledo"nii~&,.Y,' 2, no. 3, 1964, 455-461 TOPIC TAGS: cloud, atmospheric optics, meteorology, meteorological.sitellite, cloud optics, cloud albedo 'ABSTRACT: This article is a brief review of studies of cloud opt!cs made at the Institute of Atmospherio Physics by Ye. M. Feygellson, L. M. Romanava, and'A V. Rozenburg; original sources are cited In the bibliography. Principal attention in tbe review is given to theoretical work On the transport of radiation in clouds, determining the laws of reflection tind txans sion of radiation by clouds, without taking Into account the influence of the atmoetphere out-.- side clouds. Ia.these studies the following conclusions were cb-awn. 1. In the visible part Pf the spectrum the scattered light of haze considerably distorts the light passiq; from the cloud to the upper bcundary of the atmosphere. 2. The 141bi of haze over clouda Is not de penderat on wavelengih; this Is true of cloud albedo as well. It therefore is impossible to Card 1/3 A ACCE SSION NR: AP4"16611 count on distinguishAng clouds situated at identical levels on the basis of a chaq,,e of the SPWJ tial dependence of their brightness. 3. Im-lying clouds can be brighter than high-lying ~Clouds due to the gp3ater thickness and scattiering capacity of -the first. . Therefore it also Is doubtful if cloud levels can be distinguished on the basis of differences in their- brightness. 4,, The angular distribution of the light reflected from a cloud is relatively uniform except in region of azimuthal angles 1350-< 1800. In the latter case, in the event of low solar -'altitudes there is a rapid increase of brightness in the direction of -the horizon. It scarcely swill tie possible to make use of this peculiarity, since it also Is characteristic of snow and latmoopheric haze. 5. A difference pf albedo at the center 0. 76X4) and on the wing of :the oxygen absorption band canAntroduce an error of the order of 10-20% into determination 77%.:i", ;of the optical thicknOSS of the 'atmosphere over the cloud. 6. An opaque cloud can be con-., isidered a black body with an error of 5-10% In the spectral ran I . ge (4 9:!t X itr 7A4 and 40~ ). Li the atmospheric window, of transparency (8,q IZ44 this error is. 15-25% These conclusions, important In the field of satellite meteorology, are followed by'. :a. listing of what the author feels are highly Important unsolved problems In atplo~p herio opticis. Orig. art. hant 3 formulas 9 figuna mW I tablo._