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M7~ Sym Ur" a , &dft wo bWW I hm. tocrtber witb wimm 04210" COWS. r4dwAls ~xbvr u.U.4 *A OW Of 00 Wft daim 0 P-twt~ err . mAlowth so 004 .00 0:0 nee C -00 Coo 1k 00 of IAO be* I CA WALLINIOV& trM&%" CCAUMATION :t:,. soloed MAO Vwv blot b."ll am "1 --f-r-r-W 1, - . 6 1 IF all r F IP At a 0 It 0 a AS Of it 4 3 0000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 91 A a INA ool a fie *0 00.) r T 71'' T % ! : :j-9 LMI IT VIII M, I ji 0_1-L-4-rL SWINAGINW. 14. P. Cmnbuk- U.S.S.R. 61,7&S. IN* 30, 11" UM.R. 88.784 (cf. precoji 4NH)SCO IS eAUwd to fr4d At *-ted Iftp. wkb "Wiw. Thor resulting Products aft ;.so *r.,W- OW CTNHP%)* b then convenw to (p- C 0 latter is then 06 mn"w into 0A -4d forther wisiftbom in the 1.00 flowil u a if NO Atli i Ii 4i ii it it 1 0 is it A a 0 41 111 0 0 0 so 0 00 0 0 6 Ort 0 '00 ~ : W I is 41 A-060sees d --so coo WOO Zee !660 See was :!:*~ ties 44141 woo 0 0 0 0 as '06 6 0 6 0 :9t00 A 0"AI'0f'G"* 0 09.000 go* a "'PZRCHM 1 14. P. "Symthesis of New Piro-olasmocide Promrations in n Series of Ural-. Derivativer," Sub. 13 Mpr 47, Inst of Orr,-tnic Chemistry, Ac-0 Scl USS7. Dinsertations preLmted for(bpreeq In sicienco and onriiwe-in.,7 in ro,~cot, in 1947. SO:, 19 Apr 55 URCOX, M.P.; 14ITSKITS, D.A..; TAITS, S.Z. Suhamp roactIons of urea derivatives. Toprosy Anilinokrasochnoy Khim., Tndy VIII Sorsefiolianiya Ihis.' i Tskh. (Trans. 8th Aniline Dys Conf J-130# 3542- (nu 4:4) (CA 47 rAo.21;11146 133) Gaolluy' m. P. "Reactions of hoterocyclic amines wlth urea. II. Reactions c!- some, amiro derivatives of thiazole and quinoline with urea." (p. 917) ry,O ( ZhurnRl CbBhchei Khimii), 1050, Vol. 20, No. 5. SOt bmal gf OaneXMI ghplast I z=hwO reectims in the writs of aret cienratives. lit, JvGqW4. A. 1.1"hits, And S, Z. TaM (Anj& 5f., .5. , 0101W). Zhu?. Obskm Kisms. tj. Gets. Chent.) 20. 0244)(19M) -Exchana rtiwtsuns of the type RNIICO%IIR 4- O'N11, - R*.NIICONIIR' 4 2XMIs tem lumfigated. The, h4ow the lia-kity tif the feettillo XMhW. thit MAtCf i5 the ClUtUt Ut IMIC600. licall4g 0.6 C. with 10 ml. PhNils 3n min. to IM' a4ve CO(NIII1101 it), Ill. Z;5-6*. 144-Utthyl-2-thilvilyl)uma gave tltc same '4 - - Musing 1.1-di-2-pyrWOUrra with exic's O'lln'bi, PV* 2-4MiT1%1Yf11htW And 1; 1 Jl~ 11WIlKif W when I.-I-di-6-quinolyburn was uwA waxthe Inr-14414111CO or Shen 9-aiffidyOur" was UWd M. 274'. is the by-pro,hict). SiMilAt 11CAting (140') of I with 2-4Mino4-Mt1hYltWzO1c Pvt-1.34,43. W. W4-V- Matins I "ith 2 axties M11,N11, 4 firs. at 180' gave 1101'~ I.jj,. basylarfis. t". 152-5' (fnxn EtOll); p-1IjN'CsIIjNxIr, t (in turpentW) pvc 77% N.A--hi%fp-dane1AWamin- fkay0offe. M. 236-41' (Item I'MY: P-IfiNT.H.- MITI (in Wit) liketake gave 439", dw itf%viut tn p. not given; 2,tininoilyrkhot (MI: n H) ilve 161" in. 180-7* (from FtOff), wixi. frotti the mairting materLAI by cila. orith 1:1 11CI: "minoquitiolitle g,kve Ila fe. ACjiW: the JCJIUJI Wal kitililAt %1111 P-11111,WWRIM althin3gh A IMAU aml. of A 1611,41VIL414 'khompifl. M. IN? 9'. 111 3W. and m. Abovv vvs iwifAtr& 0. N1. K. OE--,CWK, Work on the synthesization of novoplasmin. Veterinariia, Vol 27, No 2, pp 61-63,, 1950. tEM/Mediclne - HaeMosporidicises May 51 (Veterinary) "Bme=osporidin (LP2)," Prof M. P. Gerchuk, Dr Chen Scl, A. I. Sbmulevich, Cand Vet Sci, Ministry of Agriculture USSR "Vet-erinariya" Vol XXVIII, No 5, pp 63,64 Gorchuk Points out dravbacks of trypan blue and trypoflavin in treatment of haemosporidioses and states that the piroplasmocidal agent Haemosporidin (1) synthesized by him represents improvement. Sbw=:Levich says that I is effective against haemo- Xperidioses of sheep and piroplasmosis of horses LC 182T81 IcIne - EftenosporldlLo"s ifty 51 (Veterinary) (Contd) 4mod cattle, ineffective against tayloriosis zw teyjer:LOs!7of cattle, and less effective than piroplatimin or trypoflavin against fran-, vede-Ilosiz. Data on section of 3: In ecmine - =zttaliosis are contradictorv Vet Sec cr Zootech Pqqncil,---1Aain Ad= of Animal husbandry, Miti 4uf A& USSR, admitted I for use as therapeutic -&V.emt- age 4 ust piroplasamis and - babesielosis -of- ERUATIV, V.P.; GIRCHUK, K.P. 'Owl Synthesis of preserving, disinfecting, and wetting surface-active substances from a group of quaternary ammonium salts. Khim.nauka i prom. 2 no.5t666 157. (MMA 10:12) l.Institut tarodnogo khozyaystya im. G.V. Plekhanova. (Bactericides) (Surface-active agents) (Ammonium compounds, Substituted) aBACHUX H P. doktor khimichookikh nauk , _0 Chasistry ia madicina. Zdorovle 3 no.2:1-3 7 '57- (HLU 10-0) (GHUIMT, MEDICAL AND PHAMCBM. ICAL) GIRMUI H.P.; IVANOVA. V.M- Synthesis of nordlhydro-guaiaratic acid and its use to proteot edible fate agains rancidity, Xhim.nauk i prom- 3 no-5:685-687 158. (KIRA U: U) 1. Koskoiskiy Lustitut narodnogo khozyaystva im. G.V. Plakh&nova. (Ouaiaretio acid) (Oils and fate, Idible-Storage) GKRCIM, V. doktor khim. IUNCIVA, V., assistent iAtfb"""' - , Use of chemicals for the protection of food fats against becoming rancid. Sov. torr. no.S:40-42 My '5B. (MIRA 11:5) (Oils and fats, Edible-Preservation) GERCHUX, M.P., dvktor khin. muk; IVANOTA, V.H. of difWdronorguaiarmtic acid and its usi as an antioxidant in edible fats. Mnsl.-zhir. nrom. 24 no. 6:441-45 151. (MIRA 11:7) 1. Momkovskiy inatitut narodnogo khomraystva imeni G.V.Plakhanova. (Pyrocatechol) (Oili and Wa, Edible) (Anttoxidants) AUTHORS. Ridell, N. V. Gerchuk, M, P. 79-28-5-,12/169 TITLE: On the Transaminatichac t ion a of the Amides of CarboxylJc Acids (0 reaktaiyakh pereamidirovaniya amidov karbonovykh kislot) PERIODICAL: Zh,,irnal Obshchey Khimii, 1958, Vol 26, lir 5, Pr- 1306 -- 1309, (USSR) ABSTRACT: The investigation of the reversible reaction in the re-ami- dation of carboxylic acid amideu taking place according to the equation: RCONHRI + R"ITH 2' RCONER" + RINH 2 is based on the work of reference 1 in which it is shown that in the conversion of th.e substituted urea compounds with primary amines a regrouping of the amide groups takes place which leads to the formation of a new substituted urea and of a new amine: 2 11 112R I + R" HNC0 11 H R" -.;j= 2NH2 R" + RITINCOITHRI. The authors investigated 7 pairs of similar reactions. In the present work it was of interest to carry out the re-amidation of carboxylic acid amides. In this the following was found: Card 1/3 In the conversion of acetamide with chlorine hydrates of aro- 79-28.-5-42/69 On the Transaminatio Lactions of the Amides of Carboxylic Acids matic amines the corresponding acylamide and ammonia forms On heating the chlorine hydrates of primary aromzitic amines with acylarylamides a new acylarylamide and a new aromatic amine renult, Individual re.-amidation reactions can be used in the industrial production of some amines. In the production of p-nitroaniline the authore recommend to saponify the p.-nitroacetanilide with aniline and not'. as has hitlierto been done, with sulfuric acid, In this at the same time the final product p-.-nitroaniline and the initial product acetanilide are formed, which aEaj.n serve in the prodtiction cycle for the production of p-nitroaniline. In the same way the p.,acetylamino., benzenesulfamide had to be saponified with aniline in the pro-, duction of oulfanilamide; this leads to the simultaneous for- mation of sulfanilamide and the initial sulbotance,acetanilide There are 4 references, 1 of which is Soviet- ASSOCIATION: Moskovskiy ijiL;titut narodnoE,o khozyaystva (MOSCOW Institute for National Economy) Card 2/3 79.-20-5-42/69 lon On the Transamin4 Reactions of the Amides of Carboxylic Acids ASSOCIATIOR: Moskavskiy inatitut narodnogo khozyaystva (Moscow Institute of National Economy) SUBUMED: December 1.2, 1957 Card 3/3 Frokayev, V.P. :,nj 11'erohu~, ','.P. I---------- YITLY: ",,nthesis of Quairuvlo Ammoniui.,~ Saltu the Dro,--!-,, Pr~_'Cticai Kilh-~,olecular :,L't Aleolhol.i Obtai.-uJ the Oxidation of Oi*J H,-!,droc_1rbo:.:-, C1iotvertichny'1-.h ammoniyevy1:1h ~'-olc!~- iz shirc:.oy fral" tsii vys ok cmo 1 e 1:1- u 1.~,, a rnvkh zzhirryk"! j-,ir- tl~v, poluch&,~erykl~i 1.-arufinov::1-.'L1 u, -1 C. - vcilorodov) I ~'i C' I CA L 2 .*,, n rr. a 1 r. r il', 1. a dn o.-, ,. h i in i i , 1"'; 11; r Ip -2 U Is S 1: A I The authors developed a pructical method for obt,.iii1n,-, uuad- ru-ple amonium salts 0iich mak,,~s it pos:~ib'le to produce them ;n large-scale mass. They used t1je broad fraction of the hif;h- zolecular fat alcohols obtLined by the catalytic oxidation of paraffin hydrocarbons as an initial raw material accordintr, to the method developed in the Institut nefti AN SSSR (Petroleum Institute of the AS USSR) by Bashkirov with collaboretors f-Bef. 72. It was found out that the diethylalkYlbenzyl- a=ionium and alkylpyridine salts obtainel in this way posseis bactericide, bacteriostatic, fungicide, wettint7, surface-active and preserving properties. Thore aie 2 tables, and 24 references, ~ of which are Soviet, Card .1/2 3 German, 3 Fri-neh, 6 English and 3 kierican. SOV/80-59-1-47/44 ~:;:-A'-.esis of Quadruple Ammonium Salto From the Broad Fr--ction of Fi~t Alcohols Obtained by the Oxidation of Oil Paraffin Ilydrocai-bom A'--~C)ClATIOU: ~',wqkovskiy institut, narodriago khozyaystva imeni C.V. Plekhanova (TAoi,cow Institute of National Econom-y imcni G.V. Plekhanov) S ;,, IME"ITTED: April 15, 1957 "ard 2/2 GERCHEL M.P., doktor khlutnauk; EJUATIV, V.P. Synthesis of cationic quaternary ammonium aalte from alcohols produced by the oxidation of paraffin hydrocarbons. Masl.-zhir. prom. 75 no.4:19-?l 159. (MIRA 12:6) 1. Inatitut mrodnogo khoryaystva imeni G.V.Plek-hanova. (Surface active agents) (Ammonium compounds) (Paraffins) . 03RCip) Antioxi"nts in the food industry. Zhur. VKHO 5 no.4:)95-4M 160. (MIRA 13:12) (Antioxidants) (Food industry) 4 no.3~411(-4011 161. li".10) llocl.-ovokiy institut narodnoCo '-'l.o,:riys',va 4-.-,cni Ileldl=cv., a c1xilic'A oy idiir, j I (kriloniim ecialicunds a,-, d-~silnfectants) ORMIUKO M. p.tl3le 1, k . 'P. 11 ="4 711 7* 77117 The antiomidizing agents In the food industry. Analele chimie, 16 no.1:159-.174 Ja-Mr 161. (Ew 10:9) (Food) GERCO,, M.P., Prot, synthesis i u6b of chemiotherapeutic preparatiomm for the treatmqnt- and Prophyliddis of piroplasmosis In farm animals. Shur. VKHO 8 ao.6`1 UA-670 163 (KIRW'1742) URCITUR, Ya. P. Cand. Tech. Scl. Dissertaticnt "Roffularities in Forniation cf CvcrrtccHnF Irer-I In rc,,,-,veyer Y sr. Pro- duction of Machims." Moscow Tr!rt of EnrineerInc _-co-omics imer:_! C,-dzhor_'!.IdzC-, 30 May 47. SO: Vec!lernyliya Nrikpj, ray, 1947 (Project #17836) Oand. Technical "ci. "Reply to BPEun'B Article 'Froblems of new tec-nolo~7:!,"' AvtoFrr- Dc-1c, I;o. -,. 1~'49. 31:11chn, ~-.. 1). Operativnoe plaidrovante v Ikunechnfidl t,sePhakb. Hoshva, 11,9shgiz, 1950. 113 P. (Bibliotoka trikatera) (Planning for,,re shop operations.) DLC: Unclass. SO: Manufactoring and MIPchanical En.-Inrering in the Soviet Union, Library of Congress. 1953. i f , I UP. GIRGWK, ra.P. ,--~ Rstbodol(W of establishing norms for metal consumption in foundry wrt. lAt-proizv. no.4:31-3 of cover Jl 154. (XLRA 7:7) (PoudLng) )~ (,'~ tf Lk K ,Y~, r. KATSXIBOGHN, Borls Takovlevich [deceased]; KWISH. P.V., kand.ekononsuk, dots,, retsenzent; SOCHIIISKIY, A.R., Inzb., retsenzent; GERCMM, ,,Xq*Rw, karideekon.aauk, red.; GOBOLYUBOYA, I.Yu., rad.i%C!:;A'-': la'aceased]; GIRASIM0 Q, Ye.3e, takhneredo (Operational schedule planning in machinery manufactiving plants) 01parstivao-kalandarnoa planirovania na mashinostroitellnom savods. Moskva, Gos. nauchno-tekhn.i%d-vo mashinostroit. lit-ry, 195B. 182p. (Machinery Industry) (HEU 11:5) 25(5) PHASE I BOOK EXPLOITATION SOV11212 .Potoch.nyye metody proizvodstva v seriynom mashinostroyenil i priborostroyeni'L (Assembly-line Methods in Serial Manufacturing of Machinery and Tools) Moscow, Mashgiz, 1958. 325 P. T,500 coplea printedo Ede.: Berman, Aoa,p Candidate of Economic Sciences, and Neymark, A*I*, Candidate of Teohnical Soienoe3j Eds. of Publishing House: Varkovetskaya, A.I.., and Chfas, M.L.; Tech. Ed.: Sokolova, L.V.; Managing Ed,, for Literature on Technical Machine Building (Leningrad Divisionj Mashgiz); Naumov., Ye. P* PURPOSE: This book is intended for production managers, dispatchers, and engineerIng personnel engaged in the production of machinery and instruments, It may also be useful to scientific workers, planning personnel, and vtuz students specializing'in industrial engineering. Card, 1/ 8 Assembly-line Methods in Serial Manufacturing (ConQ SOV/1212 COVERAGE3 The book contains background material for the 1958 Conferenae on Methods of Line Production scheduled under the auspices of the Committee on Production Organization of the Leningrad regional administration NTO of the machinery manufacturing industry. The Committee's recommendation for this Conference was prompted by the inadequate development of line production methods and techniques in Leningrad plants specializing in series Ilarge- scale] production of machinery and instruments. Theoretical studies based on Soviet industrial practices are presented in Part I of this book. Part II discusses the introduction and development of line production methods in Leningrad plants while Part III reviews foreign literature and some of the more pertinent problems of line production as seen by foreign authors. There are no references. TABLE OF CONTENTS: Foreword 3 Card 2/ 8 Asseribly-14f)#~ rA,o-lv:d-i 1n Serla1l, tlanufLicturJtig (Coilt..) SOV/1212 PART ONE4 BASIC PROBLEKS OF CALCULATING AND ORGANIZING LINE PRODUCTION IN SERIES (LOT] KACHIUERY AND INSTRUMENT MANUFACTURING Ch. 1. Qrganlzatlor~al Forms of Prodiietion Line Processes and Their Feat-,Arres. ( 0.1. Nepurevt, Professor) 7 1. Organi za t.lona I ani technical stru,~ture of the flow process 8 2. [Yroductiod pro^less ard rhythm 9 3. Features i~f production processes 12 4. Q-:~alitatlve flow (di atributJon) of worked pieces and its signific-an'----e :1r, ()rganizing the production processes 12 5. Organizing I.Production] pro-esses in an area (production lines) 13 6. Organ:1. zP t, t,-a"A forms of production line processes 14 7. Sequence ~~.f starting parts on a multiproduct line 22 Ch. II. Basle Frcd-,,j,.4; ton Line VarAants (A.I. Neymark, Candidate of' Te,'.1vIca.l. Sc-lences) 26 Card 3/8 Assembly-llne Meth,,.da Jr, S(-rial Manufac,turing (Cent.) SOV/1212 3. Prerequlsl~es for line production 26 2. Single prod,jct continuous movement lines 33 3. Single Tjr,C(jU,,4, ... Intermit tent movement (direct flow) lines 43 4. M!jltiprc-d*a,.,;t continuous movement lines 45 R. Multiprochict interm'ttent movement lines 57 Choice of prod---ct fC&.T' the line and the choice of a general type of a line 65 Ch. III. Prnd-u,.,11.--1osed Seitors and Their Role in the Development of Llx,,~, Proda,_-tlon (S.A. Sokolitsyn, Candidate of Teohni-ai. S-;iences) 69 1. Clasftfl.7,atirn. of parts in organizing product-closed sectors in which the manufacturing cycle is complete] 70 2. Produc.1--olosed sectors with similar and identical te-~hno3ogilsal routing 73 Card 4/8 As,senin.ty-_1~,,., Tit,fli-xi-s I.n Serlal Mhoufacturing (Cont.) SOV/1212 Ch. IV. Basir; P-roblems In Calculating and Planning Production Lines In Machinery and Instrument Manufacturing (A.I. Neymark,, Cand1date of Technical Sciences) 86 1. Calculating sIngle product continuous movement lines 86 2. Calculating single product intermittent movement (direct flow) line's 99 3. Calculating swultiproduct ccdntlnuous movement lines 132 4. Calc-ulat:ffig multiproduct intermittent movement lines 136 Ch. V. ControllIng and Regulating Banks Feeding Production Lines (Ya. P. Gerchuk,, Candidate of Economic Sciences) 148 PART TWO. EXPERIENCE ORGANIZING AND OPERATING PRODUCTION LINES Ch. VI. State of Development of Line Production Methods in Leningrad Machinery and Instrument Manufacturing 171 A.G. Ber,man, Candidate of Economii Sciences, and A.I. Paymark, Candidate of Technical Sciences) Card 5/8 Asgembly-11rie Methods In Serial. Manufacturing (Cont.) SOV/1212 Ch. VII. Lini~ Prcd%,(.t;-1(.)n Methods in Leningrad Machinery Manufacturirig (0.A. 01'khov) 78 J. , Orgarxi?ation of product-rl.osed shops and sectors as the tranmitlon phase to line production methods 178 2. Single produ,~'t intermittent movement lines for machinery parts 181 3. Multiprodw:.-t Gontinuous movement assembly lines 186 4. Kultiproduct intermittent movement lines for machinery parts and assemblixkg 189 5. Multiprodu^,t Intermittent movement lines for machining parts wlthw~t. resetting equipment 198 6. Automatic production lines In engineering shops 200 Ch. VIII. Line P-r%,.)d-,Act1.on Methods in Leningrad Instrument Manufacturing (M.A. Bugakov, Engineer) 201 Card 6/8 ?~ I * ~ ~i ; i I Ass,F~.T,bly-lln~ M~ S~-rlal (Cont.) SOV/1212 1. of, shjp,; and sectors 201 2. Flow c~f wo-r[r 1% prepa7atorly shOps 203 ,,Ic- ~rc~h~r t ~ont..1n-i.,(-.Ius raovefyient lines in assembly shops 214 3. SAnr 4 . S.Irg> lr~telrmittert movement (direct flow) lines fi'W MA,'h1tA11jt, )AT14; 228 5- Stngle product. movernent (direct flow) lines In assembly 9,hops 233 6. Multipr,~,d%m co.ntlnuou3 mrvement, lines in assembly shops 239 7. Interr.1,ttent movement (direct flow) lines for asserrb2.J:,,,g and mounting In assembly shops 2~6 8. Universal dps.Agn -,,f ron~7eyrx facIlities 2 6 -'an cf a Choice c,f Flow Variant Ch. IX. Economi,:! Justiffioat A Based on the Example .,f' E 1e', trio -vacuum-device Manufact-,,.ring lrd-ustr~ :,A.P. Krassovskiy, Candidate of Te,.~hrl,)a-i 269 Card 7/8 A SOV/1212 IZING LINE C11 X [Gathered) Industry (A.G. Y! 277 1- T~f' General 277 281 ITI 299 -;p flow, in small 312 I t -)n C',f 315 A lip, Card AUTHORs' A-B, initials given) 2-58-3-15/17 TITLEt In the Statistical Section of the Moscow House of Scientists of the USSR Academy of Sciences (V statisticheskoy sektsii Mookovskogo, doma uchdnykh Akademii aiuk SSSR) PERIODICALt Vestnik Statistiki, 1958, Nr 3, PP 87-88 (USSR) ABSTRACTt The article is a report on a paper entitled "Linear Pro- gramming - a New Method of Finding the Optimal Solution of Economic Problems", read in January 1958 to the section by Ya#P. Gerohuk. The purpose and method of linear programming WrTrTOM"Y""79acribed and the claim is made that the mathe- matical method of determining the optimum allocation of economic resources now known &a "linear programming" waa first proposed in 1939 by the Leningrad mathematioianiPro- fessor L.V. Kantorovich, who published a pamphlet on it through the Leningrad University entitled "Mathematical Methods of Organizing and Planning Production". Card 1/1 LA ilia 2 22 2 2 2 A 2 7 S/03OJ60/000/007/011/011 B016/BO58 AUTHORS: Gera a. P., Candidate of Economic Sciences, "kL-L- --w3hAs Ye, t.-,m-Mndidate of Economic Sciences ~A TITLEt Mathematical Methods in Economic Research and in PERIODICALt Vamtnik Akademii nauk SSSR, 1960, No- 7, PP, 108-111 TEXT: The Welemiya ekonomicheakikh, filoaofskikh i pravovykh nauk Akademii nauk SSSR (Department of Economic, Philosophical, and Legal Sciences of the Academy of Sciences USSR) jointly with the Sibirskoye otdoloniye (Siberian Department) of the Academy hold a scientific conference in Moscow from April 4 to 8, 1960. It concerned the subject mentioned in the title. Scientists, economists, mathematicians, statiaticiamep and engineers attended. In the introduction,,V.S.Nemchinov mentioned that the use of mathematical methods and electronic computers for solving many topical problems of planning and economic practice has lately causad great interest. These methods and machines may considerably raise the level of socialist planning. The lecturer pleaded to transform Soviet economics into an exact science studying also quantitative rules. Planning Card V4 Mathematical Methods in Economic Research and S/030/60/000/007/011/011 in Planning B016/BO58 The practice feels an urgent need for elaborating sufficiently detailed economic models comprising various trends of socialist economy and permitting a mathematical solution of problems of national economy. 1!_~S,Bru~k Director of the Institut elektronnykh upravlyayushchikh mashin Akademii nauk SSSR (Institute of Electronic Control Machinery of the Academy of Sciences USRJ discussed several practical problems in this R field. L. V. Kantorovic 1~ealt with the application of mathematical methods for tHe_JUWt1fica ion and selection of optimum plan solutions. According to T. V. Novozhilov, the next speaker, the errors of economic calculations based on ;-a Mematics are due to the incongruity between the mathematical means used and the planning problems. The application of the balance-chaxt method of planning the national economy was the subject of a lecture by P. S. Matislavskiy. 23 persons participated in the discussion. They stressed tT-e importance of the subject mentioned in the title for socialist economics. The thesis by L. V. Kantorovich was most disputed. Be has put up the conception of "objectively con- ditioned estimates". A. Ya. Boyarskiy, A. Kat3, and others raised their objections against it. A. IL Kolmogoro discussed several topical problems of optimum planning. The importance of determining the criteria Card 2/4 Mathematical Usthods in Economic Research and S103 60/000/007/011/011 in Planning B016YD058 of optimum conditions was underlined by A. A. Dorodnits n. A.G.Aganbigyan explained the problem of elaborating methods of optimum planning for the solution not only of local production problems, but also of general problems of economic planning, which at present cannot be solved by the methods of linear programing. Ya. A. Kronrod stated that the coordina- tion between mathematics and economy has raised several principal problems, Bo that one may speak of the development of a new science. The conferenoo was divided into nix sections which dealt with a total of 54 lectures. The most Important problem is the elaboration of such economic-matbanatioal models as make it possible to conduct plan calculations, as well an to correct the plant later during their carrying out. Economic-mathematical branch models are also necessary. The elaboration of models reflecting the distribution of the national income is said to be of great importance. The problems of the methodology of drawing up such balances were discussed in the section of inter-branch balances. A uniform nomenclature is to be elaborated. The Tsentrallnoye statiatiohookoye upravleniye fri Sovbte V"ittro* BSSR (Untral Statistical Administration at the Council of Ministers of the USSR) has 41Teady started to draw up the inter-branch E-al-ances Card 3/4 Mathematical Methods In Economic Research and S/030/60/000/007/011/011 in Planning B016/BO56 usable for this purpose. The section of linear programing dealt with problems of the application of mathematical methods for drawing up optimum plans. A. V. lNeemeyanov, President of the Academy of Sciences USSR, spoke at the Nnal plenary session. He stated that the contact between economics &Ad mathematics has important scientific consequences. It is therefore necessary that the contacts taken up between matbematiciana and economists should be developed at the pace dictated by the development of national economy, The conference adopted a plan for the coordination of scientific studies in the field under discussion. The network of the scientific institutions concerned is to be widened,. Card 4/4 GAHR. Taroslav [Rubr, Jaroular), ekonomistj DANIKO, Tu.T. [translatorJ; red.; 63MOU, 9.1h., red.; HEMIYET, A.M.,, (Linear programing; mnual for ooonomistal Lineinoe programmiro- vanie; posobis dlia skonomistov. Pod red. IA.P.Gerchuke. Xoskva, Goestatisdat TsGU SM, 1960. 134 p. OCMA 14: 3) (Linear programming) SIOA21621000100410941099 '7 111 C222 C AUTHORt TITLE. Linear progra=ing in the organization and plannirg of the smelting industry 7ERIODICAL: Referativnyy zhurnal, Matematika, no. 4, 1962, 49, abstract 4V311o (111:atem. mozody i achetun. tekhn. v orEaniz. i planirovanii proia-va na zotallur,5. prodpriyatii". Meta.llurgizdatj 1961, 21-27) 7EXT: Thi* is a nor.-mathematical survoy report in which the object alld some applications of limm: progra=ing in metallurgy are described (mentioned are: the problem of the composition of the chargo, the problem of optimal employment of the equipment, tran3portation problem, and the problem of rational aie casting). There ara small inaccuracie5. lbstracter's notes Complete translation.f Card 1/1 KORBUTt A.A. p nladabiy nauchMry sotr.; NDCHJNOVs V.S., akademik, otv. red.; UNTUROVICH, L~Vo, otva red, tome; la.pj. kand. tkon. rA&ukv dotmentp otv. red. tora; RUDINSHMN, G.Sh., kand. fiz.-mtem. nauk, dotsento otv. red. toma; SEREBROVSKIY, L.A., red. izd-va; VOLKOVA, V.V.j tek:hn. red. (Works of the Scientifi-. Conference on the Use of Mathematical Methods in Economic Planning and Research) Trudy Nauehnogo so- Yeshebaziia o primeneii matematichaskikh metodoy v ekonomiche- skikh isoledovaniiakh i lanirov nii. 1960. Moskva, Izd-vo L Akad6 nauk SSSR. Vol.4. FLinear parograming) Lineinoe program- r1royanio. 1961. 126 p. (MIRA 15:1) 1. Nauchnoye oveshchaniyeoprimenenii matematicheskikh me- Udav Y okor-omichaskikh iseledoyanlyakh I planirovanii. 1960. 2. Chlen-korrenvndent All SSSR (for Kantorovich). 3. Moskovskiy inatitut stall (for Gerehuk),. 4. Leningradskoye otdeleniye Mats- mAticheskogo inBtituta im. V.A.Staklova AN SSSR (for Norbut). 5. Laboratoriya po primeneniyu matematicheskikh i statistiche- skikb metodov Y ekonomike Sibirskop otdoleniya AN SSSR (for Rubinshtsyn). (Linear progra=ing) (Economics, Mathematical) GERCHUH, YakGy flavlovich; HDOW, I.Ya,, red.,- KONIKOV, L.A. j red. ....... -.. Ud.-~E-' GIE~OVA-~ Ye.S., tekhn. red. [ProgrEm of optimm planning; linear progremmin I ProblemW opthnallnogo planirovaniia; lineinoe progrumdrovanie. Mo- shap lzd-vo ekon.lit-ry, 1961. 230j$ (MIRA 15:2) (Linear progruvin GERCHUP rasp*.. kand.eknonomicheskikh nauk HooMniming the Polootion and grouping of inforiiation. Makh. i fivtowt Iwailvs 15 no,7143-40 J1 .61. (MIIIA 1416) InformiLtion storage and retrieval system) GERCIIIIKI )'akov I)avlovicht hand. Okoll. nauk, propart.In . witerriat ichesklkh u,etodov; GIYAZE;-., L.S., rt-d.; TI;.S.p Wad. red. [Applicational limits of lineal, programming) Cranitsy pri- monenlia lineinrgo prograwinirovanila. Moskva, Ekonomika, 1965. 71 1). (Obsuzhdaem problemy. soverohenntvovaniia pla- nirovaniiap no.10) (MIHA 18:5) GERCHU1,jus, IskussWoved Beauty aids work. Okhr. truds, i sots. strakh. 5 no.8:17-18 Ag 162 (MIRA :L5:;) (Machinery-Design) Effect of on i med. 1. Laborav-iya fartrakf)~ivl prof. M.P. fAshkrvskiy) r i r s t i tu ta i ine r, i Or d z h on i lw, XIXRYA)DY, V#A*; 0 0 0 * twow Naturalist wd animal trainer. Not. v shkole no.4:21-25 Jl-Ag .156. Mak 9: 9) 1.8otrudmik ugolka lueni V.L.Darova (for both).' (Durov, Vladimir Leonidovich, 1863-1934) GlMD, H.A. I Analyzing the process of training sea lions. Top. psikhol. 3 no.4: 102-116 JI-Ag 157. (WaA 10:9) 1. H:ul I t=o-p~osvetitel Ina ugolok imeni Y.L. Durova. (Seal (Animals)) (Animals, Training of) GXRD. N. itwwiwwWItiIi*d Training. Znan.sila no.4:22-26 Ap 154. (KLRA 7:5) (Animals, Training of) GKIM, !4.A., Cjjnd Hiol ;~i -- (diss) "Aiialysis of the Process of training. On the ;-rohlem Of voltinfary movements (HasOl on data from the Lralrdn~,. of sea lions).11 Mas, 191:h, lb pp (Mos Order of Lenin an-i nroer of Labor Red Bamer State Univ im IA.V. Lomonosov.6air rf fiii~:her Nervous Kctivity. Biol soil ~~acalty) I 1~,O co: ies. List c-f author's works, p 111 (10 titles) (YL, 122) 31 - INIKOV, N.M.; MUOVER, A.P.; UZAROV, V.P.; ORLOV, A.P.; "BAKHARDY, N.A.; BABKINA. red.; GORIKOTA, Z.D., tekhn.rod. (Principles of the raising of workiqg dogs] Oenovy aluzbebnogo nobak*Todetva. Hoskya, Goe.izd-vo sollkhos. lit-ry, 1958. 367 p. I (MIRA 11:12) (Dogs) OXRDI Varlp%j kands biol. nauk; GRIBOV, Andrer, vruoh --ov-f, 1 -0 Talom become a fact. Rabotultso 37 no.10:6-8 0 159. (KDU 13:2) (Space flight) 2,69oo S1025/611000101010011003 D264/D3o4 AUT110: Gtarovskiy. ii. N. arid Gerd, M. A., Sci-entJfic Associates TITLE; In the laboratory of space flignts PERIODICAL: Nauka i zhiznl, no. 101 19617 21 - 28 TEXT: The article describes Soviet methods of training doRs for space flight. The dogs are first accustomed to cabins in the training room and become used to continuous lighting from the illuminator of the cyclops camera. As a first stare in training, the dogs are tried out in special "cramped" cabins to test their reaction to restriction of their movements. These reactions are then used to gage the type of the dog's nervous activity and its suitability for space fl-.1171ht. An account of the different sorts of reaction encountered is given. In the second stage the dogs are accustomed to livirg in their rubber space suits and to eating fro- a special automatic food Card 1/3 26900 S/025/61/000/010/001/003 In the laboratory of space... D264/D304 dispenser, This consists essentially of a periodically moving belt with small trays'. With each periodic movement, a tray coincides with a hatch in the floor above, opening in front of the dog's forepaws. Each tray contadns one feed. For space conditions a special high-calorie feed mixture containing sausage, meat, fat, groats and a great deal of water was developed In the form of a viscous Jellyish mass. Such food was used for Layka in 1957 and for Belka and Strelka in 1960. It was found that dogs frequently refuse their food because they thirsty; with their thirst even partly slaked, they will begin to eat. Be- fore the doFs are placed in the cabin to accustom them to the food dispenser, they must, therefore, be well watered. After training, the animals are fully prepared and can stay in a cab- in without moving, stand great overloads and vibrations, are not scared by noise, and can sit In all the experimental equipment needed to record the blocurrents of the heart, muscles, and brain, respiration, arterial pressure, etc. The dogs are then Card 2/3 26goo ~,/025/61/000/010/001/003 In the laboratory of space**. D264/D304 subjected to comprenensive physiological testing, combining the C, various factors that would act on them during actual space flight. This testing can last for several days. An account of a typical comprehensive physiological test is given. The aut1-1- ors of the article nave written a book giving a more detailed account of the training of animals for space flight; the book will shortly be published by the PublIsning House of the Akade- miya nauk, SSSR (Academy of Sciences, USSR). There are 4 figures. ASSOCIATION: Akademiya nauk SSSR (Academy of Sciences, USSR) Card 3/3 1 oqq S ATA000 ro'/O,'~~/6 1 D2 45 /D3 02 AUTHORS; Gurovskiy~ N.R. and Gerd, M~k~, Scientifi.- Wcrkers TITLRt WeiGhtlessness ]PIWODICALs Nauka i zhizng, no. 141, 1961, t'6-91 TEXT.- The authors state that prol.onfed weit~htlessness is a major problem of space flight and discuss its effects on the animal orguniBm with particular reference to tile orbital flight of Cosmonaut G.S.. T-itov. They describe the interiOr of the cabin of Vostok-2, in particular the cosmonauVs couch,, and give an account of the apparatus for automatic control of t-he interior conditions. Having referred to Titov's psycholoL;ical state after blast-off, they describe his food and its consumption, Work ca- pacity and efficiency while in the wei&htless sta-te were judged by the ability to perform simple and complex tasks,.all of whinh were carriod out satisfactorily. The digturbdii(,e .)f vestibular Urd 1,42 .3011811 B/025/b'./QUO/O,',/002,/003 Weightlessness D243/D302 function caused certain unpleasant symptoms w~i-i) werp, ijMini shed by ceasing abrupt mcvem.ents. The :,ommeD.ts of Prcfeqs,~~r T.I. Yaz- dovskiy are quoted twice. There are 5 fitures. AS SOC IAT I Ull -i Akadamiya nauk. SOR (A-adexy of -~s. USSF~ x Card 2/2 PHASE I BOOK EXPLOITATION SOV/61031 Gerd, Mariva Aleksandroyna and Nikolay Nikolayevich Gurovskiy Pervyye kosmonavty i pervyye razvedchiki kosmosa (First Cosmonauts and First Explorers of Space). Moscow, Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1962. 196 p. illus. , plates. (Seriya: Akademiya nauk SSSR. Nauchno-populyarnaya seriya) Resp. Ed. : V. L Yazdovskiy, Professor; Ed. of Publishing House: N. V. Yash- kova; Tech. Ed.: A. P. Guseva. 13URPOSE: The book is intended for the general reader. COVERAGE: The book deals with Soviet achievements in the space flight of ani- mals and man. TABLE OF CONTENTS [Suirimarized): The book begins with a note from the editor and a foreword (pp. 3-12). The first and second parts of the book Card 1/2 Pirst Cosmonauts Wont. ) SOV / 610 3 (pp. 13-122) contain information on the selection, preparation, training, and space flight of dogs. The third part (pp. 123-197) gives information on the se- lection and training of Soviet cosmonauts, and includes some scientific data obtained from the space flights of Gagarin and Titov. AVAILABLE: Library of Congress SUBJECT: Aerospace AD/dk/jk Card 2/2 11-8-62 ACCESSION NR. S/0000/63/000/000/0126/0131 AT4042668 AUTHOR: Gerd, A. TITLE: Huri-A behavior and function during adynamia SOURCE: KonfereAtGiYa PO aviatsionnoy i kosmicheakoy meditaine, 1963. Avintsionnaya. i kovalcheakaya medltaina (Avlation and apace nedicine)l materiall* kanferentaii. Moscow, 1963, 126-131 TOPIC TAGS: hypokinesia, adynamia, confinement, spaceship cabin, adynamia effects, human behavior, biochemistry, tissue trophism, proprioceptive impuleation ABSTRACT: Subjects 20--22 years old were exposed to conditions of adynamia and confinement in simulated Vostok cabins. The duration of the investigations was 2. 5, 7, and 10 days. A record of movements made by subjects was kept and their relative dispoaition observed# The results of the investigation suggest that pro-, longed periods of adyAwnia (10 dv-1s) lead to variations in biochemistry, muscle tiesue,trophism, tht character of proprioceptive impulaation, and finally, condi- tioned and unconditioned innervation of muscle complexes. The necessity to move reflects the organism's used to perform normal functional tasks. This was indicat- Card 1/2 Accmsm nR; AT404260 ad by subjects Ao showed am increasing desire to move about as the duration of adynamia increzieds Expressions of adynamia were apathy, poor disposition, and depression, Howeverb the authors feel that man can tolerate adynamia for periods &a. long as 10 days without producing irreversible deleterious changese ASSMIATIONt none GUBKITTED: 278463 ENCLt 00 SUB COM LS 140 MtSOVI 000 Orms 00 Card 212 VASILIUVI JI).V.;, GERDI M.A, (J~Joskva) Effect Of Acceleration on the higher nervous activity of dogs. 'Pat* fistiol. i ekspo terap. 8 no*6:3-7 N-D 164. (MIRA 18:6) GU RGVJ; K I , N. , kari d. i~ud . juvin ; GlAd, : ~`i. , ki, il- . i1j, ~, ~ ~ 1, . '. , ki b I. I'd ii "Lost weight". Kryl. r,,jd. 0 no.9:2.!-I'~ b I r /- (:::F,-i I P: I ) A X NM 630fil Monograph URI[ 6X' i trdj:~~ Hari' a 1dj. ov a; gurovskLy, Nikolay NLkolayevLch 2 - - . " 41~st .1st first explorers of space (Pervyye kosmonavty I .ta pe 1! :d4 ) 2d ed.,q enl, Moscow, lxd-vo.~"Naukap rvy~ L~L kosmoss, 1965 i~ t3l 01 409000;copiss printed# Ab: d,~)*'iya -nauk SUR, Niuchno-populyarnaya seriya J_~VLSS not 4, fl.1001d"TAQO) iipi i Vvogrism# bioastrousuties, space biology, space r .-qx*, rA*40ts manned space flightp space physiology, 3; cosso 01001"-tt Laing POSE This book Is Intended to inform the reader about 'OsirWaists conducted by the Soviet space scientists* -,diis6 416ii ~~,p S'populsr'formi all basic experiments conducted ou an ifs 'arder'to prepare them for space flight. The objeetWe of thio iioiA idh .,was to provide cosmonauts with the most suitable spacs-~ k i iht 4.n.vitousent and to obtain data on their physiologLeal a ivsy~dhologlcal reactions. Selection criteria and AAA, pro '414ures designed for the cosmonauts are considoredp train pro d a n it ~bidi odical data from the Vostok and VsjjhgA-j space flightsi P TIM MEMO, 1 6-66 AC NPJ AM6003010 0 'a v r 08, An 1614 lit the! MitVarse 130 if In the 0 a roof chamber .0 ndp 143 f0art Osral,140 164 The P404 tilto'lopace is open 175 Twenty-Ove-hoisif space fli$bt -- 103 for the ~ptavot~ttou oUseasickneso 194 Talemst efle. data 206 For futuve flights 215 Th4re are throe of then 224 Conclusion -- 235 0 OM .06/: SUM DMs 06Jul65 ~d 4/0 ~vl - L 27226-66 ACC TAIME OF COIIIZNTSI i airoductiou 7 i1pri pairs t Lout selection: of 0680 Card tot exper,0100tal doo Asha*10t, of dojs 20 DOW 4~#LT* 28 Training Feeding imachioe 43 Recorditig of physiological functions 48 Condition Mi2i"als for overloads 60 COMI /N 72 -66 L 26 - JL A :.NRi AM60030101 Vibration andimoises 68 ~octivity ~n the experluental anLuals 71 Higher n~o i tvoU patticolit Ti Otto%$ 77 '~'Co P14&31, ~hyo'l?losical experIUSUts 83 lie 89 to 93 Journa th. cUat more -TiAtt 0 Bar$ 99 The et ! ~~i neut" 109 VkC They ~'mi':b&4 114 A f It Selectlot and training criteria 123 Reserve resources 127 3, "-T SOURCE CODE: IIR/0391/66/000/003/0054/0054 AVIHOR: Va!Uumbinah: Tu- V (Moscow); 'Gerd , M. A. (Moscow); Lavrenchik, Ye. 1. (koscow); F!%vLovat :i 19.. -fo: '(Moscow) MAPWIMP.--~ 1;7 none ttnz: So" i fwctt~h: i1i shifts in the human organism during brief hypodynamill $01DRCEt UOY6,na tr6d4 i professional'nyye zabolevaniye, no. 3, 1966, 54 A TOPIC TAGSi h; body 0009, immoWization, cardiovascular system, dynamometer, muscle toile 41URACTt 'ttoli4 LoKfts in the dardiovascular, muscular, and central nervous 9~stems of 4~ 0 bbilived for 2 1/2 hr were the subject of this study. A varlety, of indices wO usdi''14 : ipulbe rate, systolic pressure while resting and after tests, m4xinum for*e*ert0d:dn a wrist dynamometer, tine in which the bulb of a liquid dynamomter twiss premse.4 with half maximum force, and the tone of some hand and foot muscles Wel *th a spring myotonometer). The degree of coordination of-arm zi6vements aW I he tr~~r of an outstretched right hand were measured with a modified I "Rede" inatr6iint. U addition, the latent period of the visual motor reaction to ai light sigaallwiw detiiidned. Tests were conducted before and after the experiment, amd 1 1/2 hr after theteginning for tests requiring no significant movement or ex- elltion. Rx~.Biitmwwen results showed that after a brief stay in conditions of limited 1/2 tW; 613.65 N14 AP6W091 limbility Oi~ ~illity to active work decreased. The measured strength of wrist Ouscles drooped, 04k.o! was a decrease in the tone of hand and foot muscles, reactions! to light d4d"word signals wera delayed, and cardiovascular indices worsened during 1~&4- D'ripg the transition from limited mobility to activity, when Wasured itupid reacti~ins a~4 physIcal exertion are required, gymnastics or other toners must ~e prescataa. to 'd2 46riame the unfavorable ef fact of limited mobility on the human ;0 anion. [is) ISUB Ozz, ~UTN: l5Juj63/ ATD PUSS: 7 13 icard ACC NR. u6w& o,,~!;Iz*.: AUDMR: Gerd A. (Moscow); Panferova, N. Ye. (Moncow) I ORG: none TITLE: Change in some human mental runctions-in connection with restriction of muscular activity SOURCE: Voprosy psikhologii, no. 5, 1966, 72-82 A I TOPIC TAGS: human physiology, psychophysi-ology, psychologic stress, Jisolat` ,n test i ABSTRACT: The effect of prolonged (1 1/2-11 days) restriction of muscular rictivity on human mental functions was studied. Healthy male sub,jects .~'-21,, ,,I- wero !~(,pt Igned to bend the jointq nnti wcfl'~UTI 'or varying periods in a special chair -es : 4 muscles, or in a capron net in water. Severe :;ensory deprivat:*~:,n wms, pr~_.Vente-, r-y permitting subjects to watch TV, listet .o music or radio, visit w1;-,1. talk to test personnel. Books tuid news.-pers were read to thc:ii- tions are given of tests conducted to determi ie skin tuid proprioce!,U~-- muscular sensation, coordination, C.anFe in !-,Peed of tio, ;i!311al mt,to:' ability to Judge time intervals, and ationtion span. in atHit-jon, sub"ects we-- given a free-association test and a multiplication exercl-'se, wwire r-crii1rej! to recount book excerpts read to them during the experiment , a:,~ te'.-Itc-I -or to analyze and associate complex ideas using ~ictogrruT,!;. 112_._ ACC NR' APQ`O:~~,_V.3 questioned to determine their frame of Mill(l U11(i were noted between suloects in the chair and in Wtitell. cc LF, the chair were obsessed by the desire to move and complaineu -C o muscles, and pain In the joints. Although subjects in water rnovc,-t, tl,,;!y did not complain of lack of muscular activity. '-,xperi*!-,.ental rt~sullt~, 1~~iow-l *,'-at limitation of muscular activity is accompanied by a decrease in 1,n' h f- le,- i nt~u-f complex mental functions. The sensitivity of bot'A tactile and )-1, ~v,~ analyzers was lowered. The ability to esftl.mate till,(, intervals Wit.", time required to Ivrform a given movement increased. lieproduction. of W._Tt.' assDeiations, and ideas was hindered and reactions became more primit:.%,e. "Finc rt~qaired to solve problems increased, although the nlLmber of ori-r1ro or even decreased. Subjects had a negative reaction to varlo,in, of wor,,; some showed apathy and indications of disrupted emotional bttla;-xe. !'C of changes in both physiological and psychic functions, their identical `.irectic.n, and the large number of functions involved all indicate disruption of CN:7, fi-nct-On. i It was concluded that inhibitory processes predominate in the central ne,vous sys' dur.**Lng prolongvd. restriction of muscular activity. These data support the assur.-p-1.1'011 that continuing muscular activity is a necessary positive influence on hwan niental activity. Orig. axt. has: 3 figures. [is] SUB CODE: 05, o6/ SUBM DATE: none/ ORIG REF: 009/ OTH REF: 00311 ATD PBE'SES: 5092 PC 0-_?12 1 67 Elft (1) 80078 DD/QD , 13385f ACC IM- AT60365i3 SOURCE CoDl-.: UR/OOOO/66/0OO/0OO/OW8/OO8q M. Ye Gerd, M. A., PqLferov MG*I: n9ne TITfA*t Changes in sow indices of the functional state of the human organism remaining for long periods in a semirecumbentpostur~_"[Paper presented at the Conftrence on Problems of Space Medicine held in-'Hoscow from 24 to 27 May 19661 SOME: Konferentsiya po pioblemam kosmicheakoy meditsiny, 19,66. Problemy kosMicheskoy meditsiny. (P~roblems of space medicine); materialy konferentsii, Moscow, .1966, 88-89 1~10h% TAGS: orthostatic testp hypodynamia, human physiology, space physiology, biologic metaboliam, weightlessness simulation ABStRACT: Some human physiological indices were studied during prolonged stay Idn-a-seirnrecumbent posture, the most characteristic position for man in conditions oi weightlessness. 7`his posture was created experimentWly by imnilersing subjects in water, or by immobilizing them in a special chair. Healthy men aged 20-23 participated in 21 experiments (9 water experiments- and 12 in the chair), varying in iength from 1. 5 to 11. 5 days. A number of phytiplogical indices were recorded at two-hour intervals around the ,,clodk (except during ~Ieep): pulse and respiration rates, blood pressure, .And'body temperature. Baw metabolism was measured by the Douglas- 1 11-385-67 ACC ... HM-- T-6 AT, 036513 711,61den method every morning upon awakening. 71e maximum strength and endurance of wrist muscles was determined periodically. Biological actiVity of human blood was deternimd every 2-3 days using an isolated frog heart. Experimental results showed that pulse and respiration rates hardly chadged throughout the experiment, whereas diastolic and systolic pressures deolined progressively (systolic pressure dropped to 60-70 mm Hg.) 7nal biological activity of the blood shifted in the direction of decrease, in the chronotropic effect and increase in the inotropic effect. The basal metabolism rate dropped during the experiments, while the respiratory coefficieat increased. instead of body temperature dropping in the evening, in name cases it rose to subfebrile levels (up to 37. 5* C)* Furthermore, the strengr4h and endurance of wrist muscle decreased, especially in the right hand (decrease of 40-50%). Sleep was light, brief and frequently J interrupted, and the subjects were irritable and grouchy. The pattern of the described changes was identiat for both series of tests, however changes were mord pronounced in the water tests. Immediately after completion of the experiment, blood pressure,, pulmonary circulation, basal metabolism, respiratory coefficient, and I.sleep returned to inilial levels. In addition, the pWse rate. increased. L - 113 85-;ST fAC C'NRI- A-r6036513 However, the remaining functions had not normalized within 3--5 days. It was oncluded that prolonged stay of man in a semirecumbent position reovlts~ln fundamental alteration in functional systems, in some cases accOm ined by shifts of a neurotic character, such no increased body to r ture at night, the occurrence of subfebrile temperature, disruption irritabiUtyj. and bad moods. [WA. No$' 22; &TD Report 66-U61 SWCODEt~ 06 SUBK DATE: OOMay66 Gerd, V. ~,Aon lint "~k`,fity 14 or.1 GirlD, S. V. Yasbillicill, Leke - Plankton Contributions to tbe i3tudy of tho benthos of Lake lishil 'KIIII, Uch, zap. Kar. Fin. un. 3 No. 3 1948. Monthb Ust of liusslan Accessions, Library of Congress, October 1952. UNCIASSIFIED. " " 612 G-RD S. V. O':Z:r .1 1 ".1 1 .- g - S' l' lc~iada) Trudy '1',o,,o,-o ,,,c r. -- - 7 . .., ~-- .,14- SO: Lotopiol M-,,urnd'Nvkll St~tv, l'o. -9, !'o,kva, 1949 .I .'-t- ~ P~ k. . _ruj ) '~ 1. *11. 2. v -): r ((- - ~'jo-) 4 - Karelia-Fish Oilture 7. Ways of raising the food sup ly in Karelian lakes. Izv. Kar-iin. fil. AN S&SR no. 1, 1951 Ab~ 9. Monthly List of Russian Accessions, Library of Congress, June 1953, Uncl. GED, S. V. ,~,- Principles of bionomio mapping of lakes. Trudy probl.i 1)1-134 151. (IPresh-water biology) (MLRA 9:7) GIRD, S. V, I. ~. , , , 0 1 Results of a quantitative calculation of the fauna of a stony coastal region. Trudy probl.i ten-Gov-no-1:135-138 151. (MA 9:7) (Frash-water fauna) GM, S.V. Gerd, S. V. Zhivite zhivotni v uchilishoteto; opiti i utair"iWenita po zoologiia za VI i VII klas, posobie za uchiteli ot sredrite uchili3hta. Prcvede ot 2. prer. izd. 3. Ptodvurmachov. Sofiya (Varodna prosveta) 1952. 226p. (Live ant-aals in the obhooll a textbook of zoology. Tr. fron the Russian) SO: Mortbly Ust of Fast Euro,,ear, Accessions, L.C. Vol. 3, No. 1 Jan. 1$4 Uncl. GEup j.v. GJMD NAMOVA, N.V., redaktor; KAMMIN, V.A.., takhnichooki7 re- "OPWI!4 71.Ws M, Z-' [Aquarlum.ln the echool;umml for secondary school teachers] Ab,arium v shkole; pooobio WA uchitelet vradnet shkoly. Mookwa, Go%. udhebm"edsigog. Ind-To, 1953. 250 P. (KM 7:8) (Frash-vater biology-4Kudy and teaching) GYaD, S.V.; NATAROVA, N.Y., redaktor; GURUMTJCVA, A.M., tekluilches- y radaktore [14v9 animals in school; experiments and observations in zoolo- gr In classes 6 - 7 (a teacher's mamml)] Zhivp zhivotnye v shkole- opytr I nablivdaniia po zoologii v VI i VII klassakh. Posobi; d1la uchitelia. Isda 3-e, parer@ Leningrad, Goo, nehabno-pedagog. is&-vo Hinisterstya proeveshchaniia RMPSR, 1954. 367 p. NLRA 8:3) (Zoology-Study and teachlug) GARD, S.V. "RIA'4~ Bloccenools of the lower littoral Bigbificame in supplying food for no.21l6l-171 154. (hrella-Fishes-Food) som of lakes in Larelia and Its fisbas. TiqAy I tem. soveshch, (MLR& 8:5) L.. , GJMD, S.Y. doktor biologichaskikh nauk. Tasks In this acclimatization of crustaceans in lakes of the northwast. Trudy sov.1kht.kom. no.3:159-164 154. (HLRA 7:8) 1. Leninpadmkiy peAgogichesidy institut imeni A.I.Gertsens. (Cr7QUIC69) ~~l &4.pqd&Vgiahqskjy Ingtitut in. A. 1. Gebtswa. tan 3 3/40 04 alu4ophon in lake Cheramenets /4.. page 11A.. Apr 1954 I'ad o ii~glyeu of,the finding of specimens of a sphere- in Velvety alp (Oladophora sauteri) in lab PM a t.he Leningrad district, This alga was previously lows' Ito '4udst in that part of the Soviet Union. L) I - , , " V, BOROVITSKIT, Pavel Illarionovich; VINNICHEMO, Pavel 7adorovich; xw4AROV, Ihitriy Takoylovich; TIJLTAXOVA, Glafira Mikha7lovna-, TAKOVLEVA, Oltga Sergewevna; GM, S.V., redaktor; KMHAMYA, A.L., tekh- nichaski7 redadtor [Methoda of teaching natural history) Metodika prepodavantia seteatmrawlia. Pod obehehat red. P.I.Borovitskogo. Loningrad, Gog. uchabrio-pedagog. itd-vo Hinisteretva prosveshchentia RSISR, Lemingradakoe otd-nie, 1955. 607 p. (KMA 8:6) (Atural hintory-Studv and teaching) USSR/General Division Problems of Teaching. A-7 Abs Jour ; REf Zhur Biolo(�Lya, No '(, 10 April 195'(, 25'(96 Autho-_- : Gerd, S.V. Inst : 1=ennj7_O-�tate Teachers Institute. Title : The Inportance of the Vivarium in Teacher Training Institutions in the Preparation of Secondary Polytech- nical School Biology Instructors. Orig Pub : Uch. zap. Leningr. gos. ped. in-ta, 1955, 3, 58-6o Abst : Caring for a vivarium should become part of the practi- cal training of students in departments of zoology, bo- tany and experimental natural science. Student should service the vivarium themselves, take care of the plants and animls therein, clean the premises, guide visitors, and supervioe club activities should be transferred to the agricultural-biological station of the institute. Card 1/1 POXROVSUTA, lOV.; GIB, S.Y. Use of aquatic Invertebrates by forest birds in foading their nestlings. 155-(HIRA 9:7) (Birds--Yood)