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L 09430-67 ACC NR1 AP6032497 an auxiliary rectifier. To improve the quality of welding and for controlling the pulse-shaping unit, a voltage feedback circuit is employed for the welding arc, using a peak transformer; the primary winding of the transformer is connected in parallel to the welding arc, while the secondary winding is connected to a slave multivibrator with a thyratron at the output. The pulse-shaping unit consists of a screw connected variable resistor and capacitor which, in turn, are connected in parallel to the auxiliary rectifier. A switching device circuit, such as an igni- tion, a variable discharge choke coil, and a resistor are connected with the pulse shaping unit (see Fig. 1). Orig. art, hast 1 figure. (Translation) Fig. 1. Rectifying device for pulse arc welding. or ------- 1--Consumable electrode; 2--rectifier.- Drl--choke coil; 3--pulse shaping unit; Tr--transformer of power- supply unit; B--auxiliary rectifier; PT--peak trans- C ____J"J former; M--slave multivibra, tor; T--thyratron; R--con- 2 3 trolled resistors; C--capaci- L 09430-67 ACC N" APG032407 tor; 1--ignition; Dr2-- variable discharge choke coil. SUB CODE: 13/ SUBM DATE: IIJul63/ 3/3 Vj 3 6 in o"Af. L rostail vilisfillong (A a fed In boodifla with boau4spImis fnu&btw o"p"ll JO-lum6n), Nill, Mot. mak-17, 3. mr-61% *pt./(k-L 10"m Attuvw ""k" a eanulever lwmm "r roll wm all arMitary OpArtiolIA frov rinil llw olliew 10 110119-In In Vl1rh A WIRY thAt LhMv In olminlAur 1wrifoulPisial in Ow Angular olipphiminwit, Thn wAtinis 14 IIOV411"l In 114111- 'If 04' VIAMI'llimilows nt An Im-am frq" from olmotphole. The rrvirral pulutme" be fil-InInowl rJul owl IIIIAl"It MMI., w101,11 II)p ~M'*Jlt 44 tinmpLog #4qwsw4v" win, ow Infinity, more K. thilO, ACC NRI AP6029984 SOURCE CODE: UR/0413/66/000/015/0194/0194 INVENTOR: Grodko, L. N.; Leykand, M. A) Bakhov, 0. P.; Kurova, 1. V. ORG: none TITLE: Helicopter rotor-blade damper. Class 62, No. 184142 SOURCE: Izobret prom obraz tov zn, no. 15, 1966, 194 TOPIC TAGS: vibrntion dnmping, helicopter rotor. helicopter, rotary wing ftircraft ABSTRACT: An Author Certificate has been issued for a helicopter-rotor shock absorber, consisting of a hydraulic damping cylinder, a piston, and a rod connected by a bracket to the rotor hub. To Increase the daq)ing of the low-frequency rotor-blade vibrations during ground resonance and to decrease the atresses on the-.. rotor blade and hub by vibrations arising during flight, the damper is connected to an auxiliary resilient element (for example, spring or rubber), which is placed on the rod or in the cyl-inder in series with the main abock-aboorbing cylinder. SUB CODE: Ol/ SUBM DATE: 06Jul64/ Card 1/1 GROW, L.N. (Moskva) Flane problem of surface waves of a hear y incomprossible liquid caused by the vibration of a flexible wall in a channel with finIte dept1i. Inzh.zhur. 1 no-4:6,10 161. (IMiA L5.'I.) (waves) ACC NRs AIM(3032642 (A) Monograph URi I ill, Mikhail Lcontlyevich; Nckrasov, Andrey Vladimirovich; Braverman, Aleksandr M Samoylovich; Grodko, Lev Naumovich; Leykand, Matvey Abramovich Helicopters; design and construction. v. 1: Aerodynamics (Vertolety; raschet i proycktirovaniye. t. 1: Acrodinamika). Mluocow, Tzd-vo "Mashinoetroyeniye", 1966. 454 p. illus., biblio. Errata slip in5crted. 4600 copies printed. TOPIC TAGS: helicopter, aerodynamics, rotary wing aircraft, helicopter rotor, heli- copter rotor blade, mechanical vibration, helicopter decign PURPOSE AND COVERAGE: This in Book One of a three-book series on helicopters. Book Two is on Vibrations and Dynamic Stability, and Book Three is on Planning. rile book is intended for engineers of design bureaus, for celentific workers, and for fellows and instructors or higher educational institutions. :t ei4n also be of use to engineers of helicopter-building plants an,! ntud,~nts studying aerodynamics and helicopter stability. Many parts of the book will also be useful to flight and technical personnel in helicopter flying unitG. The luoc% discusses the course of helicopter development, principles of tile4r deGigl-,, ukrd their place waong other aircraft not requiring airports. Various theories on rotors are covered, along with methods for determining their acrodynwiic characteristics, including: the -pulse theory of an ideal rotor and its application to the energetic ,~e where nizierical integra- method of calculation; the classic theory, in the ctL tion methods are used; the vortex theory; and methoda of experimientally determin- ing a rotor's characteristics during flight tests and in wind tunnels, There is a -.Card _ACC NR,_ Am603264_2_'_ detailed discussion of the various methods for the acrodynamic calculation of the helicopter and the theory of rotor flutter. Methods are explained for calculating flutter while hovering and in forward flight. Special attention is devoted to the calculation of friction in the huble feathering hinges and to the transmission of blade vibrations through the automatic pitch control. Experimental research on flutter is described. The authors express gratitude to engineers F. L. ZarzhevGkaya, R. L. Kreyer, and L. G, Rudaitakiy for their help in pre- paring the manuscript, and to R. A. Mikheyev for hie review. There are 42 references, 35 of which are Soviet. TABLE OF CONTEWS (Abridged): Foreword - 3 Basic symbols - 5 Ch. 1. Lines of helicopter development and basic principles of their design - T 1. Development of helicopter building - 9 2. Helicopter as compared to transport VTOL'a and STOL's - 21 3. Bozic design principles - 37 Ch. 2. Rotor aerodynamics - 47 1. Theory of rotor development and methods of experimenLally determining its characteristics ACC NRt 2. Classic thr-ory of a rotor with hingi.-d blarle connection. General caGe. Curvilinour motion 58 3. Rotor pulse theory 138 Numerical inL(!~,.ratioa theory - 174 4. Classic rotor theory. 5. Vortex rotor theory - 210 rotor 2 6. Experimental determinations of tl~e r~urol.yrvL;7ic characteristics of 7. Quality and the propulsion coefficient of rotor efficiency - 253 8. Calculating rotor characteris tics for hovering and vertical flight (Propulsion theory of rotors) - 265 Ch. 3. Aerodynnn&Ic calculation of helicopter - 260 1. Basic equations for the aerodynamic calculntion of a helicopter - 280 2. Helicopter aerodynamic calculation by the /iil'/Yaroshenko method - 293 3. General method for the aerodynamic calculation of rotary-winged aircraft - 301 4. Helicopter aerodynamic calculation uning, tho.! concepts of rotor quality and efficiency - 323 5. Helicopter aerodynamic calculation by the forces method - 343 Ch. 4. Rotor flutter - 351 1. Basic assumptions and peculiarities of the approach to flutter calculation - 352 2. Flywheel flutter of the isolated blade during axial flow around the rotor 3581 3. Calculating friction during flutter - 376 4. Rotor flutter with relation to the transmission of blade vibration through the automatic pitch control 382 Card 3/4 a IkeCNRj -AM-60-3264-2---------,-- 5. Flywheel flutter of the rotor in forward flight - 391 6. Calculation of flutter 2considering blade flexure and torsion - 396 17 7. General method for calculating the flutter and torsion in a rotor in flight -,418 8. Experimental studies of flutter 433 References - 449 SUB CODE: Ol/ - SUM DATE.- 04mar,66/ ORIG REP: 033/ OTH RU: 0091 CIMRTKOVAp F.A.;_ -GRODKOp N.A. USHAKOVA, A.A.; DENISOVA, I.YA.; KATS, F.M.; DIINAMOCO, G.V. Standard antibotulism. serum type E. Zhur. mikrobiol. epid. I i-min. 31 no. 4:8447 Ap 160. (MIRA 13:10) 1, Iz Goeudaretvermogo kontrollnogo instituta meditsinskikh biologichookikh preparatov imeni Tarasevicha i Kharlkovskogo irwtituta vaktoin i syvorotok imeni Mechnikova. (BOTULISM) AUMOR: gi-,#-.n Cf ' -'-A ~ In r .19-75, An C-S;!R.. P:;- PERIODr,lkr,* ABSTRACT: At th-!~ 2:2.3"UtUte fc-- f!)r tbe, degree of o' D- 0_;*C~- Cz&.1". an3 fr InStILMA 1,(141). y ,jiltca-, ir, .~.IC_A 4A y :t EL SAeacea: A. Ml. f07 t1le dngree Of ~t lievol; 193-1-1913 A. 3-itrr C.' aa. a - tim -Ina :boas for the degree ;10 of F. C. lww~raav - Critical ~~%t vf t~_e. Nvv." I-.- y tekst t irTortance of ce the wo:-k nt=7 Card 1/5 DefenBe Of IY_q3ae-It~.:X-3 5--12-142/45 Section off Eds.ory (0 .Caev!M.-Ij ;:se'.0v pa.-.V:,y P-..!C.'Viny 159.33 Vne v WALOX). 8L. ~Vhzll.~.'C f..-Az: pot'ry etuAus 'L, Creat National -)e -~ - g Ve ;-,, :, -,ra r ody likoy :r. O= Hiet f,).- Vie- of I*ctor of Hictory: S. C.- thn I5c,.!Ihrviks in the 30-el et-Tit-i v 3. Gosudarstvennoy e.*tz;r-). P. A. in t'~. Mzzadne in the 0" -:;,.A-) (Ralocheye 7. M. Awa rj,:;=,iC Of t"Ao-. ldstor7 of 1918- (O-bdvk.~. Avetrii A. n. Me rf7 the Le.-.Ikho-- wder "'th ze-'Itury (on V.! tw ".C, in FwGian Card 2/5 Defense of' Djsnert,,t--jn:- (Junirtry - Julj 3o-12-42/45 S.Oction of t,,tir,,hon;- i',.h otnooheniy v rliss%o~7 T)romjuhlennu!;ti I'/. veka) Api)li -ittior..; for the dejyyee of Candidate of History- 'S. V, Voronov - ..oicow brick factories in the 15t',: centiiry (!..or,)%ovGkiye ' ir~)ichnyye Y. ., - Da 11 - S' crisis of Z.~Vody v 18. voke, v " 11 slyridiculio,-i in pre-war Fr~.ncc (Stachki i sindikalizma v pre~lvoyennoy FrILntgii). It. F. De;Adov;i - The rininj i, Bashkiria 1735 - 1736 (Bnnh;:irskoye vosst-tni,re 1735-1736 ~,O:Iov). I. G. Senkovich - The r;.si:i; for liberation i.i Albania l"oS - 191o (?iatsion dvizheniye v Albanii v l?DU-1 Ilo ,o. ak.,) . D. Smirnova - The f oundin,, of the P :!o,)1( R--publ ic of Alb.-iniz-., (obrazovaniye Yir.troJno,,, Respulliki Albanii), Yal-hyaYev - Colle,:tivization of %~;riculture in the T-,J-A~Jk SSIR 193o - 1935 (Kollektivi-tuiya sellsko~;a '1iozy-tfstv-,.L v Tadzhikskoj, SSR 1)30 - 1935 L-odlov). At the Institute for -the.11istory of Art (L:ctitut istorii ic":usstv). Application- for the de-:1*ree Doct,~: of the History of Art7 A V, Bunin - Thf, Card 3,15 Ootoriya -radostroitellno.,o iskuootv..,). I. S. Zillbershto,.n Defen:;e -)f Discertations (jarmary - July 1957) Section Bestuzhev i ye,,o -.,.aivodfinoyL winledi-re). ',;. A. Aven.%rivu - Ch-i~-Ies Spenser Ch%iplin. An acc.,unt of his eialy worl,~. (Charl I z Spe!;jer Chaplin. Oclierk ranne,;o tvorchentva). At the Inotitute of the Ilistorv of Muteri.,-. C,~~'.umMstitut iatorii~ mnteriallnoy ':U111.Ury). '-pplicatijn for tiie le,~;ree of Doctor of lli~-,tory: I.I. Levin. - EV2zlz a:It'r-oioloj;y prol)le;~,,o of the of the peoldec of t:ie F~.r Baot nt opolol-,iya i pro~le-.l.- ctno -encza i):a I., c~,o Vo~-,tol-...) . *~,,plicati:):. for the ~le,-,rec of C~mdidate of Motorical Sciences: D. A. Tash-Air 1 Sta- !!.base for the deterninati on of thu peri.- !z-, o, ~,Ozt- -ydvolythi soutl,.-rre~;t Cri:,ea (t3toya,-Ikzi Tash- -air 1 k,.-k osnava periodizLtsii poslepaleoliticheskikh :-rilltur Krymu). At t:i-.- Institute for Slavic Laf :jia_ec furld Civiliz%tion (I-Otitilt nlnvyanovcdeni~.ra~. Appliciit; n 1'.)z- tlw !1e.-ree of Doctor o' Philolo;,y: Yu. S. !,.aslov -;e.-_:.1 az-.,ect in t'ie .-.odern (I.!.% I-ol vid v n-,)vremennom boijarokoia yazyke). Api)lication f )r tLe de.-ree of Candidate Card 4/5 of "sintory- , T, Tolorov - Vic dovelo,- ~f ca,~itnlist Defe:;.,~e -if' Dionertriti-ins (January - .,'Lll. 1~'57) 3o-12-42/45 S cc,. on of ifintory relations in the textil-a in---1i:strj of' in tile 1. h~21~- )f tile 1~)tll Century (",aro-.h!cniyc kapitalinticheskikh otnonheniy v tekstillnom )roizv,-)'.,;tve 3ol,,%rii v pervoy Polovine 19. voka'. At the Institute for Ethno,,:rtphy L--Iieni :7. !'. Miklukho-:~_~. (Institnt ctno,,~rafii i%oml !1. 1". Application for the de,;ree of Doctor of History: Kh. M. "haahlayev - The aocial order of Dzureatan in the 19th century Obstichestvannyy utroy Div-estana v 19. ve'-e). Application for the de.-ree of Candidate of History: A. V. Smolyak - The %---terial cultiire of the 111ch peopl,- (dwellingB, clotnes, food, means of transport fron t:e !,,iddle of the 19th century to t'-c fir-t quartor of the 2oth centur 'v-) (Materiallni-Ya 1:1,11tiirz-. rIlchey 'Zhilinhche, odezhda, pishcha sredstva P 1". (;..~,tverti 20. vekov~ AVAILABLE: Library of Con--ress Card 5/5 1. Sinology 2. History 3. Literature 4. Labor 5. krt GRODKO, N. S. Central 5tate Sci. Control Tnst., (-1944-) "Titration of the sera against B perfringens by the method of Nagler-T sekhrovitser." Zhur. I-11krobiol., Epide-Jol., i Iiununobiol, 'No. 9, 1944. USSR/medicine - Gas Gangrene Feb 53 "Xnvestigation of the Strain Isolated by M. R. Neebayevskaya," N. Grodko, State Control Inst or Sera and Vaccines imeni L. A. Tarasevich "Zhur Mikrobiol, Epidemiol, i 7--nin iol" No 2, PP 57, 58 Describes the properties of B. anaerobius pig- Mentosus, which was isolated by M.R. Necbayevskqa. Investigation showed that this microorganism be- kxigsto the Clostridium genus and that it resem- bles the species B. oedematiens, except that it cannot be neutralized by the serum counteracting 246T13 B. oedematiens and does not ferment glucose or maltose. Points out the necessity of preparing an antitoxic serum immediately after a strain of a new species of gangrene-producing sicroorgan- inas has been isolated, because pathogenic anaerobes frequently lose their toxicity very rapidly after isolation. 246T13 V "Combine Blvalent Irmunization &-,alnct Gas Gangrene," by N. G. Grodko, State Control Institute of Sera and Vaccili-e-z r- Tarasevich, Zhurnal Miltrobiologii, Epidemiolo(~ii _i lm- mzhobi6logi ) 6upplement,, 19571 PP 30-31 "Investigations conducted in 1940 by Chertkova, Grodko, and Pon- omareva indicated the presence of comt:on antibodies in sera nZainst Vibrion septique and B. histolyticus, and also in sera a6ainst B. per- fringens and oedematiens. To investigate this problem in detail, we performed cross-titration experiments on 2.1 specimens of dry anaerobic sera against various forms of pathogenic gas gangrene at the Control Institute and 38 samples of therapeutic antitoxic antirangrene sera. The results obtained veriV-cd the presence of common antibodies in the sera against Vibrion septique and B. histolyticuo. Giomi and coworkers (1956~ 1949, 1951) and 1952) made use of these observetions in obtain- ing bivalent sera. To resolve the question of the possibility of im- munizing a given producer with different antiGens in preparing bivalent sera, we immunized two groups of rabbits: the first) with Vibrion septique toxin; the second, with B. histolyticus antigen. Both groups were Jaminized according to the same schedule. First, preliminary IM- munization war. carried out ie.asp two injections of toxin In lano3in of 5 ana 10 HM with 5 days between. Within 15 dnvs, each group of rabbits dolg,g 2W;fi-fl,~ MJE rali voit~ aaOryrsJ?V"+,ffnt f ,rda same intervalsl. EksanNination was f on 'the 9th day. In rabbit'. of th, first roup, th-- averaCe titer o~ Vibrion septique was.3 AE and of B. hintol, ICU-,, less than 0.1 AE. In rabbits oT t',,, seco L;roup , tb(, nver.,irre tit-r of B. histolyticus war, j;reater 0.1. ui.d thv-n 0 - 3 ai" aiid of Vibrion septique lt,~o thmi J - 1. AE "Later, the rabbits of each group received t,,,,o injections (30 and 60 MD) of heterologous tox1n. "In rabbits of the first grou-1.) irimmized initially with B. his- tolyticus toxin, the titer was sharply increased with respect to 1W,-th anti ns: B. histalyticus , to '20 AE and Vibrion, qeptique to 15P AE. Rabbften of thQ s,-cond I-roup i=afniz(.,d Initially with Vibrion Z,-,ptique Lo-in Chi nwith B. hls't'ol~rti~, , to: -ur --in wore o' :~.o .;pL:ciLU "Conclusions "l. Sex-m against VibrIon septique partially neutralizes B. his- tolyticu-- toxin, and conversely. Serum against B. oeoemtiens neutrel- izes B. perfringens toxJn to an inzignificant deC,=ee. "2. After i=xunizing a given rabbit initially with B. histolyticus toxin and thaL with Vibrion septique toxin, the -riter of both gas gangrene pathogens is increased." GRODX(%I YI.S.; CHZRTKOVAIF.Ao Method of control of immanoganic pronertles of anatoxins in mice. Zhur. isikrobiol. epid. i imman. 29 no.11:114-115 N 158. (WIRA 12:1) 1. Ix Gonudnretyennogo kontrollnoao inotituta Imeni Tarasevichs. (VACCIUS AND VACCIAITION, control of immunogenic propertiee of anatoxims for vacc. on mice (Has)) 17 (6, 12) sov/16-60-4-21/47 Grodko, N.S., AUTHOR: Chertkova. P,A,, Ushakove A.A., Denisova, I.Ya., Kats, F.M. and Dudarenko, 0 .V. TITLE: Standard BotullJ'Antiserum 'Type E PERIOD1CAL: Zhurnal mikrobiologil, epidemiologil i Immunoblologli, 1960, Nr 4, Pp 81; - 87 (USSR) ABSTRAC"I'- The authors made a study of the standard botulism antiserum type E (batch 216/2) prepared at the Khar'kovskiy Institut vaktsin i syvorotok imeni Mechnikova (Institute of Vaccine and Sera imeni Mechnikov, Khar'kov and also of two other batches of antiserum - batch 205/1, also prepared by the same institute, and batch 1613 prepared at the Institut epidemlo- lo6ii i mikrobiologil Imeni Gamalel AM 333R (Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology imeni Gamaleya of the AMN, USSR). A standard for the botulism antiserum type E was worked out and the size of one antitoxic unit (AU) set at 0.03 mg of dry substance. An experimental toxin dose was determined and titration of antisera was recommended at 1/10 of this experimental dose (L+/10). It was found that the experimental dose of the three batches of toxins prepared on diffarent nutrient media contained Card 112 different amounts of MLD (m1n1mum lethal dose). Two of the three toxin Standeq--d Botulism Antiserum Type E sov/16-6o-4-21/47 samples studied were activated by trypsin which rather indicated non- specific activation of one of the toxin batches during its preparation. There is I table and 11 references, 2 of which are Soviet, 7 English, 1 Italian and 1 French. ,-loom ASSOCIATION- Gosudarstvennyy kontrollnyy institut meditsinskikh biologicheskikh prepa- ratov imeni Tarasevicha (State Control Institute for Medical Biological Preparations imeni Tarasevich); Khar'kovskiy institut vaktsin I syvorotok imeni MechniRova (Institute of Vaccines and Sera imeni Mechnikov, Khar1kov) SUBMITTED: September 24, 1958 Card 2/2 POO'IK, L.N.; DIDICIMIKO, S.I.; CRODKO, A.A. (Radiometric analysis of ore.,; on conveyers] riche3kii nnnliz rud na transporterakh. Moskva, Glav. upr. po InDol'zovaniiu atormoi onergli, 1960. 18 p. (!.URA YI- 1) (Ores-Radionctive properties) (Radiometry) GR)DED, R.S., kandidat meditainskikh nauk Invngination of the small intestine into the stowch following gastroenterostorV. Khtrurglia no.7:58 -J1 '55 (MLEA 8:12) 1. Iz gospitallnoy khIrargicheskoy kliniki (zav.kafedroy-prof. A.1l.Spiridonova) Saratovskogo moditainskogo instituta. (IMUSSUSCOTION, etiol. and pathoeen. gastroenterostomr) (STORACTI, surg. gastroanterostoMr, causing intuesusception) (TIMSTINIA small, surg. same) D237YD304 AUTHOR: Grodko, V. A~ TITLE: On the problem of determining local. and average temperature stresses and the tempera- ture of the stream in channels of uniform cross-section PERIODICAL: Referativnyy zhurnal Mekhanika, no. 12, 1961, 42, abstract 12B246 ~Tr, Labor, dvigateley, AN SSSR, 1960, no. 5, 7-12) TEXT: The problem of determining a series of temperature parameters of the stream in a channel of uniform cross-section is solved by means of other temperature parameters of the stream assumed known, In general, the problem Is formulated as follows: ZC Initial and final viall temperatures, stream temperature, tempera- ture of the wall along the length of the channel, and length of the channel are known. The quantities sought are: stream tempera- S/12 61/000/012/017/038 Card 1/2 S112 61/000/012/017/038 On the problem of..., D237YD304 ture in any cross-section, average stream temperature, mean temperature stress,and temperature stress in any croso-section., In this formulation, the problem reduces to solving a known Sys- tem of two equations with some simplifying aosumptlons: Tempera- ture regime in any croso-section is assumed stable', heat trans- fer coefficient and specific heat capacity of the fluid at con- stant pressure are taken as constant along the length of the channel- In a number of particular cases (constant wall tempera- ture, linear, parabolic, exponential and sine change of wall temperature), the formulas are obtained for stream temperature V~, determination in any cross-section and for mean temperature stress, In the author's opinion, the numerical formulas ob. tained can be utilized in calculations occurring in the treat" me-it of experimental results in the field of bent exchange in electrical heaters, nuclear reactors, etc, 5 references,. ~ Ab- stracter's note; Complete translation. 7 Card 2/2 20427 S/109/60/005/012/025/035 E192/E582 AUTHORS: Grodkol__V,-A., Zolotarevskiy, V.S., Markarlyan, B.N. aWd-Rubanovich, I.M. TITLE: Influence of the Difference Between the Work Functions of the Electrode of a Thermionic Converter on its Output Parameters PERIODICAL: Radioteklinika i elektronika, 1960, Vol-5, No.12, pp. 206-2051 TEXT: The dependence f the,specific nower w and the electron efficiency n "N;Uee"A'tfi'e'-ani)de anu cathode work functions, VK and ;j~a'4 in investigated analytically. For the purpose of calculatinne it in assumed that the temperatures Ta = const and TK = const but TK > Ta; it is also assumed that ~Oa= const. Further, the case when the density of the saturation current of the cathode is less than that of the anode is excluded. The voltage current characteristic of a thermionic energy converter can, therefore, be expressed by i = A T 2exp (_ g1K) _ A T2 exp Card 1/6 K K xTK a a xTa 2D427 s/log/60/005/012/025/035 Z192/E582 Influence of the Difference Between the Work Functions of the Electrode of a Thermionic Converter on its Output Parameters where 9 is the overall potential barrier of an electrode, a is the charge of an electron and x in the Boltzmann constant. The potential diagram of such a converter, illustrating the dependence of k and !t on U (where U = TK - V is represented in Fig.2. It is seen th:t in the region I of this figure !I)K = VK = const and L = 'fa = const. Eq.(1) can now be written in a different form so that the current i in expressed as a function of U. Now the voltage current characteristic of the limiting case, when TK = (P , is shown to be in the form of an envelope for all the intermaediste characteristics and the second limiting case when (PK = U0 + 4Pa, where U 0 in the electro-motive force of the converter. Such an envelope in shown in Fig-3; this also shows three characteristics for various values of ~OK at fixed values of Ya , TXand Ts. From the investigation of the envelope it is concluded that the maximum specific power of the converter is numerically equal to the area of the largest possible rectangle Card 2/6 20427 s/iog/60/005/012/025/033 E192/E582 Influence of the Difference Between the Work Functions of the Electrode of a Thermionic Converter on its Output Parameters which can be inscribed inside the envelope. The problem of determining this quantity is equivalent to finding the coordinate U13 of the point B of the characteristic at which the maximum power w max is pbtained (see Fig-3). On the basis of Eq*.(l)'it is shown that the specific power is expressed by A exp A T exp (3) w ~ K '- 41 Ji xT a a xT There is a considerable difficulty in determining the maximum of this function since its derivative aw/dj = 0 cannot be solved with respect to,%, I-t is shown, howevef, that a double Inequality specifying the i tin for ~ can be-determined.- From this inequality it is found that the voltage at point 8 (see Fig.3) is approximately given by Card 3/6 20427 s/log/60/005/012/023/035 9192/E582 Influence of*the Difference Between the Work Functions of the. Electrode of a Thermionic Converter on its Output Parameters rM Ar. ,p Us (0. ~Ps) wMama 2A T IT" X X -X[j+ezP(_1.4-1. T. (5) The electron effici ncy % (J. M. Houston, Ref.5) is taken to include only the lo:ses du to the heat transfer by the electrons. this quantity in expressed by iU 2x ijK + yTK i&TA) This expression ii investigated for the region of the accelerating field as well as for decelerating fields and the results are shown Card 4/6 S/109/60/005/012/025/035 E192/E582 Influence of the Difference Between the Work Functions of the Electrode of a Thermionic Converter on its Output Parameters ~n two figures. Prom the analysis it in concluded that, other onditions being equal, the highest specific power and electron t fficiency can be obtained when ~p is very low. A converter a aving (P. = 9 , other parameters being fixed, gives the highest K pecific power and electron efficiency Possible with these larameters. The converters in which ip wa < /-~, xT /g can X Also give the maximum specific power but the short circuit current in this came is lower. All the converters h ving OK - tpa> kTK/6 cannot give the maximum specific power. The:e are 6 figures and 6 references, 3 Soviet (one a translation from English) and 3 non-Soviet. SUBMITTEDt May 21, 1960 Card 5/6 L-18229-63 BDVEPR/EEPF(c )/EPF(n) - AFFT-V A ~ -2- 'D,~_I~ffCWSSD PsA/Pr-4/pu~4 ACCESSION NR: AT3001858 S/2909/62/000/006/0042/0050 AUTHOR: Grodko. V. A. TITLE: Method of the comparison of heat-transfer surfaces SOURCE: AN SSSR. Institutdvigtateky, Trudy, no. 6, 1962, 42-50 TOPIC TAGS; heat transfer, heat exchange, Nusselt number, Reynolds number, Kirpichev criterion. ABSTRACT: This theoretical paper seeks to find a parameter (criterion) which could serve in the comparison of the heat-transfer characteristics of given surfaces in the manner of the Kirpichev criterion, but which could represent the effectiveness of any given heat-transfer surface without requiring the introduction of data of any specific expe rimcnt, but which could be expressed sol ely by the criterial equations of the Nusselt viumber and the surface drag as functions of the Reynolds number. Such a parameter could be established by using a heat transfer surface with a given Kirpichcv criterion. If then two such surfaces are compared with that stipulation, then the more effective surface will be that which has a smaller area. A comparison of all surfaces examined with one selected as a standard would permit their systematic grading according to effectiveness. Card 1/2 L 1822-9-63 ACCESSION NR: AT3001858 Having made a certain number of simplifying stipulations concerning the geometry, pressure distribution, and temperatures, a parameter S* can be written which does not depend on the specific experimental data and which single-valuedly deter- mines the effectiveness of a test surface. It is proved analytically that this is indeed so. Existing test data published by 9 authors are correlated to test the application of the parameter S* to various types of heat exchangers and surface configurations. Orig. art. Bias: 2 figures and 2 tables. ASSOCIATION: none SUBMITTED: 00 DATE ACQ: IlApr63 ENCL: 00 SUB CODE AP, PH NO REF SOV: 010 OTHER: 002 Card 2/2 VP AID Hr. 979-10 29 May T11ERIVIOELECTRIC EMISSION PROPERTIES OF ZrC-U`C SOLID SOLUTION SYSTEMS (USSR) Kul'varskaya, B. S., y__A__QrAdL-g, B. N. Markarlyan. and I. M Rubanovich. Radiotekhnika i elektronika, v. 8, no. 4, Apr 1963, 675-679. S/109/63/008/004/018/030 The device used in the investigation was a diode with the cathode stamped from a tantalum strip in a shape permitting temperature compensation. The specimens were cemented to the working area of the cathode (0. 10 cm2) in thicknesses of 80 4. After vacuum processing,the specimens were detached in a vacuum of the order of 10- 7 mm Hg, and measurements were made. The results were plotted alongSchottky curves, from which the densities of the saturation current were determined. At 120 amp/cm2-degree, the value of emission (P (T) was calculated by the Rich ardaon-.Dushm an equation, and the Card 1/2 AID Xr. 979-10 29 My TEEIRMOZZLECTRIC MISSION PROPERTIES (Contd] S/109/63/008/004/018/030 temperature coefficient was determined. It was found that all the investigated compounds of the system possess a rather high emitting capacity, substantially exceeding the thermoelectric emission of pure refractory metals. Compounds of the system from UC to (ZrC)o.a- (UC)O. 2 inclusive have the highest ther- moelectric emission rate, The ZrC.. UCO.2 compound is considered the bQst emitter of the whole system. Stable emission from the cathodes of the investigated system are obtained only after adequate aging at 2000*K. IDW Card 2/2 GRODKO,, V.A.; ZOLOTARLVSKIY2 V.S.; MARKAWYAN, B.N.; RUBANOVICH, I.,M. Selection of efficient cathodic materials for a thermoelectron converter. Porosh. met. 3 no.409-88 JI-Ag 163. (MM 16t10) 1. Institut dvigateley AN SSSR. (Electrodes) (Thermoblectric generators) r.. 1-j 7' ', t )i 1,, :,~ I ACC NR, AP6025237 SOURCF CODE-:-- - _UR /00 57 661 0-3-6-/007-/i __ 163-/i-1-65 AUTHOR: Grodko, V. A.; Markarlyan, B. N. 0 Y ORG: none ~3 TITLE: The effect of boundary conditions on the transmission of current through a thermal c-al M..Diasma ~~- lasma SOURCE: Zhurnal tekhnicheako f ziki, v. 36, no. 7, 1163-1165 = Y TOPIC TAGS: cesium plasma, work function, boundary layer plasmas vapor pressure, cathode, electrode , electric current ABSTRACT: A qualitative analysis based on experimental data was made of the dependence of physical processes occurring in the neighborhood of the electrodes in the plasma of a cesium diode, operating at "quagi- vacuum" and diffusion modes, on the work function of cathode material in vacuum (cY). Each experimental diode was cylindrical and the dis- tance between Electrodes (d) was 1 mm. The directly heated cathode was 1 mm in diameter and 50 mm long. The collector consisted of three sections: the central or operating section (15 mm long), and two screening aections. The dependences of the short-circuit cathode current i on the pressure of cesium vapor p at fixed cathode and anode temperatures Tc and Ta,reopectively, as well as on d for different values of T (5.09 4.5o 4.0, 2.7 V) i.e., for different boundary con- Card 1 /2 L 38419-66 0 ditione on the cathode. were experimentally determined. The depend- ences show that in the investigated ranges of electrode temperatures and vapor pressures of cesium, the following relationships take place: at fixed Tc, Ta, d, and T, the function i - i(p) passes through a maximum; the value of short-circuit current i0 at optimum value of cesium va or pressure po and fixed electrode temperatures is independ- ent of J(PT; a decrease of ~p from 5.0 to 2.7 under the same conditions is followed by a continuous rise of po; an increase of Tc at fixed rf is followed by the rise of io and po, The dependence of the effective cathode work function E* on the vapor pressure of cesium p at Tc - const and different values of T shows that with the rise of p the greatest decrease of * corresponds to large values of T. Investigation of the effect of Tc on the relationship between the optimum short-circuit current and the vapor pressure of cesium at fixed values of (f shows that a correspondence exists between large values of Tc and 0. An increase of Tc may result in an increase in the value of optimum short- circuit current. Such variation of LO and po caused by variation of To Is consistent with the experiment. Orig, art. has: 4 figures. (JAI SUB CODEt 20/ SUBM DAM o6Aug65/ ORIG REF: oo6/ OTH REF: OOT ATD PRESSi J-041Z Card 2/2 Largest blut furrAce In Europe goes into operation. Na mtroi. Roo no.10:Et-10 0 161. (MIRA 14:11) 1. flachallnik stroitelletva kompleksa sooruzheniy domennoy pechi Novo-Lipetskogo metallurgicheekogo zavoda. (Rovyy Upetak-Blast furnaces) GRODIIENSKIY, A.I., inzb. Nitrogen fertJllzer plant will to buAlit In 1~ mon,ha. ; strol. 42 no.12:13-14 D 164. ty:.HA 1. Lipetskatroy. i Irf-lylll KA:1j!jiEY,, lrena A case of hminginmri of' the bladdor in it ch,41A, (liaemarri-3me ve-BlIcae'l. Pol. pr.-egl. chir. 36 1 . 7 Odri zJ a bi Wrv np trznego Mloj i;kl el,r) S z p I ta lu I ZL F- . Nr I Warnzmwie (Ordynatol-. dr 14. Gaiiw~~i I , GhirurgicznQF:,) Mir-.1sk. SzpIltala Nr I w 'A;rir.-j-,awte (Oreynat~,.- dr M.M. Kovzla). 40dwNs, 1. Cato4liot I(% Cis m 22-4. No. 3.102-1). In Ru.-kAms. 'I heats hir lbills the kllgtt t1j.1 -,( Slyllfli"s -Ahle.. UrSIP.10 Ot 1916-111j: tAllh #14nqaikg Air ah,iiu-~l atsl vILAtAo fee tolm -1 t smsu- lvj~, .4 J.h. Age tail-IA ancallAl -61 % Air git vi Wt 114--ims, t.wlsll M. 1111OCTS.-All, lflo(i.11. Mid t'fr%Wli -A%1A I.WrIfirl wilb sh4wovilill.w &,ul 4"41, the briection ul cavtwl t%dole dnigm. 'r I J 1 .-I~ t.1 V; r"t (-I 7. -ar .'T'i f j p jr r t a r, c p :i t ru r,-.!i w tk! v n7--' -ir I lo-h Wo-11 ;-i-inoert: ln,l tec;irici2rr. fln !,rc, s n n v n tv a r u f. o t 1 r11 o ti 1,-~ r 3 51 J44 Full T I t1c T ra., I Dat'a r- i xl-inatini_ AEc-ricy: P,-w,;r -:labllo,*,%j-- D,t No. `72 Staff tr,, r : .I c: " e . Ln-C h t Q IN, e ve r.-., ',"he -.4f)z-k tr,-. its tq,~ the,~.,Y, -lo:!i ;x, ail l-, f:-vicncv ^u ~nxt*c~~-', for s: 15. LYUTOV, S.A.; Prinimal ucbast1yejqFDDb%_V,,_j,j,; VAYNSHTEYN, S.S., red.; FRIDKIN, UO., tekhn. red. (Industrial radio interferences and methods for their preven- tion] Industriallnye pomekhi radiopriemu i boribn a nimi. Izd-3., perer. Moskva, Gosenergoizdat, 1952. 320 p. (MIRA 16:7) (Radio-Interference) GROU"V.,-,Ipr' 12maYlovich; SOKOWY, Vaoiliy Vasil'yevich; NOVIXOT, V.A., i_ redaktor; BUSANKINA. N.G., redaktor; rHELBMKATA, L.K., telchni- cheskiy redaktor. [Coaxial cables] goaksialInye kabeli. Moskva, Goo. Izd-vo lit-ry po voprosam eviati t radio, 1954. 225 p.[Kicrofilm)(KIRA 8:2) (Ilectric cables) GRODKEY, Igor' Izm&Ylovic!j; IAKWIK, Rafail Moiseyevich; SHARIZ, David Leonidovich; TErIMOV, I.Te., redaktor; LIUOV, A.Y., redaktor; FRIDKIN, A.M., tokhatchaskiy redaktor (Fundamentals of the theory and the production of communication cables] Cenovy teorii i proizvodstvo kabelei sviazi. Moskva, Go*. energ. izd-vo. 1956. 480 p. (HLRA 9:11) (Xlectric cables) WIN i im; TIPIMOV. I.Te.; XARIMONT. L.B.; SHIRYATXV, N.P., inzhener- kapitan. redaktor; STRILIFIKOVA. N.A.. tekhnicheskiy redaktor LCommunication lines; approved by the chi f i1 aml office as a textbook for military schools of co untc:ti:nj Linit sviazi; odobreno nachallnikou voisk sylast v kachestve uchebnika dlia voennykh uchilishch eviazi. Noskya, Toen. Izd-vo K-Ya obor. SSSR, 1956. 503 p. (NLRA 10:6) (Telephone lines) (Telegraph lime) GRODNIEW I.I., MILLER B.F. k - Kable talskomunikacyjne (Telecommunication cables) by I.I. Grodniew and B.F. Killar. Reported in Now Books (Nowe Ksiaski,) March 1, 1956, GRODNEV, I.I., doktor takhaichookikh nAuk; S)MGMYCHUX, X.Ta., kandidat ---.-----tvkYmIch~mkikh sauk. Blectric losses in the screens of communication cable.^ Bloktreavlas' 10 se.2:41-49 ir 056. (KERA 9:6) (Telephone cablas) - a, .; UXSTIN, I.F. .J Alp ~-~ .-------fttedation of the optimm designs of avmmetrlc&l c&bles in trunk communication. Blektrosviss' 10 no.5:56-65 NY 156. (KLRL 9:8) (RMIO lines) GRLIMV, I.I.; LYIJBIROT, X.A.; UNSTIM. N.Y. Multilayer cmabization shielde for couminication cables. Ilskitro- aviail 10 no.12:48-56 D 156. (NLBA 9:12) (Blectric cables) GRODXIV, I., inzh.-podpolkovnik doktor takhn.nauk ,.-I ~....... .- -- -.,- - 1. 1 ~ Wave guides and their application. Voen.sviaz. 16 no.4:9-12 Ap 158. (mmA ii-M (Wave guides) 8(3) PHASE I BOOK EXPLI)ITATION SOY/3148 Belorussoys N. I., and 1. 1. Grodnev Radiocbastotnyye kabeli (Radio-Irreqwncy Cables) 2wA ed., rev. Noof-cm, Gosenergoizdat, 1959- 318 P- Irrats, slip inserted. 10,000 copit-tt printed. Ed.: 1. 1. Yefimov; Tech. Ed.; G. 1. Matveyev. PURPOWs The book vas approved by the Administration of Secondary Specialized Schools, Ministry of Higher Educationj, UWp as a teXtbook for tekhnikum students specioLlizing in the production of cables and ennductors. The bcrk is also intended for engineering and technical personnel of the cable Indastry., design bureaui~ laboratories, enterprises and departments engaged in the utilization and operation of radio-frequency cables. COVE": The authors outline the theory of e'o%xI&l and symnetrical cables,, present electrical calculations and describe the basic types of r%,'Uo- frequency cables. Basic information on wavegaides is given. Radio-frequency Card .1/7 Radio-Frequency Cables SOV/3158 cable materials, production processes and methods of testing and measuring these cables are described. The authors thank the following persons for their help in writing this book: Doctor of Technical Setences I. Ye. Yetimrx, Engineers V. N. Krasotkin (decessed)p T. M. Orloviph and S. S. Solonin1k, wid Candidates of Technical Sciences K. Ya. Sergeychuk and v. I. Suahkovich. There are 39 Soviet references (including U translations). TAMZ OF COWM Foreword 3 Introduction- 7 Ch. I. Principles of Tranodusion of Zlectromagnetin Energy by Cablea 10 1. Initial equations of the cable network 10 2. Velocity of energy propagation along cables 19 3. Resonance properties of the cable network 21 4. Special features of the quarter-vave netvork 24 Card 2/7 Radio -Frequency Cables Ch. II. Coaxial Cables 1. Electromagnetic processes in coaxial r-ables 2. Calculation of resistance 3. Calculation of parameters L, C and G 14-1 4. Calculation of swondary parawtere of a coaxIal cable 51 5. Optimm relationship between diameters of the ~onductora of a coaxial cable 59 6. Shielding properties of a coaxial cable 63 7. Calculation of power transmitted through a c-)axis.1 cable 66 8. PIrequency range for the use of coaxial cables ,?9 9. Elements of construction of coaxial cables 82 10. Cables with a continuous polyethylene insulation 95 11. Cables with heat-resistant insulation 323 12. C"Ies with rubber Insulation 117 13. Coaxial cables with semi-air insulation 1.19 14. Coaxial cables with air insulation 1!?5 Ch. Ill. Spiral R-F Cables 128 1. Purpose and field of application of spiral cables 128 2. Electric calculation of delay and matching-elisles 1.31 Card 3/7 Radio-Frequency Cables SOV-4, 3. '7arjous constructions of spiral cables and thetr I-aai., characteristics 141z; 4. Transformation cables 14(; Ch. IV. Symmetrical Cables A.;'2 1. Electrokagnetic processes in symmetrical cables 142 2. Calculation of a symmetrical unshielded oa1il-! 3. Calculation of a symmetrical shielded cabl! 4. Shielding properties of a symmetrical netmirk 5. Constructional elements of symmetrical raIalps 6. Sy=etrical unshielded cables 13-1 7. Symmetrical shielded cables Ch. V. Waveguides 1. Physical processes in waveguides 2. Inergy attenuation and Velocity of transmisnion in wav-!E7.iL4~~s 3. Comparison of wavegaides and other tyl-w-a of troxismisO.,in llnes 4. Classification of weveguides and vave 5. Transverse-electric H10-mode vsve in a Card 4/ 7 Radilo-Frequency Cablpb BOV/5155 6. Special featniN~n of the 111-mdf-- vave ? 7. ca charaptertW--p. e,,f wavPguidi3a Calculation of the electr 8. Construction of wavegaides 9. Flexible waveguides A Ch. VT. Radio-Frequeney Cable Connertors 1. General principles of constructing eehle (!-inik- ~Vjrs 2~14 2. Construction of connectors 3. Connectors recommended by the Intervat;4.,itv4 El~--trnf.ecvtinical Commission 4. Electrical Pharwteristies of conner-fors 5. Physical and wchanical rharacteristica of rotinvotors Ch. VII. Materials for the Production of R-F Cables I? 1. Conductor materials 2. Polyethylene 242 3. Polystyrene 210 4. Polytetrafluoroethylene 250 5. Rub*r 2FI 6. PolyvInyI chloride masticated rubber 21;2- Card 5/7 Radio-Frequency Cables SOV/3158 Ch. VILI. Produation of R-F Cables 2:1 3 1. Production of the inner conductor 253 2. Preparation of plastic material for and sheathing ~~55 3. Apparatus for applying plantic 4. Applying MlypthyInne InnUlUttrin 5- Applying Insulation of poIytetrnfIn,-r~-ttj`-n-: 6. Applying nibber insulation 7. Applying (,ap InmilatIon 8. Applving the outer ennduntnr 9. Bralders 10. Applying the sheathing U. ~xazirple of planning the shop for the nf 7--f c:ables with polyethylene insulation Ch. DI. Testing and Measuring R-F Cables 1. Measuring lines 2. Setup for measuring attenuation 3. Q-meters k-, 4. Measuring elentrinal charaeteristt-9 of 5. Mewxuring wave imjvdan,!e Card 6/7 Radlo-Frr--11.,~-nry 6. Mous-aring, ~At ~;,i, i 7. Tenting vi'(h 141r1i 8. PhysVaL and tw.,7hnn1-iA L; t i r:g 9. Climatic tefiting Bibliography Alphabetl~,al. Index Alphabetical Index of Makes of R-F Cable AVAIIABLE: Library of 0,r)ngreng. (TK5)r-l-B44, 1959) 'P."ma, 5-11-6o Card 7/7 BZZSONOV, Boris LIvovich; GORODETSKIT. Sergey Sargeyevich; GRODRUT, Igor' Ismaylovich; LINKOV, Aleksandr Vladimirovich; LTUBIHOY. Ionstentin Alskenndrovieh; XACHMM, Lev Illich; PRIT-023NTSKY, Vladimir Alskseyevich; SAPAROVA, A.L., red.; LARIONOT, G.Te., (Cables and wires) Kabeli i provoda. Pod obshchei red. V.A. Privezantseva i A.T.Linkova. Moskva, Gos.energ.lzd-vo. Vol.l. [Fundamentals of theory, calculation. and construction] 0snovy teorii. rasohat i konstruirovanis. 1959. 559 P. (MIRA 13:2) (Ilectric cables) (Electric wires) MIIHAYLOV, Mikhail Ivenovichi'doktor tekhn.nauk. Prinimal uchastiye: RAZUKOV, L.D.. GRORM, I.I., retsenzent; GRACHEY, I.S.,; BELIar, B.S., rule; KMOCH, K.G., (Affect of external electromagnetic fields on communication lines and protective asureal Vlilanie vneahnikh elektro- magnitnykh polei na t:pi provodnoi oviazi i sashchitn" maropriiatiia. Moskva, Goe.izd-vo lit-ry po voproaam sviazi i radio. 1959. 582 p. (MIRA 12:9) (Tolecommunication-Equipment and supplies) MINTS, A.L., akndemik, glavnyy red.; BURDUN, G.D., red.; VOLIPW, A.R., red.; GCHOH. I.Te., red.; GUTZKMAXIM, L*I,, prof*, red.; GAPHO.-I.L. red.; UWUTKOV. N.D., red.; 2MUMIN. L.A., red.; KATAYICV, S.I.. red.; VZYKAN, H.S.. red.; SIFOROV, V.I.. red.; CHISTTAKOW, V.I., red.; GNSSMI, L.V., red.izd-va; KARLOVICH, S.G., [One hundredth anniversary of the birth of A.S.Popov; jubilee session] 100 let so dnia rozhdaniia A.S.Popove; iubilainsia sesalia. Moskva, Izd-vo Akad.tujuk SSSR, 1960. )12 p. (min 14:1) 1. Nauchno-tekhnichaskoye obahchestvo radiotelchniki (Information theory) elaktrosvyazi. PHASE I BOOK EXPLOITATION SOV/4822 Grodnev, I.I.,, and K. Ya. Sergeychuk Ekranirovaniye apparatury I kabeley svyazi (Shielding of Communication Apparatus and Cables) Moscow, Svyazlizdat, 1960. 315 p. 6,000 copies printed. Resp. Ed.: V.X. Lavrov; Tech. Ed.: S.F. Karabiloya; Ed.: V. Ye. Petrova. PURPOSE: ThIs book Is intended for technical personnel. enncerned with the development and operation of means of comounicatiossand -adio engineering. It may also be used as a textbook by students in advanc.-d related courses. COVERAGE: The book presents the shielding theory and its application in the protection of h-f communication apparatus and cables from interference. The principles of shielding by means of flat, cylindrical, and spherical shielda of single or multilayer design are reviewed and the required basic shielding parameters are established for a wide-frequency spectrum. The effect of the shield on intrinsic transmission parameters and the influence of shielded com- ponents and circuits am discussed; a description is included of a mathematical apparatus for the computation of electrical losses in shields. The shielding Card -1/6~_ Shielding of Communication Apparatus (Cont.) SOV/4822 theory for stranded-cable networks is presented and electrically nonuniform shields of the braided, grid, and other types are studied. Practical measures for carrying out the shielding of communication apparatus and cables are also examined,, and recommendations are given concerning the design and manufactum of shields . The investigations are based on the solution of Maxwell's equations under quasi-stationary conditions, and, in respect to the shielded objects in question,, these solutions are correct for a frequency range of up to 107 to 109 cycles. The authors thank S.M. Bragin, Doctor of Technical Sciences, and V.M. Lavrovp Candidate of Technical Sciences, fo" their advice. There are 39 references, all Soviet (including 6 translations). TABIE OF COYMNrS: Foreword 3 Symbols Used 5 Ch. I. Theory of Flatp Cylindrical and Spherical Shields 7 1. Basic principles of shielding 7 2. Flat shield 12 3. Cylindrical shield 19 Card:467- GRUDM, Igor' lzmaylovich; IMSHOT, Tasiliy Nikolayovich; SOKOLOY, ..-- -6411ij--finii1yevich (deceased]; SEROTCHUX, K.Ts., kand.tekhn. sauk, red.; BALAKIEW, A.Y., red.; R, G.I., takha.rid. (Cable comminicatioa lines] Kabellve linii eviazi. Pod red. K.MSergelchuko. Koskvas Goe.izd-vo lit-ry po voprossm eviazi i radio, 1960. 494 p. (MIRA 13:7) (Blectric cables) ALEKSAITDROV, N.V.; LARIONOV, A.N.; BRAGIN, S.M.; _GHOD?IFV, I.-I.; DROOOV, N.G.; TAREYIV, B.9.; POMM, V.T.; MAYOFIS, I.M.; ",%OTTSKIT, I.D.; KABYSTINA, G.F.; SIDOROV, K.V. Prnfessor Vladimir Alekseevich Privezenteov. Blektrichostvo no.7:94 A 160. (MIRA 13:8) (Privezentsev. Vladimir Aleksoovidh, 1900-) PHASE I BOOK EXPLOITATION SOV/5267 .0rodnev, I. I., A. N. Gumelya, M. A. Klimov, K. Ya. Sergeychuk, and V_.O. Shvartsman Inzhenerno-tekhnicheekly spravochnik po elektroavyazi; kabellnyye i vozdushnyye linii avyazi (Engineering and Technical Manual In Electrocommunication; Cable and Overhead Communication Lines) [Moscow] Svyazlizdat, 1961. 558 P. 15,000 copies printed. Reap. Ed.: K. Ya. Sergeychuk; Ed.: G. V. Bogacheva; Tech. Ed.: G. I. Shefer. PURPOSE: This manual in intended for technical personnel engaged in planningo buildingp and operating electrocommunieation lines, and for students in communication schools of higher technical educa- tion. COVERAGE: The manual reviews the systems of arrangement and opera- tion of intercity communication lines. Construction data and detailed electrical characteristics of symmetrical and coaxial Card_r/q:~_ Engineering and Technical Manual (Cont.) SOV/5267 cables and overhead lines are given for a broad frequency spectrum. The book contains the basic definitions and engineering calcula- tion formulas for transmission parameters and for the effect of various types of lines. Problems of protection of communication lines from mutual effects (transposition, balancing, shielding) are examined. Electrical measurements and protective measures against the influence on communication lines of power lines and atmospheric electricity are described. Basic reference data are given for the planning, construction, and operation of in- tercity electrocommunication lines. No personalities are men- tioned. There are 50 references, all Soviet. TABLE OF CONTENTS: Foreword 7 PART I. CABLE COMMOICATION LINES Ch. I. Systems of Construction and Operation of Intercity Cable Communication Lines Card-2/4-a- DEVYATKOV, N.D.; GRODNEV, I.I.; ROGINSKIYy V.N.; GAL'PkIIIN, Ye.I. An kll-Union session. Radiotekhnika 16 no.10:77-80 0 161. (MIM 14: 10) 1. Rukovoditell sektaii elektroniki Nauchno-tekhnicheskogo obshche3tva radiotekhniki i elektrosvyazi imeni Popova (for Devyatkov). 2. Rukovoditeli sektaii provodnoy svyazi Nauchno- tekhnicheskogo obshchestva radiotekhniki i elektroavyazi (foi Grodnev, Roginskiy). 3. Rakovoditell sektsii poluprovodnikovykh priborov Nauchno-tekhaicheskogo obshchestva radiotekhniki i elektroavyazi (for Gallperin). (Electronics) svi j~ z i no.1 -1.. 13 !a Q-2, ~,A 2, -V~~e ~ovuznyv i~i, hnyy s-,ryzai fto.! GrcJnwi). 2. Zameptite-l rvu ! Akogo in,)ti-tutn kabeVnoy prcuqshienr.~~:'~ pe nni~i,-no.-, c"a-'.-L (fc.. (Telephone I kPed'-0 -inns.) 9 oa I Atf'_'HOR. Cd I - T_ S/ I 06/6P,/OOO/OOZ/009/0 ! 0 A055;/AIOI 7IMF- Propagation of impulses along real syTnretrtcal and ccaxia: cable circuits PFJt.1OD17,AL-. ElektrosvyiW, no. 2, 196P, 6() TECL ; The propagation of impulses P-1 ---ymmetrical and coaxial cable .:Ircz~It5 is analyzed, account taken of eddy -:-ent losses, of the skin effect, of ~.he proximity effect and of the dielect 1, )sses In Insulation (dielectric p-larlza'.Ion). The author begins by deriviri, for the Impedances Z, and Z2 (of the inner and outer conductors the case of coaxial cables) and 'he-. for 'r~he Impedance Z, + Z2 of the coaxial cable circuit, and a-so for the im- pe-dance of the symmetrical cable circuit. In the case of symmetrical circuits, two formulae-are derived for the impedance: 1) account taken of the skin effect, 2) account taken of the skin effect and of the proximity effect. All these for- mula--~ are valid for the h-f range. Using these formulae, the author deduces the sxpressions giving tne propagation factor ~r for the coaxial cable and for the _~Ymme'.rical cable. Fe finds(using the operator method) the expressions represent- Card 1/2 511061621000100210091010 Pr,,pagatiorl of Impulses along real ... A055/A1Ol ing the *-ran,~tent- response of an infinitely long circuit or of a circuit. with a ma"_ne.d load in the cafe of a single voltage jump. Resorling then to the super- po~ltl3n method, lie expresses the Impulse as the sum of twc single jumps with a '!me-shl,lt bet.ween them equal to the duration 7, of the Impulse, and thus deter- miries 11;e response of the circuit to a single impulze. This rezponse !s ex- Pree--eJ az the stim of two similar runctions, f4me-shIfted by T. with respect t~~ _)nr~ ario~,her and having oppo!31te signr. 7hese fanclions can be simplified If V is ;i~ss)ble to neglect eddy current losses. At the end of the article, the '-,c- brl-~-fly examInes ine atInvatIm and the distortion of rectangular Impilses (in a coaxial and in a symmetrIcal circuit), due !~o dielectric losses, to the 31~1n effect and to.Nie proximity effect. 7here are It figures and I Soviet-bloc r~_feren:e. T-Ke Sov!_~-~ authors or s~tentJsti mentioned In the article are- V. W. and V, 'i. Sokolov. %Ily 10~ 1961 Card ?_/2 3?C' - ~ Ot 91, AGWAIGI AWHORS: Grodnev, I.I.; Lyubimov, X.A.; Sverkalova, A.P. TI=: Investigation of multilayer shields in coaxia'. cablez; 0 562, ('- P.E.-KODICAL: FUcktro.-,vYaz no- 5, 1 0 TFIXT: The authors describe a wullti I shieldz in coaxial cables. The zhielding of a coaxial cable 'L,2.'rg layer expressed by the ratio of the electric field strength axlal components on the external and internal surfaces of the cable shield, i.e.: zz (r S ex, z (ri.'t) it is necessary, in the case of a three-layer shield klcopper-st~el-copper), to k,now the field strengths at rext r4 and ri:-.- 2). To solve th-'s problem, the authors write do-wrn the lelaxwell equations for the components E., and H,,, (in the cylindrical system of coordinates) and deduce, first, the general expressions giving Ez and H,, and, then, a set of particular expressions for Card 1/3 S/:'VV62/OW/G05/oo6/oo7 Investigation of multilayer shields in coaxial cables P,055AIGI thin shields. The shielding factor of the examil.ed threc-layel. 31".ield, *%;ch as finally found by the authors, is: S123 - ch k1tj ch 1k2i~_~k 3 t~3 (1 + L th 1-1tj U, ;,2t2) z + z -1h ;'2-1~2 Lh k3t) where K I (,) ktto are the eddy currents coefficients of the corresponding Irl r!. 11, shield layerv; t are the thicknesses of the shield layers; Zr are the wave Impedances of the metal of the corres;-,ondlng layers. Gm the basis Of t~.L& foramla, the aUthors obtain also analogous Afonr,~,;Iae for t".,? Shielding fac- tor of the two-layer and one-layer shieldz. The a-uthors nex-_ deal with the cal- culation, of the "shielding attenuation" in the case of the three-layer (copper- -teel ara 1 ny -copper) shields and eor different thicknesses of tne copper . steel ~_ - ers, the total thickness of the shield beingr, constant and equall, to C-2 r,-.n; this calculation was made for the 60 - 550 kc/z range. Two ~rapnr, are prerjented, glv~lng, respectively, the frequenc., dependence of tte attenuation and its depen- dence on the increase of the thickness of the steel layer. Another graph shows Card 2/3 Investirtition of multilayar nhIelds in coaxial cablw; A C, 5 5/A 16 the rplative importance of the "absorption attenuation" a:~-d the at- te."Lation" in the ca:;e of a three-layer z,'-ie-d- At the end of the artic-le, the wathor- reproduce a table giving ' a'~tenuat,ion *rx!tween small coaxial cables, Intended for L"-~ h-f mailtiplexing syr- tem K-300U. The Soviet personality mentioned in the article Is V. Vash?ova. There are 5 flig-ur es and 2 tables. S U-M I WL E D; Decumbur 15, 1961 Figure 2: Card 3/3 IpGri Ti D-i N i ~.cj 'i , y ');-a t r,. y~! v~,. , GWWTi~vp - vlovlch~ K~I;L9A I - 0tv., red 1 11 Yo . re-I , TRISHINA, L.A.-, tekhn, red- r0orvani~ntioxi line stru;-,tures' :.irieinye 91,dazi. Moskva, SVIAZ'izdnt, 1963. 578 P~ (MIRA 16-.S'j (Electric 11nes-Overtead) k.7 e '02 comfnun I z n t i o n ~ MQUEV, Igor' Imanylovich; KULESHOV, V.11., otv. red.; V(jLfJDK-,..FAYA, red. [Tran=lBsion of clectrorutpietic enarey u3ing directional nystems] Peradacha elektromagnitnol energli po napravlia- lushchim vistenim. Moskva, Izd-vo "Sviazl" 1964. 52 p. (1411i"A 17:5) - ", , a~O K:71' - - - 0-` YEFIXIOV, 1.7c.; CROj)jlKK,_j~j.,v doktor tekhn. nauk, prof., rati;enzent; SUSHUNICH, V.I., kand. tekhn. nauk) retsenzent; SRL711;SKIY, V.11., retsenzent; GOLOVPIIOVA, L.V., red. kadlufvequoncy transmission lines] Hadiochastotnyo linii pe- roduchl. Mo.,jkva, Sovetskoe radio, 1964. 599 p. WAMA 17:5) GRODNEV, I.I., doktor tokhn.naule; LYIJBIMV, K.A., knnd.t.,(,khn.naidc; SVERYAW-1A, A.P., inzh. Sma)l-slzed coaxial cable. Elnktrotekhnl~si 35 no.3s46-47 Mr 164. MRA 17--5) 7-~-) ly.,-)V , j3,)j-js rjAtuLyIuvI,-,h; GIVIDNEV, Igor' JzT-ayI-pv';,-f:; n ' .1 '1 - '.- Nina Yerimovna, KIj7Wr,r.-ZV, lilk-Afty Iva - v4ch; V()-'O-rI.fLIS.V.TAt,%'.Ya,,# red, - [Flastic coated ccmmuni~:ation cables] Kabul! svIa7..'L v plastmaDse. Moskvap 3viazlp 1965. 190 P. (M:RA 18:12) G.rICDI.;EV).- Igor' lzmaylovicl,; GUK, V.V., red. [Comm,nication cables] Kabell oviazt. Yoskvii, Enurgilia, 1965. 279 p. (1.11RA 18:9) GRODNEV, I.I.; VOLKOV, B-N- - Shielding effect of cable sheathings. Elektrosviaxt 19 73-75 Ja 165. (MIRA 18t4) I 22_494-1~6 EWT(d) ACC NR, AP 05004 SOURCE: CODE: UR/01067667000/001/0079/0080 AUTHOR: Grodnev, 1. 1.; Novozhilova, L. V. ORG. none TITLE: Shielding SRF electromagnetic field SOURCE: Elektrosvya~% no. 1, 1966, 79-80 TOPIC TAGS: electromagnetic shielding, SHF ABSTRACT. rormulas for calculating SHF shields, for TM and TE modes, are analyzed, and a numerical example of a copper cylindrical 3-cm diameter shield (frequencies up to 10211 cps) ta presented. The mathematical structure of the shield- design formulas for TM, TE, and TEM (lower frequencies) modes is the same. The shield-caused attenuation consists of two parts: absorption attenuation Aa due to eddy-current heat loss and reflection attenuation Ar. The shield effect due to A a increases with frequency and shield thickness; the Aa v8- frequency curve is monotonous for all frequencies. The Ar vs- frequency curve is periodic at SHF because the wavelength becomes comparable to the shield dimensions. Orig. art, -has: 4 figures and 6 formulas. SUB CODE-. 09 SUBM DATE: 06Apr65 / ORIG REF: 001 / OTH REF: 001 111 71-N.. UDC: 621.315.212 GRODNICKI, Kjnryk, mgr (Warszawa) j The Warszawa Building Machinery Managing Enterprise. Przegl budowl i bud missak 34 nd.2sll5-116 F 162. GRODNICKI, Henryk (Warstawa) Transportation organization of prefabricated building parts in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. Przagl budowl i bud mieszk 35 no. 6; 274-278 Je 163. 24(8) FRASIC I BOOK EXPWITATION SOV/1504 Moscow. VyoLy-e tekhnicheskoye uchilishche imeni Baumaaa Issledovaniye protsessoy I meehin glubokogo kholoda; sbornik statey (Investi- Sation of Deep Freezing Processes and Machinery; Collection of Articles) Moscow, Mashgiz, 1958- 77 P. (Series: Its:/Trudy/ vYP. 75) No of copies printed not given. Zd.: S.Ya. Gersh, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor; Managing Ed. for Literature on Machine Building and Instrument Making (N&shgiz): N.V. Fbkrovskiy, Engineer. PLWdVM: This collection of articles Is intended for scientific workers and engineers concerned with deep freezing. COVARAGS: In the present collection, a number of investigations of deep-freezing problems associated with heat-exchange processes and the design of expanders ardturbocompresoors are published for the first time. See Table of Contents. There are 16 references, 13 of which are Soviet, and 3 English. Card l/ 6 Investigation of IX-ep Freezing Processes (Cont.) SOV/1504 TUM OF CONMM: Gersh, 8-Ya., Professor, Doctor of Itchnical Sciences. Energy Variations in Irreversible Processes Increase of entropy associated with heat transfer from one body to another 5 Increase of entropy associated with heat transfer in heat exchangers 7 Increase of entropy associated with conversion of mecranical into thermal energy 8 Increase of entropy associated with throttling Increase of entropy in real cycles 9 9 Disturbance of thermal equilibrium between the working body and the heat source (Ixternal irreversible processes) 10 Cycle within the temperature limits T1 and T2 12 card 2/ 6 Investigation of Deep Freezing Processes (Cont.) SOV/1504 Inverse cycle at constant temperatures of the heat sources T, and T 2 15 Increase of work associated with the disturbance of thermal equilibrium 17 Internal irreversible variations in cycles 18 References (8 Sovlet) 20 Golovintsov,, A.G. p Candidate of T6chnical Sciences. On the Problem of De- signing a Piston ZxpaWer 21 Gersh, S.Ya., Professor, Doctor of 1*cWc&1 Sciences,, and M.G. Grolnik,, Ingimer. Equipenat for Producing Liquid OiW~Pn With a N;6ruit~tY-Of 5 t 33 Schematic of the machine 34 Initial paraimters for calculation (concentrations, pressure losses, pressures,, temperatures, coldeloases to the surmunding madim) 36 Amount of processed air 37 Card 316 Investigation of Deep Freezing Processes (Cant.) SOV/1504 Heat balance of the fractionating column 37 Heat balan of the Uqujd-oxyjpn supercooler 38 Beat balance of the nitrogan siVercooler 39 Process of fractionation 40 Heat load trmsferzed in the cond n r 40 Heat balance of regenerators and recoverY urdto 41 ft1culAtion of t1a cooling cycle 42 a. Amount of inverse nitroWn passing through the main heat exchampr 42 b. Amount of nitrogen passing through the piston expander 43 c. Faramters of nitrogen after expension in the piston expander 43 d. Heat balance of the min heat exchan r 43 e. Heat balwee of the expand r-type heat exchanger 44 f. Cold-producing calacity of the turboexpander 44 g. General equation of cold balance 45 Card 4/ 6 Investigation of Deep Freezing Pr9cesses, (Cone; Wf/1504 Energy consumption per kg of liquid oxygen 45 layout of liquAd-oxygn.plant-vith pre-fractionating of air and a circulatiop- Vve cooling 07016 46 9pecial features of wyst~ of l1qmid-o)Wpn, plants with a circulation- type nitrogen cycle 47 MU&kavs, V. M.,, Engineer. On the Ymber of Ble"s In the Hator of a TurbocoWrwssor 48 Basic considerations 48 Zxpression. for the output per moood 50 Expression,%/u 2 for P=p rotorm, 53 Determination of tbs optimmma number of b2ades in a pump rotor 55 Determins,tion of ths optlow amber of blMes In a compressor-type rotor 57 Mikulin, Ye. 1.,, CoAldste of lbabdoal lklences. Dania and OLlculation of Mate-tnm Brat ZxChawro 62 card 5/6 Investigation of Deep P~Meslmx homeme (Cost.) SOV/1504 Deelga of plAte-type beat exablapre., lbtemlastlon of beat-troaafer co- I efficient and maletance 62 Basic equations for detemial" the dl~lomz of the beat exchm r 65 Peferences 0 Soviet, 3 W115h) AVAILAMEt lAbmry of Congmes I. B./ftl 5-13-59 77 card 616 GRODNIK , X.Gq, Inzb. ]Problem of uniform refluxing in deoigning multicell rectification column ' #Izv,TY*,uoheb.z&v.; mashinontr. no.4:15Q-165 '59. (MIRA 11i4) 1. Moskovskoye v7seheye tekhnicheekoye uchilishche im. Baumana. (Refrigeration and refriterating machinery) GRODNIN, M.Ge. inzh.; BYKGVA, E.N., inzh.; VELICHAIISKIY, Ya.A., inzh. Purificatio" and drying of carbon dioxide gaa in the Byatem of carbon dioxide planta. Khol. tekh. 39 no-5:35-36 S-0 162. (MIRA 16.7) 1. Gosudarstvennyy institut po proyektirovaniyu kholodillnikov, fabrik morozhenogop zavodov sukhogo i vodnogo 11da i zhidkoy uglekisloty. (Carbon dioxide) (Gasea-Purification) 1 -1 - Id IT' ~- T " ZP - 6;." . ii, Un-,)Ived nroblen?. Av, tranpr. 1~ '(--I] Jr- ' --- . -,; r~,?~ - I I (Trans-.nortoit to,i loitim-rot I" o I BERGMAN, Ta.; Q_?qD11ITSKIY, P.; EYZ11fl=TN. 0. Centralized operational service. Avt. transp. 37 no.8:10-12 A 159 (MIRA 12:12~ I.Leningradskly fillal Nauchno-Inaledovatellakogo Instituta avtomobill- nogo transport& i Krasnoyarskiy avtotrest. (Transportation, Automotive) PC:LAI'*,D. / Chem1cal Tcchn(.-.logy. Proriucts an'! H Tli 2 1 r j'-.i)r) I Lc atf rn7.. rherrical :Iroces-in-,i of Sol ic] Foss I I Fur~ I,;. Abs Jour: Ref Zhur-ILhimiya, 1059, i,;,) 4, 13115. Auth,~,r Ka 1 onwitsle I -~ohd-~n; '3rcdon, Alojzy; Antonl Inst !.ot given. Title Ab3orbent Oil for Collecting Benzene from Coklnq .11 )-~neraticn. L. jas anrl liew Possibilities of its ;or Part 1, Crig F10): Ko.,s) smola, gaz, 19571, Z) No 43 153-156. 1%;):; t r ac. t (-Icneral Informetion Is given on nictIvt1r, f,~,r collcct- Ing i)cnzene fror coling gases, on co!-,.,-)ar-Aiv- char- act,ristics (,f coal ond sol,-.~r a!)sr-r6ent oills asuall'i- iiso3d an(i t1leir reor~ncrrtlon. 11cz;sons for pro,jucticii rj,' thesc oils a,-icl st-;)s f,,)r sto:-,,)Ing these losses are i.ard I/I Their Chemical itari Actho"' wthods. San POIAO/Cherd-cal e - safety 58) 36151 'Joes tio 1.9 ftef Abs JOut rroaon As ()re~Dr No in 5,nzene Storagee A.thor 14,,Sxwes -11113t 1,951, 36, 110 It 15-1.9 Title przeA- j ares and C~Qlo- orig pub development 0 of japor olapo influe .favoreible to thezene (BI CC sition 'ne' of VaCtojrS ed ben sourcep Xtingdsh'" r P,batract sione of tal 'k-stor -e of fire eans Of C the our- i (,4PA) , rol Id ta ,j.%taef rities (14qp co ) a, (VpA) cLbo'vc tlied are tajns and inert EPS fircis (Vulu=e $) j..0 of (B) Caused ,a Vade (B) con. 1. 4.9-2, il-5-Cft; face Of techni 0 8 to 7.2-co, * ined by the Oxida- 3.5 to 9- 6-C0-2) * be expla to 6.3-0 a U of (VAM) TOO . under catalytic such co ;&,,4,tiO and its Vapo ,,a6 benz(3ne tion Of liq card 1/2 119 Q