SCIENTIFIC ABSTRACT KOZHEVNIKOV, YU. V.  KOZHEVNIKOV, N. M.
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CIARDP8600513R0008258100106
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S
Document Page Count:
92
Document Creation Date:
November 2, 2016
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Publication Date:
December 31, 1967
Content Type:
SCIENTIFIC ABSTRACT
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Body:
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ACC NR, A116034044
AUTHOR: Kozhevnikov, Yu. V. (Kazan')
_7
SOURCE CODE: UR/0103/66/00)/010/0062/0070
ORG: none
TITLE: Optimality principle on the average for discontinuous stochastic systems
SOURCE: Avcomatika i telemekhanika, no. 10, 1966, 6270
TOPIC TAGS; stochastic control system , discontinuous stochastic system , optimality
principle, optimal control system, stochastic proce3s, vector function, random proces3i
ABSTRACT: An analysis is made of the control systemdescribed by the stochastic
equation
Xi Td (1, X, u, a, BJ), tj1 (I = 1, n; j I,, k
Xf (to) EjO)
Where X = (Xl,,Xn) is a random vector function continuous on the every partial
interval (tj,, t1 except for the end points, u = (ul,;ur) is a piecewise con
i
tinuous nonrandom ccntrol vectorfunction, a = (alp..., m) is a nonrandom control
ivector which does not depend on time but determines the nominal structural param 11i
ieters of the control system, and Bj is a random variable. It is assumed that con
Card_j/~ UDC;_ 62505.7
ACC NR: AP6034044
trol parameters and phase coordinates are constrained by equations
AI[j,(a, T, P. Xi,..., XA)l0(s =3 f VI (2)
I *,off
d'the performance of the system is evaluated by the functional
1. an.
I M[Ic (a, TP, Xi* .... Xh)
(3)
where the symbol M stands for the mathematical expectation, P is a random vector with
a given distribution density and T  (to'... tk). These control parameters u, a, T
,are sought which optimize the performance functional (3). Such a control is called
i the optimal control on the average and the above formulated problem  the problem
concerning the optimal averaging of the control. Two theorems establishing the
sufficient conditions for the existence of the family of permissible controls (the
first theorem), and the necessary conditions for one of these controls to be
optimal (the second theorem  the optimality principle on the average) are,formulated
:and proved. 'The formulated optimality principle on the average is generalized to.
Ccrd 2/3
ACC NR. AP6034044
discontinuous systems. An example illustrates the theory. Orig. art. has: 36 for
mulas.
SUB CODE:/3, SUBM DATE: 03Mar66/ ORIG REF: 007
Card 3/3
XMHwN3:KOVV TU.V.
*'  '~! '
Investigating the solutions of variational problems In aeronautics.
Izv. vys. ucheb. sav.; av. tekh, no.2:38 158. (MIRA 11W
1. razanskiy aviatsionnyy instituts MEXedra aerodiz3amlki.
(Aeronautics) (Galaulus of variations)
KOZHzvn V, Yu~71~,_ (KazanO
,:",." ~
Nxistence of the solution of a variational problem. Trudy W 45:
311 159. (MIU 14: 1)
(Calculus of variations)
ACCESSION NR: AP4009039 S/0147/63/000/004/0015/0024
AUTHOR: Kozhevnikov, Yu. V.
TITLE: Selection of the optimal control of aircraft
SOURCE: IVUZ. Aviatsionnaya tekhnika. no. 4, 1963, 1524
77021C TAGS: aircraft optimal control, Pontryagin maximum principle,
o)cinality conditions, singular control, step tyRe control, time
optimal control, optimal control
ABSTRACT: The motion of an aircraft in a vertical plane and in a
gravitational field is studied under the assumptions that
the resistance of the aircraft and the performance of the motor are
given functions of time. The equations of motion and the kinematic
relations are written in terms of 6, u,.w, x, y, 0, kj, k2, and T;
w'hc.e 6 is the rudder deflection; u, w the horizontal and vertical
components of he veloi:ity; x, y the coordinates of thecenter of
mass; ~ the angle of thrust with the horizon; ki, k2 are known func
cion5 a.' time; and T is a function for which i M 1. The problem of
_,21.actins that control function 6(t)insuring the optimal value of
Card 113
ACCESSION NR: AP4009639
one of the 'motion characteriities, with certain definite constraints
imposed upon the other characteristics, is deftned. The optimality
condi4ions are determined through applying Pontryagin's maximum prin
ciple. In order to formulate these optimality conditions, an auxiliary
function H Is constructed in terms of the motion parameters and auxil
iary functions Xi(t)'(i  1, ...7), which are determined from a given
set of equations, Optimality conditons for the control function 6(t)
are derived for the general case and the socalled singular case. As
a concrete example of the control, the motion of an aircraft from one
point in a vertical plane to another point in the shortest time is
investigated under the assumption that the initial values and final
values of the motion parameters are known, and the problem of optimiz
ation is reduced to minimiiation of a certain performance functional.
Optimality conditions for the control function 6(t) are written in
zaruis of A. functions, It is shown that, depending on initial con
ditions, tke optimal control can be realized: a) in the form of a
rateptype control if 6maxsamfn,alternate during the entire controlled
Eli.S'ht' of'the aircraft, or'b . n the form of a singular control, when
q,  const., and 0. The necessary and sufficient conditions for
Card 2/14
ACCESSION NRs AP4009639
the realization of. these controis are presented in a table.
art. has: 60 formulas, 1 fLgure, and I table.
ASSOCIATION: none
l2Feb64
Orig,
ENCLs 00
SUBMITTED: 250ct62 DATE ACQ:
SUB CODES AIq AC, AE No REF SOV: 004 OTHERS Ob2
19~r4313
K0ZHEVNI.KQV, YU.V.
Optimization of flight conditions and the parameters of stage
rockets. Izv.vys.ucheb.zav.; av.tekh. 6 no.3xll20 163.
(M,MA 16 s 10)
AccEssim ~,R: AiUhWo
S/CO40/6h/028/003/0537/0.Qa
;AUTHOR: Kozhovmikov' Yu. V. (Kazan)
TITLE: Optimization of controllable systems with random paramters
SOURCE: Prikladnaya matematika i mekhanika,, v. 28s no. 3s 1964s 537541
TOPIC TAGS: optimal control, random parameter., dynamic system,, control function.,
mathematical expectation, random variable
N
ABSI'RACT: The author considers the problem of optimal control 'in the care inwhiC4
the system is dependent on certain random variables. Optin4l coirtrol is then I
defined in the usual statistical sense. The author transforms the problem to one
in classical variational calculus, which he solves in the classical way, and also
gives an example. Orige art. has: 22 formulas.
A&SOCIATION: none
SUB,=LTM: 28oct63
SUB CQZ: MA
Card
DATE ACQ: i9jun64
NO REP SOV: 011
ENCL 1 00
OTHER: 002
KOZHEVNIKOV, Yu. V.
Selection of optimum aircraf t ~ j ~   1~ vy., zwi. ;
av. tekh. 6 no,4,'1524 16L 174,~!
I
L r I
.a ot jo qysLems. izv. E:
. .... . 
L 22la46 EWT(d) UP (0)
ACC NRt AT6007j3'3 SOURCE CODEt UU2529 637666TWWWW50
AUTHORt Kozheynikov, Ytfq Ve (Docent)
ORG.* Kazan Aviation Institute Kazanskiy aviatsionrary institut)
TITLE% Solution of disconti~ujk optimal problems with parameters
SOURGEt Kazan. Aviat ionW institut., Trudy, noo 60, 1963o Matematika i mekhanika
81
(Mathematics and mechanics)a 4250
TOPIC TAGS: functiony parameter) optimalconbrol, successive approximations
functional operatorp boundary'value problem, differential equationt integral equation
ABSTRACT: The problem of selecting control functions and parameters that.aro in
general bounded for certain discontinuous systems which supply a maximum value of
one of their characteristics* is examined.. Necessary conditions for the mwdimm
are obtainedp and a method of successive approximations is presented. The work Ja
based on earlier work 4 Le S* Pontryagin et al. (Hatematicheakaya teoriya,
optJjnallnykh protsessov, Fizmatgiz,, 1961)0 The problem of determining the maximum
of a functional of the form
1=6101, J~Jltxjlll XOO aq)
q=l, 2,.,..p)
Card 1/2
L 2545166
ACC NN AT6W7333
is considered, The neces'sary conditions of the maximum for the case of k w2 are
found in the form of inequalities:
~N 0
blo
.Y 0
LA
,
7:~
.01
Orig, art. hast 20 formulas*
SUB CODEs 12/* ~ DATE% 23Feb63/ ORIG REN 002
Card 2/2
;~CL N.z: AI'G003178 SOURCE CODE:
Yozhen'Vnikov, Yu. V.
01'G: none
UR/0147/65/000/004/0007/0017
J~
"ITLZ: The theory of controlled stochastic systems that are optimal in the mean
SOURCE: 1VUZ. ALatsionnaya tekhnika, no. 4, 1965, 717
TONC TAGS: stociiastic process a tom atic control theory, optimal automatic control
ABSTRACT : TI,c control of a systems in'which the initial and final control times Pre
randon' i5 diz;CU3sed'.Tho'mot' ion of tho system is doacribod by the equations
 X, V,, 13, T,, v,, to, 110, XO.
it, a), To T,, X (TO)
1" (t, 11, X, V" 1" 11,, a, u)), T, I < TI, u (1,,)  (t,
whi c re Iand f are n and mQmensional, continuous, sufficiently differentiable vector
functions; X and u are n and mdimensional continuous vector functions; W is an rdi;
menzional controlling vector function of a class of piecewise continuous, piecewise
smooth bounded functions; To are random vectors with mathematical expectations,
tCard 1/2 UDC: 519.217.31
T 1003967
ACC NR. ~d'6003178
0
~'U 04bere the b, are unknown) and with given centralized random values
To' to., 11o a ~= (a,),
B" (B"=Bjb,), To
X. a
am dcternined vectors; and x (X,,...,Xn) is a continuous vector function defined
by equations
X + X, AX ~4 A Cot To,< I < T,
Equations (1.1) are solved by linearizing the right hand sides and the expre'ssions
for the initial and final states of the syatem. The oolution of the following part
ular case is considered
c? (1, X, u, a, B)~ To 4 t ~< TI, X (10) Xo, X (To
To< 14 TV
Orig. art. has: 30 formulas.
CODE: 13,12/ SUGH DATE: 3lAug64/ ORIG REF: 005
ACC NR, AP6036848 SOURCE CODEs UR/0147/66/000/004/0003/oojj~
AUTHORt Kozhevnikov, Yu V.
ORG: none
TITLE: Selection of notion program and parameters of compound aircraft for the most
probable delivery of payload to a particular zone
SOURCE; IVUZ. Aviatsionnaya tokhnika, no* 4, 1966, 311
TOPIC TAGS: cybernetics, aircraft autopilot, aircraft guidanco, automatic control,
rockot aircraft, rocket guidance
ABSTRACT: The paper deals with the motion of a compound aircraft such as a multistage
rocket. It is assumed that the separation of a stage occurs at the moment when the
engine is.turned off, so that the motion of the rest of the rocket, together with the
payload, starts without propulsion. Thus the trajectory of the rocket consists of a
number of sections, some of which may take place with or without propulsion, with or
without regulation. The time is counted separately for each section. The motion of
each consecutive part of the rocket in described by six vector equations, each dealing
with different aspects of the motion: kinematic, gravitational, geometric,
thermodynamic (engines), and boundary conditions. Some of the equations contain the
controlling functions and the random variables with their mathematical expectations.
1/2 UDCz
ACC NR: AM036848
Zo final state I of the payload can be estimated through the probabilities of its
arrival at the A of each section of the trajectory. By extremizing the functional
10. the controUing functions in 10 are determined. Orig. art. hast 33 equations.
SUB CODES M 01,,W SUBM DATES O4May65/ CRM REFS 009
ACC NR, AP602831,9',
AUTHOR: Kozhevnikov, Yu. V. (Kazan"j
SOURCE CODE: UR/0040/66/030/004/0650/0660
ORG: none
TITLE: On the theory of optimal averaging of the controls of dynamic systems
SOURCE: Prikladnaya matematika i mekhanika, v. 30, no. 4, 1966, 650660
TOPIC TAGS: optimal control, automatic control theory
ABSTRACT: The author develops and supplies a proof of his hypothesis on the optimal
averaging of dynamic system control operations. In the last analysis, optimization o
the control system must reduce to the optimal averaging of control in the sense that
the proper average value of control operations must be found which is uniform for all
states of the system so long as certain bounds (e. g., zones of measurement insensi
tivity) are not exceeded, and also that the optimization criteria must provide for th
attainment of the extreme value of one of the averaged characteristics of the system.
Assume a control system intended to realize the functionals
ar. 2 fi(XI. a, a T P. L) (i  0,...,ko)
If a set of permissible controls
X1, = vi (t, X, v, v, P, L), Xj (to') V, (P, L), j X,  [XII  X, (111))
n)
ACC NRa AP6028319
exists which satisfies the equations
M 1/1 (XI, a, a', TI, L)l 0, Al j/j (XI, a, a', P, L)0
Y k; k + 1. k0)
the problem can be posed of selecting those controls which will maximize the func
tional
Af I fo (X, '_a., a', T 1, P, L) (A)
This control is said to be "optimal on the average", and the process of finding this
control amounts to a solution of the problem of optimal averaging of control. The
possibility of constructing a family of permissible controls and the principle of op
z z
timal averaging of control V, V , T is established by the following two theorems:
Theorem 1If v, vZ, Tz is a permissible control, there exists a family of permissible
controls which includes v, v T if the ranks of the matrices
.,B1, x*mI, B111 BIVI
A =JBII. . . . . Ii. . 
Bkt ... Bk. X+fn DVV
ACC NR. AP6028319
are equal respectively to k and y = kok. Theorem 2If the conditions of Theorem 1
are fulfilled, there exists a vector function A (Al'...'An), and also multipliers
PO Z 1, Pi = const, Ii PjW, (i 1;... k); (k + 1,... ko), with respect to
j = . I
which the optimal control v, v , T maximizes (minimizes) the functional (A), and
possesses certain stated properties. A possible application of the theorj given in
the paper is a stochastic case in which one seeks to find the reactive acceleration
u = u(t) of a point of variable mass moving in a forceless field with a constant ex
penditure of power. Also discussed is the problem of'optimizing a Ejystem of pro
grammed control "in the whole", in which unperturbated motion and the law of regula
tion of perturbated motion are optimized in terms of a single criterion which takes
their interdependency into account. This problem has not been previously discussed
in the literature. Orig. art. has: 48 formulas.
SUB CODE: 15,12/ SUBM DATE: l6Har65/ ORIG REF: 006
KOZBEVNIKOVA, A*
A duckling gets out of the egg. Hauka i zhizn' 30 no.5:112 MY 163.
(MM 16:10)
0
XZMDYZIXMN, 0. K., YARIJSOV. S. S., KOZHFVNIXOVA, A. N.
Lima, Fortilizers and. 14snures
Time and methods for liming acid soils iown with clover and timotrkv. Dokl.
AK 8ollklioz No. 5, 1952
Vaesoyuzzqy NauchnoIsiledovetallskiy I Agronoclivovedeniya rcd. 15 Feb. 1952
2
SO: Month List of Russian Accessions, Library of Congress, August 195~, Uncl.
KOZHKVNIKOVA, A.P.
Severe burn of the esophagus from molten metal. Vest.otorin. 17
no.2:8081 MrAp 155. (MLRA 8:7)
1. rz kafedr7 beleznBy ukha, gorla i nosa (zav. chlenkorrespondent
A191 SSSR Drof. V.F.Undrits) I Laningradekogo meditsin8kego instituta.
(BiJRNS 0
esophagus, raused b,,, molten metal)
(ESOPHAGUS. wounds and injuries.
burns caused 17 molten metal)
i 11
X Rn 11~B CA 'c.11 Vol.10/9 Oto'Rhinoijaryngo Sazt'571
E
1682. KOZIILV,*\'IKOVA A,1P. Leningrad. * S c c r e t o r y f u n c t i o n o f sa I i 
va ry gTa_n_ds__du ring inf lamma to ry processes of the m id 
d I e e a r ( R u s s i a n t e x t) VEST.N. OTORINO LARING. 1957, 3 (24
29)
'rhe secretory function of khe parotid and submaxillary glands in cases of cititis
media was studied )  Krasnogorsky's apparatus, an acid irritant being used. In
acute cases of otitis, hypersecretion of the parotid and suLmaxillary glands was
noted on the side of inflammation. During chronic epitympanitis hyposecretion of
the salivary glands on the i,solateral side was observe.?, coilspicuously marked
in cases of cholesteatotomy. If a sparing operation was performed the salivary
function of the parotid and submaxillary glands was usually restored after the sub
; idence of the reactive phenomena in the operated ear.
KOZUVNIKOVA, A.P.
Studies on auditory sensitivity with the aid of an acoustic sound
(with summary in English]. Vestotorin. 20 no.6:3943 ND 158
(MIRA 116.12)
1. Iz kafedry bolezney ukha, gorla i nosa (zav.  chleakorrespondent
AMN SSSR prof. V.F. Undrits) I Leningradskogo meditsixfekogo institute.
(HBARING TESTS,
auditory sensitivity determ. with aid of an acoustic
sound (Rua))
KOZHEVNIKOVA, A.P.
Leprous encephalitis. Vop.psikh. i nevr. no5:5258 '59. 
(MIRA ]~!5)
1. Iz paikhonev'rologicheskoy bollnitsy No.2 "Podgornoye.11 NOW
(glavnyy vrach  A.F.Kozhevnikova) i Ffjikhonevrologichaskogoinstituta
imeni V.M.Bekhtereva (nauchnyy rukovoditell r&*ty  Prof. Ye.S.
Averbukh).
(ENGEPHALITIS) (LEPROSY)
   ~  r. ,
R= my, A. A., V. A., x , ., ~ "T,. ~, r% I. !~.,j ;.  1A E. G.
Alirrptll~fl ;,r.1 C , 11 t:~7 "  14 1 : : , .. r,:. 
nrA it:) AIIQ.f3 vh;,a Ccrrc'~". ia r t  1 L. *  ~ r'. : ~l
TrnaaurO3."
roport prof,e)nt,),l ett tbl Intl. o:1 t* , C., Iojj~j c.: (L'.7A)
Solzburgp Awitrin, 49 Jurv)
VUDYANITSKAYA, Zh.; KOZHEVNIKOVA, E.
"Industrialization and mechanization in rural constm~ctionl
exhibition. Sell.stroi. 18 no.11:1516 N 163. (MIRA 17:3)
1. Sotrudniki pavillona "Sellskoye straitel'stvoll na Vystavke
dostizheniy narodnogo khozyaystva SSSR.
ANDREIVIA) M.; KIIEYFETS, L.S.; GOL'SKAYA, I.F., inzh.Metodist;
VODYPIIITSKAYA, Zh.L;J~4B~TMOIIA, E.I., starshiy nauchnyy
sotrudnik; BLIaWl, A.I.; VORCNOV, B.V.
Exhibitions and displays. Inform. biul. MIKH no.lltlO11,1518,
2627,3132 1.1 163 (MIRA 18:1)
1.Starshiy ekskuroovod paviltona "Khimlchnskaya promyshlennoott"
na Vyntavke dostizhoniy narodnogo khozzyaystva SSSR (for Andreyeva)o
2. Glavnyy inzh. pavilIcna "Stroitellnyye materialylt na Vystavke
dostizheniy narodnogo khozyay;3tva SSSR (for Kheyfets). 3. Pav"Icn
"Ehorgetichookoye stroitellstvolt na Vystavke dos t12henly narodnogo
khozyaystva SSSR (for Gol'skaya). 4. Direktor pavillona "Sel'skoye
stroitellstvol"na Vystavke dostizheniy narodnogo khozyaystva
SSSR (for Vodyanitskaya). 5. Pavil(on "Sellskoye stroitel'stvOll
na Ilystavke dontizheniy narodnogo khozyaystva SSSR (for Kozhev
nikova). 6. Starshiy inzh.metodist po khraneniyu i pererabotke
zerna pavillona *Khraneniye i pererabotka mernalt na Vystavke
dortizlipniv nq,*nogo khozyaystva SSSR (for Blidman). 7. Glavnyy
metodist pavillona "Professionallnotekhnicheskoye obrazovaniye"
na Vystavke dostizheniy narodnogo khozyaystva SSSR (for Voronov).
I
T
GRECHKO, D.I.; KOZHEVNIKOVA, G.I., inzh.konstruktor
Standardization of accompanying documents. Standtirtizatsiia
29 no.6x4849 Je 165. (MIRA 18:12)
1. Nachallnik otdela standartizataii i normalizatiii Altayskogo
motornogo zavoda (for Grechko). 2. Otdel standartizatsii i
normalizataii Altayskogo motornogo zavoda (for Kozhevnikova),
1.1,'.LKINg YaoZ'j Sl.4IIUIOV, M.P.; SnIGIYENKO; VYtL;:KOZnEVNIKOVA, G.Io;
KALNIN, YeI.; TARKHOV2 N.G.~, Prinimalie Kh.I.)
ABDUGAPAROV, Sh.A.; BOVGUTA2 I.D.z TKILCIIEV,, S.P., FILATOV2 N.V.;
SVISTEL'IIIKOV, A.M.; PRACHEVp V.No; SHEYMA11v V.I.; ANTROPOV2 A.D.;
SOBOLEV, Ye.D.; POPOVA, N.T.
Industrial testing of a now cont.Lruous method of copper removal
from crude leads TSvet. met. 34 no.7~1522 Rr 161. 0,11RA 1443)
1. Eksperimentallayy t9ekh Oinkentakogo avintscvogo zavoda (for
Marsaitov) Abdugaparov, Bovguta2 Tkaphe7D Filatovj Svistelfnikovq
Prachevp Sheymang Antropovp Robolevy Popova).
(LeadMetallurgy) (copper)
SMIRNOVO M.P,; TARKHOVI N.G. MALKIN, Ya.Z.j SERGIYENKO, V.Ya.;
KOZHEVNIKOVA, G.I.
Pilot plant development of a now method of copper removal from
crude lead. Sbor. nauch. trud. Gintsvetmeta no.19;432452 162.
(KM 16:7)
1. Gosudarstvennyy naucbnaise3*dw&ts3,'.skiy institut tsvetnykh metallov
(for Smirnov, Tarkhov). 2. Chimke'nakly'sviksovyy zavod (for
Malkin, Sergiyenko, Kozhevnikova).
(LeadMetallurgy)
ZENYAKIN) L. A.; IMMENNIROVA, 0. No
Insecticides
Dusting seeds of grain crops with hexachloran as a means of controll!ng the wheat
0
wireworm. Sov. agron. 10 no. B. 1952.
Monthly List of Russian Accessions, Library of Congress, September 1952. UNCLASSIFIED.
AGAIAROVA, D.A.; KOZIMMKOVA, G.Ye.; KUYLEVA, A.K.
Binomial conditions of the Akchaghykian Sea. Izv.AN Turk.SSR
no.3:1824 155. (MLBA 9:5)
1. Institut geologii AN Turkmenskoy M.
(TurkmenistanGeology, Stratigraphic)
In
SS". f
7 n t j~ e t)
KRASHF21INNIKOV, V.A.; KOZHEVNIKQV . G.Ye.
Tirart find of representatives of the genus Bolivin6lla in Tertiary
,deposits of the Sovidt Union. Vop. mikropaleont. no.4:121127 '60.
(MIM i4 5)
1. Geolpgicheakiy institut Akademil nauk SSSR i Institut geologii
Akademii nauk Turkmenskoy SSR.
(Faraminifera., Fossil)
DMITRIYEVY A.V.; KOZIIEIINIKOVA, G.Ye.
Faleo.,,ene of the ce'ntral Kopetdag. Jzv. 9.1 Ser.
tekh., khim. i geol. nauk no.2:~,r)107 163. 041RA 11.S)
1. Institut geologii AN Turkrien,,I~oy SSR.
KALUGIV, F.T., ~ikderia;
T,
V flI k r(;r4
in the Kopetaing and BadkIriz] ;'tratjjriX1Ja vorlidmereliwyki,
i palp,,tsenow ,j ,
I ykh otlozherm i Kopet.Taimi
i :'A
na!lk
KOZHSVNIKOVA, I.A., laborant
 
Practical significaDco of a method for laboratory analysis of the
cerebrospinal flnid. Med.oestra 18 no.12:3235 '59. (MIRA 13:3)
1. 1z laboratorit klinicheskoy ordena Lenina balinitsy imeni S.P.
Botkina, Maukva.
(CHMIROSPINAL FLUIDAlLkLYSIS)
GUSEVI S.I.; SOKOLOVA, YeV.;
DetermInation of chlorides by means of P hydroxynaphthylal
aaminopyridine. Zhur.anal.khim. 17 no.42499501 J1 162.
(MIRA 158)
1. Perm State Medical Institute.
(Chlorides) (Pyridine)
jj~t.=,rdnatxr.r. cf '~c n
V.  I
GUSEV, S.I.; K0711EVNIKOVA) I.A.
'j~Ilydroxynaphthyl2amimpyri.dine complexon c,11 Icad. Yhir. neorg.
khim. 9 no.10:24032406 0 164.
(*,,11AA 17: 12)
1. Permskiy moditsindkiy institut.
GLADKAYA, V. F.., inzh.; KOZIIEV111KOVA, I.M. , Inzh.; LOMESHNIK, V. K.., inzh.;
.  ;, ..
KAPLUNOV, S.Z., inzh.
Processing of whale oil. 14asl.zhir.prom. 29 no.11:431+6 N 163.
(MIRA 16:12)
1. Ukrainskiy nauchnoissledovatellskiy iristitut maslozhirovoy
promyshlennosti (for Gladkaya, Kozheynikova). 2. Kuybyahevskiy
zhirovoy kombinat (for Lozheshnik). 3. Kitoboynaya flotillya
"Slavan (for Kaplunov).
ICARTIAT , A.M., inzh.; DETIIMOVSKAYA, Z.P.; KOZHVNIKOVA, I.M.
Some invetigationa in the field of highmolecularweight normal
alk7l sulfates. 14aal.zhir.prom. 26 no7:2023 Jl '60.
(MIRA 13:7)
1. Ukrainskir Nauchnoiesledovatellokiy institut maslozhirovoy
promyshlennosti,*
(Sulfuric acid) (Surface active agents),
SLOMINSKIYv L.I., in2h.CKOZHLIVNIKOVA._LMt_x iuh.
Cleaning compounds based on sulfates of incomplete esters formed
by fatty acidsIand polyat4*ic alcohols. Masl.zhir.prom. 27
no.1:2123 Ja 6J.. (MIU 14: 1)
1. Ukrainakiy nauchnoisaledovatel'skiy institut maslozhirovoy
promyshlennooti. (Cleaning compounds)
frudyGMl no.'19:3336 '65.
i Gor. I k~ v~111".ugo 1"osuld!1VO, ill'.; ti
A.A.; CHINEINKOVA, MI.;
Roe r, tp,,:)nc I igical clange.,, In L',lc 1 unit i i!.ed i ~; tt~ 1y affte r a ..I
CGrIVi!,SLu0toln Uch. G,f' no.l?:1
165.
1. Fz klinilki j~ospJtnlln,.y ki11urgil i '~,,XIlq
KOZHEVNIKOVA, I.N.
Characteristics of the morphological changes in the meninx and
ependyma in tuberculous meningitis treated with streptomycin.
Vop diag.i patomorf.nerv.zab. no.2:147152 159. (MIRA 15:8)
R, NINGESTUBERCUILSIS) (STREPTOMYCIN) (BRAIN)
KOZHEVNIKOVA, I.N.
Fibrous changes and the resorption of fibrous connective tissue in
tuberculous meningitis. Vop.diag.i patomorf.nerv.zab. no.2:153157
'59. (KMA 15:8)
(MENINGESTUBERCULOSIS)
KOZHEVNIKOVA, I.N.
Aneurysms of the internal carotid and anterior cerebral arteries.
Vop.diag.i patomorf.nerv.zab. no.2:194199 159. (MIRA 15;8)
(INTRACRAKAL ANEURYSM)
KAMTSHEV, 14., prof. ; KOZiMVIIIKOVA. L.
In the Council of the AllUnion Botanical Society; concerning
S.S.Stankov and V.I.Taliev's "Guide." Bot.zhur. 44 no.6:902
Je 159. (MIRA 12:11)
1. Predeedatell Voronezhokogo otdolonlya Vseaoyiiznogo botpni
chookogo 0bahchostva (for Kamyahav). 2. Sekretarl Voronezhokogo
otdoloniya Vaesoyuznogo botaniclieskogo obnhehmitva (for Kozbevni
kova).
(Botany) (Stankov, S.S.) (Taliev,.V.I.)
S/058/61/000/Ola/03
A058/A101
AUTHOR: Kozhevnikova, L. A.
T=: Concerning the effect of molecular type and elemental compositior;
on the relative intensity of the chromiummolybdenum Silec T r,1 1~ 1 ine
pair
PERIODICAL: Referativnyy zhurnal, Fizika, no. 12, 1q0l, 249, abstract 12G1911
("Uch. zap, Permsk. unt", 1959, V. 1.3, no. 3, 1113))
TEXT. There are given the results of investigating the effect of the type
of molecular compounds and the effect of third components (Ca, Hg, Al and Fe) or,
the relative intensity of MoCr lines incident to ACarc excitation of spectra,
[Abstracter's note: Complete translation]
Card 1/1
S/058/62/ooo/o 12/022/048
A160/A1O1
AUITIOR: Kozhevnikova, L. A.
TITLE: An experimental study of the effect of diluents on the relative
intensity of spectral lines of chromium and molybdenum
PERIODICAL: Referativnyy zhurnal, Fizika, no. 12, 1962, 29, abstract.12G28'(
("Uch. zap. Permsk. unt", no. 1, 1961,v.19, 131  133)
TEXT: An investigation was carried out of the effect of the binarymlx
ture diluents, 810 x 11 0 + alkaliearthmetal carbonates and alkaliearth met
~2
als + Fe 0 on t e relative intensity of the Cr and Mo lines. It is shown that
in case b a fivefold dilution of the samples with a CaCO 3 SiO X xH 0 mixture,
the latter can be analyzed by synthetic standards made on the ba3is oi2the same';
mixture. A similar effect is obtained when using the mixtures SiO 2. x1i20 with
CrQ03 and Fe 203 M. Britske
[Abstracter's note: Complete translation]
Card 1/1
k, q
V~ /V b V
PHASE I BOOK EXPLOITATION SOV/6181
Urallskoyo soveohchAniye po spektrookopii. 34, Sverdlovsk, 1960.
Material3f (Materials of the Third Ural Conf9rence on Spectros
copy) Sverdlovsk, Metallurgizdat, 1962. 197 P. Errata slip
Inserted. 3000 copies printed.
Sponsoring Agenciest Inatitut fiziki metallov Akademii nauk SSSR.
Komisslya po spektroskopiij and Urallskly dom tekhniki VSNTO.
Edo. (Title page): G. P. Skornyakov, A. B. Shayevich, and S. G.
Bogomolovj Ed. t Gennadiy Pavlovich Skornyakov; Ed. of Publish
Ing Houset M. L. Kryzhova; Tech. Ed.t N. T. Mallkova.
PURPOSEt The book, a collection of articles, is intended for staff
members of spectral analysis laboratories In Industry and scien
tifio research organizations, as well as for students of related
disciplines and for technologists utilizing analytical results.
CW 1/15
Materials of the Third Ural Conference (Cont.) SOV/6181
COVERAGEi The collection presents theoretical and practical probf
lems of the application of atomio and molecular spectral ana y
1
sis in controlling the chemical composition of various material#
in ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, geology, chemical indus
try, and medicine. The authors express their thanks to G. V.
Chentoova for help in preparing the materials for the press.
References follow the individual articles.
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Foreword 3
PART I
Sheretkov, Yb. A., and L. P. Makalmovskiy. Investigation of
the dependence of the total Intensity of spectral lines
on the ooncentration of elements In an arcdischarge plasma
Card 2/15
Materials'of the Third Ural Conference (Cont.)
Buraylev, Yu. M., V. I. Ustinova, and G..P. Neuymina.
Effect ol carpurization and nitriding on the results
of spectral analysis of construction steels
Grinzayd, Ye. L., and F. D.: Korobko. Effect of total com
position of alloy steels on results of silibon determina
tion
Shavrin, A. M., M. A. Zotin, L. A. Kozhevnikova. and Yu. A.
Makhnev. Dependence of tlie"relatfveini~~~sity' of the
zinc line on its concentiation in zincrich alloys of,
the copperzinc system
Fishman, I. S. Experimental investigation methods of
material admission [from electrodes into the discharge
zone)
SOV16181
4T
52
57
6o
0 ard 5/15
KOZHEVNIKOy.AAb9, 
Preparation of ynast at the Lutak Alcohol Plant. Spirt. Drom.
24 no. 4:27 '59. (MIRA 11:7)
(yeaHt)
KOZHEVNIKOVA, L.I.
EfTeot of tTazing on the veletation of stevpe,
I
Nauch.zap.Vor.otd.VBO za:4648 16/,.
Phenology of steppe slopes. Ibid.:4953
(YIRA 18:11)
KOZEEVNIKOVAp L. M.
KOZIIVNIKOVA, L. M., "Some Data on the Role of Cotton Seeds as a Source of
Infection with Hadromycosis in Central Asiap" in Cotton Diseases, All Union
ScientificResqarch Cotton Institute, Tashkent, 1938, p!). 109119. 4W,.042 T18
SO: SIRA 611953, 15 Dee 1953
KOZHEVNIKOVA, L. M.
KOZHEVN1KOVA, L. M. "New Disease of Winter Cerea13 in Penza Oblast (Typhula itoana),"
Sotsialisticheskoe Zernovoe Ehoziaistvot no. 4, 1946, pp. 4750. 59.8 So 72
SO: SIRA SI1953, 15 Dee 1953
KGZFi:Wi~IK)IA, L. 11.
um/ftdiolne Plants ion 194T
Medlefto Dise"es
"The Causes of the Death of Winter 0 M a in Certain
Regime..." L. IN. Moshevnikova, 3 Pp
"Dok Akad Nauk SM, Nova Ser" Vol LV, No I
Discussesdeath of winter crops in Penza Oblast which
is an almost annual occurrence. Attributes this to
presence, In the roots, of some form of fungold sick
ness and states that infection of plants takes plaoe
in autum. Submitted by Academician A. A. Rikhter,
3 Aug 1946.
.58T68
L H L V ).I 0,D), L
&
KOZHEVNIKOVA (Mme L. 11.). Contletilme 06avviC11110 Ce.N13111 j1polloft 11111C1111111.
xfim mepa 6apb6w npwrim nuamion rou
D1111. [Solar treatment of spring
01 Wheat seed a3 a control measure ngaisist loome smut.]Arpo6nwiornq
[Agrobiology, Moscow], 1953, 3, pp. 4146, 1953.
In studies at the Dokuchavev Agricultural 1118titilte, Voronezil Digtrict,
\14, Jhree and seven days' solar treatim,nt [cf. R.A .111., 32, P. 179) of rpring w beat grnin
I increased germination from 765 and 805 (controls) to 89 and 92 per cent., re.Rpcc,
q tively, increased vigour, and reduced 10090 Fall"t (UstffagO frilici) 132, P. 3691 in!
the succeeding crop. from 1 per cent. in the untreated to 006 per mit.
E V jVl,'~,2 Y /~IL. M)
TJ53R/Plan~ Di,;cra,~!n Discases of CiL Plants. 0.
Abq Jour lli.ol.
No )"'
V
,  ~
Author KG: L.M.
Inst lull. o Inst. for A,,,. 1,C
T itle ,:poiurc to o Succls of SLVr.,,.cr .".,a
As a ~.Lans of Fij~iid.i:
(hig PLfb yuI. nauclinotoldin. 1c"56,
Abstrac Oay expoc;ure to d,,irinz 3,5 a.". 7 da:, ;'I
considerably c damagil~lc. 3*
Card 1/1
US,9R/Zooparasitology. Ticks and InsectsVectors of G
Causative Agents of Diseases
Abs Jour !Ref ZhurBiolij No 131 1958t 57957
Author :Pavlov I. F., Kozhevnikova L. M,
Inst :Not given
Title :The role of the Swedish Fly in the Dissomina
tion of Vesicular Rust
Orig Pub :Kukuruza, 1957, No 7, 4445
Abstract :Twelve to 73% of corn plants inVoronezh Oblast
were injured by the Swedish fly, according to
data obtained by the ScientificReseaa?ch Insti
tute of Agriculture imeni. Dokuchayev. The plants
injured by the fly in 1955 became rust infected
with an intensity 3 times greatei greater than
the noninjured plants; in 1956with an inten
sity 13 to 19 times greater than the noninjured
Card 1/2
KOZHBVNIKOVA. L,M., etarsbiy nauchnyy sotrudnik; ONUFRIYEV, A.F., aspirant
I
Diocasea of the Jerusalem artichoke. Zushch. rant. ot vred.
i bol. 5 no. 8:5657 Ag 160. (MDU 13:12)
1. Hauchnoiseleaovatellskiy institut ovoshchnogo khozyaystva
TSsentrallnoy chernozemnoy polosy imeni V.V.Doiuchayeva.
(Jerusalem articbokeDiaeases and pests)
SNESAIEV, K.A.; KOYHEITNIKOVA, L.P.
Method of determining chl:oiocarboxilic acids. lav. lab. 31 no1:
3637 165. OMIRA 18:3)
1. Gosudarstvenn37 institut a.otnoy promyslilennosti i produktov
organicheskogo sintleza.
67325
AUTHORS: Vasillyev, D.M., Kozhevnikova, L.V. SOV/1811830/32
0
TITLE: On the Nature of the Fluidity Area of Pure Iron and Carbon
Steels %4
PERIODICAL: Tizika tverdogo tela, 1959, Vol ly Nr 8, Pp 13161319 (USSR)
ABSTRACT: By a method described by D.M. Vasillyev it is possible to
follow directly the behavior of the matrix regions and of the
.brittle, skeleton in plastic deformationloand also to determine
the structural stresses acting upon the Aregion (of the
matrix) and the Bregion (gL!Lju boundariesl%id mosaic blockdf
hard phases). Between the residual microstresses di, the
microstre8SeS a
, and the "structural stresses", the relation
m
Cr CT + CT holds. The microstresses a in turn are com
at M i i
posed of the microstresses 6 1* The stresses acting upon the
ferrite of the carbon steel were experimentally measured for
stegl with 0.22%C in normalized steel and in steel tempered at
680 . The results illustrated in a diagram show the following:
As soon as the fluidity area is found, the structural stresses
Card 1/3 acting upon the ferrite become smaller than the macroscopic Lr
A
67325
On the Nature of the Fluidity Area of Pure Iron SOV11811830i'1522
and Carbon Steels
stresses, and this difference is conserved up to very high
degrees of plastic deformation. When considering the disper
sion A cr at ,Adi, the sample exhibits regions in which the
stress almost vanishes, in addition to the ferrite regions in
which the stress is somewhat larger than a m. For the direct
determination of the "structural stresses" 0acting upon cementit
the authors used U8 steel annealed at 760 . On a sample
stretched by 1W,6 it was possible to determine the average
structural stresaes a at of the ferrite and cementite. Immed
iately after the passage through the fluidity area, underloading
of the ferrite begins with a considerable overload of the
cementite, which fact sharply contradicts the Koster hypothesis.
Apart from cementite apparently also the grain boundaries and
the mosaic blocks play an important part by taking up part of
the overload. In a metal containing either no impurities or
which is subject to such conditions as prevent the formation
of "atmospheres" around the dislocations, the curves of
Card 2/3 average structural stresses correspond to the macroscopic
67325
On the Nature of the Fluidity Area of Pure Iron SOV/1811830/32
and Carbon Steels
deformation curve. The Xray curves of deformation are smooth.
If there are "atmospheres", the macroscopic curve of deforma
tion is a straight line in the initial stage of the process,
and the structural stresses are not necessarily equal to the
macroscopic stresses. The plastic deformation leads to a
skeleton fracture. This, however, is no obstacle for the
particles scattered into the material of the boundarynear
regions in the way of taking up also the structural overload
stresses, and to compensate in this manner for the underload
of the weak Aregione of the matrix. A direct experimental
hypothesis thus contradicts the Koster hypothesis where it
holds that the cementite skeleton in the fluidity area of
steel is unloaded. There are 3 figures, 3 tables, and 4
references, 3 of which is Soviet.
ASSOCIATION: Leningradskiy politekhnicheskiy institut (Leningrad Polytechnic
Institute)
SUBMITTED: April 4, 1959
Card 3/3
BAKRVALOV. I.. direktor, STVANOV, V., saveduyushchty partkabinetom; Z=IH, Ss
frezerovshchikrastoohnik; KSWOXRAT0V, V, inzhener; KOZHEVNLKOVA, H.,
nachallnik tokarnootdelochnogo otdelonlya, laureat StatTffftdrjW*~
ULITANOV, M., predsedatell tsekhkoma sborochnogo tsekha; HAUMOV, A..
brigadir komoomollskomolodezhnoy brigady; DUDKIN, I., dotsent, direktor;
ZHUROV, P., tokar.
[In a progressive plant; accounts of workers and technical engineering
workers of the Moscow Order of the Red Banner of Labor Second State Bearing
Plant] Na peredovom zavode; rasekazy rabochikh i inzhenernotekhnicheskikh
rabotnikov Moskovskogo ordens. Trudovogo Krasnogo Znameni 2go Gonudarstven
nogo podsh1pnikovogo savoda. [Moskva] Prof izdat, 1952. 94 p. (KTRA 6:5)
1. Mookoviskiy ordene Trudovogo Krasnogo Znameni vtoroy Gosudaretvennyy pod
shionikovyy zavod. 2. Veahernly maehinostroitellnyy inatitut (for Dudk1n).
(Efficiency, Industrial)
KOZHEVNIKOVA..M.I.
Fungus diseases and their prevention. Fel'daher & akush., Moskya no.10;
1319 Oct 1952. (GLKL 23:2)
I
KOSIMNIKOVA, M. I. It
, w ~ ..
, ~ "" *.... ~'  '. ~
I . 'p 
(Fungous diseases and their control] Gribkovya zabolnvanlia i bor'ba
a nimi. Moskva, Medgiz, 1954. 29 p. (XLRA 9:4)
(MOICAL KTCOIWY)
KOZfUIVNIKOVAO M.I. (Moskva)
Means of liquidating fungom diseases in villages. Sov.zdrav. 15
no.2:3437 MrAp 156. (MLRA 9:7)
(FUNGUS DISUSIS, prey. and control
in villages in Russia)
KOZHEVNIKOVA, M.I.
Epidemiology of favuB and the possibility of its liquidation In
the Moscow Province; results of a 33year observation period*
Test.derm.i. ven. 34 no,8t3239 160, (MIM 13911)
1. Iz Fbskovs~ogo oblastnogo mikologicheskogo kabineta,
(MOSCOW PROVINCEFAVUS)
KOZIMBIKOVAp M.I.
Oboervations on the clinical picture of embined dermatomycoses
and the treatment of favuse Vest,dem.i von. [351 to.2:2530 F
161s (KERA 14:3)
1. Iz Moskovskogo oblastnogo mikologicheskogo kabineta.
(DMMTCt4YCOSIS)
KOZHEVNIKOVA, M*X. (Leningrad); NOVGZHIWV, V.V. (Leningrad)
Approximate theor7 of the hindered torsion of closed thinwalled
rods accounting for distortions in the cross sections. Izv.AN
SSSR.Otd.tekhn.nmik. no.9:7283 S 156. (MLRA 99)
(Elastic rods and wires) (Torsion)
FROLIKOVA) Ye,Ya.; KOZHEVNIKOVA, M.S.
Supports of upstream slopes of earth dams of water ru.t!rloirn
in Contral Asia. Vop. g1dr. no. 12:6879 163. (MIIL~
KOZIIEVNIKOVA, M.,S.
Fullscale studies of gravel and sand trar)3. gidr. nc. 12'.
1
112118 !63. U41RA 17.5)
KOZHEVNIKOVA. Nariya Vladimirovna; SHISHKIIIA, A.G., red.
(Analysis of economic activities on collective farias)Analiz
khoziaistvannoi doiatelinosti kolkhozov. Pod red. A.G.
SHishkina, Saratov, 1960. 165 P (MIRA 15:10)
(Collective faras)
FOZHEMIKOVA, NI.V.
"An Analysis of the Economic Activity of the Kolkhozes";
dissertation for the degree of Candidate of Econ3mic Sciences
(awarded by the Timiryatev Agricultural Acadmy, 1962)
(Izvustlya Timiryazevakoy Sellskokhozvaystwinnoy Akadetaii, Moscow, No. 2.
1963) PTY 232236)
C;~ J"AX" ORY
H L
No,% (jc)%,r ell L t i v a t i o 1)
J`.3'3. JOUR. f RZBiol. 195r~, NO. 1~;?9
AIMHOR Kozhevnikova, N.D.
MIST .
~,,,,vtzlill Fa.~Ls ()TI rite Vi J HJ
Po a 3 h rib" i 11 55 Wc)z IT) woo,:; i~.r i 1, c 1)1. 0 T ~,S Y ic
ORIOr. PUB. : AN KirgYifz, 1951~, VVp. 111916.1
A 8~3TRACT :liasf,fl oil _tudies of' thc of ve~,etation
inf`1:1f1n1CC
clumli~,c, under the
of' pa:iture, a
lwlthoki of ucologievit serie4i hms
bilen advimcacl. Pe.,iii1t.in< Cy,)ja ar, analysis
~)(' u,io occj.Lo,.,,,jv,tj ilciivs, ir, tiv (try
vege
ta,L;runz~ of th4?~ indivi(tual. of the
Pk A t u ? at r e a S~iidiptl eui i the i Ti ( 4e. ri 3 i C v o
ri vJ n hiivci lit'; ~rcntiatc.,d izit(*$ 9ix
~ % :~ (. "' 171'j ~ 11 r Li C 't t J~ 4  1 A 0 L !~ , r i p I J oll i 's
cN s on L v (I o f thp~ Le t i, on ) F f. m s e s t.1 g e 8
,
n no
.. Hie cmv.~eq of the subsequenL piocesses
C A itD 1/2
KOZHEVNIKOVA, N.D.
Vegetation cover of the SaryChat River basin (central Tien
Shan) and the main features of its distribution. Izv. AN
Kir. SSR. Ser. est. i tekh. nauk 2 no.10:7389 160.
(MIRA 17:3)
BLAGOOBRAZOV, V.A., BORDAREV9 L.G.; KOZHEVNIKOVA. N.D.; POGODINA, G.S.;
TOKOBAYET, M.M.; CHUNICHEVA, G.D.; SHCHERBAKOV, M.P.; ZABIpOV,
R,D.~ kand.,geogr. nauky red.; BLAGOOBRAZOV, V.A., rod.;
SKRIPKINA, Z.I., red.izdva; ANOKHINA, M.G.9 tekhn. red.
IThe Naryn River basin; phyaicogeographical features] Bassein reki
Na.ryn;fizikogeograficheBkaia kharakteristika. Fm=e, 1960. 288 p.
(14IRA 14:6)
1. Akademiya nauk KiTgtzokoy SSRi FrEmze. Otdel geografii.
(Naryn ValleyPhysical geography)
KOZHEVITIKOVA , IT,D.
Influecne of grazing on the aerial and undergro=id parts of
vegetation in the arid African milletgrassArtenLisia type
steppe in the IssykKull Depression. Izv. All Kir. $SR. Ser. est.
i teldi. nauk 3 no5:99134 161. (MIRA 15:9)
(IssykKul, regionPastures and meadows)
('.i,JiA 17: 10;
KOZH'FVNIKGVA, N,P, (Sverdlovsk, u1. Malysheva, d.68, Icv.26
Methods and results of mitral commisurotomies. Grud. khir.
6 no.1;611 JaF '64. (MIRA 18:11)
1. Submitted May 15, 1963.
SMIRNOVA, I.Se, kand. tekhn. nauk; TYUTYUNNIKOVA, V.A., kand.
sel'skokhoz. nauk; KOMMKOVA, N.F., inzh.; BYYOVETS, A.G.,
  .T
'DgtgJIT,' A., agronom
kand, sellskokhoz. ii~f&,
Treating seeds with highvoltage alternating current before
sowing. Mekh~e` i elek. sots. aeIIkI:o,,, .'l n, , 1 ~3336 163*
(1,111Ui 16:7)
1. Vaesoyuznyy nauchnoitialedovatellskiy institut elektri
fikataii sellskogo khozyaystva (for Smirnova, Tyutln=ikorap
Kozhevnikova). 2. Nauchnoissiedovateliskiy institut zemle
deliya tsentralInykh rayonov nechernozemnoy polosy (for Bykovets,
Debelyy).
(Electrioity in agriculture) (Seeds)
KOZHAVNIKOVA, Nina Geor I evna; OXHLYUDOVA, A.S., redaktor; RYBIN, I.V.,
evn'
flt I
IMnich7 W
r e+a '61
[Nutrition of children in the kindergarten; work practice of
kindergarten no. 617 in Moscow] Pitanie detai v detskom sadu:
Iz opyta raboty detakogo sada no.617 g. Mookva7. Moskva, Gos.
uchebnopedagog. izdvo Mintaterstva proaveshcheniia RSFSR,
1955. 197 P. (MLRA 9:9)
(CHILDRENNMITION) (KINDKRGARTJN)
D/JG
L 1831063 EWP(q)/EWT(m)/BDS AFFTC/ASD/ESD:3 RH/,;
ACCMSION M AP3004977 S/0076/63/037/608/iBIB/iM
(o3
AUMORS t Kozhevnikova, 11. 14
Rotinyan, A
AL
TITLEt Electrochemistry, of niobiumo 1, Overvoltage of hydrogen evolution on
niobium.
SOURCE: Zhurnal fiz. khimii, v. 37,.no. 8, 1963, 18181824.
TOPIC TAGSs electrochemistry niobium, hydrogen, slow discharge theory..
ABSTRACTs The effect of surface current, temperature, and acid concentrations
on overvoltage during evolution of hydrogen on niobium was studied. '"he relation
between the de of electrode saturation and amount of overvoltage is explained.
Hydrogen overvoltagelon niobium is shown to diminish and the p,xareter of the
crystal lattice increase as the metal Is saturated with hy(hogen. The hydrogen
overvoltage assumes a steady value after formaticn of the Betaphase with lattice
parameters a  344345 M. This is attained by long term cathodic polarization.
The dependence of the overvoltage upon 19 ik and upon the pH of' the solution is
in conformity with the slow discharge theory. The temperature coefficient of
hydrogen overvoltage at moderate current densities is 115 mv/qegree. The
Card