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LAVROV, N.N.; SHVETSOV, I.M. Hemodynamic changes in the internal mama y artery-during electrical stim~.Utlofi of the parasternal nerve. Grud. R'hir. 3 no.2:50-53 161. (Min 14:4) (CEST-BLOOD SUPPLY) (CHEM-INNERVATION) 1AVROV9 N.N.j. prof., red. Naterials of the conference of young scientists of the * '- K:Lrghiz State Medical Institute] Sbornik materialov konferentsii molodykh uchenykh KC24I. Frunze. No.2. 1963. 72 p. (MIRA 17:10) 1. Frunze. Kirgizskiy gosudarstvennyy maditsinskiy insti- tut. ZeLveduyushchiy kafedroy normallnoy anatomii Kirgizskogo gasudarstvennogo meditsinskogo instituta. ,,,, LAVROV, N.N. Work organization for a young scientist. Trud7 YirgNOAG7- no.2-107- -li9 165. (MIPA 18-11) 1. Tz kafpdry normallnoy anatomii (zav. - prof. N.N.Lavrov) Kirgizskogo gosudarstvannogo meditsinakogo instituta. ~2yi _j KRAVCHUK, Hadezhda Vasil'-yevna; 1~~V ~Nijo lay ~1~'91~y j~h MAMENSFUT, prof., red. (central nervous system; methodological textbook for conduct- int practical work] TSentrallnaia nervnaia sistema; metodi- cheskoe posobie k provedeniiu prakticheskikh zaniatii. Frunze, Kirgizskii gos. med. in-t, 1961. 66 p. (MIRA 18:8) KONSHIN, M.D,,,-pr-of. doktor tekhn.nauk; .. LOBANOV, A.N.'-,., prof. doktor tekhn. nauk; IAVROV, N qF., dotsent, kand.tekhne .nauk Ninth International Photpgrammettic,Gongress &nd the develo ment of photogrammetry abroad. Izv.'vys. ucheb. zav.; geod. i aerof. i no.-635,3-68 1.60.. (MIRA 14:5) (Aqrial p~otogr'~xmetry-Qqn esses) 9r KONSHIN, M.D.9, doktor tekbn.nauk; LOBANOV A.B. doktor tekbn.nauk; IAVROVv N.Pdt., kand.tokhn.nELuk Ninth Inter4ational Photdgramwtric Composo, Geod. i kart. 32:3-IO'D 160.. (MMA 14: 1) (Photogrammetry-oongmase,s) LAVROV,, N.P. Thirteenth general assembley of the International Geodesic and Geophysical Association and the prificipal*scientific problems in modern geodesy. Geod. i kart. no.12:3-2-1 D 163. (KMA 17:1) LAVRQV.A.__P_,_Ibscow "The-perspective of the automation of the techniques of compilation aad prepara- tion reproduction of the geographic and topographic maps." report scheduled to be-presented at the 20th Intl Geographical Cong, 6 Jul- 1I.Aug 64~ London. 11provie"'i of the Calculation Foreca:JI-irC of Runoff From 3!~lall Basin-," Zoteorol. i 3idrolot!~ya, 110 1954, pp Assumin.,e a uniform fall of precipitation- and unifonril sno,,; th.,,u ,,dthin the water sh~~d and nroceedinr fro:I7 the fact that the soakiric of theyater into the soil depends slope, the anthor proposes the following formula y = x[-6 f(s) ds - 0 sf(s) ds, where y is runoff, x is procipitation, laz~ar, s is loss layer. Hc! obtains expres,ions for t';'10 function f (s), 'U'lle quantit:; Y, and also the coeff icient of water t ransmis ~:icm eta = x is 'he effective area of 'he basiin, and w is the entire zirca of -im bz.s4n' (i-Mere w L, I I -.-,) L's functions of the- m,:i;tbilum magnitude of the 1o_---S (So) and a nwr~bor of t I it characUerize the relief. The author no __ 4.he -liffiCUlti.~S in t'~jo ~j~),-)JiC__tioyl te of J~iS formulas to practice, rarticularly in cormection urith the e-stablislimnent of value of so. He points oui positive results of the computation of rain flood!Z for mr-untain .rivers accordin.r-- to 6ata on year]~,, preciDitation anr-', runoff. In conclusion he 5p-er~ks -ice, al:out 'he 326---ss.1- for 'he purpose of i..,, rcviriS the method, of coT ntratin.- atten -~n 11 1 t, 11 L .., U 'I- - on. the -i.-Orkinlf out of methods for 'U:-c determAnation of loss so. (RZIGeol, `;o 5, IC1,55) SG: Sum-'.'Ilo. 713,01 110v 55 LAVROV, N.P. Data on the feeding 40-32 133. (Kamchatka-Sables) (Sable s-Xamchatka) habits of the Kamchatka sable. Trudy VIIIO no.13: MRA 7:5) 00V _ - -Pub. IS& I~Vrov,:: N. - pDr..Of B Ac ad mati.zi()n of 'Indu strial in them USSR -43 Brlioda 3 55-7-63,, Mar, 1,954 Datg'. -pres6nted th6 _b3imatization bf fo st arei on a c re and prairie fur . producl animals (imskrats beavers! lox etc. mg )~in the USSR. Chart show- the aWndance of muskrats and racoons in: the USSR is:included. Ill tratims. lustitutioxi 1 :-.1 'AU Union Scientific Rea- h -titute-of ting bid t : earc Ins H= us . r5V LAVROT,N.P. Dynamics of the distribution and of the commercial significance of the muskrat in the U.S.S.R. Zool.zhur. 34 no.2:441-453 l(r-Ap 155. (MLRA 8:6) 1. VoesoyuzrWy nauchno-isaledovatellskiy institut okhotnichlyego promysla Ministerstva zagotovok SSSR. (I-hwkrat s) IAVROV, Nikolay Petrovich. prof.. doktor biol.nauk; YCRXOZOV, A.N.. prof .. -- `- 9 - otvetstvennyy red.; MSINA. LYA., red.; TWIMOV, A.V~, [Acclimatization of the muskrat in the U.S.S.R.] Akklimatizataiia ondatry v SSSR. Moskva, Izd-vo TSentrosoiuza, 1957. 529 p. (Huskrats) (MIRA 11:5) LkV~DV,N.P., prof., red.; BILHIM , L.S., red.; TROFIMDV, A., [Manual on resettling fur-bearing animals] Rukoyodstvo po rasse- lenitu pushnftch 2Verei. Moskva, Izd-vo Tsentrosoiuza, 1958. 141 p. (141BA 1.1:12) (Fur-bearing animals) LAVROV. Hikol&jkjzaYIch- NAUMOV, Bergey Pavlovich; KOLOSOV, A.M., prof., red.; BnBNKO, L.S.,-red.izd-va; FOMICH97, P.M., [Biology of game animals and birds in the U.S.S.R.] Biologiia promyolovykh zverel i ptits ItSSR. Pod obahchei red. A.M.Kolosova. Mpskva, I2d-vo TSentrosoiuza, 1960. 236 p. (min 14:2) (Game and game birds) DMILOVI Dmitriy Nikitich;,LAYRQY-,, &P., prof., doktor biolog.nouk. red,; BIWKO, L,B., red*i%d-"-;'FOHIcIMV, P.M., E#anting grounds of the U.S.S.R.; commercial evaluation and gameland management] Okhotnich'i ugodlis SSSR; promyolovois otsenka i ustroistvo ugodii. Monkva, Izd-vo TSentrosoiuze, ig6o. 283 p. (HM 13:11) (Gam and pme birds) 'I red.; XOIWOVp A.M.; U-094-L-Pq NAumOvp S.P.; DUKALI SKATAp W.M'~ ROZAFNAP 0.1.9 red. iza-va; MUHAMVAp V,A,p takbn, r9d, ~[Biology of comme rcial aw-sual .:in Us U,S.S.Ro Biologiia vro- nyalovykh zvorei WSR*-Nmikvap Goo. iz4-vo 'Vysohaia, Shkola,,m 1961. 379 (MM 14:6) (Game and game birds) KOLOSOV, Aleksey Mikhaylovich, prof ~ay etrovIcho P ~P prof.; NAUMOVs Sergey Pavlovich, prof.; PETRMUYA'.L.P., red. [Biology of commercial animals of the U,~.S.R.] Biologlia promyslovykh zverei SSSR. Perer. i znachitellno dop. izd. Moskva, Vysshaia shkola, 1965. 508 p. (MIRA 18:6) YEGOROV, O.V.., khirurg; LAVROV, N.P., khirurg; KUDELYA, M.I.; KUVAYEVA, A.G.; LEVINP S.V.; ORL6VSKIY,, V.F.; KUGHERENKO, G.S.; RUDMO, G.D., kand. ff'_By~'G, T med.nauk; SIINADSKIY, N.Ye.,; S;IVA:' .L., ka=:. med.nauk; MISNIK, I.L.; BAZILEVSKAYA, Z.V... prof.; ERNST~ V.P. Discussions. Vop. travm. i ortop. no.13.,127-148 163. (NIRA 18:2) 1. Glavnyy travmatolog Primorskogo kraya (for Kudelya). 2. Zaveduyushchiy punktom zdravookhraneniya Makarovskogo bumazhnogo kombinata (for Kuvayeva). 3. Glavnyy vrach Korsakovskoy bollaitsy (for Levin). 4. Zaveduyushchiy travmatologicheskim otdeleniyem bollnitsy Vladivostoka (for Orlovskiy). 5. Zaveduyushchiy travmatologicheskim otdeleniyem bollnitsy, Ussuriysk (for Kucherenko). 6. Leningradskiy nauchno- iseledovatellskiy,institut travmatologii i ortopedii (for Rudenko). 7. Irkutskiy gosudarstvennyy nauchno-iss'-iovatel'skiy institut travmatologii i ortopedii (for S:Lnadaki-.t,~ Shvartsberg, Bazilevskaya). 8. Glavnyy khirurg Sakhalir-koy oblasti (for Misnik). 9. Zaveduyush- chiy Sakhalinskim otdelom zdravookhraneniya Ministerstva zdravookh- raneniya RSFSR (for Ernst). Ole O's 0 0 a 0, 6 #_&-m_ _J1_J. -A A 0141 I j et A so *& if 10.0 00 3- 9 g % 0 Al e 0 0 0 00 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 V ifU is IS 16 It 0 a , , a 1 -1, - 0 1 1 a 'I V I a I. a 41 a a A- UnderVound gulfleation of coal In the Memosr refflon. N. V. lAvrov, 1. L. l,arlwrov and R. N. Ilitin. Vrilmik JAIX.4rer"Trkh. 1939, No. 10, 41; 4.-A method is de- wri Jorlhe und"Vound gasification of mal delKnits The coals have a higher activity and ig. 'i"RIMAlity than anthracite roah. Upon being beuted (fit cook do not pass through she plastic state but their po- rosity increases sharply. When gasirwasim is conducted tm-low the fusion point of The "h the latter ftirms a hiRbly JXWWS $fcUCtUfC Which retaiftS appfol. (he Original I(XII) of the coal. H. Z. Komich AtJ1. LA 14TALLMXAL LITIRATLOR CLASSOKAJODO S411040 IF amy Got ""l1 (k1t CRT U. 9 AV go I*, to, W11 got a, IK U 89 Is Z* n- _T U An 9 to 0 a IF -I x a, 9 a a ;i a T 000.0 0 4, 0 0 0 d44 0 61001900 a 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 * & a 0 0 0 0 0 go -00 00 .400 .09 see Z99 age, 000 *60 age cgs s** ! '00 ,06 09 lag Mimi 0: 0 3 00 j I-Ckk. 3%0 11,mial gmd imilurmad 9"ific4tkm at "-CS MI loor temps. vp Z- Kamk lot -.~TbLLUMSKAL LITERATURE CLASSW)CATON NNW tlwv IVOF $oval, $Sao" Nit Q"V ast ad Q-T 194 u 14 1 a At it of It zi 1"t C'( na ; 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 00 'o Vo 00 10 000 0 e 0 0 0 0 0 0 * 0 0 0 & 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 'o 'o 0 :01 w -0 wo, 9-4-6 0; 0 0 - W O 0 0~~V v 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 . If" is 0 It so a b b a $I At ja J4 X is V As V t -It j q I t - -- _ 0# of w MONOW IfFuu. " - v ll B b F 1 L t r **:a'- -, : " I a . . &r i so . . N. itin and . 11-18; No. 4 Oasse iti. Urk. 1940 !U ~'Arw S S . . . ,. cf. C. A. 34. 14016. 70W.-IAb. elpts. were made With V~ to at ich ith 0 (u i d i h r enr W e t s p heated sk and w oll the coal of 9JU m t d A e acc t ss = p. several temps. " god thembre- 10(9)1 As Poroiss ash 6 formed. AtIRM-12W 004 but Is cmWerably harder and preserms the IMI-1400 . a denser ath 11 A l h f t . e coa t oiSinA shape o I this ash tivnibles for- formed with loosituditial cracks. ' a fused formic-" resistant, buracd clay. At above 16W ash is obtalmd. Vo'heu the gas passaSt was fitied with rovatitiAt Of im i it d l h d b e bm sts , an a P sand after the coa the twificat;OU rved; the temp. Of the o h'c Z " ased. the coucts. of 0 In h w the F"Vitiga Surface SAS decreased sharply Anti that of the C oxides increased. Tbe coal besins to isnite *P-tsm-slY Do heatiAS t0 140-50'. W. R. licun Dom sl~sexl- a $I a 43 a pow it 100 .00 -60 .00 .00 goo go 2 goo r0& at* tj*o WOO ----- -- u3sial CW9 0" its I F I j # its 0 0 IS I w u it K a Or It X t ?9 it of so a 3 a V 000 0 'a a 0 0 0 ale 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Ills D'a of 0.0060 699699 0000000 At fail 4 k __A1 PAIK111119"W Offs ins I Tboit4ectoo-ibe, 'troolk-s- a-fallypis and door sortes. 0* pooraturil of the mut"im"ce"the exibdow v*Wty of carbas. i- 1-00 Bull. mrad. j,o, 1'. sei. OW01 nV Ar I,-The osidIstion of C was itivV211. 00 guird at temps. from Into to ww% the pinc"s is suit 008 Up WOW the y1c),kc-4 the rear. .00 lib"I 41'1 Itoxi-Jettend III% the hythodynionwir% 4 tile rmMki. -:41 so$ he learik"I C + (4 up its a 111% nwocll. 44 44 is k-of the 1.1 pAI'l andrital'se. ifItU the NeVO Old0f With InVICAW ot &141on4ell. of (h; The activation cmixy is approx. 2h,M) ,,I. Up In the Comfinstion temp. of C the tractioct 800 sea IWI wren C and 01 pin"vdo nnifurnilly. With high nviwns~ Of Oto at trnII-. (Of the covolon-tiom 49 cold a shall' Ith-wase .00 W liar YrNority of the tractiola I- olwTvni. Above Mon Mo, threquiltill.thm %chnity dqwuds im ihe linesivelk-Ur 9300 01 tile gut rionclit. The forchanisno of the ot,14holion poor. goo *0 w&% drid. at temp%. above AW. The simplest rqua- too lion of lite o%idation tructlooll of C is 4C + 30~ - 2C0 + 2COt,. I;rkvw Alto' the ratio C";CO i% giesties than 1. With a true velocity of the gascutirrit u( r - 41.4 no.jvv. coo at OW, The Usidat ion traction takes place W, little* fa%l er than lite dectitupti. of C(h. At 111111* six] r - 4 1.5 in.1 ~90 &Sol sm. the ratio between the Ist and teaction i% 800 Six references. W. R. Henn goo woo It 4' ties sle" woo 0485 .44P OkV 606 OftV 11 q T I I a rM 0 0 a 1 lot 111 1 a a :1 2 v a., A, -so Ali,; ;V 1; ir P_ At I ; a, I A 10`14 - a a 04 0 0 a 0 0 0 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 a :19 * 0 -0 0 00 see 0 0 0000 99~000900 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 so 0 a G'o " 9 4 60 of 61009089696660600 * 0 o o 0 1j--# SA-VA 000 7000000 0 0*0 00 0 0 0 0 9 0 0069660000000 03.1 lasso in vX-111J1,11411 14 lilt 101vivil IiJA 25 it It A n A~ 11 tz 11 14 111 16 if If 4,, it L. it 44 0 L: 0 ,A 11-C-1 it ISO The Oed of webt vapw in dip ORYPO Small of ifas sell - erstm, N,-V-"vmy- Comps. rtrvd. dcad, ui., v. S. 30.40 Willerriw w itimlith.11 t-, Oic wit -144~1 in Inctmite tile hiralinx 1'. J)rr%vnt sks foriumilkla. By the "Ill. of an opinsm"t &list. of list to the air-bbist an intensive fire j!rmc it oh. .04 c tanwit. Ali rivir,tsid 11,0 irmli; fit vidw the 0 vivo", atwtvi. 9 go 00 00 00',3 04D 490 00 I: e0-'. '-t - - 11 - . . I ctallificallok .41P 0. at. 7 ~1 J1k F -W-ZA An a IS a AV 0 to 01 Or of It or IT K F9 n It of Ito 01 14 4, 0 j 0 00 0 ~ 0 0 0 0 eiv 0 0 0 a 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 00,000 00 00 SO 0 0 00 of 0 0 0 0 co go 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 A P_WW W-W-WWWO we 4 0-0 0 #4 #4 00 1 W go The pervolaiiam, matiolod of untlowgrosoxiol Casificatlao of A. It. Clormystocy ~-m4javm, and 1. L. Var- 00A hrrov. Boll. "ad. Sri. O.S.S., Most 36. lab. I"6. I ii, i rr~ 1109-74(ill Russign).--Owing to the horizolital plPsition of be coW strata of the Moscow region, the free ita-3fication , channels becom rapidly obstructed. hipts. okhowed 'so that. as a result of the obstruction. the M content of the 00 eon its. produced drops. that of CO rise%. Furthre gmifica. I- I a tion proceeds by percolation through the obstructittot 1113m; 00 00, at the same thne neighboring coal strata becoute thmnally 00 00 pretreatail for gasification. In the preliminary stUr of formation of percolation channels. the heating Yalu- of the 00 gas produced rises, its pressure drops and the content in 00 it nd M fall off rapidly while Ill and CO incrraw. In 00 a the subsequent steady state, pressure and cornim. of the gas beconle coust., ~g_ (in vol. %) COj JC~14. CO f1-10. 2 fit 17-20, CIL 1. No 50-53, 11,S 2. heating value M),- - 1(M cal./cu. M. Evidently, there is sonle conversion ti- CO into CO, and Us by the H.0 vapor In the coldcr re- -00 gion% of the stratum; hence the soinewhat low hrating -so value of the gas as compared with the 1400 cal./cu. no. 00 in above-Smod producers with the saine coal. A chat- loo ALA_: acteristic, feature of the process is the absence of pitch which Is so"bed to partial combustion, cracking, and adimption of, volatile products; this again results Ili 0 lowered heating value of the gas obtalmd. Improvement 9*0 is expected from higher intensification of blowing, the rria.- :f tive beat losses being roughly InverAy proportional to i~eo the square root of the intensity of go-ification: higher lie 0 tell1p. along the percolation channels should result in ill- t cromfication'of the reduction reactions, Fzpti. data on the degree of couspletrivis (it the lissikation are not yet Us 0 avallabit. A drawback of the~.^xvss to partial Waka4e of 40 the produced gas; this to cxj:cW to be countriscied by a u. -;a, A U*o suitable gmupinS of the c rinth fur incontiv air and so I Ili, In AV 10 It Thon Jgwo An i s a n, a it or -1 or m 9 0: 00000 Go* *too a a* a*-** 06:11 UBSR/Fuel - Gaged Jan 52 i "Concerning Classification of Combustible Gates," X. B. Ravich, N. V. Lavrov, "Iz -Ak Nauk SSSR, Otdel Telch Nauk" No 1, pp 72-80 Disputes expediency of existing classification of gas-; eOUS fuels by their heat values and method 6f produc- tion and'suggests new classification of gase's accord- Ing to,their combustion te, 5 groups, and by ~their technological utilizatiow7iatter classification~id Used on ant of potential hydrogen in gas, i.e., Per-. cez~age of hydrogen yielded by given gas in process. ing 'In -this respect a13 gases are divided into 4 219T41 groups ranging from 500 to 50% potential H content by:mol vol referred to the original. Submitted by Acad A. V. Vinter 6-14kr 51. 47 hO-X;L_-j-,L7qj nV R ZILIBMINITS, Lev Mikhaylovicb, kandidat tekhnicbeskikh nauk; LAVRDV, N.V., doktor tekbnichookikh nat, , redaktor; ISLAMNA, T.Y.7,`- *PgSitor; WTRrMA, R.T., tekhaichoskiv redaktor [Fuel gases and their use In the national econocv) Gorlucbie gazy ijkh iipollzovanle v narodnom Moziaistva. Moskva, Izd-vo *Znanie." 1955. 38 p.(Vaesoiuznoe obahchestvo po raoprostrananiiu politicbeskikh I nauchnykh manti. Ser.4, no.32) (MLRA 8:10) (Gas as fuel) CHKWSMW, AncIrey Borisavich-.,Z&M., N.F., doktar ts~nlcbeskikh nauki otvetstvannyy redaktor; FARBEROY.M.., doktor tekhnicbeskikh nauk, redaktor; SHISHAO7, N.Y., doktor tekhnicheofcikh nank, redaktor; ALITSWUR, V.S.. doktor tekhnicheskikh nauk, redaktor; IVAN07. V.M., kandidat tekhnicheskikh nauk, redaktor; PITIN. R.N., kandidat tekbnicheskikb nauk, redaktor; KLIMOV,V.A., redaktor izdatel'stva; SOMOROV, B.A., tekhnicheskiy redaktor' [Selected works] lzbraanye trudy. Moskva, Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, 1956. 368 p. (MLRA 9:8) It Ghlen-korreeponieAt All SSSR (for Cherayshav) (Coal gasification) LAYROV Xolay Y igro *I , doktor tekhnicheskikh nank, professor; PJL- it'" 'M teiffinicheskikh nauk, redaktor-, LANOVSKATA, M.R., reda;;or isdatelfetva; M119AY10TA. Y.T., tekhuicheakly redaktor. [Physical and chemical principles of the combustion and gasification of fuel] Fisiko-khimicheskie o9novy gorentia i gazifikateii topliva. Moskva, Goo.nauohno-tekhn.izd-vo lit-ry po chernoi i tavetnoi metal- lurgil, 1957. 288 P. (MIRA 10:11) (Thermochemistry) (Combustion) k f e_v SOV/112-58-1-155 Translation from: , Referativnyy zhurnal, Elektrotekhnika, 19 58, Nr 1, p 18 (USSR) AUTHOR- TITLE: Commercial Classification of Gas Fuels (Promyzhlennaya klaBBifikatsiya gazoobraznogo topliva) PERIODICAL: V s-b.: Gazifik. tverdogo topliva, Moscow, GOBtoptekhizdat. , 1957, pp 227-229 ABSTRACT: Bibliographic entry. AVAILABLE: Library of Congress 1. Gases 2. Fuels--Classification Card III 1AVROV, N.V.. doktor tekhnicheakikh nauk, -professor. Certain parameters having an effect on the capacity of gas-producer plants. Podzem.gas.ugl. no.l.-29-31 157. (PIRA 10:7) 1. Institut goryuchikh Iskopayeafth Akademli nauk SSSR. (Coal gasification, Underground) (Industrial capacity) LAVROV# )I.V. cloktor tekhnicheskikh nauk, professor. 4 "j.L wwvlL Prospeettj for utilizing the ph7sical beat of &--gas Droduced during undergroune. copl gntifleation. Podzem.gaz.ugl. no.2:89-90 157. NMA 10: 7) 1. Institut goryuchil-h inkoDayerWMi Akademii nauk SSSR. (COPI gasification, Underground) (waste heat) MOLOV, N.V., do)-tor tekbn1cheskikh nauk, professor. "Underground gasification gas combustion in burners with preltrl"-.7 mi7irg" by V.A. Spelsher, V.I. Andreev, Reviewed b7 N.V. lavrov. no.2:115-116 157. (MM 10:7) (Coal gasifica~ion.'Underaroimd) (Burners) (S-Deisher, V.A.)\ (Andreev, Y.I.) Lk L.,.-TRIFONOVA, KOVO ts'ing-m-edsie to investigate the effect of various factors on the outline and rate of_displacement of the combustion center. Trudy IGI 7:3.-32.'57. .. -- - - ,... (MLRA 10.,6) (Coal gasification, Underground) (Geological modeling) IUKMTSKIY* V.V. [deceasedl,'dok-tori tekhn. naukg .propodavatell; SOKUM, Ye,Y.a,~,' clok-tor tekhn. nauk, propodavatell; IONN.'P.D., 6ktor tekbn namk, propoaavatell-,'GIMMIYARB, X,L.. kand. tokhn. nauk, prepq;a;;;oll;'IAVRM Y.,--dokto'r tokhn.' mauk, prepodwstell, IVANT&Wq. .~IIIVF telkdhn.' nauk,.propodavateil;'GOLaBKOV, BeN., kana, telchn, nau)4 prepodavatell; MUMSTMp A.Neq kafide' teMX naut, propodavatell; NXITIN. S.P., kando tekhu~ nank, prp -;ateiq CHISTYAKOV9 S.7.0 kand. tekhn. muk., prepoda,!atell; DUDNIIIDV, Ye,*G.#., dokbor tekhne prepodavatell; EAMSTOV, A.K.,'kand. tekhn. nauk- propodavatell; VMBA, M.I., kan4. tokbu. naiik, prepodava~vell; iWAIMOV, SeGe. prof a.. re'd.; WAN, Ya.A~, dote., red,;' AMINSHM, reP., tekhn. red.; LAR310NOVO GeTe'. tekhn I. I.,. red*; VORONIN 0 . red, [Heat engineering handbook] Teplotekhnicheskii spravochnik. Xoskva, Goo. energs' izd-vo. Vol.2. 1958. -672 p*' (MIRA 11:10) (Heat engineering). LAVROV, N.V., doktor telhn.nFiuk Meebanism of reactions occurring in an underground &-a nroducer; working bynotbesis. Podzem.gnz.ugl. no.1:10-12 158. (MMA 11:4) 1. Institut goryuchikh iskoppye--qkh im. G.M. KrzhizhAnovskogo All SSSR. (Coal gasification, Underground) LAVROV, F.V.,doktor teIhn.nquk;TRIFONOVA, K.B..kpnd.tekhn.neuk Use of nDproximpte chemical models to study the drifitng of conbustion centers. Podzem.gaz.ugl. n0-1:18-23 '58. (MIRA 11:4) 1. Institut goryuchikh iskopayemyl-h im. G.M. Krzhizhanovskogo AN BSSR. (Engineering models) (Combustion, Theory of) 4 ,q ~-, /Z-~ 6-, IAVROV, N.V*; GREBENSHCHIKOVA. G.V. Effect of the conversion of carbon monoxide on the gasification of coal with steam. Gaz. prom. no.1:20-25 Ja 158. (MIRA 11.12) (Coal gasification) (Carbon monoxide) LAVROV, N.V., doktor tekhn. nank.; TA~FONOVA, K.B.,Imnd. tekhn. nauk of controlling the. conyersion reaction of carbon oxide by' steam in producing industrial gas in an underground a producer* Podzeme gaze ugl. no. 2:35-38 156. MA 11:7) 1. Institut goryuchikh iskopayemyk~ im. G.H. Krzhizhanovskogo All SSSR. (Coal gasification, Underground) (Chemical reactions)- --LAVRDV. N.V., doktor takhn. nauk, prof.; MARTMVA, V..H. Determining the chemical efficiency of underground gas producers. Podzem. oz. ugl. no.4:5-7 158. (MIRA 32:12) 1.1natitut goryuchikh iskopayeuVkh im. G.M. Krzhizhauovskoge AN SSSR. (Coul gasification, Undergrouni) (Hs,~t capacity) sov/30-58-6--7/45 AUTHORS: Lavrov N * V -,-,Doctor of Technical Sciences, 'I _-Fir--c-~le-n~o,'i. P., Candidate of Technical Sciences TITLE: State and Prospects of the Subterranean Gasification of Coal (Sostoyaniye i perepektivy podzemnoy gazifikatsii ugley) PERIODICAL: Vestnik Akademii nauk SSSR, 1958, Nr 6, PP. 56 - 61 (usn) ABSTRACT: The first tests carried out with the subterranean gasification of coal were carried out in 1933. They showed the possibility of a subterranean gasification without previous crushing of the coal. Two stations were put into operation at the end of 19409 Podmookovnaya (Tula-Region) for brown coal and Lisichanakaya (Donbas) for mineral coal. The heating power of the gas in the 3odmoskovnaya station fluctuates between 8oo to goo kcal/cm , which corresponds to a chemical effi- ciency of 6o to 65 % The daily output attains up to from 1,o to 1,2 million m5. The main task of this station con- sists in a further increase of the technical and economical characteristic factors. The design of the greater station Card 1/4 Shatskaya in the Moscow Basin, the construction of which is SOV/ 30-58-6-7/45 State and Prospects of the Subterranean Gasification of Coal already completed, provides the supply of two gas turbines of 12 000 kW output each, with the gas of the subterranean gasification of coal which permits a special economical utilization of the gaBeS of low thermal power. An industrial station of subterranean gasification of coal is built in Angrena (Uzbekistan SSR) which will-supply gas to the TETs at a distance of 4 kilometers. A brown coal layer of 9.2 m thickness in an average depth bedding of 156 m was selected for the gasification. The station ought to supply 2.5 billion m3 of combustible gas per annumy which corresponds to * 000 tons of Angrena coal. The development of the gasification of mineral coal takes place much more slowly. The station Lisichansk where the geological mining conditions have proved to be very difficult (thin coal layers and high ground water level) was built after the Gorlovka Test Station in the Donets Basin. The supply of power gas provided in the design has not yet been obtained. A blast which is partly enriched with oxygeng but which cannot be considered as economicp is used in the gas production. The main task of the Lisiohansk-Station consists at present in further developing Card 2/4 the gasification proceBeg viza to obtain power gas by means SOV/30-58-6-7/45 State and Prospects of the Subterranean Gasification of Coal of an air compressor and to obtain technological gas by using oxygen and steam# The Podzemgaz Industrial Test Station has been working for approximately 2 years in the K-uzuetsk- -Basin. The coal is embedded in 21 layers of 7 m thickness and has a gas heating power of 1270 kcal/m3 on the average and a chemical efficiency of more than 70 %. A subterranean gasification of coal with previous treatment of the coal layer by the heat of the exhaust gases was successfully carried out by Vniipodzemgaz at the Podmoskovnnya Station. The chemical efficiency and the heating power of both the sur- face- and subterranean gasification of coal is given in Table 1. The investigation carried out by A. F. Ioffep Memberp Academy of Sciencesy USSR9 and by his collaborators in the flid of the use of semi-conductors for a direct trans- formation of the heating energy in--to electrical energy without the use of machineaq which involves brilliant pro spects for the future, are of great interest. The author re-- grets that the Mining Institute has suspended its investi- Card 3/4 gaticna in this field which are neither carried out systematic- SOV/30-58-6-7/45 State and Prospects of the Subterranean Gasification of Coal ally by any other institute. The possibility of a regulation of the' moisture content of the coal layers was shown by the Laboratory of Hydro-Geological Problems imeni F. P. Savarenskiy AS USSR. The development of the control methods for the parameters of the subterranean gasification of coal is de- signated to be in pattioular antiquated. The Geophysical Institute has ceased work in this field. The Institute of Combustible Natural Resources in cooperation with the Vniipodzemgaz (. high-pressure subterranean gas) worked out initial determinstions for the theory for obtaining tech-- nological gas by using a steam-oxygen blastp but this work is carried out much too slowly. The eoozxomic investigations in this field are also oi great interest. The scientific work carried out by the AS USSR in this field must be inten- sified, in which case the Mining Institute should be charged with the supervision. The best experts in this field also should be concentrated there. There is I table. 1. Coal--Processing 2. G.ases--Production 3. Gases--Applications Card 4/4 4. Gases--Economic aspects 05 nPOIJECCA 110AUMItOn rA311*11MAIIIIII Vr-IrA Vln HMMSIST C-Vv" ftr Oluni MA APPIL.4 septIft cc ck=UU7 MA ck"Sw Wbooff t P*L 17 AOM - 801 - tM, I I c, 29" 8*9*"% of row" fabo"I" to bo pwassud at own ~tlcol M-P 30 VA"k Im. /V PHAM I BOOK. EXPWITATION SPV/3731 AkMdemiya nauk SM. Institut gOrYac)dA iskopayeqrkh GeZifikateiya i.goreniye toPliVa (FUel GaSific%tionand Combustion) MOSCOW, Izd-vo AN sms 1959 227 P. (Berleet Its: TraV,, 'Vol 3-1) Errata slip inserted. A.,800 Copies printed. Ed.: Ed* of Pablishing House: Vo N. rOkrcvvskiY; Tach. Ed.: Dorokhina. PURPOSE: This collection Of articles is intended for scientific researchworkers and engineers studying combustiaw prOwases-an&: solid fuel gasification. COVIRAGE: 7his collection concerns the theoretical and experimental study of the mechanism of chemical reactions occurring in combustion and gasification. Results of the isotopic method of studying the gas generating proceSB and its reactions., and the reaction of carbon monoxide and heated coal are analyzed and the pilot plants used in this study are described. Reactions of coal combustion., coal oxidation., methane dissociation and conversion are discussed and their Card 116 Fuel Gasification and Combustion SOV/3T31 equilibrium constants given in tables. 7he processesof netba oxidation by oxygen and synthesis-gas production by ox:Ld:Lz1ng'r*tura1 gas with the sub- sequent reduction of oxidation products by carbon am analyzed as is the ef- fect of an excessive amount of air on the burning process of powdered solid fuel. The utilization of heavy petroleum residue and tar for combustion and gasification purposes is also discussed along with the principles of fluidization. Analysis .,routine control and intensification of physical and chemical proces- ses by means of ultrasonic vibrations are also covered. No personalities are mentioned. References accompany all but the first article. TABIE OF COMM Lavrov., N.V. Grandiose P3- for the Development of the Gas- Industry in the Union 3 Petrenko, I.G. Isotopic Method of Studying Solid Awl Gasification Processes 9 Iavrov N.V. 11 , V.V. Xbrobov, V.I. 7121ppova., and-I. I. Chernenkov. Mieermo- -ayhamics of Gasification Reactions 23 Petrenko, I.G. Isotopic Molecules of Principal Combustion Products and the Gasification of Fuel 30 7 Card 2/6 Fuel Gasification and Combustion SOV/3731 Galuahko IP.X.# and B-V. Yantorovich. Kinetics of the Reaction of Carbon With Carbon, Dioxide'and Steam 39 Chernenkov,, I.I. 7hermodynamic Analysis of Yethane Oxidation Induced by Oxygen With. Subsequent Reduction of Oxidation Products by the Carbon in Fuel 46 Lavrolv~'~. .., I.I. Chernenkov, and V.V. Korobov. Experimental Study of tW Ti6aess of Producing Synthesis Gas by Natural Gas Oxidation Induced by Oxygen With Subsequent Reftation of Oxidation Products by the Carbon in Fuel 56 AlItshuler, V.S., ana.G.A. Shafir. 7bermodynamic Study of the Process of Methan Conversion Achieved Under High Pressure by Steam and Carbon Dioxide 66 v ' and X.B. Trifonova. Study of the Metlume Conversion Reaction Td Mue e ~db ';V~~eam in Conjunction With the Underground Gasification of Coal 75 Finyagin, A.B. Experimental Study of the Effect, of Excessive Air on the Process of Combustion of a Powdered Solid Fwl Stream 82 Card 3/6 Fuel Gasification and Combustion SOV/3731 Bogdanov, I.F., K.M. Bartsev, V.V. Korobov,, N.V. Lavrov , and A.M. Mosin. , Organic Synthesis From Carbon Monoxide and SfFa-m- 91 Lavrov N and M.A; Samarskaya. Organ~ic Synthesis From, Carbon Monoxide and Steam 100 Gavrilova, A.A. Study of Kinetics of the Reduction of Iran Oxide by'.Carbon 105 Delyagin, G.N. Experimental Study of Combustion and Heat Exchange Processes Du-ing Burning of a Liquid Fuel Spray in a Cylindrical Combustion Chamber Under Pressure 113 Dermani B. M. Stoichiometric Analysis of Chemical Reactions of the Combustion ProcLess and of Carbon Gasification 127 -VIyugova, G.Ya., and Ya.l. Chesnokov. Aa&3,vsis of the Process of Burning Coal in a Layer by the Method of Similitude 133 Card 4/6 Fuel Gasification and Combustion SOV/3731 AlItshuler., V.S., and G.P. Bechenov. Some Conditions Of Normal Operation of Gas Generators With a Fluidized Bed 139 Finyagin A.P. Problem Of Relative VelOcitY of Powdered Solid Fael and of Air &.6 an Aerosol Stream in an Experimental Combustion Ch r 148 Ivanov., V*M.,, B.V. Kantorovich., L.S. Repiovets, and L.L. Khotuntsev. Utiliz- atiOn Of aD Emulsion Of HeavY Petroleum Residues and Tar for Combustion and Gasification Purposes 156 Ivanov, V.M. Combustion of Liquid Fuel With the Simultaneous Evaporation of Water Spray in a Common Reaction Chamber 169 Sedhenav, G.P., and V.S. AlItshuler. Effect of Pressure on the Behavior of a Fluidized Bed 188 Nikola3~eva, V.A.* Gas Fbrmtion Process in a Coal Conduit Do-ring tbe Steam- Oxygen Blast 19B card 5/6 Fuel Gasification and Combustion SOV/3731 Bogdanov,, P.F.., 1~- ~-Iav~rov, and Ye. P. Wdaikov. Ultrasonic Vibrations as a Mans of Investigating, Controlling and Intensifying the Physico- cheideal Processes of Fuel Production 205 lj~bedev, V.V. Continuous Hydrogen Production by Me~ns of the Yetal-Steam - Wthod 215 AVAILME: Library of Congress JA/edwjfza Card 616 7-18-60 ' 0 aur _&Vl.,,.Aoktor tekhn. nat*, prof.; MMIKUV, re.P , kand. tekhn. n ITIKOLA7XV, A.r., kand. tekhn. mauk Sound purification of gases from dust and-prospects for its use in underground coal gasification.jodse.m. gsz. ugl, no.1:18-22 159. min i2:6) 1.1netitut gory=hikh iskopayaufth AN 853R. (Sound waves-Indu9trial.applications) Gas purification, al gasification, Underground) M 21 (1 ),11 (2) AUTHORS: Lavrov, N. V., Doctor of Technical sov/67-59-2-1/18 -rc-3e_nc_~s,Makarov, I. A.9 Candidate of Technical Sciences, Miroahnichenko, V. S.# Engineer, Perepelitsa A. L., Candi- date of Technical Sciences# Pinbkert A* Ye.p Engineer, Chernenkov, I. I., Engineer TITLE: Use of Air Enriched With Oxygen in Partial Carbonization of Coal (Primeneniye obogaBhchennogo kislorodom vozdukha pri polukoksovanii uglya) PERIODICAL- Kislorod, 1959, Nr 2, pp 1-9 (USSR) ABSTRACT: An air-blowing engine has hitherto been applied in multizone shaft furnaces, of which general use is made in partial car- bonization of coal. In addition to semicoke, semicoke gas was produced which contained a large quantity of nitrogen. Thus this gas is very unfavorable for further use for heating and technical purposes. Consequently, the authors made an experiment with industrial furnaces in which they tried to use air enriched with oxygen. As a result, the semicoke gas was considerably improved and the coking process was inten- sified. A diagram of a multizone furnace for partial carboni- Card 1/3 zation of coal is shown in figure lt and its mechanism is Use of Air Enriched With Oxygen in Partial SOV /67-59-2-1/10 Carbonization of Coal described. For the purpose of investigating the dependence.., of the gas yield on temperature during the coking process the authors made laboratory experiments with Cheremkhovo coal. Data on the composition and yield of the gas are listed in table 1. The investigations were conducted by Engineer L. F. Ovayannikov, with the assistance of Engineer V. N. Shiktorovt Engireer.A. I. Gorokhovajiand,~Engineer K. A. Bogens. In addition, the influence exercised, by various oxygen con- tents on'the.compoBition and calorific value of the gas ob- tained was investigated. The following data were obtained: In addition to semicoke and tarp gas with a calorific value of 2,200 kcal/nM3 is obtained during the partial carbonization of coal in multizone shaft furnacest using an air-oxygen blowing engine with an oxygen content of UP to 30 and 35 A gas is produced by oxygen enrichment of 40 % which after further treatment can be used for synthesizing ammonia. With an enrichment of 50 % and more a gas results which has a calorific value of 4,000 kcal/nm3. Prime cost per calorie of Card 2/3 the gas obtained does not differ greatly from that of Use of Air Enriched With Oxygen in Partial SOV/67-59-2-1/18 Carbonization of Coal natural gas (for conditions prevoLiling in.East Siberia) (Table 4). The oxygen consumption does not exceed 40-50 % with respect to the amount required by direct gasification of coal by means of oxygen (producer gas) (Table 3). Table 2 and figures 3-7 (Diagrams) contain the technical character- istics of oxygen- and air consumption, composition and calorific value of the gas, furnace output, etc with various additions of oxygen. There are 7 figures, 4 tables, and 14 Soviet references. Card 3/3 LAVROV, II.Y., doktor takhn.nauk prof.; TRIFONOVA, K.B., lmnd.teldin. --fiiiuk - Kinetics of the reaction of methane presenco of contact coal. Podzem.gaz.ugl. nb.3:10-14 '39i (MIRA l2tl2) (Coal gasification, Underground) (Methane) AUTHORS: TITLE: PERIODICAL: ABSTRACT: Card 1/2 sov/18o-59-3-40/43 Lavrov, N.V. and Lapides, N.A. (Moscow) ie'c~hnological Classification of Combustible Gases Izvestiya Akademii nauk-SSSR, Otdeleniye tekhnicheskikh nauk, Metallurgiya i toplivo, 1959, Nr 3, pp 187-189(USSR) Thi authors suggest that with the use of combustible gaees for syntheses as well as for fuel, their clissification by calorific value or flame temperature has become inadequate. N.V.Lavrov and M.B.Ravich (Ref 2) ha%e proposed a classification based on the potential- hydrogen content (sum of contents of H2 and CO and (2n + m/2) times Cnjim content). The authors have found thi!t the potential-hydrogen content also serves to indicate suitability for polymer syntheses. They give a table of the composition and calorific values of 19 gases together with their potential-hydrogen and polymer-synthesis values, the latter being the content of hydrocarbons from which unsaturated hydrocarbon can be obtained. The gases are divided into four groups; first group over 500%, second 300 to 500%, third 80 to 300% and fourth under 80% potential hydrogen. sov/180-59-3-40/43 Technological Classification of Combustible Gases There is 1 table and 2 Soviet references. SUBMITTED: January 26, 1959 Card 2/2 WGDANOV, LAVROV. N.V.; MAUROV, I.A.; PINSM, A.Ye.; CHERNMOV, I.I. Possibility of obtaining synthebis gas in semicoke- producing ovens using an air blast enriched with oxygen. Gaz.*prom. 4 no.11:16-22 '59- (MIRA 13:2) (Gas manufacture and works) - LAVROV H V doktor tel:hn. nauk; MMROV, I.A., kand. tekhn. nauk; '~4 ~SHRICHEHKO, V.S., inzh.; PKRMITSA, A.L., kand. tekhn. nauk; FINSKM, A.Te., inzh.; CHKRIIERMY, I.I., ingh. Using oxygen-enriched air in the semicolang of coal. tislorod 12 no.2:1-9 '59- (1-TIRA 12:8) (Coal-Carbonization) (Oxygen-Industrial applications) . ,Tladimirovich; KOROBOV, Valeriy Vladimirovich; --w"OL , V ~~ - --'- - FILMOVA, Vera lvanovna; LIOXW, V.V.,; IVAHOVA, D.A., red.izd-va; BRUZGULI, V.V., [Thermodynamics of gasification reactions and of synthesis from gSBas] Termoclinamika reaktsii gazifikatsii i sinteza iz gazov. Moskva, Izd-vo Akad.nauk SSSR, 1960. 97 p. (MVIA 13:7) (Gases) (Thermodynamics) PROBST, A,Te,, prof*, doktor ekonom.naukp; BARDIN, I.P., akademik, glavnyy red. (deceased]; OALIPBRIN, V6M&' kand.ekonom. nx%,n , red.toma; LAVROV, N.V., doktor takhn.nauk, red.toma; KARTIYANOVA, T.V-.7-r-e-d-.Yo-ma,- ft-DASM, A.I.. red.izd-va; POLIHOVA, T,P,, (Development of the industrial resources of Eastern Siberia; fuel and fuel industry] Rasvitie proizvoditellnykh oil Voatochnoi Sibiri: Toplivo i toplivnaia promyshlennost'. Moskva, Izd-vo Akad. nauk SSSR, 1960. 318 P. (MIRA 13:3) 1. Konforentsiya po razvitiyu proizvoditelinykh oil Vostoohnoy Sibiri, Irkutsk. 1958. 2. Sovet po izucheniyu proizvoditollnykh oil AN SSSR (for Probst). (Siberia, Rastern-Fuel) LLTROV, H-V-; akademik; MOSIN, A.M.; BOGDOOV, I.F. Kinetics of hydrocarbon synthesis from carbon monoxide and water vapor on a cobalt catalyst. Uzb. khim. zhur. no.4:62-66 16o. (MIRA 13:9) L. Institut energetiki i avtomatiki AN UzSSR. 2., Akademiya nauk UzSSR (for Lavrov). (E~ydrocarbons) (carbon monoxide) (Water vapor) (Cobalt), 26533 .9/167/60/000/006/003/003 A1o4/A133 AUTHORS: Lavrov, N. V., Academician of the Academy of Sciences UzSSR, _X0_r_0_F0_V, W, and Chernenkov, I. I. TITLE; Method of thermodynamic computation of the py-rolysis of light hydrocarbons PERIODICAL: Akademiya nauk UzSSR. Izvestiya. Seriya tekhnicheskikh nauk, no. 6 196o, 67-76 TEXT: The authors review the necessity of increasing the resources of unsaturated hydrocarbons (ethylene and propylene) by the method of oxidation pyrolysis of saturated hydrocarbons. The oxidation pyrolysis was investigated by Soviet and foreign scientists [Ref.'5: K. K. Dubravay and A. B. Sheyman, Oki- slitel'nyy kreknig, (Oxidation Cracking) M.-L., ONTI, 1936; Ref. 6: M. Ya. Kogan, and L. D. Balashova, Okislitel'noye degidrirovaniye etana, Otchet MITKhT im. Lomonossova, M.,, -(Oxidation Dehydration of Ethane), 1947; Ref. 7: P. P. Karzhev and G. A. Baluyeva, Khimioheskaya pererabotka neftyanykh uglevodorodov (Chemical Processing of Petroleum Hydrocarbons) M., AN SSSR, 10; Ref. B. Problemy okis- leniya uglevodorodov (The Problem of Oxidation of Hydrocarbons) Institut nefti Card 1/8 26533 s/167/6o/Ooo/Oo6/oo3/bo3 Method of thermodynamic computation of ... Aio4/A133 AN SSSR, M., AN SSSR, 1954 and Ref. 9: Deansly, Wotkins, Chem. Eng. Progr., 47, No . 3, 134, 19 -51]. The first investigations on this problem were performed by K. K. Dubravisy (Ref. 5). Oxidation pyrolysis experiments were performed at. the ONTI, MITXhT im. Lomonosov and by the AoadeaW of Sciences USSR (References 5-8), whereas expe:riments of oxidation pyrolysis of ethane and propane performed at the IGI AS USSR were not satisfactory. As the pyrolysis is accompanied by a vol- ume increase, the reduction in pressure should increase the amount of unsaturated hydrocarbons in the equivalent mixture., The reduction in pressure by addition of inert solvents (nitrogen, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, methane) is considered in- expedierit and the introduction of water vapor into the reaction zone is recommen- ded despite of contradictory data on its effect on the yield of unsaturated -hydr6- carbons and on coking. The purpose of this investigation is to establish the gas equilibrium of the pyrolysis C2H6, C3H8, C4H, 700 _ 1,5000K depending on variations over a range of oxygen and water vapor concentrations in the raw ma- terial ' In view ofthe complexity of this problem all possible transformation of the raw material, e.g., oxygen and aromatic compounds, were investigated to de- -termine the most advantageous reaction process. It was assumed that the equili- brium mixture of the pyrolysis C2 "6' C3H81 C4HjO contains C2H4' C3H6' C2 H2' Card 2/8 26533 s/.167/60/000/006/003/003 Method of thermodynamic computation of .... Aio4/A133 CA' CA' CH4' CAW CA' C4H6' '~2' 02' CO, C02' H20J CH 3, COOH, CH 3C"O I C6H6' The required 17 unknown equilibric partial pressures are determined by 17 inde- pendent equations, 14 of which, representing the equilibrium constant of indepen- dent reactions according to Gibbs law, are: 1. CO + H204="02 + H2 K P, 2. CPY~Y6 + "2 KP'2 3- C2H6---bC2H4 + H2 K P3 4. CH4Q:--C2H. + H2 K P~. PHz P'COt PCO PHzO PH2, PCj PCbH5 P P HO,P C2H CZH& H_,jP Q_, CtH4 Card 3/8 26~3 8/1 7 60/000/006/003/003 Method of ikiermodynamic computation of Aio4/Al33 5. CH. ;'OOH:~~ CH4 K + C02 P-:r 6. cH ,Ho-4~ cH4 + co .3 ~p& 7. C F C2H CH K 3 4 4 p?. 8. C3'3 + C2'C2H6 H6 C02 9. 2C) + 0~~--2CO2 K pq P COJ P CH4 PCHCOOH PCO * PC PCH,CHO P CHt P CzH4 PC.3HS PCkH,.* PHZ' PC02, PCzHr* P Oz P2 , COZ P 2 * P0, CO Card 4/8 Method of -;hermodynamic computation of .... 10. 1..) = PCHA PC ;z N + 02:~F-* C02 + CH4 1~ 10 PCjHq* POZ 11. J,IH --"" CA + H2 K P 2- PC4 ir 1 10 pit PC+Htg PH.2 P9- 12. C4H6 + H2 K P - -- -- '4,H8'-17 Piz Cf.Hg 26 IP-(1601000100610031003 S~ Aio4/Al33 2 13- '.4%l-2C2H4 Kp = PC2Hv 15 C4,Hg 14- + C2H2:w-- C6H6 + H2 lcpj~, =H C 4H6 PCjHj' PCxH2 Equations 15 and 16 represent the constancy of ratio (15) and ratio --HA- (16) 0.50, Card 5/8 26533 8/167/60/000/006/003/003 Method of thermodynamic computation of Alo4/A133 in the raw material and in derived equilibrium gas. Values of both ratios are given for ethane, propane and butane. The equality equation of the -sum of par- tial component. pressures to the total pressure in system is 2: Pi = Ptot (17) where.m _- C HHzO , = water vapor concentration in the initial mixture, n In +i n = C H hydrogen concentration in the initial mixture and Ptot = pressure n 2n in the system equaling I atm. [Abstracter's note: subscript tot. (total) Is a translation from the Russian 66(obshcheye).] In view of the difficulty of solvr Ing equations (1) - (17) by conventional methods the use of a EC5~M(BSEM) elec- tronic computer is recommended. Most favourable thermodynamic values of sub- stances participating in the reaction were achieved by extrapolation of available data on acetaldehyde and interpolation of acetic acid data at 1,000 - 1,5000C. All calculations were carried out according to equation X R ln K +A p T Values of potentials and 6 HO of substances participating in reactions-1 - 14 Card 6/8 2b533 S/167/60/000/006/003/003 Method of thermodynamic computation of .... AIo4/AI33 were obtained from N. N. Lavrov, V. V. Korobov and V. J. Filipova [Ref. 21: Termodinamika, reaktsiy gazifikatsii i sinteza. is gazov (Thermodynamics of Gasifi- cation Reaction and of Gas Synthesis) m., AN sssR, 196o. Calculations of thej&x acetaldehyde potential at 800 - 1,5000K was based on the initial constant of mole- cule described by K. S. Pitzner and W. J. Weltner [Ref. 23: Am. Chem. Soo. 71, 18, 2842, 1949] Acetaldehyde molecules have no symmetric elements, therefore their symmetric number is 6 = I and all frequencies have nondegenerate characteristics. Fourteen equations were determined during the investigation of vibration spectra 525, 918, iaA, 1.350, 1.370, 1.4A, i.74o, 2,710, 2.915, 3.005, 764, 883, i.44o and 2.976. The 15th equation corresponds to the delayed internal rotation of the CH3 group around C-C. The height of the barrier decelerating the rotation of this group was determined as C2H50H = TQ + H2 according to data on the equilibrium of the dehydration reaclion of et 1 alcohol and the thermal capacity of acetaldebyde steam [R6f. 27: C. F. Coleman and J.J. de Vries, Am Chem. Soo. 71, 18, 2839, 1949]. The assumed height of the barrier equals 1,000 cal/mol. The addition of two equations, obtained by the calculation of progressive and ro- tation. components, provides ~ xr+P = 5.7263 + 18-30224 lgT. The free intermal rotation component is i~ xf.i.p. = 2.2878 19T - 3.4183. [Abstracterts note: sub- Card 7/ 8 26533 S/167/60/ooc)/006/003/003 Method of thermodynamic computation of .... A1o4/A133 3cripts r (rotation), p (progressive) and f.i.r.(free internal rotation) are trans- lations from the Russian BP (vrashcheniye), flOGT (postupatellnaya) and C-8.13UP, (svobodnoye vnutrennoye vrashcheniye).] To determine the decelerated internal rotation component it is necessary to calculate the value: 0-f.i.r. ~2-815 (1 red '1038T)'/2 = 1.8053 (FTF,,)1/2 - 10381 3 where T = 8001 1,000, 1jlOO, 1,200, 1,300, 1,400, 1,500 and Qf.i.r. = 5.io6, 5.709, 5'987, 6.254, 6.509, 6.755, i.992. Equations and thermodynamic values quoted in this article permit the application of latest computation methods and an extensive analysis of components over extensive temperature, pressure and con- cent-ration ranges. There are 3 tables and 28 references: 18 Soviet-bloc and 10 non-Soviet-bloc. The references 'to the most recent Baglish language publications read as follows: Deansly, Wotkins, C.hem. Rig. Progr. 47, N 3, 134, 1951; Carpen- ter R.' A., Foxtler,_F. C. Petr. Ref- 31, N 4, 148, 1952; Sherwood, P. W. Petr. Raf. 30, N 11, 1517, 1951; Weltner, W. J. Am. Chem. Soo. 77, 3941, 1955. ASSOCIATION: Institut Goryuchikh iskcpEVerrqkh AN SSSR (Institut of Combustible Minerals, Akademy of Sciences, USSR) SUBMITTED. March 18, ig6o Card 8/8 ---- --------- JAVROV, N.V.; KORDBOV, V.V.; FILIPPOYA, V.I.; CHERNMOV, I.I. Thermodynamics of gasification processes. Trudy IGI 11:23-29 Mr 160. (Coal--Gasification) (MIRA 13:6) DERMNY-B.M.; tIAVROVP N.V.; NIKOLAYEVA, V.A.; FARBFMV., I.L. Gasification of oemicoke from Moscow coal in a channel with the use of an air-steam blast enriched with oxygene MdY IGI 13:39-43 160. (MMA 14:5) (Coal gasification, Underground) ALITSHULERJO V-S-; LAVROV N.V.; PITIN, R.N.; FkRBEROV, I.L.; SHAFIR, G.S. Underground gasification of coals under high pressure. Trudy IGI 13:75-82 160. .1 1 (MIRA 14: 5) (Coal gasification.. Underground) OLGERR S.P.; DEIMN, B.M,,; LAVROV, N.V.; FARBEROV, I.L.; FIMORDV, N.A. Production of industrial gas in the underground gasification of I . Lisichansk coals. Trudy IGI 13:83-86 160, (WRA 14; 5) (Lisiebansk-Coal gasifications Underground) VASILIUV, S.F.., LAVROV. N.J,-- Oxidation pyrolysis of ethane and propane for the production of ethylene. Gae.pron. 5 no.4:33-37 Ap 160. (MIRA 13:8) (Itbylene) (Ethane) (Propane) ILAVROV, Nikolay_nq4kp~krovich, prof., akademik; AGIRALOV, Aleksandr Ivanovich Ldecaaaedj-, POPOV, V.M., kand.tekhn.nauk, nauchnyy red.; KOKAROVA, T.F., red.; ATROSHCHENKO, L.Ye., [Fuel resources of the U.S.S.R. in the seven-year plan] Toplivnaia b828 SSSR v samiletke. Moskva. Izd-vo *Znanie." 1961. 31 P. (Vaesoiuznoe obahchestvo po rasprostraneniiu politioheakikh i nauchnykh xnanii. Ser*3,.-Ikonomikap no,3) 1. AN U2SSR (for Lavrov). (Fuel) FR=ODIZMHV, A.S.;, doXtor takhn. nauk, prof.; ALIT- SHULMI, V.S., doktor tek6 ne rmy, Y.M., kand. tekbn. nauk;TSEX-T-1- B.S.' PWSAKOTA, T.A., tekhn. red. 12d-Va; red.; -, RTLINA, Yu.Y., takhn. red. (Fuel goses in the national economy; work of the All- Union Conference] Iopollzo*venie gorluchikh gazov v narodnou khosialetva; trudy Tsesoluznogo soveshchanile. Moskva, 1961. 266 p. (MMZ 14:5) 1. Akademiya nauk SSSR. Institut gorluchikh iskopayezykh. 2. Chlon.~-korresi3,ondent,At..S.tS.EI (for. PredvodiidlevY3-,In- stitut gOxYhchDdi,1vkop9yenykh Ali S'~IM (for Lavrov, Popov) (Gas as fuel"Congresses) -- LAVROV, N.V.9 akademik; GREBENSHCHIKOVAy G*V. -------- Invustigating the reconversion of C02 for the purpose of enriching gases with carbon monoxidee Izv.Aff Uz.SSR. Ser.tekh.nauk no.2:70-78 163.. (MIM 14:3) 1e Dwtitut energetiki i avtomatiki AN UzSSR. 2. AN UzSSR (for Lavrov). (Carbon dioxide) (Carbon monoxide) LAVROV, N.V., akademik; ZYBAL04 p GOP& Reactivity of Angren and Moscow coals. Izv.tdi Lz.SSR. Ser.tekh.nauk no.6:5B-63 "61. 1. Institut goryuchikh iskopayesmykh AN SSSR i Institut energetiki i avtomatiki AN Uzbekskoy SSH. 2. AN Uzbekskoy SSR (for Lavrov). (Moscow Basin-_Cou1__Analysia) (Angran Basin--Coal--Analysis) 34416 S/081/62/000/002/089/107 B157/b11O j j 0 1D AUTHORSj Vaoillyev, S. F., Lavrov, N. V. TITLE: Oxidation pyrolysis of gaseous and liquid hydrocarbons for obtaining unsaturated and aromatic monomers for chemical synthesis PERIODICAL: Referativnyy zhurnal. Khimiya, no. 2, 1962, 494, abstract 2M283 (Sb~ --Ispolizovaniye goryuchikh gazov v nar. kh-vell, M., AN SSSR, 1961, 141 - 149) TEXT: The results are given of an investigation into the oxidation pyrolysis of C2H6 and C 3H. in C2H 4 and C3H6 in large laboratory once- through plant at near-atmospheric pressure. In the oxidation pyrolysis of C2H6 and C3H8, 70% by weight C2H 4 is obtained, and 43.2% C2H 4 and 14.5% C3 H6 by weight, respectively. It was shown that the oxidation pyrolysis of gaseous and liquid hydrocarbons has certain technical and economic advantages over the thermal pyrolysis of these hydrocarbons. A sketch is given of the plant [Abstracter's note: Complete translation] Card 1/1 LAVROVP N.V.; MNIKOV, Ye.P. of dust and spray, traps- Trudy On the scientific classification IGI 16:315-328 161. (MIM 16:7) (Gases-Purification) (Dust collectors) KORSH, M.P.; BOqPANOV, I.F.; LAVROV, ~ t Present-day trend ofthe research work on the pprification of combustible gases by the removal of hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide, Trudy IGI 16:367-387 161, ~MRA 160) . (Gases--Purification) ' VASIL'YEVI S.F.; LAVROV, N.V.; LAPIDES, N.A. ------ Oxidative pyrolysis of butane. Trudy IGI 16j59-65 161. (MIRA 16:7) (Butane) (Oxidation) (Pyrolysis) LAVROV, N.V.; POPOVI V.M.; AGIBALOV, A.I. (deceased] - Prospects for the development of the gas ifidustry in the U.S.S.R. T-rudy iGi 16:3-6 161. (JERA 16.-~) (Gas, Natural) I LAVROV, N.V.; ROZENFELID, S.V. I Republic conference on the development of the gas industry and coordination of thexesearch work on combustible gases. Trudy IGI 116:483-487 161. (WRA 16:7) (Uzbekistan-Gas industry) L WQV7-N4k4D.Uy-V1ad1nir=ziah;- HURYGIN, Aleksey Petrovich; POPOV, V M., kand. tekhn. nauk, otv. red.; SAVINA, Z.A., red. izd- SIMBA, G.S., tekhn, red* [Introduction to the theory of combustion and fuel gasifica- tion]Vvedenie v teorilu goreniia i gazifikatsii topliva. Mo- skvaj, Izd-vo Akad. nauk SMs 1962. 23-/+ p, (YMU 15:9) (Combustion) JAYUY,.ILV,,,,,.,.,akademik, dokTor lueklm. nauk. Prinimali Ucbastjye.. KARBIVIUCKY-07METS011; V.B.j SKORIK, L.D.I. FRDATYITI~ A.A.1 SHIKIROV, K.Sh.., retsenvent; BAYIITSKAYA, A.V.p red. [Aindamentoos vf the combistion of gaseous fael) 09novy gc- reniia ga~cobrazmgo topliva. Taslikent, lzd-vo 9' TJzSSR, 1962. 1a7 P. (MIRA 18:6) 7 .A,, Sekretart Otdoleniya tekhnlcheskikh nauk AN UzbekS.SR (for Lavrov). LAVROVp N.T.; KUCMX.. S.De; GOLIDFIVD, M.L.; SHUBIN, V.V. Using gas as fuel in the transport industry in the Central Asian Economic Region. Gaz. prom. 7 no.121:15~49 162 (MMA 17 17 ) LAVROV, V.V., akademik, otv. red.; BAKLITSKAYA, A.V., red.; [Use of gas in industr7] Ispollzovanie gaza v promyshlen- nosti. Tashkent, lzd-vo AN UzSSR, 1963. 204 p. (MIRA 17:4) 1. Konferentsiya po gaziCikatsii Uzbekisteme. Tashkent, 1961. 2. Institut ispollzovaniya topliva AN UzSSR i Sredneaziatskogo sovnarkhoza (for Lavrov).. 0 1 LAVROV. akademik, otv. red.; UKLITSKAYA, A.V., red.; EYDELIMA3 A.S., red.; SHAFMVA, K.A., red.; KARABAYEVA, KhA, tekhn. red. [Materials of the Republic Conference on the Development of the Gas Industry of Uzbekistan] Materiely Reepublikanskoy konferentsii po gazifikatsii Uzbekistana, Tashkent, Izd-vo AN UzSSR, 1963. 291 p. (MIRA 16:8) 1. Respublikanskaya konferentsiya po gazifikatsii Uzbekistana, Tashkent, 1961, 2. Akademiya nauk UzSSR (for Lavrov). (Uzbekistan--Gas, Natural) LAVROV, N.V.; KARBIVNICHIY-KUZNETSOV, V.B. Atomization of mazut by natural gas in gas-mazut heating of open-hearth furnaces. Izv. AN Uz. SSR. Ser. tekh. nauk 7 no.5:74-81 163. (FJRA 17.-2) 1. Institut ispollzovaniya topliva AN UzSSR. LAVROV1. N.V.,. akademik (Tashkent); KUCHUX, S.D., inzh. (Tashkent); --.-----VILIKEVICH, V.I., kand.tekhn.nauk (Tashkent); GOLIDFILID, M.L., inzh. (Tashkent) .. Use of gas fuel for the operation of diesel locomotives. Zhel. dor.tranap. 45 nov8143-46 Ag 163. (MIRA 16:9) (Diesel locomotives) (Gas as fuel) LAVROV N V akademik; ',.UKSANDN',V, ',.V. Reviews. Gaz. pran. 10 no.4..115-5-6 165. 1. Akademiya nauk Uzbekskcr~ SSR (for Lavrov). 4 S/0020/64/156/00j/0662/0665 ACCESSION-11Rs AP4038531 AUTHOR: Lnvrov# N. V, (Acidemicinn) TITLE: Features of the.,combitstion mechanism of carbon SOURCEt AN 55SHe Dokl'ady*p v. 156, no* 3, 1964, 662-665 TOPIC-TAGS: carbon, carbon combustion, carbon combustion mechanism, carbon oxygen complex, carbon combustion medium, carbon combustion reaction q ABSTRACT: The carbon combustion schemes proposed by various authors are reviewed, and a carbon combustion mechanism suggested by the author in an earlier study is more accurately defined. The 1! suggested mechanism includes the dissociation of-molecular oxygen carbon dioxide, and water vapors, and the formation by atomic --- oxygen of an intermediat e carbon-oxygen complex of the keto-group ty The dissociation of oxygen takes place both in the process e pee d an a result of homogeneous chain reactions. of'che sorption an Card' 1 /4 ACCESSION NR: AP4038531 In the absence of oxygen in the reduction zone the carbon-oxygen complexes undergo thermal destruction witli the liberation of carbon monoxide. In this zone the mont probable reactions ares 1) tile reduction of C02 to CO, 2) tile renctton of carbon with water vapor,: and 3) the conversion of CO to C02 by water vapor under the effect of catalysts. In the oxygen zone the carbon combustion follows a t: different mechanism in dry and in moist media, Lee#, 1) Hechanism for a dry mediums a) XC4-oj-xc+(W -ado q 2xG + (0j adi - 2C.-.CO. kc?l 2C~_IIGO -.* 2 (x + 20D (1) G_ %.r' - 0 GMO +(Oo)ads- 1 2 (X 0 C+ZCO. (2) C-0 ~G= 0 complex A complex B Card 2 /4 -4- Mr.,,C. 77- TT .-ACCESSLON NRt AP4038531 ';---2) Mechanism for a moist medium 21C + Ot 2C,,CO 2 (x 1) C + 20D. Cx_j0D 2C._jCO+O-2(x-l)+0D+ON .(3) H+02 -*OH+AC H +Os Oil + H + Os L OH + H, OD + XC _* G,_jOD &C0 2xC+O.--;2=C.-,OD+ -2(x-i)C+CD+COa. (4) The reaction of hydroxyl. radicals with carbon leads to a comnlex Aoi~bianc-hed chain reaction (Formula 4)ensu-rings continuous combustion pro- cess IntroductIon of such inhibitors as chlorine can remove active centers from the'combustion process and not only prevent C.,d :3/4 ACCESSION NR: AP4038531 CO combustion, but also stop the reaction (Formula 4 In this case the combustion will proceed according to Formula *3 ioc;v , follow the combustion scheme in a 'dry mediune Origo'arto hass 18 formulas. I ASSOCIATIONt Institut ispolzovantya topliva, Tashkent (Institute for Fuel UtLILtation) SUBMITTED: O4Feb64 DATE ACQ1 09jun64 ENCW 00 SUB CODE t 00 No REF SOVt 005 OTHBR: 004 carj